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9 vizualizări10 paginiIELTS TASK ONE

Sep 12, 2017

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IELTS TASK ONE

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IELTS TASK ONE

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by X% (by X per

dramatically, significantly, considerably, rapidly,

cent), by X (units),

increased substantially, steadily, sharply, markedly, greatly,

from X to Y, tenfold,

slightly, exponentially, proportionally, strongly

fourfold ...

by X% (by X per

rapidly, steadily, slowly, gradually, dramatically,

grew cent), by X (units),

substantially, enormously, quickly

from X to Y

sharply, slowly, steadily, slightly, rapidly, quickly, by X% (by X per

rose dramatically, significantly, substantially, gently, cent), by X (units),

fractionally, considerably, gradually from X to Y

by X% (by X per

went up The above adverbs are not usually used with "went up". cent), by X (units),

from X to Y

How much?

How?

sharply, heavily, slightly, steadily, dramatically,

significantly, considerably, quickly, rapidly, steeply, by X% (by X per cent),

fell gradually, gently, substantially, precipitately, by X (units), from X to

fractionally, drastically, marginally, markedly, Y, tenfold, fourfold ...

progressively, continuously

by X% (by X per cent),

significantly, markedly, slightly, steadily, rapidly,

decreased by X (units), from X to

considerably, continuously, dramatically,

Y, tenfold, fourfold ...

sharply, rapidly, dramatically, steadily, slightly, by X% (by X per cent),

declined markedly, significantly, considerably, steeply, by X (units), from X to

drastically, continuously, substantially, quickly Y

dramatically, sharply, slightly, considerably, steadily,

by X% (by X per cent),

significantly, rapidly, drastically, alarmingly, noticeably,

dropped by X (units), from X to

markedly, radically, abruptly, substantially, gradually,

Y

gently, slowly

by X% (by X per cent),

went The above adverbs are not usually used with "went

by X (units), from X to

down down ".

Y

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Describing Line Graphs (3) - Using Adverbs

The following graphs illustrate the use of some adverbs:

The population rose slowly. (small increase in the population over the period)

The population rose steadily. (little or no variation in the rate of growth)

The population rose slightly. (small increase in the population over the period)

The population rose gently. (small increase in the population over the period)

The population rose gradually. (small increase in the population over the period)

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased significantly.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased considerably.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased rapidly.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased substantially.

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From 1996 to 1998, the population increased markedly.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased greatly.

After 1998, the population grew more slowly.

From 1996 to 1998, the population grew from 9.9 million to 10.25 million.

From 1996 to 1998, the population grew by 0.35 million.

From 1996 to 1998, the population grew by 350,000.

From 1996 to 1998, the population grew by 3.535%.

From 1998 to 2007, the population grew from 10.25 million to 10.30 million.

From 1998 to 2007, the population grew by 0.05 million.

From 1998 to 2007, the population grew by 50,000.

From 1998 to 2007, the population grew by 0.488%

Overall, the population went up by 0.4 million.

Overall, the population went up by 400,000.

Overall, the population went up by 4.04%

3

Describing Line Graphs (4) - Using Verbs and

Nouns

So far, we have only used verbs to describe these line graphs but we

can also use nouns. We change the adverbs into adjectives.

The population rose slowly. There was a slow rise in the population.

The population rose steadily. There was a steady rise in the population.

The population rose slightly. There was a slight rise in the population.

The population rose gently. There was a gentle rise in the population.

The population rose gradually. There was a gradual rise in the population.

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From 1996 to 1998, the population increased dramatically. From 1996 to 1998

there was a dramatic increase in the population.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased significantly. From 1996 to 1998

there was a significant increase in the population.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased considerably. From 1996 to 1998

there was a considerable increase in the population.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased rapidly. From 1996 to 1998 there was

a rapid increase in the population.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased substantially. From 1996 to 1998

there was a substantial increase in the population.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased markedly. From 1996 to 1998 there

was a dramatic increase in the population.

From 1996 to 1998, the population increased greatly. From 1996 to 1998 there was

a great increase in the population.

After 1998, the population grew more slowly. After 1998, the

population growth was slower.

From 1996 to 1998, the population rose from 9.9 million to 10.25 million. From

1996 to 1998, there was a rise in population from 9.9 million to 10.25 million.

