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PlasticMoldingTutorial

#030AppropriatePre­dryingofPlasticMoldingMaterials(RevisedVersion)

Category:MoldingTechnology

February19,2010

Usually,theplasticmaterialsareformedintheshapeofpelletsandsentfromtheraw

materialmanufacturersinpaperbags,etc.

materialmanufacturersinpaperbags,etc.

Sincethesepelletswouldhaveabsorbedthemoistureintheatmosphere,iftheyare

usedforinjectionmoldingwhiletheystillcontainalotofmoisture,dependingonthe

 

typeofmaterial,theycanundergohydrolysis,ortheirphysicalpropertiescandecrease.

Further,itispossibleforsilverstreakstoappearonthesurfaceofthemoldedproduct,

anditisalsopossibleforshortshotsorburnduetogastooccur.

Inviewofthis,inthecaseofmostmoldingmaterials,beforetheyareputintothe

hopperdrier,itisnecessarytocarryoutpre­dryinginaboxtypedryingoven.

Inpre­dryingitisrecommendedtoobservetheappropriatedryingtemperatureand

dryingtime.Thisisbecause,ifthedryingisdoneatatemperaturelessthanthe

appropriatetemperature,evenifthedryingisdoneforalongtime,themoisturecontent

cannotberemovedasdesired.Amaterialwhosepre­dryinghasbeencompletedshould

beusedasquicklyaspossible.Whenanyleftovermaterialistobeusedsomedays

later,carryoutitspre­dryingagainbeforeuse.

Thepre­dryingconditionsofspecialplasticsarelistedinTable1.

Table1Pre­dryingtemperaturesofplasticmoldingmaterials

Materialname

Symbol Pre­dryingtemperature (°C)

Liquidcrystalpolymer LCP

110150

Polyetherimide

Polyamideimide

Thermoplastic

elastomer

PEI

PAI

TPE

120150

150180

120

Polyetheretherketone PEEK 150

Polyphenylenesulfide PPS

140250

Polyallylate

PAR

120150

Polysulfone

PSU

120150

ABS

ABS

7080

Acrylic

PMMA 70100

Polycarbonate

PC

120

Nylon6

PA6

80

Nylon66

PA66

80

Nylon11

PA11

7080

Nylon46

PA46

80

Polyacetal

POM

110

PBT

PBT

120

Dryingtime

(H)

48

27

816

34

8

36

48

34

23

26

46

815

815

815

810

23

45

4 〜 6 8 〜 15 8 〜 15 8 〜 15 8 〜 10 2
4 〜 6 8 〜 15 8 〜 15 8 〜 15 8 〜 10 2
4 〜 6 8 〜 15 8 〜 15 8 〜 15 8 〜 10 2

Pelletsofplasticmoldingmaterialsgenerallyabsorbmoisturefromtheatmospheretoa

certainextent.Ifthequantityofabsorbedmoistureislarge,theplasticcanundergo

hydrolysis(thereareplasticsthatundergochemicaldissociationwithwaterasthe

initiator)intheprocessofbeingmeltedandmixedinthecylinderoftheinjection

moldingmachine,or,whenmoldingisdone,thiscancausesilverstreaks,airbubbles,or

glossinessdefectsonthesurfaceofthemoldedproduct,orcancausecopyingdefects,

etc.Therefore,itisnecessarybeforehandtoputthepelletsofmoldingmaterialsina

dryingapparatusandremovethemoisturecontentinthem.Ifthepre­dryingisnot

doneappropriately,itcanleadtovariationsinthefluidity,deteriorationofphysical

characteristics,andmoldingdefects.

Thefollowingarethemaintypesofdriersbeingusedatpresent.

(1)Hotairdrier

Thehopperdrierandtheboxtypedrierarethetypicalequipmentusedwiththistype.

Thedryingmethodisthatofblowinghotairatthepelletstherebyevaporatingthe

moistureinthem.Althoughthisisacommonandsimpledryingmethod,thismethodis

notsuitableforcompletelyremovingthemoisturecontent.

(2)Dehumidifiedhotairtdrier

Inthismethod,afterfirstremovingthemoistureinair,thatairisheatedandblownon

thepelletstherebyevaporatingthemoisturecontentinthem.Sincetheairusedfor

dryingisre­circulatedandusedagainafterbeingdehumidified,heatlosswillbesmall,

anditispossibletocarryoutrationaldrying.ThismethodissuitablefordryingPBT,etc.

(3)Reducedpressureheattransfertypedrier

Thisisamethodforevaporatingthemoisturecontentinthepelletbyheattransferina

reducedpressureenvironment.Dryingatlowtemperaturesbecomespossible,and

henceitispossibletopreventtheoxidizationofplasticandtoreducetheeffectsof

additivesinthepellet.Inaddition,thisisalsoamethodinwhichthermallossisalso

small.Thistypeofdrierisattractingalotofattentionasthedrierofthefuture.

*Reference:"InjectionMoldingDictionary",p.214,Peripheralandaccessoryequipment

(HidekiKubo,IndustryResearchInstitute,(2002))

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