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CRN

Student Name

Midterm Marks & Grade

Final Marks Expected

Grade Point Average (GPA)

Devi Ambati

School of Business, IT and Management

Durham College

January 2017 (FALL)

through extensive practice.

You dont become a professional

basketball player by watching television.

and

You cant become an IT person just by

watching professors lecture.

devi.ambati@durhamcollege.ca

905-721-2000 ext: 2350

Room No: D218

CONTENTS

S/N Lesson Details Page No.

1 Lesson 1 : Course Introduction and Excel 3-16

Basic Arithmetic Operations and Excel

Basic Algebra including Ratios and Proportions

2

MATH 1110 Mathematics for IT

Course Introduction

1. Communication:

Name: Devi Ambati B.Sc(Maths), B.Tech(Electronics), M.S(Computers)

e-mail: devi.ambati@durhamcollege.ca (preferred DC Connect email)

Phone: 905-721-2000, ext: 2350

Office Location: D218

general\math1110_course_outline.pdf

DC Connect: https://durhamcollege.desire2learn.com/

The complete course material is available both as a hard copy and on the campus DC Connect.

Navigate to the course to see the features particularly the main course page (weekly news), Calendar,

Mail, Content, Discussions, Assignments, Quizzes, Project, Grades, etc.

http://vig.pearsoned.ca/catalog/academic/product/0,1144,0138142254-SS,00.html

http://wps.prenhall.com/chet_cook_intcommath_2/

http://www.cengage.com/cgi-

wadsworth/course_products_wp.pl?fid=M20bI&product_isbn_issn=9781111969752

http://wps.prenhall.com/ca_ph_hummelbrunner_CBM_7

Open Teaching Math from DC Connect: jokes_facts\teaching_math.txt)

http://www.beliefnet.com/columnists/watchwomanonthewall/2013/02/teaching-of-math-1950-to-the-

present.html

Pretty Cool (Brain challenge) : jokes_facts\Pretty Cool.docx

Beauty of Math (jokes_facts\Beauty of Math.doc )

Math Puzzle : ( jokes_facts\math_puzzle.txt)

Try more puzzles

http://www.teach-nology.com/worksheets/math/puzzles/

http://www.math.utah.edu/~cherk/puzzles.html

http://www.math.com/students/puzzles/puzzleapps.html

http://www.mathpuzzle.com/

http://www.mathsisfun.com/puzzles/

6. Amazing Excel

It's unbelievable to start with, but once you do it, you marvel at the Patience and imaginative creativity of

the author!!

o Open the attached file using Microsoft Excel. jokes_facts\Village1.xls

o Select the sheet using Ctrl + A.

3

o Set the Row height as 15 (Click Format -> select Row Height)

o Set the width as 2 (Click Format -> select Column width)

o Finally set the View - >zoom at 15%

o Unbelievable but true.... It's really cool.... apparently such a thing can be done using Excel. (if you do not

know how to do, open jokes_facts\Village1 Solution.xls. you will see beautiful Indian women as:

7. Math Jokes

A. MATHEMATICIAN / STATISTICIAN / ACCOUNTANT FINALIST

corporation. The hiring committee asked them all the same last question:

o The mathematician was first. "How much is 500 plus 500?" they asked "1000" he replied

without hesitation." Thank you", they dismissed him.

o Next the statistician. "How much is 500 plus 500?""On the average, 1000 with 95 % confidence"

replied the statistician" Thank you", they dismissed him.

o Next the accountant. "How much is 500 plus 500?""What would you like it to be?" responded the

accountant. They hired the accountant.

A physicist, a mathematician and a computer scientist discuss what is better: a wife or a

girlfriend.

The physicist: "A girlfriend. You still have freedom to experiment."

The mathematician: "A wife. You have security."

The computer scientist: "Both. When I'm not with my wife, she thinks I'm with my

girlfriend. With my girlfriend it's vice versa. And I can be with my computer without

anyone disturbing me..."

C. BRAIN

After joining the college, I really appreciate my brain which is divided in two parts right and left:

in Right, nothing is Left

In Left, Nothing is Right

4

D. PIZZA :

Write the expression for the volume of a thick crust pizza with height "a" and radius "z".

Source: Reddit

The formula for volume is (radius)2(height). In this case, pizza.

During School, if you were late, you had to sit at the last bench

But in college, if you are late, you have to sit on the first bench

F. SOLVOING AN EQUATION

Teacher: How do you solve any equation?

Student: Multiply both sides by zero.

A mathematician, an engineer, and a computer scientist are vacationing together. They are

riding in a car, enjoying the countryside, when suddenly the engine stops working.

The mathematician: "We came past a gas station a few minutes ago. Someone should

go back and ask for help."

The engineer: "I should have a look at the engine. Perhaps, I can fix it."

The computer scientist: "Why don't we just open the doors, slam them shut, and see if

everything works again?"

H. COPYING

A math student is pestered by a classmate who wants to copy his homework assignment. The

student hesitates, not only because he thinks it's wrong, but also because he doesn't want to

be sanctioned for aiding and abetting.

His classmate calms him down: "Nobody will be able to trace my homework to you: I'll be

changing the names of all the constants and variables: a to b, x to y, and so on."

Not quite convinced, but eager to be left alone, the student hands his completed assignment

to the classmate for copying.

After the deadline, the student asks: "Did you really change the names of all the variables?"

"Sure!" the classmate replies. "When you called a function f, I called it g; when you called a

variable x, I renamed it to y; and when you were writing about the log of x+1, I called it the

timber of x+1..."

I. MORE JOKES

http://www.workjoke.com/projoke22.htm

http://www.ahajokes.com/food_joke_of_the_day.shtml

http://www.math.ualberta.ca/~runde/jokes.html

http://www.sonoma.edu/Math/faculty/falbo/jokes.html

http://www.math.utah.edu/~cherk/mathjokes.html

5

Lecture

8. Tools Used in this course

DC Connect College Course website

SALS (Student Academic Learning Services) Review of Basic Mathematics

Word with Equation Editor (Microsoft or Open Office)

Excel with Equation Editor (Microsoft or Open Office)

Electronic Calculator or manual calculator

(Start All Programs Accessories Calculator, Click View -> Scientific Calculator)

Use any on-line calculator (http://www.ecalc.com/calculator/scientific/)

Create a folder called MATH1110 to store all your work either in drive C or drive D. Create Assignments,

Lectures, etc. under MATH1110 folder as:

Move to windows Explorer or My Computer

Move to the C: drive or D: drive

Make a folder called FALL or WINTER

Move to FALL or WINTER

Make a folder called MATH1110 (Mathematics For IT)

Make a folder called assignments

Create other folders like lessons, test, project, etc.

Repeat the above for all other courses in this semester (optional)

10. Install network printer drivers based on your class time table

*H133* or *H134* or *H135*

The Student Academic Learning Services (SALS) Centre is here to help Durham College students meet their

academic goals. It is located in SSB 204 in the Student Services Building

SALS is open Monday to Friday, 8:00AM to 5:00PM, T: 905.721.2000 ext. 2491

http://www.durhamcollege.ca/student-experience/helping-you-succeed/student-academic-

learning-services-sals - Watch the Video about SALS

http://www.durhamcollege.ca/student-experience/helping-you-succeed/student-academic-learning-

services-sals/sals-dc-connect-course your website where you can register and access SALS resources.

6

12. Sample Assignment

Look at the sample assignment, and see how to create solution document using Microsoft word with

equation editor.

Use MS Word to open a new solution file.

Write your Student Id, Name, Course Code, CRN, Date, Type on the top of the page as shown below and

Save it as lesson1_sample . CRN refers to your section number.

Student ID :

Student Name:

Course Code : CRN: Create a new document

Date : and write your details as

Type : Lesson1 - Sample Assignment indicated.

Draw a dotted line

Type your solution (show working clearly).

Paste your work whenever you see Submit for any question (It could be Excel output in cropped format

showing the column and row numbers correctly) make sure you type the question number as Q1, Q2,

etc.

You must insert page numbers at the bottom of the page

Submit both the solution document and excel files to DC Connect as per the due date. If you do not

submit both the files, it will be marked for 0. This is not to be submitted and for practice only.

1. Use MSWord to solve the following questions and show your working clearly

2 7 solution document and show

b. ________ your working clearly in the

3 3 new document

2. Create an Excel sheet as shown below and save it as sample_sol.xls:

complete the work. Paste the

Excel sheet (use Snipping

Tool) in the solution document

to show the data and also

column and row numbers.

Submit the solution document and Excel file to DC

Connect DropBox folder.

13. Assignment Solution

Student ID : 10018.

Name : Devi Ambati

Course Code: MATH 1110 CRN: 22105

Date :

Type : Sample Assignment Solution

..

1. Use MSWord to solve the following questions and show your working clearly

a. 2 +3 x 7 1

= 2 + 21 1

= 22

2 7 9

b. 3

3 3 3

2.

8

B. MICROSOFT EXCEL : INTRODUCTION (http://www.excelfunctions.net/ )

1. What is a worksheet?

A sheet of paper with a grid of columns and rows is called a worksheet. We use a lot of worksheets in our

daily life. Look at Johns household expenditure for the first two months. It is called a budget

worksheet.

The worksheet has 9 rows and 3 columns. Each row and column has a heading for easy reference. The

worksheet has a main heading too Home Budget. The vertical columns show budget type followed by

the months in which transactions took place. While the rows show how the money is spent. Text and

numbers are entered in the worksheet cells. A cell is an intersection of a row and column. We add up all

the expenses in each column and store it under expenses and then subtract it from income to give us

savings.

2. What is a spreadsheet?

A spreadsheet is a program that makes the computer screen as an electronic worksheet allowing data to

enter in the form of rows and columns,

and manipulate it according to the

requirements. The rows are numbered

as 1, 2, etc. and the columns are named

as A, B, etc. Microsoft Office Excel has

more rows and columns than ever before

with the following new limits: 18,278 (A

to ZZZ) columns wide by 1,048,576 rows

tall.

9

A change in any of data in the rows or columns will show it up in the final calculations. Totals and

averages are recalculated automatically whenever values are changed in the worksheet cells. The results

can be shown in the form of charts. Drawing charts with a spreadsheet programs is easy.

Select Start->All Programs -> Microsoft Office -> Microsoft Office Excel, the following screen will be

shown:

Tab Buttons and functions

Home Has most frequently used buttons such as: Cut, Copy & Paste, format, and

search tools

Insert These buttons allow you to insert columns, rows, charts and other objects

Page Has buttons such as page orientation, margins, etc used to format a worksheet

Layout page for printing

Formulas These buttons allow you to build mathematical equations in a worksheet.

Data Has buttons to deal with importing and exporting data from other external

packages and also do special operations like sorting and filtering.

