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Project Title: SINCOR, C. A.

Sincor Document: CA04-04-33-P-SP-033-X0


Sincor Interface Code: 0
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SINCOR, C.A.

LOW VOLTAGE VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE


ACTIVE FRONT END OR REGENERATIVE TYPE

REVISION INDEX:
This Document Consist of 31 pages

No. Prepared Checked Project Approved Reason for


By/Date By/Date Approved BY/Date Revision
By/Date
K.G. B.D. E.J. Issued for
C0 FEB 14, 2005 FEB 14, 2005 FEB 14, 2005 Design
X0 A. Avila / C. A. Avila S. Cuesta J. Riera Update As
Ramos SINCOR SINCOR SINCOR built by
SINCOR 12-05-05 12-05-05 12-05-05 SINCOR
12-05-05 Rev. 2005

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INDEX

PAGE

1. SCOPE 4

2. CODES AND REGULATIONS 5

3. ENVIRONMENTAL SITE CONDITIONS 7

4. GENERAL 8

5. VSD TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (CONTROLLER) 9

5.1. Technology 9

5.2. Technical Characteristics 9

5.3. Operating Conditions 10

5.4. User Interface 11

5.5. Control Functions 11

5.6. Communications 15

5.7. System Interfaces and Accesories 16

5.8. Monitoring and Displays 20

5.9. Protective Functions 21

5.10. Application Software 22

6. CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS 24

6.1. General 24

6.2. Power and Earthing Buses 24

6.3. Enclosure 25

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6.4. Wiring and Terminations 26

6.5. Space Heaters 28

6.6. Nameplates 28

7. HARMONIC ANALYSIS 29

8. SHOP INSPECTION AND TESTING 30

9. SPARE PARTS 30

10. VENDOR DOCUMENTS 30

11. CERTIFICATES AND WARRANTIES. 31

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1. SCOPE

A. This specification covers the basic requirements for the design, engineering, testing,
certifying, installing and commissioning of Regenerative or Active Front End (AFE) Variable
Speed Drive, hereinafter assigned as VSD and shall power the Progressive Cavity Pumps
(PCP), Electro Sumergible Pumps (ESP), Multiphase Pump (MPP) or Electro Submergible
Progressive Cavity Pumps (ESPCP) motors that should be installed at the new SINCORs
clusters.

B. The sizing of the VSD and motor shall be determined from the maximum range of the pump
that would be installed in the field and shall have the ability to operate at minimal flow rates
without significant affect on efficiency.

C. The VSD shall be installed indoors with enclosure IP 23 as indicated in CA04-04-33-P-DC-


101 and the electrical motor shall be installed outdoors.

D. The electrical motor shall be induction (asynchronous) and certified to be used and powered
by VSD. The motor technical requirements are stated in separated specifications numbers
CA04-04-33-P-SP-018 and the Data Sheet of the Electrical Motor.

E. To comply with the standard IEEE 519 1992, the manufacturer of the VSD shall perform a
harmonic study that evaluates the total harmonic distortion (THD) for voltage and current
between the cluster and existing electrical power system assuming that the same type of
VSD shall be installed at each cluster. Each cluster should be considered to have 25 PCPs
and 1 MPPs. The project shall expand over time and therefore the recommendation should
address a solution that minimizes the harmonic content at a cluster level to ensure the THD
for the system does not exceed 5 % as the standard states.

F. Cables from VSD to the motor and switchgear shall be out of the scope of supply.
Nevertheless, the seller shall inform the buyer of any special technical requirements for
power and control cables connecting the VSD to the motor.

G. It is intended that basic data, component data sheets, arrangement layout and specific
requisition shall supplement this specification. These shall delineate the specific

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requirements for each. In the event of conflict, the specified data sheets in the Material
Requisition (MR) shall take precedence.

H. Vendor shall provide evidence of local support capabilities, spare parts availability and
complete the Questionnaire in Annex 1.

I. The scope of work also includes a complete VSD MOTOR equipment system analysis,
assistance during commissioning and start up, training and spare parts.

Compliance with this specification shall not relieve the Manufacturer of responsibility for
furnishing equipment of proper design, construction and scope of supply, fully suitable for all
specified operating conditions.

