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don't be selfish,be kind to your friends and be contented for what you have.

In the story, the turtle

displayed much impressive sagacity and cunning over the monkey, ultimately punishing those monkeys
with it. The lesson is that the weak but cunning can be a lot stronger than the strong but stupid. One
shouldn't be daunted by the apparent strength of a stronger foe, and instead, use one's intellect.

The Monkey and the Turtle

Jose Rizal was recognized as the most notable writer and poet during his time and the entire Philippine
history. He translated some original German folk tales into Tagalog or Filipino for his beloved nephews
and nieces in the Philippines while he was in Europe. Hence, he re-popularized and illustrated the fable
The Monkey and the Turtle.

In 1889, Rizal wrote a studied article for Trubners Record named Two Eastern Fables and because his
readers were ethnologists, he put side by side the Philippine folktale "Ang Buhay ni Pagong at ni
Matsing with a comparable Japanese tale on the subject of a monkey and a crab. This folk tale is
seldom read today although the text is drawn from Rizals own English translation.

In Paris, France, four years earlier, sometime in December of 1885, Rizal drew an illustrated account of
the precise story in the scrapbook of Paz Pardo de Tavera, who would be the wife of fellow reformist
and Philippine national hero, Juan Luna but regrettably the original manuscript was not archived. The
text handed down to readers today is a reproduction in the 1913 biography of Jose Rizal by Austin Craig.

Monkey- The Monkey in the story symbolizes the cunning, powerful, influential and rich people of
society during the Spaniard era. The half Spanish half Filipino people also known as Peninsulares or
Insulares were those people who mocked the weak and the poor Filipinos, having them as slaves and
brutally employed but unpaid workers. The monkey also represents the opportunist, self-serving people
of the society, ready to get more for them and be always on the top.

Turtle - The Turtle in the story reflects the hospitality and genuine trust of the Filipinos. The turtle
enables equality to be practiced by cutting the banana tree on the center, having the less-looking.
Hence, being left with the less productive looking half of the tree, the turtle did her best to make the
most out of it by patience and perseverance. Having no choice and out of humility, the turtle in the story
accepted the offer of the greedy monkey to gather the fruit from the tree even if the fooled her from
the past. With unfair results, the turtle showed vengeance as result of pain and disappointments.
Nevertheless, she learned her lesson and never trusted the monkey and deceived it for survival.

Banana tree -The banana tree symbolizes the wealth of the any country, any community or of any tribe.
It also reflects that hard work shall give back fruits or results, results that can be easily stolen.

Fruit - As the banana tree grew, it brought happiness to the monkey as it bared a banana that signifies
the result of hard labor and dedication.

Mortar- The mortar signifies the punishment or sentence the criminal shall suffer. It also gives reflection
to injustice.
In [this] version there is a great deal of morality: it is the eternal fight between the weak and the

The classic Filipino folk tale specifically a fable is all about the cunning and greed that escalates into a
battle of wits and, ultimately, a fight for survival that the submissively weak and poor and shall die while
the wise and powerful yet abusing shall survive.