10

Review Similar to Microsoft Word, Review buttons perform spelling checks, and

maintain various versions of your worksheets.

View Lets you switch on and off a variety of viewing options.

Add-Ins This tab is visible only when you have added any program associated with

Microsoft Excel.

Your tab setting view may be slightly different based on how your Microsoft Excel setup.

Each tab on the ribbon can be activated by clicking the tab name. As you can see there are many screen

elements that are useful in creating, editing, formatting, printing and saving worksheets:

Title bar Displays the name of the current worksheet (Book1 is the default name); the

Spreadsheet name and the familiar windows controls

Status bar Shows the useful information such as Excel mode (Ready. Edit, etc.) and layout

buttons and zoom control slider

Rectangular (grid) area The grid area where you enter data and formulae in various cells.

Scroll bars Used to view the hidden portions of large worksheets.

Name box

Active cell A cell is a storage space within the worksheet. A cell with the cell pointer is called the

active cell outlined by a bold black line.

Columns Columns are identified by letters A to Z, then AA to AZ, ...

Rows Rows are identified by numbers 1, 2, 3, ..

Formula bar Contains data or formula for an active cell.

Worksheet tabs When you open a new worksheet, it contains three worksheets Sheet1, Sheet2, and

Sheet3 which can be renamed.

Excel window controls To minimise or exit Microsoft Excel window.

Worksheet window To minimise or exit worksheet

controls

Zoom slider Used to zoom in and out on the cells in the worksheet area by dragging the slider to

the right or left, respectively

View buttons Used to select between three layouts for the worksheet area:

Normal view (default) shows the worksheet cells with the column and row

headings.

Page Layout View displays rulers, page margins, headers and footers, and

shows page breaks for the worksheet

Page Break Preview enables you to adjust the paging of a worksheet.

11

4. How to enter data in a worksheet?

Label

Numbers

Date/ time

Formula

Label: Text entries into a worksheet cell are called labels. A label usually begins with a letter and is left

justified. For example, Date, Income, Expenses, etc. are called labels.

Numbers: A number usually starts with an arithmetic sign or a numerical digit and is right justified.

Numbers can be formatted in many ways. For example, the number 4500 can be formatted as:

General 4500

General with decimals 4,500.00

Currency $ 4,500.00

Scientific 4.5E+03

Date/Time. You can enter the date/time using the usual conventions, as illustrated in the following table.

Data entry Display

30 Oct 95 30-Oct-95

10:30 10:30 AM

23:30 23:30 PM

calculations. It always starts with a symbols like =,

+, and @. For example the formula in cell C2 is

Income Expenses. However, we will write this

formula in the worksheet using cell addresses as

+A2-B2 (or =A2-B2) in the cell C2 to calculate the

Profit. (i.e.) You have to translate math formulas into

equivalent excel formula using cell addresses.

Example 1: Create the following worksheet by entering the formulas for P, Q and R. Rename the

worksheet as FORMULAS and save the excel file as lesson1_examples.

12

Range of cells: A range of cells is a group of adjacent cells in the worksheet. You can specify a range by

keying in the cell in the upper left corner, : and the cell in the lower right corner.

Example 2: Create the following Worksheet under Sheet2 and rename it as INVENTORY.

Example 3: Create the following worksheet under Sheet3 and rename it as GRADES.

13

The formula for average can be entered as = (B3+B4+B5+B6+B7)/5 or =AVERAGE(B3:B7)

Navigating in the worksheet: Microsoft Excel has a grid of 18,278 (A to ZZZ) columns and 1,048,576 rows.

How do you move around this gigantic worksheet? How did you manage to move around in a large excel

file? We will use mouse pointer keys to navigate in the worksheet.

To move to any cell, simply click in the respective cell. The cell address where the cell pointer will be

shown in the Name box. There are a few keyboard short cuts to move around the worksheet as given

below:

Move one cell up, down, left, or right from the current active cell Arrow keys

Move to the beginning of the row. Home key

Move to the beginning of the worksheet Ctrl + Home

Move to the last cell in the worksheet. Ctrl + End

Move down one screen. PgDn

Move up one screen. PgUp

Move one screen to the right. Alt + PgDn

Move one screen to the left. Alt + PgUp

Move the window, but not the cell pointer (used as on/off key) ScrLk

Go to a specific cell F5

Use the scroll bars to display the hidden parts of the worksheet. Use the function key F5 to move to any

cell. When you press the function key F5, you will see the following dialog box:

14

Enter the cell address in the Reference box and press OK button for the mouse pointer to

move cell B200 quickly.

Fill in Sales values for each Customer

Find the Total Sales in column G10 using the formula and not the functions.

15

Student Course Agreement

regards to the course known as ____________________________________ have read and understand

the course content, outline and expectations which clearly state the following:

1. No student is allowed to use Internet / E-mail / Chatting or other subject works during the lecture

unless informed by the instructor. If a student is caught, he/she will be asked to leave the class

immediately without any warning.

3. Copying the class works, collaborative works, assignments, quizzes, project, tests, etc. is not

tolerated. Once found, a mark of 0 will be awarded for all the students who are involved (All will be

penalized with an academic alert also)

4. Assignments must be completed on or before the due date. Late assignments will be evaluated with

25% penalty for 3 more days from the due date.

5. Group work (Project) must be completed on or before the due date. A mark of '0' will be given for

late submission of project/group work.

6. Random in-class work and quizzes will be given, with no opportunity to make up if absent (i.e.) A

mark of '0' will be awarded if absent.

7. Students are expected to write all tests. Prior notice is required if a student is unable to write a

scheduled test with a valid reason. Make-up tests will not be provided, however the % weighting of

one missed test may be applied to the final exam for those students who attend the classes regularly

and provide valid reasons.

16

MATH 1110 Mathematics for IT

Mathematical Problems (Arithmetic) and Excel

Contents: Number theory ((natural, integer, rational, irrational, real, signed numbers, Absolute value), Order of operations

(BEDMAS), Fractions, Decimals, Percent, Significant digits, Rounding, Estimations, Exponents, Measurement,

Scientific and Engineering Notation

Microsoft Excel Functions (ROUND, ROUND UP, ROUND DOWN, INT, TRUNC, MROUND< FLOORING, SUM,

AVERAGE, MIN, MAX, COUNT, COUNTA, COUNTBLANK)

Please access this website and register for SALS if not done already using the following link:

http://www.durhamcollege.ca/student-experience/helping-you-succeed/student-academic-learning-

services-sals/sals-dc-connect-course

or when you login to DC Connect, you will see SALS where you can register.

Once you access the SALS website, SALS provide several topics to review your mathematical skills. You will be

given quizzes in DC Connect based on these topics.

Decimals

Exponents

First Degree equations

Fractions

Functions

Integers

Measurement

Order of Operations

Rational Numbers

Significant Digits

Unit Conversions

Google Calculator- Scientific : https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=ssl#q=5+to+the+power+of+28.4

Fraction calculator : http://www.calculator.net/fraction-calculator.html

Radical/Roots : http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/algebra/radical.php

Convert Number to Scientific Notation : http://www.webmath.com/sn_convert.html

17

B. Number theory (http://www.rapidtables.com/math/symbols/Basic_Math_Symbols.htm)

1. Numbers

Natural numbers: 1,2,3 are also called as

positive integers

negative also called as signed numbers)

-2, -5, 5, 0, 1, 5

Rational numbers: any number that can be

represented by the division of one integer

by another. 3.5, -2.5, 11/2

Irrational Numbers: a number cannot be

written as a division of one integer by

another. Example, 22/7, , 3.14

Real numbers: integers, rational numbers,

irrational numbers

The Number line (negative numbers, 0 and

positive numbers)

negative number is the corresponding

positive number (ABS function in Excel)

symbol: | |

|-5|=5 |89| = 89

divided by the number. (ex: reciprocal of 2 is

, reciprocal of 5 is 1/5)

Constants: hold fixed numbers (2,3,5)

Ex: B=2A

2A is called expression and

B=2A is called an equation or a formula. B = 2*A or A = B/2

18

2. Fundamental Operations of Algebra (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division)

Algebraic laws a= 2, b = 3, c =4

o Commutative law of addition: a+b = b+a

2+3 = 5, 3+2 = 5

a+ (b+c) = 9 and (a+b)+c = 9

2*3=6

3*2=6

2 * (3*4) = 24 (2*3) * 4 = 24

2 (3 + 4 ) = 2 * 3 + 2 * 4 2 * 7 = 14

= 6 + 8 = 14

o Sum of two positive numbers is positive:

6 +5 = 11

-6 -5 = -11

6-5 = 1, -6+5 = - (6-5) = -1

6 -2 = 4

6 (-2) = 6 + 2 = 8

o Multiplication of numbers:

+*+ =+ 6 * 5 = 30

- *- =+ -6 * -5 = 30

+*- =- 6 * -5 = -30

- *+ =- -6 * 5 = -30

Operations with zero and one

o a+0=a

o a 0 = a, a * 1=a

o a* 0=0 1 * a=a

o 0 a=0 a 1=a

19

3. Order of operations: BEDMAS

Examples:

1. 20*6 18 * 3 + 7 * (91-65)

2. An IT professional needs to add some RAM to the office computers. She needs 2 GB of RAM for 29

computers and 3 GB of RAM for the other 13 computers. How many GB of RAM are required?

2 ()

2 3=

3 ()

result is too small to be a whole number itself.

This particular number is called a common fraction.

2 3 5

+ =

7 7 7

Example: Simplify

2 1 6 5 11

+ = + =

5 3 15 15 15

20

Example: Express the following fraction into lowest fraction

3 33 1

= =

6 63 2

Example: Half of the space on a hard drive is filled with video files and another third is filled with audio

files. How much of the hard drive is filled?

1 1 3+2 5

+ = =

2 3 6 6

Example: A standard 19 1U rack mountable server is 1 thick. How thick is a 3U storage server if it is 5

times as thick?

2 1 2 4 8 2

= = =2

3 4 3 1 3 3

Example: How many 2 foot network cables can be cut from a 1000 foot?

Example: A programmer works 5 hours a day for 5 days in a typical work week, but 9 hours a day

for 6 days in the last week before a big project deadline. How many extra hours worked in

the last week?

5 Decimals

Decimals are a way to represent fractions. Decimals and fractions both represent values in-between two

whole numbers

21

6. Percent (per 100)

(i.e.) Percent is another kind of fraction where the denominator is hidden and has a value of 100

Example: A software license costs $150.00 plus 13% tax. How much is the Tax?

22

Equivalent forms : Fractions, Percents and decimals are three different forms for the same number

(a) Finding the amount: You can find the amount given the rate in %.

