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Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadera y Alimentacin -MAGA-

Unidad de Planificacin Geogrfica y Gestin de Riesgo -UPGGR-


7. Av. 12-90, Zona 13, Ciudad de Guatemala
Tel. / fax: (502) 2413-7370
Direccin electrnica: sigmaga@newcomgua.com

Impreso en Guatemala

Primera edicin: diciembre de 2010


Tiraje 1,000 ejemplares.

Diseo e impresin:
Ediciones Don Quijote, S.A.
PBX: 2421-9696
e-mail: ventasdonquijote@gmail.com
REPBLICA DE GUATEMALA
MINISTERIO DE AGRICULTURA, GANADERA Y
ALIMENTACIN
UNIDAD DE PLANIFICACIN GEOGRFICA Y GESTIN DE RIESGO -UPGGR-

ALVARO COLOM CABALLEROS


Presidente de la Repblica de Guatemala

JUAN ALFONSO DE LEN GARCA


Ministro de Agricultura, Ganadera y Alimentacin

COORDINACIN DEL PROYECTO EN GUATEMALA (Convenio 43-2006 MAGA-IGAC)

DR. ING. JOSE MIGUEL DURO TAMASIUNAS


Coordinador UPGGR y
Coordinador Convenio No.43-2006 MAGA-IGAC

PERSONAL TECNICO DE LA UPGGR VINCULADO A LA EJECUCION DEL PROYECTO


Ing. Rovoham Monzn. Jefe Tcnico Laboratorio SIG Jos Folgar. Analista Espacial
Ing. Rudy Vsquez. Asistente Tcnico Jorge Carcamo. Analista Espacial
Ing. Arturo Cruz. Socializacin y Mapa USOT Gustavo Rosal. Analista Espacial
Pcc. Rafael Lpez. Asistente Administrativo Financiero Henry Morales. Analista Espacial (hasta
Diciembre 2007)
Elmer Prez, Bases de Datos (hasta Agosto
2009)

PROFESIONALES EDAFOLOGOS EJECUTORES DEL LEVANTAMIENTOS DE SUELOS

Jefe Tcnico Edaflogo (personal colombiano): Edaflogos:


Ing. William Gonzlez (Ene. 2009 Jul. 2010) Ing. Manuel Tum Nov. 2006 - Jul. 2010
Ing. Ral lvarez (Nov. 2007 Jul. 2009) Ing. Cesar Garca Nov. 2006 - Jul. 2010
Ing. Edgar vila (Nov. 2006 Jul. 2007) Ing. Rogelio Pacheco Abr. 2009 - Jul. 2010
Ing. Hugo Corzo Nov. 2006 - Dic. 2008
Ing. Jos Snchez Nov. 2006 - Dic. 2008
Ing. Alexei Domnguez Nov. 2006 Ene. 2008
Ing. Otto Illescas Nov. 2006 Dic. 2008
Ing. Vctor Villalta Nov. 2006 Ago. 2008
Ing. Salvador Garca Nov. 2006 Jul. 2007
Ing. Vctor Chan Ago.- Nov. 2007
Ing. Roberto Moscoso Nov. 2006 Dic. 2007
LABORATORIOS DE SUELOS VINCULADOS AL PROYECTO

Escuela Nacional Central de Convenio No. 74-2007 MAGA-ENCA Ing. Jos Chonay. Director
Agricultura. ENCA Laboratorio de Suelos

Facultad de Agronoma de la Convenio No. 48-2007 MAGA-FAUSAC Ing. Anbal Sacbaj. Director
Universidad de San Carlos de Laboratorio de Suelos
Guatemala. FAUSAC

Centro Guatemalteco de
Investigacin y Capacitacin de Convenio No. 55-2007 MAGA-CENGICAA Licda. Wendy Cano.
la Caa de Azcar. Directora Laboratorio de
CENGICAA Suelos

Asociacin Nacional del Caf. Convenio No. 46-2007 MAGA- ANACAFE Ing. Humberto Jimnez.
ANACAFE Director
Laboratorio de Suelos
Laboratorio Nacional de Suelos
Instituto Geogrfico AGUSTIN Convenio No.43-2006 MAGA-IGAC Ing. Jorge Snchez
CODAZZI - Colombia Coordinador
Laboratorio de Suelos