Montemayor, Teofilo H. Rizal Pictorial Calendar, T.M. Kalaw St. Ermita, Manila, Philippines, 2004
Rizal, Jose P, "Two Eastern Fables." Trubner's Record, Volume 1 (July,1889) , No 3, pp. 71 -74
Yambao, Auri Ascuncion and Asuncion, Mary Ann Grace, Tahanan Books for Young Readers, A division of
Ilaw ng Tahanan Publishing, Inc., Makati City, Philippines
2. Bilaan Comes from BILA means HOUSE and the Suffix AN that means people .. so that the term may
be taken to mean people living in the HouseOther terms that have been used to refer to this group are
Blaan, Bira-an, Baraan, Vilanes, Bilanes. Names such as Tagalagad, Tagakogon, andBuluan have alsobeen
used; however, these denote the kind of site where some Bilaangroups werelocated. The Bilaan inhabit
the southern part of South Cotabato andsoutheastern partof Davao del Sur, as well as the areas around
Buluan Lake in NorthCotabato. Other Bilaan groups on this island have been referred to asBalud or
Tumanao. The Bilaan share similarities in culture and physicalfeatures withthe neighboring Tagacaolo
and the Tagabawa. As of 1988, the Bilaannumbered some
3. History In the 19th century, the Bilaan inhabited the hilly region behind the west coast of Davao Gulf.
Their territory extended all the way into Bagobo country to the north and westward into the Davao-
Cotabato watershed. Culturally, the Bilaan are related to the Bagobo and the Mandaya as evidenced by
pronounced similarities in architecture, clothing, ornamentation, and socioreligious practices . By 1910,
the estimated Bilaan population was about 10,000, of whom some 1,500 lived on Sarangani. Because of
the mountainous terrain and environment, there was practically no local group organization; houses
were separated by long stretches. Whenever there was a neighborhood, the number of houses was
small. Over the years, settlers from the Visayan islands came to Mindanao and occupied the coastal
plains and foothills on the western coast of the Davao Gulf, which was traditionally part of Bilaan
country. Gradually, the Bilaan were pushed deeper back into the interior, without much resistance on
their part. In the distant past, the Bilaan were actively engaged in warfare. Along with the Manobo,
Mandaya, Bagobo, and Tagacaolo, they had at one time or another reduced their neighbors in
southwester Mindanao to the status of tribute-paying colonies (Casal 1986:55). Economy Swidden
farming is the main agricultural method used by the Bilaan. In their rather small clearings, they grow
rice, corn, millet, sweet potato, sugarcane, banana, papaya, pineapple, vegetables, tobacco, and abaca.
What is left after domestic consumption is brought to the market to be sold. The last two commodities
are produced as barter items, for which they get the food articles, utensils, and tools they need. The
domestic animals include a few chickens, dogs, cats, and occasional fish .
4. Setting:IN THE FORESTSummary:One morning,a monkey and a turtle who were close friends talked
abouttheir situation after a while the monkey said,letsgo to the forest and make a trap for a wildpigs.
the turtle agreed .when they came upon a dakit tree,they saw the tracks of wildpigs.lets make a trap
here ,said the turtle,pointing to a base of the tree.No lets make one trap up the tree because pigs go
there and gather fruits said the monkeyThe two friends are not agree to each other ideasSo they
make their own trap.The two friends went their separate ways .After setting theirtraps the monkey said
that they return after two days but the day after the traps arelaid, the monkey went back in Dakit tree
by himself . The turtle trap has a wild pig but themonkey has a bird , to save his face to the turtle, the
monkey change the turtle trap into abird and brought the wild pig in his trap on his way home , he met
the turtle and he askedwhere have you been? I went to the river to take a bath he replied . As agreed
on that daythe two friends are went back to the Dakit tree the turtle was surprised to find a pig up
thetree and bird in his trap which was set on the ground.He knew that the monkey trick himwithout
saying a word the two friends went home with the pig and bird. When they camenear at the monkey
house ,they decided to fight it out wait the monkey said Ill buildmyself a fort he proceeded to make a
fort out of a banana leaves .He believed themimpregnable.
5. The turtle said, shoot first if it.where true that my trap caught a bird, pray that I willbe killed at once
.The monkey hit the turtle, the monkey rejoiced . The turtle criedyou hit my back but im protected by
my shell. They fight and fight until themonkey wife and children has shoot by turtle arrow and then
died.The monkeyshout .Why dont we become friends again and I`ll tell you the truth that your
trapcaught a pig . If the monkey did not reconciled to the turtle.The turtle would havekilled him too,they
sealed they friendship by partaking of nama from the monkey`schew box.Sometimes later the monkey
felt lonely because his wife and children wasdead. please keep me company the monkey pleaded we
can go to the river and fish.They left the river to fish at the river bank they saw a banana stalk lets cut it
in twothe monkey suggestedi`ll take the upper half because the leaf and the fruit are too heavy for you
.the twofriends went to their respective kaingin and planted their parts.the next visit theturtle saw his
plant heavy with fruit and the monkey plant had wilted.The monkeyvolunteered to get the fruit from
the turtle kaingin he didnt care to go downanymore and he ate everything. His made the turtle very
mad.silently while themonkey was slept He planted a bamboo stakes around the banana stalk when
themonkey turn on his side .He fell and agonizingly died. The turtle feasted on themonkey .on his way
home he met a group of monkey ,they saw the turtle s blackteeth and asked for a nama after chewing
some nama many throw up;others feltweak and drop dead those who didnt partake of nama realized
that their chew wasa monkey ,they decided to run after the turtle and kill him the monkey found
themonkey at the river bank each monkey bit him with a stone the turtle enjoyit.continue beating me so
Ill turn wide and flat and then I will be able to lick you
6. *all with my tail ,the monkey decided to throw him to the river haha dont youknow that I can live
with water,the monkey were very mad they ask to the deerto drink all the water their sow they could
get to the turtle .the deer ask them toput a stopper in his anus they use a corncob to close the orifice
.whe themonkey make it to the turtle , tabkuko(bird)pecked on the corn cob and outwent the water
again.thrice the deer drew the water,thrice the tabkuko removethe corn cob.three monkeys drowned .
They seized the bird and twisted itsneck but the tabkuko didnt died and he said that if u want o kill me
,pull thefeathers and leave me on that stone near the a week s time you will seeworms feasting
on my body . The monkey do what the tabkuko said and theysaw a worms all over the tabkuko body.
But the turtle did not gounpunished,when he went out to the water, he met ared-tailed lizard.the
lizardoffered t o bring him up to the up the tree they went.the turtle held onto the lizard tail as
hard as he could,but he slipped! Down he felwith aloudcrash. The turtle shell was broken into
pieces.And while the sun hid behind thetree, THE TURTLE DIED.
Tired and hungry, a turtle and his boorish monkey companion find a lone banana tree. Will the spirit of
cooperation enable them to share the sweet bounty, or will greed and selfishness prevail? Adapted from
a Filipino folk tale.

