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Bond Development Length and

Splices
Lecture #8

References:
UP Institute of Civil Engineering
Keyword NSCP 2010
1. Flexure consideration
Summary 2. Development length
2a. Tension 412.3
Lecture #8
Objectives 2b. Development length check 412.12.3
Bond Stress 2c. Compression 412.4
Devt Length
Tension 2d. Bundled 412.5, 407.7.6
Bundled
Compression 2e. Hooks 412.6, 407.2
Hooks 3. Shear effect
Cut-Off 3a. Shear effect 412.11.3
1. Flexure
2. Devt length 3b. Shear capacity check 412.11.5
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts 4. Construction
5. Other Req'ts
5. Other requirements
Lap Splice
5a. Support and inflection point 412.13.1, 412.13.3
Summary (tension, compression)
5b. Structural integrity* 407.14
6. Lap Splice
6a. Tension 412.16
6b. Compression 412.17 3 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bond Stress
Lecture #8
Objectives
One assumption in flexural design:
Bond Stress No slippage of the bars in relation to the
Devt Length
Tension surrounding concrete
Bundled
Compression
If bond doesn't exist, unreinforced concrete
Hooks
If bond do exist, bond stresses should also
Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
exist to maintain equilibrium
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

4 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bond Stress
Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks = 0;
2
Cut-Off 2 1 =
1. Flexure 4
2. Devt length Let 2 1 = gives
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts 1 =
4
Lap Splice

Summary

5 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Mechanism of Bond Transfer Adhesion and Friction


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

7 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Mechanism of Bond Transfer


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

If splitting occurs, the yield strength of the bars assumed to be part of equilibrium equations will not be developed
8 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length
Lecture #8
Objectives
Because the actual bond stresses varies
Bond Stress along the length of the bar, the ACI Code
Devt Length
Tension uses the concept of development length
Bundled
Compression rather than bond stresses
Hooks
The development length, , is the shortest
Cut-Off
1. Flexure length of bar in which the bar stress
increase from zero to the yield strength
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

9 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length
Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects not be less than
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice Region of maximum


bar stress
Summary

10 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length ACI 12.1 NSCP 412


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

11 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length ACI 12.3 NSCP 412.3.3


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects Properties Actual Idealized
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice Major factors affecting the development length


Summary
Bar properties ( and )
Bar spacing, (discussion later)
Concrete strength
ACI full equation

12 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length ACI 12.2.4NSCP 412.3.4


Lecture #8
Objectives
1. Location of Reinforcement ( )
Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off 2. Coating of bars( )


1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

13 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length ACI 12.2.4NSCP 412.3.4


Lecture #8
Objectives
3. Sizes of Reinforcing Bars ( )
Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks
4. Lightweight Aggregates ()
Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

14 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length ACI 12.2.4NSCP 412.3.4


Lecture #8
Objectives
5. Confinement term
Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts where
= represents the smaller of the distance from the center of the tension bar
Lap Splice or wire to the nearest concrete surface, or one half the center-to-center
spacing of reinforcement
Summary = transverse reinforcement index. Used to account for the contribution of
confining reinforcement across possible splitting planes
= the total cross-sectional area of all transverse reinforcement having the
center-to-center spacing, , and a yield strength, .
= number of bars or wires being developed along the plane of splitting

15 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering
, =

Development Length simplified NSCP 412.3.2
Lecture #8
Objectives
Substituting lower limit values of and
Bond Stress for common design cases:
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure Case 1
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice
Case 2
Summary

ACI full equation ACI simplified equations 16 IHST


UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length simplified


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

17 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.1
Lecture #8 A 400-mm-wide cantilever beam frames into the edge of a 400-mm-thick wall as
Objectives shown. To reach Mn, the 3-25mm bars at the top of the beam are stressed to their
yield strength at point A at the face of the wall. Compute the minimum embedment of
Bond Stress the bars into the wall and the development length in the beam. The concrete is
Devt Length sand/low density concrete with a strength of 25 MPa. The yield strength of the flexural
Tension
Bundled
reinforcement is 420 MPa.
Compression Construction joints are located at the top and bottom of the beam. The beam has
closed 10mm stirrups with fyt = 420 MPa at a spacing of 180 mm throughout its
Hooks
length (the stirrups are not shown). The cover is 40-mm to the stirrups. The three No.
Cut-Off 25 bars are inside the 13mm vertical steel in each face of the wall.
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice Cantilever


beam
Summary

18 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.2 Group Seatwork


Lecture #8 The required reinforcing steel area for the lightweight concrete (fc = 21MPa) beam in
Objectives the figure is given below. The 25-mm top bars (fy = 420MPa) shown are uncoated. Use
fyt = 270 MPa. Compute the development lengths using
Bond Stress
Devt Length a.) simplified equation (assume stirrup is code compliant)
Tension b.) the full equation of ACI equation 12-1 with calculated value of Ktr
Bundled
Compression c.) ACI equation 12-1 with Ktr = 0