The seller shall comply with the requirements of this specification. In case of arising any conflict
between this specification and the Material Requisition (MR) or Data Sheet (DS), the MR shall
take reference. In the event of ambiguity in any portion of the subject documents, it shall be
responsability of the seller to contact SINCOR for clarification.

2. CODES AND REGULATIONS

Except where indicated otherwise in this specification, the design, equipment, materials, and
installation there of, shall conform to as a minimum, the applicable requirements of the latest
edition of the following standards and codes:

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)

European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC)

Venezuelan Cdigo Elctrico Nacional, COVENIN 200 (awaiting revision of COVENIN


from NEC 1990 to NEC 1996 which includes IEC zone classification)

Cdigo Nacional de Seguridad en Instalaciones de Suministro de Energa Elctrica y


de Comunicaciones, COVENIN 734. This document is based in the National Safety
Code of ANSI C2.

Comit Venezolano de Normas Industriales (COVENIN)

Local codes and standards

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The most important publication relevant to the matter of this specification is:

IEC 60034 Rotating Electrical Machines

IEC 60079 Electrical Apparatus for Explosive Gas Atmospheres

IEC 60623 Nickel Cadmium batteries

IEC 60146 Semiconductor converters, parts 1 through 4 as relevant

IEC 60529 Classification of degrees of protection provided for enclosures

IEEE-519 1992 IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for


Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems, 1992.

IEC 60068 Environmental Testing, Part 1: General and Guidance

IEC 61000-3-2 Electromagnetic Compatibility Part 3: Limits - Section 2: Limits


for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current < or =
to 16A per phase), March 1995.

IEC 61000-3-4 Electromagnetic Compatibility Part 3: Limits - Section 4: Limits


for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current >16A
per phase), April 1995.

IEC 61800-2 (1998-03) Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems Part
2:General requirement Rating specifications for low
voltage frequency a.c. power drive systems

IEC 61800-3 (2004-08) Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems Part 3: EMC
requirements and specific test.

Other recognized National Codes and Standards will be accepted, provided the electrical
installation and equipment based on such documents are at least equal to those conforming to
the standards listed above.

Latest editions of applicable SINCOR specifications and addenda including the following:

CA04 - 04 - 33 P DC 101 Electrical System Design Criteria

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CA04 - 04 - 33 P SP 006 Battery, Charger and DC Distribution System Redundant.

CA04 - 04 - 33 P SP 007 Uninterruptible Power Supply.

CA04 - 04 - 33 P SP 018 Low Voltage and Medium Voltage Motors.

The equipment and materials furnished shall be labeled, listed, certified, accepted or otherwise
assured to be safe for the intended use by an internationally recognized testing laboratory.

3. ENVIRONMENTAL SITE CONDITIONS

A. General

Ambient temperature range +18C to +40C

Average relative humidity 71%

Elevation above sea level 118m

Seismic Zone (Per UBC-94) Zone 1 and S Factor = 1.5

B. All equipment shall be treated and packaged for tropical environment, due to possible
storage in an open area before installation or air-conditioning failure. In addition, all
necessary anti-condensation space heaters shall be provided.

C. When this equipment is intended to be installed indoors in mechanically cooled building,


environment conditions to be considered are as follows:

Temperature range 26C +/-2C

Relative Humidity 50% +/-5%

Slight positive pressure

D. Equipment shall comply with IEC-60068 for environmental conditions specified.

If mechanical cooling fails, equipment shall withstand without any damage or degrading a
temperature of 40C and 71% relative humidity.

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E. The equipment shall be located indoors

4. GENERAL

A. Unless otherwise specified, the power shall be drawn from 480 VAC, 3-phase, 3-wire, 60
Hertz and solidly grounded system. Voltage 10% with occasional drops of 20% can be
expected.

B. Unless otherwise specified, the control and instrument power supplies available shall be:

Control 24 VDC

Instrument 24 VDC

C. Enclosure shall be as for indoors installations with IP21.

D. The VSDs should mainly comply with the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) for current and
voltage according to the standard IEEE 519 1992.

