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B.A.

II

67$5($/,0,78/7,0/$
)257,(72$5(

%LEOLRJUDILHUHFRPDQGDW
1. &RPSRUWDUHDLFDOFXOXOHOHPHQWHORUGLQEHWRQDUPDW
Radu Pascu
2. Beton Armat (Note de curs) Partea a II-a
7XGRU3RVWHOQLFXL0LKDLMunteanu
3. SR EN 1992-1-1: Eurocod 2 Proiectarea structurilor de beton
4. Reinforced Concrete Mechanics and design (4th edition)
James MacGregor LJames Wight
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQArmat

B.A. II &RQVLGHUDLLLQWURGXFWLYH

3HPVXUFHIRUDWLHWRDUHFUHWHVSRUHWHL
unghiul D GLQWUHRUL]RQWDOLGLUHFLDHIRUWXULORU
principale, astfel nct n zonele de reazem
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
GLUHFLLOHHIRUWXULORUSULQFLSDOHGHYLQvQFOLQDWH.
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 2
B.A. II &RQVLGHUDLLLQWURGXFWLYH

QFRQVHFLQn zonele de reazem fisurile vor


fi de asemenea nclinateXUPULQGGLUHFLLOH
eforturilor principale de compresiune, iar
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
UXSHUHDYDDYHDORFGXSVHFLXQLvQFOLQDWH.
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 3

B.A. II &RQVLGHUDLLLQWURGXFWLYH

*ULQGFXVHFLXQHUHFWDQJXODUGLQWU-un PDWHULDORPRJHQLHODVWLF

W max 1.5W med

V S
Formula lui Juravski: W
bI

b h2 V
Momentul static: S W max 1,5
8 bh
0RPHQWXOGHLQHULH b h3
I
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
12
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 4
B.A. II &RQVLGHUDLLLQWURGXFWLYH

*ULQGFXVHFLXQHUHFWDQJXODUGLQbeton armat

V
W max
b z

V S
Formula lui Juravski: W
bI
b x2
Momentul static: S ne As1 d  x
2 I x
d z
b x3 S 3
0RPHQWXOGHLQHULH I  ne As1 d  x 2
3
Es
ne - FRHILFLHQWXOGHHFKLYDOHQ
Ec
V
W max
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF b z
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 5

B.A. II &RQVLGHUDLLLQWURGXFWLYH

*ULQGFXVHFLXQHUHFWDQJXODUGLQbeton armat

V
W max
b z

'HRDUHFHVXED[DQHXWUDEHWRQXOHVWHVROLFLWDWODIRUIHFDUHSXU
DFHDVWUHODLHSRDWHILHXWLOL]DWFDPVXUDHIRUWXULORUSULQFLSDOH.
7RWXLHDDUHXQFDUDFWHUFRQYHQLRQDOSHQWUXFSUHVXSXQHF
betonul fisurat poate transmite eforturi de forfecare.
QQRUPHHIRUWXOWDQJHQLDOFDOFXODWFXDFHDVWUHODLHHVWHXWLOL]DW
SHQWUXDH[SULPDQLYHOXOGHVROLFLWDUHODIRUWLHWRDUH. n plus,
pentru a simplifica calculul, se admite:

V
z#d W# - INDICE DOLQWHQVLWLLVROLFLWULLODIRUWLHWRDUH
T E A T EH N
bd
RSITA
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 6
B.A. II (YDOXDUHDQLYHOXOXLGHVROLFLWDUHODIRUWLHWRDUH

6ROLFLWDUHDODIRUWLHWRDUHJHQHUHD]Rstare
ELD[LDOGHHIRUWXULNTINDERE-COMPRESIUNE

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 7

B.A. II (YDOXDUHDQLYHOXOXLGHVROLFLWDUHODIRUWLHWRDUH

6ROLFLWDUHDODIRUWLHWRDUHJHQHUHD]Rstare
ELD[LDOGHHIRUWXULNTINDERE-COMPRESIUNE

Pentru ca EHWRQXOVSRDWSUHOXDIRUDWLHWRDUH este necesar


VVHUHVSHFWHFRQGLLLOH

V I d f t' >V I @
d Rt'

V II d f c' >V II dR @ '
c

'DFDUH]LVWHQDODvQWLQGHUHDEHWRQXOXLHVWHGHSLW,
UHVSHFWLYGDFSULPDUHODLHQXHVWHVDWLVIFXWDtrebuie
SUHY]XWHDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH.
'DFDUH]LVWHQDODFRPSUHVLXQHDEHWRQXOXLHVWHGHSLW,
UHVSHFWLYDGRXDUHODLHQXHVWHVDWLVIFXWWUHEXLHPULW
VHFLXQHDGHEHWRQ.
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 8
B.A. II (YDOXDUHDQLYHOXOXLGHVROLFLWDUHODIRUWLHWRDUH

6ROLFLWDUHDODIRUWLHWRDUHJHQHUHD]Rstare
ELD[LDOGHHIRUWXULNTINDERE-COMPRESIUNE

Din cauza H[LVWHQHLXQRUHIRUWXULLQLLDOHGHvQWLQGHUHGLQ


FRQWUDFLDvPSLHGLFDWLDPRUVULLXQRUILVXULSURGXVHGH
momentul ncovoietor, VHFRQVLGHUFft'=0,5ft.
3UH]HQDVLPXOWDQDHIRUWXULORUGHvQWLQGHUHUHGXFH
VHPQLILFDWLYUH]LVWHQDEHWRQXOXLODFRPSUHVLXQHDVWIHOvQFkW
VHFRQVLGHUFfc'=4ft IDGHFFD y20)ft vQFD]XOXQHLVWUL
uniaxiale de compresiune.
Astfel, conform STAS 10107-GDF
V - DUPWXULOHGHIRUWLHWRDUHQXVXQWQHFHVDUH
 0.5 f t
bd
V
0.5 f t d d 4 ft - WUHEXLHSUHY]XWHDUPWXULGHIRUWLHWRDUH
bd
V
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
! 4 ft - WUHEXLHPULWVHFLXQHDGHEHWRQ
bd
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 9

B.A. II 0HFDQLVPHGHUH]LVWHQ

)RUDWLHWRDUHHVWHHJDOFXYDULDLDPRPHQWXOXL
ncovoietor n lungul grinzii. Cum, ntr-RJULQGGH
beton armat, momentul ncovoietor este produsul
GLQWUHIRUDGHvQWLQGHUHGLQDUPWXULLEUDXOGH
prghie al eforturilor interneUH]XOWF

Mecanism de Mecanism
*5,1' de ARC

'HFLIRUDWLHWRDUHSRDWHILHFKLOLEUDWILHSULQ
YDULDLDIRUHLGHvQWLQGHUHGLQDUPWXULILHSULQ
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
YDULDLDEUDXOXLGHSkUJKLHDOHIRUWXULORULQWHUQH
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 10
B.A. II 0HFDQLVPHGHUH]LVWHQ

0HFDQLVPXOGH*5,1'

6HED]HD]SHtransmiterea eforturilor de
IRUIHFDUHvQVHFLXQLRUL]RQWDOHSULQDGHUHQ
GHODDUPWXUDvQWLQVODEHWRQXOILVXUDW LDSRL
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA SULQEHWRQFWUH]RQDFRPSULPDWDVHFLXQLL
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 11

B.A. II 0HFDQLVPHGHUH]LVWHQ

Mecanismul de ARC

Este bazat pe WUDQVPLWHUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH


SULQFRPSRQHQWDYHUWLFDODIRUHLGH
compresiune GLQELHODvQFOLQDWGHEHWRQ
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 12
B.A. II 0HFDQLVPHGHUH]LVWHQ

Mecanismul Mecanismul
de *5,1' de ARC

&HOHGRXPHFDQLVPHVHSRWGH]YROWDVLPXOWDQGDU
LPSRUWDQDILHFUXLDGHSLQGHGHULJLGLWDWHDUHODWLY
DFHORUGRXPHFDQLVPHODGHSODVULYHUWLFDOH

5DSRUWXOULJLGLWLORUGHSLQGHvQSULQFLSDOGH
raportul dimensiunilor (l/h) ale grinzii

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 13

B.A. II 0HFDQLVPHGHUH]LVWHQ

QDFHVWFDSLWROHVWHVWXGLDW
doar comportarea grinzilor lungi

Grinzi lungi (l/h >  SUHGRPLQPHFDQLVPXOGHJULQG;


Grinzi-SHUHL (l/h <  SUHGRPLQmecanismul de arc;
Grinzi intermediare (1.5 l/h 5): ambele mecanisme.
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 14
B.A. II 0RGHOHGHFDOFXOODIRUWLHWRDUH

Modelul ODHFKLOLEUXOLPLW

XWLOL]DWvQQRUPHOHURPkQHWL 67$6-90)
/DUXSHUHJULQGDHVWHPRGHODWFDGRXFRUSXULULJLGHFDUH
SRWDYHDRURWLUHUHODWLYvQMXUXOXQHLDUWLFXODLLVLWXDWvQ
]RQDFRPSULPDWDVHFLXQLL

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
L ( / L
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 15

