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Course Material for App. Asst. Loco Pilot (RRB) Electric Traction Training Centre South Central Railway
Course Material for
App. Asst. Loco Pilot
(RRB)
Electric Traction Training Centre
South Central Railway
Vijayawada
2014

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material INDEX Sl. Description Page No. No. 1 Indian
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material INDEX Sl. Description Page No. No. 1 Indian

INDEX

Sl. Description Page No. No. 1 Indian Railways (3 days) 2-10 General Information 3-4 Fire
Sl.
Description
Page No.
No.
1
Indian Railways (3 days)
2-10
General Information
3-4
Fire fighting
5-7
First aid
7-10
2
Basics of Elec. And Mech. Engg. (3 days)
11-25
Electrical – symbols, electricity, voltage, intensity, resistance, Ohm‘s Law
11-14
Simple Electrical circuits, short circuit
14-16
Electrical Connections
16
Conductors and Insulators, Capacitors, Protective devices
16-18
Battery, ammeters, voltmeters
18-20
DC
Motors, AC Motors, Generator / Alternator
20-22
Rectifier, Inverter
22-23
Precautions to be taken with various voltages of Electricity
23-24
Basic Diesel Engine
24-25
3
Familiarization with OHE and Lay outs and working of various
types of loco / sub-system / sub assemblies including SIV,
Microprocessor and 3-Ø Locomotives
26-262
Abbreviations of Loco equipment
26-32
Technical data of various locos
33-34
Locations of equipment (base WAG-5)
35-41
Cut
out cocks and Drain cocks in Loco
42-44
Switches, interlocks, MP, Pantograph, Batteries & charger, contactors
45-69
and
relays
Study of various OHE components
70-74
Power Circuits – feeding power, auxiliary power & control, traction
power & various control circuits in traction power sub systems
75-144
Study of Static Inverter based loco
145-160
Study of Microprocessor based loco
161-175
Study of 3-Ø loco
176-261
Various schedule inspection of loco
262
4
Familiarization with relevant aspects of coaches and wagon for
tackling problems on run
263-297
Locomotive Bogies
263-266
Pneumatic system, air & vacuum brake systems
267-297
5
Locomotive operating instructions and trouble shooting
298-333
Duties of ALP as per ACTM, TMs
298-300
Head light,
300-303
Horns not sounding, neutral section duties, negotiating gradient, ACP,
Fire Extinguishers, safety rules in 25 KV traction, emergency telephone
304-306
Loco grounding, use of flasher light, safety equipment
307-308
Various loco checking procedures, stabling of loco in yard, reading of
loco logbook and making entries
309-320
Working the train from rear cab, crew friendly cab locations, MU,
Precaution to avoid wheel skidding, Auto flasher light, Pneumatic panels
320-333
6
Crew Lobby and control office training
334-336
light, Pneumatic panels 320-333 6 Crew Lobby and control office training 334-336 Page 2 of 339
light, Pneumatic panels 320-333 6 Crew Lobby and control office training 334-336 Page 2 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Indian Railways – General Information At Railway Ministry
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Indian Railways – General Information At Railway Ministry

Indian Railways General Information

At Railway Ministry level and Board level

At Railway Board Level
At Railway Board Level
General Information At Railway Ministry level and Board level At Railway Board Level Page 3 of
General Information At Railway Ministry level and Board level At Railway Board Level Page 3 of

Page 3 of 339

ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material At Zonal Level General Manager Additional General Manager
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material At Zonal Level General Manager Additional General Manager

At Zonal Level

General Manager Additional General Manager COM CEE CME CELE CEGE CESE CEDE Dy.CEE/RS At Divisional
General Manager
Additional
General Manager
COM
CEE
CME
CELE
CEGE
CESE
CEDE
Dy.CEE/RS
At Divisional Level
DRM
ADRM
Sr.DOM
Sr.DEE/RSO
Sr.DEE/TRS
Sr.DME
Sr.DPO
Sr.DSO
Sr.DAO
ADEE
LIs
CCCs
TLCs
Running Staff
Sr.DEE/TRS Sr.DME Sr.DPO Sr.DSO Sr.DAO ADEE LIs CCCs TLCs Running Staff Page 4 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C.
Sr.DEE/TRS Sr.DME Sr.DPO Sr.DSO Sr.DAO ADEE LIs CCCs TLCs Running Staff Page 4 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C.

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Fire fighting Classification of Fires For all practical
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Fire fighting Classification of Fires For all practical

Fire fighting

Classification of Fires

For all practical purposes the basic types of fires can be grouped into following four classes:

Class A Fires:

Fires involving combustible materials of organic nature, such as wood, paper, rubber and many plastics, etc., where the cooling effect of water is essential for extinction of fires.

Class B Fires:

Fires involving flammable liquids. Petroleum products, or the like, where a blanketing effect is essential.

Class C Fires:

Fires involving flammable gases under pressure including liquefied gases, where it is necessary to inhibit the burning gas at fast rate with an inert gas, powder or vaporizing liquid for extinguishments.

Class D Fires: Fires involving combustible metals, such as magnesium, aluminum, zinc, sodium, potassium, when
Class D Fires:
Fires involving combustible metals, such as magnesium, aluminum, zinc, sodium,
potassium, when the burning metals are reactive to water containing agents, and in certain
cases carbon dioxide, halogenated hydrocarbons and ordinary dry powders. These fires require
special media and techniques to extinguish.
Fire Extinguishers:
The types of extinguishers mentioned below against each class of fire are generally
most suited.
a) Class A Fires - Water expelling type extinguishers.
b) Class B Fires - Foam, dry powder, vaporizing liquid, carbon dioxide extinguishers.
c) Class C Fires - Dry powder and carbon dioxide extinguishers.
d) Class D Fire - Extinguishers designed for expelling special dry chemical powder.
Fire fighting

Fire on a running train is more catastrophic than on a stationary one, since fanning by winds helps spread the fire to other coaches. Moreover, passengers sometime jump out of a running train on fire resulting in increased casualties. In case of fire in running train, every railway staff available on the train or at the site shall immediately try and stop the train and plunge into action to save lives and property.

Following sources are main causes of fire in trains:

1)

Carrying stoves, sigris, gas cylinders, kerosene oil, petrol, fire works etc. in

2)

passenger compartments. Making fire/using fire near paper, wood, petrol or such other inflammable articles.

3)

Lighted match sticks, cigarette ends carelessly thrown.

4)

Short circuit in electrical wirings.

5)

Using naked light during authority taken delivery to the Loco Pilot, shunting of

6)

inflammable loads, sealing of inflammable wagons. Use of open fire, smoking near gas/petrol tank. All railway staff and passengers should take all possible precautions to avoid any of the above mistakes so that possibility of fire breaking out can be minimized.

any of the above mistakes so that possibility of fire breaking out can be minimized. Page
any of the above mistakes so that possibility of fire breaking out can be minimized. Page

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Action to be taken in case of Fire
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Action to be taken in case of Fire

Action to be taken in case of Fire in Train:

1)

First and foremost immediately summon the fire brigade.

2)

Secondly, if you smell gas or vapour, or even in case of excessive smoke, hold a wet cloth loosely over your nose & mouth and breathe through it in as normal a manner as possible.

In case of fire in a passenger train:

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

In case of, fire pull the Alarm Chain and stop the train immediately. Try and put out the fire before it becomes a big blaze by using either water or blankets etc. More people expire due to suffocation from smoke rather than due to actual burning. Advice passengers to take a cloth, wet it in their drinking water, and cover their nostrils. Instruct passengers to go to the other end of the coach which is away from the fire and if possible cross over to the next coach through the vestibule. Insist that passengers should save themselves first and not to bother about their luggage which can be retrieved later on. Make sure that no passenger lies down on the floor. After train has stopped, passengers should come down from the coach immediately. Building up confidence of injured passengers by suitable advice is of great

6) 7) 8) 9) importance. 10) Don‘t panic. 11) Ascertain the type of fire viz.
6)
7)
8)
9)
importance.
10) Don‘t panic.
11) Ascertain the type of fire viz. dry, all gaseous, electric and use the right type of
extinguishers.
12) Isolate the burning vehicle from other vehicle by uncoupling.
13) Train to be protected by Loco Pilot and guard at both ends according to the
provision of G&SR 6.03.
14) Report it to the nearest station/control/fire station.
In the event of fire on an Electric engine/EMU
1)
2)
3)

4)

5)

6)

Loco Pilot shall immediately switch off the circuit (open VCB) and lower the pantograph. The train shall then be brought to a stop at once. After disconnecting the electric supply to affected circuits, Loco Pilot shall take necessary action to put out the fire. If fire cannot be extinguished by the above means Loco Pilot shall advice TPC through emergency telephone to arrange for OHE of the affected section to be switched off. The Guard and any other staff available shall render all possible assistance to the Loco Pilot in putting out the fire. Ordinary fire extinguishers or water from a hose pipe shall on no account be used to extinguish fire on live wire or electrical equipment. If services of fire brigade are required, fire brigade shall not be allowed to commence operation until all electrical equipments in the vicinity of the fire have been made dead.

In the event of a fire on a Diesel Engine/DMU stock:

1)

The Loco Pilot/Motorman shall immediately switch off the circuit breaker and shut

2)

down the engine. The train shall be brought to stop at once. The guard shall give all possible assistance to the Loco Pilot in putting out the fire.

guard shall give all possible assistance to the Loco Pilot in putting out the fire. Page
guard shall give all possible assistance to the Loco Pilot in putting out the fire. Page

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 3) Fire extinguishers of approved type shall be
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 3) Fire extinguishers of approved type shall be

3)

Fire extinguishers of approved type shall be provided on each diesel locomotive and motor coach of DMU when these are turned out from the home shed. The SSE/CWS in charge of the shed shall inspect the fire extinguishers and ensure that these are in good working condition, and not overdue.

When a person is on fire:

1)

Approach him holding the nearest available wrap in front of you.

2)

Wrap it round him.

3)

Lay him flat and smother the flames.

4)

He may roll on the floor, smothering the flames.

5)

On no account should he rush out in the open air.

6)

Call for assistance.

Dry chemical powder type fire extinguisher (DCP):

These types are suitable for tackling petroleum, gas, electrical fire and controlling fires of textile fibers. Sodium based chemical powder is used on a fire which undergo chemical reaction.

How to Use: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Carry to the place
How to Use:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
Carry to the place of fire and keep it up right.
Remove the safety clip.
Strike the knob located in the cap.
Sealing disk of the cartridge gets broken and allows carbon dioxide gas to escape to
the main shall and powder is pushed out.
Direct the steam of the powder at the base of the flame.
For effective result stand at about 1.5 to 2.5 m. near the seat of the fire.
Move forward with moving the nozzle rapidly from side to side in sweeping motion.
When using on outdoor fires operate from the up wind side for effective spray.
First aid
What is First Aid?
First Aid is the immediate treatment given to the victim of an accident or sudden illness,
before medical help is obtained.

Aims of First Aid:

The main aims of First Aid are:

To preserve life,

To promote recovery,

To prevent the worsening of the victim's condition.

Principles of First Aid:

The First step that a rescuer should take is to examine the victim to know the details of injuries and their nature. This constitutes the Diagnosis section of First Aid. The next step is to actually perform the First-Aid measure or man oeuvre that is deemed appropriate. This constitutes the Treatment section of First Aid. The third step is to arrange for the casualty to be seen by a qualified doctor or have him shifted to a nearby hospital. This step is in the First Aid providers jargon known rather disparagingly as Disposal.

step is in the First Aid providers jargon known rather disparagingly as Disposal. Page 7 of
step is in the First Aid providers jargon known rather disparagingly as Disposal. Page 7 of

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation:  Assess the responsiveness of the
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation:  Assess the responsiveness of the

Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation:

Assess the responsiveness of the patient by gently shaking the victim and shouting "Are you OK"? This precaution will prevent us from injuring during resuscitation someone who is not truly unconscious.

Ask someone nearby to call for Medical Help.

Move the victim away from any dangerous location, that is, locations close to harmful gases, fire, etc. Place the victim face up on a firm surface, such as the floor or the ground.

Open the Airway. One very important step in the resuscitation process is to immediately open the airway. Quite often the tongue may block the passage of air into the air passages. To open the airway, one hand must be placed on the victim's forehead and firm, backward pressure with the palm is applied to tilt the head back. If there is a suspicion of neck injury, the head should not be moved unless it is absolutely necessary to open the airway. Place the fingers of the other hand just under the chin and lift to bring the chin forward. If there is material like vomits or any foreign body that appears to block the air passages it must be removed.

 Ascertain whether the patient is breathing: With the airway open, look at the chest
 Ascertain whether the patient is breathing: With the airway open, look at the chest for
signs of breathing. Put your ear next to the nose and mouth and listen for breathing.
Feel for the flow of air. If there is no breathing, begin artificial respiration.
 Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation: Place one hand on the victim's forehead to pinch the
victim's nose closed. Ensure that your breathing is regular. Take a deep breath and place
your mouth tightly over the victim's mouth. If you wish you may place a thin
handkerchief between your mouth and the victim's mouth. However, do not use a very
thick cloth, as it may be difficult to blow through it. Blow until the victim's chest rises.
Listen for air being passively exhaled. Repeat with breaths at the rate of 12 times per
minute. Children should receive smaller breaths repeated at the rate of 20 times per
minute.
Dealing with Bleeding:
Bleeding is one of the commonest causes of death in accidents. It is caused by the
rupture of blood vessels due to the severity of the injury. There are two types of bleeding:
external bleeding which is obvious and apparent and internal bleeding where the bleeding is not
apparent at the outset but may manifest itself later in the form of bleeding from the nose, ear,
lungs or stomach.

Signs and Symptoms of Bleeding:

The patient may feel faint and even collapse.

The skin becomes cold and clammy.

The pulse becomes rapid and weak.

Breathing becomes shallow and the patient may gasp for air and sigh deeply.

Profuse sweating may occur.

Thirst may be prominent.

Identifying the source of bleeding:

Bleeding may occur from the arteries, veins or capillaries or from combinations of the three. It can be identified by the following characteristics:

combinations of the three. It can be identified by the following characteristics: Page 8 of 339
combinations of the three. It can be identified by the following characteristics: Page 8 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material  Bleeding from the arteries is bright red
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material  Bleeding from the arteries is bright red

Bleeding from the arteries is bright red and comes out in jets or spurts, which correspond to the beating of the heart. This kind of bleeding is very dangerous and may cause death quickly.

Bleeding from the veins is dark in colour and often flows out in a continuous stream.

Bleeding from capillaries is steady, slow ooze. In an acute situation, especially if on the surface of the body, it is less worrying than an arterial or veinous bleeding.

How to manage External Bleeding?

Bring the sides of the wound together and press firmly.

Place the patient in a comfortable position and raise the injured part (if no bone fracture is suspected).

