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Instant Immersion Spanish

Audio Course Guide


Instant Immersion Spanish
Disc 1
Welcome to the Spanish Series.

In this series of lessons you will learn useful vocabulary for common situations you might encounter in a
Spanish speaking country, as well as some grammar basics for using your Spanish. In each lesson you will be
introduced to New Grammar topics as well as a short list of vocabulary you can use in a particular situation.
You will have opportunities to repeat and practice this vocabulary and the grammar you have learned as well
as to answer questions using these structures. At the end of each lesson you will hear and repeat a conversation
that might take place in a situation involving the vocabulary and grammar from that lesson. Enjoy the lessons,
as you listen see if you can spot cognates, which are words that are similar in English and in Spanish. This will
help you understand words you may not have heard before in Spanish.
Also, take every opportunity you can to study vocabulary. Useful ways to do this might be to use new
vocabulary in a sentence or to try to and name as many things and people around you as you can.

Welcome to Lesson 1:
In this lesson you will learn the names of the letters in the Spanish alphabet and how to pronounce them, as well
as some important things about pronouncing certain types of words.
First lets practice the Spanish alphabet. There are 28 letters in the Spanish alphabet; the letter w (doble ve) is
not a letter that occurs in native Spanish words. When you use a dictionary, you will want to remember that the
letter ll, written as l-l, is alphabetized separately and after l, written as a single l. Also, in some dictionaries the
letter ch, written c-h, is alphabetized as two separate letters, but in most dictionaries (especially older ones) ch
is considered one letter, alphabetized between c and d.

Okay, now lets repeat the names of the Spanish letters and some words that feature them. You will hear a pause
after each word and letter; thats your chance to repeat what you hear. Each word will then be translated into
English.

The English letter a is called a ave ave bird


The English letter b is called b (or sometimes b grande) bao bao bath

The English letter c is called c casa casa house

The English letters c-h are called ch champ champ shampoo

The English letter d is called d dama dama lady

The English letter e is called e edad edad age

The English letter f is called f fecha fecha date (calendar)

The English letter g is called g gafas gafas glasses

The English letter h is called h helado helado ice cream

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The English letter i is called i idea idea idea

The English letter j is called j jabn jabn soap

The English letter k is called k kilmetro kilmetro kilometer

(note: the metric system is generally used in most Spanish-speaking countries)

The English letter l is called l lago lago lake

The English letters l-l are called ll llave llave key

The English letter m is called m mesa mesa table

The English letter n is called n nada nada nothing

The English letter n written with a tilde (or wavy line) on top is called

ame ame yam

The English letter o is called o ojo ojo eye

The English letter p is called p plato plato plate

The English letter q is called q queso queso cheese

The English letter r is called r ro ro river

The English letter s is called s sal sal salt

The English letter t is called t todo todo everything

The English letter u is called u uva uva grape

The English letter v is called v (or v chica) (v chica is used to differentiate v from b grande)

vista vista view

The English letter x is called x (very few Spanish words begin with x. It occurs within many words, such as

taxi.

The English letter y is called y yema yema egg yolk

The English letter z is called z zapato zapato shoe

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Now repeat the names of the letters once more.

a b c ch d e f g h i j k l ll m n o p q r s t u v x y z
Okay, now that youve learned the alphabet, lets talk about how these letters are pronounced. First, the vowels;
vowels in Spanish have a consistent pronunciation, rather than varying as do English vowels. Single vowels in
Spanish are pronounced just like their names: a , e , i , o , u. Combinations of two vowels are common
in Spanish, too. Some of these combinations are pronounced as one syllable rather than two separate ones, for
example:

The combination a-i is pronounced ai as in baile dance

The combination a-u is pronounced au as in causa cause

The combination i-a is pronounced ia as in Francia France

The combination i-o is pronounced io as in radio radio

The combination i-u is pronounced iu as in ciudad city

The combination u-a is pronounced ua as in agua water

The combination u-e is pronounced ue as in fuego fire

The combination u-i is pronounced ui as in ruinas ruins

The combination i-e is pronounced ie as in tienda store

Now that youve learned the vowel sounds of Spanish, lets talk about the consonants.

The sound of b is somewhat like an English b only softer; dont press your lips all the way together. This
sound occurs in bao bath and jabn soap

C has two sounds; before the letters o, a, and u, it sounds like English k, as in taco or casa house.
Before e or i, c sounds like English s, as in cerca near by or cine cinema. (In many regions of
Spain, c before e or i sounds like the English t-h in bath.)

D sounds rather like the English t-h in then, as in dama lady and edad age

F is like English f, as in fecha date

G, like c, has two different sounds depending on what letter follows it. Before o, a, and u, g makes a [g]
sound, as in the words gafas glasses, lago lake or amigo
friend. Before e or i, g makes the sound [h], as in gente people and region region

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H is always silent in Spanish.

J is pronounced [h], as in jabn soap

K is like English k, as in kilmetro kilometer

L sounds like English l, as in lago lake

Ll makes the sound [y], as in llave key. Some Spanish speakers pronounce this letter as [j].)

M is pronounced like m in English, as in mesa table

N is pronounced like n in English, as in nada nothing

is pronounced [ny], as in ame yam and ao year

P is similar to English p, as in plato plate or copa wineglass

Q, as in English, q is always followed by u. q-u is pronounced [k], as in queso cheese

R between vowels sounds somewhat like an English d, but softer, as in caro expensive and hora
hour, or time. In other positions, r makes a rolling trill sound, as in regalo present and libro
book. Between vowels, this same rolling sound is spelled as double r or rr, as in the word barrio
neighborhood.

S sounds like a soft English s, as in sal salt

T is similar to t in English, as in the word taco

V chica makes the same sound as b grande, as in vino wine

X makes either a [ks] sound, as in taxi taxi or a [h] sound, as in Mxico Mexico

Y is generally pronounced the same way as ll, as in the word yema egg yolk. In isolation, it is
pronounced [ee]; this letter by itself is the Spanish word for and.

Z sounds like a soft English s, as in zapato shoe (this letter is also pronounced as a soft t-h sound in
parts of Spain.)

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Knowing how letters sound in Spanish will help you recognize cognates, which are words that are similar to
English words. They may be spelled alike to some extent, yet sound very different. Can you identify the English
cognate of the following Spanish words?

Hospital Hospital
Radio Radio
Restaurante Restaurant
Recepcin Reception
Msica Music
Aeropuerto Airport
Suter Sweater
Hamburguesa Hamburger
Televisin Television
Banco Bank

There are lots of cognates between Spanish and English; be on the lookout for them.

One more thing youll need to know to pronounce Spanish words correctly is where the stress falls in a word.
As an example of why the stress is important, consider the words suspect and suspect in English. One is a
noun, suspect, and the other is a verb, suspect. Yet the only difference in pronunciation is where the word is
stressed. There are pairs of words like this in Spanish, as well. When you repeat words as you listen to these
tapes, pay attention to where the stress falls. There are three simple rules, which will allow you to correctly
stress any word you see written but have not yet heard. These rules are as follows:

1) If the last letter of a word is n, s, or any vowel, word stress falls on the next-to-last syllable, as in:

Agua - water, chicle - gum, bao - bath, platos - plate, atlas - atlas
and in hablan, which means they speak.

2) If the last letter of a word is any consonant other than n or s , stress falls on the final syllable, as in:

Coliflor - cauliflower, frijol - bean, pared - wall, and nariz-nose

3) Any word that does not follow these 2 rules has a written accent over the stressed syllable. Some
examples of words needing written accents are:

Jabn - soap, kilmetro - kilometer, francs - French, and man - peanut

(the written accent may also be used to distinguish otherwise identical words; for instance, s with an
accent written over the i means yes, si without an accent means if.)

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Can you tell which of these words would need a written accent?

Llave no
Mxico yes, (Mxico needs a written accent over the since it does not stress according to the first rule.)
Ruinas no
Agua no
Mesa no
Msica yes, (msica needs a written accent over the since it is not stressed according to the first rule.)
Vista no
Recepcin yes, (recepcin needs a written accent over the since it is not stressed according to the first
rule.)

Okay, lets review: Can you remember the letters of the alphabet? This time youll hear a pause for your answer
before each letter: a, b, c, ch, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, ll, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, x, y, z

Great. Now see if you can tell how the following words would be spelled (if you are able, write them down after
you hear them):

Ao ao (a- -o)
Mesa mesa (m-e-s-a)
Frijol frijol (f-r-i-j-o-l)
Jabn jabn (j-a-b--n) (Did you notice o con acento, that means o with an accent)
Chicle chicle (c-h-i-c-l-e)
Agua agua (a-g-u-a)
Edad edad (e-d-a-d)
Ruinas ruinas (r-u-i-n-a-s)
Kilmetro kilmetro (k-i-l--m-e-t-r-o)

OK, lets see if you can remember some of the vocabulary youve heard so far. Try to answer the question
Cmo se dice? How does one say?
Cmo se dice ?

Cmo se dice ? Cauliflower coliflor


Cmo se dice ? Bathroom bao
Cmo se dice ? Key llave
Cmo se dice ? Soap jabn
Cmo se dice ? Salt sal
Cmo se dice ? Plate plato
Cmo se dice ? Table mesa
Cmo se dice ? Water agua
Cmo se dice ? Music msica
Cmo se dice ? wine vino

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Well done. Now, listen to this brief conversation. Dont worry about the grammar; youll learn more about that
in subsequent lessons. The first time you hear the conversation, just listen. The 2nd time, repeat what you hear.
The 3rd time through, the conversation will be translated for you.

A: Qu es?
B: Es coliflor
A: Coliflor?
B: S, coliflor. Es bueno, no?
A: Ms o menos. Necesita sal. Y los frijoles son muy picantes!
B: S, necesito agua.
A: Hay agua en la mesa.
B: Gracias.
A: No hay de que.

A: Qu es?
B: Es coliflor
A: Coliflor?
B: S, coliflor. Es bueno, no?
A: Ms o menos. Necesita sal. Y los frijoles son muy picantes!
B: S, necesito agua.
A: Hay agua en la mesa.
B: Gracias.
A: No hay de que.

A:Qu es? (What is it?)


