Sunteți pe pagina 1din 647


Title Page
Key to symbols used
Series Introduction
6.Bg5 versus the Najdorf

1 Introduction and Rare 6th Moves
2 7...g6
3 7...h6
4 8...g6

6...e6 7.f4
5 Introduction and Sidelines
6 7...Qc7
7 The Polugaevsky Variation

The Gelfand Variation

8 Introduction
9 The Main Line

Classical Main Line

10 The Gothenburg Variation
11 Three-Piece System with ...h6
12 Three-Piece System Main Line

Poisoned Pawn
13 Introduction and 12...Nd5!?
14 12...Nfd7
15 20...Rd8

16 13.Bf2!?
17 13.exf6 Introduction and 16.Kh1
18 16.Rbd1

Variation Index
Grandmaster Repertoire

1.e4 vs
The Sicilian I


Parimarjan Negi

Quality Chess

First edition 2015 by Quality Chess UK Ltd
Copyright 2015 Parimarjan Negi

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any
form or by any means, electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior
permission of the publisher.

Paperback ISBN 978-1-906552-39-8

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-906552-97-8

All sales or enquiries should be directed to Quality Chess UK Ltd,

20 Balvie Road, Milngavie, Glasgow G62 7TA, United Kingdom

Phone +44 141 204 2073



Distributed in North America by National Book Network

Distributed in Rest of the World by Quality Chess UK Ltd through

Sunrise Handicrafts, Smyczkowa 4/98, 20-844 Lublin, Poland

Typeset by Jacob Aagaard

Proofreading by Daniel McGowan & John Shaw

Edited by Andrew Greet

Cover design by; Cover photo by

Key to symbols used
White is slightly better
Black is slightly better
White is better
Black is better
+ White has a decisive advantage
+ Black has a decisive advantage
= equality
with compensation
with counterplay
with an initiative
? a weak move
?? a blunder
! a good move
!! an excellent move
!? a move worth considering
?! a move of doubtful value
only move

# mate

Aagaard & Shaw: Experts vs The Sicilian 2nd edition, Quality Chess 2006
Arizmendi & Moreno: Mastering the Najdorf, Gambit 2004
Emms: Play the Najdorf: Scheveningen Style, Everyman Chess 2003
Ftacnik: Grandmaster Repertoire 6 The Sicilian Defence, Quality Chess 2010
Georgiev & Kolev: The Sharpest Sicilian 2012, Chess Stars 2012
Goh Wei Ming: Chess Developments: The Sicilian Najdorf Bg5, Everyman Chess 2014
Palliser: Starting Out: Sicilian Najdorf, Everyman Chess 2006
Rizzitano: Play the Najdorf Sicilian, Gambit 2010
Yakovich: Sicilian Attacks, New in Chess 2010


New in Chess Yearbooks

Electronic/Internet resources
ChessBase Magazine
Series Introduction

Several years ago, Nigel Short once gifted me an opening book with the wry comment, I expect this doubles your chess
library.While that was a slight exaggeration, it is true that I never depended much on opening books for my theoretical
knowledge. This scepticism for written material is often rooted in the fact that the modern openings are so fluid,
constantly changing, with variations evolving every week. How can a static book keep pace with ideas that are
developed, replaced, and forgotten on a weekly basis?

In this series, I aim to provide a foundation and structure around which you can develop a lifelong repertoire with 1.e4. I
hope a good number of my recommendations will withstand the relentless assaults of time, but I am realistic enough to
know that many of the bright novelties and variations will eventually wither away. However, even if some of the finer
details will eventually have to be revised in the future, I believe that the core selection of recommended lines will
remain valid for a long time to come.

There is a process by which I have developed my own repertoire, as laid out in this series. In several critical positions I
have discussed the pros and cons of different options, and explained why I eventually chose one over the other. Apart
from remembering the moves themselves, I hope you will also absorb something of this process, so that you will be
able to find your own ideas to react to whatever new developments may come along.

The selection of recommended systems against Blacks various defences has followed a logical pattern, taking into
account the structure of the whole repertoire. Throughout the process, I have aimed for active, fluid positions,
sometimes sacrificing material but always remaining fundamentally sound. There are a number of long, forcing lines,
which are necessary to justify any suggestion these days, but I have endeavoured to show that even seemingly abstract
moves are still based on strategic, human principles. To make the best possible use of this book, I encourage you to pay
attention to all such explanations, with the aim of building a framework of inter-connected ideas in your own mind.

Parimarjan Negi
New Delhi, July 2014

In my first book, my aim was to present a repertoire built around an interlinked set of ideas, and the moves were often
just an extension of the explanations and themes. You might notice some changes in style in the present volume
mostly because the opening being tackled here is a completely different type of beast.

I have tried a few different set-ups against the Najdorf, but the aggressive 6.Bg5 has always been my main weapon. It is
one of the most concrete theoretical lines out there and, with the advent of correspondence databases and modern
computers, it has been analysed to such astonishing depths that one may wonder if there is anything new to discover at
all. Some of the lines are long, and I cannot promise to find a logical explanation for all of them, besides the simple fact
that they do work.

Despite the forcing, tactical nature of our subject, I am pleased to say it is not just about following the computers
suggestions. As you make your way through the book, you will find that the recommendations against different
variations will fit together as a coherent whole. For instance, both the 6...Nbd7 and 6...e6 7.f4 Nbd7 lines are dealt with
in a similar manner with Qe2. The queen move may not seem like the most natural response, but once you see the flow
of development with 0-0-0 and f2-f4, followed by e4-e5 or g2-g4, you will realize that the two lines have many
recurrent ideas, with White essentially trying to achieve the same goals.

The Poisoned Pawn stands alone as the most hotly-debated variation in the Najdorf. But despite thousands of games
many of them from the correspondence realm there are a surprising number of new ideas waiting to be explored, and I
have highlighted the most promising of the ones I discovered. It will always be hard to prove an advantage against the
most precise, computer-generated defences, but the important thing is to realize that you can always pose new
problems, even when the theory seems incredibly far advanced. And while a correspondence player with plentiful time
and a powerful computer might navigate the pitfalls, it will be practically impossible for an over-the-board player to do
the same.
This method of exploration is a constant process that does not have to end with this book. Sooner or later my new
suggestions will be tested as well, but if you continue your investigations in a similar vein, you will discover your own
original methods to pose problems for your opponents.
Several other variations have rich histories, but they are less challenging for us than the Poisoned Pawn. In most cases,
White will build a powerful attack, and will be able to choose from a plethora of exciting options. I hope that after
reading this book, you will not only understand how to handle the opening, but that you will also have an improved
sense for the initiative and how to exploit it.

Parimarjan Negi
Palo Alto, December 2014
A) 6...e5
B) 6...Bd7
C) 6...Nc6
D) 6...Nbd7 7.Qe2!
D1) 7...Qa5?!
D2) 7...e5
D3) 7...b5
D31) 8.0-0-0
D32) 8.f4! e5 9.fxe5 dxe5 10.0-0-0!
D321) 10...exd4
D322) 10...Qb6N
D323) 10...h6N
D324) 10...Bb7N 11.Nf5
D3241) 11...Qb6
D3242) 11...Qc7

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5

We will begin our journey by checking the rare options of A) 6...e5, B) 6...Bd7 and C) 6...Nc6, before introducing the
rather important topic of D) 6...Nbd7, coverage of which will run for a few more chapters.

A database search will show that Black has tried almost every legal move at some point, but most of them can be
discarded quickly. A few examples:

6...Qb6? does not work without ...e6 because of 7.Bxf6 gxf6 8.Nd5.

6...g6?! does not make any sense here, since 7.Bxf6 exf6 8.Qd2 leaves Black with an inferior version of the Rauzer with

6...Qa5 is conveniently handled by 7.Bxf6 (7.Qd2 Nbd7 can be compared with the 6...Nbd7 lines) 7...gxf6 8.Nb3 Qd8
when Black has lost some time compared with typical positions with this structure. Here it looks good for White to
include 9.Qh5! before playing 0-0-0 and f2-f4.

A) 6...e5

This does not make much sense, as the bishop on g5 is perfectly placed to help White exploit the weakened d5-square.
The only thing White should not do is misplace his knight by retreating it to b3.

This seems simplest, because it more or less forces Black to exchange on f5.

7...Be6 has been tried by Nakamura in an internet blitz game, but White can just play 8.Bxf6 Qxf6 (8...gxf6 9.Be2
leaves Black in a horrible position) 9.Nxd6 and win a pawn.

This is the easiest choice, giving White a pleasant position without any risk.

8...Qxf6 9.Nd5
9.exf5!? is also possible. After 9...Qxf5 10.Nd5 Ra7 11.Bd3 White has excellent compensation for the pawn, but
there is no need to sacrifice.

9...Qd8 10.exf5
Whites domination of the light squares gives him a stable advantage, which will remain even if Black swaps down to
an opposite-coloured-bishop middlegame.

B) 6...Bd7

This gives Black the option of converting to a line of the Rauzer, but it also has a few tricky points of its own.

It is important to get the move order right. 7.Qd2 e6! is slightly annoying, as both 8.f4 and 8.0-0-0 can be met by
8...h6, when retreating the bishop to h4 allows a ...Nxe4 trick.

Black had better play this now, otherwise the queen will go to f3.

8.Qd2 b5

Another important detail, avoiding 9.0-0-0 b4! 10.Bxf6 bxc3 11.Qxc3 gxf6 12.Nxc6 Qc7 when Black will have good
compensation in the coming endgame, Kalod Obsivac, Morava 1997.

9...gxf6 10.0-0-0
10.Nf5 is a tempting possibility to exploit Blacks move order, but it allows for an interesting possibility: 10...b4

11...d5!N Creating a strange mess. (11...Qc7 12.Nde3 e6 13.Ng3 favoured White in Mokry Oltean, Balatonbereny
1985.) 12.Qxd5 Qc7 13.Qd2 e6 14.Ng3 h5

Now I dont see anything better for Black than:

Finally we transpose to a major branch of the Rauzer, which will be discussed in a subsequent volume.

C) 6...Nc6

This is a strange hybrid of the Najdorf and Classical Sicilians. It has brought Black surprisingly decent results,
particularly in the recent games of Ivan Saric, but it should not cause much trouble against a well-prepared opponent.
Playing in the style of the Classical Rauzer is the simplest way. Exchanging on f6 would lead to a thematic type of
position from that system, but not necessarily one of the better versions for White.

This early exchange is the idea behind Sarics set-up. Most other moves, such as 7...e6, 7...Bd7 and 7...Qb6, will lead
to variations of the Rauzer that will be covered in a future volume. Here we will concentrate on Blacks attempts to
keep the game in independent territory.


8...e5 has long been abandoned by strong players, and with good reason: 9.Qa4 Bd7 10.Bxf6! Qxf6 (10...gxf6
11.Qb3) 11.Bb5 Qd8 12.Bxd7 Qxd7 13.Qb3 White obtained a dream position with good knight against bad bishop
in Kotronias Kovalev, Debrecen 1992.

9.Bd2 Qc7
With 9...e5 Black just accepts a slightly worse position, so its not much of a concern for White. 10.Qd3 Be6 11.Nd5
Qd8 12.c4 Nxd5 13.cxd5 Bd7 14.Qa3!? Be7 15.Bd3 0-0 16.0-0 Whites space advantage gave him a pleasant position
in Oparin Yuffa, Moscow 2012.

The text move is Sarics idea. Black remains flexible in terms of ...e6 or ...e5, and he has already caused White to put his
pieces on unusual squares. In most games White has failed to achieve anything special against Blacks unfamiliar set-
up. However, in 2014 Vladimir Akopian hit upon the right idea.
Exploiting Blacks refusal to play ...e6.

10...Nxd5 11.exd5 Qxc2N

This move is the only real deterrent towards Whites 10th move, but it allows White to obtain a huge initiative.

11...e5 12.dxe6 Bxe6 13.0-0-0 gave White a safe, pleasant advantage in Akopian Ter Sahakyan, Minsk 2014.

12.Rc1 Qf5 13.Be2

White can simply finish his development, knowing that Black has no easy way to do the same.

13...Bd7 14.Rc7
14.dxe6 Bxe6 15.0-0
Black struggles with his basic development.

D) 6...Nbd7
This move became fashionable a few years ago, mainly due to the possibility of 7.f4 Qc7 8.Qf3 h6 9.Bh4 g5!,
whereby Black offers a pawn in return for dynamic counterattacking chances. Needless to say, I have no intention of
allowing anything like this.

Playing in the same spirit as the 6...e6 7.f4 Nbd7 8.Qe2 line, as covered later in Chapters 8 and 9. Black can transpose
to that variation by playing ...e6 at various points over the next few moves, but the present move order also offers a lot
of independent possibilities. In this chapter we will deal with D1) 7...Qa5?!, D2) 7...e5 and D3) 7...b5.

7...g6 is the topic of the next chapter.

7...h6 will be covered in Chapters 3 and 4.

D1) 7...Qa5?!

It seems to me that the black queen will be moving around rather aimlessly in this line, while Whites next move
actually serves a useful purpose.
The bishop might not appear all that impressive here, but it clears the path for Whites kingside pawn expansion
without spending extra time.

Blacks idea is only justified against: 8.f4 h6! (The immediate 8...e5 could be played with similar ideas, but it is worth
chasing the bishop away first, since now after 9.fxe5 dxe5 10.Nf5 h6 White has an interesting extra option in 11.Bd2.)
9.Bh4 e5! Now it makes no sense for the knight to go to f5 because of ...g6, so White is essentially forced to play
10.Nb3 Qc7. The resulting position can be compared with the 7...h6 8.Bh4 g6 variation, as covered later in Chapter 4.
Here Black has avoided the weakening move ...g6, improving his chances in the battle that lies ahead.

8.h4 is similar to the main line, especially if Black reacts with 8...h6, but the inclusion of these moves is not particularly
in Whites favour, since Black will get some extra options involving ...Ne5, without having to fear the reply f2-f4.
8...Qc7?! doesnt bother White at all, and the knight remains excellently placed on d4. 9.g4 b5 (9...h6 10.0-0-0 leaves
Black with a highly suspicious version of a Keres Attack.) 10.Bg2!? This seems simplest. (10.g5 b4 leads to some
complications, although after 11.Nd5 Nxd5 12.exd5 Bb7 13.Bg2 Nb6 14.0-0 White is still doing well.) 10...Bb7
(10...b4 11.Nd5 Nxd5 12.exd5) 11.g5 b4 12.Nd1

9.Nb3 e6
9...Ne5? is met by 10.f4 and the knight has no good squares. It would have been a different story had White played
8.h4, as noted above.

9...g6?! is also poor: 10.0-0-0 Bg7 11.g4 Ne5 (11...h6 12.f4) Now 12.h3! is a further reminder of why the h-pawn
should be held back on move 8.

10.0-0-0!? is also perfectly playable, and should lead to similar play to the main line below.

11.h4 gives White a decent position, but I dont see any reason to rush with it. 11...Qc7 (11...Ne5 12.f4 Nexg4
13.h5!N 13...e5 14.f5 g6 15.hxg6 fxg6 16.Nd5 Nxd5 17.Qxg4 Ne7 18.0-0-0 Bd7 19.Qh4 strongly favours White.)
12.Bg2 (In the event of 12.Rh3!? h5 13.g5 Ng4 things are far from clear.) 12...Ne5 13.g5 hxg5 14.hxg5 Rxh1
15.Bxh1 Nfd7 16.0-0-0 Nb6 17.f4 Nec4 18.Be1 Bd7 19.g6 fxg6 20.Bh4 Rc8 Whites position remained preferable, but
it was still a complicated fight in Ter Sahakyan Karthikeyan, Chennai 2013.

11...Be7 12.h4 Qc7 (12...Ne5? 13.f4 Nexg4 14.e5+; 12...h5 13.g5 Ng4 14.Bh3 13.Bh3!? Whites initiative is
developing quickly, the immediate threat being g4-g5.

Preventing ...b5, which can now be refuted by e4-e5.

12...Rb8 and 12...Be7 are both met by 13.h4, when Black does not have much of an answer to the imminent g4-g5.

13.f4 Nc4 14.Be1!?

There were certainly other options, since the exchange on d2 would not have been a big deal, but the text move works
well. The idea is to open things up with a quick e4-e5.
14...Be7 is well met by 15.Rd4! Nb6 (or 15...b5 16.e5) 16.e5.
15.e5! dxe5 16.fxe5 Nd7
16...Nxe5 17.Bg3+

White is well ahead in development, and Nd5 is a nasty threat.

D2) 7...e5

It seems strange for Black to play this so early, particularly since Whites knight is allowed to go to f5 rather than to
the more passive b3-square. Nevertheless, it is worth considering how best to exploit Whites positional advantages.

8.Nf5 h6 9.Bh4 g6 10.Ne3
Compared to the more popular variation involving 7...h6 8.Bh4 g6 9.0-0-0 e5 10.Nb3, as covered later in Chapter 4,
Whites knight is ideally placed on e3. True, he has spent one more tempo, but that is a small price for the huge
improvement in prospects for this piece. Not only is d5 within the knights reach, but ideas of jumping towards the
kingside are in the air.

10...Be7 11.0-0-0 b5 12.f3 Bb7

12...0-0 should be met by 13.a3!, with a possible transposition to the main line in the event that Black develops his
bishop to b7.
12...b4 13.Bxf6! is a typical idea, since an immediate Nd5 isnt possible. 13...Nxf6 14.Ncd5 Nxd5 15.Nxd5 a5 16.h4
Note that the ...b4 move has weakened Blacks queenside and presented Whites bishop with the important c4-square.

An important move, since ...b4 was becoming an annoying threat. If White can successfully stifle his opponents
queenside play, his kingside potential will come into its own.

13...0-0 14.Kb1 Qc7 15.g4 gives White an automatic attack.

Keeping the bishop on h4 restricts Blacks play, since he cant start moving around with his knights yet.

14.Be1 is also somewhat better for White, but it gives Black a bit more freedom, and in N. Kosintseva Bodnaruk,
Moscow 2010, Black eventually prevailed.

It seems logical to park the king on g7.

14...Qc7 should be met by 15.Kb1, waiting to see what Black does next.

14...Nc5 15.Bxf6! Now that Black cannot take back with the knight, this exchange gives White complete control of the
d5-square. 15...Bxf6 16.Kb1 Bg5 17.g3

14...0-0 15.Kb1 Nxe4!? (15...Qc7 16.g3! avoids any ...Nxe4 tricks and intends Bh3 or Ng4 next.) 16.Nxe4 Bxh4
17.Nxd6 Rc7 18.Nxb7 Rxb7 19.g3 Be7 20.Qe2

Returning to the main move, it is important to demonstrate a bit of precision.

15.Kb1 is inaccurate here due to 15...Kg7!, threatening ...Nxe4. 16.Bf2 (With the rook on h8, 16.g3 can be met by
16...g5! 17.Nf5 Kf8.) 16...Nb6 17.g4 d5!? 18.Ncxd5 Nfxd5 19.exd5 Bc5

15...Nc5 16.Bf2! (16.Bxf6 is less convincing after g2-g4 has been played, as White is left with a lot of holes on the
dark squares.) Now White intends h4-h5, while Black has little chance of a quick ...d5. His only real chance of
counterplay involves manoeuvring his knight to d4, but this takes time. 16...Ne6 17.h4 Nd4 18.Rh3 a5 (18...Kg7
19.h5) 19.Kb1 b4 (19...Bc6 20.g5! Nh5 21.Ned5 Bxd5 22.Nxd5 Rxc2 23.Qe1)
20.Nb5! Nxb5 21.Bxb5 bxa3 22.Nc4!

This is the idea behind g2-g4. White does not have to waste time putting his king on b1 here, and can proceed with
the blunt plan of h4-h5.

16.Bf2 d5!? 17.Nexd5 Nxd5 18.Nxd5 Bxd5 19.exd5 Bg5 20.Be3 Bxe3 21.Qxe3 Qg5 22.Qxg5 hxg5 looks like decent
compensation for Black.

16...d5 17.Ncxd5 Nxd5 18.exd5 does not give Black any serious compensation.
16...Qa5 can be met by 17.h4, since the exchange sacrifice on c3 isnt really a threat. 17...Nc5 (17...Bd8 18.h5)
18.Kb1 Ne6 19.h5

17.h4 Ne6 18.Kb1 Nd4 19.Bg2
White has an excellent position, for instance:

19...a5 20.f4!?
The last move reminds us that h4-h5 is not the only strong plan available.

D3) 7...b5

This move has become quite fashionable in the last few years. Whites most popular continuation has been D31) 8.0-
0-0. I spent some time analysing this, but was not completely satisfied. I will give a quick summary of this line before
moving on to D32) 8.f4!, which I believe to be more accurate.

D31) 8.0-0-0

I believe Black is doing okay after this move, but it takes some precision to show it. So far nobody has played Blacks
best line, so I will quickly show you the line that caused me the most trouble.

8...Bb7 9.f4
Some other games have continued:
9.Bxf6 Nxf6! 10.e5
10.f4 b4!? is a forcing route to equality. (10...g6N is a playable alternative if Black wants to maintain the tension.)
11.Nd5 Nxd5 12.exd5 Bxd5N (12...g6!?N is also probably okay.) 13.Nb5 e6! 14.Rxd5 Be7 15.Nxd6 Bxd6=
10...dxe5 11.Ndxb5
11.Qxe5 Qd6=
11...Nd7 12.Na3
This was played in Grabarczyk Heinemann, Schwetzingen 2013. If White has nothing better than retreating his
knight in this way, it is hard to believe that Black can have any problems. A good continuation is:
12...g6!?N 13.h4 Bg7 14.h5 Qc7 15.Qe3 0-0 16.hxg6 hxg6 17.Qh3 Rfd8!
9...Rc8! 10.e5
10.Bxf6N gives Black a choice. 10...gxf6 is simplest, while the provocative 10...Nxf6!? 11.e5 Rxc3 12.exf6 Rc5
would have to be checked further.

10...Rxc3 was recommended in Grandmaster Repertoire 6. It was a novelty at the time, and has been tested a few
times since then, but it is not the best move. 11.exf6 gxf6 12.bxc3 fxg5 13.Nf5! (13.fxg5 brought White success in a
recent blitz game, but matters are not so clear after 13...Bg7N.) 13...e6 14.Nxd6 Bxd6 15.Rxd6 Qc7 16.Qd2 gxf4 This
position was reached in Ziatdinov Harsha, Chennai 2013, and was also the ending point of Ftacniks analysis. At this
point White should play 17.Be2!N intending Rd1, with a powerful initiative.

11.fxe5 Rxc3 12.exf6

12.bxc3 Ne4! 13.e6 fxe6 14.Bd2 Qb6 is pretty good for Black.

After 12.Bxf6 Rc5 White lacks a decisive combination. I found nothing better than 13.Nf5 gxf6 14.e6, when Black can,
at the minimum, force a draw with 14...Rd5 15.exf7 Kxf7 16.Qh5 Kg8 17.Qg4 Kf7, when White is forced to repeat
with 18.Qh5.
The position looks scary for Black, but everything holds together.

13.Nf3 Rd5 is unclear, while 13.fxe7 Bxe7 14.Bxe7 Qxe7 15.Qxe7 Kxe7 16.Be2 Re8 17.Bf3 Bxf3 18.Nxf3 Nf8
reaches an equal endgame.
13...Re5 14.Qf2!?
14.fxg7 Bxg7 15.Qf2 gives White no advantage after: 15...Qb6 (15...0-0? 16.Nf5) 16.Rh3 0-0 17.Rg3 Kh8 18.Bxe7
(18.Bf4 Rd5 19.Rxg7 Kxg7) 18...Rxe7 19.Rxg7 Qh6 20.Rd2 (20.Rg5 f6 21.Nf5 fxg5!) 20...Qxg7 21.Nf5 Qf6
22.Nxe7 Qxe7 23.Rxd7 Qxd7 24.Qf6 Kg8=

14...exf6 15.Bf4 Rd5 16.c4 bxc4 17.Bxc4
Blacks lack of development seems worrying, but the computer is happy, and his position contains a lot of resources.

15...Rg8 16.Rg1
The position is rich in possibilities for both players, but I do not believe White can claim an advantage.

D32) 8.f4!

By forcing the issue in the centre, White provokes ...e5 and avoids the plan of ...Bb7, ...Rc8 and ...Rxc3 that we saw

This has been played almost exclusively, although there are some other important options to consider.

8...h6 9.Bh4 transposes to 7...h6 8.Bh4 b5 9.f4, as covered in variation C of Chapter 3. (9.Bxf6!? Nxf6 10.0-0-0 Bg4
11.Nf3 is another interesting possibility, but there is no need to spend any time on this.)

8...Qc7!? 9.Bxf6!?
9.0-0-0 is a good alternative. Now 9...e5 10.fxe5 dxe5 is discussed under 8...e5, and 8...b4 9.Nd5 transposes to
8...b4 below. 9...e6 is also dealt with elsewhere in the book see variation B of Chapter 8. Having said that, the
text move is rather tempting, as it allows White to fight for the advantage by more forcing means.
9...Nxf6 10.e5 b4
10...dxe5 11.fxe5 b4 12.Na4! Nd5 13.e6

11.Na4 is met by 11...Nd5 when the f4-pawn is hanging.
11...axb5 12.exf6 gxf6
12...Qc5 13.Qe4 d5 14.Bxb5 Bd7 15.Bxd7 Kxd7 16.Nb3! dxe4 17.Nxc5 Kc6 18.Nxe4 exf6 Black has some
drawing chances, but White is playing without risk.
13.Qf3! Ra5
13...Bb7 14.Bxb5 Kd8 15.Bc6 Kc8 16.0-0 Ra6 17.Bxb7 Qxb7 18.Qd3 Kb8 19.a4
14.Bxb5 Bd7 15.Bxd7 Kxd7 16.Nb3
Blacks king will be rather unpleasantly stuck in all variations, for instance:
16...Rb5 17.0-0-0
17.0-0-0! Rxa2 18.Kb1 Ra7 19.Qh5 Ke8 20.Qb5

A final alternative is:

8...b4!? 9.Nd5 Bb7

The knight can be left where it stands, as any opening of the position should be in our favour.
10.Bxf6 Nxf6 11.Nxf6 gxf6 may also be better for White, but this structure tends to result in an intense strategic
fight. Although Black has created some holes in his queenside, White is not ideally developed either.
10...Nxd5 11.exd5 Qc7
11...Bxd5?? 12.Nf5+
There is no need to defend the d5-pawn.
12...h6 13.Bh4 g5 14.fxg5 hxg5 15.Bxg5 Bxd5 16.Nf5 Be6 17.Qe4
13.Nf5!? is playable, but 13...Be6 blocks the attack for the time being.

14.Rhe1! Nc5
14...e6? loses immediately to 15.Nxe6.
14...e5 15.Qxg2 Rc8 16.Kb1 Black has no easy way to continue developing.
15.Qxg2 Rc8 16.Kb1
Here too, it is hard for Black to continue his development. The main problem is:
16...e6 17.f5 e5 18.f6!
Blacks position is unpleasant, and delaying ...e6 will not change much.

Ideally White would prefer to avoid committing to this exchange, but here it seems to be a necessity.

If 9.Nf5 then 9...Qa5!N is quite strong. Some messy complications lie ahead, but a bit of analysis convinced me that
Black is out of danger.

9.0-0-0!? doesnt work as smoothly here as in the main line below. Here is a shortened version of my analysis:
9...exd4!? 10.e5 Be7 11.exf6 gxf6 12.Nd5 fxg5 13.Re1 Nc5!N (13...gxf4 14.Nxe7 Ne5 15.Nc6 Qc7 16.Nxd4 Bb7 was
also pretty unclear in Soumya A. LAmi, Astana 2013.) 14.Nxe7 Be6 15.Nf5!? Qf6 16.g4 This position could be
analysed further, but I find Whites play in the main line more convincing.

10.Nf5 was played in an amateur game in 2005. Castling is much more dynamic, and was my choice when I
encountered this variation in 2012. Black has many possible moves here. My own game continued with D321)
10...exd4, but White must also consider D322) 10...Qb6N, D323) 10...h6N and D324) 10...Bb7N.
10...Qc7 gives White a choice. 11.Nf5 may well transpose to variation D324 after 11...Bb7, but White can also consider
11.Nd5!? Nxd5 12.exd5 Bb7 13.g4!?.

D321) 10...exd4 11.e5 Be7

I found an internet game where 11...Qe7 was played, but 12.exf6 Qxe2 13.Nxe2 led to an obvious advantage for White.

12.exf6 gxf6 13.Nd5 fxg5 14.Re1 Nf6

15.Nxf6 Kf8 16.Qe4 Be6! was an unclear mess in Negi Vorobiov, Leiden 2012.

15...Be6 16.Nc6 Qd5

After 16...d3 17.Qxd3 Qxd3 18.Bxd3 0-0 19.h4 White has easy play thanks to Blacks weak kingside structure.

This was the move I missed in my calculations. Now White gets a pleasant position by force.

After 17...Ng4 18.Qxd4 Qxd4 19.Nxd4 Black is facing a tough endgame.

18.Qxf6 Kd7 19.h4!?

19.Qxd4 Qd5 20.Qxd5 Bxd5 21.Re5 is also possible.

19...g4 20.Bd3
White has a dangerous initiative for a mere pawn.

D322) 10...Qb6N

This sets a devious trap.

11.Nf5 is not so good because of 11...b4!, intending 12.Nd5 Nxd5 13.exd5?? Qg6! and Black wins a piece.

11...Nxd5 12.exd5 Qg6!?

12...Bd6?! 13.Nf5 0-0 14.Kb1 Nc5 15.g4 gives White an ideal position for this structure.

12...Bc5 is slightly better, as the f5-square is off-limits to the white knight on account of the ...Qg6 trick. However,
13.Nc6 0-0 14.g4 Bb7 15.Bg2 still leaves White with a pleasant position.

13.h4! Bd6
13...h6 14.Bd2 Bd6 15.h5 looks ugly for Black.

This is simplest. 14.g4!? h6 15.Bd2 Nf6 16.Nf5 is an interesting pawn sacrifice, but there is no need for it.

14...0-0 15.Ne7
15.g4!? Nf6 16.Bh3 is also good.

15...Bxe7 16.Bxe7 Re8

17.d6 Bb7 18.Kb1 Rac8 19.h5 Qe6 20.Rh4

The bishop on e7 seriously limits Blacks active possibilities.

D323) 10...h6N
This is quite a critical move. The point is that if the bishop retreats to h4, Black will get some additional options
compared to some of the other lines. Fortunately, we can prevent this from happening.

11.Nd5! Bb7
11...hxg5? 12.Nc6 is a nice queen trap.
Taking the knight is not much better: 11...exd4? 12.e5! Be7 13.exf6 Nxf6 14.Nxf6 gxf6 15.Bxf6+

12.Bxf6 Nxf6

13.Nxb5! Nxd5
13...axb5? 14.Qxb5 wins effortlessly.

13...Bxd5 14.exd5 axb5 15.Qxe5 Qe7 16.Bxb5 Kd8 17.Qxe7 Bxe7 18.d6 Bf8 19.a4 The queenside pawns are too
much for Black to handle.

14.exd5 Be7 15.d6!

White still needs to play accurately. The simplistic 15.Nc3 would offer Black excellent compensation after 15...0-0
16.Qxe5 Re8 17.Qf5 Rc8.

15...Bg5 16.Kb1 axb5 17.Qxe5 Kf8 18.d7!

It would be slightly misleading to say that White has excellent compensation, because he will not even be materially
down for more than another move or two.

Black does not have time for 18...b4 on account of: 19.Bc4 Bf6 20.Qd6 Kg8 21.Rhe1+

18...Qe7 19.Qxb5 Be4 20.Bd3 also gives White excellent chances of success.

19.Qc5 Kg8 20.Bxb5 Ba6 21.Bxa6 Rxa6 22.Qc8 Ra8 23.Qxd8 Bxd8 24.Rhe1 Kh7 25.c4
It would be surprising if Black could hold this endgame.

D324) 10...Bb7N
This is arguably the most challenging move of all.
Black has a number of possible moves here, but with the d-file open, the two most natural choices are D3241)
11...Qb6 and D3242) 11...Qc7.

11...Rc8 12.Nd5! Swapping this piece for Blacks light-squared bishop is always welcome. 12...Bxd5 13.exd5 h6
(13...g6 14.Nd4) 14.Bf4 (14.Bh4 might give White an edge too.) 14...Qc7

15.Rd3! Intending to deploy the rook on c3 or e3. 15...Qxc2 (15...b4 16.Re3) 16.Qxc2 Rxc2 17.Kxc2 exf4 18.d6

11...h6 12.Bxf6! Qxf6 13.g3 Now Bh3 is an annoying threat, and it is hard for Black to get a normal position with short
castling. 13...Bc5 (13...0-0-0 14.a4) 14.Kb1
14...Nb6 (14...g6 15.Nxh6! Rxh6 16.Qd2 is an important point; 14...Rd8 is met by 15.Bh3 and Black still cannot castle
or play ...g6.) 15.Nxb5! 0-0 16.Nbd6

It is hard to imagine that this can work now.
The most punishing, although the simple 12.Kb1 is also possible, for instance: 12...b4 13.Nd5 Nxd5 14.exd5
Bxd5 15.b3
12...b4 13.Bc4! Qc7 (13...bxc3 14.Bxf7 Kxf7 15.Rxd7 Nxd7 16.Nd6 Ke6 17.Nxb7+) 14.Rxd7 Qxd7
15.Bxf6 gxf6 16.Nd5 Bxd5 17.exd5 gives White huge compensation.

13.Bxf6! Rxc3!?
13...Nxf6 is met by 14.Qg3 hitting both e5 and g7.
13...gxf6 is ugly, and 14.Qh3 Nb6 15.Qh4 Nd7 16.Rxd7! Kxd7 17.Qxf6 is dangerous for Black.
14.bxc3 gxf6 15.Qd3 Qc7 16.c4

D3241) 11...Qb6

The queen is slightly misplaced on b6, and White has more than one pleasant way to continue. He does, however, need
to watch for ...Rxc3 ideas.


Another promising continuation is: 12.Bxf6!? Qxf6 (12...Nxf6 13.Nxb5! Nxe4 14.Ng3 leads to rather complicated
stuff, but it looks dangerous for Black.) 13.Kb1!? (13.Qd2 0-0-0!) It is not easy for Black to continue, and the queen
on f6 looks out of place. 13...Bc5 (13...0-0-0 14.a4) 14.h4 g6 15.Ne3 Nb6 16.h5

12...Rc8 is well met by: 13.Bxf6! Qxf6 (13...Nxf6 14.g5 Nd7 15.Bh3+) 14.Qd2! Qc6 (14...Nb6 15.g5 Qd8 16.Qf2
Qc7 17.Bh3 with a crushing initiative.) 15.g5 White threatens Bh3, and Black has severe problems to even complete
his development.

13.Nh6!? b4 14.Nd5 Nxd5 15.exd5 f6 16.Be3 Qa5 reaches a position analysed under 13.Nh6!? in the notes to
variation D3242 below.

13...h6 14.Bxf6 Nxf6 15.h4 Bg7

After 15...Bc5 16.Ned5 Nxd5 17.Nxd5 Bxd5 18.exd5 0-0 19.h5 Whites bishop has the greater attacking potential,
while Blacks bishop really belongs on g7.

16.h5 0-0
17.g5! Nxh5
17...hxg5? 18.h6 Bh8 19.h7 wins.

18.Ncd5 Qd8 19.Rxh5 gxh5 20.Qxh5 Qxg5 21.Qxg5 hxg5 22.Ne7 Kh7 23.Bd3
Black will soon have to give up the dark-squared bishop to avoid mate, leaving White with two superb minor pieces
for a rook.

D3242) 11...Qc7

12.g4 g6
12...Rc8?! is an unfortunate choice due to 13.Bxf6! Nxf6 14.g5 Nd7 15.Bh3 when Black is under serious pressure.

12...b4 13.Bxf6 (13.Nd5 may also be better for White.) 13...Nxf6 (13...bxc3 14.Bxg7 cxb2 15.Kb1 looks horrid for
Black, for instance: 15...Bxg7 16.Nxg7 Kf8 17.Nf5 Nc5 18.Qc4! Bxe4 19.Rg1) 14.Nd5 Nxd5 15.exd5 0-0-0
16.Bg2 Blacks queenside is rather exposed.

12...h6 13.Bxf6 Nxf6 14.Nd5!? Nxd5 15.exd5 0-0-0 16.Bg2 Compared with 12...b4 above, here Black has not
weakened his queenside any further. Nevertheless, he still faces concrete problems: 16...g6 17.Rd3! (17.Ne3 Bc5=)
17...gxf5 18.Rc3 Bc5 19.b4 Kb8 20.Rxc5 Qe7 21.gxf5

Lets return to the main line where Black forces the knight away from f5. Here White can choose between an aggressive
move and a more solid one. Both options offer him better chances, so the choice depends on personal taste.

This is the solid option.

Normally a knight on this square will be extremely annoying for Black, as his king would be stuck in the centre,
but here there are some concrete lines that must be considered.
13...b4 14.Nd5 Nxd5 15.exd5 f6
15...Bd6 16.Be3
15...Rc8 16.Kb1 f6 17.Be3 Bc5 18.Bc1!? The bishop on c5 is in the way of Blacks other pieces.
16.Be3 Qa5
Without this forcing move, Blacks king would have come under heavy fire.
17.Kb1 Bxd5
18.Rxd5! Qxd5 19.Bg2 e4 20.Bf2!
White is able to win back the material.
20...Bxh6 21.Bxe4 Qe6
21...Qe5 22.Bg3
22.Re1 Ne5

Unless Black is able to solve his problems quickly, Whites bishop pair and better pawn structure will give him
excellent chances.

13...Be7 14.Bh6! keeps the king pinned down in the centre.
13...Bg7 14.Bg2 0-0 15.h4 h6 16.Bxf6 Nxf6 17.h5 maintains the pressure.
14.Bh4!? is another idea that could be explored. 14...Be7 (14...Bg7 15.Bg2 b4 16.Ncd5 Nxd5 17.Nxd5 Bxd5
18.exd5 With both of his bishops still on the board, this structure is excellent for White.) 15.Kb1 b4 Now White is
forced to take on f6, but I would argue that the bishop on e7 is less than ideally placed. (15...0-0 16.g5) 16.Bxf6 Nxf6
17.Ncd5 Nxd5 18.Nxd5 Bxd5 19.exd5 h5 (19...0-0 20.h4) 20.Bg2

14...Nxf6 15.Qf3!?
Whites plan includes Bd3, h2-h4, and a pawn advance to g5 or h5.

15.h4 is slightly less ambitious, but still leads to a pleasant position: 15...Rd8 16.Ned5 Nxd5 17.Nxd5 Bxd5 18.exd5
h5! (18...Bd6 19.h5) 19.g5 Bg7 20.Bg2 0-0 Black is solid, and it is not easy for White to break through on the
kingside. Nevertheless, he can keep a risk-free edge with 21.Be4 followed by piling up the heavy pieces on the f-file.

15...Bg7 also falls short of equality: 16.h4 Rd8 17.Bd3 b4 (17...0-0 18.g5) 18.Ncd5 Nxd5 19.Nxd5 Bxd5 20.exd5 0-
0 (20...h5 21.Bxa6) 21.h5

16.Ned5 Nxd5 17.Nxd5 Bxd5 18.exd5

White can press for a long time in this opposite-coloured bishop position. His bishop has better potential, and it is not
obvious what Black should do with his king, or how he should defend his light squares against the plan of Bd3 and h4-


Starting with Blacks rare 6th moves after 6.Bg5, 6...e5 is clearly dubious, but 6...Bd7 and 6...Nc6 both have some
tricky points, so it is worth checking both these lines.

The most important function of this chapter has been to introduce the increasingly popular 6...Nbd7 variation, against
which I favour 7.Qe2! intending some combination of long castling and a central attack with f2-f4.
7...Qa5?! does not make much sense; the bishop simply retreats to d2 and Whites initiative develops smoothly. 7...e5
seems like a surprising choice, but it is worth paying attention to some of the details that follow, as White has to play
accurately to exploit the weakness of the d5-square.
The largest and most important section of the chapter was devoted to 7...b5. Then 8.f4! e5 9.fxe5 dxe5 10.0-0-0! is an
idea that I tested in one of my own games, and awaits further tests. The position is rich in possibilities for both sides,
but more dangerous for Black, whose king is unlikely to feel safe for quite some time.
A) 8...Qc7
B) 8...e5
C) 8...Bg7 9.h4!?
C1) 9...h6
C2) 9...h5 10.Kb1 Qc7 11.g4!?N
C21) 11...Nb6
C22) 11...hxg4 12.h5! Rxh5 13.Rxh5 gxh5 14.Nf5 Bf8 15.Bg2
C221) 15...e6
C222) 15...Rb8
C223) 15...Qc5!

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 Nbd7 7.Qe2! g6

The kingside fianchetto is one of the most important options afforded to Black by 6...Nbd7, and in the present chapter
he makes use of it immediately. This never used to be a popular choice, but then in 2012, against Alekseev, Grischuk
showed that Black could go for the Dragon set-up and simply ignore Whites plan of f2-f4 and e4-e5. That game had
continued 7.f4 Bg7 8.Qe2, but of course the same plan was instantly adopted against 7.Qe2 as well. However, the fact
that White has not yet committed himself to f2-f4 provides him with interesting and relatively unexplored additional

8.h4?! is an imprecise move order because of 8...h6!. Now 9.Be3 h5!? 10.0-0-0 Bg7 transposes to 8.0-0-0 Bg7 9.h4
h6 10.Be3 h5! something we are trying to avoid, as explained later in variation C1. 9.Bxf6 is not much good due to
9...Nxf6! when, in contrast to variation C1, the e4-e5 push is toothless.

After the text move it is worth considering A) 8...Qc7 and B) 8...e5, but the main move is obviously C) 8...Bg7.

A) 8...Qc7

This position has occurred a few times via a 7...Qc7 move order. Blacks set-up is quite interesting; having moved the
queen off the d-file, he intends to meet h2-h4 with ...h6, and Bxf6 with ...Nxf6, without allowing e4-e5 at the end of the
sequence. However, White can throw a stick into the wheel.

9.Nd5 Nxd5 10.exd5 was played in Kosteniuk Dzagnidze, Beijing 2013, but now 10...Nb6N would have led to an
unclear game.

9.f4 e5!? is surprisingly hard to deal with. For instance, after 10.fxe5 dxe5 11.Nb3 b5, the position can be compared
with variation B of Chapter 4. The key difference is that here Black has improved his chances by avoiding weakening
his kingside with ...h6.

9...h5 10.Kb1 Bg7 is covered later under the move order 8...Bg7 9.h4 h5 10.Kb1 Qc7 see variation C2.

This leads to some amazing tactical possibilities.
10...hxg5 11.exf6 Nxf6 (11...e5 12.Nd5 looks horrid for Black.) 12.Ndb5!+ is a nice point.

11.Bxf6 exf6
Or 11...Nxf6 12.Ndb5! axb5 13.Nxb5 Qb8 14.Qc4 and Blacks position is falling apart.

12.Nd5 Qd6
12...Qd8 13.h5! undermines the light squares, creating additional squares for the d4-knight too. Despite having all
those pawns, Blacks position is precarious. 13...Nb6 14.Nxb6 Qxb6 15.hxg6 fxg6 16.Qe4!
13.Qc4 exd4 14.Nc7 Kd8 15.Nxa8 b5 16.Qxf7
Whites spectacular play has netted an extra exchange, but he still needs to play accurately to save the a8-knight.

16...Bb7 17.Re1 Be7

17...Qf4 18.Kb1 Bc5 19.Qg7! Re8 20.Rxe8 Kxe8 21.Qxg6 Kd8 22.Qg8 Nf8 23.Nb6 Qd6 24.Nc4 bxc4

18.Nc7! Ne5 19.Qg7 Rf8 20.f4 Rf7

Alternatively, after 20...d3 21.Rd1 Qxc7 22.Bxd3 Nxd3 23.Rxd3 Kc8 24.Rc3 Bc6 25.Rxc6 Qxc6 26.Qxe7 Re8
27.Qf7 White has good winning chances due to his extra pawn and the exposed black king.

21.Qg8 Kxc7 22.fxe5 Qe6

23.Bd3 Qxa2 24.e6 Rf8 25.Qh7 Kd8 could get really messy.

23...fxe5 24.Bd3 Bb4 25.Rd1

Black is still in the game, but Whites extra exchange makes it a mostly one-sided affair.

B) 8...e5

In the analogous position with ...h6 and Bh4 included, the same move is quite good for Black. In fact, if you turn
ahead to the beginning of Chapter 4, you will see that with the bishop already on h4 I recommend playing f2-f4 before
castling, to avoid this very possibility. However, with the bishop still on g5 White benefits from some extra options.

The most ambitious.

9.Nb3 may lead to a slightly odd version of an English Attack. 9...h6 (9...Be7 10.Bh6! is annoying for Black.) 10.Be3!
(10.Bh4 is the same kind of unfavourable transposition as outlined above.) The bishop on e3 makes it harder for Black
to develop, and Whites g- and h-pawns are free to roam forwards. 10...b5 11.f3 Now 11...Nb6!?N looks like Blacks
best chance, and could be explored further. (Instead after 11...Bb7 12.a3 Rc8 13.Qd2 the ...Rxc3 threat is easily parried,
and ...Nb6 will usually be met by Na5. 13...Qc7 14.Kb1 Yu Gordon, Gibraltar 2013.)

9...exd4? 10.e5 is horrible.

After 9...Bg7 10.Nb3! h6 11.Bh4 the bishop is misplaced on g7. It wont be able to help the d6-pawn and, even more
importantly, the pin will remain a source of great annoyance.
10.Qc4! hxg5
10...exd4 11.Bxf6! Nxf6 12.Nc7 Ke7 13.Nxa8 Be6 14.Qb4 Qxa8 15.e5 gives White a huge attack against the
uncastled king.

11.Nc7 Qxc7!
This leads to a double-edged situation involving three pieces against a queen.
11...Ke7 is playable, but it leads to more one-sided positions where Black will have to fight for a draw an exchange
down. 12.Nde6 Nb6 13.Nxd8 Nxc4 14.Nxf7 (White can also consider: 14.Bxc4 Kxd8 15.Nxa8 Nxe4 16.Rhe1 Nxf2
17.Rd2 Ng4 18.Bxf7 Rxh2 19.Bxg6) 14...Nxb2 15.Kxb2 Kxf7 16.Nxa8 Nxe4 17.Bd3

12.Qxc7 exd4
The computer gives a positive evaluation for White, but it is not at all easy for a human player to assess the position.
Fortunately there are some concrete ways to pose problems for Black.

13.Bc4 Be7 14.Rxd4 allows Black to get organized with 14...Kf8! 15.f3 Kg7 16.Bb3 Ne8 17.Qc4 Ne5 18.Qe2. The
struggle goes on, and the computer prefers White, but I think Blacks position is acceptable.

13...Ne5 can be met in the same way.
Giving up material for the sake of the initiative.
After 14.Bc4 Bh6 15.Kb1 Bf4 Black regroups his pieces excellently.

14...Bxd6 15.Qxd6
Suddenly Blacks position doesnt look so well organized, despite having a rook and two knights against a queen.

15...Nxe4 16.Qb4
16.Qd4 also deserves attention. 16...Nef6 17.Bc4 0-0 (17...Kf8 18.Re1 Kg7 19.f3 gxf3 20.g4) 18.h3 g3! (18...gxh3
19.Rxh3 is too dangerous.) 19.fxg3 b5 20.Bb3 a5 21.a3 (21.a4!?) 21...Bb7 22.Rf1 a4 23.Ba2 Rad8 24.Rxf6 Nxf6
25.Qxf6 Bd5 I think Black should be able to hold.
16...Ndf6 17.Bd3

16...Nec5 17.Bc4 0-0 18.h4! Opening up the h-file will give White a strong initiative, with the rook and queen
combining to create mating nets.

17.Bc4 Rh5!
This is the only way to prevent an instant collapse.
After 17...Nf8 18.Qc3 Ke7 19.Re1 Ne6 20.f3 gxf3 21.Qa3 Ke8 22.Qxf3 followed by Rf1, Blacks position is hard to
keep together.

18.Re1 Re5
An interesting position has arisen. Despite being far behind in development, Black is not in any immediate danger.
White is ahead in development, but he is running out of pieces and needs to find a plan.

Preparing to stifle Blacks intended development of his queenside pieces.

19...b6 just loses the pawn: 20.Rxe5 Nxe5 21.Qxb6

19...a5 gives away the critical b5-square. 20.Rxe5 Nxe5 21.Bb5 Nfd7 (21...Ned7 22.Qd6) 22.Qd6 Kd8 23.h3 gxh3
24.gxh3 White intends f2-f4, and 24...g5 is not much of a defence due to 25.f4! gxf4 26.h4 when the h-pawn seems

20.Qxe1 Kf8 21.Qb4 Ke8

Black should not allow the queen to go to e7.

How should Black continue development now?
Normal development with 22...Ne5 is difficult since after 23.Qe1! Nfd7 24.Bd5 the b7-pawn is hard to protect.
24...Kf8 (24...Rb8 25.h3!) 25.Bxb7 Rb8 26.Bd5

23.axb6 Rb8
White has a few ways to maintain some pressure without taking any risks. For instance:

24.Qb3 Rxb6 25.Bxf7 Ke7 26.Qc4 Bb7 27.Bxg6 Bxg2 28.Qc3

The endgame will go on, but Black will have to struggle to establish a defensive fortress.

C) 8...Bg7
9.f4 0-0 leads to a different type of game, as discussed briefly in the introductory comments. Black has achieved good
results so far, although there is still a lot to be explored here.

I prefer to utilize the fact that White has not yet committed to f2-f4. Black may react to the advance of the h-pawn with
C1) 9...h6 or C2) 9...h5.

Neither 9...Qc7 10.h5! nor 9...0-0 10.h5 Nxh5 11.Nf5! can be considered acceptable for Black.

C1) 9...h6

This is the more natural-looking response, but it has a drawback.

Exploiting the fact that Black cannot recapture with the knight.

10.Be3 looked like a good move after 10...b5?, when 11.h5! Ne5 12.hxg6 fxg6 13.f4 gave White an ideal position in
Durarbayli Georgiev, Dubai 2014.
However, 10...h5! is a stronger move which gives Black an improved version of variation C2, since the bishop on e3
gets in the way of the f2-f4/e4-e5 plan, and also does not support an attack on the e7-pawn like the bishop on g5.
When we look ahead to variation C2, we will see that Nakamura chose 9...h5 over 10...h6. There is little doubt that he
would have preferred the version with the bishop on e3, so we can infer that he was put off 9...h6 by the prospect of the
text move.

10...Nxf6? 11.e5! Nh5 (11...dxe5 12.Nc6+) 12.e6 looks extremely bad for Black.

This is the most solid option, aiming for a slight edge.

Planning h4-h5 on the next move is more ambitious, since Black cannot blockade the position with ...Bxd4 as in
the main line, but it is harder to reach an exact conclusion here.
11...Bxd4 12.Rxd4 is a dubious choice without the inclusion of h4-h5 and ...g5, as Blacks kingside is too
12.h5 e6!
Other moves would give White an ideal position.

Again this is the most ambitious.
13.Ne3 g5 14.g3, intending Bg2 and f2-f4, may well be better for White. However, if I was aiming for this type of
position I would prefer 11.h5, since Black is forced to give up his dark-squared bishop there, whereas here it may
offer him some counterplay.
13...exd5 14.gxf7 Kxf7 15.Qh5 Ke7 16.Qxd5
16.Nf5 Kf8 followed by ...Qg5 would enable Black to escape to a drawish endgame.
After 16...Nf6 17.Qb3 the knight is in the way of Blacks pieces, and White will play Bc4 next, with excellent
The critical position. Black has many ways to continue, but his exposed king should constantly make him
uncomfortable. There is no need to analyse all possible moves here, but I will just offer a few lines to make my
17...Bxd4 Blacks dark-squared bishop seems too strong to just give away. 18.Rxd4 Be6 19.Qa3
17...Rf8 is met by the brilliant 18.e5! Bxe5 19.Re1 and the position gets opened up rather unpleasantly for Black,
for instance 19...Rf6 (19...Bd7 20.Rxh6) 20.f4 Rxf4 21.Rxh6 Qf8 22.Rh7 Kf6 23.Nf3 with a crushing
This seems the most critical, setting up constant threats involving e4-e5. Its a complicated position, but Blacks
life seems harder. For instance:
Or 18...Qc5 19.e5! dxe5 20.Qg3! Kf7 21.Rh5! with a strong attack.
19.Rh5!? Rhf8 20.e5 dxe5 21.fxe5 Rac8 22.Qa3 Kf7 23.Qg3!
Intending Bd3 with good attacking chances.
Other moves would obviously result in a hideous kingside structure.

12.Nd5 Bxd4
12...Be5 is rather awkward, as Black will constantly have to worry about f2-f4 threats. 13.g3! e6 14.Ne3 Qc7
15.Bg2 intending Rhf1 and f2-f4.

13.Rxd4 Ne5
At first Black appears to have a solid position, and the absence of his dark-squared bishop isnt felt immediately. But
without that bishop, there is also not much scope for his queenside counterplay. Also it is important to appreciate that if
White manages to play g2-g3 and f2-f4, then Blacks apparent solidity on the kingside will just crumple. Black may try
to obstruct this plan with a timely ...g4, but this will bring the dark-square weaknesses into focus. In the meantime,
White can just continue developing normally, place his pieces on good squares, and see where it leads him. Keeping in
mind these ideas, the next few moves will be easy to understand.

14.Qe3! Be6
14...b5 is not terribly useful, since the bishop is better on e6 than on b7.

14...Qa5 can be met by 15.g3!, since taking on a2 will allow a check on c7. (15.Kb1 is too slow: 15...Be6 16.g3 Rc8
17.f4 Qc5! 18.c3 Nc6=)

After 15.f3 Qa5 16.Kb1 Qc5 it will be hard to arrange g2-g3 and f3-f4.

Black should not allow f2-f4.

16.Kb1 Rc8 17.Be2 Qa5 18.c3 Qc5 19.Qf4

Black is pretty solid, but his position contains a number of weaknesses and he has no counterplay.

C2) 9...h5
At first it appears that White can just build a quick central initiative with f2-f4, followed by a pawn advance to e5 or
f5, while if Black castles, the weaknesses caused by the ...h5 move might be felt. Initially the computer seemed to
endorse that view, but then Nakamura played this way with Black, and showed that the above assessment might be
unfounded. One important point is that f2-f4 will give Black the excellent g4-square for his knight, while any Nd5
threats can be prevented by placing the other knight on b6.

The idea of connecting this move with the rather striking novelty on the next turn is not something I came up with

First I tried 10.f4N, with the idea of meeting 10...Qc7 with: 11.g4!? (11.Kb1 transposes to 11.f4 in the note to Whites
next move in the main line below.) The idea was to prevent Blacks knights from using the g4-square, and I noticed that
11...hxg4 would run into the strong 12.h5!. (In this version Whites f2-f4 move proves far more useful than Kb1, as
occurs in the main line.)
So far so good, but then I realized that Black had a good answer in 11...Nb6!, guarding against any Nd5 ideas, while
the ...Bxg4 threat spoils Whites plans completely. I analysed this a bit further but did not get anywhere, so I began to
think of other ways to implement the g2-g4 idea. Ideally, we want to meet ...hxg4 with h4-h5, while avoiding the
problems caused by a timely ...Nb6.

10...b5? 11.Nc6! Qc7 12.Nxe7 is a nasty trap.

10...Nb6? doesnt work either due to 11.e5.

10...0-0?! is too committal, and after 11.f3 Whites kingside initiative will be swift.
This seems like the ideal moment to go for the g2-g4 plan.

I found no advantage for White after the more obvious attacking try:
11.f4 Nb6!
Again this knight move plays a key role in the defence. Now the critical move is obviously:
12.f5 Ng4! 13.Rh3 Qc5 14.Nb3 Qf2 15.Qd3 Ne5 16.Qd4 Qxd4 17.Nxd4 Nc6 was fine for Black in Solak
Nakamura, Rhodes 2013.
12...0-0?! gives White too many options, one example being 13.exf6 exf6 14.f5.
13.fxe5 Ng4!?
13...Nfd5 is safer, and 14.Nxd5 Nxd5 15.e6 0-0 16.Qc4 fxe6 17.Qxc7 Nxc7 18.Bxe7 Re8 seems playable for
Black. The main line also works well though.
14.e6 0-0
The position looks dangerous for Black, but it is hard to maintain the pawn on e6.
15.exf7 Rxf7
15...Bxd4 is met by 16.exf7 Rxf7 17.Rxd4, but now Black really is threatening to take on d4.
16.exf7 e5! 17.Nb3 Bf5 seems fine for Black.
16...Bxd4 17.Rxd4 Bxe6 18.Bxg4 Bxg4 19.Qxe7 Qxe7 20.Bxe7 Rfe8
White has no more than a faint initiative in the endgame.

Returning to the position after 11.g4!?N, Black may try C21) 11...Nb6 or C22) 11...hxg4.

C21) 11...Nb6

This is much less effective than it was in the similar position after 10.f4N 10...Qc7 11.g4!?. With the pawn back on f2
here, the prospect of a bishop arriving on g4 is far less annoying.
12.gxh5 Nxh5
After 12...Bg4 13.f3 Bxh5 14.Bh3 Blacks bishop is stuck out of play.

12...Rxh5 13.Nf5! gxf5 14.Bxf6 Bxf6 15.Qxh5 Bxc3 16.Rg1! White invades through the kingside.

The changed landscape on the kingside seems to favour White. Kingside castling is out of the question for Black, and
White can improve his position in anticipation of plans involving ...0-0-0.
White has more than one good way to continue. Another is:
13.Rg1 Bd7 14.Be3!?
Anticipating long castling.
After 14...Rc8 15.f4 Blacks king is permanently stuck in the centre, and White will prepare to break through,
either along the g-file or with e4-e5. 15...Nc4 seems like the obvious try to get counterplay, but White can react
powerfully with: 16.Nd5 Qa5 17.Rg5! Qa4 18.e5! e6 19.Bc1! dxe5 20.fxe5 exd5 21.e6 fxe6 22.Nxe6 Kf7
This move prepares a possible rook lift to a5! Another useful point is:
15...Bh6 16.Nf3!?
If Black takes on g5, the knight recapture will give White more than enough compensation. This could be an
interesting position to explore further, but since the main line gives White an edge by simpler means, there is no need to
delve any deeper into it here.

13...Nxd5 14.exd5 Nf6

14...0-0? is too dangerous due to 15.Bg2 followed by Bf3, destroying the blockade on the kingside.

14...Be5 15.Qe3 Kf8 (15...f6 16.Bd3!) 16.Be2 followed by f2-f4 also looks grim for Black.

It is not easy for Black to develop further, as his king will not be safe on either side of the board.

15...Bg4 16.f3 Bh5

The bishop may be misplaced here, but it seems like the best try to stabilize the kingside to prepare castling.

17.Rhe1 Nxd5
This allows a nice tactical sequence. 17...0-0 is no better due to the simple 18.Qxe7.

Objectively Blacks best continuation may be 17...Kf8, although 18.Bh3 leaves White in control.

18.Ne6! fxe6 19.Qxe6 Nb4

19...Nf6 20.Bxf6 Bxf6 21.Qxf6 leaves Blacks king in danger.

20.Qxe7 Qxe7 21.Rxe7 Kf8 22.Rxb7 Nc6 23.Rxd6 Na5 24.Rb4

White is close to winning. He has three pawns for a piece, his rooks are absolutely dominating, and the black knight is
close to being trapped.

C22) 11...hxg4
The key idea. White is looking to create entry points for his knights.

Other moves can be brushed aside with relative ease.

12...b5? 13.Bg2 creates threats on the long diagonal while defending the rook in preparation for hxg6.

12...gxh5 is similar to the main line, but keeping another pair of rooks on the board only serves Whites purpose. 13.Nf5
Bf8 14.f4!? (White can also play 14.Bg2 Rb8 15.f4, by analogy with the main line.) 14...gxf3 15.Qxf3 Ne5 16.Qf4
Bxf5 17.exf5 White has a useful initiative. In the position without the rooks on h1 and h8, Black can get away with
17...0-0-0, but here it runs into 18.Bxf6 exf6 19.Nd5 Qc6 20.Rh3! and White wins.

12...Nb6 13.h6! Ng8 (13...Bf8 14.Bxf6)

14.a4! White intends to chase away the knight and plonk his own horse on d5. (14.Qd2 Be5 also looks pretty good for
White, but the position is messier.) 14...Bxh6 (14...e6? 15.hxg7! Rxh1 16.Ndb5!+) 15.a5 Nd7 16.Nd5

12...Qa5 13.Qd2!?
Other moves can be analysed, but this is the simplest.
13.h6 Qxg5 14.hxg7 Rxh1 15.Nd5 is a fun position to explore, but there is no need for it.
13...Rxh5 14.Rxh5 gxh5 15.Nf5 Bf8
15...Bh8 16.Nxe7
Compared with the main line below, the inclusion of the moves ...Qa5 and Qd2 is clearly in Whites favour. It is
harder for Black to arrange ...e6, while Whites queen move sets up attacking ideas involving Bh6, or possibly
even with Re1.
16...Rb8 17.f4
17.Re1!? can also be considered.
17.e5 does not quite work: 17...Qxe5 18.Nxe7 Bxe7 19.Re1 Qc5 20.Rxe7 Kxe7 21.Nd5 Ke6 White has many
entertaining ways to give a perpetual, but the win proves elusive.
17...gxf3 18.Bxf3 b5
Otherwise it is hard to see the point behind putting the queen on a5 and rook on b8.
19.Qf4 b4 20.Nd5

13.Rxh5 gxh5 14.Nf5

The knight is majestically placed here.

There is nothing else. After 14...Bh8? 15.Nxe7! Blacks position collapses, while 14...Kf8 is not much better after
15.Qe3! followed by Bh6.

We have reached a critical position. Retreating the bishop to f8 looks ugly of course, but White needs to prove if his
initiative is worth the flashy double pawn sacrifice. As you will see in the following lines, it will be hard for Black to
untangle and complete his development, despite the existence of moves like ...e6 which seem so obvious. And even if
Black manages to complete his development, it should not be too hard for White to recover the loose kingside pawns,
so we are not taking too big a risk.

This calm developing move prevents ...b5 and prepares f2-f4. It also prepares a nice way to deal with ...e6.

If White could establish a pawn on f4 then Black would be busted, but he can always take en passant of course. For
example: 15.f4 gxf3 16.Qxf3 Ne5 17.Qf4 Bxf5 18.exf5 0-0-0 19.Bxf6 exf6 20.Nd5 Qc6 21.Nxf6 Qf3= I have
included this line mainly to show that White is perfectly safe even when Black manages to complete his development,
but of course we should make it as hard as possible for him to do this. Returning to the main line, Black has three main
tries: C221) 15...e6, C222) 15...Rb8 and C223) 15...Qc5!.

15...Nb6? is more or less refuted by 16.Nxd6 exd6 17.Bxf6 followed by Nd5.

C221) 15...e6
This is the first logical move to consider. Retreating the knight doesnt seem too inspiring, but we can do better.

This is particularly effective after Black has committed to ...e6, as there will be more open lines around his king.

16.f4!? is quite a sweet idea too, but it will most probably transpose to the later variation C223: 16...gxf3 (16...exf5
17.exf5 Be7 18.Re1 Qd8 19.Bd5! followed by Qc4 is an amazing example of domination.) 17.Bxf3 Qc5 This position
is covered later via the move order 15...Qc5 16.f4 gxf3 17.Bxf3 e6. (Black had better avoid 17...Ng4 18.e5! Ngxe5
19.Bxh5, or 17...exf5 18.exf5 Be7 19.Bxh5.)

16...dxe5 17.Ng3
Now were three pawns down! But all of our pieces are participating in the game, which certainly cannot be said
about the opposition. Blacks position is incredibly difficult, and it is hard to play even single moves, while Whites
tactical options abound. Here are a few illustrative lines.
17...Nh7 18.Bh4 f5 19.Nxh5 Kf7 20.f3! and White opens up the kingside.

17...Be7 18.Qd2! Rb8 19.Bxf6! Nxf6 20.Qh6+ and White just wins the knight.

17...Qb6 can be met by 18.Ka1, avoiding any tricks and asking Black how he intends to develop his pieces.

18.Qd2 b5 19.Bxf6! Nxf6

20.Bc6! Nd7 21.Bxd7 Qxd7 22.Qg5 Qe7 23.Qxe5 Rb6 24.Nce4

White is absolutely dominating.

C222) 15...Rb8
This seems like a natural way to continue development. Now we have a pleasant choice between a forcing
continuation and a more patient one.

The more violent option is 16.e5!? Nxe5 (16...dxe5 17.Qe3 is more dangerous for Black) 17.Nxd6 exd6 18.Bxf6
Be6. White has excellent compensation here, but it wasnt easy to prove an advantage against the computer. The
position can be explored further, but I tend to prefer the more measured build-up.

It is hard to imagine Black tolerating the pawn on f4. For instance, if 16...e6 then 17.Re1!? leaves him facing too
many tactical threats involving e4-e5.

17.Bxf3 b5
17...e6 allows a familiar response: 18.e5! dxe5 19.Ng3 White has an even better version of variation C221 above.

17...Qc5 is covered under the move order 15...Qc5 16.f4 gxf3 17.Bxf3 Rb8 see the notes to Blacks 17th move in
variation C223 below.

18.e5!? dxe5
18...Nxe5 19.Nxd6 exd6 20.Bxf6 Be6 21.Bxe5 dxe5 22.Nd5 (22.Bd5!?) 22...Bxd5 23.Bxd5 gives White a long-
term initiative, which is only enhanced by the presence of opposite-coloured bishops.

19.Nd5 Nxd5 20.Bxd5 Nf6 21.Bxf6 exf6 22.Qxh5 Bxf5 23.Qxf5

Compared with the last note, Black has a more compact structure with a pawn on f6 instead of h5. Nevertheless,
White keeps a persistent initiative. A possible continuation is:
23...Rb6 24.Bxf7!
An important detail.

24...Kxf7 25.Rd7 Qxd7 26.Qxd7

Black will have to work hard to construct a reliable fortress in the endgame.

C223) 15...Qc5!

This seems like the best defensive move, cutting out the e4-e5 tricks. The queen is better on c5 than on a5, since the
future plan of ...Rb8 and ...b5 will not cut the queen off from the centre.

This is the simplest way to continue, but there are a lot of other more sophisticated methods as well. I will mention a
few of the more interesting possibilities that could be explored more deeply:

16.Bh4 e6 17.Re1!? is an ambitious try. White may even follow up by putting a second knight en prise on d5.

After 16.Re1 e6 I found nothing better than 17.Qd2 transposing to 16.Qd2 below.

An extremely complicated position results from:

16.Qd2!? e6
16...Rb8 17.Be3 Qa5 18.Bh6
How should Black continue his development?
A most unnatural defence for a human, but probably necessary since it frees the d7-knight and avoids being hit by
17...exf5? 18.exf5 Kd8 19.Nd5 Bg7 20.b4! wins.
The logical 17...Rb8 runs into our typical, beautiful idea of 18.e5!! dxe5 19.Rd1! Qc7 20.Ng3 when Black is
completely tied down.
18.Be3 Qc7
There are various options that deserve attention here. One possible continuation is:
19.f4 gxf3
19...Ngf6 20.Bd4
20.Bxf3 Ne5 21.Qg2!? Nf6 22.Ng7 Bxg7 23.Qxg7
White has a strong initiative with pressure on the dark squares.

16...Rb8?! gives White a few good options, the simplest being: 17.Nxd6! exd6 18.e5 dxe5 19.fxe5 Nh7 20.Bf4

17.Bxf3 e6
This seems like the most logical way, as Black has to try and get rid of the knight.

After 17...Qe5 18.Bh4 the queen will easily be driven away, so Blacks last move doesnt have much point.

17...Ne5 18.Bxf6 exf6 19.Nd5 is excellent for White.

This move prepares ...b5-b4, but it gives White a lot of time. I like the idea of invading on the kingside with:
18.Bxh5!? is also quite dangerous. 18...e6 19.Be3 (19.Nd5 often runs into the following defence: 19...exd5
20.exd5 Ne5! 21.Bxf6 Bxf5 22.Bxe5 Qxc2 23.Qxc2 Bxc2 24.Kxc2 dxe5=) 19...Qe5 20.Bd4 Qf4 21.Rf1
Qg5 22.Bf3 Ne5 (22...exf5 23.e5!) 23.Be3 Qg6 24.Rg1 Qh7 25.Bg5 Nfd7 26.Bh5 The analysis can continue,
but White clearly has the initiative.

Black is not helped by 18...e6 19.Be3 Qe5 20.Ng7.
19.Be3 Qc7
19...Qe5 20.Bd4 Qe6 21.Ne2! Bb7 22.Nf4 Qc4 23.b3 Qc6 24.Rd3
20.Ng7 Bxg7
20...Kd8 21.Nxh5
Now White gets an excellent initiative on the dark squares:
21...Ne5 22.Bd4! Nxf3
Or 22...b4 23.Bxe5 bxc3 24.b3 Be6 25.Bd4 intending e4-e5.
23.Qh8 Kd7 24.Bxf6 exf6 25.Qxf6 Ne5 26.Qxe5
Lets return to the more critical 17...e6.

Other moves such as 18.Bxh5 and 18.Rf1 lead to interesting play, but the text move is the most critical.

18...Qc7 19.Ng3 (19.Nh6!? is a dangerous alternative.) 19...Ne5 (19...h4 20.Nh5 Nxh5 21.Bxh5 Ne5 [21...Nf6
22.Bg5!] 22.Qf2) 20.Nxh5 Nxh5 21.Bxh5 Bd7 22.Qf2! Black still cannot castle due to Bb6, while 22...Bc6 is met
by 23.Rf1 intending Bg5, maintaining the pressure.

Creating a lot of tactical tricks, so Black is practically forced to give up his crucial dark-squared bishop. A few other
moves are also promising to explore further:

19.Bd4 Qf4 20.Rf1!? exf5 21.exf5 Kd8 22.Qc4 leads to some crazy complications; White may indeed have excellent
compensation, but theres no need to sacrifice a piece.

This nondescript move also gives White decent compensation. Black has a lot of options, so Ill settle for giving a
few sample lines.
19...b5 20.Nc6
19...Ng4 20.Bxg4 hxg4 21.Qxg4 It is not easy for Black to complete development while keeping Whites pieces
from invading through the kingside.

20.Rg1!? Ng4
Or 20...Qa5 21.Rg5 Qc7 22.Bxh5 Ne5 23.Nf3 and White keeps some initiative.
21.Bxg4 hxg4 22.Qxg4
This might look okay for Black, but he is still under some pressure. Particularly the black queen finds it hard to
find a safe haven.
22...Qh8 23.Qg2! leads to strong threats: 23...Bf6 24.Nf5! exf5 25.Nd5 Nc5 26.Qg8 Qxg8 27.Rxg8 Kd7
28.Nxf6 Kc6 29.exf5 b5 30.Rf8
23.Qg7! Bf8
23...Bd7 24.Qh8+
24.Qg2 Bd7 25.Nde2!
Black has annoying problems in the centre.

After 19...Be7 20.Rg1! Blacks queen is being shooed away: 20...Qa5 21.Nxf7! Kxf7 22.Rg5 Qc7 23.Bxh5+

19...b5 allows the same type of sacrifice: 20.Nxf7! Kxf7 21.Bd4 Qf4 22.e5 dxe5 23.Be3

19...Qa5 20.Rg1! Ne5 21.Bxh5 (21.Ng8!? Nxg8 22.Rxg8 Bd7 23.Qf2 is also unpleasant for Black.) 21...Bd7 22.Nxf7
Nxf7 23.Bxf7 Kxf7
24.e5! Qxe5 (24...dxe5 25.Rf1!) 25.Rg5 The black queen is trapped rather spectacularly in the middle of the board!

Now Blacks dark squares are glaringly weak. As long as he doesnt escape with ...0-0-0, he will continue to suffer.

Or 20...Qg3 21.Rf1 Ne5 22.Qd1!? Nxf3 23.Rxf3 Qg6 24.Bc1 and Black will struggle to defend his dark squares.

Most other moves allow Black to complete his queenside development and get castled.

21.a3 Bb7 22.Qd2 0-0-0! 23.Bf4 Qc5 24.Bxd6 Ne5! 25.Bxc5 Rxd2 26.Rxd2 Nxf3 27.Rd3 Nxe4 would be fine for

21.Be3 Bb7 22.Bd4 Qf4 gives White nothing better than repeating with 23.Be3.

21...Bb7 22.Rg5

22.Nd1 Rb8
22...a5? 23.Rg5 Qd4 24.e5 wins for White.

After 22...Ng4 23.Bxg4 hxg4 24.Qxg4 the weak dark squares make Blacks position unpleasant.

The text move abandons all hope of castling, leaving White with several ways to develop his initiative.

White can also go for 23.Rg7!? immediately, for instance: 23...Bb7 24.Nf2 Qb5 25.Nd3 and there is no easy way
for Black to solve his problems.

23...Qd4 24.Rg7 Ne5

24...Bb7 25.Be3! Qe5 26.Rg5 traps the queen.

25.Be3 Qc4 26.Qg2

26...Bb7 27.Rg8!

27.Bxg4 Nxg4 28.Rh7!? Qb5 29.Qd2

We have gone a bit deeper than necessary, but the general picture is clear: White has enduring compensation and
Black must defend with great care.


7...g6 is becoming increasingly popular, and so far Blacks position has withstood all of Whites attempts to break it.
After the natural 8.0-0-0, even the sidelines 8...Qc7 and 8...e5 forced me to find new and inventive ways to challenge
the defence. Most of the time you can expect to face 8...Bg7, after which 9.h4!? forces Black to make an important
9...h6 is conveniently met by 10.Bxf6!N, when Black cannot realistically recapture with the knight, and 10...Bxf6
leaves White with more than one promising continuation.
9...h5 is more critical, and here long analysis convinced me that 10.Kb1 Qc7 11.g4!?N causes significant problems to
the defence. There are many ways for Black to lose quickly, but even with best play, I found no clear way for him to
defuse the pressure.
A) 8...e6?!
B) 8...g5
C) 8...b5!? 9.f4
C1) 9...e5N
C2) 9...g5 10.fxg5 hxg5 11.Bxg5 Bb7 12.0-0-0 e6 13.g4!
C21) 13...Be7
C22) 13...b4!?N

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 Nbd7 7.Qe2 h6

Prodding the bishop has been Blacks most popular choice in the position. Though it may seem like a small detail, it
can change the character of many of the ensuing variations.

On the negative side for White, he has lost the chance to meet ...h6 with Bxf6, as exchanging in the present position
would clearly be premature. Also, the bishop has been driven away from the centre; there will be no returning to e3 or
d2 for a while. However, Black has paid a price in the slight weakening of the g6-point.

In this position Blacks most important option is 8...g6, and we will deal with it separately in the next chapter. For the
time being, however, it is important to check three alternatives: A) 8...e6?!, B) 8...g5 and C) 8...b5!?.

8...e5 9.Nf5 g6 10.Ne3 has been covered via the 7...e5 move order see variation D2 of Chapter 1.

8...Qc7 should be met by: 9.0-0-0 (9.f4 allows 9...e5!, which is similar to 7.f4 Qc7 8.Qe2 e5, which is considered to be
doing fine for Black.) Now it seems that the best Black can hope for is to transpose to some other variation. For
instance: 9...g6 (9...g5 10.Bg3 e6 transposes to variation B below, while 9...b5 10.f4 gives Black an unfavourable
version of variation C, where the queen has gone to c7 prematurely.) 10.f4 e5 11.fxe5 dxe5 This position is covered in
the next chapter under the move order 8...g6 9.f4 e5 10.fxe5 dxe5 11.0-0-0 Qc7.

A) 8...e6?!

This makes little sense, since Black will not be able to transpose to normal lines with 6...e6 and 7...Nbd7. Nevertheless,
there have been several games with this move order, so it is useful to see where the problem lies.

9.f4 Qc7
9...b5? 10.e5

10.0-0-0 b5

An obvious improvement over several existing games, including one between strong grandmasters: 11.f5 Nc5 12.fxe6
fxe6 13.e5 dxe5 14.Bg3 b4 was an unclear mess in Potkin Laznicka, Havana 2012.

11...dxe5 12.fxe5 Nxe5

12...Qxe5 13.Qf3! Qb8 14.Bxf6 Nxf6 (14...gxf6 15.Nd5! exd5 16.Re1+) 15.Nc6 Bb7 16.Nd5! White has a serious

13.Bg3 Nfd7 14.Nf3 f6 15.Nxe5 Nxe5 16.Qh5 Qf7

The queen exchange will do nothing to dampen Whites initiative.

17...Qxh5 18.Bxh5 Nf7 19.Bf3 Ra7 20.Bc6 Ke7 21.Bf2

Black must lose an exchange, and most probably the game in the long run.

B) 8...g5 9.Bg3

9...e5 restricts the bishop on g3, but creates too many weaknesses, and after 10.Nf5 Nc5 11.0-0-0 Bxf5 12.exf5 Qc7
13.h4 Black was under pressure in Balogh Savchenko, Dubai 2010.

