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Summary and Conclusions

Plants can be separated into two distinct categories: monocots and dicots.

Leaves are another important structure of the plant because they are in charge of

feeding the plant and carrying out the process of photosynthesis.

Monocots and dicots are two major types of plants. They can be distinguished by

the number of first leaves, the cotyledons that emerge from the seed during

germination. The number of first leaves is also name-giving mono meaning one and

di meaning two. The mono-cots also known as mono-cotyledons form one first leaf

while the dicots (dicotyledons) form two. Mono-cots and dicots have other distinguishing

features, such as the arrangement of leaf veins or the number of furrows or pores in the

pollen. Both monocots and dicots form different leaves. Monocot leaves are

characterized by their parallel veins, while dicots form branching veins.

Dicot leaves have reticulate veination - in other words, the veins in the leaf form a

fine interconnected network. You can see this when you look at the back of a leaf, or if

you find a semi-rotted leaf in the forest, because the veins rot more slowly than the soft

tissue. Monocot leaves (orchids, lillies, onions, grasses, rushes, palms etc) have parallel

veins that diverge at the base of the leaf and join again at the tip.

One significant difference can be observed microscopically is the vascular bundles

the cells that carry water and nutrients up and down the stem show a significantly

different arrangement in these two groups. Monocots have the vascular bundles

scattered randomly throughout the stem. The vascular bundles of dicots are arranged in

concentric circles.
Bio 42 Activity no. 1
Dicot Leaves
(Rambutan) Bio 42 Activity no. 1
Stained Monocot Leaves
Slide #: 1 (Fortune Plant)
Name: Ella B. Eugenio Unstained
Date: 6/5/2017 Slide #: 3
Score: Name: Ella B. Eugenio
Date: 6/5/2017
Score:

Bio 42 Activity no. 1


Dicot Leaves (Rambutan) Bio 42 Activity no. 1
Unstained Dicot Leaves
Slide #: 2 (Fortune Plant)
Name: Ella B. Eugenio Stained
Date: 6/5/2017 Slide #: 4
Score: Name: Ella B. Eugenio
Date: 6/5/2017
Score:

Bio 42 Activity no. 1


Dicot Leaves
(Guyabano)
f Stained
Slide #: 4
Name: Rica C. Bernardo
Date: 6/5/2017
Score:

Bio 42 Activity no. 1


Dicot Leaves
(Guyabano)
Stained
Slide #: 3
Name: Rica C. Bernardo
Date: 6/5/2017
Score:

Bio 42 Activity no. 1 Bio 42 Activity no. 1


Monocot Leaves Dicot Leaves
(Corn) (Corn)
Stained Unstained
Slide #: 2 Slide #: 1
Name: Rica C. Bernardo Name: Rica C. Bernardo
Date: 6/5/2017 Date: 6/5/2017
Score: Score:
Dicot Leaves Dicot Leaves
(Rambutan) (Rambutan)
Unstained Stained

Monocot Leaves Monocot Leaves


(Fortune Plant) (Fortune Plant)
Unstained Stained

Results shows on the Microscopic view of the Monocot and Dicot leaves that Monocot
Leaves have parallel veins compared to Dicot leaves , where in the dicot leaves there
are interconnected networks or branching veins.