B: Es coliflor (Its cauliflower)
A: Coliflor? (Cauliflower?)
B: S, coliflor. (Yes, cauliflower) Es bueno, no? (Its good isnt it?)
A: Ms o menos. Necesita sal. (More or less, it needs salt) Y los frijoles son muy picantes! (And the
beans are very spicy)
B: S, necesito agua. (Yeah, I need water)
A: Hay agua en la mesa. (There is water on the table)
B: Gracias. (Thanks)
A: No hay de que. (Dont mention it)

This is the end of lesson 1.

In lesson 2 you will learn some common greetings, as well as some Spanish verbs and how to use them.

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Disc 2
Welcome to lesson 2.
In this lesson, you will learn:

-some ways to greet people and say goodbye


-how to ask someones name, and how someone is doing
-how to use the verbs estar and llamarse
-the subject pronouns of Spanish and how to use them

There are various ways to greet someone in Spanish. Try repeating these:

Hola Hello

Buenos das Good morning

Buenas tardes Good afternoon

When you meet someone new, you might say mucho gusto (pleased to meet you). You could also say
encantado if you are a man or encantada if you are a woman (this is another way to express pleased to meet
you).

You might wonder why there are two forms, encantado, and encantada. These words are adjectives, and
adjectives in Spanish are said to agree with the nouns they modify, they can be singular or plural, as well as
masculine or feminine. The idea of masculine and feminine is fairly straightforward with nouns that refer
to people, such as hombre (man) and mujer (woman); hombre is masculine, and mujer is feminine. However,
all other nouns in Spanish also have gender, which is best thought of as a grammatical property of nouns in
Spanish. English nouns do not have this particular property.

So, when meeting someone new, a woman might say she is enchanted, encantada, while a man would use
the masculine form of this adjective, encantado.

Did you notice that das in the greeting buenos das is modified by the form buenos, while tardes in buenas
tardes is modified by the form buenas? Thats because das is a plural masculine noun, while tardes is a plural
feminine noun. You will learn more about agreement in lesson 3.

Okay, now that you know how to greet someone in Spanish, lets learn how to ask for a persons name. To ask
one person, who is a new acquaintance, this question, say:

Cmo se llama? This is used as Whats your name? but it literally means How do you call yourself?
Cmo is the question how. Se llama is a formal 2nd person singular form of the verb llamarse, to call
oneself.

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In English, to is used to mark the basic verb form that doesnt agree with any particular subject, such as
you or he. This basic form is called the infinitive. In Spanish, such verb forms are marked by an ar, -er,
or ir ending, for example hablar to talk, comer to eat and vivir to live. So what about the se in llamarse?
Some verbs in Spanish are whats called reflexive; their infinitives have a se at the end to indicate this. This
se is roughly parallel to oneself in English.

When the form of a verb is changed to agree with a subject, this process is known as conjugation and the
changed form is a conjugated form. For example, the present tense conjugation of the verb to be in English
is:

I am we are
You are yall are
He is they are
She is

Note that there are really only 3 present-tense forms of the verb to be; am, are, and is. And most English verbs
have even fewer forms! However, as you will see, there are 6 present-tense forms of each verb in Spanish.

In the case of llamarse, these forms are:

Me llamo nos llamamos


Te llamas os llamis
Se llama se llaman

These forms correspond to different possible subjects. However, it is important to remember that me, te, se,
nos, os, se are not subject pronouns. These are actually the corresponding forms of the reflexive se on the
infinitive. Note that when a reflexive verb is conjugated, the proper form of se is placed before the conjugated
verb form. So, if me, te, se, nos, os, se are not subject pronouns, what are the subject pronouns of Spanish?
Well learn them next.

Subjects can be 1st person (if they include the speaker, like I or we), 2nd person (if they include the person being
spoken to, like you or yall), or 3rd person (used when speaking about others, like she, he, or they). Subjects
can also be singular or plural, and in Spanish, 2nd person subjects can be formal or informal, as well. In these
lessons, verb forms will be given according to the standard Spanish subject pronouns, which are:

Yo, I nosotros, we
T, you (singular informal) vosotros, you (plural informal)
Ud., you (singular formal) Uds., you (plural formal)
l, he ellos, they (masculine or mixed gender)
Ella, she ellas, they (feminine)

Ud. and Uds. are often abbreviated as u-d and u-d-s, respectively.

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Nosotros has a feminine form nosotras that is used if we are all women, as does vosotros, which becomes
vosotras if yall are all women. You may be wondering why, with so many subject pronouns, there are only
6 conjugated present-tense forms of verbs. The answer is that the third person singular verb form is used, not
only with l he and ella she, but also with Ud., the formal singular you. Likewise, the plural 3rd person verb
form is used with ellos, ellas, and Uds.

So how does one know which forms of you to use? In most Spanish-speaking countries, the singular t form
is used with friends and children, while the singular Ud. form is used with a person you have just met or with
someone older than you. (In Argentina and some other countries, a vos form is used instead of the informal t
form, but we do not use the vos form in these lessons.) In the plural, a similar distinction is maintained between
the informal vosotros and the formal Uds. forms if you are in Spain; in Latin America, however, the vosotros
form is not used. When in Latin America, use the Uds. form when addressing a group of people both in formal
and informal situations.

Do you remember the subject pronouns of Spanish? See if you can list them.

You should have listed

Yo, t, usted, l, ella, nosotros, vosotros, ustedes, ellos, and ellas

If we put the conjugated forms of llamarse together with appropriate subject pronouns, they sound like this:

yo me llamo nosotros nos llamamos


t te llamas vosotros os llamis
Ud. se llama Uds. se llaman
l se llama ellos se llaman
ella se llama ellas se llaman

It is important to remember that subject pronouns are most often omitted in Spanish, unless they are needed
to clarify or emphasize who the subject is. As an example, here is a partial conversation. Listen and repeat
(escucha y repite).

A: Buenos das. Good day.


B: Hola. Cmo se llama Ud.? Hello. What is your name?
A: Me llamo Mara. Y Ud.? My name is Mary. And you?
B: Me llamo Patricia. My name is Patricia.
A: Mucho gusto. Nice to meet you.
B: Encantada. Nice to meet you.

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Note that Ud. was included to clarify the subject of the 3rd person verb form, but yo was omitted since the
subject is clear from the verb form in this case. Listen and repeat again (escucha y repite otra vez):

A: Buenos das.
B: Hola. Cmo se llama Ud.?
A: Me llamo Mara. Y Ud.?
B: Me llamo Patricia.
A: Mucho gusto. .
B: Encantada.

Now check your memory again; can you remember all of the conjugated forms of the verb llamarse?
Try to list them.
You should have listed:

me llamo nos llamamos


te llamas os llamis
se llama se llaman

OK, now that youve met someone and asked for his or her name, lets learn how to ask how your new
acquaintance is doing. You already know the word for how, cmo, but youll need another verb for this
question. The infinitive of this new verb is estar; it is translated as to be in English and is used to talk about
location as well as states or conditions of people and things. The present-tense forms of estar are:

estoy I am estamos we are


ests you are estis youll are
est he or she is estn they are

So, you might ask a new acquaintance, Cmo est Ud.? or ask a friend, Cmo ests?. A very informal way
to ask this, similar to asking Whats up? in English, is to ask Qu tal? This idiomatic expression has only
one form.

Now can you list the conjugated forms of estar.


You should have listed:

estoy estamos
ests estis
est estn

Now lets talk about how one might answer the question Cmo ests?. Here are some ways you might be
feeling when someone asks:

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Bien well
Muy bien very well
As-as so so
Mal badly
Muy mal very badly

You might also wish to thank the person for asking, by saying gracias Thank you or muchas gracias
Thank you very much.

Now lets see how much you remember. How would you answer these words and questions?

Buenas tardes. If you said hola or buenas tardes in return, thats right! How about:
Cmo se llama Ud.? If you said me llamo and your name, thats great! Now try:
Mucho gusto. Did you say mucho gusto in return? Great! If youre a woman, you might also have said
encantada, or encantado if youre a man. OK, how would you answer:
Cmo ests? You might have said estoy bien or estoy as-as. If youre doing very well, you probably said
estoy muy bien.

Now you can have a brief conversation with someone in Spanish. But theres one thing missing: how will you
say goodbye after the conversation is finished? Here are some possibilities:

Adis Goodbye
Hasta luego Until later
Nos vemos See you (literally, well see each other)
Chao Bye

Lets see how much of this you can remember. How does one say (Cmo se dice?):

I am well, thank you. Estoy bien gracias.


How are you all? Cmo estn ustedes?
Good afternoon. Buenas tardes.
Her name is Mary. Se llama Mara.
Until later! Hasta luego.

How about some of the nouns you heard in lesson 1? Challenge yourself with these:

Cmo se dice? Soap jabn


Cmo se dice? Water agua
Cmo se dice? Wine vino
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Cmo se dice? Salt sal
Cmo se dice? Table mesa
Cmo se dice? Key llave
Cmo se dice? Bean frijol
Cmo se dice? Kilometer kilmetro

Muy bien! Ahora, escucha y repite (listen and repeat):

Es jabn? Is it soap?
No, es champ. No, its shampoo.
Es un lago? Is it a lake?
No, es un ro. No, its a river.
Es agua? Is it water?
No, Es vino! No, its wine.
Son ames? Are they yams?
S, son ames. Yes, theyre yams
Ud. es mdica? Are you a doctor?
S, soy mdica. Yes, I am a doctor.
Somos todos mdicos aqu. We are all doctors here.

Did you notice that forms of to be in these sentences were not translated with estar, but rather with a different
verb? The infinitive of this other verb is ser. When to be is used to identify people, places and things, the verb
ser is used instead of estar.

These are the present tense forms of ser:

soy I am somos We are


eres You are sois Youll are
es He or she is son They are

Now practice a few sentences using these forms. Cmo se dice? (How does one say?):

They are keys. Son llaves.


Is is water? Es agua?
We are ladies Somos damas.
Its shampoo. Es champ.
Theyre birds. Son pjaros.

Now repeat those sentences in Spanish:

Son llaves.
Es agua?
Somos damas.
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Es champ.
Son pjaros.

Bien! Can you list the conjugated present-tense forms of ser?

You should have listed:


soy somos
eres sois
es son

One way you can use ser to identify people is to associate them with their professions or occupations, as in soy
mdica. Mdica is the feminine form of the noun doctor. The masculine form of the noun is mdico. Here are
some other people you might meet. Some are cognates, and you may be able to guess their meanings.