If you know the pressure points at the appropriate locations then press on them firmly for 10-15 minutes.

Apply a clean pad larger than the wound and press it firmly with the palm until the bleeding lessens and finally stops.

 If the bleeding continues, do not remove the original dressing but add more pads.
 If the bleeding continues, do not remove the original dressing but add more pads.
 Finally bandage firmly but not too tightly.
 Treat for shock.
 Shift the patient to a hospital as soon as possible.
How to manage Internal Bleeding?
1. Lay the patient down with the head low. Raise his legs using pillows.
2. Keep the patient calm and relaxed with reassurance. Do not allow the patient to move.
3. Maintain the body heat with blankets, rugs or coats.
4. Do not give anything to eat.
5. Do not apply hot water bottles or ice bags to the chest or abdomen. This may make
things worse.
6. Arrange for the patient to be shifted to the hospital at the earliest.
How does one identify if a patient is in shock and how should it be managed?
Shock and its Management:
 Shock is a condition of collapse, which should be treated as top priority, second only to
attending to obstructed breathing, stoppage of the heart or severe bleeding.
Conditions in which shock is seen

Severe Bleeding: Shock is most often caused due to loss of blood. It may either develop at once or may be delayed. The blood loss could be either seen externally or could be internal within a particular organ or system. The greater the loss of blood, the greater the risk of developing shock. It is important to remember that the slow, steady loss of blood can produce shock.

Heart Attacks: Obstructed blood supply to the heart and failure of the function of the heart can produce shock.

Severe burns: Extensive areas of the burnt skin surface can produce shock.

Severe Bacterial Infections: Discharge of toxins produced by the bacteria into the blood stream can produce shock.

Abdominal Emergencies: A burst appendix, perforated intestine or stomach, intestinal obstruction, pancreatitis etc, can produce shock.

Excessive Loss of Body Fluids: Diarrhea, vomiting etc. can produce shock.

 Excessive Loss of Body Fluids : Diarrhea, vomiting etc. can produce shock. Page 9 of
 Excessive Loss of Body Fluids : Diarrhea, vomiting etc. can produce shock. Page 9 of

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material  Crush Injuries : Injuries following explosions, building
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material  Crush Injuries : Injuries following explosions, building

Crush Injuries: Injuries following explosions, building collapses etc., can produce shock.

Recognizing Shock:

The patient may feel giddy or faint.

The skin feels cold and clammy.

The face and lips look pale.

The pulse may be rapid and weak.

The patient may complain of blurring of vision.

The patient may vomit.

In the later stages of shock the patient becomes unconscious.

Managing Shock:

Reassure the patient if the patient is conscious.

 Place the patient comfortably on his back. Except in cases of injury to the
Place the patient comfortably on his back. Except in cases of injury to the head, chest or
abdomen, lower the head slightly and turn to one side. In case of vomiting, place in
three-quarter back up position.
Loosen tight clothing but do not remove clothing.
Wrap in light bed sheet or a thin rug.
Never use hot water bottles or very warm rugs. Do not rub any part of the body with
anything.
Do not administer anything by mouth especially in cases of injuries to the chest or
abdomen, as an operation may be required soon.
If the patient is conscious and there is no injury to the chest or abdomen, give a little
water, hot coffee or tea. Never give any alcoholic drinks.
Transport the patient quickly to the hospital.
Remember that in shock a delay of even a few minutes may mean death. So attend to the
patient as quickly as possible.
few minutes may mean death. So attend to the patient as quickly as possible.  Page
few minutes may mean death. So attend to the patient as quickly as possible.  Page

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Basics Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Page 11
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Basics Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Page 11

Basics Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering

pilot ’s (RRB) course material Basics Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Page 11 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C.
pilot ’s (RRB) course material Basics Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Page 11 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C.
pilot ’s (RRB) course material Basics Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Page 11 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C.

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Page 12 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Page 12 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Page 12 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Page 12 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Page 12 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Electricity Electricity is a form of energy produced
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Electricity Electricity is a form of energy produced
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Electricity Electricity is a form of energy produced

Electricity

Electricity is a form of energy produced by the flow of electrons in a closed circuit when generator or battery maintains the potential difference. It is not visible to us, but its effects are felt and realized.

Voltage: The pressure produced by generator for flow of electrons is known as 'voltage' (or) the potential difference between two points is called 'voltage'. It is measured in volts by voltmeter and indicated by the letter 'V'. The voltmeter should be connected to the generator in parallel.

letter 'V'. The voltmeter should be connected to the generator in parallel. Page 13 of 339
letter 'V'. The voltmeter should be connected to the generator in parallel. Page 13 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Intensity (Current): The flow of electrons in a
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Intensity (Current): The flow of electrons in a

Intensity (Current): The flow of electrons in a closed circuit is known as "current". The rate of flow of current per second in a closed circuit is called "intensity". It is measured by ammeter, which is connected in series to the circuit. Intensity represented by the letter ―I ".

Resistance: The opposition offered by a material to the flow of current is called "Resistance". It varies from metal to metal according to the cross sectional area, length of the conductor and temperature. Resistance is measured in "Ohms" by Ohmmeter (or) Megger, which should be connected across the receiver. It is represented by a letter "R".

Ohm's Law: Ohm's law states that in a closed electrical circuit, intensity is directly proportional to the voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance provided the temperature remains constant.

V

= I X R

;

I = V/R

; R = V/I

V

= Voltage

I

= Intensity.

 
V I R
V
I
R
R = Resistance. Factors Affecting Ohm's Law: If resistance decreases, current increases. If resistance increases,
R = Resistance.
Factors Affecting Ohm's Law:
If resistance decreases, current increases.
If resistance increases, current decreases.
If length of the conductor increases, the resistance increases.
If cross sectional area of the conductor increases, the resistance reduces.
Basic Electrical Circuits
An electrical circuit is a continuous path from source of energy (generator) to the
receiver and back to the same source. It consists generator, fuse, switch, voltmeter, ammeter,
receiver and its terminals etc.,
Generator: It produces electrical
energy.
Fuse: It is a protective device to
the circuit.
Switch : It is a device for opening
and closing the circuit.
Voltmeter: Voltmeter indicates
the amount of electrical pressure
produced by the generator. It is to
be connected across the terminals
of the generator.

mmeter: Ammeter is used to measure the flow of current and gives the reading when the circuit is closed. It is to be connected to the circuit in series. Receiver: It receives the current and produces the useful work. Conductor: It is a metallic path from the generator to receiver and back to the same source

Electrical Circuits can be divided into four types:

Open Circuits,

A

same source Electrical Circuits can be divided into four types:  Open Circuits, A Page 14
same source Electrical Circuits can be divided into four types:  Open Circuits, A Page 14

Page 14 of 339

ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material  Closed Circuit,  Short Circuit,  Earth
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material  Closed Circuit,  Short Circuit,  Earth

Closed Circuit,

Short Circuit,

Earth (or) Leakage Circuit.

Open Circuit: If anyone of the supply wires is disconnected or the fuse is melted or the switch is opened, current will not flow through the receiver. This type of circuit is called "Open Circuit".

Closed Circuit: The complete path for flow of electrical current from the source through the receiver and back to the source is called "Closed Circuit".

Short Circuit: Any Electrical Circuit will have two different levels known as Positive and Negative levels. From the positive terminal of the generator to the positive terminal of the receiver is known as "Positive Level" and from negative terminal of the receiver to the negative terminal of the generator is called "Negative Level". An accidental contact between these two different levels of circuit is called ―Short Circuit‖.

Earth (or) Leakage Circuit: If any wire of the supply touches the body of an
Earth (or) Leakage Circuit:
If any wire of the supply touches the body of an appliance, then it is called "Earth Circuit (or)
Leakage Circuit."
0
to
250 V -
Low Tension (L.T)
250
V
to
650 V -
Medium Tension (M.T)
650
V
and
above -
High Tension (H.T)
Reasons for Short Circuit:
a. Old or damaged insulation.
b. Loose and hanging wires.
c. Contact due to leftover tools.
d. Contact of outside wires.
e. Contact of wires due to water leakage.
f. Placing un-insulated wires very closely without giving safety gap.
g. Due to wrong connections.
h. Constant rubbing of two cables (or) naked conductors touching to the loco body.
Bad Effects of Short Circuits:
a. The receivers are by passed.

b.

c. Sudden increasing of intensity produces abnormal heat in the Circuit.

d. Due to high temperature the insulations are damaged.

e. Due to high temperature electrical fire can be caused.

f. The life of the generator and receiver are reduced.

g. The increasing of intensity will cause further short circuits and resulting more damages of the equipments.

The intensity in the circuit increases suddenly.

Preventive measures to be taken to avoid short circuits:

1. Conductors are to be covered with insulating material such as rubber, cotton and silk according to the value of current passing in the conductor.

2. Un-insulated wires are to be kept with sufficient gap according to the voltage value.

3. The terminals are to be provided with lugs and fix them firmly.

4. High tension cables are to be insulated.

5. Heating elements are to be secured properly at safest distance.

to be insulated. 5. Heating elements are to be secured properly at safest distance. Page 15
to be insulated. 5. Heating elements are to be secured properly at safest distance. Page 15

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 6. Every circuit should be fixed with fixed
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 6. Every circuit should be fixed with fixed

6. Every circuit should be fixed with fixed value of intensity.

7. To avoid wrong connections, each terminal of the wire to be numbered.

8. Fuses and miniature circuit breakers are to be provided in the low tension circuits.

9. High Voltage circuit breakers (or) minimum oil circuit breakers are to be provided as protective devices against over current in high tension circuits.

Electrical Connections:

Electrical Connections can be made in many ways and they are mainly classified as follows.

Series Connection: In this circuit the receivers are connected one after another in the form of a chain and in turn finally connected to positive and negative terminals of the generator. Qualities of this connection:

1. The voltage is divided according to the resistance value of each receiver.

2. Intensity remains constant in circuit. 3. Total resistance is equal to - the sum
2. Intensity remains constant in circuit.
3. Total resistance is equal to - the sum of resistances of all receivers.
i.e., R = R1 + R2 + R3 + ------------
4. A cut in the circuit causes "Total Failure" of circuit.
Parallel Connection: In this circuit the receivers are connected directly to the positive and
negative terminals of the generator.
Qualities of this connection:
1. The voltage remains constant in all receivers.
2. The intensity is divided among the receivers, according to their resistance value.
3. The total resistance of the circuit is calculated by the formula.
-
i.e., 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + 1/R3 +
-
-
-
-
-
4. A cut in the branch causes failure of that particular branch only.
Series - Parallel Connection: In this connection the receivers are connected in the form of
series and also in parallel in one circuit. This type of circuit will have behavior of both series
and parallel connections.
Conductors and Insulators

In a conductor, electric current can flow freely, in an insulator it cannot. Metals such as copper typify conductors, while most non-metallic solids are said to be good insulators, having

conductors, while most non-metallic solids are said to be good insulators, having Page 16 of 339
conductors, while most non-metallic solids are said to be good insulators, having Page 16 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material extremely high resistance to the flow of charge
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material extremely high resistance to the flow of charge

extremely high resistance to the flow of charge through them. "Conductor" implies that the outer electrons of the atoms are loosely bound and free to move through the material. Most atoms hold on to their electrons tightly and are insulators. In copper, the valence electrons are essentially free and strongly repel each other.

Capacitor:

A device used to store charge in an electrical circuit. A capacitor functions much like a battery,

but charges and discharges much more efficiently (batteries, though, can store much more charge).

A basic capacitor is made up of two conductors separated by an insulator, or dielectric. The

dielectric can be made of paper, plastic, mica, ceramic, glass, a vacuum or nearly any other nonconductive material. Some capacitors are called electrolytics, meaning that their dielectric

is made up of a thin layer of oxide formed on a aluminum or tantalum foil conductor.

Protective Devices:

It is a device to protect the electrical circuits in the event of any short
It is a device to protect the electrical circuits in the event of any short circuit, over
current, earth fault etc.,
Fuse: Fuse is a device connected in series to the circuit to protect the circuit from damage in
the event of over current.
Limiting tension Battery (LTBA): It is a device to protect the low tension circuit and the
batteries in the event of any accidental contact between high tension or medium tension with
the low tension circuits.
In this device two terminals are placed with a gap of 3mm, one terminal is connected to
the positive level of the battery and the other terminal is grounded through loco body.
Whenever there is an accidental contact between high tension or medium tension with low
tension circuits, intensity increases suddenly. At this time an arc will be formed in the gap of
limiting tension battery (LTBA) terminals, in turn CCBA fuse melts and protects the low
tension circuit.
If the accidental contact remains permanent, the terminals of LTBA get welded together
and causes permanent short circuit in the low tension circuit. This condition leads repeated
melting of fuse CCBA.

The high tension circuit is also earthed and trips main circuit breaker (DJ).

Miniature Circuit Breaker (MCB): This is a safety device provided in electrical circuits for the protection of the circuit equipments whenever current exceeds beyond the rated value of that electrical circuit, the miniature circuit breaker will trip off, so that damages are avoided. The miniature circuit breaker has three positions. ON (top) OFF (bottom) TRIP (middle).

In case of this circuit breaker trips off, keep in "ON" position.

Minimum Oil Circuit Breakers: This type of circuit breakers are used to open the high tension circuit. Whenever, there is over current in high tension circuit, this circuit breaker will trip. These are provided in sub stations and they kept immersed in oil.

will trip. These are provided in sub stations and they kept immersed in oil. Page 17
will trip. These are provided in sub stations and they kept immersed in oil. Page 17

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material High Voltage Circuit Breakers: This type of circuit
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material High Voltage Circuit Breakers: This type of circuit

High Voltage Circuit Breakers: This type of circuit breakers are provided in AC Loco for breaking the high voltage circuit by opening automatically when there is over current or any abnormality in the circuit.

There are two types of high voltage circuit breakers used in the AC Loco.

1. Air Blast Circuit Breaker.

2. Vacuum Circuit Breaker.

Battery:

Battery is the source of electrical energy where the chemical energy is converted into electrical energy due to chemical reaction. It is a combination of two or more cells connected in series or in parallel or in both series - parallel according to the necessity. The cells are of two types namely primary cell and secondary cell.

Primary Cell: It is a cell capable of producing 2.2 V max. as a single
Primary Cell: It is a cell capable of producing 2.2 V max. as a single unit and the electrical
energy is stored in the form of chemical energy. In this type of cell, once the electrical energy
is used, the chemicals will loose their properties and cannot be used further. The primary cell is
capable of converting chemical energy into electrical energy and it is not capable of converting
electrical energy into chemical energy through charging. That means once this type of cell is
discharged, it's life will be over. This type of cells are normally used in laboratories.
Secondary Cell: The secondary cell also works as same principle of primary cell and produces
maximum voltage of 22V. The main difference is chemical reaction is in two ways in the
secondary cell. First the electrical energy is converted into chemical energy while charging and
the electrical energy is stored in the form of chemical energy. While discharging the chemical
energy is converted into electrical energy. The life is more and it is about 4 to 5 years. In order
to maintain the cell in good condition the cell should be in the process of charging and
discharging. Due to this process distilled water in the electrolyte evaporates from the cells,
hence the cells require filling up with distilled water.
In our A C Loco lead acid cell batteries are used. The following are the main parts of
the secondary cell.
Container: It is vessel made up of hard rubber in which the electrolyte is filled and electrodes
are placed.
Electrode: The electrodes are of two types. They are
(a) Anode or positive rod is made up with lead oxide (PbO2).

