Sunteți pe pagina 1din 64

ara Oaului

Oas Land
Coordonator proiect: Radu Pescaru, Anna Stinghe
Documentare: prof. tefan Haiduc; Pop Alexandru Virgil;
prof. Hotca Ovidiu Mihai
Traduceri: Eran CATT SRL
Grafic: Anna Stinghe
Tehnoredactare & DTP: Anna Stinghe, Sorin Centea
Foto: Pop Alexandru Virgil; Radu Pescaru, arhiva Maria Petca Poptean,
arhiva Muzeului rii Oaului

Descrierea CIP a Bibliotecii Naionale a Romniei


ara Oaului (Album monografic). - Braov: Foton, 2013
Bibliogr.
ISBN 978-973-7641-97-7

913(498 ara Oaului)

Proiectul Album ara Oaului este realizat la iniiativa


d-nei deputat Andreea Paul i finanat de FUNDAIA DIGNITAS i
Centrul de Creaie i Producie-FOTON SRL

The Oas Land Album project is the result of the initiative of Ms.
Andreea Paul, MP, and funded by the DIGNITAS FOUNDATION and
the Centre of Creation and Production - FOTON SRL.

Echipa Editurii FOTON mulumete domnului Vasile Berinde,


primar al Negretiului (1990-1996) i domnului Remus Vrnav,
director al Muzeului rii Oaului pentru sprijinul acordat i
sfaturile pertinente.
The FOTON Publishing House team thanks Mr. Vasile BERINDE,
mayor of Negreti (1990-1996) and Mr. Remus Vrnav, director of the
Museum of Oas Land for their relevant support and advice.

www.foton.ro
Tel./Fax: 0268 427 047
Mobil: 0740 166 097
Cuvnt nainte Foreword
Adeseori ne ntrebm, uitndu-ne n We often wonder, looking at our past, if
trecutul nostru, dac timpul s-ar ntoarce, we were to return, would we live the same?
am tri la fel? Dar dac am fi ntrebai unde But what if we were asked where we want
vrem s ne natem, ce-am spune? Nutresc to be born, what would we say? I hold the
ndejdea c aceia care simii i gndii i belief that those of you who feel, think, and
iubii cu toat fiina dumneavoastr ara love, with your entire being, the land we
unde trim, n-ai putea da un alt rspuns. live in, you wouldnt be able to give another
Proiectul nostru privete ara unde vrem s answer. Our project is concerned with the
triasc copiii notri i copiii copiilor notri, country where we want our children and our
cum spune tefan cel Mare i Sfnt i ne childrens children to live, as Stephen The
dorim s fie, totodat, unul din simbolurile Great and Canonised said, and at the same
iubirii de glie strmoeasc. time we wish it to be one of the symbols of
Pentru Fundaia Dignitas, exprimarea love for an ancestral land.
dragostei fa de ara natal reprezint o For the Dignitas Foundation, the
form de exprimare a demnitii personale manifestation of love for their homeland
i a demnitii colective. Colul acesta de rai is a way of expressing personal dignity
numit Romnia este o ngemnare de locuri and collective dignity. This corner of
mirifice, ntre care se afl, nendoielnic, paradise called Romania is an intertwining
ara Oaului. Cu tradiiile ei ancestrale, cu of wonderful places, among which is
minunile naturii mprtiate de Dumnezeu, undoubtedly Oas Land. With its ancient
aa cum copiii i mprtie lucrurile dragi, traditions, natural wonders scattered by God,
ca s se bucure de ele. Cu oameni drji i just as children scatter their loved things,
aprigi, iubitori, demni, nenfricai i curai. in order to enjoy them. With tenacious and
Despre ei vrem s se tie. Despre minunile fierce people, also loving, dignified, fearless
acestui picior de plai, unde vrem s se and pure. We want people to know about
preumble, n desftare i bucurie, ct mai them. About the wonders of this home land,
muli oameni. De aici i de pretutindeni. where we want as many people to wander in
S nvm s redescoperim demnitatea delight and joy. From here and elsewhere.
de a tri i simi romnete. De a le To learn to rediscover the dignity to live and
transmite i celorlali c, n patrimoniul feel in a Romanian way. To convey to others
de valori, strnse mnunchi n construcia that within the value heritage, tightly drawn
european, exist valorile romneti care together in the European construction, there
ne nnobileaz, ca neam i contribuie la are Romanian values that ennoble us, as a
nobleea patrimoniului european de valori. nation and that contribute to the nobility of
Ne dorim s fie acest prim proiect un European heritage of values.
nceput. i suntem ncreztori c, punnd We want that this first project to be a
laolalt pasiune, unitate i tenacitate n start. And we are confident that by bringing
via i n faptele noastre, avem capacitatea together passion, drive and tenacity in life
s construim. Avem fora s desvrim. and in our actions, we are able to build.
Avem tria s ne nlm. i, peste toate, We have the force to perfect. We have the
nelepciunea de a construi, cu srguin i strength to lift. And, above all, the wisdom
ncredere, un viitor demn pentru Romnia to build a decent future for Romania and for
i pentru fiecare dintre noi. each of us, with diligence and trust.

STAICU SANDU STAICU SANDU


Preedinte Fundaia Dignitas President of Dignitas Foundation

3
ara Oaului Turismul antropologic
Ai auzit de turismul antropologic? nseamn s cunoti omul locului. n ara
Oaului vino s trieti intens acest experiment inedit, n care descoperi nti
omul i el te ospteaz: poveti de familie liber i harnic, guti tocan i plinc.
Ce-i trebuie omului mai mult? Cunoaterea i fericirea. Ecologia, cum se
numete astzi. Tot aici o ntlneti din plin. Viaa este legat de ce-i d pmntul
oanului: legume, prune, cpuni, puni. Vite i oi cte s-i trebuiasc o via.
n trgurile tradiionale i duminicile la biseric oamenii se mbrac cu mndrie
n portul lor. Unde mai vezi condiia uman n elementara i splendoarea ei
tradiional?
Familia i casa sunt sfinte. i de-i respeci, te respeci pe tine. Niciunde o
comunitate nu s-a ajutat att de mult ca aici. Simul proprietii, simul civic
sunt elementarele puteri cu care se nate oanul. i cnd viaa lui decade, atunci
el pleac n lume spre a-i gsi mijloace de trai, dar rostul lui de acas nu i-l ia
nimeni. Casele pn la cer sunt dovada. n ara Oaului nu numai c se vorbete
n dialect pitoresc, dar i cuvintele ce le cunoti au alt sens. Da, invidia oenilor
nseamn a avea ceva ce n-are vecinul, a fi mai bine i mai temeinic nfipt n via
dect prietenul, fratele tu. Mndrie ca aici nu gseti niciunde. Este concuren?
Este Mndrie uman.
Mndria care construiete, care creeaz.

Citete detalii n acest album,


d click pe www.taraoasului-romania.ro
i facebook/taraoasului-romania.

dar mai ales vino aici, n turism antropologic.


Eu, deputatul rii Oaului, att spun. Am promis oenilor mei c voi spune
lumii ntregi despre aceast aventur din Nordul extrem al rii, aceast aventur
uman fr precedent n Romnia. Tu, vino n ara Oaului. Rezoneaz cu mine i
respect-te ca om.

Andreea Paul
Deputat de ara Oaului, Satu Mare
Lector univ. dr. la Facultatea de Relaii
Economice Internaionale, ASE

4
Oas - Anthropological Tourism
Have you heard of anthropological tourism? It means knowing the man of
the place. Come to intensely live this novel experiment in Oas Land, where you first
find the man, after which he offers you a feast: stories of a free and industrious family,
chins, stew and plum brandy.
What could the human need more? Knowledge and happiness. Ecology, as it
is called today. You find it here in its entirety. Life is about what the earth gives to
the people of Oas: vegetables, plums, strawberries, pastures. As many cattle and
sheep as you need for a lifetime. In the traditional fairs and on Sundays at church,
people proudly dress in their native port. Where do you see the human condition in
its elementary and traditional splendor?
Family and home are sacred. And if you respect them, you respect yourself.
Nowhere has a community helped itself as much as here. Ownership and civility are
crucial powers with which a person from Oas is born. And when life falls apart, they
set out into the world to find ways to live, but they are never deprived of their sense of
home. Tall houses that reach for the skies are proof. Oas Land has not only a native
dialect, but the words that you know have another meaning. Yes, envy means to the
Oas people having something that the neighbour doesnt have, to be better and more
thoroughly involved in your life as opposed to your friend, your brother. You can not
find pride anywhere like here. Is it competition? It is human pride.
Pride that builds, that creates.

Read more about this album


click www.taraoasului-romania.roand
facebook/taraoasului-romania.

but especially come here in tourism anthropology.


I, MP of Oas, say so. I promised my people of Oas that I will tell whole world about
this adventure in the far north of the country, this unprecedented human adventure
in Romania. You, come to Oas County. Resonate with me and respect yourself as a
person.

Andreea Paul
Deputy of Oas Land, Satu Mare
Lecturer PhD at the Faculty of
International Economic Relations, ASE

5
Oaul economic: Ucraina, piatra - resurse de limonite,
Omul potrivit andezite, nisipuri i pietriuri n localitile
Tur, Cmrzana, Btarci, Trol, Raca,
la locul potrivit Certeze, folosite n construcii, la pietruiri
de drumuri, ci ferate etc., crbune - n
Aici este locul ideal al micilor afaceri Tur, Tarna Mare, bentonita folosit n
de familie, motenite din tat n fiu. Omul industria de colorani i degresani, n
este msura lucrurilor n ara Oaului. Pe Clineti Oa, Orau Nou, luturi caolinoase
ce pune mna, d via. Aici, acas, acolo, Raca i Orau Nou.
Rul Tur i Tinoavele pot oferi pentru
un ntreprinztor zone adevrate pentru
microhidrocentrale, pentru c nu este
localitate care s nu fie strbtut de un
pru ori chiar de rul cel mare.

Aici este locul ideal pentru investiii


pentru Sntate. Apele terapeutice, din
pcate, astzi insuficient exploatate de la
Bile Turului, cele de la Ghera Mare sau
Tarna Mare. Aici gseti Borcutul o ap
cu o compoziie de-a dreptul fermecat:
feroas, clorurat, carbogazoas,
sulfuroas.

Aici este zona exploatrilor


forestiere. Natura este mplinit de
n lumea larg. Parteneri de afaceri gseti pduri, din pcate, doar ele exploatate fr
aici: din punct de vedere economic, cele mil. Nu degeaba au legiferat specialitii,
mai dezvoltate comune sunt Bixad, Vama, avem zone protejate cu valoare natural
Tur, Clineti-Oa i Certeze, avnd fiecare ridicat, avem Rezervaia natural Rul Tur
peste 70 de ageni economici. Principalele i Arii Protejate Tinoave.
domenii de activitate sunt: comerul,
serviciile i construciile. Aici se poate investi n viitor. Natura
nu se apr singur i este nevoie de
Aici este locul ideal pentru investiii intervenii clare n oprirea degradrii
n industriile ecologice, a mineritului solului, n dezvoltarea Bilor terapeutice
i a energiilor neconvenionale. Natura i n plantarea de pduri tinere n zonele
ofer, omul poate judicios s exploateze. defriate. Ceea ce Europa ntreag caut:
ntlnirea zonei muntoase vulcanice a natur slbatic, ecologie, aici gseti nc
munilor Oa i Guti cu cea a Cmpiei fr dificultate.
Someene este plin de plante i fructe
bune pentru zootehnie, medicina Aici se poate dezvolta turismul rural.
tradiional sau cea alimentar: cele mai n casele mari, cu numr impresionant de
multe plante sunt mezofile, mezoterme, camere, se poate dezvolta turismul rural.
neutrofile. Un mare numr din acestea sunt Astzi, turismul este ntmpltor, ori el
valorificate n scopuri practice: medicinale, este un factor decisiv pentru bunstarea
melifere, furajere, forestiere. Exist i o locuitorilor. De-ar fi doar natura i ar fi de
mare varietate de fructe de pdure: alune, ajuns! Dar nu, adevrata bogie a locului
mcee, coarne, mure, porumbe i ciuperci. sunt oamenii harnici i curajoi, ce nu se
Resursele minerale, ara Oaului a fost i plng de munc. Mncarea i butura
zon minier, astzi au rmas neexploatate. sunt tradiionale, dup reete numai de ei
Mercurul se gsete spre grania cu tiute, transmise din mam n fiic.

