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Individual Games

Sports 5 basic skills 5 basic rules Officials

The aim of taekwondo is to land as
Taekwondo Stances many kicks and blows as you can on
your opponent in the allowed target
Hand attacks. areas.
A taekwondo contest comprises three
Kicks rounds of two minutes each with a
one-minute break between each

The whole taekwondo contest area is

a 10m square mat.
Victory in a taekwondo bout can be

Self defense
achieved by knockout, by scoring the
most points, or by default if the
opponent is disqualified.
In taekwondo one point is scored for
each legitimate strike on the body,
and two points are given for kicks to
the face. Competitors get an
additional point for a knockdown.

straddle jump.
Spotters are allowed to help
Gymnastics gymnasts mount the still rings and

stretch jump with full

the horizontal bars.
Gymnasts may wear bandages or
leather grips to increase friction on
turn. the apparatus.

front handspring step out
Gymnasts may be penalised for what
the judges consider to be unsporting

front tuck*
Gymnasts may repeat a routine if it
has been interrupted by an external
split leap (150 degrees)
Gymnasts must obtain permission to
leave the arena during a competition.

Slow Backhand Push
A match is played best 3 of 5 games
Table tennis (or 4/7 or 5/9). For each game, the first

Combined Control
player to reach 11 points wins that
game, however a game must be won

Backhand Block
by at least a two point margin.
Each player serves two points in a

Short-Touch Services
row and then switch server
The ball must rest on an open hand

Long Top-Spin Services

In the final game (ie 5th game), the
players switch side again after either
player reaches 5 points.

A point is scored after each ball is put

into play

Basic Gripping Technique
A point is scored when you
Badminton successfully hit the shuttlecock over

Basic Footwork.
the net and land to your opponents
( singles ) court before they hit it.

Basic Badminton Strokes
If a player touches the net with any
part of their body or racket then it is

deemed a fault and their opponents
receives a point.

A serve must be hit underarm and
below the servers waist. No overarm
serves are allowed.
A game can take place with either
(singles) or four (doubles) players.
Once the shuttlecock is live then a
player may move around the court as
they wish. They are permitted to hit
the shuttlecock from out of the
playing area

Forehand and backhand strokes
A game is won by the first player to have won
Tennis at least four points in total and at least two

points more than the opponent.

(singles) Tennis should be played in a rectangular flat

No double hitting ; one player cannot hit the

ball more than once.
When serving the ball must and in the

opposite service box diagonally towards your
You get two attempts to get the ball in play
when serving.
Sports 5 basic skills 5 basic rules Officials
The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both
Basketball Dribbling hands.
If either side makes three consecutive fouls, it should count
Running a goal for the opponent.
No shouldering, holding , striking , pushing or tripping in
Shooting any way of an opponent.
When the ball goes out of bounds , it shall be trown in the
Passing field and played by the first person touching it.
The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both
Jumping hands.
Each team is allowed a one minute time out in each half
Futsal Controlling the lasting 60 seconds.
Up to 12 players can be used in one match and there is no
ball limit on how long a player must stay on or off the pitch.
In order to restart the game after a ball has gone out of play
Running with the ball is kicked back into play from the touchlines and
the corners.
the ball Players are required to keep 5m from the player in
possession of the ball on free kicks, corners, goal
Passing the ball clearances, kick ins and penalties.
A futsal match consists of two twenty minutes half that are
Shooting played real time which means the clock stops whenever the
ball goes out the play.

A soccer match lasts 90 minutes, divided into two halves of 45 minutes
Soccer each .

receiving the ball

There are 11 player in a team, including the goalkeeper.
Arms and hands are the only parts of the body, not allowed to control the

Yellow card typically signifies a caution and the main reason why a player

receives a yellow card could be: persistent infringement, failure to ask
referee for entering or leaving the field, dissent, unsporting behaviour, or
failure to respect required distance on a restart.
Shooting Red card signifies a send off. If a player has received a red card that means
that she/he would have to immediately leave the field and the
surrounding area.
Volleyball Serving 6 players on team, 3 on front row and 3 on the back row
Passing Maximum of three hits per side.
Attack Player may not hit the the ball twice in succession.
Blocking Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on a
serve .
Defensive skills
A ball hitting a boundary line is in
Softball Baserunning The pitcher must take a position with both feet firmly on
Catching the ground and with one or both feet in contact with the
pitchers plate.
Fielding The pitch must be delivered with an arc between six and
Hitting ten feet.

Pitching Members of a team at bat shall not interfere with a player

attempting to field a foul fly ball.

If the batter has a foul after receiving the second strike, the
batter is out.

Intentional walks may be made by informing the plate

umpire, no pitchers are necessary.