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Q1

A train starts from rest at station A and accelerates at

for 60 s. Afterwards it travels with a constant

0.5 m>s 2

m>s 2 until it is

brought to rest at station B. Determine the distance between the stations.

velocity for 15 min. It then decelerates at 1

SOLUTION

Kinematics: For stage (1) motion,

v

0

=

A

+

:

B

s = s 0 + v 0 t +

1

2

a c t 2

0, s

0

=

0,

t

=

s 1 =

0

+ 0 +

1

2 (0.5)(60 2 ) = 900 m

60 s,

and

a

c

= 0.5 m>s

2

.

Thus,

A

+

:

B

v = v 0 + a c t

v 1

=

0 + 0.5(60) = 30 m>s

For stage (2) motion,

v

0 =

30 m>s, s

0

= 900 m, a

A

+

:

B

s = s 0 + v 0 t +

1

2

a c t 2

c

= 0 and

t = 15(60)

= 900 s.

Thus,

s 2 =

For stage (3) motion,

900

v

0 =

+

30(900) + 0 = 27 900 m

30 m>s, v

=

0, s 0

=

27 900 m and

a

c

=

-1 m>s 2 .

Thus,

A

+

:

B

v = v 0 + a c t

0

=

t =

30 +

30 s

( - 1)t

: + = s 0 + v 0 t +

s

1

2 a c t

2

s 3 = 27 900 + 30(30)

+

1 2 ( - 1)(30 2 )

= 28 350 m = 28.4 km

Ans.

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Q2 The position of a particle on a straight line is given by
s = 1t 3 - 9t 2 + 15t2 ft, where t is in seconds. Determine the
position of the particle when
t
=
6 s
and the total distance it
travels during the 6-s time interval. Hint: Plot the path to
determine the total distance traveled.
SOLUTION
s = t 3
- 9t 2 +
15t
= ds
dt
v
= 0
when
t =
1 s
and
t =
5 s
t
=
0,
s = 0
t
=
1 s,
s =
7 ft
t
=
5 s,
s =
- 25 ft
t
=
6 s,
s =
- 18 ft
Ans.
s
T = 7 +
7
+
25 +
(25
- 18)
=
46 ft
Ans.
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in

v

=

3t 2 -

18t +

15

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Q3 A golf ball is struck with a velocity of 80
ft>s
as shown.
Determine the distance d to where it will land.
80 ft/s
v A
B
A 45
10
SOLUTION
Horizontal Motion: The horizontal component of velocity is
(v 0 ) x = 80 cos 55°
= 45.89 ft>s
.The initial and final horizontal positions are
(s
0 )
x = 0
and
s
= d cos 10°
,
x
respectively.
+
A :
B
s x = (s 0 ) x + (v 0 ) x t
d
d cos 10°
=
0
+ 45.89t
(1)
Vertical Motion: The vertical component of initial velocity is
(v 0 ) y = 80 sin 55°
= 65.53 ft>s
. The initial and final vertical positions are
(s
=
0
and
s
= d sin 10°
,
0 )
y
y
respectively.
1
(+c)
s y = (s 0 ) y + (v 0 ) y t +
2 (a c ) y t 2
1
2 ( - 32.2)t
2
d sin 10° =
0 + 65.53t
+
(2)
Solving Eqs. (1) and (2) yields
d =
166 ft
Ans.
t =
3.568 s
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Q4

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When the motorcyclist is at A, he increases his speed along

# = 10.3t2 ft>s 2 ,

where t is in seconds. If he starts from rest at A, determine the magnitudes of his velocity and acceleration when he reaches B.

the vertical circular path at the rate of

v

SOLUTION

 L 0 v = L t 0.3tdt 0 dv

v

= 0.15t 2

 L 0 s = L t 0.15t 2 dt 0 ds

s

= 0.05t 3

When s = p (300) ft,

v = 0.15(18.453) 2 = 51.08 ft>s = 51.1 ft>s #
= v = 0.3t| t = 18.453 s = 5.536 ft>s 2
a t
= 51.08 2
a n = v 2
= 8.696 ft>s 2
r 300
2
2
a =
a
2 + a
=
(5.536) 2 + (8.696) 2 = 10.3 ft s
t
n
by 300 ft
60°
A
300 ft
B Ans.
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is
not

3

p (300) = 0.05t 3

3

t

= 18.453 s

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Q5

teaching

A toboggan is traveling down along a curve which can be

Determine the

magnitude of its acceleration when it reaches point A, where

its speed is

v # A = 3 m>s 2 .

approximated by the parabola

y = 0.01x 2 .

v A = 10 m>s,

and it is increasing at the rate of

SOLUTION y
y = 0.01x 2
A
36 m
60 m

Acceleration: The radius of curvature of the path at point A must be determined

 dy d 2 y dx = 0.02x dx 2

r = [1 + (dy>dx) 2 ] 3>2

 = [1 + (0.02x) 2 ] 3>2 2 x = 60 m = 190.57 m |d 2 y>dx 2 | |0.02|

To determine the normal acceleration, apply Eq. 12–20.