(b) Cathode or negative rod is made up with pure lead (PB).

These two rods are placed in the container without touching each other and their contact is made through electrolyte.

Electrolyte: It is a combination of distilled water and sulphuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ) in the ratio of 8: 1 (approx.). It is called dilute H 2 SO 4 . It is filled in the container up to the active plate level and the electrodes are placed in the electrolyte when the cell is fully charged the density of liquid will be 1.25.

Terminals: These are the top ends of the anode and the cathode to which the circuit wires are connected. Anode end is positive and the cathode end is negative.

Connecting Wire: This is the conductor connected to the positive and negative terminals of

the cell through the receiver to complete the circuit.

cathode are immersed in dilute H 2 SO 4 (electrolyte) the oxide and lead present in the anode,

hydrogen and sulphur present in the electrolyte will undergo chemical reaction.

When the two electrodes i.e., anode and

Due to this

will undergo chemical reaction. When the two electrodes i.e., anode and Due to this Page 18
will undergo chemical reaction. When the two electrodes i.e., anode and Due to this Page 18

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material electrons present in the anode are displaced. When
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material electrons present in the anode are displaced. When

electrons present in the anode are displaced. When a wire is connected between the two terminals of anode and cathode to a receiver, the current starts flowing in the circuit. The potential difference is maintained between anode and cathode due to chemical action. The current flows from anode to cathode outside the cell and flows from cathode to anode inside the cells.

The maximum voltage that a cell can produce is 2.2 V. The cell should not be used if it‘s voltage is dropped below 1.8 V, because if the voltage drops below 1.8 V the cell cannot be recharged.

Charging is the process adopted to recap the chemical properties of the cell which are lost due to discharging. The positive terminal is connected to the positive level of the generator and the negative terminal of the battery is connected to the negative terminal of the generator.

Usage of Battery on AC Loco: There are 10 batteries in the loco. In each battery 5 cells (each of 2.2 V) are connected in series. Battery boxes are provided on both sides of the loco frame. 5 batteries are provided in each side between two trucks in two battery boxes. Total voltage of the batteries is 110 V and having amperage of 60 to 70. The battery voltage is used on the loco for the following purposes.

 For working of baby compressor (MCPA) to build up pneumatic Pressure.  For raising
 For working of baby compressor (MCPA) to build up pneumatic Pressure.
 For raising of pantograph.
 For closing of DJ (de jointer).
 For maintaining all control circuits when battery charger fails.
The Loco pilot should check the battery voltage before energising the loco while taking
over charge. For this purpose voltmeter (UBA) is provided which will indicate battery tension
when the switch ZUBA is in ―ON‖ and HBA is in ―1‖ position. UBA should indicate more than
90 V and the Loco pilot should also check the charging rate of the batteries by the battery
charger, when the loco is energised. For this purpose an ammeter is provided on the battery
charger which should normally indicate 2 to 3 amps and in no case it should indicate more than
7 amps.
Crew should observe smoke or smell from the battery, any leakage of electrolyte due to
crack of the container and also condition of the battery boxes. All these things should be
checked by the Loco pilot and the Asst. Loco pilot at the regular intervals.
Checking methods of the battery:

There should not be any leakage of electrolyte from the battery.

The connecting wires of the batteries should not be slack and to be secured properly.

Battery boxes, covers should be secured properly.

Battery charging rate and battery voltage should be noted at every neutral section or at certain intervals.

Ensure the terminals of the battery i.e., they should be free from any foreign body in order to avoid short circuit.

Ammeters / Voltmeters:

Instrument for measuring either direct or alternating electric current, in amperes. An ammeter can measure a wide range of current values because at high values only a small portion of the current is directed through the meter mechanism; a shunt in parallel with the meter carries the major portion.

the meter mechanism; a shunt in parallel with the meter carries the major portion. Page 19
the meter mechanism; a shunt in parallel with the meter carries the major portion. Page 19
the meter mechanism; a shunt in parallel with the meter carries the major portion. Page 19

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material A voltmeter is an instrument used for measuring
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material A voltmeter is an instrument used for measuring

A voltmeter is an instrument used for measuring the electrical potential difference

between two points in an electric circuit. Analog voltmeters move a pointer across

a scale in proportion to the voltage of the circuit; digital voltmeters give a numerical display of voltage by use of an analog to digital converter.

DC. Motors:

The DC. Motor is a machine which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy fed by DC. This motor will works on the principle of attraction and repulsion. When the

inductors and armature are energised the magnetic line of forces are created between armature and inductors. Due to mutual action of poles the armature starts rotating. Since the polarities

of the armature is changing at regular intervals through the commutator, the armature comes in

front of the inductor there by the armature rotates continuously. The rotation of armature is

transmitted through the shaft to the machine which is attached to it.

through the shaft to the machine which is attached to it. Advantages of DC. Series Motors:
Advantages of DC. Series Motors:  Its starting torque is more.  Reversal of direction
Advantages of DC. Series Motors:
 Its starting torque is more.
 Reversal of direction of armature rotation is easy.
 Variable voltage can be applied and also variable speeds are possible.
Due to these reasons these type of motors are used in our AC locomotives.
Reversing the Direction of the Motor:
The reverse direction of motor is achieved by changing the direction of flow of current
either in inductors or in the armature.
In our AC Loco the direction of flow of current is changed in the inductors through the
"Reverser". For this purpose in our loco the Reversers will be operated with remote control
operations through MPJ .It is having three positions. They are F, O and R.
For reversing the direction, first loco should be stopped. Then only MPJ should be
operated. If sudden changing of rotation of armature to opposite direction, it results slipped
pinion or damage to the machine parts.
DC Generators:

Generator is a device which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. Generator works on the principle of field and displacement. When a conductor is moved in a magnetic field, an EMF (Electro Motive Force) is induced in the conductor coils. When the terminals of the coils are connected to the external circuit, the current starts flowing in the circuit.

Working Principle of DC Generator:

When the switch is closed, the flow of DC Current will pass into the inductors and both inductors will become electro magnets, there by magnetic field is created. By rotating the armature within the magnetic field, the magnetic lines of forces are cut by moving armature. By this action, the field and displacement is occurred, hence an EMF is induced in armature coil. The armature coils are connected by the commutator segments, and this commutator collects the current from the armature and sends to external circuit through "carbon" brushes in the form of DC. The output of generator depends upon the flow of current through the inductors and also speeds of the armature.

upon the flow of current through the inductors and also speeds of the armature. Page 20
upon the flow of current through the inductors and also speeds of the armature. Page 20

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Single phase AC Motor : The stator coils
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Single phase AC Motor : The stator coils

Single phase AC Motor :

The stator coils are connected in series and ended with two terminals. When these type of stator coils are used for motor, the motor is known as "Single phase (1Ø) AC Motor‖ When rotors are short circuited, it can be fed by induction it is known as "Single Phase AC Induction Motor."

Principal parts of an AC Induction motor:

1. Stator coils

2. Rotor coils

3. Auxiliary Stator coils

4. Contactor

5. Resistance

6. Main shaft

7. Switch

Works on the principle of magnetic impulsion: In this type of motor, the stator coil
Works on the principle of magnetic impulsion: In this type of motor, the stator coil is fed by
single phase AC supply and rotor coils are fed by induction. When the stator is fed by AC
current a rotating magnetic field changes its direction at regular intervals. Due to this rotating
magnetic field, the emf is induced in the rotor coils. The terminals of the rotor coils are short
circuited there by the induced current close the circuit.
Since the flow of current in the stator coils changes it's direction in every alternation
and produces the rotating magnetic field which is equal in strength with opposite direction.
This can be done by the magnetic impulsion or mechanical impulsion. The strengthening is
done by mounting another set of stator coil which initially arranged, so that the diphase current
strength in the rotor field to become more powerful to overcome opposite direction and causes
the rotor to move. When the rotor gets sufficient speed, it suppresses the starting phase
automatically.
ARNO: In our AC Loco ARNO is single phase induction Motor while starting and after picks
up rated speed, it works as three phase alternator. Single phase motor requires starting phase.
To give starting phase, current is sent through the Resistance (R 118) there by the rotor starts
rotating. When the rotor gets sufficient speed relay QCVAR is energized, in turn the indication
lamp LSCHBA will be extinguished on the Loco pilot's desk, so that Loco pilot can release
BLRDJ switch. After picking up rated speed, ARNO will work as three phase alternator.

The purpose of ARNO in our AC Locomotive is to convert single phase AC into three phase AC supply and it feeds all the three phase auxiliary motors.

1. MPH

:

Transformer oil pump motor.

2. MVRH :

Transformer oil cooling blower motor.

3. MVSI1 :

Silicon rectifier blower motor No.1.

4. MVSI2 :

Silicon rectifier blower motor No.2.

5. MVSL1 :

Smoothening reactor blower No.1.

6. MVSL2 :

Smoothening reactor blower motor No.2.

7. MCP1

:

Main compressor motor No.1.

8. MCP2

:

Main compressor motor No.2.

9. MCP3

:

Main compressor motor No.3.

10. MPV1

:

Vacuum exhauster motor No.1.

: Main compressor motor No.3. 10. MPV1 : Vacuum exhauster motor No.1. Page 21 of 339
: Main compressor motor No.3. 10. MPV1 : Vacuum exhauster motor No.1. Page 21 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 11. MPV2 12. MVMT1: 13. MVMT2: : Vacuum
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 11. MPV2 12. MVMT1: 13. MVMT2: : Vacuum

11. MPV2

12. MVMT1:

13. MVMT2:

:

Vacuum exhauster motor No.2.

Traction motors 1, 2 & 3 blower motor No.1.

Traction motors 4, 5 & 6 blower motor No.2.

Three phase AC Motor:

Three sets of stator coils are provided with six terminal connections. Three terminals of one end are connected to 3-phase alternator; the other three terminals are short circuited with the motor with the help of star connection. The rotor coils are energised by the induced current from the rotating magnetic field of stator coils. Since rotor coils are short circuited the induced current flows in the rotor coils and produces polarity according to the direction of induced current flow because of 120 0 phase difference. Two phases join together at a particular level and produce stronger magnetic field in one side than the other side. There by rotor is forced to rotate towards the direction of the stronger magnetic field so the motor starts automatically. Hence 3Ø induction motor is a self starting motor.

Starting the 3-Phase (3Ø) Induction Motor: To start the 3-phase induction motor all the 3-phases
Starting the 3-Phase (3Ø) Induction Motor:
To start the 3-phase induction motor all the 3-phases of supply should be connected
simultaneously. For this purpose Tri-polar contactors are provided which will close
simultaneously by closing a single switch. The motor should not be kept in working order, if
any one of the 3-phase of supply is not available.
Advantages Of 3 Phase Induction Motor:
1. This is a self starting motor.
2. Its cost is low and maintenance is easy when compared to single phase motor.
3. Its efficiency is high.
4. These motors will occupy less space.
Alternators:
An alternator is an electromechanical device that converts mechanical energy to alternating
current electrical energy. Most alternators use a rotating magnetic field but linear alternators
are occasionally used. In principle, any AC electrical generator can be called an alternator, but
usually the word refers to small rotating machines driven by automotive and other internal
combustion engines. Alternators in power stations driven by steam turbines are called turbo-
alternators.

Converter / Rectifier and Inverter:

A rectifier is an electrical device that converts alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC), a process known as rectification. Rectifiers have many uses including as components of power supplies and as detectors of radio signals. Rectifiers may be made of solid state diodes, vacuum tube diodes, mercury arc valves, and other components. A device which performs the opposite function (converting DC to AC) is known as an inverter.

When only one diode is used to rectify AC (by blocking the negative or positive portion of the waveform), the difference between the term diode and the term rectifier is merely one of usage, i.e., the term rectifier describes a diode that is being used to convert AC to DC. Almost all rectifiers comprise a number of diodes in a specific arrangement for more efficiently converting AC to DC than is possible with only one diode.

for more efficiently converting AC to DC than is possible with only one diode. Page 22
for more efficiently converting AC to DC than is possible with only one diode. Page 22

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material A full-wave rectifier converts the whole of the
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material A full-wave rectifier converts the whole of the

A full-wave rectifier converts the whole of the input waveform to one of constant

polarity (positive or negative) at its output. Full-wave rectification converts both polarities of the input waveform to DC (direct current), and is more efficient. However, in a circuit with a non-center tapped transformer, four diodes are required instead of the one needed for half-wave rectification. Four rectifiers arranged this way are called a diode bridge or bridge rectifier:

this way are called a diode bridge or bridge rectifier: Inverter: An inverter is an electrical
Inverter: An inverter is an electrical device that converts direct current (DC) to alternating current
Inverter:
An inverter is an electrical device that converts direct current
(DC) to alternating current (AC); the resulting AC can be at any
required voltage and frequency with the use of appropriate
transformers, switching, and control circuits.
Static inverters have no moving parts and are used in a wide
range of applications, from small switching power supplies in
computers, to large electric utility high-voltage direct current
applications that transport bulk power. Inverters are commonly used
to supply AC power from DC sources such as solar panels or
batteries.
The electrical inverter is a high-power electronic oscillator. It
is so named because early mechanical AC to DC converter was made
to work in reverse, and thus was "inverted", to convert DC to AC.

The inverter performs the opposite function of a rectifier. Inverters are manufactured with diodes, GTOs, IGBTs etc.,

Precautions:

You should make sure that electrical equipment used for a work is safe. Here is a list of actions that should be taken to ensure this is so:

1. Perform a risk assessment to identify the hazards, the risks arising from those hazards, and the control measures you should use.

2. Check that the electrical equipment is suitable for the work and way in which it is going

to be used.

3. Check that the electrical equipment is in good condition. The priced HSE booklet ‗Maintaining portable and transportable electrical equipmentwill help you do this.

portable and tra nsportable electrical equipment ‘ will help you do this. Page 23 of 339
portable and tra nsportable electrical equipment ‘ will help you do this. Page 23 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 4. Check that the equipment is suitable for
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 4. Check that the equipment is suitable for

4. Check that the equipment is suitable for the electrical supply with which it is going to be used, and the electrical supply is safe.

