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EE 323 Homework 1 Solutions

These solutions are for the 7th edition of the textbook. If you are using an older edition, the numerical
values may differ.
3.13 From Table 3.1, 3.24 Equation (3.48):

VT at 300 K = 25.9 mV q N N 1
s A D
Cj0 = A
Using Eq. (3.22), built-in voltage V0 is obtained: 2 NA + ND V0

NA ND NA ND
V0 = VT ln = 25.9 103 V0 = VT ln
n2i n2i

1017 1016 3 1017 1016
ln 2 = 25.9 10 ln 2
1.5 1010 1.5 1010
= 0.754 V = 0.754 V

W Cj0 = 100 108




Holes Electrons 1.04 1012 1.6 1019 1017 1016 1


2 1017 + 1016 0.754

= 31.6 fF
Cj0 31.6 fF
Cj = =
VR 3
1+ 1+
V0 0.754
xp xn = 14.16 fF
Depletion width
4.19 I1 = IS e0.7/VT = 103
2s 1 1
W = + V0 Eq. (3.26) i2 = IS e0.5/VT
q NA ND
i2 i2 0.5 0.7
W = = 3 = e 0.025
i1 10

2 1.04 1012 1 1 i2 = 0.335 A
+ 0.754
1.6 1019 1017 1016
= 0.328 104 cm = 0.328 m 4.22 IS can be found by using IS = ID eVD /VT .

Use Eqs. (3.27) and (3.28) to nd xn and xp : Let an increase by a factor of 10 in ID result in an
increase of VD by V:
NA 1017
xn = W = 0.328 17
NA + ND 10 + 1016 ID = IS eVD /VT
= 0.298 m 10I D = IS e(VD +V )/VT = IS eVD /VT eV /V T
ND 1016 Taking the ratio of the above two equations, we
xp = W = 0.328 17
NA + ND 10 + 1016 have
= 0.03 m
10 = eV /V T V 60 mV
Use Eq. (3.29) to calculate charge stored on either
side: Thus the result is an increase in the diode voltage
by 60 mV.
NA ND
QJ = Aq W , where junction area
NA + ND Similarly, at ID /10, VD is reduced by 60 mV.
2 8 2
= 100 m = 100 10 cm

1017 1016
QJ = 100 108 1.6 1019
1017 + 1016
0.328 104
Hence, QJ = 4.8 1014 C
4.27 We can write a node equation at the anodes:
ID2 = I1 I2 = 7 mA
ID1 = I2 = 3 mA
We can write the following equation for the diode
voltages:
V = VD2 VD1
If D2 has saturation current IS , then D1 , which is
10 times larger, has saturation current 10IS . Thus
we can write
ID2 = IS eVD2 /VT
ID1 = 10I S eVD1 /VT
Taking the ratio of the two equations above, we
have
ID2 7 1 (VD2 VD1 )/VT 1 V /V T
= = e = e
ID1 3 10 10

70
V = 0.025 ln = 78.7 mV
3
To instead achieve V = 60 mV, we need
ID2 I1 I 2 1 0.06/0.025
= = e = 1.1
ID1 I2 10
Solving the above equation with I1 still at 10 mA,
we nd I2 = 4.76 mA.

Problem 2:
a. D1 is in forward bias ! V = 0; I = 5V/1k! = 5 mA
b. D1 is in reverse bias ! I = 0 mA; V = 5V
c. D1 is in reverse bias ! I1 = 0 mA
D2 is in forward bias ! I2 = 5V/(10k! + 5k!) = 0.3 mA; V = I2 * 5k! = 1.67V
d. D1 is in forward bias ! V = 0; I1 = 5V/10k! = 0.5 mA
D2 is at equilibrium ! I2 = 0 mA
e. D1 is in forward bias ! V = 0
D2 is also in forward bias ! I2 = -5V/10k! = 0.5 mA
Current through 5k! resistor is 5V/5k! = 1 mA, so I1 = 0.5 mA
Problem 3