ASISTENTES DE EDAFOLOGIA
(Estudiantes en Ejercicio Profesional de Agronoma EPSAs)
Facultad de Agronoma de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala FAUSAC
Candida Tacam, Jos Lpez, Henry Custodio y Jos Cabrera Ago. 2007 May. 2008
Gustavo Rosal Feb. 2008 Nov. 2008
Dunia Lpez, Judith del Cid, Amarilys Yoc y Oscar Hernndez Ago. 2008 May. 2009

COLABORADORES
Centro Universitario del Norte CUNOR-USAC Ing. Luis Chiqun: Ampliacin mapas
geolgicos

Gelogo y Vulcanlogo Dr. Samuel Boris Bonnis: Asesora en


Geologa

CONSULTORES
Ing. Hugo Tobas Elaboracin del Proyecto de Preinversin (ao 2005)

Ing. Lus Herrera e Elaboracin del Mapa de Clasificacin Climtica de Guatemala, escala 1:50,000
Ing. Mario Bautista

ASISTENCIA TCNICA Y REVISIN GENERAL DEL ESTUDIO


DR. DIMAS MALAGON CASTRO



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Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

AGRADECIMIENTOS

La Unidad de Planificacin Geogrfica y Gestin de Riesgo del MAGA, expresa sus ms


sinceros agradecimientos a todas las municipalidades y Comits Comunitarios de Desarrollo
COCODES- de Chimaltenango, as como a todas aquellas instituciones, profesionales
y particulares que apoyaron la generacin del Estudio Semidetallado de los Suelos del
Departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala, mismo que se espera contribuya como una
herramienta de utilidad a los procesos de planificacin del desarrollo municipal y departamental.

Se hace un reconocimiento especial al distinguido Experto en Suelos de Colombia DOCTOR


DIMAS MALAGON CASTRO, por haber brindado su eficiente asistencia tcnica al Proyecto,
ya que sin sus aportes cientficos, no hubiera sido posible culminar este estudio.
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

INSTRUCTIVO PARA EL USO DE ESTE DOCUMENTO

El estudio de suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango ha sido editado en dos volmenes.


El primer volumen contiene la informacin de contexto general que necesita saber sobre el
departamento, o sea, la informacin biofsica, social y econmica; asimismo, encontrar la
informacin sobre la gnesis de los suelos y su taxonoma; se completa este volumen con
la Leyenda que acompaa al Mapa de Suelos y la descripcin detallada de cada Unidad
Cartogrfica de Suelos UCS- . Para encontrar la informacin sobre los suelos en su rea de
inters debe proceder de la siguiente forma:

El Mapa de Suelos que acompaa a este estudio y que ha sido impreso a tamao poster,
posee un diseo que facilita la ubicacin geogrfica de las UCS; para ello se han colocado
los polgonos de las UCS (rotulados con una etiqueta que los identifica), sobre un tapiz
de fondo formado por una hoja cartogrfica a escala 1:50,000 que ha sido fundida en un
Modelo de Elevacin Digital MED-muy detallado y se ha dotado a estos polgonos, con una
transparencia que facilita la lectura de las localidades donde se encuentran. Una vez localizada
la UCS que le interese, debe tomar nota de esa etiqueta y dirigirse al cuadro inserto en el Mapa
de Suelos y con las tres primeras letras de la etiqueta, buscarla por orden alfabtico. Una vez
ubicada, anote el nombre vernculo de la consociacin y el acpite correspondiente. Con esos
datos dirjase al Capitulo IV del Volumen I y encontrar la informacin de la UCS que busca;
la etiqueta completa nos indica una fase, obtenga todas las informaciones con esa clave.