()

Amount = Base * Rate /100 = 100

( ) 400 35100

= ==> 35 = ==> = = 8.75%

100 100 400

Example: 25 is what percentage of 1200? (round one digit after decimal point)

Example: 10% of what number is 500 (or 500 is 10% of what number?. Here you are finding the base)

23

(b) Percent Increase or decrease (i.e. Percent Change)

( )

=

Example: Ann works in a supermarket for $10.00 per hour. If her pay is increased to $12.00, then what is

her percent increase in pay?

Percentage Increase =

Example: At Durham College the tuition fee has decreased from 4000 to 3000. What is the percentage

decrease?

Percentage Decrease =

=

Example: What is the percent efficiency of a machine in which work input is 4800J and work output is

3600J?

Example: An electric motor consumes 800 watts and has an output of 700 watts. Find the efficiency of

the motor.

(d) Percent Error: Percent Error (deviation) is a measure of the accuracy of any measured value. It is

easily determined by comparing the difference between the actual value and the measured value to

the actual value itself.

Example: The weather station predicts 20mm of rain, but there is actually got 25mm of rain. Find the

percent error.

24

(e) Percent Concentration

=

Example: Determine the percent composition by mass of a 250 g salt solution which contains 20 g salt.

Significant digits: Excel has several functions. The number of significant digits in an answer to a

calculation will depend on the number of significant digits in the given data, as discussed in the rules

below:

Non-zero digits are always significant. Thus, 22 has two significant digits, and 22.3 has three

significant digits.

a. Zeroes placed before other digits are not significant; 0.046 has two significant digits.

0.46 * 10-1 or 4.6 * 10-2 or 46 * 10-3

b. Zeroes placed between other digits are always significant; 4009 kg has four significant digits.

c. Zeroes placed after other digits but behind a decimal point are significant; 7.90 has three

significant digits. 7.9 has 2 significant digits

d. Zeroes at the end of a number are significant only if they are behind a decimal point as in (c).

Otherwise, it is impossible to tell if they are significant. For example, in the number 8200, it is not

clear if the zeroes are significant or not. The number of significant digits in 8200 is at least two,

but could be three or four depending on type of data. To avoid uncertainty, use scientific

notation to place significant zeroes behind a decimal point:

8.20 * 103 has three significant digits

8.2 * 103 has two significant digits

Precision: refers to the number of digits after the decimal point: 4.567 (in this case is it is 3)

25

Round Off: Add 1 if the discarded digit is more than 5 :

o 2.567 -> rounded to 3 significant digits -> 2.57

o 2.561 -> rounded to 3 significant digits -> 2.56

o 2.567 -> rounded to 2 significant digits -> 2.6

o 2.541 -> rounded to 2 significant digits -> 2.5

24300

2.340

0.67560

243.00

0.0654

8. Estimations

Estimating is an important part of mathematics and a very handy tool for everyday life. Get in the habit

of estimating amounts of money, lengths of time, distances, and many other physical quantities.

Rounding off is a kind of estimating. The Principles of estimation:

Round the numbers so that there is one nonzero digit in each number

Perform the calculations with the rounded numbers

26

Example: Phil and Melissa bought their first car last week. The selling price of this compact car was

$8980. The dealer preparation charge was $289 and the sales tax was $449. Estimate the

total cost that Phil and Melisa had to pay.

9. Exponents

am x an = a m+n

23 x 22 = 2 3+2

= 25

am an = a m-n

2523 = 2 5-3

=22

(am)n = a mn

(23) 2

= 2 (3x2)

= 26

a0 = 1 if a 0 a0 is undefined if a = 0

a 1 = a

Examples:

(a) = =

(b) = + =

(c) ( ) = = =

(d) = 46

10. Measurements

27

28

Example: Convert 23 degree Celsius to Fahrenheit degrees.

Computer System: A byte is the amount of computer memory needed to store one alphanumeric

character. It uses TB, GB, MB, KB will be discussed later.

Scientific Notation: A number in scientific notation is expressed as the product of a number greater than

or equal to 1 and less than 10, and a power of 10, and is written as:

P x 10k (where P is between 1 to 10, k can take positive or negative value)

4.93 x 108 as the decimal point is moved 8 positions.

0.54 * 10-7

Example: Express 9.2 105 in decimal notation

920000

Engineering notation: It is a specialized form of scientific notation where the powers are limited to

multiples of 3 such as,103, 106, or 109. The power is chosen so that the final number will be between 1

and 999

Example: 45,000 = 45 * 103

450,000 = 450 * 103

0.000000065 = 65 * 10-9

Example: 345000 0.345 * 106

0.00000032 = 0.32 * 10-6

Example: The sampling rate of a CD is 44,100Hz. Express this number in (a) engineering, (b) scientific

and (c) computer notations.

29

Engineering notation (in terms of 1000s) : 44,100 = 44.1 * 103

Scientific notation (less than 10): 4.41 * 104

Computer representation (less than 1): 0.441 * 105

30

MICROSOFT EXCEL: FUNCTIONS (http://www.excelfunctions.net/ )

1. Functions

Function Syntax

ROUND ROUND function rounds off the value into the specified number of decimal places and

uses the round-off value in calculations. ROUND(number,num_digits)

Formulas: Results:

A B A B

1 =ROUND( 100.319, 1 ) 1 100.3

2 5.28 =ROUND( A2, 1 ) 2 5.28 5.3

3 5.9999 =ROUND( A3, 3 ) 3 5.9999 6

4 99.5 =ROUND( A4, 0 ) 4 99.5 100

5 -6.3 =ROUND( A5, 0 ) 5 -6.3 -6

6 -100.5 =ROUND( A6, 0 ) 6 -100.5 -101

7 -22.45 =ROUND( A7, 1 ) 7 -22.45 -22.5

8 999 =ROUND( A8, -1 ) 8 999 1000

9 991 =ROUND( A9, -1 ) 9 991 990

ROUNDUP The ROUNDUP function is used to round a number upwards towards the next highest number (also known

as CEIL). ROUNDUP is similar to the ROUND function except that it always rounds a number upward while

the ROUND function will round up or down depending on whether the last digit is greater than or less

than 5. = ROUNDUP ( Number, Num_digits )

Formulas Results:

A B A B

1 =ROUNDUP( 11.111, 1 ) 1 11.2

2 11.111 =ROUNDUP( A2, 2 ) 2 11.111 11.12

3 11.111 =ROUNDUP( A3, 0 ) 3 11.111 12

4 11.111 =ROUNDUP( A4, -1 ) 4 11.111 20

5 -11.111 =ROUNDUP( A5, 2 ) 5 -11.111 -11.12

6 -11.111 =ROUNDUP( A6, -1 ) 6 -11.111 -20

Formulas: Results:

A B A B

1 =ROUNDDOWN( 99.999, 1 ) 1 99.9

2 99.999 =ROUNDDOWN( A2, 2 ) 2 99.999 99.99

3 99.999 =ROUNDDOWN( A3, 0 ) 3 99.999 99

4 99.999 =ROUNDDOWN( A4, -1 ) 4 99.999 90

5 -99.999 =ROUNDDOWN( A5, 2 ) 5 -99.999 -99.99

6 -99.999 =ROUNDDOWN( A6, -1 ) 6 -99.999 -90

INT The INT function requires only a single number argument. Excel rounds the value

down to the nearest integer. = INT(Number)

Formulas: Results:

A B A B

1 =INT(100.9) 1 100

31

2 5.22 =INT( A2 ) 2 5.22 5

3 5.99 =INT( A3 ) 3 5.99 5

4 99.5 =INT( A4 ) 4 99.5 99

5 -6.1 =INT( A5 ) 5 -6.1 -7

6 -100.9 =INT( A6 ) 6 -100.9 -101

FLOOR The FLOOR function returns a number rounded down based on the number

of digits = FLOOR ( number, significance )

Formulas: Results:

A B A B

1 Number Floor 1 Number Floor

2 26.75 =FLOOR( A2, 0.1 ) 2 26.75 26.7

3 26.75 =FLOOR( A3, 0.5 ) 3 26.75 26.5

4 26.75 =FLOOR( A4, 1 ) 4 26.75 26

5 26.75 =FLOOR( A5, 10 ) 5 26.75 20

6 26.75 =FLOOR( A6, 20 ) 6 26.75 20

7 -26.75 =FLOOR( A7, -0.1 ) 7 -26.75 -26.7

8 -26.75 =FLOOR( A8, -1 ) 8 -26.75 -26

9 -26.75 =FLOOR( A9, -5 ) 9 -26.75 -25

CEILING The Excel Ceiling function rounds a supplied number away from zero, to the

nearest multiple of a given number. = CEILING( number, significance )

Formulas: Results:

A B A B

1 number ceiling 1 number ceiling

2 22.25 =CEILING( A2, 0.1 ) 2 22.25 22.3

3 22.25 =CEILING( A3, 0.5 ) 3 22.25 22.5

4 22.25 =CEILING( A4, 1 ) 4 22.25 23

5 22.25 =CEILING( A5, 10 ) 5 22.25 30

6 22.25 =CEILING( A6, 20 ) 6 22.25 40

7 -22.25 =CEILING( A7, -0.1 ) 7 -22.25 -22.3

8 -22.25 =CEILING( A8, -1 ) 8 -22.25 -23

9 -22.25 =CEILING( A9, -5 ) 9 -22.25 -25

Example 1: Create the following and rename the worksheet as FUNCTIONS. Save the worksheet as lesson2_examples.

32

2. Using the Fill Handle.

Example 2: You can fill the worksheet with values automatically as:

Type 100 in cell A1.

Click on A1, then position the mouse pointer at its fill handle until the pointer changes into a

cross.

Click and drag the left mouse down the rows until you reach cell A10 and then release the mouse

button. You will see 100 appears in all the rows

Click on B1 and enter 100, Click on B2 and enter 105.

Select B1 to B2 and then position the mouse pointer at its fill handle until the pointer changes a

cross.

Click and drag the left mouse button down the row until you reach cell A10. You will see 100,

105, 110, 115, etc.

Type Jan in Cell C1, then using the fill handle, drag it to cells C2..C12. You will see Jan, Feb. Mar,

until Dec.

Type 0 in cell D1. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Fill, and then click Series. Select

Linear under Type. Enter the step value as 5 and start value as 50.

Click Ok. You will see the values as 0,5,10,15. Until 50.

3. Copying formulas

Microsoft Excel has a feature to copy a formula from a cell (source) to another cell (destination). The

formula in the destination would be the same as the one in the source cell except that its row and

column references will be changed. Cell reference means changing the row number and column letter

relative to the position of the formula.

For example, look the worksheet with numbers and formulas. The formula =B4 + C5 is entered in the cell

F6 (source).