10.0-0-0 Qc7 11.h4 Rg8 12.hxg5 hxg5 13.Qe3!

This seems like the most effective continuation, but even the more routine 13.f3 should offer White an edge.

13...b5 14.Bxb5! axb5 15.Ndxb5 Qa5 16.Nxd6 Bxd6 17.Bxd6 gives White an excellent position. Black might
succeed in exchanging the queens on b6, but such endgames with three connected passed pawns for a piece tend to
favour White.

Refusing to give Black time to regroup and develop the queenside.

After 14...Nxf3 15.Qxf3 there is no way to hold the kingside together. 15...Be7 (15...Nd7? 16.Rh7+) 16.Bxd6

14...b5 is not much better due to 15.Nxe5 dxe5 16.f3, when Blacks king is stuck rather unpleasantly in the centre. He
needs to worry about sacrifices on b5 (for instance, 16...Bb7? is refuted by 17.Nxb5!), but even if he avoids these
tricks, his king will have nowhere to go, and his position will remain divided in two parts.

15.Qd2 Be7
15...Nxf3 16.gxf3 Ne5 17.f4 gxf4 18.Bxf4 Bd7 19.Be2 White has easy play, with Be3 and f3-f4 coming soon. Black
will evacuate his king to relative safety on the queenside, but he does not have many good squares for his pieces.

16.Be2 Bd7
16...b5 is met by 17.Nxe5 Nxe5 18.Rh7 Bb7 19.Bh5 Rf8 20.Bxe5 dxe5 21.Qe2 when Blacks king is stuck in the
centre again.
17.Nxe5 Nxe5 18.Bh5
18.Rh7 is another way to target the f7-pawn so that Black finds it hard to castle. If 18...Rf8 then 19.Bxe5 dxe5
20.Bh5 maintains the pressure. However, it is worth seeing a game where Black managed to castle but still faced

18...Rg7 19.Qe3 b5 20.a3 0-0-0 21.Be2!

The last move prepares a3-a4, showing that Blacks king is far from safe on the queenside, Sethuraman Hamdani,
Ho Chi Minh City 2012.

C) 8...b5!?

This move is something of a recent trend, having been used by a few big names including Cheparinov, Wojtaszek and
Khismatullin. There are of course some parallels with the 7...b5 line that we encountered in variation D3 of Chapter 1,
but there are also some big differences. One of Blacks main ideas here is to be able to meet f2-f4 with ...g5, taking the
game in a completely different direction.

Unlike the 7...b5 line, there is not much difference here between castling and playing f2-f4. The point is seen after:
9.0-0-0 Bb7 10.f4 Rc8? This was a problem in the 7...b5 line, but here it does not work. 11.e5 dxe5 12.fxe5 Rxc3
13.bxc3 Ne4 14.e6 Black is dead lost, as capturing the e6-pawn would allow an instant mate.

Nevertheless, I will stick with the familiar move order, as it seems like the best way to cut down Blacks options. The
two main choices are C1) 9...e5N and C2) 9...g5.

9...b4 10.Nd5 Bb7 11.0-0-0! Nxd5 12.exd5 Qc7 13.Re1 (13.Nf5!? Nb6 14.Qe4 is also possible.) 13...Nb6 14.f5! This
is particularly nasty for Black when he has already committed himself to ...h6. 14...Nxd5 15.Qd2 Black cannot finish
his development.

C1) 9...e5N

The 8...h6 line is usually played with the intention of following up with ...g5, which explains why the text move has
not yet been tested. However, it is a typical move for the Najdorf, so it is only a matter of time before someone tries it
It is interesting to compare the present variation with 7...b5 8.Qe2 e5, as covered in line D32 of Chapter 1. In that
line, a subsequent ...h6 could be met by exchanging the bishop on f6, or even by leaving the bishop temporarily en prise
while threatening something else. So could this be a better version for Black? No, because here we have the important
option of omitting the pawn exchange on e5.

It is important to play this before moving the knight away.

10.Nf5 is once again met by 10...Qa5!, just like in the position without ...h6 and Bh4. (10...g6!? 11.fxe5 Nxe5 is also
interesting, but the queen move is more convincing.) A possible continuation is 11.0-0-0 b4 12.Bxf6 bxc3 13.Bxg7
Nc5! and the tables have been completely turned.

10.fxe5 dxe5 11.Nf5 gives Black a few options, the simplest being: 11...Qa5! 12.0-0-0 b4 13.Nd5 (Or 13.Bxf6 bxc3
14.Bxg7 Nb6! 15.Bxf8 cxb2 16.Kb1 Na4 17.Rd3 Kxf8 and Black is doing well.) 13...Nxd5 14.Rxd5 Qxa2 15.Qc4
Qxc4 16.Bxc4 Bb7 17.Nd6 Bxd6 18.Rxd6 Nc5 The endgame is double-edged, but Black seems to be doing fine.

Now 10...Qa5? runs into 11.fxe5 dxe5 12.Bxf6! Nxf6 13.Nc6 and White wins.

10...exd4 11.e5 highlights the drawback of Blacks early ...h6 move.

With the white bishop on g5, he could play ...Be7 and take back on f6 with the g-pawn, leaving White with two pieces
en prise. With the bishop already on h4, the same idea is impossible, so Black must try something else, for instance:
11...Nxe5 (11...dxe5 may be best, although 12.fxe5 Be7 13.exf6 Nxf6 14.Bxf6 gxf6 15.Qe4 Ra7 16.Rxd4 is still
unpleasant for Black.) 12.fxe5 Bg4 13.Qe1 dxe5 14.Qxe5 Qe7

15.Bxb5! axb5 16.Qxb5 Bd7 17.Qb7 dxc3 18.Qxa8 Qd8 19.Rhe1 Be7 20.Qa3! cxb2 21.Kb1+ Black has no
answer to the multitude of pins.

Once again, refusing to exchange on e5 reduces Blacks options.

11...Qa5?! 12.Rxd6! is unpleasant.

11...exf4 is also rather risky: 12.Rxd6! Bxd6 13.Nxd6 Kf8 14.Bxf6 Qxf6 (14...Nxf6 15.Nxb7 Qb6 16.e5; 14...gxf6
15.Qh5 Ne5 16.Nxb7 Qb6 17.Qh4! Qxb7 18.Qxf6 Ng6 19.Nd5)

15.e5! (15.Nxb7 Qb6 traps the knight, leaving the position unclear.) 15...f3 (15...Nxe5 16.Nxb7 Re8 17.Nc5) 16.Qd2
Qg5 17.Nxb7 I would expect Whites two pieces to prevail over Blacks rook.

This move is too passive, as there will not be any threat of a ...Rxc3 sacrifice.
12.g3!? is also interesting, but the king move is fine, and it is difficult to find a good way to continue with Black.
Here are a few illustrative lines:

12...0-0-0?! 13.fxe5 dxe5 14.Nd5
12...b4 13.Nd5 Nxd5 14.exd5 g6 15.fxe5 dxe5 16.d6
12...g6 13.fxe5 dxe5 14.Ne3
12...exf4 13.Bxf6! Nxf6 14.Nd5 Nxd5 15.exd5 Kd8 16.g3! g6 17.Nd4 Bxd5 (17...fxg3 18.Nc6 Bxc6
19.dxc6) 18.Bg2
13.g3!? b4
13...g6 14.Ne3 maintains the pressure.
14.Bxf6! Nxf6 15.Nd5 Nxd5 16.exd5 g6 17.Ne3 Be7
17...Bg7 18.f5

18.Bh3 Rd8
18...f5 leaves White with a choice of promising piece sacrifices on f5.

Lets now return to 11...Qb6. This is the most active set-up for Black, as he is aiming for ...Rc8 and a possible sacrifice
on c3. The last move also transposes to an existing game, but only momentarily, as I would like to take the play in
another direction.

12.Qd2N 12...Rc8 13.Kb1 Rxc3!? could be interesting to analyse further, but it could be messy: 14.Qxc3 Nxe4
15.Qe1 g6 16.Ne3 f5

12.fxe5 dxe5 13.g4 Rc8 14.Bxf6!?N (14.Bg2 g6 15.Ne3 Rxc3 16.bxc3 Ba3 17.Kb1 0-0 Black had enough
compensation in Krzyzanowski Kowalczyk, corr. 2013.) 14...Qxf6! It is not clear if White has achieved much. This
could be analysed in more detail, but I prefer the main line.

12...g6 is usually a weakness, and now White can transfer the knight towards d5. 13.fxe513.Ne3 exf4!=) 13...dxe5
14.Ne3 Be7 Now the most logical continuation is arguably:

15.Be1!? Preparing to put a knight on d5. 15...0-0 16.Ncd5 (16.h4 Rad8 17.h5 is also decent.) 16...Nxd5 17.Nxd5 Bxd5
18.exd5 White intends g2-g4 and Bg2, and a later h4-h5 could be extremely annoying for Black.

I also considered 13.Bxf6 Nxf6 14.fxe5 dxe5 15.Nd5, but found the position after 15...Nxd5 16.exd5 Qf6 17.g4 g6 to
be unclear.

13...Nxd5 14.exd5 g6
14...Qc7 doesnt change much: 15.g4 g6 16.Ne3 Bg7 17.f5

15.Ne3 Bg7 16.f5! 0-0

16...g5 is met by 17.Bf2 followed by h2-h4.

17.g4! e4 18.g5!
18.Bg2!? is also good, but I like the directness of the text move.

18...hxg5 19.Bxg5 Qa5!?

Threatening ...Qb4 or ...Bxb2.

19...Qc5 20.c3! Blacks counterplay is blocked, and his kingside will soon be ripped apart: 20...Bxc3 (20...Ne5 21.f6
Bh8 22.h4+) 21.bxc3 Qxc3 22.Qd2+

A change of plan.
20.c3 allows 20...Rxc3!, while 20.a3 Bxb2! 21.Kxb2 Rc3 22.Ra1 Ne5 creates extreme complications.

20...b4? 21.fxg6 fxg6 22.Bh3 is crushing.

Black has no counterplay, while Whites initiative continues unhindered in the endgame.

21...f6 22.Bf4

22.Rg2 Nf3 23.f6 Bh8 24.h4
22...Bh8 23.Be2 Rfe8 24.Rf1
Blacks bishop is buried in the corner, and he will continue to suffer for a long time.

C2) 9...g5
As I mentioned previously, this is the main idea behind the set-up with 7...h6 and 8...b5.

10.fxg5 hxg5 11.Bxg5 Bb7 12.0-0-0 e6

It makes sense for Black to prevent any Nd5 ideas.

12...b4N is an attempt to force the play. 13.Nd5 Nxd5 14.exd5 Qa5 (14...Ne5 15.Nb3) Black is making an unusual
attempt at immediate counterplay, but he only has an active queen, which doesnt seem enough.

15.Nf5! (15.Kb1? Bxd5) 15...Ne5 16.Bf4 f6 (16...Qxa2 17.Bxe5 dxe5 18.Qxe5 Bh6 19.Nxh6 Rxh6 20.b3) 17.Bxe5
fxe5 18.Qc4 Rc8 19.Qb3 Rc5 20.Bc4 Whites pieces are temporarily on awkward squares, but if he manages to
consolidate, he will simply be winning.

12...Rc8 13.Nd5!
13.Qe1 Rxc3!
13...Nxd5 14.exd5 Nb6N
This seems like the most logical try.
14...Bxd5 15.Nxb5! axb5 16.Rxd5
14...e5 was played in Babic Ottesen, corr. 2014. White gave up a pawn with 15.h4!? and eventually won, but it
is also hard to trust Blacks position after the simple 15.Nf5N.
The open position offers huge potential for Whites initiative. Here are a few lines illustrating my point:

15...Nxd5 16.Kb1 Qb6 17.Nf5 e6 18.Rh3 Black simply cannot develop. 18...Kd7 19.Nd4 Black is in trouble,
with Rf3 coming next.
16.Kb1 Nxd5
16...Bxd5 17.Qf2
17.Qf2! Bg7 18.Bd3 Qc5 19.c3
Followed by Rhf1.

I discovered this move myself before finding a correspondence game, which will be referenced later.

13.a3 has been played a few times, but it is too slow, and after 13...Rc8! 14.Qe1 Rxc3 15.bxc3 Qc7 16.Bd3 Qc5 Black
had an excellent position in Rasulov Khismatullin, Baku 2013.

13.g3!?N can be played with similar intentions to the main line. The pawn might actually be better placed on g3 in the
event that Black develops with ...Be7 and ...Ne5 etc., but the drawback occurs in the critical line involving a piece
sacrifice: 13...b4! 14.Nd5 exd5 15.exd5 Ne5 16.Kb1!? (16.Bg2 Bh6! is the key difference; with the pawn on g4,
White could just play Bxh6 and g4-g5, winning the piece back.) 16...Bh6 17.Bh4 Kf8 18.Bg2 White has interesting
compensation, but it is less convincing than in the main lines with the pawn on g4.

After the text move Black has two main ideas: C21) 13...Be7 and C22) 13...b4!?N.

I am not too worried by:

13...Rc8N 14.Bg2! Rxc3
14...b4 15.Nd5! exd5 16.exd5 Be7 17.Nf5 Ne5 18.Nxe7
14...Qa5 15.Kb1 Rxc3 16.Bd2 b4 17.bxc3 bxc3 18.Nb3 Qe5 19.Be3
The exchange sacrifice is relatively ineffective here, as the e4-pawn has been protected.
15...Qc7 16.Rhf1 Be7 17.h4
Black is struggling to get compensation, for instance:
17...d5 18.Bxf6! Nxf6 19.g5 Nxe4 20.Bxe4 dxe4 21.g6
Black has no real threats, and will soon face a punishing counterattack.
18...Qc7 19.e5! Bxg2 20.Qxg2 dxe5 21.Bxf6 Nxf6 22.Qa8 Bd8 23.Rxf6+

C21) 13...Be7

14.Bg2 Ne5
Centralizing the knight is a logical idea, and Black needed to do something about the threat of e4-e5.

14...b4 15.e5! Bxg2

15...Nxe5 16.Bxb7 bxc3 17.Bxa8 cxb2 (17...Qxa8 18.b3) 18.Kb1 Qxa8 19.Bxf6 Bxf6 20.Rhf1 Be7 21.g5
Black is clearly worse, and grabbing a pawn back with 21...Bxg5? leads to disaster after 22.Nxe6! fxe6 23.Rxd6.

16.exf6!? forces a long variation where Black needs to play accurately, but ultimately it remains unclear:
16...Bxh1 17.fxe7 Qa5! 18.Ncb5 axb5 19.Nxb5 Ra6 20.Qc4 f6 21.Nc7 Kxe7 22.Bxf6 Nxf6 23.Qxe6 Kd8
24.Nxa6 Ne4!
16...Nxe5 17.Nc6 Nxc6 18.Qxc6 Kf8 19.Bxf6 Bxf6 20.Rxd6
Followed by Ne4, keeping the upper hand.

Black is struggling to prove compensation here. White has no problems in the centre, and can create threats either
along the f-file, or with various knight sacrifices.

This seems like a natural way to deviate from 15...Qa5 16.Nb3 Qb6 17.a3, when Blacks compensation was
unconvincing in Schon Dutra, corr. 2013.

15...b4 16.Na4! Qa5 17.b3 Nd3 (17...Rc8 18.Kb1) 18.cxd3 Qxg5 19.Kb1 Nd7 20.Rc1 Qg7 21.Nc6 gives White a
big advantage.

16.Kb1 Rg8
16...Nc4? is refuted by 17.e5!, while 16...Qb6 17.Rhf1 Nfd7 18.Bxe7 Kxe7 19.Qd2 is also pretty depressing for

17.Bf4 Nfd7 18.Rhf1 Qa5

18...b4 19.Na4 Qa5 20.b3
18...Rxc3 19.bxc3 Qc7 20.Nb3 Qxc3 21.Bd2 Qc8 22.Na5

19.a3 Nc4
19...Rxc3? is refuted by 20.Bd2!.

Despite his apparent activity, Black has no real threats on the queenside. Meanwhile White remains a pawn up and
can look to develop threats in the centre.

C22) 13...b4!?N

This forcing move is critical, but it runs into a strong sacrifice.

14.Nd5! exd5
After 14...Bg7 15.Nxf6 Bxf6 16.Bxf6 Qxf6 17.Bg2 White consolidates with an extra pawn.

15.exd5 Ne5
15...Be7 16.Bg2 0-0 is refuted by 17.Rhf1 Re8 18.Qf2 and the f6-knight will soon fall.

15...Qe7 16.Qd2! Qe5 (16...Rg8 17.Bg2) 17.Bg2 Qxg5 is almost a great way to simplify, but after 18.Qxg5 Bh6
19.Qxh6 Rxh6 20.Nf5 Nxg4 21.h3 Black loses material.
16.Bg2 Be7
16...Bh6? 17.Bxh6 Rxh6 18.g5 is no good for Black, and 16...Bg7 17.Nf5 Rg8 18.Rhf1 Bh8 19.Bf4 also leaves him
under heavy pressure.

17.Nf5 Rg8 18.h4!

White has huge compensation, and Black hardly has any normal moves available. The specific details are not so
important at this point, but I will present a few illustrative lines anyway.

18...Rc8 19.Rhf1 Rg6 (19...Rxg5 20.hxg5 Ng8 21.g6! fxg6 22.Ng7 Kd7 23.g5!) 20.Rd4 (20.Kb1!?) 20...a5

19.Rhf1 is also promising.

19...Rc8 20.Qd2 threatens Rxe5, and after 20...Bf8 21.h5 Rxg5 22.Qxg5 White has a clear advantage.
20.Qd2 Rxg5 21.hxg5 Nfxg4 22.Nxe7 Qxe7 23.Rh1
Material is approximately even, but White keeps an obvious initiative.


The position after 7...h6 8.Bh4 is a relatively fresh theoretical topic, and the existing games have barely scratched the
surface. We saw that 8...e6?! has certain disadvantages, while 8...g5 is playable but extremely committal. Most of the
attention has been on 8...b5!?, when 9.f4 reaches a position rich in possibilities. 9...e5 has not yet been tested in
practice, but I am sure it is only a matter of time, and I found that White needs to work hard to maintain an edge. The
most important line in the current chapter is 9...g5, sacrificing a pawn in an attempt to wrest the initiative. However,
after 10.fxg5 hxg5 11.Bxg5 Bb7 12.0-0-0 e6 13.g4!, my analysis indicates that White has the upper hand, although he
should be willing to sacrifice a knight on d5 if the position demands it.
A) 11...Be7?!
B) 11...Qc7 12.Nb3 b5 13.Nd5! Nxd5 14.exd5
B1) 14...Bb7!?N
B2) 14...Bd6 15.Qd2!
B21) 15...f5N
B22) 15...Kf8!?
B221) 16.Kb1
B222) 16.g4!N
B23) 15...0-0!?N 16.Qxh6 Bb7 17.Kb1 Rfe8 18.Be2 Rac8 19.Qc1!!
B231) 19...e4
B232) 19...Bf8
B2321) 20.d6!?
B2322) 20.Bf3!?

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 Nbd7 7.Qe2! h6 8.Bh4 g6

This is one of the most critical variations of the Najdorf these days, having been used by several high-ranking players.
Surprisingly, Blacks idea is not ...Bg7, but instead a primitive set-up with ...e5 and ...Be7, having first prevented the
knight from jumping to f5. It looks counterintuitive for Black to aim for ...e5 in the 6.Bg5 Najdorf, but White has not
played in the most energetic fashion with the early Qe2. So far Blacks set-up has yielded considerable success, with a
score of more than 60%, but I believe this is largely due to the fact that White players have often been caught
unprepared as this line came up.

The only critical move. Instead 9.0-0-0 e5 followed by ...Be7 leads to a stable position with good prospects for Black.

Other moves dont make much sense in conjunction with ...g6. Besides, Black has to do something about the threat of

10.Nf3 has been played a few times and could be explored in more depth, but my impression is that it does not pose
any serious problems.

Please note that 10.0-0-0?! does not work due to 10...exd4 11.e5 dxc3 12.exf6 Ne5! 13.fxe5 Be6 when Black has the

10...Nxe5 has been used successfully by Anna Ushenina in one game, but it seems to hand White a pleasant position
after: 11.0-0-0N (11.h3? was too slow, and after 11...Be7 12.Bf2 b5 Black was more comfortable in Kosteniuk
Ushenina, Geneva 2013.) 11...Be7 (11...Bg7 12.Nf3!) 12.Nf3 Qa5 Trying to maintain the knight on e5.

13.Rxd6! (13.Kb1 Be6 looks okay for Black; 13.Nxe5!? dxe5 14.Bxf6 Bxf6 15.Qf3 Bg7 16.Bc4 0-0 17.Rhf1 is a
quieter route to an edge, pointed out by Roiz in ChessPublishing annotations which appeared late in 2014.) 13...g5
(13...Nxf3 14.Qxf3 Bg4 15.Qd3) 14.Nxe5! Bxd6 15.Nc4 Bf4 16.Kb1 Qc7 17.Bf2! White has excellent
compensation for the exchange. 17...Bg4 18.Qe1 0-0 19.Bd4 Qd8 20.Qf2 White has a fine position with a lot of
promising plans.

Another version of what will now be a familiar sacrificial motif. It is trivial to see that capturing on d4 is a bad idea
for Black, and so far all games have continued with either A) 11...Be7?! or B) 11...Qc7.

A) 11...Be7?!
This was played by Vishy himself, but my guess is that it was due to a slip of memory. Not long after the game, one
of his prominent seconds, Wojtaszek, preferred the more appropriate move that we will deal with shortly. So far
nobody has followed in Anands footsteps, and indeed after correct play Black runs into some problems in completing
his development.

After 12.Nf3 Qc7 Black continued developing normally and obtained a good position in Hou Yifan Anand, Wijk
aan Zee 2013.

12...Qc7 13.Qf3! is an important point. Now the misplacement of the bishop on e7 can be clearly seen after 13...b5?

12...b5 can be met by 13.Bxf6!? Bxf6 14.g3 when Blacks queenside pieces are stuck rather uncomfortably, as he is
unable to develop either the queen or the light-squared bishop. 14...0-0 (14...Qc7 15.Nd5 Qd6 16.Bh3 Nb6 17.Be6! is
a nice touch, winning the queen.) 15.Bh3 Bg7 16.Kb1

13.Bxf6 Bxf6 14.Kb1 b5

14...Qc7 15.Nd5 Qd6 16.h4 also favours White.
15.g3 Qc7 16.Nd5 Qd6 17.h4!
A typical way to annoy the defender.

17...Nb6 18.h5
Black faces a difficult decision over what to do about the troublesome pawn.

B) 11...Qc7

This is the more logical option, removing the queen from danger on the d-file while maintaining several options for
the bishop.
12.Nd5N looks tempting, but there is no way to exploit the knights position on d4. An important line is: 12...Nxd5
13.exd5 Bd6 14.g4!? (14.Qe3 Qb6!? is an annoying pin.) This looks like an interesting practical try, with the idea of
sacrificing the knight on f5 if Black castles. Unfortunately Black can get the better game with the help of a nice idea:

14...h5! (14...0-0 15.Nf5! is an entirely new set of complications.) 15.gxh5 (15.h3 hxg4 16.hxg4 g5!) 15...Rxh5 A
complicated game lies ahead, but Blacks king will be quite comfortable on f8, and most Najdorf players will surely be
happy to play such a position.

12...b5 13.Nd5!
This has only been played in a single game so far, but it is definitely the most critical approach. Most games have
continued 13.Qf3 Bg7 (13...Be7?? is impossible due to 14.Rxd7) followed by ...0-0, when Blacks position is virtually
impregnable. By opening up the centre and creating threats like d5-d6, we are aiming to exert instant pressure on the

13...Nxd5 14.exd5
Despite the lack of practical testing, I consider this an absolutely critical position for the future of this variation. We
will start by examining B1) 14...Bb7!?N, which can be considered a conservative approach, followed by B2) 14...Bd6,
which has the idea of sacrificing the h6-pawn in certain positions.

B1) 14...Bb7!?N
As we will see later, one of Blacks problems after 14...Bd6 15.Qd2! is that ...Bb7 becomes undesirable due to Na5
ideas. Therefore it makes sense to consider Blacks possible attempt to get his queenside development out of the way
before turning to the kingside. Now White has various ways to continue, but the aim should be to prevent Black from
smoothly catching up on kingside development and thus getting the best of both worlds.

This is an ideal square for the queen, since it works in all directions. Apart from the blunt d5-d6, the queen supports a
possible Na5, while eyeing the h6-pawn and thus making it harder for Black to play ...Bd6 and ...0-0. I explored a few
other possibilities, and will just give a shortened version of my analysis:

15.Be1!? is interesting, but I feel reluctant to remove the bishop from a perfectly decent square on h4. My main line
continues: 15...b4! 16.Kb1 a5! (I found 16...Rc8 and 16...Bd6 to be less convincing.)
17.Nd4 Bc5! 18.Nc6 (18.Nb5 Qb6 leads to interesting complications.) Now 18...Bxc6?! 19.dxc6 Qxc6 20.Qb5 Qxb5
21.Bxb5 0-0-0 22.c3 gives White the more pleasant endgame, but 18...0-0! is more challenging. This position can be
analysed in more depth, but I find the main line more convincing.

This seems like a natural way to continue development, but it does not pose Black too many hard questions.
15...Bd6 16.Bg2
16.Nd2!? Bxd5 17.Bg2 Rc8 18.Ne4 Bxe4 19.Bxe4 0-0 20.Kb1 is interesting, but not particularly clear.
16...0-0 17.Nd2! Rfc8 18.Ne4 shows the ideal way for White to coordinate his pieces.
17.Kb1 0-0
17...b4 allows 18.Nd4 0-0 19.Nc6.

18.c3 a5!
The key move to get counterplay. Without it, White will just continue playing logical moves and eventually put
pressure on Blacks dodgy kingside.
19.Qxb5 a4! 20.Qxa4 (20.Na5 Rb8) 20...Ra8 21.Qe4 Rfb8 followed by ...Ba6 and ...Bc4 offers Black excellent
19...b4 20.c4 Ba6
20...b3!? leads to similar positions.
At first I thought White had successfully consolidated with a pleasant position, but unfortunately Black has some
dazzling tactical resources.
21...b3! 22.a3
22.axb3 a4! 23.bxa4 Rb8 gives Black an excellent initiative.
22...Bxa3! 23.bxa3 Qc5 24.Ne4
After 24.Nxb3 Qxa3 25.Qb2 Qd6 Whites extra piece does nothing to assist the defence, while Black can easily
send reinforcements to the queenside.
24...Qxa3 25.Qb2 Qb4
Without going too deep, it is clear that Black has good compensation.

15...b4? is met by 16.d6, but the text move prevents both d5-d6 and Na5.

16.Na5?? is impossible due to 16...Bb4!.

16.c3 has the same idea of preventing any tricks based on the potential mate on c2, but it does not seem appropriate to
weaken the queenside at this early stage.

It seems essential to block the d-pawn. Lets see what may happen if Black refuses to do so:
16...Bg7?! 17.d6 Qb6
17...Qb8 18.Be7 is similar.
The calm 18.Bf2 Qd8 19.Be3 also looks pleasant for White, but it is hard to resist planting the bishop in front of
Blacks king. Although the position looks disastrous for Black, the computer is not easily convinced, so I will
present a few lines. It is always satisfying to prove that the machine isnt all-knowing.
18...h5 intends ...Bh6 and perhaps ...Qe3. 19.Bd3 Bh6 (19...e4 20.Rhe1! exd3 21.cxd3 f5 22.Bf6 Kf7 23.Bxg7
Kxg7 24.Re7+) 20.Bg5! (20.Qe1 Qe3=) 20...Bg7 21.Qe2 0-0 22.Be7 Rfe8 23.Rhf1 Bf8 24.g4! Bxe7 25.gxh5
White has a strong attack.
19.Be2! e3
19...Be5 20.Rhf1 e3 21.Qd3 Bxg2 22.Rg1

20...Ne5 21.Qh4
20...Be5 21.Bf3! Bxf3 22.gxf3
21.Rg1 Bb7 22.Rg3 Be5 23.Bd3! Bxg3 24.Qxg3
Blacks extra exchange is irrelevant, and White is completely dominating.

By defending the c2-pawn, White frees his queen and thus prevents Black from castling.
17.c3 offers Black a lot of extra options such as 17...Nb6, or just 17...Kf8 and ...Kg7.

I am always sceptical about this move it seems to open up Blacks position too much, and his set-up will become
increasingly unstable as long as White can avoid the instant threats. Although I will admit that such provocative moves
can sometimes work...

17...b4? is too slow. 18.Rhf1 f5 (18...a5 19.Qe3 a4 20.Nd4+) 19.Qe3! Threatening Nd4. 19...e4 20.Bxe4 fxe4
21.Qxe4 Ne5 22.Rde1 Black is routed in the centre.

17...Kf8 is safer, but after 18.Rhf1 Kg7 19.g4 White has an ideal position. He can double his rooks on the f-file and
continue to manoeuvre around, while Blacks counterplay on the queenside looks at best to be a matter for the distant
The attempt to charge right in with 18.g4?! backfires after 18...e4 19.Rhe1 Ne5, reaching an unclear position where
Blacks pawn advances seem to make sense.

I considered a couple of other approaches for Black.

18...Nb6 is well met by 19.g4!, since Black does not have the defensive plan of ...e4 followed by ...Ne5 blocking the e-
file. 19...e4 (19...Nc4 20.Qe2 g5 21.Bf2 Bxd5 22.gxf5 Bxh1 23.Rxh1 White has overwhelming compensation for the
exchange.) 20.gxf5! exd3 21.Rhe1 Kd7 22.fxg6 This looks too dangerous for Black.

18...Kf7 is safer, but it does not equalize. 19.g4! f4 (19...e4?! is too risky: 20.gxf5! g5 [20...exd3 21.fxg6 Kg7
22.Nd4+] 21.Bxe4 gxh4 22.f6! White has a strong attack, with Rhf1, Bf5 and Nd4 on the way.) 20.g5 h5 21.Qc2
White has a stable edge. Blacks position looks artificial, while White has excellent squares for his pieces especially
e4, which may be used by either the bishop or the knight.
Now there is a severe threat of Nd4-e6.

19...Kf7 20.Nd4 gives White a big advantage.

After 19...g5 20.Bf2 Blacks pawn advances in front of his king are not impressive at all, and White is ready to crack
open the position.
Finally, 19...b4 is met by 20.cxb4 0-0 21.Nd4! intending 21...Bxd5 22.Nb5 and White wins material.

20.Nd4 Nc4 21.Qe1 0-0!?

21...e3 22.g4! sees Whites attack get underway in the usual fashion.

21...Be5 does not change much after 22.Rf1 intending g2-g4, when Blacks position is resting on shaky foundations.
22.Ne6 Qb6 23.Nxf8 Rxf8
Black has some compensation for the exchange but White can, at the very least, return the material to regain the

24.g4 b4 25.gxf5 bxc3

26.Bb3! c2 27.Kxc2 Ne3 28.Kb1 Nxd1 29.Qxd1 Rxf5 30.Qg4

The e4-pawn will soon drop. Black faces a difficult defence, a pawn down with the more exposed king.

B2) 14...Bd6
If Black is allowed to castle without repercussion, he should reach a comfortable position, as White is not in much of
a position to generate threats on the kingside. With that in mind, and following on from the previous variation, Whites
next move should come as no surprise.

The queen hits the h6-pawn, discouraging Black from castling, while also preparing Na5 in case the bishop goes to
b7. Black has many possible moves, but there are three that deserve particular attention. B21) 15...f5N is ambitious but
rather risky. Oddly enough, the two most troublesome continuations are diametrically opposed in their aims. The
patient B22) 15...Kf8!? strives for a solid position with artificial castling, whereas the dynamic B23) 15...0-0!?N offers
a pawn sacrifice in order to generate counterplay.

15...Bb7 allows White to demonstrate one of the points of his last move: 16.Na5! Rc8 17.Nxb7 Qxb7 18.Kb1 It is not
smart for Black to give up the light-squared bishop so cheaply. Moreover, it is still not easy for Black to castle, while
White can just continue developing.

15...a5?! is almost a tempting option, but it runs into tactical problems: 16.Bxb5 a4
17.Nd4! exd4 18.Rhe1 Kf8 19.Qxd4 Rh7 (19...Rg8 20.Be7! Bxe7 21.Rxe7 Qd6 22.Rde1 Qxe7 23.Rxe7 Kxe7
24.Qe4 Kf8 25.d6+) 20.Be7 Kg8 21.Bxd6 Qxd6 22.Re8 Nf8 23.c4!+ Whites pawns are too strong, especially
with the rook out of play on h7.

B21) 15...f5N

It seems a bit too early for Black to expand in the centre.

The simple 16.Kb1!? is a good alternative. It is hard to give a definitive verdict as there are a lot of possibilities for
Black, but in general Whites play looks a lot easier thanks to Blacks airy king. 16...g5 The computer often
recommends playing this move early, but it looks suspicious to me. 17.Be1 Nf6 18.h4 g4 19.h5 Bd7 20.Bh4 Kf7
21.Bd3 Nxh5 22.Rdf1 Nf4 23.Rxf4 exf4 24.Nd4 Qc8 25.Rf1!? White intends to take on f4 with a dangerous
initiative, whether or not Black accepts the second exchange sacrifice.

Another nice line is: 16...Nb6!? 17.Kb1! (17.gxf5? Bxf5 is surprisingly unpleasant for White, as he isnt ready to deal
with ...Nc4, and the c2-pawn is weak; 17.Na5!? f4 18.h3 might give White the upper hand, but it isnt obvious.)
17...Nc4 18.Bxc4 bxc4 19.Nd4!

19...c3 (19...exd4? 20.Rhe1 Kf7 21.Qxd4 is crushing.) 20.Qe3 g5 (20...Qc5? 21.gxf5 gxf5 22.Qg3!+; 20...Qb6
21.b3) 21.Ne6 Bxe6 22.dxe6 gxh4 23.gxf5

17.g5!? leads to less fancy lines, but also has the potential to be dangerous for Black, despite what the computer
seems to think.
17...g5 18.Bf2 Nf6 19.h4 Rg8 20.hxg5 hxg5 21.Nd4!
21.Rh6 is less convincing due to 21...Nxg4 22.Rh7 Bd7 23.Bf5 Nf6 24.Bxd7 Nxd7 25.Na5 0-0-0 26.Nc6 Rh8! and
Black is surviving.

The ensuing lines may appear insane, but Whites play is actually quite straightforward. The rest of the analysis just
proves the natural and simple point that Black cannot get away with pushing all those pawns and allowing the position
to be opened up with his king in such a position.

21...exd4 22.Bxd4 Nxd5 (22...Be7 23.Rde1! Kf8 24.Rh6!+) 23.Rhe1 Ne7 (23...Kf8 24.Qh2+) 24.Bh7

22.Rh6! 0-0-0
After 22...Kf7 23.Ne6 Bxe6 24.dxe6 Kxe6 25.Bh7! Rh8 26.Qd3! Rxh7 27.Qh3 White will eventually catch the

Another nice line is 22...Bxd1 23.Rxf6 exd4 (or 23...Bg4 24.Nc6! and Black is absolutely stuck) 24.Qe1 Kd8 25.Qe6
Re8 26.Qxd6 Qxd6 27.Rxd6 Ke7 28.Re6 Kd7 29.Kxd1 Rxe6 30.Bf5 and White should win the endgame.

23.Rxf6 exd4 24.Rh1 Rdf8

25.Rh7! Rxf6
Or 25...Bd7 26.Rfh6! intending 26...g4 27.Rxd7 Qxd7 28.Qa5+ when Black cannot handle the threats of Qxa6
and Rh7.

26.Rxc7 Bxc7 27.Bxd4

Despite Blacks two rooks and connected passed pawns, he is let down by his exposed king.

27...Rh6 28.Qg2! Bh3

28...Bd7 29.d6 wins.

29.Qh1! Bd6 30.a4

White will create threats on the queenside before Black can land a touchdown with his pawns.

B22) 15...Kf8!?
This was played in the only game so far in which 13.Nd5 occurred. Putting the king on g7 may seem like a primitive
plan, but it leads to exceedingly interesting play. Blacks plan takes a few moves to accomplish, but once his king gets
settled on g7, he will have an appealing choice between starting a queenside avalanche with ...a5-a4 and expanding in
the centre with ...f5. White should therefore act quickly.

I focused on two main options. B221) 16.Kb1 was played in the existing game, and it is worth analysing it to gain a
better understanding of the position. However, my investigation ultimately led me to conclude that B222) 16.g4!N is
the strongest move.

This is another idea along similar lines to the second main move, i.e. taking immediate action without the
prophylactic king move. However, Black gets a good game with a direct reply.
16...Kg7 17.Nc6 f5 18.g4 f4 19.Bg2 is the kind of position White is aiming for.

Neither 17.Bg3 Kg7 18.Bxd6 Qxd6 19.Be2 Re8 nor 17.Qd4 Be5 18.Bg3 Bxd4 19.Bxc7 Bb6 gives White any
17...e3 18.Qd4
In the event of 18.Qe1 Kg7 19.Nc6 (or 19.Be2 Ne5 20.Rf1 Bf5 21.Nc6 Nxc6 22.dxc6 Rhe8 23.g4 Be4) 19...Re8
20.Qc3 Kh7 Black has good prospects.
18...Be5 19.Bg3
19.Qb4 Bd6 leaves White with nothing better than 20.Qd4 repeating.
19...Bxd4 20.Bxc7 Bb6

21.Bd6 Kg7 22.Nc6 Bb7 23.Be2 Rac8 24.Bf3 Rhe8 is at least equal for Black.
21...Nxb6 22.Be2 Kg7 23.Rhe1 Bf5 24.Bf3 Rac8 25.Re2 Rhe8
The position remains about equal.

B221) 16.Kb1
Even though the king move is not objectively strongest, it is certainly not bad either, as it takes the king off the c-file
while avoiding any tricks involving ...e4 and ...Bf4. I think you will find it useful to discover the problems I
encountered in this line, in order to appreciate the advantages of delaying the king move. As the theory of this variation
develops further, you might find it useful to know something about both directions of play.

Now White must make an important choice.

This direct move seems like the most dangerous for Black, even though a clear route to an advantage remains elusive.

17.Bd3 is slow, as Black starts his counterplay immediately with 17...a5!.

The one existing game continued:

Blocking Blacks queenside play and entering a complicated strategic fight. This seems like a logical plan, but it
is hard to prove anything for White.
17...f5!?N is also possible, when 18.Nc6 Re8 reaches the main line below.
This seems like a logical attempt to improve over 18.g4 e4, when Black had a nice position in T. Kosintseva
Ushenina, Geneva 2013.
18...f5 19.g4 f4 20.Bg2
After 20.g5 h5 21.Bg2 Nb8! 22.Rhe1 Nxc6 23.dxc6 Rd8 Black is quite all right.
20...g5 21.Bxg5!? hxg5 22.h4! leads to some insanely dangerous stuff for Black.
21.g5 Bf5!
21...h5 22.Bf2
22.gxh6 Kh7
It is hard to assess what is going on here.
17...Bb7? 18.Na5 would be unpleasant for Black.

17...b4? wastes time pushing the less important queenside pawn, and after 18.Bd3 a5 19.Qf2 a4 20.Nd2 a3 21.Ne4!
Black pays the price.

This is less energetic than the main move, but it is interesting enough to be worth exploring a bit more deeply.
18.Qg2 and 18.Rg1 are also possible. Having a piece on the g-file will be useful if Black ever plays ...f5, but
against other moves it is more convenient to have g4 defended by a pawn. I dont think White needs to be afraid
of ...f5 here anyway.
18...Re8 19.Na5
18...Nc4 19.Bxc4 bxc4 20.Na5 c3 (20...Bd7 21.Rhf1) 21.Qxc3 Qxc3 22.bxc3
18...f5 cannot be refuted directly, but as long as White avoids giving his opponent too much activity, he will have
good chances to exploit the weaknesses caused by Blacks last move. A good answer is 19.Qg2, preparing for an
eventual opening of the kingside, and after 19...Nc4 20.Bf2 White is on top.

19.Bxb5 a4 is too complicated. For instance, the tempting 20.Rhf1 axb3 21.Bf6 Kg8 22.Bxh8 Bd7!, followed by
...Qa7, plays into Blacks plans.
19...f5 20.gxf5 Bxf5 21.Bd3 Rhf8 22.Qg2
White keeps the better chances, although the position is far from one-sided.
This brave move is the most critical. The position is extremely complicated and I havent been able to make any final
conclusions, but Black seems to be okay. Other moves also lead to exciting play:

18.Qf2 a4 19.Nd2 a3 20.Ne4 axb2 21.Bxb5 (21.Bf6 Kg8 22.Bxb5 Rxa2! 23.Nxd6 Qa5 24.c4 Qa3 25.Qg3 Ra1
26.Kc2 b1=Q 27.Rxb1 Ra2 28.Kd1 Qxd6 29.Bxh8 Qb6! is likely to lead to a draw.)

21...Rf8!! A surprisingly cool defensive move. It is necessary to stabilize the kingside before returning to the mess on
the queenside. (21...Rxa2? is refuted by 22.Nxd6.) 22.Bf6 (22.Rhf1 f6!) 22...Kg8 23.Rd3 Nxf6! 24.Nxf6 Kg7

Another way of preparing Nd2-e4.
18...g5 is the computers main suggestion after both of the above queen moves, but it seems hugely committal,
even though it might prove objectively okay for Black eventually: 19.Bg3 Nf6 20.Bxb5! a4! The critical move.
(20...Nxg4 21.Qe2 can be analysed further, but Blacks position looks shaky; 20...Bxg4 21.Bc6! Bxd1 22.Rxd1
Rab8 23.c4 White has good compensation, although the position remains unclear.) 21.Nd2 Nxd5 22.Qf3 Bb7
Again we have a complicated mess on the board.
19.Nd2 a3 20.Ne4 axb2 21.Bxb5
The position of the queen on e3 instead of f2 necessitates a different approach from Black.

After 21...Rf8 22.Rd3! Blacks attack seems hard to continue. The text move leads to an exciting forced line.
22.Kxa2? Qxc2 23.Rb1 Bb7 wins for Black.
22...Ra1 23.Kxb2 Rxd1 24.Rxd1
24.Nf5 gxf5 25.Rxd1 f4
24...Qxd6 25.Qa3
If White could exchange queens he would have great chances, but Black does not have to comply.
25...Qb6! 26.c4 Nf6
Black seems to be fine, although the position remains complicated.
18...a4 19.Nc1
19.Bc6 axb3 20.Bxa8 Qa7 21.axb3 Qxa8 is at least equal for Black.

19...a3?! needlessly blocks the queenside, and after 20.b3 Nc5 21.Qg2 Rb8 22.Bc6 White is better.

19...Nc5 20.Rdf1! intends to provoke ...f5, when White intends gxf5 followed by sacrificing the exchange to open the g-
file. If Black avoids this with 20...g5, he must reckon on 21.Bxg5!? Ne4 22.Bf6 Nxf6 23.g5 Nh5 24.gxh6 Rxh6
25.Qg5 Rg6 26.Qxh5 Bg4 27.Qh4.

20.Bxa4 Nc5 21.Bc6 Bxg4 is extremely complicated.

20...Nc5 21.Qe2
21.Rdf1 g5! works better for Black here, as the piece sacrifice isnt as clear: 22.Bxg5!? (After 22.Bf2 Bxg4 23.Bxc5
Qxc5 24.h4 f5! 25.hxg5 h5 Black is doing surprisingly well.) 22...Ne4 23.Qe2 (23.Bf6?! Nxf6 24.g5 Nxd5!)
23...Nxg5 24.h4 Nh7 25.g5 Again we are in some strange complications, which could be interesting to analyse further.

21...Bd7 looks more normal, but after 22.Rhf1 g5 23.Bf2 Bxb5 24.cxb5 Nd7 25.h4 White is doing quite well.
This is the relatively safe choice, whereas 22.Nd3!? Nxd3 23.Rxd3 a3 is messier.

22.h3!? is a sensible move to maintain the tension. The position is hard to assess, especially with the computer throwing
puzzling ideas such as ...h5!? into the mix.

22...fxg4 23.Ka1 Bf5 24.Rhf1

White has given up a pawn in order to stabilize his position, and he intends Bf2-e3 next. Once again, the
unclearassessment seems about right.

B222) 16.g4!N

In the previous variation, Black was just in time to generate counterplay with ...Kg7 followed by ...a5-a4. This made
me wonder if White could benefit by omitting the precautionary Kb1. Another possible benefit is that a future ...a3
might be met by b2-b3, when ...Qc3 might not necessarily lead to mate. Of course the negative aspect is the possibility
of ...e4 and ...Bf4, so White needs to take care over how he deploys his pieces.

This is an attempt to punish White immediately for not vacating the c1-square for the knight. However, White has
a far more effective possibility to bring the knight to e4.
Not only enabling the knight to go to d2, but also keeping the c3-square under control, so that ...a3 can be met by

This somewhat ugly move is the most challenging.
After 17...a4 18.Nd2 a3 (18...Bb7 19.Ne4 Rc8 20.Bd3) 19.b3 it is not clear what Black is doing next.
17...h5 18.h3! does not change much, for instance: 18...a4 19.Nd2 a3 20.b3 Bb7 21.Ne4
Finally, in the event of 17...Bb7 18.Bxb5! a4 19.Nd2 a3 20.Ne4! axb2 21.Kb1 Whites pieces are ideally
placed to prevent any attack.

18.Bg3 Nf6 19.Bxb5! a4

After 19...Nxg4 20.Qe2 Blacks position seems too open.
19...Bxg4 20.Nd2!? Bxd1 21.Rxd1 Rb8 (21...Nxd5? 22.Qe4) 22.Bc6 gives White excellent compensation.
20.Nd2 Nxd5
20...Nxg4 21.Qe2 gives White some initiative.
21.Qe4 Bb7
22.Nc4! Nb6
22...Nf4 23.Qf5 Bxh1 24.Bxf4 exf4 25.Rxd6+
23.Qd3 is also possible.
23...Qxb7 24.Nxd6 Qe7 25.Rhf1
Lets return to 16...Kg7. Now, it is critical to think about how White may improve on moving the king to b1, which
would just transpose to the previous line.

By removing the queen from the f4-c1 diagonal, White prepares to develop with Bd3 and Rhf1, without being hit by
...e4. He also clears the way for the knight to go to e4.

17...a5 is well met by 18.Nd2!, as the knight will be ideally placed on e4. 18...b4 (Or 18...a4 19.Ne4 and since ...a3
can be met by b2-b3, I dont see how Black will generate counterplay. Actually, even 19.Bxb5!? a3 20.b3 is possible,
since ...Qc3 can be met by Nc4, but why go for these forcing lines when we can just avoid Blacks idea altogether?)
19.Ne4 a4

20.Bb5! b3 (20...a3? 21.b3) 21.a3

Another idea is:

Hitting the d5-pawn. The drawback is that the knight loses touch with the f6-square.
18.Na5!? is another valid possibility, and after 18...Bd7 19.Bd3 White stands better, for instance: 19...Nc4
20.Qf3! Qxa5 (20...Nxa5 21.Bf6 Kh7 22.Bxh8) 21.Qf6 Kg8 22.Bxc4
18...Nxd5 is refuted by 19.Be4! (but not 19.Qxd5?? Bb7 when the queen is trapped19...Ne3 20.Qf3 Nxd1
21.Bf6 and White wins.
18...g5 19.Bf2 Nxd5 20.Nd4! Nb6 21.Nf5 Bxf5 22.gxf5 gives White a dangerous initiative for a mere pawn.
19.Rhf1! Nxd5!
19...Nc4 20.Bf6 gives White excellent attacking chances, so Black may as well take a pawn and head for
20.Be4! Ne3 21.Bf6 Kh7 22.Qh3 Nxd1!
22...Nxf1? is the wrong rook. 23.Rd3! is nasty.
23.Rf3 Nf2! 24.Rxf2 Qb6! leaves White without a clear win.
23...Rh8 24.Bd5! Kg7 25.Bf6 Kh7 26.Bxa8
White wins some material, although there is still a lot of fight in the position.

18.Bd3 a5
Once again, the knight should not leave f6 unattended: 18...Nb6 19.Be4! a5 20.Rhf1 and Black is in trouble.

18...g5!? is tricky, but White just needs a few accurate moves to secure a big positional advantage: 19.Be1 (19.Bf2?
loses the d5-pawn after 19...Nf6!.) 19...Nf6 (19...a5 20.Bxb5 a4 21.Na5!) 20.Ba5! Qe7 21.Bf5 Whites pawns have
been defended and Blacks queenside advances have been blocked.

19.Nd2 g5
It seems to me that Black has to go for this.

19...a4 is met by 20.Ne4! a3 (20...Bxd5 21.Bxb5) 21.b3 and once again Blacks attack is completely stifled.

20.Bg3 Nf6
21.Ne4! Bxd5
21...Nxd5? 22.Nxd6 Qxd6 23.Qe4 gives White a larger advantage.

22.Rhf1 Bxe4 23.Bxe4

The game goes on, but Blacks serious weaknesses on the kingside should provide White with excellent long-term

B23) 15...0-0!?N

Surprisingly, this pawn sacrifice is the computers top choice, and it was the most troubling move for me to deal with.
It turns out that Black can tolerate the queen on h6, and his quick development will compensate for the missing pawn.

16.Qxh6 Bb7 17.Kb1

White has to play this in order to avoid the threat of ...Rf(a)c8, and if c2-c3 then ...b4. There was also a problem of
...e4 and ...Bf4 winning the queen.

I wondered if White could avoid this move with 17.Bg5!?, but found that after 17...Rfc8 18.c3 b4 19.c4 a5 20.Be2
(20.Bd3 Bf8 21.Qh4 Bxd5) 20...a4 21.Rhf1 Bf8 22.Qh4 f5! Black is in time with his queenside counterplay.

With the king safely on b1, 17...Rac8? is refuted by 18.Bd3!. Instead Black must be ready to answer the bishop move
with ...e4.

It is worth mentioning a couple of other tries, mainly to show some of Blacks resources.

18.Bg3 intends h4-h5 at the right time, but allows 18...Nf6! 19.Bd3 (19.h4 Nh5) 19...e4 20.Bxd6 Qxd6 21.Be2 Nxd5
with an unclear position.

18.Bg5 has the idea of keeping the queen on the h-file after ...Bf8. The critical line is 18...Rac8 19.c3 Bf8 20.Qh4 Qd6!
21.Bd3 (21.Rd3? Bxd5 22.Rh3 Bg7) 21...Bxd5 when the position is complicated, but my analysis indicates that Black
is doing quite well.


I feel particularly proud of this move, as I had thoroughly analysed this line twice before eventually noticing this idea!
Retreating the queen looks passive, but one advantage is that Black will not be able to play ...Bf8-g7 with gain of
tempo. Another plus point is that White avoids weakening his queenside with c2-c3.

19.Qd2? is a worse version of the idea, as after 19...Nb6! Black will gain a tempo against the queen.

19.c3 is the obvious continuation, but after 19...Bf8 20.Qd2 Qd6! Blacks play is surprisingly easy: 21.Rhf1 (21.Bg3
Nb6 22.h4 Qxd5=; 21.Bg5 Nb6 22.h4 Qxd5 23.Qc1 Qe6 24.h5 b4) 21...Bg7 22.Na5 Ba8 23.Nc6 Nb6 24.Nb4 Nc4
25.Bxc4 Rxc4 26.Bg5 a5 Black wins back the pawn and is certainly not worse.

The queen retreat reaches another critical position, where Blacks two main ideas are B231) 19...e4 and B232) 19...Bf8.

19...Nb6 makes less sense now, since ...Nc4 isnt a threat anymore. 20.Bf6! Nxd5 (20...Nd7 is met by 21.Bg5
followed by h4-h5.) 21.Rxd5 Re6 (21...Bxd5 22.Qh6+) 22.Rxd6 Qxd6 23.Rd1 Whites two pieces should outwork the
black rook.

19...b4 does nothing to address Whites plans, and allows: 20.Bg4! Now Black must worry about Na5. 20...f5 21.Bxf5!
gxf5 22.Qg5 Kh8 23.Qh6 Kg8 24.Qg6 Kh8

25.c4! bxc3 (25...Qxc4 26.Bf6 Nxf6 27.Qxf6 Kg8 28.Qxd6) 26.Qh6 Kg8 27.Rd3! c2 28.Kc1 e4 29.Rg3 Bxg3
30.Qg6 Kf8 31.hxg3+ Mate will soon follow.

B231) 19...e4

This looks active, but it allows White to play the same idea as in the last note.

20.Bg4! e3
20...b4 21.Na5!
With the bishop still on d6, Black is not ready to play 20...f5 on account of 21.Qg5! fxg4 (21...Nf8 22.Bxf5;
21...Qxc2 22.Ka1 fxg4 23.Qxg6 Kh8 24.Qxd6+) 22.Qxg6 Kh8 23.Nd4! with a winning attack.

Now it will be hard for Black to hold on to the e-pawn.

21...e2 22.Rd2 Re5 23.Rxe2 Rxe2 24.Bxe2 Bxd5 25.Bf3 Bxf3 26.gxf3 White not only has an extra pawn, but also
has chances for a kingside initiative with an eventual h4-h5.

22.Bf3 e2 23.Rd2!
After 23.Rde1 Ne5 24.Rxe2 Nxf3 25.Rxe8 Rxe8 26.gxf3 Bxd5 the bishop pair might compensate for Blacks open

23...Ne5 24.Bxe2 Nc4

25.Bf3! Be5
Or 25...Nxd2 26.Qxd2 with huge compensation.

White will be left with two pawns for the exchange, with excellent minor pieces and a safer king.

B232) 19...Bf8

The main aim of this move is to carry out the regrouping plan of ...Qd6, ...Bg7 and ...Nb6. Should Black achieve this
optimal set-up, his position will have a wealth of potential. Whites choice on the next move is of key importance, and I
would like to present two interesting options leading to different types of positions. B2321) 20.d6!? gives rise to a
complicated middlegame where I prefer Whites practical chances, whereas B2321) 20.Bf3!? eventually leads to an
endgame (after a series of crazy tactics) where White obtains some winning chances with little risk.

20.Qd2?! is similar to 19.c3, and Black deals with it in the same way: 20...Qd6! (20...Bh6 21.Qxh6! Qxc2 22.Ka1
Qxe2 23.Na5 Ba8 24.Nc6; 20...Nb6 21.d6 Qd7 22.Qe3 Bxg2 23.Qxb6 Bxh1 24.Rxh1 Qxd6 25.Qxd6 Bxd6 26.c3)
21.Rhf1 Bg7 Black reaches his ideal set-up, and he has great chances on the queenside with ...Nb6 and ...e4 coming

20.Bg5 looks like a tempting try to advance the h-pawn, but Black has a forcing solution with: 20...Nb6! (20...Bg7
21.h4) 21.h4 Nxd5 22.h5 Nf4! (22...Nb4 23.Bf3!) 23.Bxf4 (23.hxg6 Be4!?) 23...exf4 24.Bf3 g5 White has no
easy way to exploit the open kingside.

B2321) 20.d6!?

With this move White returns the extra pawn and takes his chances in a complex middlegame.

20...Bxd6 21.Bg4!
This is the idea behind returning the pawn. Now Black must decide what to do about his awkwardly-placed pieces.

21...Bxg2 is too greedy, and after 22.Rhe1 Blacks poor coordination is more of a factor than his extra pawn.

21...f5? 22.Bxf5! is an important motif. 22...gxf5 23.Qg5 Kh7 24.Qxf5 Kg7 25.Rd3 Qxc2 26.Ka1+

21...Bc6 22.Qd2 Be7 avoids the loss of a piece, but after 23.Bxe7 Rxe7 24.Qg5 Rce8 25.h4! Be4 26.h5! White has a
strong attack, and the c2-pawn doesnt matter.

22.Rd2 f5
Black shuts out the annoying bishop, but now his kingside has been permanently weakened.

After 22...Be7 23.Bxd7 Bxh4 24.Bxe8 Rxe8 25.Re2 Blacks bishop pair offers some compensation for the exchange,
but it is not enough to equalize.
23.Bf3 Bxf3
23...Ba8 is a loss of time, as after 24.Qd1 Re6 25.Re1 Black does not seem to have anything better than taking on f3

This move is slightly more sophisticated than the retreat to a8, but White keeps the more pleasant position all the
24.Qd1 is another possible try. 24...Re6 25.Re1 Nc5 (After 25...Bxf3 26.gxf3 the earlier retreat to c6 would be
pointless.) 26.Bd8!? Qb8 27.Nxc5 Bxc5 28.Bxc6 Rcxc6 29.Bg5 Rcd6 30.g4 White maintains some pressure due
to the open kingside.
24...Re6 25.Bxc6 Qxc6 26.Na5 Qc7 27.Nb7 Qxb7 28.Rxd6 Nf8
White has the superior minor piece, and he just needs to get coordinated and find a good place for his queen.
29.R6d5!? is another idea.
29...Rxd6 30.Rxd6 Rc6 31.Rd1
White keeps the better chances.

I was tempted to stop analysing here. There are of course a lot of options, but the stark weaknesses in Blacks
kingside will remain a nagging problem even if White does not manage to conduct a swift attack. It is worth exploring a
few more moves just to avoid any immediate counterplay from Black, and to show a few of Whites ideas.

This keeps both the g6-pawn and the d6-bishop defended. Now Black can think about counterplay with ...a5.

24...Bf8 25.Rg1 Re6 26.Qd1 Nb6 27.Bd8!? Qb8 28.Bxb6 Qxb6 29.h4 The exchange of bishop for knight seems
favourable for White.

24...Nb6 25.Rg2 Re6 26.Rhg1 Kg7 (26...Qh7 27.Qd2; 26...Kf7 27.Qh6) 27.Bf2 (27.Bg5!? is also possible, intending
h4-h5.) 27...Nd5 (27...Nc4 28.h4) 28.Bg3 The last move prevents ...Nf4, and now the rooks may transfer to the d-file
gaining a tempo. White has the more compact position and can shuffle his pieces around, creating threats across the

Threatening Nd4, and thus forcing Black to commit one of his pieces to defending the rook on e6. Even after he does
so, White can always keep in mind the f3-f4 idea to win the d4-square in the future.

25.Rg1 can be met by 25...a5! 26.Rdg2 Nf8 and it is hard to deal with the ...a4 threat.
After 25...Rce8 Black will not be able to exert much pressure on the queenside, so White can play 26.Rde2 before
looking for ways to improve his other pieces.

Both sides continue to have various options, but it seems to me that Blacks exposed kingside means he has more to
worry about.

B2322) 20.Bf3!?

Provoking the e-pawn into advancing.

Blacks choices were limited, as the bishop was ideally placed on f3 and White was threatening d5-d6.

In the event of 20...Qd6 21.Bg3 Bg7 22.h4! Black is too slow to get counterplay, while the h4-h5 attack is already upon

21.Bg4 f5
This is more or less forced, as 21...e3 22.Rhe1 wins the e-pawn while 21...Bd6 runs into the unpleasant 22.Na5!.

Removing the excellent dark-squared bishop from the defence. It is interesting to note the point behind provoking
...e4 with the earlier Bf3 in this line. If the pawn was back on e5, then Black would have the devastating reply ...Qc4!,
winning a piece.

22...Qb6 23.Qg5! fxg4 24.Qxg6 Bg7 25.Qxg4 Ne5 26.Qg3 Nd7 27.Bg5!? gives White terrific compensation.

23.Bxf5 Bf4!
23...gxf5? 24.Qg5 Kh7 gives White more than one way to win, with 25.Qh5 Kg7 26.Nd4+ perhaps being the
24.Bg3 Bxc1 25.Bxc7 gxf5 26.Rxd7 Be3 reaches a different type of endgame where Blacks bishop pair seems more

24...Bxc1 25.Rxc7 Rxc7 26.Bxg6 Re6

There follows a strange dance involving the rooks and bishops before the position settles into a normal type of

27.Bg3 Rg7 28.Bf5 Rf6 29.Be5 Rxf5 30.Bxg7 Bg5

Although we are a long way into the game, Blacks last ten moves have been mostly forced. Now White has a couple
of good options.
The most ambitious.

31.Bc3 is a decent alternative, leading to a slightly favourable endgame. 31...e3 32.h4 Bh6 33.g4!? Bxh1 (33...Rf2
34.Re1) 34.gxf5 Be4 35.Nd4 (35.Nc5 Bxf5 36.Nxa6 Kf7 is OK) 35...Bg7 36.Ne2 Getting rid of the bishop pair.
36...Bxc3 (36...Bh6 37.Be5 Bxf5 38.Bf4) 37.Nxc3 The king will watch the e-pawn, and the knight can start hunting
the queenside pawns. Black can probably hold the endgame, but there is still some work to do.

Now it is a bit harder to stop the pawn, but White can keep the advantage with precise play.

32.Re1 e2 33.Bc3! Rd5!

33...Rf1 34.Nd4 Bxg2 35.Nxe2 should be close to winning.

34.a3 Rd1 35.Ka2 Rxe1 36.Bxe1 Bxg2 37.Nd4 Bf1 reaches a strange endgame, where the e2-pawn makes the
situation slightly double-edged.

34...bxa4 35.Nd4

35.Ka2 Rxe1 36.Bxe1 bxa4

36...Bxg2 37.axb5 axb5 38.Nd4 Bf1 39.Nxb5 gives White a serious advantage.
37.Nd4 Bxg2 38.Nxe2
It is not clear if White can convert the extra pawn, but it is a pleasant endgame with two possible results.


In this, our final chapter on the 6...Nbd7 complex, we have dealt with the topical position occurring after 7.Qe2 h6
8.Bh4 g6. I advocate the direct 9.f4!, intending to meet 9...e5 with 10.fxe5 dxe5 11.0-0-0!, exploiting the fact that the
d4-knight is poisoned. Several games between strong players have continued 11...Qc7 12.Nb3 b5, but at this point I
believe White should deviate from the majority of games with the dynamic 13.Nd5! Nxd5 14.exd5. The resulting
positions abound in tactical and strategic complexity. It may seem that I went to the extreme in terms of the depth of
my analysis of a variation that has hardly ever occurred in a practical game, but I am certain that this line will become
more popular in the future. If I am right, then readers of this book will be ready with a full arsenal of ideas.
A) 7...Bd7
B) 7...Nc6? 8.Nxc6 bxc6 9.e5 h6 10.Bh4 g5 11.fxg5 Nd5 12.Ne4 Qb6 13.c3!
B1) 13...Rb8
B2) 13...Qxb2
B3) 13...dxe5
C) 7...Be7 8.Qf3
C1) 8...Qa5
C2) 8...Qc7

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4

From this extremely popular position, Blacks main options can be summarized as follows:

7...Qc7 and 7...b5 are important moves which receive dedicated coverage in Chapters 6 and 7 respectively.

7...Nbd7 is a major system which you can find in Chapters 8 and 9.

7...Be7 may give rise to three major set-ups: The Gothenburg Variation (Chapter 10), and the ...Qc7/...Nbd7 set-up,
which I call the Three-Piece system. The latter can be implemented either with an early ...h6 (Chapter 11) or without
(Chapter 12).

Finally, 7...Qc7 introduces the ever-critical Poisoned Pawn variation, which is covered in Chapters 13-18.

In this chapter we will deal with three topics: the sideline A) 7...Bd7, the formerly-interesting-but-now-almost-refuted
B) 7...Nc6?, and finally some miscellaneous variations after C) 7...Be7.

7...h6 8.Bh4 does not have much independent significance. For instance, the deferred Poisoned Pawn with 8...Qb6 will
simply be met by 9.Qd2 Qxb2 10.Rb1 Qa3 11.e5, transposing to our main lines.

A) 7...Bd7

This was tested by Bent Larsen a few times in the 1950s, and is still used now and again by strong players. Black is
preparing ...Nc6, which may lead to some sort of Najdorf/Rauzer hybrid.

8.e5 dxe5 9.fxe5 Qa5! is one idea behind Blacks set-up.

White cannot transpose to a Rauzer with 8.Qd2 on account of 8...h6, intending 9.Bh4? Nxe4!.

8.Qe2 also does not impress me much, since after 8...Nc6 9.0-0-0 the position resembles the more popular 7...Qc7
8.Qe2 Nc6 9.0-0-0 line, but Black may get some additional options as he has not yet committed his queen to c7.
Fortunately, there is nothing wrong with the standard development of the queen to f3.

8...Nc6 9.0-0-0 Nxd4

9...h6 10.Bh4 does not change much.

9...Qb6 can be met by 10.Nxc6 Bxc6 11.f5!?N when Black has problems with the e6-pawn, for instance 11...Qa5
(11...Be7?! 12.fxe6 fxe6 13.Qh3! is strong) 12.Bxf6 gxf6 13.Bc4 Qe5 14.Rhf1 and Black is under pressure.

9...Qc7 10.Nxc6!? gives Black a difficult choice. 10...bxc6 (10...Qxc6 is met by 11.Be2 intending e4-e5; 10...Bxc6
misplaces the bishop, and 11.Bxf6 gxf6 12.f5 followed by Bc4 and Rhf1 is promising for White.) Recapturing with the
b-pawn is positionally desirable for Black, but his queen and bishop are awkwardly placed on c7 and d7 respectively.
11.Bc4 Be7 12.Rhe1 e5

This position occurred in Stan Nemeth, Bucharest 2003, and now 13.fxe5N 13...dxe5 14.Qg3 would have been

This is the logical way to follow on from the earlier 7...Bd7.

11.Be2 Be7 12.Qg3!?

Renewing the threat of e4-e5, while making it hard for Black to castle.

In the event of 12...Qc7 13.Rhd1 h6 (13...0-0?! loses an exchange after 14.e5 Nd5 15.Nxd5 Bxd5 16.Bh6) 14.Bxf6
Bxf6 15.Rxd6 0-0 16.e5 White has an extra pawn for hardly any compensation.

This position was reached in H. Albert Lombardy, Mar del Plata 1957, and one other game. Here White could have
pressed ahead with:
13.e5!N 13...dxe5 14.fxe5 Bc5
14...Nd5?! 15.Bxe7 Nxe7 16.Qxg7 Rg8 17.Qf6

This exchange sacrifice is not forced, but it is absolutely justified.

15...gxf6 16.Rd3

16.Qxg7 Rf8 17.Bh5 Qb4

17...Bxc3? is refuted by 18.Bxf7! Rxf7 19.Qg8.

18.Rd1 Bxc3 19.bxc3 Qc5 20.Rd6

White maintains extreme pressure. The following illustrative line shows that even a queen exchange does not solve
Blacks problems.

20...Qe3 21.Kd1 Qg1 22.Ke2 Qxg2 23.Qxg2 Bxg2
White still has excellent compensation, for instance:

Why hurry to take on e6? This pawn can be captured at any moment, as defending it only leads to greater problems
for Black:

24...Bh3?! 25.Bf3! Rb8 26.Bxb7

B) 7...Nc6?
This line experienced something of a resurgence in roughly 2006/07, but nowadays it can be regarded as having been
buried deep in the ground. Nevertheless, White needs to know a few precise lines to be sure of a big advantage.

8.Nxc6 bxc6 9.e5 h6

9...dxe5 10.Qxd8 Kxd8 11.fxe5 h6 12.0-0-0 Kc7 13.Bxf6 gxf6 14.exf6 leaves White with an extra pawn as well as
the better structure.

10.Bh4 g5
10...dxe5 leads to typically worse positions for Black after 11.Qxd8 Kxd8 12.fxe5 g5 13.0-0-0 Kc7 14.Bg3.

11.fxg5 Nd5 12.Ne4 Qb6

12...dxe5 is not really challenging. 13.Nf6 Nxf6 14.Qxd8 Kxd8 15.gxf6 gives White an extremely pleasant
endgame due to all those pawn weaknesses in Blacks camp.

After the text move we reach the starting position of most of the theoretical debate in this variation.
A lot of other moves were tried, rather unsuccessfully, before the strength of this move became apparent. White
prevents the annoying check on b4 while maintaining various attacking ideas. Black may respond with B1) 13...Rb8,
B2) 13...Qxb2 or B3) 13...dxe5.
13...hxg5? is weaker: 14.Bxg5 Rg8N (14...dxe5 15.Qxd5! gave White a quick win in Fendrik Forgacs, Hungary 2010;
14...Qxb2 15.Rb1 Qa3 has been played a few times, and now 16.Bc4!N is crushing.) The rook move is Blacks only
chance, but it is not good enough:

15.Qh5! Qxb2 16.Rd1 White has a huge attack. A possible finish is 16...Ra7 17.Bc4! Qxg2 18.Bxd5 Qxh1 19.Kf2 and

The early queen exchange does not help Black either: 13...Qe3 14.Qe2 Qxe2 15.Bxe2 dxe5 (15...hxg5 16.Bxg5 dxe5
17.Nf6 Nxf6 18.Bxf6 Rg8 19.Bxe5 left White a clear pawn up in Videnova Avagianos, Rethymno 2011.) Here
White can improve on the game Yilmaz Keler, Konya 2012, with: 16.g6!N 16...fxg6 (16...f5 17.Nf6 Nxf6 18.Bxf6
Rg8 19.0-0-0) 17.0-0-0 Be7 18.Bxe7 Kxe7 19.Bf3 White has a clear advantage.

B1) 13...Rb8

This was played successfully in a recent Grandmaster game. It makes some sense for Black to avoid the awful structure
that occurs after ...dxe5, but the idea runs into problems against accurate play.

14.Qf3 Be7 15.Bd3 Qe3 16.Qxe3 Nxe3 17.Kd2 Nf5 was pretty unclear in Hector Ziska, Copenhagen 2014.

14...Qe3 does not help: 15.Qe2 fxg6 16.Nf6 Kf7 17.Nxd5 Qxe2 18.Bxe2 cxd5 19.0-0 Kg8 20.Bf6 Rh7 21.b3
Even though the material remains equal, Black is too far behind in development.

15.Nf6 Kf7
In the event of 15...Nxf6 16.Bxf6 Rg8 17.exd6 Black is a pawn down with a weak structure.
16.Nxd5 exd5
16...cxd5 17.Qf3 Kg8 18.Bd3 is too dangerous for Black.

17.Qf3 Kg8 18.Bd3! dxe5 19.Bxg6N

19.Rf1? allowed Black to escape with a draw in Yazgeldiev Odeev, Turkmenistan 2011.

19...Rb7 20.Bf2 Qd8 21.0-0

Compared with the aforementioned game, White has still brought his rook to the f-file, but he has also collected the
g6-pawn and brought his king to safety. Blacks absolute lack of development makes his position too unstable.

B2) 13...Qxb2 14.Rb1 Qxa2

We are already familiar with this idea to create huge weaknesses around the black king.

15...fxg6 16.Bd3
Going after the targets.

This is the only way to defend the g6-pawn.

16...Qxg2 Taking the kingside pawns doesnt help Black to generate any counterplay. 17.Rf1! Qxh2 (17...Ne3 leaves
White with only one good move, but it is absolutely crushing: 18.Qa4!+) 18.Qg4 White had a decisive attack in
Drozel Wosch, corr. 2013. If Black tries 18...g5, then 19.Bg3 Qa2 20.exd6 decides the issue.

16...Ne3 17.Nf6 Kd8 (17...Kf7 is refuted by 18.Bxg6!, when 18...Kxg6 19.Qh5 Kg7 20.Ne8 leads to mate in two,
while 18...Kg7 is not much of an improvement, and 19.Qf3 led to a quick win for White in Poulopoulos Papadakis,
Athens 2013.) 18.Nd5 (18.Ng4 is the same.) 18...g5 19.Nxe3
19...gxh4N The only move that makes sense, but it is soon refuted. (19...Qa5 20.Bg3 Qxc3 21.Ke2+ Fier
Matuszewski, Prague 2012.) 20.Qf3 Bg7 21.Qxc6 Bxe5 22.0-0 Ra7 23.Rb8 Rc7 Now 24.Qb6 wins comfortably, while
24.Rxc8 achieves the same result in a flashier way.

17.Nf6 Kf7
17...Kd8? loses to 18.Nd5 g5 19.Nxf4 gxh4 20.Qf3, threatening both Ng6 and Qxc6.

This was first pointed out by Kozul in an NIC Yearbook survey, and has resulted in a clean sweep of white victories
so far.

18...Nxg6 19.0-0 leaves Blacks king too exposed. A sample line is 19...Nxh4 20.Qh5 Ng6 21.Ne8! Kxe8
22.Qxg6 Kd7 23.Rf7 Be7 24.Rxe7 Kxe7 25.Qg7 Kd8 26.Qxh8 Kc7 27.exd6 and mate will follow soon.

19.Qg4 Kf7 20.0-0

20...dxe5 was tried in one game, and here 21.Nh5!N 21...Rg8 (21...Bc5 22.Kh1 doesnt change anything) 22.Rxf4
exf4 23.Qxf4 Ke8 24.Nf6 would have decided the game immediately.

21.Qxg2 Nxg2 22.Kxg2 dxe5

Other moves are no better. Here are a few illustrative lines:

22...Kg6 23.Rf3 Be7 24.Rg3 Kf7 25.Rf1 Bxf6 26.Bxf6 Rh7 allows a forced win:

27.Bh4 Ke8 28.Rg8 Kd7 29.Rd8 Kc7 30.exd6 Kb6 31.Rff8 Rg7 32.Kf2 Kb7 33.Be7+

22...Bg7 23.Nh5 Kg6 24.Nxg7 Rg8 25.Bf6 dxe5 26.Rf3 Rxg7 27.Bxg7 Kxg7 gives Black a temporarily healthy
material balance, but White can exploit his superior activity as follows:

28.Rg1! Ra7 29.Kf2 Kh7 30.Rf8 Rc7 31.Ke3 a5 32.Ke4 Ba6 33.Kxe5+

There is more than one way to intensify Whites attack, but I like the idea of opening the g-file for subsequent checks.

23...e4 runs into 24.Nd5! Kg8 25.Rg1 Bg7 26.Ne7 Kh7 27.Nxc8 and White wins a piece.

24.Nd5 Kg6 25.Rg1 Kf5 26.Nc7 Ra7

White wins thanks to a beautifully constructed mating net.

B3) 13...dxe5

Again we see this typical idea, which ruins Blacks structure and creates new targets for Whites pieces.

This way Black manages to exchange queens, but Blacks problems are far from over in the endgame.
15.Qe2 fxg6
15...Qxe2 16.Bxe2 fxg6 17.Nf6 Kf7 18.Ng4 transposes to the main line, while 18.0-0 is also good.
16.Qxe3 Nxe3 17.Bf6 Rh7 18.Kd2 Nxf1 19.Rhxf1 is another pleasant endgame.
16...Kf7 17.Ng4 Qxe2 18.Bxe2

18...Bg7 19.0-0 Nf4

Or 19...Kg8 20.Bf6 with an obvious advantage.
20.g3 g5 21.gxf4 exf4 22.Bf2
Azarov Yilmaz, Rijeka 2010.

The text move reaches a critical position. White has a wide choice, but his advantage has not been proven as
conclusively here as in some of the previous lines. I suggest a simple, calm approach.

Defending the b2-pawn while taking aim at g6.
15.Bf2!? is another interesting line that gives White excellent compensation, but I dont see the point of giving up the
b- and a-pawns here, as the text move manages everything perfectly.

The best try.

15...Qe3 has been played a couple of times, with joyless results for Black. 16.Be2 Nf4 17.Nf6 Kf7 18.Ng4! Qxe2
(18...Nxg2 19.Kf1 h5 20.Kxg2 hxg4 21.Raf1+ Kanmazalp Yaramis, Konya 2011.) 19.Qxe2 Nxe2 Now in
Agamaliev Kovchan, Konya 2011, the simple 20.Kxe2N would have left Black with too many weaknesses.
15...Be7N is another idea, but after 16.Bf2 c5 (or 16...Qc7 17.Nd2) 17.Nd2! the g6-pawn is under fire and the knight
is ready to take up a perfect outpost on c4.

16.0-0-0 Be7
16...Ne3 doesnt work due to 17.Nd6! Bxd6 18.Qxg6 Kf8 19.Rd2!. With b2 safely protected, Black cannot prevent
his exposed king from being mated soon.
16...h5 is met by the familiar 17.Nd2! when it is hard to defend g6.

This seems simplest, although there are other good moves, for instance 17.Bf2 Qa5 18.Bc4 0-0 19.h4 and Whites
position clearly has a lot of potential.

This is an awkward-looking computer attempt to keep Black in the game.

17...Nf4 18.Nd2! is strong.

17...Ne3 loses in exactly the same way as on the previous move: 18.Nd6! Bxd6 19.Qxg6 Kf8 20.Rd2+

17...0-0 18.Nd2! The same idea again. 18...Rf5 19.Nc4 Qc5 20.Bd3 Black has little counterplay and will have to lose
This is the simplest way to continue. 18.Nd2 Ne3! 19.Qxg6 Rf7 isnt as clear.

18.Bd3 Ne3 19.Qd2!? Nxd1 20.Rxd1 is also quite good according to the computer, but there is no need to sacrifice an

18...Rf5 19.Bd3
White will soon be ready for Nd2-c4, while Blacks position remains uncoordinated and full of weaknesses.

C) 7...Be7 8.Qf3

In this section we will deal with a few set-ups which do not quite fit in to any of the other chapters involving 7...Be7.
They are not at all bad, but at the same time they are not significant enough to warrant their own dedicated chapters.
We will start with the unusual C1) 8...Qa5, before checking a sideline after the more common C2) 8...Qc7.

