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Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) Surabaya

Marine Technology Faculty Marine Engineering Department

Session Two

Function and operation of shipping, port and shipyard

R.O . Saut Gurning, ST. MSc, PhD. CMarTech.MIMarEST

Material / Content

§ The basic operation of shipping, port and shipyard

§ Identifying the type, operational pattern of port, shipping and shipyard

§ Defining the structure of shipping, port

§ The concept of supply and demand

Definition of Shipping

In modern shipping era, the services provided, actually are a chain of shipments from the origin point ( shipper ) up to ship rail at the loading port, then loaded and carried to unloading port until to the consigee premises via other mode of transports (road, rail or air mode of transport).

In general, the shipping services are the activities combining many operations such as trucking, forwarding, storaging, transporting and stevedoring in the from the origin to destination points

THE PROCESS OF SEABORNE TRADE

OTHER MODE OF TRANSPORTS

BANKING & OTHER FINANS IAL RELATED SERVICE

INFORMATION

REGULATION AND LAW SYSTEMS

SELLER (S) Darat / Storage service, Cargo agent and third parties Stevedoring Transportasi operation and
SELLER (S)
Darat /
Storage service,
Cargo agent and
third parties
Stevedoring
Transportasi
operation and
port related
Hauliers
services
AKTIVITAS UTAMA PERDAGANGAN
ANTAR PASAR
Shipping
Services
BUYER (S)
Stevedoring
Transportasi
Darat / Hauliers
Storage service,
Cargo agent and
third parties
operation and
port related
services
INCENTIVES

OTHER MODE OF TRANSPORTS

BANKING & OTHER FINANS IAL RELATED

SERVICE

REGULATION AND LAW SYSTEMS

INCOTERMS 2010 (8 th revisions are a series of pre-defined commercial terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) located in London UK

are a series of pre-defined commercial terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) located

Types of shipping: International shipping, National shipping, Inter-island shipping, People shipping (traditional shipping)

Cargoes transported via Sea transportation (Consignment) Size of the consignments Full ship cargo load Less
Cargoes transported via
Sea transportation (Consignment)
Size of the consignments
Full ship
cargo load
Less than full
cargo load
Irreguler
Reguler
Industrial
Tramp
Liner
Shipping
Shipping
Shipping

Tipe Consignment

Size unit

Muatan Kapal

Schedule

Operation

SHIPPING CLASSIFICATION

International National Pellra/People shipping Short Sea Shipping Ocean Shipping Coastal Shipping
International
National
Pellra/People shipping
Short Sea Shipping
Ocean Shipping
Coastal Shipping
Types of the ship Cargo types / consigment UNITISED / PACKAGING OPERATIONAL PATTERN Liner Tramping
Types of the ship
Cargo types / consigment
UNITISED / PACKAGING
OPERATIONAL PATTERN
Liner
Tramping
Industrial
OWNERSHIP
Real Owner
Charterer/
Agent /
Ship Management
Derivative
Penyewa
owners

Operational Zones

Routing

Vission and mission fof the ships

Operatonal

Status of the ship

FUNCTIONAL ACTIVITIES OF SHIPPING COMPANIES

MARKETING FOR CARGOES ; SHIPPERS/CONSIGNEES

COMPANIES MARKETING FOR CARGOES ; SHIPPERS/CONSIGNEES COMMERCIAL DEPT LOGISTICS/ SUPPLY CHAIN FLEET MANAGEMENT

COMMERCIAL DEPT

LOGISTICS/

SUPPLY

CHAIN

FLEET MANAGEMENT

FLEET MANAGEMENT
COMMERCIAL DEPT LOGISTICS/ SUPPLY CHAIN FLEET MANAGEMENT ROUTING AND SEAFARER MANAGEMENT OPERATIONAL DEPT
COMMERCIAL DEPT LOGISTICS/ SUPPLY CHAIN FLEET MANAGEMENT ROUTING AND SEAFARER MANAGEMENT OPERATIONAL DEPT

ROUTING AND SEAFARER MANAGEMENT

OPERATIONAL DEPT

TECHNICALITIES OF SHIPS

TECHNICALITIES OF SHIPS TECHNICAL DEPT

TECHNICAL DEPT

TECHNICALITIES OF SHIPS TECHNICAL DEPT
TECHNICALITIES OF SHIPS TECHNICAL DEPT
TECHNICALITIES OF SHIPS TECHNICAL DEPT

CONSIDERATIONS IN SELECTING SHIPPING COMPANIES/ SERVICES

SCHEDULES

FREQUENCY

RELIABILITY AND SAFETY OF CARGOES

NUMBER OF DEFECTS

NUMBER OF TRANSITS

COSTS PER TON-MILE

HANDLING CAPABILITY

ACCESSIBILITY / MODE OF TRANSPORTS

PORT DEFINITION A Place of ship berthing point safely, securely, and environmentally not harms for
PORT DEFINITION
A Place of ship berthing point safely, securely, and
environmentally not harms for traffic of ships, cargoes
and passangers
Ports are created for the ships, nor the ships……………

Port functions (Shipping Act 17/08)

Nodes in one transportation networks according to its hierarchy functions (collector, feeder or hub);

As a gate of economic activities for municipal, national and international trading;

A place of integrating multi-mode of transport

To support industrial and trade activities

A place of distribution, consolidation and production

MENURUT JENISNYA

pelabuhan umum yang digunakan untuk melayani kepentingan umum; dan

pelabuhan khusus yang digunakan untuk melayani kepentingan sendiri guna menunjang kegiatan tertentu.

