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A. P.

United States History

Key Terms and Historical Figures
From American Pageant 13th Edition

Chapter 1 New World Beginnings

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Canadian Shield Incas Aztecs Ferdinand of Isabella of Christopher
Aragon Castile Columbus
Nation-states Caravel Three-sister Francisco Francisco Bartolome de
farming Coronado Pizarro Las Casas

Columbian Treaty of Plantation Hernan Cortes Father Junipero Moctezuma

exchange Tordesillas Sera
Noche triste Conquistadores Encomienda John Cabot Robert de La
Black Legend Popes Rebellion mestizos

Chapter 2 The Planting of English America, 1500 - 1733

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Protestant Roanoke Island Spanish Armada Sir Francis
Reformation Drake
Primogeniture Joint-stock Virginia Sir Walter Raleigh James I Captain John
company Company Smith

Charter Jamestown First Anglo- Powhatan Pocahontas Oliver

Powhatan War Cromwell

Second Anglo- House of Act of Toleration John Rolfe Lord Baltimore Hiawatha
Powhatan War Burgesses

Barbados Slave Iroquois

Code Confederation

Chapter 3 Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619 1700

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Calvinism Predestination Mayflower Martin Luther John Calvin Charles II
Puritans Separatists King Phillips War John Winthrop Anne Hutchinson Duke of York

Massachusetts Great English Dominion of New Henry Hudson Metacom (King

Bay Colony Migration England Phillip)
Fundamental Pequot War Salutary neglect William Penn
New England English Civil War Navigation Laws
Quakers Glorious Blue laws

Chapter 4 American Life in the Seventeenth Century, 1607 - 1692

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Indentured Headright Bacons William Berkeley Nathaniel Bacon
Servants system Rebellion
Congregational Middle Slave Codes
Church Passage
Salem witch Half-Way
trials Covenant

Chapter 5 Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution (1700-1775)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Paxton Boys New York Molasses Act George Whitefield John Trumbull Johnathan
Slave Revolt Edwards
South Carolina Triangular Old lights John Peter Zenger
Slave Revolt Trade
New lights Great Zenger Trial
Royal colonies Poor Richards Proprietary
Almanac colonies

Chapter 6 The Duel for North America (1608- 1763)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Huguenots Edict of Nantes Queen Annes Louis XIV Samuel de William Pitt
War Champlain
War of Jenkins King Georges Acadians Edward Braddock James Wolfe Pontiac
Ear War

French and Albany Proclamation of

Indian War Congress 1763
(Seven Years
Battle of Quebec Pontiacs

Chapter 7 The Road to Revolution (1763-1775)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Republicanism Radical Whigs Mercantilism John Hancock Charles George
Townshend Grenville
Sugar Act Quartering Act Stamp Tax Samuel Adams Marquis de Thomas
Lafayette Hutchinson
Admiralty Courts Stamp Act Declaratory Act Crispus Attucks George III
Sons of Liberty Daughters of Committees of
Liberty Correspondence
Townshend Acts Boston First Continental
Massacre Congress

Boston Tea Party Intolerable Valley Forge


Chapter 8 America Secedes from the Empire (1775-1783)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Second Bunker Hill Olive Branch Ethan Allen Benedict Admiral de
Continental (Battle of) Petition Arnold Grasse
Declaration of Common Declaration of Thomas Paine Abigail Adams Nathanael
the Rights of Sense Independence Greene
Long Island Loyalists Patriots Lord Charles Comte de Benjamin
(Battle of) Cornwallis Rochambeau Franklin
Armed Battle of Battle of
Neutrality Trenton Saratoga
Battle of Treaty of
Yorktown Paris

Chapter 9 The Confederation and the Constitution (1776-1790)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Articles of Virginia Plan Land Daniel Shays
Confederation Ordinance of
Shays New Jersey Antifederalists
Rebellion Plan
Great Federalists The Federalist
Three-fifths Virginia Republican
compromise Statute for Motherhood