The story of these two opponents, the monkey and the turtle, is widespread in the Philippines. In the
introduction to a collection of Bagobo tales which includes a version of this fable, Laura Watson
Benedict says (JAFL 26 [1913] : 14), The story of The Monkey and the Turtle is clearly modified from a
Spanish source. In this note I hope to show not only that the story is native in the sense that it must
have existed in the Islands from pre-Spanish times, but also that the Bagobo version represents a
connecting link between the other Philippine forms and the original source of the whole cycle, a
Buddhistic Jtaka. Merely from the number of Philippine versions already collected, it seems reasonable
to suspect that the story is Malayan: it is found from one end of the Archipelago to the other, and the
wild tribes have versions as well as the civilized. In addition to our one Tagalog and two Pampangan
versions, five other Philippine forms already exist in print, and may be cited for comparison. These are
the following:

The Turtle and the Monkey (Tagalog: Ang Pagong at ang Matsing or Si Pagong at si Matsing) also known
as The Monkey and the Turtle is a Philippine fable. It involves the tortoise outwitting a monkey over a
banana tree. The story was Popularized by Jose Rizal, who made a publication of the story in English in
the July 1989 issue of Trbner's Oriental Record in England, which is considered to be the formal
beginning of Philippine children's literature.[1][2]

The origin of the story can be traced to the Ilocano. The Ilocano version of the story offers an
explanation on why monkeys don't eat meat. Versions of the story has a common theme of a weaker
but cunning character (the tortoise or turtle) winning over a stronger adversary (the monkey).[3]

During his visit to Juan Luna in January 1886 in France, Rizal illustrated the story in 34 plates which he
made in an album belonging Luna's wife. Rizal is considered as the first Filipino cartoonist for this feat
and for illustrating five tales by Hans Christian Andersen which Rizal. Rizal did The Tortoise and the
Monkey and the five Andersen tales in Tagalog.[4][5]

The Value of Friendship

The value of friendship is something that few people take time to really appreciate. When you need a
friend, you realize just how important it is to have a strong relationship to another person. value of
friendship, good friends Everyone values friendships, but it's especially important when you are a
teenager and a young adult. A special friendship provides someone to talk to and hang out with,
laughter, advice and so much more. There are so many things teens go through that good friends can
help with.
One value of friendship which many find extremely important is the companionship aspect of it.
Whether you are hanging out with your friends in between classes or going to the movies with them
during the weekend, you will find that having friends is a really great thing. Friends are companions who
will keep you occupied and individuals who you can have a great time with all the time.