6
Aici este locul agriculturii i 2011, exist Planul de Dezvoltare Local
industriei frigorifice. Laptele, a microregiunii ara Oaului setul de
brnzeturile, cpunile, prunele i plinca intervenii locale urgente, cunoscutul GAL.
pot fi int agricol, dar i a industriei Este prea flagrant diferena dintre casele
frigorifice. Containerele frigorifice sunt falnice, mainile de ultim generaie ale
o nevoie stringent, ca s dea omului fiilor rii Oaului ce muncesc n strintate
sperana c laptele, cpunile, prunele i felul primitiv n care, n anumite zone,
nu sunt produse n zadar. autoritile au neles de zeci de ani de zile
ce nseamn administrare.
Aici se dezvolt turismul
antropologic. Psihologia oenilor Aici poate fi locul industriei de
este a fermitii. Ei nu se mulumesc cu evenimente. Fiii Oaului se ntorc n august
puin, ei nu se tem de necunoscut. i de ori decembrie n scurtele lor vacane i
ce ar face-o? De zeci de ani, Statul romn, vor parc s schimbe toat lumea, si
comunist sau democratic, birocratic i pun la adpost familia. Fac case i le
indiferent, a alungat omul de la casa lui. nzestreaz, fac botezuri i nuni. Este o
srbtoare continu n acele luni din an.
Este srbtoarea unui nou i nou nceput
de lume. Sunt adevrate Cosmogonii, n
care banul i fala fac legile Oaului.

Aici este locul tradiiilor ce pot fi


artate lumii ntregi. Negreteanul,
certezanul, rcanul, turanul, cmrzanul,
trnreanul, oanul ntr-un cuvnt, dei
fiecare vrea s fie strigat pre numele lui
particular, nu-i las casa i tradiiile s
piar. N-o s gsii, orict ai cuta n
Romnia de astzi, ritualurile trecerii vieii
nealterate ca aici, att de puternice prin
vechime i purtatul la vedere mndru.
Astzi este un fapt normal aici i n prea
puine locuri din Romnia vezi aa ceva,
ca Duminica i de srbtori, la biseric i n
I-a pus toate piedicile posibile. i acest gospodrie, s se poarte haine tradiionale.
proces continu. Omul rii Oaului n vremurile acestea, orice serbare i
nicicnd n-a trit ngrdit, mereu a gsit adunare se nsoesc cu bucate preparate
soluii pentru un trai mai bun. i astzi proaspt de gazd din lucruri naturale, de
se triete n sacra onoare a familiei, n plincarul ce-i scoate produsul su numai
care legi sunt ntrajutorarea, pstrarea de el potrivit n trie i de cetera ce-i
tradiiilor, respectul fa de aproapele purete i tropie a bucurie i nemurire.
tu. Orict de departe ar pleca, omul Unde, n ce loc din lume mai gseti atta
nostru nu uit de unde a plecat i aduce n via autentic?
ara Oaului experiena, felul su de via
de nivel european. O vizit n Certeze ara Oaului este cea mai eficient
este absolut necesar pentru a vedea investiie economic, dac ea este fcut cu
casele din inim i beton, strigndu-i cap i pe termen lung. Dac ea este fcut cu
fala pn-la cer. sufletul deschis i cu ncredere n tinerii oeni.

Aici este simul civic i al comunitii. Andreea Paul


Deputat de ara Oaului, Satu Mare
Este n siguran afacerea ta i are viitor. Lector univ. dr. la Facultatea de Relaii
Din iniiativa lui Ioan Belbe din Tur, din Economice Internaionale, ASE

7
Economic Oas: This is the area for logging. Nature is
The right man filled with forests, which are, unfortunately,
ruthlessly exploited. Not in vain have
at the right place specialists legislated protected areas with
Here is the ideal place for small family high natural value, as we have the Natural
businesses inherited from father to son. Reservation Tur River and Protected Areas at
Man is the measure of things in Oas Land. Tinoave.
Whatever he touches is brought to life. Here,
at home, there, in the wide world. You can find Here you can invest in the future.
business partners here: from an economical Nature does not defend itself and clear
standpoint, the most common developed intervention is needed in order to stop land
counties are Bixad, Vama, Turt Clineti-Oas degradation, to develop therapeutic Baths
and Certeze, each having over 70 economic and to plant young forests in deforested
agencies. The main activities are: commerce, areas. What the whole of Europe is looking
services and construction. for: wildlife, ecology here find another
without difficulty.
Here is the ideal place for investment
in green industries, mining and Rural tourism can be developed here.
nonconventional energy. Nature provides In large houses with a large number of rooms
what one can judiciously exploit. The junction rural tourism can develop. Today, tourism
between the volcanic area of Oas and Gutai is coincidental, or it is a decisive factor for
mountains and the Somes Plain is full of plants the welfare of the inhabitants. Where it but
and fruits perfect for livestock, traditional the nature and it would suffice! But, no, the
medicine or food: Most plants are mesophilic, industrious and brave people make up the
mesothermal, neutrophils. A large number of real wealth of the place, people who do
these plants are practically valued in medicine, not complain about work. Food and drink
honey, fodder, forestry. There is a wide variety are traditional recipes known only to them,
of wild berries: Chestnut, rosehip, Cornelian passed from mother to daughter.
cherry (Cornus mas), blackberries, sloes (prunus
spinosa) and mushrooms. Mineral resources,
the Oas Countyhaving been a mining area,
are currently unexploited. Mercury is found
at the border with Ukraine, stone - resources
of lime, andesite, sand and gravel in the areas
of Turt, Camarzana, Batarci, Trsolt, Racsa,
Certeze, being used in construction, paving of
roads, railways, etc, Coal - in Turt, Tarna Mare,
bentonite - used in the industry of dyes and
degreasers in Clineti Oas, OrauNou, kaolin
clays - Raca and New Orau.
The Tur and Tinoavele rivers can provide
entrepreneurs with areas for small hydropower
plants, because every place that is crossed by
either a stream, or even the great river.

This is the ideal place for investment


in the health department. Unfortunately,
therapeutic waters from Turt Baths, Ghera
Mare Baths or Tarna Mare Baths are underused
today. Here you can find Borcutului water, This is the place for agriculture and
with a magical composition: ferrous, refrigeration industry. Milk, cheese,
chloride, carbonated, sulfur. strawberries, plums and plum brandy can
be an agricultural target, as well as a target

8
for the refrigeration industry. Refrigerated where money and glory make the laws in Oas
containers are a pressing necessity, giving Land.
man hope that milk, strawberries, and
plums are not being produced in vain.

This area is where anthropological


tourism develops. The psychology of
the people of Oas is that of firmness.
They do not settle for less, they are not
afraid of the unknown. And why would they
be? For decades, the Romanian state, be
it communist or democratic, bureaucratic
and indifferent, has banished man from his
home. It put up all possible obstacles. And
this process continues. The people of Oas
never lived within the confines of fences,
always having found solutions for a better
life. And today life revolves around the sacred
honor of the family, where laws consist of This is the place where traditions
helping, preserving traditions, respecting can be shown to the whole world. People
your neighbor. No matter how far he goes, from Negresti, Certeze, Turt, Camarzana,
our man does not forget where he came from Tarna, Oas, in a word, even though everyone
and brings experience to Oas Land, his way wants to be called by their particular name,
of life at a European level. A visit to Certeze do not leave home and traditions to perish.
is absolutely necessary in order to see the You will not find unaltered life passage rites
houses build from the heart and concrete, anywhere else like they are here, regardless
shouting their glory as far as heaven. of how thoroughly you look in todays
Romania, so powerful due to their seniority
Here you can find a sense of civility and pride. Nowadays, it is normal here, and
and community. Your business is safe too few places in Romania, that on Sunday
and has a future. At the initiative of Ioan and on holidays in the church and in the
Belbe from Turt, in 2011, a plan was set to home, people wear traditional clothing. In
for the development of the micro-region these times, any celebration and gathering
of Oas Land the set of local emergency is accompanied by food freshly prepared
interventions, known as GAL. It is too by the host using natural produce, the plum
glaring a difference between the towering brandy producer who brings out his product
houses, the latest models of cars of the sons fitted by him in terms of alcohol strength, and
of Oas Land who work abroad, and the the fiddler who shouts (T.N.: a specific shout
primitive way in which, for decades, in some characterized by quickly rolling the tongue)
areas, the authorities have understood and trotts of joy and immortality. Where,
what administration means. where in the world can you find a life so
authentic?
This can be the place for the events
industry. The sons of Oas Land return Oas Land is the most efficient economic
in August or December during their brief investment if it is done wisely and on a long
holidays, and it seems as though they term. If it is done with an open heart and
want to change the whole world, in order confidence in the youth of Oas Land.
to protect and shelter their families. They
build houses and endow them, they go to
baptisms and weddings. It is a continuous Andreea Paul
celebration during those months of the Deputy of Oas Land, Satu Mare
year. It is the celebration of a new beginning Lecturer PhD at the Faculty of
and a new world. It is a true cosmogony, International Economic Relations, ASE

9
Cuprins
POZIIONARE | POSITIONING 7
CULTURA | CULTURE 9
Istorie | History 10
Personaliti marcante | Personalities 12
Obiective culturale i muzee | Cultural Sites and Museums 20
Tradiii i Datini | Customs and Traditions 26
Etnografie | Ethnography 36
Biserici, Mnstiri | Churches, Monasteries 38

TURISM | TOURISM 42
Casa Marcu Iacob al lui Grigor | Grigors Marcut Jacobs House 44
Pensiunea Pstrvrie Boda OANU | Trout-farm Boda Osanu Guest House 44
Situl Arheologic Belavar | Belavar Archaeological Site 45
Ap mineral i termal | Mineral and thermal water 46
Zona agrement Valea Mriei | Marys Valley Recreational Area 47
Zona agrement Luna es | Luna Ses Recreational Area 48
Zona agrement Clineti-Oa | Clineti-Oas Recreational area 49
Divertisment i Sport | Entertainment and Sport 50
Trasee turistice | Tourist trails 52
Gastronomie | Gastronomy 52
Graiul Nostru | Language of Oas Land 53
Imprejurimi | Surroundings 54

INFO LINK 56
HOTELURI - PENSIUNI | HOTELS - GUEST HOUSES 56
BIBLIOGRAFIE | REFERENCES 56
Poziionare
POSITIONING

ara Oaului este situat pe itinerarul Oas Land is located on the Satu
Satu Mare Sighetul Marmaiei la Mare Sighetul Marmatiei route about
aproximativ 50 km de Satu Mare. Este 50 km from Satu Mare. It is a mountain
o depresiune intramontan situat depression located between the mountain
ntre ramele munilor Oa i Guti cu ridges of Oas and Gutai mountains, with
ramificaiile lor i cuprinde o suprafa their ramifications, and it covers an area
de 614 km2. ara Oaului se ntinde de of 614 sq km. Oas Land stretches from Turt
la Tur Ghera Mare Ghera Mic - Ghera Mare - Ghera Minor (the western
(n limita vestic) pn la pasul Huta limit) to the Huta step - 640 m altitude
640m altitudine (n limita estic) i de la (the eastern limit) and Camarzana (north)
Cmrzana (n nord) coboar n sud pn downwards, in the south, to the mountains
la munii ce mprejmuiesc localitile that surround the settlements of Orau
Orau Nou Raca Vama. Nou - Raca - Vama.
Depresiunea Oa prezint altitudini The Oa depression has a maximum
maxime de 400-500 m, iar localitile altitude of 400-500 m and localities
sunt aezate de-a lungul vilor din are placed along the valleys of the
bazinul Lechincioarei ce strbat ara Lechincioarei Basin which go through Oas
Oaului n partea de nord i a rului Tur Land in the north and the Tur River with its
cu afluenii Alb i Ru n partea de sud. tributaries, Alb and Rau in the south.

11
CULT U RA
CU LT U RE

12
Istorie
History
Personaliti marcante
Personalities
Obiective culturale i muzee
Cultural Sites and Museums
Tradiii i Datini
Customs and Traditions
Etnografie
Ethnography
Biserici, Mnstiri
Churches, Monasteries

Oenii se socotesc descendeni ai dacilor liberi,


obrie de care sunt mndri i al crei blazon
le-a dat tria de cremene s reziste peste
milenii, neclintii de nvolburrile istoriei.

The people of Oas consider themselves


descendants of the free Dacians, an origin of
which they are proud and whose coat of arms
gave them the strength to resist over millennia,
unmoved by the whirling of history.

