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CAPITOLUL

CHAPTER
14

Industrie; Industry;
Construcii Construction

14.1 Industrie Industry


14.2 Resursele i consumurile Energy resources and
energetice consumption
14.3 Construcii Construction
14.1 INDUSTRIE INDUSTRY

CUPRINS CONTENTS
Pagina
Page
Tabele: Tables:
14.1.1 Producia industrial, pe activiti ........ 401 Industrial production, by activity
14.1.2 Structura produciei industriale, Structure of industrial production,
pe activiti ......................................... 403 by activity
14.1.3 Producia principalelor produse Production of the main industrial
industriale ........................................... 404 products
14.1.4 Indicii produciei industriale,
pe activiti ......................................... 414 Industrial production indices, by activity
14.1.5 Indicii productivitii muncii, pe un Labour productivity indices, per employee,
salariat, n industrie, pe activiti ........ 415 in industry, by activity
14.1.6 ntreprinderile din industria
prelucrtoare cu activitate de Manufacturing enterprises with
cercetare-dezvoltare, structurate research-development activity,
dup cifra de afaceri i exporturi, structured by turnover and exports,
pe activiti ......................................... 416 by activity
14.1.7 ntreprinderile din industria
prelucrtoare care au lansat n Manufacturing enterprises which launched
fabricaie produse noi i modernizate in production new and modernized
i care au aplicat n producie products and which applied in production
tehnologii noi i modernizate, new and modernized technologies,
pe activiti ......................................... 417 by activity
14.1.8 Cheltuielile de cercetare-dezvoltare, Research-development expenditures
efectuate de ntreprinderile din spent by manufacturing enterprises,
industria prelucrtoare, pe activiti .... 418 by activity
14.1.9 Reeaua i volumul gazelor naturale Natural gas distribution network and
distribuite ............................................ 418 volume
14.1.10 Reeaua i volumul apei potabile Drinking water supply network and
distribuite ............................................ 419 volume
14.1.11 Alimentarea cu ap, pe categorii de
utilizatori ............................................. 419 Water supply, by user categories

Sursa datelor Data source

- Rapoarte statistice completate de ntreprinderile cu - Statistical reports filled in by enterprises with industrial
activitate industrial i cu activitate de transporturi prin activity and with activity of transport by pipes;
conducte; - Structural business survey.
- Ancheta structural n ntreprinderi.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


Compania Naional "Apele Romne", pentru datele "Romanian Waters" National Company, for data
privind alimentarea cu ap, pe categorii de utilizatori concerning the water supply, by user categories
(tabel 14.1.11). (table 14.1.11).