B.A. II 0RGHOHGHFDOFXOODIRUWLHWRDUH

Modelul grinzii cu zbrele plastice

$IRVWSURSXVvQGHLQJLQHUXOHOYHLDQ5LWWHULvQ
independent, de inginerul german Mrsch
Modelul Ritter-Mrsch este utilizat n mai multe coduri de
SURLHFWDUHQDLRQDOHVLLQWHUQDLRQDOH ',1&(%0RGHO
Code 1990, Eurocode 2)
*ULQGDHVWHPRGHODWFDRJULQGFX]EUHOHSODQvQFDUH
WDOSDFRPSULPDW UHSUH]LQW]RQDFRPSULPDWGHEHWRQ
(din ncovoiere)
WDOSDvQWLQVUHSUH]LQWDUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDODvQWLQV
PRQWDQLL vQWLQL UHSUH]LQWHWULHULL

UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
diagonalele PRGHOHD]bielele comprimate din beton
formate n inima grinzii
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 16
B.A. II 0RGHOHGHFDOFXOODIRUWLHWRDUH

Modelul grinzii cu zabrele plastice

Grinda lung cu armturile principale GHUH]LVWHQ


%LHO Zona
FRPSULPDW FRPSULPDW
vQFOLQDW de beton

$UPWXUDvQWLQV (WULHULvQWLQL
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

Modelul de grind cu zbrele


HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 17

B.A. II

MODELUL LA
(&+,/,%58/,0,7

Conform STAS 10107-0/90

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQArmat
B.A. II 0RGHOXOODHFKLOLEUXOLPLW 67$6-0/90)

Qb IRUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHEHWRQ
Tej, Tik IRUHOHFDUHVHGH]YROWvQDUPWXUDYHUWLFDO HWULHUXO M
UHVSHFWLYvQDUPWXUDvQFOLQDWN
zej, zik GLVWDQHOHDUPWXULORUYHUWLFDOHUHVSHFWLYvQFOLQDWHID
GHSXQFWXOGHDSOLFDLHDOUH]XOWDQWHLHIRUWXULORUGH
compresiune din beton;
si SURLHFLDSHRUL]RQWDODILVXULLvQFOLQDWH
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 19

B.A. II 0RGHOXOODHFKLOLEUXOLPLW 67$6-0/90)

&RQGLLLOHDVRFLDWH6/8VHH[SULPSULQ

3ULPDHFXDLHHVWHYHULILFDWprintr-un calcul direct


A 3-a HFXDLHHVWHYHULILFDWvQPRGLQGLUHFWSULQPVXUL
constructive
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 20
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHEHWRQ

QFD]XOXQXLHOHPHQWGHEHWRQDUPDWIUDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
ntr-o VHFLXQHvQFOLQDWILVXUDWIRUDWLHWRDUHHVWHSUHOXDWSULQ
Forfecare n zona comprimat Qb

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 21

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHEHWRQ

QFD]XOXQXLHOHPHQWGHEHWRQDUPDWIUDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
ntr-RVHFLXQHvQFOLQDWILVXUDWIRUDWLHWRDUHHVWHSUHOXDWSULQ
Efectul de dorn (dowel effect DODUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHQa

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 22
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHEHWRQ

QFD]XOXQXLHOHPHQWGHEHWRQDUPDWIUDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
ntr-RVHFLXQHvQFOLQDWILVXUDWIRUDWLHWRDUHHVWHSUHOXDWSULQ
QWUHSWUXQGHUHD LQWHUORFN QHUHJXODULWLORUEHWRQXOXLGHSH
FHOHGRXIHHDOHILVXULLWin

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 23

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHEHWRQ

Conform STAS 10107/0-90:

b OLPHDVHFLXQLLGHEHWRQ
h0 vQOLPHDXWLODVHFLXQLLGHEHWRQ
p SURFHQWXODUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOH17,16(vQVHFLXQHD
UHVSHFWLYH[SULPDWvQ
Rt* UH]LVWHQDFRUHFWDWODvQWLQGHUHDEHWRQXOXLFDUH
depinde de tipul de solicitare;
si SURLHFLDSHRUL]RQWDODILVXULLFULWLFH
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 24
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHEHWRQ

Conform STAS 10107/0-90:

Qb HVWHSURSRULRQDOFXGLPHQVLXQLOH LQLPLL VHFLXQLLbh0;


Qb HVWHSURSRULRQDOFXUH]LVWHQDODvQWLQGHUHDEHWRQXOXL5t;
Qb FUHWHFXSURFHQWXOGHDUPWXULvQWLQVHGHIDSWFUHWHUHD
FDQWLWLLGHDUPWXUvQWLQVLPSOLFRPULUHD]RQHL
comprimate de beton;
Qb FUHWHFXXQJKLXOILVXULLh0/si = tgT SHQWUXFQb = Cb tgT

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 25

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHEHWRQ

Conform STAS 10107/0-90:

&XFkWILVXUDHVWHPDLDEUXSWFXDWkWIRUD
WLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHEHWRQHVWHPDLPDUH
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 26
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHHWULHUL

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 27

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHHWULHUL

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 28
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHDUPWXULOHvQFOLQDWH

Aai,k Rat
Aai,k Rat sin D
Aai,k Rat

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 29

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

Calculul practic

)RUHOHSUHOXDWHGHHWULHULLGHDUPWXULOHvQFOLQDWHGHSLQGGHXQJKLXO
fisurii nclinate cu axa grinzii.
)RUDWLHWRDUHSUHOXDWGHEHWRQYDULD]LHDvQIXQFLHGHvQFOLQDUHD
ILVXULLGDULQYHUVGHFkWIRUDGLQDUPWXULOHWUDQVYHUVDOH
$WkWvQFHUFULOHH[SHULPHQWDOHFkWLRVHULHGHFRQVLGHUDLLWHRUHWLFH
DUDWFXQJKLXOILVXULLYDULD]vQWUH L:

3HQWUXDJVLUH]LVWHQDPLQLP FDSDFLWDWHDODIRU
WLHWRDUH WUHEXLHFDOFXODWVXPDIRUHORUGLQDUPWXULL
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA beton pentru diverse unghiuri de nclinare a fisurii.
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 30
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

Calculul practic pentru grinzile doar cu ETRIERI

&XPLQb LQe VXQWIXQFLLFRQWLQXHGHVi, trebuie


JVLWPLQLPXOVXPHLIRUHORUGLQEHWRQLHWULHULn
IXQFLHGHXQJKLXOGHvQFOLQDUHT al fisurii
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 31

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

Calculul practic pentru grinzile doar cu ETRIERI

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 32
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

Calculul practic pentru grinzile doar cu ETRIERI

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 33

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

Calculul practic pentru grinzile doar cu ETRIERI

Problema de VERIFICARE

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 34
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

Calculul practic pentru grinzile doar cu ETRIERI

Problema de DIMENSIONARE

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

ne Aae Rat
Se aleg ne L Aae ae d
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF qe ,nec
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 35

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

*ULQ]LOHFX(75,(5,LBARE NCLINATE

QFD]XOFkQGH[LVWLEDUHvQFOLQDWHQXPDLHVWHSRVLELO
VDVHJVHDVFGLUHFWVROXLD Vi,cr LWUHEXLHIFXWHPDL
PXOWHvQFHUFULFRQVLGHUkQGGLIHULWHvQFOLQULDOHILVXULL
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
n domeniul 0,5h0 < si < 2,5 h0.
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 36
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

*ULQ]LOHFX(75,(5,LBARE NCLINATE

7RWXLODFRQVWUXFLLOHFLYLOHX]XDOHGDFVXQWUHVSHFWDWH
regulile constructive, pentru simplificare se poate admite
FILVXUDvQFOLQDWFHDPDLSHULFXORDVvQWkOQHWHXQ
VLQJXUSODQGHDUPWXULvQFOLQDWH.

