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1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses

Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

UNIT 23.
23
I WISH, IF ONLY, WOULD RATHER,
ID BETTER
BETTER, ITS (HIGH) TIME
Adapted from
-Murphy, R. (2004). English Grammar in Use with Answers. A
Self study Reference and Practice Book for Intermediate
Self-study
Students of English. (3rd revised edition). Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
-Vince,
Vi M (2009).
M. (2009) First
Fi t Certificate
C tifi t Language
L P
Practice:
ti E li h
English
Grammar and Vocabulary. With Key (4th ed.). Oxford: MacMillan

Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 1
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

2.1. WISHES ABOUT PRESENT STATES


OR SITUATIONS:
zWish + simple past.
zThe time referred to is imaginary or
unreal present.
p
{I wish I knew the answer to this question.
p you.
Then Id be able to help y
z(In this case, I do not know the answer).
{I wish I didnt have so much work to do.

Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 2
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

2.2. WISHES ABOUT PAST EVENTS


zWish + past perfect.
zThe time referred to is past time.
{I wish I had known the answer to this
question. Then I wouldnt have lost face in
front of everybody.
z(In this case, I didnt know the answer).
{I wish I had gone to your party last week.

Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 3
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

zWhats the time period in the following


sentences?:
{I wish I could drive.
{I wish my cousin could meet me next weekweek.
{I wish I didnt have to get up early tomorrow.

Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 4
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

2.3. WISHES ABOUT ABILITIES AND FUTURE


EVENTS: COULD AND HAVE TO
z Wishes with could: ability or future time.
z Wishes with have to can also refer to future time.
{I wish I could drive. (Ability).
( y)
{I wish my cousin could meet me next week.
(Future time).
{I wish I didnt have to get up early tomorrow.
(Future time).

Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 5
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

zWhats the feeling of the speaker


towards Sean in the followingg
sentence?:
I wish Sean wouldnt chew gum all the
time.

Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 6
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

2.4. WISHES ABOUT FUTURE EVENTS:


WOULD (ANNOYING HABITS)
zWish + would
zUsually: A complaint about a bad habit
or a wish which refers to a specific
action which you would like to happen:
{I wish Sean wouldnt chew gum all the time.
{I wish the police would do something about
the botelln under my house!

Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 7
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

zYou can also use IF ONLY instead of I


p
wish to make emphatic wishes:
{If only I knew the answer to this question!
{If only I had known the answer to this
question!
{If only I had gone to your party last week!
zIn speech, only is often heavily
stressed.

Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 8
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

3. ID RATHER
z What does the d stand for? Would
z Structure:
St t
If the subject is different in both clauses:
ID RATHER + SUBJECT + PAST SIMPLE
(either + or -).
Id rather you bought salmon instead of cod.
Id rather you didnt tell Joanne about this.
If the subject is the same in both clauses:
ID RATHER + INFINITIVE
((either + or -).
)
Its so cold that Id rather stay indoors.
Its such a beautiful day that Id rather not stay indoors.

z Meaning: similar to Conditional 2.


{ Id rather you didnt tell Joanne about this.
{ If you didn
didntt tell Joanne about this,
this it would be better.
better
Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 9
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

4) ID BETTER DO / YOUD BETTER DO


z What does the d stand for?
z Had is a past form but the meaning is present or future, not past.

z Id
I d better do something = it is advisable to do it. If I don
dont,
t, there
will be a problem or a danger:
{ I have to meet Diane in ten minutes. Id better go now or Ill be
late.
{ Shall I take an umbrella? Yes, youd better.

z The negative is IId


d better not do:
{ Are you going out tonight?
{ Id better not. Ive got a lot of work to do.

z You can use had better when you warn somebody that they must
do something:
{ You
Youd
d better be on time.
time /Youd
/You d better not be late.
late (or you
youll
ll
miss the plane). Facultad de Letras
10
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa
1 Grado en Estudios Ingleses
Curso 2009-2010
Lengua Inglesa II (Grupo C). Cdigo 1529
Lecturer: Dr. Raquel Criado Snchez

5) ITS (HIGH) TIME

{It s (high) time we went home.


{Its home
Meaning: similar to second conditional.
If we went home, it would be better.

{High can be added for extra emphasis.


{It time
{Its ti to
t start
t t work.
k (A simple
i l statement
t t t off
fact)
{Its time y
you started work! ((You are being
g lazyy and
not working)

Facultad de Letras
Departamento de Filologa Inglesa 11
Campus Universitario de La Merced. 30001 Murcia
T. 868 883 191 F. 868 883 185 www.um.es/dp-filologia-inglesa