Chapter 10 Launching the New Ship of State (1789 1800)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Bill of Rights Judiciary Act Tariff George Alexander Louis XVI
of 1789 Washington Hamilton
Bank of the Whiskey Reign of John Jay John Adams
United States Rebellion Terror
Neutrality Battle of Treaty of
Proclamation Fallen Greenville
Jays Treaty Pinckneys Washington
Treaty Farewell
XYZ Affair Convention of Alien Laws
Sedition Act Virginia and

Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic

(1800 1812)
Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Revolution of Judiciary Act Midnight Thomas William Clark Samuel
1800 of 1801 judges Jefferson Chase
Marbury v. Tripolitan Impressment Meriwether John Marshall Toussaint
Madison War Lewis LOuverture
Louisiana Embargo Act Non- Tecumseh William Clark Sacajawea
Purchase Intercourse
Corps of Act
Chesapeake War Hawks James Madison
Chapter 12 The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of
Nationalism (1812-1824)
Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
War of 1812 Battle of New Congress of Francis Scott Oliver Hazard James
Orleans Vienna Key Perry Monroe
Treaty of Hartford Era of Good
Ghent Convention Feelings
Tariff of 1816 American Tallmadge
System Amendment
Panic of 1819 Land Act of McCulloch v.
1820 Maryland
Peculiar Missouri Gibbons v.
institution Compromise Ogden
Loose Cohens v. Anglo-
construction Virginia American
Fletcher v. Dartmouth Russo-
Peck College v. American
Woodward Treaty
Florida Monroe
Purchase Doctrine

Chapter 13 The Rise of a Mass Democracy (1824 - 1840)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Corrupt Spoils System Tariff of John Quincy Andrew Martin Van
Bargain Abominations Adams Jackson Buren
Nullification Compromise Force Bill John C. Calhoun Henry Clay Santa Anna
Crisis Tariff of 1833
Indian Trail of Tears Black Hawk Daniel Webster William Henry
Removal Act War Harrison
Bank War Anti-Masonic Panic of 1837
Goliad San Jacinto, Alamo
Battle of

Chapter 14 Forging the National Economy (1790 - 1860)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Self-Reliance Factory Girls Tammany Hall Eli Whitney John Deere Elias Howe
Know-Nothing Turnpike Industrial Gyrus
party Revolution McCormick
Cotton Gin Pony Express Cult of
Commonwealth Market Erie Canal
v. Hunt Revolution
McCormick Transportation
Reaper Revolution

Chapter 15 The Ferment of Reform and Culture (1790 - 1860)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
The Age of Reason Deism Second Great Brigham Horace Mann Dorothea
Awakening Young Dix
Burned-Over Mormons Womans Susan B. Lucretia Mott Elizabeth
District Rights Anthony Cady
Conventions Stanton
at Seneca
American Minstrel Oneida Walt Whitman Ralph Waldo Henry
Temperance shows Community Emerson David
Society Thoreau
Shakers The Emily
American Dickinson

Chapter 16 The South and the Slavery Controversy (1793 - 1860)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
American Nat Turners Black Belt Nat Turner Frederick Sojourner
Colonization Rebellion Douglass Truth
American Anti- Liberia Amistad William Lloyd
Slavery Society Garrison
Mason-Dixon Line Narrative of The Liberator
the Life of

Chapter 17 Manifest Destiny and its Legacy (1841 - 1848)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Tariff of 1842 Manifest Fifty-four John Tyler James K. Polk David
Destiny forty or fight Wilmot
Aroostook War Spot Winfield Scott
Liberty party Wilmot Treaty of
Proviso Guadalupe
California Bear Conscience
Flag Republic Whigs

Chapter 18 Renewing the Sectional Struggle (1848 - 1854)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Popular Free Soil California Millard Zachary Harriet
Sovereignty Party gold Rush Fillmore Taylor Tubman
Underground Kansas- Compromise Franklin
Railroad Nebraska of 1850 Pierce
Fugitive Slave Law Gadsden Treaty of
Purchase Kanagawa

