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9/1/2017

Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

Glossary of literary terms

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a list of literary terms; that is, those words used in discussion, classification, criticism, and analysis of poetry, novels, and picture books.

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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an acrostic in which the first letter of every word, strophe or verse follows the order of the alphabet

[1]

   
       

Noun used to describe the stress put on a certain syllable while speaking a word. Ex.- In Coleridge’s “Kubla Khan,” there has been much controversy over the pronunciation of “Abora” in line 41. According to Herbert Tucker of the website For Better For Verse, the accent is on the first and last syllable of the word, making its pronunciation: AborA.

[2][3]

   

Accentual verse is common in children's poetry; nursery rhymes and the less well-known skipping-rope rhymes are the most common form of accentual verse in the English Language.

[4]

   

An acrostic is a poem or other form of writing in which the first letter, syllable or word of each line, paragraph or other recurring feature in the text spells out a word or a message.

[5]

   

Act

       
 

a

word or phrase which modifies a noun or pronoun, grammatically

[6][7]

   

added to describe, identify, or quantify the related noun or pronoun.

 

A

describing word used to modify a verb, adjective, or another

     

adverb. Typically ending in -ly, adverbs answer the questions when, how, and how many times.

[2][8]

       
 

A

specific type of writing in which the settings, characters, and

[9]

   

events stand for other specific people, events, or ideas.

Repetition of the initial sounds of words, as in “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers”

[10]

   
 

A

figure of speech that makes a reference to, or representation of,

     

people, places, events, literary work, myths, or works of art, either directly or by implication.

[10]

Erroneous use of an object, event, idea, or word that does not belong

[11]

   

to

that time period.

       
       
 

The point in a plot where a character recognizes the true state of

[12]

   
 

affairs

       

An interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point the story has reached

[13]

   
       

Comparison between two things that are otherwise unlike. H

[14][15]

   
 

a

version of the foot in poetry in which the first two syllables of a

     

line are unstressed, followed by a stressed syllable. Ex. Intercept (the syllables in and ter are unstressed followed by cept which is stressed)

[16]

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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a short account of a particular incident or event, especially of an interesting or amusing nature.

[17]

   
       
       

the adversary of the hero or protagonist of a drama or other literary work: Iago is the antagonist [18] of Othello.

[18]

   
       

A word or phrase referred to by any relative pronoun.

[6]

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 

A figure of speech in which the speaker addresses an object,

[6]

   

concept, or person (usually absent) that is unable to respond.

       
       
       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

Term Description Citation Category Notes Aristeia Argument Arsis Asemic writing Aside Assonance [2][8]
Term
Description
Citation
Category
Notes
Aristeia
Argument
Arsis
Asemic writing
Aside
Assonance
[2][8]
Astrophic
stanzas having no particular pattern.
The omission of conjunctions between clauses. An example is when
John F. Kennedy said on January the 20th 1961 "
that
we shall pay
[19]
Asyndeton
any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend,
oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty."
Aube
Aubade
Audience
Autobiography
Autotelic
Avant-garde
Ballad
Ballade
Ballad stanza
Bard
Baroque
Bathos
Beast fable (beast
epic)
Beast poetry
Beat Generation
Beginning rhyme
Belles-lettres
Bestiary
Beta reader
Bibliography
Bildungsroman
Biography
[8][20]
Blank verse
Verse written in iambic pentameter without rhyme.
Body

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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Bombast (fustian)

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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Two lines with rhyming ends. Shakespeare often used a couplet to end a sonnet.

[8]

   
       
       
       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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A

group of words containing a subject and a verb, but does not

[6]

   

equate to a complete thought.

       
       
       
       
       
       
 

A

work primarily featuring dialogue; a piece of, relating to, or

[11]

   

written in dialogue.

       
       

Also known as "lexis" and "word choice," the term refers to the words selected for use in any oral, written, or literary expression. Diction often centers on opening a great array of lexical possibilities with the connotation of words by maintaining first the denotation of words.

[21]

   

Intended to teach, instruct, or have a moral lesson for the reader.