33

Example 3: Create a new worksheet and rename it as TIMESHEET. Enter the formatting and formulas as

indicated.

Select A2:G2 and select Format Cells option (when you right mouse click the worksheet).

Select the border tab and choose Presets as Outline and Inside.

Click Ok.

Enter the formulas as shown:

34

Note: Observe the formulas: SUM, AVERAGE, MAX, MIN, COUNT, COUNTA, COUNBLANK

To find the total sales for each day, follow the instructions given below:

o Enter TOTAL SALES in A9

o Find the total sales from B9:F9

o Enter REGION TOTAL in cell G4. Select G4 and press button to wrap the text in that

column.

o Find the Region Totals in cells C5 to G9

To find the average sales for each day, follow the instructions given below:

35

o Enter AVERAGE SALES in A10

o Find the average sales from B10:F10.

o Select Office.com : ClipArt. .

o Type Sales in Search for box, select Big Sale picture. Adjust it such that it will appear in

column C.

To show the formulas, press Ctrl+` (back quote above the Tab key) and adjust the columns if

necessary. To return to the normal mode, press Ctrl+` again.

You can preview or print the worksheet in Landscape mode. (Use Page Layout to set the landscape

mode). Select File->Print to see the worksheet. Do not print the worksheet.

36

MATH 1110 Mathematics for IT

Mathematical Problems (Algebra)

Contents: Use of SALS algebra, Introduction to algebra (constants, variables and expressions), Linear equations, Solving

equations, formulas and literal equations, Ratios and Proportions

ALGEBRA

1. Constants

A constant is a number (5,10), PI, etc. which have the same value. The constant value never

change in a program and defined at the beginning of a program.

2. Variables

A variable is a symbol, usually a letter of the alphabet, that stands for a number.

Area = length * width

= l *w where l and w are variables

3. Terms/expressions

A term is a number, a variable, or a product of a number and one or more variables separated from

other terms in an expression by a + sign.

Any combination of numbers and literal symbols that results from algebraic operations is known

as an algebraic expression. Ex: 2x + 3y -2 where x and y are variables.

37

Example: Simplify

2 + 2 + 3 5 + 22

Example: Simplify

(-5) (x-3y) = (-5) (x) (-5) (3y)

= -5x (-15y)

= -5x + 15y

(3 5)(2 + 3)

Example: Simplify

(2x - 5) (x 3)

= 2x * x + 2x * -4 + 3 * x + 3 * -4

= 2x2 - 8x + 3x 12

= 2x2 - 5x 12

38

6. Division of Algebraic Expressions

Divide the constants first, then the terms with the same base by bringing the co-efficient to the

numerator. When a co-efficient is brought to the numerator, the sign changes from + to and to +.

Example: = =

( )

Example: = =

Example: =

Example: =

An equation ax + b = 0 x = -b/a

is known as a linear equation of one unknown, where a and b are constants.

Example: Simplify 6 + x = 13 x = 13 6 = 7

Remove any parentheses by using the distributive property.

Collect like terms on each side of the equation.

Perform the same operations on both sides until x = result is obtained

Check by substituting the solution back into the original equation.

2x + 6 = x 3

2x x = -3 -6

x = -9

Substitute x in the above equation to verify whether the result is correct or not.

LHS = 2 * -9 + 6 = -12

RHS = -9 3 = -12

LHS = RHS

39

Example:

29 = m +12

-m = 12 29

-m = -17 m = 17

Example: Simplify 2x + 66 = 5x 32

Example: A saleswoman at a department store earns $1000 per month, plus 6% commission on her

total sales. If she earned $2200, what was the amount of her sales?

constants

Two linear equations, each containing the same two unknowns are said to be system of

simultaneous linear equations.

40

Example: Determine whether x = 4 and y =-1 is a solution of the following two equations:

x y = 5 (1)

2x + y = 7 (2)

Example: Solve using substitution

Substitute the values, x=4 and y=-1 in the two equations method.

2x + y = 8 (1)

LHS of eq (1) 4 (-1) 3x 2y = 5 (2)

5 = 5 RHS of eq (1)

8 1 = 7 RHS of eq (2)

Solution by addition

Example: Solve using addition method

2x + y = 8 (1)

3x 2y = 5 (2)

whether it works or not.

41

(b) Solution by subtraction

method.

2x + y = 8 (1)

3x 2y = 5 (2)

Example

Use substitution when you find a variable without any co-efficient (i.e.) as x or y in one of

the two equations

2x + y = 20

3x + 2y = 15

Use addition method, when a variable has + in one equation and - in another equation with

or without co-efficient

2x - 3y = 20

3x + 2y = 15

Use subtraction method, when a variable has + (-) in both the equations,

2x + 2y = 25

3x + 4y = 40

2x - 2y = 25

3x - 4y = 45

(c) Applications

42

Example: The perimeter of a rectangle is 64 centimeters. The length is 4 centimeters less than the

triple the width. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

Example: There were 380 tickets purchased for a major league baseball game. The lower box tickets

cost $12.50 and the upper reserved tickets cost $8.00. The total amount of money spent

was $3940.00. How many of each kind of ticket were purchased.

A formula is an equation that expresses the relationship between two or more related quantities.

Example: Calculate the current drawn (in amps) by a 12 volt cable fan that uses 6 watts. The formula

for watts is W=VA where W=watts, V-Volts and A=amps

W= V * A or A = W/V

A = 6/12 = 0.5A

43

Example : In a forestry, a formula used to determine the volume V of a wood log is V = L (B + b)

where L is the length of the log and B and b represent the area of the ends of the log.

Find L (in feet) if V = 119 ft3, B = 12 ft2 and b = 5 ft2

10. Ratios

A ratio is in simplest form when the two numbers do not have a common factor and both numbers are

whole numbers.

250 1 60

Example: Find the ratio of 80 =

500 2

60 3

= = 3: 4

80 4

Example: Find the simplest ratio for the following:

20 5

16 4

Example: Lina earns $500 weekly. Out of that $500 gross pay, $125 is withheld for federal taxes and $60

is withheld for provincial taxes. What is the ratio of the amount withheld for provincial taxes

to gross pay?

60 3

= 500 = 25

This shows that for every $25 Lina makes, $3 of it is withheld for Provincial taxes.

60 12

= = 12: 17

85 17

44

Example: Find the ratio of 5 liters to 20 liters

11. Rates

80 16 3.2 Example: Find the ratio of a rice bag costing

= = $12.45 with a weight of 8Kg.

25 5 1

12. Proportions

(i.e.) An equation states that two ratios (a:b = c:d) are equal is called a Proportion.

45

ad = bc (by cross multiplying)

Example: 1 cm represents 10km in a map, find the distance (x) represented by 3.5cm on the map.

3.5cm 1cm

x 10km

Example: Given that 1inches = 2.54cm, what is the length (x) in centimeters of the diagonal of a flat

computer screen that is 17.0 in long?

1in 17.0in

2.54cm xcm

Example: A person 1.8m tall is photographed, and the film image is 200 mm high. Under the same

conditions, how tall is a person whose film image is 145 mm high?

1.8

= 14.5

200

x = 1.8*145/200 = 1.3

Example: Given 1 cm represents 20km on the map, Find the distance if it is 2.5 cm on the map.

Example: A car travels 125 miles in 3 hours. How far would it travel in 5 hours (round your answer to 2

digits after the decimal point)?

46

MATH 1110 Mathematics for IT Computer

Math and Excel

Contents: Units, Speed of Computers (Hz, KHz, MHz, GHz), Systems (decimal, binary, octal, hexadecimal

and conversion from one system to another including fractions), Binary codes (BCD, ASCII,

EBCDIC), Digital Technology Metrics (bits, bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB), Binary Arithmetic (addition,

subtraction, multiplication and division)

Microsoft Excel: BASE conversion (DEC, BIN, HEX, OCT), CONVERT, DATE, TIME, PRODUCT,

QUOTIENT, SUMPRODUCT, RAND and RANDBETWEEN

1. Units

Most scientists use engineering notation and the metric system for recording measurements. (The

metric system is also called the international system of Units or SI). The following table lists some of the

most common System of Units prefixes and their symbols.

Yotta Y 10 24

Zetta Z 10 21

Exa E 10 18 (Quintillion) 1,000,000,000,000,000,000

Peta P 10 15 (Quadrillion) 1,000,000,000,000,000

Tera T 10 12 (Trillion) 1,000,000,000,000

Giga G 10 9 (Billion) 1,000,000,000

Mega M 10 6 (Million) 1,000,000

Kilo K 10 3 (Thousand) 1,000

Micro 10 -6 0.000001

Nano n 10 -9 0.000000001

Pico p 10 -12

Femto f 10 -15

Atto A 10 -18

Zepto z 10 -21

Yocto y 10 -24

http://calculateme.com/index.htm

47

2. Speed of Computers

Time period is the time taken for the signal to complete one cycle (starting from 0, go to positive

direction, then to negative direction and back to 0)

(ms) and microseconds (s) are often used. 1ms (milli second)= 0.001s (10-3 second) and

1s (micro second) = 0.000001s (10-6 second).

It is measured in hertz (Hz), but frequencies tend to be high so kilohertz (kHz) and megahertz

(MHz) are often used. 1kHz = 1000Hz and 1MHz = 1000000Hz.

1 1

frequency = and time period =

time period frequency

For example, the Mains electricity in Canada has a frequency of 60Hz, so it has a time period

of 1/60 = 0.01667s = 16.67ms, where UK uses 50Hz (1/50 = 0.02sec or 20 msec).

The CPU speeds are measured in GigaHertzs. For example, Intel Core 17 Extreme Processor has

the following speeds

Example: Assume the CPU clock speed is 2.35 GHz. Convert into Hz.

Example: Assume the CPU clock speed is 3.5 GHz. Find the time taken to execute one instruction inside

the processor.

Example: It takes 5.5 nano seconds to execute one instruction inside the processor. Find the process

speed in GHz.

48

Data Transmission Speed

In data transmission, bits per second (abbreviated bps bits per second or bit/sec) is a common

measure of data speed for computer modems and transmission carriers. As the term implies, the speed

in bps is equal to the number of bits transmitted or received each second. Larger units are sometimes

used to denote high data speeds. One kilobit per second (abbreviated Kbps in the U.S/ Canada; kbps

elsewhere) is equal to 1,000 bps. One megabit per second (Mbps) is equal to 1,000,000 bps or 1,000

Kbps.

Computer modems for twisted pair telephone lines usually operate at 57.6 Kbps (serial

Transmission) or, with Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) service, at 512 Kbps or faster.

Cable modems designed for use with TV cable networks, can operate at more than 1.5 Mbps.

Fiber optic modems (parallel Transmission) can send and receive data at higher Mbps.