5. It is often beneficial to use a Residual Current Device (RCD) between the electrical supply and the equipment.

6. Make sure that the user of the equipment is trained to use it safely and can keep others safe.

7. Make sure the user knows which personal protective equipment to wear, how to use it, and make sure they do.

MECHANICAL BASICS:

Diesel Engine:

Definition:

An engine is a generator that produces mechanical force and motion from another form of energy (eg. a fuel source, compressed gas (eg. air) or electricity). It is also referred to as a prime mover.

Two types of engines: 1. Internal combustion, 2. External combustion. An internal-combustion engine that uses
Two types of engines:
1. Internal combustion,
2. External combustion.
An internal-combustion engine that uses the heat of highly compressed air to ignite a
spray of fuel introduced after the start of the compression stroke.
THE FOUR STROKE PRINCIPLE:
Every engine today runs on FOUR STROKES or FOUR CYCLES- both these terms
mean the same. Here is how the four stroke diesel engine operates.
The four strokes are: INTAKE-COMPRESSION-POWER-EXHAUST. The pistons,
valves and injectors work together in each cylinder in a set sequence over and over.
1) INTAKE STROKE:

Intake valves in the cylinder head open allowing pressurized air to enter each cylinder while the piston is travelling downward.{the pressurized air supply is made possible by the TURBOCHARGER which pushes air into the intake system giving the diesel engine a boost of air to keep up with instantaneous injection of fuel}.

2) COMPRESSION STROKE:

When the piston starts to make it's way back upward the valves close which traps the intake air in the cylinder which allows compression to take place, the HEAT OF COMPRESSION is reached when the piston reaches the top of the cylinder, the diesel fuel is then injected into the cylinder at the precise time.

3) POWER STROKE:

After injection takes place an explosion occurs in the cylinder because of the combination of heat and atomized diesel fuel. This causes the piston to be forced downward which produces torque and the horsepower required from a typical diesel engine.

which produces torque and the horsepower required from a typical diesel engine. Page 24 of 339
which produces torque and the horsepower required from a typical diesel engine. Page 24 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 4) EXHAUST STROKE: After the power stroke the
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 4) EXHAUST STROKE: After the power stroke the

4) EXHAUST STROKE:

After the power stroke the piston moves upward once again while the exhaust valves open allowing the previously ignited gases to escape to the atmosphere out the exhaust system.

As mentioned before each cylinder goes through this exact sequence over and over in a set firing order. For instance, a 6 cylinder diesel engine has a firing order 1- 5- 3- 6- 2- 4 This is the order that each cylinder goes by, following the 4 strokes mentioned above. This sequence has been engineered to allow the diesel engine to run smoothly with no imbalance.

Diesel engine parts:

The core of the engine is the cylinder, with the piston moving up and down inside the cylinder. In a multi-cylinder engine, the cylinders usually are arranged in one of three ways:

inline, V or flat (also known as horizontally opposed or boxer),

Valves :

The intake and exhaust valves open at the proper time to let in air and
The intake and exhaust valves open at the proper time to let in air and fuel and to let out
exhaust. Note that both valves are closed during compression and combustion so that the
combustion chamber is sealed.
Piston:
A piston is a cylindrical piece of metal that moves up and down inside the cylinder.
Piston rings:
Piston rings provide a sliding seal between the outer edge of the piston and the inner edge of the
cylinder. The rings serve two purposes:
 They prevent the fuel/air mixture and exhaust in the combustion chamber from leaking into
the sump during compression and combustion.
 They keep oil in the sump from leaking into the combustion area, where it would be burned
and lost.
Connecting rod:
The connecting rod connects the piston to the crankshaft. It can rotate at both ends so that
its angle can change as the piston moves and the crankshaft rotates.
Crankshaft :

The crankshaft turns the piston's up and down motion into circular motion just like a crank on a jack-in-the-box does.

Sump :

The sump surrounds the crankshaft. It contains some amount of oil, which collects in the bottom of the sump (the oil pan).

Connecting rod:

The connecting rod connects the piston to the crankshaft. It can rotate at both ends so that its angle can change as the piston moves and the crankshaft rotates.

Crankshaft :

The crank shaft turns the piston's up and down motion into circular motion just like a crank on a jack-in-the-box does.

and down motion into circular motion just like a crank on a jack-in-the-box does. Page 25
and down motion into circular motion just like a crank on a jack-in-the-box does. Page 25

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Abbreviations Of Locations BA -1, 2,3 & 4
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Abbreviations Of Locations BA -1, 2,3 & 4

Abbreviations Of Locations

BA -1, 2,3 & 4 POWER EQUIPMENT CUBICLE CAB-1 LOCO PILOT'S CAB NO.1 CAB-2 LOCO
BA -1, 2,3 & 4
POWER EQUIPMENT CUBICLE
CAB-1
LOCO PILOT'S CAB NO.1
CAB-2
LOCO PILOT'S CAB NO.2
PC-1
LOCO PILOT'S DESK NO.1
PC-2
LOCO PILOT'S DESK NO.2
RSI
SILICON RECTIFIER CUBICLE
TPN
PNEUMATIC CUBICLE
TB
PROGRAMME SWITCH BOARD IN CAB-2
TK-1
CONTACTOR CUBICLE IN CAB-2
TK-2
RESISTOR FRAME ON THE REAR OF CAB-2
TR
RELAY PANEL IN CAB-2
M
MACHINE ROOM
T
TRANSFORMER (HT COMPARTMENT)
General List Of Abbreviations For Locomotive
ABBREVIATION
DESCRIPTION
LOCATION
A3
AMMETER FOR CAB1
PC-1
A4
AMMETER FOR CAB2
PC-2
ARNO
ARNO CONVERTER
M
ASMGR
AUXILIARY INTERLOCKS OF TAP
CHANGER
T
ATFEX
TRANSFORMER FOR BRAKING
EXCITATION
HT1
BA
BATTERY
BOTH SIDES OF
THE UNDER
FRAMES
BL1-2
AUXILIARY CONTACTS ON THE SWITCH
BOXES CAB1 & 2
PC1 & 2
BLCP1-2
COMPRESSOR SWITCH (AUTOMATIC)
PC1 & 2
BLCPD1-2
COMPRESSOR SWITCH (DIRECT)
PC1 & 2
BLDJ1-2
HIGH VOLTAGE CKT. BREAKER SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLLF1-2
MARKER & DESK'S LAMP'S SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLLM1-2
COMPARTMENT LAMP SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLPRD1-2
HEAD LIGHT DIM SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLPRF1-2
FRONT HEAD LIGHT SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLPRR1-2
REAR HEAD LIGHT SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLPV 1-2
VACUUM PUMP SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLQPV 1-2
VACUUM PUMP SWITCH FOR 2 ND
EXHAUSTER
PC1 & 2
BLRA1-2
CAB HEATER SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLRDJ1-2
HIGH VOLTAGE CKT. BREAKER
RESETTING SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLSN1-2
NEUTRAL SECTION SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLVMT1-2
TRACTION MOTOR'S BLOWERS SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLZLF1-2
MARKER (RED) LAMPS SWITCH
PC1 & 2
BLOWERS SWITCH PC1 & 2 BLZLF1-2 MARKER (RED) LAMPS SWITCH PC1 & 2 Page 26 of
BLOWERS SWITCH PC1 & 2 BLZLF1-2 MARKER (RED) LAMPS SWITCH PC1 & 2 Page 26 of

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material BP1DJ PUSH BUTTON FOR TESTING DJ TR OPENING
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material BP1DJ PUSH BUTTON FOR TESTING DJ TR OPENING
BP1DJ PUSH BUTTON FOR TESTING DJ TR OPENING BP2DJ PUSH BUTTON FOR TESTING DJ TR
BP1DJ
PUSH
BUTTON
FOR
TESTING
DJ
TR
OPENING
BP2DJ
PUSH
BUTTON
FOR
TESTING
DJ
TR
CLOSING
BPP1 & 2
PUSH
BUTTON
FOR
OPERATING
GR
PC1 & 2
PROGRESSION
BPR1 & 2
PUSH
BUTTON
FOR
OPERATING
GR
PC1 & 2
REGRESSION
BV
AUXILIARY CONTACTS OF HOM SWITCH
M
BPT
PUSH
BUTTON
FOR
SELF
CHECK
OF
TR
SIGNALLING LAMPS
C101
3-POLE CONTACTOR FOR COMPRESSOR
TK1
NO.1
C102
3-POLE CONTACTOR FOR COMPRESSOR
TK1
NO.2
C103
3-POLE CONTACTOR FOR COMPRESSOR
TK1
NO.3
C105
3-POLE CONTACTOR FOR TRACTION
MOTOR BLOWER NO1
TK1
C106
3-POLE CONTACTOR FOR TRACTION
MOTOR BLOWER NO. 2
TK1
C107
3-POLE CONTACTOR FOR
TRANSFORMER OIL COOLER BLOWER
TK1
C111
3-POLE
CONTACTOR
FOR
EXHAUSTER
TK1
NO.2
C121
3-POLE
CONTACTOR
FOR
EXHAUSTER
TK1
NO.1
C118
ARNO STARTING PHASE CONTACTOR
M
C145
BREAKING EXCITATION CONTACTOR
BA-3
CAPTFWA
CONDENSER FOR TFWA TERMINALS
A0-A1 (AUX. WINDING)
T
CAPTFP
CONDENSER FOR TFP TERMINALS A3-A4
& A5-A6
T
CCA
FUSE FOR AUX. CONTROL CIRCUIT
TB
CCBA
FUSE FOR BATTERIES
TB
ADDL. CCBA
FUSE
FOR
BATTERY
+VE
CABLE
BA-1 BOX
PROTECTION
CCDJ
FUSE
FOR
Q45,
C118,
EFDJ
&
MTDJ
TB
BRANCHES
CCLC
FUSE FOR CAB, CORRIDOR, HT
COMPARTMENT
LIGHTING & WALL SOCKETS
TB
CCLF 1-2
FUSE FOR MARKER & PC LAMPS
TB
CCLS
FUSE FOR SIGNALLING CIRCUIT
TB
CCPT
FUSE FOR PANTO CKT
TB
CCRA 1-2
FUSE FOR CAB HEATERS
TB
CCRT
FUSE FOR HEAD LIGHT
M
CCVT
FUSE FOR CAB FAN MOTORS
TB
CGR 1, 2, 3
TAP CHANGER CONTACTORS
T
LIGHT M CCVT FUSE FOR CAB FAN MOTORS TB CGR 1, 2, 3 TAP CHANGER CONTACTORS
LIGHT M CCVT FUSE FOR CAB FAN MOTORS TB CGR 1, 2, 3 TAP CHANGER CONTACTORS

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material CHBA STATIC BATTERY CHARGER M CP 1, 2,
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material CHBA STATIC BATTERY CHARGER M CP 1, 2,
CHBA STATIC BATTERY CHARGER M CP 1, 2, 3 MAIN COMPRESSOR M CPA AUXILIARY COMPRESSOR
CHBA
STATIC BATTERY CHARGER
M
CP 1, 2, 3
MAIN COMPRESSOR
M
CPA
AUXILIARY COMPRESSOR
CAB-1
CTF 1, 2, 3
TRACTION
BRAKING
CHANGE
OVER
BA1, 2, 3
CONTACTORS
DJ
HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKER
ROOF
ECC
FUSE TESTER
TB
EFDJ
ELECTRO VALVE FOR CLOSING OF THE
HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKER
DJ ASSEMBLY IN
HT2
ELM
CURRENT TRANSFORMER FOR
BREAKING EXCITATION TRANSFORMER
BA2
ET-1
ROOF SURGE ARRESTER
ROOF
ET-2
ROOF BUSHINGS SURGE ARRESTER
ROOF
ETTFP1-2
SURGE ARRESTERS FOR TFP
T
(HT-2)
ETTFWA
SURGE ARRESTERS FOR TFP
T
(HT-2)
EVPHGR
ELECTRO VALVE FOR GR OIL PUMP
T
FL
FLASHER LIGHT UNIT
ROOF
FLCU
FLASHER LIGHT FOR CONTROL UNIT
IN BOTH CABS
GR
TAP CHANGER
T
(HT-2)
HBA
BATTERY ISOLATING SWITCH
TB
HCP
SELECTOR SWITCH FOR COMPRESSOR
TB
HOBA
CHANGE OVER SWITCH FOR BATTERY
NEGATIVE EARTHING
TB
HOM
LOCO EARTHING SWITCH
ROOF
HPH
DISCONNECTING SWITCH FOR OIL PUMP
TB
HPT-1
ISOLATING & EARTHING ROOF BAR FOR
ROOF
PANTOGRAPH1
HPT-2
ISOLATING & EARTHING ROOF BAR FOR
ROOF
PANTOGRAPH2
HQOA
ISOLATION SWITCH FOR QOA
TB
HMCS1, 2
MOTOR CUT OUT SWITCH
TB
HQCVAR
ISOLATING SWITCH FOR QCVAR
TB
HQOP1, 2
CHANGE OVER SWITCH FOR TRACTION
POWER EARTH FAULT RELAYS
BA-2
HVMT1 & 2
DISCONNECTING SWITCH FOR
TRACTION MOTOR BLOWER
TB
HVRH
DISCONNECTING SWITCH FOR OIL
COOLER BLOWER MOTOR
TB
HVSI1-1 & 2
DISCONNECTING SWITCH FOR
RECTIFIER BLOWER-1 & 2
RSI-1 & 2
HVSL- 1 & 2
DISCONNECTING SWITCH FOR
SMOOTHENING
REACTOR BLOWER MOTOR-1 & 2
TB
J1
REVERSER FOR TRACTION MOTORS 1, 2
BA-1
&
3
J2
REVERSER FOR TRACTION MOTORS 4, 5
BA-2
&
6
L1 TO 6
LINE CONTACTOR FOR TRACTION
MOTORS 1 TO 6
BA3
4, 5 BA-2 & 6 L1 TO 6 LINE CONTACTOR FOR TRACTION MOTORS 1 TO 6
4, 5 BA-2 & 6 L1 TO 6 LINE CONTACTOR FOR TRACTION MOTORS 1 TO 6