a n = v 2

10

2

190.57

r =

= 0.5247 m>s 2

x

 or Here, a t = v A = 3 m>s # . Thus, the magnitude of acceleration is laws 2
a =
a
2 t + a n 2 =
3 2 + 0.5247
=
3.05 m s
in

2 Ans. Web)

first. Here,

and

= 0.02

, then

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Q6 Determine the displacement of the block B if A is pulled
down 4 ft.
C
SOLUTION
A
2s A +
2s C
= l 1
B
¢s A = -¢s C
s B
-
s C
+
s B
=
l 2
2
¢s B = ¢s C
Thus,
2
¢s B = -¢s A
2
¢s B = -4
¢s
B =
-
2 ft
=
2 ft c
Ans.
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Q-7At what rate, and in which direction must weight A move if weight B is to fall at a rate of 0.3

m/s?  DATUM
s
B
s A
B
A

0.3 m/s

Solution

There is a single cord between weights A and B, so the motion of one of the weights is dependent upon one the other. While the physical system is somewhat more complex than the original, 2-pulley example, the solution is not very different. The total length of the cord is made up of 9 segments, as shown in the figure below. There are 4 equivalent-length sections that lengthen as weight B is lowered. The length of each of these sections is labeled S B .

The length of the cord segment connected to weight A is labeled S A . There are four cord segments around the four pulleys that do not change as the weights move. These segments are shown in red in the figure, and their lengths are combined and called L const . The total cord length, then, is

4 s B + s A

+ L const

= L total

Differentiating this equation with respect to time yields the time rates of change of position, or velocities of each weight.

4

ds

ds

B

+

A

dt

dt

+

4 v

0

B

=

=

0

v

A

So, if weight B moves down at 0.3 m/s, weight A will move up at 1.2 m/s.

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Q8 Cars A and B are traveling around the circular race track.
v A
At the instant shown, A has a speed of
90 ft>s
and is
increasing its speed at the rate of
15 ft>s 2 ,
whereas B has a
A
2
.
Determine the relative velocity and relative acceleration of
car A with respect to car B at this instant.
speed of 105 ft>s and is decreasing its speed at
25 ft>s
B
v B
60
300 ft
r A
250 ft
r B
SOLUTION
v A = v B + v A>B
-90i = - 105 sin 30° i + 105 cos 30°j + v A>B
v A>B = 5 - 37.5i - 90.93j6 ft>s
v A/B = 2( -37.5) 2 + ( - 90.93) 2 = 98.4 ft>s
Ans.
= tan -1 a 90.93 b = 67.6°
37.5
a A = a B + a A>B
2
1902
25 sin 60°j - 44.1 sin 60°i - 44.1 cos 60°j +
a A>B
300
a A>B = {10.69i + 16.70j} ft>s 2
a A>B = 2(10.69) 2 + (16.70) 2 = 19.8 ft>s 2
Ans.
u
= tan -1 a 16.70 b = 57.4° a
Ans.
10.69
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d

Ans.

-15i -

j

= 25 cos 60°i

-

Q9 At the instant shown, cars A and B travel at speeds of
70 mi>h and 50 mi>h, respectively. If B is increasing its
speed by 1100 mi>h 2 , while A maintains a constant speed,
determine the velocity and acceleration of B with respect to
A.Car B moves along a curve having a radius of curvature of
0.7 mi.
A
70 mi/h
v A
50 mi/h
v B
B
SOLUTION
30
Relative Velocity:
v B =
v A + v B>A
50 sin 30°i + 50 cos 30°j =
70j + v B>A
v B>A = {25.0i - 26.70j} mi>h
Thus, the magnitude of the relative velocity
is
v B/A
y B>A = 225.0 2 + ( -26.70) 2 = 36.6 mi>h
Ans.
The direction of the relative velocity is the same as the direction of that for relative
acceleration. Thus
u = tan -1 26.70
= 46.9° c
Ans.
25.0
Relative Acceleration:
Since
car
B
is
traveling
along
a
curve,
its
normal
2
y 2
50
B
acceleration is
(a B ) n =
=
= 3571.43 mi>h
2 . Applying Eq. 12–35 gives
r 0.7
a B =
a A
+ a
B>A
(1100 sin 30° + 3571.43 cos 30°)i + (1100 cos 30° - 3571.43 sin 30°)j = 0 + a
B>A
2
a B>A = {3642.95i - 833.09j} mi>h
Thus, the magnitude of the relative velocity
is
a B/A
2
a B>A = 23642.95 2 + ( -833.09)
2 = 3737 mi>
h
Ans.
And its direction is
-1 833.09
f
= tan
= 12.9° c
Ans.
3642.95
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