Note: You will learn more about these in data communication course.)

49

The number of different symbols used in these systems are compared here:

From counting by means of rocks to finger symbols our current numerical system has evolved from

the Hindu numerals to present day numbers. The journey has taken us from 2400 BC to present day

and we still use some of the old numerical systems and symbols. Our system of numerical is ever

changing and who knows what it will look like in 2140 AD. Will we still count using our fingers or will

mankind invent a new numerical tool? Decimal number system is also called Hindu-Arabic, or

Arabic, number system,

The current number system is called decimal number system. (base=10, radix=10)

Positional Weight:

(1000) (100) (10) 1

5 1 2 8

MSD (Most Significant Digit) LSD (Least Significant Digit)

Note: Each position to the left of the decimal point indicates an increased positive power of 10.

50

(b) The Binary Number System

In binary system, base=2 (0 or 1), whereas in decimal, base=10 (0,1,. 9 > 10 symbols)

(i) Positional weight: In Binary , the positional weight is from right to left is

23 22 21 20

8 4 2 1

1 1 0 1 8 +4 + 1 = 13

(MSB Most Significant Bit) (LSB Least Significant Bit)

Each binary digit, or bit, has a different value depending where it is located in a binary number

The least significant digit, on the right, has a value of 1

Each bit to the left is worth twice as much as the previous one

Example:

Example:

Note: You can also use window Calculator or Microsoft Excel to do the conversion using BIN2DEC

function.

Calculator: The calculator is found under Start Accessories. Start the calculator, then

click on the View drop down menu, followed by clicking on "Programmer." Select Bin,

which is short for binary, type in 10110, then click on "Bin". Now select Dec, the decimal

number 22 will be displayed.

51

(ii) Converting decimal numbers to binary numbers (use Microsoft Excel function DEC2BIN)

To convert a decimal number to its binary equivalent, continually subtract the largest possible

power of 2 until the decimal number is reduced to 0., placing a binary 1 in columns that are used

and a binary 0 in the columns that are not used.

Decimal = 53 Binary 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

0 1 1 0 1 0 1

53-32 = 21 -16 = 5 -4 = 1 -1 = 0

Divide by 2 continuously and use the reminders starting from LSB to form the number

Using the calculator: Type in 184, then click on "Bin," which is short for binary, and the display

will convert 184 from decimal to 10111000 in binary.

Example:

Example:

32 bits 0. 232 -1 = 4294967295

52

Given n bits, the highest number = 2n 1. The possible values are 0 to 2n -1 (i.e.) The number of

combinations are 2n

4 bits the highest number is 24 -1 = 15, the possible numbers are 0,1,15 (there are 16

numbers namely 0000 (0), 0001 (1), 0010 (2), 0011 (3), 0100 (4), 0101 (5), 0110 (6), 0111 (7)

,1000 (8), 1001 (9), 1010 (10), 1011 (11), 1100 (12), 1101 (13), 1110 (14), 1111 (15)

Binary Decimal

1011011 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

11001001 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

10111101 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 53

128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 215

Computers use binary, humans use decimal. Hexa-decimals are used as shorthand for large binary

numbers. Hexa means 16. (0-9, A-F) where A=10 (1010), B=11 (1011), C=12 (1100), D=13 (1101),

E=14(1110), F=15(1111). In computers one byte (8 bits) are represented as 2 hexa degits.

53

Example: Convert the hexa number A37E to decimal. (HEX2DEC)

8B 1000 1011

Group into 4 digits starting from right backwards, and then convert it into hexa number.

11 0010 1101

3 2 D

Example: Convert the hexa decimal number to decimal and binary and also vice versa

Hexa Decimal Decimal Binary

FA 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

7D 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

234 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

10111001

01101101

54

(d) The Octal Number System

= 448 + 16 + 3

= 467 10

divide by 8 and take the reminder as LSD

723 8 = 111 010 011

Divide the binary number into 3 digits starting from right to left

101100111

101 100 111 -> 547

Binary Decimal Number Hexa Decimal Octal

10110100

225

7E5

347

55

4. Binary Codes (BCD, ASCII, EBCDIC, UNICODE),

The ones and zeros that are stored in a computer are often meant to represent something other than

binary numbers. This process is called encoding. Two common forms of data that people need to

encode are decimal numbers and text files. Codes are used to represent the letters and special

characters (such as +,-,*,$,&) in terms of 0s and 1s

0100100011011001 Hi (ASCII)

BCD uses 10 symbols (0-0000 to 9-1001, 1010, 1011, 1100, 1101, 1110, and 1111 are INVALID

CODE in BCD code) to be used in calculators and other digital appliances to

represent/manipulate numbers. Although decimal numbers can be translated directly into

binary, it is often more convenient to translate each decimal digit separately. This type of

encoding is called Binary Coded Decimal or BCD. In BCD each decimal digit is represented by a

four digit binary number

Example: Convert the binary number 0101 1000 0110 0001 into BCD

With 8 bits, you can represent a maximum of 255 in decimal

1001 1001 (BCD) 99 1001 (BCD) 9

The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is the standard alphanumeric

code for keyboards and a host of other data interchange tasks. It is widely used in all computers

56

except IBM mainframe computers. ASCII is used to represent symbols such as keyboard

characters as well as some control characters. Letters, numbers, and single keystroke

commands are represented by a seven-bit word. Unix and DOS based operating systems use ASCII

for text files.

7-bit code is standard ASCII supports 127 characters.

Standard ASCII series starts from 00h to 7Fh, where 00h-1Fh are used as control characters

and 20h-7Fh as graphics symbols.

8-bit code is extended ASCII supports 256 symbols where special graphics and math's

symbols are added.

Extended ASCII series starts from 80h to FFh.

Char 7 bit ASCII HEX Char 7 bit ASCII HEX Char 7 bit ASCII HEX

A 100 0001 41 a 110 0001 61 0 011 0000 30

B 100 0010 42 b 110 0010 62 1 011 0001 31

C 100 0011 43 c 110 0011 63 2 011 0010 32

D 100 0100 44 d 110 0100 64 3 011 0011 33

E 100 0101 45 e 110 0101 65 4 011 0100 34

F 100 0110 46 f 110 0110 66 5 011 0101 35

G 100 0111 47 g 110 0111 67 6 011 0110 36

H 100 1000 48 h 110 1000 68 7 011 0111 37

I 100 1001 49 i 110 1001 69 8 011 1000 38

J 100 1010 4A j 110 1010 6A 9 011 1001 39

K 100 1011 4B k 110 1011 6B blank 010 0000 20

L 100 1100 4C l 110 1100 6C . 010 1110 2E

M 100 1101 4D m 110 1101 6D ( 010 1000 28

N 100 1110 4E n 110 1110 6E + 010 1011 2B

O 100 1111 4F o 110 1111 6F $ 010 0100 24

P 101 0000 50 p 111 0000 70 * 010 1010 2A

Q 101 0001 51 q 111 0001 71 ) 010 1001 29

R 101 0010 52 r 111 0010 72 - 010 1101 2D

S 101 0011 53 s 111 0011 73 / 010 1111 2F

T 101 0100 54 t 111 0100 74 , 010 1100 2C

57

U 101 0101 55 u 111 0101 75 = 011 1101 3D

V 101 0110 56 v 111 0110 76 RETURN 000 1101 0D

W 101 0111 57 w 111 0111 77 LNFEED 000 1010 0A

X 101 1000 58 x 111 1000 78 0 011 0000 30

Y 101 1001 59 y 111 1001 79 0 011 0000 30

Z 101 1010 5A z 111 1010 7A 0 011 0000 30

The extended binary coded decimal interchange code (EBCDIC) is an 8-bit alphanumeric code

which has been extensively used by IBM in its mainframe applications.

http://www.legacyj.com/cobol/ebcdic.html

EBCDIC Code

Char EBCDIC HEX Char EBCDIC HEX Char EBCDIC HEX

A 1100 0001 C1 P 1101 0111 D7 4 1111 0100 F4

B 1100 0010 C2 Q 1101 1000 D8 5 1111 0101 F5

C 1100 0011 C3 R 1101 1001 D9 6 1111 0110 F6

D 1100 0100 C4 S 1110 0010 E2 7 1111 0111 F7

E 1100 0101 C5 T 1110 0011 E3 8 1111 1000 F8

F 1100 0110 C6 U 1110 0100 E4 9 1111 1001 F9

G 1100 0111 C7 V 1110 0101 E5 blank ... ...

H 1100 1000 C8 W 1110 0110 E6 . ... ...

I 1100 1001 C9 X 1110 0111 E7 ( ... ...

J 1101 0001 D1 Y 1110 1000 E8 + ... ...

K 1101 0010 D2 Z 1110 1001 E9 $ ... ...

L 1101 0011 D3 0 1111 0000 F0 * ... ...

M 1101 0100 D4 1 1111 0001 F1 ) ... ...

N 1101 0101 D5 2 1111 0010 F2 - ... ...

O 1101 0110 D6 3 1111 0011 F3 / ... ...

d. UNICODE

Unicode is a way to assign unique numbers (called code points) to characters from nearly all

languages in active use today, plus many other characters such as mathematical symbols. There

are many ways to encode Unicode strings as bytes, such as UTF-8 and UTF- 16.

ASCII assigns values only to 128 characters (a-z, A-Z, 0-9, space, some punctuation, and some

control characters).

For every character that has an ASCII value, the Unicode code point and the ASCII value of that

character are the same.

58

In most modern applications you should prefer to use Unicode strings rather than ASCII. This will

for example allow you to have users with accented characters in their name or address, and to

localize your interface to languages other than English

UTF-8 (U from Universal Character Set + Transformation Format8-bit- is a character encoding

capable of encoding all possible uses 8-bit code units. It was designed for backward compatibility

with ASCII.

UTF-8 has become the dominant character encoding for the Internet, accounting for more than

half of all Web pages. The Internet Mail consortium (IMC) recommends that all e-mail programs

be able to display and create mail using UTF-8] The W3C (World Wide Web Consortium

international standards recommends UTF-8 as default encoding in their main standards for XML

and HTML

http://unicode-table.com/en/

UNICODE vs ASCII

Unicode: is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding and handling of text.

It uses 16 bits to represent each character. This means that 65 536 different characters can

be represented in unicode - more than enough to represent characters and symbols from

many different alphabets.

ASCII is an 8 bit code used to represent characters. ASCII can represent 128 different

characters as the 8th bit is only used as check digit. In extended ASCII, all 8 bits are used to

represent the character set, therefore, 256 characters can be represented

We measure computer information (data) in bits and bytes. Bit is short for binary digit. It is the smallest

unit of information that a computer can understand. One bit represents a 1 or 0 digit in a binary

numeral or a true or false logical condition. A bit is represented physically by high or low voltage in a

circuit or a small magnetized spot on a disk.