13
ara Oaului
Boineti (Situl arheologic Belavar),
s-au descoperit vetre de cenu din
preistorie i ruinele unei fortificaii,
o dovad a primelor forme ale vieii
sedentare.
Teritoriul Oaului nu a fcut
parte din provincia roman Dacia,
locuitorii pstrndu-i statutul de
triburi libere. Cetatea natural a

Istorie depresiunii a devenit loc de refugiu


al dacilor liberi, dar i de contact
nentrerupt cu cei din Dacia roman.
History Prima atestare documentar
acreditat pn n prezent o gsim
ntr-o meniune din 17 noiembrie
1270, cnd regele tefan confirm
unui nobil cinci moii din ara
Oaului: Livada, Orau Nou, Vama,

ara Oaului este pavz la hotarele cele


mai nordice. Dincolo de aceste dealuri, la
doar 10 km este o alt ar, se vorbete o
alt limb. Dar oenii, prin contiina lor
de neam romnesc, au aezat i aprat
prin veacuri cea mai puternic born de
hotar, aici la fruntariile rii. Stnc tare, de
neclintit, ara Oaului a dinuit peste vreme
i peste vremuri.

Oas Land is a shield for the northern


most border. Beyond these hills, just 10
km away is another country, speaking Prilog i Oa. ara Oaului s-a
another language. But the people of Oas, constituit n perioada de nfiinare
through their Romanian conscience, settled
and defended throughout centuries, the a comitatelor (sec. XIII-XIV d. Hr.), n
strongest landmark at the frontiers of the depresiunea care i poart numele,
country. Unwavering hard rock formations, relieful avnd rol mai important
Oas Land has lasted over time. dect componenta uman. Vechile
Letopisee atest existena acestei
ri (Simion Dasclul, versiune
dup Cronica lui Grigore Ureche,
15901647: ara Aoaului). n acest
context istoric i geografic, Oaul
Condiiile geografice i climaterice este una dintre primele formaiuni
prielnice au fcut posibil existena prefeudale romneti intrat n
vieii omeneti din timpuri strvechi, din contiina istoriografiei romneti,
Paleolitic (8.000-12.000 de ani n urm). La cu toate c este cea mai mic ar
din Ardeal.

14
Diplomele maramureene din secolele The first accredited documented
al XIV-lea i al XV-lea menioneaz ara certification so far can be found in a
Oaului n legtur cu drumul srii statement from 17th November, 1270, when
care pornea de la ocnele de sare din King Stephen confirms to a nobleman of five
Maramure, peste Huta, prin Negreti estates in Oas Land: Livada (Orchard), Orau
Nou (The New City), Vama, Prilog and Oas.
Oa, de-a lungul arterei comerciale ce Oas Land took form during the establishment
lega prile de nord ale Moldovei cu of the counties (13th and 14th centuries AD) in
Maramureul i inuturile stmrene, spre the valley that bears its name, the landscape
cmpia larg a Someului. having a more important role than the
Cea mai veche form specific de human component. The Old Chronicles
organizare a rnimii a constituit-o attest the existence of this country (Simion
obtea steasc, de origine daco-roman. Dascalul, version after Grigore Ureche
Obtea din ara Oaului era asemenea Chronical, 1590-1647: Tara Aoasului). In
numeroaselor Romanii populare ce this historical and geographical context,
Oas is one of the first prefeudal Romanian
mpnzeau teritoriul Imperiului roman, formations that came into the Romanian
conduse de juzi ca n toat lumea roman, historiographical consciousness, although it
cei mai vrednici dintre locuitorii obtii, is the smallest country in Transylvania.
alei dup vredniciile lor.

Favorable geographic and climatic Maramures Diplomas from the 14th and
conditions made the existence of human 15th centuries mention Oas Land in relation
life possible since ancient times, such as to the salt road stretching from the salt mines
the Paleolithic (8000-12000 years ago). of Maramure, over Huta, through Negresti
At Boineti (Belavar archaeological site) Oas, along the trade artery linking the north
prehistoric hearth ash and ruins of a fortress of Moldavia with Maramures and the Satu
were discovered, proof of the first forms of Mare counties, towards the wide field of the
sedentary life. Somes river.
The territory of Oas was not part of the The oldest specific form of organization
Roman province of Dacia, residents keeping of the peasantry was the village community
the status of free tribes. The natural fortress of Daco-Roman origin. The community
of the depression became a place of refuge of Oas Land was like many folk Romans
for the free Dacians, but also a place of scattered throughout the Roman Empire,
continuous contact with the people from led by the Roman magistrates just like it
the Roman Dacia. was throughout the Roman Empire, the
most worthy of people in the congregation,
chosen according to their worthiness.

15
Oas Land
Personaliti
marcante Valoarea cea mai de
Personalities pre a unei comuniti este
omul.

Omul sfinete locul.

The most worthy value


of a community is man.

Omul sfinete locul.

Ionita G. Andron
artist fotograf | photographer
20 aprilie 1917, Raca
23 aprilie 1989, Negreti Oa
Satul tradiional oenesc i-a prelungit existena
pn la mijlocul secolului XX, dar aspecte ale acestei
lumi ce-i tria ultimele forme de manifestare au
fost salvate pentru venicie prin apariia proverbial
a celebrului artist fotograf al acestui inut, Ioni
G. Andron, ce l-a ridicat pe oanul din vremurile
sale la rangul de simbol istoric: cu intuiie de mare
artist, i-a dat seama c oamenii n mijlocul crora
triete sunt urmaii dacilor liberi, imortalizai n
basoreliefurile de pe Columna lui Traian. Istoricul symbol: following his intuition
Constantin C. Giurescu ilustreaz perioada dacic of a great artist, he realized that
din Formarea poporului romn cu fotografiile sale. the people among whom he is
Astfel, oanul devine imaginea poporului romn. A living are descendants of the
lsat pentru venicie un adevrat tezaur, zeci de mii free Dacians, immortalized in
de cliee i mii de pagini. the reliefs on Trajans Column.
Historian Constantin C. Giurescu
The traditional village of Oas prolonged its illustrates the Dacian period of
existence until the mid-twentieth century, but training the Romanian people
aspects of this world that was living its last forms of with his photos. In this way, the
manifestation were saved for eternity through the man of Oas becomes the image
proverbial appearance of the famous photographer of the Romanian people. He
of this land, Ionita G. Andron who has raised the has left a real treasure forever,
man of Oas from his own time to the rank of historic tens of thousands of clichs and
thousands of pages.

16
Ioan Chioreanu-Oa
rapsod | rhapsode
16 ianuarie 1922, Prilog -
29 nov. 2011, Baia Mare
Cercettor neobosit, deschis mereu s
descopere i s transmit cunotine, doctor
n tiine agricole i conf. universitar, a
publicat peste 30 de cri i sute de articole
din domenii diferite: folclor oenesc (Muzic
popular din ara Oaului), lucrri tiinifice,
filozofie, creaii literare. Atras de muzica
oeneasc, a promovat muzica autentic.
Contribuia major o are n nregistrarea
pe band sonor i transcris pe note a articles in various fields: folklore of
Oas (Oas Land folk music), scientific
200 melodii oeneti, pe care le-a donat papers, philosophy, literary works.
Institutului de Etnografie i Folclor. A slujit Attracted by music from Oas, he
ara Oaului cum puini au fost n stare s o promoted authentic music. His major
fac, socotit cel mai virtuoz cetera pentru contribution was in the recording -
interpretarea corect a muzicii oeneti audio tape and keys transcrispt - of
autentice (Gh. Foca). 200 Oas folk songs, which he donated
to the Institute of Ethnography and
Tireless researcher, always open to discover Folklore. He served the Oas Land
and transmit knowledge, PhD in Agricultural as few have been able to, being
Sciences and an Associate Professor, he has considered the most virtuous fiddler
published over 30 books and hundreds of for an accurate interpretation of
authentic Oas music (Gh Foca).

Finta Floare
Tezaur uman viu
A Living Human Treasure

Triete n Negreti Oa, este singura


persoan din jude care a primit acest titlu
din partea Ministerului Culturii. Pstrtoare
a modelelor culturale tradiionale, cunoate
datinile i tradiiile Oaului, este una dintre
puinele oence care tiu s mpleteasc
mireasa i s mpodobeasc steagul de
nunt.

She lives in Negresti Oas, and she is the only


person in the county to have been awarded
this title from the Ministry of Culture. She
preserves traditional cultural patterns, knows
the customs and traditions of Oas; she is one of
the few people of Oas who know how to knit
the bride and decorate the wedding flag.

17
ara Oaului
Mihai Neamu
clugr | monk

Avea darul s vad prin oameni i s afle


diagnosticul. A fost medicul celor sraci i fr
speran. N-a cerut niciodat plat, ua sa a fost
deschis zi-noapte, a vindecat trupete i sufletete
zeci de mii de oameni, cu ajutorul tratamentelor cu
ceai i cu rugciune. Drept recompens, acetia au
ridicat mnstirea basilitan din curtea casei.
He had the gift of seeing through people and
giving the diagnosis. He was a physician to the poor
and hopeless. He never asked for payment; his door
was open day and night; he physically and spiritually
healed thousands of people, with tea treatments and
prayer. As a reward, they built the Basilian monastery
in the yard.

Ioan Nistor
poet | poet
5 decembrie 1948, Prilog n prezent,
prof. pensionar, Satu Mare
Studii: liceul la Negreti Oa; Facultatea
filologie, Universitatea Babe-Bolyai Cluj-
Napoca.
A scris peste 10 volume de poezii, la
care se adaug critic literar, studii de
etnografia rii Oaului, publicistic. E un
poet de mare sensibilitate i profunzime, ce
caut s descopere esena lucrurilor.

Education: High School in Negresti Oas,


Philology Faculty, Babes-Bolyai University
Cluj-Napoca.
He wrote more than 10 volumes of poetry,
plus literary criticism, ethnographic studies
of Oas Land, journalism. Hes a poet of great
sensitivity and depth, who seeks to discover
the essence of things.

18
Maria Petca-Poptean
rapsod | rhapsode
Nscut n Trol, a debutat la
vrsta adolescenei la prestigiosul
Festival naional Maria Tnase, unde
a obinut i un premiu. Cntrea de
mare prestan i farmec a cntecului
oenesc, numit privighetoarea
Nordului, apropie puritura de
perfeciune, strlucind ca interpret
i dansatoare. Prezen ncnttoare
la toate evenimentele folclorice, n
ar i strintate. Glasul catifelat i
pur este completat de inuta demn i
frumuseea nativ. A creat Ansamblul
folcloric Mgura Oa cu fete din satul her shrieking approaches perfection,
natal. glowing as a singer and dancer. She is
a lovely presence at all folk events, both
Born in Tarsolt, she had her debut in the country and abroad. Her voice is
during her teens at the prestigious soft and completed by her dignified
National Festival Maria Tanase, where posture and native beauty. She created
she was also awarded a prize. A great the folk ensemble Magura Oas with
prestigious and charmful singer of Oas girls from her native village.
folk song called nightingale of the North,

Dr. Pop Mihai


medic | doctor
1936 - 2004
Medic, directorul Spitalului Orenesc
peste dou decenii, a ctitorit Spitalul
nou i Biserica Bunavestire din incint.
Personalitate de mare prestigiu moral, s-a
implicat n viaa politic, cultural-artistic,
economic, social. Cetean de onoare al
oraului Negreti Oa, are un bust din bronz
ridicat n Parcul central, iar Galeria de art
a Muzeului rii Oaului i poart numele.
A physician, the Director of the City Hospital
for over two decades, he has founded the
New Hospital and the Bunavestire Church
inside it. A prestigious moral personality, he
got involved in the political, cultural-artistic,
economic, and social life. Honorable citizen
of Negresti Oas, he has a bronze bust erected
in the Central Park, and the Art Gallery of the
Oas Land Museum is named after him.

19
Oas Land
Vasile Pop-Negreteanu
pictor | painter
28 dec. 1955, Negreti Oa.
n prezent, Bucureti
n 1980 termin Institutul de Arte Plastice Bucuresti
la secia Art Monumental i Restaurare. Are lucrri
n colecii particulare, n zeci de ri i un numr
foarte mare de expoziii personale i de grup n ar i
strintate.
Pictura sa creaz viziuni ale unui univers complex
n care rzbat ecouri din spiritualitatea Oaului.
Performane:
- restaurarea Palatului Cotroceni;
- lucrri de mare anvergur la Biserica Bunavestire His painting creates visions of
i Catedrala Ortodox din Negreti-Oa; a complex universe that echoe the
- Biserica Greco-Catolic Sfnta Maria din Baia spirituality of Oas Land.
Mare. Performance:
- Premio Roma - artistul anului 2000; - restoration of Cotroceni Palace;
n 2006 este numit Cetean de onoare al oraului - Large-scale works at the Bunavestire
Negreti-Oa. Church (T.N.: Annunciation Church)
and the Orthodox Cathedral from
NegretiOas;
In 1980 he graduated from the Institute of Fine Arts - Greek Catholic Church St. Mary in
in Bucharest, department of Monumental Art and Baia Mare.
Restorations. - Premio Roma - artist of the year 2000;
He has works in private collections, in dozens of In 2006 he is named Honorable citizen
countries and a large number of personal and group of Negreti-Oas City.
exhibitions at home and abroad.