Escucha y repite:

profesor teacher
profesora teacher
estudiante student
jefe boss
jefa boss
empleado employee
empleada employee
cliente client
conductor driver
conductora driver
piloto pilot
pilota pilot
asistente assistant
asistente de vuelo flight attendant
mesero waiter
mesera waitress
hombre de negocios business man
mujer de negocios business woman
turista tourist

Xavier es hombre de negocios. Xavier is a business man.


Soy la jefa. I am the boss.
Somos empleados del banco. We are employees of the bank.
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Son Uds. meseros? Are you waiters?
Eres asistente de vuelo? Are you a flight attendant?
Sois estudiantes, no? You are all students, right?

Ahora, Cmo se dice?

We are students. Somos estudiantes.


He is a teacher. Es professor.
Are they flight attendants? Son asistentes de vuelo?
She is a doctor. Ella es mdica.
I am a tourist. Soy turista.

Thats great! Did you notice that a in these sentences doesnt have a word translating it in the Spanish
version? Thats because the equivalent of a, the indefinite article, is generally not used in Spanish when
identifying someones occupation, as in Manuel es piloto.

So, now you know two different ways to translate the verb to be in Spanish. The way it is used in a sentence
will determine whether you should translate it as ser or estar. Which verb is used to identify something? ser is
used. Which verb is used to ask someone how he or she is doing, as in how are you today? estar is used. And
which verb is used when identifying someones occupation? Ser is used.

OK, lets put it all together. Here is a conversation between two friends and a third person unknown to one of
them. Most of the vocabulary will be familiar to you.

A: Hola, Ana. - Hi Ana!

B. Buenos das, Carmen. Cmo ests? - Hello Carmen, how are you?

A: Muy bien, gracias. Y t? - Very well thanks, and you?

B: Bien, gracias. - Well, thank you.

A: Ana, te quiero presentar a Jaime Ramrez. - Ana, Id like to introduce you to Jaime Ramrez. l es un
amigo de mi familia. - He is a friend of my family.

B: Mucho gusto, Jaime. - Pleased to meet you Jaime.

C: Mucho gusto. Ud. se llama Ana, no? - Pleased to meet you. Your name is Ana, right?

B: S, Ana Tapia. Cmo est Ud. hoy? - Yes, Ana Tapia. How are you today?

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B: Estoy bien, gracias. Y Ud.? - I am fine thank you. And you?

C: Bien, gracias. Es Ud. estudiante aqu? - Well, thank you. Are you a student here?

B: S, soy estudiante de filosofa. -Yes, I am a student of philosophy.

C: De filosofa? Qu interesante! - Philosophy, how interesting!

B: S, en mi opinin es muy interesante. -Yes, in my opinion, its very interesting Y Ud.? Qu estudia?
And you? What are you studying?

C: Estudio qumica. - I am studying chemistry.

A: Ay! Perdn, Ana, tenemos una clase en 5 minutos.- Oops, excuse me Ana, we have a class in five minutes

B: Es la clase de arte? - Is it the art class?

A: S, estudiamos la obra de Goya hoy. - Yes, we are studing the work of Goya today.

B: Bien, nos vemos luego. - OK, we will see you later.

C: Adis, Ana. Mucho gusto. - Bye Ana, pleased to meet you.

B: Igualmente.- Same here.

A: Chao! nos vemos!. - Bye, see you later.

B: Chao, Carmen. - Chao, Carmen.

Now, repeat the conversation again, this time without the translation.
A: Hola, Ana.
B. Buenos das, Carmen. Cmo ests?
A: Muy bien, gracias. Y t?
B: Bien, gracias.
A: Ana, te quiero presentar a Jaime Ramrez. l es un amigo de mi familia.
B: Mucho gusto, Jaime.
C: Mucho gusto. Ud. se llama Ana, no?
B: S, Ana Tapia. Cmo est Ud. hoy?
B: Estoy bien, gracias y Ud.?
C: Bien, gracias. Es Ud. estudiante aqu?
B: S, soy estudiante de filosofa.
C: De filosofa? Qu interesante!
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B: S, en mi opinin es muy interesante. Y Ud.? Qu estudia?
C: Estudio qumica.
A: Ay! Perdn, Ana, tenemos una clase en 5 minutos.
B: Es la clase de arte?
A: S, estudiamos la obra de Goya hoy.
B: Bien, nos vemos luego.
C: Adis, Ana. Mucho gusto.
B: Igualmente.
A: Chao! nos vemos! .
B: Chao, Carmen. .

You will hear the conversation once more without pauses.

A: Hola, Ana.
B. Buenos das, Carmen. Cmo ests?
A: Muy bien, gracias. Y t?
B: Bien, gracias.
A: Ana, te quiero presentar a Jaime Ramrez. l es un amigo de mi familia.
B: Mucho gusto, Jaime.
C: Mucho gusto. Ud. se llama Ana, no?
B: S, Ana Tapia. Cmo est Ud. hoy?
B: Estoy bien, gracias.Y Ud.?
C: Bien, gracias. Es Ud. estudiante aqu?
B: S, soy estudiante de filosofa.
C: De filosofa? Qu interesante!
B: S, en mi opinin es muy interesante Y Ud.? Qu estudia?
C: Estudio qumica.
A: Ay! Perdn, Ana, tenemos una clase en 5 minutos. .
B: Es la clase de arte?
A: S, estudiamos la obra de Goya hoy.
B: Bien, nos vemos luego.
C: Adis, Ana. Mucho gusto.
B: Igualmente.
A: Chao! nos vemos!.
B: Chao, Carmen.

Ahora, contesta la pregunta:

Cmo se llaman las personas? Se llaman Ana, Carmen y Jaime.


Cmo est Carmen? Carmen est bien.
Es Jaime un amigo de Ana? No, es un amigo de Carmen.

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Es Carmen una amiga de Ana? S, Carmen es una amiga de Ana.
Es Ana estudiante? S, es estudiante.
Es la clase de Carmen y Jaime una
clase de filosofa? No, es una clase de arte.

This is the end of lesson 2.

In lesson 3, you will learn more about gender and agreement, and learn to talk about where people are from
and to describe people and things. You will also learn some useful Spanish verbs.

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Welcome to lesson 3.
In this lesson, you will learn:

-more about gender and agreement in Spanish


-how to use articles
-some new nouns and adjectives
-how to talk about where someone is from and what language/s someone speaks
-some regular Spanish verbs and how to use them

First, lets talk more about agreement. As youve seen, verbs agree with subjects both in English and in Spanish.
They agree in person and number. In Spanish, there is also a type of agreement between nouns and
adjectives, as mentioned in lesson 2. An adjective agrees with the noun it describes in number and in gender.
The articles a/an, some and the also agree with nouns in a similar way. Here are the different forms of these
articles in Spanish:

Forms of a or some
un (un is masculine, singular)
una (una is feminine, singular)
unos (unos is masculine, plural)
unas (unas is feminine, plural)

Escucha y repite:
un libro a book
una tienda a store
unos taxis some taxis
unas playas some beaches

Forms of the
el (el is masculine, singular)
la (la is feminine, singular)
los (los is masculine, plural)
las (las is feminine, plural)

Escucha y repite:
el libro the book
la tienda the store
los taxis the taxis
las playas the beaches

Now how about some more nouns to go with these articles? Here are some common ones you might wish to
use.

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Escucha y repite:

un hombre a man una mujer a woman


un chico a boy una chica a girl
un hotel a hotel una playa a beach
un autobs a bus una calle a street
un taxi a taxi una habitacin a hotel room
un restaurante a restaurant una tienda a store
un edificio a building una casa a house

Many feminine nouns end in a, though there are exceptions, such as un mapa, un da, and many nouns ending in
-ema or -ama, for example el drama the drama and el problema the problem. Likewise, many nouns ending
in o are masculine; a common exception is la mano the hand. The best way to know if a noun is masculine or
feminine is to learn that information whenever you learn a new noun; learn a noun along with its article.

To make a noun or adjective plural in Spanish, add s to the word if it ends in a vowel and e-s if the word ends in
a consonant. Here are some plurals of nouns you heard earlier:

El hombre/ los hombres


La mujer/ las mujeres
El taxi/ los taxis
La habitacin/ las habitaciones
Un edificio/ unos edificios
Una tienda/ unas tiendas

Ahora, escucha y repite:

Es un restaurante excelente.
La noche en la playa es bella, no?
Cmo son las habitaciones?
Es un edificio grande.
Son chicos buenos.
Eres una mujer muy inteligente.

Lets see how many things and people you remember. Cmo se dice?

a boy un chico
a girl una chica
a street una calle
a house una casa
a beach una playa
a building un edificio
a store una tienda
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a woman una mujer
a man un hombre
a hotel room una habitacin

Muy bien! Ahora, escucha y repite:

Es una tienda buena. Its a good store.


Es un hombre viejo. Hes an old man.
Soy una mujer trabajadora. I am a hard working woman.
Son chicos inteligentes. They are intelligent boys.
Es una habitacin bella, no? Its a beautiful room, isnt it?

These sentences give more information about things and people by using adjectives. Lets practice some
adjectives that you can use to describe the nouns youve learned. Many adjectives have different masculine and
feminine forms, although some do not. In these lessons, whenever a new adjective has different masculine and
feminine forms, you will hear both. Almost all adjectives have a plural form ending in s or es. Escucha y repite:

Bello/ bella beautiful feo/ fea ugly


Interesante interesting aburrido/ aburrida boring
Grande large pequeo/a small
Joven young viejo/a old
Perezoso/a lazy trabajador/a hard working
Inteligente intelligent tonto/a foolish
Bueno/a good malo/a bad
El Mejor best peor worst

Most adjectives in Spanish occur following the nouns they modify, for example:

Una tienda pequea A small store


Una casa bella A beautiful house
Un hombre inteligente An intelligent man
Un edificio grande A large building
Las playas bellas The beautiful beaches
Los chicos jvenes The young boys
Unas tiendas buenas Some good stores
El restaurante mejor The best restaurant

These adjectives are usually used to describe characteristics of people or things. When the verb to be is used to
describe the characteristics of people or things, ser is used rather than estar. Do you remember the forms of ser?
Try to list them,
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You should have listed:

soy somos
eres sois
es son

Here are some examples of sentences using ser to describe the characteristics of someone or something:

El edificio es bello,no? The building is beautiful, isnt it?


