Sunteți pe pagina 1din 2

REAL PROPERTY (ART. 415, PAR.

2 OF THE NCC)

SIBAL VS VALDEZ (1927)


FACTS:

Plaintiff, Sibal alleged that the defendant Vitaliano Mamawal, deputy sheriff of the
Province of Tarlac, by virtue of a writ of execution issued by the Court of First Instance of
Pampanga, attached and sold to the defendant Emiliano J. Valdez the sugar cane planted
by the plaintiff and his tenants on seven parcels of land
That within one year from the date of the attachment and sale the plaintiff offered to
redeem said sugar cane and tendered to the defendant Valdez the amount sufficient to
cover the price paid by the latter but he refused.
Moreover, the petitioner added that Valdez harvested and took possession of the palay
in some parcels of land which belongs to him.
The defendant however denied the allegations in the said complaint and contended that
the sugar cane in question had the nature of a personal property and was not therefor
subject to redemption.
The CFI of Tarlac ruled in favor of the defendant holding that the sugar cane in question
was a personal property.
ISSUE:
Whether or not sugar cane is a personal property.
RULING:
The sugar cane in question was personal property and, as such, was not subject to
redemption.
It is contended that sugar cane comes under the classification of real property as
"ungathered products" in paragraph 2 of article 334 of the Civil Code. Said paragraph 2 of article
334 enumerates as real property the following: Trees, plants, and ungathered products, while
they are annexed to the land or form an integral part of any immovable property." That article,
however, has received in recent years an interpretation by the Tribunal Supremo de Espaa,
which holds that, under certain conditions, growing crops may be considered as personal
property.
It is clear from the foregoing provisions that Act No. 1508 was enacted on the
assumption that "growing crops" are personal property. This consideration tends to support the
conclusion hereinbefore stated, that paragraph 2 of article 334 of the Civil Code has been
modified by section 450 of Act No. 190 and by Act No. 1508 in the sense that "ungathered
products" as mentioned in said article of the Civil Code have the nature of personal property. In
other words, the phrase "personal property" should be understood to include "ungathered
products."