El Volumen II incluye las aplicaciones prcticas del levantamiento de suelos que son la
Capacidad de Uso, la Zonificacin y otras aplicaciones referidas a variables fsicas, qumicas y
ambientales; para acceder a esta informacin proceda de la siguiente manera: en la descripcin
de cada consociacin que representa una UCS, dirjase al numeral E). Capacidad de Uso y
recomendaciones especficas ah encontrar para la fase de la UCS que busca, la clase que lo
define, la subclase, el grupo de manejo y la vocacin. Con estos datos consulte el Capitulo V
del Volumen II, titulado Clasificacin de las Tierras por su Capacidad de Uso y el Capitulo VI
Zonificacin de Tierras. Las otras aplicaciones del Capitulo VII Aplicaciones Adicionales
del Levantamiento de Suelos las puede derivar a partir de la ubicacin geogrfica de la UCS.

Tenga en cuenta que en las UCS puede haber informacin adicional que proviene de otros
perfiles ledos de calicatas que se han abierto en la misma UCS y que fueron calificados como
Inclusiones Rplicas. La informacin se encuentra en formato digital y est ubicada en
el Anexo B del Compact Disk que acompaa este documento. Asimismo en el Anexo D del
CD indicado, se encuentra un Glosario de Trminos que le puede ayudar a comprender los
trminos tcnicos utilizados.
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

VOLUMEN I
NDICE
CONTENIDO PGINA

CAPTULO 1: CARACTERSTICAS GENERALES...........................................................................................................1

1.1 LOCALIZACIN, EXTENSIN Y LMITES ..................................................................................................1


1.2 DIVISIN POLTICO-ADMINISTRATIVA ....................................................................................................2
1.3 POBLACIN............................................................................................................................................................2
1.4 VAS DE COMUNICACIN ................................................................................................................................3
1.5 ACTIVIDADES ECONMICAS .........................................................................................................................3
1.5.1 Actividad agrcola ......................................................................................................................................................3
1.5.2 Actividad ganadera.....................................................................................................................................................8
1.5.3 Actividad forestal .......................................................................................................................................................9
1.5.4 Actividad minera ......................................................................................................................................................10
1.5.5 Industria manufacturera ...........................................................................................................................................10
1.6 BIBLIOGRAFA CONSULTADA .....................................................................................................................11

CAPITULO 2: ASPECTOS DEL MEDIO NATURAL ............................................................................................. 13

2.1 GEOLOGA ..................................................................................................................................................... .13


2.1.1 La influencia tectnica .............................................................................................................................................13
2.1.2 La geologa de Chimaltenango................................................................................................................................14
2.2 GEOMORFOLOGA ...........................................................................................................................................18
2.2.1 Contexto del estudio geomorfolgico .....................................................................................................................18
2.2.2 Paisaje de Montaa volcano-erosional (M) ........................................................................................................22
2.2.2.1 Tipo de relieve: Estrato volcnico...........................................................................................................................23
2.2.2.2 Tipo de relieve: Filas y vigas...................................................................................................................................24
2.2.2.3 Tipo de relieve: Lomas.............................................................................................................................................25
2.2.2.4 Tipo de relieve: Glacs .............................................................................................................................................26
2.2.2.5 Tipo de relieve: Mesa...............................................................................................................................................26
2.2.2.6 Tipo de relieve: Escarpe...........................................................................................................................................26
2.2.2.7 Tipo de relieve: Can.............................................................................................................................................27
2.2.2.8 Tipo de relieve: Vallecito.........................................................................................................................................27
2.2.3 Paisaje de Lomero volcano-erosional (L) ..........................................................................................................28
2.2.3.1 Tipo de relieve: Filas y Vigas..................................................................................................................................28
2.2.3.2 Tipo de relieve: Lomas.............................................................................................................................................29
2.2.3.3 Tipo de relieve: Glacs .............................................................................................................................................29
2.2.3.4 Tipo de relieve: Mesa...............................................................................................................................................29
2.2.3.5 Tipo de relieve: Escarpe y can.............................................................................................................................29
2.2.3.6 Tipo de relieve: Vallecito.........................................................................................................................................30
2.2.4 Paisaje de Altiplano hidro-volcnico (A) ............................................................................................................30
2.2.4.1 Tipo de relieve: Lomas.............................................................................................................................................31
2.2.4.2 Tipo de relieve: Terraza ...........................................................................................................................................31
2.2.4.3 Tipo de relieve: Can.............................................................................................................................................32
2.2.4.4 Tipo de relieve: Vallecito.........................................................................................................................................33
2.2.5 Paisaje de Piedemonte hidro-volcnico (P) ........................................................................................................33
2.2.5.1 Tipo de relieve: Lomas.............................................................................................................................................33
2.2.5.2 Tipo de relieve: Abanico..........................................................................................................................................34
2.2.5.3 Tipo de relieve: Escarpe...........................................................................................................................................35
2.2.5.4 Tipo de relieve: Can.............................................................................................................................................35
2.2.5.5 Tipo de relieve: Vallecito.........................................................................................................................................35
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