Eres muy inteligente. You are very intelligent.
Las chicas son perezosas. The girls are lazy.
Bernardo no es muy inteligente. Bernardo is not very intelligent.
Soy trabajadora. I am hard working.
Las habitaciones son pequeas. The hotel rooms are small.

Ahora Cmo se dice?

The house is old. La casa es vieja.


The store is large. La tienda es grande.
They are young women. Son mujeres jvenes.
I am old. (o/a) If you are a man you would have said soy viejo while a woman
would say soy vieja

Muy bien! You already know that ser is used to identify people and things, for example in Es vino or Son
mdicos. Another example of how ser can be used to identify is when you ask or tell where someone is from.
Here are two new words youll use to ask that question:

de (de is a preposition, meaning to or from)


dnde? (dnde? means where)

So, to ask where a new acquaintance is from, you might say:

De dnde es Ud.?

Note that the word order in this question corresponds to from where are you? The informal version is
De dnde eres?

Here are some country names that one might use to answer this question:

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Escucha y repite:

Los EE.UU. The United States Mxico Mexico


Espaa Spain el Canad Canada
La Argentina Argentina Francia France
Inglaterra England Alemania Germany
Italia Italy el Per Peru
China China Japn Japan

Some of these country names are commonly used with the article, though most are not. Of course there are
many others! So if you are from the US, how would you answer the question De dnde es Ud?. If you said
Soy de los Estados Unidos youre right!
That means I am from the United States.

Ahora, escucha y repite:

Somos de Japn.
Eres del Canad?
Son Uds. de Alemania?
Francisco es de Espaa.
Ella es de Italia.
Los chicos jvenes son de la Argentina.

Did you notice that from Canada was translated as del Canad? When de directly precedes the masculine
singular article el, the contraction del is formed.

You might also want to ask what language or languages a person speaks. Using the formal Ud. form, this
question would be:

Qu idiomas habla?

Informally, the question would be Qu idiomas hablas?

Qu ? is the question what? and un idioma is a language. This question also uses hablar, to speak or to talk.
Hablar is whats known as a regular verb; it is conjugated in the same way as many other regular verbs in
Spanish. You already know two Spanish verbs that are irregular, ser and estar. There are 3 types of regular verbs
in Spanish; next well learn how to conjugate verbs of one type, and some examples of this type.

First, lets take a closer look at an infinitive. A Spanish infinitive consists of 2 parts, the root and the infinitive
ending. In the case of hablar, the root is habl- (h-a-b-l) and the ending is ar, spelled a-r. This ending is
characteristic of one of the 3 types of regular verbs; their infinitives end in ar and their conjugated forms have
the same set of endings, as well. What are the conjugated forms of such verbs? Lets take hablar as an example
to illustrate.
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To conjugate hablar first remove the infinitive ending ar. Then add the appropriate conjugated endings
according to the subject, which are:

-o for the yo form -amos (a-m-o-s-) for the nosotros form


-as (a-s) for the t form -is (-i-s) for the vosotros form
-a for the Ud. form -an for the Uds. form
-a for the l form -an for the ellos form
-a for the ella form -an for the ellas form

So, once conjugated, the present tense forms of hablar sound like this:

hablo I speak, I am speaking


hablamos we speak
hablas you speak, you are speaking
hablis yall speak
habla he/she/it speaks
hablan they speak

Note that the present tense forms of Spanish verbs can be translated either with the simple present in English or
the present progressive that is hablo can be translated as I speak or as I am speaking.

Here are some other regular verbs that are conjugated in the same way:

Bailar to dance
Caminar to walk
Comprar to buy
Desear to want or desire
Escuchar to listen to
Llamar to call (vs. llamarse).
You will notice that this infinitive lacks the reflexive marker se that we saw in the reflexive llamarse to call
oneself.
Mirar to look at, or to watch
Pagar to pay
Tomar to take (as in tomar el autobs, to take the bus)
Trabajar to work
Necesitar to need

There are many more! The majority of Spanish verbs are in this category. In addition to regular verbs ending
in ar, there are two other types of regular verbs in Spanish: those whose infinitives end in er (e-r), and those
ending in ir (i-r).

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You will learn some verbs of those two types later in this lesson. Now try applying the ar conjugation to a
couple of different verbs. Can you list the 6 forms of tomar, to take?

You should have listed:

tomo tomamos
tomas tomis
toma toman

Great! How about necesitar, to need?

You should have listed:

necesito necesitamos
necesitas necesitis
necesita necesitan

And can you list the forms of hablar?

You should have listed:

hablo hablamos
hablas hablis
habla hablan

Excelente! Ahora, Cmo se dice?

Where are you from? (t/Ud.) De dnde eres? De dnde es?


I am from Spain. Soy de Espaa.
They are from the US. Son de los Estados Unidos.
To take Tomar
We take the bus. Tomamos el autobus.
To need Necesitar
To listen Escuchar
Pablo needs to listen. Pablo necesita escuchar.
We need to take the bus. Necesitamos tomar el autobus.
What language do you speak? (t/Ud.) Qu idioma habla? Qu idioma hablas?

Muy bien! In order to answer the question Qu idiomas hablas?, youll need to know the names of some
languages. Here are a few commonly spoken ones:

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el espaol Spanish el italiano Italian
el ingls English el francs French
el alemn German el rabe Arabic
el mandarino Mandarin el portugus Portuguese
el hebreo Hebrew el japons Japanese

OK, Cmo se dice?

I speak Spanish? Hablo espaol


They speak English. Hablan ingls
Do you (Ud.) speak French? Habla Ud. francs?
We speak Portuguese. Hablamos portugus

Bueno, ahora contesta la pregunta:

De dnde eres? Soy de (plus the name of where you are from for example, soy de Mxico)
Hablas italiano? S, hablo italiano. No, no hablo italiano.
Tomas el autobs? S, tomo el autobs. No, no tomo el autobs.
Trabajas mucho? S, trabajo mucho. No, no trabajo mucho.
Escuchas msica ahora? S, escucho msica ahora. No, no escucho msica. ahora
Miras mucha televisin? S, miro mucha televisin. No, no miro mucha televisin.
Eres hombre o mujer? Soy hombre or Soy mujer.

Excelente! Now that you know how to use regular ar verbs in Spanish, lets see how the regular er and ir verbs
work. Their present-tense endings are very similar, in fact only the nosotros and vosotros forms have different
endings for these two verb types. First, lets look at a regular verb ending in er, comer

To conjugate comer first remove the infinitive ending er. Then add the appropriate conjugated endings
according to the subject, which are:

-o for the yo form -emos (e-m-o-s) for the nosotros form


-es (e-s) for the t form -is (-i-s) for the vosotros form
-e for the Ud. form -en for the Uds. form
-e for the l form -en for the ellos form
-e for the ella form -en for the ellas form

So, once conjugated, the present tense forms of comer sound like this:

como I eat comemos we eat


comes you eat comis yall eat
come he/she eats comen they eat

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Here are some other regular verbs that are conjugated in the same way:

Aprender To learn
Beber To drink
Comprender To understand
Creer To believe
Leer To read

See if you can list the present-tense forms of beber.


You should have listed:

bebo bebemos
bebes bebis
bebe beben

Now try leer.


You should have listed:

leo leemos
lees leis
lee leen

Muy bien! The verb creer (to believe or to think) is often followed by the word que, meaning that, and a
phrase, as in Creo que ella habla ingles. How would you say, I think that he understands? Creo que
comprende

OK, Cmo se dice ?

We drink wine? Bebemos vino.


They understand English. Comprenden ingles.
I think that they understand English. Creo que comprenden ingles.
Hes learning Spanish. l aprende espaol.

Bueno, ahora contesta la pregunta:

Lees muchos libros? S, leo muchos libros. No, no leo muchos libros.
Aprendes espaol? S, aprendo espaol
Comes mucha pizza? S, como mucha pizza. No, no como mucha pizza.
Comprendes japons? S, comprendo japons. No, no comprendo japons.

OK, now lets look at a regular verb ending in ir, vivir (to live).

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To conjugate vivir first remove the infinitive ending ir. Then add the appropriate conjugated endings according
to the subject, which are the same as those for er verbs except in the nosotros and vosotros forms:

-o for the yo form -imos (i-m-o-s) for the nosotros form


-es (e-s) for the t form -s (-s) for the vosotros form
-e for the Ud. form -en for the Uds. form
-e for the l form -en for the ellos form
-e for the ella form -en for the ellas form

So, once conjugated, the present tense forms of vivir sound like this:

vivo I live vivimos we live


vives you live vivs you all live
vive he/she lives viven they live

Here are some other regular verbs that are conjugated in the same way:

Abrir To open
Asistir To attend (Asistir is usually followed by prep. a)
Decidir To decide
Escribir To write

See if you can list the present-tense forms of decidir.


You should have listed:

decido decidimos
decides decids
decide deciden

The verb vivir is often followed by the word en, meaning in, and a place, as in Vivo en el Canad. How would
you say, They live in Mexico? Viven en Mxico

Muy bien! Ahora, Cmo se dice?

I write well in English. Escribo bien en ingles.


Do you (t) live in England? Vives en Inglaterra?
They open the store. Abren la tienda.
We decide. Nosotros decidimos.

Bueno, ahora contesta la pregunta:


Vives en los Estados Unidos?

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S, vivo en los Estados Unidos. No, no vivo en los Estados Unidos
Escribes bien? S, escribo bien. No, no escribo bien.
Asistes a clase? S, asisto a clase. No, no asisto a clase.

Excelente! Ahora, escucha y repite la conversacin:

En una fiesta: At a party

A: Hola. - Hi.

B: Hola, Cmo ests? - Hi, how are you?

A: Bien, gracias. Me llamo Antonio. - Fine thanks. My name is Antonio.

B: Mucho gusto Antonio. Me llamo Ins. - Pleased to meet you Antonio. My name is Ins.

A: Encantado. De dnde eres, Ins? - Pleased to meet you. Where are you from Ins?

B: Soy mexicana, de Oaxaca. Y t? - I am Mexican, from Oaxaca. And you?

A: Soy de Los Angeles. - I am from Los Angeles.

B: De veras? Qu interesante. - Really? How interesting! Hablas ingls entonces? So, you speak English?