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material LA1-1/1-2 LAMPS FOR THE AMMETERS OF CAB-1 PC1
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material LA1-1/1-2 LAMPS FOR THE AMMETERS OF CAB-1 PC1
LA1-1/1-2 LAMPS FOR THE AMMETERS OF CAB-1 PC1 LA2-1/2-2 LAMPS FOR THE AMMETERS OF CAB-2
LA1-1/1-2
LAMPS FOR THE AMMETERS OF CAB-1
PC1
LA2-1/2-2
LAMPS FOR THE AMMETERS OF CAB-2
PC2
LBL1-1/1-2
LAMPS FOR SWITCHES BOX BL-1
PC1
LBL2-1/2-2
LAMPS FOR SWITCHES BOX BL-2
PC2
LC1-1/1-2
CEILING LAMP FOR CAB-1
CAB1
LC2-1/2-2
CEILING LAMP FOR CAB-2
CAB-2
LECC
FUSE TESTER LAMP
TB
LF1/D-1/G
MARKER LIGHTS CAB-1 (RIGHT & LEFT)
CAB-1
LF2/D-2/G
MARKER LIGHTS CAB-2 (RIGHT & LEFT)
CAB-2
LM1-6 & 8
CORRIDOR LIGHTS
SIDE WALLS
LSCHBA1-2
SIGNALLING
LAMP
FOR
STATIC
PC1 & 2
BATTERY CHARGER
LSDJ1-2
HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKER
SIGNALLING LAMP (RED)
PC1 & 2
LSGR1-2
TAP
CHANGER
SIGNALLING
LAMP
PC1 & 2
(GREEN)
LS GROUP1&2
DEFECTIVE LOCO INDICATION LAMP IN
MU (RED)
CAB1&2
LSOL1-2
HEALTHY LOCO INDICATION LAMP IN
MU (YELLOW)
PC1 & 2
LSP1-2
SLIPPING SIGNALLING LAMP (RED)
PC1 & 2
LSB1-2
TRACTION BRAKING CONTROL CIRCUIT
READINESS SIGNALLING LAMP
(YELLOW)
PC1 & 2
LSRSI1-2
RECTIFIER
SIGNALLING
LAMP
PC1 & 2
(YELLOW)
LTBA
BATTERY SURGE ARRESTER
TK2
M1-6
TRACTION MOTOR 1-6
BOGIE
MCP1, 2, 3
MAIN COMPRESSOR MOTOR
M
MCPA
AUXILIARY COMPRESSOR MOTOR
PC1
MF1-6
MAIN FIELD FOR TRACTION MOTOR
UNDER TRUCK
MP1-2
MASTER CONTROLLER CAB1-2
PC1, 2
MPF1-2
BRAKING CONTROLLER
PC1, 2
MPH
OIL PUMP MOTOR
T
MPJ1-2
REVERSER HANDLE
PC1 & 2
MPS1-2
FIELD WEAKENING CONTROLLER
PC1 & 2
MPV1-2
EXHAUSTERS 1 & 2
M
MTDJ
DJ HOLDING ELECTRO VALVE
ROOF
MVMT1-2
MOTOR
FOR
TRACTION
MOTOR
M
BLOWER
MVRF1-2
MOTOR
FOR
BRAKING
RESISTER
M
BLOWER
MVRH
BLOWER
MOTOR
FOR
OIL
COOLER
T
BLOWER
MVSI1-2
SILICON RECTIFIER BLOWER MOTOR
RSI
MOTOR FOR OIL COOLER T BLOWER MVSI1-2 SILICON RECTIFIER BLOWER MOTOR RSI Page 29 of 339
MOTOR FOR OIL COOLER T BLOWER MVSI1-2 SILICON RECTIFIER BLOWER MOTOR RSI Page 29 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material MVSL1-2 BLOWER MOTOR FOR SMOOTHENING M REACTOR MVT1-1/1-2
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material MVSL1-2 BLOWER MOTOR FOR SMOOTHENING M REACTOR MVT1-1/1-2
MVSL1-2 BLOWER MOTOR FOR SMOOTHENING M REACTOR MVT1-1/1-2 CAB FAN MOTOR CAB-1 CAB-1 MVT2-1/2-2 CAB
MVSL1-2
BLOWER
MOTOR
FOR
SMOOTHENING
M
REACTOR
MVT1-1/1-2
CAB FAN MOTOR CAB-1
CAB-1
MVT2-1/2-2
CAB FAN MOTOR CAB-2
CAB-2
MUC
ELECTRICAL
MU
COUPLERS
BETWEEN
BOTH
SIDE
OF
LOCOS
LOCO
PCLX1-3
WALL SOCKET
TB, BA1&BA2
PH
OIL PUMP
T
PR1-2
HEAD LIGHT CAB-1, CAB-2
ROOF
PSA1, 2
SANDING
ELECTRO
VALVE
PEDAL
PC1, 2
SWITCH
PT1, 2
PANTOGRAPH 1&2
ROOF
PV1, 2
EXHAUSTER1 & 2
M
PVEF1, 2
PEDAL
SWITCH
FOR
LOCO
BRAKE
PC1, 2
ELIMINATION
Q20
OVER VOLTAGE RELAY
BA3
Q30
NO VOLTAGE RELAY OR LOW VOLTAGE
RELAY
TR
Q44
HIGH
VOLTAGE
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
TR
TRIPPING RELAY
Q45
DJ RESETTING RELAY
TR
Q46
TAP CHANGER PROTECTION RELAY
TR
Q48
SLIPPING
DEVICE
TIME-LAG
AND
TR
SIGNALLING RELAY
Q49
SYNCHRONIZING RELAY
TR
Q50
RELAY FOR REVERSER, CTF & C145
TR
Q51
AUTO REGRESSION RELAY
TR
Q52
NOTCH TO NOTCH RELAY FOR GR
TR
Q100
INTERLOCKING
RELAY
OF
REMOTE
TR
AUXILIARIES
Q118
TIME-LAG RELAY FOR MONITORING AIR
FLOW RELAYS
TR
QCVAR
PROTECTION RELAY FOR ARNO
TR
QE
OVER
LOAD
RELAY
FOR
BRAKING
TR
EXCITATION
QD1-2
SLIPPING DEVICE DIFFERENTIAL RELAY
BA1, 2
QLM
HIGH VOLTAGE OVER LOAD RELAY
TR
QOA
AUXILIARY
CIRCUIT
EARTH
FAULT
TR
RELAY
QOP1-2
MAIN CIRCUIT EARTHING RELAY
TR
QPDJ
PRESSURE SWITCH FOR DJ
T
QPH
OIL FLOW INDICATION RELAY
T
QF1, 2
OVER
LOAD
RELAY
FOR
BRAKING
BA-2
CURRENT
QRSI1-2
OVER LOAD FOR SILICON RECTIFIER
TR
QTD105
TIME DELAY RELAY FOR C105
TK2
QTD106
TIME DELAY RELAY FOR C106
TK2
QV60
HIGH
VOLTAGE
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
TR
SIGNALLING RELAY
RELAY FOR C106 TK2 QV60 HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKER TR SIGNALLING RELAY Page 30 of 339
RELAY FOR C106 TK2 QV60 HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKER TR SIGNALLING RELAY Page 30 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material QV61 BATTERY CHARGER SIGNALLING RELAY TR QV62 TAP
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material QV61 BATTERY CHARGER SIGNALLING RELAY TR QV62 TAP
QV61 BATTERY CHARGER SIGNALLING RELAY TR QV62 TAP CHANGER SIGNALLING RELAY TR QV63 RECTIFIER GROUP
QV61
BATTERY CHARGER SIGNALLING RELAY
TR
QV62
TAP CHANGER SIGNALLING RELAY
TR
QV63
RECTIFIER GROUP SIGNALLING RELAY
TR
QV64
CONTROL CIRCUIT SIGNALLING RELAY
TR
QVLSOL
RELAY
FOR
DEFECTIVE
LOCO
FAULT
TR
INDICATION LAMP
QVMT1-2
AIR FLOW INDICATION RELAY FOR
TRACTION MOTOR BLOWERS 1 & 2
M
QVSL1-2
AIR FLOW INDICATION RELAY FOR
SMOOTHENING REACTOR BLOWERS
M
QVRH
AIR FLOW INDICATION RELAY FOR
TRANSFORMER OIL COOLER BLOWER
T
QVSI1-2
AIR
FLOW
INDICATION
RELAY
FOR
RSI
RECTIFIER BLOWER
QWC
WEIGHT COMPENSATION RELAY
TR
R118
STARTING
RESISTANCE
FOR
ARNO
M
CONVERTER
RA1/1-1/2
CAB HEATER FOR CAB1
CAB-1
RA2/1-2/2
CAB HEATER FOR CAB2
CAB-2
RCAPTFP1-2
RESISTANCE FOR CAPTFP
T
RF
BRAKING RESISTANCE
M
RGR
TAP CHANGER TRANSITION RESISTANCE
T
RPGR
TAP CHANGER PERMANENT RESISTANCE
T
RGCP
COMPRESSOR
REGULATOR
GOVERNOR
AC-1
RHOBA
BATTERY
EARTHING
DEVICE
TK2
RESISTANCE
RPQOA
PERMANENT RESISTANCE FOR QOA
TK2
RPQOP
PERMANENT RESISTANCE FOR QOP
TK2
RPS1-6
PERMANENT FIELD WEAKENING
RESISTANCE FOR TRACTION MOTORS 1-6
T
RQ20
LIMITING RESISTANCE FOR Q20
BA2
RQ30
LIMITING RESISTANCE FOR Q30
TK2
RQOA
EARTHING
RESISTANCE
FOR
AUX.
TK2
POWER CIRCUIT
RQOP1-2
PERMANENT EARTHING RESISTANCE
FOR AUX. POWER CIRCUIT
BA2
RS
FIELD WEAKENING RESISTANCE
BA 3&4
RSI 1-2
SILICON RECTIFIER CUBICLE1-2
M
RSILM
RECTIFIER CURRENT TRANSFORMER
RSI1, 2
RU 1-2
RESISTANCE FOR VOLTMETER
BA2
SHAA 1-2
SHUNT FOR AMMETERS
BA1, 2
SHF 1 & 2
SHUNTS FOR RELAY QF 1 & 2
BA 3
SJ 1 & 2
INDUCTIVE SHUNT
M
SL 1 & 2
SMOOTHENING REACTOR
FRAME
SMGR
TAP CHANGER AIR MOTOR
T
SMGR VE1
ELECTRO VALVE FOR PROGRESSION OF
TAP CHANGER
T
SMGR VE2
ELECTRO VALVE FOR REGRESSION OF
TAP CHANGER
T
OF TAP CHANGER T SMGR VE2 ELECTRO VALVE FOR REGRESSION OF TAP CHANGER T Page 31
OF TAP CHANGER T SMGR VE2 ELECTRO VALVE FOR REGRESSION OF TAP CHANGER T Page 31

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material TFVT TRANSFORMER FOR CAB FAN TK 2 TFWA
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material TFVT TRANSFORMER FOR CAB FAN TK 2 TFWA
TFVT TRANSFORMER FOR CAB FAN TK 2 TFWA MAIN TRANSFORMER WINDING FOR THE AUXILIARY CIRCUITS
TFVT
TRANSFORMER FOR CAB FAN
TK 2
TFWA
MAIN TRANSFORMER WINDING FOR THE
AUXILIARY CIRCUITS
T
TFILM
CURRENT TRANSFORMER FOR QLM
M (CEILING)
TFP
MAIN TRANSFORMER, SECONDARY
WINDING FOR POWER CIRCUITS
T
TFWR
MAIN
TRANSFORMER
WINDING
FOR
T
VOLTAGE REGULATION
TH
EARTH CONNECTION
LOCO FRONT &
REAR SIDE
U 1, U2, U5, U6
VOLTMETER FOR TRACTION MOTOR
CAB1, 2
UA 1-2
AUXILIARY CIRCUIT VOLTMETER
CAB1, 2
UBA
BATTERY VOLT METER
TB
VEF
ELECTRO VALVE FOR BRAKING
TPN
VEPT-1
ELECTRO VALVE FOR PANTOGRAPH-1
TPN
VEPT-2
ELECTRO VALVE FOR PANTOGRAPH-2
TPN
VESA 1 & 2
ELECTRO VALVE FOR SANDERS
CAB-1
VESA 3 & 4
ELECTRO VALVE FOR SANDERS
TK2
VMT 1-2
BLOWER FOR TRACTION MOTOR
M
VRF 1-2
BLOWER FOR BREAKING RESISTANCE
M
VRH
BLOWER FOR OIL COOLER
T
VS
BLOCKING DIODES
TK-2
VSI 1-2
BLOWER FOR SILICON RECTIFIER
RSI
VSL
BLOWER FOR SMOOTHENING REACTOR
M
ZCPA
SWITCH FOR AUXILIARY COMPRESSOR
CAB-1
ZLC 1-2
SWITCH FOR CAB LIGHT
CAB-1 & 2
ZLE 3
SWITCH FOR AC 2 PANEL LAMPS
CSAB-2
ZPT 1-2
SWITCH
FOR
SELECTION
OF
THE
PC 1, 2
PANTOGRAPH
ZPV
SWITCH
FOR
SELECTION
OF
THE
TB
EXHAUSTER
ZRT
SWITCH FOR RTPR
TB
ZSMGR
SWITCH CUT OUT
FOR
SMGR
T
ELECTRICAL AND PNEUMATIC
ZSMS
CHANGE OVER SWITCH FOR MP & EEC
T
ZUBA
SWITCH FOR BATTERY VOLTMETER
AC 2 (CAB-2)
OVER SWITCH FOR MP & EEC T ZUBA SWITCH FOR BATTERY VOLTMETER AC 2 (CAB-2) Page
OVER SWITCH FOR MP & EEC T ZUBA SWITCH FOR BATTERY VOLTMETER AC 2 (CAB-2) Page

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Technical Data At A Glance Of Goods And
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Technical Data At A Glance Of Goods And

Technical Data At A Glance Of Goods And Coaching Locos

Goods Conventional Goods 3 Phase Coaching Conventional Coaching 3 Phase S.No Technical Data WAG5 WAG7
Goods Conventional
Goods 3 Phase
Coaching Conventional
Coaching 3 Phase
S.No
Technical Data
WAG5
WAG7
WAG9
WAG9H
WAP1
WAP4
WAP5
WAP7
1
Type of traction
25 KV AC
25 KV AC
25 KV AC
25 KV AC
25 KV AC
25 KV AC
25 KV AC
25 KV AC
2
Gauge (mm)
1676
1676
1676
1676
1676
1676
1676
1676
3
Wheel dia (new) mm
1092
1092
1092
1092
1092
1092
1092
1092
Length over
4
19974
20394
20562
20562
18974
18974
18162
20562
couplers(mm)
5
Max. width (mm)
3055
3055
3100
3100
3000
3179
3090
3100
6
Height (panto down)
4162
4162
4255
4255
4235
4232.5
4235
4255
7
Axle Load (T)
19.8
20.5
20.5
22.5
18.05
18.8
13
20.5
8
Total weight (T)
118.8
123
123
135
108.3
112.8
78
123
9
Axle arrangement
Co-Co
Co-Co
Co-Co
Co-Co
Co-Co
Co-Co
Bo-Bo
Co-Co
Nose
Nose
Nose
Nose
Nose
Nose
Nose
Nose
10
T M suspension
suspension
suspension
suspension
suspension
suspension
suspension
suspension
suspension
Dynamic
Dynamic
Regenerative
Regenerative
Dynamic
Dynamic
Regenerative
Regenerative
Pneumatic
Pneumatic
Pneumatic
Pneumatic
Pneumatic
Pneumatic
Pneumatic
Pneumatic
11
Brakes
No
No
Parking
Parking
No
No
Parking
Parking
No
No
Anti spin
Anti spin
No
No
Anti spin
Anti spin
Tractive Effort
458
KN (46.7
520 KN
258 KN
322.6 KN
12
33.5 T
42/44 T
22.4 T
30.8 T
(Max.)
T)
(53 T)
(26.3 T)
(32.8 T)
260
KN (26.5
325 KN (33.1
160 KN (16.3
180 KN (18.5
13
Braking effort
17.33 T
17.33 T
17.33 T
17.33 T
T)
T)
T)
T)
14
Max. Speed (in
KMPH)
80/100
100
100
100
140
130
160
160
15
Horse Power (hp)
3850
5000
6120
6120
3800
5000
5440
6120
Voltage control
Tap
Tap
Tap
16
Tap Changer
VVVF
VVVF
VVVF
VVVF
arrangement
Changer
Changer
Changer
Continuous
17
Transformer Rating
(KVA)
3900
5400
6500
6500
3900
5400
7500
6500
18
TM Voltage (Volts)
750
750
2180
2180
750
750
2180
2180
5400 7500 6500 18 TM Voltage (Volts) 750 750 2180 2180 750 750 2180 2180 Page
5400 7500 6500 18 TM Voltage (Volts) 750 750 2180 2180 750 750 2180 2180 Page

