International Conference on Natural Science and Engineering (ICNASE’16) March 1920, 2016, Kilis
Bipolar Neutrosophic Refined Sets and Their Applications in Medical Diagnosis
İrfan Deli Muallim R ıfat Faculty of Education, Kilis 7 Aralık University, Kilis, Turkey
Yusuf Şubaş Kilis Vocational High School, Kilis 7 Aralık University, Kilis, Turkey
ABSTRACT This paper proposes concept of bipolar neutrosophic refined set and its some operations. Firstly, a score certainty and accuracy function to compare the bipolar neutrosophic refined information is defined. Secondly, to aggregate the bipolar neutrosophic refined information, a bipolar neutrosophic refined weighted average operator and a bipolar neutrosophic refined weighted geometric operator is developed. Thirdly, to select the most desirable one(s) in a decision making problem, based on operators and the score, certainty and accuracy functions, a bipolar neutrosophic refined multiple criteria decisionmaking approach, in which the evaluation values of alternatives on the attributes take the form of bipolar neutrosophic refined numbers, is proposed. Finally, an algorithm is introduced and a numerical example is employed to illustrate the effectiveness and feasibility of this method in medical diagnosis.
Keywords:
Neutrosophic set, bipolar neutrosophic set, bipolar neutrosophic refined set, average
operator, geometric operator, score, certainty and accuracy function, multicriteria decision making.
1 INTRODUCTION In decision making problems involve data which may contain uncertainties and these data may be dealt with using a wide range of existing theories such as probability theory, fuzzy set theory [24], intuitionistic fuzzy set theory [1], fuzzy multi set theory [15], intuitionistic fuzzy multi set theory [13,14], bipolar fuzzy set theory [2,9] and so on. Then, Smaradanche [17] proposed a completely new set theory, which is called neutrosophic set theory, for dealing with uncertainties. Recently there has been a rapid growth of interest in these theory in [6, 8,10,11,12,18,20,23,26]. Neutrosophic set is a type of important mathematical structure for dealing with uncertainties and there are several types of fuzzy set extensions in neutrosophic set theory, for example, interval valued neutrosophic sets [19], neutrosophic refinedsets(multisets) [7,16], etc. The theory of neutrosophic refinedset has applied widely by many researchers as it can be seen in [3,4,21,24]. Bipolar neutrosophic set [5] is another extension of neutrosophic set whose membership functions is different from the above extensions. In 2015, Deli et al. [5] initiated an extension of neutrosophic set named bipolar neutrosophic set. They introduced the concept of bipolar neutrosophic sets which is an extension of the fuzzy sets, bipolar fuzzy sets, intuitionistic fuzzy sets and neutrosophic sets. In this paper, we combine the concept of a bipolar neutrosophic set [5] and neutrosophic multisets [7,16]. The remaining part of this paper is organized as follows. In section 2, we recall some concepts about fuzzy set theory, fuzzy multiset, bipolar fuzzy set, bipolar fuzzy multiset, neutrosophic set, neutrosophic multiset and bipolar neutrosophic set. In section 3, we give definition of bipolar neutrosophic refined set and its some operations with properties. In section 4, we present an application in medical diagnosis via bipolar neutrosophic refined set theory to illustrate the effectiveness and feasibility of this method. In section 5, we conclude this paper.
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PRELIMINARIES In this section, we give the basic definitions and results fuzzy set theory [24], intuitionistic fuzzy set
theory [1], fuzzy multi set theory [15], intuitionistic fuzzy multi set theory [13,14], bipolar fuzzy set
2
theory [2,9], bipolar fuzzy multiset [20], neutrosophic set [17], bipolar neutrosophic set [5] and
neutrosophic multisets [7,16]. that are useful for subsequent discussions.
Definition 2.1.[24] Let U
be a universe. Then a fuzzy set X
X
X
x
/
x
:
xU
over U
is defined by
where,
X
x
x U , the value
is called membership function of
X and defined by
X
x
X
x
represents the degree of _{x} belonging to the fuzzy set X .
:
U
0,1
.
For each
Definition 2.2. [10] A bipolar fuzzy set _{B}
in U
is an object having the form
where,
1, 0
denotes for negative information.
,
denotes for positive information and
Definition 2.3. [15] Let k
be a positive integer. A multifuzzy set
sequences
A x
x
,
2
x
,
,
i
x
,
,
k
x
:
in
xU
U
is a set of ordered
where,
U
i
0,1
,
i 1, 2,
, k .
Definition 2.4. [20] Let k
be a positive integer. A bipolar multifuzzy set _{M}
ordered sequences having the form
in
_{2}_{2}
x
,
x
,
x
,
,
i
x
,
i
x
,
,
x
,
kk
where,
i
xU
:
0,1
,
i
xU
:
1, 0
_{,}
i 1, 2,
,
k ,
every
i
denotes
information and 



i 
denotes for negative information.