Friends also lend a helping hand when it is needed. Every once in a while you will find that you have a
problem which your friends can often help you out with. Whether it deals with a fight with your parents
or boy/girl issues, your friends are there for you. This is a valuable trait when it comes to friendship.

As humans we are wired to be social. We want to be around other people. We call these people our
friends. A lot of us, myself included, dont always take the time to appreciate our friends; making sure to
value the people who rule and discard the people who suck.

Friends, in my eyes, are one of the most important things you can have in life. We dont just merely
want friends, we need them. We need that constant companionship; those often thought provoking
moments late on a Wednesday night. Those listening to music so loud in a car that your ear drums
could burst moments but you dont care because youre too happy those are the great parts of life.

Ive found that when it comes to friendships, we often befriend people who are similar to us yet still
manage to make up for what we lack. We need those types of relationships to add balance to our lives,
especially when it gets difficult.

Good friends allow you to make mistakes and love you anyway. However, they arent afraid to say
youre being an idiot. They arent afraid of hurting each others feelings because good intentions are
always obvious. Friends are also our biggest encouragers. They recognize your desire and need to grow
and they do so with you. Through growth and change you grow separately so that you can continue to
grow together. Friends are there to laugh and cry with you. Isnt that a wonderful thing? I think so.We
often get so caught up in the trials and tribulations of life that we forget how short it really is. Fill your
life with people who add value to it and let go of the ones who do not. When I was nineteen my group
of friends lost a great person that we loved. Our lives would never be the same, but in the wake of a
tragedy there is always good. We learned to appreciate each other every day. Every, single day.

The provocative title of Ayn Rands The Virtue of Selfishness matches an equally provocative thesis
about ethics. Traditional ethics has always been suspicious of self-interest, praising acts that are selfless
in intent and calling amoral or immoral acts that are motivated by self-interest. A self-interested person,
in the traditional view, will not consider the interests of others and thus will slight or harm those
interests in the pursuit of his or her own. Rands view is that the exact opposite is true: Self-interest,
properly understood, is the standard of morality, and selflessness is the deepest immorality. According
to Rands philosophy of Objectivism, self-interest, rightly understood, is to see oneself as an end in
oneself. That is to say that ones own life and happiness are ones highest values, and that one does not
exist as a servant or slave to the interests of others. Nor do others exist as servants or slaves to ones
own interests. Each persons own life and happiness are that persons ultimate ends. Self-interest,
rightly understood, also entails self-responsibility: Ones life is ones own, as is the responsibility for
sustaining and enhancing it. It is up to each person to determine what values his or her life requires,
along with how best to achieve those values, and to act to achieve those values.

Katie Kacvinsky > Quotes > Quotable Quote

You need to be content with small steps. That's all life is. Small steps that you take every day so when
you look back down the road it all adds up and you know you covered some distance. It took me a long
time to accept that, but it's true. You need to have patience."",

Happiness is being happy in your life. We experience it immediately and in the moment.

Life satisfaction is being happy about your life. It is the happiness that exists when we talk about the
past and the big picture.

What can we do to not just be happy in the moment, but to feel satisfied with our lives?

Do unto others as you would have them do unto you definition. A command based on words of Jesus in
the Sermon on the Mount : All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to
them. The Mosaic law contains a parallel commandment: Whatever is hurtful to you, do not do to any
other person.

Friendship without a mutual trust and friendship without a mutual sacrifice is meaningless. A friend is
one whom you treat like your second family. A friend is one whom you are not shy to. A friend is one
who you are not hesitated to take up any risk with. A friend is one who you without having a second
opinion jump to their support. A friend is one who you are ready to tell their 3 AM short sagas and you
dont feel bothered to listen to theirs too. A friend is one who you can call to your any need. And you
know what these things can only happen if your friendship is grounded on the undoubted trust and
selfless sacrifice factors.