[11]

   

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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A line of verse made up of two feet (two stresses).

[9]

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

Using ones senses as a medium for writing to relay emotion and the perception of sensations of oneself or of others and play upon those sensations to create a relatability stemming from the human condition.

[6]

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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A

vivid, graphic, or dramatic written commentary or description of

[2][8]

   

another visual form of art.

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 

A

line in poetry that ends in a pause—indicated by a specific

[9]

   

punctuation, such as a period or a semicolon.

       

The continuing of a syntactic unit over the end of a line. Enjambment occurs when the sense of the line overflows the meter and line break.

[2]

   
       
       
       
       
 

A

long poem that narrates the victories and adventures of a hero. It

[8]

   

can be identified by lofty or elegant diction.

       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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Exposition (dramatic structure)

       
       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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A rhyme with two syllables. One is stressed, one is unstressed. Examples: “Merry”, “Coffee”.

[2][8]

   
       
       
       
       

An interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point the story has reached

[13]

   

An interjected scene that takes the narrative forward in time from the current point of the story in literature, film, television and other media

[13]

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

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Expresses a condition happening in the future by using shall, will, am, is, are and going to with a verb. Adverbs are also used with the present tense of the verb to show future tense.

[2][8]

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

Prose written in a terse, haikai style, accompanied by haiku

[22]

   

Broad genre comprising the related forms haiku haikai-renga and haibun

[22]

   

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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Modern term for standalone hokku

[22]

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

A line from a poem hat has six feet in its meter. Another name for hexameter is "The Alexandrine."

[8]

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

In Japanese poetry, the opening stanza of a renga or renku (haikai no renga)

[23]

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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a figure of speech that alters the syntactic order of the words in a sentence or separates normally-associated words.The term may also be used more generally for all different figures of speech that transpose the natural word order in sentences.

[24][25]

   
       
       
       
       
       
 

A

term where different subordinate clauses are used in a sentence to

[8]

   

qualify a single verb, or modify it.

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 

A

word that’s tacked onto a sentence in order to add strong emotion.

     

It’s grammatically unrelated to the rest of the sentence. They are usually followed by an exclamation point.

[8]

       
       
       

Refers to the way in which different works of literature interact with and relate to one another in order to construct meaning.

[8]

   

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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The use of one or more extra syllabic units (on) above the 5/7 standard in Japanese poetic forms such as waka and haiku.

[26]

   
       

The use of fewer syllabic units (on) than the 5/7 standard in Japanese poetic forms such as waka and haiku.

[27]

   
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

In Japanese poetry, a seasonal word or phrase required in haiku and renku

[28]

   
       

In Japanese poetry, a "cutting word" required in haiku and hokku

[29]

   
       
       

gap, hole, conspicuous absence

     

Lai

       
       
       
       
       
       

Lay

       
       
       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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A

short poem with a song-like quality, or designed to be set to

[9]

   

music; often conveying feelings, emotions, or personal thoughts.

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 

A

work that is characterized by extravagant theatricality and by the

[11]

   

predominance of plot and physical action over characterization

       
       
       

Making a comparison between two unlike things without using the words like, as, or than.

[9]

   
       
       
       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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Notes

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

(miracle play)

       
       
       
       

epic)

       
       
       
       
       
       
       

(monopody)

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

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Glossary of literary terms - Wikipedia

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A

multi-lined strophic verse form which flourished in Islamic Spain

[30]

   

in

the 11th century, written in Arabic or Hebrew

       
       
       
       
 

A

theory or practice in literature emphasizing scientific observation

     

of

life without idealization and often including elements of

[11]

determinism

The creation of new words, some arising from acronyms, word combinations, direct translations, and the addition of prefixes or suffixes.

[6]

   
       
 

A

genre of fiction that relies on narrative and possesses a

     

considerable length, an expected complexity, and a sequential

organization of action into story and plot distinctively. This genre is flexible in form, although prose is the standard, focuses around one

[2]

more characters, and is continuously reshaped and reformed by a speaker.

or