Hooks 40 420 40
Cut-Off
1. Flexure 40 mm
2. Devt length
4-25 mm
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice
10 mm stirrups spaced
at 200 mm 750 mm
Summary 710 mm

500 mm
19 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length Bundled bars


Lecture #8
Objectives
Greater development lengths are needed
Bond Stress when bundled bars are used since part of
Devt Length
Tension the surface area of one bar will not be in
Bundled
Compression contact with the concrete
Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

20 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.3
Lecture #8
Objectives
Compute the development length required
Bond Stress for the uncoated bundled bars shown in the
Devt Length
Tension figure. Assume fy = 414 MPa, fc = 21 MPa and
Bundled
Compression fyt = 270 MPa.
Hooks
50 250 50
Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts 10mm stirrup
5. Other Req'ts at 200mm
Lap Splice 500 mm
Summary 3 25 mm bars

50 mm

21 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length Tension ACI 12.11


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression Moment Capacity
ACI full equation
Hooks
Required Moment
Cut-Off
1. Flexure O
2. Devt length <
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

22 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length Tension ACI 12.11


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression Moment Capacity
ACI full equation
Hooks
Required Moment
Cut-Off
1. Flexure O
2. Devt length <
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice To maintain >


the slope of the moment-
Summary capacity diagram (line OB)
cannot be less than the slope
of the moment-load diagram
(line OA)

23 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.12.3

Development Length Tension ACI 12.11


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

24 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.12.3

Development Length Tension ACI 12.11


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

25 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.4

Development Length Compression ACI 12.3


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts
0.24
Lap Splice = 0.043
Summary
Note: is considerably shorter than

26 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.4

Development Length Compression ACI 12.3


Lecture #8
Objectives
Modification factors for Compression bars
Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

27 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Development Length Compression ACI 12.3


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

28 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.4
Lecture #8 The forces in the column bars in the figure are to be transferred into the
Objectives 500-mm thick footing with 32 mm dowels. Determine the development
Bond Stress
lengths needed for the dowels (a) down into the footing and (b) up into
Devt Length the column
Tension
Bundled fy = 414 MPa and fc = 21 MPa (for footing) fc = 35 MPa (for column)
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary ld into column

ld into footing

29 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Hooks
Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

30 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Hooks Mechanism(FBD)
Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

31 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Hooks Mechanism(Stresses)
Lecture #8 Decrease in axial stress is due to bond and friction
Objectives
Slip measured is relative to the axial stress
Bond Stress
Devt Length (180 has a maximum slip 1.75 times the 90)
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

Stress diagram and slip measured at points along a hook at a bar stress of 1.25 in tests of 90 and 180 degree hooks in No.7 bars

32 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.6

ACI Requirement
Lecture #8
Objectives
For standard hooks, the development length is
Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

= 0.24 8 150

33 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering NSCP 412.6

ACI Requirement - ACI 12.5.3 & 4


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

34 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

ACI Requirement - ACI 12.5.3a & 3b


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

35 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering
Detailing dimension,

= 0.24


8#8
Lecture 150
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

36 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

ACI Standard Hooks (Typical)


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

37 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.5
The exterior
Lecture #8 end 400x600mm continuous beam frames into a 650-mm square column. The column has 4-36M longitudinal bars. The
negative moment reinforcement at the exterior end of the beam consists of 4-25M bars. The concrete is 25 MPa normal weight
Objectives
concrete. The steel strength is 420 MPa. Design the anchorage of the 4-25M bars into the column. Consider ACI 11.10.2 as well
Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

38 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.6 Seatwork (Group)


Lecture #8 Determine the development or embedment length required for
Objectives
the epoxy-coated bars of the beam shown in the figure. fy = 414
Bond Stress MPa, fc = 28 MPa (a) if the bars are straight, assuming Ktr = 0
Devt Length
Tension
(b) if a 180-degree hook is used and (c) if a 90-degree hook is
Bundled used. Assume 10M stirrups, db = 25M, concrete cover of 50mm
Compression
50 250 50
Hooks

Cut-Off 65 mm
1. Flexure 115 mm
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts
325 mm
Lap Splice