Chapter 19 Drifting Toward Disunion (1854 1861)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Uncle Toms Cabin Bleeding Dred Scott v. Harriet Preston S. James
Kansas Stanford Beecher Brooks Buchanan
Lecompton Tariff of 1857 Lincoln- Charles Stephen A. Dred Scott
Constitution Douglas Sumner Douglas
Panic of 1857 Freeport Harpers Ferry John Brown Abraham
Doctrine Lincoln
Constitutional Crittenden Confederate
Union Party Amendments States of

Chapter 20 Girding for War: The North and South (1861 1865)
Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Fort Sumter Border West Virginia Jefferson Elizabeth Clara
States Davis Blackwell Barton
Trent Affair Writ of New York Sally
Habeas draft riots Tompkins
Morrill Tariff Act Homestead National
Act Banking

Chapter 21 The Furnace of War (1861 1865)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Battle of Bull Run Peninsula Battle of Thomas J. George B. Robert E. Lee
(Manassas Campaign Antietam (Stonewall) McClellan
Junction) Jackson
Emancipation Thirteenth Battle of William John Wilkes Ulysses S.
Proclamation Amendment Fredericksburg Tecumseh Booth Grant
Battle of Gettysburg Shermans
Gettysburg Address march
Union Party Siege of Appomattox
Vicksburg Courthouse
Reform Bill of Copperheads

Chapter 22 The Ordeal of Reconstruction (1865 1877)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Freedmens 10 percent Wade-Davis William Andrew Thaddeus
Bureau Reconstruction Bill Seward Johnson Stevens
Black Codes Pacific Civil Rights Bill Edwin M.
Railroad Act Stanton
Fourteenth Reconstruction Fifteenth
Amendment Act Amendment
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) Redeemers Womens
Loyal League
Sewards Folly Scalawags Carpetbaggers

Chapter 23 Political Paralysis in the Gilded Age (1869 1896)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
waving the Tweed Ring Credit James A. Chester Rutherford
bloody shirt Mobilier Garfield Arthur B. Hayes
Panic of 1873 Gilded Age Patronage Williams J. P. Morgan Grover
Jennings Cleveland
Compromise of Civil Rights Act Sharecropping
1877 of 1875
Jim Crow Plessy v. Chinese
Ferguson Exclusion Act
Pendleton Act Homestead Grandfather
Strike Clause

Chapter 24 Industry Come of Age (1865 1900)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Horizontal Interstate Vertical Cornelius Alexander Thomas
integration commerce Act Integration Vanderbilt Graham Bell Alva
Interlocking Trust Standard Oil Andrew John D. Mary
directorates Company Carnegie Rockefeller Harris
National Labor Social Sherman Anti- Samuel
Union Darwinists Trust Act Gompers
American Knights of Haymarket
Federation of Labor Square

Chapter 25 America Moves to the City (1865 1900)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
New Immigration Settlement Womans Jane Addams Mark Twain Booker T.
houses Christian Washington
Union (WCTU)
Tuskegee Land-grant Worlds W.E.B. Du Joseph William
Institute colleges Columbian Bois Pulitzer Randolph
Exposition Hearst
Yellow journalism National John Dewey Carrie Horatio
American Chapman Alger
Woman Catt

Chapter 26 The Great West and the Agricultural Rev (1865 1896)
Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Reservation Battle of Little Battle of Frederick Jacob S. William
system Big Horn Wounded Jackson Coxey McKinley
Knee Turner
Dawes Severalty Gold Standard Mechanization
Act Act of Agriculture
Populists Pullman Strike Fourth Party