U
is a set of
x
for
:
xU
positive
Definition 2.5. [1] Let U
follows:
be a universe. An intuitionistic fuzzy set
I
xU
I
on
U
can be defined as
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where,
I
x
:
U
0,1
and
I
x
:
U
0,1
such that 0
x x
I
I
1
for any
x U .
Definition 2.6. [17] Let U
_{u} . A neutrosophic set (Nset)
be a space of points (objects), with a generic element in U
A
denoted by
an
in U is characterized by a truthmembership function
T
A
,
indeterminacymembership function
I
A
,
and a falsity membership function
F
A
.
T
A
x
,
I
A
x
and
F
A
x
are real element of _{}
0,1
_{} . It can be written as
A
uT
,
I
AA
x
,
x
,
There is no restriction on the sum of
T
A
x
,
F
A
I
A
x
I
ET
,
x
,
x
,
F
A
x
AA
0,1
and
F
A
x
, so 0
A
A
Tx
Ix
F
A
x
3
.
Definition 2.7. [4,7] Let E defined as follows:
be a universe. A neutrosophic muti(refined)set(NMset) on E can be
A
NM
where
xT
,
12
A
x
,
T
A
x
,
,
T
A
x
,
I
A
x
,
I
A
PP
A
12
x
,
,
I
1
x
,
F
A
x
,
F
2
A
x
,
,
F
P
A
x
x
T
12
xT
,
AA
x
,
such that
,
T
A
PP
A
xI
,
12
xI
,
AA
x
,
,
I
xF
,
1
A
xF
,
2
A
x
,
,
F
P
A
x
:
E
0,1
0
AA
ii
Tx
Ix
Fx
A
i
3
_{f}_{o}_{r}
i 1, 2, 3,
,
P for any
x
X
.
F
P
A
Here,
_{}
T
1
xT
,
2
AA
x
,
,
T
P
A
x
,
I
2
AA
1
xI
,
x
,
,
I
P
A
x
and
_{}
F
1
A
xF
,
2
A
x
,
,
x
is the truthmembership sequence, indeterminacymembership sequence and falsitymembership
X
sequence of the element _{x} , respectively. Also, P is called the dimension of NMset A .
Definition 2.8. [5] A bipolar neutrosophic set (BNset) A in _{X}
is defined as an object of the form
:
F
(
x
: X
_{)}_{,}
), 
T 
x 
, 
I 



1, 0 

. 
x
,
F
(
x
)
x
X
,
where
TIF,
,
The
denotes the truth membership,
indeterminate membership and false membership of an element x X corresponding to a bipolar
neutrosophic set A and the negative membership degree _{T}_{x}_{I}_{x}_{F}_{x}_{(} _{)}_{,} _{(} _{)}_{,} _{(} _{)}
membership, indeterminate membership and false membership of an element x X to some implicit
counterproperty corresponding to a BNset A .
denotes the truth
positive
_{T}_{x}_{I}_{x}_{F}_{x}_{(}
_{(}
_{)}_{,}
_{(}
_{)}
^{}^{}
^{}
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For two BNset
A
BN
and
B
BN
Then,
xT
,
xT
,
A
),
A
(
x
I
B
),
B
(
x
I
(
(
x
x
),
),
F
F
A
B
(
(
x
x
),
),
T
T
A
B
x
x
,
,
I
I
A
B
x
x
,
,
F
F
A
B
(
(
x
x
)
)
x
x
X
X
In the following, some definition and operations on bipolar neutrosophic set and neutrosophic multisets defined in [5] and [7,16], respectively, we extend this definition to bipolar neutrosophic refined
set.
can be
Definition 3.1. Let E defined as follows:
be a universe. A bipolar neutrosophic refined set (BNRset) A
on E
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A
where,
T
I
12
xT
,
AA
12
xI
,
AA
and
xT
,
12
x
,
T
AA
x
I
12
xI
,
AA
F
12
xF
,
AA
x
,
x
,
,
,
,
I
,
T
P
A
x
,
T
12
x
,
T
AA
x
,
P
A
xI
,
12
xI
,
AA
x
F
P
A
xF
,
12
xF
,
AA
,
x
x
,
,
T
P
A
xT
,
12
xT
,
AA
x
,
,
T
P
A
x
:
E
x
,
,
I
P
A
xI
,
12
xI
,
AA
x
,
,
I
P
A
x
:
E
0,1
,
F
12
xF
,
AA
such that
x
,
0
Tx
ii
Ix
AA
,
F
P
A
xF
,
12
xF
,
AA
Fx
A
i
3
i
1, 2, 3,
x
,
P
,
,
F
and
P
A
T
1
A
xE
:
x
0,1
Tx
A
2
T
T
12
xT
,
AA
I
12
xI
,
AA
F
12
xF
,
AA
x
,
x
,
x
,
,
,
T
P
A
xT
,
12
xT
,
AA
x
,
I
,
P
A
xI
,
12
xI
,
AA
x
F
P
A
xF
,
12
xF
,
AA
,
x
,
,
I
, T
P
A
,
P
A
x
,
_{}
x
F
P
A
,
x
x
P
A
X
x
for any
x
E .
is the truth membership sequence, indeterminacy membership sequence and falsity membership sequence of the element x , respectively. Also, P is called the dimension of BNRset A .
