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Ing.

Miguel ngel Vielma Montes


C.I.V 78.824
Ejercicio 1. Muro Cantilever
Datos:

H=7,70m
Hd=1,50m
=
= 2/2
=
= 30
=
= 2.000/3
=
= 2.500/3
= 250 /2

Nomenclatura:

B=Longitud total de zapata.


T=Longitud del taln.
P=Longitud de la puntera.
E=Espesor de zapata y fuste.
H=Altura total del muro.
h=Altura del fuste
hd=Altura de desplante.
D=Espesor del tope del fuste.

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
1. Dimensiones iniciales

Base de la zapata (B):


= (60% 70%)
(60%) 0,607,70 = 4,62
(70%) 0,707,70 = 5,39
= 5,

Puntera (P)
= (10% 30%)
(10%) 0,105,00 = 0,50
(30%) 0,305,0 = 1,5
= 1,

Pre-dimensionado:

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
2. Calculo de la Normal (N)

At=Ancho tributario=1m

1 =
1 =
1 = 2.000/3 3,307,001
Ws1=46.200

1 = ( )
1 =
1 = 2.500/3 0,35 71
1 = 6.125,00

2 = ( )

2 = ( )
2
0,35 7
2 = 2.500/3 ( ) 1
2

2 = 3.062,50

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
3 = .
3 =
Ancho tributario=1m
3 = 2.500/3 5,00 0,71
3 = 8.750,00

N=Normal

= 1 + 1 + 2 + 3

= 46.200 + 6.125,00 + 3.062,50 + 8.750,00

= 64.137,50

3. Calculo del empuje activo (Ea).

Ka=Coeficiente activo
= 2 (45 2)
= (45 302)2
= 0,33

Ea=Empuje activo
= 12 2
= 12 2000/3 (7,70)2 0,33
= 19.565,70

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
4. Ubicacin de la normal (x).

1 = 1 + (0,35/2)
0,70 0,35
1 = 1 + +
2 2
1 = 1,53
2
2 = 1 + 3 (0,35)

2 = 1,23
5
3 = 2

3 = 2,5
3,30
= 1 + 0,7 +
2
= 3,35
7,70
1 =
3
1 = 2,57

= 0

46.2003,35 6.1251,53 3.062,501,23 8.950 2,50


+ 19.565,70 2,57 = 0

139.999,28.
=
64.137,50
= 2,18


=
2
5
= 2,18
2

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
= 0,32
.- Chequeo si est en el tercio central.
5
=
6 6
0,83

0,25 0,83
.

5. Chequeo de Esfuerzos

At=Ancho tributario=1m
=
6
= (1 + )

=
64.137,50 632
= (1 + )
500 100 500
= 1,78 /2
1,78/2 2/2 Ok

6. Factor de seguridad al volcamiento

=

= 1,5

= .
= .

=
= 46.200 3,35 + 6.1251,53 + 3.062,501,23 + 8.7502,50
= 46.200 3,35 + 6.1251,53 + 3.062,501,23 + 8.7502,50
= 189.783,13.
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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824

=
= 17.787,00 2,57
= 45.712,59.

189.783,13.
= 1,5
45.712,59.
= 4,15 1,5 .

7. Factor de seguridad al deslizamiento:

=

= 1,2

Donde:
=
=

Si < 1

= +

=
= 12 2

=
1
=

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
+
1,20

Coeficientes de friccin ( )
Material Contra concreto
Arena 0,40-0,60
Arcilla 0,20-0,50
Cemento Portland 0,35-0,45
Fuente: Covenin - Mindur 2006-88 Criterios y acciones mnimas.
=
2
= tan
3
2
= tan 30
3
= 0.38

= 19.565,70
=
= 0,3864.137,50
= 24.686,50

24.686,50
= 1,20
19.565,70
= 1,26 1,20 Ok.