Maria Tripon
interpret i ambasadoare singer and ambassador
a muzicii populare oeneti of Oas folk music

Iubete cu ardoare ara Oaului, pstrnd


ceea ce este autentic, dar i sporindu-i tezaurul
de frumusee i sensibilitate. Dinamic i plin
de energie, gsete resurse inepuizabile pentru
promovarea cu mult druire a cntecului,
dansului i tradiiilor oeneti, fiind sufletul
manifestrilor folclorice la care particip sau
pe care le organizeaz. Are vocaie de dascl,
a nfiinat Ansamblul Snzienele la Clubul
elevilor i Ansamblu Oaul al Casei de cultur
din Negreti-Oa.
She ardently loves Oas Land, keeps
what is authentic, but also increases its of folk events attended or organized by her. She
treasure of beauty and sensitivity. Dynamic has an inclination towards teaching, she founded
and energetic, she holds an inexhaustible the Snzienele Ensemble of the students Club
dedication to promoting the song, dance and the Oas Ensemble of the House of Culture
and traditions of Oas Land, being the soul in Negresti-Oas.

20
Ion na
pictor | painter
n. 5 iulie 1909, Tur - 15 iulie 1973, Vama
Familia moare de grip spaniol pn n
1920: dou surori, mama, apoi tatl. Fraii Ion i
Vasile (mai mic cu 2 ani) rmn orfani la vrsta
fraged.
n 1938 are prima expoziie personal, n
holul slii Dacia Satu Mare.
Este primul pictor autentic al rii Oaului, cu
toate peceile ei etnografice i mitice: peisaje,
obiceiuri, chipuri de oeni, Oaul originar. Un
important exponent al picturii romneti din
anii 40-70.
Din 2006, la Muzeul rii Oaului se afl He is the first authentic painter of
Colecia permanent de art a pictorului. Oas Land, with all its ethnographic
and mythical landmarks: land-
His family dies before 1920 of the Spanish flu: scapes, customs, faces of Oas people,
two sisters, mother, and later the father. Brothers original Oas Land. An important rep-
Ion and Vasile (2 years younger) are orphan at an resentative of Romanian painting for
early age. the 40s-70s.
In 1938, he has his first personal exhibition in Since 2006, the Museum of Oas
the lobby of the hall Dacia Satu Mare. Land has a permanent collection of
art by the painter.

Petre Zele
rapsod (interpret vocal i instrumentist)
rhapsode (vocal and instrument interpreter)

Cntatul l motenete din familie; are


muzica oeneasc n snge, face parte
organic din fiina lui. A nvat s pureasc
de cnd se tie, iar cntatul la ceter l-a furat,
din fraged vrst, de la ceteraii cei mai buni.
Este cntreul total: purete, cnt la ceter
i danseaz n acelai timp.

He inherited the singing from the family; he


has Oas specific music in his blood, which is an
organic part of his being. He learned the specific
shout since a very young age, and he stole the skill
of playing the violin from the best fiddlers. He is
the complete musician: he yells, plays the fiddle
and dances at the same time.

21
ara Oaului
Pop
Alexandru Virgil
artist fotograf
photographer

http://popalexandru.ucoz.ro

Alexandru Pop, nscut n capitala arii Alexandru Pop, born in the capital
Oaului, la data de 28 martie 1982, dei este of Oas Land, on 28 March 1982, though
foarte tnr, s-a facut remarcat att pe plan very young, was recognized both
nationally and internationally in the field
naional ct i internaional n domeniul artei of photography. A complex, industrious
fotografice. Un fotograf complex, harnic i and talented photographer, who lives,
talentat, care triete, respir i vorbete breathes and speaks through images,
prin imagini, lucru dovedit de numeroasele as evidenced by numerous exhibitions,
expoziii, premii i distincii. Alexandru Pop awards and accolades. Alexandru Pop
este preocupat de promovarea prin fotografie is concerned with promoting authentic
a folclorului autentic i a frumuseilor rii folklore and beauty of Oas Land through
Oaului, fiind un demn urma al lui I. G. photography, being a worthy successor
Andron. Debutul n arta fotografic l-a of IG Andron. His photographic debut
was in Hungary where he had organized
avut n Ungaria unde a organizat primele the first exhibitions in the country
expoziii, urmnd n ar un ir de expoziii following a series of exhibitions and
i concursuri la care a participat cu succes, competitions in which he participated
obinnd diverse premii printre care, successfully, obtaining various awards
Medalia Jubiliar Carol Pop de Szathmari la including, Carol Pop Szathmari Jubilee
aniversarea a 200 de ani al primului artist Medal at the anniversary of 200 years
fotograf recunoscut, fiind i fotograful Casei of the first recognized photographer,
Regale. Din dorina puternic de a arta lumii who was also the photographer of the
ntregi frumuseile Oaului, lucrrile lui sunt Royal House. From the strong desire to
show the world the beauty of Oas, his
expuse i la Opera din Sanktpetersburg i works are also exhibited at the Opera
Ekaterinburg-Federaia Rus, Facultatea in Sanktpetersburg and Ekaterinburg
de Arte Lile 3-Frana, Bois-de Villers, Russian Federation, Faculty of Arts Lile
Profondeville, Belgia, New York-S.U.A. 3 France, Bois-de Villers, Profondeville,
Belgium, New York, USA.
22
Drumul spre cas Supunere
Salonul de Art fotografic contemporan din Romnia Primria Bois-de Villers, Profondeville-Belgia
i Expoziie Opera din Sankt Petersburg-Federaia Rus Locaie foto: Hua Certeze-Smbra Oilor
Locaia foto: Dealul Tmpa
Way Back Home Obedience
Salon of Contemporary Photographic Art Exhibition Bois-de Villers City Hall, Profondeville-Belgium
in Romania and Exhibition at the Opera in St. Photo Location: Huta Certeze - Smbra Oilor
Petersburg - Russian Federation
Photo Location: Tampa Hill

Cndva tnr Ateptnd


Facultatea de Arte Lile 3, Frana Salonul Internaional de Art Fotografic, Trgu Mure
Locaia foto: Negreti Oa Locaia foto: Tur-Negreti Oa-Meniune FIAP
Once young Waiting
Faculty of Arts Lile 3, France International Salon of Photographic Art, Targu Mures
Photo Location: Negresti Oas Photo Location: Tur-Negresti Oas-Mention FIAP

Lumea apelor - FEMEIA Mgierea razelor


Salon Mondial PREMFOTO, Oradea Expoziie Opera din Sankt Petersburg-Federaia Rus
Locaia foto: Clineti Oa-Limba Boului Locaia foto: Pdurea de la Tufoasa
Water World THE WOMAN The caress of the rays
PREMFOTO International Salon, Oradea Exhibition at the Opera in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Photo Location: Clineti Oas-Limba Boului Photo Location: Forest of Tufoasa

23
Obiective
culturale
i muzee
Cultural Sites
and Museums
In Oas Land, ancient roots of the
people do not have to be sought
by digging in layers of archeology,
because vestiges of the lineage
can be found at the surface in
architecture and village structure of a
village in Oas Land, in the traditional
folkware, in music, in customs and
traditions, the way of life, in the fiery
spirit of justice, in kindness, and in the
conception about life. The Oas man
did not erect fortresses and palaces,
did not wage war against other
nations. He lived out his life through
peaceful labor, building an original
and picturesque rural civilization,
Muzeul este oglinda trecutului whose forms of existence can be
The museum is a mirror of the past found in the village of Oas: on the
frame of the window, on the gates
and pillars of the porch, on the dowry
n ara Oaului, rdcinile strvechi ale chests, on the distaffs, on the pottery
neamului nu trebuie cutate spnd n plates, in folkware and music. On the
straturile arheologiei, pentru c vestigii chiseled face, the furrowed forehead,
ale descendenei se afl la suprafa, n on the proud way of walking, on
arhitectura i structura satului oenesc, n calluses of the hands.
port, n muzic, n datini i tradiii, n modul The man of Oas Land has long
discovered the essence of the creative
de via, n aprigul spirit justiiar, n omenie, act: simplicity, deciphered in the
n concepia de via. Oanul nu a durat ceti white parts of the folkware costumes,
i palate, nu a purtat rzboaie mpotriva altor in the houses built of beams and
neamuri. El i-a durat venicia prin munc covered with straws, in the modesty
panic, cldind o civilizaie rural original i of living, in the retained energy of the
pitoreasc, ale cror forme de existen mai dance trott.
pot fi ntlnite n satul oenesc: pe tocul de
la fereastr, pe pori i stlpii pridvorului, pe
lzile de zestre, pe furcile de tors, pe blidele
de ceramic, n port i muzic. Pe chipul
dltuit, pe fruntea brzdat, pe mersul seme,
pe btturile palmelor.
Oanul a descoperit din strvechime
esena actului creator: simplitatea, descifrat
n albul costumului popular, n csuele din
brne i acoperite cu paie, n traiul modest, n
energia reinut a dansului tropotit.

24
MUZEUL RII OAULUI
(str. Victoriei nr. 140)
Muzeul pstreaz vii ocupaiile
OAS LAND MUSEUM
i tradiiile de altdat. (140, Victoriei Street)
The museum keeps the former
occupations and traditions of yore
alive

Are dou secii, bine dotate i


ntreinute:
1. Expoziia permanent, cldirea
din centrul oraului, cu o valoroas
colecie de etnografie i art popular;
deine colecii de etnografie: mobilier,
ceramic, port popular, textile, obiecte
de uz gospodresc, unelte.
Dup 1990 s-au pus bazele
unor colecii noi: de art plastic,
documente, fotografii i s-a amenajat
o galerie de art. Adpostete i dou
colecii particulare foarte valoroase:
- Ioni G. Andron, artistul fotograf
emblematic pentru ara Oaului; - Ion
na, pictor al eposului oenesc.

It has two well equipped, maintained sections:


1. The permanent exhibition, the building in the
center, with a valuable collection of ethnography
and folk art; it holds ethnographic collections:
furniture, ceramics, folkware, textiles, household
items, tools.
After 1990, a new collection was established:
fine art, documents, photographs and an
art gallery was fitted. It also houses two
valuable private collections: - Ionita G. Andron,
emblematic photographer of Oas Land - Ion
Tantas, painter of the epic Oas Land.

25
Oas Land
Reflexia satului de altdat, este n
prezent Muzeul n aer liber
Reflection of old village, is now
MUZEUL RII OAULUI
open-air museum (str. Livezilor nr. 3-5)
OAS LAND MUSEUM
(3-5 Livezilor Street)

2. Muzeul satului oenesc (secia


n aer liber), pe strada Livezilor, la
300 m de osea. Situat pe o suprafa
de 1, 5 hectare, pe malul rului Tur,
este sugestiv pentru toat zona rii
Oaului.
Arhitectura tradiional este
reprezentat de biserica de lemn din
satul Lecna (prima parte a secolului
XVII), de dou case moleculare din
Ghera Mic, de casa de olar din Vama,
iar casele din Raca, Moieni i Negreti
(secolele XVIII-XIX), mpreun cu cele
zece construcii-anex, formeaz trei
gospodrii complete.
n interioare sunt expuse piese
valoroase din coleciile de esturi,
port popular, icoane, ceramic,
mobilier i unelte agricole.
Seciunea alctuit din instalaiile
tehnice, n special cele acionate
de ap, este partea vie i cea mai
atractiv: moara pe ap (pentru
mcinat), vultoarea (pentru splat
hainele groase), piua (prelucrat
esturile de ln).
Ultima achiziie este o plincie
funcional. De asemenea, muzeul
din Negreti este singurul loc n care
se mai produce renumita ceramic de
Vama.