2.2.6 Paisaje de Planicie aluvial (R) ..............................................................................................................................35


2.3 CLIMA ....................................................................................................................................................................36
2.3.1 Caractersticas climticas.........................................................................................................................................36
2.3.1.1 Temperatura..............................................................................................................................................................36
2.3.1.2 Humedad...................................................................................................................................................................37
2.3.1.3 Climadiagramas........................................................................................................................................................37
2.3.2 Clasificacin climtica .............................................................................................................................................39
2.4 HIDROGRAFA ...................................................................................................................................................42
2.4.1 Descripcin de las cuencas hidrogrficas ...............................................................................................................42
2.4.1.1 Cuenca del Ro Motagua..........................................................................................................................................42
2.4.1.2 Cuenca del Ro Coyolate .........................................................................................................................................42
2.4.1.3 Cuenca del Ro Madre Vieja....................................................................................................................................43
2.4.1.4 Cuenca del Ro Achiguate .......................................................................................................................................43
2.4.2 Usos del recurso hdrico...........................................................................................................................................43
2.5 COBERTURA VEGETAL Y USO DE LA TIERRA .....................................................................................43
2.5.1 Descripcin de los usos principales.........................................................................................................................46
2.5.2 Zonas de vida y tipo de cobertura boscosa .............................................................................................................46
2.5.2.1 Bosque seco Subtropical ..........................................................................................................................................46
2.5.2.2 Bosque hmedo Subtropical (templado).................................................................................................................47
2.5.2.3 Bosque hmedo Montano Bajo Subtropical...........................................................................................................47
2.5.2.4 Bosque muy hmedo Montano Bajo Subtropical...................................................................................................47
2.5.2.5 Bosque muy hmedo Subtropical (clido)..............................................................................................................47
2.6 AMENAZAS NATURALES ...............................................................................................................................48
2.6.1 Amenazas por sequas..............................................................................................................................................48
2.6.2 Amenazas por heladas..............................................................................................................................................48
2.6.3 Amenaza por inundaciones e ndice Integrado de Amenazas Climticas.............................................................49
2.7 BIBLIOGRAFA CONSULTADA ....................................................................................................................51

CAPITULO 3: GNESIS, TAXONOMA Y CARTOGRAFA DE LOS SUELOS.........................................................53

3.1 INTRODUCCIN ................................................................................................................................................53


3.2 GNESIS ................................................................................................................................................................53
3.2.1 Factores de formacin del suelo ..............................................................................................................................53
3.2.1.1 Material parental.......................................................................................................................................................54
3.2.1.2 Relieve ......................................................................................................................................................................55
3.2.1.3 Clima .........................................................................................................................................................................56
3.2.1.4 Organismos ...............................................................................................................................................................57
3.2.1.5 Tiempo ......................................................................................................................................................................57
3.2.2 Procesos de formacin del suelo .............................................................................................................................58
3.2.2.1 Procesos generales o mayores .................................................................................................................................58
3.2.2.2 Procesos especficos o menores...............................................................................................................................61
3.3 CLASIFICACIN DE LOS SUELOS ..............................................................................................................64
3.3.1 Clasificacin taxonmica.........................................................................................................................................64
3.3.1.1 Descripcin de las categoras del sistema de clasificacin ....................................................................................65
3.3.1.2 Horizontes superficiales diagnsticos o epipedones identificados en la zona de estudio....................................65
3.3.1.3 Horizontes subsuperficiales diagnsticos o endopedones identificados en la zona de estudio ...........................66
3.4 DESCRIPCIN DE LOS SUELOS CLASIFICADOS ..................................................................................67
3.4.1 Orden Inceptisol .......................................................................................................................................................70
3.4.2 Orden Andisol...........................................................................................................................................................71
3.4.3 Orden Entisol............................................................................................................................................................72
3.4.4 Orden Molisol...........................................................................................................................................................73
3.4.5 Orden Alfisol ............................................................................................................................................................74
3.4.6 Orden Vertisoles.......................................................................................................................................................76
3.5 CARTOGRAFA DE SUELOS ..........................................................................................................................77
3.6 BIBLIOGRAFA CONSULTADA ....................................................................................................................78
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

