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READING ALOUD

SECTION 1

SYLLABLE
To understand
WORD STRESS
it helps to understand

SYLLABLES.
Every
WORD
is made from

SYLLABLES.
Every
WORD
has 1, 2, 3 or more

SYLLABLES.
1-syllable words

Dog Sun Shoes


CHALLENGE
Think of three 1-syllable words and
share it with your partner.
2-syllable words
Advise
ad -vise
Table Compete
ta - ble com - pete

Orange Discuss
o -range dis - cuss
Quiet
qui-et
Every
SYLLABLE
contains at least one
VOWEL
(a, e, i, o or u) or
VOWEL SOUND.
3-syllable words

Gratitude
Gra-ti-tude
CHALLENGE
Please separate the following words
into 3-syllable pattern.

1. Official
2. Elastic
3. Expensive
4-syllable words

Calculator
Cal-cu-la-tor
CHALLENGE
Please separate the following words
into 4-syllable pattern.

1. Economics
2. Geography
3. Secondary
5-syllable words

Electricity
E-lec-tri-ci-ty
CHALLENGE
Please separate the following words
into 5-syllable pattern.

1. Incompatible
2. Technological
3. Organization
SECTION 2

WORD STRESS
What is
WORD STRESS
?
WORD STRESS
is the
EMPHASIS
on one syllable.
What is
EMPHASIS
then?
EMPHASIS
is to stress the important syllable

LOUDLY
and all the other syllables
QUIETLY .
Let's take 3 words

Photograph Photographer Photographic


Do they sound the same when spoken?

NO.
Word Stress
Total Stressed
syllables syllable

Photograph 3 #1

Photography 4 #2

Photographic 4 #3
We stress
ONE
syllable in
EACH
word.
It is
NOT
always the
SAME
syllable.
WORD STRESS
happens in
ALL
words with
2 OR MORE
syllables.
FOR EXAMPLE

TEACHer imPORtant converSAtion


CONCLUSION
ONE
word,
ONE
stress.
The
STRESS
is always
ON
a vowel.
SECTION 3

WORD STRESS
PATTERN RULES
2 RULES TO PREDICT STRESS

1. Suffixes

2. Parts of Speech
Use
SUFFIXES
to predict
STRESS.
What is a
SUFFIX
?
A
SUFFIX
is a few letters attached to the
END OF THE WORD
to change its meaning.
EXAMPLES

-ed -er -ing

-s -ing
STRESS
the
SUFFIX
.1 itself.
-EE Employee Refugee Trainee

-EER Engineer Career Volunteer

-ESE Chinese Japanese Portuguese

-IQUE Unique Antique Technique


STRESS
the syllable
BEFORE
.2 the suffix.
-IAL Memorial Financial Artificial

-UAL Visual Unusual Intellectual

-IAN Canadian Vegetarian Pedestrian

-SION Explosion Occasion Conclusion

-TION Definition Production Situation


-IENT Ancient Sufficient Efficient

-CIOUS Delicious Conscious Suspicious


-TIOUS Ambitious Cautious Superstitious

-IC Academic Energetic Fantastic

-IBLE Edible Flexible Incredible


-ITY Ability Necessity Publicity

-IFY Classify Terrify Humidify

-LOGY Biology Sociology Anthropology

-GRAPHY Geography Autobiography Photography

-METER Kilometer Parameter Speedometer


STRESS the
SECOND syllable
BEFORE
.3 the suffix.
-ATE Operate Exaggerate Associate

-IZE Apologize Criticize Recognize

-ARY Secretary Necessary Contemporary

-OUS Dangerous Mysterious Spontaneous


Use
PARTS of
SPEECH
to predict
STRESS.
1. STRESS the FIRST
syllable for NOUNS.

2. STRESS the SECOND


.1 syllable for VERBS.
NOUN VERB EXAMPLE
The bank recorded a new record
record record
yesterday.

He presented his wife with a beautiful


present present present.

They're conducting a study into his


conduct conduct
conduct.
FIRST part/ word for
Stress the
COMPOUND NOUNS.
.2
Deadline Classroom Software

Typewriter Policeman Airplane


SECOND word for
Stress the
TWO-WORD VERBS, but
the FIRST part for NOUN
.3 equivalents.
NOUN VERB
Here's the printout. He printed it out.

She's a dropout. She dropped out.

Where's the checkout counter? Can I check it out?


CONCLUSION
1.1 Stress the suffix 2.1 Stress the first
1. Suffixes

2. Parts of Speech
itself syllable for nouns.
1.2 Stress the Stress the second
syllable before the syllable for verbs.
suffix 2.2 Stress the first
1.3 Stress the part/ word for
second syllable the compound nouns.
suffix 2.3 Stress the
second word for
two-word verbs, but
the first part for
noun equivalents.
LISTENING EXERCISES

CHOOSE
the correct
FIND which response.
sentence in
LISTEN to each pair you
the recording. hear
E.g.
Does Mary like If you hear the stress is on
HISTORY ? or HISTORY, you choose
Does Mary like his the answer (1).
STORY ?
If you hear the stress is on

1. Yes, that's her favorite STORY, you choose the


subject. answer (2).
2. No, she's heard it hundreds
of times.
Why doesn't he like the DESERT? or
Why doesn't he like the DESSERT?

1. It's too dry.

1
2. It's too sweet.
What does he think of EUROPE? or
What does he think of YOUR ROPE?

1. It's a wonderful place to go.

2
2. It's not strong enough.
Is it ELEMENTARY? or
Is it a LEMON TREE?

3
1. No, it's very advanced.
2. No, it's an orange tree.
PRACTICES
1. http://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/word-stress-
quiz.htm
2. http://www.roadtogrammar.com/wordstress/
3. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/multi/stress.htm
4. http://www2.nkfust.edu.tw/~emchen/Pron/stress_exB.htm
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