Q Qb  Qe  Aai Rat sin D



Q  Aai Rat sin D Qb  Qe

6ROXLHDQDOLWLF(si,cr) a
IXQFLHLQeb(si)
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 37

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL4Qcap

Elemente IUDUPWXUWUDQVYHUVDO

VXQWvQJHQHUDOSOFLOHLXQHOHJULQ]LVHFXQGDUHVODE
VROLFLWDWHODIRUWLHWRDUH
IRUDWLHWRDUHFDSDELOHVWHDVRFLDWYDORULLODFDUHVH
SURGXFHILVXUDUHDvQFOLQDW a betonului:

3HQWUXSOFLVHFRQVLGHURYDORDUHPDLPDUHDUH]LVWHQHLHIHFWLYH
ODvQWLQGHUHDEHWRQXOXLGHFkWODJULQ]LSHQWUXFVHLQHFRQWGH
posibilitatea UHGLVWULEXLULLHIRUWXULORUSHOLPHDUHD]HPXOXL,
SUHFXPLGHVODEDSUREDELOLWDWHGHDDWLQJHYDORDUHDPLQLPD
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA UH]LVWHQHLEHWRQXOXLSHWRDWOLPHDUHD]HPXOXL
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 38
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL0Mcap


AaV a z Q x  s ; Q x  s M 2

M2
Va
Aa z

'DFUXSHUHDDUHORFGXSRVHFLXQHvQFOLQDWHIHFWXO
este RFUHWHUHDHIRUWXOXLGHvQWLQGHUHvQDUPWXUD
vQWLQV IDGHVLWXDLDFRUHVSXQ]kQGXQHLUXSHULvQ
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
VHFLXQHQRUPDO Va depinde de M2, nu de M1)
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 39

B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL0Mcap

M r11 Aa  Aai Ra z  Aai Ra zi ; M r22 AaRa z

3HQWUXDHYLWDFHGDUHDHOHPHQWXOXLvQVHFLXQLvQFOLQDWH
M r11 t M r22 zi t z

'DFEDUHOHVXQWvQFOLQDWHOD DFHDVWFRQGLLHHVWH
vQGHSOLQLWGDFSXQFWXOGHULGLFDUHDODUPWXULLvQFOLQDWH
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
este decalat (translatat) cu 0,41z sau, acoperitor, h0/2.
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 40
B.A. II 9HULILFDUHDFRQGLLHL0Mcap
QSUDFWLFvQORFVVHIDFYHULILFULOHSULQFDOFXOVHFRQVWUXLHWHR
GLDJUDPGHPRPHQWHGLODWDWFX0,5h LVHIDFYHULILFULOH UH]LVWHQD
ODvQFRYRLHUHOXQJLPLOHGHDQFRUDUHVHFLXQLOHGHvQWUHUXSHUHDOH
EDUHORU vQVHFLXQLQRUPDOHGDUIDGHGLDJUDPDGLODWDW

0RPHQWHFDSDELOHFRUHVSXQ]WRDUH
DSRUWXOXLILHFUHLEDUH

a VHFLXQHDvQFDUHDUPWXULOHQX
mai sunt necesare din calcul;

b VHFLXQHDGLQFRORGHFDUHEDUHOH
marca 1 sunt utilizate n ntregime,
iar EDUDQXPDLHVWHQHFHVDU
din calcul, astfel nct se poate
vQFHSHULGLFDUHEDUHLGHPDUF

c - VHFLXQHDGLQFRORGHFDUHEDUD
HVWHXWLOL]DWvQvQWUHJLPHLDUEDUD
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
QXPDLHVWHQHFHVDUGLQFDOFXO
UN

d VHFLXQHDdincolo de care bara 3


HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF HVWHXWLOL]DWvQvQWUHJLPH
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 41

B.A. II

67$5($/,0,78/7,0/$
)257,(72$5(

Conform Eurocod EN 1992-1-1

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQArmat
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

(VWHGHQXPLWThe variable strut


inclination method
6HED]HD]SHmodelul grinzii cu
]EUHOH 5LWWHU-Mrsch)
(FXDLLOHGLQ(1-1-DXODED]
RLPSRUWDQWFRPSRQHQWHPSLULF
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 2

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente FDUHQXQHFHVLWDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH

ntr-XQHOHPHQWQHILVXUDWIRUDWLHWRDUHHVWH
SUHOXDWSULQHIRUWXULSULQFLSDOHGHFRPSUHVLXQH
LvQWLQGHUHvQEHWRQ'HSLUHDUH]LVWHQHLOD
vQWLQGHUHDEHWRQXOXLGXFHODDSDULLDILVXULORU
nclinate n inima grinzii.
)LVXULOHGHOLPLWHD]RVHULHGHGLQLGHEHWRQ
vQFDVWUDLvQ]RQDFRPSULPDW.

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 3
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente FDUHQXQHFHVLWDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH

7UDQVPLWHUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUHVHIDFHvQDFHDVW
VLWXDLHSULQXUPWRDUHOHPHFDQLVPH
- )RUHGHOXQHFDUHSUHOXDWHGHbetonul din
]RQDFRPSULPDW
- )RUHGHIUHFDUHvQWUHIHHOHILVXULORU
- )RUHYHUWLFDOHJHQHUDWHGHefectul de dorn
DODUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOH ntinse
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 4

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente FDUHQXQHFHVLWDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH

'DFILVXULOHQXDIHFWHD]WUDQVPLWHUHDHIRUWXULORUGH
lunecare, eforturile de forfecare auSHvQOLPHD
VHFLXQLLRGLVWULEXLHFXRYDORDUHPD[LPFRQVWDQW
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
GLQD[DQHXWULSkQODDUPWXUDvQWLQV
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 5
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente FDUHQXQHFHVLWDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH

'DFILVXULOHQXWUDQVPLWGHORFIRUIHFDUHdintele
OXFUHD]FDRFRQVRO VXEDFLXQHDIRUHLWUDQVPLVSULQ
DGHUHQGHDUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDO
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 6

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente FDUHQXQHFHVLWDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH

6LWXDLDUHDOHVWHLQWHUPHGLDUvQWUHFHOHGRXFD]XUL
extreme, iar un model analitic de calcul este dificil de
realizat.
QFRQVHFLQV-a adoptat o IRUPXOHPSLULFFDUH
FRQLQHWRLIDFWRULLLPSRUWDQLSXLvQHYLGHQGH
vQFHUFULOHH[SHULPHQWDOHUHVSHFWLY
- GLPHQVLXQLOHVHFLXQLL: bw Ld
- SURSULHWLOHPHFDQLFHDOHEHWRQXOXL: fck
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
- FRHILFLHQWXOGHDUPDUHORQJLWXGLQDOvQWLQV: Ul=As/bwd
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 7
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente FDUHQXQHFHVLWDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH

)RUDWLHWRDUHFDSDELO
VRd ,c >C Rd ,c k 100 Ul fck 1 / 3  k1V cp @bw d t VRd
min
,c Q min  k1V cp bw d

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 8

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente FDUHQXQHFHVLWDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH

)RUDWLHWRDUHFDSDELO
VRd ,c >C Rd ,c k 100 Ul fck 1 / 3  k1V cp @bw d t VRd
min
,c Q min  k1V cp bw d

RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 9
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente FDUHQXQHFHVLWDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
'DFYDORDUHDGHSURLHFWDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH - VEd ,
UH]XOWDWGLQFHDPDLGHIDYRUDELOFRPELQDLHGH
vQFUFUL
VEd  VRd ,c

18(67(1(&(6$5$5078575$169(56$/
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUHJHQHUDWGHvQFUFULOH
exterioare aplicate.
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 10

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente FDUHQXQHFHVLWDUPWXULWUDQVYHUVDOH
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
&KLDUGDFQXVXQWQHFHVDUHDUPWXULSHQWUXIRU
WLHWRDUHVHSUHYHGHRDUPWXUWUDQVYHUVDOPLQLP:

Uw
Asw
bw s
! Uw ,min 0.08
fck / fyk

2EV$FHDVWDUPWXUPLQLPVHSRDWHRPLWHODHOHPHQWHODFDUH
HVWHSRVLELOUHGLVWULEXLUHDWUDQVYHUVDODvQFUFULORUFDVSUH
H[HPSOXODSOFL SOLQHQHUYXUDWHVDXFKHVRQDWH 
2EV$UPWXUDPLQLPSRDWHGHDVHPHQHDOLSVLODHOHPHQWH
secundare (ex: la buiandrugi cu deschidere < 2 m) care nu contribuie
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
GHPDQLHUVHPQLILFDWLYODUH]LVWHQDLVWDELOLWDWHDVWUXFWXULL
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 11
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
'DFYDORDUHDGHSURLHFWDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH - VEd ,
UH]XOWDWGLQFHDPDLGHIDYRUDELOFRPELQDLHGH
vQFUFUL
VEd t VRd ,c

(67(1(&(6$5 $5078575$169(56$/
SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUHJHQHUDWGHvQFUFULOH
exterioare aplicate.
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 12

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
6HED]HD]SHPRGHOXOJULQ]LLFX]EUHOH 5LWWHU-Mrsch)
*ULQGDHVWHPRGHODWFDRJULQGFX]EUHOHSODQ
WDOSDFRPSULPDW UHSUH]LQW]RQDFRPSULPDWGH
beton (din ncovoiere)
WDOSDvQWLQVUHSUH]LQWDUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDOvQWLQV
PRQWDQLL vQWLQL UHSUH]LQWHWULHULL vQWLQL
diagonalele PRGHOHD]ELHOHOHFRPSULPDWHGLQEHWRQ
formate n inima grinzii
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 13
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH

Grind lung cu armturile principale GHUH]LVWHQ


%LHO Zona
FRPSULPDW FRPSULPDW
vQFOLQDW de beton

$UPWXUDvQWLQV (WULHULvQWLQL
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