26
2. The Oas Village Museum (outdoor
station), Livezilor Street, 300 m from the
road. Located on an area of 1.5 hectares,
on the Tur riverbank, it is suggestive of
the entire area of Oas Land.
Traditional architecture is represented
by the wooden church in Lecanta village
(first part of the seventeenth century),
the two molecular houses in Ghera
Mica, the potter house in Vama, and the
houses in Raca, Moieni and Negreti
(18th and 19th centuries), together with
ten other additional constructions, form
a complete household.
Inside, valuable collections of fabrics,
folkware, icons, ceramics, furniture and
agricultural tools are exhibited. The
section made of technical installations,
particularly those driven by water, is the
living part and the most attractive: the
water mill (for grinding), whirlpool (thick
clothes washing), milling machine (for
manufacturing fleece).
The latest acquisition is a functional
plum brandy machine. Also, the
museum in Negreti is the only place
where the famous pottery from Vama is
still produced.

27
ara Oaului
CASA OLARULUI Eu pot spune, c ntr-un fel am ajuns n
toate colurile lumii prin obiectele produse
de mine. Itvanfi Gheza
- VAMA
THE POTTERS
HOUSE - VAMA
Olarul Itvanfi Gheza a modelat n
ultimii 40 de ani mii de obiecte de lut care
au ajuns n toate colurile lumii. Tradiia
uneia dintre cele mai apreciate ceramici
ale Romniei, cea de la Vama, este dus
mai departe de singurul olar al judeului.
Acesta a nvat tainele olritului n
stilul specific rii Oaului, acum mai bine
de patru decenii.
Aveam n jur de 18 ani, n 1972, cnd am
urmat un curs de olrit la atelierul nfiinat
aici n Vama, n 1968. Eu sunt, ns, a treia
generaie de olari, dup bunicul i tatl meu,
de la care am deprins adevratele secrete ale
acestei meserii, afirm Itvanfi Gheza.
Ca angajat al Cooperaiei Prestarea
din Negreti Oa, acesta a modelat
nenumrate obiecte din lut care
se comercializau prin intermediul
magazinelor de artizanat.
n 2002, ns, a deschis n gospodria
sa din localitatea Vama, Casa Olarului,
singurul atelier de ceramic din judeul
Satu Mare.
Atelierul a devenit un punct de atracie
turistic pentru toi cei care viziteaz
Maramureul i ara Oaului: Suntem
foarte des vizitai de delegaii din ar i
din strintate, de turiti din toate colurile
rii, sau de grupuri de elevi crora le art
procesul de producie ale acestor obiecte de
ceramic, susine Itvanfi Gheza.
Acesta prelucreaz ntreaga materie
prim, argila i culorile, chiar din natur. Pe
lng rolul decorativ, ceramica de la Vama
i-a pstrat ns i rolul funcional.

28
I can say that somehow, I went all over
the world through the objects made by
me. Itvanfi Gheza

Over the last 40 years, potter Itvanfi


Geza has shaped thousands of pieces of
clay that have reached all parts of the
world. The tradition of one of the most
popular ceramic arts in Romania, that
from Vama, is carried on by the only potter
in the county.
He has learned the tricks of pottery in
the specific style of Oas Land, more than
four decades ago.
I was about 18, in 1972, when I took a
pottery course in the workshop founded
here in Vama in 1968. I am, however,
the third generation of potters, after my
grandfather and my father, from whom I
learned the true secrets of the tradessaid
Geza Itvanfi.
As an employee of Cooperatia
Prestarea (T.N.: Prestarea cooperation
association) of Negresti Oas, he has shaped
countless clay objects which were sold
throughout craft stores.
In 2002, however, he opened in
his household, in the town of Vama,
the Potters House, the only ceramic
workshop in Satu Mare county.
The workshop has become a tourist
attraction for those visiting Maramures
and Oas Land: We are often visited by
delegates from the country and abroad,
tourists from all over the country, or groups

of students to whom I present the production


process of these ceramics, says Geza Itvanfi.
He processes all raw materials, clay and
colors from nature itself. Besides being
decorative, pottery from Vama has kept its
functional role.

29
Oas Land
Tradiii
i datini
Customs and
Traditions
Tradiiile, datinile, obiceiurile
sunt motenite i transmise cu
sfinenie, la fel ca limba prinilor
sau credina strbun. Ele s-au
nscut din adncuri de vremi i dau
identitate, pitoresc i originalitate
acestui inut, mbinare armonioas
ntre frumuseea peisajului i
frumuseea creaiei populare n
care palpit sufletul i viaa oenilor:
Io atta-oi puri arhitectura caselor, portul, muzica,
Sub grumazul ceterii dansul specific oeneti, srbtorile,
Pn s-a rupe arcu-n tri; folclorul.
Nici atunci nu m-oi opri,
Pn-n captu vremii.. Traditions, customs, and habits
are inherited and rigorously
De m-or ne cu scar transmitted, just like the parents
Oenia-i a m ar, language or ancestral beliefs. They
De m-or ne cu ovz were born from the depths of times
Oenia nu o ls. and give identity and originality to
this picturesque land, a harmonious
cules IONI G. ANDRON combination of scenic beauty and
the beauty of folk creation in which
the souls and lives of the Oas people
throb: the architecture of the houses,
This is all Id roll about folkware, music, specific Oas dance,
On the violin strings and bout festivals, and folklore.
Till itll have been three-parts broken;
Ney, even then would I be stopped,
By the yore of all times olden..

So if to rye they hold me down


Oas Land my country be
And if to oat they hold me down
My Oas I will not leave

found by IONI G. Andron

30
Festivalul de datini i obiceiuri
Festival of winter customs and traditions
Ct i ara Romneasc nu-i
ca ara Oeneasc

Large as Romanian Country


may be, theres no place like
Oas Land

Anual, n cea de-a treia zi de


Crciun, n Negreti Oa are loc
Festivalul de datini i obiceiuri de
iarn.
Festivalul reunete an de an peste
400 de artiti profesioniti i amatori
i ansambluri din Bistria, Maramure,
Bihor, Slaj i Satu Mare. Festivalul
ncepe cu parada colindtorilor
spre Catedrala Ortodox, dup care
colindtorii susin un scurt moment
artistic.

Annually, on the third day of


Christmas, a Festival of winter
customs and traditions takes place
at Negresti Oas.
Every year, the Festival brings
together more than 400 professional
and amateur artists and ensembles
from Bistrita, Maramures, Bihor, Salaj,
and Satu Mare. The Festival starts with
a parade by the carol singers to the
Orthodox Cathedral, followed by a
brief artistic moment given by carolers.

31
ara Oaului
Smbra oilor este un strvechi obicei
pastoral, legat de ocupaia tradiional
a pstoritului, ce se desfoar n luna
Smbra
mai i simbolizeaz venirea primverii i
ieirea oilor la pscut.
oilor
Sambra oilor is an ancient pastoral
custom usually linked to the traditional
An ancient
occupation of shepherding, which takes pastoral custom
place in May and symbolizes the arrival of
spring and letting the sheep out to pasture.

Smbra este desprirea oilor cu lapte de cele


fr lapte i miei. Seara, se face mulsul pe timb,
fiecare oier mulge oile altuia, n aa fel nct s
nu rmn strop de lapte n pulpa oilor. A doua
zi este cel mai important moment: mulsul pentru
msuriul laptelui. Se ine o eviden dubl:
pe o bucat de lemn cioplit numit rboj i
ntr-un caiet pe care l are fiecare proprietar. Pe
baza acestor semne se calculeaz cantitatea de
brnz, dar i responsabilitatea fiecruia. Dup
muls, urmeaz acte ritualice: aruncarea de sare
peste oi (pentru a le feri de boli), i a apei (simbol
al bogiei i al fertilitii). Preotul ine slujba de
sfinire, pentru a atrage protecia divin. Oile
se scot din staul, la rotirea n jurul staulului -
cercul magic protector. Smbra se termin cu o
petrecere la iarb verde.

32
Sambra is the separation of the milk
sheep from the sheep without milk and
lambs. In the evening, milking is done by
exchange, where every shepherd milks
anothers sheep, so that no drop of milk
is left. The next day is the most important
moment: milking in order to measure
the milk. A twofold record is kept: on
a piece of wood carved called rboj
(T.N.: notch) and in a book that every
owner has. Based on these markers the
amount of cheese is calculated, as well
as each shepherds responsibilities. After
the milking, the following ritual acts are
performed: throwing salt over the sheep
(to protect them from disease), and then
water (symbol of wealth and fertility). The
priest performs the consecration service,
in order to attract divine protection.
Sheep are then removed from the stall, to
rotate around the stable the protective
magic circle. Sambra ends with a picnic
party in nature.
Lutul Torturilor
Cnepa adunat toamna, se punea
la nmuiat n ap mult vreme... (Pranicatul)
Hemp that is collected in the fall, was A local custom
put to soak in water for a long time...

Femeia care avea cnepa nmuiat i


pregtit pentru procesul de prelucrare
organiza o clac (se adunau mai multe
femei) n care plecau la vale pentru a
le pranica. Dup ce cnepa era btut
cu maiul (pranicul) i ntins la uscat,
femeia care organiza claca le servea
pe celelalte cu mncare i pureau.
Toat aceasta aciune/obicei la care
participau exclusiv femeile se numeste
lutul torturilor.
The woman who had the hemp
soaked and ready for processing would
organize a group work (more women
were gathered) that went downhill in
order to beat them with a wooden ladle.
After the hemp was beaten with a mallet
(the wooden ladle) and hung up to dry,
the woman who organized the group
would serve food to the others and they
would shriek. This action / custom where
only women participated in is called
lautul torturilor.
33
Oas Land
Nunta Nunta din ara Oaului reprezint
unul din elementele cele mai
spectaculoase ale culturii populare
The Wedding din nord-vestul Transilvaniei.

n ara Oaului, nunile sunt adevrate plin de semnificaii, nunta oeneasc


srbtori i spectacole folclorice, nu este cea mai bogat manifestare
doar pentru familie, ci i pentru ntreaga folcloric, cea mai ampl manifestare
colectivitate. Prin proporiile i coninutul spiritual i social a colectivitii
rurale, srbtoarea cea mai nsemnat
a satului, ce a pstrat numeroase
momente spectaculoase, pline de voie
bun, de umor i veselie, de dramatism
ori solemnitate.
Ca spectacol folcloric, nunta
oeneasc pstreaz ritualul
tradiional, ce cuprinde un ceremonial
complex: peitul, trgul, credinarea,
nunta propriu-zis. Nunta din Oa
comport note particulare; din ritual
nupial se fac remarcate cteva
momente: gteala steagului de
nunt, gteala miresei, danul
miresei cu fetele din sat, bulciugul
mirelui, bulciugul miresei, ospul
de nunt sau masa mare, strigarea
i strngerea darurilor. Elemente
de originalitate: cununa miresei
(mpodobitul), steagul i colacii.
Prin tradiia ndelungat i valoarea
artistic, prin semnificaia pe care o au
n cadrul ceremonialului nunii, ele au
dobndit puterea unor simboluri fr
de care desfurarea nunii oeneti
nu poate fi conceput.
Timpul preferat pentru sezonul
nunilor este toamna. Dup Revoluia

din 89, deoarece tot mai muli oeni
merg la lucru n strintate, sezonul
nunilor sunt lunile de concediu din
rile de reziden; n luna august,
n fiecare zi sunt cteva nuni, la fel
imediat dup Crciun.
DANUL LA CIUPERC este
petrecerea de suflet a oanului, care
dezvluie cel mai bine autenticitatea
local: portul, muzica i dansul specific
oeneti, o srbtoare a simurilor.

34
A wedding in Oas Land is one of
the most spectacular elements
of folklore culture in northwest
Transylvania.

In Oas Land, weddings are true


celebrations and folk performances,
not only for the family but for the entire
community. Through its proportions
and meaningful content, an Oas Land
wedding is a rich folk manifestation,
the largest social and spiritual
manifestation of a rural community,
the most important celebration of
the village, which has retained many
spectacular moments full of joy, humor
and joy and solemnity dramatic times.
Being a folklore show, an Oas
wedding follows the traditional ritual,
which includes a complex ceremonial:
wooing, the fair, the blessing, the
wedding itself. The wedding in Oas
involves particularities; from the
nuptial ritual we can note the following
moments: the adorning of the
wedding flag, the adorning of the
bride, the brides dancing with the
girls from the village, the forgiveness
chant of the groom, the forgiveness
chant of the bride, the wedding
feast or the big table, the shouting
and the gathering of gifts. Elements
of originality: the bridal wreath (the
adorning), the flag and the coils.
Through the long tradition and artistic
value, the significance they have in the
wedding ceremony, they have acquired
the power of symbols, without which
the unfolding of a wedding in Oas Land
can not be conceived.
The preferred time for the wedding
season is autumn. After the Revolution
in 1989, as more people from Oas are
going to work abroad, the wedding
season is the months when the people
are coming home from the countries
where they reside; in August, every day
there are a few weddings, as well as
right after Christmas.
THE DANCE UNDER THE MUSHROOM
is the party of the Oas people, and
which most vividly reveals the local
authenticity: folkware, Oas specific
music and dance; a celebration of the
senses.

