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Bond Development Length and Splices according to NSCP 2010

© All Rights Reserved

2K vizualizări

66 voturi pozitive00 voturi negative

Bond Development Length and Splices according to NSCP 2010

© All Rights Reserved

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Splices

Lecture #8

References:

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Keyword NSCP 2010

1. Flexure consideration

Summary 2. Development length

2a. Tension 412.3

Lecture #8

Objectives 2b. Development length check 412.12.3

Bond Stress 2c. Compression 412.4

Devt Length

Tension 2d. Bundled 412.5, 407.7.6

Bundled

Compression 2e. Hooks 412.6, 407.2

Hooks 3. Shear effect

Cut-Off 3a. Shear effect 412.11.3

1. Flexure

2. Devt length 3b. Shear capacity check 412.11.5

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts 4. Construction

5. Other Req'ts

5. Other requirements

Lap Splice

5a. Support and inflection point 412.13.1, 412.13.3

Summary (tension, compression)

5b. Structural integrity* 407.14

6. Lap Splice

6a. Tension 412.16

6b. Compression 412.17 3 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bond Stress

Lecture #8

Objectives

One assumption in flexural design:

Bond Stress No slippage of the bars in relation to the

Devt Length

Tension surrounding concrete

Bundled

Compression

If bond doesn't exist, unreinforced concrete

Hooks

If bond do exist, bond stresses should also

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

exist to maintain equilibrium

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

4 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bond Stress

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks = 0;

2

Cut-Off 2 1 =

1. Flexure 4

2. Devt length Let 2 1 = gives

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts 1 =

4

Lap Splice

Summary

5 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

7 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

If splitting occurs, the yield strength of the bars assumed to be part of equilibrium equations will not be developed

8 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length

Lecture #8

Objectives

Because the actual bond stresses varies

Bond Stress along the length of the bar, the ACI Code

Devt Length

Tension uses the concept of development length

Bundled

Compression rather than bond stresses

Hooks

The development length, , is the shortest

Cut-Off

1. Flexure length of bar in which the bar stress

increase from zero to the yield strength

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

9 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects not be less than

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

bar stress

Summary

10 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

11 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects Properties Actual Idealized

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Summary

Bar properties ( and )

Bar spacing, (discussion later)

Concrete strength

ACI full equation

12 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

1. Location of Reinforcement ( )

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

13 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

3. Sizes of Reinforcing Bars ( )

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

4. Lightweight Aggregates ()

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

14 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

5. Confinement term

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts where

= represents the smaller of the distance from the center of the tension bar

Lap Splice or wire to the nearest concrete surface, or one half the center-to-center

spacing of reinforcement

Summary = transverse reinforcement index. Used to account for the contribution of

confining reinforcement across possible splitting planes

= the total cross-sectional area of all transverse reinforcement having the

center-to-center spacing, , and a yield strength, .

= number of bars or wires being developed along the plane of splitting

15 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

, =

Development Length simplified NSCP 412.3.2

Lecture #8

Objectives

Substituting lower limit values of and

Bond Stress for common design cases:

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure Case 1

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Case 2

Summary

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

17 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.1

Lecture #8 A 400-mm-wide cantilever beam frames into the edge of a 400-mm-thick wall as

Objectives shown. To reach Mn, the 3-25mm bars at the top of the beam are stressed to their

yield strength at point A at the face of the wall. Compute the minimum embedment of

Bond Stress the bars into the wall and the development length in the beam. The concrete is

Devt Length sand/low density concrete with a strength of 25 MPa. The yield strength of the flexural

Tension

Bundled

reinforcement is 420 MPa.

Compression Construction joints are located at the top and bottom of the beam. The beam has

closed 10mm stirrups with fyt = 420 MPa at a spacing of 180 mm throughout its

Hooks

length (the stirrups are not shown). The cover is 40-mm to the stirrups. The three No.

Cut-Off 25 bars are inside the 13mm vertical steel in each face of the wall.