Modelul de grind cu zbrele


HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 14

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
6HSUHVXSXQHFWRDWHILVXULOHvQFOLQDWHIDFDFHODLXQJKLT
cu axa grinziiDFHVWDILLQGLXQJKLXOGHvQFOLQDUHDO
GLDJRQDOHORUJULQ]LLFX]EUHOH
*URVLPHDGLDJRQDOHORUHVWHJURVLPHDPLQLPDLQLPLLbw.
6HSUHVXSXQHGHDVHPHQHDFla SLU toate elementele
JULQ]LLFX]EUHOHVXQWVROLFLWDWHvQGRPHQLXOSODVWLF,
UHVSHFWLYvQHWULHULLDUPWXULOHORQJLWXGLQDOHHIRUWXO
unitar este fywd, respectiv fydvQWDOSDFRPSULPDWHVWHHJDO
cu fcd, iar n betonul diagonalelor cu fcd2 = Qfcd (redus din
T E A T EH N
FDX]DVWULLELD[LDOHGHHIRUWXUL 
RSITA
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 15
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
Modelul adoptat n EC2 QXLQHVHDPDGHHIRUWXULOHGH
OXQHFDUHSUHOXDWHSULQ]RQDFRPSULPDWLSULQIUHFDUHD
ntre fetele fisurii nclinate.
9HULILFDUHDODIRUWLHWRDUHSUHVXSXQH
I. Verificarea la compresiune a bielelor de beton
(diagonalele GZ)
II. 9HULILFDUHDODvQWLQGHUHDDUPWXULLWUDQVYHUVDOH
PRQWDQLL*=
III. 9HULILFDUHDDUPWXULLORQJLWXGLQDOHODvQWLQGHUHD
VXSOLPHQWDUJHQHUDWGHIRUDWLHWRDUH
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 16

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
I. Verificarea la compresiune a bielelor de beton

VEd / sin T VEd


V cw d fcd 2
bw z cos T bw z sin T cos T
ERSITAT E A T EH N
AT
U NIV ICA

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 17
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
I. Verificarea la compresiune a bielelor de beton

3HQWUXDLQHFRQWGHVWDUHDELD[LDOGHHIRUWXUL vQWLQGHUH-
compresiune), UH]LVWHQDODFRPSUHVLXQHDEHWRQXOXLVH
FRUHFWHD]astfel:
fcd 2 Q 1fcd
unde:
fck
Q 1 0.61  - factor de reducere FHLQHFRQW
250
GHVWDUHDELD[LDOGHHIRUWXUL
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 18

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
I. Verificarea la compresiune a bielelor de beton
VEd
V cw d fcd 2
bw z sin T cos T

z | 0.9d
Cum:
sin T cos T 1 / cot T  tan T 0.5 sin 2T

9DORDUHDPD[LPDIRUHLWLHWRDUHDVRFLDW]GURELULL
betonului din diagonalele comprimate este:
VRd ,max bw z fcd 2 sin T cos T
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT

0.9bw d Q 1fcd 0.5 sin 2T


IVE ICA
UN

VRd ,max
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 19
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
I. Verificarea la compresiune a bielelor de beton

3HQWUXDLQHFRQWGHUH]XOWDWHOHvQFHUFULORUH[SHULPHQWDOH
Eurocodul EN 1992-1-OLPLWHD]vQFOLQDUHDELHOHORU la:

21.8q d T d 45q 2.5 t cot T t 1

22q 45q
V Rd ,max
0.31 bw d Q 1 fcd V Rd ,max
0.45 bw d Q 1 fcd
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 20

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
I. Verificarea la compresiune a bielelor de beton

'DF VEd ! VRd45,qmax T ! 45q bielele comprimate nclinate de


EHWRQQXUH]LVWDVWIHOvQFkWHVWHQHFHVDUPULUHD
VHFLXQLLVDXDFODVHLGHEHWRQ.
22q
'DF VEd  VRd ,max
T  22q VHOLPLWHD]XQJKLXOILVXULORU
nclinate la T 22q , respectiv cot T 2.5 .
22q 45q
'DF V Rd ,max
 VEd  V Rd ,max VHFDOFXOHD]:

2VEd
22q  T 0.5 arcsin  45q
bw z Q 1fcd
ERSITAT E A T EH N
AT
U NIV ICA

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 21
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
II. 9HULILFDUHDODvQWLQGHUHDDUPWXULLWUDQVYHUVDOH

Asw DULDWRWDODVHFLXQLORU
EUDHORUYHUWLFDOHale unui plan
de etrieri;
VEd ]G
T AswVsw
s GLVWDQD pasul) dintre etrieri

nw= zcot T/ s QXPUXOSODQXULORU


GHHWULHULLQWHUVHFWDLGHILVXU

VEd VEd
V sw d fywd
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
nw Asw z cot T
Asw
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF s 22
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
II. 9HULILFDUHDODvQWLQGHUHDDUPWXULLWUDQVYHUVDOH

VEd Asw VEd


Din V sw d fywd t
z cot T s fywd z cot T
Asw
s
Cum: z | 0.9d

Asw VEd
t
T E A T EH N
s fywd 0.9d cot T
RSITA
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 23
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
II. 9HULILFDUHDODvQWLQGHUHDDUPWXULLWUDQVYHUVDOH

'HFLGXSGHWHUPLQDUHD DOHJHUHD XQJKLXOXLTFRQGLLD


GHUH]LVWHQLPSXQHFDIRUDWLHWRDUHJHQHUDWGH
vQFUFULVEd VILHLQIHULRDUIRUHLWLHWRDUHFDSDELOH
VRd,s DVRFLDWHLQWUULLvQFXUJHUHDHWULHULORULQWHUVHFWDLGH
fisura cu nclinarea T:

0.9d cot T
VEd d VRd ,s Asw fywk
s
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 24

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
II. 9HULILFDUHDODvQWLQGHUHDDUPWXULLWUDQVYHUVDOH

3HQWUXDUHVSHFWDFRQGLLDGHQRQ-fragilitate, respectiv
SHQWUXDHYLWDUXSHUHDEUXVFDHWULHULORUvQPRPHQWXO
ILVXUULLEHWRQXOXLWUHEXLHSUHY]XWRDUPDUH
WUDQVYHUVDOPLQLP
min
Asw Asw fck
t 0.08bw
s s fywk

Asw fck
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA

Uw t U wmin 0.08
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
bw s fywk
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 25
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
III. 9HULILFDUHDDUPWXULLORQJLWXGLQDOHODvQWLQGHUHD
VXSOLPHQWDUJHQHUDWGHIRUDWLHWRDUH

MEd

Ftd
VEdcot T

(FXDLDGHPRPHQWvQ2
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT

VEd z cos T
IDGHVHFLXQHD<-Y: Ftd z 
IVE ICA
UN

MEd
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF sin T 2 26
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
III. 9HULILFDUHDDUPWXULLORQJLWXGLQDOHODvQWLQGHUHD
VXSOLPHQWDUJHQHUDWGHIRUDWLHWRDUH

MEd
Ftd  0.5 VEd cot T 'Ftd 0.5 VEd cot T
z

&RPSRQHQWDRUL]RQWDODIRUHORUGHFRPSUHVLXQHGLQ
bielele nclinate de beton conduce la PDMRUDUHDIRUHLGH
vQWLQGHUHGLQDUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDOIDGHYDORDUHD
JHQHUDWGHPRPHQWXOvQFRYRLHWRU
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 27
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
III. 9HULILFDUHDDUPWXULLORQJLWXGLQDOHODvQWLQGHUHD
VXSOLPHQWDUJHQHUDWGHIRUDWLHWRDUH

La proiectare trebuie VVHLQFRQWGHDFHVWVXSOLPHQW


att la VWDELOLUHDSXQFWHORUGHULGLFDUHLvQWUHUXSHUH a
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHFkWLODancorarea
DUPWXULORU n zona de reazem.

IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
'Ftd 0.5 VEd cot T
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 28

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
III. 9HULILFDUHDDUPWXULLORQJLWXGLQDOHODvQWLQGHUHD
VXSOLPHQWDUJHQHUDWGHIRUDWLHWRDUH
lbd

lbd

/DUHD]HPHOHPDUJLQDOHVLPSOXUH]HPDWHFKLDUGDFMEd=0,
HIRUWXOvQDUPDWXUODIDDUHD]HPXOXLQXHVWHQXOQFRQVHFLQ
SHUHD]HPDUPWXUDWUHEXLHDQFRUDWODIRUD'Ftd .
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 29
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
'DFUHSUH]HQWPJUDILFPRGXOGHYDULDLHDOIXQFLLORU

Asw VEd Asw Asw 1


fywd z cot T
/ 45q
s s s cot T

'Ftd 0.5 VEd cot T 'Ftd / 'Ftd 45q cot T

bw z fcd 2 VRd ,max 2


VRd ,max
cot T  tan T VRd ,max 45q cot T  tan T
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 30

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
2.0

1.8
'Ftd / 'Ftd 45q
Asw Asw
/ 45q
1.6 s s

Asw Asw 1.4


/ 45q
s s
1.2

'Ftd / 'Ftd 45q 1.0

0.8 VRd ,max


VRd ,max VRd ,max 45q
VRd ,max 45q 0.6

0.4

0.2

0.0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
T q
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 31
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Elemente &$5(1(&(6,7DUPWXUL
transversale SHQWUXSUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH

3HPVXUFHVFDGHvQFOLQDUHDT a diagonalelor:
VHUHGXFHFDQWLWDWHDQHFHVDUGHDUPWXU
WUDQVYHUVDOvQV
FUHWHIRUDVXSOLPHQWDUGHvQWLQGHUHGLQ
DUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDO
9DORDUHDPD[LPDIRUHLGHFRPSUHVLXQHGLQELHOHOH
nclinate de beton corespunde unghiului T = 45q
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 32