A: S, hablo ingls, espaol y japons. - Yes, I speak English, Spanish and Japanese.

B: Hablas japons? - You speak Japanese?

A: S, trabajo para una compaa multinacional en LA - Yes, I work for a multinational company in LA y a
veces necesito hablar japons en mi trabajo. and sometimes I need to speak Japanese in my work.

B: Qu bien! - How nice!Yo hablo un poquito de ingls, pero no mucho. - I speak a little bit of English, but
not much Escucho mucha msica en ingls. - I listen to lots of music in English.

A: S? Qu tipo de msica escuchas? - Oh yeah, what type of music you listen to?

B: Escucho muchos tipos,- I listen to lots of types, trabajo en una tienda de msica. - I work in a music store.
A veces es muy aburrido, pero escucho mucha msica buena.- Sometimes its really boring, but I listen to a
lot of good music. Comprendo un poquito de ingls, pero no lo leo ni lo escribo - I understand a little bit of
English, but I do not read or write it. T lees y escribes japons? - Do you read and write Japanese?

A: Un poco, s. - A little yes.


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B: Comes mucha comida japonesa? - Do you eat a lot of Japanese food?

A: S, creo que es excelente. - Yes, I think its great!

B: Qu fascinante es tu trabajo, no? - Your work is so fascinating, isnt it?

A: Para m, s. Hablo con muchas personas interesantes. - For me yes, I talk to lots of
interesting people.

B: Pues, Ins, deseas caminar en la playa un poco? - So, Ins, would you like to walk on the beach a little
O deseas bailar?- or would you like to dance?

B: Gracias, deseo caminar un poco. - Thanks, I would like to walk a little. La playa aqu es muy bella! - The
beach here is really beautiful.

A: S, y la noche tambin. Vamos. - Yes, and the night is too. Lets go.

Now repeat again without the translation:

A: Hola.
B: Hola, Cmo ests?
A: Bien, gracias. Me llamo Antonio.
B: Mucho gusto Antonio. Me llamo Ins.
A: Encantado. De dnde eres, Ins?
B: Soy mexicana, de Oaxaca. Y t?
A: Soy de Los Angeles.
B: De veras? Qu interesante. Hablas ingls entonces?
A: S, hablo ingls, espaol y japons.
B: Hablas japons?
A: S, trabajo para una compaa multinacional en LA y a veces necesito hablar japons en mi trabajo.
B: Qu bien! Yo hablo un poquito de ingls, pero no mucho. Escucho mucha msica en ingls.
A: S? Qu tipo de msica escuchas?
B: Escucho muchos tipos trabajo en una tienda de msica. A veces es muy aburrido, pero escucho mucha
msica buena Comprendo un poquito de ingls, pero no lo leo ni lo escribo. T lees y escribes japons?
A: Un poco, s.
B: Comes mucha comida japonesa?
A: S, creo que es excelente.
B: Qu fascinante es tu trabajo, no?
A: Para m, s. Hablo con muchas personas interesantes. Pues, Ins, deseas caminar en la playa un poco?
O deseas bailar?
B: Gracias, deseo caminar un poco. La playa aqu es muy bella!
A: S, y la noche tambin. Vamos.
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Heres the same conversation without pauses.

A: Hola.
B: Hola, Cmo ests?
A: Bien, gracias. Me llamo Antonio.
B: Mucho gusto Antonio. Me llamo Ins.
A: Encantado. De dnde eres, Ins?
B: Soy mexicana, de Oaxaca. Y t?
A: Soy de Los Angeles.
B: De veras? Qu interesante. Hablas ingls entonces?
A: S, hablo ingls, espaol y japons
B: Hablas japons?
A: S, trabajo para una compaa multinacional en LA (y a veces necesito hablar japons en mi trabajo).
B: Qu bien! Yo hablo un poquito de ingls, pero no mucho. Escucho mucha msica en ingls.
A: S? Qu tipo de msica escuchas?
B: Escucho muchos tipos trabajo en una tienda de msica. A veces es muy aburrido, pero escucho mucha
msica buena. Comprendo un poquito de ingls, pero no lo leo ni lo escribo. T lees y escribes japons?
A: Un poco, s.
B: Comes mucha comida japonesa?
A: S, creo que es excelente.
B: Qu fascinante es tu trabajo, no?
A: Para m, s. Hablo con muchas personas interesantes. Pues, Ins, deseas caminar en la playa un poco? O
deseas bailar?
B: Gracias, deseo caminar un poco. La playa aqu es muy bella!
A: S, y la noche tambin. Vamos.

Ahora, contesta la pregunta:

Cmo se llaman las personas? Se llaman Ins y Antonio.


De dnde es Antonio? Es de Los Angeles.
Dnde trabaja Antonio? Trabaja en una compaa multinacional.
Qu idiomas habla Antonio? Habla ingls, espaol y japons.
Cree Antonio que la comida japonesa es mala? No, cree que es buena.

Dnde trabaja Ins? Trabaja en una tienda de msica.


Es muy interesante el trabajo de Ins? No, es muy aburrido.
Habla japons Ins? No, ella no habla japons.
Ella escribe o lee ingls? No, no lee ni escribe ingls.
[ni is the word for nor]

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Cmo es la playa, en la opinin de Ins? Es muy bella.
Qu desea Ins, caminar o bailar? Desea caminar un poco.

This is the end of lesson 3.

In lesson 4, you will learn some new irregular verbs, numbers from 1-100, and how to talk about the weather, as
well as how to ask and give directions.

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Welcome to lesson 4.
In this lesson, you will learn (en esta leccin vas a aprender):

-how to talk about the weather


-how to talk about where people are going and what they are doing
-the numbers from 1-100 and how to talk about age in Spanish
-some important irregular verbs and how to conjugate them and
-useful vocabulary for asking for or following directions

First, lets talk about the weather. To do this well need a new verb, hacer to do/ make. Hacer is an irregular
verb, which means it does not follow the same pattern as regular verbs do when they are conjugated. In the
present tense, only the yo form of the verb hacer is different from those of a regular er verb. These are the
present-tense conjugated forms of hacer:

hago I am doing, I am making hacemos we are doing or making


haces you are doing, you are making hacis you all are doing or making
hace he/she is doing or making hacen they are doing or making

In addition to meaning to do or to make, hacer is used idiomatically in the 3rd person singular to talk about
many types of weather. Here are some types of weather you might encounter it is important to remember that
explicit subject or pronouns are never used in these expressions. Escucha y repite:

Hace calor. Its hot (literally this expression means it makes heat).
(calor, fro, sol and so forth are actually nouns rather than adjectives.)

Hace mucho calor Its very hot


Hace fro Its cold
Hace mucho fro Its very cold
Hace fresco Its cool
Hace sol Its sunny
Hace viento Its windy
Hace buen tiempo Its nice weather
Hace mal tiempo Its bad weather
est nublado Its cloudy
est despejado Its clear
est lloviendo Its raining
llueve It rains, or its raining
est nevando Its snowing
nieva It snows, or its snowing
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If you want to know what the weather is like in a certain place or at a certain time, you can use the question
Qu tiempo hace?

Do you remember the forms of hacer? See if you can list them.

You should have listed:

hago hacemos
haces hacis
hace hacen

Bueno, ahora, Cmo se dice?

Its cold Hace fro


Its hot Hace calor
Its really hot Hace mucho calor
Its raining Llueve or est lloviendo
Its windy Hace viento
Its cloudy Est nublado

OK, ahora contesta la pregunta:

Qu tiempo hace? Your answer should tell what the weather is like where you
are. Hace fro? Hace sol? Est lloviendo?

Weather changes with the seasons. You might want to know, for example, what the weather is like in the winter,
or in the month of June. To ask those questions, youll need to know the names of the months and seasons in
Spanish. Escucha y repite:

Los meses The months


enero January
febrero February
marzo March
abril April
mayo May
junio June
julio July
agosto August
septiembre September
octubre October
noviembre November
diciembre December
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Las estaciones The seasons
la primavera spring
el verano summer
el otoo autumn
el invierno winter

En el Canad, hace mucho fro en diciembre. In Canada, its very cold in December
Qu tiempo hace en Los Angeles en el verano? What is the weather like in Los Angeles in the summer?
Hace mucho calor en el verano. Its very hot in the summer.
En la Argentina, llueve mucho en julio. In Argentina, it rains a lot in July.
Es invierno en la Argentina en julio! Its winter in Argentina in July.
En Alaska, nieva mucho en invierno. In Alaska, it snows a lot in the winter.

As you might have guessed, youll also use hacer if you want to ask what someone is doing. Can you figure out
how to ask What are you doing? If you said Qu haces? or Qu hace?, youre right!

Ahora, escucha y repite:

Qu haces? What are you doing?


Llamo a Laura. I am calling Laura.
Qu hacen Uds.? What are you all doing?
Escuchamos msica venezolana. We are listening to Venezuelan music.
Qu hace Ud.? What are you doing?
Leo una novela. I am reading a novel.
Qu hace Pablo? What is Pablo doing?
Abre la puerta. He is opening the door.
Qu hacis? What are you all doing?
Escribimos cartas postales. We are writing postcards
Qu hacen los chicos? What are the boys doing?
Miran la televisin. They are watching TV.
Qu hacemos? What are we doing?
Vamos a la playa! We are going to the beach!

The last sentence, Vamos a la playa! uses another irregular verb, the verb ir, which means to go. These are the
present-tense forms of ir:

voy I am going vamos we are going


vas you are going vais you all are going
va he/she is going van they are going

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To tell where someone is going, follow the correct form of ir with the preposition a, meaning to, for example:

Adnde vas? To where are you going?


Voy a la tienda. I am going to the store.

Whenever a directly precedes the masculine singular article el, the two form a contraction, al, as in

Vamos al restaurante. We are going to the restaurant.


Vas al hotel? Are you going to the hotel?

Now see if you can list the forms of ir.

You should have listed:


voy vamos
vas vais
va van

Bueno. Cmo se dice?

Were going to the beach. Vamos a la playa.


Are you (vosotros) going to Madrid? Vais a Madrid?
Theyre going to a restaurant. Van a un restaurante.
Im going to the hotel. Voy al hotel.

As in English, the verb meaning to go can also be used to refer to future actions in Spanish. To do this, use the
appropriate conjugated form of ir, followed by the preposition a and the infinitive that expresses the desired
action. Here are some examples: escucha y repite:

Voy a tomar el autobs. I am going to take the bus.


