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INFINITIVE PAST TENSE PAST PARTICIPLE

[e] [e]
bereave bereaved/bereft bereaved/bereft = 1.a ra pi. 2. a fura. 3. a priva.
bleed bled bled = a sa ngera.
breed bred bred = a crete, a educa.
creep crept crept = 1.a se ta r, a se furia, a se strecura. 2. a se nfiora.
dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt = a visa.
feed fed fed = 1.a hra ni, a alimenta. 2. a pate.
feel felt felt = 1.a simi. 2.a pipa i. 3. a dibui, a tatona.
flee fled fled = a fugi, a sca pa cu fuga (de, din faa ).
keep kept kept = 1.a pa stra, a opri, a nu restitui. 2. a pa stra, a pune deoparte. 3.a ine, a menine.
kneel knelt knelt = a ngenunchia.
lead led led = 1.a ndruma, a conduce. 2. a ca la uzi, a conduce.
leap leapt leapt = 1.a sa ri peste, a trece peste. 2. a face sa sara .
leave left left = a la sa, a pa ra si.
mean meant meant = a inteniona.
meet met met = 1.a nta lni. 2. a nta mpina.
read read read = a citi.
sleep slept slept = a dormi.
smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled = a mirosi.
speed sped/speeded sped/speeded = 1.a se deplasa cu repeziciune, a merge repede, a se gra bi. 2. a accelera.
spell spelled/spelt spelled/spelt = 1. a scrie litera cu litera . 2. a pronuna litera cu litera .
sweep swept swept = a ma tura, a cura i.
weep wept wept = a pla nge.
INFINITIVE PAST TENSE PAST PARTICIPLE
[] =E []=E
sit sat sat = a sta jos.
spit spat spat = 1. a scuipa. 2. a manifesta dispre. 3. a pufni (d.pisici).

[] =E [] =A
begin began begun = a ncepe.
drink drank drunk/drunken* = a bea.
ring rang rung = 1.a suna. 2.a ra suna (de), a face sa sune. 3. a iui.
run ran run = a alerga.
shrink shrank shrunk/shrunken* = 1.a se micora. 2.a intra la apa .3. a se da napoi, a se sustrage.
sing sang sung = a ca nta.
sink sank sunk/sunken* = 1.a se scufunda. 2.a apune, a asfini. 3.a se la sa n jos.
spring sprang sprung = 1. a a ni, a izvor (d. apa ). 2.a sta rni (va natul). 3.a sa ri. 4.a declana (un arc, o mina ).
stink stank stunk = 1.a mirosi ura t.2.a simi (un miros ura t).
swim swam swum = a nota.
* drunken, shrunken and sunken are used attributively.

[] =A [] =A
cling clung clung = a se ine de, a se lipi de, a ra ma ne ataat.
dig dug dug = 1.a sa pa. 2. a nfige, a va r.
fling flung flung = a arunca, a azvrli.
hang hung/hanged hung/hanged = 1. a ata rna, a aga a. 2. a spa nzura.
spin spun spun/span = 1.a fila, a toarce, a ra suci. 2. a se nva rti/roti.
stick stuck stuck = 1. a nfige, a mpla nta. 2. a lipi.
sting stung stung = 1. a nepa. 2. a ustura.
strike struck struck/stricken* = 1. a lovi, a izbi. 2. a suna, a bate (ceasul).
swing swung swung = a (se) lega na, a (se) balansa.
win won won = a ca tiga.
wring wrung wrung = 1. a ra suci, a stoarce. 2.a stra nge (tare).
[o:] [o:]
bear bore borne/born = 1. a purta, a duce, a ca ra, a transporta. 2. a suporta, a ndura. 3. a (se) nate.
swear swore sworn = 1. a jura, a depune jura ma nt. 2. a se jura. 3. a njura.
tear tore torn = 1. a rupe, a sfa ia. 2. a smulge.
wear wore worn = 1.a (se) purta (o haina ), a fi mbra cat. 2. a uza, a ponosi. 3. a purta (pa rul, barba).

[u:] [o:]
draw drew drawn = 1. a trage. 2. a ntinde (arcul). 3. a desena. 4. a deduce, a trage concluzii.
overdraw overdrew overdrawn = 1. a exagera. 2. a depa i (contul la banca ).
withdraw withdrew withdrawn = 1. a trage (napoi).2.a lua, a retrage. 3. a (se) retrage.
[u:] [] = u
blow blew blown = 1.a bate (d.vnt), a sufla. 2. a sufla greu, a ga fa i.
fly flew flown = 1. a zbura. 2. a fugi, a o lua la goana . 3. a flutura, a fa lfa i.
grow grew grown = 1.a crete. 2. a face progrese. 3. a deveni. 4. a cultiva.
know knew known = a ti, a cunoate.
throw threw thrown = a arunca, a azva rli.