Precizri metodologice Methodological notes

Industria - total cuprinde: industria extractiv, Industry - total includes: mining and quarrying,
industria prelucrtoare, energia electric i termic, manufacturing, electric and thermal energy, gas and
gaze i ap. water.
Producia industrial reprezint valoarea Industrial production represents the value of
produselor finite fabricate, livrate sau destinate livrrii, manufactured finished products, delivered or which are
a semifabricatelor livrate din producie proprie, a to be delivered, semifabs delivered from own
prelucrrii materiilor prime i a materialelor clienilor, a production, the value of processing raw materials and
lucrrilor (serviciilor) cu caracter industrial prestate the customers materials, works (services) of industrial
terilor, precum i a diferenei de stoc de semifabricate nature rendered to third parties, as well as the
i producie neterminat. difference of unfinished production and semifabs stock.
Evoluia produciei industriale se stabilete pe Industrial production evolution is set up based on
baza indicelui produciei industriale, determinat din the industrial production index, determined from the
seriile de produse reprezentative la nivelul fiecrei series of representative products at the level of each
activiti industriale i a ponderii acestora, calculat industrial activity and of their weight, calculated
dup valoarea adugat brut, utiliznd formula de tip according to gross added value, using a Laspeyres
Laspeyres. type formula.
Valoarea produciei industriale, pe activiti, se Industrial production value, by activities, is calculated
calculeaz pe baza datelor exprimate n preurile based on data expressed in current prices of each year.
curente ale fiecrui an. Physical output includes total manufactured
Producia fizic cuprinde cantitile totale fabricate quantities (including those obtained and consumed
(inclusiv cele obinute i consumate n cadrul aceleiai within the same enterprise). In case of the products
ntreprinderi). n cazul produselor exprimate valoric, expressed in terms of value, data are presented in
datele sunt prezentate n preurile curente ale current prices of the respective period.
perioadei respective. Labour productivity indices by activities have
Indicii productivitii muncii pe activiti s-au been calculated as the ratio between industrial
calculat prin raportarea indicilor produciei industriale production indices and the employees average number
la indicii numrului mediu de salariai pentru agenii indices for the economic units with industrial activity.
economici cu activitate industrial. Research - development activity, represents the
Activitatea de cercetare - dezvoltare reprezint systematic and creative activity whose initiation
activitatea sistematic i creatoare iniiat pentru a envisaged the increase of knowledge amount,
spori volumul de cunotine, din diferite domenii ale corresponding to different fields of science, followed by
tiinei i utilizarea acestor cunotine pentru noi their utilisation for new applications.
aplicaii. Statistical data from tables 14.1.6 and 14.1.8, are
Datele statistice din tabelele 14.1.6 i 14.1.8 se referring only to the enterprises from manufacturing
refer numai la ntreprinderile din industria that had done expenditures for research - development
prelucrtoare care au efectuat cheltuieli de cercetare - as component element of expenditures for
dezvoltare ca element component al cheltuielilor de technological innovation.
inovare tehnologic. Statistical data from table 14.1.7, refer to enterprises
Datele statistice din tabelul 14.1.7, se refer la whose technological innovation has been materialised
ntreprinderile a cror inovare tehnologic s-a by launching in fabrication new and modernized
concretizat n lansarea n fabricaie de produse noi i products and by applying in the production new and
modernizate i aplicarea n producie de tehnologii noi modernized technologies.
i modernizate. Technological innovation represents the
Inovarea tehnologic reprezint transformarea unei transformation of an idea into a new or improved
idei ntr-un produs nou sau mbuntit introdus pe product introduced on the market, or into a new or
pia sau ntr-un procedeu operaional nou sau improved operational procedure used in industry.
mbuntit folosit n industrie. Product innovation (new products or sensitively
Inovarea de produs (produse noi sau produse vechi improved old products) represents the fabrication and
sensibil mbuntite) reprezint fabricarea i trading of a new or highly improved product. Changes
comercializarea unui produs nou sau cu perfecionri refer to basic features of the product in order to improve
majore. Schimbrile se refer la modificarea its services provided to the consumer (user).
caracteristicilor de baz ale produsului astfel nct Procedure innovation (new or sensitively improved
acestea s conduc la mbuntirea serviciilor pe care technological procedures) represent an important
produsul le ofer consumatorului (utilizatorului). change in the technology of a product (piece)
Inovarea de procedeu (procedee tehnologice noi manufacturing, which involves new equipment, new
sau sensibil mbuntite) reprezint o schimbare management, new organisational methods or all of
important n tehnologia de prelucrare a unui produs them altogether. They could aim at manufacturing new
(reper) i care implic echipamente noi, management or improved products and services (impossible to get
nou, metode noi de organizare sau toate la un loc. by means of classical installations or methods of
Acestea pot viza fabricarea de produse i servicii noi production) or at a major increase in the yield of
sau perfecionate (care sunt imposibil de obinut cu manufacturing the existent products.
ajutorul instalaiilor sau metodelor de producie
clasice), sau creterea major a randamentului de
fabricare a produselor existente.
INDICII PRODUCIEI INDUSTRIALE, PE ACTIVITI
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION INDICES, BY ACTIVITIES

1995 = 100

1997 Total
1998
1999

1997 Industrie extractiv


1998 Mining and quarring
1999

1997 Industrie prelucrtoare


1998 Manufacturing
1999

Energie electric i
1997 termic, gaze i ap
1998 Electric and thermal
1999 energy, gas and water