8...Nc6 gives White no special problems. It has been played by Judit Polgar, but only in a blindfold game, so we dont
need to take it too seriously. 9.0-0-0 Nxd4 10.Rxd4 Qc7 11.Be2 0-0 12.Rhd1

Black has problems with the d6-pawn. She tried to solve them with 12...Ne8, but after 13.Bxe7 Qxe7 14.e5 White
had a clear advantage in Karjakin Polgar, Bilbao (blind) 2007.

C1) 8...Qa5

This has been favoured by some strong players in the past, and White will have to play precisely to prove anything
against it.

9.0-0-0 Bd7
Blacks set-up looks strange, but he is ready to play ...Nc6 with a normal Sicilian position. I recommend an
immediate tactical strike before Black gets a chance to complete development.

10.Bxf6! Bxf6
10...gxf6 11.f5 gives White an excellent version of a typical structure.
11.e5 dxe5 12.Nxe6!
12.fxe5 is met by the amazing defence 12...Bc6! 13.Nxc6 Bg5 14.Kb1 Nxc6 as in Chernih Le Quang, Yerevan

12...fxe6 13.Qxb7 0-0 (13...Bc6 14.Qc8 Bd8 15.Qxe6+) 14.Qxa8 Bc6 15.Qa7 exf4 16.Bc4 left Black with
insufficient compensation for the exchange in Sochacki Chabradze, Gorges 2011.

13.Qxb7 exf4 14.Qxa8 0-0

It is easy for White to defuse Blacks queenside aspirations and consolidate with his extra exchange.

15...Qxa2 16.Nxf6 gxf6

Now in Startstek Combatiente, Internet 2012, the most accurate continuation would have been:

17.Qe4!N 17...Qa1 18.Kd2 Qa5 19.b4 Qc7 20.Bd3 f5 21.Qd4

White is ahead on material and Blacks kingside is a wreck.

C2) 8...Qc7 9.0-0-0

From this position the great majority of games have continued with ...Nbd7, either with or without a preliminary ...h6
and Bh4. In the final part of this chapter we will consider an interesting way for Black to postpone the development of
his knight.

This is an older way to handle the position, but it should not be forgotten. The main idea is that the b8-knight can go
to c6 or d7 according to circumstances.

9...b5? is premature due to 10.e5 Bb7 11.Qg3.

10.Bd3 is not particularly strong because of 10...Nc6!, immediately drawing attention to the lack of support for the
knight on d4.

10.g4 is also not dangerous due to 10...b5 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.g5 Bxd4 13.Rxd4 Nc6 when Black stands at least equal.
These two lines show the ...Nc6 plan working perfectly.

Black needs to prevent e4-e5. 10...Nc6 does not make much sense here, as White can either play 11.e5 immediately
or exchange on c6 first.
11.Be2 b5 12.e5 dxe5 13.fxe5 Nxe5 14.Bf3 led to an eventual win for White in Archeo Dzwonek, corr. 2002, but
after 14...Bb7!N 15.Bxb7 Qxb7 16.Qxe5 Ng4 17.Qf4 Bxg5 18.Qxg5 Nf2! it is difficult to claim much of an edge for

11...b5 12.Rhe1 b4
This has been the usual continuation, forcing the play before e4-e5 comes.

12...Bb7!?N has not yet been tried, but it is worth checking how the game may continue: 13.e5 dxe5 14.fxe5 Nh5
15.Qh4 Bxg5 16.Qxg5 g6

White does not have an immediate way through, but the calm 17.g4 Ng7 18.a3 maintains an edge. A possible
continuation is: 18...Rad8 19.Kb1!? Nxe5 20.Ndxb5 axb5 21.Qxe5 Qxe5 22.Rxe5 b4 23.axb4 Rd4 Black maintains
material equality, but both 24.b5 and 24.Be2 leave White with the more dangerous pawn majority in the endgame.

Nothing else makes sense.

13...exd5 14.Nf5 Bd8 15.Nxg7! Kh8!

Otherwise Nf5 is killing.

16.e5? dxe5 17.fxe5 Ne4 favoured Black in Wittman Leow, Thessaloniki (ol) 1984.

16.Nf5N is playable, but after 16...Nh5 17.Qh4 Bxg5 18.Qxg5 Ndf6 19.e5 Rg8 Black has enough resources to maintain
the balance.
After 16...Rg8? 17.Nf5 Nc5 18.Bxf6 Black resigned in Koziak Buturin, Lvov 1997, in view of 18...Bxf6
19.Qxg8 Kxg8 20.Re8#.

The text move enables Black to survive the attack. It was proposed in Sicilian Attacks by Yakovich, who called the
position unclear, but it seems to me that White maintains some advantage.

17.Qh4! Nfe4! 18.Bxe4 f5

There is no other defence.

19.Bxd8 Qxd8 20.Qxd8 Rxd8

21.Nxf5 Nxe4 22.Rxe4 Bxf5 23.Rxb4

White has good chances in the endgame, with four pawns against a bishop.


From the popular tabiya after 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4, this chapter has dealt with a variety of set-ups that do not quite fit into any
of the other chapters.

7...Bd7 is a quirky move, but not a bad one. White obtains a good position with the typical plan of castling, placing the
queen on g3 and forcing through e4-e5, although he must keep playing energetically and possibly sacrifice some
material if he is to exploit his initiative.

7...Nc6? was tricky for a while, but the critical continuation of 8.Nxc6 bxc6 9.e5 h6 10.Bh4 g5 11.fxg5 Nd5 12.Ne4
Qb6 13.c3! can be regarded as a near-refutation of Blacks 7th move.

7...Be7 8.Qf3 is one of the most important positions in the Najdorf, arguably second only to the Poisoned Pawn in terms
of the complexity of the ensuing positions. We will return to this in Chapters 10-12, but for now we can say that
8...Qa5 does not work out too well, while 8...Qc7 9.0-0-0 0-0 is trickier, but still quite promising for White in the
critical line involving a kingside attack with a forced transition to an endgame.
A) 8...b5
B) 8...Nc6 9.0-0-0
B1) 9...Be7
B2) 9...Bd7!?
B3) 9...Nxd4 10.Rxd4
B31) 10...b5!?
B32) 10...Be7 11.Kb1!N
B321) 11...0-0
B3211) 12.g3
B3212) 12.h4!?
B322) 11...h6 12.Bh4
B3221) 12...g5?
B3222) 12...0-0

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qc7

This was the favourite choice of the young Garry Kasparov, and has been recommended in at least three popular
books: Mastering the Najdorf by Arizmendi and Moreno, Play the Najdorf: Scheveningen Style by Emms, and Play the
Najdorf Sicilian by Rizzitano. It is easy to understand the appeal for Black, as play tends to take on a slower pace, with
fewer forcing lines than in most Najdorf variations. Quite a lot of games have continued with an exchange on f6 over
the next few moves, leading to a long strategic fight. Even though White has some decent plans there, Black will have
achieved his main goal of reaching a stable position with no immediate danger. Instead I would like to propose a
different approach which ties in with my recommendation against 7...Nbd7.

One of the most natural moves here is 8...Nbd7, which transposes into 7...Nbd7 8.Qe2 Qc7 as discussed in Chapters
8 and 9. This leaves us with two alternatives to cover in the following pages: the sideline A) 8...b5 and the more
popular B) 8...Nc6.

A) 8...b5 9.a3!

9.e5 looks natural, but after 9...dxe5 10.fxe5 we reach a line of the Polugaevsky Variation (7...b5 8.e5 dxe5 9.fxe5 Qc7
10.Qe2) which I prefer to avoid in favour of 10.exf6, as covered in Chapter 7.

The text move maintains the parallel with the 7...Nbd7 8.Qe2 variation, and I do not see anything better for Black than
transposing to that line.

9...Nbd7 seems the most natural way, when 10.0-0-0 takes us to page 133.

9...Be7 can simply be met by 10.e5 dxe5 11.fxe5 Nd5 12.Nxd5 exd5 13.Bxe7 Qxe7 14.g3 0-0 15.Bg2 Be6 16.0-0-0
with an obvious edge to White.

9...Nc6 is normally dubious when Black has to recapture with the queen, and White gets easy play after 10.Nxc6 Qxc6
11.0-0-0 Be7 (11...Bb7?! 12.Nd5!) 12.g4 Bb7 13.Bg2.

10.0-0-0 Be7!?N
The only games in my database continued with 10...Nbd7, leading to page 134.

10...Nc6? is not a good idea due to 11.Nxc6 Bxc6 12.Nd5!.

11.g4 h6 12.Bh4 Nc6! is an important extra option, when 13.Nxc6 Bxc6 is okay for Black.
11...e5 12.Bxf6! gxf6
12...Bxf6 allows 13.Ndxb5! axb5 14.Nxb5 when White will get three pawns plus the initiative for the piece.

Blacks position is solid for now, but with the d5-square securely under Whites control, it is clear that Black will
suffer for a long time.

B) 8...Nc6

This is the usual way to avoid transposing to the ...Nbd7 lines.

I once played 9.Bxf6, but nowadays if I wanted to change the structure this way I would do it on the previous move.

Black has tried three options: B1) 9...Be7, B2) 9...Bd7!? and B3) 9...Nxd4. As we will see, there are some reasons why
Black may try to delay the knight exchange, but doing so also gives White some extra options.

B1) 9...Be7

This move forces us to take a completely different path to the 9...Nxd4 10.Rxd4 Be7 line.

10.Kb1 would be fine if Black had to swap knights and transpose to variation B3, but 10...Bd7!N is more of a
problem. (10...0-0 11.g3 Bd7 12.Bg2 Nxd4 13.Rxd4 Bc6 14.Rhd1 could be unpleasant for Black.) 11.g3 Nxd4 12.Rxd4
Bc6 13.Bg2 h6 14.Bh4 Rc8 This position could be reached via a 9...Nxd4 move order, but one that involves 11.g3
instead of my recommended 11.Kb1!.

Other moves such as 10.g4 can be met by 10...Nxd4, transposing to another line I am not recommending.

Recapturing with the queen seems more awkward:
10...Qxc6 11.e5 dxe5 12.fxe5 Nd5 13.Bxe7 Nxc3
After 13...Nxe7 14.Qh5! White has an excellent version of the structure with the pawn on e5. Black is a long way
behind with his counterplay, and can do little to prevent White from building his initiative with Bd3, Ne4 and so

14.Qd2!? is a safe alternative: 14...Qd7 (14...Bd7 15.Bh4! is excellent for White, the main point being 15...Nxd1
16.Qb4!.) 15.Qxc3 Qxe7 16.Bd3 White intends Be4, and keeps a pleasant edge without damaging his pawn
structure. The text move is more ambitious.
14...Kxe7 15.Qg4 Bd7 16.Bc4!
White should not hurry with 16.Qxg7, as after 16...Rhf8 it is not so easy to complete development. The bishop
move solves that problem, and Black still does not have a convenient way to defend g7.
16...b5 17.Qxg7 Rhf8 18.Bb3 Qxc3 19.Kb1 Qc5 20.Rd6+
17.Qxg7 Rhg8 18.Rxd7 Kxd7 19.Qxf7 Kc6 20.Qxe6 Kc7 21.Qd6
White could keep the queens on: 21.Qf7 Kb6 22.Qf6 Ka7 23.Bxg8 Rxg8 24.e6
21...Qxd6 22.exd6 Kxd6 23.Rd1 Kc6 24.Bxg8 Rxg8 25.g3
It will take a miracle for Black to hold this ending.

11.e5 dxe5
After 11...Nd5 12.Bxe7 Qxe7 13.Ne4 dxe5 14.fxe5 0-0 15.c4 Blacks dark squares are too weakened.

A typical way to play against the spoilt queenside structure. The ensuing endgames are always more pleasant for

12.fxe5 is not so clear: 12...Nd5 13.Bxe7 Nxc3! 14.Qf3!? (14.Qg4 Qxe5!) 14...Nxa2 (14...Nxd1 15.Bd6 Qb6
16.Kxd1) 15.Kb1 Kxe7 16.Kxa2 Rd8

Every queen move has a drawback of some kind. The problem with this one is that Na4 may prove annoying at some

12...Qxe5 13.fxe5 Nd5 14.Bxe7 Kxe7 15.Ne4 is pleasant for White.

Black has managed to draw two correspondence games after this move, but I found a promising new idea.
Defending the f4-pawn. The significance of this will soon become obvious.
This is the only real attempt to justify the queens position on b8.
13...Qxe5 14.fxe5 Nd5 15.Bxe7 Kxe7 16.Ne4 gives White a slightly improved version of 12...Qxe5, as the extra
g2-g3 move may be of some use.
13...0-0 14.Ne4! Qxe5 15.fxe5 Nxe4 16.Bxe7 Nf2 (16...Re8 17.Bg2 Nf2 18.Bxc6) 17.Bg2 Nxd1 (17...Nxh1
18.Bxf8+) 18.Rxd1 Bb7 19.Bxf8 Kxf8 20.Rd7 Rb8 21.b4
14.Bxf6! Bxf6 15.Qc5
The c6-pawn is impossible to defend.
15...Bb7 16.Bg2 Qc7 17.f5 Be7 18.Qc4
16.Qxc6 Kf8 17.Bg2 Ra7 18.Qa4
A final try is:
12...Qa7!?N 13.Be2
13.Bd3 0-0 14.Ne4?! is a mistake due to 14...Ng4! 15.Qc3 f6 with excellent chances for Black.
13.Rd3!? is a more interesting alternative, with the blunt idea of transferring the rook to the kingside. 13...a5
(13...0-0 14.Rg3! Nd7 15.Qe1 Bxg5 16.fxg5 followed by Bd3 gives White good attacking chances.) 14.Ne4
Nxe4 15.Qxe4 0-0 16.Rg3 White has chances to develop a serious initiative.

13...0-0 14.Ne4! Nxe4

Both 14...Nd7 15.Qc3 f6 16.Bh4 and 14...Nd5 15.Bxe7 Qxe7 16.g3 leave White with a pleasant advantage.
White is happy to allow the exchange on g5 as it will increase his attacking potential.
After 15...Bxg5 16.fxg5 the g5-pawn cramps Blacks kingside. White will play Bd3 next, intending to meet ...g6
with h4-h5.

16.Bxe7 Qxe7 17.Bd3 g6 18.h4 is a tempting alternative.
16...f5 17.Qe5 Bxg5 18.fxg5
Black has gained some breathing room on the kingside, but the e6-pawn is backward and his dark squares are weak.

I like this simple developing move, as it maintains the options of both Ne4 and Na4.

13.Na4 has been played, but the critical reply has not: 13...Qa7!N (13...Qb4 was seen in Hracek Wojtkiewicz,
Warsaw 1990, and here both players must have overlooked that after 14.a3!N the knight is untouchable. 14...Qb8
[14...Qxa4? 15.Rd4 traps the queen.] 15.Be2) 14.f5!? 0-0 15.Be3 Qb7 16.fxe6 Bxe6 17.Nc5 Bxc5 18.Qxc5 White has
the better structure and a nice pair of bishops, but Black has decent prospects for counterplay on the queenside.

This seems like the most stubborn attempt.
After 13...0-0 14.Ne4 Nd7 15.Rxd7 Bxg5 16.Rd3! the rook perfectly restricts Blacks counterplay, and is also ready
to switch to the kingside for an attack. 16...Be7 17.Rhd1 f6 18.Qh5!?

This seems like the right time, as after 14.Bh4 0-0 15.Na4 Qa7 the black queen is quite well situated.

Now 14...Qa7 can be met by 15.Bxf6! Bxf6 16.Qc5.

14...Qb4 allows White an intriguing possibility: 15.a3!? (15.Rd4 is a safe way to maintain a slight edge.) 15...Qxa4
16.Rd4 Qxd4 17.Qxd4 hxg5 18.fxg5 Nh7 19.h4 0-0 20.Bd3 Even though Black has a rook and two pieces for the
queen, his pieces are disorganized and White has decent attacking chances.

15.Bh4 0-0 16.Rd3!

16...Ng4 17.Bxg4 Bxh4 18.Bf3 also favours White.

17.Rb3 Qa7 18.Nb6 Rb8 19.Bf2 c5

This pawn sacrifice is the best practical attempt to free Blacks position.

20.Bxc5 Bxc5 21.Qxc5 Nd5 22.Rd1!

Black cannot exploit the pin, and White should be able to untangle himself within a few moves and keep his extra

B2) 9...Bd7!?

Here Black tries to be even smarter with his move order than in the previous line. The bishop is not so active on d7,
but White still needs to know how to continue.

The reasoning for this move is more or less the same as in the previous line. 10.Kb1 can be met by 10...Be7, when
White does not get the desired transposition to variation B32.

10...Bxc6?! 11.Nd5! was unpleasant for Black in Milliet Stankovic, Basel 2010.

11.Bxf6 gxf6 has been played, but I see no point in giving Black such a fantastic pawn wall.

11.Qd2 is similar to the main line, but it allows 11...d5!. That explains why we need the queen on the e-file.

11.g3!? is another possible way to develop the light-squared bishop, but I prefer the main line.

11...Rb8 12.Be2 is similar to the main line, but White could also consider 12.Bxa6!?.

11...Be7 looks natural, but 12.e5! leaves Black with an unpleasant choice:

a) 12...Nd5 13.Nxd5 cxd5 14.Bxe7 Kxe7 15.exd6 Qxd6 16.Bc4! Bc6 17.f5 The black king is clearly vulnerable.
b) 12...dxe5 13.Qxe5 Compared to the earlier line B1, Black has the extra move ...Bd7, but this actually favours
White, as the bishop is tactically vulnerable and the ...Nd7 retreat is not available. (13.fxe5!? also deserves attention,
for instance: 13...Nd5 14.Nxd5 cxd5 15.Bxe7 Kxe7 16.Qg5 Kf8 17.Bd3 Bb5 18.Rhf1)

Simplest, although 12.Bc4!? is also playable. It is hard to suggest a further course of action for Black; ...d5 isnt
possible, ...Be7 runs into e4-e5, while ...Rb8 and ...Qb7 can always be met by b2-b3.

12...a4 13.Rhe1 a3 14.b3 gets nowhere for Black.

12...Be7 13.e5 dxe5 14.Qxe5 is similar to 11...Be7 as mentioned above, and the inclusion of ...a5 and Be2 must surely
favour White.

12...h6 13.Bxf6!? (13.Bh4 is perfectly sensible as well) 13...gxf6 14.Bh5 shows another use of the bishop on e2.

13.Rhe1 Qb6
13...Qb7 14.b3

14.Qxb6 Rxb6 15.Bh4

The endgame is clearly more pleasant for White.

B3) 9...Nxd4 10.Rxd4

Now B31) 10...b5!? is an interesting sideline, but the most popular move has been B32) 10...Be7.

B31) 10...b5!?
It seems odd to try and delay ...Be7 any longer, but there is a point: with the bishop on e7, Black constantly has to
worry about e4-e5, as we will see in variation B32.

11.g4 can be met by 11...Rb8!?. Now exchanging on f6 makes less sense, and against other plans Blacks set-up is

11...Be7 has been played a few times, but it makes little sense: 12.Bg2 Rb8 13.e5 dxe5 14.fxe5 Nd5 Now in Hector
Hillarp Persson, Borlange 2014, White missed an opportunity to win a pawn with:

15.Qd2!N 15...Bxg5 (15...Nxc3 16.Bc6!+) 16.Qxg5 0-0 (16...Nxc3 17.Bc6!+) 17.Bxd5

I also considered 11...Nd7N to avoid any Bxf6 ideas, but now Black will not be able to play ...b4 in time12.Bg2 Rb8
13.Nd5! Qa7 14.Bh4! Both the knight on d5 and the rook on d4 are untouchable. 14...h6 15.g4! Followed by Bf2.

This is the safe players move, and in the long run Whites position should be more pleasant. An important point
is that Black has committed himself to ...b5 and ...Rb8, depriving himself of the opportunity for long castling.
12...gxf6 13.Bg2 h5
13...Be7 14.Kb1 Bd7 15.Nd1

Setting up Nd5 ideas.
14...Bb7 15.Nd5! is a rude shock. 15...Qd8 (15...exd5? 16.exd5 Be7 17.Re4+ White has achieved a
favourable regrouping with gain of time.
14...Qc5 15.Qd2 Bb7 16.Kb1 Be7 17.Nd1 Kf8 18.Ne3 Kg7 19.Rd1 is another possible direction, where White
maintains a typical edge.
Even though Blacks position is solid, it does not offer much hope for counterplay. It is not easy to activate the
dark-squared bishop, launch a queenside offensive, or find a suitable home for his king. Meanwhile White
intends to improve his position with Ne3 and Kb1, then continue manoeuvring.
Black should probably get rid of this pawn before it becomes a target.

16.Ne3 hxg3 17.hxg3

The position remains complex, but I prefer White for the reasons outlined above. Black has exchanged off the weak
h-pawn, but the opening of the kingside leaves his king with no place other than the centre. Even though the king looks
safe there right now, its positioning makes it hard for Black to connect his rooks and arrange any meaningful
counterplay. White, on the other hand, can shuffle his pieces around in preparation for either a break in the centre or an
invasion along the open h-file. On a cautionary note, White should keep in mind the solidity of Blacks position and the
latent potential of the bishop pair, and avoid getting too aggressive too quickly.

12...b4 13.Bxf6!?N
With Black committed to ...b4, this exchange is more critical than it was on the previous move.

13.Nd1 Nd7 14.Bh4 h6 15.Kb1 a5 is a slightly unusual set-up for Black, but keeping the bishop on f8 gave him good
play in Le Bled Ruemmele, corr. 2010.

I spent some time looking at 13.Rc4N 13...Qa5! 14.Nd5!?, but it does not quite work as desired: 14...exd5 15.exd5 Be7
16.Bxf6 gxf6 17.Re1 Qd8 18.Qh5 Kf8 19.Rce4 Rb7 Black is doing fine.

This is the most testing reply. 13...gxf6 14.Nd1 a5 15.Ne3 gives Black a much less solid version of the 12.Bxf6 line
analysed above, as the ...b4 and ...a5 moves have left some holes on the light squares.
14.Rc4! cxb2 15.Kb1
15.Bxb2?! Qb7 is unclear, but of course White should avoid capturing the b-pawn, as it will ensure the safety of his
king for a while at least. Now it is not easy for Black to choose a square for his queen, and after that he will have
problems completing the development of his kingside.

15...Qa5?! 16.Bc3 Qb5 17.Rd1 is bad for Black, while after 15...Qd7 16.Bd4 a5 (16...Bb7 17.Rd1) 17.Rc3
followed by Rd1, Blacks lack of development portends an unpleasant future for him.

16.Bc3 a5
Guarding the b4-square, but taking up additional time.

I also considered: 16...Bd7 17.Rb4 Bb5 18.Qe3 Qc7 19.a4 Bc6 20.Rxb8 Qxb8 21.Qd4!? Blacks kingside is still
completely stuck, while White is ready to bring his rook around and get dangerous play in the centre or on the
17.Rd1 Bd7
The computers suggestion of 17...h5 seems horrifyingly slow, and White can go on the attack with 18.f5! e5
(18...Bd7 19.fxe6 fxe6 20.Bh3) 19.Qd2.
This is the simplest move, intending to break through in the centre. (18.Bf1!? is more concrete, although I dont see
any need for it. For what its worth, the idea is 18...Bb5 19.a4! Bxc4 20.Qxc4 Be7 21.Bxg7 Rg8 22.Qc3 with a
dangerous initiative for the sacrificed material.)

B32) 10...Be7

This popular move reaches a surprisingly critical position, where I found it necessary to forge a completely new path.

Before discussing this move, I will offer a shortened version of my analysis of another important line to give you an
idea of the difficulties.

This blunt attacking move is the other critical line, but Blacks position seems to hold up.
I analysed several other replies, but will focus on the most challenging one.
12.Bh4 g5
Judging by the practical results from this position, it looks as though Black has walked right into what White
wanted, but despite all the tempting options, it has not been easy to demonstrate an advantage here.
13.fxg5 Nd7! does not bring much, for example: 14.e5 Nxe5!N An obvious improvement. 15.Ne4 hxg5 16.Bxg5
Bxg5 17.Nxg5 Qe7
I also analysed 13...gxh4N in detail, but will focus on the best defensive moves.
14.fxe5 gxh4 15.exf6 Bxf6 16.Nd5 Bg5 17.Kb1 Qd8 18.Qe4 0-0 19.Nc3 Qf6 is unclear.
14...Qb8 15.fxg5 Nd7! 16.Ne4
This move protects g5 and threatens g5-g6 or gxh6, the point being that ...Bxh4 will allow Rxc8 followed by a
deadly fork on d6.

16...b5! 17.Rxc8 Qxc8 18.gxh6! Qc7

18...Rxh6 19.Bxe7 Kxe7 20.Qd2
19.Bxe7 Kxe7 20.Qd2 Rag8 21.g5 Nc5! 22.Bg2 Nxe4 23.Bxe4 Qc4 24.Re1 Qd4 25.Qxd4 exd4 26.h4
White can press for a while in this endgame, but Black should be able to hold it with careful defence, which is what
happened in Le Bled Moreno, corr. 2010.

Lets now turn to my new idea of 11.Kb1!N. Though it may look like a quiet move, it has the useful function of
renewing the threat of e4-e5, since a future ...Bxg5 will no longer come with check. It is worth adding that the king
move is not mentioned in any of the three Najdorf guides referred to in the introductory paragraph.

Blacks two most important replies are B321) 11...0-0 and B322) 11...h6.

The following alternatives run into concrete problems.

11...Bd7? is a standard developing move, but after 12.e5! dxe5 13.fxe5 Bc5 14.Rc4 Nd5 15.Ne4 Black is headed for

11...e5 12.fxe5 dxe5 13.Bxf6 Bxf6 14.Nd5 Qd8 15.Rd3 gives White a typical edge in what is likely to become an
opposite-coloured-bishop middlegame.

11...b5 12.e5! dxe5 13.fxe5 Nd5 (13...Bc5?! is bad due to 14.Rd3 Nd7 [14...Nd5 15.Nxd5 exd5 16.g4 also leaves Black
under pressure] 15.Ne4, with the point that 15...0-0? 16.Bf6! Nxe5 17.Qh5 wins for White.) 14.Nxd5 exd5 15.Bxe7
Qxe7 Now White has a pleasant choice.

16.g4 (16.g3 gives Black the option of 16...Bf5 followed by ...Rc8; 16.Qe3!? is perhaps the simplest way to get an edge:
16...0-0 17.Bd3 Re8 18.Re1 White keeps the more pleasant position.) 16...Be6 17.Bg2 0-0 18.Bxd5 Bxd5 19.Rxd5 This
can be compared to the 15...Nd5 line given in the notes to the later variation B3222. Here Whites structure is slightly
looser with the pawn on g4, but he still has decent chances to convert the extra pawn.

B321) 11...0-0
Now you can choose between two promising moves according to your own taste. B3211) 12.g3 is enough for a slight
edge, while B3212) 12.h4!? may lead to sharp tactics.

12.e5 is too soon. 12...dxe5 13.fxe5 Nd5! This thematic pawn sacrifice offers Black decent compensation: 14.Nxd5
exd5 15.Bxe7 Qxe7 16.Rxd5 Be6

B3211) 12.g3

This resembles and may transpose to the later variation B3222, which arises after 11...h6 12.Bh4 0-0 13.g3.
However, the present move order gives White an intriguing extra possibility.

12...h6 13.h4!?
13.Bh4 reaches variation B3222 of course.

Neither 13...Bd7 14.e5! nor 13...e5 14.Rd2 Bg4 15.Qd3 are acceptable for Black.
14.e5! dxe5
14...Bb7!? leads to interesting complications, but White stays on top: 15.exf6 Bxh1 16.fxe7 Rfe8 17.f5! hxg5 18.Qh2!
(18.hxg5 exf5 19.Qh5 Rxe7 20.Qxh1 Re1 21.Rd1 Rae8 is not so clear.) 18...exf5 19.Qxh1 Qxe7 20.hxg5 White
stands better. One important detail is:

20...Qxg5 21.Bxb5! axb5 22.Rh4 Kf8 23.Nd5 f6 24.Rh8 Kf7 25.Nf4! Rxh8 26.Qd5 Ke8 27.Qxa8 Kf7 28.Qd5!
Ke7 29.Qb7 Ke8 30.Qxb5+ Having collected the last of the available queenside pawns, White is ready to take the

15.fxe5 Nd5 16.Nxd5

16.Rxd5? does not work due to 16...Bb7! 17.Bxh6 exd5.

17.Bg2 Be6 18.Bxe7 Qxe7 19.Bxd5
The position can be compared to the later variation B3222. The inclusion of the h2-h4 move should not make much of
a difference.

B3212) 12.h4!?

This move serves an important purpose: by defending the g5-bishop, White makes e4-e5 into a serious threat.

This is the best way to prepare for the advance of the e-pawn.

12...b5? 13.e5 dxe5 14.fxe5 Nd5 (14...Ne8 15.g4) 15.Rxd5! shows the significance of the h2-h4 move. 15...Bxg5
16.hxg5 exd5 17.Nxd5 Qd8 18.Qe4 Black is completely busted.

12...e5 13.fxe5 dxe5 14.Bxf6 Bxf6 15.Nd5 gives White an obvious initiative.

12...Re8 13.e5! dxe5 14.fxe5 Nd7

14...Nd5 15.Rxd5 Bxg5 16.Rd4 Be7 17.Qe4! Bd7 18.Bd3 g6 19.h5 gives White good attacking chances.
15.Bxe7 Rxe7 16.g4 Re8 17.Bg2!?
A rather interesting pawn sacrifice. White has a big lead in development and can simply keep pushing his pawns.
I will present a few possible lines to show the strength of Whites compensation.

17...Qxe5 18.Qf2 Qc7 19.g5
18.h5! Nc6
18...h6 19.g5! hxg5 20.h6 f6 21.Ne4 gives White a dangerous attack.
19.Rdd1 Qe5 20.Qf2 h6 21.Ne4 f6 22.g5! fxg5
22...hxg5? 23.h6 is crushing.
23.Rhf1 Qc7 24.Nd6 Rd8 25.Rd2!
White has excellent chances. The last move sets up a beautiful trap:
25...Ne5? 26.Nc4!! Nxc4 27.Qf7! Qxf7 28.Rxd8 Kh7 29.Rxf7+

Despite Blacks last move, White can still proceed with his main plan.

13...dxe5 14.Rc4! Qd7 15.fxe5 Nd5 16.Nxd5 exd5

The alternative is: 16...Qxd5 17.b3!? (17.c3 Bxg5! 18.hxg5 Qd1 19.Qxd1 Rxd1 20.Kc2 Re1 21.Rch4 Kf8 22.Rxh7
Rxe5 23.Rh8 Ke7 24.g6 b5 should be survivable for Black.)

17...Qd1 (After 17...Qd7 18.Qe3 it will be impossible to get rid of the g5-bishop, and White just continues piling up
the other pieces on the kingside.) 18.Kb2 Qxe2 19.Bxe2 f6 20.exf6 gxf6 21.Be3 White has a pleasant endgame.
The usefulness of h2-h4 becomes clear, as the bishop on g5 is rather annoying for Black.

17...h6? 18.Bxh6! gxh6 19.Qh5 Qe6 20.Bd3 leaves Black defenceless.

18.Qf3! Qxe5
18...f6 can be met by 19.Bd3 fxe5 (19...fxg5 20.Bxh7+) 20.Bf5 Qc6 21.Bxh7 Kxh7 22.Rf7 Rf8 23.Rxf8 Bxf8
24.Qxf8 and White will maintain the pressure with h5-h6.

19.Bd3 f6 20.Qd1!? Qd6

20...fxg5? 21.Bxh7! is winning for White, since 21...Kxh7? 22.Qh5 Kg8 23.Qf7 leads to a quick mate.

21.Qh5 f5 22.Qf3 g6 23.Bxe7 Qxe7 is not so easy.

After 21...Be6 22.Qh5 f5 23.Bxf5 Bxf5 24.Rxf5 Black is under pressure and will soon drop a pawn.

22.Bf4 Qd7 23.g4! Qxg4 24.Qd2

Blacks position looks horrible, and it will be hard to withstand the impending attack on the kingside.

B322) 11...h6
By driving the bishop back to h4 before castling, Black avoids any plans involving h2-h4 from White. At the same
time, ...h6 is a committal move which weakens the kingside a bit.

Here we should stop to consider the unsound B3221) 12...g5? before addressing the saner B3222) 12...0-0.

B3221) 12...g5? 13.fxg5 Nd7

This is a thematic idea for this variation, but it does not work here.

14.Qd2 Ne5 would be unclear.

Black had better take the piece, since after 14...fxg6 15.Bxe7 Kxe7 16.Qd2 b5 17.Be2 he is virtually lost, as his king
is exposed and the d6-pawn is terribly weak.

15.gxf7 Kf8
16.e5! Qd8
16...Be7 17.exd6 Bxd6 18.Qxe6 is horrible for Black, and 16...Bd8 17.Rxd6 Nb8 18.Qh5 also leaves him struggling
to survive.

17.Qh5 Qg5
17...Be7 18.exd6 Bf6 19.Rg4 Ne5 20.Rg3 Nxf7 21.Bc4 followed by Rf1 leaves Black defenceless.

18.Qxh4 Qxh4 19.Rxh4 Nxe5 20.Be2 Kxf7 leaves White with some initiative, but the text move is more ambitious
and stronger.

After 18...Nxe5 19.g3 White restores material equality while keeping a huge advantage.

19.Rd6 Qe7
19...Qg6 20.Bd3 is winning, while after 19...Qd8 20.Ne4! White is completely dominating.
20.g3 Bf6 21.Ne4
Black is completely stuck. A possible conclusion could be:

21...Kxf7 22.Bc4 Nf8 23.Qh5 Kg7 24.Nxf6+

The black king will soon perish.

B3222) 12...0-0
Just as in some of the earlier lines, White is preparing e4-e5.

The immediate 13.e5 dxe5 14.Rc4 (or 14.fxe5 Nd5) 14...Qd8 15.Bxf6 Bxf6 16.fxe5 Be7 is less convincing.

Whereas the main line may lead to slower positions, this alternative sees White going for the throat.
This daring move is the critical answer.
13...b5 might just be playable, but it looks dangerous to allow the pawn to advance: 14.g5 Nh7 (14...hxg5
15.Bxg5) 15.gxh6! Bxh4 16.hxg7 Re8 17.Rd3! b4 (17...Bf6 18.Rg1! Qc5 19.Rg2 followed by Rh3 and e4-e5
gives White a winning attack.) 18.Nd1 Bf6 19.Rg1 Qc5 20.Rg2
13...e5 14.g5! (After 14.fxe5 dxe5 15.Bxf6 Bxf6 16.Nd5 Qd8 17.Rd3 Be6 18.Bg2 Bh4 the dark-squared bishop
blocks everything for a while.) 14...exd4 (14...hxg5 15.fxg5 Nh7 [15...exd4 16.gxf6 dxc3 17.Rg1+] 16.Rd2
Bxg5 17.Bxg5 Nxg5 18.Nd5) 15.gxf6 dxc3 16.Qg2! Bxf6 17.Bxf6 g6 18.Bd3 White will soon develop a
crushing attack.
14.Nxe4 Bxh4 15.g5 f5! 16.Nxd6
16.Nd2? hxg5 17.Nf3 e5 is bad for White, and 16.gxf6 Bxf6 17.Nxf6 Rxf6 18.Rg1 Bd7 is also fine for Black.
16...hxg5 17.fxg5 Bxg5 18.Bg2 Rb8

19.h4 Bf6 20.Rd3

Both sides have their trumps: Blacks dark-squared bishop is formidable, while White has the potential to cause a lot
of trouble on the kingside with h4-h5-h6. I will not endeavour to provide an exact conclusion here, as the main line
seems like a safer route to an edge, but players who enjoy this kind of double-edged position should be able to play it
without much worry.
13...Re8 is too slow, and after 14.Bg2, intending Rhd1 and e4-e5, Black has no good way to continue.

This move isnt as easy to brush off with the moves ...h6 and Bh4 included.
14.e5 dxe5 15.fxe5 g5!?
15...Ba3 16.Bxf6 Qb6 17.Nb5! Bxb5 18.Qg4 g6 19.bxa3 Bc6 20.Kc1 Bxh1 21.Qh4+
The main move looks horrid, but it is actually quite testing.

16.Bxg5?! hxg5 17.h4 looks deadly, but it is hard to prove much of an advantage after: 17...Nd5! 18.Nxd5
(18.Rxd5 exd5 19.Nxd5 Qc5 just leads to various draws.) 18...exd5 19.hxg5 Bf5! 20.g4 Qxc2 21.Qxc2 Bxc2
22.Kxc2 Bxg5 The computer favours White here, but it seems to me that a draw is the most likely outcome.
16...Qa5 17.Bxg5! hxg5 18.h4 Nd5 19.hxg5 Kg7 20.Rh7! wins in good style.
17.Bxg5 hxg5 18.h4 (18.exf6 Bxf6 19.h4 Rfc8) 18...Nd5 19.hxg5 Nxc3 20.Rxc3 Kg7 21.Rh7 Kxh7 22.Qh5
Kg7 23.Qh6 Kg8 24.g6 fxg6 25.Qxg6 Kh8= White must take the perpetual.

18.Qh5! Bc6
18...Bg7 19.Bxg5 hxg5 20.Qxg5
19.Bxg5 Bxg5 20.Ne4 Rad8! leads to insane complications. My main line continues 21.Nxg5 Bxh1 22.a4 e5! and
Black manages to survive.
19...Bg7 20.Qxg5 f6 21.Qg6 Bxh1 22.a3
White has excellent compensation for the exchange. For instance:
22...f5 23.Bg5 Rf7 24.Bd3 Bd5 25.Rb4 Qg1 26.Bc1
Intending Ne2-f4.
14.e5 dxe5 15.fxe5 g5!?
These ...g5 moves often turn out to be surprisingly annoying for White.

This allows White to win a pawn. We have already touched on the resulting type of position in a couple of the
earlier lines.
16.Nxd5 exd5 17.Bxe7 Qxe7 18.Bg2
The d5-pawn will fall, leading to a position of two results. Blacks best saving chance is to head for a major-piece
endgame where it might not be easy for White to convert the extra pawn.
18...Be6 19.Bxd5 Bxd5 20.Rxd5 Rad8 21.Rhd1 Rxd5 22.Rxd5 Re8
22...f6 23.a4!? (23.b3 is another possibility.) 23...Qe6 24.Rd6! Qxe5 25.Qxe5 fxe5 26.Rxa6 leads to a more
dangerous endgame for Black: 26...Rf1 27.Ka2 bxa4 28.Rxa4 Rf2 29.Rc4!

23.b3!? f6 24.Qe4 fxe5 25.Kb2

White has returned the extra pawn but kept a bind. He can improve his position by advancing pawns on both flanks,
while Black can only remain passive. Later White can start prodding him with various rook moves.
16.Bg2 (16.exf6 Bxf6 17.Rg4 Bb7 18.Bg2 is the same thing) 16...Bb7 17.exf6 Bxf6 18.Rg4 Bxg2 19.Qxg2 Be7! (but
not 19...Bxc3 20.Bxg5!) leaves a strange mess on the board. Blacks position might actually be rather decent.

16...hxg5 17.h4 Bb7

17...Nd5? loses to 18.hxg5 Nxc3 19.bxc3 threatening Qh5 or Rdh4.

18.Bg2 Bxg2 19.hxg5 is met by 19...Ne4! 20.Qxg2 Nxg5! and a draw is most likely after 21.Rd7 Qxd7 22.Qh2 f5
23.Qh8 Kf7 24.Qh5.

White has various tries here, but they all seem to be simplifying to some sort of endgame.

This seems best. 19.Bg2 Qxe5! 20.Qxe5 Nxe5 21.Bxb7 Ra7 22.Bg2 Bxg5 is about equal.

19.Re4!? is a funny move, but Black defends cold-bloodedly with 19...Kg7! 20.Rh4 Bxe4 21.Qxe4 Rh8 22.Rxg4

19...Qxe5 20.Rd7 Qxe2 21.Bxe2 Bf3!?

21...Ne5 might transpose to the main line after 22.Rxe7 Bf3 23.Bxf3 Nxf3, but White could also take the other bishop
with 22.Rxb7!?, when 22...Bxg5 23.Re4 Bf6 24.a4 leaves him with some initiative.

22.Bxf3 Ne5 23.Rxe7 Nxf3

24.Rf4 Nxg5 25.a4!

The knight on g5 is out of the game for the time being, and Whites rooks are well placed to create threats on the


The 7...Qc7 system has a lot going for it, as it offers Black a sound position with decent counterattacking potential,
while avoiding the crazy complications of some other Najdorf variants. It is no accident that it has been recommended
for Black in several repertoire books.
8.Qe2!? is a convenient answer for us, as it not only fits in with my recommendation of 7...Nbd7 8.Qe2 (see Chapters
8 and 9 for more about that), but also presents a legitimate threat in the event that Black keeps the game in independent
territory with 8...Nc6 9.0-0-0.
In the early part of the chapter we saw that 9...Be7 and 9...Bd7!? should both be met by 10.Nxc6!, preventing Black
from exchanging on d4 at a moment that suits him. The main line sees Black force the issue with 9...Nxd4 10.Rxd4
Be7, and here my detailed investigation revealed 11.Kb1!N to be the strongest move, the main point being to threaten
e4-e5. Having explored both 11...0-0 and 11...h6 in detail, I am confident in Whites chances, especially considering the
surprise value of our 11th move.
A) 12...Qe5
B) 12...Ra7 13.Qd3 Rd7 14.Ne4
B1) 14...Qg6!?
B2) 14...Qe5 15.Nf3
B21) 15...Qc7!?
B22) 15...Qxb2 16.Qe3 Bb7 17.Rab1!
B221) 17...Qxc2
B222) 17...Qxa2!

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 b5
This provocative move, which seemingly ignores the e4-e5 threat, was developed by the great Soviet grandmaster and
theoretician Lev Polugaevsky. Such an idea doesnt seem like such a big deal today, but to play so anti-intuitively in the
1950s was another matter. Even though this variation has come under heavy fire over the years, Black has been hanging
on, and we still see the occasional strong grandmaster employ it.

8.e5 dxe5
8...h6? is not a viable alternative: 9.Bh4 g5 (9...dxe5 10.fxe5 transposes to the note to Blacks next move.) 10.fxg5
Nh7 (10...dxe5 11.Ndxb5) Now any of 11.exd6, 11.Qg4 or 11.Qh5 give White a large advantage.

9.fxe5 Qc7
Again Black does not have much of a choice. 9...h6? 10.Bh4 g5 is no good due to: 11.exf6 gxh4 12.Qf3 Ra7 13.0-0-0
Qb6 (13...Rd7 is swiftly refuted by 14.Bxb5! axb5 15.Nxe6!.) 14.Bd3 Bc5 15.Nb3 Be3 16.Kb1 Nd7 17.Rhe1 Black
soon got smashed in Cardenas Cortes, Santiago 1971.
A look at the database would suggest that 10.Qe2 is a serious alternative, but I regard the text move as clearly the one
that asks Black the more difficult questions.

10...Qe5 11.Be2 Qxg5 12.0-0

We have reached the first major crossroads, as far as Blacks options are concerned. A) 12...Qe5 deserves close
attention, but B) 12...Ra7 is the main theoretical path.

Other moves are worse, and not worthy of detailed analysis. Here are a few brief examples showing how Blacks
position may fall apart after one or two inaccurate moves:

12...Bb7 13.Bf3! Qe3 14.Kh1 Bxf3 15.Rxf3 Stripunsky Jaracz, Polanica Zdroj 1995.

12...gxf6 13.Ne4! Qe3 14.Kh1 Be7 15.Nxf6 Bxf6 16.Rxf6 Nd7 17.Rf3 Whites advantages in mobility and king
safety gave him a winning position in Jakovenko Smeets, Wijk aan Zee 2007.

12...Bc5 13.Kh1 Bb7 (13...Qe5 transposes to 13...Bc5 in the notes to variation A below.) 14.Bf3 Ra7 15.Bxb7 Rxb7
16.Ne4 Qe5 17.fxg7 Black was busted in Fezza De Toma, Campobasso 2007.

A) 12...Qe5
This used to be considered an important theoretical option but, with the help of the correspondence players, it has
more or less been put out of business.

The most popular option has been 13.Nf3 (the only move analysed by Rizzitano in this position), but it is not easy to
prove anything here.

13...gxf6? is refuted by 14.Bh5!+ followed by Re1 and a disaster on e6.
13...Bc5?! is not much better: 14.fxg7 Qxg7 (14...Rg8 15.Ndxb5 Nd7 [15...axb5 16.Bxb5 followed by Qf3 is
crushing.] 16.Bf3 Rb8 17.Re1 Qxg7 18.Nd6 White won quickly in Kuntermann Cornacchini, corr. 2007.) Now
White can seal Blacks fate with some simple tactics:
15.Nf5! exf5 (15...Qe5 16.Nh6 Ra7 17.Nxf7 Rxf7 18.Bh5 Rhf8 19.Rxf7 Rxf7 20.Qf3 gave White a quick win in
Rissanen Lassen, corr. 2002.) 16.Qd5 0-0 17.Qxa8 White eventually converted his material advantage in Crosa Coll
Coelho, Ilha Solteira 2003.

14.Nf3 Qxf6
After 14...Qe3 White kicks the queen around rather easily: 15.Re1! Qh6 (15...Rd7? 16.Bxb5+; 15...Qb6 16.Nd5
Qc5 17.c4!+)

16.Ne5! Qxf6 (16...gxf6 17.Qd4!+) There are a few ways for White to get a nice position here, but perhaps the
simplest is 17.Bh5 g6 18.Nd5 Qh4 19.Nf3 Qd8 20.Qd4 and White wins material.

15.Ne4 Qd8
15...Qxb2 just loses a piece after 16.Nd6 Bxd6 17.Qxd6, because 17...Nd7 18.Nd4! is crushing.
With Rd1 coming next, White is much too far ahead in development.

16...Be7? is refuted by 17.Qg3! with a deadly double attack, as in Bazantova Lukasova, email 2012.

16...Nc6 17.Rd1 Qc7 18.Nfg5 Qe5 19.Bh5 gave White a crushing attack in Bartley Kelleher, Parsippany 1998.

17.Rd1 Rd7 18.Qg3! Nc6

18...fxe4 is met by 19.Ne5, with the deadly threat of 20.Bh5 and mate.

Not the only way to win, but perfectly good enough.

19...Rd5 20.Bh5 g6 21.Rxd5 exd5 22.Qc3+

Schenning Czudek, corr. 2011.

B) 12...Ra7
This was first played by Polugaevsky in 1959, and remains the main line today.

13.Qd3 Rd7
13...Qe5 is sometimes played, but after 14.Ne4 Black has no real choice but to play 14...Rd7, transposing to variation
B2 below.

In this position B1) 14...Qg6!? is a rare but possibly underrated move, but B2) 14...Qe5 has been the overwhelmingly
most popular choice.

14...Qd5?! poses White no problems. 15.c3 Nc6 16.Nxc6 Qxc6 17.Qe3 Bb7 18.Bf3 Qc4? (18...g6 is better, although
19.Rfd1 gives White a strong initiative.) Now in Sulskis Stocek, Port Erin 2002, White could have refuted his
opponents play with:
19.fxg7!N 19...Bxg7 20.Nc5!+ Winning material.

B1) 14...Qg6!?

This move has hardly ever been played, but it certainly deserves more attention. Blacks idea is to play ...Bb7 when the
pressure against the knight may become awkward, considering that White would prefer to avoid a queen exchange.

I also considered 15.Rae1N, but found the position after 15...Bb7 16.Bf3 Nc6 17.c3 Rg8 to be unclear.

15...Bb7 16.Bd3
16.Nf5!? Bxe4! 17.Nh4 Qh6 18.Qxe4 Bc5 19.Kh1 0-0 20.fxg7 Rfd8 is another murky line. The text move seems
more logical, turning the black queen into a target.


A typical way to avoid the queen exchange, while bringing more pieces into the attack.

17.Qxh6?! gxh6 seems fine for Black.

17...Rxd4?? loses to 18.Qxd4 Qxf4 19.fxg7.

17...g6 is not so terrible, but 18.Nf3 leaves White with a stable advantage. Black is behind in development and his king
faces an uncertain future.

This seems like Blacks best attempt to improve on 18...Bd6 19.fxg7 Qxg7 20.Nf5 Bc5 21.Kh1 Qxb2 22.Rff1! as
played in Jarecki Gagliardi, corr. 2011.

18...gxf6 19.Nf5 Qg6 20.Kh1 Bc5 21.Raf1 looks horrible for Black.

19.fxg7 Rg8
Bringing in another piece.

19...Qxg7?! is worse: 20.c3 e5 (20...Rg8 21.g3) 21.Rf3 Bxd4 (21...Kd8 22.Qf5!) 22.cxd4 Rxd4 23.Qe2 Blacks
king is too vulnerable.

20.c3 Rxg7 21.Raf1

21.Kh1 can be met by 21...Bxd4 22.cxd4 Nc6! 23.Raf1 Nxd4 24.Qa8 Rd8 25.Qxa6 Qg5 and Black is doing all
The text move defends the rook on f4, and hence avoids the ...Nc6 idea, which means Black still has to find a way to
develop the knight. A possible try is:

Removing the pin on the d4-knight.

22.Kh1 Rh5! 23.Nf3 Rg3! would have turned the tables.

22...Nd7 23.Bc2 Ne5 24.Bb3

22...Bxd4 23.cxd4 Nc6 runs into 24.Qe1! followed by Qc3, and the inevitable queen entry will cause a lot of trouble for

23.Nxc6 f5! will lead to a perpetual after: 24.Qe2 Qxf4 25.Qxe6 Kf8 26.Qc8 Kf7 27.Nd4 Qc1 28.Rf1 Qe3
29.Kh1 Qxd3 30.Qe6=

23...Bxf2 24.Rxf2 Qc1 25.Rf1 Qg5 26.Nxg7 Qxg7

Here Black seems to have decent drawing chances in the event that White grabs the h7-pawn, so I prefer:

Whites chances are preferable in the middlegame, as he can continue to generate threats against the enemy king,
although Black is still not out of the game by a long way.

B2) 14...Qe5
If the database is anything to go by, almost all of your games against the Polugaevsky are likely to reach this position
if you follow my recommendations.

15.c3 has been played, but I prefer the more energetic way of dealing with the pin. Black has two sensible replies:
B21) 15...Qc7!? and the more popular B22) 15...Qxb2.

B21) 15...Qc7!?

This calm move simply aims at keeping Blacks position together, without resorting to pawn-grabbing. This move
attracted some followers after Nakamura used it in 2012, so it is one of the key battlegrounds in the debate over the
Polugaevskys resurgence.

16.Qe3 Bb7
16...g6? was once played by Polugaevsky himself, but it is practically refuted by the following strong plan: 17.c4! b4
(17...bxc4 18.Rac1 is horrible for Black.) 18.Bd1! (This is much more convincing than 18.Kh1, which led to an
eventual draw in Novopashin Polugaevsky, Vilnius 1960.) 18...Bb7 19.Ba4 Bc6 20.Bxc6 Nxc6 Whites bishop
manoeuvre has enabled him to swap off a key defender, and he soon makes inroads along the d-file.
21.Rad1 h5 22.Rxd7 Kxd7 (22...Qxd7 23.Qb6+) 23.c5 Kc8 24.Qd3 White soon broke through in Tenev Scacco,
Internet 2004.

The text move is much stronger, and introduces the potential threat of ...Bxe4 followed by ...gxf6. At first, White seems
to have a few tempting options, but a deeper inspection reveals that things are not so simple.

I found this move myself, but it is not quite a novelty, as it was played in an internet game a couple of years ago.

17.Nfg5 h6 led to complications in Wang Hao Nakamura, Biel 2012. White eventually won that game, but Black
seems to be holding his own at this point.

17.c4!? is sensible, but after 17...bxc4! it is not easy to find an advantage for White. For instance, after 18.Rac1 Bxe4
19.fxg7 Bxg7 20.Qxe4 0-0 Blacks position was safe enough in Erdelyi Galyas, Kecskemet 2012.

17.Kh1!? is similar to the main line, but there is a key difference after: 17...Bxe4!N 18.fxg7 Bxg7 19.Qxe4 Bxb2

Here White would like to play 20.Rad1, but Black has a safe answer in 20...Qc6!. By aiming for a similar position
with the moves a2-a4 and ...b4, we can eliminate this possibility as the b4-pawn will be left hanging.
White can instead play 20.Rab1 Bc3 21.a4 b4, reaching a position that will be discussed via transposition in the note
to Whites 21st move in the main line. For a quick verdict, I will say it is not clear if White is better.

17...bxa4?! 18.Rxa4 just seems to be inviting trouble.
17...Bxe4 18.Qxe4 gxf6 (18...Qb7 19.Qf4 gxf6 20.axb5 axb5 21.Qxf6 Rg8 22.Qh4 leaves White with an excellent
initiative without even being a pawn down.) 19.axb5 Qb6 20.Kh1 axb5

21.c3! Preparing Nd4. 21...Bc5 (21...Bg7 22.Qb4!+; 21...Be7 22.Nd4) 22.Qg4! Once again White has a strong
initiative, the immediate threat being Qg7.

Angling for an improved version of 17.Kh1, as discussed earlier.

This is the most logical reply to the king move.
18...Qxc2 19.Nfg5! followed by Rac1 will give White a crushing initiative.
18...g6 gives White extremely easy play due to the suffocating f6-pawn. 19.Rad1 h5 20.Nfg5 Bh6 21.Nc5

18...Bd5 seems rather awkward. White has a few pleasant options, for instance: 19.c3!? bxc3 20.Nxc3 gxf6 21.Nxd5
Rxd5 22.Rac1 Bc5 (22...Qd7 23.Rfd1) 23.Qh6 With an ongoing initiative.

18...h6 19.Rad1 Bxe4 (19...g6 20.Rfe1) 20.Qxe4! (20.fxg7 Bxg7 21.Qxe4 Qb7! allows Black to castle next, as Ng5
has been prevented.) 20...gxf6 21.Rxd7 Nxd7 22.Bxa6 Whites life will be much easier. Blacks king faces an
uncertain future, and the passed a-pawn gives him something else to worry about.
19.fxg7 Bxg7 20.Qxe4 Bxb2N
This seems critical.
20...0-0?? is a blunder due to 21.Ng5.

20...Qb7 21.Qg4!N
Improving over 21.Qe3 as played in Gonzaga Grego Morcin, Internet 2012.
21...0-0 22.Ng5! gives White a strong attack. A brief sample line is 22...h6 23.Nxe6 fxe6 24.Qxe6 Kh8
25.Rxf8 Bxf8 26.Bc4! and wins.
22.Rab1 Bc3

23.Ng5! Rg8
23...Nc6 24.Ne4
Renewing the threat of Ne4.
24...Rd2 25.Ne4 Rxg2 (25...Rxe2 26.Nd6+) 26.Kxg2 f5 27.Qh5 Kd8 28.Rf4! fxe4 29.Qa5 Ke8 30.Kh3+
Whites rooks are ready to go on a rampage.
25.Ne4 Ne7 26.Bf3 Nf5 27.Nd6 Rxd6 28.Qxh7 Rh8 29.Qxh8 Bxh8 30.Bxb7
Black can resist for a while, but Whites extra exchange should be the decisive factor.

As explained earlier, this is the moment where we see the advantage of 17.a4! over 17.Kh1.

21.Rab1 is the computers top choice, and also warrants consideration. The critical line continues: 21...Bc3 22.Ng5 h5
(22...Qe5!? leads more or less by force to an endgame: 23.Rxb4 h6 24.Qxe5 Bxe5 25.Nxf7 Rxf7 26.Bh5 0-0 27.Bxf7
Rxf7 28.Rxf7 Kxf7 29.Rb7 Kf6 30.g3 White keeps some winning chances.) Now White has two serious options:

a) 23.Nxf7!? plunges the game into insane-looking complications, where best play leads to another difficult-to-assess
endgame: 23...Rxf7 24.Qg6 Nc6 25.Bxh5 (25.Qxe6 Re7 26.Qg6 Kd7!) 25...Ne5 26.Qxe6 Kf8 27.Bxf7
27...Rxh2! 28.Kg1 Bd4 29.Kxh2 Nf3 30.Kh3 Ng5 31.Kg4 Nxe6 32.Bxe6 Ke8 White can keep playing without
much risk, but Black has excellent chances of delivering a perpetual check at some point.

b) 23.Rf3 Qe5! is a key resource, forcing White into some concrete variations, and preventing a long-lasting initiative:

24.Rxb4 Qxg5 25.Rxb8 Ke7 26.Rxh8 Bxh8 27.Qb4 Ke8 28.Bxa6 Rd1 It will be hard for White to convert his
extra pawn, as Blacks pieces are active and he can aim for counterplay against Whites king. These lines can of course
be explored further, but overall I consider the main line a better bet.
This seems like the best chance. Black is not helped by:
21...Qb7 22.Qg4!
Preventing castling.
After 22...h5 23.Qf4 h4 24.h3 the king will be stuck permanently in the centre.
22...Rxd1 23.Rxd1 Nd7 24.Ng5! leaves Black without a good defence: 24...Rg8 25.Qf4 Bf6 (25...Ne5 26.Ne4+;
25...Nf6 26.Bxa6 Qxa6 27.Qb8 Ke7 28.Qc7+) 26.Rxd7 Qxd7 27.Qxf6

White is trying to provoke the exchange of Blacks dark-squared bishop, which will lead to the collapse of his
Or 23...Qb6 24.a5! intending 24...Qxa5 25.Rxf7! winning.
24.Nb3 Qc6 25.Qxb4
Blacks king remains stuck in the centre.

22.Rxd1 Qc5
22...Rg8 23.Qxb4 Bf6 24.a5 leaves Black struggling to get his king to safety.

The most straightforward way to get an edge. A more sophisticated try could be: 23.h4!? Bf6 (23...h6 is met by
24.Nd4!, intending 24...0-0 25.Bd3 when Black will not be able to defend h7 with ...Qh5.) 24.Qf4 Ke7 25.Ng5 Bxg5
26.hxg5 Nd7 White has a few different options, perhaps the most critical being:

27.Bxa6!? h6 28.Qh4 Qxg5 29.Qxb4 Nc5 30.Be2 Rd8 31.a5 White keeps the better chances, although I am not sure if
this endgame is likely to be winning. I will refrain from going any deeper, as the main move seems like a simpler way
to conclude the theoretical discussion.

After 23...Nc6 24.Bxa6 the passed a-pawn is an important asset, while the issue of king safety remains a concern for

24.Bd3 Bg7
Black had better avoid 24...Nc6?! 25.Qh6!.

25.Qe4 Qh5 26.Qxb4

Black will have to bring the knight to assist with the defence of the weakened kingside, but this will leave the a6-
pawn a sitting duck.

26...Nc6 27.Qe4 Ne5

Or 27...Ne7 28.Bxa6 Nd5 29.Rf1 and White keeps an extra pawn, as well as chances of a kingside initiative.

28.Bxa6 Nxf3 29.Qxf3 Qxf3 30.gxf3

Black will have to fight for a draw in a one-sided endgame.

B22) 15...Qxb2
Grabbing the b2-pawn is the main line. Although this line is obviously dangerous for Black, you also need to know
your stuff with White, since these forcing lines can be hard to play over the board. Many strong grandmasters have
stumbled while trying to prove an advantage including me!

16.Qe3 Bb7 17.Rab1!

17.a4 used to be considered the main line, especially after Leko won a spectacular game with White against Ghaem
Maghami, who played 17...b4. For a while that game was considered the refutation of Blacks set-up, but then a
stronger defensive plan was identified. The critical continuation is 17...Qb4! 18.c4 (18.Nfg5 Bxe4 19.Nxe4 Qd4 is
another key point) 18...Bxe4 19.Qxe4 gxf6 as in Luther Bromberger, Austria 2006. The position remains messy and
there is scope for further investigation, but my analysis indicates that the text move is stronger, a verdict supported by
the practical results so far.

Black must decide between B221) 17...Qxc2 and B222) 17...Qxa2!.

B221) 17...Qxc2
This appears critical and has been the more popular choice, but it is refuted spectacularly in the style of the
aforementioned Leko Ghaem Maghami game.

Now Black must be careful to avoid an instant loss.

18...Bxe4? 19.Nxe4 does nothing to help Black.

18...h6? 19.Rbc1 Qa4 20.Nxe6 gave White a quick win in Albers Euler, corr. 1971.
18...g6? was played in my first game in this line: 19.Rbc1 Qa4 (Other moves do not change the result: 19...Qxa2
20.Qa7! Blacks position collapses; 19...Qb2 20.Nxf7! Rxf7 21.Nd6 Bxd6 22.Qxe6+)
20.Nxe6! fxe6 21.f7+ Negi Hermansson, Malmo 2007.

Today this move seems obvious with the help of modern engines, but when I analysed it for the first time with Nigel
back in 2006, it was quite an impressive discovery. All other moves let Black off the hook. For instance, Rizzitano
points out that 19.fxg7 Bxg7 20.Nf6 Bxf6 21.Rxf6 Rd5 leads to equality, but does not consider the text move.

19...bxa4 meets with a spectacular refutation: 20.fxg7 Bxg7 21.Rxf7! Rxf7 22.Rxb7!+

19...b4 transposes to the aforementioned Leko game, which continued: 20.Rxb4! Bxe4 (After 20...Nc6 21.Rc4 Blacks
development woes continue: 21...Qe5 22.Nf3 Qa5 23.fxg7 Bxg7 24.Kh1 Ne7 25.Nc5 Nf5 26.Qa3 Nd6 27.Rcc1+
Bakhmatov Reyes Maldonado, corr. 2013.) 21.Nxe4 (21.fxg7 Bxg7 22.Qxe4 is also strong.)
21...Bxb4 22.fxg7 Rg8 (22...Bc3 23.Rc1) 23.Nf6 Kd8 24.Nxg8 Bc5 25.Nf6! Bxe3 26.Kh1 was a spectacular win in
Leko Ghaem Maghami, Yerevan 2001.

A final unsuccessful try for Black is:

19...h6 20.Rfc1! Bc6N
20...Qe5 21.Bxb5! axb5 22.Rxb5 Gagliardi Lecha Gonzalez, corr. 2011.
20...Nc6 21.axb5 hxg5 (21...axb5 22.Nf3+) 22.bxc6 Bxc6 (22...Qxh2 23.Kf2+) 23.g3+ yorkman JTB,
Internet 2009.

21.axb5! hxg5
21...axb5 22.Nf3 Qa7 sees Black get demolished after 23.Qxa7 Rxa7 24.Bxb5 Bxb5 25.Rxb5.
22.bxc6 Nxc6
After 22...Qxh2 23.Kf2 Black quickly runs out of checks.
23.h3 Qa7 24.Rb6+
Once again Black is routed.

20.axb5 a5 21.Rbc1!
Indirectly defending the e4-knight, as highlighted in the next note.

21...g6 22.Nf3! Qxe4 23.Rc8! reveals the point behind Whites 21st move. 23...Rd8 24.Rxd8 Kxd8 25.Qb6 Ke8

21...h6 22.Nf3!
Using the same idea again.

22...Qxe4 23.Rc8! Rd8 24.Rxd8 Kxd8 25.Qb6 Ke8 26.Rd1+

Brunner Aymard, corr. 2011.

B222) 17...Qxa2!

Although this position appears extremely dangerous for Black, it is not trivial to demonstrate a concrete advantage for

This is the theoretically-travelled path, and probably the strongest move.

18.Nfg5N looks like another tempting option, but I am not completely convinced by it: 18...Bxe4 19.Nxe4 Qd5
20.Rbd1 Qe5 21.Qb6 g6!? (After 21...Qc7 22.Qxc7 Rxc7 23.fxg7 Bxg7 24.Nd6 Kf8 25.Bh5 White has a bit of
pressure, although I think Black should be okay.) 22.Rxd7 Nxd7 23.Qc6 Bc5 24.Kh1 0-0 25.Rd1 Nxf6 26.Nxf6
Qxf6 27.Qxc5 Rd8 28.Rf1 Qd4 Black has a stable position with three pawns against a bishop. White can certainly try
to press for a while, but Black should be able to hold it.

18.Qf4!?N is another completely new idea. I discovered some amazing tactical points further down the line, but it
demands a great deal of accuracy from White. Moreover, there are some ways for Black to simplify to a worse but
possibly defensible endgame. Although it would have been nice to include this move, the reality is that 18.c4 is a more
straightforward route to an advantage.
18...Bxe4 19.fxg7
19.Qxe4 gxf6 20.cxb5 has never been played, and indeed after 20...Bg7! 21.bxa6 0-0 Black is safe.

19...Bxg7 20.Qxe4 Rd6!?

An interesting defensive idea. Blacks plan often revolves around the potential opposite-coloured-bishop endgames,
which tend not to justify the computers excitement for White.

20...h6 has been tested, but it is hard to imagine any human player wishing to play this way. Play continues: 21.Ne5
Bxe5 22.Qxe5 0-0 23.Ra1 Qd2 24.Rf4 Rfd8 25.Raf1 Nc6 26.Rg4 Kf8 Black is narrowly avoiding being mated, but he
will remain under pressure for some time.

27.Qg7 Ke7 28.Re4 Qg5 29.Qxf7 Kd6 30.Qf2 Kc7 31.Rxe6 (31.cxb5 axb5 32.Rxe6 Nd4 33.Re4 is similar.)
31...Nd4 32.Rxa6 Nxe2 33.Qxe2 Qc5 34.Kh1 Qxc4 35.Qe5 Kb7 36.Raa1 I found two computer games that
reached this position, one of which was won by White, with the other ending in a draw. For a human player, it is
obvious that Black will have to suffer for a long time due to his exposed king.

This seems like the simplest route to an advantage.

The alternative is:

21.Ng5 Rd4 22.Qe3!?
In my game I made a tactical oversight with 22.Qb7? 0-0 23.Bd3, and after 23...Qd2! Black was suddenly
winning in Negi Shomoev, Moscow 2012.

22...0-0? 23.Nxf7! Rxf7 24.Qxe6+
23.Qxd2 Rxd2 24.Bh5 Bd4 25.Kh1
A strong human improvement.
After 25...Rf2 26.Rxf2 Bxf2 27.Rf1! Ke7!? 28.Rxf2 f6 29.Ne4 f5 30.Nd2 White went on to convert his advantage
in Caire Reyes Maldonado, corr. 2013.
26.Bxf7 Kh8 27.cxb5
27.Nxe6 Rc8 28.Nxd4 Rxd4 29.cxb5 axb5 30.Rxb5 Nd7 reaches a similar endgame.

27...Rf2 28.Rxf2 Bxf2 29.Bxe6 axb5 30.Rxb5 Be3 31.Nf3 Nc6

White can press with absolutely no risk, although ultimately the position is probably a draw.

21...0-0 22.b6!
22.Kh1 is met by 22...h6 when Blacks king is safe for now.

22...Rc6 23.Rfe1!? Qa5 24.b7

The passed pawn is a huge asset which clearly outweighs Blacks extra pawn. In the following Internet game White
skilfully converted his advantage by combining threats on both flanks.

24...Qc5 25.Kh1 f5 26.Qa4 Kh8 27.Red1 e5 28.Qh4 Rh6 29.Rdc1 Qd6 30.Qg5 Rg6 31.Qe3 Qe6

The defence is almost at breaking point. The main threat is Bc4.
32...e4 33.Ng5 Qf6 34.h4 h6 35.Qh3! a5 36.Rc8 a4 37.Qh2
M. Rubinstein Neacsu, Internet 2007.


For more than half a century now, the Polugaevsky Variation has defied all Whites attempts at refutation. This is quite
remarkable considering that, in the position afte8.e5 dxe5 9.fxe5 Qc7 10.exf6 Qe5 11.Be2 Qxg5 12.0-0, White has
developed three minor pieces and castled, while Black has only developed his queen and moved some pawns.

From the above position, 12...Qe5 has been more or less buried by the correspondence players, but the main line of
12...Ra7 is harder to crack. After 13.Qd3 Rd7 14.Ne4, I believe that 14...Qg6!? may have been unfairly neglected. I
found some promising ideas for White, but one could certainly make the argument that Black is at no more of a
disadvantage here than in the main lines.
The main theoretical path continues 14...Qe5 15.Nf3 Qxb2 16.Qe3 Bb7 17.Rab1!,when 17...Qxa2! is the acid test.
The position is complicated, but White can obtain excellent chances by using the last internet game as a model.
A) 9...Be7
B) 9...b5 10.a3
B1) 10...Bb7
B2) 10...Be7 11.g4
B21) 11...Bb7
B211) 12.f5!?
B212) 12.Bh4
B2121) 12...Nc5
B2122) 12...Nb6
B2123) 12...g6!?
B22) 11...h6

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Nbd7

This is one of the most natural ways to develop. It is often referred to as the Gelfand Variation due to the Israeli icons
colossal contribution in the main lines after 8.Qf3. Even though 6...Nbd7 has recently taken over as the most
fashionable alternative to the Poisoned Pawn, no particular problems have been found for Black in the main theoretical
lines of the present variation. Its only drawback is a slight lack of flexibility (especially when compared to 6...Nbd7),
and the considerable volume of theory that Black needs to remember.

8.Qf3 is a big option of course, but I believe the text move to be at least as dangerous. The queen supports a possible
e4-e5 break, while leaving the long diagonal free for the light-squared bishop, for instance after g2-g4 and Bg2.

Before we get into the business of discussing different moves and plans, I should mention that this variation has a lot of
different move-order possibilities. To help make sense of it all, I would like to draw your attention to the following
position, which often arises after Blacks 12th move.
Both sides have arranged their forces logically but, along the way, certain move orders will offer independent
possibilities for both sides. The timing of the ...h6 move may also prove significant. Another peculiar point is that while
...h6 provokes Bh4, retreating the bishop to h4 may also provoke ...h6 due to the threat of g4-g5, which only increases
the number of possible transpositions.

The above position will serve as the starting point for the next chapter. Before then, we will examine the various ways in
which the game may veer off in a different direction.

8...h6 9.Bh4 gives Black nothing better than converting to one of the usual paths. 9...e5 has been played in several
games, but after 10.0-0-0 (10.fxe5 should also be pretty good) the position is the same as variation C1 of Chapter 3,
except that Black is missing the ...b5 move.

8...Be7 does not have much independent value. 9.0-0-0 h6 (9...Qc7 reaches variation A below.) 10.Bh4 Qa5 Black is
trying to prepare ...g5, but the queen may turn out to be misplaced. 11.Nf3! Preventing ...g5. 11...e5 12.Kb1! Now the
queen looks awful on a5. 12...exf4 13.Nd5 Nxd5 14.exd5 Qd8 15.Re1 g5 16.Bf2 Kurnosov Vorobiov, Moscow
We will start by considering A) 9...Be7, before moving on to the main move B) 9...b5.

A) 9...Be7 10.g4

White proceeds with his normal plan. Now Black has nothing better than converting into one of the lines discussed
under 9...b5.

10.Nf3!? used to be considered quite strong, but things arent so easy after 10...h6 11.Bh4 e5. There is a lot more to
explore here, but White has absolutely no reason to go down this path.

10...b5 11.a3 takes us to variation B2.

10...0-0 is not great, and 11.Bg2! makes it hard for Black to develop at all. Perhaps the best attempt is 11...Nb6, but this
is far from an ideal solution. Shirov showed an easy way to deal with Blacks plan: 12.h4! Nc4

13.Rh3! Since ...b5 isnt possible, Black does not have many useful moves, while White is ready for b2-b3. 13...Kh8
14.b3 Na5 15.e5 Shirov Fercec, Kallithea 2008.

11.Bh4 g5!?
If Black is determined to avoid transposing to normal paths with ...b5, this is the only serious option.

12.fxg5 hxg5
12...Nh7 13.Bg3! hxg5 14.Nf5! Ne5 15.Nxe7 Qxe7 16.Qf2 is excellent for White.

13.Bxg5 b5 14.a3
Black has a bit of compensation for the pawn, but Whites play is quicker.

14...Ne5 15.Rg1 Rb8

By threatening g5-g6, White improves on 16.Kb1 b4 as played in Yilmaz Aveskulov, Kharkov 2011.

16...b4?! is unsatisfactory due to 17.axb4 Rxb4 18.g5 Nfd7 19.g6!, but now, with the b-file blocked, Blacks
queenside counterplay is at a standstill.

White is definitely better.

B) 9...b5

This is the most natural way to continue there is no need to commit the bishop to e7 just yet.

White has tried a few other alternatives but, while they may have posed some troubles initially, most of them have
been successfully repelled. By nudging the a-pawn forwards, White shows that he is in no hurry to break through in the
centre. Instead he tries to limit Blacks counterplay before preparing the g4-g5 advance.

Over the next few moves Black usually develops both of his bishops, with ...h6 thrown in somewhere. We will examine
B1) 10...Bb7 and B2) 10...Be7 in turn. The first move has been more popular, but I believe the second is more accurate
in terms of limiting Whites options, as well as maintaining maximum flexibility for Black.

This would not be a great time for Black to play 10...h6?!. White can either play 11.Bh4, staying on course for the target
position shown earlier in this chapter, or try to exploit Blacks move order with 11.Bxf6!? Nxf6 12.g4, with favourable

10...Rb8 has been played a few times, but is not something White needs to worry about. 11.g4 (11.Nd5!? is interesting
but unnecessary.) 11...b4 Rather risky. (11...Be7 transposes to 11...Rb8 in the notes to variation B2 see page 136.)
Now in Chirila Nastase, Baile Olanesti 2010, White could have obtained an improved version of the sacrifice with:
12.Nd5!N 12...exd5 13.exd5 Ne5!? (13...Be7 14.Nc6 Nf8 15.Bxf6 gxf6 16.axb4 gives White a great position.) 14.fxe5
dxe5 15.Bxf6 gxf6 16.a4 Material is level, and White has a promising initiative with great prospects on the light

B1) 10...Bb7

This is the normal way to continue, but it gives White a few additional options besides converting into the main line
considered in the next chapter.

11.Bxf6!? Nxf6 12.g4 is another interesting direction, which makes sense when you consider that Black often
recaptures with the bishop in the 10...Be7 lines. However, I will focus on the normal continuation.
Black should prefer 11...Be7, leading to a position discussed below under the 10...Be7 move order. The text move
looks natural, but it gives White a relatively simple path to an advantage.

12.Bxf6! gxf6
12...Nxf6 looks normal, but after 13.g5 Nd7 14.h4 Blacks position is rather unpleasant. There is no clear
counterplay on the queenside, while Whites kingside advance already looks imposing. White also has the option of
Rh3 to restrain any counterplay.

13.h4 Nb6
Sending the knight towards c4 looks like Blacks most logical idea. Other ideas include:

13...h6 14.Rh3! The rook is perfectly placed here. 14...Rg8 15.Kb1 Qb6 16.f5 e5 17.Nb3 Grischuk Wang Hao,
Beijing 2013.

13...d5N has not been tested, with good reason in my view. 14.exd5 (I might also be tempted by 14.f5!?, when Blacks
position looks shaky.) 14...Qxf4 15.Kb1 Rxc3 16.bxc3 Bxd5 17.Bg2 Bc4 This was given by Palliser, who suggested
that Black had compensation for the exchange, but Goh Wei Ming shows that 18.Qe1 Be7 (18...Ne5? 19.Nc6+)
19.Bc6 is good for White.

13...Qb6 14.Rh3 h5!?N is an interesting suggestion from Goh Wei Ming. (14...Nc5? 15.f5 e5 16.Nd5 was excellent for
White in Ortiz Suarez Becerra, Silvania 2011.)
15.f5!? (Goh Wei Mings idea was 15.g5 fxg5 16.hxg5 Bg7 with counterplay for Black.) 15...e5 (15...hxg4 gives White
a pleasant choice between 16.Qxg4 and 16.fxe6!?.) 16.Nb3 hxg4 17.Qxg4 Black has managed to swap off his isolated
h-pawn, but White has good control over the light squares and the h-pawn might become a factor if more pieces are

14.Kb1 Nc4N
This seems like the most energetic move, and an obvious attempt to improve on the slower 14...h6 15.Rh3 Rg8 which
was played in Rui Molner, Santa Clara 2014. In the game White went for an immediate attack with 16.g5!?, but Goh
Wei Mings 16.Rg3N 16...Nc4 17.Qe1 is a simpler way to fortify the queenside, when White remains in control and is
ready for f4-f5.

15.Rh3 Qb6 16.f5 e5 17.Nd5 Qd8
Here we can improve on the analysis of the Singaporean IM.

18.Nb3 Rg8 leads to a tense game according to Goh Wei Ming, but the knight does not have to retreat.

18...fxg5 19.Ne6! is crushing.

19.Nxf6 Ke7 20.Rhd3!

White has a huge initiative for the sacrificed piece. Here is just one illustrative line:

20...Ne3 21.Rxd4! Nxd1 22.e5 Bg7 23.exd6 Kf8

24.d7 Ra8 25.Qe5!
Threatening a deadly check on c5.

25...Qe7 26.Qc7 Rd8 27.Rxd1+

White will soon pick up the b7-bishop as well. Material will thus be about equal, but the mighty d7-pawn is crippling
for Black.