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Calculul practic pentru grinzile cu ETRIERI VERTICALI

Problema de VERIFICARE (Caz I)

Se cunosc: b, h, As1, Asw, s, fcd, fywd LVEd


Se cere: SVHYHULILFHGDFVRd VEd

2VEd
Pas 1 'DFVHFXQRDWHVEd T 0.5 sin 1
bw zfcd 2

'DF T  22q 'DF 22q  T  45q 'DF T ! 45q


*ULQGDFHGHD]OD
cot T 2.5 ; z | 0.9d z | 0.9d IRUWLHWRDUHSULQ
Pas 2
zdrobirea diagonalei
d d cot T comprimate de beton
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA VRd 2.25 Asw fywd VRd 0 .9 Asw fywd
s s
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 33
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Calculul practic pentru grinzile cu ETRIERI VERTICALI

Problema de VERIFICARE (Caz II)

Se cunosc: b, h, As1, Asw, s, fcd, fywd


Se cere: &DSDFLWDWHDODIRUWLHWRDUHVRd

Pas 1 n acest caz, unghiul T VHGHWHUPLQDVWIHOvQFkWVVHUHDOL]H]H


HFKLOLEUXOGHIRUHvQQRGXULOH*=UHVSHFWLYSXQkQGFRQGLLD VRd ,max VRd ,s


bw zfcd 2 Asw 1
cot T  tan T s
fywd z cot T T arctan
1 fcd 2  1
Uw fywd

Pas 2 Identic cu cel asociat problemei de verificare (Caz I)
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 34

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Calculul practic pentru grinzile cu ETRIERI VERTICALI

Problema de DIMENSIONARE

Se cunosc: b, h, As1, fcd, fywd , VEd


Se cere: $UPWXUDWUDQVYHUVDOQHFHVDU Asw, s)

Pas 1 6HFDOFXOHD]FDSDFLWDWHDODIRUWLHWRDUHDEHWRQXOXLVLPSOX QHDUPDW 

VRd ,c >C
Rd ,c k 100 Ul fck 1 / 3  k1V cp @bw d t VRd
min
,c Q min  k1V cp bw d

'DFVEd < VRd,c QXHVWHQHFHVDU 'DFVEd > VRd,c (67(1(&(6$5


DUPWXUWUDQVYHUVDO$FHDVWDVH DUPWXUWUDQVYHUVDOSHQWUX
dispune pe criterii constructive. SUHOXDUHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 35
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Calculul practic pentru grinzile cu ETRIERI VERTICALI

Problema de DIMENSIONARE

Se cunosc: b, h, As1, fcd, fywd , VEd


Se cere: $UPWXUDWUDQVYHUVDOQHFHVDU Asw, s)

2VEd
Pas 2 6HGHWHUPLQ T 0.5 sin 1
bw zfcd 2

'DF T  22q 'DF 22q  T  45q 'DF T ! 45q

cot T 2.5 ; z | 0.9d z | 0.9d


Pas 3 Se impune PULUHD

LQLPLLVHFLXQLLde
Asw VEd Asw VEd
t t beton
2.25 d fywd 0.9d fywd cot T
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE

s s
ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 36

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Grinzi cu (75,(5,1&/,1$,

7DOSDFRPSULPDW Biele 7DOSDvQWLQV (WULHULvQFOLQDL

cot T  cot D
VRd ,max bw zfcd 2 (1)
2
1  cot T
Asw
VRd ,s fywd z cot T  cot D sin D (2)
s
T E A T EH N
'Ftd 0.5VEd cot T  cot D (3)
RSITA
AT
IVE ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 37
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Grinzi cu (75,(5,1&/,1$,

7DOSDFRPSULPDW Biele 7DOSDvQWLQV (WULHULvQFOLQDL

Din (1) GLVSXQHUHDHWULHULORUvQFOLQDLUHGXFHIRUD


GHFRPSUHVLXQHvQELHODGLDJRQDOLPUHWHDVWIHO
IRUDWLHWRDUHFDUHSRDWHILSUHOXDWGHEHWRQ
Din (3) GLVSXQHUHDHWULHULORUvQFOLQDLreduce fora
UN
IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
ICA
de ntindere din armatura longitudinal.
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 38

B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

Grinzi cu DUPWXULORQJLWXGLQDOHvQFOLQDWH
Lungimea de
ancorare

Asw,i Asw,i
Vwd ,i Asw ,i fyd sin D

EC2 impune o GLVWDQPD[LPvQWUHSXQFWHOHGH


ridicare a barelor nclinate:
s d 0.6d 1  cot D

IVE
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
EC2 impune ca FHOSXLQGLQIRUDWLHWRDUHV
ILHSUHOXDWFXDUPWXUVXEIRUPGHHWULHUL.
ICA
UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 39
B.A. II Metoda de calcul din EN 1992-1-1

&RQGLLDGHHYLWDUHDFHGULLFDVDQWH(fragile)
3HQWUXDHYLWDDSDULLDXQHLFHGULFDVDQWHSULQ]GURELUHDGLDJRQDOHL
comprimate de beton HVWHQHFHVDUFDIRUDWLHWRDUHFHSURGXFHLQWUDUHD
vQFXUJHUHDHWULHULORUVILHLQIHULRDUIRUHLWLHWRDUHODFDUHVH]GUREHWH
diagonala de beton'HRDUHFHYDORDUHDPD[LPDIRUHLGHFRPSUHVLXQH
din diagonala de beton corespunde unui unghi T=45qGLQFRQGLLD
T 45q
VRd ,S d VRd ,max

VHRELQHFDQWLWDWHDPD[LPDGPLV
GHDUPWXUWUDQVYHUVDO:

 
Asw f Asw b f
0.5 bw cd 2 0.5 w cd 2
s max fywd s max sin D fywd
RSITAT E A T EH N
AT
IVE ICA

Grinzi cu etrieri verticali Grinzi cu HWULHULvQFOLQDL


UN

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
Catedra &RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 40

B.A. II

67$5($/,0,78/7,0/$
)257,(72$5(

9HULILFDUHDDUPWXULLORQJLWXGLQDOHOD
vQWLQGHUHDVXSOLPHQWDUJHQHUDWGHIRUD
WLHWRDUH
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
,9( &$
81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW
B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH

'LQFDX]DIRUHLWLHWRDUHUHVSHFWLYGDWRULW FRPSRQHQWHLRUL]RQWDOHD
IRUHLGHFRPSUHVLXQHGLQGLDJRQDODGHEHWRQHIRUWXOGHvQWLQGHUHGLQ
DUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDOFUHWH IDGHYDORDUHDSURGXVGHDFLXQHD
PRPHQWXOXLvQFRYRLHWRUFX

'Ftd . VEd cot T  cot D



MEd M
Ftd  'Ftd d Ed ,max
z z

$UPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDOWUHEXLHYHULILFDWODRIRUGH
81
,9(
56,7$7($ 7(+1,

&$
vQWLQGHUHPDLPDUHGHFkWFHDFRUHVSXQ]WRDUHvQFRYRLHULL
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH

/DVWDELOLUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHLHYHQWXDOGHULGLFDUH
DDUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHWUHEXLHFRQVLGHUDWVSRUXOGHHIRUW
GDWRUDWDFLXQLLIRUHLWLHWRDUH

3HQWUXVWDELOLUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHVHFRQVLGHUF
2 EDUGHDUPWXUSUHLDRIRUGHvQWLQGHUHHJDOFX
]HURvQSXQFWXOGHvQWUHUXSHUHL RIRUHJDOFX
FDSDFLWDWHDDFHVWHLDODGLVWDQDlbd GHFDSWXOHLLDUvQWUH
81
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56,7$7($ 7(+1,
&$
DFHVWHGRXSXQFWHHIRUWXOGLQEDUYDULD]OLQLDU


HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
QSUDFWLFDGHSURLHFWDUHVHFLXQLOHGHvQWUHUXSHUHULGLFDUH
DDUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHVHGHWHUPLQJUDILFDVWIHO

6HGHWHUPLQGLDJUDPDvQIXUWRDUHGHPRPHQWHvQFRYRLHWRDUH
'LDJUDPDvQIXUWRDUHUHSUH]LQWORFXOJHRPHWULFDOYDORULORUPD[LPHSR]LWLYHL
QHJDWLYH vQILHFDUHVHFLXQHGLQOXQJXOHOHPHQWXOXL

&RQVLGHUkQGFRQVWDQWEUDXOGHSkUJKLHz=ct.VHUHSUH]LQW
GLDJUDPDIRUHLGLQDUPWXUDvQWLQVRELQXWvPSULQGGLDJUDPD
GHPRPHQWHODEUDXOGHSkUJKLH Fs = MEd /z 
3HQWUXUHSUH]HQWDUHVHDGRSWRVFDUFRQYHQDELOSHQWUXOXQJLPL ([ 
81
,9(
56,7$7($ 7(+1,