Why Everyone Should Value Friendship

We've all had bad friends and good friends, but do we value our good friends enough? Do we know the
difference between a good friend and a bad one?
Everyone thinks they are a good friend, they think they are kind, generous, and always there for their
friends. Everyone always assumes they are the best friend. But unfortunately sometimes you assume
I value friendship higher than most other things. Why you may ask, because when you are away from
your family your friends are the ones you turn to. You need strong friends, helpful friends, and someone
who makes you better. A lot of times people will think they are good friends because they party with
you or because y'all joke around together. And while yes, a friendship with those qualities is good, you
also need a friendship that puts friendship first. You need a friendship that may not always be smooth
sailing, but you know neither of you would hurt each other You don't need a friend that takes you to all
the parties, you need a friend who takes care of you when you may have had a few too many drinks, a
friend that you would happily babysit if they had too many drinks. You don't need a friend that changes
around different people, you need a friend that stays true to who they are because then you know they
will always stay true to their friendships. You don't need a friend who gets mad at you when they do the
same things they get mad at you about, you need a friend who doesn't manipulate you, you need a
friend who stands by all of your decisions bad or good.

It is so easy for someone to think they are a true friend, but when it comes down to it, true friends will
never screw you over, they will never hurt you, and they will only lift you up. And that is why I value
friendship so highly, it is hard to find qualities like that in someone, not everyone is willing to put up
with you. Not everyone is willing to put in effort everyday. Not everyone is going to be there for you or
be strong enough to lift you up. And though it may suck, it's ok. If someone cannot lift you up or stand
behind you, it's probably because they need to work on themselves, or they were just not meant to be
in your life. You cannot force a friendship and you cannot force someone to stay in your life, so if
someone is not being a true friend, cut them out, it will be ok. It may hurt for awhile, but soon enough
you will meet someone who is willing to be a true friend to you. And as they say about relationships, you
will then understand why no one else was able to be a true friend to you.

But you cannot expect for them to be the only ones putting in effort and doing these things for a
friendship. You need to put in effort everyday, lift them up, and act as a true friend to them. Once you
are able to be a true friend, you will find others will be a true friend to you as well.

Friendships come and go, but true ones stay forever. So stay patient and calm, and always pray for the
best in others and especially your friends. Because when you have no family around, you will need a
true friend to help you. So say goodbye to the "friends" who hurt you, and hold close the friends who
value you.

Actually friendship is all how much you become useful and meaning to others in the time of need.
Friendship is that sacred bond which constitutes various specialities and I think thats the scientific and
logical fact that why some friends become your family.

Wages and salaries are defined as "the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable to all persons
counted on the payroll (including homeworkers), in return for work done during the accounting period"
regardless of whether it is paid on the basis of working time, output or piecework and whether it is paid
regularly ...


Wages and salaries are defined as "the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable to all persons
counted on the payroll (including homeworkers), in return for work done during the accounting period"
regardless of whether it is paid on the basis of working time, output or piecework and whether it is paid
regularly or not.

Wages and salaries include the values of any social contributions, income taxes, etc. payable by the
employee even if they are actually withheld by the employer and paid directly to social insurance
schemes, tax authorities, etc. on behalf of the employee. Wages and salaries do not include social
contributions payable by the employer.

Wages and salaries include: all gratuities, bonuses, ex gratia payments, "thirteenth month payments",
severance payments, lodging, transport, cost-of-living, and family allowances, tips, commission,
attendance fees, etc. received by employees, as well as taxes, social security contributions and other
amounts payable by employees and withheld at source by the employer. Wages and salaries which the
employer continues to pay in the event of illness, occupational accident, maternity leave or short-time
working may be recorded here or under social security costs, dependent upon the unit's accounting

Payments for agency workers are not included in wages and salaries. What is the formula for salary

Multiply your hourly salary by the number of hours you work per week to calculate your weekly salary.
Multiply this figure by 52, the number of weeks per year, to work out your annual salary

How is salary paid out? Since salaried employees earn a specified annual amount, it is likely that their
gross pay for each pay period is the same recurring amount. For example, if a manager's salary is
$48,000 per year and salaries are paid semi-monthly, the manager's gross pay will be $2,000 for each of
the 24 pay periods.