Sunteți pe pagina 1din 10


The following paper is about one of the most loved rock bands in the history, the well-known
The Beatles. It was an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The members of the group were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and
Ringo Starr and they became widely regarded as the foremost and most influential act of the
rock era. Rooted in skiffle, beat and 1950s rock and roll, the Beatles later experimented with
several musical styles, ranging from pop ballads and Indian music to psychedelia and hard rock,
often incorporating classical elements and unconventional recording techniques in innovative
In 1963 their enormous popularity first emerged as "Beatlemania", and as the group's
music grew in sophistication in subsequent years, led by primary songwriters Lennon and
McCartney, they came to be perceived as an embodiment of the ideals shared by the
counterculture of the 1960s.
In the first chapter, I wrote shortly about the history of the group and about its early
The second chapter describes the Beatles music style, the most famous concerts and
tours they had, the groups break-up and some other interesting facts about the members of the
The last chapter, brings into light the awards that The Beatles gained throughout the years
and their worldwide recognition.


The Beatles is one of the most loved music groups of all times. The Beatles built their reputation
playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from 1960, with Stuart
Sutcliffe initially serving as bass player.
The four members of the group are the well-known John Lennon, Paul McCartney,
George Harrison and Ringo Starr. The core of Lennon, McCartney and Harrison went through a
succession of drummers, including Pete Best, before asking Starr to join them in 1962. Manager
Brian Epstein moulded them into a professional act, and producer George Martin guided and
developed their recordings, greatly expanding their popularity in the United Kingdom after their
first hit, "Love Me Do", in late 1962.

They acquired the nickname "the Fab Four" as Beatlemania grew in Britain the next year,
and by early 1964 became international stars, leading the "British Invasion" of the United States
pop market. From 1965 onwards, the Beatles produced increasingly innovative recordings,
including the albums Rubber Soul, Revolver, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, The
Beatles and Abbey Road. After their break-up in 1970, they each enjoyed successful musical
careers of varying lengths. McCartney and Starr, the surviving members, remain musically
active. Lennon was shot and killed in December 1980, and Harrison died of lung cancer in
November 2001.

The Beatles are the best-selling band in history, with estimated sales of over 600 million records
worldwide. They have had more number-one albums on the British charts and sold more singles
in the UK than any other act.
According to the RIAA, the Beatles are also the best-selling music artists in the United
States, with 178 million certified units. In 2008, the group topped Billboard magazine's list of the
all-time most successful "Hot 100" artists; as of 2017, they hold the record for most number-one
hits on the Hot 100 chart with twenty. They have received ten Grammy Awards, an Academy
Award for Best Original Song Score and fifteen Ivor Novello Awards. The group was inducted
into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, and all four were inducted individually from 1994
to 2015. They were also collectively included in Time magazine's compilation of the twentieth
century's 100 most influential people.

The band had its first recording session under Martin's direction at Abbey Road Studios
in London in June 1962. Martin complained to Epstein about Best's drumming and suggested the
band use a session drummer in the studio. Instead, Best was replaced by Ringo Starr. Starr, who
left Rory Storm and the Hurricanes to join The Beatles, had already performed with them
occasionally when Best was ill. Martin still hired session drummer Andy White for one session,
and White played on "Love Me Do" and "P.S. I Love You". Released in October, "Love Me Do"
was a top twenty UK hit, peaking at number seventeen on the chart. After a November studio
session that yielded what would be their second single, "Please Please Me", they made their TV
debut with a live performance on the regional news programme People and Places.
In the wake of the moderate success of "Love Me Do", "Please Please Me" met with a
more emphatic reception, reaching number two in the UK singles chart after its January 1963
release. Martin originally intended to record the band's debut LP live at The Cavern Club.
Finding it had "the acoustic ambience of an oil tank", he elected to create a "live" album in one
session at Abbey Road Studios. Ten songs were recorded for Please Please Me, accompanied on
the album by the four tracks already released on the two singles. Recalling how the band "rushed
to deliver a debut album, bashing out Please Please Me in a day", an Allmusic reviewer
comments, "Decades after its release, the album still sounds fresh, precisely because of its
intense origins." Lennon said little thought went into composition at the time; he and McCartney
were "just writing songs la Everly Brothers, la Buddy Holly, pop songs with no more thought
of them than thatto create a sound. And the words were almost irrelevant."
Released in March 1963, the album reached number one on the British chart.
This began a run during which eleven of The Beatles' twelve studio albums released in
the United Kingdom through 1970 hit number one. The band's third single, "From Me to You",
came out in April and was also a chart-topping hit. It began an almost unbroken run of seventeen
British number one singles for the band, including all but one of those released over the next six