E. The VSD and components shall be of, or modification of, the Manufacturers standard
product line in order to facilitate procurement of spare parts.

F. The VSD shall consist of:

a. System cabinet.

b. Main switch with fuses for cable protection/semiconductor protection.

c. Main Contactor.

d. Precharge circuit.

e. Filter LCL.

f. Control Power Supply.

g. Supply side inverter (rectifier section).

h. Motor side inverter (inverter section).


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i. Unit of parameterizing.

j. Control Panel (plugged/unplugged) in the door.

k. The VSD shall have the last generation of IGBTs (Insulated Gate Bipolar
Transistors).

l. The IGBTs modules should be installed either in rectifier section and the
inverter section of the VSD.

5. VSD TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (CONTROLLER)

The VSD should comply with at least the following technical requirements:

5.1. Technology

A. The variable speed drives VSDs shall have the last generation of IGBTs (INSULATED
GATE BIPOLAR TRANSISTORS) and furnished to limit total harmonic distortion (THD) on
power system down to less or equal to 5% for current and voltage as indicated in IEEE 519
1992. The manufacturer shall select the last generation of the IGBTs to achieve that goal.

B. The design of the VSD shall include one precharge circuit with LCL filter and line inverter
with latest generation of IGBTs in rectifier section and latest generation of IGBTs in
inverter section. Control of logic functions will be accomplished through microprocessor
with latest technology and integrated control system.

C. The manufacturer should furnish the appropriate and adequated filter at the output of the
VSD in case of installing ESPs or ESPCPs motors to avoid the resonance phenomenon
because of the transmission of electrical travel waves in the cable between VSD and ESP
or ESPCP.

5.2. Technical Characteristics

The VSD shall be furnished to work as minimum with the following technical characteristics:

OPTIMUM CHARACTERISTICS

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The VSD shall be 100% capable of regenerative power feedback without the need for an
autotransformer. Even during regenerative mode, power losses should not occur as in the
case with a braking resistor. The transition from monitoring to regenerative mode shall be
very quick, with pulse-frequency response. The voltage DC link will be exactly regulated to
ensure optimum supply of the drive inverter and almost independently of the supply
voltage.

MINIMAL NETWORK PERTURBATION.

With the VSD, the harmonics and commutating dips shall be avoided except for a very
small residue. Optimum matching between the electronically controlled active section and
the passive section shall ensure that almost sinusoidal voltages and currents will be
impressed in the direction of the supply and will not occurr network perturbations.

MAXIMUM AVAILABILITY EVEN IF THE SUPPLY SYSTEM IS UNSTABLE.

If the voltage moves outside the permissible range or if it fails completely, the VSD shall be
able to take all the necessary electronics actions to continue working properly in seconds
and the VSD shall automatically resume the set speed after returning the line voltage within
the acceptable range.

The VSD shall maintain a 0,96 to 1,0 true (total) power factor over the specified speed
range, unless otherwise specified in the Data Sheet (DS). This requirement shall be fulfilled
by the VSD preferably without needing additional power factor correction units.

5.3. Operating Conditions

1. Incoming Power: Three-phase, 480 VAC (+10% to -15%) and 60 Hz (+/-5 Hz) power.

2. Output frequency stability of +/-0.05% for 24 hours with voltage regulation of +/-1% of
maximum rated output voltage.

3. Speed regulation of +/- 0.5% of base speed.

4. Insensitive to input voltage phase sequence.

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5. Relative Humidity: 71%.

6. Altitude above sea level: 118mts.

7. Ambient Temperature: +18C to + 40C.

8. Storage Temperature: -40 to 60 C.

5.4. User Interface

The Control Panel should be the user interface to monitor, adjust the parameters and control
all the operations of the VSD.

It shall be mounted on the front side of the enclosure and accessible for the operator.

It shall have an alphanumeric programmable display with high resolution and status indicators
in different languages (Spanish / English as minimum) with at least six (6) lines x 24
characters.

Using the Control Panel should be possible:

a. Make the configuration of the starting data in the VSD.

b. Control the VSD with a reference signal, start, stop and direction commands.

c. Show simultaneously the updated data.

d. Show and adjust the parameters.

e. Show simultaneously the information about the fails.

f. Adjust for contrast with large characters easily visible in normal ambient light.