B2) 10...Be7

This move order has a few advantages for Black. Firstly, it enables him to recapture on f6 with the bishop if White
decides to exchange there. Secondly, it gives him the option of ...Rb8, delaying the development of the c8-bishop in
order to threaten ...b4. Finally, even if Black simply intends to enter the main line of the next chapter, the text move
enables him to reduce Whites options.

Now we will analyse B21) 11...Bb7 followed by B22) 11...h6.

This has been a more common move order, but it gives White some additional options, without offering any real
perks for Black.
Another simple reply is 12.Bh4, when the threat of g4-g5 means that Black has nothing better than 12...h6,
transposing immediately to variation B22 below. However, the text move is even more flexible.
An interesting independent possibility is: 12.Bxf6!? Bxf6 13.g5 Be7 (13...Bxd4 14.Rxd4 would be fine for Black
if he had played ...Bb7 instead of ...Rb8, as he could just play ...e5, but here it is not so easy for him.) 14.h4 b4
The only justification for the rook on b8. (15...Qb6 is possible, but it provides some additional options for White
as well.) 15.axb4 Rxb4 Black may be okay here, but he has to worry about various attacking ideas such as f4-f5
and Nf5. Another good reason for Black to avoid this move order!
12...b4?! 13.axb4 Rxb4 14.e5! leads to a quick conclusion, as after 14...dxe5 15.Nc6 the f4-pawn is defended, so
Black cannot take it with his rook. 15...Bb7 16.Nxb4 Bxb4 17.fxe5 Bxc3 18.exf6 gxf6 19.bxc3 Ivanchuk Van
Wely Wijk aan Zee 2010.
My official recommendation would have to be 13.Bh4, transposing to variation B22. However, I cannot resist
mentioning the text move. Even though Black is objectively okay in the end, the sacrifice is worth considering
for its shock value.

13...hxg5 14.hxg5 Rxh1 15.Rxh1 Ng8 16.Rh8 Kf8 17.g6! b4! 18.gxf7 (18.Nd5 exd5 19.gxf7 Kxf7 20.e5 is
another possible direction.) 18...Kxf7 19.Nxe6! The analysis goes on, but Black is certainly not having an easy
time of it.
14.axb4 Rxb4 15.Bxf6 Bxf6 16.e5 dxe5 17.Nc6 Rxf4 18.Ne4

18...0-0 19.Rh3! Bb7 20.Rc3 Bxc6 21.Rxc6 Qa5 22.Rxa6 Qc7 23.Qb5 Nb8 24.Rb6 leaves White with some
19.Bxe4 Bb7 20.Rh3 Nc5! 21.Rc3 Na4
21...Nxe4 might be okay as well.
22.Rc4 Nb6=
This was a shortened version of my analysis. Ultimately it is up to you whether you wish to stick to the main lines or
keep the possibilities of 12.Bxf6!? and 13.h4!?N as potential surprise weapons in your back pocket.

B21) 11...Bb7

This position is almost the same as the main line shown in the earlier diagram on page 131, the only difference being
that the moves ...h6 and Bh4 have not been played here. Before going any further, it is worth highlighting one
important point: if White continues developing with the natural Bg2, he will have to consider the annoying possibility
of ...Qc4. Queenless positions are generally okay for Black, while if the white queen moves away, then ...b4 will give
Black attacking chances.

It is worth considering two approaches for White. B211) 12.f5!? is an interesting attempt to exploit the fact that Black
has been slow to play ...h6, while B212) 12.Bh4 invites Black to play ...h6 and transpose to the main line, which will be
analysed in the next chapter. However, Black is not forced to comply, and we will examine his attempts to keep the
game in independent territory.

It is worth mentioning that 12.Bg2 is not completely pointless here, because after 12...Qc4 13.Qd2 the absence of ...h6
and Bh4 is definitely in Whites favour. However, Black still seems to be doing fine, so I will not go into any more
details here.

12.Bxf6 is also ineffective due to 12...Bxf6! 13.g5 Bxd4 14.Rxd4 e5 15.fxe5 Nxe5 when Black is fine.

B211) 12.f5!?

This is a unique possibility when Black develops his bishops and neglects to play an early ...h6.

12...Nc5N has never been played, and indeed after 13.fxe6 fxe6 14.Bg2 0-0 15.Kb1 White has plenty of targets to

13.Nb3? loses a pawn after 13...Nxe4! 14.Nxe4 Bxg5.

13...Bxf6?!N 14.Ndxb5 axb5 15.Nxb5 Qb6 16.Nxd6

At first, Black seems to be doing rather well here, especially judging by the only over-the-board game. However, if
White takes the correct measures to stop Blacks counterplay on the queenside, then his kingside pawn avalanche may
prove dangerous.

14...Rc8?N 15.g5 Nd7 16.h4 gives White a dream middlegame, so it is understandable that the text move is the only
one to have been tested so far.

14...g5!?N is an unusual method, but perhaps it deserves attention. 15.h4 (15.Bg2 is a sensible alternative.) 15...Rg8
16.h5!? 0-0-0 17.Bg2 I prefer White in this strange middlegame. His king is more secure and, after doubling on the d-
file, he may look to send the b3-knight towards d5.

White intends Rh3, renewing the threat of g4-g5.

15...Nd7 16.Rh3 Rc8 is covered under 16...Nd7 in the notes to the main line below. (This was the actual move order
from the Balogh Gabrielian game, as referenced there.)

15...0-0-0 brings the king to safety, but leaves White with a considerably more pleasant position. 16.Bg2 Kb8 17.Kb1
Rc8 18.g5 (18.Rh3!? is also possible, not being in a hurry to advance the g-pawn.) 18...hxg5 19.hxg5 Nh7 (19...Nd7!?
20.Qd2) 20.g6 fxg6 21.fxg6 Nf6 22.Bh3 Rcf8
23.Be6! White showed exceptional technique to outplay his opponent in the following game: 23...Bd8 24.Qd3 Qe7
25.Bf7 Rxh1 26.Rxh1 Bb6 27.Nd5 Nxd5 28.Bxd5 Qf6 29.Bf7 Ka7 30.Nc1 Bc8 31.Na2 Ba5 32.Nb4 Schubert
Bubir, corr. 2009.

This was played in another correspondence game.
16.Nd2!? can be compared with the main line below. The idea is to prevent ...b4, although White does not have to
be too worried about it for the moment.
16...b4 17.axb4 Qxb4 18.Nd2

Preventing ...b4 due to the reply Nc4. Meanwhile the g4-g5 threat is becoming increasingly strong.
17.g5 hxg5 18.hxg5 Rxh3 19.Bxh3 Nh7 20.g6 Bg5 21.Kb1 Nf6 was unclear in Kain Avotins, corr. 2013.
17...Nd7 18.Kb1 Nc5 19.Qg2!
White is in no hurry to play g4-g5. Black has no clear counterplay, since ...b4 is still hard to arrange.
19.g5 is slightly premature, and 19...hxg5 20.hxg5 Rxh3 21.Bxh3 Bxg5 22.Qh5 Qd8 is unclear.
Intending ...a5 and ...b4.
19...Qd8 20.Qg3

20.b4!? Nd7 21.Nb3 is also favourable for White, although it seems a bit too computerish.
20...a5 21.Nd5 Bxd5 22.exd5 b4 23.Nc4 Qd8 24.f6!? gxf6
Or 24...Bxf6 25.g5 with a strong initiative.
Black is under continuous pressure.
Preparing g4-g5, while guarding against potential exchange sacrifices on c3.

Threatening both ...b4 and ...Rxc3.
16...Nd7 transposes to a grandmaster game a few years ago. 17.Kb1!N (17.Nd5?! is too soon. 17...Bxd5 18.exd5
Nb6 19.Qf2 Na4 Balogh Gabrielian, Plovdiv 2012.) 17...Nb6

18.g5! hxg5 (18...Nc4 19.Qh5) 19.hxg5 Rxh3 20.Bxh3 Bxg5 21.f6 Bxf6 22.Bxc8 Bxc8 23.Nc1
16...Qc4N could be considered, but after 17.Qxc4 bxc4 18.Na5 Ba8 19.Nxc4 Nxe4 20.Nxe4 Bxe4 21.Ne3 Bb7
22.Nd5 its a rather one-sided game.
It is worth adding that going into an opposite-coloured-bishop endgame would only make things worse for Black:
22...Rc5 23.Bg2 Bxd5 24.Bxd5 0-0 25.b4

As we have already seen, this is the perfect way to prepare for ...b4. Now White just needs a few more preparatory
moves before playing g4-g5.

17...b4 is met by 18.axb4 Qxb4 19.Nc4 intending Nd5.

18.Kb1 Qd8
18...Nc5 19.g5
19.Qf2 Nc5 20.g5! hxg5 21.f6!
With promising play for White.

B212) 12.Bh4

This invites a transposition to the next chapter with 12...h6, which is by far the most common continuation. However,
Black can also consider deviating with B2121) 12...Nc5, B2122) 12...Nb6 or B2123) 12...g6!?.

The tactical operation 12...Nxe4?! does not work due to 13.Nxe4 Bxh4 14.Nxe6! fxe6 15.Nxd6 Ke7 16.Rg1 Rhd8
17.Nxb7 Qxb7 18.Bg2 Qc7 19.Bxa8 Rxa8 20.Kb1 with an excellent position for White, Rotella Aykent, corr. 2010.

B2121) 12...Nc5
This fails to pose White any problems.

13.Bg2 0-0
This seems scary for Black, but I am not sure if there is anything better.

13...Nh5?! is a funny idea, but it doesnt work. 14.Bxe7 (14.Ncxb5!? axb5 15.Qxb5 Qd7 16.Bxe7 Kxe7 17.gxh5 is a
messier variation which also favours White.) 14...Nxf4 15.Qf2 Qxe7 16.Qxf4 e5 17.Qg3 exd4 18.Rxd4 White has a
solid advantage.

13...Rc8 14.e5 Bxg2 15.Qxg2 dxe5 16.fxe5 Qxe5

17.Nc6! Qc7 (After 17...Qf4 18.Kb1 Black probably has to go back to c7 anyway.) 18.Nxe7 Qxe7 19.Rhe1 Qb7
(19...Qc7 20.Bxf6 Qf4 21.Kb1 Qxf6 22.Nd5 Qd8 23.g5!) 20.Qf2 Qb6 (20...Nfd7 21.Nd5 is also unpleasant.)
21.Qf1 Black is under pressure.
14.e5 is a good alternative which leads to a safe edge. 14...dxe5 (14...Bxg2 15.Qxg2 dxe5 16.fxe5 Nd5 17.Nxd5 exd5
18.Bxe7 Qxe7 19.Rhe1) 15.fxe5 Nfe4 16.Nxe4 Bxh4 17.Nxc5 (17.Nd6!?) 17...Bxg2 18.Ncxe6 fxe6 19.Qxg2 Qxe5
20.Qc6 Black faces a tough defence.

14...Nfxe4? tries to be too smart. The idea is 15.Nxe4 Bxe4 16.Bxe4 d5, regaining the piece due to the threat of
...Qxf4. However, after 17.Bxh7 Kxh7 18.Kb1! intending f4-f5, it is obvious that the trick has backfired.
(18...Qxf4?? is impossible due to 19.g6 winning the bishop on e7.)

Ponomariov has played 15.Kb1, but the text move is more to the point.

15...e5 16.Nf3
White has good chances of success on the kingside.

B2122) 12...Nb6
13.g5 Nfd7 14.Rg1!
14.f5 has been played by Shirov, but the position after 14...e5 15.Nf3 Rc8 is not so easy. For instance, after 16.Bh3
Qc4 17.Qxc4 Rxc4 the position was double-edged in Sapozhnikov Amanov, Philadelphia 2011.

After 14...Nc5?!N 15.f5 e5 16.Nf3 the knight on c5 is completely misplaced, and f5-f6 comes next.

14...Na4N is also not helping Black: 15.Nxa4 bxa4 16.f5 e5

17.f6! A typical idea since the c3-knight isnt hanging. 17...exd4 18.fxe7 Nc5 19.Kb1

14...Nc4N 15.Bh3
Already Bxe6 is quite a strong threat.
15.Be1!? is a more solid move, which can be compared with the main line below after 14...Rc8.

15...0-0 16.Bxe6!? (16.g6!? Bxh4 17.gxf7 Rxf7 18.Bxe6 Nf8 19.Nd5 is a slightly more restrained alternative.
19...Bxd5 20.Bxd5 Re8 21.Nf5 Kh8 22.Nxh4 Rxf4 I prefer White, due to his attacking chances and the excellent
bishop on d5.) 16...fxe6 17.Nxe6 Qc8 18.f5 White has a dangerous initiative, the main threat being f5-f6.
16.exd5 Bxa3
16...Qxf4 17.Kb1 is too dangerous for Black.
The position after 17.dxe6 Bxb2 18.Kb1 0-0 is exceptionally crazy.
This insane idea almost works.

18.Nb1 Qxf4 19.Rd2 Qxh4

19...Nxd2 20.Nxe6!
20.dxe6 0-0 21.exf7 Kh8
21...Rxf7 22.Be6
22.Bxd7 Nxd2 23.Rg4

White has no need to hurry.

15.Be1 d5 16.e5 g6 was unclear in Pucher Carrillo, Hayange 2013.

15...Nc4 16.Be1!
With the knight on c3 securely defended, Black has no good way to develop his queenside play. White, on the other
hand, it just getting started on the kingside.

16...0-0 17.f5! e5 18.Nb3

Black has a highly unpleasant position.

B2123) 12...g6!?

This rare but surprisingly interesting move is intended to prepare ...e5. We will see a similar idea in variation C2 of the
next chapter on page 155.

The direct approach seems quite appealing.

13.Bh3 led to success for White after 13...Rc8 14.g5 Nh5 15.Rhf1! in Stanciu Brunner, Aix-les-Bains 2011, but the
improvement 13...h6!N would completely block Whites play.

13.Kb1 is not a bad alternative. 13...e5 14.fxe5 Nxe5 15.Rg1! 0-0 16.g5 Nfd7 (16...Nh5 17.Be1 Rfe8 18.Nd5 Bxd5
19.exd5 Bf8 20.Qf2) 17.Be1 Rfe8 18.h4 Bf8 19.h5 Bg7 20.hxg6 hxg6 21.Qh2 White had the better chances in Najer
Idani, Baku 2011. However, I like the main move even more.

13...e5 14.Nb3
14.Bxf6?! Nxf6 15.Nb3 gxf5 16.gxf5 0-0-0 is less convincing.

14...gxf5?!N 15.gxf5 seems rather dodgy; the king will be permanently stuck on e8, and once White prevents against
any immediate tricks, he can utilize the g-file. 15...Rg8 16.Bg2 Rc8 17.Bg3 Qc4 18.Rd3

15.Bg2 is a sensible continuation, but it is hard to decide whether or not White should allow 15...Nd5!?. He was
successful after 16.exd5 (16.Nxd5 Bxd5 17.Rxd5 Bxh4 is equal) 16...Bxh4 17.Nd2! 0-0 18.Nde4 g5 19.f6 Qb6 20.Rd3
in Krauss Gonzalez Alcon, corr. 2013. Black may be able to improve somewhere, but it seems to me that he is under
some pressure here too, so take your pick between this and the novelty given in the main line.

15...Bxf6 16.h4!? gxf5
After 16...g5 17.Kb1 h6 18.hxg5 Bxg5 19.Bg2 Blacks structure has been permanently damaged, and it is hard
to imagine what his king will do.
After 17.gxf5 Rg8 Black seems safe for now.
17...Bg7 18.Bh3 f4 19.Rxd6 Qxd6 20.Rd1 Qb6 21.Bxd7 Ke7 22.Bxc8 Rxc8 23.Kb1 Blacks king is exposed
and the g7-bishop is unimpressive.
18.Bh3!? f4
18...fxe4 19.Rhf1
18...Bxe4 19.Nxe4 fxe4 20.Qxe4
Avoiding the irritating ...Qb6-e3. White does not need to rush with his attack, as he has the basis for a lasting
initiative on the light squares.

19...h6 runs into 20.Bf5! hxg5 21.hxg5 when the opening of the kingside looks dangerous for Black.
19...Rd8 20.Bf5 Nf8 21.Nd5 Bxd5 22.exd5
20.Nd5 Bxd5 21.Rxd5
21.exd5!? also looks interesting.
21...Rc7 22.Bf5
Black has little chance of counterplay, while White can continue to shuffle his pieces around and exert pressure.

I doubt that Black can just sit around and allow g4-g5 and f5-f6, so he needs to make a decision.

None of 16...g5 17.h4, 16...0-0 17.h4 or 16...Qc4 17.Rd3 are much help to Black.

16...h6 is not an ideal solution, as Blacks structure will be rather loose after an exchange on g6. 17.Kb1!? Keeping
many options open. (17.fxg6 fxg6 18.h4 0-0 19.Kb1 also looks more pleasant for White.) 17...g5 (17...0-0 18.h4;
17...gxf5 18.exf5) 18.h4 Rg8 19.hxg5 hxg5 20.Nc1!?

17.gxf5 is less dangerous after White has given away the dark-squared bishop.

17...Bxg2 18.Qxg2 Rg8

18...Qc6 19.Qxc6 Rxc6 20.g5 Ng4 21.f6

19.h3 Qc6

19...h6 20.h4 does not help Black. This is especially true if he continues with 20...d5?, because of 21.Nxd5 Nxd5
22.Rxd5, when the inclusion of ...h6 and h2-h4 prevents Black from taking on g5 with a piece, and after 22...hxg5
23.Kb1 Black is in deep trouble.
20.Kb1 d4 21.Nxd4 exd4 22.Rxd4 looks dangerous, but Black can equalize with precise defence: 22...Qc6! (22...Kf8
23.Qh3! Rxg5 24.Qh6 Rg7 25.Rg1+; 22...h6 23.h4 Qc6 24.Qh2! hxg5 25.hxg5 Rxg5 26.Re1) 23.Qxc6 Rxc6
24.gxf6 Bxf6 25.Re1 Kf8 26.Rd2 Rg5=

The attempt to counterattack with 20...Bxa3 comes unstuck after 21.Nxd5 Nxd5 22.Rxd5 Bxb2 23.Kb1! Bc3

20...d4 is well met by 21.Nxd4! exd4 22.Rxd4 h6 23.h4 Kf8 24.Qd2 hxg5 25.hxg5 Ne8 26.g6! intending Qh6.

21.g6 d4
21...fxg6 22.Nxd5 Nxd5 23.Rxd5+

22.Ne4 Nxe4 23.Qxe4

Black is under considerable pressure, as his king is unsafe and White dominates the light squares.

B22) 11...h6
It makes sense for Black to insert this move, regardless of whether he intends ...Rb8 or ...Bb7 next.

Blacks last move was well timed. One important point is that 12.Bxf6 can be met by: 12...Bxf6! 13.Ndxb5 axb5
14.Nxb5 Qc5 (14...Bxb2!? 15.Kxb2 Qb8 is possible, but there is no special reason for Black to go for this.) 15.Nxd6
Kf8 I spent a while analysing this wild position, but did not find anything special for White. The main line of my
analysis runs: 16.e5 Rxa3! 17.Kb1 Ra4 18.exf6 Qa5 19.c4 Ra1 20.Kc2 Qa4 21.Kd2 Qb4 22.Ke3! Qb3 23.Rd3
Qb6 24.Rd4 gxf6 The position remains a crazy mess, but Black does not seem to have any complaints.

If Black intends a set-up with the rook on b8, this is the best move order, as the inclusion of ...h6 and Bh4 reduces
Whites options. (Compare the earlier note with 11...Rb8 on page 136.)

12...Bb7 is the most common move, reaching the main-line position as covered in the next chapter.

The only additional option for White via the present move order is 13.Be1, but this does not seem to present much of
a problem after: 13...g5!? 14.f5 (14.fxg5 hxg5 15.h4 Ne5 seems fine for Black.) 14...Ne5

13...b4 14.axb4 Rxb4 15.Be1!
15.e5 dxe5 16.Nc6 Rxf4! 17.Bg3 Rxg4 doesnt really work for White.

I once tested this variation with Black. My opponent continued with the unimpressive 15.Bf2?!, reaching a position that
Black has even been ready to play a move down in some games. 15...g5! 16.fxg5 Nxg4! 17.Qxg4 Bxg5 18.Kb1 Qxc3
19.Nb3 Qc7 I went on to win in Yu Yangyi Negi, Ho Chi Minh City 2012.

15.Rhe1!? is a fascinating alternative, intending either a sacrifice with Nd5 or Nf5, or a breakthrough with e4-e5. I
analysed this in some detail, but did not find anything conclusive for White.

15...Qc4 16.h4! intending g4-g5 leaves Black with an unpleasant position, regardless of the queen exchange.

After 16.Nb3 a5!? 17.Bf2 Nc5 Black is doing quite well.

Losing a move like this is certainly not Blacks dream scenario, but his position has held up in several correspondence
games (as well as Yu Yangyi Negi where it was Black to move here!).

After 16...Rxb2 17.Ndb5! Black loses an exchange for insufficient compensation.

16...Nc5 17.e5!? led to a fine win for White in a correspondence game: 17...dxe5 (17...Rxb2 18.Nf5! Nfd7 19.Nxe7
Kxe7 20.exd6) 18.Nc6 Rxf4 19.Rhf1 Qc7 20.Bxc5! (20.Nxe5 0-0) 20...Rxf1 21.Bxe7 Rxd1 22.Qxd1 Bb7 23.Bd6
24.Ba3! Qc7 25.Qh1! Black resigned in Cipka Siigur, corr. 2012. Most humans would play on a bit longer, but it is
obvious that Black will not be able to evacuate his king from the centre without suffering heavy losses.

17.h4 h5 18.g5 Ng4

I found some correspondence games where White played more slowly, but it is hard to resist the allure of the direct
attacking move. Blacks position seems to be on the edge, but things are still not easy.

Also after 19...Bf6 20.gxf7 Kxf7 21.Bh3 White keeps the upper hand, although the position remains complicated.

Avoiding 20.gxf7 Rxf7 21.Nxe6 Qa5 when Black is suddenly doing well.

20...Rb8 21.gxf7 Rxf7 22.Nxe6

21.Nd5! exd5 22.Bxb4 dxe4

22...Nxe4 23.Be1 also favours White.

23.gxf7 Rxf7 24.Rh3!

24.Rhf1? d5

24...d5 25.Rc3!

25.Rc3 Nf6 26.Bxc5 dxc5 27.Qc4 Kh7 28.Ne6 Bxe6 29.Qxe6

Material is roughly balanced, but the opposite-coloured bishops give White excellent prospects of generating an


7...Nbd7 is a flexible move, as evidenced by the bewildering number of move orders that may all end up at the same
position (as featured in the next chapter). Even though 10...Bb7 has been the most popular so far, I do not believe it is
the most accurate, as after 11.g4 Be7 (or 10...Be7 11.g4 Bb7) White has the tempting option of 12.f5!?. Whether or not
you prefer this over 12.Bh4 which invites a transposition to the next chapter with 12...h6, but also leaves Black with
the independent possibilities of 12...Nc5, 12...Nb6 and 12...g6!? is up to you, but if I were playing Black, I would not
give my opponent the choice.
For this reason, 10...Be7 11.g4 h6 makes a good deal of sense. After 12.Bh4, we ended the chapter by considering the
interesting possibility of 12...Rb8. This is quite challenging, although Blacks main line involves shuffling the queen to
b6 and back to c7, a tacit draw offer which might in itself dissuade a lot of players from choosing this line. Obviously
we have some ways to keep the game going, and I am satisfied with Whites chances in the main line I analysed.

Having concluded our examination of the different move orders and sidelines, we may turn the page and consider the
main line after 12...Bb7.
A) 13...g5!?N
B) 13...Rb8
C) 13...Rc8 14.Rg1
C1) 14...Qb8
C2) 14...g6
C3) 14...g5 15.fxg5 hxg5 16.Bxg5 Qb6! 17.Qe1
C31) 17...Ne5?!N
C32) 17...Rxc3 18.Bxf6 Nxf6 19.Qxc3 Nxe4 20.Qe1
C321) 20...Bh4
C322) 20...Bf6

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Nbd7 8.Qe2 Qc7 9.0-0-0 b5 10.a3 Be7 11.g4 h6
12.Bh4 Bb7

This position can be considered the main line after 8.Qe2. It has occurred more frequently via the 10...Bb7 move
order, but my investigations in the previous chapter indicated that the bolded move order is the most logical for Black,
as it limits Whites options while keeping White guessing for a few moves.

Other moves are less effective, for instance:

13.Rg1 g5! 14.fxg5 Nh7 is quite okay for Black.

13.Bg2 Qc4! (13...Rc8 14.Rhe1 Qc4 15.e5!+) 14.Qxc4 Other moves have been tried, but without great success.
14...bxc4 15.h3 This endgame has been contested several times, but White is only fighting for a minimal advantage.

I think Whites best approach is to delay Bg2 in order to render the ...Qc4 idea less appealing. Instead he will improve
his position and eventually prepare attacking ideas such as g4-g5. Black is not really in a position to castle on either
side, so his main idea will be to prepare a timely ...g5. We will analyse the untested A) 13...g5!?N, followed by the rare
but quite logical B) 13...Rb8, and finally the most popular C) 13...Rc8.

A) 13...g5!?N

Even though this move has never been played, it is an obvious candidate for Black to consider, so it is important for
White to know how to react.

14.fxg5 Nh7 15.Bg3

15.Nf3 hxg5 16.Bf2 Nhf8 17.Bd4 Rg8 is unclear.

15.g6?! does not work: 15...Bxh4 16.Ncxb5 (16.gxf7? Kxf7 does not give White anything.) 16...axb5 17.Nxb5 Qb6
18.Nxd6 Ke7 19.gxh7 Ne5

15...hxg5 16.h4!
We need to create instant problems, otherwise Blacks excellent structure will promise him a fine game.

16.Ndxb5!? axb5 17.Nxb5 Qc6 18.Bxd6 Rc8 19.Bxe7 (19.Qd2? Nhf6+) 19...Kxe7 20.Nd6 Rcd8 21.Qf2 Nhf6 is
rather messy.

16...Ne5 17.hxg5 0-0-0 18.g6! Nxg6 19.Ndxb5 axb5 20.Nxb5 Qb6 21.Bf2 Qa5 22.Bd4 Ne5 23.b4+

Objectively, the best move is perhaps 16...Nhf8, but after 17.h5 the establishment of a protected passed pawn makes
Blacks position considerably less appealing.

17.Rxh4! Bxh4
17...b4 18.Nd5! exd5 (18...Bxd5 19.exd5 Bxh4 20.Bxh4 e5 21.axb4) 19.exd5 Ne5 20.Rh5 0-0-0 21.axb4

18.Bxh4 Qc5 19.Bf2 Qg5 isnt very clear.

18...axb5 19.Nxb5
Black has a number of options, but Whites play is similar in all cases. Despite being a rook down, his initiative is

19...Qa5 20.Nxd6 Kf8 21.Bxh4 Bc6 22.Be1 transposes.

19...Qb6 20.Nxd6 Kf8 (20...Ke7 21.Bxh4 Nhf6 22.Bf2 Qc7 23.e5 Nd5 24.Bd4) 21.Bxh4 Rg8 (21...Ne5 22.Qd2)
22.Qd2 Rxg4 23.Bf2 Qc7 24.Qb4
19...Qc5 20.Nxd6 Kf8 21.Bxh4 Bc6 22.Bf2 Qg5 (22...Qa5 23.Be1 Qg5 24.Bd2 Qg7 25.Qc4) 23.Be3 Qe7 24.Qc4
Ba4 25.b3 Nhf6 26.Bg5

19...Bxg3!? is an interesting try: 20.Nxc7 Ke7 21.Nxa8 Rxa8 At first, Black seems to have decent compensation, but
White will continue to cause him trouble:

22.Qe3 Be5 23.g5!? Rg8 (23...Bc6 24.Bd3 Nhf8 25.Rf1) 24.Bb5! Nxg5 25.Rg1 f6 26.Qa7 Nc5 27.a4
20.Nxd6 Kf8 21.Nxb7 Qb6
21...Qg5 22.Bxh4 Qxh4 23.Rxd7 White will soon regain his coordination, and the queenside passers will give him
great chances in the endgame.

22.Rxd7 Nf6
22...Bxg3 23.Qf3 Ng5 24.Qf6 Rh7 25.Qe7 (25.Qxg5!? also looks good.) 25...Kg8 26.Qxg5 Rg7 27.Qf6

23.Bc7! Qc6 24.Bd6 Kg8 25.Rc7 Qxe4 26.Be5 Qxe2 27.Bxe2

The queenside pawns ensure that Black will continue to suffer in the endgame.

B) 13...Rb8
14.Rg1 Ba8 15.Be1!N
15.Bg2 has been played, but the thematic 15...Qc4! would have been okay for Black. (15...b4? 16.axb4 Rxb4 17.Qxa6
Qb8 18.Ndb5 was great for White in Sutovsky Efimenko, Kallithea 2008.)
15...b4 16.axb4 Rxb4 17.Qxa6

15...g5 16.h4! gxf4 17.g5 looks too dangerous for Black.

White should not be too hasty to launch his attack, for instance:

16.e5 dxe5 17.fxe5 Nfd7 18.b4 0-0! creates a mess.

16.g5 hxg5 17.fxg5 Nfxe4 18.Nxe4 Bxe4 18...Nxe4 19.g6) 19.b4 White wins a piece, but once again the game
becomes too complicated after 19...d5!.
16...b4?! 17.axb4 Rxb4 18.e5

16...0-0 17.e5 dxe5 18.fxe5 Nh7 19.Bxa8 Rxa8 20.h4 gives White a promising initiative.

17.h4 Nb6 18.b3!?

Preventing Blacks counterplay. Whites kingside initiative will continue uninterrupted, while Black does not seem to
have a clear plan.

C) 13...Rc8 14.Rg1

Rizzitano covers 8.Qe2 rather briefly in his chapter on the Gelfand Variation, and in a note covering this position he just
mentions that 14.Bg2 Qc4 is equal. The text move is stronger, and fulfils several purposes. White conveniently keeps
the bishop on f1 to deter ...Qc4, while also avoiding the threat of ...Nxe4 and supporting a future g4-g5. Black has
made all the obvious developing moves, and now needs to show his plan. We will analyse the rare options of C1)
14...Qb8 and C2) 14...g6 before examining the most popular and combative move, C3) 14...g5.

14...Qb6?! is an inferior version of variation C1, because the queen is more exposed and does not restrain e4-e5. A good
answer is 15.Bf2!? (15.e5 is also strong) 15...Rxc3 16.Nxe6 with complications that favour White.

14...Nb6 15.Bxf6! forces 15...gxf6 (15...Bxf6? allows 16.Ndxb5) and now both 16.f5 and 16.Rg3!? are promising for

C1) 14...Qb8
I only found one example of this move, but it is a natural idea which threatens ...Rxc3.

This is the most logical move for a human player to understand, so I have given it main-line status.

Both 15.Qe1 Nxe4! and 15.Be1 Nc5!? are interesting to analyse, but I found no clear route to an advantage in either

15.Bg2 led to an extremely impressive win for White in an email game, but this style of play would be much harder to
emulate without the aid of a computer. You can use the game as a starting point for your own investigation if you wish:
15...Rxc3 16.bxc3 Nb6 17.Qd3 Nc4 (17...Qc7 is better, but again 18.e5 seems good for White.) 18.e5! dxe5 19.Bxf6

20.Nxe6! fxe6 21.g5!! hxg5 22.fxg5 f5 23.Qd7 Kf7 24.g6 Kf6 25.Bxb7 Rg8 26.g7 Qa7 27.h4 Black was busted in
Cunha James, email 2010.

Trying to exploit Whites last move.

15...g6 prepares ...e5, rather like variation C2 below. I like 16.Rh3!? here. Even though the rook looks weird, it serves a
useful purpose in discouraging Black from castling. Now f4-f5 is possible at any point, so Black had better not delay
his central action: 16...e5 17.fxe5 Nxe5 (17...dxe5 18.Nb3 Blacks position is stuck.) 18.Bg2 White intends Nd5,
while Black does not have an obvious way to continue.

16.fxg5 Nh7 17.Rh3!

Discouraging Black from recapturing with the h-pawn.

17.Re3 hxg5 18.Bg3 Ne5 is unclear.

17...hxg5 is positionally desirable, but after 18.Be1 the pin along the h-file is troublesome. Black will struggle to
untangle his pieces, for instance: 18...Ne5 (18...0-0 may be a better try, but after 19.Nf3 Blacks king can hardly feel
safe.) 19.Nf3 Qc7 20.Nxe5 dxe5 21.Qf3 Intending Bd3 and Ne2.

18.Re3 Ne5 19.Bg3

Intending h2-h4.

19...Rg8 20.h4 Rxc3 (20...Nh7 is refuted by 21.Nxe6! fxe6 22.Bxe5 dxe5 23.g5+ and the queen gets to h5.) 21.bxc3
Nh7 22.g5! hxg5 23.Bxe5 dxe5 24.Nxe6!

20.Red3 Ba8
20...Ne5 is met by 21.Bxe5 dxe5 22.Nb3 when Whites ideas include Rd7 and h2-h4.
21.h4 b4! is unclear.

Maybe Black should prefer 21...exd5 22.exd5 f6, although after 23.h4 Nf7 24.Qe6, intending Nf5, he continues to
suffer, while White has a dominating initiative.

22.Nxe7 Kxe7
22...Nxg3 23.hxg3 Kxe7 24.Nf5

23.Bh4 Kf8
24.Bg2 Nc5

24...fxe6 25.Bg2 Nc5 26.Rf1 Kg8 27.b4! Bxg2 28.bxc5 Ne5 29.cxd6 Bxf1 30.Qxe5+

C2) 14...g6

A completely different concept from the more popular 14...g5. Black takes away the f5-square from the knight and
prepares to play ...e5. It looks a little slow, but White hasnt been plotting any quick combinations either.

This is the only move to cause Black any problems.

15.Bg2 e5 16.fxe5 dxe5 17.Bg3 Qc4 is equal.

15.g5 hxg5 16.Bxg5 Qb6 is comfortable for Black.

15...e5 16.Nb3
Exchanging the bishop serves no purpose: 16.Bxf6 Nxf6 17.Nb3 g5 and Black is fine. After the text move we arrive
at a typical blocked position.

Blockading the kingside is logical, as Blacks more combative attempts do not work.

After 16...Nb6N 17.fxg6 fxg6 18.Be1 White has a pleasant position, and Black has to worry about the fluid state of the
kingside. 18...Nc4 19.h4 Qb6 20.Rg3

16...Nxe4 17.Nxe4 Bxe4 18.Qxe4 gxf5 19.Qxf5 Bxh4 20.Bg2 occurred in Sherwood Konstantinov, Internet 2012.
Whites position looks extremely pleasant due to the light squares.

Finally, after 16...gxf5 17.exf5 Black has tried two moves:

a) 17...d5 18.Bg2 e4 19.Bg3 Ne5 Now in Langer Zakharov, Internet 2011, White could have secured an edge with:
20.h3!N Now 20...Bd6 21.Bf1 favours White, while 20...Bxa3 runs into the nasty 21.Bxe4! dxe4 22.Qh2.

b) 17...Ne4!? 18.Nxe4 Bxe4 19.Qxe4 Bxh4 occurred in Depasse Kolar, Internet 2013. Here White should have

20.Rg2!N Overprotecting c2 and preparing to centralize the rook. 20...Nb6 21.Re2 Nc4 22.Nc1!? The knight starts
making its way towards d5. Black is weak on the light squares and his king lacks a safe home.

17.Bf2 seems less accurate due to 17...h5 18.h3 Nb6 19.Na5 Ba8, intending 20.Bg2 Na4!. By putting the bishop on
e1, White overprotects the knight on c3 while preparing to support a knight on a5 in the future.
17...h5 18.h3 Nc5
18...Nb6 is met by 19.Na5! Ba8 20.Bg2. Whites last move prevents a ...d5 break, and now he can just continue
playing patiently, and slowly improving his position. Here is an illustrative line: 20...Nc4 21.Nxc4 Qxc4 22.Rd3 a5
23.b3 Qc5 24.Rh1 hxg4 25.hxg4 Rxh1 26.Bxh1 Rb8 (26...Bc6 27.Rh3) 27.Bf2 Qc7 (Or 27...Qxa3 28.Na2! and the
queen is stuck.) 28.Rh3 Bc6 29.Be3

I also considered 19.Bg2!?, but after 19...Nxb3 20.cxb3 hxg4 21.hxg4 b4!? Black obtains some counterplay: 22.axb4
Qb6 23.Bd2 Qxb4 24.Bxg5 Qxb3 25.Rd3 Qb6 26.Be3 Qb4

20.Rg3 is another plan, but it seems more artificial to me. For instance: 20...Kf8 21.Qg2 Planning Nd5. 21...hxg4
22.hxg4 Kg7 23.Nd5 Nxd5 24.exd5 White has ideas of Rc3 and Bf2, although its difficult to assess the position. Most
probably it should be a balanced fight.

20...Qc7 21.Bg2 hxg4

21...Kf8 22.Rh1! hxg4 23.hxg4 Rxh1 24.Rxh1 Kg7 25.Be3

22.hxg4 Qc4!
Black has to find counterplay.

23.Rd3 a5
23...b4 is met by 24.b3! of course.

24.b3 Qc6 25.Nd5 Nxd5 26.exd5 Qa6 27.Rh1

The alternative is 27.Bf1 b4 28.a4, intending Qe4, Rd1 and so on. We have a similar type of closed position where
both sides can continue manoeuvring for a long time. Whites chances appear a little better, although Blacks position
remains hard to crack.

27...Rxh1 28.Bxh1
White has chances to generate pressure along the h-file, while Black does not seem to have any concrete plan for now.

C3) 14...g5
This is the most critical move, and it has been played in the great majority of games from this position, although as far
as I can see, every single one of them has been a correspondence or internet encounter.

15.fxg5 hxg5
15...Nh7?! has turned out badly for Black in a few games: 16.g6 Bxh4 17.gxf7 Kxf7 (17...Ke7 18.g5 Nxg5 19.Rg4
Rcf8 20.Rxh4 Rxf7 21.Rg4 R. Bauer Gerola, corr. 2012.)

18.g5! Bxg5 19.Bh3 Ndf8 20.Bg4 Ke8 21.e5 dxe5 22.Bxe6 Ng6 23.Qh5 Nhf8 24.Nf5 Rd8 25.Rxd8 Qxd8 26.Ng7
Ke7 27.Rxg5 Morokova Chiru, corr. 2012.

16.Bxg5 Qb6!
Black has serious prospects for counterplay, with both ...b4 and ...Rxc3 on the cards.
17.Rg3 is another logical try. If you wish to explore this in more detail, I suggest using the following game as a
starting point: 17...Rc4 18.Rgd3 Ne5 (18...Nc5 19.Nxe6!?) 19.Nf5! Nxd3 20.Nxe7 Nxb2! 21.Kxb2 b4 22.Ka1 Rd4!!
23.Bxf6 bxc3 24.Rb1 Qc5 25.Ka2 Rd2 26.Rxb7 Rxe2 27.Rb8 Kd7 28.Rb7 Ke8 29.Rb8 Kd7 Walsh Weber,
corr. 2009. This line featured some insane complications, and there are a number of ways to deviate, but ultimately I
found no advantage for White.

At this point we will analyse the tempting but inaccurate C31) 17...Ne5?!N, followed by the more critical C32)

A playable but less exciting try is 17...b4!?N, after which 18.axb4 Qxb4 19.h3 Rxc3!? 20.Bxf6 Nxf6 21.Qxc3 Qxc3
22.bxc3 Nxe4 23.Kb2 Bf6 reaches a slightly better endgame for White. Black of course has decent compensation, but
it is not enough to equalize completely.

C31) 17...Ne5?!N
This computer suggestion does not end well for Black.

18.h4! Nfxg4
18...Rxc3 19.Qxc3 Nxe4 20.Qe3 Nxg5 21.hxg5 Rg8 22.Bg2 Bxg5 23.Qg3 is a typical situation where Black has
less than full compensation for the exchange.

18...b4 is possible, but Black will just remain a pawn down, while White consolidates: 19.axb4 Qxb4 20.Rg3 Rb8
21.Qe2 Ba8 22.b3

Finally, 18...Nexg4 runs into a spectacular refutation: 19.Ncxb5! axb5 (19...Ne5 20.Nc3) 20.Bxb5 Kf8 (20...Kd8
21.e5! Nxe5 22.Qxe5+)

21.Rxg4! Nxg4 22.Qg1!+ A brilliant win.

19.Bxe7 Kxe7 20.Be2 Nf6 is murky.

19...Rxc3? does not work: 20.Bxe7 Re3 21.Bxd6! Qxd6 22.Nf5 Qb6 23.Nd6 Kf8 24.Nxb7 Qxb7 25.Qb4+

19...Bxg5 20.hxg5 leaves the knight short of squares, and after 20...Ne3 21.Bxb5 axb5 22.Qxe3 White is clearly better.

20.Rf1! Ned7
20...Nxe4 21.Nxe4 Bxe4 22.Bxb5! axb5 23.Qxe4

Out of nowhere!

21...exd5 22.exd5
Intending Bg4, with a powerful attack.

C32) 17...Rxc3

Following the wisdom of the crowds...

18.Bxf6 Nxf6 19.Qxc3 Nxe4 20.Qe1

Amazingly enough, almost all games have ended in draws from here. Does this position look like 0.00 to you? This
kind of situation highlights the danger of using correspondence games to build a repertoire: there are some positions
which are objectively defensible, yet so much harder to play over the board. I would definitely argue that White is
better here, notwithstanding the fact that it is difficult to overcome the precise defence of a silicon brain.

From this position C321) 20...Bh4 is a sensible move, but C322) 20...Bf6 has been the overwhelming favourite among
the correspondence players.

20...Rxh2N is not much of a concern, and White has a pleasant choice:

a) 21.Rg2 Bh4 (21...Rh6 22.Re2 Bh4 23.Qb4 Be7 24.Bg2 Ng3 25.Rf2) 22.Qb4 Rxg2 (22...Nc3? 23.Qxc3 Bxg2
24.Bxg2 Rxg2 25.Qh3! wins material.) 23.Bxg2 Qc5 24.Qxc5 dxc5 25.Nf3 With only one pawn for the exchange,
Black faces a tough endgame.

b) 21.g5!? should lead to a better version of variation C322: 21...Nxg5 22.Qg3 Rh1 (22...Rh6 23.Bg2) 23.Rxh1 Bxh1
24.Bg2 Bxg2 25.Qxg2 d5 26.Nf3 Nxf3 27.Qxf3
Now White is ready to infiltrate with his rook through the kingside. Black will remain under pressure, for instance:
27...a5 (27...f5 28.Rh1 Kd7 29.Qg3) 28.Rh1 b4 29.Rh8 Kd7 30.axb4 axb4

31.Ra8! (31.Qxf7 Qg1 32.Ka2 b3! 33.Kxb3 Qb6=) 31...f5 (31...Qb7 32.Ra4 f5 33.Qe3) 32.Qh5

C321) 20...Bh4
This has been tried successfully in a few correspondence games, and it seems quite logical since White is forced to
play a couple of odd-looking moves.

21.Qb4 Bf2
21...Ke7?! is too slow: 22.Bg2 Bf2 (22...Rc8 23.Bxe4 Bxe4 24.Rgf1) 23.Bxe4 Bxe4 24.Rgf1 a5 25.Qc3 Rxh2
(25...b4 26.axb4 axb4 27.Nc6 Qxc6 28.Qxc6 Bxc6 29.Rxf2) 26.Rxf2 Rxf2 27.Qe1 Rf4 28.Qe3 Bxc2 29.Kxc2
Qc5 30.Qc3

Another ugly move, but Blacks pieces also lack harmony.

Intending ...a5.

22...Qc5N is less challenging, as it leads to a worse endgame for Black, though a lot of fight remains.
Restraining Blacks a-pawn and intending g4-g5.

After 23.g5 a5 24.Qxb5 Bxd4 25.Rxd4 Nc3 26.bxc3 Qxb5 27.Bxb5 Bxg2 28.Ra4 White seems a bit better, but Black
should have enough counterplay to equalize.

This has been played in all games so far. The point is that Black has no real way of stopping g5-g6, and you will see
in the main line that the advancing e-pawn is an important source of counterplay in the ensuing endgame.

The most straightforward attempt, and since its only playing for two results, I see no reason to avoid it.
24.c4 has been played a few times, but after the inevitable exchanges Black seems to be able to make a draw:
24...bxc4 25.Na5 Qxb4 26.axb4 Ba8 27.Nxc4 Bd4 28.Re2 Rh4 29.Ne3 Bxe3 30.Rxe3 Nf2 31.Rc1 Nxg4 32.Rc7 Kd8
33.Rec3 Be4 34.Ka2 Ne3 Black was able to hold in Kubicki Zuev, corr. 2011.

24.Rd3!?N is an interesting move which may lead to insane complications. It is hard to make much sense of the
position; for instance, after 24...f6, the computer suggests going back with 25.Rd1. However, I dont see any need to
enter this mess when the main line provides a safe way to try for an edge.

Again, the only move to have been played.
25.h3 Rf4! 26.Rg4 Rxg4 27.hxg4 Nxg5 was okay for Black in Dunlop Petersons, corr. 2011.

This may lead to a similar type of endgame with a slight edge to White.
26.Rxd6! Rxb4 27.Rxb6 Bxg2 28.Bxg2 Bxb6 29.axb4 fxg6 30.Bb7 g5
After 30...Ng4 31.Bxa6 Nxh2 32.Bxb5 Blacks pawns are much harder to push.

The simplest.
31.Bxa6 g4 32.Nc5!? would be more combative, but the text move is enough for a slight plus.
31...Nh5 32.Bxa6 Nf4 33.Bc8!
33.Bxb5 Nxh3 34.Be2 may also be better for White, but it gives Black some counterplay.
33...e4 34.Kc1 e3 35.Kd1 Kd6 36.Bg4

26.Rxg6 Kf7

27.Rg3 is a tempting option, but 27...Bxg3 28.hxg3 Rh1! leads to some forcing lines where I found no more than a
draw for White.

Also after 27.Bd3 Kxg6 28.Bxe4 Rxe4 29.Rxd6 Kg5 30.Rxb6 Rxb4 31.Rxb7 Rh4 Black has enough counterplay for
27.Rgxd6!? is possible, but I think White gets more winning chances in our main line. After 27...Nxd6 28.Rxd6 Rxb4
29.Rxb6 Bxb6 30.axb4 White is definitely trying, but the two bishops may well be enough to neutralize the extra pawn.

27...Nf6 28.Rxd6
28.Qxd6 Qxd6 29.Rxd6 Bxg2 30.Bxg2 gives Black additional options.

28...Rxb4 29.Rxb6 Bxg2

29...Bxb6 30.axb4 Bxg2 31.Bxg2 e4 32.c3 is obviously better for White.

30.Bxg2 Rg4 31.Rb7 Kg6

Usually I would stop analysing after reaching an endgame, but it is worth seeing how White should keep the e-pawn
under control.
32.Bc6 Rc4! solves Blacks problems. Now both 33.Bg2 Rg4 and 33.Na5 Ra4! 34.Nb3 Rc4 just repeat the position,
while after 33.Bd7 Nxd7 34.Rxd7 Rc6 Black is certainly not worse due to the activity of his pieces.

32...Rh4 33.Bc8 e4 34.Re7 e3

At first glance, Black seems to be close to a draw, but once we are able to stop the e-pawn, Blacks queenside
weaknesses will not be so easy to defend.

35.Bxa6? Nd5! 36.Re6 Kf7 37.Re5? Kf6! wins for Black.

35...Rxh2 36.Nd4 shows Whites ideal set-up. 36...Nd5 37.Bf5 Kg5 38.Re5 Nc7 39.Bd3 Kf6 40.Rc5 Now that
the bishop has secured the blockade of the e-pawn, White can continue exerting pressure on the queenside.

36.Re5 gives more options for Black, although it should lead to a similar position.


37.Nd4 Rxh2 38.Re5! Nc7 39.Bg4

Once again the pawn has been successfully halted, resulting in a one-sided endgame. The bishop will go to e2, after
which White can start poking around on the queenside or targeting the e-pawn.

C322) 20...Bf6
This is the most popular and logical move. Black is provoking c2-c3, which can often be considered a weakness in the
upcoming lines.

21.c3 Rxh2
21...Bd5?N 22.g5! Nxg5 23.Bg2 Bxg2 24.Rxg2 just gives White an additional h-pawn compared to the main lines.

At first, White doesnt seem to have a way to untangle, until you notice the following idea.

22.g5! Nxg5
After 22...Be5? 23.g6 Blacks position would collapse.

Exchanging doesnt seem logical, but White should still be quite precise here.
23.cxd4 b4!?
Ruining Whites structure.

24.Qxb4 Nd2! 25.Ka1 Qxb4 26.axb4 Bf3 27.Re1 Bd5!
24...Bd5 25.Rg2!
25.Bg2? Qc6 would turn the tables.
25.Bd3 Qc6 26.b5!? axb5 27.Qa5 Ke7 28.Qa7 Qb7 29.Qxb7 Bxb7 30.Kc1 leads to an interesting endgame
where White is pressing, but Im not sure if its enough.
26.g6! fxg6 27.Rc2!
A nice switch! Now White gets good play along the c-file.
27...Ke7 28.Qe3 Qxb4 29.Rdc1
White maintains some initiative.

23.Qg3 Rh6!
This retreat has been played more frequently, but it is less precise.
24.Bg2 Be4
24...Bxg2 25.Qxg2 d5 26.Rgf1 Be7 27.Nf3 leads to an unpleasant defence for Black.
24...Ne4 25.Qe1 highlights the drawback of the rook on h8 instead of h6. 25...d5 (After 25...Rg8 26.Ka1 the
knight cannot move, since the rook is unprotected on g8.) 26.Bxe4 dxe4 27.Qg3 White has a clear initiative.
25.Ka1 d5 26.Rdf1 e5
Or 26...Be7 27.Bxe4 Nxe4 28.Qg7 Rf8 29.Rh1 and Black is suffering.
27.Rxf6! Qxf6 28.Rf1 Qg7 29.Bxe4 dxe4 30.Nf5 Qf6 31.Ne3 Nf3 32.Qg4! Qc6 33.Rd1
This position has been reached in several correspondence games, with a 100% score for White.

Certainly a natural move, although we have some other options here as well.

24.Ka1!?N is quite logical, but I wont analyse it in detail since there are just too many options for both sides. White
keeps the ideas of Bg2 and Qe3 intact, and the computer indicates that Black must play the bizarre 24...Kd7 in order to
transfer the king to a safer place. A brief line is 25.Bg2 (25.Qe3 Qc5) 25...d5 26.Rdf1 Qd6 27.Qe1 Qe5 and Black
seems okay.

24.Bd3!?N is another way of playing, intending to regroup with moves like Rde1 and Bc2. I think practically it looks
harder for Black to continue, even if objectively his position is okay. A few brief possibilities: 24...Kd7 (24...Ne4?
25.Qe3 Rh4 26.Rdf1; 24...Be7 25.Bc2 Rh3 26.Qg4 Qc5 27.Rde1 Bd5 28.Bb3 Bxb3 29.Nxb3 Qc4 30.Nd4) 25.Bc2

24.Qe3 is the most popular move, which also deserves attention. 24...Qc5 25.Bg2 Bxg2 26.Rxg2 Qd5! If Black can
exchange queens, he will be completely comfortable.

27.Qf2!?N (I found nothing special for White after 27.Rg4 Rh1! or 27.Qg1N 27...Bxd4!.) 27...Ne4 There are some
other moves, but I just want to show Whites idea. 28.Qg1! Avoiding the queen exchange. 28...Kd7 29.Ka1 Qc5
30.Qe1 White maintains some pressure.

24...Be4? 25.Bxe4 Nxe4 26.Qg8 Ke7 27.Qa8+

24...d5?! is risky; there is no need for Black to allow the queen to go to b8.

24...Bxg2 also makes Whites life easier than in the main line. 25.Qxg2 d5 26.Qd2 Rg6 27.Qe3 a5 (27...e5 28.Qe2)
28.Rdf1 Be7 29.Qd3 (29.b4!?) 29...b4 30.cxb4 axb4 31.a4

25.Qg8 Ke7 does not help White.

25.Qe3 Rh4 26.Ka1 e5 27.Nf5 Qxe3 28.Nxe3 should be okay for Black, although his coordination is not great. Black
has drawn a couple of correspondence games from this position, but White might have some chances to press in an
over-the-board game.

Another machine-generated idea which keeps Black in the game.
25...Rh4? 26.Ka1 leaves Black poorly coordinated.

26.Ka1 unfortunately runs into 26...Nxc3! 27.Qxc3 Bxd4 28.Rxd4 Bxg2 when White has no more than a draw.
Another move which is barely surviving, but it seems necessary.

This was played in the only game here.
27.Bxe4! Rxg1 28.Rxg1 dxe4

29.Qf2 e5! 30.Rg8 Kd7! is the reason why White needs to check on g8 a move earlier. 31.Qf5 Ke7 32.Nc2
Bd5 Black managed to hold in Kupsys Oates, corr. 2009.
29...Ke7 30.Qf2
Now Blacks position is stuck, and White has multiple ways to develop his initiative. Without the computers
resourcefulness, Blacks position would be collapsing almost instantly, but even with it, he is barely staying
30...Bxd4 31.cxd4
30...Qd6 31.Rg1 Bxd4 (31...Qe5 32.Nc2; 31...Be5 32.Rf1 f6 33.Rh1) 32.cxd4

Regrouping the knight.
31.Rg1!? is another logical move, intending to attack along the f-file. Black barely survives with 31...Be5! 32.Rf1
f6!. Even here, after 33.Rd1 intending Nc2-e3, Blacks position looks unenviable.
31...Be5 32.Qh4 Bf6 33.Qh6+
32.Rg1 Be5 33.Ne3
33.Qh4 Kd6 34.Rd1 Bd5 35.Qxe4 f5 36.Qe2
33...f5 34.Qh4! Kd7 35.Qh7 Kc6 36.Qg6 Qc8 37.Nxf5
34.axb4 axb4 35.cxb4
White remains a slight favourite.

27.Qd3 and 27.Qf2 are sensible alternatives. The text move has the advantage of keeping the queen in contact with
the g2-bishop, while also threatening to take on e6.

27...Bxg2 28.Qxg2 d5 29.Qh3 leaves Black under pressure.

27...Be5 tries to maintain the tension, but White has many ways to keep a pull. I wont go into too much depth here, but
will just show a few sample lines to make my point: 28.Rde1 Ke7 29.Qd3 Bxd4 30.cxd4 Nf5 (30...Nh5 31.Bxb7 Rxg1
32.Rxg1 Qxb7 33.Rc1) 31.Qxf5 Bxg2 32.Qf2 Qc6 33.Ka1 Qf3 34.Qd2 Qb7 35.Rc1

A battle of slow manoeuvring lies ahead, but White can keep poking around with his queen, or going after the g3-
knight, while Black just has to wait and defend.

28...Qd6 29.Rde1 Rg7 30.Qf2 Be5 31.Nb3

31.Qh2!? is another idea. I think its safe to say that White has the better chances.


We have now analysed the most complex paths of the 8.Qe2 variation against 7...Nbd7. Like many of the more difficult
Najdorf lines, it is mostly the domain of correspondence players. The main line continues 13.Kb1! Rc8 14.Rg1 g5
15.fxg5 hxg5 16.Bxg5 Qb6!, although there were some deviations along the way. Now after my recommended 17.Qe1,
Black can sacrifice an exchange on c3 and pick up at least one extra pawn; sometimes two. Despite being materially
okay, he still suffers from a slightly exposed king, and I think I have demonstrated how White can maintain enduring
A) 11.Qh5!?
B) 11.Nxe6! fxe6 12.Qh5 Kf8 13.Bb5! Rh7! 14.e5!?N
B1) 14...axb5
B2) 14...Nxe5 15.0-0 Kg8 16.g6!
B21) 16...Nxg6
B22) 16...Rg7
B23) 16...Bxh4!

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Be7 8.Qf3 h6 9.Bh4 g5

You see before you the Gothenburg Variation, named after the famous Gothenburg tournament of 1955, where the
Soviet trio of Geller, Spassky and Keres scored spectacular wins with White against, respectively, Panno, Pilnik and
even Miguel Najdorf himself.
Since then, this variation has regularly been proclaimed dead, only to be revived by some new defensive twist. Still,
the Gothenburg has never been the most popular choice for Black. That is possibly due to the first impression you get
from the main lines: with his whole kingside stripped apart, Black appears to be on the verge of getting mated. It is
amazing that Blacks audacious scheme has survived such sustained analytical assaults; I even felt sufficiently inspired
to try it myself in 2011, and went on to draw without too many problems against Balogh.

10.fxg5 Nfd7
Here I will present two options for White. A) 11.Qh5!? has recently become popular, and can be considered an
unpretentious alternative to the swashbuckling sacrifices, but I was unable to make it work in quite the way I would
have wished. This led me to focus on B) 11.Nxe6! as my main weapon.

A) 11.Qh5!?
Normally allowing the knight to establish itself on e5 would give Black an excellent position, but here White has
some concrete ways to challenge for this key square.

11...Ne5 12.Bg3
This is the latest move to cause Black some worries.

12.Bf2 Bxg5 13.h4 Be7 14.0-0-0 Qa5 15.g4 Nbd7! 16.g5 Ng6 17.Nb3 Qc7 18.gxh6 Nf6 19.Qe2 has occurred in a few
correspondence/email games. So far Black has always recaptured the h6-pawn, but I think he can ignore it in favour of
19...b5!?N, with good compensation.

12...Bxg5 13.Nf3!? Nbd7

Black should maintain a knight on e5, even if it means losing the bishop pair.

After 13...Nxf3 14.Qxf3 Blacks position is hard to hold together due to the open kingside and pressure on d6. A good
example is: 14...Nc6 15.h4 Bf6 16.0-0-0 Be5 17.Qf2 Rg8 18.Bxe5 Nxe5 19.Be2 b5 20.Rd2! (20.Rd4 is also possible.)
In De Filippis Yordanova, corr. 2011, White obtained a pleasant advantage after doubling on the d-file.
14.Nxg5 Qxg5 15.Qd1!
White has to go after the d6-pawn immediately.

A key resource for the defence.

16.Qxd6 h4 17.Bf2
A more human try is 17.Bxe5 Nxe5 when White remains a pawn up, but Black controls the dark squares. The likely
plan of ...Bd7-c6 and ...Rd8 may lead to an endgame where it will be hard for White to capitalize on his extra pawn.

18.gxh3 Nf3 19.Kd1 Nde5 looks too dangerous for White. The text move has a computerish, correspondence feel
to it. White has indeed been victorious in two correspondence games so far, but to me the position seems unclear.

Improving over 18...Rg8 19.Qd4 b5 20.Bg3 Bb7 21.Be2 hxg2 22.Rxg2 Nc6 23.Qf2 b4 24.Na4 as seen in H. Kolev
Yordanov, corr. 2011.

19.Bg3!? Qe3 20.Ne2 Nc4 21.Qd4 e5 22.Qxe3 Nxe3 leads to an endgame where White can try to make something
of his bishop pair, but Black should probably be okay.

This seems more logical than 19...bxa4 as played in Czegledi Cardoso, Internet 2012.

20.Ne2 a5
Alternatives such as 20...Nf6 and 20...b3!? could also be explored.

21.Nd4 Qf4 22.Nb5 Ra6 23.Qd2 Qxd2 24.Kxd2 Ke7

The position remains double-edged, despite Whites extra pawn. There is a lot of room for exploration in the 11.Qh5
line, but overall I find it less convincing than recent results might suggest. That is why the bulk of the chapter has been
devoted to the following piece sacrifice.

B) 11.Nxe6! fxe6 12.Qh5 Kf8

The bishop is essential on b5 to challenge Blacks control over the e5-square. If he could establish a knight on e5 then
all would be well, but now ...Ne5 can be met by Bg3, and the b5-bishop is ready to eliminate the other knight if
necessary. Compare the line 13.Bc4 Ne5 14.Bg3 Nbc6! when Black defends successfully.

The text move was played in all three of the Gothenburg 1955 games (credit goes to Geller for being the first to find it
over the board), and was an amazing idea for its time. The constant mating threats make the bishop immune from
capture for the time being, but Black has a lot of resources too.

This was used by Fischer to draw with Gligoric in 1958, and remains Blacks best, and indeed only, hope to make this
variation work. The two alternatives can be dealt with quickly, and are mainly of historical interest:
13...Ne5 14.Bg3! Rh7
14...Bxg5? 15.0-0 Ke7 16.Bxe5 Qb6 17.Kh1 dxe5 18.Qf7 Kd6 19.Rad1 Black was soon mated in the stem
game Geller Panno, Gothenburg 1955.
15.Bxe5! dxe5 16.Rd1 Bd7
16...Nd7 17.Qg6 Rf7 18.Qxh6 Kg8 19.g6 Rg7 20.Bc4 Qb6 21.Nd5 was winning for White in Ninov Spasov,
Bulgaria 1989. The text move leaves White with a few promising continuations, but the most convincing looks to
17.Bc4!N 17...Kg7
Neither 17...Qb6 18.Rd3! nor 17...Bxg5 18.Bxe6 offers much hope for Black either.
18.g6 Rh8 19.Bxe6
White should win.

This leads to a long sequence of forced moves (on Blacks side at least), culminating in a winning position for
14.0-0 Ne5
14...Qg8 15.g6 Bxh4 (Or 15...Nf6 16.Bxf6 Bxf6 17.e5 Bxe5 Stein Zheliandinov, USSR 1956, 18.Bd3N
followed by Rf7 winning.) 16.Bxd7 Nxd7 17.Qxh4 Qd8 18.Rf7 Kxg6 19.Re7+ Vasilchuk Suetin, USSR
15.Bg3 Ng6 16.gxh6 Rxh6

A key detail.
17...Kxf7 18.Qxh6 axb5 19.Rf1 Ke8 20.Qxg6 Kd7 21.Rf7 Nc6 22.Nd5 Rxa2 23.h3!
23.h4 Qh8? 24.Nxe7 Nxe7 25.Qg5 also led to a quick win for White in Keres Najdorf, Gothenburg 1955. The
text move is slightly more accurate, although it should not matter too much.

23...Qh8? 24.Nxe7 Nxe7 25.Qg5 Ra1 26.Kh2 Qd8 27.Qxb5 Kc7 28.Qc5 was another rout in Spassky
Pilnik, Gothenburg 1955.
23...exd5 24.Qxd6 Ke8 25.Qg6 Kd7 26.exd5 Ra6 27.Qe4 leads to the same final result.
24.Kh2 Rb1 25.Qf6+
Followed by Nxe7 and Bh4; the latter move shows why moving the pawn to h3 was more accurate than h4 on move
23, although White should eventually win either way.

Lets return to 13...Rh7!. This position has been reached in well over a hundred games and analysed for more than half a
century, so I was especially happy to discover a promising novelty.

The natural 14.0-0 has been overwhelmingly the most popular choice. I could fill several pages with analysis of this
move, but it will suffice to say that I am not altogether convinced by Whites chances.
My new move has the simple idea of opening further lines of attack, while trying to delay the check along the f-file
until the most inconvenient moment for Black. There are two logical replies: B1) 14...axb5 and B2) 14...Nxe5.

B1) 14...axb5 15.exd6!

We should continue to delay castling for the moment.

15.0-0 Kg8 16.g6 looks tempting, but Black has a decent reply in 16...Bxh4! (16...Rg7 17.Rf7! gives White a powerful
initiative) 17.gxh7 Kh8. The position is rather messy, but Blacks king is safe for now.
15...Bxd6? 16.g6 wins trivially.

16.Bxg5 Qxg5 17.0-0!

Perfect timing.

Black has little choice, as 17...Kg7 18.Qe8! Qg6 19.Qxc8 Rh8 20.Qxb7 Ra6 21.Rf3 Rb6 22.Qc7 Qxc2 23.Rg3 Kh7
24.Rf1 gives him little hope of survival.
18.Rxf6! Qxf6 19.Rf1 Qxf1
19...Nd7 should be met by 20.Ne4! (20.Rxf6 Nxf6 21.Qg6 Rf7 22.Qxh6 Ke8! is good enough for equality)
20...Qxf1 21.Kxf1, transposing to the note to Blacks next move in the main line below.

In material terms Black is more than okay, with two rooks and a piece for the queen, but his king is awful and his
development nonexistent. Whites queen and knight will work together in perfect harmony, enabling him to gobble up a
lot of pawns and ultimately reach a promising endgame.

20...Nd7 21.Ne4
21.Ke2!? is an interesting alternative, aiming to keep the rook stuck on h7.
21...Ra4? is refuted by 22.Ng5!.
22.Kg1 Kg7 23.Qg4 Kh7 24.Qxe6 Kg7 25.Qg4 Kh7
White has a few ways to exert pressure, and there is certainly no need to go for the forcing lines as suggested by
the computer. Nevertheless, from a theoretical point of view the main line seems most clear-cut.
26.Qh4 Kg7 27.Qg3 Kh7 28.h3!? Rxa2 29.Qd3 Kg8 30.Kh2 is a decent alternative. White maintains a more
pleasant position, and Black will have to struggle for a draw.
26...Ne5? 27.Qh5! Rf5 28.Qe8 wins.
26...b4 27.Qh5! Kg7 (27...Rg7 28.Ng5 Kg8 29.Qxh6) 28.g4! Nf6 (28...Rxa2 29.g5 hxg5 30.Nxg5+) 29.Nxf6
Rxf6 30.Qe8! Rf7 31.h5 The queen is absolutely dominating the position. 31...b6 32.d7! Rxd7 33.Qg6 Kh8
34.Qxh6 The kingside pawns will be unstoppable.
27.h5 Rg7 28.Qf5 Kh8 29.Qe6!?
Blacks minor pieces are both stuck, while his rooks remain uncoordinated. Obviously Black still has chances for a
draw, and we should remember that fortress defences are often underestimated by computers. Nevertheless, it seems
that Black will have to suffer for a while longer, while White gets to choose between pleasant alternatives.
21.Kg1 also looks interesting, but after 21...Kg7 22.Qe5 Kh7! Black continues to hang by the edge. (22...Kg8
23.Ne4! is more dangerous for him.) 23.Qe4 (23.Ne4 Nc6 24.Qh5 Kg7) 23...Kg7 24.Qd4 Kg8! (24...Kh7?
25.h4!) 25.Qd3 Kg7 26.h4 Nd7! 27.h5 Rf5

21...Kg7 22.g4!
The simple plan of g4-g5 makes Whites position easy to handle. Black is still surviving, but he is clearly a long way
from equality. In the upcoming variations the computer suggests various alternatives for White, but I will just present a
few illustrative lines to show how White can continue to exert pressure.

After 22...Nc6 23.g5 Black has two possibilities:

a) 23...hxg5 24.Qxg5 Kf8 Now we get to see a nice example of some effective zig-zag queen manoeuvring.

25.Qh6 Ke8 26.Nxb5 Rxa2 27.Qh5! Nd8 28.Qh8 Kd7 29.Nc7!

b) 23...Nd4 24.Kd3 Nf5 25.gxh6 Nxh6 26.Qg5 Kh7 27.Ne4

27...Bd7 (27...Ng8 28.Qxb5) 28.Nf6 Rxf6 29.Qxf6 The game goes on, but Whites pawns give him the better

23.g5 hxg5 24.Qxg5 Kh7

24...Kh8 25.Ne4 Ra4 (25...Rf5 26.Qh6 Kg8 27.Qxe6+) 26.Qh5 Kg7 27.Ng5+

White still requires some precision to maintain the pressure. 25.Ne4 Rf5! is less convincing.

25...Kg7 26.Qg4 Kf8 27.Ne4 Nf6
27...Ra4 can be met by 28.Qg6, threatening Ng5. 28...Rg7 (28...Rxa2 29.Qh6 Kg8 30.Qxe6+) 29.Qxe6 Blacks
position remains unpleasant.

28.Qh4! Ng8
If Black has to play such a move, he clearly isnt having a good time.

29.Qd8 Kg7 30.Nc5

30.h4!? also deserves attention.

30...b6 31.Nxe6
31.Qxb6 e5! allows Blacks bishop to become active.

31...Bxe6 32.Qxa8 Nh6 33.Qc6 Nf5 34.Kd2 Rd7 35.Kc1 Rxd6 36.Qxb5
White can continue to press in the endgame without any risk.

B2) 14...Nxe5
15.0-0 Kg8
15...Kg7? leaves Black awfully placed on the kingside, and he is swiftly punished: 16.Bg3! axb5 17.Bxe5 dxe5
18.Rf7 Kh8 19.Rxh7 Kxh7 20.Qxh6 Kg8 21.Rf1+

I also considered:
It is tempting to remove the annoyingly strong e5-knight, but it only leads to some nice tactical lines where Black
manages to hold on with precise defence.
16...Nxd3 17.g6 Rg7
17...Bxh4? is impossible now that we have diverted the knight, and 18.gxh7 wins easily.
18.Bxe7 Qxe7
18...Qb6!? 19.Kh1 Nf2 20.Rxf2 Qxf2 21.Ne4 Qf4 22.Nf6 Kh8 23.Ng4 Rxe7 24.Nxh6 Nc6 is another wild
line, where it seems that White will eventually have to settle for just a draw. (However, 24...Kg7? would be a
fatal error due to 25.Ng4! Kg8 26.Qh4 when White wins the queen and the game.)

19.Ne4 Nd7 20.cxd3 d5

20...e5 21.Qxh6 Qe6 22.Rf7! Qxg6 23.Rxg7 Qxg7 24.Qe6 Kh8 25.Nxd6 is dangerous for Black.
21.Rf7 Rxf7 22.gxf7 Qxf7 23.Qxh6 Qg7!
After 23...dxe4 24.Rf1 Qg7 25.Qxe6 Kh8 26.Qe8 Qg8 27.Qxe4 Black is in trouble, despite the two extra
24.Qxe6 Qf7 25.Qg4 Qg7=
White has nothing more than a draw.

Returning to the main line, we have reached a critical position where Black has three plausible moves: B21) 16...Nxg6,
B22) 16...Rg7 and B23) 16...Bxh4!. Only the last option offers serious resistance.

B21) 16...Nxg6
17.Qxg6 Rg7 18.Bxe7 Qb6! 19.Kh1 Rxg6 20.Rf8 Kh7 21.Rf7 Kg8 is only a draw.

Both 17...Rxe7 18.Ne4! and 17...Qxe7 18.Ne4! axb5 19.Qxg6 Kh8 20.Rf3 are hopeless for Black.

Now White just needs to play natural moves to increase his advantage. There are multiple ways of doing this, so I will
just include a few illustrative lines.

18...Nf5 19.Rae1 Bd7 20.Rxe6 Bxe6 21.Qg6 Kh8 22.Qxe6 Nd7 23.Qxf5 Material is almost level, and Blacks
king is too exposed.

19.Qxh6 d5 20.Rae1 Nf5 21.Bxf5 exf5 22.Rf3 Nc6 23.Rg3!

Eliminating the key defensive piece.

23...Rxg3 24.hxg3 Bd7

24...Kf7 25.Qh5 Kf8 26.g4 Ne7 27.Qh6 Kf7 28.g5 is crushing.

25...Qf8 26.Nf6 Kf7 27.Qxf8 Rxf8 28.Nxd7
Black has avoided being mated, but his endgame prospects are dismal.

B22) 16...Rg7

This move looks obvious but it is too slow, and White easily builds a strong attack.

17.Bxe7 Rxe7
17...Qxe7?! goes down more quickly: 18.Ne4! Rxg6 (18...Nbd7 19.Bxd7 Nxd7 20.Qxh6+) 19.Be8! Qg7 (19...Rg7
20.Nf6+) 20.Bxg6 Qxg6 21.Qh4 Material is close to equal, and White still has a crushing initiative.

Safeguarding the bishop and overprotecting the g6-pawn. White will soon develop a lethal attack around this tower of

18...Nxd3 19.cxd3 Kg7 20.Rf4+

If Black gives up the h6-pawn without a fight then he will soon be crushed, for instance: 18...Rg7 19.Qxh6 Nbd7
(19...Ng4 20.Qf4 Ne5 21.Be4 Nbd7 22.Rad1+) 20.Rf4 Nf8 (20...Nf6 21.Raf1 Neg4 22.Qh4+) 21.Raf1 Nfxg6
22.Bxg6 Nxg6 23.Rg4 Qe8 24.Ne4+

19.Rf4! Bd7
19...Nbc6 20.Raf1 Bd7 21.Qh4 should end in the same result. If Black tries 21...d5 to stop the knight from going to
e4, then 22.Ne2! sets it on another path towards the kingside.

20.Ne4 is also promising.

20...Bc6 21.Rf8 Qxf8

After 21...Qb6 22.Kh1 Qe3 23.Qh4 Black will have to give up his bishop to force a queen exchange, and the pin on
the eighth rank will decide the game.

22.Rxf8 Kxf8 23.Qxh6 Kg8

24.Qh4! Rd7 25.Qf6 Nxd3 26.Qxe6 Kg7 27.cxd3+
Blacks queenside pieces are stranded, and he has no good answer to Ne2-g3 etc.

B23) 16...Bxh4!

As mentioned before, this is the only move to present a real challenge.

17.gxh7 Kxh7
Sometimes the pawn on h7 can act as a hindrance to Whites attack, but here it only helps him.
The bishop is perfectly placed here, but Black can hardly afford to exchange it, as the loss of the knight on e5 will
give White too many squares, especially f7.
18...Be7 19.Rae1 gives Black nothing better than 19...Nbd7, when 20.Ne4 transposes to 18...Nbd7 19.Ne4 Be7
20.Rae1 as given below.
18...Bg5 19.Rae1 Nbc6 runs into 20.h4! Bd2 (20...Bxh4 21.Qxh4! is one example of why the h7-pawn matters)
21.Re2 Bxc3 22.bxc3 Bd7 23.Re3 Ne7 24.Rg3 and White wins cleanly.

19.Ne4 Be7
19...d5 20.Nd6 Be7 21.Nf7 Nxf7 22.Rxf7 is crushing.
20.Rae1 d5 21.Nf2!
The knight blocks the f-file, but only temporarily.
21...Nxd3? 22.Nxd3 wins more quickly.

22.Ng4! Nxg4 23.Qxg4 Ne5 24.Qd4 Qe7 25.Kh1

25.b4 Qg7 26.Rxe5 Bd7 27.Rfe1 is also strong.
25...Qg7 26.Rxe5 Bd7 27.Rf6!
A nice touch, with the simple tactical point:

27...Qxf6 28.Rxd5 Qxd4 29.Rxd4

Simplifying to a winning ending.

18.Be8 is a cool-looking move, but after 18...Qg5 19.Qe2 Qe7 the position gets messy.

18...Nxd3 19.Rf7 is the usual idea.

Preparing Nxd6 is not only the most pragmatic choice, but also the strongest in an absolute sense.

White can go for an all-out attack with 19.g3?!, but it ultimately falls short19...Be7! (But not 19...Bg5? 20.Rae1! Nbc6
21.h4 Bd2 22.Re4 and White dominates.) 20.Rf7 (20.Rf2 Nbd7! 21.Ne4 b5 22.Raf1 Qg8 defends everything.)
20...Nxf7 21.Qg6 Kf8 22.Rf1 Qb6! 23.Kg2 Ke8 24.Rxf7 Nc6! 25.Bf5 Kd8! 26.Bxe6 Bxe6 27.Qxe6 Qxb2 28.Nd5
Qe5 Black defends successfully, and emerges with some winning chances.

19...Be7? 20.Kh1! is too dangerous, for instance 20...Nbc6 (or 20...Bd7 21.Rf3! Nxf3 22.gxf3 Be8 23.Rg1 Bg5
24.Qh4+ with a crushing attack) 21.Rae1 Nd4 22.c3 Nf5 23.g4+ and White wins material.

White should take the opportunity to capture a valuable pawn. Instead after 20.Kh1? d5 21.Nd6 Qxd6 22.Qxh4 Qe7
his initiative is dead.

20...Qxd6 21.Qxh4

Black had better exchange queens of course.
After 21...Qe7 22.Qg3 Qg5 23.Qf2 Bd7 24.Be4 Black faces an uncertain future, as the a1-rook will soon make its
way towards the kingside.

22.Qxd4 Nxd4
It looks as though Black has escaped the immediate problems, and can settle into a safe endgame, but... not so fast!
Actually White is still able to generate a lot of threats due to Blacks lack of development and still-vulnerable king.
Even without those factors, the material balance of rook and pawn versus two knights is not so bad, and if White gets a
chance to pick up the e6-pawn, he will obtain a clear, long-term advantage.
23.Rad1 is less convincing: 23...Ndc6 24.Be4 Bd7 25.Bxc6 (25.c3 is playable, but it does not stop Black from
consolidating and equalizing.) 25...Bxc6 26.Rde1 Nc4 27.b3 Na3 The knight looks slightly awkward, but after 28.c4
Rd8!? Black gets enough counterplay.

Preventing the desirable Rad1. I considered several other moves, none of which offer a complete solution to Blacks

23...Ne2 24.Kh1 does not achieve anything for Black.

23...Ndc6 24.Rae1 Bd7 transposes to 23...Bd7 24.Rae1 Ndc6 as analysed below.