The set of all bipolar neutrosophic refined sets on E
is denoted by BNRS(E).
Definition 3.2. Let A , B BNRS _{} E _{} . Then,
1. _{A}
is said to be BNR subset of
T
i
x
T
ii
xI
,
A BA
x
I
i
B
_{B}
is denoted by _{A}
,
x
FxFx
A
B
i
^{}
i
^{}
,
T
i ii
A
x
T
xI
BA
,,
x
I
xF
i
BA
i
x
F
i
B
.
x
2.
_{A}
is said to be BNR equal of _{B} is denoted by _{A}
_{}
_{B}
if
if
T
i
A
x
FxFx
A
B
i
^{}
i
^{}
,
T
i
A
x
T
ii
xI
BA
,,
x
I
xF
i
BA
i
3. The complement of _{A} denoted by
A
and is defined by
x
F
A
12
x
,
F
AA
x
,
,
F
12
PP
A
x
,
F
x
,
F
AA
x
,
,
F
A
T
ii
xI
BA
,
i
B
.
x
x
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x
I
i
B
,
x
International Conference on Natural Science and Engineering (ICNASE’16)
1
T
12
Ix
,1
I
AA
12
xT
,
AA
x
,
x
,
T
,
P
A
,1
I
P
A
x
,1
12
Ix
,1
I
AA
xT
,
12
xT
,
AA
x
,
,
T
P
A
Definition 3.3. Let A , B BNRS _{} E _{} . Then,
1. The union of A and B is denoted by ABC
and is defined by
C
xT
,
12
x
CC ,
T
x
,
, T
P
C
x
,
T
12
x
,
T
CC
x
,
,
T
P
C
I
12
xI
,
CC
x
,
,
I
P
C
xI
,
12
xI
,
CC
x
,
,
I
P
C
x
,
where
F
12
xF
,
CC
x
,
,
F
T
1
x
T
11
xT
,
C AB
m
ax
x
I
1 11
C
AB
x
m
in
I
xI
,
x
F
1 11
x
min
F
xF
,
C AB
x
,
,
P
C
,
xF
,
12
xF
,
CC
x
,
,
F
P
C
x
T
1
C
I
1
C
F
1
C
x
x
x
m in
m ax
max
T
11
xT
,
AB
x
,
I
11
xI
,
AB
x
F
11
xF
,
AB
x
,
x E _{a}_{n}_{d} _{} i 1, 2, 3,
,
P _{} .
2. The intersection of A and B
D
xT
,
12
x
DD ,
T
x
,
is denoted by ABD
and is defined by
, T
P
D
x
,
T
12
x
,
T
DD
x
,
,
T
P
D
x
,
I
12
xI
,
DD
x
,
,
I
P
D
xI
,
12
xI
,
DD
x
,
,
I
P
D
x
,
where
F
12
xF
,
DD
x
,
,
F
T
1
D
x
m in
T
11
xT
,
AB
x
I
1 11
x
m ax
I
xI
,
D AB
x
F
1 11
x
max
F
xF
,
D AB
x
,
,
x E _{a}_{n}_{d} _{} i 1, 2, 3,
,
P _{} .
P
D
,
xF
,
12
xF
,
DD
x
,
,
F
P
D
x
T
1
D
I
1
D
F
1
D
x
x
x
m ax
m in
min
I
T
11
xT
,
AB
x
11
xI
,
AB
x
F
11
xF
,
AB
x
,
,
x
,1
x
x
X
I
P
A
E
E
Proposition 3.4. Let A ,,B C BNRS _{} E _{} . Then
_{1}_{.} ABB
AA _{a}_{n}_{d} ABB
_{2}_{.} A BCBC _{}_{}_{}_{}_{}
_{a}_{n}_{d} A BCBC _{}_{}_{}_{}_{}
Proof: The proofs can be easily made.
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International Conference on Natural Science and Engineering (ICNASE’16)
Theorem 3.5. Let A , B BNRS _{} E _{} . Then, De Morgan's law is valid.
1. AB
2. AB
Proof: A , B BNRS _{} E _{} is given. From Definition 3.2 and Definition 3.3.
Definition 3.6. Let E
T
I
i
A
i
A
ax
ax
1
1
a
a
y
y
is a real Euclidean space
T
ii
T
AA
x
y
,
T
i
A
E n
. Then, a BNRset A is convex if and only if
ax
1
a
y
T
ii
T
x
AA
y
,
I
ii
I
AA
x
y
,
I
i
A
ax
1
a
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