&$ LRVFDUSHQWUXIRUH ([N1 FP

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
QSUDFWLFDGHSURLHFWDUHVHFLXQLOHGHvQWUHUXSHUHULGLFDUH
DDUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHVHGHWHUPLQJUDILFDVWIHO

6HGLODWGLDJUDPDGHIRUHGHvQWLQGHUHSHQWUXDOXDvQFRQVLGHUDUH
VSRUXOGHPRPHQWSURGXVGHDFLXQHDIRUHLWLHWRDUH'LDJUDPDVH
GLODWFX
al . z cot T  cot D

GHRDUHFHVEd UHSUH]LQWSDQWDGLDJUDPHLGHPRPHQWHDVWIHOvQFkW VEd /z 


UHSUH]LQWSDQWDGLDJUDPHLFtd
QFD]XOHOHPHQWHORUODFDUHDUPDUHDWUDQVYHUVDOQXHVWHQHFHVDU
GLDJUDPDGHIRUHWUHEXLHGLODWDWFX al d
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
,9( &$
81 

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&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
QSUDFWLFDGHSURLHFWDUHVHFLXQLOHGHvQWUHUXSHUHULGLFDUH
DDUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHVHGHWHUPLQJUDILFDVWIHO

6HVWDELOHWHDUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDOHIHFWLYLVHPDUFKHD]FXOLQLL
RUL]RQWDOHFDSDFLWDWHDILHFUHLEDUHGHDUPWXU

6HVWDELOHVFSXQFWHOHGHvQWUHUXSHUHDDUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOH
DVWIHOvQFkWvQILHFDUHVHFLXQHGLQOXQJXOJULQ]LLIRUDFDSDELOD
DUPWXULORUDFWLYHVILHPDLPDUHGHFkWIRUDGHvQWLQGHUHDVRFLDW
GLDJUDPHLGLODWDWH
$FHVWSDVLPSOLFWUDVDUHDGLDJUDPHLGHIRUFDSDELODVWIHOvQFkWDFHDVWDVQXILH
81
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&$
LQWHUVHFWDWGHGLDJUDPDGLODWDW GHIRUGLQDUPWXUDvQWLQV
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
([HPSOX $UPDUHDORQJLWXGLQDODXQHLJULQ]LSULQFLSDOH

'HSR]LWvQJURSDWDYkQGVWUXFWXUDvQFDGUHGHEHWRQDUPDW
 3ODQHXOHVWHXWLOL]DWFDSODWIRUPH[WHULRDUGHGHSR]LWDUH
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
3DV 'LDJUDPDvQIXUWRDUH GHPRPHQWvQFRYRLHWRU

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
,9( &$
81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
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B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
3DV 'LDJUDPDIRUHLGLQDUPWXUDLQIHULRDU z = ct

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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81 

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B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
3DV 'LODWDUHDGLDJUDPHL FX al . z cot T

0(G] DO
DO
')WG
E
DO DO
3DQWD 'Ftd .VEd cot T
tgE
GLDJUDPHL al al
al . z cot T
d Ftd
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
,9( &$
81

d MEd VEd


tgE
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW dx dx z z 

B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
3DV 6HPDUFKHD]FDSDFLWDWHDILHFUHLEDUHGHDUPWXU

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
,9( &$
81 

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&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
3DV 6HVWDELOHVFSXQFWHOHGHvQWUHUXSHUHDDUPWXULORU

'LDJUDPDGHIRU
FDSDELOQXWUHEXLH
VILHLQWHUVHFWDWGH
GLDJUDPDGLODWDW
bd bd
bd bd
bd bd

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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81 

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B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
6HUHSHWDFHHDLSDLLSHQWUXDUPWXULOHVXSHULRDUH

EG EG EG
EG EG EG
EG

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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81 

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B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

'HWHUPLQDUHDVHFLXQLORUGHvQWUHUXSHUHD
DUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHvQWLQVH
$UPDUHDORQJLWXGLQDODJULQ]LLSULQFLSDOH

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
,9( &$
81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II

)25)(&$5($175(,1,0$
,7$/3$*5,1=,/257

&RQIRUP(XURFRG(1

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW
B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

)RUIHFDUHDvQWUHLQLPDLWDOSDJULQ]LORU7

/D JULQ]LOH 7 IRUHOH GH FRPSUHVLXQH VDX GH


vQWLQGHUH GLQ WDOS VXQW WUDQVIHUDWH FWUH LQLPD
JULQ]LL SULQ LQWHUPHGLXO HIRUWXULORU GH IRUIHFDUH
FH VH GH]YROW OD LQWHUIDD LQLPWDOS
&RQIRUP (1  PHFDQLVPXO GH WUDQVIHU DO
DFHVWRU IRUH GLQ WDOS VH PRGHOHD] SULQ
LQWHUPHGLXO XQXL VLVWHP GH ELHOH FRPSULPDWH GH
EHWRQ L WLUDQL DUPWXULOH vQWLQVH  Asf 

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

)RUIHFDUHDvQWUHLQLPDLWDOSDJULQ]LORU7

QEd

(IRUWXOGHIRUIHFDUHORQJLWXGLQDOvEd GH]YROWDWODLQWHUIDDvQWUHRDULSD
WOSLLLLQLPHVWHJHQHUDWGHYDULDLDIRUHLD[LDOHGLQDULSDFRQVLGHUDW
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

)RUIHFDUHDvQWUHLQLPDLWDOSDJULQ]LORU7

QEd

'Fd
Q Ed
hf 'x

'Fd  YDULDLDIRUHLD[LDOHvQDULSDWOSLLSHOXQJLPHD'x
hf  JURVLPHDSOFLLODLQWHUIDDFXLQLPD
81
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&$
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FDOFXOHD]DVWIHO
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B.A. II 0HWRGDGHFDOFXOGLQ(1

)RUIHFDUHDvQWUHLQLPDLWDOSDJULQ]LORU7

D QFD]XOvQFUFULORUXQLIRUPGLVWULEXLWH

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'XSILVXUDUHDEHWRQXOXLIRUDGHFRPSUHVLXQHGLQELHOD
vQFOLQDWHVWHHFKLOLEUDWGHVXPDIRUHORUGHvQWLQGHUHGLQ
HWULHULLWUDQVYHUVDOLLQWHUVHFWDLGHILVXULGHIRUDGH
vQWLQGHUHFHDSDUHvQDUPWXULOHORQJLWXGLQDOH

QSHUHLLYHUWLFDOLDLVHFLXQLLWXEXODUH
s s s
Nwv

hk
T T

Nlv

hk ctgT

N wv N dv sin T

81
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N N dv cos T
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF lv
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II 0RGHOXOJULQ]LLFX]EUHOHVSDLDOH
)RUDWUDQVYHUVDONwv HVWHSUHOXDWGHUDPXULOHHWULHULORU
LQWHUVHFWDLGHILVXUDvQFOLQDWGLQSHUHWHOHUHVSHFWLYDO
VHFLXQLLWXEXODUH

s s s

Nwv
hk
T T

Nlv

hk ctgT

hk ctg T TEd
Asw f ywd N wv hk sin T
s  Ak sin T

Asw TEd
81
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56,7$7($ 7(+1,

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t tan T
s  Ak f ywd
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II 0RGHOXOJULQ]LLFX]EUHOHVSDLDOH
 6SUHGHRVHELUHGHFDOFXOXOODIRUWLHWRDUHXQGHUDSRUWXO
Asw/s LQFOXGHWRDWHUDPXULOHXQXLSODQGHHWULHULODWRUVLXQH
UDSRUWXOAsw/s LQFOXGHGRDUUDPXULOHGLQJURVLPHDHIHFWLYD
SHUHWHOXLVHFLXQLLWXEXODUHHFKLYDOHQWH

Asw TEd
t tan T
s  Ak f ywd

Asw Asw
 ,QFOXGHRUDPXUGHHWULHU  ,QFOXGHGRXUDPXULGHHWULHU
s s
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II 0RGHOXOJULQ]LLFX]EUHOHVSDLDOH
QSHUHLLYHUWLFDOLDLVHFLXQLLWXEXODUHIRUDGHvQWLQGHUHGLQ
DUPWXULOHORQJLWXGLQDOHHVWH

s s s
N lv N dv cos T
TEd
N lv hk cos T

Nwv
 Ak sin T
hk
T T
TEd
Nlv N lv ctg T hk
 Ak
hk ctgT

QPRGVLPLODUvQSHUHLLRUL]RQWDOLDLVHFLXQLLWXEXODUHIRUD
GHvQWLQGHUHGLQDUPWXULOHORQJLWXGLQDOHHVWH

TEd
81
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N lh ctg T bk
 Ak
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II 0RGHOXOJULQ]LLFX]EUHOHVSDLDOH
QVXPkQGSHQWUXFHLSDWUXSHUHLDLVHFLXQLLWXEXODUHVH
RELQHIRUDWRWDOGHvQWLQGHUHGLQDUPWXULOHORQJLWXGLQDOH

bk Nl  N lv   N lh

TEd
hk Nl ctg T  hk   bk
 Ak

 hk   bk uk

TEd u k
Asl fyd t ctg T
 Ak
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II &RPSRUWDUHDHOHPHQWHORUGHEDODWRUVLXQH

