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PART 8

WOOD STRUCTURAL PANELS

CIE 430 Design of Wood Structures


Part 8 1
Wood Structural Panels
1. Introduction
Various types of wood structural panels used
for a variety of structural and nonstructural
applications:
Most common for
Structural Applications
(Roof, floor and wall
Sheathing)



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Wood Structural Panels
2. Panel Dimensions and Applications
Panel Dimensions




Common applications of wood structural panels






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Wood Structural Panels
3. Plywood Construction

Thin veneers glued together oriented at cross


grain.
Structural panels use waterproof phenol-
formaldehyde resin glue certified for exterior
use

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Wood Structural Panels
3. Plywood Construction
Veneer Fabrication

CIE 430 Design of Wood Structures


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Wood Structural Panels
3. Plywood Construction
Veneer Fabrication

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Wood Structural Panels
3. Plywood Construction

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Wood Structural Panels
3. Plywood Construction
Odd number of layers
Strong and weak orientations

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Wood Structural Panels
Species Groups for Plywood

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Wood Structural Panels
Veneer Grades

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Wood Structural Panels
4. Exposure Classifications for Plywood
American Plywood Association Performance-
rated Panel System
Exterior, Exposure 1 and Exposure 2, Interior
Exterior panels have a fully waterproof bond and are designed for applications
subject to permanent exposure to the weather or to moisture.
Exposure 1 panels have a fully waterproof bond and are designed for applications
where long construction delays may be expected prior to providing protection, or
where high moisture conditions may be encountered in service.
Exposure 2 panels are intended for protected construction applications where only
moderate delays in providing protection from moisture may be expected.
Interior panels or panels are manufactured with interior glue and are intended for
interior applications only.
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Wood Structural Panels
5. Plywood Grades
Large number of grades of plywood
Each plywood stamped with a grade-
trademark identifying:


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Wood Structural Panels
5. Plywood Grades
Sanded Plywood Panel
Sanding improves surface conditions (e.g. painting)
Reduces thickness of outer veneers
Different cross-sectional properties used for sanded
touch-sanded, and unsanded panels

Quality Control Agency


(American Plywood Association)

Face and Back


Veneer Grades Minimum Species Group
Exposure Classification
Manufacturers
Mill Number Product Standard

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Wood Structural Panels
5. Plywood Grades
Grade-trademark for sheathing grade plywood

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Wood Structural Panels
6. Oriented Strandboard

Successive layers of 3-1/8 strands aligned


at 90o to each other
Use waterproof phenol-formaldehyde resin
adhesive or equivalent
binder and wax for
adhesion

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Wood Structural Panels
Oriented Strandboard - Features

CIE 430 Design of Wood Structures


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Wood Structural Panels
Oriented Strandboard - Sizes

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Wood Structural Panels
7. Design of Roof Sheathing

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Wood Structural Panels
7. Design of Roof Sheathing

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Wood Structural Panels
8. Design of Floor Sheathing
Two types of floor construction
1. Two layer system
Two layers of panels.
Subfloor: bottom layer (basic structural sheathing).
Underlayment: top layer (special C-plugged face to resist
indentations.

Single layer system


Combined subfloor-underlayment.
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Wood Structural Panels
8. Design of Floor Sheathing
Assumed continuous over 2 or more spans.
Plywood or OSB used in strong orientation.
Design based on span rating and allowable loads
(ASD) for most applications.
Differential movement between adjacent
unsupported panel edges must be limited by one of
the following:
Tongue-and-groove edges.
Blocking.
1/4 underlayment with offset panel edges.
1-1/2 of light weight concrete over the subfloor.
Finish floor of wood strips.
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Wood Structural Panels
8. Design of Floor Sheathing

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Wood Structural Panels
9. Design Examples
Example 9.1: Roof Sheathing Design
For the roof shown below, determine the panel
sheathing requirements.
The building is located in a non-snow load area
with a roof live load of 20 psf.

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Wood Structural Panels

Two design options:

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Wood Structural Panels
9. Design Examples
Example 9.2: Floor Sheathing Design
For the floor layout of an office building shown below,
determine the panel sheathing requirements.
The floor utilizes a two-layer floor system with a
separate subfloor and staggered underlayment.
The floor supports a live load of 50 psf.

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Wood Structural Panels
Use C-D Interior or C-D Structural I Interior.
No edge supports required if subfloor and underlayment are staggered.
Two design options:


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Wood Structural Panels
Questions/Discussions

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Wood Structural Panels