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Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be
fashioned. Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation
for smelting.
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Iron ore Benefication Process:
1.Large raw iron ore for primary crushing are fed into the jaw crusher by Plate feeder and are
reduced to 8 inches or smaller. After first crushing, the material will transferred to cone crusher
by belt conveyor for secondary crushing; the crushed iron ore stone will then transferred to
vibrating screen for classifying. After classifying, the parts whose size below the mesh size will
be transferred away as final products, while the other parts will return to cone crusher, thus
forming a closed circuit. Size of final products can be combined and graded according to your
specific requirement. +

2.The smaller crushed iron ore is fed to ball mill for grinding. Inside the ball mill, the crushed
iron ore will grind the ore to about 0.2 mm with 3-inch steel balls.

3.This iron ore slurry is pumped to the agitation tank. This iron ore slurry is finally pumped to
the flotation machine with the fine sulfide ore (~-0.074 mm) going to froth flotation cells for
recovery of iron.

4.In magnetite processing plant,the process of flotation separation is replaced by magnetic


separation. The minerals are conveyed to the permanent magnetic dewatering tank for
concentrate and then concentrate will enter permanent magnetic drum for a second magnetic
separation. The concentrate after filtration and drying are conveyed to warehouse for storage.

Advantages
1. In crushing, it adopts traditional two-stage and a closed circuit system for ideal fineness.
Besides, jaw crushers have large crushing capacity.

2. In grinding and classification, with characteristics of large processing capacity and small floor
area, superfine lamination autogenous mill can save energy by more than 85%.

3. In classification, hydrocyclone and vibrating screen can enhance the classifying effects.
4. It adopts the third generation tailings dry stacking technology, which can save energy by 60-
80%. Furthermore, it can also protect the environment and build a base for green mine.
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Major iron ore beneficiation equipments are including:
jaw crusher, cone crusher, vibrating screen,ball mill,spiral classfier,hydrocyclone,flotation
machine, magnetic separatior,efficient thickener,press filter,slurry pump,feeder, agitation tank
and belt conveyor etc.
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