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SCIENCE:

Identification: Write your answer on the space provided.


_____________________1. It is the opening to the outside.
_____________________2. It is where solid waste is stored.
_____________________3. This organ absorbs most of the liquid from undigested food.
_____________________4. Organ that produces enzymes and release directly into the small
intestine.
_____________________5. It produces bile as needed into the small intestine.
_____________________6. Large organ that produces bile to digest fat.
_____________________7. This is the spot that nutrients are pass out of the small intestine to the
body.
_____________________8. It is a coiled tube like organ that is 20 feet long. This is when nutrients
are taken up by the body.
_____________________9. It helps breakdown the food to small pieces
_____________________10. It moves food to the back of the mouth and to the opening of the
esophagus.
_____________________11. It breaks down the protein.
_____________________12. In the first stage of digestion, it is mix with the food to break it down.
_____________________13.

Multiple choice: Encircle the letter of your choice.


1. What is the digestive system?
a. The body's breathing system
b. The body's system of nerves
c. The body's food-processing system
d. The body's blood-transporting system

2. Digestion begins in the mouth. Which of the following statement is INCORRECT?


a. The tongue aids in the digestion of the food.
b. The saliva changes some of the starches in the food to sugar.
c. The tongue keeps the food in place in the mouth while the food is being chewed.
d. The digestive juices can react more easily with the food when chewed.

3. Where does food pass through between the mouth and the stomach?
a. The esophagus
b. The rectum
c. The small intestine
d. The large intestine

4. What happens when food reaches the stomach?


a. Nothing. No digestion occurs in the stomach.
b. The food moves quickly into the small intestine.
c. Juices mix with the food and stomach muscles squeeze it.
d. The food is completely digested and is absorbed by tiny blood vessels in the walls of the
stomach.
5. Solid waste leaves the body through the rectum then the anus. Liquid waste leaves the body
after passing through the ...
a. kidneys and bladder
b. blood vessels and lungs
c. large intestine and bowel
d. small intestine and large intestine

6. Digestion takes place in a long tube-like canal called the alimentary canal, or the digestive tract.
Food travels through these organs in the following order:
a. Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, Large intestine and rectum
b. Mouth, esophagus, stomach, large intestine, small intestine and rectum
c. Mouth, stomach, esophagus, small intestine, large intestine and rectum
d. Mouth, stomach, esophagus, small intestine, large intestine and rectum

7. Which of the following does NOT manufacture digestive juices?


a. Liver
b. Kidneys
c. Stomach
d. Pancreas

8. The digestive system is made up of salivary glands, esophagus, liver, gall bladder, stomach,
pancreas, small intestine, and large intestine.
a. True
b. False

9. Bile, produced in the liver, breaks down :


a. Protein
b. Fat
c. Sugar

10. In what organ of the digestive system do water and minerals enter blood and wastes are
removed from blood?
a. Stomach
b. Small intestine
c. Large intestine

11. What is the first step in the digestion process?


a. mouth
b. esophagus
c. stomach
d. pancreas

12. When you chew food, what is squirted in your mouth?


a. lemon juice
b. starch
c. enzymes
d. saliva

13. After chewing, the food is swallowed and passes down the ____________ to the
_____________.
a. esophagus, stomach
b. wind pipe, esophagus
c. salivary glands, esophagus
d. root canal, stomach

14. Which of the following is responsible for storing bile? Bile is needed to break down the fat that
is found in food.
a. liver
b. gallbladder
c. pancreas
d. stomach

15. When they reach the stomach, mashed-up food particles mix with:
a. Guava juice
b. Gastric juices
c. Mucus
d. Bile

True or False:
1. The colon is another name for the large intestine.
a. True
b. False

2. The process of digestion begins in the stomach.


a. True
b. False

3. Fruit and meat will not be digested fully if they are eaten together.
a. True
b. False

Essay:
1. What is the main function of the digestive system?

2. What causes the stomach to growl?