8. Diseo de la zapata.
Mayorar las cargas.
1 = 1,4 1 1,446.200 = 64.680
1 = 1,4 1 1,46125 = 8575
2 = 1,4 2 1,43026,5 = 4237,10
3 = 1,4 3 1,48750 = 12.250

= 89.742,10

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
= 1,7
= 1,719.565,70
= 33.261,69

= 0

64.6803,35 85751,53 4.237,101,23


12.250 2,50 + 33.261,69 2,57 = 0
180.151,84.
= = 2,01
89.742,10

=
2
5
= 2,01 = 0,49
2

9. Calculo de esfuerzos para el diseo del acero.


6
= (1 + )

89.742,10 649
= (1 )
500100 500
= 2,67/2
= 0,91/2

10. Diseo de puntera

Chequeo por corte


1,77 /2 2
=
5 4,625
4,625 1,77 /2
2 =
5
2 = 1,64/2

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
2 = 1,64/2 + 0,91/2
2 = 2,55/2

= :
=

= 0,53 (. ) :
= 0.85

= 0,850,53250/2 10062,5

= 44.518,94
= 2,67/2 10037,5 = 10.012,50


44.518,94 10.012,50 Ok.

Chequeo por flexin:


1,77 /2 1
=
5 4,0
4,0 1,77 /2
1 =
5

1 = 1,42/2
1 = 1,42/2 + 0,91/2
1 = 2,33/2

100 100 2
= 2,33/2 100 100 + 0,34 100 100
2 2 3
= 1.278.333
=

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824

=
0,81
1.278.333
=
0,814200/2 62,5
1.278.333
= = 6,012
0,814200/2 62,5

= 0,0018 (. ) :
= 0,001810070 = 12,602

El muro est sobredimensionado hay que chequear, se puede disminuir la longitud de la
puntera o el espesor de la base.

100 2,852 100


= = = 22,60 3/4" /20
12,602
Ab=rea de la barra.
11. Diseo de taln
1,76 /2 3
=
5 3,30
2,675 1,77 /2
3 =
5
3 = 0,91/2 + 1,16/2
3 = 2,07/2

At=Ancho tributario=1m
()
Wc= E At
= 0,70 2500/3 1
= 1750/ 17,50/
()

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
Ws= h At
= 72000/3 1
= 140.00/ 140,00/

= + ( )
2 2 2 3 2

330 330
= 17,5 /330 + 140/330
2 2
2.070.91 330 330
( ) 330 100 0.91330 100
2 3 2

= 1.515.525,00


=
0,81
1.515.525,00 .
=
0,814200/2 62,5
= 7,132
= 0,0018 (. ) :

= 0,001810070 = 12,602

El muro est sobredimensionado hay que chequear, se puede disminuir la longitud del taln
o el espesor de la base.

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824

12. Diseo de corte y flexin del fuste

H-rec = 1.7 12 2 = = 0,53 = /3 = 0,81Fyd = 14 bd = 0.0018 bh


Seccion h (cm) d (cm) Eau(Kg) Vu (Kg) Vn(Kg) Mu(Kg.m) As (cm2) Asmin(cm2) Asmin(cm2)
0.00 35.00 27.50 0.00 0.00 2,493,060.65 0.00 0.00 9.17 6.30 3/4" c/28
1.00 40.00 32.50 561.00 561.00 2,849,212.17 187.00 0.17 10.83 7.20 3/4" c/14
2.00 45.00 37.50 2,244.00 2,244.00 3,205,363.69 1,496.00 1.17 12.50 8.10 3/4" c/14
3.00 50.00 42.50 5,049.00 5,049.00 3,561,515.21 5,049.00 3.49 14.17 9.00 3/4" c/14
4.00 55.00 47.50 8,976.00 8,976.00 3,917,666.74 11,968.00 7.41 15.83 9.90 3/4" c/7
5.00 60.00 52.50 14,025.00 14,025.00 4,273,818.26 23,375.00 13.09 17.50 10.80 3/4" c/7
6.00 65.00 57.50 20,196.00 20,196.00 4,629,969.78 40,392.00 20.65 19.17 11.70 3/4" c/7
7.00 70.00 62.50 27,489.00 27,489.00 4,986,121.30 64,141.00 30.17 20.83 12.60 3/4" c/7

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824
13. Resumen del acero colocado

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Ing. Miguel ngel Vielma Montes
C.I.V 78.824

14. Sistema de drenaje.


Opcin 1: Opcin 2:

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