Chapter 27 Empire and Expansion (1890 1909)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Big Sister Policy Open Door McKinley Theodore Alfred Butcher
note Tariff (Teddy) Thayer Weyler
Roosevelt Mahan
Rough Riders USS. Maine Teller William H. Queen Emilio
Amendment Taft Liliuokalani Aguinaldo
Boxer Rebellion Anti- Foraker Act John Hay
Roosevelt Platt
Corollary Amendment

Chapter 28 Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt (1901

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Social Gospel Muckrakers Initiative Ida Tarbell Henry Thorstein
Demarest Veblen
Referendum Recall Australian Jacob A. Riis John Muir Hiram W.
ballot Johnson
Muller v. Oregon Pure Food and New Florence Gifford
Drug Act Nationalism Kelley Pinchot
Meat Inspection Dollar New Freedom
Act Diplomacy

Chapter 29 and 30 Wilsonian Progressivism and WWI (1913 1920)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Clayton Anti- Federal Federal Trade Eugene V. Francisco Arthur
Trust Act Reserve Act Commission Debs Pancho Zimmermann
Act Villa
Holding Workingmens WWI - Central Henry Cabot
companies Compensation Powers Lodge
Lusitania WWI - Allies U-Boats
Committee on Zimmermann Fourteen
Public Note Points
War Industries Espionage Act Schenck v.
board United States
Nineteenth IWW - Great
Amendment Industrial Migration
Workers of the
Chateau-Thierry, Meuse- American
Battle of Argonne Expeditionary
Offensive Forces (AEF)
Treaty of League of
Versailles Nations

Chapter 31 American Life in the Roaring Twenties (1920 1929)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Bolshevik Red Scare Criminal A. Mitchell Nicola Bartolomeo
Revolution (First) syndicalism laws Palmer Sacco Vanzetti
American plan Immigration Eighteenth John T. Frederick Al Capone
Act of 1924 Amendment Scopes W. Taylor
Volstead Act Racketeers Bible Belt and Charles A. Margaret Henry Ford
Fundamentalism Lindbergh Sanger
United Negro Scientific Fordism Ernest F. Scott Marcus
Improvement Management Hemingway Fitzgerald Garvey
Harlem Modernism Lost
Renaissance Generation
Chapter 32 The Politics of Boom and Bust (1920 1932)
Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Hawley-Smoot Dawes Plan Bonus Army Warren G. Albert B. Fall Calvin
Tariff Harding Coolidge
Hooverville Kellogg-Briand Black Tuesday John W. Alfred E.
Pact Davis (Al) Smith
Reconstruction Fordney- Teapot Dome
Finance McCumber Scandal
Corporation Tariff

Chapter 33 The Great Depression and New Deal (1933 1939)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Brain Trust New Deal Hundred Days Franklin Eleanor Harry L.
(first) Delano Roosevelt Hopkins
Glass-Steagall Civilian National Father Huey P.
Banking Reform conservation Recovery Charles Long
Act Corps Administration Coughlin
Agricultural Dust Bowl Tennessee
Adjustment Valley
Administration Authority
Social Security Wagner Act Fair Labor
Act Standards Act
Court-packing Keynesianism

Chapter 34 Franklin D. Roosevelt and the shadow of War (1933

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Good Neighbor Reciprocal Neutrality Benito Adolf Hitler Winston
Policy Trade Acts of 1935, Mussolini Churchill
Agreements 1936, 1937
Rome-Berlin Axis Neutrality Act Appeasement Joseph Stalin
of 1939
Hitler-Stalin Pact Lend-Lease Bill Atlantic
War Refugee Pearl Harbor

Chapter 35 America in World War II (1941 1945)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Office of Price Executive War Douglas Albert Dwight D.
Administration Order 9066 Production MacArthur Einstein Eisenhower
(OPA) Board (WPB)
WACs (Womens National War Smith- Harry S.
Army Corps) Labor Board Connally Anti- Truman
(NWLB) Strike Act
Bracero Program WAVES Congress of
(Women Racial Equality
Accepted for (CORE)
Code Talkers Fair D-Day
V-E (Victory in Battle of Manhattan
Europe) Day Midway Project
Potsdam V-J Day