Summary

39 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bar Cut-off
Recall: Location of Reinforcement
Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

40 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bar Cut-off
Lecture #8
Objectives
Four major factors affecting location of bar
Bond Stress cut-offs:
Devt Length
Tension 1. When they are no longer needed
Bundled
Compression
2. Development lengths
Hooks
3. Location of moderately high shear force
Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length 4. Constructional requirements
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts
5. Other requirements
Lap Splice

Summary

42 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.7 Illustration 1


Lecture #8 Given the following parameters, f'c = 28 MPa, fy = 420 MPa
Objectives
with 100 kN/m load on a 6m (b = 400mm, d = 550mm)
Bond Stress
Devt Length
beam, the resulting design is 5-25M bars (design strength,
Tension is 465 kN/m).
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

43 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bar Cut-off (Illustration) 1


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

44 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.10 Flexure 1


Lecture #8 The beam shown is constructed of normal-weight, 21-MPa
Objectives
concrete and Grade-60 reinforcement. It supports the
Bond Stress
Devt Length
factored load as shown. Given the cross sections at the
Tension points of maximum positive and negative moment,
Bundled
Compression determine the bar cut-off locations of 2-25M bars
Hooks
considering flexural capacities only.
Cut-Off
1. Flexure 1.2 = 6/ & 1.6 = 49/
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

section
= 253
and section
= 308

47 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.10 Devt Length 2


Lecture #8 The beam shown is constructed of normal-weight, 21-MPa
Objectives
concrete and Grade-60 reinforcement. It supports the
Bond Stress
Devt Length
factored load as shown. Given the cross sections at the
Tension points of maximum positive and negative moment,
Bundled
Compression determine the bar cut-off locations considering
Hooks
development lengths only.
Cut-Off
1. Flexure 1.2 = 6/ & 1.6 = 49/
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

48 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bar Cut-off Shear 3


Effects
Lecture #8 of Shear
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4.The
Construction Req'tsbe
bars should
5. Other Req'ts
anchored into the
support
Lap Splicefor at least
0.5, and
Summary
preferably 0.75.

a. Inclined cracking (shear force) increases the tension force in the flexural
reinforcement
49 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bar Cut-off Shear


Lecture Stress
b. #8 concentration
Objectives
Due to reduction of bars ( ),
stresses in bars increases which can
Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension lead to major inclined cracks at the
Bundled bar cut-off. (see Figure e)
Compression

Hooks =

Cut-Off
12.10.3
1. Flexure Reinforcement shall extend
beyond
2. the point at which it is no longer
Devt length
3. Shear Effects
required
4. ConstructiontoReq'ts
resist flexure for a distance
equal
5. Other to d or 12db whichever is greater,
Req'ts

except
Lap Spliceat supports of simple spans and at
free end of cantilevers
Summary
In addition to shear effect, ACI 12.10.3 also
accounts for the maximum moment shifts
due to changes in loading and support
settlement
50 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bar Cut-off Shear 3


Lecture Shear
c. #8 strength reduction and loss of ductility
Objectives
Due to reduced reinforcement, flexure cracks tend to open early whenever any
rebar is terminated in a tension zone.
Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression
As a result of the
Hooks difficulties in satisfying
these sections, designers
Cut-Off
1. Flexure frequently will extend all
2. Devt length bars into the supports in
3. Shear Effects simple beams or past
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts points of inflection in
continuous beams.
Lap Splice

Summary

51 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.10 Shear 3


Lecture #8 The beam shown is constructed of normal-weight, 21-MPa
Objectives
concrete and Grade-60 reinforcement. It supports the
Bond Stress
Devt Length
factored load as shown. Given the cross sections at the
Tension points of maximum positive and negative moment,
Bundled
Compression determine the bar cut-off locations considering shear effects
Hooks
only.
Cut-Off
1. Flexure 1.2 = 6/ & 1.6 = 49/
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

section
= 253
and section
= 308

52 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Bar Cut-off Code Requirements 5


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice
Extension of tension bars
Positive moment: at least 1/3 (simple) or
Summary 1/4 (continuous) the reinforcement shall
be extended at least 150mm.
Negative moment: (beyond pt. of inflection)
at least 1/3 shall be extended either ,
12 or /16 (whichever is greater)

53 IHST
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Bar Cut-off Code Requirements 5


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

54 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Summary (ACI) Keyword ACI 318M (2011)


