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PLATE HEAT EXCHAN

SIDE-I

FLUID: Water

Flow Rate m3/hr 139.32


in kg/s 38.68
Properties @ 43.5 C
Specific Heat J/Kg-K 4190
Thermal Conductivity Watt/mK 0.586
Viscocity Ns/m2*(10^-3) 0.0013
Density Kg/m3 999.564
Dirt Coefficient from Coulson and
Richardson table 12.9 30000

Thermal Conductivity of Alloy 316 @ 23 C W/m-K 16.3

Temperature In C 49
Temperature Out C 38
Average Temp for calculating Properties 43.5
TD1=TI1-TO2 12.879
TD2=TO1-TI2 8

Logarithmic Mean Temp Diff 10.247

No of Transfer Units=(TI1-TO1)/LMTD 1.074

Ft found from fig:12.62 of Ch Engg Design


by Coulson and Richardson is

2:2 pass arrangement assumed passes 2


U(Overall Heat Transfer Coeficient)
assumed is from fig 12.2 W/m2-K 3088
Mass Flow Rate Kg/s 38.683
Heat Duty is W 1782887
HT Area required m2 60.92
Plate Length m 0.8
Plate Width m 0.7
Plate thickness m 0.0005
Plate Spacing m 0.003
No of Plates per pass 54.5
Plate (Length * width) m2 0.56
Number of Channels/pass 54

No of Plates Required Plates 108.78


Number of Plates rounded up Plates 109
Channel Cross section area is (width *
spacing) 0.0021

De or hydraulic mean radius is m 0.006

Calculation for Channel Velocity

SIDE-1 Water

Channel Velocity (MFR/(D*Channel CS* no


of channels/pass) m/s 0.34
Reynolds Number (Nre) 1637.36

Prandtl Number Npr 8.94

Heat Transfer Coefficient is W/m2-K 7488.67

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient


calculated W/m2-K 3088.3

Pressure Drop Calculation


The Plate Pressure drop can be estimated
using a form of the equation for flow in the
conduit Pp= 8jf(Lp/de)(up2/2)
The path Length Lp
Gp/ up
Friction Factor jf= 0.6x Re^(-0.3)

For this PHE


jf= 0.065

Path Length = Plate length x Number of Passes


1.600 m

Pp= 8089.7 N/m2

The Port Pressure drop due to contraction


and expansion losses through the ports in
the plates must be added to the friction
loss Ppt= 1.3Np(upt2/2)
The velocity through the ports=w/Ap, m/s upt
mass flow through the ports, kg/s w

Area of the ports, m2 (dpt2)/4


Port diameter,m dpt
Number of Passes Np

Take Port Diameter as 125 mm


Port Area is 0.012 m2
Velocity through Port 3.152 m/s
Ppt= 12912.1 N/m2

Total Pressure drop= 21001.8 N/m2


0.2 bar
PLATE HEAT EXCHANGERS

SIDE-II

FLUID Water

Flow Rate m3/hr 250.00


in kg/s 69.43
Properties @ 33.8 C
Specific Heat J/Kg-K 4196
Thermal Conductivity Watt/mK 0.583
Viscocity Ns/m2*(10^-3) 0.0013
Density Kg/m3 999.75
Dirt Coefficient from Coulson and Richardson
table 12.9 30000

Temperature In C 30
Temperature Out C 36.1

Avg Temp for calculating Properties 33.1

0.925

Mass Flow Rate Kg/s 69.43


SIDE-2 Water

Channel Velocity (MFR/(D*Channel CS* no of


channels/pass) m/s 0.61
Reynolds Number (Nre) 2766.11

Prandtl Number Npr 9.56

Heat Transfer Coefficient is W/m2-K 10760.98

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Asumed W/m2-K 3088

sure Drop Calculation


The Plate Pressure drop can be estimated
using a form of the equation for flow in the
conduit Pp= 8jf(Lp/de)(up2/2)
The path Length Lp
Gp/ up
Friction Factor jf= 0.6x Re^(-0.3)

For this PHE


jf= 0.056

Path Length = Plate length x Number of Passes


1.600 m

Pp= 6913.5 N/m2

The Port Pressure drop due to contraction and


expansion losses through the ports in the
plates must be added to the friction loss Ppt= 1.3Np(upt2/2)
The velocity through the ports=w/Ap, m/s upt
mass flow through the ports, kg/s w

Area of the ports, m2 (dpt2)/4


Port diameter,m dpt
Number of Passes Np

Take Port Diameter as 125 mm


Port Area is 0.012 m2
Velocity through Port 5.657 m/s
Ppt= 41585.4 N/m2

Total Pressure drop= 48498.9 N/m2


0.5 bar