35
ara Oaului
Snzienele
Cnd i pe la snziene, bag cucu capu-n
Midsummer pene, i s duce nu ti teme.
Day Fairies When the sunset comes along, cuckoo
bird retreats at last, and goes away, fear
not.

Snzienele sunt srbtorite n se arunc pe cas cte o cununi pentru


data de 24 iunie. n dup masa zilei fiecare membru al familiei (reprezentnd
precedente, fetele fecioare i prunce unitatea acesteia). Dac cununa se oprete
se duc s culeag snziene. puresc pe acoperi, fata se va mrita ntr-un an.
strgturi legate de eveniment: Cele mai mari cununi se duc la morminte.
Pasre neagr la pene / Mer(g)em La ntoarcerea de la culesul
dup snziene / La nedeie p dmbu snzienelor, la ncruciare de drumuri,
/ S-i facem mndrului stru. / Pn ce la cruci se pune cte o cununi, i la
cucuu cnt / Tt lum i flmnd / biseric. S pun n cas, p meter-
Gat cucu de cntat, / Tte-s bune de grind pentru protejarea familiei
mncat / Cndu-i p la snziene / Bag
cucu capu-n pene / i s duce, nu te teme.
Pruncele mpletesc cununie n trei
i le pun pe cap. Fetele fecioare culeg Midsumer Dayis celebrated on June 24.
brae ntregi de snziene albe i galbene, In the afternoon of the previous day, all
le duc acas i le mpletesc, tot timpul girls and little girls go to collect woodruff.
puresc: The shriek and sing about the event:
Mult m mir de tine, cucu, / Cum poi Black fethered bird of rough / Were off to
tri fr lucru; / i io, cucu, tiu cnta, / pick up woodruff / On feast were up the
mounds / To plume the young boys boater.
Fr lucru nu poci sta;/ i io tiu cnta ca / Till the little cuckoo sings / Hungry are the
tine / Fr lucru nu mi-i bdine. / De-a hori whole of us / But when sunset is to come, /
i n-a lucra / Srcia m-ar mnca. Everything is good to eat / When the sunset
Prima cununi se pune pe vrani comes along / cuckoo bird retreats at last /
(poarta cu boc) cine intr s aib noroc; And goes away, fear not.

36
The little girls weave threefold flower crowns
and they put them on their heads. The girls collect
armsful of white and yellow woodruff, then they take
them home and weave them all, while shrieking and
singing:
A lot for you I wonder, cuckoo, / How can you
live without work, / I too, cuckoo, know how to sing,
/ Without work I cannot be;/ I too sing just like you

/ Without work well I am not. / Be I


dancing and not working / poverty
would eat me out.
The first flower-crown is placed
on the wooden gate (gate with a
wooden bench) - whoever comes in
is going to be lucky; a flowercrown
is thrown on the house for each
family member (representing the
family unit). If the flower-crown
lands on the roof, the girl will marry
within a year. The biggest crowns are
taken to the cemetery.
Upon returning from picking the
woodruff, at the crossroads, a crown
is placed on the cross, as well as at
church. To put in the house, on the
master-beam - to protect family.

37
Oas Land
eztoarea
A specific gathering
Bun sara, primii la
eztoare?
Good evening, may
I join the gathering?

eztoarea era o ntrevedere cu activiti


mai distractive, mai uoare. n special munci
femeieti se desfurau la eztori, se spun
bancuri, se mai i cnt.

This specific gathering was a social gathering


consisting easier and more joyful activities.
At this working gathering women-specific
activities were mostly held, while telling jokes
and singing.

Obiceiuri de Pate
Hristos a-nviat, adevarat a-nviat
Hai s-nchinm un pahar i s ciocnim
Easter Traditions
un ou
Christ has resurrected, indeed He has
Come to raise a glass and crack an
egg

n cele 3 zile de Pati n Raca, dup


slujba religioas, tinerii mbrcai n
costume populare formeaz perechi
i se rotesc ncolonai n jurul bisericii.

During the three days of Easter in


Raca, following the religious service,
young people dressed in folkware form
pairs and go around the church.

38
Rmi gazd sntos,
c-ai agiuns crciun frumos, Obiceiuri de
i gzdoaia veseloas,
c-o agiuns zle frumoas Crciun
Be well our dear host,
Christmas came to be, Christmas Habits
Be joyful our dear host,
Beautiful daysve come to be

n tinda casei se pune un vas


de gru ca s treac colindtorii
peste el, apoi grul se d la psri
i la animale, s fie cu spor ca i
colindtorii.

n Ajunul Crciunului, n unele


pri se umbl de ctre dascli
tineri bisericeti cu icoana pe care
este zugrvit naterea lui Iisus
Hristos. Intrnd n cas, icoana
este inut la piept de ctre
dascli, cntnd troparul Naterii
Mntuitorului.

A pot of wheat is set on the porch


of the house for the carolers to step
over, after which the wheat is given to
the birds and the animals, to have a
bountiful life just like the carolers.

On Christmas Eve, in some parts


of the land, some young cantors walk
around with the icon that shows the
birth of Jesus Christ. Upon entering the
house, the icon is at the chest of the
cantors, while they sing the Saviours
Nativity Troparion.

39
ara Oaului
Etnografie
Ethnography
Pe lng unitatea geografic precis
conturat, ca o insul ntins ntre
nlimile mpdurite care o strjuiesc
de jur mprejur, ara Oaului cuprinde
aspecte naturale care au influenat
structura vieii economice a ntregii regiuni
i au meninut trsturi etnice deosebite,
cu tipuri omeneti care se mbrac n
acelai mod i cu manifestri psihice i
sociale asemntoare de la un sat la altul.
(Gh.Foca)

ara Oaului i dezvluie cel mai


bine particularitile sub aspect
etnocultural, dezvluindu-se ca
vatr de neam romnesc, una dintre
cele mai originale i mai pitoreti
din Romnia. Numele Oa nseamn
parte de loc anumit, proprietate a
cuiva n raza satului, cu semnificaia
loc aprat de la forma de cetate
aprat de dealurile mpdurite,
avnd sensul de teritoriu mai
ntins, caracterizat prin existena
unui mare numr de obti. Faptul
c numele pstreaz peste veacuri
amintirea meninerii n Evul Mediu
a unor ancestrale forme de via
social-politic i permanena
populaiei romneti pe aceste Oas Land best reveals its features under
meleaguri, dovedete c aceast an ethno-cultural aspect, revealing itselves
realitate istoric s-a manifestat as a Romanian peoples place, one of the
puternic, formnd nota dominant most original and picturesque in Romania.
a acestui inut. Sub aspectul The name of Oas means certain part of
etnografiei, ara Oaului a fascinat a place, someones property within the
prin bogie i diversitate, prin radius of the village, with the meaning
originalitate i pulsaie adevrat, of protected place from the shape of a
fortress defended by the wooded hills, with
o puternic i limpede spiritualitate the sense of larger territory, characterized
autentic, n care s-au pstrat by the existence of a large number of rural
nealterate mentaliti ancestrale i un communities. The fact that for centuries
mod de via n structuri arhetipale.

40
Apart from the geographical unit specifically
outlined as an island lying between wooded
heights that guard it, Oas Land includes
natural aspects that have influenced the
structure of the economic life of the entire
region and have maintained outstanding
ethnic traits, with human types that dress
the same way and with similar social and
psychiatric manifestations, from one village
to another.
(Gh. Foca)

the name kept the Middle Ages ancestral forms of


social and political life and the permanence of the
Romanian population in this region proves that this
historical reality was strongly manifested, forming the
keynote of this land. In terms of ethnography, Oas Land
has fascinated through its riches and diversity, through
originality and true pulsation, a strong and clear
authentic spirituality, in which an unaltered ancestral
mentality and way of life in archetypal structures have
been preserved.

41
Oas Land
Biserici
Mnstiri Evlavioi, oenii i-au durat
cldiri de nchinciune asemenea
Churches, sufletului i credinei lor, care
spiritualizeaz locul.
Monasteries
Being people of God, the Oas
people have built their buildings
of worship as were their souls and
faith, which make it a spiritual
place.

Mnstirea Sf. Ap.


Petru i Pavel, Bixad
Saint Peter and Paul
Monastery, Bixad

Praznicul Mnstirii - 15 august


Srbtoarea Adormirii Maicii Sfinte.
Patron of the Monastery - August 15
Feast of the Assumption of the Virgin
Mary.

Este una din cele mai vechi mnstiri din


Ardeal (pomenit nc din 1614). Biserica a fost
construit n 1770 i desfiinat n 1948. Viaa
monahal este reluat de Buna Vestire, 1989
cu Hramul Sf. Ap. Petru i Pavel.

It is one of the oldest monasteries in


Transylvania (recorded since 1614). The church
was built in 1770 and disbanded in 1948.
Monastic life was resumed on the day of
Annunciation, 1989, under the Titular Saints
Peter and Paul.

42
Hramul n prima Duminic dup
Biserica Ortodox
Rusalii Duminica Tuturor Sfinilor Duminica Tuturor Sfinilor
Titular - the first Sunday after Negreti Oa
Pentecost - Hallowmass
Orthodox Church
All Saints Sunday
Negresti Oas
Catedrala monumental, ridicat ntre
1990-2002, a fost sfinit de Preafericitul
Patriarh Daniel la 1 iulie 2012.
Pictura, realizat ntre 2003-2007,
aparine pictorului oan V. Pop Negreteanu.
Pronaosul, naosul, iconostasul i altarul
au fost realizate de pictorii D. Bnic i
Gh.Bondoc.
A monumental cathedral, built between
1990-2002, it was consecrated by His
Beatitude Patriarch Daniel on July 1, 2012.
The painting was done between 2003-2007,
and belongs to the painter from Oas Land, V.
Pop Negresteanu. The narthex, the altar piece
and the altar were made by painters D. Banica
and Gh.Bondoc.

Hramul Bisericii 8 septembrie


Biserica Naterea
Naterea Maicii Domnului. Maicii Domnului
Patron of the Church - September 8 -
Nativity of Virgin Mary. Negreti Oa
The Virgin Marys
Nativity Church
Negresti Oas
Biserica Naterea Maicii Domnului,
este ridicat n 1847 prin contribuia
benevol a credincioilor. Construcie
masiv din piatr de carier, n parte
superioar din crmid ars. Are
o singur nav. Acoperit iniial cu
indril, din 1902 cu tabl zincat.
Icoanele mprteti au fost pictate de
canonicul Mihail erban din Gherla n
1880. Amvonul a fost realizat n 1913
din lemn sculptat. Este monument
istoric.
The Nasterea Maicii Domnului Church covered with shingle, from 1902 with zinc
was raised in 1847 by voluntary contributions coated sheet. Icons represented Jesus
from the people of faith. It is a massive Christ were painted by Canon Mihail
construction of stone from the quarry, at the Serban from Gherla, in 1880. The pulpit
top made of burnt brick. It has a single navar was made in 1913 out of carved wood.
(T.N.: the central part of a church). Initially

43
ara Oaului
Schitul
Sf. Arh. tefan,
Luna es
Hermitage
St. Archangel Stephen,
Luna Ses
Hramul Schitului 27 decembrie
Srbtoarea Sfntul Arhidiacon tefan
Patron of the Hermitage - December 27-
Holy Archdeacon Stephen Feast

Complex monahal format din biseric


de lemn n stil maramureean cu troi,
cas monahal din lemn i gard mpletit
n stil tradiional oenesc. A fost trnosit
la 5 mai 2012 i se afl la 11 km de centru.
Monastic complex consisting of a
wooden church built in a style specific
to Maramures, with a crucifix, a wooden
monastic house and a traditional
fence braided in the style of Oas. It was
consecrated on 5 May 2012 and it is 11 km
from the center.

Mnstirea Sf. Mihail


i Gavril, Prilog
Saint Michael and Gabriel
Monastery, Prilog
Hramul Mnstirii 8 noiembrie de
srbtoarea sfinilor crora le poart
numele.
Patron of the Monastery - November
8 feast of the saints in its name.

Mnstirea greco-catolic a fost construit de


clugrul bazilitan Mihai Neamu (1924-2000) prin
contribuia a mii de oameni pe care i-a vindecat
prin harurile sale.
This Greek Catholic monastery was built by the
Basilian monk Mihai Neamu (1924-2000) with the
contribution of thousands of people healed by his
graces.