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

beam

Summary

18 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8 The required reinforcing steel area for the lightweight concrete (fc = 21MPa) beam in

Objectives the figure is given below. The 25-mm top bars (fy = 420MPa) shown are uncoated. Use

fyt = 270 MPa. Compute the development lengths using

Bond Stress

Devt Length a.) simplified equation (assume stirrup is code compliant)

Tension b.) the full equation of ACI equation 12-1 with calculated value of Ktr

Bundled

Compression c.) ACI equation 12-1 with Ktr = 0

Hooks 40 420 40

Cut-Off

1. Flexure 40 mm

2. Devt length

4-25 mm

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

10 mm stirrups spaced

at 200 mm 750 mm

Summary 710 mm

500 mm

19 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Greater development lengths are needed

Bond Stress when bundled bars are used since part of

Devt Length

Tension the surface area of one bar will not be in

Bundled

Compression contact with the concrete

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

20 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.3

Lecture #8

Objectives

Compute the development length required

Bond Stress for the uncoated bundled bars shown in the

Devt Length

Tension figure. Assume fy = 414 MPa, fc = 21 MPa and

Bundled

Compression fyt = 270 MPa.

Hooks

50 250 50

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts 10mm stirrup

5. Other Req'ts at 200mm

Lap Splice 500 mm

Summary 3 25 mm bars

50 mm

21 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression Moment Capacity

ACI full equation

Hooks

Required Moment

Cut-Off

1. Flexure O

2. Devt length <

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

22 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression Moment Capacity

ACI full equation

Hooks

Required Moment

Cut-Off

1. Flexure O

2. Devt length <

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

the slope of the moment-

Summary capacity diagram (line OB)

cannot be less than the slope

of the moment-load diagram

(line OA)

23 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.12.3

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

24 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.12.3

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

25 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.4

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

0.24

Lap Splice = 0.043

Summary

Note: is considerably shorter than

26 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.4

Lecture #8

Objectives

Modification factors for Compression bars

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

27 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

28 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.4

Lecture #8 The forces in the column bars in the figure are to be transferred into the

Objectives 500-mm thick footing with 32 mm dowels. Determine the development

Bond Stress

lengths needed for the dowels (a) down into the footing and (b) up into

Devt Length the column

Tension

Bundled fy = 414 MPa and fc = 21 MPa (for footing) fc = 35 MPa (for column)

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

ld into footing

29 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Hooks

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

30 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Hooks Mechanism(FBD)

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

31 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Hooks Mechanism(Stresses)

Lecture #8 Decrease in axial stress is due to bond and friction

Objectives

Slip measured is relative to the axial stress

Bond Stress

Devt Length (180 has a maximum slip 1.75 times the 90)

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

Stress diagram and slip measured at points along a hook at a bar stress of 1.25 in tests of 90 and 180 degree hooks in No.7 bars

32 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.6

ACI Requirement

Lecture #8

Objectives

For standard hooks, the development length is

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

= 0.24 8 150

33 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.6

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

34 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

35 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Detailing dimension,

= 0.24

8#8

Lecture 150

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

36 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

37 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.5

The exterior

Lecture #8 end 400x600mm continuous beam frames into a 650-mm square column. The column has 4-36M longitudinal bars. The

negative moment reinforcement at the exterior end of the beam consists of 4-25M bars. The concrete is 25 MPa normal weight

Objectives

concrete. The steel strength is 420 MPa. Design the anchorage of the 4-25M bars into the column. Consider ACI 11.10.2 as well

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

38 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8 Determine the development or embedment length required for

Objectives

the epoxy-coated bars of the beam shown in the figure. fy = 414

Bond Stress MPa, fc = 28 MPa (a) if the bars are straight, assuming Ktr = 0

Devt Length

Tension

(b) if a 180-degree hook is used and (c) if a 90-degree hook is

Bundled used. Assume 10M stirrups, db = 25M, concrete cover of 50mm

Compression

50 250 50

Hooks

Cut-Off 65 mm

1. Flexure 115 mm

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

325 mm

Lap Splice

Summary

39 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bar Cut-off

Recall: Location of Reinforcement

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

40 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bar Cut-off

Lecture #8

Objectives

Four major factors affecting location of bar

Bond Stress cut-offs:

Devt Length

Tension 1. When they are no longer needed

Bundled

Compression

2. Development lengths

Hooks

3. Location of moderately high shear force

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length 4. Constructional requirements

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

5. Other requirements

Lap Splice

Summary

42 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8 Given the following parameters, f'c = 28 MPa, fy = 420 MPa

Objectives

with 100 kN/m load on a 6m (b = 400mm, d = 550mm)

Bond Stress

Devt Length

beam, the resulting design is 5-25M bars (design strength,

Tension is 465 kN/m).

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

43 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

44 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8 The beam shown is constructed of normal-weight, 21-MPa

Objectives

concrete and Grade-60 reinforcement. It supports the

Bond Stress

Devt Length

factored load as shown. Given the cross sections at the

Tension points of maximum positive and negative moment,

Bundled

Compression determine the bar cut-off locations of 2-25M bars

Hooks

considering flexural capacities only.

Cut-Off

1. Flexure 1.2 = 6/ & 1.6 = 49/

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

section

= 253

and section

= 308

47 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8 The beam shown is constructed of normal-weight, 21-MPa

Objectives

concrete and Grade-60 reinforcement. It supports the

Bond Stress

Devt Length

factored load as shown. Given the cross sections at the

Tension points of maximum positive and negative moment,

Bundled

Compression determine the bar cut-off locations considering

Hooks

development lengths only.

Cut-Off

1. Flexure 1.2 = 6/ & 1.6 = 49/

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

48 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Effects

Lecture #8 of Shear

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4.The

Construction Req'tsbe

bars should

5. Other Req'ts

anchored into the

support

Lap Splicefor at least

0.5, and

Summary

preferably 0.75.

a. Inclined cracking (shear force) increases the tension force in the flexural

reinforcement

49 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture Stress

b. #8 concentration

Objectives

Due to reduction of bars ( ),

stresses in bars increases which can

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension lead to major inclined cracks at the

Bundled bar cut-off. (see Figure e)

Compression

Hooks =

Cut-Off

12.10.3

1. Flexure Reinforcement shall extend

beyond

2. the point at which it is no longer

Devt length

3. Shear Effects

required

4. ConstructiontoReq'ts

resist flexure for a distance

equal

5. Other to d or 12db whichever is greater,

Req'ts

except

Lap Spliceat supports of simple spans and at

free end of cantilevers

Summary

In addition to shear effect, ACI 12.10.3 also

accounts for the maximum moment shifts

due to changes in loading and support

settlement

50 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture Shear

c. #8 strength reduction and loss of ductility

Objectives

Due to reduced reinforcement, flexure cracks tend to open early whenever any

rebar is terminated in a tension zone.

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

As a result of the

Hooks difficulties in satisfying

these sections, designers

Cut-Off

1. Flexure frequently will extend all

2. Devt length bars into the supports in

3. Shear Effects simple beams or past

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts points of inflection in

continuous beams.

Lap Splice

Summary

51 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8 The beam shown is constructed of normal-weight, 21-MPa

Objectives

concrete and Grade-60 reinforcement. It supports the

Bond Stress

Devt Length

factored load as shown. Given the cross sections at the

Tension points of maximum positive and negative moment,

Bundled

Compression determine the bar cut-off locations considering shear effects

Hooks

only.

Cut-Off

1. Flexure 1.2 = 6/ & 1.6 = 49/

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

section

= 253

and section

= 308

52 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Extension of tension bars

Positive moment: at least 1/3 (simple) or

Summary 1/4 (continuous) the reinforcement shall

be extended at least 150mm.