Vas a trabajar hoy? Are you going to work today?
Vamos a aprender espaol. We are going to learn Spanish.
Dolores va a vivir en Guadalajara. Dolores is going to live in Guadalajara.
Vais a comer pronto? Are you all going to eat soon?
Pablo y Ana van a bailar salsa. Pablo and Ana are going to dance salsa.

Ahora contesta la pregunta:

Vas a trabajar hoy? S, voy a trabajar hoy. No, no voy a trabajar hoy.
Vas a mirar televisin? S, voy a mirar televisin. No, no voy a mirar televisin
Vas a comer pronto? S, voy a comer pronto. No, no voy a comer pronto.
Vas a ir a Mxico en marzo? S, voy a ir a Mxico en marzo. No, no voy a ir a Mxico en marzo.
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Lets say you want to answer the question Vas a ir a Mxico en marzo? and give a specific date. To do that
youll need to know some numbers; youll hear those shortly. Numbers also come in handy when youre talking
about someones age. Escucha y repite:

Cuntos aos tienes? (literally this question is asking how many years do you have)
Tengo 20. (literally, I have twenty)

In Spanish, one does not talk about being a certain age, but rather about having a certain number of years. The
verb meaning to have in Spanish is tener, which is another irregular verb. These are the present-tense forms of
tener:

Tengo I have tenemos we have


tienes you have tenis you all have
tiene he/she has tienen they have

Escucha y repite:

Tengo muchos amigos. I have many friends


Tienes una pregunta? Do you have a question?
Tenemos las llaves. We have the keys.
Ana y Marcos tienen una clase ahora. Ana and Marcos have a class now.

Now see if you can list the forms of tener.

You should have listed:

tengo tenemos
tienes tenis
tiene tienen

Remember the question Cuntos aos tienes? Un ao is a year, Cuntos is the question how much? or how
many? and it works like an adjective. It will agree with the noun it modifies in gender and number, as in these
examples:

Cunto dinero tienes? How much money do you have?


Cuntos aos tiene Federico? How old is Federico?
Cunta televisin miran las chicas? How much TV do the girls watch?
Cuntas habitaciones desea Ud.? How many hotel rooms do you desire?

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In order to answer questions like these, youll need to know some numbers. Lets start with the numbers from
1-30.
Escucha y repite:

Los nmeros de 0-30

0 (zero) 1 (one) 2 (two) 3 (three) 4 (four) 5 (five) 6 (six) 7 (seven) 8 (eight) 9 (nine) 10 (ten) 11 (eleven) 12
(twelve) 13 (thirteen) 14 (fourteen) 15 (fifteen) 16 (sixteen) 17 (seventeen) 18 (eighteen) 19 (nineteen) 20
(twenty) 21(twenty one) 22(twenty two) 23 (twenty three) 24 (twenty four) 25 (twenty five) 26 (twenty six) 27
(twenty seven) 28 (twenty eight) 29 (twenty nine) 30 (thirty)

Lets repeat those again without the translation:


0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30

Now see if you can list the numbers from 0-10:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Now try counting from 10-20:

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Ok, how about counting from 20 to 30:

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Did you notice that the numbers in the twenties are essentially twenty and one, twenty and two, and so on?
The numbers in the thirties through nineties work the same way. Now lets count by tens from 30 to 100.
Escucha y repite:

30 (thirty) 40 (forty) 50 (fifty) 60 (sixty) 70 (seventy) 80 (eighty) 90 (ninety) 100 (hundred)

Repeat once more without the translation:

30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

The number 100 is pronounced cien when in isolation, but ciento when followed by additional numbers, as
in ciento uno, ciento veinte, and so forth. OK, can you count by 10s from 0-100? This time youll hear each
number after a pause, so you can check your pronunciation.

0, 10, 20, 30 , 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100

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Now lets do a few addition and subtraction problems. Ms means more or plus, while menos means less or
minus.

Cuntos son 10 + 5 15
20 + 10 30
3 + 8 11
40 + 60 100
55 4 51
80 10 70
99 2 97
18 3 15

Great! At this point, you should be able to answer the question Cuntos aos tienes? The verb tener is used in
a number of idiomatic expressions like this in which the verb to be is generally used in English. Here are some
common expressions of this type. Escucha y repite:

Tener hambre To be hungry (literally, to have hunger)


(As with the weather expressions, these expressions use nouns where in English you would use adjectives)
Tener sed To be thirsty
Tener sueo To be sleepy
Tener que To have to
(Tener que will be followed by an infinitive describing what it is one has to do)
Tener suerte To be lucky
Tener calor To be hot
Tener fro To be cold
Tener miedo de To be afraid of

Tienes hambre? Are you hungry?


Tenemos mucha suerte. We are very lucky.
Los chicos tienen fro. The boys are cold.
Uds. tienen sed? Are you all thirsty?

Ahora contesta la pregunta:

Cuntos aos tienes? Tengo .....


(followed by a number expressing your age, for example; Tengo treinta y cinco)
Tienes que trabajar hoy? S, tengo que trabajar hoy. No, no tengo que trabajar hoy.
Tienes hambre ahora? S, tengo hambre ahora. No, no tengo hambre ahora
Tienes sueo ahora? S, tengo sueo ahora. No, no tengo sueo ahora.

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Heres another question. Can you tell what this question is asking?

Adnde vas?

Thats right, Adnde vas? means Where are you going?


Some possible answers to this question are:

Voy a casa. I am going home.


Voy al trabajo. I am going to work.
Voy a la tienda. I am going to the store.

Of course, there are lots of places you might like to go. What if you dont know how to get where youre going?
In this section, youll learn the names of some places around town, and how to ask for directions.

First, here are the names of some places in town you might want to visit.
Escucha y repite:

La agencia de turismo The tourism agency


El almacn The department store
El ayuntamiento The city hall
El banco The bank
El centro Downtown
El cine The movie theater
La farmacia The pharmacy, or the drugstore
El hotel The hotel
La iglesia The church
El mercado The market
El museo The museum
El parque The park
El supermercado The supermarket

When you want to ask about the location of something or someone, youll use the verb estar, for instance in
Dnde est la iglesia? (Where is the church?). Another verb you can use is quedar, then your question would
be Dnde queda la iglesia? Try asking the location of these places:

Cmo se dice?

Where is the museum? Dnde est el museo? or Dnde queda el museo?


Where is city hall? Dnde est el ayuntamiento? or Dnde queda el
ayuntamiento?
Where is the market? Dnde est el mercado? or Dnde queda el mercado?
Where is the tourism agency? Dnde est la agencia de turismo? or Dnde
queda la agencia de turismo?
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Ahora contesta la pregunta:

Vas al cine mucho? S, voy al cine mucho. No, no voy al cine mucho.
Compras vino en el supermercado? S, compro vino en el supermercado. No, no compro vino en el
supermercado.
Vives en el centro? S, vivo en el centro. No, no vivo en el centro.
Vas al parque mucho? S, voy al parque mucho. No, no voy al parque mucho.
Dnde compras medicina? Compro medicina en la farmacia.
Dnde miras mucha arte? Miro mucha arte en el museo.

OK, now suppose that you ask someone for directions to a place youd like to visit. Here are some words and
phrases that person might use to answer your question.

Escucha y repite:

Siga por esta calle Continue along this street


Siga derecho Continue straight ahead
Siga recto Continue straight ahead
Doble a la derecha Turn to the right
Doble a la izquierda Turn to the left
Cruce la calle Cross the street

Una cuadra A block


Una manzana A block
Una bocacalle An intersection
Una esquina A corner
Un semforo A traffic light
Perdn Excuse me.
Medio/a Half

OK, if someone gave you the following directions, what would you do?

Cruce la calle You will cross the street


Doble a la derecha You will turn to the right
Doble a la derecha en la esquina Turn to the right at the corner
Siga derecho Continue straight ahead
Siga derecho una cuadra y media Continue forward ahead a block and a half
En la bocacalle, cruce la calle At the intersection, cross the street

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Something else that might come in handy when giving or following directions is a few prepositions.

Escucha y repite:

Cerca de Close to
Lejos de Far from
Al lado de Next to
Enfrente de In front of
Detrs de Behind

Cmo se dice?

The bank is in front of the city hall. El banco est enfrente del ayuntamiento.
Where is city hall? Dnde est el ayuntamiento?
The supermarket is not far from here. El supermercado no est lejos de aqu.
We are in front of the park. Estamos enfrente del parque.
The movie theater is next to the hotel. El cine est al lado del hotel.
The pharmacy is on the corner. La farmacia est en la esquina.

Excelente! Ahora, escucha y repite la conversacin:

A: Perdn, seor. Buenas tardes - Excuse me, sir. Good afternoon.

B: Buenas tardes - Good afternoon.

A: Dnde est el museo? -Where is the museum? Est cerca de aqu? - Is it close to here?

B: No est lejos. - Its not far. Siga dos cuadras por esta calle. - Continue two blocks along this street.
Hay una bocacalle. - There is an intersection.

A: Sigo a la bocacalle. - I continue to the intersection.

B: S, en la bocacalle doble a la derecha. - Yes, at the intersection turn right.

A: A la derecha? - To the right?

B: S, siga dos cuadras ms. - Yes, continue two more blocks. Hay un banco en la esquina. - There is a bank
on the corner.

A: Un banco? Qu bueno! - A bank. Thats great! Necesito cambiar dinero.- I need to exchange money.

B: S, el banco est en la esquina, en el edificio viejo. - Yes, the bank is on the corner, in the old building.
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A: Gracias. Y hay una farmacia cerca de aqu? - Thank you, and is there a pharmacy close to here?

A: S, hay dos. - Yes, there are two. Una queda una cuadra al norte del banco. One is one block to the north
of the bank.

B: Al norte del banco. - To the north of the bank.

B: S, y para llegar a la otra, - Yes, and to get to the other doble a la izquierda en la bocacalle, - turn left at
the intersection y siga media cuadra ms. - and continue half a block further.

A: A la izquierda en la bocacalle.- To the left at the intersection.

B: S, donde est el semforo. - Yes, where the traffic light is

A: Pero el banco est a la derecha. - But the bank is to the right.

B: Correcto. - Correct.