5.5. Control Functions

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a. Frequently accessed VSD programmable parameters shall be adjustable from a digital
operator keypad located on the front of the VSD.

b. The VSDs shall be programmable with status indicators.

c. Keypads should be able to use plain Spanish words for parameters, status and diagnostic
messages.

d. Keypads shall be adjustable for contrast with large characters easily visible in normal
ambient light.

e. Standard advanced programming and trouble-shooting functions shall be available by using


a personal computers RS-232 port and Windows based software. In addition the
software shall permit control and monitoring via the VSDs RS232 port. The manufacturer
shall supply the compact disk with the required software for this application. An easily
understood instruction manual and software help screens shall also be provided. The
computer software should be used for modifying the drive setup and reviewing diagnostic
and trend information. The VSDs RS232 port shall be located in a safe and accessible
place for the maintenance personnel.

f. The operator shall be able to scroll through the keypad menu to choose among the
following:

a) Monitor

b) Configuration of parameters and / or data setup

c) Actual parameter values

d) Active faults

e) Fault history

f) LCD contrast adjustment

g) Information to indicate the standard software and optional features software loaded.

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g. The following setups and adjustments shall be available but not limited to:

1. Start command from keypad, remote or communications port.

2. Speed command from the keypad, remote or communications port.

3. Selection of motor direction.

4. Maximum and minimum speed limits.

5. Acceleration and desaceleration times, two settable ranges.

6. Critical (skip) frequency avoidance.

7. Starting Torque limit.

8. Running Torque limit.

9. Multiple attempt restart function.

10. Multiple preset speeds adjustment.

11. Catch a spinning motor start or normal start selection.

12. Programmable analog output.

13. DC brake current magnitude and time.

14. Proportional / Integral process controller.

15. Current / Torque limit.

16. Manual Operation activation and setup

17. Slip compensation

18. Slip Ramp activation and setup.

19. Flying start enables and setup.

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20. Bus regulation.

21. Phase loss detection.

22. Compensation.

23. Enable and setup the Boost.

24. Setup of heat sink temperature trip.

h. The variable frequency, variable voltage AC controller shall be vectorial type the latest
technology and suitable for:

1. 110% min. overload for thirty (30) minutes (variable torque load only).

2. +10%, -10% input voltage variations for 1% output voltage regulation.

3. 0-480V, 3 phase output voltage range.

4. Output Frequency: 10 to 120 Hz.

5. Start Frequency: 3 to 20 Hz.

6. High Speed Clamp: 40 to 120 Hz.

7. Frequency Resolution: +/- .1 Hz.

8. Volts/Hertz: 0.7 10 Volts.

i. Adjustable linear acceleration range to match pump-operating range.

1. Acceleration Time: 3 to 200 Sec.

2. Deceleration Time: 3 to 200 Sec.

j. Adjustable voltage boost for increasing starting torque.

1. Voltage Boost: 0 to 200 V AC.

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2. Voltage Boost Sync: 0 to 200 V AC.

k. Instantaneous Over Current (OIT): 170% of Full Load Rating.

l. Adjustable volts per hertz

m. Remote control by 4-20 mA process signal.

n. Convection air cooling

o. High efficiency (>98% at rated load is preferred).

p. High power factor; 0.96 or greater at any speed or load.

q. Forced air-cooling shall be supplied with failure alarms and requires customer approval.

r. Controller electronic shutdown shall be initiated by:

1. Overload in excess of 110% for thirty (30) minutes and short circuit conditions-current.

2. High DC input voltage.

3. Low AC incoming line voltage (480 VAC).

4. Motor thermal overload signal. The manual reset shall be located at the electronic
power supply module.

5. Thermistor input motor over temperature protection.

6. Single phasing.

7. Instantaneous fault (short-circuited output).

8. Line to ground fault.

5.6. Communications

The VSD should be managed from different locations of control and should at least
comply with the following requirements:
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a. The VSD shall include one standard software Modbus facility and link (serial
connection RS-485).

b. The VSD shall give facilities for the link with a computer, which can configure the
equipment and/or load particular applications, via the VSDs RS232 port. Accesible
RS-232 Port for communication link to computer.

c. The interface modules of serial communication shall be available for Modbus.

d. The communication modules shall be connected to the VSD by means of fiber optic
cables.

e. The manufacturer should furnish one fiber optic port too.