CAPITULO 4: DESCRIPCIN DE LAS UNIDADES CARTOGRFICAS Y


LEYENDA DE SUELOS.............................................................................................................................81

4.1 LEYENDA DE SUELOS. SMBOLOS UTILIZADOS PARA IDENTIFICAR LAS


UNIDADES CARTOGRFICAS Y SUS FASES ..........................................................................................81
4.2 DESCRIPCIN DE LAS UNIDADES CARTOGRFICAS DE SUELOS ............................................. 132
4.2.1 Suelos del paisaje de Montaa volcano-erosional (M)................................................................................... 133
4.2.1.1 Consociacin Volcn Acatenango........................................................................................................................ 135
4.2.1.2 Consociacin Faldas Volcn Acatenango............................................................................................................ 139
4.2.1.3 Consociacin La Soledad...................................................................................................................................... 144
4.2.1.4 Consociacin Las Calderas................................................................................................................................... 150
4.2.1.5 Consociacin Xepatn........................................................................................................................................... 154
4.2.1.6 Consociacin Santa Elena..................................................................................................................................... 160
4.2.1.7 Consociacin Pachut ............................................................................................................................................. 165
4.2.1.8 Consociacin Miramar.......................................................................................................................................... 170
4.2.1.9 Consociacin Zaculeu ........................................................................................................................................... 175
4.2.1.10 Consociacin Parrojas.......................................................................................................................................... 179
4.2.1.11 Consociacin La Giralda....................................................................................................................................... 184
4.2.1.12 Consociacin Quisach......................................................................................................................................... 189
4.2.1.13 Consociacin El Tesoro ........................................................................................................................................ 194
4.2.1.14 Consociacin Pay ................................................................................................................................................ 198
4.2.1.15 Consociacin Xetzis............................................................................................................................................. 203
4.2.1.16 Consociacin Chiguarabal .................................................................................................................................... 208
4.2.1.17 Consociacin Xeparquiy....................................................................................................................................... 214
4.2.1.18 Consociacin Pacorral........................................................................................................................................... 219
4.2.1.19 Consociacin Las Lomas ...................................................................................................................................... 224
4.2.1.20 Consociacin Chicubal ......................................................................................................................................... 228
4.2.1.21 Consociacin Popabaj ........................................................................................................................................... 233
4.2.1.22 Consociacin Chubixac......................................................................................................................................... 239
4.2.1.23 Consociacin Pachitur........................................................................................................................................... 243
4.2.1.24 Consociacin Chicasanga ..................................................................................................................................... 249
4.2.1.25 Consociacin Chuaquenum .................................................................................................................................. 254
4.2.1.26 Consociacin Paraxequn ..................................................................................................................................... 259
4.2.1.27 Consociacin Chuchuca........................................................................................................................................ 265
4.2.1.28 Consociacin Sabalpop......................................................................................................................................... 270
4.2.1.29 Consociacin Xejoln........................................................................................................................................... 275
4.2.1.30 Consociacin Xeraxaj ........................................................................................................................................... 279
4.2.1.31 Consociacin Sangre de Cristo............................................................................................................................. 284
4.2.1.32 Consociacin Los Olivos ...................................................................................................................................... 289
4.2.1.33 Consociacin El Salvador..................................................................................................................................... 294
4.2.1.34 Consociacin Unin Victoria ............................................................................................................................... 299
4.2.1.35 Consociacin Santa Margarita.............................................................................................................................. 303
4.2.1.36 Consociacin Chalabal.......................................................................................................................................... 309
4.2.1.37 Consociacin San Bernardino .............................................................................................................................. 314
4.2.1.38 Consociacin Parraxaj........................................................................................................................................... 318
4.2.1.39 Consociacin Tajancarn...................................................................................................................................... 322
4.2.1.40 Consociacin San Francisco ................................................................................................................................. 327
4.2.1.41 Consociacin Tierra Blanca.................................................................................................................................. 332
4.2.1.42 Consociacin Nueva Esperanza ........................................................................................................................... 337
4.2.1.43 Consociacin Cinaga Grande.............................................................................................................................. 341
4.2.1.44 Consociacin El Triunfo ....................................................................................................................................... 347
4.2.1.45 Consociacin Chichiul .......................................................................................................................................... 351
4.2.1.46 Consociacin San Antonio.................................................................................................................................... 357
4.2.1.47 Consociacin San Jacinto ..................................................................................................................................... 362
4.2.1.48 Consociacin Bola de Oro .................................................................................................................................... 367
4.2.1.49 Consociacin Chijocn ......................................................................................................................................... 372
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