On its release in August, the band's fourth single, "She Loves You", achieved the fastest
sales of any record in the UK up to that time, selling three-quarters of a million copies in under
four weeks. It became their first single to sell a million copies, and remained the biggest-selling
record in the UK until 1978 when it was topped by "Mull of Kintyre", performed by McCartney
and his post-Beatles band Wings. The popularity of The Beatles' music brought with it
increasing press attention. They responded with a cheeky, irreverent attitude that defied what
was expected of pop musicians and inspired even more interest.
The Beatles' iconic "drop-T" logo, based on an impromptu sketch by instrument retailer
and designer Ivor Arbiter, also made its debut in 1963. The logo was first used on the front of
Starr's bass drum, which Epstein and Starr purchased from Arbiter's London shop. The band
toured the UK three times in the first half of the year: a four-week tour that began in February
preceded three-week tours in March and MayJune. As their popularity spread, a frenzied
adulation of the group took hold, dubbed "Beatlemania". Although not billed as tour leaders,
they overshadowed other acts including Tommy Roe, Chris Montez and Roy Orbison, US artists
who had established great popularity in the UK. Performances everywhere, both on tour and at
many one-off shows across the UK, were greeted with riotous enthusiasm by screaming fans.
Police found it necessary to use high-pressure water hoses to control the crowds, and there were
debates in Parliament concerning the thousands of police officers putting themselves at risk to
protect the group.
Beatles releases in the United States were initially delayed for nearly a year when Capitol
Records, EMI's American subsidiary, declined to issue either "Please Please Me" or "From Me to
You". Negotiations with independent US labels led to the release of some singles, but issues with
royalties and derision of The Beatles' "moptop" hairstyle posed further obstacles. Once Capitol
did start to issue the material, rather than releasing the LPs in their original configuration, they
compiled distinct US albums from an assortment of the band's recordings, and issued songs of
their own choice as singles.
When The Beatles left the United Kingdom on 7 February 1964, an estimated four
thousand fans gathered at Heathrow, waving and screaming as the aircraft took off. "I Want to
Hold Your Hand" had sold 2.6 million copies in the US over the previous two weeks, but the
group were still nervous about how they would be received.

At New York's John F. Kennedy Airport they were greeted by another vociferous crowd,
estimated at about three thousand people. They gave their first live US television performance
two days later on The Ed Sullivan Show, watched by approximately 74 million viewersover
40 percent of the American population. The next morning one newspaper wrote that The Beatles
"could not carry a tune across the Atlantic", but a day later their first US concert saw
Beatlemania erupt at Washington Coliseum. Back in New York the following day, they met with
another strong reception at Carnegie Hall.
Although the group had a great success, they broke up in 1970. The explanations are as
numerous as Kennedy conspiracy theories. Some blame Yoko Ono. Some blame Linda
McCartney. Others just think the band was growing apart. But in reality, a whole host of reasons,
coming together like the perfect storm, drove the band apart in 1970 and John Lennon and later,
Paul McCartney started their solo careers.

The Beatles' musical innovations, as well as their commercial success, inspired musicians
worldwide. A large number of artists have acknowledged The Beatles as an influence or have
had chart successes with covers of Beatles songs. On radio, the arrival of The Beatles marked the
beginning of a new era; program directors like Rick Sklar of New York's WABC went as far as
forbidding DJs from playing any "pre-Beatles" music.
The Beatles redefined the album as something more than just a few hits padded out with
"filler". They were primary innovators of the music video. The Shea Stadium date with which
they opened their 1965 North American tour attracted what was then the largest audience in
concert history and is seen as a "landmark event in the growth of the rock crowd." Emulation of
their clothing and especially their hairstyles, which became a mark of rebellion, had a global
impact on fashion.
More broadly, The Beatles changed the way people listened to popular music and
experienced its role in their lives. From what began as the Beatlemania fad, the group grew to be
perceived by their young fans across the industrialized world as the representatives, even the
embodiment, of ideals associated with cultural transformation. As icons of the 1960s
counterculture, they became a catalyst for bohemianism and activism in various social and
political arenas, fueling such movements as women's liberation, gay liberation and
In 1965, Queen Elizabeth II appointed the four Beatles Members of the Order of the
British Empire. The Beatles film Let It Be (1970) won the 1971 Academy Award for Best
Original Song Score. The Beatles have received 7 Grammy Awards and 15 Ivor Novello
Awards. They have been awarded 6 Diamond albums, as well as 24 Multi-Platinum albums, 39
Platinum albums and 45 Gold albums in the United States, while in the UK they have 4 Multi-
Platinum albums, 4 Platinum albums, 8 Gold albums and 1 Silver album. The group were
inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988. In 2008, Billboard magazine released a
list of the all-time top-selling Hot 100 artists to celebrate the US singles chart's fiftieth