[o:] [o:]
beseech besought besought = a implora.
bring brought brought = a aduce.
buy bought bought = a cumpa ra.
catch caught caught = a prinde.
fight fought fought = a lupta.
seek sought sought = 1. a ca uta. 2. a urma ri un scop.
teach taught taught = a nva a (pe cineva), a preda.
think thought thought = 1. a se ga ndi, a medita, a chibzui, a cugeta. 2.a crede, a gndi. 3. a concepe.
4. a-i imagina, a-i nchipui. 5. a crede, a socoti.
[] = u [ i]
drive drove driven = 1. a conduce (un vehicul). 2.a goni, a ma na.
ride rode ridden = 1. a ca la ri. 2. a ca la tori (cu un mijloc de transport public). 3. a ca la ri (un cal).
rise rose risen = 1. a se scula, a se ridica (d.luna ). 2. a ra sa ri (d. soare).
arise arose arisen = 1. a se ridica, a apa rea, a se ivi.2. a ra sa ri.
shrive shrove shriven = a se ma rturisi (la preot).
smite smote smitten = 1.a lovi, a izbi. 2. a afecta. 3. a vra ji.
stride strode stridden = 1.a nca leca. 2. a pa i, a face pai mari. 3. a sa ri.
strive strove striven = 1. a se stra dui. 2. a se lupta.
thrive throve/thrived thriven = a prospera, a propa i.
write wrote written = a scrie.

[au] [au]
bind bound bound = a lega.
find found found = a ga si.
grind ground ground = a sfa ra ma, a pisa, a ma cina.
wind wound wound = 1. a erpui. 2. a (ra )suci (ceasul). 3. a se ra suci/ncola ci.
4. a se schimba (d. pa reri). 5. a se scoroji.
[] = u [o] = u
break broke broken = a sparge, a rupe, a fra nge.
choose chose chosen = a alege.
freeze froze frozen = a nghea.
steal stole stolen = a fura.
speak spoke spoken = a vorbi, a se exprima.
wake woke woke/woken = a se trezi, a se detepta.
weave wove/weaved woven/weaved = 1.a (se) ese. 2. a urzi (un complot). 3. a ese, (a lucra la ra zboi).
[] = u [] = u
sell sold sold = a vinde.
tell told told = 1.a spune, a zice. 2.a povesti, a relata.
foretell foretold foretold = a prevesti, a prezice.

[i] [i]
bite bit bitten = a muca.
chide chid/chided chid/chided = a certa, a dojeni, a mustra.
hide hid hidden = a (se) ascunde.

[u] [ei]
forsake forsook forsaken = a pa ra si, a abandona.
mistake mistook mistaken = a nelege greit vorbele cuiva.
partake partook partaken = a mpa rta i, a participa la.
shake shook shaken = 1.a scutura, a cla tina. 2.a zgudui, a zdruncina. 3. a intimida, a speria. 4. a tremura.
take took taken = a lua.

[ei] [i]
bid bade/bid bidden/bid = 1.a porunci. 2. a invita, a pofti 3.a dori, a ura. 4. a oferi un pre.
forbid forbade forbidden = a interzice.
forgive forgave forgiven = a ierta.
give gave given = a da.
(no change)
bet bet bet = a pune/face un pariu.
burst burst burst = a izbucni, a exploda.
broadcast broadcast(ed) broadcast(ed) = a radiodifuza.
cast cast cast = a arunca.
cost cost cost = a costa.
cut cut cut = a ta ia.
hit hit hit = a bate, a izbi, a lovi.
hurt hurt hurt = a ra ni.
let let let = a permite, a nga dui, a la sa.
put put put = a pune.
rid rid rid = a elibera, a sca pa.
set set set = 1.a pune, a aeza. 2. a regla, a potrivi. 3. a asfini, a apune.
shed shed shed = 1.a va rsa (lacrimi, sa nge). 2. a lepa da (frunze). 3. a reva rsa.
shut shut shut = a nchide.
slit slit slit = a (se) despica, a (se) cra pa.
split split split = 1.a despica. 2. a ta ia. 3. a desface. 4. a dezbina. 5. a scinda.
spread spread spread = 1.a ntinde, a desfa ura. 2. a ra spndi.
thrust thrust thrust = a lovi, a izbi, a mbra nci.
[t] [t]
bend bent bent = 1.a coti. 2. a (se) ndoi.
lend lent lent = a da cu mprumut.
rend rent rent = 1.a rupe. 2. a sfa ia. 3. a despica.
send sent sent = a trimite.
spend spent spent = 1. a cheltui, a irosi, a risipi. 2. a petrece (timpul).