23...Nf7 24.Rad1 Nf5 25.Rd3 Ng5 (25...N7d6?! 26.Bxf5 Nxf5 27.g4 Ne7 28.Rdf3; 25...Rb8 26.Rc3 Once again
White finds a way to infiltrate. The rook will be hard to deal with once it arrives on c7.)
26.Bf3! It is hard for Black to complete his development, and the knights are stuck in strange positions on the kingside.
(26.Bxf5 exf5 27.Rd8 looks tempting, but after 27...Nf7 28.Re8 Nd6 it is impossible to maintain the rook on the eighth

This is an active approach, but Black does not seem to be completely ready for it. Particularly annoying for him is
the threat of penetrating with a rook to d8.
24.Rf2!? is another way of maintaining pressure: 24...Nf5 (24...Nd6 25.Re1) 25.Re1 Nxb2 (25...Ncd6 26.Rd2
Blacks pieces are still awkward and his development remains hard.) 26.Rf4! Threatening to win a piece with
Bxf5 and Rb1. 26...Nd6 27.Rg4 Kf6 28.Rg6 Ke5 29.Bf3 Kd4 30.Rxh6 The kingside pawns will be hard to
24...Ne2 25.Kf2 Nf4 26.Rd8
25.Rd3 Bg4 26.Bxb7 Ra7 27.Bd5 Nxb2 28.Re3 Nd1
After 28...Ne2 29.Kh1 Nf4 30.Bb3 the knight is out of play on b2.
29.Rxe5 Nc3 30.Bb3
White keeps both of his extra pawns safe.

This looks like the most obvious developing move, but it also leads to some problems.
Now Black has to make a difficult choice.

This seems best. Neither 24...Bc6 25.c3! Bxe4 26.cxd4 nor 24...Bb5 25.Rf2 Ng4 26.Rd2 Rd8 27.Bxb7 is any
good for Black.
Threatening a nasty check on g3, while Blacks pieces remain hard to untangle.
25...Be8 26.Bxc6 Nxc6 27.Rxe6 reaches a depressing endgame for Black. Typically, scenarios involving rook
versus two minor pieces, with three pawns against two on one flank and two against one on the other, can be
considered practically lost for the minor pieces (with the possible exception of rook against a pair of bishops).
Here White will have to spend a few moves consolidating, while making sure that Blacks rook does not combine
with the pieces to create counterplay, but once that is done, he can simply go about improving his position at
Blacks expense.
26.Rd1 Nce5
26...Be8 27.Bxc6 Bxc6 28.Rxe6 reaches the same type of endgame as discussed above.
27.Rc3! Bc6
After 27...Rb8 28.Rc7 Bc6 29.Bxc6 bxc6 30.b3 Blacks knights are clumsily placed, and he will find it hard to
hold on to the many weak pawns.
28.Bxc6 Nxc6
28...bxc6 29.b3 is similar to the last note.
29.Rd7 Rb8 30.Re3 Ncd8 31.Rg3 Kf8 32.Rc7
The rooks are tremendously active, and it will be hard for Black to do anything without losing another pawn.

Lets return to the more challenging 23...Nf5!.

The alternatives 24.Rfe1 Nf7 25.Rad1 N5d6 26.Bf3 Rb8 and 24.Rfd1 Nf7 25.Rd3 Kf6 26.Re1 N5d6 27.Rf3 Ke7
both left me unsatisfied.

24...Nc4 25.Rf4! Ncd6 (25...Nxb2 26.Bxf5 exf5 27.Rb1+) 26.Bxf5 Nxf5 (26...exf5 27.Rd4 Ne4 28.Rd8) 27.Rc4
leaves Black with typical problems for this line.

This looks rather provocative, but there is no immediate refutation.
25.Re2!? Bd7 26.Rfe1 could be an interesting alternative.
25...Bd7 26.Bxb7!?
Black is in time to refute 26.g4? with 26...Rg8!.
26.h3 is another possibility: 26...h5 27.Rfe1 Bc6 28.Bxf5 Kxf5 29.Rd2! Ng6 30.Rf2 Kg5 31.Rxe6 h4 For the
time being, the fixing of Whites kingside makes it hard for him to make a passed pawn. However, it should be
possible to continue improving his pieces and eventually play g2-g3 after suitable preparation. In short, White
has reasonable winning chances.
26...Rb8 27.Bxa6 Rxb2

Now that ...Rg8 is impossible, this wins material.
28...Nxg4 29.Rxd7
The simplest reply to 28...Bc6 is 29.Be2. (29.gxf5!? Nf3 30.Kf2 Rxc2 31.Ke3 Rxa2 32.Ra1 Rxh2 33.fxe6
Kxe6 34.Rfd1! reaches an extremely interesting endgame. The black king is forced to go to the last rank after
34...Ne5 35.Bc8 Ke7 36.Ra7 Ke8 and, with both of his rooks on the board, White has plenty of scope to create
mating threats.
29.Be2 Rxc2
30.Rf2! Rc5 31.gxf5 exf5
It will not be easy for White to make progress from here, but he can certainly keep trying for a while, for instance by
slowly improving his king. A rook exchange may help to facilitate this. I do not see any fortress, so Black will have to
defend carefully and react to Whites ideas.
After the text move White must decide whether to start poking around with his rook immediately, or to play more

Aiming to put maximum pressure on the opponent with Rc3-c7.

25.b3 is the other main idea, preparing c2-c4 at the right time. (The immediate 25.c4 is met by 25...N5d6 26.Bd3 b6,
when Black is able to develop his queenside pieces more easily than I would like.) Black has to resort to some
sophisticated manoeuvring, but he seems to be okay after 25...N5d6! 26.Bf3 Ra7!, while preparing to move the b-pawn,
and ensuring that a white rook will not be able to invade on c7. White can continue probing, but the position seems
tenable for Black.

25...Bd7? would be a big mistake due to 26.Bxf5 exf5 27.Re7.

A couple more short but instructive lines are 25...N7d6 26.Bxf5! Nxf5 27.Rc3 and 25...Ng5 26.Rd3! Nxe4 27.Rxe4,
both of which see White swapping off his bishop in order to invade with a rook to either the seventh or eighth rank.

26.Rc3 Rb8
I also considered 26...Nxe4 27.Rxe4 e5 28.Rc7 Kf8, when Black intends ...b5 and ...Be6. For the moment Black has
solved his development problems, but there are still quite a few weaknesses in his position, and Whites rooks are
rather active. The passed e-pawn is not too dangerous as the white king can always blockade it. In the event of a rook
exchange, Blacks pawn weaknesses are likely to come into sharp focus.

29.Rb4 The most direct idea, intending to weaken Blacks queenside. (White should keep an edge with other moves too,
for instance 29.Re3 b5 30.Kf2 Be6 31.b3, intending to meet 31...Rd8?! with 32.Rd3! Rxd3 33.cxd3.) 29...b5 30.a4
bxa4 31.Rxa4

Safeguarding the bishop and introducing the possibility of Bh5 combined with Rc7.

27.Rc7?! is not much good due to 27...Nb5, but 27.Rg3 Kf8 28.Bh7!? Ke7 29.Rg8 is interesting, as Black will have to
go to some trouble to escape the pin.

After 27...Nb5 28.Rd3 Nbd6 29.Red1 Nf5 30.Bh5 Ne5 31.Rc3 Blacks shuffling of the knights has not helped him.

27...b5 also falls short of equality: 28.Rc7 Kg6 29.Bg4!? e5 (29...Kf6 30.Bh5!? Ne5 31.Rd1 Rb6 32.Rxd6 Rxd6
33.Rxc8) 30.Bxc8 Rxc8 31.Rxc8 Nxc8 32.Re3! The black pawns are sitting ducks, and knights are well known to be
hard to coordinate against a rook in the endgame. Moreover, the passed e-pawn is not much of a worry with the white
king so close.

This is the most forcing route, though not the only good one.

28.Rc7 Nb5 29.Rc4 is another way to break Blacks co-ordination, while the white pieces can continue to jump around
and exert pressure, for instance: 29...Bd7 (or 29...e5 30.Rf1) 30.Rf4 Ke7 31.c4 Nc7 32.Bh5

28...Ne5 29.Rd1! soon gets nasty for Black after 29...Ke7 30.Rg3 Nf5 31.Rg8.

29.Rc7 Bd7 30.c4!? Kd8 31.Rxd7 Kxd7 32.c5 Rc8 33.cxd6 Nxd6 34.Kf2
Material is level, but White keeps certain advantages in the form of the better minor piece, the outside pawn majority
and a target on h6.


Even by the standards of the Najdorf, the Gothenburg Variation is rather provocative, yet so far it has defied all of
Whites attempts at outright refutation. Recently 11.Qh5!? has been used by some strong players. Although Black does
not have an easy time, I was not completely satisfied with Whites chances.
For this reason, I devoted most of my efforts on the sacrificial main line with 11.Nxe6! fxe6 12.Qh5 Kf8 13.Bb5!
Rh7!, after which my novelty 14.e5!?N poses serious problems to the defence.
14...axb5 is one obvious answer, but then the rather forcing 15.exd6! Bxg5 16.Bxg5 Qxg5 17.0-0! Nf6 18.Rxf6!
Qxf6 19.Rf1 Qxf1 20.Kxf1 reaches an endgame where Whites queen and extra pawns enjoy the upper hand over
Blacks uncoordinated mob of pieces.
14...Nxe5 can arguably be considered the main line, when 15.0-0 Kg8 16.g6! again forces Blacks hand. The best
defence is 16...Bxh4!, when 17.gxh7 Kxh7 18.Bd3 Kg7 19.Ne4! Nbc6 20.Nxd6 Qxd6 21.Qxh4 Qd4 22.Qxd4
Nxd4 reaches another type of favourable endgame, where Whites early advantages in development and mobility
continue to make themselves felt.
A) 11.f5!?
A1) 11...Ne5
A2) 11...0-0!?N
A3) 11...e5
B) 11.Be2
B1) 11...Rg8?
B2) 11...g5?!
B3) 11...Rb8?!
B4) 11...b5
B5) 11...0-0!?

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Be7 8.Qf3 h6 9.Bh4 Qc7 10.0-0-0

My Three Pieceterminology refers to Blacks set-up on the seventh rank after his next move. He can play this way
either with or without the moves ...h6 and Bh4 included, the latter scenario being the focus of the next chapter. Both
versions are somewhat out of fashion these days, although they can still be seen in grandmaster games from time to

10...Nxe4? has been played in quite a few games, but hardly anyone managed to find the clear refutation: 11.Nxe6!N
(11.Qxe4 Bxh4 12.Nf5 Be7 13.Nxg7 Kd8 was not so simple in Deepan Chakkravarthy Wang Yue, Kuala Lumpur
2002.) 11...Bxe6 (11...fxe6? 12.Nxe4 Bxh4 13.Qh5+) 12.Bxe7
12...Nxc3 (Or 12...Qxe7N 13.Nxe4 d5 14.Nc3 and White wins a pawn.) 13.Bxd6 Nxa2 (After 13...Qc6 14.Qxc3
Qxc3 15.bxc3 Black has severe problems with the dark squares, and he is also a pawn down.) 14.Kb1 Nc3 15.bxc3
Blacks dark squares are too weak and he went down in Blanes Conde Poderoso, email 1998.

The present position can be considered the real starting point of the chapter. Black is combining the three-piece set-up
with the thematic plan of ...g5, which gave him excellent results in early outings. However, once White figured out the
correct plans, Blacks prospects diminished considerably.
I will start by presenting A) 11.f5!? as an interesting sideline, but my main recommendation is B) 11.Be2.

A) 11.f5!?

Apart from its surprise value, this line has the major advantage of being equally playable without the moves ...h6 and
Bh4 included. See variation A of the next chapter for coverage of that scenario.
The inclusion of ...h6 should help Black slightly, but he still faces plenty of challenges. We will consider three
replies: A1) 11...Ne5, A2) 11...0-0!?N and A3) 11...e5.

A1) 11...Ne5

12.Qh3! 0-0!?N
Black appears to be castling into the fire, but it is actually harder for White to prove something than I had imagined

12...exf5? 13.Bxf6 Bxf6 14.Nd5 looks awful for Black.

12...Nfg4 has been played a few times, but the strong reply 13.Be2! shows that the inclusion of ...h6 and Bh4 is not
without benefits to White.

My first thought in this position was that 13.g4 looked dangerous for Black, but after 13...b5 it turns out that Whites
attack is not so special, while Blacks counterplay is coming fast.

13.fxe6 fxe6 transposes to variation A2 below. Although White can fight for the advantage there, he should not hurry to
exchange on e6 if he can avoid it. The text move is an ideal solution which keeps all options open.

Black has problems after other moves as well:

13...exf5 14.Bxf6 Bxf6 15.Nd5 Bg5 16.Kb1 Qc5 17.Nxf5

13...Nc6 14.g4 Nxd4 15.Rxd4 Black has no clear counterplay, while White has the whole position under control and g4-
g5 will follow soon.

13...Qd7 14.g4! With the moves Be2 and ...Qd7 included, this leads to a strong attack. 14...b5 15.g5 hxg5 16.Bxg5 b4
17.Bh6! Ne8 (17...gxh6? 18.Qxh6+) 18.Rhg1 White has a strong initiative.

We have seen that the g2-g4 plan would be too slow, but the inclusion of the last two moves makes this a more
favourable moment to capture on e6.

14...fxe6 15.Nxe6 Qb7
This time 15...Qa5 16.Kb1 Kf7 runs into a tactical refutation: 17.Bxf6! Bxe6 (17...Bxf6 18.Rxd6+) 18.Qh5 g6
19.Qxh6 Bxf6 20.Qh7 Ke8 21.Rxd6+

16.Rhf1 Rf7 17.a3!?

White has time to stabilize on the queenside, and there is no obvious way for Black to exploit the pin on the knight.
The following line is critical, but it works out well for White.

17...g5!? 18.Bg3 g4 19.Qxh6 Bxe6 20.Bxe5 dxe5 21.Qg5 Kh8 22.Qxe5

White has three pawns and a strong initiative for the piece.

A2) 11...0-0!?N

This is a computer-esque move, but it can be characterized as an attempt to reach an improved version of the previous

12.g4 Ne5 can be compared with 11...Ne5 12.Qh3 0-0, when it was noted that 13.g4 was not the best move. True,
White can put his queen somewhere other than h3, but I was unable to find anything convincing. One important point is
that 13.Qg3 can be met by the annoying 13...g5!.

12...Ne5 13.Qh3
Grabbing a pawn is risky: 13.exf7 Rxf7 14.Qe2 (14.Qg3 g5! is an important point.) 14...Bg4 15.Nf3 Rc8 White is
a pawn up, but Black has a lot of activity and there are too many tactical tricks hanging in the air.

Compared to variation A1, White has been forced to commit to fxe6, which considerably reduces his attacking
potential. Nevertheless, there are still ways to put the opponent under pressure.

14.Nxe6?! Qa5! 15.Be2 Kf7! does not work for White, but the bishop move renews the threat.

14...b5 transposes to variation A1, where we saw that White could simply take on e6.

14...Bd7!? seems playable thanks to some computer tactics. The critical line is: 15.Nxe6 Qa5 (15...Qc8 16.Nd5 Nxd5
17.exd5 Bxh4 18.Qxh4 Bxe6 19.dxe6 Qxe6 20.Kb1) 16.Kb1 Rac8 17.Nd5 Nxd5 18.exd5 Bxh4 19.Qxh4
19...Qa4! 20.Qxa4 Bxa4 21.b3 Rf2 22.Rde1 Be8 23.Rhf1 Rxg2 24.Rf8 Kh7 25.h4 Black has regained the pawn, but
White keeps a slight plus thanks to his active pieces.

15.g4!? could also be explored. A possible line is 15...b5 16.a3 Bb7 17.Rhg1 Nxe4 18.Nxe4 Bxe4 19.g5, reaching a
complicated position where White certainly has some initiative for the pawn.

Supporting the crucial knight on e5.

After 15...Nxf3?! 16.gxf3 the open g-file gives White an automatic attack.

15...Qc7 16.Nxe5 dxe5 17.g4!? b5 18.Bd3! looks a bit unpleasant for Black. White intends g4-g5, and if ...b4 or ...Bb4,
White can just play Ne2 and Ng3.

16.Bxe7 Qxe7 17.Qg3 Qc7 18.h3 Nf6 19.Nxe5 dxe5 seems okay for Black, since there is no easy way to advance the
Instead White should just maintain the tension and build some pressure against the d6-pawn. Obviously he should be
in no hurry to exchange on e5, as the black knights are rather awkward. Blacks position remains rather solid, but he
has no obvious counterplay and White can continue to create mini-threats while gradually improving his pieces.

A3) 11...e5

This is the most obvious reply, and the choice of Nakamura.

12.Nde2 b5 13.Bxf6
This exchange is a key part of Whites plan.

13...Nxf6 14.Nd5

This may look like a surprising choice, but it avoids giving White the easy play he gets after the exchange on d5.

14...Nxd5N 15.exd5 Bb7 16.Ng3

This structure will be discussed at greater length in variation A2 of the next chapter, where the same position is
reached with the pawn on h7 instead of h6. Here the position may be even more favourable for White, as the
pawn on h6 enables White to open files more easily with g4-g5.

After 16...Rc8 17.Bd3 Whites ideas include Kb1, Nh5 and eventually f5-f6, as pointed out by Marin in his
annotations to the Smeets Nakamura game.
16...0-0 seems dangerous after 17.Bd3 intending Be4, Nh5, g2-g4 and so on.
16...0-0-0 puts the king in a safer spot, but now Black has no counterplay, and eventually White can open up the
queenside as well. 17.Kb1 Kb8 18.Ne4 Rc8 19.c3 Qb6 20.Be2 b4 21.c4
17.Bd3 Qa5! is Blacks idea.
Now it is not easy to defend the g7-pawn.
17...0-0? 18.f6 is too dangerous.

With the rook committed to g8, Blacks position looks awkward. White intends to secure everything with Bd3-e4
before advancing on the kingside.
Stopping the aforementioned plan, but White can make a simple adjustment.
Followed by Ne4 with a fine position.
After 15.Nxe7 Kxe7 16.g4 Bb7 17.Ng3 d5! Black is helped by the inclusion of the ...h6 move, and Whites play is
too slow.

15...Bb7 16.Kb1!N
I dont see any reason for White to exchange on f6 yet, and he will save time if Black exchanges on d5. I guess
Whites idea was to be able to counter ...Rc8 with c2-c3, but it seems to me that this pawn move is what allows Black to
get counterplay in the opposite-coloured-bishop middlegame that is likely to arise.

To illustrate these points, it is important to see what happened in the game: 16.Nxf6 Bxf6 17.Nd5 Rc8! 18.c3 Bxd5
(18...b4!?N is also possible, and after 19.c4 Bxd5 20.Rxd5 Qb6 I dont like the fact that White has already weakened
the queenside.) 19.Rxd5 Qb6 20.Qd3 (20.Kb1!?N seems like an improvement, stopping the idea of a quick ...b4. It
should be similar to our main line, but Id still prefer not to commit to c2-c3.) 20...Rc6 21.a3
21...b4!N It is important for Black to open a file for counterplay. (21...Ke7 22.Kb1 h5 23.Be2 h4 was played in Smeets
Nakamura, Wijk aan Zee 2010, and now 24.Qf3!N would have stopped the queen from jumping to f2. White is
slightly better, for instance: 24...Rb8 25.Bd1 a5 26.Bb3) 22.axb4 Qxb4 23.Kb1 Qb6 24.h4 0-0

16...Nxd5?! makes things easy for White. 17.Nxd5 (17.exd5? Rc8) 17...Bxd5 18.Rxd5 Qb6 19.h4 White has an even
more convenient version of the main line below.
16...b4 17.Na4 Qa5 18.Nab6 Nxd5 19.Nxd5 (19.Nxa8? Nf6!) 19...Bxd5 20.Rxd5 Qb6 21.g4 results in a similar type of

I want to get a similar position to the Smeets Nakamura game, but without committing to c2-c3. The queen might
seem misplaced on e2, but this is only temporary. After a subsequent h2-h4 and g2-g4, the queen may move to g2,
where it will be ideally placed to support Whites kingside play.
17.Bd3 would squander the advantage: 17...Bxd5 18.Nxd5 Nxd5 19.exd5 Bf6 20.Be4 a5 Without the white knight, it
will be hard to get the initiative going on the kingside.

17...Nxd5 18.Nxd5 Bxd5 19.Rxd5 Qb6

The computer assessment is close to equal here, but White has definite potential on the kingside. Black does not have
much scope for counterplay, as the following lines demonstrate.

20.h4 Rc5
20...h5 leaves the rook stuck on h8. 21.g3 Rc5 22.Bg2

By avoiding the rook exchange White keeps more prospects of an initiative.

21...0-0 seems too dangerous after 22.g4 Rfc8 23.g5. Black should therefore leave his king in the centre, but in that
case the h8-rook will remain out of play, and his queenside counterplay will not carry much weight.

22.g4 a4!?
22...b4 makes the c4-square available for Whites bishop. This can be exploited by: 23.b3! (White can also start by
moving the queen first.) 23...Qc6 (23...a4 24.bxa4!?; 23...Rc3 24.Qg2) 24.Qg2! a4 25.Bc4 White has an obvious

23.Qe3 Qa5
After 23...Qb7 24.Rhh2 b4 25.g5 Whites initiative is developing nicely.

23...Qc6 is well met by 24.a3! intending c2-c3, now that the ...b4 plan is off the table.
Preparing to push the g-pawn.

24...f6 restrains the kingside advance, but is an obvious positional concession. 25.c3! b4 If Black does not play this,
a2-a3 will block the queenside, leaving White in complete control. 26.cxb4 Qxb4 27.a3 Qb7 28.Rc2
White is on top, as the following line illustrates:

25...axb2 26.f6!
Opening up the kingside. Blacks bishop is particularly poor.
After 26...Bf8 27.fxg7 Bxg7 28.Rxd6 Blacks position is collapsing.

27.gxf6 Bf8
27...Bxf6 28.Rxd6 wins.

White is dominating.

B) 11.Be2

This has been Whites most popular move, as well as the highest-scoring. We will consider five main responses from
Black: B1) 11...Rg8?, B2) 11...g5?!, B3) 11...Rb8?!, B4) 11...b5 and B5) 11...0-0!?.

11...Nb6 does not seem to help Blacks cause at all. White has a few plans, but the simplest is to prepare e4-e5: 12.Bg3
0-0 13.Kb1 Nc4 (13...Bd7N allows 14.e5 followed by Ne4 with excellent play for White.) 14.Bxc4 Qxc4 15.e5 dxe5
16.fxe5 Nd5 17.Nxd5 exd5 18.b3 Qc5 19.Bf2 Qa5 20.g4 Cheparinov Dominguez Perez, Linares 2002.


Preparing ...g5 in this way is too slow.

Anticipating Blacks next move.

12...b5N is met by the typical 13.Bxf6! Nxf6 14.e5 Bb7 15.Qg3 Ne4 16.Nxe4 Bxe4 17.Bf3 Bxf3 18.Qxf3 with a
clear advantage.
This counterintuitive move is an important discovery from the correspondence arena.

13.fxg5 works out fine after 13...hxg5?!, when 14.Bg3 Ne5 15.Bxe5! dxe5 16.Ndb5! axb5 17.Nxb5 Qc5 18.Nd6 Kf8
19.Qh5! led to an impressive victory for White in Robson Lu, Ningbo 2013. However, Black can avoid this with
13...Ne5!N, after which 14.Qf2 hxg5 15.Bg3 Bd7 transposes to the unclear game Mathes Luethke, corr. 1983.

13...g4 14.Qf2 gives White an excellent position, since the entire purpose of the ...g5 push namely, to wrest
control of the e5-square has been thwarted.

The tactical point of Whites play is revealed after 14...e5N 15.Qf2! exd4 16.Nd5 Qd8 17.Rxd4+ when Black can do
nothing about the threat of Nxe7 followed by Bxd6.

14...Ne5 15.Qxh6 Rg6 16.Qh8 Rg8 17.Qh4 Ng6 18.Qh6 Bd7 19.Rf2 was not much better for Black in Vittore
Patzereli, Internet 2012. White is a pawn up and the e5-square isnt all that helpful for Black.

15.Qxh6 b4
This looks like a reasonable try for counterplay, but it is refuted spectacularly.

16.Nxe6! fxe6 17.e5 bxc3 18.exf6 cxb2 19.Kb1

White had a crushing attack in Oseledets Palladino, corr. 2009.

B2) 11...g5?!
Initially this was considered one of the main ideas here, but the results have been clearly in Whites favour, which has
led to a loss of interest in the pawn sacrifice. White just needs to place his pieces on the right squares.

12.fxg5 Ne5 13.Qe3!

13.Qf2 Nfg4 forces White to either take on g4 or place his queen on the awkward f4-square.

13...Nh7 has been played more often, but the knight is too passive on this square. White simply continues
development and puts pressure in the centre: 14.Nf3 hxg5 (14...Nxf3 15.Qxf3 Nxg5 16.Qd3 b5 17.Bg3 gave White a
big advantage in Larino Nieto M. Gomes, Barcelona 2011.) 15.Bg3 Bd7 White has more than one good option here,
but the simplest was played in the latest game.

16.Nxe5!? (16.Qd4 has been more popular, but it seems pointless to allow ...f6.) 16...dxe5 17.Rhf1 Preventing long
castling and preparing Bh5. 17...Nf8 18.Qf2 f6 19.h4! Li Chao Ji, Xinghua 2010.

14.Bxg4 Nxg4 15.Qd2 has been played several times, but after 15...Ne5!? the position is not easy at all. There is no
reason for White to commit to the exchange on g4 so soon.

14...Qc5 can be met by 15.Na4!?N 15...Qc7 16.h3 and White is in control.

14...Rg8 15.Bxg4 Nxg4 16.Nf3 was also excellent for White in Grabarczyk Dinger, Germany 2009.

15.Bxg5 f6 16.Bf4 Bd7

16...Nf2 occurred in Bernal Sridharan, Internet 2005, and now the simple 17.Bb5!N 17...axb5 18.Ndxb5 Qb6
19.Be3 would have given White a large advantage.

After the text move I found a simple improvement over the game Ootes Zherebukh, Leeuwarden 2009, where 17.Rhf1
was played.
Surprisingly, Blacks position is on the verge of collapsing.

17...b5 18.Qg3 embarrasses the knight on g4.

18.Nf5! Bc6
18...Bf8 19.Bxg4 Nxg4 20.Nxd6 Bxd6 21.Bxd6 give White an extra pawn plus a huge initiative.

Definitely the flashiest move, although 19.Nxe7 Qxe7 20.h3 Nh6 21.Qf2 Kb8 22.Qb6 is also pretty conclusive.

19...exd5 20.exd5 Be8 21.Nxe7 Qxe7 22.Bxg4 Kb8 23.Qe4

White is winning.

B3) 11...Rb8?!

This has been played in a lot of games but it is rather slow, and White has scored excellently.
12.Qg3 Rg8
Other moves also fail to solve Blacks problems:

12...b5 runs into 13.e5! dxe5 14.Nxe6 fxe6 15.Qxg7 Rg8 16.Bh5 Kd8 17.Qxf6+ as in Adhiban Mustafaev,
Tashkent 2007.

12...0-0 13.Bf3 makes it hard for Black to continue developing. 13...Nb6 (13...b5? 14.e5! dxe5 15.fxe5 Nxe5
14.Rhe1!? Continuing to strengthen the position. (The immediate 14.e5 dxe5 15.fxe5 Nfd5 16.Nxd5 Nxd5 17.Bxd5
Bxh4 18.Qxh4 exd5 19.Rhe1 Re8 20.Re3 was also pleasant for White in Kotronias Kulaots, Heraklio 2007.)
14...Bd7 15.e5 dxe5 16.fxe5 Nfd5

17.Bxd5!?N 17...Bxh4 18.Qxh4 Nxd5 19.Nxd5 exd5 20.Rd3

The last of Blacks alternatives is:

12...g5 13.fxg5 hxg5
13...Rg8 14.Nxe6! fxe6 15.gxf6 was great for White in Weiler Stanek, Donaueschingen 1985, since 15...Rxg3?
would have lost instantly to 16.Bh5.
14.Bxg5 b5
14...Rg8 15.h4 b5 16.Qe3 b4 17.Nb1 Bb7 18.Nd2 gave White an excellent position in Nunn Nemet, Biel
White obtains a powerful initiative by opening up the centre.
15...Nxe5 16.Bxf6 Bxf6 17.Rhf1 Be7 18.Qg7 Rh4
18...Rxh2 19.Ne4 leaves Black without a good move, as 19...Bb7 20.Nxe6! fxe6 21.Nf6 is crushing.

19.Qg8 Kd7 20.Rxf7 Qd8 enabled Black to stay in the game in Planinec Nemet, Zagreb 1977.
19...Rxh2 20.Ne4 d5 21.Ng5
With a raging initiative.

Lets return now to 12...Rg8. This has been the most popular choice, but it seems such an awkward set-up for Black.
White just prepares the typical e4-e5 break while ensuring he is suitably placed to meet ...g5.
13.Rhf1! b5
13...g5 14.fxg5 gives Black an unpleasant three-way choice:
a) 14...hxg5N 15.Bxg5

b) 14...Qa5 runs into a spectacular refutation: 15.Nxe6! fxe6 16.gxf6 Rxg3

17.Rd5!!+ Weinstein De Fotis, Chicago 1973.

c) 14...Ne5 15.Nf3 hxg5 16.Bxg5 This position first occurred in a correspondence game from 1981, and Black has still
not found a good answer. A recent example: 16...Nh5 17.Qh3 Bxg5 18.Nxg5 Rxg5 19.Bxh5 b5
20.Ne2 Qe7 21.Nf4 Rg7 22.Kb1 Bd7 23.Be2 Rg8 24.Nh5 Kd8 25.g4 White was in full control in Sanchez Rodenas
Vinchev, email 2009.

Having made all the necessary preparatory moves, it is time to start the attack.

14...dxe5 15.Nxe6 fxe6 16.Qg6 Kd8

Not everything is good here. For example, 17.f5?! exf5 18.Bxf6 Bxf6 19.Nd5 Qc6 20.Rxf5 led to a win for White in
Lombardy Quinteros, Manila 1973, but the result might have been different had Black found 20...Qe6! with ...Bb7
coming next

17.Bxf6 Bxf6 18.Qf7 Rh8 19.Ne4 Be7 20.Qxg7 was a better continuation which gave White excellent play in Barczay
Ribli, Budapest 1976, but the text move is even more conclusive.

17...Rf8 18.Qxg7 exf4 19.Ne4 Rg8

19...Qe5 20.Qxf8! Bxf8 21.Bxf6 is a nice detail.

This is stronger than 20.Qf7 Rf8 21.Qxe6 Rb6 22.Qf5 Bb7 when White does not seem to have a knockout blow.

20...Nxe4 21.Bxe7 Kxe7 22.Qh7 Kf8 23.Qxe4
Threatening Rxf4. Black only has one response.

23...e5 24.Qf5 Kg7 25.Qg5 Kf8

25...Kh8 26.Qh6 is mate.

26.Qh6 Rg7
26...Ke7 27.Qh7 Kf8 28.Bh5 would not change much.

27.Rxd7! Qxd7 28.Qh8

White is winning.

B4) 11...b5

This is Blacks old main line in this variation, but everything has been well established. A relatively forcing sequence
leads to an opposite-coloured-bishop endgame where Black has chances to make a draw a pawn down, but must suffer


White must insert this exchange, since the immediate 12.e5? is ineffective due to 12...Bb7 13.Qg3 dxe5.

12...Bxf6 13.e5 dxe5 14.Ndxb5 axb5 15.Qxa8 0-0 16.Nxb5 Qc5 17.Qa3 Groszpeter Karner, Zalakaros 2006.

13.e5 Bb7 14.Qg3 dxe5 15.fxe5 Nd5

There is nothing better:

15...Ne4 runs into the forcing sequence 16.Nxe6! Qxc3! 17.Nxg7 Kf8 18.Ne6 Ke8 19.Qxc3 Nxc3 20.Nc7 Kf8
21.bxc3 Rc8 22.Nd5, when Black will have to suffer in a one-sided endgame.

This allows White to launch a powerful attack.
16.Nxe6! fxe6

17.Bh5 is also strong, but the text move is virtually winning by force.
17...Kd8 18.Qxe6 Re8 19.Qg6! Bg5
19...Qc6 20.Qg3 Kc7 (20...Qxg2 21.Qd3 Qc6 22.Bg4) 21.Bf3 Qe6 22.Bg4 Qxe5 23.Rxd7 10 J. Williams
Agulnick, corr. 2013.

20...Rxe5 was played in Figuero Toro Damaso, Evora 2008. 21.Bg4N 21...Re7 22.Nd5 Bxd5 23.Rxd5+
21.h4 Qc6 22.Rd6
Black resigned in Bernal Deghose, Internet 2011.

The next few moves are forced.

16...fxe6 17.Qg6 Kd7 18.Bg4 Qxe5 19.Nxd5 Qg5!

The only move. After 19...Bxd5? 20.Rxd5 Qxd5 21.Rd1 Bg5 22.Kb1 Qxd1 23.Bxd1 Black might be doing okay
materially, but the presence of opposite-coloured bishops amplifies Whites attacking chances against the weak black
king. An instructive example of Whites play continued:

23...Bf6 24.Qf7 Kd6 25.Bf3 Rab8 26.Qa7 b4 27.Qxa6 Ke7 28.Qa7 Kd6 29.a3 bxa3 30.Qxa3 Kd7 31.c3 Rhc8
32.Qa7 Kd6 33.Kc2 In Sebag Kokarev, Plovdiv 2008, White went on to convert her advantage without giving
Black much of a chance.

20.Qxg5 Bxg5 21.Kb1 Bxd5 22.Rxd5 Kc7

By nudging the king to b6, White hopes to get a slightly better version of the typical endgame. This move is not
mentioned by Ftacnik in Grandmaster Repertoire 6, but it has been played in almost all of the recent correspondence

23...Kd6 holds onto the e-pawn, but after 24.Rc3 Rac8 25.Ra3! Rc6 26.Bf3 Rb6 27.Rd1 Black is under pressure.
That is why most players have kept the king on the queenside.

24.Re5 Rhe8
24...Rae8 25.Rhe1 Rhf8 26.Rxe6 Rxe6 27.Rxe6 leads to a similar type of situation. See the game Lepage
Teichmann, corr. 2012, for one example where White successfully overcame Blacks resistance.

25...b4!? leads to a change of structure, but after 26.Bh5 Re7 27.Rxe6 Rxe6 28.Rxe6 Kc5 29.Bf3 Ra7 30.Rc6 Kb5
31.c4 bxc3 32.Rxc3 the position remained similarly one-sided in Devour Amartne, Internet 2011.

26.Bf3 Rc7 27.Rxe6

27.a4 Rce7 28.Bh5 Rc8 29.Bf3 Rce8 30.Bh5 Rc8 31.Rxe6 Rxe6 32.Rxe6 Rc6 33.a5 Kc5 34.Re4 was also better
for White in Robson Le Quang, Lubbock 2011, although Black managed to hold on.

27...Rxe6 28.Rxe6 Ka7

Black has decent defensive chances, but he faces a long and thankless task, so it is not surprising that this particular
recommendation of Ftacnik has not really taken off. I will leave you with an instructive example of Whites model
technique from a correspondence game.

29.a3 a5 30.c3 Re7 31.Rc6 Bf6 32.Ka2 Be5 33.a4 bxa4 34.h3 Rc7 35.Re6 Bf6 36.Re4 Kb6 37.Rxa4 Re7 38.Kb3 Rd7
39.Rf4 Re7 40.Ka4 Re1 41.Rg4 Kc5 42.Kb3 Kb5 43.Ra4 Rc1 44.Rc4 Ra1 45.Bc6 Kb6 46.Kc2 Ka6 47.Re4 Kb6
48.Re6 Ka7 49.Kb3 Kb8 50.Re4 Ka7 51.Kc4 Ra2 52.Re2 Kb6 53.Bd5 Ra4 54.Kb3 Ra1 55.Re6 Kc5 56.Bc6 Rd1
57.Bf3 Rd6 58.Re4 Kb5 59.Rc4 Be5 60.Rc7 a4 61.Ka3 Rd2 62.c4 Ka6 63.Rc6 Ka7 64.Rc8 Rc2 65.Kxa4 Rxb2
White has made steady progress, and he went on to win in Fleetwood Stalmach, corr. 2012.

B5) 11...0-0!?
In some ways this is the most critical line, since it poses White a direct challenge: can he exploit such provocative
play? This move has recently become rather trendy, so I would suggest paying close attention to what follows.

12.g4!? is an exciting alternative which I analysed in some detail. I will just show the main variations to show why I
was not quite satisfied with it: 12...b5 13.g5 hxg5! (13...Nh7 14.Qh3!N 14...hxg5 15.Nxe6 fxe6 16.Qxe6 Kh8
17.Qxe7 gxh4 18.Rhg1 Rg8 19.Nd5 Qc5 20.Qxh4) 14.Bxg5 b4! 15.Nd5!? An attempt to refute Blacks play outright.
(15.Bh6 g6! is complicated.)

15...exd5 (15...Nxd5 16.Rhg1!! was good for White in Solovyev Nordal, corr. 2012.) 16.Nf5!N (16.exd5 has been
played, but Black seems to be okay after the forcing line: 16...Bb7!N 17.Rhg1 Bxd5 18.Bxf6 Nxf6 19.Qh3 g6 20.f5
Nh7 21.fxg6 fxg6 22.Rxg6 Kh8) 16...Nc5! 17.Nxe7 Qxe7 18.e5 dxe5 19.fxe5 Bg4
20.Qxg4 Qxe5 21.Bxf6 Qxf6 22.Rxd5 Rfe8 23.Rxc5 Qf2! Black seems to be close to a draw.

12...b5 is best met by 13.Bf3!. (After 13.Nd5 Nxd5 14.exd5 Bxh4 15.Qxh4 Nb6 16.Bf3 Nxd5 17.Bxd5 exd5
18.Rhe1 White eventually prevailed in Swiercz Banikas, Rijeka 2010, but Whites attacking ideas of e4-e5 or Nd5
will be much stronger on the next move.) 13...b4 (13...Bb7 14.e5! dxe5 15.fxe5 wins material.) 14.Nd5! Nxd5
(14...exd5 15.Nf5+) 15.exd5 Bxh4 16.Qxh4

13.Bf3 e5! is Blacks idea, when he seems to be doing alright.

13...dxe5 14.fxe5 Nfe4 (14...Nd5 15.Nxd5 exd5 16.Bxe7 Qxe7 17.Bf3 Rd8 18.Rhe1) 15.Nxe4 Nxe4 gives White
more than one decent continuation: 16.Qf4 (There is also 16.Qe3, transposing to 15.Qe3 dxe5 16.fxe5 as covered in the
next note.) 16...Nc5 17.Bxe7 Qxe7 18.Bf3 Intending to attack with h4 and g4-g5.

14.Nxe4 Nxe4 15.Qf3

It is hard to decide if it is more precise to put the queen on f3 or e3.

15.Qe3 Nc3!?
This is an extra possibility which is not available when the queen goes to f3.
15...dxe5 allows White to go for 16.fxe5, since the black knight will not hit the queen from g5. (16.Qxe4
transposes to the main bolded line below.) 16...Nc3 (16...Ng5 17.Bg3) 17.Bxe7 Nxe2 18.Nxe2 Qxe7 19.Ng3
Intending Nh5 with some initiative.

16.Qxc3 Qxc3 17.bxc3 Bxh4 18.exd6 Rd8 gives Black decent compensation.
16...Nxd1 17.exd6 Nxe3
17...Qxe7 18.dxe7 Nxe3 19.exf8=Q Kxf8 20.Bf3 Rb8 21.Re1 Nf5 22.Nxf5 exf5 23.c4
18.dxc7 Nxg2 19.Bd6 Re8
White is a full exchange down, but the c7-pawn and d6-bishop are monstrous.
20.Rg1 Nh4 21.c4 Bd7 22.Kd2
It is hard to give a definite assessment, but I prefer White.

I consider this the best try.

15...Nc3?? 16.Bxe7 just wins now that the queen is on f3.

This is the computers first suggestion, but I think the machine is underestimating Whites attacking prospects.
16.Qxe4 Rd8!?
This looks odd, but it is not easy to refute.
16...Be7 17.Bd3 g6 18.h4
16...dxe5 17.fxe5 Be7 18.Rhf1!? Bd7 19.Bd3 g6 20.h4
16...d5 17.Qe3 Be7 18.g4 White has an excellent version of this structure since h6 is a severe weakness.

17.Bd3 g6 18.g3 Be7 19.h4 dxe5 20.fxe5 b6! is unclear.
17.exd6 Rxd6 18.Nf3 Be7 19.Bd3 f5 20.Qe2 gives White some attacking chances based on g2-g4, although he
will have to watch out for possible counterplay involving Blacks strong dark-squared bishop.
17...dxe5 18.Nf3! Be7 (18...Bf6 19.g5) 19.Nxe5 followed by Bd3 gives White some initiative.
18.Bd3 g6

19.f5! dxe5
19...d5 20.Qe2
20.fxe6 Be8
20...exd4 21.exf7 Kf8 22.Qxg6 looks extremely dangerous.
21.Nf3 Bf6 22.Kb1
Black has held his kingside together, but Whites position remains more pleasant.

16.fxe5 is met by 16...Ng5! 17.Qe3 b5 intending ...Bb7, when Black is in time to avoid the attacking plan of Bg3, h2-
h4, Qe4 and Bd3.

16...exd4 17.Bxe7 Qxe7 18.Rxd4 Ra7!

The only way to continue developing.

Both 18...Rd8 19.Rxd8 Qxd8 20.Rd1 and 18...Rb8 19.Bd3 g6 20.Qe5 leave Black under heavy pressure.

This virtually forces Black to play ...f5 in the near future. Even though h2-h4 might not be an ideal move in that
structure, if White can consolidate, he will have the better chances.

After 19.Bd3 g6! (19...f5 20.Qe5) it is surprisingly hard to break through on the kingside: 20.h4 h5 21.g4 (21.f5 gxf5
22.Qe2 b5 23.Rh3 f6 24.Rg3 Kh8 25.Qxh5 Qh7) 21...b5 22.Qe3 hxg4 23.h5 f5! 24.hxg6 Qf6

19...b5 20.Bd3 f5
20...g6 21.h5

The queen is better here than on e3, as it can help to support a future g2-g4.

21...Rd7 22.Rxd7 Qxd7

22...Bxd7 23.g3 Bc6 24.Rf1 is similar; White will prepare g3-g4, perhaps after tidying up his kings position with
Kb1 and a2-a3.

23.Rd1 Qf7 24.Kb1 Bb7 25.a3

The g2-g4 idea is in the air, although White may also keep it in reserve and look to improve his position in other


Against the ...h6 version of the Three-Piece System, we have covered two promising approaches for White. The rare
11.f5!? packs a definite punch, which is only enhanced by its surprise value. The untested 11...0-0!?N may be Blacks
best bet, although even here he must overcome plenty of pitfalls. A nice bonus of the early f4-f5 is that it works just as
well (or perhaps even better) in the version without ...h6, making it an especially convenient line to have in your

We also covered the tried-and-tested 11.Be2, which remains in excellent theoretical shape. We looked at five responses
in detail, of which the first three 11...Rg8?, 11...g5?! and 11...Rb8?! all suffer from clear drawbacks. 11...b5, on the
other hand, is fairly reliable, but there cannot be many players who would relish the prospect of being tortured in a
pawn-down endgame.
Blacks most interesting option is 11...0-0!?, although my new idea of 13.e5!N introduces plenty of fresh problems
for the defence. I would encourage you to make up your own mind as to whether to put the queen on f3 or e3 a few
moves later; either way, I like Whites chances.
A) 10.f5!?
A1) 10...Ne5
A2) 10...e5
B) 10.g4
B1) 10...h6 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.Kb1!?
B11) 12...g5
B12) 12...Qb6
B2) 10...b5 11.Bxf6
B21) 11...Bxf6
B22) 11...Nxf6 12.g5 Nd7 13.f5
B221) 13...Bxg5?! 14.Kb1
B2211) 14...Ne5
B2212) 14...0-0
B222) 13...Nc5
B223) 13...0-0!? 14.h4!? b4 15.Nce2
B2231) 15...Bb7!?
B2232) 15...e5

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Be7 8.Qf3 Qc7 9.0-0-0 Nbd7

This is the starting position for the Three-Piece System without ...h6, which used to be considered one of the absolute
main lines of the Najdorf. We will analyse the rare but promising A) 10.f5!? followed by the more traditional B) 10.g4.

A) 10.f5!?

This attacking plan is even more appealing here than it was in the previous chapter, as Blacks options are considerably
reduced without the moves ...h6 and Bh4 included. I therefore feel it is a fully valid alternative to the huge theoretical
lines after 10.g4, even though White is in good shape there too. The text move considerably reduces the number of lines
White needs to know; not just because there have been fewer games played, but also because the play tends to be less
forcing in general.

Black has two choices: maintaining the pawn on e6 with A1) 10...Ne5, or blocking the centre with A2) 10...e5.

After 10...h6N White can, of course, transpose to the previous chapter by retreating to h4, but an easier solution is
11.fxe6! Ne5 (11...hxg5 12.Nd5! Qa5 13.exd7 Bxd7 14.Bc4) 12.Qh3 fxe6 13.Bd2 when Black is under pressure.
The threat of Nxe6 is real, and if Black defends suitably then the simple plan of Be2 and g4-g5 looks promising.

A1) 10...Ne5 11.Qh3

I played the pointless 11.Qg3?! here, but the lack of pressure on the e6-pawn meant that Black was comfortable in Negi
Wen Yang, Mashhad 2011.

11...0-0?! 12.Be2! threatens to take on e6, and the upcoming g4-g5 plan renders Blacks position shaky. In the
previous chapter we analysed a similar position with ...h6 and Bh4 included, but here its simply a worse version for
Black, so I wont go into further details.

12.Bxe7 Qxe7 13.Qg3

13...Qg5 14.Kb1 Qe3 has been played a few times, but after 15.Nf3!N Black is struggling due to the pressure on the

14.Be2 Nf6
We have reached a complicated middlegame with a lot to explore. The most interesting direction seems to be:

15.fxe6N 15...fxe6 16.Nf3 Qc7 does not seem like much for White. Instead we will prepare g4-g5, while also
overprotecting the e4-pawn for the future.

This position was reached in Nguyen Kim Le Thi, Vietnam 1994. Here I propose:

Holding up the queenside play, and forcing Black to come up with a good counter to the g4-g5 plan.

A2) 10...e5 11.Nde2 b5

This has hardly ever been played, but it gives White a slightly improved version of the Smeets Nakamura game
from the previous chapter, as Blacks kingside is slightly less solid with the pawn on h7 instead of h6.

12...Nxf6 13.Nd5 Nxd5

This is the only move to have been tested.

13...Qc5!?N may be objectively better, but it gives White a pleasant choice. 14.Nec3 is a simple option which can be
compared with variation A3 of the previous chapter. With the pawn on h7 instead of h6, White will find it easier to
advance on the kingside. Alternatively, 14.Nxe7!? Kxe7 15.g4 is an ambitious attempt, when the extra tempo required
by Black to prevent g4-g5 might prove crucial.

A very interesting strategic situation. The computer assesses it as comfortable for Black, with an evaluation veering
towards the dreaded ?, but that is incomprehensible to me. Blacks king lacks a safe haven, and he has virtually no
counterplay on the queenside; or at least it will be extremely slow to materialize. If he ever opts for kingside castling, as
the computer so cheerfully does in many lines, White will just plonk his bishop on e4 to secure the d5- and c2-pawns,
then put his knight on h5 before starting a terrifying kingside pawn assault. Even in the centre, the black king cannot
feel too comfortable, since White can either advance on the kingside in the same way, or perhaps even play Kb1
followed by opening the c-file.

Trying to delay or avoid ...0-0 altogether.

14...b4 15.Ng3 was good for White in Grabarczyk Matuszewski, Poland 2007. Black faces the same type of problems,
and the premature advance of the b-pawn only leads to a loss of flexibility on the queenside.

Another possible line is 14...0-0N 15.Ng3 Qd7 16.Bd3 f6 17.Nh5 Bd8 18.g4 Bb7 19.h4 Qf7 20.Be4 Rc8 21.Kb1 with
good prospects for White. Some of Blacks moves may appear strange, but the computer approved of all of them. Even
now the machine seems to think Black is fine, but the inevitable g4-g5 break, which White can prepare in his own
sweet time, makes me strongly question this assessment.
15.Ng3 Rc8 16.Bd3 Qc5
After 16...Bd8 17.h4 f6 Blacks set-up does not seem very stable to me, and White gets a good position with either
18.Ne4!?, or 18.Be4 followed by Nh5.

The text move intends ...Bg5 followed by ...Qe3, but White can easily avoid the queen exchange and maintain his
positional advantages.

17.Qg4!? g6 18.Be4 is another idea, avoiding the ...Bg5 plan altogether.

17...Bg5 18.Kb1 Qe3 19.Qh5

White will soon drive the enemy pieces away with Rd3 and h2-h4.

B) 10.g4

This is the big main line. Now B1) 10...h6 is a significant option, but by far the most important move is B2) 10...b5.

B1) 10...h6 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.Kb1!?

12.h4 leads to similar variations, and it is useful to look at the following line to understand why I prefer the text move.
12...Qb6 13.Nb3 (13.Nde2 deserves attention, but that is another story.) 13...Qc7 (13...Nc5 led to a nice victory for me
a long time ago: 14.Nxc5 Qxc5 15.e5! dxe5 16.Ne4 Qa5 17.Nd6 Kf8 18.g5 Negi Efimenko, San Marino 2006.)
14.e5 dxe5 15.f5 Nb6! 16.Ne4 exf5 17.gxf5 Bd7

As we will see a bit later, this same position offers White a lot more scope with Kb1 played instead of h2-h4. As
things stand, after 18.Na5 0-0-0 19.Nd6 Kb8 20.Qxb7 Qxb7 21.Ndxb7 Rc8 22.Nd6 Rc7 Black equalized fairly
easily in Shirov Dominguez Perez, Sofia 2009.

At this point Black has two main options: B11) 12...g5 and B12) 12...Qb6.

12...Be7 13.h4 b5 14.g5 gives White a nice position with an automatic attack, for instance: 14...b4 15.Nce2 Nc5 16.f5
e5 17.f6 gxf6 18.gxf6 Bf8 19.Nf5 Kloster Petukhov, corr. 2011.

B11) 12...g5

This possibility seems to be the main argument for preferring 12.h4 over 12.Kb1, but here I found a new and exciting

13.e5!N 13...dxe5 14.Nxe6!

It is hard to resist attaching two exclamation marks to such an idea!

14.fxe5 Qxe5 15.Ne4 gives White decent compensation too, but it is much less exciting.

14...fxe6 15.fxg5
Despite being a piece down, Whites pieces are almost perfectly placed.

15...hxg5 16.Rxd7
Threatening a nasty check on d6. The following analysis is certainly not exhaustive, but it clearly demonstrates that
White has a huge initiative.

After 16...Be7 17.Bg2 it is virtually impossible for Black to continue development. 17...Rf8 18.Qh3
16...Bf4 runs into another amazing idea: 17.g5!

17...Nb6 (17...hxg5 18.h4!! I hardly even know how to explain this, but the kingside is being torn open, and Black has
no pieces to bring to its defence.) 18.gxh6 Bd7 (18...Nd5 19.Rg1 Bd7 20.Qh5 Kd8 21.c4) 19.Nd6 Kf8 20.Qg4
Ba4 21.b3

17.Qh3 Kd8
Trying to run away via c7.

17...Qa5 18.Qh5 Ke7 (18...Kd8 transposes to the main line below.) 19.Qg6 Nf6 20.Nd6 Nd5 21.Qg7 Kxd6
22.Qxf8 Kc6 23.c4

18.Qh5 Qa5
18...Qb6 19.h4 Be7 20.Qxe5 Qc7 21.Qxe6 Qc6 22.Qe5 Ke8 23.Qd4 Qb6 24.Qd2 gives White a continuing

I also considered 18...Qc6 19.Bg2 Bf4 20.Qh4 Kc7 21.Rd6 Qc4 22.Qe7 Kb8 23.Rxd7 Bxd7 24.Qxf8 Ka7 25.Qc5,
when White simplifies to a favourable endgame.

19.h4 Be3
19...Be7 20.Qxh6

20.g5 Kc7 21.gxh6 Qb4

After 21...b5 22.Ng5! Bxg5 23.hxg5 Black will not be able to cope with the connected passed pawns.

22.Bg2 Qe7 23.Rh3 Bf4 24.h7 Qg7 25.Nd6 Kb8

26.Rc3 Nf6 27.Qe2 Nd5 28.Rxc8 Rxc8 29.Nxc8 Kxc8 30.Qc4 Kb8 31.Be4
Blacks position is collapsing.

B12) 12...Qb6

This is a normal move in these positions, but it enables White to get an improved version of the Shirov Dominguez
game mentioned in the note to move 12.

13.Nb3 Qc7
After 13...Nc5?! 14.e5 dxe5 15.Nxc5 Qxc5 16.Ne4 Qc6 17.Bg2 Black was in trouble in Sulskis H. Hunt, Warsaw

13...Be7N just gives White easy play: 14.h4 Nc5 15.f5 Bd7 16.g5

This is the only way to justify the placement of the knight on b3. Black was threatening ...Bxc3, and was also ready
for the usual queenside play with ...b5. Although the text move is technically a novelty, the same idea has been played
more than once after 12.h4, and for the next few moves we will follow one of the critical games from that line.

14...Be7 15.exd6 Bxd6 16.Rd4 Be7 17.h4

15.f5 Nb6
Other moves give White a clear edge, as he will be able to ruin Blacks structure after fxe6. A couple of examples are
15...Qc6 16.Qxc6 bxc6 17.fxe6 fxe6 18.Ne4, and 15...0-0 16.fxe6 fxe6 17.Bd3.

16.Ne4 exf5 17.gxf5 Bd7

In the Shirov Dominguez game mentioned earlier, White had the pawn on h4, which is pretty useless in the majority
of lines. It is not immediately obvious why Kb1 might be useful, but one concrete point will become clear in the main
line below.

18.Nd6 deserves attention, but forcing the king to f8 does not give us any immediate returns, so there is no need for

18.Nbc5!? makes some sense, as after 18...Bc6 Black cannot play ...0-0-0 anymore, but I prefer the text more.

18...0-0-0 19.Bg2!?
I believe this is the right time to deviate from the parallel Shirov Dominguez game.

19.Nd6 Kb8 20.Qxb7 Qxb7 21.Ndxb7 Rc8 would be like the game, and even though White has a better version here,
it is not obvious if he can claim an advantage.

Another idea is 19.Rd3!?, forcing 19...Bc6 20.Nxc6 Rxd3 21.cxd3 (this would not be possible with the king on c1)
21...Qxc6 22.Bg2. White seems to have terrific compensation for the pawn. His opposite-coloured bishop is clearly
superior, but it is still not easy to break through. 22...Kb8 23.Rc1 Qd5 24.Rc5 Qd7 25.Rc2 Qd5 Black is just holding
on, although White still has the better prospects.

19...Bc6 20.Nxc6 Qxc6

20...bxc6?! 21.Qa3 regains the pawn while keeping a clear advantage.

21.Qb3 Qc7
This move gives White a pleasant choice.
22.Qxf7 Rxd1 23.Rxd1 Rc8 24.Qb3 also offers White better chances due to the higher potential of his light-
squared bishop.
22...Qxg2 23.Qxb6 Rxd1 24.Rxd1 gxf6 25.Qxf6 Re8 26.Qxf7 Rc8 27.Qb3 Qxh2 28.a4! Even though the
material is equal, White has a lot of scope to create threats against the enemy king.
The a4-a5 threat forces Black to weaken his queenside.
23...a5 24.Qb5
24.Be4!? is also good.
24...Rd6 25.Rhe1
Black is unable to exchange rooks because the opening of the c-file will prove fatal. This would not have been the
case with the king on c1!

22...Nc4 23.Nc5
23.Rc3 also makes sense, but the text move leads to an excellent position.

23...Nd2 24.Rxd2 Rxd2 25.Bxb7 Kd8 26.Ne4 Rd7 27.Bd5

Black is still holding his position together, but it looks extremely unpleasant to play, while White can continue
improving his position in various ways.

B2) 10...b5
This is the main theoretical path, which has been tested in thousands of games.

White exchanges his bishop to make way for the g-pawn. Here we will consider the underrated B21) 11...Bxf6
followed by the standard B22) 11...Nxf6.

This has been played in a lot of games, with surprisingly okay results, but I believe this is mostly because a lot of
White players have not found the right way to punish it.
It is possible to take a slower approach, but it makes sense to launch an immediate attack as Black will not get
enough time to recover. Notice how quickly we can zone in on the weak e6-pawn, with plans such as Nce2-f4
and Qh3/g4-g5 hanging in the air.
12...Nc5 has been played successfully by Movsesian, but White can punish it immediately: 13.g5! fxg5N (13...b4
14.fxe6 bxc3 15.exf7 gave White a crushing attack in Casallas Abril Camargo, Bogota 2010.) 14.fxe6 Bxe6
(14...fxe6 15.e5 followed by Qh5 destroys Blacks position.) 15.Nd5 Bxd5 16.exd5 Followed by Nc6 and

13.Qh3 0-0
13...b4 14.Nce2 just helps White.
13...Bd7 is met by 14.Nce2, when the threats created after Nf4 are too hard to deal with.
The text move has been the most popular, but Black seems to be castling into fire.
14.Nce2 has also done well for White, but one good line is enough.
14...Kh8 15.Nce2 Rg8 16.Rg3 Bb7 17.Bg2
17...Rac8 18.fxe6 fxe6 19.Nf4 Yilmaz Darini, Kemer 2009.
18.Nf4! Bc5?
Black should prefer 18...Rac8 as played in Gaida Jedrzejowski, corr. 1992, although 19.exd5N still gives White
the better chances. The text move allows a thematic tactical refutation.

19.Qxh7! Kxh7 20.Rh3 Kg7 21.Ndxe6 fxe6 22.Nxe6 Kf7 23.Rh7+

Hamalainen Gullulu, Arnhem 1989.

B21) 11...Bxf6
This move definitely deserves more attention than it has been given.

White had better go for the forced stuff, as after the more popular 12.g5 Black seems to get a fully playable position.

The critical move, creating immediate threats against b2.

12...axb5? 13.Ndxb5 Qa5 14.Nxd6 Ke7 15.e5 is just horrible for Black.

With 12...0-0 Black shows he is willing to play a pawn down, but he does not seem to have enough compensation for it.
13.Bxd7 Bxd7 14.g5 Bxd4 15.Rxd4 Rab8 16.Qd3 Fier Williams, Reykjavik 2011.

The next few moves are logical and relatively forced.

13.g5 Bxd4 14.Bxd7 Bxd7 15.Rxd4 Qb6

15...Rxb2 16.Kxb2 Qb6 17.Nb5! is a nice trick.

16.Qd3 Qxb2 17.Kd2 Bb5

17...Qb6 18.Rxd6 Qc7 19.Qd4 leaves Black a pawn down with little counterplay.
18.Qe3 has been the usual choice, as well as the computers suggestion, but after the accurate 18...Qa3! White does
not seem to have anything better than 19.Rb1 0-0 20.Nxb5 Qa5 21.Qc3 Rxb5 22.Qxa5 Rxa5 with a drawish endgame.

The main point of Whites last move is that 18...Qa3?? is refuted by 19.Nxb5 Qxg3 20.Nxd6.

19.a4 Bd7
19...Bc6 20.Rb1 Qa3 21.Rxb8 Rxb8 22.Qd3 d5 23.exd5 exd5 24.Nxd5 also favours White. Despite the open nature of
the position, I do not see how Black can really exploit the open king, particularly with the knight around. If Black
retreats with the queen, White should just move the knight away, probably to e3, and keep a solid edge.

20.Rb1 Qa3 21.Rxb8 Rxb8 22.Qd3

Whites king might seem vulnerable, but it is actually pretty safe on d2, particularly since Blacks bishop has limited
prospects. In the likely event of an endgame for instance after ...Rc8 and Rc4 the centralized king will be a great
asset. Therefore it seems to me that Black is destined to suffer.

B22) 11...Nxf6
This is the main move of course.

12.g5 Nd7 13.f5

Leaving the g5-pawn hanging is standard practice for this line. We will analyse B221) 13...Bxg5?!, B222) 13...Nc5
and the currently fashionable B223) 13...0-0!?.

13...Ne5?! places the knight on a superficially good square, but it neither exerts any pressure on e4, nor defends e6.
14.Qg3 0-0 (14...b4 only helps to improve Whites knight: 15.Nce2 Bb7 [15...0-0 16.Nf4] 16.fxe6 Bxe4 17.Bg2)
15.Kb1 (15.f6!? also deserves attention. The bishop will be awkward on d8, and White may launch a full-throttled
kingside attack with h4-h5 or Nce2-f4.) 15...Re8 16.fxe6 Not the most ambitious choice, but it keeps things simple and
is more than enough for a slight edge. 16...fxe6 17.Nce2! Bd8 18.Nf4 Qe7 19.h4 Rowies Maia, corr. 2011.

B221) 13...Bxg5?! 14.Kb1

I find it hard to explain the popularity of this variation. Most of the lines end up in an opposite-coloured-bishop
middlegame where Black has few prospects and White keeps a constant, nagging initiative. We will analyse B2211)
14...Ne5 and B2212) 14...0-0.

B2211) 14...Ne5
This is the most popular choice, but White only needs a few accurate moves to secure an edge.

15.Qh5 Qe7
15...Qd8 16.h4
The most precise way. 16.Nxe6 would be slightly less accurate here, as a subsequent Nd5 will not hit the queen.
16...Bf6 17.fxe6 0-0 18.Bh3

18...fxe6 19.Bxe6 Kh8 20.Nd5 is the same thing.
18...g6 19.Qe2 does nothing, apart from giving White the attacking option of h4-h5.
19.Nd5 fxe6 20.Bxe6 Nc4
20...Bb7 21.Rhf1 g6 22.Qe2 Bxh4 23.Rh1 gave White a powerful initiative in Ljubicic Karacsony, corr. 2012.
21.Nc6 Qe8 22.Qxe8 Rxe8 23.Nxf6 Rxe6 24.Nd5 Rxe4 25.Nc7!
Luther Vink, Wijk aan Zee 2001. I remember playing through this game as a kid and being impressed by the way
White trapped the rook.

16.Nxe6 Bxe6 17.fxe6 g6

17...0-0 18.Nd5 Qd8 19.Bh3 is also good for White.

18.exf7 Kxf7 19.Qh3 Kg7 20.Nd5 Qd8
Black has managed to hold this position in quite a few correspondence games, but it is an unpleasant defensive task,
especially for an over-the-board player.
Funnily enough, the above position was reached in a recent GM game with Black to move, as White reacted to
15...Qd8 with the imprecise 16.Nxe6. Despite the lost tempo, White still had little trouble demonstrating his long-term
initiative. Play continued: 21...Ra7 This is not the most accurate, but it is still useful as a free move. 22.Qg3 h5 23.Rhg1
Bh6 24.Be2 Kh7 25.Rdf1 h4 26.Qf2 Van Kampen Fedorowicz, Montreal 2014.

21.Qc3!? is arguably the most precise way to continue, and has been popular among correspondence players. However,
I dont see the need for anything fancy, as White keeps an edge with simple developing moves.

21...Rf8 22.Rhf1
With a one-sided game.

B2212) 14...0-0
This is a more forcing way, which at least prevents White from playing with an easy initiative. At some point I
thought this might be an interesting way to revamp this line, but White emerges on top with a bit of a precision.

15.fxe6 Nb6
A series of logical moves follow.

16.Nd5 Nxd5 17.exd5 fxe6 18.Qg4

After 18...Bf6 19.Nxe6 Be5 20.Bg2 Black will have to exchange on e6 sooner or later, leaving White with much the
better bishop, not to mention a safer king.

19.Qxg5 exd4 20.Bd3 g6
Black is barely hanging on, but now he plans ...Bf5 to simplify the position.

21.Rhg1 is met by 21...Qg7 intending ...Bf5.

21...Bh3 22.Rg1! Qg7 23.Qg3 shows the point behind the Rf1-g1 finesse. 23...Bf5 24.Bxf5 Rxf5 25.Qxd6 Re8
26.Qc5 Rd8 27.Rxd4 Whites superiority has been demonstrated in a few correspondence games, one example being
Kevicky Raidaru, corr. 2010.

22.Rxf8 Qxf8 23.Bxg6!

The critical move.

23.Rf1 Qe8 24.Qh4 Ra7 25.a4 is a more subtle try, but it is not easy to prove an advantage.

23...hxg6 24.Qxg6 Qg7 25.Qe8 Kh7

26.Rf1 Kh6
26...Bb7? runs into 27.Qh5 Kg8 28.Qd1! with the deadly threat of Rg1.

27.Qe1 Qg5
27...Kh5? is refuted by 28.Qe2 (28.Rg1 Qe5!) 28...Kh6 29.Qf2! followed by Rg1.

Continuing the domination theme.

28...Bb7? 29.Qe6 wins quickly.

28...Kg7 29.h4 Qe5 30.Qf2 maintains a big advantage, for instance 30...a5 (30...Ra7 31.Rxc8) 31.a3+ and the queen
is ready to move.

Improving over 29.Qf1 Qe7 30.Rh8 Kg7 31.Rh5 Kg6 32.Rh8 Kg7 when White could only draw in Motylev
Sjugirov, Rijeka 2010.

29...Qe7 30.Rh8 Kg7 31.Qxd4 Qe5 32.Qh4!+ is the point behind putting the queen on f2.

30.Rxc8 Rf7
White has a few ideas here, but the simplest is to convert to a favourable queen endgame.

31.Rh8 Kg7 32.Rh7 Kxh7 33.Qxf7 Kh6 34.Qe6 Kg7 35.a3!

White can also start with 35.Qd7. However, 35.a4 is less accurate as 35...b3! gives Black chances to resist.

35...bxa3 36.Qxd6 would also lead to suffering for Black.

36.Qd7 Kg6
36...Kg8 loses to 37.Qc8 followed by Qb7 and Qxb3.

37.Qxd6 Kh5
Now White can neutralize his opponents activity with:
38.Qg3! bxc2 39.Kxc2 Qxd5 40.h4
With excellent winning chances. Note that if the pawn had gone to a4 instead of a3 on move 35, Black could have
given an annoying check on b4 at this point.

B222) 13...Nc5

This is an old idea of Boleslavsky, which has recently been taken up successfully by correspondence players. White
isnt in a hurry to define the kingside structure, and Black does not seem to have a good plan to fight against the
impressive pawn behemoth.

14.f6 gxf6 15.gxf6 Bf8 16.Rg1 has traditionally been considered dangerous, but in recent years correspondence players
have been holding the fort for Black in this line.

The only way for Black to offer resistance is by trying hard for counterplay.

I will show a bad move to illustrate Whites idea in this line: 14...Rb8? 15.fxe6! Now of course Black should not take
with the knight and allow Nd5, while taking with the bishop allows Nf5. So 15...fxe6 is more or less forced, but then
16.g6! hxg6 17.Rxg6 Rh7 18.Bh3 leaves Black without a good defence.


This has been the usual choice in correspondence games, but now the kingside pawns are extremely strong.
15...Bb7 also falls short of equality: 16.fxe6 0-0 (16...fxe6 17.Nf4) 17.Nf4 Bxe4 (17...Nxe4 18.Qh5 d5 19.exf7 Rxf7
20.Nde6 Qe5 21.g6 Qxh5 22.Nxh5 hxg6 23.Rxg6) This position arose through a slightly different move order in
Tidman D. Coleman, Sunningdale 2009. Here Whites simplest path to an advantage would have been:
18.exf7N 18...Rxf7 19.Qg3 Qb7 20.g6 hxg6 21.Nxg6 Bf6 22.Qh3 Bxg6 23.Rxg6 Qe4 24.Rg4 Qe5 25.Qg3 Despite
the simplifications, White maintains some pressure.

16.f6? exd4 17.fxe7 d3! 18.cxd3 b3 was seen in the stem game Boleslavsky Aronin, Moscow 1957, where White
was lucky to escape with a draw.

16...d5 can be met by the blunt 17.Ng3 Nxb3 18.Qxb3 Bxg5 19.Kb1 d4 20.Nh5 with good attacking chances,
Penzler Migliorini, corr. 2012.

16...Nd7 17.Kb1 a5 (After 17...Bb7? 18.Ng3 0-0 19.f6 Black resigned in Fajs Achermann, corr. 2009.) 18.Ng3 a4
19.Nd2 The queenside attack is obviously much less impressive than Whites kingside play. The one example on my
database ended as follows: 19...b3 20.axb3 Bxg5 (20...axb3 21.Nxb3 Bxg5 22.Nh5) 21.Nc4 Be7 22.Nh5 axb3
23.Nxg7 Kf8 24.cxb3
24...Bb7 25.Qg4 Qc6 26.Rd5 Nf6 27.Ne6 fxe6 28.Qg7 10 J. Fernandez Flores Ramos, corr. 2010.

17.Kb1 a5
17...Bb7 has also been played in some correspondence games, but White has scored heavily. A few examples:
18.Nxc5 Qxc5 (18...dxc5 19.f6 Bf8 20.h4 h5 21.Bh3 Bc6 22.c4 Valinova Gromotka, corr. 2013.) 19.Nc1 h6
(19...gxf5N 20.Qxf5 Bc8 21.Qf3 a5 22.b3! Be6 23.Bh3) 20.Qh3 Bxe4 21.Bd3

21...gxf5 (21...Bxf5 22.Bxf5 gxf5 23.Nd3 Qc4 24.gxh6 also favoured White in Barlow Joao, corr. 2008.) 22.gxh6 Bf6
23.h7 Qc6 24.Bxe4 fxe4 25.Rdf1 Ke7 26.Qh6 d5 27.Rg2!+ Barlow Santana Penate, corr. 2009.
White has a much more pleasant position. The following game is a good illustration:

18...a4 19.Nxc5 Qxc5 20.f6 Bd8 21.h5 Bb7 22.Rh1 Rf8 23.Nc1 Bb6 24.Qg4 Qc6

Preparing to centralize the rook. Black cannot take the e4-pawn because the check on b5 would be devastating.

25...Bd4 26.Rhd2 gxh5 27.Qxh5 0-0-0 28.Ne2

Black was able to castle, but his position still contained numerous weaknesses in Cremasco De Filippis, corr. 2012.

B223) 13...0-0!?
Despite being nowhere near as popular as the previous two moves, this is perhaps the most critical continuation of all.
Castling looks extremely provocative, and White has to be careful not to be sucked into the trap of trying to play for
mate too quickly. Instead we will aim for a pleasant version of a typical structure.

Several direct attacking ideas have been tried, but I did not find any of them fully convincing.

14.Rg1 has been the most popular choice, and can be played with similar ideas to the text move. After 14...b4 15.Nce2
e5 16.f6 exd4 17.fxe7 Re8 18.Nxd4 Ne5 the position is similar to the main B232 line as featured below, with a few
different details. The basic premise that White should be better in this structure once he neutralizes Blacks
immediate threats should hold, but I prefer to aim for the position with h2-h4, as a subsequent h4-h5/g5-g6 is a
typical plan, whereas the rook on g1 does not serve an immediate purpose.

14...b4 15.Nce2
Now it makes sense to consider B2231) 15...Bb7!? and B2232) 15...e5.
15...Ne5? misplaces the knight, and 16.Qg3 leaves Black with big problems.

B2231) 15...Bb7!?
Black tries to keep the tension for as long as he can, while hinting at ideas like ...d5.

Anticipating the central pawn break.

After 16.fxe6 Nc5! Black regained the pawn with a decent game in OBrien Wood, email 2012.

16.Ng3 is a natural move, but now 16...d5! creates a mess. (16...e5 17.f6! gives White excellent attacking chances.)
There are many ideas to explore here, but overall I find the main line more appealing.

Another noncommittal move, escalating the tension even further. A few other ideas:

16...d5 17.exd5 Bxd5 18.Qh3 is not too worrying here.

16...e5 17.f6 exd4 (17...Bxf6 18.Nf5 Bd8 19.Nxd6 Bc6 20.g6! fxg6 21.Qb3 Kh8 22.Nf7 Rxf7 23.Qxf7) 18.fxe7
Rfe8 19.Nxd4
19...Nc5 (19...Rxe7 20.Nf5) 20.Nf5 Bxe4 21.Qh3 Bxf5 22.Qxf5 White has obtained the typical structure for this line.
The queenside seems to be well under control, and the h5-g6 attacking plan is on the cards.

Another sensible continuation is:

16...exf5 17.Nxf5 Rfe8 18.Qg3
I also considered 18.Kb1 Bf8 19.Qf4 Rac8, and now the aggressive 20.Ned4!? Nc5 21.h5 Nxe4 22.g6 is
interesting, but White does not seem to have more than a draw.
18...Ne5 19.Kb1 Rac8 20.Ned4 Blacks counterplay is at a standstill, and the simple h5-g6 plan gives White
clearly better chances.

This leads to heavy simplifications, but the upcoming endgame is not as equal as you might first think.
19...Bxd6 20.Qxd6 Qxd6 21.Rxd6 Nc5 22.Ng3 Nxe4 23.Bxe4 Bxe4 24.Re1 Bc6
24...Bb7?! 25.Rxe8 Rxe8 26.Rb6
25.Rxe8 Bxe8 26.h5
The pawn is going to h6 next, and White keeps a definite plus in the endgame.

16...Rac8!? keeps the position in flux for even longer; there are many interesting possibilities, but I like the following
line, which is surprisingly almost forced on Blacks side.

17.fxe6 fxe6 18.Qh3 e5 19.Qe6 Kh8 20.Qxe7 exd4

After 20...Rfe8 21.Qf7 exd4 22.Nxd4 Rf8 23.Qb3 Black does not have enough compensation for the pawn.

21.Nxd4 Rce8

22.Ne6! Qxc2 23.Kxc2 Rf2 24.Rd2 Rxd2 25.Kxd2 Rxe7

After so many exchanges it may seem that we are heading for a draw, but in fact White continues to exert pressure

26.Bh3 Bxe4 27.Rc1!

An excellent example of domination in the endgame.

27...Nc5 28.Nxc5 dxc5 29.Rxc5 obviously favours White due to his more active pieces, especially the king.

28.Rf1!? h6
28...Nd7 29.Nd8!?

29.Ke3 Bg6 30.Kd4!?

Blacks extra pawn is irrelevant, and Whites excellent pieces give him lasting pressure.

B2232) 15...e5

This is certainly a logical try for Black, but it runs into a thematic reply.

Technically a novelty, although it has been played many times in the similar position with Rg1 played instead of h2-

16...exd4 17.fxe7 Re8 18.Nxd4 Ne5 19.Qg2
19.Qf2 is also possible, but I am not sure if White is better in the upcoming line: 19...Rxe7 20.h5 Bg4! Trying to
generate quick counterplay. (20...Bb7 21.Bg2 gives White an ideal position.) 21.Be2 Bxe2 22.Qxe2 I would normally
be happy with this structure, but here Black has the annoying 22...Qc4! 23.Qxc4 Nxc4 and its hard to assess how
much better White is in this endgame. It could be worth exploring in further detail, but I like the main line even more.

19...Qxe7 is met by 20.Nf5 Bxf5 21.exf5 a5 (21...Rec8 22.f6 Qc7 23.h5) 22.Bb5! Rec8 23.Ba4 when Black is
stuck without any real counterplay.

19...Bg4 is not much good here, because Black will not be in time to exchange the queens later: 20.Be2 Bxe2 21.Qxe2
Rxe7 22.Nf5 Re6 23.h5 White has typical, comfortable play for this structure. 23...Rc8 (23...Qc4?! 24.Qxc4 Nxc4
25.Rd4) 24.Nd4 Ree8 25.g6 fxg6 26.hxg6 h6 27.Kb1

Preventing any counterplay with ...Bg4.

20...Re8 21.h5 Be6 22.Kb1 gives White a pleasant position.

21.exf5 Rb8
It is a similar story after other moves: Whites advanced kingside pawns give Black plenty to worry about.

21...Rae8 22.f6 Re6 23.h5

21...Rc8 Black does not have many threats. 22.f6 Ree8 23.h5 Qc6 (23...Ng4 24.g6!) 24.Qxc6 Rxc6 25.Bg2 Rb6 26.fxg7
Kxg7 27.h6

22.Kb1 a5 23.f6 Re6 24.h5

24.b3!? is another idea, preventing ...a4.

24...a4 25.fxg7 a3
25...Kxg7 26.g6! gives White a dangerous attack.

25...b3 also proves insufficient after 26.cxb3 axb3 27.axb3 Rxb3 28.Rc1.
26.g6 hxg6 27.hxg6 Rxg6 28.Qh2 Kxg7 29.Bg2
Black is in considerable danger.