A: Muchas gracias, seor. - Thank you very much sir.

B: No hay de que. Adis. - Dont mention it, good bye.

A: Adis. - Good bye.

This time you will hear the conversation again without the translation.

A: Perdn, seor. Buenas tardes.


B: Buenas tardes.
A: Dnde est el museo? Est cerca de aqu?
B: No est lejos. Siga dos cuadras por esta calle. Hay una bocacalle.
A: Sigo a la bocacalle.
B: S, en la bocacalle doble a la derecha.
A: A la derecha?
B: S, siga dos cuadras ms. Hay un banco en la esquina.
A: Un banco? Qu bueno! Necesito cambiar dinero.
B: S, el banco est en la esquina, en el edificio viejo.
A: Gracias. Y hay una farmacia cerca de aqu?
A: S, hay dos. Una queda una cuadra al norte del banco.
B: Al norte del banco.
B: S, y para llegar a la otra, doble a la izquierda en la bocacalle, y siga media cuadra ms.
A: A la izquierda en la bocacalle.
B: S, donde est el semforo.
A: Pero el banco est a la derecha.
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B: Correcto.
A: Muchas gracias, seor.
B: No hay de que. Adis.
A: Adis.

You will hear the conversation one more time, this time without pauses.

A: Perdn, seor. Buenas tardes.


B: Buenas tardes.
A: Dnde est el museo? Est cerca de aqu?
B: No est lejos. Siga dos cuadras por esta calle. Hay una bocacalle.
A: Sigo a la bocacalle.
B: S, en la bocacalle doble a la derecha.
A: A la derecha?
B: S, siga dos cuadras ms. Hay un banco en la esquina.
A: Un banco? Qu bueno! Necesito cambiar dinero.
B: S, el banco est en la esquina, en el edificio viejo.
A: Gracias. Y hay una farmacia cerca de aqu?
A: S, hay dos. Una queda una cuadra al norte del banco.
B: Al norte del banco.
B: S, y para llegar a la otra, doble a la izquierda en la bocacalle, y siga media cuadra ms.
A: A la izquierda en la bocacalle.
B: S, donde est el semforo.
A: Pero el banco est a la derecha.
B: Correcto.
A: Muchas gracias, seor.
B: No hay de que. Adis.
A: Adis.

Ahora contesta la pregunta:


Qu busca la mujer? Busca el museo
Est cerca o lejos el museo? El museo est cerca.
Adnde va la mujer para cambiar dinero? Va al banco
Queda el banco en un edificio nuevo? No, queda en un edificio viejo.
Qu est una cuadra al norte del banco? Una farmacia est una cuadra al norte del banco
Dnde est el semforo? Est en la bocacalle.

This is the end of lesson 4.

In lesson 5, you will learn the names of the days of the week, and how to tell the date.
More numbers and lots of vocabulary you can use while shopping.

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Welcome to lesson 5.
Bienvenidos a leccin 5. En esta leccin vas a aprender:

-the days of the week and how to tell the date


-more numbers
-how to use haber, a very irregular verb
-how to use verbs with a stem change, a common irregularity and
-useful vocabulary for shopping (when you are studying vocabulary, some useful things to try
are: naming things in your home, in the store or elsewhere or making up a sentence or definition using the word
in Spanish).

Bueno. Primero, contesta la pregunta:

Qu mes es? You should have given the current month, for exemple Es junio.
Qu estacin es? In our example, the answer would probably be Es verano.
Qu da es? To answer the question Qu da es? youll need to know the days of the week.

Aqu estn los das de la semana:

lunes Monday
martes Tuesday
mircoles Wednesday
jueves Thursday
viernes Friday
sbado Saturday
domingo Sunday
La semana The week

Cmo se dice?

Cmo se dice? Today is Tuesday Hoy es martes


Cmo se dice? Its Friday Es viernes
Cmo se dice? The week La semana

OK, lets say you also want to know the date. You can use the question Cul es la fecha? to find out. Cul is
the question which and it also has a plural form, cules. La fecha, as you may recall, is the date. Escucha y
repite:

el ao. the year


la fecha. the date
Cul es la fecha.? What is the date?

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To tell the date in Spanish, the structure you will use is equivalent to Its the 10 of May, en espaol Es el 10
de mayo. If its the 1st of the month, use primero (first) instead of uno; otherwise, just use the numbers youve
already learned.

Cmo se dice?

Today is the 4th of September. Hoy, es el cuatro de septiembre.


Its the 13th of January. Es el trece de enero.
Is it the 19th of August? Es el diecinueve de agosto?

Muy bien! Now say you also want to talk about what year it is. How would you ask the question What year
is it? If you said Qu ao es?, thats right! Of course, to talk about years, youll need to know a few more
numbers. Ahora, vas a aprender ms nmeros. Escucha y repite:

100 (hundred), 200 (two hundred), 300 (three hundred), 400 (four hundred), 500 (five hundred), 600 (six
hundred), 700 (seven hundred), 800 (eight hundred), 900 (nine hundred), 1000 (thousand), 2000 (two thousand),
3000 (three thousand), 4000 (four thousand), 5000 (five thousand)

Cuntos son 100 + 450 550


1000 + 200 1200
2000 + 313 2313
600 + 100 700

These larger numbers may also come in handy while shopping, depending on the exchange rate and the value
per unit of the currency youre using. Next, youll practice some other vocabulary that might be useful while
shopping. First, here are some things you could be looking for in a store:
Escucha y repite:

Un mapa a map
Una gua turstica a tourist guide
La pelcula the film
Un rollo de pelcula a roll of film
Unas pilas batteries
Unas bateras batteries
Un sombrero a hat
La locin bronceadora sunblock
Una botella de agua a bottle of water
Las sandalias sandals
Una toalla a towel
El traje de bao the bathing suit
Una camiseta a T-shirt
Un suter a sweater
Un paraguas an umbrella
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Los zapatos shoes
las aspirinas aspirins
una vendita an adhesive bandage
un vendaje a bandage
unos fsforos matches
un imperdible a safety pin
una revista a magazine
un peridico a newspaper
un telfono pblico a public telephone
la gua telefnica the phone book
por favor please

Cmo se dice?

A bathing suit Un traje de bao


I need a bathing suit. Necesito un traje de bao.
We need some aspirins. Necesitamos unas aspirinas.
Do you (Uds) have a safety pin? Tienen un imperdible?
Where is the film? Dnde est la pelcula?

Ahora contesta la pregunta:

Qu son cinco cosas que traes a la playa?


Here are some possible answers: un rollo de pelcula, una botella de agua, locin bronceadora, una toalla, un
traje de bao, unas sandalias, un sombrero.
Qu buscas si tienes sed? Busco una botella de agua.
Qu necesitas si tienes fro? Necesito un suter.
Qu necesitas comprar si est lloviendo? Necesito comprar un paraguas.

There are different kinds of stores you could visit, depending on what you need to buy. You already know 4 of
these types of stores:

La farmacia The pharmacy


El mercado The market
El supermercado The supermarket
El almacn The department store
El quiosco The kiosk or newsstand
La tienda de ropa The clothing store
La zapatera The shoe store
La droguera The drugstore
La droguera The drugstore
La frutera The fruit store

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You will find that the ending era is added to many types of products in the name of the store that sells
those products.

You should have recognized La farmacia, El mercado, El supermercado, and El almacn. Here are some other
words and expressions that might be handy while shopping:

caro/a expensive
barato/a cheap or inexpensive
de venta on sale
Ir de compras to go shopping
aceptar to accept
pagar to pay
la tarjeta de crdito credit card
el efectivo cash
los cheques de viajero travellers checks
el dinero Money
la caja the cashier

Aceptar and pagar are regular ar verbs.

Cmo se dice?

To go shopping Ir de compras
I want to go shopping. Deseo ir de compras.
Were going to the supermarket. Vamos al supermercado.
The shoes are expensive. Los zapatos son caros.
Do you (Uds) accept credit cards? Aceptan tarjetas de crdito?
Hes going to pay in cash. Va a pagar en efectivo.
Do you (t) have money? Tienes dinero?

Bien, ahora contesta la pregunta:

Dnde compras aspirinas? Compro aspirinas en la farmacia o compro aspirinas en la


droguera.
Dnde compras zapatos? Compro zapatos en la zapatera.
Pagas mucho con tarjeta de crdito? S, pago mucho con tarjeta de crdito. No, no pago mucho con
tarjeta de crdito.
Vas de compras mucho? S, voy de compras mucho. No, no voy de compras mucho.

Excelente! Lets say youre looking for something specific in the store, like a map. You could use the Uds.
form of tener to ask whether there are any maps available, as in Tienen mapas?. Another, very common way to
ask such questions is to use the very irregular verb haber. Only the 3rd person singular form of this verb is used
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as a main verb; that form in the present tense is hay. Hay is translated as there is or there are. It is similar in
meaning to the verb existir. The thing which exists follows the verb haber, both in questions and in statements.
Here are some examples. Escucha y repite:

Hay mapas? Are there maps?


Hay pilas? Necesito pilas para mi radio. Are there batteries? I need batteries for my radio.
Hay venditas? Are there adhesive bandages?
Hay muchos edificios grandes aqu. There are many large buildings here.
Hay un sombrero en la mesa. There is a hat on the table.
Hay un supermercado en el centro. There is a supermarket downtown.

Cmo se dice?

There are good stores here. Hay buenas tiendas aqu.


Is there a bottle of water on the table? Hay una botella de agua en la mesa?
Are there bathing suits? Hay trajes de bao?
There are bathing suits behind the towels. Hay trajes de bao detrs de las toallas.

Ahora, escucha y repite la pregunta:

Cunto cuesta el sombrero? How much does the hat cost?

This question uses a new verb, costar (to cost). Costar is whats known as a stem-changing verb. In this type
of verb, the endings are the same as those of regular verbs. However, the final vowel sound of the stem or
root of these verbs changes in some of its conjugated forms. Listen to the present-tense conjugation of costar:

cuesto costamos
cuestas costis
cuesta cuestan

Did you notice that the o of the stem changed to the sound ue in all forms except nosotros and vosotros? This
is the pattern that the change in vowel sound will always follow with such verbs. It is also true that this change
occurs only when the vowel in question is in the stressed syllable of the conjugated form. Listen again to the
forms of costar and see if you can hear where the stress falls:

cuesto costamos
cuestas costis
cuesta cuestan

If you are using a dictionary, the dictionary will indicate when a verb is a stem-changing verb. The change from
o to ue is one of 3 common types of stem change. Here are a few other verbs with this same type of change:

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poder to be able to (poder is always followed by infinitive)
dormir to sleep
volver to go back (used with people)
devolver to return (to give back, used with things)

See if you can list the conjugated forms of dormer (to sleep).
You should have listed:
duermo dormimos
duermes dorms
duerme duermen

Great! How about poder (to be able to)?