4.2.1.50 Consociacin Cuncurn ........................................................................................................................................ 378


4.2.1.51 Consociacin El Tanque ....................................................................................................................................... 382
4.2.1.52 Consociacin Rosario Canajal.............................................................................................................................. 388
4.2.1.53 Consociacin Saccau.............................................................................................................................................. 393
4.2.1.54 Consociacin Patuy............................................................................................................................................. 398
4.2.1.55 Consociacin El Limonar ..................................................................................................................................... 403
4.2.1.56 Consociacin Ro Cujil ......................................................................................................................................... 408
4.2.1.57 Consociacin Ro Itzapa ....................................................................................................................................... 412
4.2.1.58 Consociacin Xequibeyquiej................................................................................................................................ 417
4.2.1.59 Consociacin Ro Blanco...................................................................................................................................... 422
4.2.1.60 Consociacin Saquitacaj ....................................................................................................................................... 426
4.2.1.61 Consociacin Ro Motagua................................................................................................................................... 431
4.2.1.62 Consociacin La Torre.......................................................................................................................................... 436
4.2.1.63 Consociacin Chipacay......................................................................................................................................... 441
4.2.1.64 Consociacin El Pacayal....................................................................................................................................... 446
4.2.1.65 Consociacin Nueva Carolina ............................................................................................................................... 450
4.2.1.66 Consociacin Santa Anita ..................................................................................................................................... 455
4.2.1.67 Consociacin Chibolsn ....................................................................................................................................... 459
4.2.1.68 Consociacin Las Rosas ....................................................................................................................................... 463
4.2.1.69 Consociacin El Capuln....................................................................................................................................... 468
4.2.1.70 Consociacin Xicaix ............................................................................................................................................. 473
4.2.1.71 Consociacin Las Escobas.................................................................................................................................... 477
4.2.1.72 Consociacin Panatzn ......................................................................................................................................... 481
4.2.1.73 Consociacin Pumay............................................................................................................................................. 486
4.2.2 Suelos del paisaje de Lomero volcano-erosional (L)..................................................................................... 491
4.2.2.1 Consociacin Paquib............................................................................................................................................. 493
4.2.2.2 Consociacin Nueva Victoria............................................................................................................................... 497
4.2.2.3 Consociacin Buena Vista .................................................................................................................................... 502
4.2.2.4 Consociacin Ro Naranjo .................................................................................................................................... 507
4.2.2.5 Consociacin Quisiy............................................................................................................................................ 512
4.2.2.6 Consociacin El Molino ....................................................................................................................................... 516
4.2.2.7 Consociacin Xejuy ............................................................................................................................................ 520
4.2.2.8 Consociacin Carretas........................................................................................................................................... 527
4.2.2.9 Consociacin Parajchaj ......................................................................................................................................... 531
4.2.2.10 Consociacin El Sargento..................................................................................................................................... 536
4.2.2.11 Consociacin San Jernimo.................................................................................................................................. 541
4.2.2.12 Consociacin Ro Tupilaj ..................................................................................................................................... 547
4.2.2.13 Consociacin Panochal ......................................................................................................................................... 551
4.2.2.14 Consociacin Parrialxot ........................................................................................................................................ 556
4.2.2.15 Consociacin El Carrizal ...................................................................................................................................... 560
4.2.2.16 Consociacin Santa Cristina ................................................................................................................................. 565
4.2.2.17 Consociacin Pea Plata ....................................................................................................................................... 571
4.2.2.18 Consociacin La Florencia ................................................................................................................................... 576
4.2.2.19 Consociacin Nimay ........................................................................................................................................... 581
4.2.2.20 Consociacin Brasilar ........................................................................................................................................... 585
4.2.2.21 Consociacin La Concepcin ............................................................................................................................... 589
4.2.2.22 Consociacin Potos .............................................................................................................................................. 594
4.2.2.23 Consociacin Chipastor ........................................................................................................................................ 598
4.2.2.24 Consociacin Las Pilas ......................................................................................................................................... 602
4.2.2.25 Consociacin Santa Teresa ................................................................................................................................... 607
4.2.2.26 Consociacin Llano Grande ................................................................................................................................. 612
4.2.2.27 Consociacin Los Pltanos ................................................................................................................................... 617
4.2.2.28 Consociacin El Chile........................................................................................................................................... 621
4.2.2.29 Consociacin El Recuerdo.................................................................................................................................... 626
4.2.2.30 Consociacin Sumatn.......................................................................................................................................... 630
4.2.3 Suelos del paisaje de Altiplano hidro-volcnico (A)....................................................................................... 635
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