Just as in the previous chapter, the early 10.f5!? is a useful option which offers good chances to put the opponent under
pressure without having to memorize too many complicated variations. Nevertheless, despite the appeal of this
approach, the traditional main line with 10.g4 was too interesting a topic to ignore.
10...h6 is a reasonable move, but we saw that 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.Kb1!? poses a lot of problems to the defence, usually
in conjunction with a sacrificial attack based on a timely e4-e5.
The usual continuation is 10...b5 11.Bxf6 Nxf6 12.g5 Nd7 13.f5, when Black must make a pivotal choice.
13...Bxg5?! does not make much sense to me, as White soon regains his pawn while keeping the more active position.
13...Nc5 is the old main line, but here 14.Rg1!? seems like an excellent way to strengthen Whites position without yet
committing to f5-f6. Black seems to be under real pressure here.
13...0-0!? is the most important option nowadays, but I still like Whites chances after 14.h4!? b4 15.Nce2. Blacks
13th move is rather provocative, and White should resist the temptation to throw everything into a hasty kingside
attack. Instead, if he keeps an eye on the centre, he should be able to bring all his pieces into play and gradually build
an attack from a position of strength.
A) 10...Nfd7
B) 10...dxe5 (without ...h6)
C) 10...h6 11.Bh4 dxe5 12.fxe5 Nd5!? 13.Nxd5 exd5 14.e6!? Bxe6 15.Nxe6 fxe6 16.Bd3 Be7 17.Bg6 Kd8
18.Bxe7 Qxe7 19.0-0
C1) 19...b5?
C2) 19...Nd7 20.Rf7 Qc5 21.Kh1
C21) 21...Rc8
C22) 21...Rf8 22.Rxg7 Rf6 23.Bd3! Kc7 24.c4 d4 25.Qe1! Raf8 26.Qe4
C221) 26...R6f7!?N
C222) 26...b6

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6

The Najdorf Poisoned Pawn is one of the most notorious opening variations in chess. It is also one of the most
theoretically challenging, and a favourite among correspondence players who know they will have enough time (not to
mention computer assistance) to navigate the many pitfalls. I cannot promise to refute it, but I will certainly show you
some interesting ways to cause trouble for your opponents.

8.Qd2 Qxb2
If 8...Nc6 then 9.Bxf6 transposes to the Rauzer which I will cover in a later volume.

9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5

This is the most direct attacking plan, and I prefer it over the other main options of 10.f5 or, on the previous move,

In this chapter we will deal with the alternatives A) 10...Nfd7 and B) 10...dxe5 (focusing on lines where Black does not
follow up with a quick ...h6), before beginning our investigation of the main line C) 10...h6.

A) 10...Nfd7

I spent a while analysing this variation back in 2006, but nowadays its just a matter of following correspondence games
where Whites advantage has been proven beyond a doubt.

11.f5 Nxe5
11...dxe5? 12.fxe6! exd4 13.exf7 Kxf7 14.Bc4 wins quickly.

12.fxe6 fxe6 13.Be2

Almost every game from this position has been won by White.

Another noteworthy game continued 13...Nbc6 14.Nxc6 bxc6 15.Ne4 d5 16.0-0 Be7 17.Rb3 Qa4 18.Bxe7 Qxe4
19.Bd6 Nf7 20.Bc5 and Black was busted in Anand Polgar, Moscow (blitz) 2006.

14.Rb3?! has been played several times, but simple main line is much more convincing.

Both 14...Nf7 15.Bh5! and 14...Qd6 15.Rbe1! are winning for White.

14...Nbc6 15.Bh5 g6 16.Nxd5! exd5 17.Nxc6 Nxc6 18.Rbe1 Be7 19.Qxd5 also leaves Black under heavy pressure.

15.Kh1 Bxd4

16.Nxd5! exd5 17.Qxd4 Qd6 18.Bh5 g6 19.Rf6 Nbc6 20.Rxd6 Nxd4 21.Rd8 Kf7 22.Rxh8 gxh5 23.Rf1 Nf5
24.Rxf5 Bxf5 25.Rxa8
White emerged with a technically won endgame in Gerasimov Sekretaryov, corr. 2010.

B) 10...dxe5 11.fxe5
11...h6 12.Bh4 transposes to Variation C.

11...Nd5? is unplayable without the earlier ...h6 and Bh4 included. The problem is seen after 12.Nxd5 exd5 13.Rb3 Qa4
(13...Qxa2 14.Qc3! is no better) 14.Nb5!+ when the bishop isnt hanging on h4.

12.Ne4 Qxa2
Once again Black can insert 12...h6, when 13.Bh4 leads to the next chapter. In the present variation we will see how
the absence of these two moves may lead to some important nuances.

This used to be considered interesting, but it has been more or less refuted by:
Black needs to drive the bishop back to h4 for his defensive idea to work.
13...Nxe5? 14.Nb5! is certainly not advisable for him.
13...Qa1?! 14.Kf2 Qa4 was first played in the famous game Tal Tolush, Leningrad 1956, which resulted in a
spectacular win for White after 15.Bb5!?. Interestingly, Tolush repeated this position and won a subsequent game
with the help of an improvement he found, but this is a moot point since 15.Nxe6! fxe6 16.Nd6 Bxd6 17.Qxd6
gave White a winning attack in Fekih Tavinski, corr. 2007.
14.Bh4 Qa1 15.Kf2 Qa4! is a fairly well-known line that has been established as good for Black.
14...Nc6! 15.Nxc6 hxg5!
Whites attack seems to be fading away so he tries to win some material, but Black has a lot of resources too.
16...Qa4 17.Bd3 Rh4! 18.Nd6 Bxd6 19.exd6 Qf4! 20.Kd1 Qxd6! 21.Nxc8 Qc5
This position has been reached in several correspondence/internet games. Black stands better, and has achieved a
heavy plus score.

Lets return to the main line, and to the question of who will benefit from the absence of ...h6 and Bh4. Practical results
seem to indicate that the difference favours White, but it is important to be aware of some details.

Apart from 13...h6, when 14.h4 transposes to the next chapter, Black does not have many sensible alternatives.

This is a fairly pointless move, and White could possibly continue with a slow initiative, but its nice to see how
soon things can go bad for Black after:
14.Bb5!? Qd5
14...Qa5? 15.c3! axb5 16.0-0!+
14...h6 15.0-0! hxg5 16.Qf2+
14...axb5 15.Nxb5 looks terrible for Black.
14...Bb7 15.Bxd7! Nxd7 16.Nb5!+

15.Qf4! Bb4 16.c3 Bb7

16...axb5 17.0-0 0-0 18.Bf6! Nxf6 19.exf6 g5 20.Qg4!

17...Qxe6 18.Bc4 Qxc4 19.Nd6 Bxd6 20.Qxc4 Bxe5 21.0-0 0-0 22.Be7 b5 23.Qa2

Black might try to play along the lines of Radjabov Karjakin (see variation A of the next chapter) without
including ...h6.
14.Be2 Bb4 15.c3 Qxd2 16.Rxd2 Be7 is no good for us.
14...Nc6 15.Nxc6 bxc6 16.Be2
This is a lot stronger without ...h6 and Bh4 included.
15.Be2?! Nc6 16.c3 Qa3 gives White a worse version of the Radjabov Karjakin game. One illustrative line is
17.0-0 Nxd4 18.Rxd4 Bxd4 19.Qxd4 0-0 20.Nf6 gxf6! when there is no Qg4, and Black threatens to exchange
queens with ...Qc5.

15...Nc6 16.Nxc5 Nxc5 17.Nxc6+
15...h6 16.Nxc5! Nxc5 (16...hxg5 17.Ncxe6+) 17.Nf5! hxg5 18.Nxg7 wins for White.
15...Qb6 16.Be2 Nc6 17.0-0 0-0 18.Nf6! Nxf6 19.Bxf6 gxf6 20.exf6 Rd8 21.Qg5 Kf8 22.Bh5 Rd7 23.Kh1! is
also crushing.

In the analogous position with ...h6 and Bh4 included, Black could simply play ...g5 here. Now Bc1 is a serious
threat, and Black can hardly castle.
16...g6 17.Bh6+ sucks for Black as well.
17.Nd6 Kf8 18.Rxd4
White is winning.

14.Qe3 Qxe5
The analogous position featuring ...h6 and Bh4 will be analysed extensively in variation B1 of the next chapter.
White should proceed in exactly the same way here:
15.Nxe6! Bb4 16.c3 Qxe6 17.cxb4 0-0 18.Rd6N
18.Be2 has been played, and also looks to be a good move, but I am happy to proceed by analogy with the ...h6
18...Qa2 19.Be2 Qb1 20.Kf2 Qxh1 21.Bh6! Qxh2 22.Qg5 g6 23.Bxf8 Kxf8 24.e6! is winning for White.

With the moves ...h6 and Bh4 included, Blacks best continuation is ...Qh5, so he faces a difficult choice.
This seems like the best chance.
19...Re8 20.Bxf7 Kxf7 21.Qb3 Re6 22.0-0 Nf6 23.Nxf6 gxf6 24.Bxf6 Qxd6 25.Be5 wins for White.
19...b5 20.Bf4! In the ...h6 variation the bishops retreat to g3 is crushing so here we go to f4 instead. 20...Qb2
(20...Qa1 21.Rd1 Qxd1 22.Kxd1) 21.Bb3
20.0-0 Nb6 21.Bb3 Bf5
21...Kh8 22.Bf4 Qb5 23.Ng5!
22.Nf6 gxf6 23.Qxe5 Nxe5 24.Rxf5 fxg5 25.Rxe5
Black has avoided being mated, but the endgame will certainly not be a picnic for him.

15.Be2!? Bc5
15...f5 does not change much: 16.0-0 (16.Nxe6!? is possible, but the text move is simpler, as it should just transpose
to our main line.) 16...Qxe4? (16...Bc5 reaches the main line below.) 17.Qc3! Qe5 (17...Bc5 18.Bh5 g6 19.Bf3+)
18.Bh5 g6 19.Rde1 10 Paleckis Blondel, corr. 2011.

16.Bf4 Bxd4 17.Rxd4 Qa5 18.Rd2 0-0 19.Bd6 can be compared with variation B22 of the next chapter. Whites
pieces are on identical squares, but Blacks h-pawn is on h7 instead of h6 here. In whose favour is this? One the one
hand White cannot break open the kingside with g4-g5, which is quite an important difference. On the flip side, he has
some extra possibilities involving the g5-square, for instance after 19...Rd8 20.Qg3 Qf5 21.Bd3, when Ng5 is a threat.
Although it would be interesting to analyse this more deeply, I actually do not think there is any need for us to get into
this complicated position.

Castling seems like the most attractive idea, especially since it represents a clear and substantial improvement over the
position with ...h6 and Bh4 included. The reason is explained in the next note.

16...Nc6? gives Black a near-decisive advantage in the ...h6 line, but with the bishop still on g5, White has a simple
refutation in 17.Nxc5! as the queen is defended. A nice detail is 17...Qxc5 18.Rxf7! when Black is toast.

16...Bxd4? 17.Rxd4 0-0 18.Bf6! is crushing, for instance: 18...Nxf6 19.Nxf6 gxf6 20.Re4 Qg5 (20...Qb2 21.Rf3! Kh8
22.Rg3 f5 23.Qh6+) 21.Rg4 Qxg4 22.Bxg4 Nd7 23.Qh6 I doubt that Black can survive.

16...0-0 17.Bf4 Qd5

17...Bxd4 18.Rxd4 Qa5 19.Qg3 Black is under pressure.
18.c4 Qc6
18...Bxd4 19.Rxd4 Qa5 20.Qg3
Now White must find (or know) some strong moves to break through.
19.Bd6! Qb6 20.Bxf8 Bxf8 21.Bh5! f6
21...g6 22.Ng5! Bh6 (22...gxh5 23.Rxf7+) 23.Qf2 f6 24.Ngxe6 gxh5 25.c5 Nxc5 26.Nf5+

Forcing the exchange of a valuable defensive piece. If the queen moves away then the e6-pawn drops, so Black
has to capture on c5.
22...Nxc5 23.Nxf6 gxf6 24.Rxf6+
23.Nxc5 Nxc5 24.Nb3 Nbd7 25.Nxc5 g6
In material terms Black is just about hanging on, but his position will be left in tatters.
26.Rc1 gxh5 27.Kh1+
White has a winning position, as Blacks king is too exposed.

Many years ago when I analysed this variation with an older version of Fritz, it was hard to convince the engine of
Whites superiority. Nowadays Houdini is quick to grasp the truth of the position.

17.Nxc5! Qxe3 18.Bxe3 Nxc5 19.Nxf5 exf5 20.Bxc5

Whites fantastic bishops and huge lead in development give him a powerful initiative for the two pawns.

20...Nd7 21.Rfe1 Kf7 22.Bc4 Kg6 23.Rd6 Nf6 24.Re7 f4 (24...Rf8 25.Rc7 Eshuis Wantoch Rekowski, Internet
2013.) 25.Bf7 Kh6 26.Re5 Bg4 27.h3 Rhf8 28.hxg4 Rxf7 29.g5+ Filev Roeder, Ohrid 2009.

21.Rd6 Kf7
21...Bd7? 22.Re1! leaves Black unable to cope with the numerous threats.
Improving over 22.Bc4, which forced a draw in Auditora Bevo Xiv, Internet 2009.

22...Nd7 23.Rxb7 Rhd8 24.Bxa6 reaches an endgame with equal material and ongoing problems for Black.

Taking the opportunity to weaken a key diagonal.

23...g6 24.Bf3 Nd7 25.Bd4

White will pick up an exchange, and his active pieces will enable him to pick up one of Blacks queenside pawns,
leaving him with good winning chances.

C) 10...h6

Black can also nudge the bishop a move or two later, but I will group all of the ...h6 lines under the present move order
for the sake of simplicity.

Blacks move order has the small practical advantage of preventing the bishop from retreating to f4, although in most
cases after ...dxe5 and fxe5 the bishop should retreat to h4 anyway.

11...g5? has hardly ever been played, and for good reason: 12.fxg5 dxe5 13.g6! Hammering the nail into Blacks
coffin. 13...Be7

14.Bb5! Bd7 15.Rb3 Qc5 16.Bxf6 Bxf6 17.Qf2 Qe7 18.Ne4 Bh4 19.Bxd7 Nxd7 20.gxf7 Kd8 21.Nxe6+
Barnsley Tritt, corr. 2009. White had some good alternatives along the way, but this game was as good an example as
any to show why 11...g5? belongs on the scrapheap.

We have reached an important branching point. 12...Nfd7 is the subject of the next two chapters, and the most
popular 12...g5 will be covered in Chapters 16-18. In the following pages we will concentrate on a move which can be
considered a sideline in terms of popularity, but which has achieved the best statistical score of all Blacks options.

This is Andriasyans proposal in Winning with the Najdorf Sicilian. Its forcing nature makes it an appealing choice for
Black, who needs to worry about far fewer possibilities than in most other variations of the Poisoned Pawn.

13.Nxd5 exd5 14.e6!?

Most other moves allow Black to complete his development quickly with ...Be7 (or ...Bc5) and ...0-0.

Other moves have hardly ever been tried, but I will briefly mention a few alternatives.

14...fxe6? 15.Bd3! and Whites initiative is too strong.

14...Qxa2?! has been played in a few correspondence games, almost all of which have been won by White. After
15.exf7 Kxf7 16.Rd1 White has massive compensation for the two pawns.

14...Be7N 15.exf7 Kxf7 16.Bxe7 Qxe7 17.Be2 is mentioned by Andriasyan, and indeed White has excellent chances
here too.
15.Nxe6 fxe6 16.Bd3
16.Be2 has been used by some strong players in an attempt to improve on the main line, but it did not bring anything
special to the table.

Blacks next few moves are virtually forced.

17.Bg6 Kd8 18.Bxe7 Qxe7 19.0-0

Now we need to consider C1) 19...b5? and C2) 19...Nd7.

Preventing Rf7 with 19...Rf8? is punished swiftly: 20.Rxf8 Qxf8 21.Qa5 Kc8 22.Qb6 Qe7 23.c4!+

19...Qc5 20.Kh1 Nd7 has been played a few times, but White can, at the minimum, play 21.Rf7 transposing to
variation C2 below. (21.Bf7!? is an alternative try to exploit Blacks move order, but there is no reason to spend time
on this.)

C1) 19...b5?
This used to be the top suggestion of some analysis engines, so it is hardly surprising that it has been tested in a lot of
correspondence games. However, Black is ignoring his development completely, and the last move can now be
considered dead and buried thanks to the brilliant reply:

20.c4! Qc5
20...bxc4 21.Rf7 Qc5 22.Kh1 is the same.

21.Kh1 bxc4 22.Rf7! Nd7 23.Rb7

The rooks are too strong.

23...Ne5 24.Rxg7 Nxg6

This has been played successfully in several correspondence games.

25...Rf8 26.Rxg6 Qc6 27.Rgg7 c3 28.h4 Qd6 29.Kg1 d4 30.Qe4

White was winning in Dibley Lelenko, corr. 2008, and several subsequent games.

C2) 19...Nd7

Of course this developing move is better.

20.Rxb7 is met by 20...Qc5 21.Kh1 Rf8 and Black is doing quite all right.

20...Qc5 21.Kh1
The first critical divergence. Lets first consider C21) 21...Rc8 before moving on to the more common C22) 21...Rf8.

C21) 21...Rc8

This was Andriasyans proposal, making it an especially important move for us to consider. Its a logical method of
dealing with the Rxb7 threat: Black simply plans to play ...Rc7, and his king is not feeling too unsafe in the centre for
now. At the same time, Black gives himself the option of bringing his king to a safe haven on the queenside, either with
...Kc7-b8 or, more likely, ...Rc7 and ...Kc8-b8. So far White has not demonstrated a clear path to an advantage, even in
the latest correspondence games.

22.Rxb7 Rc7 23.Rxc7 Kxc7 24.Rxg7 Rf8! is okay for Black, so White must come up with something a bit more
subtle. The text move not only hits the e6-pawn, but also prepares a potentially annoying check on h4.

22...Qd6 places the queen on a better square, but the drawback is seen after: 23.Rxb7 Rc7 24.Rxc7 Kxc7 25.Rxg7
Unlike the 22.Rxb7 line, White has no problem with his back rank here, so he can develop threats against Blacks
king without having to make any real concessions. 25...Rb8 (25...Rf8 26.Bd3) 26.h3 Kc6 27.c4

22...Rf8N is an attempt to simplify the position and bring the king to safety immediately, but Black loses his extra
pawns and White can strive for a long-term edge: 23.Qxe6 (23.Rxg7? Qc3!) 23...Rxf7 24.Qxf7 Kc7 (24...Qe7
25.Qxd5 Qe5 26.Qf7 is a line given by Andriasyan.) 25.Bf5 Rd8 26.Qxg7 Qd6 Black is ready for ...Kb8, but he
cannot claim full equality, for instance:

27.Re1 (27.Bg4!? Kb8 28.c4 intending Bf3 also deserves attention.) 27...Kb8 28.h3 Nc5 29.Qd4 White keeps a
positional edge, despite the reduced material.
23.Qh4 Kc7
Now White has various permutations of queen checks, and it is hard to find the correct plan to either prevent the
enemy king from running to b8, or create pressure elsewhere.

This is not mentioned by Georgiev and Kolev.

The more popular continuation is:

White gets some pressure here, but the ensuing lines are a bit too forcing for my taste, the main problem being
that Black has a chance of analysing it in great depth and making a draw. My recommendation in the main line
offers White a more fluid position that is harder to analyse to a definite conclusion. At the same time, the
variations are interlinked, and I must mention my concerns in this line as well:
24...Kd8 25.Rbf1 Rc7 26.Rxg7 Qc3
26...Kc8 27.Rff7
27...Rc6! 28.h4
28.Rff7 Qa1 29.Bf1 Kc8=
28...Kc8 29.Rff7 Qe5!?N
29...Rd8 30.Rh7 Rb6 31.Kh2 Qa1 32.Qg7 Qxg7 33.Rfxg7 Kc7 34.Rxh6 Kd6 seems dangerous for Black to me,
even though the computer is less worried.
30.Qxe5 Nxe5 31.Rxb7 Rg8
This endgame requires further analysis to reach a clear conclusion. A few possible lines are:

32.h5 a5 33.g4
33.Rbc7 Rxc7 34.Rxg8 Kd7 35.g4 Nf7 is safe enough for Black.
33...Rxg7 34.Rxg7 Rc7 35.Rg8
Or 35.Rxc7 Kxc7 36.g5 hxg5 37.h6 Nf7 38.h7 Kd6= and the king goes to g7.
35...Kb7 36.g5
Maybe 36.Kg2!? is the best chance to achieve something.
36...hxg5 37.h6 Nxd3 38.cxd3 Kc6 39.Kg2 Kc5
Black has enough counterplay to hold the draw.

24...Kd8 25.Qd4!
This is the main idea behind the check on f4. White is aiming to lure the enemy rook to g8. It is hard to see why this
should be in Whites favour, but you will see the idea in the next few moves.

25...Kc7?? 26.Rb6! wins instantly.
25...b5 opens up the queenside, and after 26.Rxg7 Rf8 (26...Qc3 27.Qh4 Kc7 28.Re7!) 27.Qh4 Kc7 28.Bd3 the
black king will be under pressure for a long time.

Having provoked ...Rg8, White switches back to checking the black king.
26.Qb4 Kc7 is the only line given by Andriasyan. Black can also play 26...Rc7 intending ...Kc8-b8 with a safe position.

26.Rb6 has been played in one correspondence game, but after 26...Qc3 White found nothing better than 27.Rxd7
forcing a draw.

26...Kc7 27.Qg3 Kd8 28.Rbf1

28.Qf2!? Rc7 29.Rb6 Nxb6 30.Rf8 Ke7 31.Rxg8 Kd6 32.Rd8 Nd7 33.h3 could be an interesting position to
explore further, but the computer insists on an evaluation of 0.00, and it may well be right.

28...Qc3?? 29.Qd6 wins immediately.

28...Qc5 seems awkward. After 29.c4! Rf8 30.Rxf8 Nxf8 31.cxd5 exd5 32.Bf5 Rc7 33.h4 Whites initiative
continues, and the black king is unlikely to feel safe for a long time.
Now the reason for provoking ...Rg8 becomes clear.

29...Re8 30.Qxg7
Most of the following lines are similar, in that White will capture both of the kingside pawns, while Black takes his
king to safety. In the ensuing positions White aims to restrain his opponents counterplay, while gradually pushing his
kingside pawns. Piece exchanges will tend to favour White, whose kingside pawns will become more dangerous, while
Blacks pawns are not really intimidating. Finally, although Blacks king might be safer on b8 in the short term, once
the endgame arises, it will be too far away to help deal with the g- and h-pawns.

30...h5 only postpones the inevitable: 31.Bg6 Kc8 (31...h4? 32.Re7! is a pretty win.) 32.Bxh5

30...Qd6 31.Qxh6 Ne5 32.Qg5 Kc8 33.Rxc7 Qxc7 34.Bd3 Qc3 35.Qf4 also favours White.
31.Qxh6 Ne5
There does not seem to be much sense in delaying this move, as the following lines demonstrate:

31...Kb8 32.Bd3 Qd6 33.h4!? Whites play is straightforward. 33...Qe5 (33...Ne5 34.Rf8; 33...Rg8 34.Rg7) 34.Qg7

31...Qd6 32.Bd3 White just regroups his pieces. 32...Ne5 33.Rxc7 (33.Rf8 Rxf8 34.Rxf8 Kd7 35.Rf1 reaches a
similar type of position.) 33...Qxc7 34.h4 (34.Rf8!? Rxf8 35.Qxf8 Qd8 36.Qxd8 Kxd8 37.Be2 is another interesting
endgame where the strong kingside pawns make White the favourite.) There is no easy way for Black to equalize, for

34...Nxd3 (34...Ng4 35.Qf4) 35.cxd3 Qg3 (35...Kb8 36.h5) 36.Rf3 Qe5 37.Qf6

32...Rxc7 would lead to a similar position, but the queen will be better placed on c7, so I prefer to exchange the
rooks a different way.

The only move.

33.Rxe8 Rxe8 34.Bd3

Whites play seems unassuming, but we are simply following the broad plan outlined in the comments to Whites
30th move. Black has many options of similar value, but no forcing way to solve his problems.

34...Qc7 35.h4!? maintains Whites advantage.

Exchanging pieces with 34...Nxd3 35.cxd3 is no problem for White, particularly since it is hard for Black to create a
passed pawn. Blacks exposed king may also enable White to gain a couple of tempos by checking at the right time.
35...Kb8 36.h4! Simply pushing the pawns. (36.Rf8 Rxf8 37.Qxf8 Ka7 38.h4 also leads to an unpleasant endgame
for Black, but I dont see any reason to exchange the rooks just yet, as the pure queen endgame gives Black more
checking possibilities.)

White does not mind an exchange on d3, as his pieces are ready to launch a quick along the c-file.

35...Nxd3 36.cxd3 just increases Whites initiative, while 35...Rh8 36.h3 does not really change the position.

36.h3 Qc7
After 36...Kb8 37.g4! Ka7 38.Qf6! Qc7 39.Kg2 Whites play continues smoothly.

White continues with his plan, and Black has no clear way to ease the pressure.

C22) 21...Rf8

This is the more direct way to deal with the Rxb7 threat. Black aims to solve all his problems by generating quick

22.Rxg7 Rf6
Black almost always plays this, probably because 22...Kc7 23.Bf7! causes immediate problems. A recent example
continued: 23...Qe7 24.Qc3 Kb8 25.Qg3 Kc8?! Ibarra Chami Hevia Alejano, Villahermosa 2014. Here White
could have made excellent use of his advanced bishop with:

26.Bg8!N 26...Qf6 27.h3 Black is badly tied up and it will be hard to keep his position together.
Georgiev and Kolev do not consider this.
23.Rg8 Rf8 24.Rg7 was played in many games, and at some point the variation was even written off as a draw, since
exchanging rooks on f8 promised White little. But of course Blacks life should not be so easy with his king stuck in
the centre.

The text move prepares c2-c4, and has injected a new lease of life into this variation. When I analysed it several years
ago, I felt it was an unpleasant position to play for Black, since he seems to be constantly passive and barely hanging on
to the draw. However, since then a huge explosion of interest in correspondence games has resulted in Black finding
forced draws in many variations. The basic premise for White remains the same as in some earlier lines: he tries to
create practical problems for Black by aiming at the weak light squares and, most importantly, restricting his
counterplay. In most of the following lines the computer indicates that Black is okay, but there is a huge difference
between a computer (or correspondence player) demonstrating equality and a human player doing it over the board. Our
main aim will be to avoid any forced draws, and preserve a nagging initiative.

After 23...Qf8 Andriasyan gives a nice line: 24.Rh7 Rc8 25.Qa5 Rc7 26.Rh8 Qxh8 27.Rxb7 Rf1 28.Bxf1 Qc3
29.Qxc7 Qxc7 30.Rxc7 Kxc7 31.Bxa6 White has excellent winning chances, with an extra pawn and the prospect of
two outside passers.

24.c4 d4
Black has to keep the centre blocked.

A fine regrouping move. Another important idea is to prevent Black from exchanging the excellent rook on g7 with
...Raf8-f7. 25.Qe2 is similar, but the queen just looks more elegant on e1.

25...b6 26.Qe4 Raf8 transposes to variation C222 below.

Here it is necessary to consider the surprising C221) 26...R6f7!?N followed by the normal C222) 26...b6.

C221) 26...R6f7!?N
This untested move was my biggest worry initially, since the position after the other move just looked like a free
initiative for White but first things first. Here Black tries to exchange some pieces and challenge Whites plan with a
more provocative but active scheme for counterplay.

27.Qxb7 Kd8 28.Rxf7

White can hardly avoid the rook exchange: 28.Rg3?! Qb6! favours Black, while after 28.Rg4 Ne5! White has nothing
more than a repetition.

28...Rxf7 29.Qxa6
Unlike the lines you will see after 26...b6, it is White who is materially ahead here! At the same time, Blacks king is
in less danger following the rook exchange, and he has excellent posts for his pieces. However, if White can
consolidate his position then Black will fall short of full equality.

Intending ...Nc5.

After 29...Ke7 30.Qb7! Rf2 31.a4 Whites queen is excellently placed for both active and defensive purposes.
This is stronger than 30.a4 Nc5! 31.Qa5 Ke7 when Blacks active pieces and strong passed pawns give him good

Another possible line is:
30...Nc5 31.Qa5!
31.Qa8 is possible, but the queen is better on a5. It keeps the c5-knight in a pin and prepares Re1, and the queen
may come back to d2 or e1 in some lines.
31...Ke7 32.Re1 Qd6 33.Bg6 Rf2
Both 33...Rf8 34.a4 and 33...Rf6 34.Bh5 favour White.

Preventing ...Qc6 and threatening a check on e8.
34.Bh5 Qc6 forces White to go passive.
34...Rf8 35.Qa7 Nd7 36.Rd1 Rf4
36...e5 37.Bh5
37.Qa8 Rf8 38.Qb7
Whites coordination is improving and he will soon be ready to advance the a-pawn.

Pinning the knight and protecting g2.

31...Rf8 32.Rd1! Rb8

32...Qb8 meets with an instructive reply: 33.Qe4! Qf4 34.Qe1! White should avoid the queen exchange for the
moment, as Blacks central pawns would be too strong in the endgame.

33.Qa7 Qc5
33...h5?! 34.Bc2! is excellent for White.

34.Qa4 Qe5
Or 34...h5 35.Qc2 and White has successfully regrouped.

35.Qc2 Nc5 36.a4 Rb3! is far from clear. The text move deals with the ...Nc5 threat, while also preparing to transfer
the bishop to a more useful square such as f3. At the same time, the rook becomes useful.

Another illustrative line is 35...Rg8 36.Qb4 Qc5 (36...Nc5 37.Be4!) 37.Qb1! Qxc4 38.Bh5 when Blacks light
squares are glaringly weak.

36.Qa3 Kf6 37.Bc2 is another way to maintain a slight plus.

36...Rg8 is met by 37.Bh5 intending Bf3. Again, White seems to be quite well coordinated.

37.Re1 Qd6 38.Bh5

White intends Qd2, and he may even start playing against the black king.

C222) 26...b6

This important move prevents ...Rf7 and forces Black to adopt a more passive set-up.

27...Qd6? is refuted by 28.c5!. As you will see, opening files with this type of pawn sacrifice is a thematic idea.
28...bxc5 29.Rxd7 Qxd7 30.Rb7+

It is hard to imagine not playing this move. 28.a4 Kd6 29.h3 transposes to 28.h3 Kd6 29.a4, and while there are some
other options, none of them really work out.
We have reached the most critical position for the assessment of the 12...Nd5 variation. The computer constantly
shows 0.00here, but dont let that deter you, as things are far from simple. Most importantly, as you will see in the
coming variations, Blacks play mainly revolves around moves such as ...Kd6-c7, waiting for White to do something
rather than carrying out his own active ideas. Moving the queen might allow c4-c5, while all his other pieces are stuck
for now.
Meanwhile, White faces a struggle to open up lines on the queenside. He would be happy to sacrifice at least the c-
pawn, and sometimes even the a-pawn before bringing the queen back from h7 to utilize all those open files on the
queenside. One major problem is the relative weakness of the white king. If White tries to enter with his second rook
through the kingside, the weakness of his first rank will give Black ample opportunity for counterplay.
In short, Blacks pieces are well placed but it is hard for him to improve his position, apart from a few ideas like
...Kd6 and ...Nf8. The challenge for White is to find a way to break through. The c4-c5 break is a constant theme, but
White needs to make sure the rest of his pieces are sufficiently well placed for it to work.

Sometimes Black has preferred:
In all five of the examples on my database, White has responded with 29.a4, inviting 29...Kd6 with a position
normally reached after 28...Kd6. However, since I am not recommending this path for White in the main line, we
need to find an alternative. Fortunately there is another idea, which should appear obvious in light of my earlier
29.c5! Qxc5
29...bxc5? 30.Bxa6 wins immediately.
White has the simple plan of bringing the queen back to e1, which will leave Black worrying about several ideas,
including Rc1, Be4 and Bxa6.
30.a4 is met by 30...Qd5! when Whites queen is temporarily cut off on h7.
30...a5 31.Bb5
31.Qe1 Qd6
31...a5 32.Qh4
In the event of 31...e5, both 32.Be4 and 32.Bxa6 look dangerous for Black.
32.Bxa6 Rf5 33.Bb5 Rd5 34.Qc1 Kb7 35.Qb2
With ongoing pressure on the black position.
An important improvement, the point of which will be discussed shortly. Firstly, I will briefly show why I was not
satisfied with the alternatives.

Moving the queen back with 29.Qe4 almost always runs into 29...Rdf8!, so this manoeuvre is of no use for the time

29.a4 has been played in almost every game on my database from this position. Preparing the a4-a5 break is an obvious
idea, and White was successful with it in several games. Eventually, however, the correspondence guys found an
incredible and forcing way to hold the position together: 29...Qe5! 30.c5 (In the event of 30.a5 bxa5! White has more
than one drawing line, but I was unable to find a way to increase the pressure.) 30...Nxc5!

31.Rxb6 (After 31.Ra7 Kd5! 32.a5 Rf2 33.axb6 Qg3 34.Bf1 d3 Black is doing well, despite the king on d5!) 31...Kd5
32.Bc4 Kxc4 33.Qc2 Kd5 34.Qa2 Ke4 35.Rb1 Rf1 36.Rxf1 Qxg7 37.Re1 Kf5 38.Qc2 Kf6 Black has held this
position in several correspondence/internet games.

Lets return to my new suggestion of 29.Bc2!N. The main point of this move is that White now threatens Ba4, so Black
cannot just sit around and wait. I do not claim this to be a refutation of Blacks set-up, and there will be a lot of
possibilities for Black at every step and that is actually part of the problem for him, since he will have to make a hard
choice on every turn, while constantly having to worry about tactical motifs. For White, the main aim is to keep the
initiative going without allowing a forced draw. Obviously he must also take care to keep Blacks central pawns in
check. Although my analysis is not completely conclusive, I believe I have fulfilled those objectives.

This is the reply that you are most likely to face should you ever encounter this variation in a game, as Black avoids
the main threat without weakening his position or committing himself in a serious way. The alternatives all involve
clear drawbacks or risks of some kind.

29...Kc7?? 30.Ba4 is killing, and 29...Qe5? 30.Ba4 is also bad for Black.

29...Qxc4 should not be too worrying, as White wanted to sacrifice this pawn anyway. 30.Bd3 Qd5 (30...Qc5 31.Bxa6
; 30...Qc8 31.a4 The open files clearly favour White.) 31.Bxa6 White stands better. An important point is that
31...Qf5? is refuted by:
32.Rxd7! Rxd7 33.Rxb6 Kc5 34.Rb5 and wins.

29...Qc6 30.a4!? a5 (30...Qc5 31.a5! Qxa5 32.Qe4 Qc5 33.Ba4) Blacks last move has prevented an immediate
breakthrough, but left a hole on the b5-square, meaning that the ...Qc5 defence will probably never work. White has a
few tempting options, for instance:

31.Qd3 (31.Be4? unfortunately runs into 31...Nf8!, but 31.Bd3!? is possible.) 31...Rf4 32.Qg3 Rdf8 33.Bd3

Though it may look cooperative to open the queenside, it is not easy to prove anything here for White.
This is certainly the most natural move, and the easiest to handle.
30.Qe4?! would have been a fun move, but 30...Rdf8! ruins it by threatening a powerful check on f1.
30.Rd1!? is a fascinating alternative. I analysed this in considerable depth and found it a worthy alternative, but
there are a lot of fine details and nuances. Interested readers may conduct their own research, but I will focus on
the more straightforward option.
30...axb5 31.Bd3 b4 32.Rd1!?
The idea is to prevent ...Ne5 in a creative way... and then the game just continues.
32.Bc2 is a sensible alternative, but I was not quite able to make it work the way I wanted. The key line continues:
32...Qb5! Rather artificial, but it prevents Ba4 while threatening a check on f1, so it makes sense. 33.Kg1 Qe2!
Preventing the white queen from returning to the centre. 34.Rd1 Qe3 35.Kh1 Nf8 36.Qh8 Qe5 The position
remains quite messy, but Whites pieces are not so flexibly placed, so Black should be okay.
32...Ne5?! 33.Bb5! is extremely unpleasant.
Now there are many possibilities, but we are already a long way into a rather weird line, so I will just give a few
more logical moves to illustrate how the play might go.
33.Bc2!? Rdf8
Or 33...Rd7 34.Rxd7 Nxd7 35.Ba4 Nb6 36.Qh8 and the pressure continues.
34.Qd3 Qc4 35.Qg3 e5 36.Bd3
White maintains excellent compensation for the pawn, and Black must watch out for Rb7 ideas.

30.Qg8 Rd7!=

30...Rd7 31.Qg3
I also analysed 31.Rg4!? and found it interesting, but I prefer the text move.

31...e5 32.Rg8
The more pieces that remain on the board, the greater our chances of an initiative. Now Black has a wide choice, but
White also has a lot of ways to improve his position: a prophylactic Kh2; attacking with a4-a5; and various ways to
poke Blacks position on the light squares using the bishop.

32...Kc7 should be met by 33.Be4, when the bishop will be ideally placed on d5. 33...Rdf7 34.Kh2 Rf4 35.Bd5

32...b5 33.Bd3! b4
Black has blocked the queenside for the moment, but White can prepare a2-a3.
33...bxc4 34.Bxc4! is excellent for White, since 34...Qxc4? loses to 35.Rb6.
Again Black has a lot of possible moves, but in general he seems to be suffering due to a lack of counterplay. A
nice illustrative line is:

35.a3! bxa3 36.Be4!

Threatening Qb3.
36...a2 37.Ra1 Qxc4 38.Qa3 Kd7 39.Rxa2 Qf1
White has a few good options here, but just one line to show an advantage is:
40.Qa4 Ke7 41.Bf3! Rxf3 42.Qb4 Kd7 43.Qb7 Kd8 44.Qb6 Kd7 45.gxf3
As usual for this line, there is no need to hurry!

It is too soon for 33.Be4?!, as Black gets counterplay with: 33...b5! (33...Rf1 34.Rxf1 Rxf1 35.Kh2 favours White,
who threatens Qg7.) 34.Bd5 (34.cxb5 Rf1 35.Rxf1 Rxf1 36.Kh2 Qc1) 34...Rf1 35.Kh2 d3! This works because
the bishop on d5 prevents White from taking on d3 with check. 36.Rxf1 Rxf1 37.Qxd3 Qg1 38.Kg3 Qf2 39.Kg4
Qd4 White will have to fight for a draw after the queens come off.

The rook seems slightly awkward here, but it is important to prevent Be4.

33...Nd7 and 33...Ne6 are both met by 34.Ra8 with pressure against Blacks queenside.

33...b5 34.Qb3!?
34.Be4 bxc4 35.Rb8 might give some compensation, but after 34...d3 Black has got more counterplay than I want
to allow.
Some of the following lines might seem difficult, but the main point is that the positions are much harder to play
for Black. With White you do not need to find many only moves there are multiple ways to maintain a tense
position, while Black does not have that luxury.
34...bxc4 35.Qb8 Kd5 36.Rg4! Rf4 37.Rxf4 Rxf4 Now there follows a nice zigzag manoeuvre by the queen:
38.Qd8 Qd6 39.Qa5 Qc5 40.Qxa6 d3 41.Rb5 dxc2 42.Rxc5 Kxc5 43.Qa5 The queen will pick up the c2-
35.Qa3 Qc5 36.Qxa6 Qc6 37.Qa3 Qc5 38.Rb4!
An unusual but effective way to avoid the repetition. White maintains some pressure, although a long fight lies ahead.

Black has no threat, so White can improve his position and force Black to consider a4-a5 on every turn.

34...Nd7 as usual runs into: 35.Ra8! Ke7 (35...Kc7 is met by 36.Qg6! intending Be4. 36...R4f6 37.Qe4) 36.Rxa6
Qxc4 37.Bd3 Qc7 38.a5 bxa5 39.Rxh6 With an ongoing initiative.

We have reached another critical position. White has played just about all the useful moves he has available, so it is time
to make something happen.
Normally I would hate to exchange my bishop for such a knight, but here the exchange would grant an entrance for
the white queen an unpleasant scenario for Black, especially when combined with the rook on g8. If Black does not
take the bishop, then it will go on to annoy him in other ways.

35...R7f6 36.Bh5 leaves Black facing the direct threat of Qg7, as well as the more patient Bg4 or Bf3.

Here is some proof of why taking the bishop does not help Black: 35...Nxg6 36.Qxg6 R4f6 (36...R7f6 37.Qe8+)
37.Qg4! Rf8

38.a5! bxa5 (38...Rxg8 39.Qxg8 Qf8 40.Qd5) 39.Rg7 R8f7 40.Rxf7 Rxf7 41.Qg6! Amazingly, Blacks position is
collapsing. 41...Qxc4 (41...Rd7 42.Qxa6+) 42.Qxh6+ Intending Rc1!
A cool idea! The rook is excellently placed to help launch Blacks counterplay with ...d3, so the bishop takes a short
detour to displace it.

In the event of 36.Bd3 Rdf7 it is hard to improve Whites position further. I briefly thought that 37.Rh8 might be a good
try, but 37...e4! 38.Bxe4 Qe5 solves all Blacks problems.

36...Re7 37.Bh5
White can continue improving his pieces with Bf3, Bg4, or even Rh8xh6. Blacks position has not yet been breached,
but he remains under pressure, with no clear way to simplify or obtain counterplay.


This is only the first of many Poisoned Pawn chapters, and already we have encountered some insanely complicated
positions. At least it did not take long to establish that 10...Nfd7 does not have much of a future, while after 10...dxe5
11.fxe5, Black has little to gain by avoiding ...h6.

The real fun begins after 10...h6 11.Bh4 dxe5 12.fxe5. The bulk of this chapter was spent analysing 12...Nd5!?, a
favourite move among correspondence players as well as the recommendation in Andriasyans book. After the
relatively forcing sequence 13.Nxd5 exd5 14.e6!? Bxe6 15.Nxe6 fxe6 16.Bd3 Be7 17.Bg6 Kd8 18.Bxe7 Qxe7 19.0-
0, we arrive at a position where Black has tried solving the problem of his uncastled king in various ways. The biggest
challenge came in the final variation C222, where I had to find a novelty on move 29(!) to pose new problems to the
defence. Most readers will never have to prepare their openings in this much depth, and if you play through some of the
lines you should get enough of a feel for the available plans and piece manoeuvres to cause your opponents plenty of
A) 14...Qb2!?
B) 14...Qd5 15.Qe3
B1) 15...Bc5
B2) 15...Qxe5 16.Be2 Bc5 17.Bg3
B21) 17...Qd5
B211) 21...Rd8
B212) 21...f5!
B22) 17...Bxd4 18.Rxd4 Qa5 19.Rd2 0-0 20.Bd6
B221) 20...Re8?
B222) 20...Nc6?!
B223) 20...f5

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 h6 11.Bh4 dxe5
12.fxe5 Nfd7 13.Ne4

This can be considered the old main line. It has been tested in a few thousand games over the years, sometimes
through different move orders such as 10...dxe5 11.fxe5 Nfd7 12.Ne4 h6 (12...Qxa2 was covered in variation B of the
previous chapter) 13.Bh4.

It is not worth spending much time on other moves. Here are a few brief examples:

13...Nxe5? allows 14.Nb5 Nd3 15.Bxd3 axb5 16.Bxb5 Nd7 17.0-0 with a huge initiative for White.

13...Qa4 14.Be2 Nc6? 15.Nxe6 g5? 16.Nf6 10 was a fiasco for Black in Radjabov Anand, Rishon Le Zion (blitz)

13...g5 14.Bg3 Qxa2 has been played a few times, but after 15.Rd1 it is hard to believe that Black will benefit from
having weakened his kingside.

In this position the rare A) 14...Qb2!? is worth taking seriously, but the most popular move by far is B) 14...Qd5.

14...Nc6? is not a serious option: 15.Nxc6 (15.Be2 Bb4! ends all the fun.) 15...bxc6 16.Bd3! (16.Be2 Qa4 17.Qf4 Qa5
18.c3 g5 was a mess in Nataf Perunovic, Herceg Novi 2005.)

16...Qd5 17.0-0 Qxe5 18.Kh1 White had an obvious initiative, which soon turned into a winning attack after 18...Be7
19.Bg3 Qd4 20.c3 Qb6 21.Nd6 Bxd6 22.Bxd6 in Oesterman Weber, corr. 2008.

A) 14...Qb2!?
This was first played by Karjakin against Radjabov in 2006, but White won the game and the move has never really
caught on. Apart from threatening ...Bb4, it is hard to see much purpose for the queen on b2, although some of the
ensuing lines are still not easy.

15.Qe3 Bc5
15...Nc6 16.Nxc6 bxc6 17.Be2 Qxe5 18.0-0 gives White a typical initiative thanks to his huge lead in development.

16.c3!? is an interesting alternative. This move is less effective when the moves ...h6 and Bh4 have been included
(compare 13...Qb2 in the notes to variation B of the previous chapter), but it could still be explored further in this
variation as well. However, since the main line seems to be in excellent health, there is no need for White to deviate.

16...Nc6? was played in Radjabov Karjakin, but this is the wrong move order. White missed the chance to play
17.Nxe6!, instantly getting a winning advantage, as 17...Bxe3?? 18.Nd6 is mate.

17.c3 Nc6
We have now transposed back to the aforementioned game.

18.0-0 0-0
18...Nxd4 19.Rxd4! Bxd4 20.Qxd4 0-0 21.Nf6 is similar to the main line below. 21...gxf6 (21...Nxf6 22.Bxf6
transposes exactly to Radjabov Karjakin.) Now White has a forced win:
22.Qg4 Kh8 (22...Kh7 23.Bd3+) 23.Qf4! Qc5 24.Kh1 Kh7 (24...Qxe5 25.Qxh6 Kg8 26.Rf3+) 25.Bxf6 Nxf6
26.Bd3! Kg8 27.Qg3! Kh8 28.Rxf6 Mate is unavoidable.

19.Nf6! Nxf6
19...Kh8 20.Qe4 Nxf6 (20...g6? 21.Qf4+) 21.exf6 g6 22.Bf2 White has good attacking chances.

20.Bxf6 Nxd4
Also after 20...Ne7 21.Qg3 Ng6 22.h4 Black is in trouble.

21.Rxd4 Bxd4 22.Qxd4 Re8!

The stem game quickly turned painful for Black: 22...gxf6? 23.exf6 Qa5 24.h4! Kh7 25.Bd3+ Radjabov
Karjakin, Cap dAgde 2006.

22...Bd7? also fails to offer much resistance: 23.Qg4 g6 24.Qh3 Kh7 25.Bg5!+

23.Qg4 Qf8!
23...g6?! 24.Bd3! Kh7 (24...Qc5 25.Kh1 Kh7 26.Rf3+) 25.h4 Qxc3 26.Rf3 Qc1 27.Kh2+

I also checked 24.Rf3!?N, but after 24...Kh8! Black can defend: 25.Qh5 (25.Bd3 gxf6 26.Rxf6 Rd8 27.Qh5 Rxd3
28.Rxh6 Qxh6 29.Qxh6 Kg8=) 25...gxf6 26.Rxf6 Qg7! 27.Bd3 Kg8 28.Rxh6 Rd8! White only has a choice of

24...Kh8?? loses instantly to 25.Qe4! Qg8 26.Qf4 (or 26.Qh4).

24...a5? 25.Rf3! leaves Black defenceless.

24...Bd7?! 25.Rf3 Bb5 26.Bc2 also puts Black in big trouble, with Rg3 coming next.
25.Bxd8? Qxd8 26.Qe4 g6 leaves White struggling to justify the two-pawn deficit.

25...b5! 26.Bxd8!?N
Blacks last move prepared to meet 26.Rg3? with 26...Rxd3 27.Rxd3 Bb7, stopping Rd8.

26.Be4 has been played in all the games so far (all of them internet/correspondence encounters), but 26...Bb7! 27.Bxb7
Rd1 28.Kf2 Rad8 29.Bxd8 Qc5 30.Ke2 Rxd8 31.Qf4 Qc7 gives Black some compensation, as shown in Sadowski
Cardelli, corr. 2009. Still, with a bishop for two pawns, White is pretty much playing for two results here, so you may
still consider this if you find the main line too double-edged.

26...Qxd8 gives White a much-improved version of the note to move 25 above. With the rook already on the third
rank, he can create serious threats with: 27.Rg3! g5 (27...Qf8 28.Qe4! threatens mate while hitting the rook on a8.)
28.Qe4 Qb6 29.Kf1 Bb7 30.Qh7 Kf8 31.Qxh6 Ke8 32.Qxg5

27.Bb6 Bxf3 28.Qxf3

Material is roughly level, but White has excellent chances to create an attack.

B) 14...Qd5
This is the most natural and popular move, centralizing the queen and attacking a few white units.

Defending the e4-knight and opening the d-file. Now we will analyse B1) 15...Bc5 followed by the main move B2)

Now White must decide whether to win the enemy queen or continue his brewing attack.
16.Nb5 is the materialistic option, but 16...Qxd1 17.Kxd1 axb5 will lead to a long, slow fight.
16...Qxc6 17.Be2
White has excellent compensation, and Black will have to weaken his kingside just to complete his development.
17...g5 18.Bg3
18.Bf2!? is also dangerous. The text move may give Black the extra option of ...Bc5 at some point, but it defends
e5 and leaves the f-file open. Either way, White can develop a massive attack.
18...Bc5 19.Qf3 and 18...Be7 19.h4 both give White a strong initiative.
19.0-0 Bc5 20.Nxc5 Qxc5 21.Rd4! 0-0 22.h4
It would be amazing if Black could survive such an attack.

B1) 15...Bc5

Nothing else will do! 16.Be2? Nc6 17.c3 0-0 is clearly better for Black, while 16.c4? Qxe5 17.Bg3 Bxd4 18.Rxd4
Qa5 leads to a considerably worse version of the main line for White.

Black has no choice, as 16...Qxe6? 17.Qxc5 Nc6 18.Qa3, 16...Bxe3? 17.Nc7 Kf8 18.Rxd5 and 16...fxe6? 17.Nxc5
Qxc5 18.Qxc5 Nxc5 19.Rd8 Kf7 20.Rxh8 all leave him close to defeat.

17.c3 Qxe6 18.cxb4 0-0

The last couple of moves were forced on both sides. In this position White has tried a few moves, but the strongest is:

19.Rd6! Qxe5
19...Qa2 leads to a short but intense tactical sequence, which is worth remembering: 20.Be2 Qb1 (20...Qa1
21.Bd1! Qxe5 22.0-0) 21.Kf2 Qxb4 (21...Qxh1? 22.Rxh6!+) 22.Qf4!N This suggestion of Goh Wei Ming seems to
be winning. (22.Rhd1 Nc6 23.Rxh6 Ncxe5 24.Rd4 Qb1 25.Bf6! Nxf6 26.Nxf6 gxf6 27.Qg3 Qg6 28.Rxg6 fxg6
29.Qb3 as has been played in a few correspondence games.) 22...Qa5 (22...a5 23.Rhd1 Nc5 24.R1d4 Nxe4
25.Qxe4 Qb2 26.Kg3! Threatening Bd3. 26...Bf5 27.Qxf5 Qxe2 28.Re4 Qc2 29.Rxh6 Qc3 30.Kg4! gxh6
31.Kh5!+) 23.Rxh6 gxh6 24.Bf6 Qb6 25.Kg3 Nxf6 26.Nxf6 Kg7 27.Rd1 Rh8 (27...Bf5 28.Rd6) 28.Bc4! Bf5
29.h4!! Goh Wei Mings analysis ends here, and indeed after 29...Nc6 (or 29...Bg6 30.h5) 30.Rd7! Raf8 31.Kh2! Black
is defenceless.
20.Bc4! Qh5!
The most popular choice, and the strongest. Several other moves have been tried, and it is worth playing through the
lines, not to memorize them but rather to grasp the various tactical ideas, and understand why the queen move is

20...Re8? is instantly refuted by 21.Bxf7! Kxf7 22.Qb3.

20...Nb6!? is not so terrible, but it leads after 21.Rxb6 Bf5 (21...Qa1? 22.Kf2 Qxh1 23.Rg6!+) 22.Nf6 gxf6
23.Qxe5 fxe5 24.0-0 to a position where White has a pleasant endgame initiative.

20...b5 21.Bg3! Qb2N (I wanted to see if Black could improve on 21...Qa1 22.Rd1 Qxd1 23.Kxd1 bxc4 24.Rf1! Nc6
25.Nd6 Nxb4 26.Nxf7! Nd5 27.Nxh6 with a winning position for White, as seen in some correspondence/internet
games.) 22.Bb3! Black does not seem to have a good move, for instance:
22...Ne5 (22...Bb7 23.0-0! Bxe4 24.Rd2!+) 23.0-0 Nc4 24.Bxc4 bxc4 25.Be1!+ The bishop will be monstrous on c3.

A final alternative is:

20...Nc6 21.0-0! Nb6N
21...Qh5 meets with a beautiful refutation: 22.Bf6!! (A year later Shirov missed this move and played 22.Qf4
against Wang Hao, but he won anyway.) 22...Nxf6 23.Nxf6 gxf6 24.Rfxf6 Ne5 25.Rxh6 Nxc4 26.Qe7 10
Sjugirov Brodsky, St Petersburg 2008.

This leads to a winning position, but even if this tactic was not available, the simple 22.Bb3 would leave White
with a great deal of activity.
22...Kh8 23.Qd3+
23.Qxh6 Nxc4 24.Rd3!
Black is defenceless.
21.Qf4 had been my original intention, but 21...Qe5! is still quite complicated.

21...Nc6 22.0-0 Nde5 23.Bxe5! Qxe5

23...Nxe5 24.Qg3 Bg4 25.Rd5 Rae8 26.h3 wins material, and White has won almost all games from this position.

24.Rd5 Qb2
24...Qe6 resulted in yet another rout: 25.Rf6! Nxb4 26.Rh5 10 Sikorsky Fenwick, corr. 2008.

25.Nf6 Kh8

26.Kh1! Ne7 27.Rh5 Ng8 28.Nxg8 Kxg8 29.Bxf7 Rxf7N

29...Kh7 30.Qg5 was winning for White in Ter Sahakyan Kotanjian, Yerevan 2011.

30.Qe8 Kh7 31.Qxf7

Despite improving slightly on the above game, Black is still in serious trouble.

B2) 15...Qxe5

Eating the pawn is normal.

Developing another piece while incidentally preventing ...f5, which would allow an embarrassing mate from h5.

16...Bb4 has never been played, and White gets a clear advantage with precise play: 17.c3 0-0 18.cxb4 f5 19.Bg3!
(19.Nf6 Rxf6 20.Qxe5 Nxe5 21.Bxf6 gxf6 22.Nxf5 Nbc6) 19...f4 (19...Qxe4 20.Qxe4 fxe4 21.Nxe6 leaves White
with a powerful initiative.) 20.Qb3 Re8 21.Nf5! fxg3 22.Ned6

Now we should consider the bizarre B21) 17...Qd5 for the sake of completeness, but the great majority of games have
continued with B22) 17...Bxd4.

B21) 17...Qd5

This is one of the weirdest ideas I have ever seen. Black just provokes c2-c4, and then plays exactly like in the main line
after 17...Bxd4. This has been played in over a hundred correspondence games, but it is hard for a normal player to
make sense of Blacks idea. Finally, however, I was able to find a key line where the c2-c4 move may hamper Whites
play, forcing us to modify our plans slightly.

18.Bf3 looks harmless due to: 18...0-0! 19.Qc3 a5! 20.0-0 e5 21.Nf6 Nxf6 22.Bxd5 Bxd4 23.Rxd4 exd4 24.Qxd4
Nxd5 25.Qxd5 Nc6

18...Bb4 has never been played, for good reason: 19.Kf1 Qa5 20.Nd6 Bxd6 21.Bxd6

19.Rxd4 Qa5 20.Rd2 0-0 21.Bd6

So far everything is proceeding in parallel with the main line which will be examined later, except for the position of
the pawn on c4 instead of c2. Here B211) 21...Rd8 has been Blacks most popular choice, but B212) 21...f5! is the best
attempt to utilize the difference in placement of the white pawn.

B211) 21...Rd8

The same plan that we will see later. Instead 22.Qg3 Qf5 23.Be5 Qg6 24.Qh4 Nc6 25.Bh5 Qf5 26.Bxg7 Nc5!
27.Nxc5 Kxg7 reaches a messy position.

22...f5? is too dangerous: 23.g5! fxe4 24.gxh6 Ne5

25.0-0! Rxd6 26.Rxd6 g6 27.Bh5! Bd7 28.Qf4 This was Borwell Sueess, corr. 2013, which was won by White in
brilliant style, which is rather typical of the correspondence games in this line.

This is the simplest way, which does not require too much analysis.

23.g5!?N is the maximalist try, when play may continue: 23...hxg5 24.Rg1 f6 25.h4 Nde5 26.hxg5 f5 27.Nf6 Kf7

In the position with the pawn on c2, White does best to avoid this situation by playing c2-c3 instead of hxg5 see
variation D32 of the next chapter. However, in the current scenario he can exploit the extra move with 28.c5!?,
obtaining excellent compensation. Instinctively I think White should be doing well after 23.g5!?N, and you may wish to
play this way, using the analysis in the next chapter as a starting point. However, for the purposes of analysing in this
book, it seems a bit excessive to check every possible line to see if the c2-c4 move might help Black somewhere, as the
entire 17...Qd5 variation is extremely rare in over-the-board play.

23...f6 enables White to make good use of the c-pawn: 24.c5! b5 25.g5 hxg5 26.Qh3 f5 27.Bh5 Nce5 28.Rdf2 Ra7
29.Nxg5 Nf6 30.Bxe5 10 Selen Dorer, corr. 2012.

24.c5!? has been played, and also deserves attention.

24...f6 seems more critical, but it meets with a forceful reply: 25.Nxf6! gxf6 26.Rxf6 Nf7 27.Rg6 Kh7 28.h5! Rxd6
29.Qf4! Qc5 30.Kg2 Ncd8 31.Rxd6 Qxd6 32.Qf6 Qe5 33.Rxh6 Kg8 34.Rh8 Nxh8 35.Qxe5+ Sommerbauer
Reinstadler, corr. 2014.

White is heading for a more pleasant endgame, although Black has some drawing chances.

25...b6 26.g5 Qc5 27.Qxc5 bxc5 28.Bh5 hxg5 29.hxg5 Bd7 30.Nxf7 Be8 31.Nxe5 Nxe5
32.Bxe8 Rxe8 was agreed drawn in Walter Kain, email 2012. After the text move Black was able to hold in Sferle
Gusan, corr. 2012, but in a game without engines, Black will be under pressure for a while.

B212) 21...f5!

This is the line in which Black can, rather amazingly, make use of the fact that Whites pawn is on c4 instead of c2.
The main idea is that the pawn can become a weakness, enabling Black to simplify to certain types of endgame that
would be unfavourable with the pawn on c2. There is even a line where Whites inability to put a piece on c4 enables
Black to get away with an otherwise dubious line of play.

Other moves dont promise much.

22...Nxf8 23.Nd6 Nbd7

White is angling for an improved version of a thematic endgame, and intends to meet ...Qe5 or ...Qc5 with Kf2 and
Ke2 respectively, letting Black exchange on e3 rather than taking on e5. Also, White is not in a hurry to play g2-g4,
since that move will not be required in the upcoming endgames.

24.g4 is the recommended move with the pawn on c2, but here Black has two ways of exploiting the small change in the

a) 24...fxg4!? 25.0-0 Qe5 If you turn ahead to page 267, you will see that with the pawn on c2 White can get a great
position with Nc4 here. Here it is not possible, and after 26.Qf2 Nf6 27.Bxg4 Qg5 28.Kh1 the position was balanced
in Ntirlis David-Bordier, corr. 2014.

b) 24...Qe5 leads to a version of the endgame which I prefer to avoid. 25.Qxe5 (Ideally White would like to keep the
queens with 25.Qf2, but Black can launch a series of checks: 25...Qa1 26.Bd1 [After 26.Rd1 Qc3! there is no way to
escape the checks, since 27.Kf1? Qh3 28.Kg1 Ne5 looks bad.] 26...Qe5 If White is to escape the checks he must
play the ugly 27.Kf1 Nf6, when Black is fine.) 25...Nxe5 26.gxf5 exf5 27.0-0 g6 28.Rb1 Later on page 266 we will
encounter the almost-identical position with the pawn on c2, when Black faces a rather unpleasant endgame. The
difference here is felt after:
28...Be6! Since White cannot take on b7 with the knight, it is hard for him to control the a-pawn. (28...b5!? is probably
close to equality as well, but it is not required.) 29.c5 (Or 29.Rxb7 a5 and Black is not worse.) 29...a5 30.Ra1 a4 31.Ra3
A draw was agreed here in Yu Wei, China 2014, although Blacks position looks more comfortable to me.

24.Kf2!?N is another interesting move which I analysed in detail, but the quick version is that I prefer the text move.

Trying to get an improved version of the endgame by luring Whites rook to a slightly worse square. If the rook stays
on d2, then the h1-rook can instantly go to b1, leaving both rooks excellently placed. If the rook is on d1, it will cost
White a tempo to reach the same configuration.

24...Qe5? makes no sense, and after 25.Kf2! Blacks position can quickly spiral out of control. 25...Qxe3 (25...Rb8
26.Qxe5 Nxe5 27.Rb1) 26.Kxe3 Nc5 27.Rb1 Rb8 (After 27...Nfd7 28.Bxb7! Bxb7 29.Nxb7 Black does not have
much of a blockade against the c-pawn.)

28.Bc6! Not strictly necessary here, but still rather strong. We will see a similar idea in the main line, but here White
has an extra tempo. 28...g5 29.Kd4 b6 30.Nxc8 Rxc8 31.Rxb6 Blacks position is collapsing.

24...Qc5 is slightly better than the above line, as Black does not have to take on e3 so quickly, but after 25.Ke2!, which
avoids the pin on Whites queen, it is hard for Black to do anything, and he always has to worry about Whites queen
suddenly moving away. 25...Rb8 (25...a5 26.Rb1) 26.Rb1

26...Kh7 (26...g5 is met by 27.h4! intending 27...g4 [27...Qxe3 28.Kxe3 Nc5 29.hxg5 hxg5 30.Rdb2] 28.Qxh6!
gxf3 29.gxf3 and suddenly White gets a crushing attack.) 27.g4!? Ng6 (27...fxg4 28.Bxg4) 28.gxf5 exf5 29.Bh5
Qxe3 30.Kxe3 f4 31.Kf2 White can continue to press without any worries.

25.Rd1 Qe5
25...Qa5 does not make sense for Black after 26.Kf2! intending g2-g4.

26.Kf2 Qxe3
This way Black can try to keep some tension, and not make a concrete decision about the queens. At the same
time, it invites the Rb1-b5 plan in the future. Again, there are multiple ways to continue, but perhaps the simplest
decision is:
I also considered 27.Rhe1 but found that Black was okay.
27...Nxe5 28.Rhe1 Nxf3
28...Ned7 allows 29.Bxb7 Bxb7 30.Nxb7 a4 31.c5 Rc8 32.Rc1 Rc6 33.Red1 and Black is under pressure.

29...a4 30.Rb1!? Kh7

If 30...a3 31.Rb3! the pawn will soon fall.
Also after 30...Bd7 31.Rxb7 Whites chances are preferable.
31.Rb4 Nd7 32.Ke3
Intending Ra1. The fight is still on, but I am not sure how Black can create counterplay.

27...a5?! is premature: 28.c5!? g5 (After 28...Nxc5 29.Rc1 Nfd7 30.Rhd1! Black loses a piece.) 29.c6 Black is in
27...Rb8 28.Rd2 leads to the same type of positions as the main line.

We now reach an important moment, where White has to decide where to place his rooks: on a1 and b1, b1 and d1, or
d2 and b1. The first set-up does not achieve much, but choosing between the other two is not easy.

I analysed 28.Rb1 Rb8 29.Rhd1 in some detail, but will just show the main line where I found a slight problem:
29...g5 30.Bc6!? Kg7 31.Kd4 b6 Now if 32.Nxc8?! Rxc8 33.Rxb6 Rd8! the position of the rook on d1 instead of d2
makes all the difference. A better try is 32.Rxb6, but after 32...Rxb6 33.Kxc5 Rb8 34.Ne8 Kf7 35.Kd6 Rb6!? 36.c5
Rxc6 37.Kxc6 Kxe8 38.Kc7 Bd7 39.c6 Bxc6 40.Kxc6 Ke7 Black draws comfortably.

28.g4!? is another idea that deserves attention, but I will focus on the main line.
Trying to exploit the fact that White did not put his rook on b1 on the last move. Now he will have to waste time if he
wishes to bring the rook to b5.

28...Rb8 is met by 29.Rb1 intending Bc6 and Kd4. Most probably Black should go for 29...g5, which converts to 28...g5

28...g5 29.Rb1 Rb8 (29...f4 30.Kd4 Nfd7 31.g3) 30.Bc6! Preventing ...Nfd7, while threatening Kd4. 30...Bd7
(30...Kg7 31.Kd4! b6 32.Nxc8! Rxc8 33.Rxb6 is good for White since the d2-rook isnt hanging.) 31.Bxd7 Nfxd7

32.Nxb7! f4 33.Ke2 With one of the knights exchanged, Blacks blockade on c5 doesnt appear as strong, and White
is definitely on top.

The rook manoeuvre to b5 works well, despite the loss of time. Black will not be able to push the pawn beyond a4, as
it will only become a weakness then.

29...a4 30.Rb5 Nfd7 31.g4!?

It is hard to analyse precisely as there are many possibilities, but Whites position is certainly preferable. He can exert
pressure on b7 or perhaps try a g2-g4 break at some point, simply bringing the king over towards the queenside.

B22) 17...Bxd4 18.Rxd4

We are heading down the main theoretical path of the chapter. The next couple of moves are not completely forced,
but they are clearly the most logical, and alternatives are virtually never played.

18...Qa5 19.Rd2 0-0 20.Bd6

Now we reach an important branching point. In the rest of this chapter we will look at B221) 20...Re8?, B222)
20...Nc6?! and B223) 20...f5.

The most popular move has been 20...Rd8, which will be covered in the next chapter.

B221) 20...Re8?
Practical results have demonstrated that this is an inferior cousin of 20...Rd8.

21.0-0! f5
If Blacks rook was on d8 instead of e8, Whites last move could have been met by 21...Qb6. Thanks to the poor
placement of the black rook, the same move now runs into 22.Qxb6 Nxb6 23.Bh5! when Black has no good way to
defend f7.

21...Nc6 22.Qg3 also leaves Black without much of an answer for the coming attack. The statistical score has been a
massacre for White. One nice example continued: 22...Qb6 (22...Ne7 23.Bc7 b6 24.Rxd7 Bxd7 25.Nf6 Kh8
26.Nxd7) 23.Kh1 Ne7 24.Bc7 Qc6

25.Rxf7! Kxf7 26.Nd6 Kg8 27.Nxe8 Nf5 28.Qg6 Qc3 29.Qxe6 Kh8 30.Qxf5 Qxd2 Black is doing his best to hang
on, but it just takes a few more accurate moves to break through to his king.
31.Qf7! Qe1 32.Bf1 Qa1 33.Bd6 a5 34.c3! Qxc3 35.Bf8 Nxf8 36.Qxf8 Kh7 37.Bd3+ Kubicki Marek, corr.

22.Qg3! Nc6
Another game ended after 22...fxe4 23.Qg6! Rd8 24.Rf7 Qc3 25.Bb4 Qe5 26.Bg4! Kh8 27.Rxg7 Qxg7 28.Bc3 with
mate to follow, Siefring Leontiev, corr. 2010.

23.Qg6 Qd8 24.Rd3! Re7

24...fxe4 25.Rf7 is killing.

25.Rg3 Nd4 26.Bd3

White has a deadly attack. My database shows a long list of correspondence/internet games, with White scoring close
to a hundred percent. Probably the best defensive try is:
26...b5 27.c3 Bb7 28.cxd4 fxe4 29.Bxe4 Bxe4 30.Qxe4 Rc8 31.Bxe7 Qxe7 32.Qg6
Tinture Schmidt, corr. 2007. Black has avoided being mated, but the position should be technically winning for

B222) 20...Nc6?!

This used to be considered a decent option for Black, but recent games and analysis indicate that it is imprecise. The
point is that White is in no hurry to swap his mighty bishop for the rook on f8, as this will only help Black to get
coordinated. The bishop is so strong on d6 that Black usually plays ...f5 a move or two later in order to force the
exchange on f8, but if is going to play ...f5 anyway, he should do it on move 20 (as in variation B223 below), in order
to force Whites hand.
In short, Blacks last move can be considered an inferior version of 20...f5, and I will mention a few places where the
two lines can be compared with one another.

21.Bxf8? Nxf8 22.0-0 Qe5 23.Qf2 f6 is much more solid for Black. It is important to understand that the bishop on
d6 is exerting a much greater influence than the rook on f8, and White should not exchange those pieces unless there is
a compelling reason.
It is worth mentioning that 21.g4 is not the most effective choice here. Black has a precise defence with: 21...Qb6!
22.Qc3!? (22.Qh3 f5! was better for Black in Smirnov Nepomniachtchi, Novokuznetsk 2008; 22.Qg3 Nd4! is
another key idea. Now 23.g5 is met by 23...Nf5 24.Qg2 h5! when Whites attack is not really dangerous.) The text
move is a good try, but Black has a good answer: 22...Qa5! Possibly the only move. Now 23.Qg3 can be met by
23...Nd4 24.Bd1 f5! 25.Bxf8 fxe4 and Black is doing well.

Trying not to commit to ...f5 makes sense, as playing this move will just lead to a worse version of 20...f5. However,
White is not in a hurry to take on f8 either.

21...Qb6 is not really a viable option due to 22.Qxb6 Nxb6 23.Bxf8 Kxf8 24.Nd6 f6 25.Nxb7! (25.Rb1 is also
promising) with a clearly better endgame for White.

21...Rd8 meets a horrible fate: 22.Qf4! Qf5 23.Qh4 Qa5 (Another game continued 23...g5 24.Qxh6 Qxe4 25.Qxg5
Qg6 26.Qh4! Qh7 27.Bh5! f5 28.Rd3 10 Blank Lounek, corr. 2008.)

24.Rd3! White has too many pieces in the attack. 24...Nf8 25.Bh5 f5 26.Rg3 Nh7 27.Bf4! This position has occurred in
several correspondence games, with White maintaining a perfect score so far. Here is one brief example: 27...Rd7
28.Bg6! Qb6 29.Be3 Qd8 30.Bxh7 10 Pheby Paleckis, corr. 2011.

As mentioned previously, 21...f5 leads to a worse version of the more respectable 20...f5 line. 22.Bxf8 Nxf8 23.Nd6
Black finds it hard to exchange queens here, and even if he does manage it, he gets an unfavourable version. It may
still be possible to hang on and defend, especially in a correspondence game, but I cant imagine anyone wishing to do
so in a tournament. I will show a few example lines after a) 23...Ne5, b) 23...Kh7 and c) 23...Qe5.

a) 23...Ne5 24.Rb1 Kh7 (24...b5 25.Rdd1 Nfg6 26.Ra1 Qc7 27.Nxb5 Qxc2 28.Rac1 Moore Ryan, corr. 2009.)
25.Nxb7 Bxb7 26.Rxb7 Rc8 27.h3 Nfg6 28.Bh5 Laffranchise Price, corr. 2011.

b) 23...Kh7
This is a strangely popular move in correspondence games. The simplest reply seems to be:
Another interesting plan is 24.h4!? Qe5 25.Qxe5 Nxe5 26.Re1 Nfd7 27.h5 Nf6 28.Bd1 Nc6 29.Bf3 a5 30.c3 as
in Magalhaes Rosas, corr. 2009. White maintains his extra exchange, and will slowly collect some of the pawns
back while retaining long-term pressure.
24...Ng6 25.gxf5 exf5 26.Bh5 Nge7 27.Rg2
25.Qxe5 Nxe5 26.gxf5 exf5
Fischer Spitz, corr. 2012. When you compare this position with the 20...f5 endgames, it becomes obvious that White
has an improved version here.

c) 23...Qe5
This gives White a pleasant choice: he can either simplify to a slightly better endgame, or continue to press with
queens on the board.
24.Qf2!? Bd7 (24...Rb8N 25.g4!?) 25.Nxb7 Nb4 26.Qc5 Kozlowski Mamonovas, corr. 2008.
24...Nxe5 25.Rb1
There is not much point in giving exact variations here, since both sides have many options, but a few games to
show the general ideas are:
25...Nfd7 26.Nxc8 Rxc8 27.Rxb7 Nc5 28.Ra7 Santos Flor Trejo, corr. 2011.
26.Ra1 b4 27.Ra5
27.Rd4!? Rb8 28.Ra4 a5 29.Nxc8 Rxc8 30.Rxa5 Nfd7 31.Ra2 Kf7 32.Rxb4 also gave White the better chances in
Walter Teeriaho, corr. 2011.
27...Nfd7 28.Bb5 Nf6 29.Re2 Ng6 30.g3 Kf8 31.Bc4
Blacks pawns soon started dropping in Auzins Teimer, corr. 2008.

22.c4 b5 is not so clear.

22...Re8 is seldom a good idea in these positions, and this is no exception. 23.Bh5! Ng6 24.Qf3 Qf5 25.Qe2 Qa5
26.Rxf7! Kxf7 27.Qg4 Ndf8 28.Rf1+ Sutkus Guevara, corr. 2009.

22...Ng6 23.c4 Re8 24.c5 White was dominating in Yeremenko Enricci, corr. 2008.

23.Nd2!? is an interesting alternative, but one good line is enough.

23...Kxf8 24.Nd6 Qc5

24...Nf6 can be met by 25.Kh1 when, with the queens on the board for the foreseeable future, White has a pleasant

A rather obvious novelty, preventing a queen exchange and preparing g2-g4. This move was mentioned by Georgiev
and Kolev in The Sharpest Sicilian 2012 as part of the explanation for why they abandoned 20...Nc6.

25.Nxf5?! Qxe3 26.Nxe3 Ke7 27.Rd4 b5 was quite solid for Black in Karjakin Kokarev, Sochi 2012.

25...b6 26.g4 Nf6 27.gxf5 exf5 28.Nxf5

Black is under pressure. The white rooks have a great deal of power on the open board. Having won back a pawn,
White may also consider a queen exchange at a suitable moment.

B223) 20...f5
The latest trend, and the recommendation in The Sharpest Sicilian. Apart from being an objectively good move, the
text has the advantage of forcing Whites hand, making it an appealing choice for over-the-board players. Compared to
the previous line where Black played 20...Nc6 and followed up with ...f5, here Black is more flexible, as he keeps the
useful option of developing the b8-knight to d7.

21.Bxf8 Nxf8 22.Nd6

No other move makes any sense.

This is the best square for the knight. Now Black can offer a queen exchange from either c5 or e5.

22...Qa1? is premature, as after 23.Bd1 Nbd7 24.c3 the queen is stuck.

The most critical.

23.Bc4 Qa1 24.Kf2 was a bizarre line played in a couple of games. Even though there is no obvious win after
24...Qxh1, Black could also have played 23...Qe5 leading to a safe endgame.

23.h4N intending to meet ...Qc5 with Rh3 seemed like an interesting idea, until I realized that Black can simply avoid
the queen exchange and continue developing with 23...Nf6! 24.0-0 Qc7, when White is too slow to generate any

23.0-0!? Qc5 24.Rd3 is quite an interesting alternative, when 24...b6 25.Rb1 Qc7 26.g4 has been played in a few
correspondence games. White has decent chances here, although I am a bit mystified by Blacks plan of ...b6 and
...Qc7. The rook on d3 seems rather awkward, and I would be worried about proving an advantage in some versions of
the many possible endgames. Still, this could be a possible direction to explore in the event that the main line gets

This has been played in almost all games so far. Black can try to exchange the queens immediately, but it only seems
to lead to slightly worse endgames where Black will have to suffer in the hope of drawing.

23...Nf6 24.Rg1 gives White a promising initiative.

23...Qe5 is the most convenient version of the endgame for White: 24.Qxe5 Nxe5 25.gxf5 exf5
26.0-0 g6 (26...b5 27.Nxf5) 27.Rb1 (27.Re1 intending Bd1 is another possibility.) 27...b5 28.Ra1 White will pick up
the b5-pawn. Even though Black will still have two pawns for the exchange, Whites rooks are active and the c-pawn
will be strong.

This improves slightly on the above line, as White is forced to misplace either his bishop or his rook. However,
this does not greatly alter the assessment of the endgame.
24.Bd1 Qe5 (24...fxg4? 25.0-0) 25.Qxe5 Nxe5 26.gxf5 exf5 27.0-0N
Going after the f5-pawn seems simplest.
27.Kf2 was played in a correspondence game. White managed to create some pressure, although it wasnt
sufficient in the end: 27...Be6 28.Nxb7 Rc8 29.Re1 Nf7 30.Bf3 Ng5 31.Bg2 Rc4 32.Ra1 Kh7 33.Nd6 Rf4
34.Ke1 Ng6 35.Rxa6 Nh4 and Black went on to hold in Schinke Turati, corr. 2012. Obviously its a lot easier
to defend like this when you have the assistance of a computer.
27...g6 28.Re1
28.Re1 is also possible, for instance 28...Nfg6 29.h4!? Ng4 30.Nxb7 and White has no cause for complaint.
28...Re8 29.c3
Obviously Black has drawing chances, but he is a long way from being completely safe.