44
Are patru hramuri: cel mai important
este n prima duminic din iulie.
Mnstirea
It has four patrons: the most important
is in the first Sunday of July.
Portria, Prilog
Portarita
Monastery, Prilog
Situat ntr-un cadru natural
pitoresc, lng rul Talna, mnstirea
Portria a fost construit din editarea
de cri religiose, de ctre diaconului
Bbu.
Este o mnstire de clugri (patru
ieromonahi) care respect un regim
drastic: nu se mnnc carne i se fac
rugciuni i noaptea.
Set in a picturesque landscape near
the Talna river, it was possible to build
the Portarita monastery due to the
publishing of religious books by Deacon
Bbu.
It is a monastery for monks (four
hieromonks) that meets a drastic
regime: they do not eat meat and also
pray at night.

Mnstirea
Hramul Mnstirii: Sfnta Treime Sf. Treime, Moieni
- a doua zi de Rusalii
Monastery
Patron of the Monastery Holy Trinity
the second day after Pentecost. St. Trinity, Moieni
Situat la 10 km de Negreti-Oa,
la ieirea din satul Huta, Mnstirea Sf.
Treime (2004) este singura mnstire
de maici din aceast zon. Prin
mrime i forme armonioase este
considerat una din monumentele
spirituale din ara Oaului.
Located 10 km from Negresti-Oas,
at the exit form the village of Huta,
the Sf. Treime Monastery (2004) is
the only convent for nuns in this area.
Due to its size and harmonious shape,
it is considered one of the spiritual
monuments in Oas Land.

45
Oas Land
T URISM
T OU RISM

46
Casa Marcu Iacob al lui Grigor
Grigors Marcut Jacobs House
Pensiunea Pstrvrie Boda OANU
Trout-farm Boda Osanu Guest House
Situl Arheologic Belavar
Belavar Archaeological Site
Ap mineral i termal
Mineral and thermal water
Zon agrement Valea Mariei
Marys Valley Recreational Area
Zon agrement Luna es
Luna Ses Recreational Area
Zon agrement Clineti-Oa
Clineti-Oas Recreational area
Divertisment i Sport
Entertainment and Sport
Trasee turistice
Tourist trails
Gastronomie
Gastronomy
Graiul oenesc
Language of Oas Land
mprejurimi
Surroundings

47
ara Oaului
Casa Mrcu Iacob
al lui Grigor
Grigors Marcut
Jacobs House
Arhitectura gospodriilor tradiionale
oeneti poate fi reconstituit pe baza
unor rmie in situ, una dintre acestea
fiind conservat la Clineti Oa i anume
CASA MRCU IACOB, ea prezentnd
structura clasic a gospodriei rneti

The traditional architecture of Oas


Land households can be reconstructed on
the basis of remains in situ (T.N.: on site),
one of which is preserved in Clineti Oas,
namely MARCUT IACOB HOUSE, displaying
the classic structure of a peasant farm.

Pensiunea Pstrvrie Trout-farm Boda


Boda OANU Osanu Guest House
Este aezat pe Valea Brada, la 1, 5 km de
bifurcaia cu drumul spre Luna-es (km. 6),
ntr-o zon colinar pitoreasc, amenajat n
stil rustic, dar cu elemente de modernitate
(panouri solare). Preparate culinare cu
specific local, unele din producie proprie:
pstrvii, care pot fi scoi proaspei, brnza
de oi (pentru celebra mmligu). Panta
domoal face drumul foarte accesibil, iar
prul nvioreaz peisajul.
It is located Brada Valley, at 1.5 km from
the fork in the road to Luna-Ses (km 6), in a
picturesque hill area, furnished in a rustic
style, but with elements of modernity (solar
panels). Local dishes, some of which are from
the peoples own production: trout, which
may be taken out fresh, sheep cheese (for the
famous polenta). The gentle slope make the
road very accessible, and the creek refreshes
the landscape.

48
Belavar
Locul din care ne parvin cele Situl Arheologic BELAVAR
mai vechi urme de via de la
strmoii notri. Belavar Archaeological Site
Belevar
The place where from we were
handed down the oldest traces
of life from our ancestors.

Cetatea de pe Coasta Boinetiului (sau


Belavara) este consemnat nc de la
nceputul primelor cercetri arheologice n
zona Stmarului - 1892.
Situl arheologic este unul dintre cele
mai spectaculoase pstrate n spaiul
carpatic. Aezarea este situat ntr-o poziie
strategic, pe un bot de deal mrginit pe
trei laturi de perei stncoi verticali, iar a
patra latur a fost fortificat printr-un an
de aprare, n spatele cruia se afla un zid de
pmnt i trunchiuri de copaci.
Ci de acces: din Boineti, Remetea sau
Clineti Oa.

The Citadel on the Boinetiului Coast (or


Belavara) - was recorded at the beginning
of the first archeological excavations in the
Satmar - 1892.
The archaeological site is one of the
most spectacular one still preserved in the
Carpathian area. The settlement is situated
in a strategic position, on a hill top, bordered
on three sides by vertical rock walls, and the
fourth side was fortified by a moat, behind
which is a wall of earth and tree trunks.
Accessibility: from Boineti, Remetea or
Clineti Oas.

49
Oas Land
Ap mineral
i termal
Mineral
and thermal Bogia pmntului nu este dat doar
de roadele sale, ci i de apele sale.
water
The wealth of the land is not given just
by its fruits, but also by its waters.

The entire suite of hydromineral


diggings in the river basins at Oas are
accumulated in recent sedimentary
deposits.
As a result of post-volcanic activity,
mofetta, numerous mineral springs
(known by locals borcuturi) have formed,
with a very uneven distribution, being
concentrated in marginal areas of the
volcanic area. The most numerous
mineral springs can be found on the
west side of the Gutai mountains, in the
ntreaga suit de zcminte areas of Certeze (Borcutul Talharilor,
Cicic, Apollo), Negreti (Poptileni,
hidrominerale din bazinele Oaului, Vrticel, Borcutul Pintii), Luna-Ses Sping,
sunt acumulate n depozite sedimentare Puturoasa Baths.
recente. The oldest mineral water spring in the
Ca rezultat al activitii postvulcanice, center of Bixad village dates back to the
mofetice, s-au format numeroase izvoare fifteenth century.
de ap mineral (denumite de localnici Depending on the content of the
borcuturi), cu o distribuie extrem de mineral salts, these are used for drinking
neuniform, acestea fiind concentrate as well as in the treatment of various
n zonele marginale ariei vulcanice. Cele diseases.
mai numeroase izvoare minerale apar n
partea vestic a munilor Guti, n zona
Certeze (Borcutul Tlharilor, Cicic, Apollo),
Negreti (Poptileni, Vrticel, Borcutul
Pintii), Izvorul Luna-es (Valea Mriei,
Bile Puturoasa), Bile Puturoasa.
Cel mai vechi izvor cu ap mineral
din centrul comunei Bixad dateaz din
secolul XV.
n funcie de coninutul srurilor
minerale, acestea sunt folosite att la but
ct i n tratamentul diverselor boli.

50
Zona agrement
Valea Mriei
Marys Valley
Recreational Area
Acolo unde te simi bine, vei
reveni mereu!

Youll always come back to the


place you feel good in!

O marc nregistrat pentru locurile de


agrement din Oa o reprezint splendidul
complex turistic Valea Mriei, care este n
prezent la cele mai nalte standarde ale
turismului.
Utilul i plcutul se ngemneaz n
aceast perl a turismului, care evideniaz
spiritul ntreprinztor al oanului.
Este un punct de referin pentru noua
geografie economic i afectiv a Oaului.

A trademark for recreational places in


Oas is the splendid touristic resort called
Maria Valley, which currently has the highest
standards of tourism.
In this pearl of the tourist industry,
utility is combined with comfort, thing that
emphasizes the entrepreunerial skill of the
Oas people.
It is a reference point for the new
economic and affective geography of Oas
Land.

www.hotel-valea-mariei.ro

51
ara Oaului
Zona agrement
Luna es
Luna Ses Recreational Area
Investiia cea mai important n viitorul
turistic al rii Oaului.

The most important investment in the


touristic future of Oa Land.

The recreation area Luna-es


represents an area of relaxation, leisure
and mountain tourism both on the local
and the county level.
The area is located 8 km from Negreti
Oa, on the national road that links
Satu Mare to Sighetu Marmaiei, in the
picturesque region of Oas Land, on the
upper course of the Talna Mare river.
It has an area of approx. 250 ha, being
at an altitude of 500 m, on the northern
slopes of Pietroasa Peak (1, 201 m) and
Zona de agrement Luna-es reprezint Muntelui Mic Peak (1, 013 m).
o zon de recreere, agrement i turism There are camping facilities or cabin
montan de interes local i judeean. accomodation. Mountain hikings can
Zona este situat la 8 km de Negreti Oa, be organized on marked hiking trails.
pe drumul naional care leag Satu Mare Sources of bicarbonate mineral water can
de Sighetu Marmaiei, n pitoreasca ar a be found here, which are recommended
Oaului, pe cursul superior al prului Talna for digestive disorders and diabetes.
Mare. On Pietroasa Peak there is a natural
Are o suprafa de cca. 250 ha, aflndu-se monument, called the Sphinx of Oas, a
strange form of volcanic rock.
la o altitudine medie de 500 m, la baza
pantelor nordice ale Vrfului Pietroasa
(1.201 m) i ale Muntelui Mic (1.013 m).
Exist posibiliti de campare sau de
cazare la cabane. Se pot realiza i drumeii
montane pe trasee marcate. Aici se gsesc
i izvoare de ap mineral bicarbonatat,
indicate n afectiuni digestive i diabet
zaharat.
Pe Vrful Pietroasa se afl Monumentul
natural Sfinxul Oaului, o ciudat form de
roc vulcanic.

52
Locul cel mai ndrgit al Zona agrement
pescarilor din jude.
Clineti-Oa
The most beloved place of
fishermen of the county.
Clineti-Oas
Recreational area
Localitatea Clineti Oa este situat n
nordul lacului cu acelai nume, la o distan
de 12 km de oraul Negreti. Barajul este cu
lac de acumulare format pe valea rului Tur
care a devenit un punct de atracie turistic,
datorit unui decor natural format din pdurile
de foioase care acoper versanii ce descind
spre malurile lacului. Barajul are o suprafa
de aproximativ 300 ha luciu de ap, loc ideal
pentru amatorii de pescuit.
Clineti Oa is located in the north of the
lake with the same name, at a distance of 12 km
from Negreti. The dam has a lake formed on the
Tur river, which has become a tourist attraction
thanks to the natural landscape composed
of deciduous forests that cover the slopes
descending to the shores of the lake. The dam has
an area of approximately 300 ha of water, ideal
for fishing enthusiasts.

53
Oas Land
Divertisment Tara Oasului datorit formelor de
relief i reelei hidrografice pe care
i sport o are ofer posibilitatea practicrii
activitilor sportive terestre, nautice
i aeriene.
Entertainment
and Sport
Relifeul depresionar i cu o
bogat reea hidrografic permit
locuitorilor aezrilor oeneti i,
implicit, turitilor practicarea unor
sporturi de divertisment i recreere,
cum ar fi: zborul cu parapanta (de
pe Dealul Tmpa), drumeii alpine,
pescuit, not, plimbri cu barca.
Lacul de la Clinesti Oa este
recunoscut de pescari ca cel mai
bun loc de agrement din judeul
Satu Mare, datorit dimensiunilor
sale i a varietii speciilor de pete
i psri de ap.
Exist totodat o ntreag reea
de borvizuri i ape minerale care te
mbie la tot pasul, ntr-o generoas
risip a darurilor naturii.
Temerarii care escaladeaz
Vrful Pietroasa sunt rspltii cu
un peisaj pitoresc, noi menionnd
n mod deosebit Sfinxul rii
Oaului, situat n zona Luna es.
Sunt semnalate n zon mai
multe echipe de vntori, ca
dovad a existenei unui nsemnat
numr de animale i psri
slbatice.
Tara Oasului, datorit formelor
de relief i reelei hidrografice, ofer
posibilitatea practicrii activitilor
sportive terestre, nautice i
aeriene, n stare s satisfac toate
preferinele i exigenele.

54
Oas Land, due to its geographical
structure and the hydrographic
network, offers the possibility of
practicing land, water, and air sports.