% 60 70 80 90 100 110 120

INDICII PRODUCTIVITII MUNCII PE UN SALARIAT N INDUSTRIE, PE ACTIVITI


LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY INDICES PER EMPLOYEE IN INDUSTRY, BY ACTIVITIES

1995 = 100
1997 Total
1998
1999

1997 Industrie extractiv


1998 Mining and quarring
1999

1997
Industrie prelucrtoare
1998
Manufacturing
1999

Energie electric i
1997
termic, gaze i ap
1998
Electric and thermal
1999
energy, gas and water

% 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130

464
14.1.1 PRODUCA INDUSTRIAL, PE ACTIVITI
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, BY ACTIVITY

milioane lei preuri curente / million lei current prices


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Total 1162985 2767643 6725527 18091065 44300728 60339259 92978903 217339594 260899261 392877566

Industrie extractiv 103774 244546 506204 1235642 3172262 4158379 6274333 17212459 17765035 20656438
Mining and quarrying

din care: / of which:


Extracia i prepararea crbunelui 11418 31517 146262 377389 1087551 1319562 2021014 3874017 3815175 5273157
Coal mining and preparation

Extracia petrolului i gazelor naturale 78546 184524 294774 731029 1618966 2197990 3349707 11095785 11610147 12339389
Petroleum and natural gas extraction

Extracia i prepararea minereurilor metalifere 5555 11009 26772 57006 245452 277555 359406 1046161 851392 1105951
Metalliferous ores quarrying and preparation

Alte activiti extractive 6624 13253 29699 64094 197179 325685 469022 1054424 1245885 1717907
Other extractive activities

Industrie prelucrtoare 998043 2312672 5483987 15302203 35251400 48599600 76198047 171363220 205444828 292302095
Manufacturing

Alimentar i buturi 167743 409005 990886 3514148 7062668 9839388 15883466 35053696 47619182 54501122
Food and beverages

Industria tutunului 5920 14259 27664 98843 217890 294743 621327 2402123 3932071 6912257
Tobacco industry

Textil i produse textile 78576 183948 327742 786931 1528892 2258317 3072045 5674449 6309988 8792795
Textiles and textile products

Confecii din textile, blnuri i piele 42381 75643 136570 475273 955285 1276936 2196482 5103432 8400622 13855505
Textile, fur and leather wearing apparel

Pielrie i nclminte 21537 51284 112704 292697 537679 880812 1337524 2703472 3560276 5256817
Leather goods and footwear

Prelucrarea lemnului (exclusiv mobila) 18638 49189 134848 325114 793572 1127763 1800419 3798254 5105327 10046510
Wood processing (excluding furniture)

Celuloz, hrtie i carton 14290 40794 90719 183651 397691 752967 1159649 2099090 2534879 4177213
Pulp, paper and cardboard

Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea


nregistrrilor pe supori 3488 8757 22397 265788 502321 688962 1250118 2345725 3844505 6067424
Publishing houses, polygraphy and
records reproduction on supports

Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui


i tratarea combustibililor nucleari 79921 181037 448881 1563008 3416993 4620977 5976179 18045253 16367740 31245392
Crude oil processing, coal coking and
nuclear fuel treatment

Chimie i fibre sintetice i artificiale 84895 216326 595027 1340784 3307180 5233168 7291131 15676648 15140564 22852173
Chemistry and synthetic and man
made fibres

Prelucrarea cauciucului i a maselor plastice 30137 71993 149620 416024 712024 1269695 1961195 3627818 4446348 7003637
Rubber and plastics processing

Alte produse din minerale nemetalice 41148 98421 260020 518184 1647031 2318713 3605783 9130709 9845726 13601584
Other nonmetallic mineral products

Metalurgie 99225 265857 712467 1587013 4184575 6254449 9649574 25180696 25367455 35270329
Metallurgy

Construcii metalice i produse din metal 47758 90398 204730 452371 1950765 1704440 2757637 5489202 8187932 10784145
Metallic construction and metal products

Maini i echipamente 108474 216781 505307 1117072 2389567 3490685 5234777 10094167 11386785 14970317
Machinery and equipment

Mijloace ale tehnicii de calcul i de birou 5529 3712 3342 47738 55541 134368 389630 900056 994076 1005560
Computers and office means