This move, intending to stay in the middlegame, is not mentioned in The Sharpest Sicilian.

24.Bxg4 has been the main try, but it will be hard to prove anything in the upcoming endgame where Black has three
pawns for an exchange. 24...Qa1 (A familiar idea, forcing the bishop back to d1, although the immediate 24...Qe5 also
seems playable.) 25.Bd1 Qe5 26.Qxe5 Nxe5 27.0-0 This position was reached in Yu Wei Yi, Xinghua 2014, and
now after 27...a5N Black should be fine.

This is the only move to have been played. 24...Qe5 would be a mistake due to 25.Qxe5 Nxe5 26.Nc4! Ned7
(26...Nxc4 27.Rd8+) 27.Bxg4 with a clear advantage to White.

25.Rd4! b6
25...b5? would be a mistake. The fact that the queen remains unprotected will come back to haunt Black after
26.Bxg4 Nf6 27.Rxf6! gxf6 28.Bf3!+ threatening Rg4.

25...e5 26.Rd3! (26.Bc4 Kh7 27.Bd3 Kg8 28.Nf5 b5! [avoiding 28...exd4 29.Qe8+] may look tempting for White,
but it is hard to find anything conclusive.) White will get an improved version of the endgame, as the pawn will be
weaker on e5 than on e6. For instance:
26...h5 (26...Qxe3 27.Rxe3 Nf6 28.Rxe5 b5 29.Ra1) Defending the g-pawn seems logical, but after 27.Qxc5 Nxc5
28.Rd5 Nfd7 29.Rf5 g6 30.Rf7 Ne6 31.Rd1 b5 32.Re7 Ndf8 33.Bd3 White maintained the pressure in Siefring
Zarate, corr. 2010.

In the event of 26.Qf2 Nf6 27.Ne8, Black can play 27...N8d7! 28.Nxf6 Nxf6 29.Rd8 Kf7 30.Qxc5 bxc5 31.Bxg4
Ke7 defending everything.

26.Rf7 was played in one of the few over-the-board games on my database, but Black immediately got a good position
after 26...Ne5! 27.Ne4 Qa5 28.Rf1 Bb7 in Akshayraj Sandipan, Kolkata 2012.

26...h5 feels too artificial. I like Whites position after 27.Bd3!?, intending 27...Ne5?! 28.Ne4! Qe7 29.Ng5.

26...Qe5 seems a logical move, but once again White can exploit the weakness of the 8th rank to force Black into a
passive endgame: 27.Qxe5 Nxe5 28.Nc4! Ned7 (28...Nxc4? 29.Rd8+) 29.Bxg4 Black has a lot of pawns, but it is
hard for him to develop. 29...Rb8 (29...b5 30.Nb6! Nxb6 31.Rd8 Nbd7 32.Bxe6+) 30.Rd6 b5 31.Na5 Rb6 32.Rfd2
The a6-pawn will eventually fall, and Black remains under pressure. The following line is not forced, but it illustrates
Whites plan: 32...Rxd6 33.Rxd6 Ne5 34.Bh3 Kf7 35.Rd8 Bd7 36.Ra8 Nfg6 37.Rxa6 Nf4 38.Bf1

27.Ne4 Qe7
Black could consider deviating with:
This makes some sense, since Nd6 can now be met by ...Qc5.
28.Qg3! Bb7 29.Bxg4 Kh7
The critical position.
30.Bh5 was the machines first suggestion, but it leads to a drawish endgame after: 30...Bxe4! 31.Rxe4 Nfd7
32.Rfe2 Qc5 33.Kg2 Rf8 34.Rxe5 Nxe5 35.Rxe5 Qxc2 36.Be2 Qc6 37.Bf3 Qd6 38.Re2 Qxg3 39.hxg3 Rf6
It is hard to imagine White winning from here.
30.Nd6 Qc5! 31.c3 Bc6 32.Nf7 Neg6 looks shaky, but Black is surviving.
A strange computer idea to survive.
30...Re8 31.Bh5
30...b5 runs into 31.Nd6 Qc5 32.c3 Bc6 33.Nf7! and now h4-h5 is an important resource against a knight on g6.
31.c4 Bb7
Blacks idea is that Nd6 can be met by ...Qc5, since c2-c3 cannot be played now. However, White can switch
plans while conveniently making use of the free c2-c4 move.
With a dangerous initiative.

28.Nd6 Nfd7
Another game continued:
Here Black is able to simplify more easily, but it is still not enough to kill the game.
29.Bd3 Qg5 30.Qxg5 hxg5 31.Bxg6
31.Nf7 leads to the same position.
31...Nxg6 32.Nf7 Bb7 33.Nxg5 a5
33...Ne5 34.Re2 Nf3 35.Nxf3 Bxf3 36.Rxe6 b5 37.Re7 (or 37.Rb6!?) is not yet a draw.
34.Rd7 Bf3 35.Nxe6 Nf8!
36.Rxg7 Kh8 37.Re7 Nxe6 38.Rxe6 b5 (38...a4 39.c4! a3 40.Re1) 39.h3 a4 was Walter Johnson, corr.
2011, one of those typical insane draws which would be hard to imagine in an over-the-board game. The
continuation might be 40.hxg4 a3 41.Rxf3 a2 42.Re1 a1=Q 43.Rxa1 Rxa1 44.Kf2 Rc1 when Black seems to be
able to force the exchange of his b-pawn for Whites c-pawn. Perhaps White can look for a finesse somewhere in
this line, but I find the text move a lot more logical.
36...Rxd8 37.Nxd8
Exchanging a pair of rooks makes perfect sense. The a-pawn is not really dangerous, and it will be hard for Black
to hold on to his pawns once White has activated his rook. A few illustrative lines:
37...a4 38.Rd2
37...Nd7 38.Ne6 Bd5 39.Nc7 Bc4 40.Rf4 b5 41.Ne8! a4 42.Nd6 Nb6 43.Rxg4 a3 44.Kf2 a2 45.Rg1
The safe choice.
38.c4!? Kf8 39.Ne6 Ke7 40.Nxg7 Kd6 41.h4 is more of a mess, although White may well be better here too.
38...Kf8 39.Ne6
39...Ke7 40.Nxg7 Ng5 41.c4
Obviously Black has chances to make a draw in all these lines, but his task is not easy.
The point of this move is to threaten Qc3, as the reply ...Nc5 will not be possible due to the hanging knight on e5.

I found a few games where White played rather insipidly with 29.Qc3 Nc5 30.Qg3 and draws were soon agreed.
30.Bxg4 is a more ambitious try, but it leads to a messy position after Black completes development: 30...Bd7 31.Qg3
Nc6 32.Rd1 Rf8 33.Rxf8 Qxf8 34.Rf1 Qe7 Matei Kruger, corr. 2013.

29.h3!?N 29...gxh3 30.Kh2 is an interesting idea, intending to attack along the g-file, but we dont need to hurry with it.

This is the computers top suggestion. Black prepares ...Bb7 in some lines, and removes the rook from its slightly
exposed position on the long diagonal.

29...a5!? introduces the possibility of ...Ba6. Here White can switch plans with 30.Qe4 Rb8 and now the amazing
31.Kf1!, just making sure that the knight will not come to f3 with check. Its still a messy position, but more dangerous
for Black, who has to worry about Bb5.

30.Qc3 Qd8
The only move.
31.Rg2!? deserves attention as well, but I like the text move more.

31...a5 32.hxg4 b5 is the same thing.

31...gxh3 32.Qxh3 Qe7 33.Qc3 Qd8 34.Rg2! gives White a powerful initiative, for instance: 34...b5 35.Bg4!?
(35.Bh5!?) 35...Nxg4 36.Rxg4

32.hxg4 a5
32...b4 33.Qg3 Qg5 34.Ne4! Qg6 35.Nc5 Qg5 36.Bc4!

33.Qg3 should lead to a pleasant endgame: 33...a4 (33...Qg5 34.Ne4; 33...b4 34.Bc4) 34.Bxb5 Qg5 (34...a3?
35.g5 Qxg5 36.Qxg5 hxg5 37.Nxc8+) 35.Bxa4 Nf6 36.Qf4 Qxg4 37.Qxg4 Nfxg4 38.Rf4 White is pressing, but I
prefer the attacking continuation shown in the main line.
33...b4 34.Qd4 Qxg5 35.Rg2 reaches the note to Blacks next move in the main line.

34.Rg2 Qd8
34...b4 35.Qd4! (35.Qh3 Qe7 36.Qxh6 Bb7 gives Black a slightly improved version of the main line after 34...Qd8.)
35...Qe7 36.Rf1! g5 This ugly move is forced. 37.Bh5 White has a powerful initiative, although its not conclusive yet.

I also considered 35.Qb3, when 35...Kh7? allows White to perform a nice dance with the queen: 36.Qg3! Qg5
(36...Qe7 37.Rf1 Bb7 38.Rf7 Qg5 39.Qd3!+) 37.Qc3 Qd8 38.Nf7+
However, a better defence is 35...Qe7 36.Nf5 Qc5 37.Rd4 Nf3 38.Bxf3 Qxf5 39.Bg4 Qc5 40.Bxe6 Kh8 41.Qe3
when White keeps some pressure, although the position is simplifying a bit faster than I would like.
35...Kh7? 36.Qg3! transposes to 35.Qb3 Kh7? 36.Qg3! in the previous note.

36.Kh2!? also seems to offer White a strong initiative.

36...Bb7 37.Rg3
White keeps creating threats, while Black does not seem to have a clear way out.


The 12...Nfd7 variation is one of the most important in the Poisoned Pawn. After the usual continuation of 13.Ne4
Qxa2 14.Rd1 Qd5 15.Qe3 Qxe5, Black has deposited three extra pawns in the bank, but White has a formidable lead in
development. Of the many variations examined in this chapter, there are two that stand out as especially interesting.
Variation B21 with 16.Be2 Bc5 17.Bg3 Qd5 sees Black deliberately lose a tempo to provoke c2-c4. In the majority of
positions this free move is more likely to benefit White, but there are a few specific cases where it can help Black. I
have shown how White can modify his plans to use the extra move advantageously, although I should add that this line
has almost exclusively been the domain of correspondence players so far.
The last section of the chapter introduced the main line beginning with 17...Bxd4. After the standard moves 18.Rxd4
Qa5 19.Rd2 0-0 20.Bd6 we reach an important branching point where, after dismissing a few questionable
alternatives, we examined 20...f5 in detail. My analysis departs from that in The Sharpest Sicilian 2012 at move 24,
which is actually quite early by the standard of the Poisoned Pawn nowadays. With the help of an improvement over a
correspondence game a few moves later, I believe I have been able to keep the defence under pressure.

In the next chapter we will deal with the most popular 20...Rd8.
A) 21...Qb6
B) 21...f6
C) 21...Nf6
D) 21...Nc6 22.g5 hxg5 23.Rg1!
D1) 23...g6?
D2) 23...Nf6!?
D3) 23...f6 24.h4!?
D31) 24...Nf8
D32) 24...Nde5

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 h6 11.Bh4 dxe5
12.fxe5 Nfd7 13.Ne4 Qxa2 14.Rd1 Qd5 15.Qe3 Qxe5 16.Be2 Bc5 17.Bg3 Bxd4 18.Rxd4 Qa5 19.Rd2 0-0 20.Bd6
It seems strange to start a chapter twenty moves into the game, but the Poisoned Pawn is to put it mildly not like
other opening systems. In terms of popularity Blacks last move is the most important option in the position, although it
was untested until 2006. Like many of the lines examined in this and the previous chapter, it has mostly been used in
correspondence games due to the dangers it involves. Still, White needs to play extremely precisely if he is to prove
anything. I remember analysing this line in great detail in 2006, when there was not a single example in the database.
No correspondence games to kill all the fun, and even the engines were not too strong in those days. Maybe I used to be
a good player back then, because eventually I discovered the following idea.

I remember analysing this line in something of a daze for a few days it just felt too surreal. I finally got a chance to
play it four years later, and now, with more than thirty subsequent games (mostly correspondence), the idea still seems
quite potent.

21.Qg3 has been played in many hundreds of games, without any clear conclusion in Whites favour. I will just give an
extremely short summary of the theoretical picture. 21...Nc6! (21...Qf5 used to be the main line, but this was refuted
spectacularly by 22.Be5! Qg6 23.Qh4 Nc6 24.Bh5 Qf5 25.Bxg7!, which has brought White hundreds of wins in
correspondence play.) 22.Bc7 Qa1 23.Rd1 Qb2 24.c3!? The critical line. 24...Rf8 25.Bd6 f5! 26.Bxf8 Nxf8 27.Nd6
Bd7 28.Qe3 f4 29.Qd2 Qxd2 30.Rxd2 Ne5 31.0-0 g5 (31...Bc6!? 32.Rxf4 Nfd7 also gives decent drawing chances.)
32.Nxb7 a5 With double-edged play, Busemann Zambor, corr. 2010.
I have analysed four main moves here, of which the last is by far the most important: A) 21...Qb6, B) 21...f6, C)
21...Nf6 and D) 21...Nc6.

The untested 21...f5? may seem like a natural reaction, but it just opens up the position for White. 22.gxf5! exf5
(22...Qa1 23.Rd1 Qa5 24.c3 exf5 25.Rg1+)

23.Rg1! Kh8 (23...fxe4 24.Qd4! Ne5 25.Rxg7 Kxg7 26.Bxe5+) 24.Qd4 Rg8 25.Rg6! Kh7 26.Bc4! Kxg6 27.Bxg8
With mate to follow.

A) 21...Qb6
This move has the idea to disturb Whites pieces, but White has a convenient answer.

Renewing the threat to push the g-pawn. The queen only seems to be improved now.
22.Nf6 is not so clear after 22...Kh8! (22...gxf6 23.Qxh6) 23.Bc5 Qa5 24.Be7 Nc6 with complications.

This seems like the most logical attempt to improve on 22...Qb1 23.Bd1 Nc6 24.g5 hxg5 25.h4! g4 26.Qxg4 Qb2
27.Rg1 g6 28.h5 when Black resigned in Dolgov Tarrio Ocana, corr. 2013.

22...f6? is no good due to 23.g5! hxg5 24.h4 and Blacks position is collapsing.

23.g5 hxg5 24.Qxg5

24.h4!? looks quite strong as well.

24...Qb1 25.Rd1 Qxc2 26.Rg1 g6 27.Rg4 Qb2 28.Rh4 Re8

28...b5 29.Be7+

Threatening Rxd7.
29...Qe5 30.Be3!+
White has too many threats, and a queen exchange will not help Black.

B) 21...f6
Trying to hold back the g-pawn? No chance!

22.g5! fxg5
22...hxg5 allows White to carry out a dreamlike onslaught: 23.h4! g4 24.h5 Nc6 25.h6 g6 26.Bxg4 f5

27.Qg5! Kh7 28.Bh5!+

23.h4 g4
23...gxh4 24.Rxh4 Nc6 (After 24...Qf5 25.Bc4+ every white piece is coming into the attack.) 25.Rxh6! Black will be
annihilated on the kingside, for instance:
25...Qa1 (25...gxh6 26.Qxh6 Nd4 27.Bh5+
25...Nd4 26.Qxd4 gxh6 27.Bc4+) 26.Rd1 Qb2 27.Rh8! Kxh8 28.Qh3 Kg8 29.Qxe6 Kh8 30.Qh3 Kg8 31.Bc4

24.Bxg4 Nc6
Another beautiful winning line is: 24...Nb6 25.Nf6! Kh8 26.Qe4 gxf6 (26...Qa1 27.Bd1 Qxf6 28.Be5 Rxd2
29.Bxf6+) 27.Qg6 Rxd6 28.Qxf6 Kh7
29.Qe7! Kg8 30.0-0!+

The attack is too strong, and White probably has multiple ways of winning. A few examples:

25...Kh8 26.Qg3 Qa1

Or 26...Nde5 27.Bd1! Rg8 28.Bf8 Qc7 29.Rf2+ threatening Bxg7.

27.Bd1 Rg8

28.Ng5! Nd8 29.Bc7

Black resigned in Hohne Permykov, Internet 2013.

C) 21...Nf6

This provocative move has been played twice in email games. White tried to refute Blacks play with a blunt attack,
but in both cases Black survived with seemingly miraculous defence. The chances of anyone doing the same over the
board are minimal, but just in case, I found a way for White to build his initiative more slowly. It seems Blacks best-
case scenario is to simplify to an exchange-down endgame and fight for a draw.

22.Nxf6 gxf6 23.c3!?N

Avoiding 0-0 completely. My idea is that the rook on h1 can be well placed to support an attack with h2-h4 and g4-
g5, while in the likely endgames after a ...Rxd6 exchange sacrifice, it will be useful to have the king in the centre.
23.0-0 Nc6 leads to some insane variations where Black just seems to hold on. See the game Tesic Shablinsky, corr.
2013, where Black survived the middlegame and held a suspicious-looking endgame with rook and knight against
queen. From a practical point of view this would not be much fun for Black either, but I like my recommended line
even more.

The immediate 23...Rxd6 would lead to similar variations. 23...Kg7 is met by 24.h4! threatening g4-g5.
24.h4 Rxd6
24...Kh7 is a computer suggestion, but it seems artificial. White gets a strong initiative after: 25.g5 f5 26.Rg1!? Im
sure there are other good moves. 26...Rxd6 27.Rxd6 Qe5 28.Qd2 Qh2

29.Kf1! Black is in trouble. After some thinking, the only way the computer manages to survive is by entering a piece-
down position after: 29...Ne5 30.Qd4 hxg5 31.hxg5 b6 32.g6 fxg6 33.Rg2 Qh1 34.Kf2 Bb7 35.Rd7 Nxd7
36.Qxd7 Kh8 37.Qxb7 Materially Black has enough pawns for the bishop, but he is in obvious danger due to his
exposed king.

25.Rxd6 Qe5
25...Kg7 just provokes 26.g5! fxg5 27.hxg5 hxg5 28.Rh5 with a strong attack.

25...Qc7 26.Rd2 Bd7 is a logical attempt to develop, but it is too slow. 27.Rh3! Threatening Qxh6. (27.g5 Ne7! creates
a mess.) 27...Kg7 (27...Ne7 28.Qxh6) 28.g5 With an attack.

25...Ne7 tries to create quick counterplay, but Black is far too behind in development. 26.Rf1! The king will be useful in
the centre after the queen exchange. 26...Qe5 (26...Nd5 27.Rxd5! is the key idea27...Qxd5 28.Rxf6 Bd7 29.Rxh6
Threatening Rh5.) 27.Qxe5 fxe5 28.g5 hxg5 29.Rd8 Kg7 30.hxg5 White intends Bd3 and Rh1, while Black is
absolutely stuck.

26.Qxe5 Nxe5
After 26...fxe5 27.g5! White will be able to create an entry for the rook either along the h- or the g-file, and Blacks a-
pawn is not really dangerous yet. 27...hxg5 (27...a5 28.gxh6; 27...Kg7 28.gxh6 Kxh6 29.Rg1) 28.hxg5

28...e4 (28...a5 is met by 29.Bf3+ followed by Bxc6 and Rd8() with mating nets.) 29.Bd1!? Kf8 30.g6 Kg7 (30...fxg6
31.Rh7) 31.gxf7 Kxf7 32.Rh4 Black will continue to struggle with development for a while, so the position remains

27.Rd8 Kg7
The endgame will be unpleasant for Black. 28.Kd2!? also makes sense, intending to use the king to blockade the a-
pawn in the future.

28...a5 29.Rhd1 a4 30.Re8! followed by Rdd8 will create mating threats as well as planning to take on c8. 30...Nc6

Both 28...Nc6 29.Re8 and 28...b6 29.Rb1 favour White as well.

Black will drop a pawn on the queenside.

D) 21...Nc6
Developing the knight is the obvious move, and it has been by far the most popular choice.

22.g5 hxg5
22...Qa1?! has never been played, and after 23.Rd1 Qa5 24.c3 the change in position helps White as Black is
deprived of the check on a1, which can be an important resource in some lines.

This second untested move is also relatively easy to refute.
23.Bxh5 Qa1
23...g6 24.Bd1
23...f5 24.gxf6 Qxh5 gives White several ways to win, for instance 25.fxg7+ intending 0-0.
24.Kf2? Qxh1 25.Bxf7 does not work due to 25...Kxf7 26.Qf4 Kg8 27.g6 e5 28.Qf7 Kh8 when there is no
mate and Black wins.
24.Bd1!? is interesting, but the text move is more forcing.
24...Qa5 25.c3 f5 26.0-0!? Nce5
26...Nde5? 27.Nf6! wins.

23.h4?! is more romantic, and I spent considerable time analysing it in 2006, but it turns out that 23...g4! 24.h5 Nf6!
is a fairly straightforward refutation. After 25.Nxf6 gxf6 White still has some compensation, but his attacking
prospects are virtually nil.

We now come to a final dividing point, where Black has tried D1) 23...g6?, D2) 23...Nf6!? and D3) 23...f6.

D1) 23...g6?
This allows White to continue the attack unhindered.

24.Rxg5 may also be good, but I like the logic of preventing the queen from assisting in the defence via a1-h8.

24...Qb6 25.Nf6 Kg7 26.Nh5 10 was the quick end to the game Kozma2 Bereza, Internet 2013.

25.Rxg5 Qb6 26.Qf4 e5 27.Qf3

I found one internet game where Black gave up in this position, and another where he stumbled on for a few more

27...Qb1 28.Bd1 Qc1 29.Rf5 Qxd2 30.Kxd2 gxf5 31.Qg3 Kh8 32.Qh4 Kg7 33.Qg5
Black resigned in misterija chesspernik580, Internet 2013.

D2) 23...Nf6!?
At first, this move seems to enable Black to simplify things considerably, but White ends up winning the enemy
queen for some pieces while keeping a raging initiative, as demonstrated in several games.

24.Rxg5 Qa1
No better is: 24...Nxe4 25.Rxa5 Nxd2 26.Bc7 Rd7 (26...Nxa5 27.Bxd8 Nac4 28.Qd3 e5 29.Bg5+) 27.Rh5! Rxc7
28.Qh3 Now Black is forced to run with 28...Kf8, but after 29.Kxd2 he faces considerable trouble with his poor
development and vulnerable king.

I briefly checked 25.Bd1? Nxe4 26.Be5, but it is refuted by 26...Qxd1 27.Rxd1 Rxd1 28.Kxd1 Nxg5 29.Qxg5
Nxe5 30.Qxe5 Bd7 with a winning endgame for Black.

Another game continued: 25...Nxe4 26.Rxa1 Nxg5 27.Bc7! (27.Rd1 f6) 27...Rd7 (27...Rd5 28.c4 Rd7 29.Qxg5
Rxc7 30.Ra3!) 28.Qxg5 Rxc7

29.Ra3! White quickly brings his last piece into the attack. 29...f5 30.Rg3 b5 31.Qg6 Re7 32.Rh3 10 Szczepankiewicz
Kolodziejski, corr. 2011.

In the stem game where I introduced 21.g4!!, I played 26.Bxd1 which was also quite dangerous for Black. After
26...Nxe4 27.Qxe4 Rxd6 28.h4 f6 29.Rg3

I eventually won a crazy game in Negi Huschenbeth, Chotowa 2010, but the text move gives White a better version.

26...Nxe4 27.Qxe4 Rxd6 28.Kc1

Compared with the previous note, Whites king can help to block the a-pawn, and the bishop is well placed to join in
the attack via d3 or h5.

28...e5 29.h4 also gives White a strong attack.

29.Bh5 Nf5 30.Qe5 Rd7 31.Bg4 Rd5 32.Qf6 Kf8 33.Qc3 g6 34.Bf3 Rb5 35.h4
Black did not manage to find a suitable defence in Ulbig Fortune, corr. 2013.

D3) 23...f6

This is the most critical variation for the assessment of Whites 21st move. All the other lines were unpleasant for
Black, and most of Whites moves were direct and easy to understand. Now he must make an important decision.

My original intention was:
Unfortunately, some correspondence guys found an unbelievable forcing line, where White does not appear to
have more than a draw. I will present the game with a heavily shortened version of my notes.
24...Nc5! 25.c3!?
25.Nf7 Kxf7 26.Rxg7 Kxg7 27.Qg3 Kh8 28.Qh4 Kg8 29.Qg4 Kh8 was agreed drawn in Berg
Williamson, corr. 2013.
25...Rxd6 26.Rxd6 Ne5 27.Rd4!?
27.Nh3!? Nf7 28.Rd1 intending Nf4-h5 deserves further attention, but I think Black should be okay.
27...Bd7 28.Nf3 Nxf3 29.Qxf3 Bc6 30.Qh3!
30.Rxg7 leads to a forced draw. I also analysed 30.Qe3 and 30.Qg3, but in both cases Black can hold with
precise defence.
30...Be4! 31.Rg3!
Intending Qh5 and Rh3. In the key correspondence game Black found what is probably the only way to defend,
which even the computer initially fails to give as its top choice.

31...Bf5! 32.Qh5 Qb6! 33.Rb4 Qc6 34.Rh4 Qh1 35.Bf1 g5! 36.Qh8 Kf7 37.Rh7 Bxh7 38.Qxh7 Kf8 39.Qh8 Kf7
40.Qxa8 Qe4! 41.Kf2 Qc6!
Despite being rook down, Black has enough counterplay.
42.Rh3 g4 43.Rh7 Kg6 44.Qg8 Kf5 45.Qd8 Qf3 46.Ke1 Qe4 47.Be2 Qh1 48.Kd2 Ne4 49.Kc2 Qa1 50.Qd3

An amazing draw! Dolgov Szczepankiewicz, corr. 2013. How many players in the world would be able to play like
this over the board? Not many, but I still went and found some new ideas for White in the 24.h4!? line, to which we
now return.

Apart from being a logical way to attack, the text move has the advantage of being muddier, meaning it offers more
options to both sides, with fewer opportunities for Black to prepare a forcing series of moves to kill the game. We will
analyse D31) 24...Nf8 and D32) 24...Nde5.

D31) 24...Nf8 25.c3 Rxd6

25...Nxg6 transposes to variation D32 below, but the text move is an important independent possibility.

26.Nxd6 Qe5
Preventing any ...Qh2 jumps, and preparing to attack along the h-file.

After 27...Nh7 28.hxg5 Nxg5 29.Qh5! Blacks position collapses.
This seems like the natural choice, preparing a future g5-g6.

28.Rxg5 is an interesting alternative. The critical line continues: 28...Bd7 29.Rd3 Ne7 30.h5 Nh7! 31.Rg1 Bb5! Taking
away the c4-square from the knight. 32.c4 Bc6 White seems to have the initiative, but I couldnt find anything concrete.

The computers 0.00is deceptive, as Black is barely hanging on. White has multiple ways to create problems, which
at the very least make Blacks position practically hard to play. Moreover, having dug a bit deeper, I believe Blacks
position to be problematic even after correct defence.

By driving the queen away, White takes away ...g6 as means of covering the h8-square.

29.Rh1 g6 30.Nc4 Qg7 31.Kf2 is another interesting position that could be explored further. The queen seems rather
stuck on g7, but Whites initiative has been neutralized for now, so the position seems balanced.

29...Qf4 30.Rh1 Kf7

There are other possibilities, but this seems the most tempting. At several of the following moves, White has different
options, but the main correspondence game seems good enough right up to the moment where I found a clear

31...Kxg6 32.Nd6 Kf6 33.Rf1 Qh6 34.Qg3 g6 35.Kd1!?

Removing the king from various checks. It is hard to see how Black is going to improve his position, while White has
a lot of possibilities:

35.Bd1!?N could also be considered, with the idea of deploying the bishop on b3.

Trying to get some counterplay. 35...Ke7 36.Nxb7 leaves Black under pressure.

36.Bc4 f4
37.Rh2 reduced the pressure on Black, and after 37...Ke7 38.Qf2 Qxh2! 39.Qxh2 Kxd6 he was able to hold in
Simmelink Boehme, Internet 2013.
After the text move Black is rather stuck; he has little counterplay and will find it tough to survive from move to

37...Ke7 38.Qg1! is excellent for White.
37...Qh3 38.Ne4! avoids the queen exchange, and after 38...Kg7 39.Qe1 Black must worry about Rh1.

38.Qe1 is similar. In either case, Blacks position requires computer accuracy to defend. A final few brief lines:

38...Qg5? 39.Rg1 Qe7 40.Qh2 wins.

39.Rd3 Qh6
39...Qh5 40.Bd5

40.Bd5 g5! attacks the knight on d6, but the text move maintains Whites initiative.

D32) 24...Nde5
25.hxg5? is insufficient due to 25...f5! 26.Nf6 (or 26.c3 fxe4) 26...Kf7 when there is no mate. White can try the
tricky 27.c3!?, but Black keeps a big advantage with 27...Ng6! intending ...Rxd6 and ...Qe5.

25...g4? is refuted by 26.Nxf6! gxf6 27.Bxg4 with a winning attack.

25...Rxd6!? has been played only once, but deserves further attention. 26.Nxd6 (After 26.Rxd6 g4! 27.Bxg4 f5! 28.Bxf5
exf5 29.Rxg7 Kxg7 30.Qg5 Kf7 White only has a perpetual.) 26...g4

a) 27.h5 Bd7! 28.h6 g6 29.Nxb7 (29.Bxg4 Kh7!; 29.h7!? Kh8) 29...Qc7 30.Nc5 Be8 31.Bxg4 Kh8 32.Be2 This
insane position was reached in Simmelink Wurtinger, corr. 2013. White is materially ahead, but it is hard to be certain
about anything without much deeper analysis. The game eventually ended in a draw after a long fight.

b) 27.Bxg4!?N 27...Nxg4 28.Rxg4 Qe5 29.Qxe5 (29.Re4!? Qh5 looks extremely dangerous for Black, but its not easy
to prove anything against the computer.) 29...Nxe5

30.Rg3 We have reached a pretty one-sided endgame. Materially, Black is more than okay, but Whites rooks are
extremely active, making it hard for Black to hold on to all those pawns. He certainly has drawing chances, but he will
need to play accurately.

26.hxg5 f5 27.Bh5!
27.Rh1 is an interesting option, but Black has far too many options to draw any conclusions.

This seems like a critical line to consider. However, if my analysis proves correct, it is not objectively best.

27...Kf7? 28.Nc5 is just bad.

27...Rxd6 28.Rxd6 Nge5

Blacks play is not terribly logical, and is quite easy to refute, despite the computers initial insistence that Black
is okay.
28...Nge7? is certainly not an improvement: 29.Nf6 Kf8 30.Kf2 e5 31.Rgd1!+
A better idea is 28...fxe4, when 29.Bxg6 transposes to 27...fxe4 below.
29.Nf6 Kf8 30.Kf2! g6
Both 30...Rb8 31.Rgd1! and 30...b6 31.Qd2! give Black big problems as well.
With the knight on f6, Blacks position is ready to fall apart.
31...Qa4 32.Bf3 Qh4 33.Kg2 f4 34.Qc5 Kf7 35.Bxc6 Qxg5 36.Kf1 Qxf6 37.Be4 Ke8 38.Re1 maintains
heavy pressure.
32.Be2 Nf7

33.Rh1! e5
33...Qc7 34.Rh4 e5 35.Rc4!
34.Bc4 f4 35.Qe4 Qc5 36.Ke2 Nf5 37.Rd7!

27...fxe4! is objectively best, and possibly the only move to survive. At the same time, Black voluntarily enters a
slightly worse endgame, so White should not have any complaints. 28.Bxg6 Rxd6 29.Rxd6 Ne5 30.Bxe4 Nc4
31.Bh7! A nice touch. 31...Kf8 (31...Kxh7? 32.Qd3+) 32.Qg3 Qe5 33.Qxe5 Nxe5 34.Be4 Ke7 35.Rd4 White kept
the better chances in Ljubicic Mller, corr. 2012. In the game Black was able to hold a draw with precise defence, but
over the board this would not be at all easy.

28.Bxf4 Rxd2 29.Bxg6 Ne7! 30.Bh7 was agreed drawn in Malashenkov Noth, corr. 2014. After 30...Kxh7 31.g6
Kg8 32.Qxd2 Qd5 the position looks quite dangerous for Black, but its hard to prove anything.

I also considered 28.Qe2!?N 28...Qf5 with a strange mess, as well as 28.Qf3 Qf5 29.Bxg6 Qxg6 30.Qxf4 e5 31.Qf3
Bf5 with equality, before ascertaining that the main line was the best.

28...gxf6 29.Qh3! Qb6

Another nice variation is: 29...e5 30.Qd3 f5 31.Bxg6! Be6
32.Bh7! Kxh7 33.Qh3 Kg8 34.Rh1 Qa1 35.Rd1 Qxd1 36.Kxd1 Rxd6 37.Ke1

Can a move be both ridiculous and brilliant at the same time?

30...Qe3 31.Kd1 Rxd6 32.Rxd6 Qxc3 33.gxf6 Kf8 (33...Qa1 34.Ke2+) 34.Bxg6 Qxf6 35.Be4 Ke7 36.Rd2+

31.Bxg6 Rd7 32.Bxf4

32.Rh2? Qe3 33.Kf1 Qc1 34.Kf2 Qb2 is only a draw.
32...Rg7 33.Qh2! Rxg6 34.Rh1 leaves Black without a defence.

33.Ke2? Qb5 34.Kf2 Qc5 35.Ke2 Qb5 is a draw.


The analysis is stretching a bit too far, but I cannot resist putting in the complete variation.

34.Qxe4 fxe4 35.Bxe4 e5 should be about equal.

34...Ne5 35.Qxe4 fxe4 36.Bxe5 Rxd2 37.Ke3 Rd5 38.Bf6

35.Rxh1 Rd8
Neither 35...Rg7 36.Rh6 nor 35...Ra7 36.Kg3 help Blacks cause.

36.Bh7 Kg7 37.Be5 Nxe5 38.Rxd8 b5 39.Rg8 Kf7 40.Ra1

White should win the endgame with accurate play.


From the chapters starting position after 20...Rd8, I am pleased that my attacking plan involving 21.g4!!, which I
discovered in 2006 and introduced as a novelty in 2010, is still going strong.
We started by analysing three sidelines, all of which are playable, while at the same time suffering from clear defects.
Blacks most popular and reliable move is 21...Nc6, after which 22.g5 hxg5 23.Rg1! leads to another branching point,
where 23...f6 24.h4!? leads to the most complicated positions of the chapter.
Both 24...Nf8 and 24...Nde5 lead to the same type of story: Blacks position cannot be refuted outright, but he is
constantly in danger. The main challenge for White is to avoid certain forcing lines which might be analysed all the
way out to a draw, which seems a bit crazy, but it could happen nowadays. I am satisfied that I have accomplished this
goal. I cannot promise that my recommendations will break the defences of correspondence players armed with
computers, but I am confident that they will cause problems to anyone who takes up Blacks position over the board.
A) 14...Bg7!? 15.Ne4
A1) 15...Qe3!?N
A2) 15...0-0
B) 14...Nd7 15.Be2 Ngxe5
B1) 16.Nxe6!?
B2) 16.0-0 Bg7 17.Nxe6! fxe6 18.Ne4
B21) 18...Nf7!?N
B22) 18...Rf8 19.c4!!N
B221) 19...b6
B222) 19...b5!

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 h6 11.Bh4 dxe5
12.fxe5 g5

The biggest theoretical debate going on in the entire 6.Bg5 Najdorf has been centred around this variation. Black has
done surprisingly well in the games here, with ambitious White players often seeing the tables turned. My aim is to
demonstrate some interesting tries which have not yet been analysed out to a finish, and those in which I feel Black will
not have the easy life that he gets in many of the main lines.

13.exf6 has been the overwhelmingly most popular move, and we will cover it in the final two chapters of the book.
Before then, however, I would like to draw your attention to a rare move which I believe has been unfairly neglected.

This move has been played in barely a dozen games out of nearly four thousand on my database! Superficially it may
seem that White is taking too much time, but there is definite logic behind the decision to preserve the dark-squared
bishop. Black will soon be forced to capture the e5-pawn, leaving all of the central files open. Obviously the challenge
for White will be to prove something concrete for his two-pawn investment.

13.Bg3 is the poor cousin of the text move, and Black is doing rather well after: 13...Nh5 14.Ne4 (Trying to keep the
bishop alive with 14.Bf2 is pointless, since a future ...Nf4 jump will be annoying: 14...Nd7! 15.Be2 Nf4 16.0-0 Bg7
17.Ne4 0-0) 14...Qxa2 15.Rb3 (15.Rd1 is usually the ideal move, but here after 15...Qd5 Black will most likely be
able to eliminate both the dark-squared bishop and the e5-pawn.) 15...Nd7 16.Qc3 b6! 17.Nd6 Bxd6 18.exd6 Nxg3
19.Nxe6 Qa5 20.Nc7 Kd8 21.Rb4 Qe5 22.Qxe5 Nxe5= Revuelta Capablanca Biedermann, corr. 2011.

13...Ng4 14.Bg3

White is threatening to trap the knight, so Black only has two serious options: A) 14...Bg7!? and B) 14...Nd7.

A) 14...Bg7!?

This move has only occurred in a single internet game. It has the advantage of avoiding the Nxe6 ideas that may occur
after the knight goes to d7, and it is also useful for Black to have the option of castling at a moments notice.

I also analysed this direct attempt, but did not find anything clear. I will present a shortened version of my
analysis which you can use as a starting point for your own investigation should you wish.
15...axb5? 16.Ndxb5 works out badly for Black.
15...Bd7 is met by the clever 16.Be2! Nxe5 17.Ne4, when the bishop is misplaced on d7. Now the knight is
unable to go to d7 to prevent Nf6, and the b7-pawn may be left hanging in some lines.
16.Bxd7 Bxd7 17.Rb3 Qa5 18.Rxb7 Nxe5 19.0-0 Rc8
After 19...0-0 20.Nb3 Nc4 21.Qxd7 Qxc3 22.Rxf7 Rxf7 23.Qxf7 Kh8 24.Qxe6 Qxc2 25.h3 White has chances
to develop a serious initiative.
Black must play accurately to survive.
20...exf5 21.Bxe5 0-0 22.Bxg7 Kxg7 23.Qd4 Kh7! 24.Qxd7 Rxc3 25.Rxf5 Qxa2 26.Rf6!?
A nasty idea, but Black is just in time with a brilliant defence.
26...Kg8 27.Rg6 Kh7 28.Qf5 Qa1 29.Kf2

If it were not for this resource, Black could resign.
30.Qxc2 Qd4 31.Ke2 Qe5 32.Kd2 Qd4=
There is no way to escape the checks. It is no use moving the king to c1 in order to block a check with the b7-rook, as
this would release the pin on the f7-pawn.

Lets now return to 15.Ne4.

Black can try either A1) 15...Qe3!?N or A2) 15...0-0.

15...Nxe5N 16.Rb3 Qe7 17.Nf3 gives White a strong initiative.

A1) 15...Qe3!?N

It is easy to ignore this move when analysing with the computer, as it will tell you that castling is stronger, but any
human player can understand the logic for Black in exchanging queens. It is tempting to assume that Black must be
completely okay, but White can still put his activity to use.

16.Qxe3 Nxe3 17.Nd6 Ke7 18.Be2!

18.Nxb7?! f5! favours Black.

18.Bd3 is nothing special: 18...Nd7 19.Ke2 Nd5! (19...Ng4 might seem more natural, but 20.Rhf1 Ngxe5 21.Be4!
gives White excellent compensation.) 20.Nxc8 Rhxc8 21.Rxb7 Nc3 22.Kd2 Na4 Black intends ...Nac5 with a
comfortable position.
If 18...Nxg2 19.Kf2 Nf4 20.Nxc8 Rxc8 21.Rxb7 Kf8 22.Bxf4 gxf4 23.Bh5 White maintains some pressure.

In the event of 19.Kf2 Nd5 20.Nxc8 Rhxc8 21.Rxb7, Black equalizes with 21...Nc3! intending either ...Rab8 or

This would be a hard move to make, but Black is surviving on the edge here.
20.Nxc8 Raxc8 21.Rxb7 Nf4 22.Bf3 Ng6

23.Bc6 Rhd8 24.Ba4 Ngxe5 25.Bxe5 Bxe5 26.Nc6 Rxc6 27.Bxc6 Kd6 28.Bf3 Ke7 29.Rd1 Rc8 (intending
...Rc7) leads to a similar type of endgame where White has the exchange for two pawns. The main line seems like
a slightly favourable version though.
23...Ngxe5 24.Kc1!
24.Ke2 Nxf3 25.Nc6 Kf6 26.Rdxd7 Rhf8 27.Bd6 Rxc6 28.Bxf8 Bxf8 29.Rxf7 Kg6 30.Rxf3 Bd6 is equal.
24...Nxf3 25.Nxf3 Rhd8

26.Bc7 Ke8 27.Bxd8 Rxd8 28.h3

I prefer Whites chances in this complicated endgame. Materially Black is fine, but he has some coordination
problems and Whites rooks are extremely active.

20.Nxc8 Rhxc8 21.Rxb7 Nf4

21...Ke8?! is unsatisfactory due to 22.Bh5!, while 21...Rab8 22.Rxb8 Nxb8 23.Rb1 Nd7 24.Rb7 also preserves a plus
for White.

22.Bf3 looks tempting, but it allows 22...Rc4! 23.Ke3 Rac8 when Black regroups.

22...gxf4 23.Rd1 Rab8

23...Bxe5 24.Kc1 Rab8 25.Nc6 Rxc6 26.Rdxd7 Kf6 27.Rxf7 Kg5 28.Rxb8 Bxb8 29.Kd2 a5 30.Bd3 Be5 31.Ke2
reaches a one-sided endgame. Despite the considerable simplifications and opposite-coloured bishops, Black is still a
long way from securing a draw.

24.Bxa6 Rxb7 25.Bxb7 Rc7 26.Nc6 Ke8 27.Rb1 Nc5

After 27...Nxe5 28.Nxe5 Bxe5 29.a4 Whites pawns seem more dangerous, for instance: 29...Ke7 30.Rb3 Bd4
31.Kd3 Be3
32.Rb5! (32.a5 Rd7 33.Kc4 Rc7=) 32...Rd7 33.Kc4 Black should probably hold, but he still needs to be careful.

28.Ba8 Rc8

29.Rb5! Rxa8 30.Rxc5 Rc8!?

After 30...Rxa2 31.Nb4 Black should probably hold, but White can keep playing on by targeting the f4-pawn.

31.Rc4 Kd7 32.Na5 Bxe5 33.Rxc8 Kxc8 34.Kd3

Blacks kingside pawn mass is not doing much for now, and Whites knight can jump around and create weaknesses.
Obviously there is a fair chance of a draw, but it is clearly Black who will need to work harder to achieve it.

A2) 15...0-0

This was played in the one game involving 14...Bg7. It looks dangerous to castle having already weakened the
kingside, but it is not easy to prove anything for White.

Of course, otherwise there is no way to question Blacks last move.

Black has to play concretely, otherwise White will get an overwhelming initiative.

16...Qe3 17.Qxe3 Nxe3 18.hxg5 hxg5 19.Rh5

16...Rd8 is too slow. 17.hxg5 Nc6 18.c3

Also after 16...f5 17.exf6 Nxf6 18.Nxf6 Bxf6 19.c3 White has good attacking chances.

17.Rd1 Qd5 18.Qe2 f5!

Again, the most concrete method is required.

19.exf6 Nxf6

20.Nd6 runs into the annoying 20...Qa5!, when White is more or less forced to exchange queens: 21.Qd2N (21.Rd2?
Nc6 left White with insufficient play in Vigon777 Otshelnik, Internet 2012.) 21...Qxd2 22.Rxd2 Although White
has decent compensation for the two-pawn deficit, it seems hard to imagine him converting it into more than equality.

20...Bxf6 21.Qd3!
Preventing Black from capturing on d4 due to the check on g6. We are left with an interesting position where Black
has no immediate way to kill the initiative.

This natural move is safest.

21...Kg7 22.Bd6! gives White good prospects.

21...e5 22.hxg5! exd4 23.gxf6 Rxf6 24.Be2 Qa5 25.c3 gives White an ongoing initiative.

21...Nd7 is also risky for Black: 22.Qg6 Bg7 23.Bd3 Rf7 (23...Rf6 24.Qh7 Kf8 25.Be4 Qa5 26.Ke2!) 24.Nf3
gxh4 25.Rxh4

25...Nf8 26.Qg4 e5 27.Qh5 Qa5 28.Kf1 Be6 29.Kg1 Whites king problem has been solved and his pieces remain
extremely active.

This is the most ambitious continuation. There are many interesting lines ahead, but considering how unexplored this
whole variation is (remember 14...Bg7 has only been played in one obscure Internet game), I will not analyse it too
exhaustively. Instead I will present a few variations to show that White is at least not objectively worse, while
highlighting what I consider the more promising possibilities for future analysis and testing.

It is worth mentioning that 22.Qg6 should lead to a draw: 22...Rf6 (22...Qa5 23.Rd2 Qa1 24.Ke2 Qa5 might also lead
to equality.) 23.Qe8 Rf8 24.Qg6=

22...Qxg5 23.Bd6 Rf7

23...Rd8 24.Nf3 Qf6 25.Qe4 Qc3 26.Ke2! reaches a weird position with good chances for White, despite the
misplaced king. The immediate threat is Be5.

26...Qc6 (26...Nc6 defends the rook, but is met by 27.Be5! all the same. Blacks lack of development is starkly visible
after 27...Bxe5 28.Rxd8 Nxd8 29.Nxe5 when there is no defence.) 27.Qf4 (27.Qd3 Rxd6 28.Qxd6 Qxd6 29.Rxd6
Nc6=) 27...Qxc2 28.Rd2 Qc3 29.Qg3 (29.Rd3 Qc2=) The position remains extremely complicated, but White is not
the one who is taking the risks.

24.Nf3 Qa5
24...Qf5 25.Qe3 Qa5 26.Kf2 Nd7 27.Bd3 White has dangerous compensation, with a comparatively safe king and a
huge lead in development.

25.Kf2 Nd7
25...Qb6 is met by 26.Kg3! when the king is completely safe.

25...Bd7 26.Rh4 Bc6 27.Kg1 Nd7 28.Nd4 maintains Whites initiative.

25...Nc6 26.Qg6!? Qf5 (26...Ne7 27.Bxe7 Rxe7 28.Rxh6) 27.Rxh6 Qxg6 28.Rxg6

The endgame is interesting, but White is at least not worse due to his extreme piece activity. A possible continuation
is 28...a5 29.Bd3 a4 30.Ba3! Ra5 31.Be4 Rd7 32.Rh1 with some initiative.

26.Rh4!? Qd8
Both 26...Nf6 27.Kg1 and 26...Qd5 27.Qe2 maintain Whites initiative.

26...Qb6 27.Kg3 e5 (27...Nf6 28.Ne5) 28.Kh2! also seems quite promising.

27.Rg4?! runs into 27...Nf6! 28.Rf4 Qb6 when it is not possible to put the king on g3 due to the fork on h5.

However, the immediate 27.Kg3!? could be considered.

27...Rxf4 28.Bxf4
The position remains exceptionally complicated, but I feel happy about Whites prospects. At the very least, it would
seem dangerous to play this way with Black in a practical game.

B) 14...Nd7

To date, this has occurred in all but one of the games in which 13.Bf2 was played.

15.Be2 Ngxe5
We have reached a critical crossroads. So far Whites development has been logical, and the stage is set for various
tactical ideas. White actually has a few interesting tries here, and I decided to present both B1) 16.Nxe6!? and B2)
16.0-0 in detail.

There is even a third idea:

16.Ne4 Bg7 17.h4!?
Forcing some weakening on the kingside.
Black also needs to react precisely after 17.Nxe6!? fxe6 18.Rb3 Qa4 19.Nd6 Ke7 20.0-0 Rf8 21.Rd1, but after
21...Qc6! I found no more than a draw.
17...gxh4? is refuted spectacularly by: 18.Nxe6! fxe6 19.Rb3 Qa4 20.Bh5 Kd8 21.Bxh4 The point. 21...Kc7
17...Nc5 seems rather shaky for Black after 18.Nd6 Kf8 19.c3 Ncd3 20.Bxd3 Qxd6 21.0-0.
18.0-0 0-0 19.Bxe5 occurred in Staratorzhsky Jandek, corr. 2009, and now 19...Bxe5!N leaves White with
nothing better than forcing a draw: 20.Nxe6 fxe6 21.Qxh6 Qe7 22.Bxg4 Rxf1 23.Rxf1 Nf8! 24.Rxf8 Qxf8
25.Bxe6 Bxe6 26.Qxe6 Qf7 27.Qxe5 Rf8=
The text move prevents Black from castling. Initially I thought it was promising for White, but unfortunately
Black has a strong defence:
18...h5? is pointless, as 19.0-0 0-0 20.Bxe5! just wins.
18...Qe7 is the computers suggestion, but after 19.0-0 Nc5 20.Ng3! things are far from easy for Black.
19.Nxf6 Bxf6 20.0-0
Now 20...Qe7 21.Rbd1 Bg7 22.Qe3 would be good for White, but instead Black can play:

An incredibly annoying computer idea. It is hard to fathom the reasoning behind it, but the general idea is to misplace
Whites pieces a bit, before retreating to e7. It is possible to analyse this further, especially as the computer has a
tendency to underestimate Whites initiative in such positions, but I dont see any great need to do that right now since
we have plenty of other interesting ideas to explore.

B1) 16.Nxe6!? fxe6 17.Bh5 Ke7

Whites piece sacrifice is the bluntest approach, and is not mentioned in either The Sharpest Sicilian 2012 or
Andriasyans Winning with the Najdorf. Compared with the variation B2 below, White has a few interesting ways to try
and exploit the fact that the bishop has not yet gone to g7.

Another tricky continuation is:
18.Bxe5!? Nxe5 19.0-0 Nd7!
Intending to walk the king to d8 and c7.
After 19...Qc5? 20.Kh1 Qc7 21.Rbe1 Black is collapsing.
19...Bg7 does not lose instantly, but Black comes under heavy pressure after: 20.Rbd1! Qc5 21.Kh1 a5
(21...Qc7 leads to similar lines but gives White extra options, such as putting the knight on b5 instead of a4.)
22.Na4!? (22.Ne4 is also interesting.) 22...Qc7 23.Qe3 Bd7 (23...b5? 24.Qxe5! and mate follows.) 24.Nb6 Raf8
25.Rfe1 The initiative continues, and Black does not have an easy way to untangle.
20.Rf7? just drives the king where it wants to go: 20...Kd8 21.Rd1 Kc7
Now it is difficult to find an advantage, although Whites compensation is enough to recover the material and
maintain the balance.
21.Rb3 Qa4 22.Rd1 Qxe4! 23.Qa5 b6 24.Qxb6 Ke7 25.Rxd7 Bxd7 26.Qc5 was only good enough for a
draw in grasul2009 guardio, Internet 2013.
21...Qxa2?! 22.Rd1 Qa4 23.Nd6 is becoming increasingly dangerous for Black.

22.Rd3 Be7 23.Rd1 Rf8 24.Nd6 Bxd6 25.Rxd6 Qb5 is nothing special, so White should keep the first rook on the
22...Kc7? 23.Rxf8!+
22...e5 23.Qd5 Qb5 24.Qe6
22...Qc6 23.Kh1 Be7 24.Rf7! Rf8 25.Rxe7 Kxe7 26.Qb4 Nc5 27.Qc3! (27.Nxc5 Qb5+) 27...e5 28.Nxc5
White is playing for the same idea as after 22...Qc6 above, but here Black has another defence available.

23...Qxe4? loses to 24.Qa5.
24.c3?? allows 24...Qxe4 as the check on a5 is unavailable.
24...Kc7 25.Rd4 Qb1 26.Rd1 Qb4=
White has nothing better than to repeat moves.

Although the above line resulted in a draw, it was anything but boring. Now we return to 18.Qe3!?N.
Forced, as 18...Bg7? 19.Nd5 wins the queen.

19.0-0 Bg7
19...Kd8 is too slow here. 20.Ne4 (20.Kh1!?) 20...Nc4 21.Qe2 b5 22.Rbd1 Be7 (22...Qb6 23.Kh1 Be7 24.Rf7)

23.Kh1! (23.Rf7 Rf8) 23...e5 (23...Rf8 24.Rxf8 Bxf8 25.Nxg5! hxg5 26.Qxe6+) 24.Nf6! Bxf6 25.Rxf6 Kc7 26.Rf7
With a strong attack.

20.Ne4 Rf8 21.Rfd1!

Intending the sneaky Be1.

21...Qc7? is no good due to 22.Qa3.

22.Qd3?! leads to absolute mayhem; Black barely survives, but with accurate play he ends up with the better position:
22...Qd5 23.Qe2 Bd4! (23...Qc6 24.Bd6 Nxd6 25.Rxd6 Qxd6 26.Nxd6 Kxd6 27.Rd1 Kc7 28.Qxe6 Kb8 29.Be8)

24...Ne3! 25.Bd6 (25.Rd3? Qxe4+) 25...Kd8 26.Bxf8 Qxe4 27.Rd3 Nxf8 28.c3 Bd7 29.Bf3 Qf5 30.cxd4 Bb5
31.Rxb5 axb5 32.Qxe3 g4

Amazingly the only move again! (22...Qa4 does not lose instantly, but Whites initiative seems overwhelming.) Now
White does not have many options against the intended regrouping with ...Qb6.

23.Kh1 Qb6
23...Bb7? 24.Nd6!

This is more or less forced. Black was threatening ...Qe3, and if 24.Bd6 Nxd6 25.Rxd6 Qa7 26.Rxe6 Kxe6,
Blacks king is surprisingly safe, despite the possibility of a discovered/double check.

24...bxc4 25.Rxb6
25...Nxb6? 26.Bd6 was Whites idea, but the text move is enough to save Black. Now White must even be a bit

26.Bg4!? Nxb6 27.Bxe5 is perhaps a bit too ambitious for White, and Black can at least give back the material with
27...Rf5, when he is in no danger at all.

After 26.Rb4 Bxg3 27.Nxg3 Ra7 28.Rxc4 Bb7 29.Rcd4 White has regained the missing pawn and the endgame should
probably be a draw, but Black has a positional edge.

26...Nxe5 27.h3 Bd7 28.Nc5 Rfb8

Without this sacrifice White would be worse in the endgame.

29...Nxd7 30.Rxe6 Kd8 31.Nxa6 Rb1 32.Kh2 Nb6 33.Nc5

Despite the simplifications, the position remains complicated but equal according to the computer. Black has an extra
exchange, but his kingside pawns are weak and White may be able to develop threats against the king.

B2) 16.0-0

16...Be7 is not so good in view of 17.Nxe6! fxe6 18.Bh5 Kd8 19.Bxe5.

White should not allow the black king to get castled of course.

17...fxe6 18.Ne4
In this position it is worth considering the untested B21) 18...Nf7!?N as well as B22) 18...Rf8.

B21) 18...Nf7!?N

This was mentioned briefly by Palliser in Chesspublishing. By threatening to castle, Black forces White to make
immediate decisions rather than continue his attack on a slow burner. At the same time, it requires extreme precision
for Black to pull this off, and even after perfect defence, it is not clear if he can fully equalize.

It is important to note that 19.Nd6 Nxd6 20.Bxd6 does not work, since after 20...Qc3! the queen exchange cannot be

19.Rb3 Qa4 20.Rb4 Qc6! forces matters, and after 21.Bf3 0-0 22.Nf6 Nxf6 23.Bxc6 bxc6 Blacks three pieces seem
quite enough to deal with the queen.

19...Nxd6 20.Nxd6 Kd8

The first critical position, where White has many possible ways to continue.
This seems like the most dangerous. Certainly 21.Kh1?! Rf8 is too slow for White.

21.Rfd1 is the only move mentioned by Palliser. After 21...Be5 22.Nxc8 Qc5 23.Kh1 Qxc8 White can win back the
piece and equalize with either 24.Bf3 or 24.Bg4, but he gets no advantage.

A more serious alternative is:

21.Rf7!? Bc3!
21...Qc5 may appear safer, but the endgame after 22.Kh1 Qd4 23.Rd1 Qxd2 24.Rxd2 Bc3 25.Rd3 Kc7 26.Nxc8
Raxc8 27.Rdxd7 Kc6 28.Rxb7 is not yet drawn, and Black will need to defend accurately.

22.Qd3 Ne5! 23.Nxb7 Ke8 24.Nd6 Kd8 is just a draw.
22.Qd1 Qc5 23.Kh1 Qd4 24.Qxd4 Bxd4 25.Rd1 Rf8 26.Rxd4 Rxf7 27.Nxf7 Ke7 28.Nxh6 Nf6 29.Ng4 b5
reaches a comfortable endgame for Black.
22...Ke8 23.Nd6 Kd8
White obviously has a draw in his pocket, but can he achieve anything more?

24.Qd3 Ne5! transposes to 22.Qd3 above and forces a draw.
24.Qd1 Ra7! (24...Qc5 25.Kh1 Qd4 26.Qxd4 Bxd4 27.Rd1) Blacks position looks incredibly dangerous, but
somehow he is surviving: 25.Rf3 (25.Bc4 Be5 26.Nxc8 Kxc8 27.Bxe6 Qd6=) 25...g4 26.Rd3 Qc5 27.Kh1 Be5
28.Nf7 Ke7 29.Nxh8 Bxh8 30.Qd2 Bg7 Black is doing rather well.
24...Qxd6 25.Qxc3 Rf8!

26.Rh7 Qc5 27.Qxc5 Nxc5 28.Bf3 Rxf3 29.gxf3 Bd7=
26...Qxf8 27.Qa5 Ke7 28.Qb4 Kd8
White has no more than a draw.

21...Ke8 is worse due to 22.Bh5 Qc5 23.Kh1 Rf8 24.Rbd1! Ke7 25.Qd3! intending Qh7.

22.Nxh8 Bxh8 favours Black.

22...Be5 leads to an insane but relatively forcing variation: 23.Nxe5 Nxe5 24.Rd1 Nf7 25.Rc4! Rd8 26.Rc7 Ke8

27.Qxd8! Nxd8 28.Bh5 Nf7 29.Rxf7 Qc5 30.Kh1 Qd5! 31.Rxd5 exd5 32.Rh7 Kd8 33.Rxh6 White keeps some
pressure in the endgame.

23.Qd6 Kxf7 24.Qc7
24.Rxb7 Bxb7 25.Bh5 Kg8 26.Qxe6 Kh7 27.Qf5 Kg8 28.Qe6 is a draw.

The king must dodge all sorts of mating nets here. One example is: 24...Kg8 25.Qd8! Kh7 26.Bd3 Qxd3 27.Qxd3
Kg8 28.Qg6+

After 25.Bd3? Qxd3 26.cxd3 Rf8 Black is consolidating.

25.Rb3 Qa4 26.Rxf6 Kxf6 27.Rf3 Qf4! is also okay for him.

25...Rf8 is a smart defensive idea, but White has a strong answer: 26.Bd3 Ne4 27.Bxe4 Rf5 28.Rb3! (28.g4 Qxc3
29.Qxc3 Bxc3 30.Rc4 Be5 31.gxf5 Kf6 32.fxe6 Bf4 is rather drawish.)

28...Qa4 (28...Qxa2 29.Rb6 Kh7 30.Rd6! Qe2 31.Bxf5 exf5 32.Qf7! Intending Qg6. 32...Be6 33.Rxe6) 29.Re1! g4
(29...Qd7 30.Rxb7 Qxc7 31.Rxc7+) 30.Bxf5 exf5 31.Rb6 Kh7 32.Rf6! Qd7 33.Rf7 Qxc7 34.Rxc7 Kg6 35.Re8
26.Rxf6 gives Black chances to force perpetual check: 26...Qc1 27.Kf2 Qc2! 28.Ke3 Qc1 29.Kf3 Bd7 30.Bd3
Kg8 31.Ke2 (31.Qxd7 Qd1 32.Kf2 Qd2=) 31...Bxf6 32.Qxd7 Qxc3 33.Rxb7 Qe5=

26...Kg8 27.Qd8 Kf7 28.Qc7 Kg8

29.Rd4! Qf8!
After 29...Bd7 30.Rxd7 Qf8 31.Qe5! White continues to dominate. Black can avoid an immediate loss with a few
precise moves, but he will continue to suffer: 31...Re8 32.Rxb7 Re7 33.Rb8 Re8 34.Bc4 Rh7 35.Rb7!? (35.Qxe6 Rxe6
36.Bxe6 Kh8 37.Rxf8 Bxf8 38.Rxf6 Bc5 39.Kf1 Rb7 40.Bb3) 35...Kh8 36.Bb3

30.Rd8 Bd7 31.Rxf8 Rxf8
Another critical position.

Even though Black has plenty of material for the queen, not to mention the computers approval, I think his position
remains quite tricky, especially in a practical game.

32.Rxf6 makes Blacks life easier, and after 32...Bxf6 33.Qxd7 Rf7 34.Qxe6 Kg7 he manages to regroup. The opposite-
coloured bishops can still be used to create some pressure, but Black should enough resources.

32...a5 33.Rxf6 gives White an improved version of the above note.

32...Rd8 33.Bg6!? (33.c4 Ng4 34.Qb6 Rc8 35.Kh1; 33.Bc2 Kf7! 34.Ba4 Ke7) 33...Rf8 (33...h5 34.Qxa6 Rh6
35.Qa5 Rb8 36.Bd3 g4 37.a4) 34.Qxa6 White keeps an edge, and is ready to meet 34...Nd5 with 35.Qb7!.

33.Qc7 leads to similar positions, but the queen seems better on c6 as she is ready to capture some pawns.

33...a5 34.Qc7 a4 35.c4 h5 36.c5 g4 37.h4 favours White.

After 33...Bd7 34.Qxa6 Ng4 (34...Nd5 35.Qd6!) 35.a4! the a-pawn may prove troublesome, for instance:
35...Be5?! (35...Rxf1 36.Kxf1 is objectively better, although White keeps an edge here too.) 36.Qb7! Bxh2 37.Kh1
Rxf1 38.Bxf1 The advancing a-pawn is more important that the small loss on the kingside.

34.a4 a5
34...h4 35.Bxa6 (35.h3!?) 35...Bxa6 36.Qxe6 Kh7 37.Qxa6

35.Qc7 g4 36.Bc4
36.h4!? is also possible.
36...h4 37.Qxa5
It will not be easy for Black to coordinate his forces and restrain the a-pawn.

B22) 18...Rf8
We have reached another critical position, where a deep investigation led me to conclude that a novelty was needed.

Let us briefly note that after 19.Bh5 Ke7 20.Rb3 Rxf1 21.Kxf1 Nc4! 22.Rxa3 Nxd2 23.Nxd2 Be5 White was
struggling for compensation and Black eventually converted his extra pawn in Anand Nepomniachtchi, Mainz (rapid)

To understand the real value of the text move, we should compare it to the following line:
This was played in a correspondence game. Here I was unable to find an advantage after:
19...b6 was played in Drossler Dobrica, corr. 2013, and now 20.c4!N would have been strong. You can find this
position analysed in variation B221 below, under the move order 19.c4!! b6 20.Kh1!.
I considered a few other moves, including 19...Ke7, when 20.c4! is strong once again. The main idea is to cut off
the black queen from the defence with c4-c5. Once I realized the importance of this idea, I began investigating
the same possibility a move earlier. You can find my main recommendation analysed below, but first I will just
show a few lines demonstrating the robustness of Blacks defence in the present line.
20.Bf2 hopes for land a lethal pair of checks on h5 and c5, but after 20...Rxf2! 21.Rxf2 Kd8! White must force a
draw with: 22.Rb3 Qxa2 23.Nc5 Ke7 24.Ne4 Kd8=
20.Nd6 Ke7 21.Rfd1 Rb8! 22.Rb4 Rb6 23.c3 seems like a romantic position, but I dont think Black has any
objective problems.
20...Ke7 21.Rxf8 Kxf8 22.Rf1 Kg8!
22...Ke7 23.Qd4 looks extremely dangerous for Black.

23.Bxe5 Bxe5
23...Nxe5 24.Qd8 Kh7 25.Nf6 Bxf6 26.Qxf6 Qd6 27.Bg6 Kg8 28.Bf7 Kh7 might be another way to make
a draw.
After 24.Bf7 Kg7 25.Bxe6 Nf6 26.Bxc8 Rxc8 27.Nxf6 Qd6! Black is doing well.
24...Qe7 25.Nf7 Bg7 26.Nxh6 Kh8=
I found nothing more than a perpetual for White.

Lets return now to the stronger 19.c4!!N. Depending on Blacks response, White can either play Kh1 having avoided
the defensive line given above, or do something else. Black has two main tries: B221) 19...b6 is playable but leaves
Black under pressure, so B222) 19...b5! seems like a better try.

19...Nc6 20.Kh1 gives White a strong initiative.

B221) 19...b6

Transposing to a favourable version of 19.Kh1 where White has bypassed the resilient 19...b5!N.

20.c5 leads to some interesting complications, but the fact that the king can come under check proves to be important in
several variations.

20...Qe7? loses quickly after 21.Nd6 Kd8 22.c5!, and 20...Bb7? 21.Nd6 Ke7 22.Nxb7 is also unpleasant for

20...Kd8?! 21.Rfd1! gives White an improved version of the main line below, since the king cannot escape via f7 now.
21...Rb8 (21...Kc7? 22.c5!+; 21...Ke7 22.Rb3! Qa4 23.Qd6 Kf7 24.Rf1 Kg8 25.Rxf8 Nxf8 26.Bxe5+) 22.Rb3
Qe7 23.c5 White has a powerful initiative.

21.Rxf1 Kd8! 22.Rd1

After 22.c5 Black can defend with 22...Bb7!, so White should prevent the bishop from developing.
The only way to offer serious resistance. 22...Kc7? 23.c5 is crushing, while after 22...Ra7 23.c5! Blacks position is
collapsing again: 23...bxc5 24.Nxg5! hxg5 25.Qxg5 Kc7 26.Qxg7+

23.Nd6 Rb8!
23...Kc7 24.c5! Nxc5 25.Qe3 Kb8 26.Nxc8 Kxc8 27.Bxe5 maintains some pressure.
In the main line the computer continues to find obscure defensive ideas, but Blacks position still remains on the edge.

24.Bh5!? gives White excellent compensation too, while avoiding too many forced lines. This could be relevant in
case Black finds an exact way to equalize after the text move.

24...Bb7 25.Nxb7 Rxb7 26.c6

26.Bxa6?! Ra7 27.Bxe5 Bxe5 28.c6 Bd6! leads to a slightly worse endgame for White.

No better is: 26...Nxc6 27.Bf3 Qc5 (27...Na5 28.Bd6 Qe8 29.Qd3) 28.Rc1 (28.Bf2!? is also tempting.) 28...Qd4
29.Qc2 Nde5 30.Rd1 Rd7 31.Rxd4 Nxd4 32.Qb1 Black has enough material for the queen, but the queen is in her
element with targets spread across the board.

27.cxd7 Rxd7 is perfectly safe for Black, but there is no need to release the tension so soon.

After 27...Qc5 28.Bf3! g4 29.Be4! (29.cxd7 Rxd7 30.Bf2 Qb5 31.Bxb6 Ke8 32.Qxb5 axb5=) the two bishops will
continue to provide terrific compensation against Blacks exposed king, for instance:
29...Qb5 (29...Kc8 30.cxd7 Rxd7 31.Rc1 Nc4 32.Qe2 b5 33.Bd3; 29...Ke8 30.Rc1 Qb5 31.cxd7 Kxd7 32.Qd2
Kc8 33.Rb1 Qc5 34.a4) 30.Qd2! Qa4 31.Bh4 Kc8 32.cxd7 Rxd7 33.Rc1 Kb8 34.Qe1

28.Bxe5 Bxe5 29.Qxe5

The position looks rather unpleasant for Black, although the computer continues to find defensive resources.

29...Qc5! 30.Qh8 Kc7 31.Bxa6 Qd5! 32.Qa1!?

Avoiding the forced draw that may occur after 32.Be2 Qe5 33.Qe8 Rd6 34.Rc1 Rc6.

32...Qe5 33.Qb1 Rd6 34.Rf1

The computer would have you believe that Black is absolutely fine after every move, but I would argue that White
maintains nagging pressure. Of course Blacks position is defensible with computer precision, but there is no forcing
route to a draw, which is rather annoying for the player with an open king. Blacks extra pawn is not too significant, as
the major pieces are still on the board. Also, while Black needs to choose between lots of relatively indistinguishable
options, White has a number of easy moves such as Bb5, a2-a4, and various ways of poking around with the queen and

B222) 19...b5!

The best try, but White has some extra resources compared to the 19.Kh1 b5! line mentioned in the notes on page

20.Nd6?! Ke7 21.Rfd1 Rb8 (21...bxc4 22.Kh1) Black intends ...Rb6, and after 22.cxb5 Bb7! Whites initiative is
20...Nc4? can be dispatched surprisingly easily. 21.Bxc4 bxc4 22.Rbd1! (22.c6 Qd3! 23.Nd6 Ke7 24.Nxc8 Raxc8
25.Qb4 Ke8 26.cxd7 Qxd7=)
22...Qd3 (22...Rxf1 23.Rxf1 Qd3 [23...Nxc5 24.Nd6+] 24.Nd6 Kd8 25.Qa5+) 23.Rxf8 Nxf8 24.Qe1 Bd4
25.Kh1 Qe3 26.Nd6 Ke7 27.Qb4 Bxc5 28.Nxc8 Rxc8 29.Qb7+

21.Rxf1 Kd8!
The only way to survive. Even though the king cannot run to c7 yet, he at least avoids the immediate threats.

Keeping up the pressure. A move like 22.Kh1 would be too slow, and after 22...Bb7 White will struggle to
demonstrate compensation.

Somewhat counter-intuitive, but Black creates important resources like ...Qb2 or ...Qb4 to threaten a queen exchange,
as well as the possibility of putting a piece on d4 to block Whites attack.

22...a5?! intends ...Qb4, but White can easily deal with this: 23.Bxb5 Qb4 24.Qe2 Ke7 25.Be1! (25.Kh1 looks good
too, but Black has an incredible defensive line beginning with 25...Rb8!, when I found no more than a draw for White.)
25...Qa3 26.Bf2 Black is under heavy pressure, with no obvious way of simplifying.

A more resilient attempt is:

22...Ra7 23.Kh1
23.Nxg5 does not work due to 23...hxg5! 24.Qxg5 Kc7 25.Rxd7 Bxd7 26.Bxe5 (after 26.Qxg7 Qxc5 Black
is at least equal) 26...Bxe5 27.Qxe5 Kb7, when White must force a draw with 28.Bf3 Kc8 29.Qh8 Kc7
Now Nxg5 is a huge threat, as White will be able to capture the bishop on g7 without the c5-pawn falling with
check. Blacks position is on the verge of collapse, and he only has one defence.

23...Rc7! 24.Nxg5 Rc6

This keeps Black in the game, although it feels rather awkward.
25.Ne4!? Qa4 26.Qf4 is another possibility, when there are a lot of threats hanging in the air.
The text move is a safer alternative which leads to a forcing line.
25...Bxe5 26.Bf3
Another only move to survive.
27.Qe2 Qxc5 28.Bxc6 hxg5 29.Qxe6 Bd4 30.Qg4 leads to a balanced endgame.
27...Qxc5 28.Nxe6 Rxe6 29.Qxe6 Kc7 30.Qxh6
It is hard to assess this position, even with a computer at your disposal. Although the fight will continue for three
possible results, Blacks decisions are likely to be harder, considering his open king. Another significant point is that a
queen exchange may not be bad at all for White, as he will then be able to advance his kingside pawns more easily.

I also analysed 23.Qd6 Qe3, but found that Black could maintain the balance.

Another interesting try is:

23.Kh1!? Qb2
23...Nd4 24.Bd6!+
24.Qe3 Bd4! 25.Qf3 Be5 26.Nd6 Kc7
There are many possibilities, but I will focus on the computers top choice.
After 24...Nd4 25.Bf3 g4 26.Bxg4 Qc2 27.Qxc2 Nxc2 28.c6 Ne3 29.Bh5! Black remains under pressure; the
rook cannot be taken because of the brilliant mating net with c6-c7 and Bd6. 29...e5 30.Rd3
25.Nd6 Bxg3 26.hxg3 Nce5 27.Qe3 Qc2
Or 27...Rb8 28.Bf3 and the fight goes on.
28.Rc1 Qb2
28...Qxa2 29.c6!

29.c6 Nf6 30.Qb6 Ke7 31.Qc7 Bd7 32.cxd7 Nfxd7 33.Bh5 Qa3
33...Qxc1 34.Qxc1 Kxd6 will also leave Black on the defensive for a long time.
34.Nc8 Rxc8 35.Qxc8
White can continue trying without risk.

23...g4? is refuted by 24.Qd6! gxf3 25.Bh4 Ke8 26.Qxc6, and 23...Be5 24.Kh1! Bxg3 25.hxg3 also heavily favours

24.c6 Ra7
24...Nxc6 25.Nd6

The most obvious human way.

25.Qf2 and especially 25.h4!? are interesting alternatives which can be checked.
25...Qa4? 26.Nxg5! is nasty.

26.gxf3 Qxf3 27.Qc2!?

27.Re1 leads to similar stuff.
There is no way for Black to force a draw, and Whites initiative is likely to continue with moves like Bg3, Nd6 and
possibly a rook lift. White is a few pawns down (the piece does not really count, as the d7-knight can be removed at
any moment), but the position is much trickier to play for Black.


Considering how heavily the Najdorf Poisoned Pawn has been analysed, it seems almost inconceivable that an almost-
new move such as 13.Bf2!? could actually be any good. Having studied it in detail, I believe it to be a fully viable
alternative to the automatic 13.exf6.
After the logical 13...Ng4 14.Bg3, we began by looking at 14...Bg7!? 15.Ne4. At this point the most obvious move
for a human is the untested 15...Qe3, but we saw that Whites tremendous piece activity offered promising
compensation even after the queen exchange. The computer prefers 15...0-0, but then 16.h4! leads to interesting
complications where both kings may become somewhat exposed, but Blacks position remains trickier to handle.
14...Nd7 has been the most common choice in the few games in which the position has been reached. Then after
15.Be2 Ngxe5 we analysed 16.Nxe6!? as a tricky sideline, but I believe the acid test of Blacks position to be 16.0-0
Bg7 17.Nxe6! fxe6 18.Ne4. Black has several options in the battle ahead, but in all lines White maintains a potent
initiative for the sacrificed piece. Crucially, Black does not seem to have any way to force a draw, either by perpetual
check or heavy simplification. Considering the objective dangers in the position, and factoring in the considerable
surprise value of 13.Bf2!?, I regard this hitherto-ignored move as a serious practical weapon.
A) 14...Nd7?!
B) 14...Qa5 15.0-0
B1) 15...h3!? 16.Bf3!? Nd7 17.Nd5 Qc5! 18.Rbe1!N Bd6 19.Kh1!
B11) 19...Ne5
B12) 19...Be5
B2) 15...Nd7 16.Kh1 Qg5 17.Qd3!?
B21) 17...Nc5
B22) 17...Nxf6!?

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 dxe5 11.fxe5 h6
12.Bh4 g5 13.exf6 gxh4

Although 13.Bf2!? is a fascinating possibility, it would seem wrong not to also consider the established main line.
Fortunately there are plenty of new paths to explore here as well.

Considering that 14.Be2 Nd7 15.Ne4 is a promising line for White, it is logical to ask if 14.Ne4 might be a good idea
a move earlier. It prevents ...Qa5 and was indeed considered interesting a while back, but eventually Black found a
good antidote that did not involve committing himself to ...Nd7. Here is a brief summary: 14...Qxa2 15.Rd1 (15.Rb3
Nd7 16.Qc3 is met by 16...b6! intending ...Qa5; this move has more or less killed the 15.Rb3 variation. 17.Nxe6 fxe6
18.f7 Ke7 19.Qxh8 Qxc2 20.Re3 Bb7 Black had excellent play in Karthikeyan Adhiban, Kolkata 2012.) 15...Bd7!
The key difference. The knight will be much better on c6, and then Black can play ...0-0-0 quickly as well. 16.Be2 Qd5
17.Qe3 Qa5 18.c3 Nc6 This was Walsh Neto, corr. 2010, where Black was ready for ...0-0-0 in the near future. I
tried looking for a way of switching to a queenside initiative, but it didnt yield anything.

After the text move Black sometimes tries A) 14...Nd7?!, but B) 14...Qa5 is the more reliable move.

14...h3 can be ignored by 15.0-0, with a likely transposition to one of the later lines involving ...h3.

A) 14...Nd7?!

A fair number of players, including Areshchenko, have apparently not noticed any difference between this and the
second main variation. In fact the text move gives White a powerful extra option.

I should mention that White is not obliged to play this way, and can easily transpose to the main line with 15.0-0
when Black almost invariably plays 15...Qa5. I will not analyse the text move in great detail, but I do consider it a
promising attempt to exploit Blacks chosen move order.

15...Qxa2 16.Rd1 Qd5

16...Rg8 17.Nb3!? (After 17.0-0 Qd5 18.Qe3 h3 19.g3 Bc5 the position is more complicated as Nxc5 isnt possible,
although I still prefer White.) 17...Rxg2 (17...Qa3 18.0-0) 18.Kf1 Rxe2 (18...Rg6 19.Bh5) 19.Qxe2 Qb2 20.Rg1
Nxf6 21.Rd4 Nxe4 22.Qxe4 White keeps some initiative.