Page 33 of 339

ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 19 TM Output 585 KW 630 KW 1156
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 19 TM Output 585 KW 630 KW 1156
19 TM Output 585 KW 630 KW 1156 hp 1157 hp 585 KW 630 KW
19
TM Output
585 KW
630 KW
1156
hp
1157
hp
585 KW
630 KW
1563
hp
1156
hp
20
Gear Ratio
1: 4.1
1:3.6
1:5.1
1:5.1
1:2.8
1:2.5
1:3.6
1:3.6
21
Type of Service
Freight
Freight
Freight
Freight
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
415 V /
22
Power supply to
Auxiliary
ARNO/ 50
Hz
415 V /
ARNO/ 50
Hz
415 V /
Converter / 0
to 59 Hz
415 V /
Converter / 0
to 59 Hz
415
V /
ARNO/ 50
Hz
415 V /
ARNO/ 50
Hz
415 V /
Converter / 0
to 59 Hz
415 V /
Converter / 0
to 59 Hz
23
Power Supply to TM
(Volts)
750
750
2180
2180
750
750
2180
2180
24
No. of Power
Converters
2 RSI
2
RSI
2 SR
2 SR
2 RSI
2
RSI
2 SR
2 SR
6 No. TAO /
Hitachi
6
Nos.
6 Nos. 6
6 Nos. 6
6
Nos.
4 Nos. 6
6 Nos. 6
6 Nos. TAO
Hitachi 840
FRA6068
FRA6068
Hitachi 840
FXA7059
FRA6068
770
hp
25
Traction motors
770/840 hp
hp
1156
hp
1157
hp
hp
1563
hp
1156
hp
3inductio
3inductio
3inductio
3inductio
DC Series
DC Series
DC Series
DC Series
n motors
n motors
n motors
n motors
On Wheel
On Wheel
26
Parking Brakes
NO
NO
NO
NO
2,6,7,11
2,6,7,11
On Wheel 1,
4, 5, 8
On Wheel
2,6,7,11
Loco Brakes
On Wheel
On Wheel
On Wheel
On Wheel
On Wheel
On Wheel
On Disc
On Wheel
27
(Kg/cm2)
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
5.0
3.5
28
Hotel Load
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
Available
NO
29
Hauling in 1 in 200
3810
T
4738
T
5060
T
5500
T
30
Hauling in 1 in 150
3200
T
3977
T
4250
T
4700
T
WAG-9H: The task involved was to increase the starting tractive effort from 460 KN to 520 KN. This was achieved by increasing the adhesive weight of
the locomotive from 123 T to 135 T
was achieved by increasing the adhesive weight of the locomotive from 123 T to 135 T
was achieved by increasing the adhesive weight of the locomotive from 123 T to 135 T

Page 34 of 339

ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material LOCATIONS (WAG-5) Cab1 - Loco Pilots Desk: A9
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material LOCATIONS (WAG-5) Cab1 - Loco Pilots Desk: A9

LOCATIONS (WAG-5)

Cab1 - Loco Pilots Desk:

A9

SA9

MP

MPJ

MPS

ZPT

BL

Automatic vacuum brake or Air brake valve with feed valve Independent air brake with feed valve Master Controller Reverses operating key Shunting contactors operating handle Key for operating pantograph Box lever key (8 on top row & 8 on bottom row) (10 lamps) Weight compensation relay switch Push button switch for progression Push button switch for regression Push button switch for testing Buzzer for over voltage

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

BL switches- Pilot lamps - ZQWC- BPP - BPR - BPT - - Horns (LT
BL switches-
Pilot lamps -
ZQWC-
BPP
-
BPR
-
BPT
-
-
Horns (LT & HT)
SON
Cut Out Cocks:
A9 inlet Cut Out COC
A9 outlet COC
SA9 inlet COC
SA9 outlet COC
Horn (HT) COC
Horn (LT) COC
Wipers COC
A8 COC (Lead / Trail))
PSA -
PVEF -
FLCU -
Pedal switch for operating sander valve
Pedal switch for nullifying loco brakes along with train brake
Flasher light unit
Speedometer (recorder and/or indicator)
Gauges:

Brake cylinder pressure gauge (Max of 3.5 Kg/cm2) Brake pipe pressure gauge (Max of 5 Kg/cm2) Feed Pipe pressure gauge (Max of 6 Kg/cm2) Main reservoir pressure gauge (Max of 9.5 Kg/cm2) Vacuum gauge Air flow indicator

Meters

U1

-

Voltmeter for TM1

U2

-

Voltmeter for TM2

A3

-

Ammeter for TM3

UA1

-

Line voltmeter/Auxiliary

RS-1

-

Handle for operating brake by Assistant Loco Pilot

RS-1 - Handle for operating brake by Assistant Loco Pilot Page 35 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway
RS-1 - Handle for operating brake by Assistant Loco Pilot Page 35 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Cab1 Left Side Locker: Limiting valve set at
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Cab1 Left Side Locker: Limiting valve set at

Cab1 Left Side Locker:

Limiting valve set at 1.8 Kg/cm2 Electrical VEF and Mechanical VEF HS4 Pressure gauge with feed valve (Set to 1.4 to 1.7 Kg/cm2) HB5 COC SWC

RGEB-1

MU2B valve (Lead / Trail) F1 selector valve

Cab1 Centre Locker:

VESA1 & VESA2 with COCs - Electro valves for sanders with COCs VEPT1 - Electro valve for pantograph1 TV -Throttle valve ZCPA -Switch for auxiliary compressor MCPA-Motor for auxiliary compressor CPA DC-CPA's drain COC SS1 - Safety valve 1(Set to 8 Kg/cm2) RAL COC-RAL cut out COC RS with gauge - Reservoir Secondary with pressure gauge RS DC-RS drain COC RGCP and its COC - Regulating governor for compressor and its COC.

Cab1 Right Side Locker: Normally this side locker is empty, but the following safety items
Cab1 Right Side Locker:
Normally this side locker is empty, but the following safety items will be provided in this
locker.
Loco Pilot‘s Tool Box
Portable Telephone Box
Spare vacuum and air hose pipes (BP / FP)
Fire extinguishers (4 numbers)
Transition screw coupling
Ratchet type hand brake
Safety clamp, Wooden wedges (4 numbers)
Motor Chest No.1:

Motors

MCP1

MCP2

MCP3

MPV1

MPV2

MVMT1

Brake equipment

VA1B valve Vacuum relief valves (2Nos) A1 differential valve IP electrical valve with COC

Vacuum relief valves (2Nos) A1 differential valve IP electrical valve with COC Page 36 of 339
Vacuum relief valves (2Nos) A1 differential valve IP electrical valve with COC Page 36 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material VEUL 1, 2 & 3 with COCs Capacitors
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material VEUL 1, 2 & 3 with COCs Capacitors

VEUL 1, 2 & 3 with COCs Capacitors bank for MCP 1, 2&3 Vacuum train pipe COC (VTP COC) GD 8OD filter Distributor Valve (DV or C3W) with passenger/ freight service COC Quick release valve (QRV) PT1 COC VEAD with COC.

HT1 Compartment:

BA1 panel

CTF1

J1 for 1, 2, 3 Traction motors EP1 COC

QD1 ATFEX SJ 1&2 (Inductive shunt) 9 shunting contactors with their resistances RF resistances MVRF
QD1
ATFEX
SJ 1&2 (Inductive shunt)
9 shunting contactors with their resistances
RF resistances
MVRF (DC Series motor)
QVRF.
HT2 Compartment:

Tap changer (GR) CGR1, CGR 2 & CGR 3 MVSL1, QVSL1 MVSL2, QVSL2 Roof bushing bar/ HT cable with TFILM RGR, RPGR PHGR MPH, QPH MVRH, QVRH TFP oil conservator with gauge COWL box with RPS resistances Radiator DJ assembly RDJ reservoir RCC panel A33 terminal A34 terminal a0, a1 a3, a4, a5 & a6 terminals Two GR safety valves on GR drum TFP explosion door on TFP oil conservator

HT3 Compartment

BA-2 Panel

CTF2

J2 for 4,5,6 Traction Motors

on TFP oil conservator HT3 Compartment BA-2 Panel CTF2 J2 for 4,5,6 Traction Motors Page 37
on TFP oil conservator HT3 Compartment BA-2 Panel CTF2 J2 for 4,5,6 Traction Motors Page 37

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material HQOP1, HQOP2 Q20, RQ20 QE, QF1, QF2 RU1,
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material HQOP1, HQOP2 Q20, RQ20 QE, QF1, QF2 RU1,

HQOP1, HQOP2 Q20, RQ20 QE, QF1, QF2 RU1, RU2, QD2

BA-3 panel

C145

L1 to L6 9 shunting contactors with their resistances SHAA SJ3, SJ4, SJ5 & SJ6 RSI-1 &RSI-2 MVSI-1, QVSI-1 MVSI-2, QVSI-2 RCC panel

Motor Chest No.2: ARNO LTBA MVMT2 CHBA RTPR/DC DC CONVERTOR TFVT C118 and R118 Cab2
Motor Chest No.2:
ARNO
LTBA
MVMT2
CHBA
RTPR/DC DC CONVERTOR
TFVT
C118 and R118
Cab2 Back Side Panel (TK-2):
Resistances for relays
VS diodes
QTD105, QTD106
LTBA
VESA3, VESA4 with COCs
VEPT2 with COC
Throttle valve and SPM equipment.
Cab2 Loco Pilots Desk:

All the items are same as in cab 1, except the following changes Meters

A4

- Ammeter for TM4

U5

- Voltmeter for TM5

U6

- Voltmeter for TM6

UA2

- Line voltmeter/Auxiliary

Cab2 Right Side Locker (Relay Panel Or „TR‟):

QOP1,

QE,

QRSI1,

QRSI2,

QLA

QOP2,

Q30,

QLM,

QOA

QV60,

BP1DJ,

QV61,

BP2DJ,

QV62

QV63,

QV64,

Q51

QVLSOL,

QCVAR

Q45

Q46

QRS

Q49

Q50

Q52

Q100

Q120/121

QWC

QCVAR Q45 Q46 QRS Q49 Q50 Q52 Q100 Q120/121 QWC Page 38 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway
QCVAR Q45 Q46 QRS Q49 Q50 Q52 Q100 Q120/121 QWC Page 38 of 339 ETTC/BZA/S.C. Railway

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Q48 Q44 Q118 Cab2 Centre Locker (Contactor Panel
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Q48 Q44 Q118 Cab2 Centre Locker (Contactor Panel

Q48

Q44

Q118

Cab2 Centre Locker (Contactor Panel Or „TK1‟):

C103

C102

C101

C105

C121

C106

C111

C107

Cab2 Left Side Locker (Switch Panel or TB):

LECC ZUBA ZRT ZLS HQOA HBA HPH HVRH HCP HVSL2 ECC ZPV HQCVAR HVSL1 HCHBA
LECC
ZUBA
ZRT
ZLS
HQOA
HBA
HPH
HVRH
HCP
HVSL2
ECC
ZPV
HQCVAR
HVSL1
HCHBA
UBA
HMCS1
HVMT1
HVMT2
HMCS2
HOBA
CCBA
CCA
CCLSA
CCLC
CCRA2
CCRA1
CCPT
CCLF1
CCDJ
CCLS
CCVT
CCLF2
Spare fuses rack (35amps-2, 16amps-2, 10amps – 2, 6amps-4nos)
'C' CONK
'B' CONK
'A' CONK
Corridor No.2 :
ZSMGR
ZSMS
Transformer oil gauge
RDJ drain COC
SMGR pressure gauge
SMGR shaft with digital indicator, pacco switch
Corridor No.1:
HOM
HVSI1, HVSI2 on RSI blocks.
RSI1, RSI2 with 32 tell tail fuses.
Loco Right Side towards Cab2 End:

1. Feed valve 6 Kg/cm2 for Feed Pipe with COC

2. Duplex valve for MR equalizing pipe

3. SL1

4. NRV (Non Return Valve), MR3 with drain COC, BA box No.1, Addl. CCBA.

5. NRV, MR4 with drain COC, BA box No.2

6. Centrifugal dirt collector (CDC) with drain COC

7. MR4 COC

8. C2B relay valve, for loco brakes

9. Brake cylinder COC

10. Air flow measuring valve

11. Sander control valve with COC for wheel no 5 & 6

12. Centrifugal Dirt Accumulator drain COC above wheel No.4 (CDA)

13. R1 COC

6 12. Centrifugal Dirt Accumulator drain COC above wheel No.4 (CDA) 13. R1 COC Page 39
6 12. Centrifugal Dirt Accumulator drain COC above wheel No.4 (CDA) 13. R1 COC Page 39

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Loco Left Side from Cab1 End: 1. Three
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Loco Left Side from Cab1 End: 1. Three

Loco Left Side from Cab1 End:

1. Three unloader valves above wheel No.5

2. Three safety valves after un loader valves (Set at 11.5 Kg/cm2)

3. EP board drain COC

4. Centrifugal dirt collector with drain COC

5. C2A relay valve for Brake Pipe

6. Control reservoir drain COC

7. DJ oil separator drain COC

8. MR1, with drain COC

9. Auto drain valve (ADV) with COC

10. Panto pipe line drain COC

11. MR2 with drain COC

12. Air intake COC with Non Return Valve (NRV)

13. SL2

14.