Byte is short for binary term. A byte usually contains 8 bits, with 256 possible combinations. It can

represent a single character, such as a letter, a digit, or special symbols like #, $, etc. Large numbers

of bytes can be expressed by kilobyte and megabyte, giga byte, etc.

Kilobyte: The value of a kilobyte is 1024. Worked out as 2^10. Normally Kilo refers to 1000 but in

computing kilobyte is 1024.

Megabyte: Likewise, 1024Kb is referred to as a "Megabyte". Normally a Mega refers to one million. In

computing 1 Mega byte is 1,048,576 bytes. Worked out as 2^20, or 1024*1024.

59

where uur means hours

Data

Size

Measurement

Bit Single Binary Digit (1 or 0)

Byte 8 bits

Kilobyte (KB) 1,024 Bytes 210 =1024

Megabyte (MB) 1,024 KB = 220 = 1,048,576 bytes

Gigabyte (GB) 1,024 MB = 230 = 1,073,741,824 bytes

Terabyte (TB) 1,024 GB = 240 = 1,099,511,627,776 bytes

Petabyte (PB) 1,024 TB = 250 = 1,125,899,906,842,624 Bytes

Exabyte (EB) 1,024 Petabytes 2^60

Example: Convert 1602345678 bytes into GB (use 1024 and not 1000 in the unit conversion)

60

6. Binary Arithmetc

Computers consists of CPU which contains ALU (Arithmetic and Logical Unit) and control unit.

1. Binary Arithmetic: Arithmetic operations are possible on binary numbers just as they are on decimal

numbers.

a. Binary addition: Addition is almost as easy as "one and one is two". Indeed, there are only "zero and

zero is zero", "one and zero is one", and "one and one is two":

0 0 1 1

A B C Carry Sum

+0 +1 +0 +1

0+0+0 0 0

---- ---- ---- ----

0+0+1 0 1

0 1 1 10

Carry 0+1+0 0 1

0+1+1 1 0

1+0+1 1 0

1+1+0 1 0

1+1+1 1 1

(a) 7+8

(b) 13 + 12

(a) 2 + 4 = 6

010

100

--------

110

(b) 3 + 5 = 8

11

1 1 (3)

+ 1 0 1 (5)

--------

10 0 0 (8)

61

b. Binary Subtraction

Example: Show the working for

0 0 1 1 (a) 8-2

-0 -1 -0 -1

---- ---- ---- ----

0 1 with borrow 1 1 0

(b) 10- 4

c. Binary Multiplication

x0 x1 x0 x1 8*3

---- ---- ---- ----

0 0 0 1

Example

9* 4 =

62

B. Microsoft EXCEL

Example 1: Try the following conversion functions and rename the worksheet as BASE. Save the file as

lesson4_examples.

2. CONVERT function

The format of the function is : CONVERT( number, from_unit, to_unit ) Where the arguments are as follows :

from_unit - A text string, denoting the current unit for the original number

to_unit - A text string, denoting the unit that you want to convert the original number to

63

The from unit and to_unit arguments to the Excel Convert function must make sense i.e. they may not be from

different measurement types (eg. temperature & distance). If you attempt to convert between two different

measurement types, Excel will return the #N/A error.

The tables below show all the different measurement types that the Excel Convert Function can work with, and show the

text abbreviations that must be supplied to the function to denote each unit type. Note that the text abbreviations for

the unit types are case sensitive.

Meter "m" Year "yr"

Statute Mile "mi" Day "day"

Nautical Mile "Nmi" Hour "hr"

Inch "in" Minute "mn"

Foot "ft" Second "sec"

Yard "yd"

Angstrom "ang"

Pica "Pica" Weight & Mass Units

Gram "g"

Slug "sg"

Liquid Units Pound Mass "lbm"

Teaspoon "tsp" U (Atomic Mass Unit) "u"

Tablespoon "tbs" Ounce Mass "ozm"

Fluid Ounce "oz"

Cup "cup"

U.S. Pint "pt" (or "us_pt") Force Units

U.K. Pint "uk_pt" Newton "N"

Quart "qt" Dyne "dyn" (or "dy")

Gallon "gal" Pound Force "lbf"

Liter "l" (or "lt")

Pressure Units

Temperature Units Pascal "Pa" (or "p")

Degree Celsius "C" (or "cel") Atmosphere "atm" (or "at")

Degree Fahrenheit "F" (or "fah") mm of Mercury "mmHg"

Kelvin "K" (or "kel")

Energy Units

Power Units Joule "J"

Horsepower "HP" (or "h") Erg "e"

Watt "W" (or "w") Thermodynamic Calorie "c"

IT Calorie "cal"

Electron Volt "eV" (or "ev")

Horsepower-Hour "HPh"

Magnetism Units Watt-Hour "Wh"

Tesla "T" Foot-Pound "flb"

64

Gauss "ga" BTU "BTU" (or "btu")

In addition, the following text can be prepended any metric to_unit or from_unit

(eg. the "c" prepended to the meter unit, "m" becomes "cm" to denote centimeters) :

exa 1.00E+18 "E"

peta 1.00E+15 "P"

tera 1.00E+12 "T"

giga 1.00E+09 "G"

mega 1.00E+06 "M"

kilo 1.00E+03 "k"

hecto 1.00E+02 "h"

dekao 1.00E+01 "e"

deci 1.00E-01 "d"

centi 1.00E-02 "c"

milli 1.00E-03 "m"

micro 1.00E-06 "u"

nano 1.00E-09 "n"

pico 1.00E-12 "p"

femto 1.00E-15 "f"

atto 1.00E-18 "a"

Example 2 : Use convert function to convert the data from one unit to another and rename the

worksheet as CONVERT.

65

3. DATE and TIME functions

Example 3: Try some of the DATE and TIME functions; rename the worksheet as DATE_TIME.

66

4. PRODUCT, QUOTIENT and SUMPRODUCT functions

67

MATH 1110 Mathematics for IT Business

Management & Excel

Contents: BUSINESS MANAGEMENT: Averages (simple and weighted), GPA, CGPA, simple Interest and applications.

MICROSOFT EXCEL: Relative and absolute cell addressing, IF and LOOKUP functions. (Grade calculation, GPA and CGPA)

BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

We will learn about averages, GPA, CGPA, simple interest and applications in this lesson.

1. Problem definition:

Most applied problems are first word problems which need to be converted into an equation and

then solve the equation. Follow the steps given below to solve any word problem:

Example: Jack was 12 years older than Ali. Together their ages totaled 158 years. What were their

ages?

68

2. Averages

Example: There are 3 Topics in MATH 1110. John got 82, 68, 88, 72, 78, 96 and 83 for 7 quizzes in Topic A.

(1) If all the quizzes count equally, what is Johns average for Topic A

(2) If his marks for Topic B and Topic C are 72.4 and 68.9 respectively and all Topic marks

have equal value, what is his course average?

Weighted Average:

Let X be a variable that takes the values x1, x2, xn and let w1, w2, . wn. The weighted average for X is

given by:

69

Example:

Example: A shipment of 10 cases of widgets costs $0.20 per case. Because of heavy consumption of widgets,

a second shipment of 40 cases now costs $0.30 per case. Find the (a) average cost (b) weighted

average cost (or average cost of using both (a) mathematically and Excel

70

Example: Find the final mark for Riya if their marks in MATH 1110 are as follows:

Classworks (17%) 17% 95

Quizzes (12%) 12% 90

Assignments (16%) 16% 100

Project (10%) 10% 75

Test1 (20%) 20% 70

Final Exam (25%) 25% 90

Final Mark (Simple average

without taking the weightages)

Note: Please observe the weighted average is not the same as the simple average.

Note: Can you find the averages using Microsoft Excel? Write down the formulas for simple average and

weighted average.

3. GPA (Grade point average): GPA measures the students overall academic performance on a scale of

5.0 at Durham College.

http://www.durhamcollege.ca/wp-content/uploads/grading-and-promotion-procedure.pdf

A students GPA is the weighted average of all grades received. In order to calculate an average

using our letter grade scale, each grade is assigned a number of points:

From To Grade Grade point Achievement

90% 100% A+ 5.00 Outstanding

85% 89% A 4.50 Exemplary

80% 84% A- 4.00 Excellent

75% 79% B+ 3.50 Very Good

70% 74% B 3.00 Good

65% 69% C+ 2.50 Satisfactory

60% 64% C 2.00 Acceptable

55% 59% D+ 1.50 Conditional Pass

50% 54% D 1.00 Conditional Pass

0% 49% F 0.00 Fail

71

Each course is also assigned a credit hour weight (usually 3.0). To calculate the GPA, we multiply the course credit

hours by the grade points earned. This gives us the quality points for each course. We then sum the total quality

points and divide by the total number of credit hours to get the GPA.

GPA = Total Weights / Total Credits

Example: John (sample) had obtained the following grades. Find his GPA.

FALL 2016

Course Grade GPA Grade Total

Hours Points Points

Communications I For It (COMM 3201) B+ 3 x 3.5 = 10.5

Computer Systems-Hardware (CSYS 1122) C+ 4 x 2.5 = 10.0

Intro To Databases (DBAS 1201) A- 4 x 4.0 = 16.0

Data Communications & Networking I (DCOM 1100) D 4 x 1.0 = 4.0

Mathematics For I.T. (MATH 1110) A+ 3 x 5.0 = 15.0

Introduction To Programming (PROG 1205) F 4 0.0 0.0

TOTAL 22.0 55.5

GPA = 55.5/22 = 2.5

Example: Please calculate the GPA based on the grades you are expecting this term.

FALL 2016

Course Grade GPA Grade Total

Hours Points Points

Communications I For It (COMM 3201) 3 x =

Computer Systems-Hardware (CSYS 1122) 4 x =

Intro To Databases (DBAS 1201) 4 x =

Data Communications & Networking I (DCOM 1100) 4 x =

Mathematics For I.T. (MATH 1110) 3 x =

Introduction To Programming (PROG 1205) 4

TOTAL 22.0

GPA = ________________

Note: Create an excel work sheet to calculate your GPA. You will learn about how to calculate the Grade

Points automatically for each course using LOOKUP function.

If John repeats the course he failed (PROG 1205) and completes it successfully, the old grade is no longer

counted toward his GPA. However, it still appears on his transcript marked with an E as an excluded course.