4.2.3.1 Consociacin Secn .............................................................................................................................................. 636


4.2.3.2 Consociacin Puerta Abajo................................................................................................................................... 641
4.2.3.3 Consociacin Cajobal............................................................................................................................................ 646
4.2.3.4 Consociacin Cerritos ........................................................................................................................................... 651
4.2.3.5 Consociacin Potrerillos ....................................................................................................................................... 656
4.2.3.6 Consociacin Patzn ............................................................................................................................................. 662
4.2.3.7 Consociacin Caones Potrerillos........................................................................................................................ 667
4.2.3.8 Consociacin Caones Patzn.............................................................................................................................. 671
4.2.3.9 Consociacin Tzancn .......................................................................................................................................... 676
4.2.3.10 Consociacin El Tejar........................................................................................................................................... 681
4.2.3.11 Consociacin Parramos......................................................................................................................................... 687
4.2.3.12 Consociacin Villa Juanita ................................................................................................................................... 692
4.2.3.13 Consociacin Los Aposentos................................................................................................................................ 697
4.2.4 Suelos del paisaje de Piedemonte hidro-volcnico (P)................................................................................... 702
4.2.4.1 Consociacin Santa Emilia ................................................................................................................................... 703
4.2.4.2 Consociacin El Carmen....................................................................................................................................... 710
4.2.4.3 Consociacin Pampa ............................................................................................................................................. 714
4.2.4.4 Consociacin El Porvenir ..................................................................................................................................... 719
4.2.4.5 Consociacin Quixay .......................................................................................................................................... 725
4.2.4.6 Consociacin El Recreo........................................................................................................................................ 730
4.2.4.7 Consociacin La Cuchilla..................................................................................................................................... 734
4.2.4.8 Consociacin Tuculut.......................................................................................................................................... 739
4.2.5 Suelos del paisaje de Planicie aluvial (R)......................................................................................................... 745
4.2.5.1 Consociacin Pantalen ........................................................................................................................................ 746

4.2.6 Tierras de ceniza (TC) ........................................................................................................................................ 752

4.2.7 Depsitos de cauce (DC) ..................................................................................................................................... 752

4.2.8 Miscelneos erosionados (ME) .......................................................................................................................... 753

Los Anexos mencionados en este volumen, se incluyen en el Volumen II.