Brake cylinder COC

Loco Front Side Cab1 End: 1. MU Electrical jumper cables (3 cables with 3 sockets
Loco Front Side Cab1 End:
1. MU Electrical jumper cables (3 cables with 3 sockets in either side of cab1front
side), MR equalising pipe and Brake Cylinder equalising pipes with angular
COCs.
2. Feed Pipe with Angular COC
3. Brake pipe Angular COC
4. Vacuum hose pipe with dummy
5. Marker lights (White and Red )
6. Cattle guard (4 inches away from rail)
7. Rail guard, attached to cattle guard (6 inches away from rail)
8. Two side Buffers
9. Center Buffer with Transition Screw Coupling
10. Head light
11. Flasher light
Loco Front Side Cab2 End:
1. MU Electrical jumper cables (3 cables with 3 sockets in either side of cab1front
side), MR equalizing pipe and Brake Cylinder equalizing pipes with angular
COCs.

2.

3. Brake pipe Angular COC

4. Vacuum hose pipe with dummy

5. Marker lights (White and Red )

6. Cattle guard (4 inches away from rail)

7. Rail guard, attached to cattle guard (6 inches away from rail)

8. Two side Buffers

9. Center Buffer with Transition Screw Coupling

Feed Pipe with Angular COC

10. Head light

11. Flasher light

Locomotive Frame:

1. Two Trucks

2. Main transformer oil tank between two trucks

3. SL Assembly

Frame: 1. Two Trucks 2. Main transformer oil tank between two trucks 3. SL Assembly Page
Frame: 1. Two Trucks 2. Main transformer oil tank between two trucks 3. SL Assembly Page

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 4. Rheostat Braking exhauster 5. Four Battery boxes
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 4. Rheostat Braking exhauster 5. Four Battery boxes

4. Rheostat Braking exhauster

5. Four Battery boxes (Two on each side)

6. Four Main Reservoirs (Two on each side)

7. One Control Reservoir(CR)

8. Sixteen sand boxes (Eight on each side)

On Truck:

1. Tri-mount casting with center pivot and two side bearers

2. Equalizing beams (long and short with friction rollers)

3. Helical springs (2 sets of primary and secondary with snubbers)

4. Tie rod and tie bolts (Safety Brackets)

5. Spring carrier brackets

6. Brake rigging (clasp type)

7. Air brake cylinders (4 per truck)

8. Air bellows (3 each truck)

9. Sixteen sand pipes Under Gearing From Cab1 Side: 1. Cattle guard, Front truck, Traction
9.
Sixteen sand pipes
Under Gearing From Cab1 Side:
1. Cattle guard, Front truck, Traction motors, brake rigging, oil points, gear cases,
Suspension Bearings, wick pads, Suspension Bearing oil sumps lower and upper
(lower is provided with gear driven pump), earthing bush one per axle, Resilient
block Traction motor inspection cover one per each TM.
2. Three after coolers (at the back of the truck) with three NRVs.
3. Control Reservoir
4. MVRF on top of After Coolers
5. C2B relay valve for loco brake (towards corridor No.2)
6. C2A relay valve for Brake Pipe
7. Limiting valve 8 Kg/cm2, for control reservoir (on modificat ion, it is removed)
8. Air Flow Measuring Valve(AMFV)
9. Transformer oil tank with drain plug and seal
10. SL1 and SL2
11. Vacuum Reservoir
Loco Roof:
1.
MVRF exhaust, HOM horns
2.
Pantographs 1 & 2,

3. Roof Bars,

4. Earthing Bushes,

5. Insulators,

6. ET1 and ET2 (surgé arrestors),

7. DJ primary and secondary.

5. Insulators, 6. ET1 and ET2 (surgé arrestors), 7. DJ primary and secondary. Page 41 of
5. Insulators, 6. ET1 and ET2 (surgé arrestors), 7. DJ primary and secondary. Page 41 of

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Cut out Cocks in Loco (WAG-5): Cab-1 front
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Cut out Cocks in Loco (WAG-5): Cab-1 front

Cut out Cocks in Loco (WAG-5):

Cab-1 front end

1. BP angle cut-off cock

2. FP angle cut-off cock

3. MR equalizing cut-off cock

4. BC equalizing cut-off cock

Behind cattle guard No.1:

Additional BP angle cut-off cock (In WAP-4 Locos in side cab-1 by the side of RS with seal)

Loco Left side:

1.

ADV-1 cut-out cock

2. ADV-2 cut-out cock 3. Air Drier cut-out-cocks (two green and one red) (In WAP-4
2. ADV-2 cut-out cock
3. Air Drier cut-out-cocks (two green and one red)
(In WAP-4 locos near wheel No.8 on loco right side)
4. Truck-2 bogie isolation cut-out cock
5. SS-2 cut out cock (in some locos)
Cab-2 front end:
1. BP angle cut-off cock
2. FP angle cut-off cock
3. MR equalizing cut-off cock
4. BC equalizing cut-off cock
Behind cattle guard No.2:
1. Additional BP angle cut-off cock
(In WAP-4 Locos in side cab-2 by the side of RS with seal)
Loco Right side:
1. FP feed valve cut-out cock
2. MR-4 cut out cock (In WAP-4 it is called as MR-5 and located in Loco left
side)

3. Truck-1 bogie isolation cut-out cock

4. R-1 cut out cock (In WAG-7 locos near control reservoir, in WAM-4 and WAP-4 locos in Cab-1 center locker)

5. Air in take cut out cock

Cab-1:

1. A-9 inlet and out let cut out cock

2. SA-9 inlet and out let cut out cock

3. Horn HT and Horn LT cut out cock

4. Wiper cut out cock

5. A-8 cut out cock (In WAP-4 without pneumatic panel, it is provided in Cab-2)

Cab-1 Center Locker:

1. RAL cock

without pneumatic panel, it is provided in Cab-2) Cab-1 Center Locker: 1. RAL cock Page 42
without pneumatic panel, it is provided in Cab-2) Cab-1 Center Locker: 1. RAL cock Page 42

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 2. VESA-1 and VESA-2 cut out cocks (in
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 2. VESA-1 and VESA-2 cut out cocks (in

2. VESA-1 and VESA-2 cut out cocks (in WAP-4 locos only one VESA-1 cut out cock in Cab-1 back panel)

3. SS-1 cut out cock (in some locos)

4. RGCP cut out cock

Cab-1 left side locker:

1. HB-5 cut out cock

Cab-1 back panel:

1. PT-1 cut out cock

2. RGEB-2 cut out cock

Motor Chest-1:

1.

Un-loader valve 1, 2 and 3 cut out cocks (In WAP-4 only two un-loader valves)

2. VEAD cut out cock 3. C3W isolation cock 4. IP mechanical cut out cock
2. VEAD cut out cock
3. C3W isolation cock
4. IP mechanical cut out cock
5. IP electrical cut out cock
6. A-1 differential valve cut out cock
7. Vacuum train pipe cut out cock
HT-1 compartment:
1. EP-1 cut out cock
HT-2 compartment:
1. QPH cut out cock (in some locos)
HT-3 compartment:
1. EP-2 cut out cock
EP-3 cut out cock (WAG-7 and RB provided WAP-4 locos)
Motor chest-2:
1.
C-118 cut out cock (in case of EP contactor)

Cab-2 back panel:

1. PT-2 cut out cock

2. VESA-3 and VESA-4 cut out cocks (in WAP-4 locos only one VESA-2 cut out cock)

Cab-2:

1. A-9 inlet and out let cut out cock

2. SA-9 inlet and out let cut out cock

3. Horn HT and Horn LT cut out cock

4. Wiper cut out cock

and out let cut out cock 3. Horn HT and Horn LT cut out cock 4.
and out let cut out cock 3. Horn HT and Horn LT cut out cock 4.

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Note : In modified WAP-4 and WAG-7 (after
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Note : In modified WAP-4 and WAG-7 (after

Note: In modified WAP-4 and WAG-7 (after 27200) pneumatic panels are provided. This pneumatic panel is provided in Motor chest-1 for WAP-4 and in Motor Chest-2 for WAG-7. The following cuts out cocks are provided in pneumatic panel:

RGEB-2 cut out cock IP electrical and mechanical cut out cocks A-8 cut out cock C3W isolation cock FP feed valve cut out cock

Drain cocks in Loco (WAG-5):

Loco Left side:

Accessories drain cock CDC-1 drain cock DJ oil separator drain cock MR-1 drain cock (In WAP-4 locos on loco right side) PT pipe line drain cock MR-2 drain cock (In WAP-4 locos on loco right side) After cooler drain cock

Loco Right side: MR-3 drain cock (In WAP-4 locos behind cattle guard 2) MR-4 drain
Loco Right side:
MR-3 drain cock (In WAP-4 locos behind cattle guard 2)
MR-4 drain cock (In WAP-4 locos MR-4 and MR-5 drain cocks on loco left side)
CDC-2 drain cock
Control Reservoir drain cock
EP board drain cock
GR board drain cock
CDA drain cock ( in WAG-7 near control reservoir)
Cab-1 center locker:
RS drain cock
CPA drain cock
Corridor No.2:

RDJ drain cock

Note: 1. In modified locos, before RDJ one strainer with drain cock is provided. 2. Before SMGR pressure regulating valve, one strainer with drain cock is provided.

2. Before SMGR pressure regulating valve, one strainer with drain cock is provided. Page 44 of
2. Before SMGR pressure regulating valve, one strainer with drain cock is provided. Page 44 of

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Switches Switch is a device, used for closing
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Switches Switch is a device, used for closing

Switches

Switch is a device, used for closing or opening LT circuit.

The different types of switches provided on the Loco are

a) Knife switch

b) Box Lever switch

c) Rotating switch

d) Push button switch

e) Pedal switch

f) Link switch

KNIFE SWITCH: Knife switch will have two positions ‗ON‘ and ‗OFF‘. In ‗ON‘ position it will close the circuit and in ‗OFF‘ position it will open circuit. In our loco, HOBA (located in Switch panel), HQOP1, and HQOP2 (located in HT3 compartment) are Knife switches.

BOX-LEVER SWITCH: It will have two positions CLOSE and OPEN, and operated manually by a
BOX-LEVER SWITCH: It will have two positions CLOSE and OPEN, and operated
manually by a lever.
Eg.: - BLDJ, BLCP, BLPV, BLVMT.
BOX-LEVER SWITCH (SPRING LOADED): This switch will have two positions CLOSE and
OPEN. It is a spring loaded switch. Normal position of the switch is OPEN and keeps the
circuit, open. On closing the switch, circuit will be closed. On releasing the hand, it will
come to its normal position.
Eg. : - BLRDJ
ROTATING SWITCH: It has different positions. Each position of the switch closes
individual circuit or circuits. We can operate different circuits by one single switch by
rotating it to different positions. Hence this is also called as programming switch.
Eg.: HVMT1, HVMT2, HVRH, HPH, HVSI1, HVSI2, HVSL1, HVSL2
with 4 positions 0,1,2,3.

In ‗O‘ Position, Motor and Relay both are isolated. In ‗1‘ Position, Motor and Relay both are in service. In ‗2‘ Position, Relay will be in service, and Motor will be isolated. In ‗3‘ Position, Motor will be in service but Relay will be isolated.

Eg. : - ZPV, HMCS 1 , HMCS 2 , with 1,2,3,4, position

ZPV in 1 position, PV2 will be in service. ZPV in 2 position, PV1 will be in service. ZPV in 3 position, PV1 will be isolated, PV2 in service. ZPV in 4 position, PV2 will be isolated, PV1 in service.

HMCS1 in 1 Position, Traction motors 1, 2, 3 will be in service. HMCS1 in 2 Position, Traction motor 1 will be isolated. HMCS1 in 3 Position, Traction motor 2 will be isolated. HMCS1 in 4 Position, Traction motor 3 will be isolated.

HMCS2 in 1 Position, Traction motors 4, 5, 6 will be in service. HMCS2 in 2 Position, Traction motor 4 will be isolated. HMCS2 in 3 Position, Traction motor 5 will be isolated.

motor 4 will be isolated. HMCS2 in 3 Position, Traction motor 5 will be isolated. Page
motor 4 will be isolated. HMCS2 in 3 Position, Traction motor 5 will be isolated. Page

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material HMCS2 in 4 Position, Traction motor 6 will
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material HMCS2 in 4 Position, Traction motor 6 will

HMCS2 in 4 Position, Traction motor 6 will be isolated.

Eg. : HCP is having 8 positions. They are 0-, 1, 2, 3, 1/2, 1/3, 2/3, 1/2/3.

HCP in 0 position, MCP1, MCP2, MCP3 will be isolated. HCP in 1 position, MCP1 will be in service. HCP in 2 position, MCP2 will be in service. HCP in 3 position, MCP3 will be in service. HCP in 1/2 position, MCP1 & MCP2 will be in service. HCP in 2/3 position, MCP2 & MCP3 will be in service. HCP in 1/3 position, MCP1 & MCP3 will be in service. HCP in 1/2/3 position, MCP1, MCP2 & MCP3 will be in service.

LINK SWITCH: To put a circuit in working order, the link switch is provided in the circuit either side. The link will be fixed in the circuit. The link should be disconnected manually when there is no power in the circuit.

These switches are to be isolated manually, only after taking the precautions. These type of
These switches are to be isolated manually, only after taking the precautions.
These type of switches are provided on the roof of the Loco, to isolate the
Pantograph. They are HPT1 and HPT2.
PUSH BUTTON SWITCH: It is a spring loaded switch and used momentarily either to close
a circuit or to opens a circuit. There are two types of push button switches.
1. Normally Opened
2. Normally Closed
1. Normally Opened: On closing this switch, it closes the circuit and maintains the
circuit in closed condition. When the switch is released the switch will return to normal
position under the spring tension and the circuit is opened.
Eg. :
BP2 DJ provided in the relay panel for closing DJ.
BPP Push Button for Progression of GR notches.
BPR Push Button for Regression of GR notches.
BPT Push Button for test LSRSI, LSP.
2. Normally Closed: This switch also looks as in same way as above said switch. But
normal position of this switch will keep the circuit close. When the switch is pressed, it
will open the circuit.

Eg. : BP1DJ provided in Relay Panel (for opening DJ)

PEDAL SWITCH: These types of switches are operated by foot by the virtue of their location. Hence they are called as Pedal Switch.

Eg. : PVEF for isolating Loco Brakes, while applying formation brake. PSA for operating sander valve, to effect sand under the wheels on rails.

CAM CONTACT: It is a device, which opens or closes the HT circuit by the help of a cam. Number of cams will be provided on a single shaft and different circuits can be operated according to requirement.

DRUM CONTACT: It also serves the purpose of opening or closing the HT circuit. But it is operated by means of a drum hence it is called as drum contact. The drum is attached to a handle and the handle will be operated by an electro valve.

drum is attached to a handle and the handle will be operated by an electro valve.
drum is attached to a handle and the handle will be operated by an electro valve.

