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UNIVERSITATEA TEHNICA A MOLDOVEI

FACULTATEA URBANISM SI ARHITECTURA


DEPARTAMENTUL ARHITECTURA

Referat
La disciplina: Arhitectura Peisagera
Tema: PROPRIETATILE ESTETICE ALE FORMELOR VITALE DE
INVERZIRE: INFLORIREA, FRUCTIFICAREA.

A efectuat:
St. Gr. ARH-112
Ignat Daniela

A verificat:
Lect. Superior
Natalia Iachimov

Chisinau 2016
PROPRIETATILE ESTETICE ALE FORMELOR VITALE DE INVERZIRE:
INFLORIREA, FRUCTIFICAREA.

Proprietatile ornamentale ale plantelor cu flori >


- Forma florilor si inflorescentelor;
- Culoarea;
- Aroma;
- Perioada si durata infloririi;
Morfologia florilor si inflorescentelor este determinate de apartenenta plantei la o anumita categorie
taxonomica (familie).

Valoarea ornamental a florii este const. din:


- Forma florii;
- Forma si nr petalelor;
- Marimea ei
- Culoarea

Florile cu stamine decorative: Albizzia Julibrissin, Acacia Dalbata, Eucalyptus ficifolia, Acacia
baileyana, Barringtonia Asiatica.
Florile decorative prin bractee (zona mediteraneana) : Bougainvillea Spectabilis, Davidia
involucrate.
Florile decorative prin stamine si/sau pistilul proeminente: Passiflora var., Hibiscus syriacus,
Delonix Regia (Israel), Caesalpinia Pulcherrima, Clerodendrum urgandense, Clerodendrum
thomsoniae, Rhododendron var. Fantastica, Knap Hill hybrid, Lems Monarch; Couroupita
guianensis;

Florile pline, cu multe petale (pleniflore): Tulipa Apricot Parrot, Narcissus Bridal Crown, Kerria
Japonica Plenifora, Hyacinthus orientalis Hollyhock, Hyacintus orientalis Darck Dimensios,
Begonia double Champion White, Chaenomeles superba, Prunus Serrulata Kanzan (sakura),
Prunus serulata KIKU-SHIDARE cu coroana pendenta, Deutzia Scabra Plena, Deutzia Scabra
Codsall Pink, Aesculus hyppocastanum Baumanii, Kerria japonica Pleniflora, Prunus tribola
Multiplex, Nerium oleander, Spirea x prunifolia Plena, Spirea x argute, Spirea x cinerea Grefsheim,
Philadephus (iasomie de gradina).

MARIMEA FLORILOR SI INFLORESCEN: florile singular marunte sunt insignificate si


atrag atentia doar fiind foarte multe, la o inflorire abundenta. Cele mai valoroase sunt speciile cu
flori mari mici adunate in inflorescente mari.
Magnolia grandiflora L. (20-25cm); magnolia tripetala (18-25cm); Magnolia obovate (14-
16cm); Magnolia liliiflora Susan, Magnolia liliiflora (12-15cm), Magnolia x soulangeana (12-
15cm), Magnolia Elizabeth, Magnolia Black Tulip (13-14cm)

Florile mari: 5-10cm: Camellia japonica (8-10cm), Camellia sinensis (5-6cm), Rosa rugosa (6-
8cm), Nerium oleander (5-6cm), Rose Black Magic, var., Rose Blue Eyes, Rosa gallica Charles de
Mills,

FLori medii (2-5cm): Hododendron luteum (pn la 5cm), Prunus cerasus (2,5cm), pyrus (3cm),
Actinidia argute (2cm), Amygdalus communis, Keria Japonica,

Florile mici (pina la 2 cm): Amygdalus nana (pina la 2cm), Deutzia gracilis (1,5-2cm), Lespedeza
bicolor, Prunus padus (1,5cm),

PLANTE CU INFLORESCENTE DECORATIVE:


1. Inflorescene foarte mari (20-30cm) Sambucus nigra, Gymnocladus dioicus, Yucca
filamentosa (racem pina la 200m) zona subtropicala, Wisteria sinensis (racem pina la
30cm), Hydrangea paniculata f. Grandiflora, Viburnum opulus, Hydrangea petiolaris,
Aesculus parviflora, Laburnum X watereri,

2. Inflorescente mari (10-20cm): Sorbus aucuparia, Sorbaria sorbifolia, Fraxinus Ornus,


3. Infl mici (pina la 10cm) Syringa persica, ligustrum vulgare, Colutea, Spirea salicifolia,
Tamarix pentadra,

CULOAREA FLORILOR

Abla: Viburnum opulus Boule de neige, Spiraea x vanhouttei, rosa susan Williams Ellis, Sedum
Frosty mor, Tullipa White Parrot, Sissinghurst.

Galben: Forsythia, Kerria japonica, Chrisanthem um,

Rosu si toate nuantele de rosu: Chrisanthemum, TUlipa Red Hat, Iris Sunset, Hydrangea,
Rhododendron catawbiense Nova Zembla, Phlox subulata, Lupinus mix, Clematis Rebecca.
Albastru sau violet: Clematis, tulipa humulis Alba Coerulea Oculata, Muscari Armeniacum,
Hydrangea, Myosotis, Campanula, Delphinium Cobalt Blue, Lavandula, Viola wittrockiana,
Crocus,

Hillside, Hokkaido, Japan 0


Negru: Viola wittrockiana, Fritillaria persica, iris Ravem Girl, Petunia Black Velvet, Hyacinthus
Midnight Mystique, Tulipa Black Hero,

Plante ornamentale prin fructe:


Proprietatile ornamentale ale plantelor in perioada de fructificaate:
- Comestibile: Berberis thunbergii, Crataegus monogyna, Cotoneaster acuminatus,
Sambucus Mexicana, Viburnum opulus, Juniper Berries, Malus asp,
-
- Necomestibile: Legustrum
Gard verde piracantha,