5.7. System Interfaces and Accesories

The VSDs should have the following system interfaces and accessories:

A. The VSD shall be provided in a complete wired enclosure with the control system interface
and shall be shown on the contract drawings.

B. Push buttons and indicating lights shall be at least of 22.5 mm diameter and heavy duty oil
tight.

C. Indicating lights shall have enough intensity to be clearly visible when are installed indoors.

D. Clamp type terminal blocks shall be provided for all fields wiring complete with marking tabs
and wire numbers.

E. Internal control wiring shall have ring or sleeve type wire labels.

F. The VSD shall be furnished to have interface with input and output signals with the
following technical characteristics:

Digital I/O

Six (6) Digital Inputs of 24 VDC individually galvanic isolated.

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Three (3) digital output relays of 24VDC switchover contact, Max 2A.

Analog I/O

Three (3) Analog Inputs of 420 mAmp individually galvanic isolated.

Two (2) Analog Output of 420 mAmp individually galvanic isolated.

G. The VSD shall be capable of sensing the following reference loss conditions:

Remote potentiometer wiper loss

2-24V DC signals below 2 volts

4-20ma signals below 4 ma

H. In the event of loss of an analog input reference signal, the VSD shall be user
programmable to the following:

Fault and stop.

Alarm and maintain last reference within 10%.

Alarm and go to preset speed.

Alarm and go to minimum speed.

Alarm and go to maximum speed.

I. Signal loss detection shall be available and the signal is going to be monitored as:

The active Process PI reference or feedback

The active Frequency reference

J. The input and output signals listed above shall be programmable to the following functions
as a minimum:

Digital Input
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Start Forward

Start Reverse

Run Enable

Reverse

External Fault Input

Fault Reset

Multi-step Speed Select 1

Multi-step Speed Select 2

External Motor Overload Trip

Digital Output

Ready

Run

Fault

Fault inverted

Overheat warning

External fault or warning

Reference fault or warning

Warning

Reversed

Multi-step speed selected

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At speed

Motor regulator activated

Output frequency supervision

Control from I/O terminals

Analog Input

Process control speed reference interface

Analog Output

Motor current

Motor frequency

Motor speed

Motor torque

Motor power

Motor voltage

DC link voltage

K. The VSD shall have the following local controls operated by door mounted control switches:

Local Run / Standby / Remote selector switch

Local Speed control potentiometer

VSD Running Indicating light

VSD Fault indicating light

External motor overload reset button

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5.8. Monitoring and Displays

The VSDs should display the following monitoring functions as a minimum:

1. Output frequency

2. Motor speed

3. Pump speed

4. Motor current

5. Motor torque

6. Pump torque

7. Motor power

8. Motor voltage

9. DC-link voltage

10. Time to restart

11. Heat sink temperature

12. Total operating days counter

13. Operating hours (resetable)

14. Total megawatt hours

15. Megawatt hours (resetable)

16. Voltage level of analog input

17. Current level of analog input

18. Digital inputs status


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19. Digital and relay outputs status

20. Motor temperature rise, percentage of allowable.

21. Total Harmonic Distortion Voltage and Current.

5.9. Protective Functions

The VSD shall have comprehensive safety and protection features including safety trips in the
event of various internal or external faults conditions. The VSD shall have logic to protect itself
from trips due to improper operation of protective devices.

The VSD shall be furnished at least with the following protective functions:

1. Output Overcurrent

2. DC link Overvoltage

3. Inverter fault

4. DC link Undervoltage

5. Input Voltage Phase loss

6. Output phase loss

7. Under-temperature

8. Over-temperature

9. Motor blocked

10. Motor over-temperature

11. Motor underload or loss detection

12. Logic voltage failure

13. Microprocessor failure


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14. DC injection braking

The VSD constantly shall monitor the heat sink temperature.

