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A reinforcement used to resist shear and diagonal

tension stresses in a concrete structural member.

A steel bar bent into a "U" or box shape and installed

perpendicular to, or at an angle to the longitudinal
reinforcement, and properly anchored.

Lateral reinforcement formed of individual units, open or

closed, or of continuously wound reinforcement. The
term stirrups is usually applied to lateral reinforcement in
flexural members and the term ties to lateral reinforcement
in vertical compression members.

What is a
If there are no proper beam
The Basic Code requirements on VuVn
shear strength is that the factored
shear force Vu shall be equal or Where =0.85(NSCP 2001)
less than the design shear Vn =0.75(NSCP 2010)

Vn=Vc + Vs

Vu= factored or ultimate shear in N =

Vc= shear force provided by concrete, N
Vs= shear force carried by the steel, N
Design of Vertical Stirrups:
I. Calculate the factored shear force Vu at IV. Calculate the shear strength, Vs to be Maximum spacing:
d distance from the face of the support. provided by the stirrups.
a. When Vs bd
Vu = R Wu d Vs = Vc
= 600
II. Calculate the shear strength provided by
the concrete. If bd proceed to step V b. When > bd

If >

bd, adjust the size of the beam. = 300
1 4
Vc = bd
V. Spacing of Stirrups
If > , stirrups are necessary, VI. If < but >
proceed to step IV. A v fy d
Vs Minimum area of stirrup

If < but > , proceed to b s
Av = w
step VI. If s<25 mm, increase the value of 3fy
Av,by either using bigger bar size or
adding more shear areaaa S=d/2 or 600mm

If < , stirrups are not needed.
Bess gets Hahaha di
mo? rin bess. GG
manin bess..
2As fyd 3Avfy 2As fyd 3Avfy 3Avfy
s s s Stirrups are
Vs bw s s
Vs bw bw not required
d s
s d s d
4 s s
2 2



Problem 1:
A simply supported beam(6m) loaded with 60KN/m
dead load and 87KN/m live load. Use fc=24MPa and
fy=375MPa and using 10mm stirrups. The beam
withd is 375mm and effective depth is 570mm.
Use NSCP 2001
a. Required length where stirrups are required.
b. Spacing of stirrup at critical section.
c. Spacing at Vu=300KN
d. Spacing at Vu=200KN
Problem 2:
A rectangular isolated beam has a clear span of
7.6m and carries a service live load of 60KN/m and
no external dead load except its own weight. The
beam has a width of 350mm and effective depth of
700mm. Its is reinforced with 6-28mm in two
rows. Total depth of beam is 800mm. Fc=27.6,
fy=414MPa, fyt=270MPa. Use =0.85 for sand
lightweight concrete having a unit weight of
2400kg/cu.m. Use NSCP 2010
a. Using simplified calculations, determine the
shear force to be resisted by the shear
reinforcement at the critical section from the
face of the support.
b. Determine the spacing of the 10mm shear
reinforcement required by the beam due to its
c. Determine the point where no shear
reinforcement are needed measured from the
face of the support.
Problem 3:
A rectangular beam having a width of 300 mm has an
effective depth of 600mm. Total depth of the beam is
680mm. The beam is reinfocrced with 3-32mm at
the bottom. Fc= 27.6Mpa, fy=415MPa. Assume =1
for normal concrete weight.
a. Using detailed calculation, determine the shear
strength of concrete subjected to shear and
flexure only if it is subjected to factored moment
of Mu=134KN-m which occurs with Vu=223KN.
b. If the beam is subjected to a compressive force of
268KN, determine the simplified calculation for
the shear strength of concrete.
c. If the beam is subjected to a compressive force of
270KN, determine the detailed calculation of the
shear strength of concrete if Mu=140KN-m and
Problem 4:

Design the spacing of 10mm U stirrups

of a beam loaded with 90KN dead load,
including its own weight, and
concentrated 200KN live load at mid
span. The beam has a simple span of
7m. Use fc=21MPa and fy=275MPa. Use
NSCP 2001. Start from critical section
and every 0.50 m thereafter. Use
increment of 25 for the spacing.