Maini i aparate electrice 28943 67577 146297 305725 778542 1208427 2100894 4489677 5930698 7983574
Electric machinery and appliances

Echipamente, aparate de radio, televiziune i


comunicaii 9146 19591 29837 727000 1430923 518774 1166214 2088864 2434842 3038279
Radio, TV and communications equipment and
apparatus

Aparatur i instrumente medicale, de precizie,


optice i ceasornicrie 13393 24658 41011 56915 134799 235835 438308 912633 925404 1582086
Medical, precision, optical, watchmaking
instruments and apparatus

Mijloace de transport rutier 42711 98037 208145 494315 1278491 1823255 3904638 7167909 10288651 13899917
Means of road transport

Alte mijloace de transport 26960 58347 177871 278818 595544 945559 1554620 3759193 5488501 8606043
Other means of transport

Mobilier i alte activiti neclasificate 25062 64679 148940 393890 1258957 1567314 2508518 5158589 6444869 9320933
Furniture and other nonclassified activities

Recuperarea deeurilor 2168 2379 8962 60901 114470 154053 337919 461565 888387 1528483
Waste recovering

Energie electric i termic, gaze i ap 61168 210425 735336 1553220 5877066 7581280 10506523 28763915 37689398 79889033
Electric and thermal energy, gas and water

Producia, transportul i distribuia de energie


electric i termic, gaze i ap cald 58465 200810 695495 1424298 5479148 7001252 9609885 26507381 33934631 75186855
Electric and thermal energy, gas and hot water
production, transport and distribution

Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei 2703 9615 39841 128922 397918 580028 896638 2256534 3754767 4702178
Water collection, treatment and distribution
14.1.2 STRUCTURA PRODUCIEI INDUSTRIALE, PE ACTIVITI
STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, BY ACTIVITY

procente percentage
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Total 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 Total

Industrie extractiv 9,0 8,9 7,5 6,8 7,1 6,9 6,8 7,9 6,8 5,3 Mining and quarrying
din care: of which:
Extracia i prepararea crbunelui 1,0 1,1 2,2 2,1 2,4 2,2 2,2 1,8 1,5 1,4 Coal mining and preparation
Extracia petrolului i gazelor naturale 6,8 6,7 4,4 4,0 3,7 3,6 3,6 5,1 4,4 3,1 Petroleum and natural gas extraction
Extracia i prepararea minereurilor metalifere 0,5 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,5 0,5 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,3 Metalliferous ores quarrying and preparation
Alte activiti extractive 0,6 0,5 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,5 0,5 0,5 0,5 0,4 Other extractive activities

