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Technical Training on RF Optimization

Optimization is to

Keep track of network

Improve quality of network

To provide best network quality using any available spectrum analyzer

Accessibility, Retainability, Mobility

The Radio Network Optimization (RNO) is to reasonably adjust the communication

network planning and design as per certain criteria so as to enable the network
operation more reliable and economical, improve the network service quality and
resource utilization, which is of great importance to network carriers.

2G Optimization

1. Coverage Optimization

2. Call drop Optimization

3. Neighbor Optimization

4. Handover Optimization


2G RX level

Good: Rx Lev > -85dbm

Radio Ok= -85dbm<Rx Lev<= -95dbm

Poor: Rx Lev < -95dbm

Causes Poor Coverage
1. Poor coverage due to bad Rx Lev- Receive signal level <
2. Poor Coverage due to Missing neighbors & handover
3. Faulty hardware.
4. Interference

1. Coverage Optimization
Ways to improve coverage in a network if any of the following issue occurs

I. Poor coverage due to bad Rx Lev

Ways to improve poor coverage

Antenna tilt
Antenna azimuth
Antenna height
TMA amplifier
Antenna type
Antenna location
New site

II. Poor Coverage due to Missing neighbors

Ways to resolve missing neighbors in other to improve coverage

Check neighbor list from BSS engineer

Add missing neighbor cells.

III. Check hardware alarm, Loss of attenuation check Feeders , connectors &

2. Call Drop

Causes of call drop

1. Poor coverage Low signal strength

2. Handover failure

3. Missing Neighbors
4. Interference

5. Hardware Faulty

6. Signalling

2. Optimization of Call Drop

I. Call drop due to Poor coverage- Low signal strength

Ways to Optimize

Antenna tilt
Antenna azimuth
Antenna location
Antenna height
Antenna type
Site location
New site

II Call drop due to Handover failure

Ways to optimize handover failure

Unavailable time slots because of high traffic Increase time slot

Congestion Increase Capacity
Low signal strength and bad quality
Check handover margin
Hardware problem like TRX or time slot problem

II Call drop due to Missing neighbor

Ways to optimize handover problem

Check neighbor list from BSS engineer

Add missing neighbor cells
Remove unnecessary neighbor cells

III Call drop due to Interference.

Ways to Optimize

Avoid Co-channel- Same Frequency

Avoid Adjust Channel Adjacent frequency
Check external interference

IV Check hardware Alarm, Radio failure and BTS failure

V. Signaling - Run a Trace in the affected area

3. Neighbor Optimization
I. Neighbor relation should be well define to avoid call drop

II. Check neighbor list from BSS engineer

III. Add missing neighbor cells

IV Remove unnecessary neighbor cells.

4. Handover Optimization -
Check Handover margin