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PHILIPPINE

VALUES

Ligas, Keshia
Mesias, Raya Koleen
Canton, Charisse

Raya Koleen A. Mesias


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
Values
Contemporary Filipino Values

Paggalang

Pagmamay-ari

Pakikisama

Bahala Na

Pagwawalang Bahala

Hiya

Raya Koleen A. Mesias


INTRODUCTION

Values are concepts about what is socially and culturally desirable, what is good or bad, and
just or unjust. Graeber defines value as the importance of social action through which people
demonstrate their belief in what is the good life.

The Filipino people are very traditional. The values of the people revolve around honoring
themselves, their families, their culture, and their country. The family is the center of the
social structure and includes the nuclear family, aunts, uncles, grandparents, cousins and
honorary relations such as godparents, sponsors, and close family friends often called aunts
and uncles though they are not.

People get strength and stability from their family. The value of family and close family ties
is illustrated in children having many godparents to watch out for their welfare. As such,
many children have several godparents, the more the better. Additionally, members of the
same family often work at the same place. This is one way that elders in the community
provide opportunities and support for younger individuals.

A nation empowers itself depending on the beliefs, goals, ideals, aspirations, and values of its
citizens. In order to achieve national unity and progress, it needs the full cooperation of its
people. Values as a people and as a nation gives the identity that differentiates one race from
the others. These values may improve or hinder development and progress but nonetheless,
with unity of diversity, development and progress are achievable.

Raya Koleen A. Mesias


Contemporary Filipino Values

1. PAGGALANG
Also known as respect, is manifested through respect for the old and caring for them in
old age. Young people are taught to respect their parents, older brothers and sisters, older
relatives and people in authority.
Paggalang sa nakakatanda can lead to authoritarianism, which means that the decisions
to be made must have the approval of the authority figure. Also, paggalang sa
nakakatanda claims that the children should strive for the honor of the family.
This value is related to two attitudes that are judged to be negative:
Pakikialam, the attempt of the parents to interfere with their childrens personal
affairs under the reason of parental guidance.
Tungkulin ng panganay sa pamilya, a situation wherein the eldest child in the family
is expected to take the place of the parents as they grow old and be responsible for the
younger members of the family.

2. PAGMAMAY-ARI
Filipinos tend to put high regard on possessions and attainments, such as lands, houses
and food. A Tagalog saying goes: Maski marunong ka sa buhay, pag wala kang pinag-
aralan, api ka pa rin. Therefore, there is a feeling that one should be adequately schooled
to obtain more and become more significant in the society.
Under this value come some negative attitudes, and these are:
Ang anak ay kayamanan, wherein the children are highly considered to be important
because they are the origin of family strength and stability.
Pagkatitulado, a scenario wherein the Filipinos are very concerned about honorific
titles before their names.
Pagpapahalaga sa pamilya, wherein Filipino families require loyalty from their
members and necessitate them to put their family first on the list of priorities.

3. PAKIKISAMA
Also known as helping one another, Filipinos are always in unity in avoidance by open
disagreement or conflict with others and provide each other material or emotional
assistance in times of trouble and defend their reputation. Pakikisama includes
pakikipagkapwa-tao, the attempt to expand support to the less fortunate.

Raya Koleen A. Mesias


My analysis on contemporary Filipino values, especially on paggalang, pagmamay-
ari, and pakikisama, is that these are some of the Filipino values that have been
valued, applied, and evident since before up until now in the society.

As we all know, values were passed on to us from our ancestors. Values change slowly,
but it depends on how strong families are in preserving, promoting, and passing on our
cultural values from one generation to another.

An example of this is authoritarianism. In the Philippine setting, the father in the family
usually has and owns the right to authority. He has the power to decide on such matters.
This is called patriarchalism. Moreover, since women are already empowered in the
present generation, there is also an authoritarianism called matriarchalism, wherein the
mother gets to decide and has the last say to such choices being suggested. In paggalang
sa nakakatanda, respect to elders and superiors are held in high esteem. Much value is
given in seniority, less to one's ability or skill.

In our society, pagmamay-ari is very evident in the scenario where Filipinos are after
honorific titles before their names. This influences the educational preference of students,
and make them strive to become more significant.

As for pakikisama, it is the value of belongingness and loyalty. An example of this is


hospitality. We are usually friendly and welcoming to our guests. This Filipino attribute
makes the Philippines one of the most favorite destinations by tourists who want to enjoy
the beauty of our nature and the friendliness of our people. During adversities and
calamities, we Filipinos go hand in hand to help those who are in need of our help. This is
an example of pakikiramay or pakikipagkapwa-tao.

Raya Koleen A. Mesias