QJHQHUDOWRUVLXQHDDFLRQHD]FRQFRPLWHQWFXPRPHQWXO
vQFRYRLHWRULIRUDWLHWRDUHDVWIHOvQFkWYHULILFDUHDOD6/8
WUHEXLHHIHFWXDWVLPXOWDQSHQWUXFHOHWUHLVROLFLWUL

T *
Ed d TRd

*
M Ed d M Rd
*
VEd
MEd
VEd d VRd
TEd )XQFLDFXUEHLGHLQWHUDFLXQH

*
f TRd *
, M Rd *
,VRd 

9HULILFDUHDODDFLXQHDVLPXOWDQDFHORUWUHLVROLFLWULHVWHvQV
H[WUHPGHGLILFLOLvQSUDFWLFFDOFXOXOVHHIHFWXHD]VHSDUDW
SHQWUXILHFDUHVROLFLWDUHLDULQWHUDFLXQHDHVWHOXDWvQ
81
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56,7$7($ 7(+1,

&$

FRQVLGHUDUHDELDODVIkULW
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II &RPSRUWDUHDHOHPHQWHORUGHEDODWRUVLXQH

,QWHUDFLXQHDIRUWLHWRDUH WRUVLXQH

TEd VEd TEd VEd


WT  WV WT  WV

D 6HFLXQHWXEXODU E 6HFLXQHSOLQ

6ROLFLWDUHDFRQFRPLWHQWODWRUVLXQHLIRUWLHWRDUHGXFHOD
FUHWHUHDHIRUWXULORUWDQJHQLDOHSHDQXPLWH]RQHDOHVHFLXQLL
(IRUWXOWDQJHQLDOPD[LPVHRELQHSULQvQVXPDUHDHIRUWXULORU
WDQJHQLDOHGDWHGHWRUVLXQHLIRUWLHWRDUH

81
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W WT  WV
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II &RPSRUWDUHDHOHPHQWHORUGHEDODWRUVLXQH

,QWHUDFLXQHDvQFRYRLHUH WRUVLXQH

T TT /   TM / 

T TT /   C M / 


TT /4 CM /2 T2
TT /4 CM /2 T2

TT /4 TM /2 T1
TT /4 TM /2 T1
D 7RUVLXQH E QFRYRLHUH F 7RUVLXQHLvQFRYRLHUH

7RUVLXQHDSURGXFHHIRUWXULGHvQWLQGHUHXQLIRUPHvQEDUHOHORQJLWXGLQDOH
DOHVHFLXQLLvQWLPSFHvQFRYRLHUHDSURGXFHXQFXSOXGHIRUHGH
FRPSUHVLXQHLGHvQWLQGHUH
7RUVLXQHDIDFHFDHIRUWXULOHGHFRPSUHVLXQHVVFDGUHGXFHUHDILLQGvQ
JHQHUDOQHVHPQLILFDWLYvQWLPSFHHIRUWXULOHGHvQWLQGHUHFUHVF

81
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56,7$7($ 7(+1,
&$
QSUDFWLFVHFDOFXOHD]VHSDUDWDUPWXUDQHFHVDUSHQWUXvQFRYRLHUH
UHVSHFWLYWRUVLXQHLDSRLVHvQVXPHD]FDQWLWLOHUH]XOWDWH


HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II &RPSRUWDUHDHOHPHQWHORUGHEDODWRUVLXQH

,QWHUDFLXQHDvQFRYRLHUH WRUVLXQH

&XUEWLSLFGHLQWHUDFLXQH
vQFRYRLHUHWRUVLXQH

TRd

0,8MRd MRd

$SDULLDXQXLPRPHQWvQFRYRLHWRUPRGHUDWFRQGXFHODFUHWHUHD
PRPHQWXOXLFDSDELOGHWRUVLXQH$VWIHOSHQWUXPRPHQWHvQFRYRLHWRDUHFX
YDORULGHSkQODGLQFDSDFLWDWHDODvQFRYRLHUHVHFLXQLOHGHEHWRQ
DUPDWSRWGH]YROWDvQWUHDJDORUFDSDFLWDWHODWRUVLXQH
3HGHDOWSDUWHDSDULLDXQXLPRPHQWGHWRUVLXQHSURGXFHRUHGXFHUHD
FDSDFLWLLGHvQFRYRLHUHvQVUHGXFHUHDHVWHGHPLFDPSORDUHLvQ
81
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56,7$7($ 7(+1,

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FRQVHFLQvQFD]XOWRUVLXQLLGHFRPSDWLELOLWDWHQXHVWHvQJHQHUDOQHFHVDU
FDvQYHULILFULOHOD6/8VVHLQFRQWGHPRPHQWXOGHWRUVLXQH
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1
(IRUWXOXQLWDUGHIRUIHFDUHGLQWRUVLXQHSXULIRUDWLHWRDUHFH
VHGH]YROWvQSHUHWHLDOVHFLXQLLWXEXODUHHFKLYDOHQWHVXQW

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1
$ULDVHFLXQLLDUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHQHFHVDUHSHQWUX
VROLFLWDUHDGHWRUVLXQHHVWH
Asl fyd TEd
ctg T
uk  Ak
uk  SHULPHWUXOOLQLHLPHGLDQHDVHFLXQLLWXEXODUHHFKLYDOHQWHGHVXSUDIDAk
f yd  OLPLWDGHHODVWLFLWDWHGHFDOFXODDUPWXULORUORQJLWXGLQDOHAsl
T  XQJKLXOELHOHORUFRPSULPDWHOLPLWDWvQGRPHQLXOqT q

Q]RQHOHvQWLQVHDUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDOGHvQFRYRLHUHVHVXSOLPHQWHD]FX
DUPWXUDQHFHVDUSHQWUXSUHOXDUHDWRUVLXQLL
Q]RQHOHFRPSULPDWHGLQvQFRYRLHUHDUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDOGHWRUVLXQH
SRDWHILUHGXVLQkQGVHDPDGHHIHFWXOIDYRUDELODOIRUHLGHFRPSUHVLXQH
6HUHFRPDQGFDDUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDOSHQWUXSUHOXDUHDWRUVLXQLLVILH
GLVSXVFkWPDLXQLIRUPSHSHULIHULDVHFLXQLLGHEHWRQ
$UPWXULOHORQJLWXGLQDOHWUHEXLHGLVSXVHDVWIHOvQFkWVH[LVWHFHOSXLQR
81
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&$
EDUvQILHFDUHFRO DOVHFLXQLLLDUGLVWDQDGLQWUHDUPWXULOHORQJLWXGLQDOH
VILHGHFHOPXOWPP SHILHFDUHIDDVHFLXQLL


HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1
$ULDVHFLXQLLDUPWXULORUWUDQVYHUVDOHSHQWUXWRUVLXQH HWULHUL 

Asw f ywd TEd


t tan T
s  Ak
Asw  DULDXQHLUDPXULGHHWULHU H[FHSWkQGFD]XOVHFLXQLORUFDVHWDWHDUPDWHFXGRXSODVH
FD]vQFDUHAsw UHSUH]LQWDULDFHORUUDPXUL
s  GLVWDQD SDVXO vQWUHHWULHUL

'LVWDQD SDVXO vQWUHHWULHULLGHWRUVLXQHWUHEXLHVQXILHPDL


PDUHGH GLQSHULPHWUXOH[WHULRUDOVHFLXQLLWUDQVYHUVDOHV
QXGHSHDVFGLQvQOLPHDXWLODVHFLXQLL LQLFLFHDPDL
PLFGLPHQVLXQHDVHFLXQLL WUDQVYHUVDOHDJULQ]LL
u / 

s d  . d
min b , h

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1
$ULDVHFLXQLLDUPWXULORUWUDQVYHUVDOHSHQWUXWRUVLXQH HWULHUL 

Asw f ywd TEd


t tan T
s  Ak

(WULHULLGLVSXLSHQWUXSUHOXDUHDWRUVLXQLLWUHEXLHVILHvQFKLLLV
ILHDQFRUDLSULQVXSUDSXQHULVDXFLRFXUL
(WULHULLWUHEXLHGLVSXLSHUSHQGLFXODUSHD[DHOHPHQWXOXLVWUXFWXUDO

lbd

G
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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D E F
&$
81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1
$ULDVHFLXQLLDUPWXULORUWUDQVYHUVDOHSHQWUXWRUVLXQH HWULHUL 

Asw f ywd TEd


t tan T
s  Ak

'DFQXVHDVLJXUROXQJLPHGHDQFRUDUHFRUHVSXQ]WRDUHVH
LQWHU]LFHXWLOL]DUHDHWULHULORUFXFLRFXULvQGRLWHODq

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
,9( &$
81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1

