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Column

Axial Force PD := 360kN PL := 120kN

Pu := 1.2 PD + 1.6 PL = 624 kN

Concrete compression strength f'c := 25MPa

Steel yield strength fy := 390MPa

Strength reduction factor := 0.65


for tied column

Column steel ratio g := 0.03

b 40
Aspect ratio of column section k = k :=
h 40

Pu

0.80 2
Ag := = 371.37 cm
(
0.85 f'c 1 g + fy g )
Ag
h := = 192.71 mm b := k h = 192.71 mm
k

h := Round( h , 50mm) = 200 mm b := Round( b , 50mm) = 200 mm

Ag := b h

b = 200 mm

h 200

Pu
0.85 f'c Ag
0.80 2
Ast := = 9.492 cm
0.85 f'c + fy

2
( D mm)
DB( n , D) := n
4
2 2
Required steel area Ast = 9.492 cm 1% Ag = 4 cm

2
Provided steel area 8 DB 16 + 4 DB 12 = 20.609 cm
2
16 DB 16 = 32.17 cm

2
8 DB 20 + 8 DB 16 = 41.218 cm

b := 200mm h := 200mm

2
Ag := b h = 0.04 m

2 Ast
( 16mm) 2
Ast := 8 = 16.085 cm = 0.04
4 Ag

:= 0.65

( )
Pn.max := 0.80 0.85 f'c Ag Ast + fy Ast = 750.429 kN