DLKr Dan DLKp
DLKr Dan DLKp

Buffer Zone/DLKp

DLKr DLKr
DLKr
DLKr
DLKr Dan DLKp Buffer Zone/DLKp DLKr DLKr DLKp

DLKp

Peran Pelabuhan

Kegiatan urusan pemerintahan di pelabuhan fungsi :

pengendalian, pengawasan dan pengaturan kegiatan kepelabuhanan;

keselamatan dan keamanan pelayaran;

kepabeanan;

keimigrasian; dan

karantina.

Menurut Kegiatannya

Pelabuhan Laut

Pelabuhan Penyeberangan

Pelabuhan Sungai

Pelabuhan Danau

Fungsinya

kegiatan pemerintahan;

kegiatan jasa kepelabuhanan;

kegiatan jasa kawasan; dan

kegiatan penunjang kepelabuhanan.

Aliran Kapal Aliran Kapal Aliran Barang Aliran Barang Komunikasi kapal-darat Komunikasi kapal-darat Adpel Adpel
Aliran Kapal
Aliran Kapal
Aliran Barang
Aliran Barang
Komunikasi kapal-darat
Komunikasi kapal-darat
Adpel
Adpel
Peralatan navigasi
Peralatan navigasi
Area parkir dan lego jangkar
Area parkir dan lego jangkar
Pemanduan
Pemanduan
Pengaturan Kolam Pelabuhan
Pengaturan Kolam Pelabuhan
PT. Pelindo &
PT. Pelindo &
Penarikan kapal oleh tugboat
Penarikan kapal oleh tugboat
KSO
KSO
Pengikatan Kapal
Pengikatan Kapal
Penyandaran Kapal
Penyandaran Kapal
PT.Pelindo &
PT.Pelindo &
Penyediaan Logistik Kapal
Penyediaan Logistik Kapal
Perusahaan Logistik
Perusahaan Logistik
Pemeriksaan Kelaik-lautan Kapal,
Pemeriksaan Kelaik-lautan Kapal,
Adpel & Klassifikasi (PT.BKI)
Adpel & Klassifikasi (PT.BKI)
Barang,Crew
Barang,Crew
Bongkar/Muat
Bongkar/Muat
Unlashing
Unlashing
Lashing
Lashing
PT.Pelindo &
PT.Pelindo &
Buka Palkah
Buka Palkah
Tutup Palkah
Tutup Palkah
TKBM
TKBM
Penanganan Barang di Kapal
Penanganan Barang di Kapal
PT.Pelindo
PT.Pelindo
PBM
PBM
Penanganan Barang di Darat
Penanganan Barang di Darat
Transfer di dermaga
Transfer di dermaga
PT.Pelindo &
PT.Pelindo &
Operator Terminal
Operator Terminal
Pergudangan
Pergudangan
PT.Pelindo &
PT.Pelindo &
Operator Gudang
Operator Gudang
Pengiriman dan Penerimaan
Pengiriman dan Penerimaan
PT.Pelindo &
PT.Pelindo &
Freight-Forwarding
Freight-Forwarding
Operasi Pemeriksaan (Gate)
Operasi Pemeriksaan (Gate)
PT.Pelindo &
PT.Pelindo &
KPLP, Adpel, Polisi
KPLP, Adpel, Polisi
Operasi Fasilitasi Perdagangan
Operasi Fasilitasi Perdagangan
DJBC, Imigrasi
DJBC, Imigrasi
Karantina, Deperindag
Karantina, Deperindag
PT.Pelindo &
PT.Pelindo &
Organda
Organda
Jasa Pelayanan Untuk Kapal
Jasa Pelayanan Untuk Kapal
Jasa Pelayanan Untuk Barang
Jasa Pelayanan Untuk Barang

OVERLAPPING INSTITUSI

1. Komunikasi Kapal-Darat
2. Penyediaan Peralatan Navigasi
3. Pemanduan
4. Pengaturan Kolam
5. Penarikan Kapal oleh Tugboat
6. Pengikatan Kapal
7. Penyandaran Kapal
8. Penyediaan Logistik Kapal

9. Pemeriksaan Kelaikan Kapal,

Barang/Crew

10.Lashing/Unlashing

11.Buka/Tutup Palkah 12.Penanganan Barang di Kapal 13.Penanganan Barang di Darat 14.Transfer di Dermaga

15.Pergudangan

16.Pengiriman dan Penerimaan 17.Operasi Pemeriksaan (Gate) 18.Operasi Fasilitas Penumpukkan

19. Keamanan

berthing Berth transferring Shed ( I ) storaging Warehouse ( I ) receiving delivering Gate
berthing Berth transferring Shed ( I ) storaging Warehouse ( I ) receiving delivering Gate
berthing
Berth
transferring
Shed ( I )
storaging
Warehouse ( I )
receiving
delivering
Gate in
Gate out

Handling Area

Documentating

Area

Gate in Gate out Handling Area Documentating Area Freight Forwarders Custom fields Hauliers / Police

Freight Forwarders

Custom fields

Custom fields

Hauliers / Police

Hauliers / Police

Immigration

Quarantine

Forwarders Custom fields Hauliers / Police Immigration Quarantine Yard CFS TITIK - TITIK LAYANAN Hinterland Area
Forwarders Custom fields Hauliers / Police Immigration Quarantine Yard CFS TITIK - TITIK LAYANAN Hinterland Area
Yard
Yard
CFS
CFS
TITIK - TITIK LAYANAN

TITIK-TITIK LAYANAN

Hinterland

Area