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GANDHI INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

DEPARTMENT- Electronics and instrumentation Engineeering


FIRST MID TEST
SUBJECT-ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICES

SET-II
TIME-2 HOURS FULL MARKS-50
Question number 1 is compulsory and Answer any THREE from the rest.
Q1. 10*2=20 marks

a) In which case DC series motor is used? Write 2 practical applications.


b) Why DC series motor should never be started without any load?
c) What is the need of residual magnetism in a DC machine?
d) Write the formula of EMF generated for different machines.
e) Write the EMF and current equation of DC shunt generator.
f) Why differentially compound motor is less used?
g) Why is the torque of DC shunt motor is less than that of series motor?
h) What is back EMF?
i) What is the function of yoke and armature winding?
j) Why is armature core laminated?

Q2. 5*2=10 marks

a) Explain the no load characteristics of a DC separately excited generator.


b) An 8 pole shunt generator with 778 wave connected armature conductors and running at 500
rpm supplies a load of 12.5 ohm resistance at a terminal voltage of 250V.Armature resistance
is 0.24 ohm and field resistance is 250 ohm. Find armature current, induced EMF and flux per
pole.

Q3. 10 marks

What are the conditions for self excitation? Explain critical resistance and critical speed with
graphs.

Q4. 5*2=10 marks

a) Derive the EMF generated in a dc machine? Also write the formula for emf generated
for different types of windings.
b) A long shunt compound generator delivers a load current of 50A at 500V and has
armature, series and shunt field resistances of 0.05, 0.03 and 250 ohm respectively.
Calculate the generated voltage and armature current. Allow 1V per brush for contact
drop.

Q5. 5*2=10 marks

a) What are the different methods of excitation? Show with diagrams.


b) A 220 V DC shunt motor runs at 500 r.p.m when the armature current is 50A.calculate
the speed if torque is doubled. Given armature resistance is 0.2 ohm.