[d] [n]
hew hewed hewn = a ta ia, a despica.
mow mowed mown = 1. a cosi. 2.a secera. 3.a tunde (iarba).
saw sawed sawn = 1.a ta ia cu fera stra ul. 2. a fera strui.
sew sewed sewn = a (se) coase.
show showed shown = a ara ta.
sow sowed sown = a sema na, a presa ra.
strew strewed strewn = 1.a ra spa ndi, a mpra tia.2.a acoperi/presa ra (cu).
Miscellaneous (diverse)
abide abode abode = 1.a locui, a sta. 2.a ra ma ne. 3. a ra bda, a se supune.
be was/were been = a fi.
beat beat beaten = a bate.
blend blended/blent blended/blent = a amesteca.
bless blessed/blest blessed/blest = a binecuva nta.
build built built = a construi.
burn burned/burnt burned/burnt = a arde.
clothe clothed/clad clothed/clad = 1.a mbra ca. 2.a acoperi.
come came come = a veni.
become became become = a deveni.
overcome overcame overcome = 1.a nvinge, a subjuga. 2. a ntrece. 3. a pune sta pa nire (d. emoii). 4. a coplei (d. durere).
deal dealt dealt = 1.a repartiza, a distribui.2.a avea de-a face cu cineva.
do did done = 1.a face, a sa va ri, a ndeplini. 2. a aciona, a proceda.
outdo outdid outdone = a ntrece.
dwell dwelt dwelt = 1.a locui. 2. a insista asupra.
eat ate eaten = a mnca.
fall fell fallen = a ca dea.
foresee foresaw foreseen = a prevedea, a ntreza ri.
forget forgot forgotten = a uita.
get got got/gotten = a ca pa ta, a primi, a obine.
go went gone = a merge.
undergo underwent undergone = 1.a suferi. 2. a pa i. 3. a trece prin.
have had had = a avea.
hear heard heard = a auzi.
overhear overheard overheard = 1.a auzi din ntmplare. 2. a surprinde (o conversaie etc.).
hold held held = 1.a ine. 2. a reine, a opri, a mpiedica. 3. a conine, a avea. 4. a deine, poseda. 5. a imobiliza.
behold beheld beheld/beholden = a za ri, a vedea.
withhold withheld withheld = 1.a reine, a opri. 2. a refuza.
knit knitted/knit knitted/knit = a mpleti, a tricota.
lay laid laid = a pune jos, a culca, a aeza.
mislay mislaid mislaid = a pierde, a za pa ci.
lean leant/leaned leant/leaned = a se nclina, a se apleca.
learn learned/learnt learned*/learnt = a nva a.
lie lay lain = 1.a fi culcat, a fi ntins. 2. a za cea.
light lighted/lit lighted/lit = a aprinde.
load loaded loaded/laden* = 1.a nca rca. 2. a coplei.
lose lost lost = a pierde.
make made made = 1.face. 2. a fabrica. 3. a prepara.
melt melted melted/molten* = a se topi.
pay paid paid = a pla ti.
rot rotted rotted/rotten* = 1. a putrezi. 2. a se ofili, a se pra pa di. 3. a se caria.
say said said = 1. a spune, a zice. 2. a recita (versuri). 3. a afirma. 4. a exprima n cuvinte.
5. a-i exprima pa rerea, a se pronuna.
see saw seen = a vedea.
shave shaved shaved/shaven = 1.a (se) ba rbieri. 2. a ta ia (subire). 3. a se freca de, a se atinge de.
shear sheared sheared/shorn = a tunde.
shine shone shone = a stra luci.
shoot shot shot = 1.a se na pusti, a da buzna. 2. a va na. 3. a ncoli (d. plante). 4. a trage cu arma.
slide slid slid = 1. a aluneca, a se da pe gheaa . 2. a trece pe nesimite.
spill spilled/spilt spilled/spilt = 1.a va rsa, a ra sturna. 2.a da pe dinafara .
spoil spoiled spoiled/spoilt = 1.a strica. 2.a ra sfa a. 3.a se strica.
stand stood stood = a sta n picioare.
understand understood understood = 1.a nelege, a pricepe. 2. a afla, a lua cunotina despre.
withstand withstood withstood = a rezista, a ine piept.
swell swelled swollen/swelled = a (se) umfla.
tread trod trodden/trod = a pa i, a ca lca.
work worked worked/wrought* = 1. a lucra, a munci. 2. a prelucra. 3. a executa, a nfa ptui. 4. a pune la treaba . 5. a face, a produce.
6. (d. maini) a funciona. 7. a merge, a avea succes. 8. a fermenta.
* wrought (iron) = (fier) forjat.