The Beatles ranked number one. In 2009, the Recording Industry Association of America
certified that The Beatles have sold more albums in the US than any other artist. The Beatles
have had more number one albums, 15, on the UK charts and held down the top spot longer, 174
weeks, than any other musical act. The Beatles were collectively included in Time magazine's
compilation of the 20th century's 100 most influential people.


The Beatles were undoubtedly the most influential band of the century. In a course of 8 years,
they changed not only rock and roll, but also the face of all music forever.
Towards the end of 1962, the Beatles broke through to the UK charts with their debut
single, Love Me Do, and played the Star Club for the final time. The debut was important, as it
was far removed from the traditional "beat combo" sound, and Lennon's use of a harmonica
made the song stand out. At this time, Epstein signed a contract with the music publisher Dick
James, which led to the formation of Northern Songs.
Beatles badges, dolls, chewing gum and even cans of Beatle breath showed the huge
rewards that could be earned with the sale of merchandising goods. Perhaps most importantly of
all, however, they broke the Tin Pan Alley monopoly of songwriting by steadfastly composing
their own material. From the moment they rejected Mitch Murray's How Do You Do It? in
favour of their own Please Please Me, Lennon and McCartney set in motion revolutionary
changes in the music publishing industry. They even had sufficient surplus material to provide
hits for fellow artists such as Billy J. Kramer, Cilla Black, the Fourmost and Peter And Gordon.
As well as providing the Rolling Stones with their second single, I Wanna Be Your Man, the
Beatles encouraged the Stones to start writing their own songs in order to earn themselves
composers' royalties.
The Beatles revealed that the four musicians were already working in isolated neutrality,
although the passage of time has now made this work a critics' favourite. Meanwhile, the Beatles'
inability as business executives was becoming apparent from the parlous state of Apple, to which
Allen Klein attempted to restore some order.
Releasing album after album and motion pictures, The Beatles were indeed on top of the
world. But in August 1969 Lennon announced that he wanted a divorce from the group, the band
was finished. He insisted, however, that the break up remain quiet. It was kept hidden until April
10, 1970 when McCartney decided to formally dissolve the group. Many blamed the break -up of
the Beatles on Yoko Ono and Linda McCartney. Others felt that the Beatles had run their course,
and it was just their time. Whatever was the cause of their break up, it ended an era but left
behind a legacy that will never be forgotten.


Kozinn, Allan (10 November 1989). "Beatles and Record Label Reach Pact and End
Suit". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 September 2009.
Levine, Robert (4 September 2009). "Paul McCartney: The Billboard Q&A". Billboard.
New York. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
Lewis, Randy (8 April 2009). "Beatles' Catalog Will Be Reissued Sept. 9 in Remastered
Versions". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 11 April 2009. Retrieved 2
May 2009.
Lewis, Randy (27 September 2012). "Beatles album catalog will get back to vinyl Nov.
13". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
Lewisohn, Mark (1988). The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions. New York:
Harmony. ISBN 978-0-517-57066-1.
Lewisohn, Mark (1992). The Complete Beatles Chronicle:The Definitive Day-By-Day
Guide To the Beatles' Entire Career (2010 ed.). Chicago: Chicago Review Press. ISBN
Lustig, Jay (5 April 2009). "Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr Perform Together in Support of
Transcendental Meditation". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
Miles, Barry (2001). The Beatles Diary Volume 1: The Beatles Years. London: Omnibus
Press. ISBN 0-7119-8308-9.
"Beatles to Release New Album". NME. 2 October 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
Norman, Philip (1996). Shout!: The Beatles in Their Generation. New York: Fireside.
ISBN 978-0-684-43254-0.
"The Beatles". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
"The Official Singles Charts' Biggest Selling Artists of All Time Revealed". Official
Chart Company. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.