The VSD shall provide ground fault overcurrent protection during power-up, starting, and
running. VSDs with no ground fault protection during running shall be not acceptable.

Additional Protections at the input of the VSD should be provided such as:

1. Phase loss

2. Underload

3. Current unbalance

4. Ground (Earth) fault

5. PTC Thermistor monitoring

6. The VSD shall be supplied with overvoltage protection that should de-energize and
isolate the VSD during prolonged input overvoltage. The overvoltage protection setting
shall be specified by the VSD manufacturer and selected to prevent damage to the
VSD. The overvoltage setting should not be below 120% of VSD's rated input voltage.

7. The VSD shall be provided with an alarm system. This system shall consist of visual
and acoustical alarms in the control room and individual annunciator alarms or
equivalents indications at the control equipments cubicles. All alarms shall have a First
out Feature. Acknowledgement of the alarm group in the control room shall silence the
acoustical signal and shall steady the flashing annunciator. Resetting of individual
alarms should only be possible either by removing the cause or manually at the drive
control cubicle by complying the interlock conditions.

5.10. Application Software

The software should be open in such way that SINCOR shall be able to modify the logic
applications and functions whenever is required.
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SINCOR should be able to upload or download the whole software application without need of
specialist supplier.

In case of being necessary any special tool, it should be supplied with the driver.

The manufacturer should provide a complete functional description of this software.

Control Software

In addition to comply with the Control Functions (point 5.5.) of this section, the manufacturer
shall furnish with the following control functions for the pumps PCP, ESP, ESPCP or MPP as a
minimum:

Protect the rod, tubing and pump from unnecessary stress by accurately controlling the
rod speed within each stroke.

Back Spin Control.

Protect the rods from sudden load changes, minimizing rod stretch and compression.

The following parameters shall be used to control, protect and supervise the pump:

Pump Speed

Motor Speed

Pump Torque

Motor Torque

Active Power

Input Voltage

Output Voltage

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Project Title: SINCOR, C. A. Sincor Document: CA04-04-33-P-SP-033-X0
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6. CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS

6.1. General

The VSD shall be constructed of replaceable subassemblies. Subassemblies that


perform the same control function shall be interchangeable. Components of the
same rating shall be also interchangeable.

The VSD shall be constructed for easing the maintenance and minimize the
downtime. The components shall be grouped by function and shall be
interchangeable between any other components that have the same function.

All power semiconductor-switching modules shall be removable from the front of the
enclosure. When a lifting device is required, the Seller shall provide it.

The unit shall be designed to permit ready access to control modules and printed
circuits boards. The placement of components, test points and terminals shall be
such that they are accessible for circuit checking, adjustments, troubleshooting and
maintenance from the front of the enclosure without removing any adjacent module
or assembly.

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) shall be minimized to ensure that the sensitive


electronics in the converter and other computer system operation are not adversely
affected. All applicable IEC 61000 series standards (in particular, IEC 61000-2-4)
shall be fulfilled.

6.2. Power and Earthing Buses

All power buses shall be of copper. The short circuit rating shall be capable of
withstanding let through current capability of the isolation transformer rating.

All bolted power bus connections shall be of materials against corrosion and be
secured with corrosion resistant, silicon-bronze hardware, including bolts, locking

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washers and nuts or jam nuts. Connections shall be made with a minimum of two
bolts.

A label shall be installed inside each cubicle listing torque requirements for bolted
connections.

A copper earthing bus that extends throughout the length of the stationary structure
shall be provided. The earthing bus shall be designed to carry the maximum short
time current expected for minimum 2 seconds.

The earthing bus shall be rated for the available short-circuit current and electrically
connected together all metallic parts of the assembly.

Provisions for connection of two hole connectors at each end of the earthing bus
shall be provided.