Negative moment: (beyond pt. of inflection)

at least 1/3 shall be extended either ,

12 or /16 (whichever is greater)

53 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

54 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

1. When they are no longer 1. Flexure consideration

needed 2. Development length

Locate flexural cut-off points

Lecture #8

Objectives 2a. Tension 12.2

2. Development lengths 2b. Development length check 12.11.3

Bond Stress

Apply development lengths past

Devt Length 2c. Compression 12.3

Tension the points of maximum stress

Bundled 2d. Bundled 12.4

a.

Compression

12.2 to 12.5 formula

b. 12.11.3 Tension bars: / 2e. Hooks 12.5

Hooks

3. Shear effects 3. Shear effect

3a. Shear effect 12.10.3

Cut-Off a. 12.10.3 Shear effect

1. Flexure

b. 12.10.5 Termination at tension 3b. Shear capacity check 12.10.5

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects zone 4. Construction

4. Construction Req'ts

5.4. Constructional requirements

Other Req'ts 5. Other requirements

5. Other requirements

Lap Splice

5a. Support and inflection point

(tension, compression)

12.11.1, 12.12.3

Summary into the supports

6. Lap Splice

b. 7.13.2.2 Structural integrity

6a. Tension 12.15

6. Lap splice

6b. Compression 12.16

55 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

1. When they are no longer 1. Flexure consideration

needed 2. Development length

Locate flexural cut-off points

Lecture #8

Objectives 2a. Tension 412.3

2. Development lengths 2b. Development length check 412.12.3

Bond Stress

Apply development lengths past

Devt Length 2c. Compression 412.4

Tension the points of maximum stress

Bundled 2d. Bundled 412.5, 407.7.6

a.

Compression

412.3 to 412.6 formula

2e. Hooks 412.6, 407.2

b. 412.12.3 Tension bars: /

Hooks

3. Shear effects 3. Shear effect

3a. Shear effect 412.11.3

Cut-Off a. 412.11.3 Shear effect

1. Flexure

b. 412.11.5 Termination at tension 3b. Shear capacity check 412.11.5

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects zone 4. Construction

4. Construction Req'ts

5.4. Constructional requirements

Other Req'ts 5. Other requirements

5. Other requirements

Lap Splice

5a. Support and inflection point

(tension, compression)

412.12.1, 412.12.3

Summary Extension into the supports

6. Lap Splice

b. 407.14 Structural integrity

6a. Tension 412.16

6. Lap splice

6b. Compression 412.17

56 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Splices

Lecture #8

Objectives

Lapped splices, mechanical splices,

Bond Stress welded splices, and end-bearing splices

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Considerations

Hooks

Cut-Off

Limited bar lengths available and

1. Flexure

2. Devt length requirements at construction joints

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts (6 m, 7.5 m, 9 m, 10.5 m, 12 m)

5. Other Req'ts

Reinforcement congestion

Lap Splice

lengths (for 29 mm to 36 mm bars)

57 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Splices

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

58 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

59 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

Failure of a tension Lap Splice without stirrups

enclosing the splice

60 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

61 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Compression Splices

Lecture #8

Objectives

Compression bars may be spliced by:

Bond Stress Lapping

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

End Bearing

Compression

Welding or Mechanical Devices

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

62 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Objectives

concrete and Grade-60 reinforcement. It supports the

Bond Stress

Devt Length

factored load as shown. Given the cross sections at the

Tension points of maximum positive and negative moment,

Bundled

Compression determine the bar cut-off locations. Consider bar lengths to

Hooks

be 7.5m only. Use Class A splice.

Cut-Off

1. Flexure 1.2 = 6/ & 1.6 = 49/

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

section

= 253

and section

= 308

63 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.10

Lap splice locations

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

64 IHST

UP Institute

Standard of Civil (ACI

Bar Details Engineering

7.13)

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

65 IHST

UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Lecture #8

Objectives

Bond Stress

Devt Length

Tension

Bundled

Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off

1. Flexure

2. Devt length

3. Shear Effects

4. Construction Req'ts

5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

66 IHST

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