The new grade is marked with an I as an included course:

72

FALL 2016

Course Grade GPA Grade Total

Hours Points Points

Communications I For It (COMM 3201) B+ 3 x 3.5 = 10.5

Computer Systems-Hardware (CSYS 1122) C+ 4 x 2.5 = 10.0

Intro To Databases (DBAS 1201) A- 4 x 4.0 = 16.0

Data Communications & Networking I (DCOM 1100) D 4 x 1.0 = 4.0

Mathematics For I.T. (MATH 1110) A+ 3 x 5.0 = 15.0

Introduction To Programming (PROG 1205) F 4 x 0.0 = 0.0 E

TOTAL 18.0 55.5

WINTER 2017

INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMING ( PROG 1205) C+ 4 x 2.5 = 10.0 I

GPA = 65.5 / 22 = 3.0

Note: Similarly, CGPA is calculated for all semesters based on the total Points for all the semesters

divided by total GPA hours (i.e.)

Interest

There are two types of Interest calculations (a) Simple Interest and (b) Compound Interest. You will be

learning simple interest here.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

100

I=

Days, divide by 365 or 366

100 * I = PTR

() () ()

P= T= R=

73

The Maturity amount or final amount with interest is

Maturity Amount (S) = Principal Amount (P) + Interest (I)

You can also find the Interest given the maturity amount and the principal amount as:

I = = Maturity Amount (S) Principal Amount (P)

Example: Find the Interest for the principal amount $72,240 at 8% for 2.5 years

Example: Find the interest for the principal amount $3380 at 7% for 266 days (assume 365 days in a

year)

Example: Anita bought a new computer system. To pay for the system, she borrowed from the

4

credit union at 8 5 interest for 20 months. Find the interest.

Example: HarbourTown Marina purchased four boat lifts for raising and lowering large boats into the

water. The boat lifts cost $62,200 each. They borrowed the money from the bank for 240 days

at 11%. Find the maturity value (assume 365 days in a year).

Example: Find the principal amount if Rate: 8%, Time: 210 days and Interest: $33.08 (assume 365 days in

a year).

Example: Hank Wilkins invested $5200 in a mutual fund containing bonds. Find the rate given that he

earned $257.83 in 10 months.

74

Example: Create an Excel worksheet to compute the simple interest, Principal amount, Rate and Time in Years

where needed.

75

Microsoft EXCEL

If you want to use the value of a cell in a formula in another cell of the spreadsheet, then you refer to this

cell by means of its cell address. This cell address consists of a column indicator and a row number, e.g.

cell D14 is the cell in column D, row 14.

When a cell address includes a $ character before the column or row number, the address is considered

as an absolute address. When a cell address does not include any $ characters, the address is considered

to be a relative address. This means that the program does not store the actual address, but instead the

program stores the number of columns and rows calculated relative to the cell containing the formula.

Example 1: Create the following worksheet and rename it as ADDRESSING. Save the file as lesson5_examples

Absolute address -> the PI value must be the same, so we used $B$3 to reference PI and when the

formula is copied, it does not change. Press F4 to convert Relative address to an Absolute address.

Relative address -> when the formula is copied, the addresses change based on the row and column.

76

2. IF function

The IF function checks whether a condition is met, and returns one value if TRUE and another value if

FALSE.

IF (logical condition, [Value if true], [Value if False])

Cell address < operator> Value or Cell address

Example : Let A1 = 25, B1 = 10 C1=5. Determine the logical value for each of the expressions,

True/False True/False

< Less than A1 < 30 True A1 < B1

> Greater than A1 > 50 A1 > B1

<= Less than or equal C1 <= 10 A1 <= B1

>= Greater than or equal B1 >= 50 A1 >= B1

= Equal A1 = 5 A1 = B1

<> Not equal A1 <> 9 A1 <> B1

AND If both the conditions must AND(A1<30, B1>=5)

be true, then the output is

true

OR Any of the conditions are OR(A1 <10, B1>5)

true, the output is true

Example 2: Compare your output using Microsoft Excel and rename it as CONDITIONS.

77

An IF statement has at least 3 parts called arguments. When you type an IF statement, the tool tip

automatically appears to tell you the 3 arguments required. The first part of the IF statement is called a

logical test, which is also often referred to as a condition. Note that all text is surrounded by quotes

when used in formulas. There are a few exceptions, such as True and False. If the value in cell A2 is

greater than or equal to 50 (True), displays PASS, otherwise (false) and displays FAIL.

Nested IFs

The IF function can be nested, when you have multiple conditions to meet. The FALSE value is being

replaced by another If function to make a further test. You may only use 7 nested IF statements. That

means 8 IFs can be in your formula; 7 being nested inside the first. If you have a requirement for more

than 7, use VLOOKUP, instead.

IF with AND

Lets suppose that a sales bonus is based on having made at least 20 sales call, and having made at least

15,000 in sales. We must check both conditions, using an AND statement.

IF with OR

Now, lets use IF with an OR statement. In this case, a sales bonus is based on having made at least 20

sales calls, OR having made at least 15,000 in sales. If either condition is met, the bonus is given.

Example 5: Enter the formula in column E as:. IF(OR(B2>20, C2>15000),Yes,No)

78

3. VLOOKUP function

The VLOOKUP function looks for the values and keeps the resulting value in the table. The syntax of the

VLOOKUP is as follows:

=vlookup(lookupvalue,table,column#,[false/true])

where

lookupvalue the value that is looked up in the first column of the table.

table the location (range) of the table of data

column# the number of the table column where the result in located

false matches exact number

true matches range of values

Example 6: Let us find the grade given final mark using VLOOKUP function by typing in sheet6.

Observe the formulas used to compute the grade. The lookup table range is given as absolute address in

the VLOOKUP function as:

5. LOOKUP

The Excel Lookup function has two forms - the Vector form and the Array form. (you can also use VLOOKUP)

Vector form

Where lookupvalue is Value that you want lookup, lookup_vector is a 1-dimensional data)

79

Example 7: Create the following worksheet and rename it LOOKUP.

Array form

The array form of the Lookup function 'looks up' a supplied value in the first column or row of a supplied data array (i.e.

a 2-dimensional table of data) and returns the corresponding value from the last column or row of the array.

The format of the function is:

LOOKUP( lookup_value, array )

6. HLOOKUP

The Excel HLOOKUP function 'looks up' a given value in the top row of a data array (or table), and returns the

corresponding value from another row of the array. The syntax of the function is:

lookup_value: The value that you want to look for, in the first row of the supplied data array

table_array: The data array or table, that you want to search the first row of, for the supplied lookup_value

row_index_num: The row number, within the supplied array, that you want the corresponding value to be returned from

[range_lookup]: An optional logical argument, which can be set to TRUE or FALSE, meaning :

80

o TRUE: if the function cannot find an exact match to the supplied lookup_value, it should use the closest match

below the supplied value (Note: If range_lookup is set to TRUE, the top row of the table_arraymust be in

ascending order)

o FALSE: if the function cannot find an exact match to the supplied lookup_value, it should return an error

Example 10: Find the score given a student name in Biology. Create the following worksheet and rename it as

HLOOKUP_2.

81

MATH 1110 Mathematics for IT Test

1

Contents: Weeks 1-6 materials

A.TEST1 FORMAT

Topics : weeks 1-6 Lessons 1-5 (yellow book - Lecture Notes: Book A)

Marks : 20%

Format :

Section A : DC Connect : Multiple Choice and Short Answer Questions. You are not allowed to

re-visit the questions

Section B : Microsoft Excel

Resources Needed :

Laptop with Network connection (wired/wireless)

Access to DC Connect

Calculator (manual or electronic on your laptop)

Microsoft Excel

Formula sheet (one A4 sheet with double sided / two A4 sheets with single sided). Prepare a

formula sheet by going through lessons 1-5. You are not allowed to write examples, only

formulas.

Instructions :

Closed book with formula sheet

Can access only DC Connect (quiz) and DropBox

No other Internet Access

82

MATH REVIEW (prepare a formula sheet)

to reach the end of a cable and reflect back, how long is the cable? _______ cm

2. Each month you need to make one 27-MB full backup, three 12-MB differential backups, and

twenty-four 4MB incremental backups. Will a 160-MB tape hold all the backups? Give your answer

as YES or NO _____________

3. Your computer has 512 MB of RAM but reserves 64 MB for an onboard video card, leaving 448 MB

of available RAM. How much available RAM would you have if you doubled the system RAM and

doubled the amount reserved for the video card? _____________ MB

4. Assembling a computer takes a technician 15 minutes. How many computers can be assembled by 3

technicians in five 8 hour days (five days, 8 hours in each day)? __________ computers

5. If a RAM costs $85 per GB, how much will it cost to upgrade a lab of 35 computers from 2 GB to 4GB

of RAM? $_____________

6. If RJ-45 connectors cost 40 cents each, and Cat 5 cable costs 15 cents per foot, what would it cost to

make twenty-four 3-foot cables? Note: Cables need an RJ-45 connectors at each end.

$_____________ (dollars and cents)

83

7. A database has six fields that vary in length according to the table below:

First_Name 28 bytes

Last_name 36 bytes

Address_1 128 bytes

Address_2 128 bytes

State 18 bytes

Postalcode 6 bytes

If there are 500 entries in each field how large is the database? ____ bytes

8. A video game designer is adding texture to the walls of a virtual environment. There are 4 walls per

room, 12 rooms per building, and 3 buildings. If each wall takes five minutes to texture, how many

hours will the job take? ____________________ hours

9. An antivirus program can scan 15 executable files per second and 220 data files per second. If the

computer contains 330 executable files and 3080 data files, how long will the scan take?

______________ seconds

10. There are 8 bits in a byte, 1024 bytes in a kilobyte, and 1024 kilobytes in a megabyte. How many bits

are in one megabyte? __________________ bits

11. An old 3.5-inch floppy disk reads from both sides. Each side has 80 tracks, 18 sectors per track, and

512 bytes per sector. How many bytes of data will one disk hold? _______________ bytes

84

12. A web designer took 15 hours to design a 21-page web site. Should she charge $195 an hour or $145

a page? Give your answer in HOUR or PAGE whichever is more money ________________________

9 5

13. Reduce to lowest terms :

15 3 2

1010 5

2 4 2

18 3 ()2

(a)

2 3

5 25 10

(b) 13 + 25

16

16. A CD cleaning solution is made by mixing 2 1/2 liters of distilled water with 1/3 liter of concentrated

cleaner. How much solution is made?

17. The DC power connector in a computer is already 5 7/8 inches long. If a 3 7/16-inch extension is

added, how far can the power connecter now reach?

85

18. A computer contains three memory modules (of RAM) of the following sizes: 1/2 GB, 2 GB, and 1/4

GB. How much RAM is in the computer

19. A technician spent of an hour assembling a computer, 1 hours installing the operating system,

of an hour installing drivers and updates, 1 1/3 hours installing applications, and 4 hours for burn-

in testing. How long did the whole process take?