6.3. Enclosure

The enclosure shall comply as a minimum with the following technical characteristics:

The VSD enclosure shall be installed in indoors environment with IP 23 as indicated


in Electrical System Design Criteria number CA04-04-33-P-DC-101.
Ambient temperature: 0 to 50C (32 to 122F)
Storage: -5 to 70C (23 to 158F).
Humidity: 95%, non-condensing.
Enclosure for the VSD shall be suitable for the environment in which they shall be
located and stated in the MR and shall be furnished in according IEC 60529.
Enclosures shall be constructed with stainless or galvanized steel or aluminum or
cast aluminum.
Enclosures shall have the Manufacturers standard finish.
All hardware furnished with enclosures, i.e., hinges, handles assemblies, lock
assemblies, latching assemblies, etc., shall be metal and treated so as to be
corrosion resistant.

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Enclosures shall be properly identified as to contents and purpose. Identification
shall be laminated plastic nameplates with black letters on a white background.
Rigid galvanized steel conduits or pipe to be used only as mechanical protection for
cables, open-ended and without seals and fittings. Cable trays are preferred for
support of cables.
The VSD shall have complete front accessibility with easily removable assemblies.
The enclosure shall be suitable for bottom cable entry for power of the motor (U, V,
W) and control cables.
The input power from the electric network (L1, L2, L3) and control cables shall be
on the top of the enclosure.
Modules and panels shall be protected from condensation. If any part of the
equipment is not going to be installed immediately, it shall be stored in a clean, dry
place and protected from variations in temperature, high humidity, and dust. If
possible, sudden changes in temperature and humidity should be avoided. If the
temperature of the storage room varies to such an extent that the equipment
surfaces are exposed to sweating or freezing conditions, the equipment shall be
protected by a safe, reliable heating system, which will keep the temperature of the
equipment slightly above that of the storage room. If the equipment will be exposed
to low temperature for an extended period of time it should not be unpacked until it
has reached room temperature, otherwise it will sweat. The presence of moisture on
certain internal parts can cause electrical failure.
The enclosure shall be treated and packaged for tropical environment, due to
possible storage in an open area before installation or air-conditioning failure. In
addition, all necessary anti-condensation space heaters shall be provided.
The manufacturer shall specify off load periods even if the ambient temperature is in
the range defined in this specification.

6.4. Wiring and Terminations

A. Control wiring in the motor starter units shall be stranded copper conductors not
less than 1.5mm2 having 600 volt 90C minimum operating temperature heat
resistant insulation.

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B. Power wiring from motor controller to motors shall be 4mm2 minimum, having 600
volt 90C minimum operating temperature heat resistant insulation.

C. Control wiring shall be terminated on marked terminal blocks. 20% spare terminal
points shall be provided on terminal block for use by others.

D. Control wiring in the VFD shall be marked with heat shrink type wire markers.

E. Control wiring shall be shielded provided with suitable brackets and connection
accessories for EMC reasons.

F. All internal wiring shall be color coded or tagged with permanent labels at each
termination, junction box and device. Wire label designations and color coding
shall correspond to the schematic and wiring diagrams furnished with the unit.

G. All control wires shall be sized according to the current to be handled.

H. All wiring harnesses shall be securely bundled and supported and shall be
protected against abrasion within the enclosure.

I. Internal wiring shall be connected to only one side of all field wiring terminal
blocks. No more than two wires per terminal shall be permmited for internal wiring
within a panel. No more than one wire per terminal shall be permmited on field
side of the terminal block. A minimum of 10% spare terminal blocks shall be
provided.

J. Terminals or relays, switches, meters or other devices mounted on hinged panels


or doors shall be insulated or protected to prevent accidental contact when panel
or door is opened.

K. Adequate wireways for connection of field wiring from conduit entry to location of
terminal blocks shall be provided in the enclosures.

L. Control and power wiring shall be distinguishable and separated. Low voltage
analog and digital control circuits shall be provided with shield and routed
separately so the power circuit does not induce error.
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M. All compartments containing circuits energized by sources of power that are not
de-energized when the main power disconnect is opened shall be provided with an
isolating device which de-energizes all components, and a red warning nameplate
stating that foreing voltage is present.

N. All exposed non-current-carrying metal shall be electrically bonded to the system


earthing. Individual bonding jumpers shall be provided to interconnect every major
assembly.