3UREOHPDGH9(5,),&$5( OD7256,81(385

6HFXQRVFb, h, Asl , Asw (per perete seciune), s, fcd, fywd LTEd


6HFHUH 6VHYHULILFHGDFTRd TEd

3DV 6HVWDELOHWHVHFLXQHDWXEXODUHFKLYDOHQWtef, Ak, uk

TEd
3DV 'DFVHFXQRDWHTEd T . sin 

K ef cd
A t Q f

'DF T  q 'DF q  T  q 'DF T !  q

cot T . ; z | .d z | .d


3DV
*ULQGDFHGHD]OD
Asw A WRUVLXQHSULQ
TRd ,  Ak fywd TRd ,  Ak sw fywd cot T
s s ]GURELUHDGLDJRQDOHL
TRd , Asl fyd
. Ak A
TRd , Asl fyd k tan T FRPSULPDWHGHEHWRQ
uk uk
81
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TRd min TRd ,,TRd , TRd min TRd ,,TRd ,

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1

3UREOHPDGH',0(16,21$5( OD7256,81(385

6HFXQRVFb, h, fcd, fywd TEd


6HFHUH Armtura transversal (Asw ,s) / per perete seciune i
Armtura longitudinal Asl

3DV 6HVWDELOHWHVHFLXQHDWXEXODUHFKLYDOHQWtef, Ak, uk

TEd
3DV 6HGHWHUPLQ T . sin 

K ef cd
A t Q f

'DF T  q 'DF q  T  q 'DF T !  q


cot T . ; z | .d z | .d
3DV
Asw TEd Asw TEd 6HLPSXQHPULUHD
t t tan T
s  Ak fywd s  Ak fywd VHFLXQLLGHEHWRQ
TEd uk TEd uk
,9(
56,7$7($ 7(+1, Asl . Asl t ctgT
 Ak fyd
&$
81 

Ak fyd
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1
QFD]XOVROLFLWULLFRPELQDWHWRUVLXQHFXIRUWLHWRDUH

3HQWUXDQXVHGHSLUH]LVWHQDELHOHORUFRPSULPDWHGHEHWRQWUHEXLH
YHULILFDWUHODLD
TEd VEd
 d ,
TRd ,max VRd ,max

TEd  PRPHQWXOGHWRUVLXQHGHFDOFXO

VEd  IRUDWLHWRDUHGHFDOFXO

TRd ,max  PRPHQWXOGHWRUVLXQHPD[LP TRd ,max  Ak t ef Q fcd sin T cos T


VRd ,max  IRUDWLHWRDUHPD[LP VRd ,max bw z Q fcd sin T cos T
T  XQJKLXOELHOHORUFRPSULPDWHOLPLWDWvQGRPHQLXOqT q
3HQWUXDPEHOHVROLFLWULVHFRQVLGHUDFHODLXQJKLGHvQFOLQDUHDOELHOHORU
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1
QFD]XOVROLFLWULLFRPELQDWHWRUVLXQHFXIRUWLHWRDUH

6HFLXQLOHSOLQHQHFHVLWGRDUDUPDUHDWUDQVYHUVDOPLQLPGDFHVWH
vQGHSOLQLWFRQGLLD
TEd V
 Ed d ,
TRd ,c VRd ,c

TEd  PRPHQWXOGHWRUVLXQHGHFDOFXO

VEd  IRUDWLHWRDUHGHFDOFXO

TRd ,c  PRPHQWXOGHILVXUDUHODWRUVLXQH

TRd ,c  Ak t ef fctd

VRd ,c  IRUDWLHWRDUHFDSDELODEHWRQXOXLVLPSOX

81
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56,7$7($ 7(+1,

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VRd ,c >C Rd ,c k  Ul fck /  @bw d
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1

3UREOHPDGH',0(16,21$5( 7256,81(1&292,(5(

6HFXQRVFb, h, fcd, fywd As1 GLQMEd VEd TEd


6HFHUH Armtura transversal (Asw ,s) pentru solicitarea combinat i
Armtura longitudinal suplimentar Asl

3DV 6HYHULILFGDFHVWHQHYRLHGHDUPWXUWUDQVYHUVDO

6HVWDELOHWHVHFLXQHDWXEXODUHFKLYDOHQWtef, Ak, uk

6HFDOFXOHD] VRd ,c >CRd ,c k  Ul fck  /  @bw d

6HFDOFXOHD] TRd ,c  Ak tef fctd

TEd V
'DFHVWHQHFHVDUDUPWXUWUDQVYHUVDO
 Ed ! ,
TRd ,c VRd ,c

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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81 

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&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1

3UREOHPDGH',0(16,21$5( 7256,81(1&292,(5(

6HFXQRVFb, h, fcd, fywd As1 GLQMEd VEd TEd


6HFHUH Armtura transversal (Asw ,s) pentru solicitarea combinat i
Armtura longitudinal suplimentar Asl

3DV &DOFXOXOODIRUWLHWRDUH
VEd
6HGHWHUPLQ q d T . sin  d q
bw .d Qfcd

TEd
q d T . sin  d q
 AK tef Qfcd

6HFDOFXOHD] VRd ,max bw .d Qfcd sin T cos T

Asw ,V VEd
6HFDOFXOHD] t
s .d fywd cot T

81
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$ULDFHORUUDPXULGHHWULHU
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1

3UREOHPDGH',0(16,21$5( 7256,81(1&292,(5(

6HFXQRVFb, h, fcd, fywd As1 GLQMEd VEd TEd


6HFHUH Armtura transversal (Asw ,s) pentru solicitarea combinat i
Armtura longitudinal suplimentar Asl

3DV &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQH
6HFDOFXOHD] TRd ,max  Ak tef Qfcd sin T cos T

6HYHULILFGDFELHOHOHvQFOLQDWHGHEHWRQVH]GUREHVFVXE
DFLXQHDFRPELQDWDIRUHLWLHWRDUHLDWRUVLXQLL
TEd VEd
 d ,
TRd ,max VRd ,max

6HFDOFXOHD]DUPWXUDWUDQVYHUVDOQHFHVDUSWWRUVLXQH
Asw ,T TRd
t tan T $ULDXQHLUDPXULGHHWULHU
s  Ak fywd

81
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56,7$7($ 7(+1,

&$
6HFDOFXOHD]DUPWXUDORQJLWXGLQDOQHFHVDUSWWRUVLXQH
TEd uk
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF Asl t ctgT
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW
 Ak fyd 
B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1

3UREOHPDGH',0(16,21$5( 7256,81(1&292,(5(

6HFXQRVFb, h, fcd, fywd As1 GLQMEd VEd TEd


6HFHUH Armtura transversal (Asw ,s) pentru solicitarea combinat i
Armtura longitudinal suplimentar Asl

3DV 3HQWUXVROLFLWDUHDFRPELQDW
$UPWXUDWUDQVYHUVDOQHFHVDUHVWH
Asw Asw ,V A
t   sw ,T $ULDFHORUUDPXULGHHWULHU
s s s

$UPWXUDWUDQVYHUVDOHIHFWLY VHGLVSXQHDVWIHOvQFkWVVH
UHVSHFWHSUHYHGHULOHFRQVWUXFWLYHDVRFLDWHDPEHORUVROLFLWUL
IRUWLHWRDUHWRUVLXQH

$UPWXULOHORQJLWXGLQDOHVXSOLPHQWDUH VHGLVSXQ XQLIRUPSH


SHULIHULDVHFLXQLLGHEHWRQ DVWIHOvQFkWVH[LVWHFHOSXLQR
81
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56,7$7($ 7(+1,

&$
EDUvQILHFDUHFRODOVHFLXQLLLDUGLVWDQDGLQWUHEDUHVILH
GHFHOPXOWPPSHILHFDUHIDDVHFLXQLL
HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II &DOFXOXOODWRUVLXQHFRQIRUP(1
6HFLXQLFXIRUPHFRPSOH[H
6HFLXQLOHFRPSOH[HVHVXEGLYLGvQIRUPHGUHSWXQJKLXODUHDVWIHOvQFkW
VVHRELQULJLGLWDWHDPD[LPODWRUVLXQHLDUPRPHQWXOGHWRUVLXQH
HVWHGLVWULEXLWSURSRULRQDOFXULJLGLWDWHDODWRUVLXQHDILHFUXL
GUHSWXQJKLLFDOFXODWFDvQVWDGLXOHODVWLF QHILVXUDW 

K It ,i
TEd ,i TEd
E It ,i
E
K It ,i K hi bi ; hi ! bi

&RQVWDQWDGHWRUVLXQHDOXL6W9HQDQW >K@
E
KLEL        !
K K        

&DSDFLWDWHDODWRUVLXQHUHSUH]LQWVXPDFDSDFLWLORULQGLYLGXDOHDOH
GUHSWXQJKLXULORUvQFDUHDIRVWVXEGLYL]DWVHFLXQHDFRPSOH[
56,7$7($ 7(+1,
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81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 
B.A. II

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
,9( &$
81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW 

B.A. II

67$5($/,0,7'(
2%26($/

56,7$7($ 7(+1,
,9( &$
81 

HIOXFUULGULQJ(XJHQ/R]LQF
&DWHGUD&RQVWUXFLLGH%HWRQ$UPDW
B.A. II 6WULOHOLPLWXOWLPH
6WULOHOLPLWVXQWVWULOHGLQFRORGHFDUHFRQVWUXFLD
QXPDLVDWLVIDFHH[LJHQHOHGHFRPSRUWDUHGLQSURLHFW
6WULOHOLPLWXOWLPHFRUHVSXQGSUEXLULLVDXDOWRU
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