The depressionary landscape and


a rich hydrographic network allow
the Oa residents and therefore the
tourists, to practice entertainment
and recreational sports, such as
paragliding (on the Tampa Hill),
alpine hiking, fishing, swimming,
and traveling by boat.
The Clinesti Oa Lake is well
known by the fishermen as the
best recreational place in Satu
Mare County, due to its size and to
the variety of fish and water birds
species.
There is also a whole network of
borvizuri (N.T.: sparkling water) and
mineral water that lure you in at
every step, in a lavish waste of the
gifts of nature.
The brave people who escalate
Pietroasa Peak are rewarded with
a picturesque landscape, of which
it is worth noting the Sphinx of
Oas Land, located in Luna Ses.
In the area there are several teams of
hunters, which serve as an indicator
of the existence of a significant
number of wild animals and birds.

Due to the landforms and to the river


system, Oas Land offers the possibility of
practicing land, sea and air sports, sport
that satisfy all tastes and requirements.

55
ara Oaului
Trasee
turistice
Tourist trails
alpinet.org

Comuna Vama - Valea Talna Mic - Bile Cabana Smbra Oilor (Huta
Puturoasa - Vrful Muntele Mic (Mica, Certeze) - Vrful Vezeului (1057)
Heghia 1012) - Vrful Pietroasa (1200) - - Vrful Tribuoru (976) - Vrful
Dealul Soci - Valea Pistruia - Satul Blidari Rotundu (1240)
Vama Talna Mic Valley Puturoasa Smbra oilor Cabin (Huta Certeze)
Baths Muntele Mic Peak (Mica, Heghia Vezeului Peak (1057) - Tribuoru Peak
1012) The Pietroasa Peak (1200) Soci (976) - Rotundu Peak (1240)
Hill - Pistruia Valley - Blidari Village
Satul Certeze - Valea eltruc - Vrful Negreti-Oa - Valea Turul - Valea
Buianu (1167) - Cabana Silvica eltruc Goroha - Cabana Silvica Selatruc
Certeze Village - eltruc Valley - Buianu Negreti-Oa Turul Valley - Goroha
Peak (1167) - Selatruc Silvica Cabin Valley - Selatruc Silvica Cabin

Negreti-Oa - Valea Adnc - Ctun Comuna Huta Certeze - Petera


Luna (cabana Silvica) - Vrful Pietroasa Florii - Izvorul Delta - Vrful
(1200) Rotundu (1240)
Negreti-Oa - Adnc Valley Luna Huta Certeze Village Florii Cave -
Hamlet (Silvica Cabin) Pietroasa Peak Delta Spring - Rotundu Peak (1240)
(1200)

Gastronomie
Gastronomy
Vechi agricultori i pstori, locuitorii
rii Oaului, prin tradiie se hrnesc
cu roadele pmntului. n prezent au
ajuns s fie renumii prin plinca de
prune, tocana cu brnz i boacele cu
psat.
Plincia produce renumita butur
a oanului, un elixir miraculos, care
nsoete viaa acestuia n toate
momentele.
The residents of Oa Land are old The plum brandy manu-
farmers and herdsmen and traditionally, facturing produces the fa-
they feed with the fruits of their harvested mous drink of the Oas peo-
land. Nowadays, they are renown for ple, a miraculous elixir that
their plum brandy, cheese goulash and accompanies their lives at all
boacele (N.T.: specific stuffed cabbage times.
rolls with porriddge).

56
Graiul oenesc Language of Oas Land

a boli - a fi bolnav timp ndelungat ghep -ntindere de iarb, gazon,


a bonlui - a trana animale pune
a bzi - a deranja, a nu da pace, a zhi gui - sarmale
a cclui - a mzgli pe hrtie hami - mecher
a celui - a ademeni, a pcli pe cineva, a hasbrude - haine
tria hr - murdrie sau jeg (adj. hros -
a cirui - a sfrma, a sparge despre o persoan sau pies
a dtui - a duce cu vorba, a pcli vestimentar murdar)
a dinte - adineaori, mai devreme hertelean - n grab, pe fug
a fuitui - a rmne fr aer hir - renume, vorb (ex. i sa dus
a fuci - a fluiera vorba)
a giag - argil, argilos holate - construcie n gospodrie (pl.
a hurului - a face treab prin cas i pe holi)
lng cas jgrare - grea, lehamite
a multui - a chefui, a petrece lotru - sprinten, harnic, ndemnos
amu - acum mnnl - mrunt
a scocior - a scurma mejda - demarcaie care separ dou
a srmlui - a negocia, a se ncuraja reciproc proprieti de teren
a toi - a striga la cineva, a ridica tonul, a micoraii - mecherii sau mnreli
admonesta mnerial - colorantul albastru cu care se
a tomni - a repara, a negocia condiiile zugrveau casele oeneti
unei cstorii mneru - albastru
a trojni - a sparge prin presare morosv - viiniu
a trufalui - a glumi cu cineva sau pe seama moni - chibrituri
cuiva mnealco - mndru, ano se mai folosete
a zhi - a deranja, a nu da pace nimurui - nimnui
a mburda - a rsturna, a te ntinde n pat cu plincie - instalaie de producere a plincii
scopul de a te odihni sau dormi piciouci - cartofi
a nhiera - a enerva pit - pine
a puri - form specific de cntec pomat - partea superioar a unei fuste
oenesc, mai degrab a striga n oeneti, cea cu care fusta se
versuri dect a cnta ceva. prinde de trupul femeii
boace - sarmale porodici - roii
boghet - destul, de ajuns puciure - ciotul rmas n pmnt dup
borcut - ap mineral deosebit de tierea porumbului sau a florii
concentrat cu un gust aparte soarelui
bot - b rpe - cartofi
castrafuse - lucruri expresie... ia-i catrafusele ronghi - crp
chischineu - batic ruj - floarea soarelui
ciurgu - izvor de ap srnttu - spaiu din grajd mprejmuit n
cottoare - oglind care se aduce temporar fnul
crumpei - cartofi din pod
drab - bucat, porie, col - de ex. o scrnciub - leagn
drab de pit, sau o drab de traf - crua tras de cai
pmnt por - sob de gtit
fedeu - capac de oal temeteu - cimitir
fodr - dantel tin - noroi (tinos - adj. nnoroiat)
foi - copii mici tocan - mmlig
fci - coji de semine topenci - nclminte
fitlam - glum proast, bajocur, mito trna - prisp, pridvor, cerdac
(ex. bun eti de fitlamuri) uiag - sticl, recipient din sticl
gvozd - cep, pan (se folosete i ca verb: vrani - poart
a gvozdi) zongor - chitar care acompaniaz cetera

57
mprejurimi
Surroundings

Castelului Krolyi Krolyi Castle


este situat n centrul oraului is located in the center of
Carei. Carei city.
It is the first known
Prima reziden cunoscut residence of the Krolyi family
a familiei Krolyi la Carei in Carei city, dating from the
dateaz de la sfritul secolului late fifteenth century. Due
al XV-lea. Datorit poziiei sale to its strategic position and
strategice i a formei solide, n solid form, in the seventeenth
secolul al XVII-lea cetatea din century, the Carei fortress
Carei face parte din sistemul was part of the fortification
de fortificaii mpotriva system against the Ottoman
turcilor. Turks.

Cimitirul Vesel
Aflat n localitatea Spna, judeul
Maramure, Cimitirul Vesel este faimos pentru
crucile mormintelor viu colorate i mpodobite
cu epitafe vesele, amintind de obiceiurile bune
i rele pe care le-au avut cei ce odihnesc aici.
Ineditul acestui cimitir este diferenierea
fa de majoritatea culturilor popoarelor, care
consider moartea ca un eveniment foarte
solemn

The Merry Cemetery


Is located in Spna, Maramures County.
The Merry Cemetery is famous for the tombs
crosses, which are colorful and decorated with
cheerful epitaphs, recalling the good and bad
habits belonging to the ones that rest there.
The uncommon feature of this cemetery is the
difference made in relation to the majority of the
peoples cultures, who consider death as a very
solemn event. www.sapanta.ro

58
Mnstirea Spna-Peri, aezat
pe malul romnesc al rului Tisa, n Parcul
Dendrologic Livada, n imediata apropiere a
graniei cu Ucraina, a fost construit n amintirea
vechii mnstiri Peri, distrus n anul 1761 de
ctre trupele generalului austriac Bukow, din
cauza faptului c romnii refuzau s treac la
catolicism.
Este cea mai nalt construcie din lemn a
Europei - 75m.

The Spna-Peri Monastery, located


on the Romanian bank of the Tisa river, in the
Livada Arboretum Park, near the border with
Ukraine, was built in memory of the old Peri
monastery, destroyed in 1761, by the troops of the
Austrian general Bukow, because the Romanians
refused to convert to Catholicism.
It is the tallest wooden building in Europe - 75 m.

www.cffviseu.com www.sapanta.ro

Valea Vaserului, este o zon ce Vaser Valley is an area that is


face parte din Parcul Natural Munii part of the Maramures Mountains
Maramureului Natural Park
Cel mai frumos mod s vezi aceast vale The nicest way to see this wild
valley is to take a ride with Mocnia,
slbatic este o plimbare cu Mocnia, un a train that travels on a narrow line
tren de linie ngust (760 mm) care plimb (760 mm), transporting tourists on a
turitii pe o distan de 56 km la o iueal distance of 56 km with a maximum
maxim de 30 km/or speed of 30 km/hour.

59
Oas Land
Info LINK

www.galtaraoasului.ro www.oas.ro www.tara-oasului.com www.negresti-oas.ro

Hoteluri i Pensiuni HOTELS - GUEST HOUSES


Telefon / Fax: Mail / Web
+40.261.806.292 office@hotel-valea-mariei.ro
Hotel Valea Mriei +40.261.854.638 www.hotel-valea-mariei.ro
Pensiunea Pstrvrie Boda Oanu
Pensiunea Smbra Oilor +40.261.859.105
+40.261.859.044;
Pensiunea Huta Certeze +40.744.520.193 www.hutacerteze.ro

Pensiunea Diana +40.261.855.010 pensiuneadiana@gmail.com

Trguri tradiionale Traditional fairs


Zi desfurare Locaie Day of event Location
Luni Orau Nou/Clineti Oa Monday Orau Nou/Clineti Oa
Miercuri Bixad Wednesday Bixad
Joi Tur/Gherta Mic Thursday Tur/Gherta Mic
Vineri Negreti Oa Friday Negreti Oa
Smbt Batarci Saturday Batarci

Bibliografie REFERENCES
ANDRON, Ioni G. Raca vatr de neam romnesc, MULEA, Ion Cercetri folclorice n ara Oaului,
Baia Mare, Ed.Gutinul, 1996 Anuarul Arhivei de Folclor, 1, Cluj, 1932, p. 117-237
ANDRON, Ioni G. Smbra oilor din ara Oaului NISTOR, Ioan La grania cu Steaua Polar. O schi
(pliant), Satu Mare, [1972] sentimental a rii Oaului (n: Iancu, tefan ara
BNEANU, Tancred Portul popular din ara Oaului album fotografic, prefa de Ioan Nistor,
Oaului, [Bucureti], Editura de stat pentru literatur i Satu Mare, 2006)
art, [1955] SCURTU, Vasile Cercetri folclorice n Ugocea
BITIRI, Maria; SOCOLAN, Aurel Cercetri paleolitice n romneasc (jud. Satu Mare), n Anuarul Arhivei de
ara Oaului, Muzeul regional Maramure, [Baia Mare], Folklor, Cluj, vol. VI (1942), p. 123-300
[1966], 24p. Satu Mare. Studii i comunicri. Muzeul Judeean
CANDREA, I. A. Graiul din ara Oaului, Bucureti, Satu Mare
1907. ara Oaului - ntre tradiie i inovaie, Serie nou,
CHIOREANU-OA, Ioan Muzic popular din ara Negreti Oa, 2007-2010
Oaului, Baia Mare, Editura Zestrea, 2007 http://www.tourmanager.ro
FOCA, Gheorghe ara Oaului. Cultura material. http://www.infopensiuni.ro
Studiu etnografic, Bucureti, Muzeul Satului, 1975 http://www.carpati.org
FOCA, Gheorghe Spectacolul nunii din ara Oaului, www.negresti-oas.ro
Satu Mare, Ed. Muzeului Stmrean, 1999, 335 p. http://adevarul.ro
Ghid cultural al judeului Satu Mare, Inspectoratul http://www.turismland.ro
pentru cultur, 1998 www.oasmuseum.ro
ILIE, Marin ara Oaului. Studiu de geografie http://www.romanialibera.ro
regional. Cluj Napoca, Presa Universitar Clujean, 2006

60