From 1996 to 1998, the population rose by 0.35 million. From 1996 to 1998, there

was a rise in population of 0.35 million.

From 1996 to 1998, the population rose by 350,000. From 1996 to 1998, there

was a rise in population of 350,000.

From 1996 to 1998, the population rose by 3.535%. From 1996 to 1998, there was

a rise in population of 3.535 per cent.

From 1998 to 2007, the population grew from 10.25 million to 10.30 million. From

1998 to 2007, there was a growth in population from 10.25 million to 10.30 million.

From 1998 to 2007, the population grew by 0.05 million. From 1998 to 2007, there

was a growth in population of 0.05 million.

From 1998 to 2007, the population grew by 50,000. From 1998 to 2007, there was

a growth in population of 50,000.

From 1998 to 2007, the population grew by 0.488%. From 1998 to 2007, there

was a growth in population of 0.488 per cent.

Overall, the population went up from 9.9 million to 10.3 million. Overall, there was

a growth in population from 9.9 million to 10.3 million.

Overall, the population went up by 0.4 million. Overall, there was an increase in

population of 0.4 million.

Overall, the population went up by 400,000. Overall, there was a rise in

population of 400,000.

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Overall, the population went up by 4.04%. Overall, there was a growth in

population of 4.04 per cent .

Comparisons

This graph shows the change in population in two countries from 1996 to 2007. In

describing this graph it is important to describe change as in any other graph, but it is also

necessary to make comparisons between the two countries.

What changes are shown by this graph? In this case we can see that the population of

Austria increased from 1996 to 2007.

Also in this graph the Austrian line is fairly smooth, so we can say that the population

increased steadily.

How big was the change in Austria's population? The population in 1996 was 7.95 million

and in 2007 it was 8.3 million. So there was an increase of 0.35 million or 350,000 people.

This change did not happen at the same rate. The population declined steadily from 1996 to

2001, but from 2001 to 2002 the rate of decline was steeper. From 2002 to 2007 the

population fell at a similar rate to the 1996 - 2001 period.

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How far did Bulgaria's population fall? The population in 1996 was nearly 8 million and in

2007 it was 7.7 million. So there was an decrease of nearly 0.7 million or 700,000 people.

What similarities or differences are there between the populations of Austria and Bulgaria?

Austria Bulgaria

Austria's population grew from 1996 to

Bulgaria's population fell from 1996 to 2007.

2007.

Austria's population growth was fairly The rate of decline in Bulgaria's population

steady over the 1996 - 2007 period. varied over the 1996 - 2007 period.

Austria's population increased by 350,000. Bulgaria's population declined by 700,000

Using Approximation

Graphs, charts and tables often give a large number of quite precise

figures (1.54379, 53.25%, 100,001, etc.). You don't always need to give

the same level of precision when you write your description. However, it

is important to indicate that the figures you are giving are not exact. You

can do this by using words such as approximately, about, just over, just

under, etc.

Figure Approximation

7

40.5C approximately 40 degrees Celsius

To indicate that a figure is less than your approximation you can use:

Qualifying

Adverb Figure Approximation

Adverb

just, a little,

under 99,998

slightly, a little under a hundred thousand

slightly less than a minute

less than 58.4 seconds

just, a bit,

just less than a minute

just below ten per cent

just, slightly,

below 9.7%

marginally slightly below ten per cent

almost 14.9bn almost 15 billion Euros

use:

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over, more than, above

Qualifying

Adverb Figure Approximation

Adverb

just, a little,

over 100,008

slightly, not much, slightly over on hundred thousand

thousand

a little more than twenty-four hours

a little, a bit, 24 hours 6

more than

slightly, barely minutes slightly more than twenty-four

hours

just above thirty-two degrees

Fahrenheit

just, a little, Fahrenheit

above 32.1F

barely, marginally

barely thirty-two degrees

Fahrenheit

degrees Fahrenheit

9

Adverb Figure Approximation

nearly 99,998

nearly one hundred thousand

close to 9.8%

close to ten per cent

approaching 14.7bn

approaching fifteen billion Euros

sssss

To indicate precision you can use:

precisely, exactly

precisely 32.1F

degrees Fahrenheit

exactly 2.5 cm

centimetres

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