You should have listed:
puedo podemos
puedes podis
puede pueden

Two other types of stem-change are quite common. One is the change from e to ie, as occurs in these verbs:

querer to want
(querer can be followed by a noun or the infinitive of another verb)
preferir to prefer
recomendar to recommend
pensar to think

As an example of this type, here are the present-tense forms of querer (to want):

quiero queremos
quieres queris
quiere quieren

Can you conjugate preferir (to prefer)?


You should have listed these forms:

prefiero preferimos
prefieres prefers
prefiere prefieren

Another common stem change is from e to i, as occurs in these verbs:

pedir to ask for or to request


servir to serve

Instant Immersion 51
Instant Immersion Spanish
Disc 5
As an example of this type, here are the present-tense forms of servir (to serve):

sirvo servimos
sirves servs
sirve sirven

Now, can you conjugate pedir (to ask for)?


You should have listed these forms:

pido pedimos
pides peds
pide piden

Bueno, ahora, Cmo se dice?

Im asking for aspirins. Pido aspirinas.


How much does the hat cost? Cunto cuesta el sombrero?
We can pay in cash. Podemos pagar en efectivo.
You (vosotros) can buy a map here. Podis comprar un mapa aqu.
Can I buy a tourist guide here? Puedo comprar una gua turstica aqu?
They are sleeping in the hotel room. Duermen en la habitacin.
Do you want to go shopping? Quieres ir de compras?
He prefers to shop in the supermarket. Prefiere ir de compras en el supermercado.

OK, ahora contesta la pregunta:

Quieres ir de compras? S, quiero ir de compras. No, no quiero ir de compras.


Prefieres ir al cine o mirar televisin? Prefiero ir al cine. Prefiero mirar televisin.
Puedes hablar espaol? S, puedo hablar espaol. No, no puedo hablar espaol.
Duermes mucho? S, duermo mucho. No, no duermo mucho.
Hay muchos parques donde vives? S, hay muchos parques donde vivo. No, no hay muchos
parques donde vivo.
Compras zapatos en una zapatera o en un almacn? Compro zapatos en la zapatera o Compro
zapatos en un almacn.

One other place you may want to visit while youre out shopping is the post office, el correo. Here is some
vocabulary that would be useful in the post office. Escucha y repite:

el correo post office/ mail


una carta a letter
una tarjeta postal a postcard
el franqueo the postage
un sello a stamp
Instant Immersion 52
Instant Immersion Spanish
Disc 5
As an example of this type, here are the present-tense forms of servir (to serve):

sirvo servimos
sirves servs
sirve sirven

Now, can you conjugate pedir (to ask for)?


You should have listed these forms:

pido pedimos
pides peds
pide piden

Bueno, ahora, Cmo se dice?

Im asking for aspirins. Pido aspirinas.


How much does the hat cost? Cunto cuesta el sombrero?
We can pay in cash. Podemos pagar en efectivo.
You (vosotros) can buy a map here. Podis comprar un mapa aqu.
Can I buy a tourist guide here? Puedo comprar una gua turstica aqu?
They are sleeping in the hotel room. Duermen en la habitacin.
Do you want to go shopping? Quieres ir de compras?
He prefers to shop in the supermarket. Prefiere ir de compras en el supermercado.

OK, ahora contesta la pregunta:

Quieres ir de compras? S, quiero ir de compras. No, no quiero ir de compras.


Prefieres ir al cine o mirar televisin? Prefiero ir al cine. Prefiero mirar televisin.
Puedes hablar espaol? S, puedo hablar espaol. No, no puedo hablar espaol.
Duermes mucho? S, duermo mucho. No, no duermo mucho.
Hay muchos parques donde vives? S, hay muchos parques donde vivo. No, no hay muchos
parques donde vivo.
Compras zapatos en una zapatera o en un almacn? Compro zapatos en la zapatera o Compro
zapatos en un almacn.

One other place you may want to visit while youre out shopping is the post office, el correo. Here is some
vocabulary that would be useful in the post office. Escucha y repite:

el correo post office/ mail


una carta a letter
una tarjeta postal a postcard
el franqueo the postage
un sello a stamp
Instant Immersion 53
Instant Immersion Spanish
Disc 5
A: Gracias. Y hay sombreros? - Thank you. Do you have hats?

B: S, pero no muchos. - Yes, but not many. Estn detrs de las camisetas, all. -They are behind the T-
shirts, over there.

A: Excelente. Y hay pelcula? - Excellent! Is there some film?

B: S, aqu al lado de las revistas. - Yes, here next to the magazines.

A: Bueno, necesito un rollo de 24, tipo 200. - OK, I need a roll of 24, 200. Gracias. Y voy a comprar este
sombrero, tambin. - Thank you, and I am going to buy this hat too.

B: Muy bien, seorita. - Very well, seorita. Va Ud. al parque Carabobo? - Are you going to Carabobo
park?

A: S, quiero ver especialmente el lago ornamental y las estatuas. - Yes, I specially want to see the
ornamental lake and the statutes.

B: El parque es muy bello. - The park is very beautiful. Tambin recomiendo la catedral. - I also
recommend the cathedral es del ao 1790. - it is from 1790. La arquitectura es maravillosa. - The
architecture is marvelous.

A: S, tambin deseo ir a la catedral. - Yes, I also want to go the cathedral. Est en el centro, no? - Its
downtown, right?

B: S, Seorita. Al sur de la plaza. - Yes, seorita, to the south of the plaza.

A: Gracias. cunto por todo? - Thank you. How much for everything?

B: A ver1250. - Let me see, 1250.

A: Bien. Aceptan tarjetas de crdito? - OK, do you accept credit cards?

B: Claro, Seorita. - Yes, we do, seorita.

A: Aqu est. - Here it is.

B: Gracias, un momento. Firme aqu, por favor. Gracias. - Thank you, one moment. Sign here please.
Thank you.

A: Gracias a Ud. adis. - Thank you, good bye.

B: Adis. - Good bye.


Instant Immersion 54
Instant Immersion Spanish
Disc 5
This time you will hear the same conversation without the translation
En la tienda:
A: Buenos das.
B: Buenos das, seorita. A la orden.
A: Busco una gua turstica, por favor. Quiero visitar las ruinas y otros sitios histricos.
B: S seorita. Tenemos 4 guas difererentes. Aqu estn.
A: Cul de las 4 recomienda Ud.?
B: Creo que esta gua es la mejor.
A: Bueno. Cunto cuesta?
B: 120.
A: Bien, tambin necesito un mapa local.
B: Hay un mapa excelenteaqu.
A: Gracias. Y hay sombreros?
B: S, pero no muchos Estn detrs de las camisetas, all.
A: Excelente. Y hay pelcula?
B: S, aqu al lado de las revistas,
A: Bueno, necesito un rollo de 24, tipo 200. Gracias. Y voy a comprar este sombrero, tambin.
B: Muy bien, seorita. Va Ud. al parque Carabobo?
A: S, quiero ver especialmente el lago ornamental y las estatuas.
B: El parque es muy bello. Tambin recomiendo la catedral es del ao 1790. La arquitectura es maravillosa.
A: S, tambin deseo ir a la catedral. Est en el centro, no?
B: S, seorita. Al sur de la plaza.
A: Gracias. Cunto por todo?
B: A ver1250.
A: Bien. Aceptan tarjetas de crdito?
B: Claro, seorita.
A: Aqu est.
B: Gracias, un momento Firme aqu, por favor. Gracias.
A: Gracias a Ud. adis.
B: Adis.

This time you will hear the same conversation without pauses.

En la tienda
A: Buenos das.
B: Buenos das, seorita. A la orden.
A: Busco una gua turstica, por favor. Quiero visitar las ruinas y otros sitios histricos.
B: S seorita. Tenemos 4 guas difererentes. Aqu estn.
A: Cul de las 4 recomienda Ud.?
B: Creo que esta gua es la mejor.
A: Bueno. Cunto cuesta?
B: 120.
A: Bien, tambin necesito un mapa local.
Instant Immersion 55
Instant Immersion Spanish
Disc 5
B: Hay un mapa excelenteaqu.
A: Gracias. Y hay sombreros?
B: S, pero no muchos Estn detrs de las camisetas, all.
A: Excelente. Y hay pelcula?
B: S, aqu al lado de las revistas,
A: Bueno, necesito un rollo de 24, tipo 200. Gracias. Y voy a comprar este sombrero, tambin.
B: Muy bien, seorita. Va Ud. al parque Carabobo?
A: S, quiero ver especialmente el lago ornamental y las estatuas.
B: El parque es muy bello. Tambin recomiendo la catedral es del ao 1790. La arquitectura es maravillosa.
A: S, tambin deseo ir a la catedral. Est en el centro, no?
B: S, seorita. Al sur de la plaza.
A: Gracias. Cunto por todo?
B: A ver1250.
A: Bien. Aceptan tarjetas de crdito?
B: Claro, seorita.
A: Aqu est.
B: Gracias, un momento Firme aqu, por favor. Gracias.
A: Gracias a Ud. adis.
B: Adis.

Ahora, contesta la pregunta:

Qu son 3 cosas que busca la seorita? Busca. Una gua turstica, un mapa local, un sombrero y un rollo
de pelcula.
Cunto cuesta la gua turstica? Cuesta 120.
Hay sombreros en la tienda? S, hay sombreros en la tienda.
Dnde estn los sombreros? Estn detrs de las camisetas.
Dnde est la pelcula? La pelcula est al lado de las revistas.
La seorita va a visitar el parque Carabobo? S, va a visitar el parque Carabobo.
Es feo el parque? No, es bello.
De qu ao es la catedral? Es de 1790.
Dnde est la catedral? Est en el centro, al sur de la plaza.
Cunto cuesta todo? 1250.

This is the end of lesson 5.

Instant Immersion 56