Chapter 36 The Cold War Begins (1945 1952)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Yalta conference Cold War Berlin Airlift Joseph Stalin Joseph George F.
McCarthy Kennan
United Nations Marshall Plan George C. Benjamin
(U.N.) Marshall Spock
Containment Truman Korean War
Doctrine Doctrine
North Atlantic McCarthyism Army-
Treaty McCarthy
Organization Hearings
HUAC (House Un- Taft-Hartley Baby Boom
American Act
Sunbelt GI Bill Levittown

Chapter 37 The Eisenhower Era (1952 1963)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
The Feminine Rock n Roll Student Richard M. Betty Elvis Presley
Mystique Nonviolent Nixon Friedan
Montgomery Bus Brown v. New Frontier Rosa Parks Martin Ho Chi Minh
Boycott Board of Luther King
Education Jr
Operation Federal Berlin Wall John Foster Nikita John F.
Wetback Highway Act of Dulles Khrushchev Kennedy
Organization of Dien Bien Phu, Cuban Missile Lyndon B. Fidel Castro Robert
Petroleum Battle of Crisis Johnson McNamara
Countries (OPEC)
Military- Sputnik March on Ngo Dinh Robert James
industrial Washington Diem Kennedy Meredith
Beat Generation Space Race Bay of Pigs

Chapter 38 The Stormy Sixties (1963 - 1973)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Civil Rights Act of Affirmative Great Society Malcolm X Eugene George C.
1964 Action McCarthy Wallace
Freedom Black Power Voting Rights Henry A. Warren E. Rachel
Summer Act of 1965 Kissinger Burger Carson
Black Panther Silent Majority Six-Day War George
Party McGovern
Stonewall Pentagon Vietnamization
Rebellion Papers
Nixon Doctrine Philadelphia My Lai
Plan Massacre
Kent State Southern Dtente
University Strategy
Earth Day War Powers Environmental
Act Protection
Agency (EPA)

Chapter 39 Stalemated Seventies (1973 - 1980)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Stagflation Watergate Smoking gun Gerald Phyllis Jimmy Carter
tape (Jerry) Schlafly
Equal Rights Roe v. Wade New Right Leonid
Amendment Brezhnev
Malaise Speech SALT Treaties Iranian
(I and II) Hostage Crisis

Chapter 40 The Resurgence of Conservatism (1980 - 1992)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Strategic Defense Sandinistas Supply-side Ronald Margaret Mikhail
Initiative (SDI) economics Reagan Thatcher Gorbachev
Glasnost Perestroika Contras Saddam Jerry Falwell Sandra Day
Hussein OConnor
Iran-Contra Affair Moral Intermediate- George H. Boris Yeltsin Nelson
Majority Range Nuclear W. Bush Mandela
Forces (INF)
Operation Desert Americans
Storm with
Disabilities Act

Chapter 41 America Confronts the Post-Cold War Era (1992 - 2000)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Democratic Dont Ask, Oklahoma City Bill Clinton H. Ross Hillary
Leadership Dont Tell bombing Perot Rodham
Council (DLC) Clinton
Contract with Welfare North Newt Robert Dole Monica
America Reform Bill American Free Gingrich Lewinsky
World Trade Whitewater Lewinsky
Organization Affair

Chapter 42 The American People Face a New Century (2001 - Pres)

Key Terms Historical Figures to Know
Weapons of Kyoto Treaty 9/11 John McCain Richard George W.
Mass Destruction Cheney Bush
Al Qaeda USA Patriot Department of Joseph Barack
Act Homeland Biden Obama
Guantanamo Abu Ghraib No Child Left
Detention Camp Prison Behind
Hurricane Katrina Wall Street American
Reform and Recovery and
Consumer Reinvestment
Protection ACT Act
Patient Tea Party
Protection and
Affordable Care