1. When they are no longer 1. Flexure consideration
needed 2. Development length
Locate flexural cut-off points
Lecture #8
Objectives 2a. Tension 12.2
2. Development lengths 2b. Development length check 12.11.3
Bond Stress
Apply development lengths past
Devt Length 2c. Compression 12.3
Tension the points of maximum stress
Bundled 2d. Bundled 12.4
a.
Compression
12.2 to 12.5 formula
b. 12.11.3 Tension bars: / 2e. Hooks 12.5
Hooks
3. Shear effects 3. Shear effect
3a. Shear effect 12.10.3
Cut-Off a. 12.10.3 Shear effect
1. Flexure
b. 12.10.5 Termination at tension 3b. Shear capacity check 12.10.5
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects zone 4. Construction
4. Construction Req'ts
5.4. Constructional requirements
Other Req'ts 5. Other requirements

5. Other requirements
Lap Splice
5a. Support and inflection point
(tension, compression)
12.11.1, 12.12.3

a. 12.11.1 or 12.12.3 Extension 5b. Structural integrity* 7.13.2.2


Summary into the supports
6. Lap Splice
b. 7.13.2.2 Structural integrity
6a. Tension 12.15
6. Lap splice
6b. Compression 12.16

55 IHST
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Summary (NSCP) Keyword NSCP 2010


1. When they are no longer 1. Flexure consideration
needed 2. Development length
Locate flexural cut-off points
Lecture #8
Objectives 2a. Tension 412.3
2. Development lengths 2b. Development length check 412.12.3
Bond Stress
Apply development lengths past
Devt Length 2c. Compression 412.4
Tension the points of maximum stress
Bundled 2d. Bundled 412.5, 407.7.6
a.
Compression
412.3 to 412.6 formula
2e. Hooks 412.6, 407.2
b. 412.12.3 Tension bars: /
Hooks
3. Shear effects 3. Shear effect
3a. Shear effect 412.11.3
Cut-Off a. 412.11.3 Shear effect
1. Flexure
b. 412.11.5 Termination at tension 3b. Shear capacity check 412.11.5
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects zone 4. Construction
4. Construction Req'ts
5.4. Constructional requirements
Other Req'ts 5. Other requirements

5. Other requirements
Lap Splice
5a. Support and inflection point
(tension, compression)
412.12.1, 412.12.3

a. 412.12.1 or 412.12.3 5b. Structural integrity* 407.14


Summary Extension into the supports
6. Lap Splice
b. 407.14 Structural integrity
6a. Tension 412.16
6. Lap splice
6b. Compression 412.17

56 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Splices
Lecture #8
Objectives
Lapped splices, mechanical splices,
Bond Stress welded splices, and end-bearing splices
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression
Considerations
Hooks

Cut-Off
Limited bar lengths available and
1. Flexure
2. Devt length requirements at construction joints
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts (6 m, 7.5 m, 9 m, 10.5 m, 12 m)
5. Other Req'ts
Reinforcement congestion
Lap Splice

Summary Laps will not be satisfactory for very long


lengths (for 29 mm to 36 mm bars)

57 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Splices
Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

Dywidag THREADBAR reinforcing bar

58 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Tension Lap Splice


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

59 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Tension Lap Splice


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary
Failure of a tension Lap Splice without stirrups
enclosing the splice

60 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Tension Lap Splice


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

61 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Compression Splices
Lecture #8
Objectives
Compression bars may be spliced by:
Bond Stress Lapping
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
End Bearing
Compression
Welding or Mechanical Devices
Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

62 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.10 ALL

Lecture #8 The beam shown is constructed of normal-weight, 21-MPa


Objectives
concrete and Grade-60 reinforcement. It supports the
Bond Stress
Devt Length
factored load as shown. Given the cross sections at the
Tension points of maximum positive and negative moment,
Bundled
Compression determine the bar cut-off locations. Consider bar lengths to
Hooks
be 7.5m only. Use Class A splice.
Cut-Off
1. Flexure 1.2 = 6/ & 1.6 = 49/
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

section
= 253
and section
= 308

63 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Problem 8.10
Lap splice locations
Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

64 IHST
UP Institute
Standard of Civil (ACI
Bar Details Engineering
7.13)

Standard Bar Details (ACI 7.13)


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

65 IHST
UP Institute of Civil Engineering

Standard Bar Details (ACI 7.13)


Lecture #8
Objectives

Bond Stress
Devt Length
Tension
Bundled
Compression

Hooks

Cut-Off
1. Flexure
2. Devt length
3. Shear Effects
4. Construction Req'ts
5. Other Req'ts

Lap Splice

Summary

66 IHST