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Maha George Zia Assistant Professor Electrical Engineering Department

Maha George Zia

Assistant Professor Electrical Engineering Department

Maha George Zia Assistant Professor Electrical Engineering Department
Maha George Zia Assistant Professor Electrical Engineering Department
Maha George Zia Assistant Professor Electrical Engineering Department
Maha George Zia Assistant Professor Electrical Engineering Department
 BJT AC Models  The r-parameters and h-parameters  Common Emitter (CE) Amplifier

BJT AC Models The r-parameters and h-parameters

Common Emitter (CE) Amplifier

 BJT AC Models  The r-parameters and h-parameters  Common Emitter (CE) Amplifier
 BJT AC Models  The r-parameters and h-parameters  Common Emitter (CE) Amplifier
 BJT AC Models  The r-parameters and h-parameters  Common Emitter (CE) Amplifier
 BJT AC Models  The r-parameters and h-parameters  Common Emitter (CE) Amplifier

1- r-Parameters

The r-parameters for a BJT is

listed in the table

1- r-Parameters The r-parameters for a BJT is listed in the table Relation of transistor symbol
1- r-Parameters The r-parameters for a BJT is listed in the table Relation of transistor symbol

Relation of transistor symbol tor-parameter model

1- r-Parameters The r-parameters for a BJT is listed in the table Relation of transistor symbol

To calculate the approximate value of r’e which is also temperature dependent and is based on an ambient temperature of 20°C

dependent and is based on an ambient temperature of 20 ° C  The difference between

The difference between β ac and β DC is illustrated below

based on an ambient temperature of 20 ° C  The difference between β a c
based on an ambient temperature of 20 ° C  The difference between β a c
based on an ambient temperature of 20 ° C  The difference between β a c
based on an ambient temperature of 20 ° C  The difference between β a c
based on an ambient temperature of 20 ° C  The difference between β a c

2- The h- parameters

2- The h- parameters  Relationship of h- parameters and r- parameters

Relationship of h- parameters and r- parameters

2- The h- parameters  Relationship of h- parameters and r- parameters
2- The h- parameters  Relationship of h- parameters and r- parameters
2- The h- parameters  Relationship of h- parameters and r- parameters
 CE amplifiers exhibit high voltage gain and high current gain The ac equivalent is

CE amplifiers exhibit high voltage gain and high current gain The ac equivalent is obtained by:

1. Setting all dc sources to zero and replacing them by a short-circuit equivalent 2. Replacing all capacitors by a short-circuit equivalent At the beginning of analysis we will not take the effect of R L

Fig1 . CE Amplifier C 1 ,C 3 are called coupling capacitors C 2 is
Fig1 . CE Amplifier
C 1 ,C 3 are called
coupling capacitors
C 2 is called bypass
capacitor
 Theveninizing the bias circuit and applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the base-emitter circuit, DC

Theveninizing the bias circuit and applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the base-emitter circuit,

the bias circuit and applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the base-emitter circuit, DC equivalent circuit of

DC equivalent circuit of

Fig.1

the bias circuit and applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the base-emitter circuit, DC equivalent circuit of
the bias circuit and applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the base-emitter circuit, DC equivalent circuit of
the bias circuit and applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the base-emitter circuit, DC equivalent circuit of
the bias circuit and applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the base-emitter circuit, DC equivalent circuit of
the bias circuit and applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the base-emitter circuit, DC equivalent circuit of
the bias circuit and applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the base-emitter circuit, DC equivalent circuit of
AC equivalent circuit for the amplifier in Fig.1 AC equivalent of the base circuit If

AC equivalent circuit for the amplifier in Fig.1

AC equivalent circuit for the amplifier in Fig.1 AC equivalent of the base circuit If R

AC equivalent of the base circuit

If R s << R in(tot) then V b =V in , where V b is the input voltage, V in is the input to the amplifier

:

t o t ) then V b =V i n , where V b is the
t o t ) then V b =V i n , where V b is the
t o t ) then V b =V i n , where V b is the
t o t ) then V b =V i n , where V b is the

The input resistance looking in at the base is:

 The input resistance looking in at the base is:  The base voltage is: 

The base voltage is:

Since I c I e

is:  The base voltage is:  Since I c ≈ I e  Then substituting
is:  The base voltage is:  Since I c ≈ I e  Then substituting

Then substituting for v b and I b :

base voltage is:  Since I c ≈ I e  Then substituting for v b

Cancelling I e :

base voltage is:  Since I c ≈ I e  Then substituting for v b
base voltage is:  Since I c ≈ I e  Then substituting for v b

Q1. Determine the signal voltage at the base of the transistor in Fig.1, with a 10 mV rms, 300 Ω signal source. I E was previously found to be 3.80 mA.

The equivalent circuit is shown below

10 mV rms, 300 Ω signal source. I E was previously found to be 3.80 mA.
10 mV rms, 300 Ω signal source. I E was previously found to be 3.80 mA.
10 mV rms, 300 Ω signal source. I E was previously found to be 3.80 mA.
10 mV rms, 300 Ω signal source. I E was previously found to be 3.80 mA.
10 mV rms, 300 Ω signal source. I E was previously found to be 3.80 mA.
 The output resistance is:  The voltage gain of CE amplifier is show in

The output resistance is:

The voltage gain of CE amplifier is show in Fig. below



but

 Then
Then
gain of CE amplifier is show in Fig. below  but  Then  The overall
gain of CE amplifier is show in Fig. below  but  Then  The overall

The overall voltage gain of the amplifier is:


gain of CE amplifier is show in Fig. below  but  Then  The overall
gain of CE amplifier is show in Fig. below  but  Then  The overall
gain of CE amplifier is show in Fig. below  but  Then  The overall

The current gain of CE Amp. is:


 The current gain of CE Amp. is:   The emitter bypass capacitor, which is

The emitter bypass capacitor, which is C 2 in Fig.1, provides an effective short to the ac signal around the emitter resistor, thus keeping the emitter at ac ground, where;

the emitter resistor, thus keeping the emitter at ac ground, where;  The voltage gain without

The voltage gain without a bypass capacitor is:

the emitter resistor, thus keeping the emitter at ac ground, where;  The voltage gain without
the emitter resistor, thus keeping the emitter at ac ground, where;  The voltage gain without
the emitter resistor, thus keeping the emitter at ac ground, where;  The voltage gain without

Effect of a Load on the Voltage Gain is:

 Effect of a Load on the Voltage Gain is: Replace R C by R c

Replace R C by R c :

a Load on the Voltage Gain is: Replace R C by R c : Q2. For
a Load on the Voltage Gain is: Replace R C by R c : Q2. For

Q2. For the circuit show below, select a minimum value for the emitter

bypass capacitor, C2, if the amplifier must operate over a frequency range

from 200 Hz to 10 kHz. Calculate the base-to-collector voltage gain of the amplifier both without and with an emitter bypass capacitor if there is no load resistor.

voltage gain of the amplifier both without and with an emitter bypass capacitor if there is
voltage gain of the amplifier both without and with an emitter bypass capacitor if there is
voltage gain of the amplifier both without and with an emitter bypass capacitor if there is
voltage gain of the amplifier both without and with an emitter bypass capacitor if there is
The value of r’ e = 6.58 Ω, for the amplifier of voltage gain is:
The value of r’ e = 6.58 Ω, for the
amplifier of
voltage gain is:
Without C2, the

With C2, becomes:

The value of r’ e = 6.58 Ω, for the amplifier of voltage gain is: Without
The value of r’ e = 6.58 Ω, for the amplifier of voltage gain is: Without
The value of r’ e = 6.58 Ω, for the amplifier of voltage gain is: Without
The value of r’ e = 6.58 Ω, for the amplifier of voltage gain is: Without
The value of r’ e = 6.58 Ω, for the amplifier of voltage gain is: Without

H.W For the amplifier shown below:

(a) Determine the dc collector voltage.

(b) Determine the ac collector voltage.

(c) Draw the total collector voltage waveform and the total output voltage waveform

the ac collector voltage.  (c) Draw the total collector voltage waveform and the total output