CAPTULO 1
CARACTERSTICAS
GENERALES
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento
 de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

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1
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 de Chimaltenango, Guatemala


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2
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento
 de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

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Municipio
0XQLFLSLR Total
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+RPEUHV 0XMHUHV No indgena 8UEDQR
,QGtJHQD 1RLQGtJHQD Urbano Rural
5XUDO

401 &KLPDOWHQDQJR
Chimaltenango 45,678
  23,447
22,231  44,409
 1,270
 
25,164 
20,515

402 6DQ-RVp3RDTXLO
San Jos Poaquil 95,474
  48,235
47,239  61,985
 33,490
 
81,091 
14,384

403 6DQ0DUWtQ-LORWHSHTXH
San Martn Jilotepeque 17,816
 
8,713 
9,103 7,065
 10,750
 
16,108 
1,708

404 6DQ-XDQ&RPDODSD
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12,292 
6,125 
6,167 
6,656 
5,636 
10,539 
1,753

405 6DQWD$SRORQLD
Santa Apolonia 
30,160  15,434
14,726  
27,593 
2,567 
18,683 
11,477

406 7HFSiQ*XDWHPDOD
Tecpn Guatemala 54,552
  27,882
26,670  51,865
 2,687
 
22,356 
32,196

407 3DW]~Q
Patzn 12,685
 
6,488 
6,197 7,041
 5,644
 
4,380 
8,305

408 6DQ0LJXHO3RFKXWD
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  14,019
13,242  19,174
 8,086
 
21,073 
6,188

409 3DW]LFtD
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25,754  13,353
12,401  
25,004 
750 
7,100 
18,654

410 6DQWD&UX]%DODQ\i
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75,498  39,354
36,145  
66,864 
8,634 
11,319 
64,180

411 $FDWHQDQJR
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23,632  11,864
11,769  
15,391 
8,241 
7,368 
16,264

412 6DQ3HGUR<HSRFDSD
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15,285 
7,428 
7,857 
14,229 
1,056 
2,850 
12,435

413 6DQ$QGUpV,W]DSD
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8,383 
4,129 
4,253 
8,173 
210 
8,383 
0

414 3DUUDPRV
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77,149  39,184
37,966  
71,167 
5,983 
22,926 
54,223

415 =DUDJR]D
Zaragoza 
30,300  14,750
15,550  
20,910 
9,389 
10,435 
19,865

416 (O7HMDU
El Tejar 
23,081  11,644
11,437  
7,314 
15,767 
11,096 
11,985
7RWDO
Total  282,259
575,000  292,741
 454,840
 
120,160 
280,869 
294,131
)XHQWH,1(
Fuente: INE, 2006.

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3
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 Exportacin Arveja China

35000

 30000

 25000

20000

TM

 15000

 10000

 5000

 0
 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
 Aos

 Exportacin Nacional Total Exportacin Chimaltenango


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4
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento
 de Chimaltenango, Guatemala


 Exportacin Total Berries

 2500


 2000



1500

 1000


 500


 0
2005 2006 2007 2008


A o s

 Expo rtaci n Nacio nal To tal


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Produccin Caf Cereza

 5000000

 4500000

 4000000

 3500000

 3000000

 2500000

 2000000

 1500000

 1000000

 500000

 0
2003 2005 2006 2007 2008

 A o s

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5

Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento
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6
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 100%

%
88


Porcentaje de Produccin Respecto al Total Naciona


90%

%
 80%

73

%

70%

63
%
56
60%

%
Brcoli

44
50%


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%
38

%
40%

32
 30%

%


18
20%

 10%

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2003 2005 2006 2007 2008

 Aos


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7
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Figura 2.12 Lomas en paisaje de Montaa: en


primer plano lomas ligeramente onduladas y al
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2059-III:8, MAGA 2006)

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Figura 2.14 En la parte media se observa un


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39

Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

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40

Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala


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41
Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

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42

Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

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43

Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

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44

Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

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45

Estudio semidetallado de los suelos del departamento de Chimaltenango, Guatemala

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