O. The serial communication links of all the microprocessor based control,


monitoring, indication, measurement and protective devices shall be pre-wired to
separate terminal blocks.

6.5. Space Heaters

Anti-condentation heaters shall be supplied in each cabinet.

The heaters shall be rated at 240 VAC, but they shall be sized to provide the
required heat output when operated on a 120 VAC system. The surface
temperature of heaters shall never exceed 180C at 110% of supplied voltage and
40C ambient.

The space heaters of the electrical motors (PCP) shall be connected to independent
electrical connection out of principal electrical feeder of the VSD.

6.6. Nameplates

A. Main power terminal shall be clearly marked in accordance with IEC 60146.

B. Each VSD line-up shall be provided with one phenolic main nameplate with black
lettering on white background, mounted in center of VSD line-up. Lettering height
shall be minimum 12.5mm.

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C. Each controller shall have one phenolic nameplate with black lettering on white
background which shall be fastened by means of stainless steel screws. Vendor
may quote an alternate permanent yet changeable method for approval if he
chooses.

D. Lettering height shall be as follows:

1. 3mm minimum for miscellaneous items.

2. 5mm for main titles such as circuit or cubicle designation, motor or feeder
number and service title.

3. 12.5mm for VSD designation.

E. Labels and nameplates shall be mounted on the front of the cubicle with stainless
steel pins or screws.

F. Meters, relays, switches and other devices shall be permanently identified using the
same symbols as those appearing on the schematic diagrams.

G. Termination points for all wiring brought from an external power source shall be
identified by means of a red nameplate with 6 mm or higher white lettering as
follows:

DANGER EXTERNAL VOLTAGE SOURCE

H. All warning and instruction nameplates shall be written in English and Spanish.

7. HARMONIC ANALYSIS

The Seller having unit responsability, shall provide all the necessary studies that warranties and
verifies the VSD shall comply all the requirements as outlined in the latest edition of IEEE 519 for
total harmonic voltage and current distortion and as indicated in this specification.

The magnitude of harmonics reflected or impressed onto the direct connected AC incoming line
shall not adversely affect the existing or the future electrical system.

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8. SHOP INSPECTION AND TESTING

A. The VSD shall be subject to inspection.

B. Each controller unit in Manufacturers shop shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
visual inspection, megger test, load test, voltage and frequency control test, loss
measurements, polarity and phase rotation test, output wave shape test, etc.

C. A complete set of certified test reports shall be provided.

9. SPARE PARTS

The manufacturer shall at least include for each VSD the following spare parts:

A. One Control Board for the rectifier section.

B. One Control Board for the inverter section.

C. One Digital Input Board.

D. One Digital Output Board.

E. One Analogue Input Board.

F. One Analogue Output Board.

The manufacturer shall recommend to SINCOR any other device or part according the experiences
in other similar installations.

The manufacturer shall supply the spare parts for startup of each VSD.

The manufacturer shall include the spare parts list recommended for two years of operations.

10. VENDOR DOCUMENTS

A. The Vendor shall submit with his proposal:

1. Overall dimensions.

2. Approximate weight.

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3. Heat dissipation.

4. Harmonic Study

5. VSD, Motor and Instrument data sheets

6. Proposed P&IDs.

7. Control Description

8. Any Deviations to specification

Official language, unit system, drawings and documentation, identification and folding shall
be as shown by: General Notes for Requisitions.

11. CERTIFICATES AND WARRANTIES.

The manufacturers of Motors and VSD`s shall be responsible for obtaining all coordination of
information needed, such as the planned speed range and VSD harmonics content, with copies of
such correspondences to SINCOR.

The manufacturer of Motors (for PCP application) shall provide to SINCOR the ATEX conformity
certificate given by a Notify Body, which states that the motor in Zone 2 Classification Area shall
work properly with the VSDs .
On the other hand, the manufacturer of the VSD shall provide to SINCOR the certificates given by
international tests and standards described in CODES AND REGULATIONS of this documents. In
this way the manufacturer shall warranty to SINCOR that the VSD`s should work properly with the
motors proposed.
The VSD`s should have warranty of eigtheen (18) months from commissioning or two (2)
years from delivery whatever happens first.

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