86

24. 350% of what amount is $1000 accurate to the cent?

26. It takes 20 minutes of machine time to manufacture Product X and 30 minutes of machine time to

manufacture Product Y. If the machine operated 47 hours last week to produce a combined total of

120 units of the two products, how many units of Y were manufactured?

6 41 : 5 : 8 34

27. Express the following ratio in its lowest terms:

x + y = 40

x + y = 20

87

32. The course Credit hours and grades for Johns fall semester as given below: At his college, A 5

points, B 4 points, C 3 points and D 2 points.

Credit Hours 4 3 3 4 4 3

Grade A D B A C B

33. The owner of a computer repair shop borrows $2000 at 6.5% interest per annum and pays back the

loan after 15 months. What is the interest charged?

34. A company borrows $20,000 on which $1200 interest is paid annually. What was the interest rate?

35. Judy has $60 to spend on a meal. She paid 10% as a tip on the cost of the meals. How much can she

spend on her meals?

36. Find the Interest Rate if the principal amount is $5000.00 for 2 years with an interest of $800.00

88

B. Microsoft Excel

Inserting pictures, Formatting worksheet

Formulas and Functions including IF and VLOOKUP

Practice examples in the lessons, classworks and assignments

1. Create a worksheet to enter the two mathematical equations assuming x=5 and y=8

3

(a) 2 2 6 +

52

3

(b) 3 +

20 20

Find the totals for Sales Reps and also for each product.

Find the Maximum Sales for each product

Find the Lowest Sales for each product

Amount Due is (IF Total Kms <=500, then Total Kms travelled * 0.52, Else Total Kms travelled *

0.65

Find the Average Amount Due

89

CLASSWORKS

90

Appendix A: Classwork 1

(pre-test)

Note: Show the working clearly and not answers in the space provided where needed. Marks will be deducted if working

is not shown.

1. Simplify 9 3 (2+6) 6 -2 5

15000

3. Evaluate to 2 decimals places 183

1+0.2

365

4. Determine the exact time between January 30, 2015 and May 20, 2015 by counting both days (try also using

Excel)

6) A computer has two hard drives. One is 65GB in size and the other is 189GB. What is the total storage size

for both hard drives?

91

9. Write the numbers in numerical order smallest to largest 7, -13, -19, 25, 5 (circle the correct answer)

C) 5,7,13,19,25 D) -19, -13, 5,7,25

A) -9 B) 9 C) 7 D) -7

11. Solve the equation: 4

= 5 (circle the correct answer)

A) 9 B) 1 C) 8 D) 20

12. A piece of wire, 536 cm long is cut into two parts such that the longer part is 3 times as long as the shorter

part. What are the lengths, in cm, of the two parts?

13. Your 260-GB hard drive is completely full. If you remove 23GB of programs, 55GB of video files, and 47GB of

audio files, how many GB of space still will be available for use?

14. You work at a computer store that charges $127 to upgrade the RAM in a computer but offers to buy back the

old RAM for $29. What does the upgrade cost?

92

16. A company spends $39,000 on a site license for a word-processing program. If the company has 675

computers, how much is the company spending per computer?

17. A USB cable has two sections. One is 5 feet long, and the other is 7 long. How long is the overall cable

(display as a mixed fraction)?

18. How many 4cm by 4 cm tiles are needed to cover an area, which measures 24 cm, by 28 cm?

19. It takes a bus 3 hours to travel from Toronto to Parry Sound. If the bus averages 88 km/hr, how far is it to

Toronto to Parry Sound?

20. A video card draws 0.4 A at 5.0 V, 2.5 A at 3.3 V, and 0.4 A at 12 V. Find the sum of all three products to

calculate the watts used by the video card. Note: Watts is calculated by multiplying volts by amps. (round

your answer to 2 digits after decimal point) W = V *A

21. Windows represents used hard drive space with a pie chart. Suppose you have a computer with two hard

drives. If one 120-GB hard drive looks 3/4 full, and the second 120-GB drive is only 1/3 full, what is the total

amount of free space left on the computer?

93

22. Of all computer game players, 3/8 are men over age 50, and 2/5 are women. What fraction represents men

who are about 50 years and less?

23. A flat-screen monitor measures 16.5 inches by 12.2 inches. What is the surface area of the monitor? (round

your answer to 0 decimals)

24. A network administrator is responsible for 143 computers, but only 87 are working. What percent of the

computers are working? (round your answer to 2 decimals)

25. You can see 28 wireless networks from your laptop, and 4/7 of them are unsecured. How many unsecured

networks do you see?

94

Appendix A: Classwork 2

(Lessons 2 and 3)

Note: Show the working clearly and not answers in the space provided where needed. Marks will be deducted if working

is not shown.

(a) |-55| __________ (b) |23-5+18| ____________

45|5|

3. Simplify the expression (round your answer to one decimal position) _______________

1(6)+|2|

4. A property was sold for 150% of what Mr. John paid in 2000. If he had originally paid $89,200, what was the

property sold for?

5. Riya is taking Ella out to dinner. She has $66 to spend. If she wants to tip the server 10%, how much can she

afford to spend on the meal?

6. The size of the hard drive is 485.95GB. Peter used 135.58GB by storing his files. What percentage of the hard

drive is full to the nearest tenth of a percentage?

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7. Round off the given approximate numbers (i) to 3 signficant digits and (ii) to 2 significant digits

a) 6.436

b) 700056

c) 0.008549

8. Estimate what it will cost to purchase 85 new computers if an average new computer costs $1200.

9. Express the given expression in simplest form with only positive exponents

( 2 4 6 )( 5 2 4 )

10. A weather forecaster has predicted a high temperature of 35C for tomorrow. Find this temperature in

degrees Fahrenheit.

11. Express in (a) scientific notation (b) engineering notation (c) computer notation

(1-10) (in powers of 3) (less than 1)

56000000

0.0000789

(13 3x) (5x 4) = 70

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13. A company employs 204 employees, divided among three shifts. There are three times as many on the first

shift as on the second shift, and four more on the third shift than on the second shift. Determine how many

were on each shift.

14. A theatre holds 400 seats. Two types of seats are available: orchestra and balcony. The cost of an orchestra

seat is $60, and the cost of a balcony seat is $45. If all 400 seats are sold the theatre would collect $22,500.

How many of each type of seat is available?

15. The offices of three companies, A, B, and C, occupy floor space of 310, 120, and 475 square meters

respectively. If the total rent for the space is $38,225 per month, how much rent should be paid by company

B? (round your answer to the nearest cent)

16. Elaine was cooking dinner for some friends. She went out to do the shopping and spent $60. She spent twice

as much on food as on drinks. How much did she spend on each?

18. During one month, a local fast-food chain served 5605 corn dogs and 989 fish sandwiches. The next month,

the numbers were 7327 corn dogs and 1286 fish sandwiches. Was the ratio of corn dogs to fish sandwiches

the same in both months? Yes or No.

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19. The manufacturing cost of a deluxe candle is made up of $1.20 in paraffin, $0.90 in dye, $1.50 in overhead,

and $4.50 in direct labour. Express the ratio between these costs respectively in their lowest terms.

20. At a college in eastern Ontario, 3 out of every 10 students worked either a full-time or part-time job in

addition to their studies. If 4600 students were enrolled at the college, how many did not have a full-time or

part-time job?

21. Create the following worksheet and rename is as SALES. Save the worksheet as Classwork2. Format Columns

B-E as currency with 2 decimal places.

(a) Enter the formula to find the sum of the sales for all quarters in Column F. Format as Currency with no

decimals

(b) Enter Average in A9 and Find the average sales for each quarter in row 9

(c) Enter Lowest in A10 and find the lowest sales for each quarter in row 10

(d) Enter Highest in A11 and find the highest sales for each quarter in row 11

(e) Enter Number of Salespersons in A12 and count the Number of Sales persons and store in B12.

(f) Insert a picture about any cloth business (or your own picture)

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Appendix A: Classwork 3

(Lessons 4 and 5)

(a) 5768M into Giga units

Binary Decimal Octal Hexa Decimal

(a) 101011011

(b) 762

(c) 725

(d) FA

3. A survey of randomly chosen residences in a city revealed that 18 people had four television sets each,

28 people had three sets each, 81 had two sets each, 152 had one set each, and 25 people had no TV

set at all. Based on the survey, what would you estimate to be the average number of TV sets per

household (weighted average)?

4. Ali got 68.5, 87.8, 81.5, 95.6 and 53.8 marks for 5 tests in MATH 1110. Find the average mark.

(round your answer to the nearest interger)

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5. Judy's grades and course credits in her first semester at college are listed below.

Grade B A D C B D

Credits 5 3 2 3 3 4

Calculate her grade point average (GPA) for the semester assuming A 4 points, B 3 points, C

2 points, D 1 point. (round your answer to 1 digit after the decimal point)

6. Jasons grades and course credits in her first semester at college are listed below.

Grade A+ B C+ D B C

Credits 4 3 3 2 4 3

Calculate her grade point average (GPA) for the semester based on Durham College Grading system.

(round your answer to 1 digit after the decimal point)

7. Find the interest for $2000 for 1 year, 3 months and 15 days at an interest rate of 8%. Round your

answer to the nearest cent.

8. Find the Time in years if $5000 invested at the rate of 10% and received $8000 as maturity

amount. Round your answer to the nearest cent.

100

9. Fill with the appropriate values only in the shaded areas.

Principal (P) Time (T) R (Rate) Interest (I) Final Amount (S)

(a) $1200.00 5 months 6.5%

5 months

2%

14 days

10. You are asked to help a vehicle rental store to keep track of their rentals. Please prepare two excel

worksheets as:

registration number (maximum 8 characters),

manufactuer (maximum 20 characters)

model (maximum 20 characters)

manufacured date

cost price,

purchased date,

insurance amount,

additional details,

photo.

Add 2 more columns of your own

101

o Data:

Add at least 2 rows of data with 8 blank rows for future data entry

Insurance amount is 0.15% of the cost price.

o Do the following:

Total Price of the vehicles

Total Insurance amount

Average price of the vehicle

Lowest price of the vehicle

Number of vehicles in the store

car registration number,

customer name,

rented from,

rented to,

rent,

taxes

final charge,

remarks (any information about the customer).

Add another 2 columns of your own

o Data:

add at least 2 rows of data with 8 blank rows for future data entry

the formula for tax is : (if the rent is >100, tax is 13% of the rent, else it is 10% of the

rent)

the formula for final charge is rent + taxes

Total final charges of the vehicles

Use currency format with 2 decimals where money is used.

Write your name and student number in each sheet.

Insert a picture for each worksheet to illustrate the theme of the worksheet.

Save the worksheets as classwork3

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