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Technical Training on RF Optimization

Optimization is to

Keep track of network

Improve quality of network

To provide best network quality using any available spectrum analyzer

Accessibility, Retainability, Mobility

The Radio Network Optimization (RNO) is to reasonably adjust the communication network planning and design as per certain criteria so as to enable the network operation more reliable and economical, improve the network service quality and resource utilization, which is of great importance to network carriers.

2G Optimization

1. Coverage Optimization

2. Call drop Optimization

3. Neighbor Optimization

4. Handover Optimization

Coverage

2G RX level

Good: Rx Lev > -85dbm

Radio Ok= -85dbm<Rx Lev<= -95dbm

Poor: Rx Lev < -95dbm

Coverage 2G RX level Good: Rx Lev > -85dbm Radio Ok= -85dbm<Rx Lev<= -95dbm Poor: Rx

Coverage

Causes Poor Coverage

1. Poor coverage due to bad Rx Lev- Receive signal level <

-95dbm

2. Poor Coverage due to Missing neighbors & handover

failure

3. Faulty hardware.

4. Interference

1. Coverage Optimization

Ways to improve coverage in a network if any of the following issue occurs

I. Poor coverage due to bad Rx Lev

Ways to improve poor coverage

Antenna tilt

Antenna azimuth

Antenna height

TMA amplifier

Antenna type

Antenna location

New site

II.

Poor Coverage due to Missing neighbors Ways to resolve missing neighbors in other to improve coverage

Check neighbor list from BSS engineer

Add missing neighbor cells.

III.

Check hardware alarm, Loss of attenuation check – Feeders , connectors & Jumper

2. Call Drop

Causes of call drop

1. Poor coverage – Low signal strength

2. Handover failure

4.

Interference

5. Hardware Faulty

6. Signalling

2. Optimization of Call Drop

I. Call drop due to Poor coverage- Low signal strength

Ways to Optimize

Antenna tilt

Antenna azimuth

Antenna location

Antenna height

Antenna type

Site location

New site

II Call drop due to Handover failure

Ways to optimize handover failure

Unavailable time slots because of high traffic –

Congestion –

Low signal strength and bad quality

Check handover margin

Hardware problem like TRX or time slot problem

Increase time slot

Increase Capacity

II Call drop due to Missing neighbor

Ways to optimize handover problem

Check neighbor list from BSS engineer

Add missing neighbor cells

Remove unnecessary neighbor cells

III Call drop due to Interference.

Ways to Optimize

Avoid Co-channel- Same Frequency

Avoid Adjust Channel – Adjacent frequency

Check external interference

IV Check hardware Alarm, Radio failure and BTS failure

V. Signaling - Run a Trace in the affected area

3. Neighbor Optimization

I. Neighbor relation should be well define to avoid call drop

II. Check neighbor list from BSS engineer

III.

Add missing neighbor cells

IV

Remove unnecessary neighbor cells.

4. Handover Optimization -

Check Handover margin