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Interlocks: Interlocking means achieving of different operations one
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Interlocks: Interlocking means achieving of different operations one

Interlocks:

Interlocking means achieving of different operations one after the other in an automatic successive manner as desired. This is done with the help of different interlocks. The electrical interlocking is necessary to ensure correct sequence of operation and automatic energisation of circuit in a proper manner.

Types of Interlocks: There are two types of interlocks used in electrical circuits.

1. Normally closed interlocks.

2. Normally opened interlocks.

1.

Normally closed interlocks: These interlocks by the virtue of its normal position, keeps the circuit in closed position. Such an interlock is called normally closed interlock. When concerned apparatus comes in to the service, this interlock will open the concerned circuit. They are shown on the left hand side in case of vertical line and on the upper side in case of horizontal line of the circuit diagram.

or 2. Normally opened interlocks: These interlocks by the virtue of its normal position, keeps
or
2. Normally opened interlocks: These interlocks by the virtue of its normal position,
keeps the circuit in open position. Such an interlock is called normally open interlock.
They are shown on the right hand side in case of vertical line and on the lower side in
case of horizontal line of the circuit diagram. When concerned apparatus comes in to
the service, this interlock will close the concerned circuit.
or
Cascade Operation: Mounting of interlocks on different circuits will result in automatic
successive closing or opening of different circuits in a proper sequence. When the
contactor is closed, its normally open interlock will close on the other branch,
automatically. And its normally closed interlocks which opens the other circuit. This
operation of different circuits by handling one switch is called ―Cascade Operation‖.
Advantages of Interlocking and Cascade operation:
a. Number of switches can be reduced to a great extent.

b.

c. Space can be minimized on loco, since switches are reduced.

d. Sequence of operations will be maintained automatically.

e. Automatic closing and opening is possible.

f. The burden on the operator is reduced.

Time can be minimized to operate different circuits.

Chronometric interlock:

It is an interlock, which closes or opens the control circuits with some delay after opening of the contactor for which it is attached.

In WAG 5 loco, contactor C-118 is provided with Chronometric interlock. Its interlock is provided on the control circuit of remote control blower motors, compressors and exhausters. This interlock is attached to the contactor C-118. It is a contactor for giving starting phase to ARNO, when the contactor C118 is closed, the chronometric interlock opens the auxiliaries control circuits. When the contactor C118 is opened, its

opens the auxiliaries control circuits. When the contactor C118 is opened, its Page 47 of 339
opens the auxiliaries control circuits. When the contactor C118 is opened, its Page 47 of 339

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Chronometric interlock will close after 5 seconds on
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Chronometric interlock will close after 5 seconds on

Chronometric interlock will close after 5 seconds on the auxiliaries control circuit. Due to this arrangement, while closing DJ, though the control switch BLCP, BLPV, BLVMT are in closed condition, concerned contactors will not close. Hence the ARNO is protected from overload.

Master Controller (MP):

MP is master controller. It is located on the Loco Pilot‘s desk in both cabs. It is a Cam operated switch, where a number of cams are mounted on a shaft. On the top end of the shaft, the wheel if fitted, which is called as MP. By rotating the MP, the shaft rotates and cam rotates, causing closing and opening of switch contacts.

Thus the MP operates control circuits of Tap Changer (GR) both for Traction as well as Braking operations. MPs operation in clockwise direction is Traction side and anti clockwise direction is Braking side. On both sides it will have stable and unstable positions.

On Traction Side : O Stable position - Un-stable position N Stable position + Un-stable
On Traction Side :
O
Stable position
-
Un-stable position
N
Stable position
+
Un-stable position
On Braking Side :
P
Stable position
-
Un-stable position
N
Stable position
+
Un-stable position
1.
In ‗O‘ position, Traction Power Circuit is set to motoring side, that means CTFs
will be in Traction side (Up direction) and Contactor ‗C-145‘ remains opened.
2.
In ‗P‘ positions, Traction Power circuit is set for Braking by CTFs setting towards
Braking side (Down direction) and C-145 Contactor closes.
3.
When MP is moved to ‗0‘ position on traction side, the line Contactors will open.
4.
When MP is moved to N position, line contactors will close.
5.
When MP is moved to ‗+‘ position on either side, one notch Progression takes
place.
6.
When MP is moved to ‗-‗position on either side, one notch Regression take place.
7.
When GR on notches, if MP is moved to ‗O‘, quick Regression takes place
(continuous Regression to ‗O‘).

8. When GR on notches if MP is moved to ‗P‘, quick regression takes place to ‗O‘

9. If MP is moved from ‗P‘ to ‗O‘, traction power circuit will set towards motoring side (Up direction) and Contactor C-145 opens

10. During braking, if MP is moved form ‗N‘ to ‗O‘, quick regression of GR takes place.

Pantograph:

It is a collapsible framework mounted on loco roof. Pantograph is mounted on four base insulators. This frame is made of several metallic tubes and springs. Ball bearings are provided for easy movement of articulations and at each joint, flexible shunts are provided to give continuous flow of current. On the top frame of the pantograph, panto pan is provided to collect the current from OHE. Panto pan is made up of high carbon strips, which can be replaced when worn out. Normally the panto is in lowered position by

which can be replaced when worn out. Normally the panto is in lowered position by Page
which can be replaced when worn out. Normally the panto is in lowered position by Page

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material the tension of lowering springs provided inside the
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material the tension of lowering springs provided inside the

the tension of lowering springs provided inside the servomotor. When compressed air is admitted inside the servomotor, piston is operated and compresses the lowering spring.

The piston rod is attached to the rocker arm and releases actuating rod, thereby the cam is released and operates the lower articulation drum. When the lower articulation drum is operated, the lower articulation is raised upwards by the action of rising springs. The upper articulation, which is connected to the lower articulation at free end, will also rise by the action of thrust rod. Thereby the upper articulation will rise. The tension of lower spring is more than the raising spring. So it is necessary to admit the compressed air inside the servomotor continuously. For lowering the panto, it is enough to exhaust the compressed air from the servomotor; thereby with the action of lowering spring panto lowers, which in turn operates the lower articulation rod against the tension of rising spring, due to this action the lower articulation is pulled down and upper articulation is also pulled down simultaneously by the action of thrust rod. The admission and exhausting of compressed air in the servomotor is controlled by electro valves (VEPT1 & VEPT2), which are remotely controlled by ZPT from Loco Pilot‘s desk. Each loco consists of two pantoes. These are electrically connected by means of HPT1, HPT2 and Roof bars. The OHE supply collected by panto is taken to the main transformer through roof bars, DJ and roof-bushing bar. For isolating the panto PT1 & PT2 cot out COCs are provided. PT1 cot out COC is provided in Cab1 center locker and PT2 cot out COC is provided in Cab2 back panel.

The pantograph selector switch (ZPT) has the following positions. POSITION 0: Both pantos are lowered
The pantograph selector switch (ZPT) has the following positions.
POSITION 0: Both pantos are lowered since two solenoid valves of VEPT-1 and
VEPT-2 are switched off.
POSITION 1:
Rear pantograph raises through the energisation of rear VEPT
POSITION 2: Front/ leading pantograph raises through the energisation of
leading VEPT

PRINCIPLE: Basically, compressed air raises the pantograph and lowering springs of servomotor lower the pantograph. The sole function of air is to cancel the lowering effort of the springs (servomotor) and it has no direct effect on the pantograph. When the pantograph is working and the air pressure is maintained in the servomotor, the piston is kept forward and the articulated system is entirely free to keep panto in raised position only. Therefore, it absorbs freely all the oscillations of the contact wire. The equipment lowers by itself when pressure drops below 3 to 3.5 kg/cm². All parts of panto are alive and used as conductors. The current collection is made on the frame with shunts fitted at all moving points.

Minimum air pressure to raise panto : 4.5 Kg/cm2

Nominal pressure Raising time Lowering time Rated current

: 7 Kg/cm2 : 6 - 10 sec : 10 sec or below : 400 Amps

Principle Parts of the Panto:

1. Base Insulator and Frame: The frame is made of light metal and mounted on four insulators on the loco roof. The panto frame also mounted on the loco roof.

2. Raising springs: Two springs are provided for raising the panto. One end is connected to the bottom frame and the other end is connected to the horizontal frame. When panto is in lowered condition, the springs will remain in expanded

frame. When panto is in lowered condition, the springs will remain in expanded Page 49 of
frame. When panto is in lowered condition, the springs will remain in expanded Page 49 of

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material condition, and when the panto is raised the
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material condition, and when the panto is raised the

condition, and when the panto is raised the springs will be in compressed

condition.

3. Horizontal Spindle: It is solid metallic spindle capable of turning the ball

bearing.

neutralizing rod.

The cam is provided at the end of the spindle which connecting

P A N T O G R A P H 14 17 15 16 11
P A N T O G R A P H
14
17
15
16
11
15
10
13
4
12
2
18
19
5
1
20
7
6
16
17
9
8
3
1)
Servo motor
2)
Rocker arm
3) Actuating rod
4) Actuating rod insulator
5) Cam
6)
Panto base frame
7)
Resting pad
8) Panto base insulator
9) Lower articulation drum
10) Raising spring
11) Thrust rod
12) Lower articulation tube
13) Ball bearing
14)
Flexible shunt
15) Anti balancing rod
16) Transverse rod
17) Shock absorber
18)
High carbon strips
19) Panto pan
20) Horn cheek
21) Upper articulation
tube
4. Lower Articulation Rod: It is a metallic tube connected with horizontal spindle
and the other end is connected with the upper articulation through ball bearings.
5. Upper Articulation Rod: This assembly is made with two steel tubes on either
side of the balancing rods. The upper articulation rod is connected to panto pan
and bearing.

Thrust Rod: It is a metallic tube connected to the bottom frame and the other end is connected to the bearing. It is provided to operate the upper articulation during the lowering and raising the panto.

7. Anti Balancing Rod: It is the rod provided between the bearing and transverse rod. The purpose of it is to keep the panto pan in horizontal position at all times.

8. Transverse Rod: It is fitted across the upper articulation on top and rotates on sleeves provided upper articulation. The purpose of this rod is to give the support to the panto pan.

9. Panto Pan: It is provided on the upper articulation, made out of the light alloy. Two wearing strips are provided on top surface, which keeps contact with contact wire. The panto pan is lubricated with graphite grease which acts as lubrication between wearing strips and contact wire.

10. Actuating Rod: This rod is connected to the panto servomotor with the lower articulation drum. One end of the cam of the lower articulation, which is having elongated hole, and other end is connected with rocker arm. An insulator is

6.

elongated hole, and other end is connected with rocker arm. An insulator is 6. Page 50
elongated hole, and other end is connected with rocker arm. An insulator is 6. Page 50

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material provided to separate the servomotor and panto. The
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material provided to separate the servomotor and panto. The

provided to separate the servomotor and panto. The servomotor operates this actuating rod.

11. Panto Servomotor: It consists of pneumatic control cylinder with piston and spring inside, fitted separately on the loco roof. The piston provided in the servomotor is connected through rocker arm. The spring, which is provided inside the servomotor is, called lowering spring. The compressed air is admitted into servomotor by energizing VEPT1 & VEPT2, which are remote controlled from Loco Pilot‘s desk by ZPT key.

12. Panto COC: These are two isolating COCs provided for stopping pneumatic pressure to the panto. The normal position of COC is open. If any panto is damaged or air leakage is noticed, the concerned COC can be closed and loco can work with another panto.

13. Throttle Valve: It is a valve provided to admit or withdraw the air gradually from the servomotor, thereby the sudden raising and sudden dropping of panto is controlled.

sudden raising and sudden dropping of panto is controlled. Precautions before raising the panto: 1. Loco

Precautions before raising the panto:

1. Loco should be under wired track.

2. Ensure DJ in open condition (indicated by the lamp LSDJ).

Panto can be raised in three ways:

1. With the help of MR pressure more than 6.5 Kg/cm2.

2. With the help of RS pressure more than 6.5 Kg/cm2.

3. If there is no pressure in MR & RS, build up pressure in RS above 6.5 Kg/cm2 with MCPA.

is no pressure in MR & RS, build up pressure in RS above 6.5 Kg/cm2 with
is no pressure in MR & RS, build up pressure in RS above 6.5 Kg/cm2 with

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Raising the Panto with the help of „MR‟
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material Raising the Panto with the help of „MR‟

Raising the Panto with the help of „MR‟ Pressure:

If the pressure is more than 6.5 Kg/cm2 in MR, the same pressure can be used for raising the panto. MR pressure should be checked in Cab1 center locker RS gauge.

1. Normally R1 COC should be in open condition.

2. RAL COC should be in open condition.

3. Ensure UBA showing above 90V. HBA should be on ‗1‘ to energise the control
3. Ensure UBA showing above 90V. HBA should be on ‗1‘ to energise the control
circuit.
4. Additional CCBA, CCBA and CCPT in good condition.
5. BL key should be unlocked and ensure that red lamp LSDJ is glowing.
6. Operate ZPT from 0 to 1, rear VEPT energises and rear panto raises.
7. Check actual rising of the panto and ensure that it makes proper contact with
contact wire.
Raising the Panto with the help of „RS‟ pressure:
Panto can be raised with the help of RS pressure if it is above 6.5Kg/cm2.
When RS pressure is less than 6.5Kg/cm2
Item 1 to 5 mentioned above should be fulfilled.
1. Switch on ZCPA to create RS pressure up to 8 Kg/cm2
2. After building up 8 Kg/cm2, raise panto, close DJ and close BLCP.

Raising the Panto when there is no MR and RS Pressures:

When there is no pressure in the reservoir or insufficient pressure in MR and RS, panto can be raised by building up the pressure in RS with the help of MCPA.

1. Before rising the panto items 1 to 5 of precautions above should be fulfilled.

2. Start MCPA by closing ZCPA from 0 to 1 position.

3. When pressure is created to 8 Kg/cm2 then stop MCPA.

4. Raise panto and close DJ then start MCP

Note: MCPA should not work for more than 10minutes in DJ open condition.

Reasons for using the rear panto:

1. It gives smooth passage for the panto.

2. It avoids the sparks coming on the Loco Pilots desk

3. In case of any damage to the panto, the damaged panto parts will be thrown-out on the train.

any damage to the panto, the damaged panto parts will be thrown-out on the train. Page
any damage to the panto, the damaged panto parts will be thrown-out on the train. Page

App Assistant loco pilot’s (RRB) course material

App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 4. At the time of entering into the
App Assistant loco pilot ’s (RRB) course material 4. At the time of entering into the

4. At the time of entering into the unwired track or any defect is noticed in OHE or if DJ could not be opened while approaching neutral sections, there is a possibility for the Loco Pilots to lower the panto which can avoid a failure.

Securing the Damaged Pantograph:

1. Keep ZPT on ‗O‘

2. Stop the train immediately.

3. Contact TPC through emergency telephone giving the particulars.

4. TRD staff obtains power block.