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Q1
A train starts from rest at station A and accelerates at
for 60 s. Afterwards it travels with a constant
0.5 m>s ^{2}
m>s ^{2} until it is
brought to rest at station B. Determine the distance between the stations.
velocity for 15 min. It then decelerates at 1
SOLUTION
Kinematics: For stage (1) motion,
v
_{0}
=
A
+
:
^{B}
s = s _{0} + v _{0} t +
1
2
^{a} ^{c} ^{t} 2
0, s
0
=
0,
t
=
s _{1} =
0
+ 0 +
1
_{2} (0.5)(60 ^{2} ) = 900 m
60 s,
and
a
c
= 0.5 m>s
2
.
Thus,
A
+
:
^{B}
v = v _{0} + a _{c} t
v _{1}
=
0 + 0.5(60) = 30 m>s
For stage (2) motion,
v
_{0} =
30 m>s, s
0
= 900 m, a
A
+
:
^{B}
s = s _{0} + v _{0} t +
1
2
^{a} ^{c} ^{t} 2
c
= 0 and
t = 15(60)
= 900 s.
Thus,
s _{2} =
For stage (3) motion,
900
v
_{0} =
+
30(900) + 0 = 27 900 m
30 m>s, v
=
0, s _{0}
=
27 900 m and
a
c
=
1 m>s ^{2} .
Thus,
A
+
:
^{B}
v = v _{0} + a _{c} t
0
=
t =
30 +
30 s
(  1)t
: + = s _{0} + v _{0} t +
s
1
2 ^{a} ^{c} ^{t}
2
s _{3} = 27 900 + 30(30)
+
1 _{2} (  1)(30 ^{2} )
= 28 350 m = 28.4 km
Ans.
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Q2
v
=
3t ^{2} 
18t +
15
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Q3
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Q4
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When the motorcyclist is at A, he increases his speed along
# = 10.3t2 ft>s ^{2} ,
where t is in seconds. If he starts from rest at A, determine the magnitudes of his velocity and acceleration when he reaches B.
the vertical circular path at the rate of
v
SOLUTION
L 0 
v 
= L t 0.3tdt 0 

dv 
v
= 0.15t ^{2}
L 0 
s 
= L t 0.15t ^{2} dt 0 

ds 
s
= 0.05t ^{3}
When s = ^{p} (300) ft,
v = 0.15(18.453) ^{2} = 51.08 ft>s = 51.1 ft>s
3
^{p} (300) = 0.05t ^{3}
3
t
= 18.453 s
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Q5
teaching
A toboggan is traveling down along a curve which can be
Determine the
magnitude of its acceleration when it reaches point A, where
its speed is
v # _{A} = 3 m>s ^{2} .
approximated by the parabola
y = 0.01x ^{2} .
v _{A} = 10 m>s,
and it is increasing at the rate of
SOLUTION
Acceleration: The radius of curvature of the path at point A must be determined
dy 
d ^{2} y 
_{d}_{x} = 0.02x 
dx _{2} 
r = [1 + (dy>dx) ^{2} ] ^{3}^{>}^{2}
= [1 + (0.02x) ^{2} ] ^{3}^{>}^{2} 
2 x = 60 m 
= 190.57 m 

d ^{2} y>dx ^{2}  
0.02 
To determine the normal acceleration, apply Eq. 12–20.
a n = ^{v} 2
10
2
_{1}_{9}_{0}_{.}_{5}_{7}
r ^{=}
= 0.5247 m>s ^{2}
x
or 

Here, 
a _{t} = v _{A} = 3 m>s # 
. Thus, the magnitude of acceleration is 
laws 
2 Ans.
first. Here,
and
= 0.02
, then
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Q6
Q7At what rate, and in which direction must weight A move if weight B is to fall at a rate of 0.3
m/s?
0.3 m/s
Solution
There is a single cord between weights A and B, so the motion of one of the weights is dependent upon one the other. While the physical system is somewhat more complex than the original, 2pulley example, the solution is not very different. The total length of the cord is made up of 9 segments, as shown in the figure below. There are 4 equivalentlength sections that lengthen as weight B is lowered. The length of each of these sections is labeled S _{B} .
The length of the cord segment connected to weight A is labeled S _{A} . There are four cord segments around the four pulleys that do not change as the weights move. These segments are shown in red in the figure, and their lengths are combined and called L _{c}_{o}_{n}_{s}_{t} . The total cord length, then, is
^{4} ^{s} B ^{+} ^{s} A
^{+} ^{L} const
^{=} ^{L} total
Differentiating this equation with respect to time yields the time rates of change of position, or velocities of each weight.
4
ds
ds
B
+
A
dt
dt
+
4 v
0
B
=
=
0
− v
A
So, if weight B moves down at 0.3 m/s, weight A will move up at 1.2 m/s.
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Q8
u
_{d}
Ans.
15i 
j
= 25 cos 60°i

Q9
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