16...h3 can be ignored. 17.0-0 hxg2 This is not particularly scary, but there is nothing better. (17...Rg8 18.Nb3!?
[18.Bf3 hxg2 19.Rfe1 seems quite dangerous for Black as well.] 18...Rxg2 19.Kh1 As usual, losing the g2 pawn is no
big deal. 19...Qa3 20.Rf3!) 18.Rf2 Qd5
19.Qe3! Qe5 (19...Bc5 20.Nxc5 Qxc5 21.Rf5! Qb6 22.Bh5+) 20.Nf5! exf5 21.Rxf5 Qe6 22.Bc4 Qc6 23.Rd6 Bxd6
24.Nxd6 Kd8 25.Nxf7 Kc7 26.Qf4 Kb6 27.Nxh8

17.Qe3 Qa5
Both 17...Rg8 and 17...h3 are met by 18.Nb5! with a clear advantage to White.

After 17...Bc5 18.0-0 it will not be easy for Black to finish development. 18...h3 (18...e5 19.Nxc5 Qxc5 20.Rf2!)
19.Rf3!? hxg2 20.Nxc5 (20.Rh3!?) 20...Qxc5 21.Rf5 e5 22.Qg3

18.c3 Ne5
This prepares ...Bd7 and ...Nc6, but Black will end up two tempos down on the 14.Ne4 line mentioned above.
Therefore it will be easy for White to generate counterplay against the intended long castle.

19.0-0 Bd7 20.Ra1 Qc7 21.Kh1 Rg8 22.h3 0-0-0

23.Bxa6! bxa6 24.Rxa6 Bc6 25.Nxc6 Nxc6 26.Rb1 Kd7

White was ready to increase the pressure with moves like, Qe2, Qf3 or Rab6.

27.Qd3 Ke8 28.Qb5 Rb8 29.Qxc6 Qxc6 30.Rxb8 Kd7 31.Rxc6 Kxc6 32.c4
This was the wonderfully instructive game Hebels De Carlos Arregui, corr. 2012. White has achieved a dominating
position, and he went on to win by exploiting the pin along the eighth rank.

B) 14...Qa5

This is the usual move, effectively ruling out a quick Ne4 on account of the queen exchange.

Now we will consider B1) 15...h3!? followed by the more popular B2) 15...Nd7.

B1) 15...h3!?

This move has largely been ignored by over-the-board players as it offers White plenty of attacking possibilities,
whereas developing the knight to d7 is much easier to understand as a plan. Nevertheless, a number of lines have been
deeply explored in correspondence play.

It seems to me that this is a good moment to steer the game away from the heavily trodden paths of the
correspondence players.

16.g3 is another possible direction to explore, but I would prefer to activate my pieces more quickly.

The most natural and popular move has been:

Apart from preventing the ...Qg5 threats, the queen is ideally placed on e3 to support further tactical motifs in the
16...Bc5! 17.Kh1!?
17.Bf3 has been much more common, but Black seems to have nullified all of Whites attempts here. The king
move has hardly ever been played, but is a useful precaution against the annoying ...Nc6.
17...hxg2 18.Kxg2
Losing time with the king is certainly a concession, but Blacks pieces are not active enough to utilize the g-file,
and White might actually be able to make better use of it after a few moves. Unfortunately, Black has a
surprisingly effective defence.

With the simple idea of completing development as quickly as possible. The open king on g2 gives Black enough
counterplay to make up for the loss of the dark-squared bishop. All other moves seem to be bad for Black, but I
will not take up space with the details.
19.Qxd4 Nc6 20.Qd3 Bd7! 21.Rxb7 0-0-0 22.Rb2 Kc7
Black was doing fine in Rasmussen Siigur, corr. 2012.

Lets now focus on my recommended move. Placing the bishop on f3 is a typical way to meet ...h3, since ...hxg2 is
never a real threat. White also anticipates ...Qg5.

This has almost always been played.

16...hxg2 only gets in the way of Blacks future ideas, and after 17.Rf2! White has a fine position. A short illustrative
line is 17...Nd7 18.Nd5! Qc5 19.Nxe6 fxe6 20.Bh5 Kd8 21.Nf4 and wins.

Obviously the critical move! The correspondence players continue the calm defence with:

Not 17...Qxd2? 18.Nc7 Kd8 19.Ndxe6 fxe6 20.Nxe6 Ke8 21.Bh5 mate!

Now for some reason everyone has placed the wrong rook on the e-file!

Frankly the most logical move. Moving the other rook to e1 seems intuitively the wrong attacking option to me, even
though it has the advantage of keeping an active rook on b1.

This has been the normal response in the analogous position where the other rook has gone to e1.
18...Nb6 seems senseless. Both 19.Nxb6 Qxb6 20.Kh1 and 19.Ne7 Nc4 20.Qc3 (or even 20.Qf2) give White a
pleasant position with a typical initiative.

An additional option, when compared to 18.Rfe1, could be:

This hardly looks like the most worrying line for White, even though it is not easy to refute.
Plonking the knight in the far reaches of the enemy position is a typical idea. It often proves annoying for Black,
as exchanging it for the dark-squared bishop would open up his whole position.
19.Ne3!? is also possible, intending a slower attack against the enemy king.

19...Bxe7 20.fxe7 Kxe7 21.Rf2 maintains Whites initiative.
19...Nxf6 is unsatisfactory due to 20.Nxc8 Kxc8 21.Bxb7! Kxb7 22.Rxf6 and White is totally dominating.
20.Re4!? also deserves attention. This could all be analysed considerably further, but it doesnt seem too theoretically
relevant. I think White has a strong initiative here, and there was also a safer alternative on move 19, so take your pick.

By escaping the pin, White prepares for all sorts of knight jumps.

19.Nf4 is too slow, and after 19...Nxf6! (19...hxg2 20.Nfxe6!) 20.Kh1 Be7! (20...Bd7? 21.Ndxe6! wins) 21.Nxh3 e5
22.Nb3 Qc7 Black seems safe.

I also considered: 19.Rf2 Be5!? Not the only move, but the most forcing. 20.c3 exd5! 21.Bg4 Qd6! (21...Kd8 22.Bxd7
seems unpleasant for Black.) 22.Bxd7 Kxd7 23.Nf5 Qe6 24.Ng7 Qd6= White has no more than a repetition, despite
Blacks awkward pieces.

We will now analyse B11) 19...Ne5 and B12) 19...Be5. The second has been the universal choice in the parallel position
with a rook on b1 instead of f1, but the first is certainly playable as well.

19...hxg2?! 20.Qxg2 does not help Black at all.

B11) 19...Ne5 20.Nb3 Qc6

20...Qb5 21.a4 would not really help Black.

After 20...Nxf3?! 21.gxf3 there will no longer be any threat of ...exd5, so White gets a lot of options. 21...Qc6 22.Na5
Qc5 23.Re4! The idea is surprisingly just Rd1. Black has no way to continue development. 23...Rg8 24.Ne3 Blacks
position seems to be on the verge of collapse.

Returning to the main line, White has a few ways to keep the initiative going.

This is the simplest move, just aiming for a long-term initiative, particularly since Blacks development woes

After 21.Na5 Qc5 there is nothing better than repeating with 22.Nb3.

21.Ne7!? is another tempting possibility. 21...Qc7 (21...Nxf3 22.Rxf3 hxg2 [22...Qc7 23.Rc3!+; 22...Bxe7 23.fxe7]
23.Qxg2 Qc7 24.Nd4 seems dangerous for Black.) 22.Nd4!? Increasing the pressure. 22...Bd7 (22...Bxe7 23.fxe7;
22...Nxf3 23.Rxf3) 23.Bh5!? The position is unclear but certainly dangerous for Black.

21...Qc7 22.c4! Bd7 23.c5 gives White a powerful initiative.

21...Nxf3 22.gxf3 Now the knights are jumping, and it already seems impossible to hold Blacks position together.
22...Bf4 (22...Bd7 23.Na5! Qc7 24.Nd5+; 22...Qc7 23.Nf5!)

23.Qd4! Qd6 24.Nd5 Bg5 25.Nc5! White wins.

22.c4 would run into 22...Bb4, so the rook steps aside.

None of the other squares look convenient.

The position looks awfully dangerous for Black. Note that it is not possible for him to continue developing with
...Bd7 on account of Nc4.

B12) 19...Be5

This appears awkward, but it has been the universal choice in the 18.Rfe1 line, and is also the computers top choice.

In the position with the rook on b1 instead of f1, White has always played 20.Nxe6 fxe6 21.Nb6, but after 21...Rb8
the defence has held firm, and the database shows a long list of draws. I would like to steer the game in a different
direction; one which enables us to make use of the rook on f1.

20...Qc4 21.Na5 Qc5 is covered under 21...Qc5 in the note to Blacks next move.

A typical re-routing of the knight.

After 21...hxg2?! 22.Bxg2 b5 23.c4 the opening of the g-file only helps White.

This is a more critical response, challenging White to come up with something better than repeating the position
with Nb3.
Challenge accepted!
22.c4!? might offer White a decent initiative too, but it will require a lot more analysis.
22...Nxe5 23.Qf4 exd5 24.Qxe5 Be6 25.Nxb7
The struggle remains complicated, but Black is under pressure and has no forcing way to equalize.
25...Qb4 26.Bxd5 (26.Nd6 Kd7!) 26...Kf8 27.Be4 maintains excellent compensation.
26.Nd6 Kf8
26...Kd7? 27.Nxf7! Bxf7 28.Qe7 wins.
27.gxh3 Rd8 28.Nf5
White continues to create problems.

Continuing to add firepower to the attack.

22...Rg8 is met by 23.gxh3 exd5 (23...Rg5 24.c5) 24.Bxd5 Ra7 25.Rf5! and Blacks position is collapsing.

22...Rb8 runs into a spectacular refutation: 23.c5! Nxc5 (23...Qxc5 24.Rc1+) 24.Rxe5! Qxe5

25.Ne7! Bd7 (25...Bb7 26.Nac6 Qc7 27.Rc1+; 25...Ne4 26.Qe1) 26.Nec6+

23.Bxd5 Kf8 could also be explored further.

23...Qxc5 24.Bxd5

24.Qxd5 Qxd5
24...Ne6 25.Qxa8

25.Bxd5 Ra7 26.Rxe5 Ne6 27.Rd1
Despite the simplifications, the f6-pawn remains annoying for Black. If he castles to bring his rook into play, then his
king may come under fire.

B2) 15...Nd7

From this theoretical tabiya I have examined just about every plausible try for White, and will present what I consider
to be the two most promising directions.

This has been by far the most popular choice, but I will soon be adding a fresh twist.

16.Rbd1!? is a rare but potent alternative which will be analysed in detail in the final chapter.

This is one of the most heavily debated positions in the Poisoned Pawn, and it is crucial for the viability of the 12...g5
variation. Unfortunately, the majority of games have followed the sad trend of repeating well-established lines from
correspondence games and reaching forced draws. At some point even I got the feeling that this line was close to being
dead for White, but then I realized there is an oasis of possibilities that have yet to be worked out in detail.

It is obvious that we need to avoid the queen exchange, but this is the rarest way of doing it, having been played in
only about twenty games out of a few thousand. It has been ignored by most sources, but I believe it is a good practical

I used to think 17.Qe1!? was dangerous as well, but by now the correspondence players have figured out that 17...Nxf6!
leads more or less by force to a drawish position.

17.Rf4 is the well-known theoretical line. Once upon a time nobody knew much about this position, but then after a lot
of correspondence and computer testing it was played in a wild battle between Nisipeanu and Wojtaszek in 2011. At the
time this ushered in a new chapter of the Poisoned Pawn, but by now there isnt much excitement left, so I will cut
down on the analysis and just mention the main line with a few brief notes: 17...e5 (17...Nxf6? 18.Ndb5!) 18.Nd5
exd4 19.Qxd4 Kd8!

20.Ne7! There are other moves, but they have also been analysed to death in correspondence games. 20...Qe5!
(Amazingly, 20...Qc5?! 21.Qb2!! is rather good for White. Its an exciting position to check further, but since it has
little relevance to the theoretical debate, I wont go any deeper.) 21.Qd2 Bxe7 22.fxe7 Qxe7 23.Bg4 f5! 24.Rxf5 Re8
Many games have been drawn from here. Here are a couple of examples showing the general pattern: 25.Rd1 (25.Rd5
b6 26.h3 Kc7 27.Qxh6 Rb8 28.Qf4 Kb7 29.Qd4= Guseinov Areshchenko, Antalya 2013.) 25...Kc7 26.Rf7 Qxf7
27.Qd6 Kd8 28.Qb6 Ke7 29.Qd6 Kd8= Yu Wei, Sharjah 2014.

Returning to my recommended move, we will start by looking at the natural B21) 17...Nc5 before checking B22)

B21) 17...Nc5 18.Qc4!N

This unusual-looking move may offer considerable shock value. As you may have noticed, it is often hard for White to
find a safe square for his queen in these positions, so in that sense c4 is not a bad square at all. A more important point
is that Black cannot easily prepare long castling as his knight will be caught in a pin. He can put his rook on c8 to chase
the queen, but then she will just retreat to the ideal e2-square and Blacks king will be stuck in the centre.

18.Qf3 is the only move to have been played, but it gives Black a few ways to make a draw, for instance: 18...Bd7
19.Rxb7 Nxb7 20.Nxe6 Bxe6 21.Qc6 Bd7 22.Qe4 Be6= LePage Lifanov, corr. 2012.

This is the first move that comes to mind, but it looks extremely scary for Black. Still, the sacrifice on b5 is not
winning outright, and we should check it to make sure Black does not have a refutation or a forcing path to equality.

18...h3 is met by 19.Bf3 when, as usual, the opening of the g-file is of little concern for White. 19...hxg2 (19...Rg8
20.g3) 20.Bxg2 Bd7 21.Qe2!? Black still cannot castle, and White is ready to jump all over the centre with Nf5, Rf5
or Nf3. This can be analysed further of course, but it is clear that White has the initiative.

18...Bd7 19.Bf3 Bd6 (19...Rc8 20.Qe2 only improves the position of the white queen, and after 20...Bd6 21.Ne4 Nxe4
22.Bxe4 Black lacks a safe place for his king.) 20.Ne4!? (20.Qe2 Qf4!) 20...Nxe4 21.Bxe4 0-0 (21...Rc8 22.Qd3)
22.Qe2!? The pawn on f6 gives White a constant initiative, and he can patiently build up his position, for instance:
22...Rfd8 23.Rbe1!? (Avoiding 23.Bd3 Bc5 24.Nf3 Qe3! when Black equalizes.) 23...Rac8 24.Bd3! Kf8 25.Qe4

19.Ncxb5 axb5 20.Nxb5 Qe5 21.Rfd1!

Black seems to be in considerable danger, but he can survive as follows.

21...Bd7 22.Bf3 Rb8

22...Ra6 23.Rd2! Rd6 24.Nxd6 Bxd6 25.Qxh4

Black seems to be on the verge of losing, but he can stay in the game with:
23...Bxb5? 24.Rxb5 is winning for White.

This does not lose by force, but it looks too strange and gives White a lot of possibilities. At least one way to
continue pressing is:
24.Rd2 Bxb5 25.Qxb5 Rxb5 26.Bc6 Nd7 27.Rxd7 Qxf6 28.Rdd1 Ke7 29.Rd7 is only a draw.
24.h3!? is another possibility, but I dont see any need to go too deep here. 24...Rg8 (24...Rd6? 25.Re1+;
24...Bxb5 25.Rxb5 Bd6 26.Kg1!) 25.Rd4!? With extreme complications.
24...Rg8 25.Qb4 Bxb5
The only defence, but White has an attractive reply.
26.Qxb5! Rxb5 27.Bc6 Nd7 28.Rxd7 Qxf6
28...Rxb1 29.Rd1# is a beautiful line.
29.Rbd1! Bd6 30.R7xd6 Kf8 31.axb5
Black will have to fight for a draw. Whites pawns are dangerous, and he does not take any risk.

24.g3 also looks tempting, but there are some beautiful defensive ideas: 24...Rg8! (24...h5 25.a5 h4 26.a6! hxg3
27.hxg3 Qxg3 28.Qc3!+) 25.a5 Rg4! 26.Qxg4 Rxb5 27.Rxb5 Bxb5 and Black should survive.

Lines like this are great fun to analyse. Fortunately, Blacks amazing defensive resources do not guarantee a draw.

24...hxg2 25.Bxg2 would lead to the same position in a few moves.

25.axb5 Qxf6
Black seems to be getting away, but White can cash in his passed b-pawn to win the knight by force.

26.b6 Bd6 27.b7 hxg2 28.Bxg2 Ke7 29.b8=Q Bxb8

29...Rxb8 30.Rxb8 Bxb8 31.Qxc5 Bd6 32.Qc4 Qf4 33.Qxf4 Bxf4 34.c4 also gives White risk-free chances to press.
30.Qxc5 Bd6 31.Qh5
31.Qe3 Qh4 32.h3 Rg8

31...Qg5 32.Qh3
Despite the computers assessment of 0.00, the outcome is still uncertain and I would definitely consider Blacks
position harder to play.

B22) 17...Nxf6!?

Even though the analysis of the previous line was not exhaustive, we saw clearly that Whites initiative persisted, so
let us now look at a blunt, even artificial, attempt to force things.

18.Qf3 looks natural, but unfortunately a relatively forced drawing line has already been demonstrated here: 18...Rg8
19.Rbd1 (19.Ne4!? looks exciting, but it still only leads to a draw: 19...Nxe4 20.Qxf7 Kd8 21.Bf3 Nd6 22.Nxe6
Bxe6 23.Qxe6 Rg6 24.Qb3 Rc8 [24...Rb8 also leads to the same outcome.] 25.Bxb7 Be7 26.Qb6 Rc7 27.Bc6 h3 28.g3
Qe5 White will have nothing better than an eventual Qb8-b6 perpetual.) 19...Rg7! An amazing defensive move.
Despite his big lead in development, White found nothing better than 20.Nxe6 Bxe6 21.Qxb7 Rc8 22.Rxf6 Qxf6
23.Bb5 when a draw was agreed in Jensen Pellen, corr. 2011.

It would be too risky to post the queen on the queenside with the black king so exposed.

19.Ne4 Nxe4
19...h3 is not a good idea, since after 20.gxh3 the open file will only benefit White.

19...Be7 20.Nd6! Bxd6 21.Qxd6 Ne4 22.Qb4 Nc3 looks scary for Black after both 23.Rbe1 and 23.Nd2!?, when
23...Nxe2? would lose to 24.Nc4.

20.Qxe4 Be7!
20...f5 21.Qc4 Be7 22.Nd4! is too shaky for Black.

The computers initial suggestion was:

20...Bc5 21.Rbd1!
Blacks idea is: 21.Nxh4 Qd4 (21...0-0 22.Rf3!) 22.Qf3 0-0 23.Qh5 White seems to have some initiative, but in
fact Black is fine after 23...Be7 24.Nf3 Qg7, when it is hard to avoid a queen exchange.
21...0-0 22.Nxh4 Be7
22...Ba7 23.Bh5 looks dangerous.

23.Nf5! exf5 24.Qxe7

White has a considerably improved version of the main line analysed below. The rook is on d1 instead of b1, so the
a2-pawn will not be captured with tempo. The computer still indicates that Black is not doing too badly, but once you
compare the lines below, you will see that Black is suffering here.
21.Qa4!? Bd7 22.Bb5 is a strange idea. After 22...Bxb5 23.Rxb5 0-0 24.Rxb7 White is not taking any real risk, as he
can easily pick up the h4-pawn, but perhaps it is also true (as the computer claims) that Black is too active to be worse

21...0-0 22.Nf5! exf5 23.Qxe7

A critical position. The computer is happy with Blacks extra pawn, but its clear that White is in absolutely no
danger. If he can just coordinate his forces, Black may feel increasingly uncomfortable.

Gaining a useful tempo.

23...Be6 seems natural, but now White can arrange the optimal piece placements: 24.Qxb7 Bxa2 25.Ra1 Be6 (25...Qe5
26.Bd3 Bd5 27.Qb6 Be6 28.Rae1) 26.Bd3

26...Rfb8 (26...a5 27.Ra4 Rfd8 28.Qf3 Bd5 29.Qf2) 27.Qf3 Qg4 28.Qe3 Qg5 29.Qe2 The a1-rook is ready for its lift
to the kingside.

24.Qb4 is a more solid approach, and a decent practical try because Blacks 25th move isnt easy to find. 24...Be6
25.Rf3 Kh7! The only clear way to equalize. (25...Kh8 26.Qxb7! and Black cannot capture on a2 due to Qb2.) 26.Bd3
Rg8 27.Rg1 b5 With a likely draw after White takes the f5-pawn.

24...Be6 25.Qxb7 Bxa2

25...Rad8 is the computers suggestion, but I dont see why it is so nice for Black. After 26.Rbd1 Bxa2 (26...a5 27.a3
is similar) 27.Bxa6 White has an extra pawn on c2, since Blacks f-pawns are not so useful. Of course its not a clear
advantage, but nor does it look like 0.00 in a practical game.

26.Ra1 Be6

If 27.Bxa6 f4 28.Qf3 Bd5 Whites pieces are somewhat awkward.

Also after 27.Rxa6 Rxa6 28.Bxa6 Bd5 Black is okay.

27...Rfd8 can be met by 28.Ra5! when the fight goes on. White can continue improving his position with moves like
h2-h3, while keeping the option of suddenly switching over to the kingside. Black will have to keep choosing between
many okay-looking moves, without quite making a draw yet.

28.Ra4 Rfd8
28...Rfb8 29.Qf3 Ra7 30.h4! is suddenly unpleasant for Black: 30...Qg7 (30...Qg6 31.g4!) 31.Bxf5
29.Qf3 Rd5!
29...Bd5 30.Qf2

30.c4 Rdd8 31.h3

The game goes on, although Black should be all right.


13.exf6 gxh4 14.Be2 can be considered the ultimate main line of the Poisoned Pawn. We started by considering the
inaccurate 14...Nd7?!, when White can either allow a transposition to the main line or attempt to punish Blacks last
move with 15.Ne4!, the latter being fully justified according to my analysis.
14...Qa5 is the correct move order, and after 15.0-0 we analysed a couple of paths. 15...h3!? is a bit risky, but
nowadays you never know if your opponent may have spent hours memorizing some long forced drawing lines
discovered by correspondence players. For that reason I chose the slightly unusual 16.Bf3!?, and after 16...Nd7 17.Nd5
Qc5 my new suggestion of 18.Rbe1!N poses a lot of problems to the defence.
The more natural and popular choice is 15...Nd7, when 16.Kh1 Qg5 has been tested in thousands of games. Here I
chose to investigate a rare but surprisingly venomous option in 17.Qd3!?. Then 17...Nc5 18.Qc4!N is extremely
dangerous for Black, although he seems to survive after correct defence. The alternative is 17...Nxf6!?, but this leads to
a relatively simplified position where Blacks weakened kingside enables White to test the defence while taking
virtually no risk: a nice scenario in a practical game.

In the final chapter we will investigate a fascinating alternative for White on move 16.
A) 16...Bb4N
B) 16...Qg5!? 17.Qd3!N Nc5 18.Qc4! Bd7 19.Bf3
B1) 19...h3!?
B2) 19...Qe3! 20.Kh1 b5
B21) 21.Qb4
B22) 21.Nd5!?
C) 16...h3!?
C1) 17.g3
C2) 17.Bg4!?N
C21) 17...hxg2
C22) 17...Qg5!?
C23) 17...Ne5!
C3) 17.Qd3!?N
C31) 17...Ne5
C32) 17...Qe5
C33) 17...hxg2! 18.Rf4!?
C331) 18...Qc7
C332) 18...Bd6!

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 dxe5 11.fxe5 h6
12.Bh4 g5 13.exf6 gxh4 14.Be2 Qa5 15.0-0 Nd7
We began our examination of this position in the previous chapter, where I noted that the most popular continuation
of 16.Kh1 Qg5 was holding up fairly well for Black even though 17.Qd3!? is an excellent practical try.
In this chapter I would like to shift the spotlight to an exceedingly rare move.


I find it staggering that this move has only been played in four games. Presumably most players have felt reluctant to
move the rook from its seemingly active post on the b-file, but my analysis indicates that it is more purposeful on d1,
while White may yet be able to do without Kh1. The first important question is how White should respond to the
critical A) 16...Bb4N. Once we have dealt with that move, we will consider B) 16...Qg5 and C) 16...h3!?.

16...Ne5N can be compared with 16...h3 17.g3 Ne5, as covered on page 337 in the note to Blacks 17th move in
variation C1. White has good prospects there, and the absence of ...h3 and g2-g3 only helps White, so I will not go into
further details here.
A) 16...Bb4N 17.Qe3!
Threatening Nxe6; a recurring motif in this chapter.

17...Bxc3? meets an unpleasant fate: 18.Nxe6! fxe6 19.Qxe6 Kd8 20.Qe7 Kc7 21.Qd6 Kd8 22.f7 Bg7 23.Bg4
Qb5 24.f8=Q Rxf8 25.Rxf8 Bxf8 26.Qxf8 Kc7 27.Qd6 Kd8

28.h3! Qc6 29.Qf8 Kc7 30.Qf4! Kd8 31.Qe5+ Blacks pieces are absolutely stuck, and White can continue
improving with Kh1 before finally taking the rook with Bxd7 and Qh8.

17...Qe5 18.Ne4! As I have explained before, Whites key objectives are to avoid a queen exchange and increase the
activity of his pieces. Here everything is ideal: 18...Bc5 19.Rf3! Unpinning the e4-knight. 19...b6 (19...Ba7 is met by
20.Kh1 intending Qa3, when White has as good a position as he could hope for in this line.)
20.Nxc5! A rare case when Whites initiative carries over into the endgame: 20...Qxe3 21.Rxe3 Nxc5 (21...bxc5
22.Nc6 Bb7 23.Bh5!+) 22.Nf5 Bd7 23.Nd6 Kf8 24.Nc4 White has a great deal of activity for a mere pawn.

Intending Ne4.

18.Qe4 Bc5! (18...Bxc3 allows 19.Nxe6!.) 19.Kh1 h3! (19...Qe5? 20.Qxh4) Now Black is ready for ...Qe5 when it
will not be easy to avoid the queen exchange, although Whites position might still be preferable.

18...Nxf6? is impossible due to 19.Ne4!.

18...Bxc3 19.Qxc3 0-0 cannot be refuted immediately but, without the dark-squared bishop, Blacks position cant be
good. 20.Nf3 Qxf6 21.Rd4 Qg7 22.Nxh4 With a clear initiative.

A typical way to respond to the pawns arrival on h3.

19...hxg2 20.Ne4 Qe5 21.Qb3!

A nice touch, although a simple move like 21.c3 would also give White a promising position.

21...a5 22.c3 does not change much.

21...Bc5 22.Nxc5 Nxc5 23.Qb4 leaves the knight paralysed due to the potential mate on e7. 23...Bd7 24.Nb3 Rc8
25.Na5 Black has no defence.

22.Nxe6! fxe6 23.Bh5! Kd8

23...Qxh5 24.Qxe6 Kd8 25.Rd5 wins.

24.Qb6 Qc7 25.Qxe6
Black is defenceless.

B) 16...Qg5
This is the most natural continuation, and usually Whites biggest problem in similar positions.

Initially, I had considered Blacks last move to be the refutation of 16.Rbd1, as neither of the two correspondence
games showed much promise.

17.Ne4 was played in Nilsson Mendl, corr. 2012. White should not be in too much danger after the queen exchange,
but I cant envisage him fighting for an advantage, and I prefer to avoid trading queens unless it involves a real
concession from Black.

17.Rf4 seems tempting too, but 17...e5 proved perfectly fine for Black in Kasperek Domanov, Internet 2010. It is
worth mentioning the following brilliant idea: 18.Ne6!?N (Also after 18.Nd5N 18...Bc5! 19.Kh1 exd4 20.Nc7 Kf8
21.Nxa8 Nxf6 Black is doing well.) 18...fxe6 19.Ne4 This is such a devilish idea, but after 19...exf4! (19...Qxf4?
20.Bh5 Kd8 21.Qa5 leads to a quick mate) 20.Nxg5 hxg5 21.Qc3 Kf7 Black is safe.
After checking the above lines, I initially thought this was the end of the road for 16.Rbd1. However, after analysing the
16.Kh1 Qg5 17.Qd3!? line from the previous chapter, I suddenly realized White could put the queen on d3 here as
well. It is always nice to find a promising move that does not appear in the top three suggestions of the computer
something that happens quite often in these positions. When comparing the present variation to the similar line in the
previous chapter, you will notice that the rook turns out to be better placed on d1.

17...Nxf6? doesnt work of course: 18.Qf3 Bc5 (18...Rg8 19.Rf2!+) 19.Kh1 0-0 20.Qxf6

17...Rg8 18.Rf2! does not change anything, and after 17...Nc5 the play is similar to the main line below.

17...Ne5 places the knight rather awkwardly. Now 18.Qh3 intending Ne4 is the simplest, but 18.Qe4! is even better
and leads to an advantage by force: 18...h3 19.Rf5! (19.g3) 19...exf5 20.Qxe5 Be6 21.Bf3 f4 22.Qc7 Bc5 23.Ne4
Rc8 24.Qxb7 Qe5 25.Nxc5 Qxc5 26.Kh1
An amazingly effective square for the queen! Now it is safe against immediate attempts to exchange, and most
importantly it prevents ...0-0-0. Without the option of long castling, it will be hard for Blacks king to feel safe.

18...b5? was barely playable in the 16.Kh1 line, and here it is an outright mistake. 19.Ncxb5 axb5 20.Nxb5 Qe5
21.Bf3 Ra6 22.Rf2 Rd6 23.Nxd6 Bxd6 24.Qxh4

18...h3 can be ignored by 19.Bf3!, for instance: 19...Qe3?! (Black should prefer 19...Bd7 transposing to variation B1
below; 19...hxg2? should definitely be avoided, as 20.Rfe1! Bd7 21.Bxb7! Nxb7 22.Nxe6 wins outright.) 20.Rf2! Bd7
21.Nf5! Qe5 (21...exf5 22.Nd5 Qe5 23.Re2+) 22.Ng7 Kd8 23.Re2 Qc7 24.Nf5

After 19.Rf2 Rc8! the queen has no place to hide, but the text move frees the e2-square. Here I analysed two main
moves: B1) 19...h3!? and B2) 19...Qe3!.

19...0-0-0? 20.Rb1! is too dangerous for Black, despite the loss of time with the rook, for instance: 20...Kb8 21.Rxb7!
Nxb7 22.Qxa6+
19...h5 20.Kh1 Rh6 is an attempt to eliminate the f6-pawn, but it is refuted by 21.Bxb7! Nxb7 22.Nxe6! fxe6 23.f7
Kd8 24.Qc6 Qe7 25.Qxb7 and White wins.

19...Rc8 20.Qe2 sees the queen settle on an ideal square, while Black has been prevented from castling. It is hard to
suggest a plan for Black, for instance: 20...h5 (20...Bd6 21.Nf5 Bf4 22.Ng7 Kf8 23.Ne4 Qe5 24.Kh1!) 21.Kh1 Rh6
(21...Bh6 22.Nd5) 22.Nd5 Black is not yet losing by force, but the position looks horrifyingly dangerous for him.

B1) 19...h3!?

Considering how hard it is for Black to develop, trying to create a mess on the kingside makes sense.

The only way to fight for an advantage. This avoids a check on e3 while keeping the f6-pawn protected.

20.g3 Qe3! 21.Kh1 b5 is perfectly fine for Black, for instance: 22.Qb4 (22.Nd5 Qe5 23.Nxe6 Bxe6! 24.Qb4 Bd6
25.Ne7 Bxe7 26.Bc6 Kf8 27.fxe7 Kxe7 28.Rfe1 a5!) 22...Ne4 23.Qb3 Qxc3 24.Bxe4 Rc8!=

The rook is better placed here than on c8.

20...hxg2 21.Bxb7! Ra7 (21...Nxb7? loses to 22.Nxe6) 22.Bf3

20...Rc8?! 21.Qe2 h5 (21...Rg8 22.g3 Rg6 23.Nd5; 21...Kd8 22.Bh5!) 22.Kh1 Kd8 Trying to justify the placement of
the rook on c8. 23.gxh3 Kc7
24.h4! Qxh4 25.Qe5 Kb6 26.Rb1 Ka7 27.Ne4 The attack is irresistible.

21.Qe2 h5
21...Rg8 22.g3

Anticipating the plan of ...Bh6 and ...Qe3. Blacks position is on the verge of crumbling.

22...Bh6 23.Re2!+
23.Kh1 Rg6
23...Bd6 24.gxh3

24.Nd5 Bd6 25.gxh3 Bc6 26.Nxc6 bxc6 is not so clear.

24...Rxf6 25.Nd5! is winning.

25.h4! Qe5
25...Qxh4 26.Nf5+

26.Re2 Qxf6 27.Bxh5

White has a formidable initiative.

B2) 19...Qe3!

Since the other lines all leave White with a strong initiative, this direct attempt to exchange queens seems best. But
even here, Blacks defence is incredibly hard, even with a computer!

20.Kh1 b5
Now White has the pleasant scenario of being able to choose between B21) 21.Qb4, which leads to a safe endgame
with two possible results, and B22) 21.Nd5!? leading to wild complications.

21.Ndxb5 axb5 22.Nxb5 is almost winning, but after the accurate 22...Ra4! 23.Nc7 Kd8 24.Rxd7 Kxd7 25.Qb5
Kxc7 26.Qc6 Kd8= White is left to choose between many different perpetuals.

B21) 21.Qb4

This simple move, without trying anything spectacular, is a decent practical try.

21...Rc8 22.Rfe1 Na4 23.Rxe3! Bxb4 24.Nxa4 bxa4 25.Nf5 leads to a one-sided endgame, for instance:

25...Rc7 26.Nd6 Bxd6 27.Rxd6 0-0 (27...Rxc2? 28.Red3+) 28.Rd4 Rfc8 29.Rg4 Kf8 30.Rxh4 Rxc2 31.h3 White
has serious threats against the black king, in addition to the long-term potential of the h-pawn.

22.Qb3 Qxc3
22...Nc5 is well met by 23.Qb1! intending Nd5.

23.Bxe4 Qxb3
23...Rc8 24.Nf3

24.cxb3 0-0-0
Now White has a few decent ways to continue.

This is perhaps the most logical try.

25.a4 looks tempting, as Black cannot afford to open up the queenside, but the computer indicates that 25...Ba3! is not
easy to crack. 26.Nc2 Bc5 27.Rd3 b4 28.Rc1 Kb8 29.Rcd1 Kc7 Black is holding everything together.

A more promising attempt could be:

25.Rc1 Kb8 26.Nc6 Bxc6 27.Rxc6

Swapping down to an opposite-coloured-bishop position doesnt look ambitious, until you notice that White can
win the queenside pawns by force. I have not analysed this endgame in much depth since it is too deep, with
many options for both sides. Black should be able to equalize with correct play, but it is obvious that Whites
queenside passed pawns have the potential to be more dangerous than Blacks disjointed kingside pawns.
27...Rd6 28.Rfc1 Rxc6 29.Rxc6 Bb4
29...a5 30.Ra6
30.Rxa6 Rd8 31.Kg1
31.Ra8 Kc7 32.Rxd8 Kxd8 33.Bc6 Bc3 34.Bxb5 Bxf6 is equal.
31.g3!? intending Kg2 is similar to the main line. Here too, I believe Black can equalize with accurate defence,
but a lot of play remains.
Also after 31...Rd4 32.Bf3 Bc5 33.Kf1 Black still has to prove the draw.
32.Kf1 Rd2 33.Ra5 Kc7 34.Rxb5 Bd4 35.a4
Black should be able to hold, but White can keep pressing with no risk.

25...Kc7 26.Rf2!
A sweet way to bring the rook into play. The less accurate 26.Rd2 can be met by 26...Ba3, stopping the second rook
from coming to the c-file.
Amazingly enough, this is the only move.

27.Rc2 Kb6 28.Rcd2 Kc7 29.Ne5 Bc8 30.Rxd8

This is another possible try.
30...Rxd2 31.Rxd2 Rf8 32.Kg2! looks dangerous for Black, intending a king march up the h-file. 32...Bd6
33.Rc2 Kb8 34.Nc6 Kc7 35.Kh3 Kb6 36.Kxh4 Bb7 37.Kh5
31.hxg3 Rxd2 32.Rxd2 Rf8 33.Kg2 Bd6 34.Rc2 Kb8 35.Nc6 Kb7 is equal.
31...Kb6 32.Rxd8 Rxd8 33.Nxf7
Now Black needs to be precise.
33...Rf8 34.Ne5
34.Kg2 gxh2 35.Kxh2 Bb7 36.Bxb7 Kxb7 37.Kg2 Bf8 38.Re2
Black should be able to hold, but the advanced f-pawn makes the position a bit unpleasant for him.

30...Rxd8 31.Rxd8 Kxd8 32.Nxf7

It is possible to analyse this endgame in more detail but, since this is only one out of many options available to White,
I will just show a possible line where White maintains some pressure.

32...Ke8 33.Nxh6 Bb2 34.Ng4 Kf7 35.g3!? hxg3 36.h4 Bxf6 37.Nxf6 Kxf6 38.b4!
Black is still suffering.

B22) 21.Nd5!?
This is the most critical move, and it leads to some amazing ideas.

21...bxc4 22.Nxe3 0-0-0 23.Nxc4 gives White a pleasant endgame.

A beautiful idea, although Black has an equally miraculous defence.
Both 22...Nxe6 23.Qxh4 Bc5 24.Rfe1 Qb8 25.Nf4 and 22...bxc4 23.Ndc7 Qxc7 24.Nxc7 Kd8 25.Nxa8 are
winning for White.

23.Qxh4 0-0-0!
Another possible pitfall for Black is:
23...Rd8 24.Rfe1 Qb8
In the event of 25.Nb4 Rd6 Black is surviving somehow, while after 25.Nf4 Rxd1 26.Rxd1 Bd6! Black is ready to
Amazingly, the text move leaves Black absolutely paralysed, and the opening of a queenside file is enough to
break the defence.
25...Nxa4 26.Nc7! followed by Rxe6 is crushing.
25...bxa4 26.Rxe6! Nxe6 27.Qxa4 Rd7 28.Nb6 wins in great style.
25...h5 also does not help: 26.axb5 axb5 27.Nb4 Rd6 28.Ra1!+
26.axb5 axb5

27.Nf4! Rxd1 28.Rxd1 Qb6

28...Bd6 29.Nxe6 Nxe6 30.Bc6 Kd8 31.Qb4+
29.Nxe6 Nxe6 30.Qe4 Bd6 31.Bh5 Kf8 32.Ra1!
The rook will hurt Black on the eighth rank.

24.Nb6 Kc7 25.Rxd8 Kxd8 26.Re1 Qc7 27.Na8!?

An amazing, insane-looking way to continue.

After 27.Rd1 Nd7 28.Nxd7 Bxd7 White does not seem to have any more than a perpetual, despite the many tempting
possibilities. 29.Qe4 Bd6 30.Qa8 Bc8 Now there are various ways to make a draw, for instance: 31.Qd5 Re8
32.Qxd6 Qxd6 33.Rxd6 Kc7 34.Rc6 Kd7=

27...Qa5 28.Rd1 Kc8

We have reached a fascinating position. It is hardly possible to analyse every possibility here, but the general
evaluation is that Black is walking on the edge, while White can consider a few plans and ideas. At the very least, this
doesnt seem a pleasant position to play over the board for Black, as a single misstep could prove costly; for instance, if
he allows a file to be opened on the queenside. He will therefore have to spend most of his time playing waiting moves,
or perhaps aiming for a conservative level of kingside counterplay.

29.Qf4 is similar and may transpose.

29...Bxa2 30.Ra1! is awkward for Black.

If Black plays too slowly then White will play Qe5 and, sooner or later, break open the queenside with a2-a4.

30.Qe5 h4
30...Rg8 can be met by: 31.c3!? (31.a4 Rg4! is an annoyingly strong idea!) 31...Rg4!? Otherwise White can play h2-
h3 and later a2-a4. 32.Bd5

After 31.c4 b4! it is hard for White to improve, although Black also does not have much to do besides waiting.

31.h3 would be desirable, but Black is just in time with 31...Rg8! intending ...Rg3.

31...b4? 32.Rd4! just wins: 32...Rh6 33.Rxb4+

31...Nxa4? is met by 32.Qe4! and the queen entry will be lethal.

31...Rh6 32.h3 Rh8 (32...Rg6 33.axb5 axb5 34.Ra1+) 33.Qd4! White intends axb5 and Ra1.
32.g4 Rg8
32...Rh6 leads to a similar situation after 33.Qf4!? intending g4-g5. Black is limited to shuffling around with his rook,
while White has many possible moves, but no clear way to break through.

33.g5 Rh8
Blacks position appears to be on the edge, but White has no obvious way through. The game is in something of a
deadlock, although White can shuffle around a bit with c2-c3, Rd4, Qf4/g3 and so on. I guess its possible to explore
this line in more detail, in the hope of finding a nuance to improve Whites prospects. For the time being through, the
above line is enough to cause serious practical problems for the defender.

C) 16...h3!?

This is already a good sign for White we will easily avoid an early queen exchange, and we are entering a whole
new world of variations and ideas. There are only two correspondence games in the database here, so there is a great
deal to explore. At the same time it will be difficult to draw many firm conclusions due to the sheer amount of
possibilities for both sides. Whenever I discovered an interesting idea for White, there always seemed to be an
ingenious defensive idea in the position, and the complicated battle raged on. Instead of recommending a single move
for White, I will present a few different tries and identify what I think are the most critical lines that may be developed
with new games and analysis.

We will begin by analysing the blunt C1) 17.g3, before considering the more fluid options of C2) 17.Bg4!?N and C3)
17.Qd3!?N. Considering the dearth of games after Whites 16th move, any one of these moves could serve as an
excellent practical weapon. However, as the theory unfolds in the future, some lines might become neutralized, or at
least better known. Before discussing these three options, I will mention a few other moves that I discarded.

Whites final option can be understood when you consider the variation 17.Qe3 Qe5!, when it is hard to hold on to the
f6-pawn. 18.Qxh3 (Or 18.Ne4 Nc5! 19.Rf4 Bd7 20.Nf3 Qc7 intending ...0-0-0 and Black is doing just fine.) This was
Isaev Tritt, email 2010, and now 18...Nxf6 19.Rfe1 Qg5, intending ...Be7 and ...0-0, seems to be okay for Black.

17.Rf4N is a crazy version of the next line below, but here Black has a forcing defence: 17...Bb4! All other moves give
White an excellent initiative. 18.Qe3 Qg5! 19.g3 Nxf6 20.Ne4 Nxe4 21.Qxe4 Bc5 Intending ...Qd5, and Black is
doing well.

The idea of this move is to be ready for ...hxg2, but Black has no reason to play that.
Now it will be hard for White to stop the plan of ...Bd7 and ...0-0-0.
17...hxg2? 18.Nb3! gives White a crushing initiative, but I will spare the further details as Black can do much
better than this.
17...Bb4?! 18.Qe3! is strong, and 17...h5 18.Qe3 Qe5 19.Ne4 Bc5 (19...Bh6 20.Qd3) 20.Bf3 also favours White.

18.Qe3 Bd7 19.Qxh3 is a possibility, but Blacks king will be safe now, and his bishop pair will offer him better
18...Qc7 19.Bb5! Nd7!
19...Bd7 20.Bxd7 Nxd7 21.Nd5 Qd6 22.Qe3 gives White some initiative.
20.Be2 Rg8!?
20...Ne5= repeats the position, but the text move tries for more than equality. Either way, this is not what I want to
achieve from the opening.

C1) 17.g3

This could be considered the most natural reply even though we have seen several instances where White just
ignores the pawn on h3. The real question now is who will benefit from the inclusion of ...h3 and g2-g3. Incidentally,
this position has been reached via transposition a few times, via the move order 15...h3 16.g3 (in variation B1 of the
previous chapter I recommended 16.Bf3!?) 16...Nd7 17.Rbd1.

Surprisingly, all of the existing correspondence games which are usually known for their precision missed this

17...Qg5? is bad due to: 18.Rf4 Nxf6 (18...e5 19.Ne4+) 19.Rxf6 Qxf6 20.Ne4 Qd8 21.Qe3 Be7 22.Nf5! Qxd1
23.Bxd1 exf5 24.Nd6 Kf8 25.Qc3!

This has been played in several correspondence games, so it might well be the choice of an over-the-board
opponent too.
18.Qe3 Bd7! 19.Nxe6 (19.Ne4 0-0-0) 19...fxe6 20.f7 Nxf7 21.Ne4 0-0-0 22.Rxf7 Be8 23.Rxd8 Qxd8 seems
okay for Black.
18...Bb4? does not work due to 19.Nxe5 Bxc3 20.Qd6 Bb4 21.Qd3 Qd5 22.Bf3 Qxd3 23.Rxd3 0-0 24.Be4!,
intending Rf4 with a winning attack in the endgame. However, after the text move White really does have to
worry about the bishops arrival on b4.
19.Ne4 was played in three correspondence games, but the queen exchange obviously makes Blacks life easier.
19.Qd3 Nb4! and 19.Rb1 Bd7! both seem fine for Black.
19...b5 just gives White easy play, while Black will struggle to complete development: 20.Kh1 Ra7 21.Qe3! Rd7
22.Rxd7 Bxd7 23.Rd1
Now the ...Nb4 idea is less effective as the bishop will be stuck on a3. In most lines Black will have to waste time
returning his bishop to f8, and in such positions a tempo may prove far more important than a pawn.
20...e5 21.Ne4 Be6 22.Qe3 Bf8 23.c4 Blacks king is stuck in the centre, and White has excellent prospects of
an initiative.
21.Ne4 Bf8 is similar, but White does not need to commit the knight just yet.
21...Bd7 22.Rd3 Bf8 23.Rb1! b5
Both 23...0-0-0 24.Na4 and 23...Rd8 24.Nd5 Qa5 25.Kh1 Bc8 26.Rbd1 see White maintaining some initiative.

24.Nd5 Qa7! is annoying, while after 24.Kh1 0-0-0 the following sacrificial ideas do not work.
24...Qa7 25.Qe4
White has various attacking ideas including Rc3, Rdb3 and a possible bishop sacrifice on b5. (25.Nxb5!? axb5 26.Rc3
looks quite dangerous as well.)

Lets now return to the more accurate 17...Bb4!N, which can be compared with the earlier variation A. As we will see,
the inclusion of ...h3 and g2-g3 proves useful for Black here.
18.Qe3 Bxc3!
Without the aforementioned pawn moves this would be losing, but here Black can get away with it. Instead 18...Qg5
19.Qe4 would give White plenty of attacking options.

19.Nxe6 fxe6 20.Qxe6 Kd8 21.Qe7 Kc7 22.Qd6 Kd8 23.f7 Bg7 24.Bg4 Qb5 25.f8=Q Rxf8 26.Rxf8 Bxf8
27.Qxf8 Kc7
Whites problem is that his king is too exposed: he can never go after the a8-rook since Black will have at least a
perpetual, if not more. Therefore he has to content himself with:

28.Qd6 Kd8 29.Qf8=

We may conclude that 17.g3 is a reasonably safe move that could easily catch an unprepared opponent, but it is not
too difficult for Black to find a path to safety. In the remaining part of the chapter we will focus on a couple of
surprising but extremely dangerous options available to White.

C2) 17.Bg4!?N

With this move White shields the g-pawn against ...Qg5 ideas, while setting up various sacrifices on e6. Black may
consider C21) 17...hxg2, C22) 17...Qg5!? or C23) 17...Ne5!.

17...Bb4 18.Bxe6! Bxc3 19.Qe3 is too dangerous for Black.

C21) 17...hxg2

Of course the pawn has to be ignored, but this looks insane. Still, Whites pieces come together perfectly.
18.Rf2 is less precise due to 18...Ne5 19.Bh5 Bd7 when Black will be able to castle.

18...Bb4 is met by 19.Qe3 Qe5 20.Re4 Qg5 21.Nd5! Qxe3 22.Rxe3 and Black will lose material.

Challenging the strong knight.

After 19...Nxg4 20.Rxg4 it is impossible for Black to develop.

19...Nc6 20.Rc4! also looks dangerous. A few variations to illustrate my point: 20...Bb4 (20...Qb6 21.Kxg2 Rg8
22.Kh1; 20...Rg8 21.Qe3 Bd7! 22.Nd5)

21.Qe3! Bd7 (21...Bxc3 22.Rxc3 Bd7 23.Rxc6 bxc6 24.Ne5+) 22.Nd5 With a dangerous initiative.

20.Bxf3 can also be considered. After the text move it is hard for Black to develop, so he has to try and make use of
the pawn on g2.

20...Bc5 21.Kxg2 Rg8 22.Rg3

21.Rg3 Rg6
21...Rg5 can be met by 22.h4.

It would be possible to spend a lot of time analysing this position, but I will just present a few variations to
demonstrate that Whites initiative is real.

22...Rxf6 23.Bf3

23.Rd3! Be7!
Blacks position looks so shaky, but he can survive with a crazy-looking line.

24.fxe7 Rxg4

25.Kf3! Rh4!
The only move, as is Blacks next.

26.Ne4 Rh3! 27.Ke2 Rxh2 28.Nf2

Black is still in some danger.

C22) 17...Qg5!?
Chasing the queen is a typical idea in these positions.

18.Qe2 Qe5 19.Qf2!

Other moves are not so dangerous:
19.Ne4 Nc5 20.Bf3 Bd7 21.Kh1 0-0-0 is safe for Black.

19.Qd3 is met by 19...Bc5! when it is hard to untangle for White. 20.Ne4 Bb6! (20...Bxd4 21.Qxd4 Qxd4 22.Rxd4
hxg2 23.Rfd1) 21.Bxh3 Nc5 22.Nxc5 Bxc5 again ...Bxd4 is a threat. 23.Kh1 (23.c3 Bd7! 24.Kh1 0-0-0) 23...Bxd4
24.Qxd4 Qxd4 25.Rxd4 Bd7=

A slow move such as 19...Bb4? will be blown away by 20.Bxe6! fxe6 21.Rfe1 Qh5 22.Nxe6 Kf7 23.Qd4! with a
winning attack.

This just gives White a typical initiative.
20.Rfe1 Qxf6 21.Qe3
21.Bf5!? could be dangerous as well.
The text move intends Ne4, Ne6 or Be6, and Black will have to defend carefully to hold his position together.
21...Qg5 22.Qe2!
22.Nd5 Qxe3 23.Rxe3 Bd6 24.Nxe6 Ne5 is just a draw.
22.Qh3!? is also interesting, but after 22...Ne5 23.Ne4 Qf4 24.Bxe6!? fxe6 25.Qh5 Nf7 26.Nf5 Be7! I found
nothing more than a forcing line leading to an equal endgame.
After 22...Nc5 23.Nf5 Rg8 (23...Bd7 24.h4!) 24.Rd4! Whites initiative continues.

23.Bxe6! fxe6
23...0-0 24.Ne4 Bxd4 25.Rxd4 Qe5 26.Rxd7 Bxd7 27.Bxd7
24.Qxe6 Kf8
There is no mate, but White can win back the piece.
25.Ne4 Bxd4 26.Rxd4 Qe5 27.Nd6! Qxe6 28.Rxe6 Nf6 29.Rxf6
Whites active pieces give him the more pleasant endgame.
20.Bxh3 would be thwarted by 20...Qxf6 (20...Nxf6? 21.Na4! Ba7 22.Nb2+) 21.Qe3 Qg5! and we cannot avoid the
queen exchange.

20...Qxf6 21.Bf3
Threatening Ne4.

21...Qg6? is bad due to 22.Ne4 0-0 23.Nxc5 Nxc5 24.Re5! Nd7 25.Rh5! hxg2 26.Rd2 with a winning attack.
21...Be7 leads to some fireworks after 22.Ne4 Qg6 23.Nxe6! fxe6 24.Nd6 Kd8. Here is an illustrative line, where
all of Blacks moves are forced, though White has some options along the way:
25.Qd2!? e5 26.Nxc8 Bc5 27.Kh1 Rh7 28.Ne7 Rxe7 29.Rxe5 hxg2 30.Bxg2 Qd6 31.Rd5 Qc6 32.Rf5 Qd6 33.Qxd6
Bxd6 34.Rxd6

22.Ne4 Qg7 23.Nxc5 Nxc5 24.Ne2

24.Kh1!? will lead to similar positions. Black has two extra pawns, but White has excellent attacking prospects,
especially since Black does not have his dark-squared bishop anymore.
24...Nd7 25.Nf4 e5

25...Nf6 can be met by 26.Kh1!?, intending 26...hxg2 (26...e5 27.gxh3) 27.Nxg2 Kh8 28.Rg1 and Blacks
position is collapsing.

25...Ne5 26.Re3! leads to a shockingly swift and deadly attack: 26...hxg2 (26...Nxf3 27.Rxf3 Kh7 28.Rg3! Qf6
29.Qe3+; 26...Kh8 27.Be2 Ng4 28.Bxg4 Qxg4 29.Rdd3!)
27.Be2! Qf6 (27...Ng6 28.Rg3) 28.Rg3 Kh7 29.Qd4+

26.Nxh3 Nf6 27.Qh4 also gives White compensation but the attack is slowed down.
26.Nd5 Nf6 seems okay for Black.

26...Qg6 27.Qh4! maintains the attack.
After 27.Re3 Nf6 Black can defend.

Now 27...Nf6? is refuted by 28.gxh3 Nxh5 29.Rg1.

28.Bxg2 Qxh5 29.Rg1 Kh7 30.Bf3 Qf5 31.Qg2 Qg5 leads to a draw, but the text move is an amazing way to keep
the initiative.

Black must take great care, for instance:

28...Kh8 29.Rd6! f6 30.h4 Qg6 31.Re2 wins.

28...Re8 29.Rd6! e4 30.Re3 with a dangerous attack.

28...Qg6 29.Re2! Kh8 30.Qe3 Black remains under pressure, for instance 30...Qb6 31.Qxb6 Nxb6 32.Rd6! and wins.

29.h4 Qg6 30.Rxe5 Ng4

30...Nxh5 31.Bxh5+

31.Bxg4 Bxg4 32.Nf6 Kh8 33.Rd4

This line was not completely forced, but it certainly highlights some of the dangers for Black. The next move is the
most resilient of all.

C23) 17...Ne5!
This seems to be the only way to avoid coming under a powerful attack.

18.Bxh3 Bb4!
A good way to find defensive ideas in such positions (I mean the more subtle ideas that are not immediately
suggested by the computer) is to check the most forcing continuations, as they do not allow time for the initiative to
blossom. Here White is forced to simplify to an endgame.

18...Bd7 gives White a typical strong initiative after: 19.Nxe6! Bxe6 20.Bxe6 Bc5 21.Kh1 fxe6 22.Qf4 Nf7 23.Ne4
Rg8 (23...Rc8 24.Qg3) 24.Rd6!

19.Nb3 Qc7 20.Nb5 Qb6 21.Qd4 Qxd4 22.Rxd4 axb5 23.Rxb4

Black seems to be almost out of the woods, but he still has to be careful.
The computer indicates that this is just as good, but a closer investigation shows that it does not fare as well.
24.Rxb5 Nd7
After 24...Nc6 25.Rc5 the pawn on f6 ensures Whites easier play.
25.Nd4 b6 26.Rb4!?
Preparing to switch the rook to the kingside in anticipation of castling.

26...h5 27.Nb5 0-0 28.Bg4! Rxc2 (28...hxg4 29.Rxg4 Kh8 30.Rf3+) 29.Bxh5
Forcing the knight to go to c5, where it will be further away from the kingside defence.
27.Nb5 0-0 28.Rg4 Kh8 29.Rh4 Kh7 is not easy to break.
27...Nc5 28.Nb5 0-0 29.Rg4 Kh8 30.Rh4
Black is under pressure, especially considering the following idea:
30...Kh7 31.Nd6 Ba6

32.Bf5!! Kg8
32...exf5 33.Nxf5 Re8 34.Rxh6 Kg8 35.Ne7 Rxe7 36.fxe7 wins.
33.c4 exf5 34.Nxf5 Bb7 35.Nxh6 Kh7 36.Nxf7
White continues to press without any risk.

24.Nd4 Nc6! is fine for Black.

24...Ng6 25.Nc5

25.Nd4 Rxa2
25...Nd6 gives White various options including Nf3-e5, or transferring the b4-rook to the kingside. Black might still
be okay, but it is not an ideal situation for him.

26.Nxb5 Bxb5 27.Rxb5 Rxc2 28.Rxb7 0-0

There is still some play, but it should be a draw.

C3) 17.Qd3!?N

This is arguably the most logical move of all, as it avoids the threats of ...Bb4 and ...Qg5. White also avoids putting
the queen on e3 where it could be harassed by ...Qe5, as noted earlier on page 336.

Once again, Black has three main candidates, and we will analyse C31) 17...Ne5, C32) 17...Qe5 and C33) 17...hxg2! in

17...Bc5 leaves the queen cut off on a5. 18.Ne4 e5 19.Rf5! exd4 (After 19...Bxd4 20.Qxd4 exd4 21.Rxa5 Whites
initiative continues in the endgame.) 20.Nxc5 Nxc5 21.Qxd4 Bxf5 22.Qd6 Qd8 23.Qe5 Ne6 24.Rxd8 Rxd8
25.Qxf5 The f6-pawn is strong.

C31) 17...Ne5

This is quite likely to be the reaction of a surprised opponent, as it enables Black to castle on the queenside in the near
future. Nevertheless, it does not solve all his problems, as White can grab the h3-pawn before starting an initiative on
the queenside.

18.Qxh3 Bd7 19.Kh1

19.Qe3 leads to similar positions, for instance 19...0-0-0 20.Ne4 Kb8 21.c4 Qc7 22.c5 with good prospects for

19...0-0-0 20.Ne4 Rg8

20...h5 21.c4!? h4 22.c5 Kb8 23.Rd2 Ka8 24.Rb1 also gives White some initiative.
21.Rd2!? Kb8
21...Qc7 22.Rb1 Nc6 23.Qe3

22.Rb1 Ka8 23.c4

The position is complicated, but I like Whites chances on the queenside.

C32) 17...Qe5

18.g3 Nc5! allows Black to regroup in time to arrange castling. (18...Nxf6 19.Rxf6! Qxf6 20.Ne4 Qd8 21.Qe3)
19.Qf3 Bd7 20.Rfe1 Qc7 21.Nf5 0-0-0 Black is doing well.

18...Nxf6? is refuted by 19.Nc6!.
18...hxg2? is bad as usual, and after 19.Rfe1 White has an overwhelming initiative.

18...Bc5 is met by 19.Ne4 when exchanging on d4 gives Black an unpleasant endgame, and otherwise Whites initiative
just gets stronger.

18...Nc5 19.Qc4! can be compared to the earlier variation B with 16...Qg5, but this is a much better version for White.
19...Bd6 20.g3 Bd7 21.Rfe1 Qxf6 22.Nd5

White can simply ignore the threat to the h2-pawn, as his pieces are so active. Instead after 19.g3 Nxf6 Black might
be okay.

19...Qxh2 20.Kf2 hxg2

20...Be5 21.Rh1 Qf4 22.g3 wins.

21.Rg1 Bf8 22.Rxg2 Qf4

23.Nxe6!? fxe6 24.Qd4 leads to some insane stuff, but I was only able to find a draw here, so there is no need to
force the issue.

23...Qc7 24.Bh5 Qe5 25.N2g3

White has an ongoing initiative. Black is surviving for the moment, but his position does not look like much fun.

C33) 17...hxg2!
In most cases Black does best to postpone this move. The present case is an exception to the rule, although it would
be practically impossible to figure this out over the board.

This looks strange at first, but it makes sense when you consider 18.Rf2 Ne5! 19.Qe3 Bd7 intending ...0-0-0 with a
safe position for Black. Now the prospect of a rook lift along the fourth rank makes it harder for Black to castle.

18.Kxg2 is not bad according to the computer. This could be investigated further, but I have chosen the option that does
not involve opening up my king.

Here we have a final branching point, with C331) 18...Qc7 and C332) 18...Bd6! the main candidates.

18...Ne5? is no good here due to 19.Qe3! Bd7 (or 19...Qc7 20.Re4+) 20.Re4! Bd6 (20...Nc6 21.Nxe6+) 21.Nxe6 and
White is winning.
If Black tries 18...Bc5 then 19.Kxg2 makes more sense, escaping the pin and preparing all sorts of knight jumps. Black
does not have the time to exploit the open king, for instance: 19...Ne5 20.Qg3 Bd7
21.Nb3 (21.Nxe6!? leads to some forcing lines, and also favours White according to the computer.) 21...Qc7 22.Re4
Bd6 23.Rxd6 Qxd6 24.Rxe5

C331) 18...Qc7

This is the most natural move, but it leads to trouble for Black.

19.Qg3 is possible, but I prefer not to have the rook pinned.

Intending ...Qe5.

19...e5 20.Ne6! fxe6 21.Rc4 Qa5 22.Bh5 Kd8 23.Na4! threatens Nb6, and if 23...b5 24.Qxe5! White wins.

19...Nb6 gives White a pleasant choice. 20.Nf5!? (There is also 20.Bh5!? Bc5 21.Qg3!, when it is hard for Black to
develop further, as ...Bd7 will allow Bxf7.) 20...Bd7 (20...Bc5 21.Ng7 Kf8 22.Rd8 Qxd8 23.Qxc5 Kg8 24.Rg4+)
21.Ne7 There is no clear win yet, but it looks horribly dangerous for Black.

Amazingly enough, Black is rather stuck, and White just has to throw pieces at his king!

Other moves also fail to solve Blacks problems:

20...b5 21.Ne4! Bb6 22.Qa3 is winning.

20...Nb6 21.Rxc5 Qxc5 22.Ne4 Nd5 23.Qg3 Qc7 24.Qa3!

20...Kf8 21.Rxc5! Qxc5 22.Ne4

20...e5 21.Ne4 It will be hard for Black to contain Whites activity.

21.Bh5! Nf8
Both 21...e5 22.Ne4 and 21...Kf8 22.Bxf7 Ne5 (22...Bxd4 23.Rxd4 Kxf7 24.Rf2) 23.Rxe5 Kxf7 24.Nd5 maintain
Whites initiative.
22.Nd5 Qd6 23.Re5! Bd7 24.Ne7
Total domination has been achieved, and Black will have to give up his queen to avoid an even worse fate.

24...Bb8 25.Ndc6 Qxd1 26.Bxd1 bxc6 27.Qc3

White should win.

C332) 18...Bd6!

This may be the only way for Black to survive.

19.Nxe6? Bxf4 20.Nxf4 does not work due to 20...Qc5 21.Kxg2 Qg5, but after the text move the bishop on d6 is
a genuine target.

19...Bb4 20.Ne4 is obviously dangerous for Black, while 19...Qc7 is well met by 20.Nxe6! Bxh2 21.Kxg2 fxe6
22.Qg6 Kd8 23.Rf3 intending Qg7.

Now White has a choice between a sound yet tricky continuation which leads to draw after accurate defence by Black,
and a wildly complicated line with unclear consequences.

I have put this as the main line, as it is impossible to determine what is happening after the alternative.

This leads to a completely out-of-control position.
I have a feeling that White may be able to conjure a strong initiative here, but so far I have not been able to
demonstrate it.
21.Ndb5 axb5 22.Qc5 Nc6! 23.Bf3 Bd7 24.Bxc6 0-0-0! is okay for Black.
21...Qa3 22.Qe4!
21...Qb6 22.Nc5 Bd7 23.Rb1 Qc6 24.Rxb7 (24.N3e4 b6 25.Nxd7 Nxd7 26.Rxg2) 24...Bc8 25.Rxc7! Qxc7
26.N3e4 looks dangerous for Black.
22.Nc5? b6 is not much good for us.
22.Ne4 Bd7 23.c3 Qa3 is a strange mess, but Black is ready to castle so he should be doing well.
22...Qf8 23.Nc5
23.Na4 Qc6 24.Rxg2 Bd7 25.Nac5 0-0-0 26.Rg7
The position remains unclear, but Black seems out of danger.

Black does best to avoid both 20...Bb8 21.Ne4 and 20...Bd7 21.Nxe6! Bxe6 22.Rxd6 Nd7 23.Ne4.

A nice attacking idea, but unfortunately Black can hold with brilliant defence.

This leads to a forced draw after precise play.
Black is in danger after:
21...Bb8 22.a4!
22.Bh5!? is fun to analyse, but it should lead to an exotic draw: 22...axb5 23.Re2 Ng6! (23...Qb6 24.Rxe5)
24.Nxe6! Qb6 25.Qe3 Qxe3 26.Rxe3 Bxh2 (26...Bxe6? 27.Rxe6 fxe6 28.Bxg6 Kf8 29.Rd8#) 27.Kxh2
Bxe6 28.Rxe6 fxe6 29.Bxg6 Kf8 30.Rd7=
Both 22...Bd7 23.Qa3! and 22...axb5 23.Bxb5 Bd7 24.Qg7 Rf8 25.Nxe6! are winning for White.
23.c3 Qc5 24.Nb3 Qf8 25.Qe3! Nd7
25...axb5 26.Qb6!+
26.Bc4! axb5 27.Bxb5
Black faces serious threats including Qb6 and Qd3 (or Qd2).

22.Bxb5 Bd7 23.Nxe6 Bxb5

23...fxe6 is a slightly more complicated way to make a draw: 24.Bxd7 Nxd7 25.Qg6 Kd8 26.Qg7
26...Bxh2! 27.Kxh2 Qh5 28.Kxg2 Qxd1 29.Qxh8 Kc7 30.Qxa8 Qg4= With a perpetual.

24.Ng7 Kf8 25.Ne6=

Neither side can avoid the repetition by now.


In such a heavily analysed variation as the Poisoned Pawn, it would seem almost miraculous to find a fresh idea, which
has been played in just a handful of games out of a few thousand, and discover that it is actually rather good. This
exactly sums up my experience of analysing the intriguing option of 16.Rbd1!? in this most critical of variations.
We started by analysing the crude attempt to punish Whites 16th move with 16...Bb4. Once you appreciate that
White can disarm the threat with 17.Qe3!, threatening to smash through on e6, Whites position starts to make more
sense. We then considered the natural 16...Qg5!?, when my new suggestion of 17.Qd3!N 17...Nc5 18.Qc4! poses
Black plenty of problems. Even if Black defends optimally, White will still have some freedom at move 21 to steer the
game towards the kind of position that suits him.

The most complicated reply of all is 16...h3!?, when I analysed three main replies for White. All of them are sound and,
although none of them offer a forced route to an advantage, each of them poses different problems to the defender.
17.g3 is probably the easiest move for Black to equalize against, although even here he must avoid some pitfalls while
White does not risk much.
17.Bg4!?N leads to a tactical minefield, where 17...Ne5! seems best, with Black just about maintaining the balance
with precise defence.
17.Qd3!?N was our final option, after which Blacks only fully satisfactory defence seems to be the counterintuitive
17...hxg2!, then meeting 18.Rf4!? with 18...Bd6!. Even here White has a draw in his pocket in the main line, with the
option of going for unclear complications along the way if he wishes.

Throughout my coverage of the Poisoned Pawn, I have been under no illusions about refuting it. Instead I have looked
for ways to avoid the many forced drawing lines that have been mapped out by correspondence players, proposing a
variety of new and theoretically sound ways to pose problems to the defender. With the analysis in this chapter,
combined with the ideas in the previous couple of chapters, you will have a whole array of weapons with which to
trouble your future opponents.
Variation Index

Chapter 1

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5

A) 6...e5
B) 6...Bd7
C) 6...Nc6
D) 6...Nbd7 7.Qe2!
D1) 7...Qa5?!
D2) 7...e5
D3) 7...b5
D31) 8.0-0-0
D32) 8.f4! e5 9.fxe5 dxe5 10.0-0-0!
D321) 10...exd4
D322) 10...Qb6N
D323) 10...h6N
D324) 10...Bb7N 11.Nf5
D3241) 11...Qb6
D3242) 11...Qc7

Chapter 2

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 Nbd7 7.Qe2! g6 8.0-0-0
A) 8...Qc7
B) 8...e5
C) 8...Bg7 9.h4!?
C1) 9...h6
C2) 9...h5 10.Kb1 Qc7 11.g4!?N
C21) 11...Nb6
C22) 11...hxg4 12.h5! Rxh5 13.Rxh5 gxh5 14.Nf5 Bf8 15.Bg2
C221) 15...e6
C222) 15...Rb8
C223) 15...Qc5!

Chapter 3

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 Nbd7 7.Qe2! h6 8.Bh4
A) 8...e6?!
B) 8...g5
C) 8...b5!? 9.f4
C1) 9...e5N
C2) 9...g5 10.fxg5 hxg5 11.Bxg5 Bb7 12.0-0-0 e6 13.g4!
C21) 13...Be7
C22) 13...b4!?N

Chapter 4

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 Nbd7 7.Qe2! h6 8.Bh4 g6 9.f4! e5 10.fxe5 dxe5 11.0-0-0!
A) 11...Be7?!
B) 11...Qc7 12.Nb3 b5 13.Nd5! Nxd5 14.exd5
B1) 14...Bb7!?N
B2) 14...Bd6 15.Qd2!
B21) 15...f5N
B22) 15...Kf8!?
B221) 16.Kb1
B222) 16.g4!N
B23) 15...0-0!?N 16.Qxh6 Bb7 17.Kb1 Rfe8 18.Be2 Rac8 19.Qc1!!
B231) 19...e4
B232) 19...Bf8
B2321) 20.d6!?
B2322) 20.Bf3!?

Chapter 5
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4
A) 7...Bd7
B) 7...Nc6? 8.Nxc6 bxc6 9.e5 h6 10.Bh4 g5 11.fxg5 Nd5 12.Ne4 Qb6 13.c3!
B1) 13...Rb8
B2) 13...Qxb2
B3) 13...dxe5
C) 7...Be7 8.Qf3
C1) 8...Qa5
C2) 8...Qc7

Chapter 6

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qc7 8.Qe2!?
A) 8...b5
B) 8...Nc6 9.0-0-0
B1) 9...Be7
B2) 9...Bd7!?
B3) 9...Nxd4 10.Rxd4
B31) 10...b5!?
B32) 10...Be7 11.Kb1!N
B321) 11...0-0
B3211) 12.g3
B3212) 12.h4!?
B322) 11...h6 12.Bh4
B3221) 12...g5?
B3222) 12...0-0

Chapter 7

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 b5 8.e5 dxe5 9.fxe5 Qc7 10.exf6 Qe5 11.Be2 Qxg5

A) 12...Qe5
B) 12...Ra7 13.Qd3 Rd7 14.Ne4
B1) 14...Qg6!?
B2) 14...Qe5 15.Nf3
B21) 15...Qc7!?
B22) 15...Qxb2 16.Qe3 Bb7 17.Rab1!
B221) 17...Qxc2
B222) 17...Qxa2!

Chapter 8

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Nbd7 8.Qe2 Qc7 9.0-0-0
A) 9...Be7
B) 9...b5 10.a3
B1) 10...Bb7
B2) 10...Be7 11.g4
B21) 11...Bb7
B211) 12.f5!?
B212) 12.Bh4
B2121) 12...Nc5
B2122) 12...Nb6
B2123) 12...g6!?
B22) 11...h6

Chapter 9

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Nbd7 8.Qe2 Qc7 9.0-0-0 b5 10.a3 Be7 11.g4 h6
12.Bh4 Bb7 13.Kb1!
A) 13...g5!?N
B) 13...Rb8
C) 13...Rc8 14.Rg1
C1) 14...Qb8
C2) 14...g6
C3) 14...g5 15.fxg5 hxg5 16.Bxg5 Qb6! 17.Qe1
C31) 17...Ne5?!N
C32) 17...Rxc3 18.Bxf6 Nxf6 19.Qxc3 Nxe4 20.Qe1
C321) 20...Bh4
C322) 20...Bf6

Chapter 10

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Be7 8.Qf3 h6 9.Bh4 g5 10.fxg5 Nfd7
A) 11.Qh5!?
B) 11.Nxe6! fxe6 12.Qh5 Kf8 13.Bb5! Rh7! 14.e5!?N
B1) 14...axb5
B2) 14...Nxe5 15.0-0 Kg8 16.g6!
B21) 16...Nxg6
B22) 16...Rg7
B23) 16...Bxh4!

Chapter 11

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Be7 8.Qf3 h6 9.Bh4 Qc7 10.0-0-0 Nbd7
A) 11.f5!?
A1) 11...Ne5
A2) 11...0-0!?N
A3) 11...e5
B) 11.Be2
B1) 11...Rg8?
B2) 11...g5?!
B3) 11...Rb8?!
B4) 11...b5
B5) 11...0-0!?

Chapter 12

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Be7 8.Qf3 Qc7 9.0-0-0 Nbd7
A) 10.f5!?
A1) 10...Ne5
A2) 10...e5
B) 10.g4
B1) 10...h6 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.Kb1!?
B11) 12...g5
B12) 12...Qb6
B2) 10...b5 11.Bxf6
B21) 11...Bxf6
B22) 11...Nxf6 12.g5 Nd7 13.f5
B221) 13...Bxg5?! 14.Kb1
B2211) 14...Ne5
B2212) 14...0-0
B222) 13...Nc5
B223) 13...0-0!? 14.h4!? b4 15.Nce2
B2231) 15...Bb7!?
B2232) 15...e5

Chapter 13

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5
A) 10...Nfd7
B) 10...dxe5 (without ...h6)
C) 10...h6 11.Bh4 dxe5 12.fxe5 Nd5!? 13.Nxd5 exd5 14.e6!? Bxe6 15.Nxe6 fxe6 16.Bd3 Be7 17.Bg6 Kd8
18.Bxe7 Qxe7 19.0-0
C1) 19...b5?
C2) 19...Nd7 20.Rf7 Qc5 21.Kh1
C21) 21...Rc8
C22) 21...Rf8 22.Rxg7 Rf6 23.Bd3! Kc7 24.c4 d4 25.Qe1! Raf8 26.Qe4
C221) 26...R6f7!?N
C222) 26...b6

Chapter 14

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 h6 11.Bh4 dxe5
12.fxe5 Nfd7 13.Ne4 Qxa2 14.Rd1
A) 14...Qb2!?
B) 14...Qd5 15.Qe3
B1) 15...Bc5
B2) 15...Qxe5 16.Be2 Bc5 17.Bg3
B21) 17...Qd5
B211) 21...Rd8
B212) 21...f5!
B22) 17...Bxd4 18.Rxd4 Qa5 19.Rd2 0-0 20.Bd6
B221) 20...Re8?
B222) 20...Nc6?!
B223) 20...f5

Chapter 15

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 h6 11.Bh4 dxe5
12.fxe5 Nfd7 13.Ne4 Qxa2 14.Rd1 Qd5 15.Qe3 Qxe5 16.Be2 Bc5 17.Bg3 Bxd4 18.Rxd4 Qa5 19.Rd2 0-0 20.Bd6
Rd8 21.g4!!
A) 21...Qb6
B) 21...f6
C) 21...Nf6
D) 21...Nc6 22.g5 hxg5 23.Rg1!
D1) 23...g6?
D2) 23...Nf6!?
D3) 23...f6 24.h4!?
D31) 24...Nf8
D32) 24...Nde5

Chapter 16

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 h6 11.Bh4 dxe5
12.fxe5 g5 13.Bf2!? Ng4 14.Bg3
A) 14...Bg7!? 15.Ne4
A1) 15...Qe3!?N
A2) 15...0-0
B) 14...Nd7 15.Be2 Ngxe5
B1) 16.Nxe6!?
B2) 16.0-0 Bg7 17.Nxe6! fxe6 18.Ne4
B21) 18...Nf7!?N
B22) 18...Rf8 19.c4!!N
B221) 19...b6
B222) 19...b5!

Chapter 17

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 h6 11.Bh4 dxe5
12.fxe5 g5 13.exf6 gxh4 14.Be2
A) 14...Nd7?!
B) 14...Qa5 15.0-0
B1) 15...h3!? 16.Bf3!? Nd7 17.Nd5 Qc5! 18.Rbe1!N Bd6 19.Kh1!
B11) 19...Ne5
B12) 19...Be5
B2) 15...Nd7 16.Kh1 Qg5 17.Qd3!?
B21) 17...Nc5
B22) 17...Nxf6!?

Chapter 18

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Rb1 Qa3 10.e5 dxe5 11.fxe5 h6
12.Bh4 g5 13.exf6 gxh4 14.Be2 Qa5 15.0-0 Nd7 16.Rbd1!?
A) 16...Bb4N
B) 16...Qg5!? 17.Qd3!N Nc5 18.Qc4! Bd7 19.Bf3
B1) 19...h3!?
B2) 19...Qe3! 20.Kh1 b5
B21) 21.Qb4
B22) 21.Nd5!?
C) 16...h3!?
C1) 17.g3
C2) 17.Bg4!?N
C21) 17...hxg2
C22) 17...Qg5!?
C23) 17...Ne5!
C3) 17.Qd3!?N
C31) 17...Ne5
C32) 17...Qe5
C33) 17...hxg2! 18.Rf4!?
C331) 18...Qc7
C332) 18...Bd6!