Industrie prelucrtoare 85,8 83,5 81,6 84,6 79,6 80,5 81,9 78,9 78,7 74,4 Manufacturing
Alimentar i buturi 14,4 14,8 14,7 19,4 15,9 16,3 17,1 16,1 18,2 13,9 Food and beverages
Industria tutunului 0,5 0,5 0,4 0,6 0,5 0,5 0,7 1,1 1,5 1,8 Tobacco industry
Textil i produse textile 6,8 6,7 4,9 4,3 3,5 3,7 3,3 2,6 2,4 2,2 Textiles and textile products
Confecii din textile, blnuri i piele 3,6 2,7 2,1 2,6 2,2 2,1 2,4 2,4 3,2 3,5 Textile, fur and leather wearing apparel
Pielrie i nclminte 1,9 1,9 1,7 1,6 1,2 1,5 1,4 1,2 1,4 1,3 Leather goods and footwear
Prelucrarea lemnului (exclusiv mobila) 1,6 1,8 2,0 1,8 1,8 1,9 1,9 1,8 2,0 2,6 Wood processing (excluding furniture)
Celuloz, hrtie i carton 1,2 1,5 1,4 1,0 0,9 1,2 1,2 1,0 1,0 1,1 Pulp, paper and cardboard
Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea Publishing houses, polygraphy and
nregistrrilor pe supori 0,3 0,3 0,3 1,5 1,1 1,1 1,3 1,1 1,5 1,5 records reproduction on supports
Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui Crude oil processing, coal coking
i tratarea combustibililor nucleari 6,9 6,5 6,7 8,6 7,7 7,7 6,4 8,3 6,3 7,9 and nuclear fuel treatment
Chimie i fibre sintetice i artificiale 7,3 7,8 8,9 7,4 7,5 8,7 7,8 7,2 5,8 5,8 Chemistry and synthetic and man made fibres
Prelucrarea cauciucului i a maselor plastice 2,6 2,6 2,2 2,3 1,6 2,1 2,1 1,7 1,7 1,8 Rubber and plastics processing
Alte produse din minerale nemetalice 3,5 3,6 3,9 2,9 3,7 3,8 3,9 4,2 3,8 3,5 Other nonmetallic mineral products
Metalurgie 8,5 9,6 10,6 8,8 9,5 10,4 10,4 11,6 9,7 9,0 Metallurgy
Construcii metalice i produse din metal 4,1 3,3 3,0 2,5 4,4 2,8 3,0 2,5 3,1 2,7 Metallic construction and metal products
Maini i echipamente 9,3 7,8 7,5 6,2 5,4 5,8 5,6 4,6 4,4 3,8 Machinery and equipment
Mijloace ale tehnicii de calcul i de birou 0,5 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,1 0,2 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 Computers and office means
Maini i aparate electrice 2,5 2,4 2,2 1,7 1,8 2,0 2,3 2,1 2,3 2,0 Electric machinery and appliances
Echipamente, aparate de radio, televiziune Radio, TV and communications equipment
i comunicaii 0,8 0,7 0,4 4,1 3,2 0,9 1,2 1,0 0,9 0,8 and apparatus
Aparatur i instrumente medicale, de precizie, Medical, precision, optical, watchmaking
optice i ceasornicrie 1,1 0,9 0,6 0,3 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,4 instruments and apparatus
Mijloace de transport rutier 3,7 3,5 3,1 2,7 2,9 3,0 4,2 3,3 3,9 3,5 Means of road transport
Alte mijloace de transport 2,3 2,1 2,6 1,5 1,3 1,5 1,7 1,7 2,1 2,2 Other means of transport
Mobilier i alte activiti neclasificate 2,2 2,3 2,2 2,2 2,8 2,6 2,7 2,4 2,5 2,4 Furniture and other nonclassified activities
Recuperarea deeurilor 0,2 0,1 0,1 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,4 0,2 0,3 0,4 Waste recovering

Energie electric i termic, Electric and thermal energy, gas


gaze i ap 5,2 7,6 10,9 8,6 13,3 12,6 11,3 13,2 14,5 20,3and water
Producia, transportul i distribuia de energie Electric and thermal energy, gas and hot
electric i termic,gaze i ap cald 5,0 7,3 10,3 7,9 12,4 11,6 10,3 12,2 13,0 19,1 water production, transport and distribution
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei 0,2 0,3 0,6 0,7 0,9 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,5 1,2 Water collection, treatment and distribution
14.1.3 PRODUCIA PRINCIPALELOR PRODUSE INDUSTRIALE
PRODUCTION OF THE MAIN INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS

U.M. 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 M.U.

Industrie extractiv Mining and quarrying


Crbune extras mii tone 42441 43260 43988 44774 36246 28105 24535 thou tonnes Mined coal
Huil (inclusiv antracit) mii tone 5757 6307 6356 6965 5642 4331 3742 thou tonnes Hard coal (including anthracite)
Crbune brun mii tone 601 568 570 605 511 369 328 thou tonnes Brown coal
Lignit mii tone 36083 36385 37062 37204 30093 23405 20465 thou tonnes Lignite
Crbune net mii tone 39751 40547 41122 41868 33807 26231 22882 thou tonnes Net coal
Huil (inclusiv antracit) mii tone 4228 4799 4901 5339 4267 3201 2751 thou tonnes Hard coal (including anthracite)
Huil energetic, splat mii tone 676 912 789 1001 1418 1082 987 thou tonnes Washed energetic hard coal
Huil splat pentru cocs i semicocs mii tone 539 444 349 312 324 192 109 thou tonnes Washed hard coal for coke and semi-coke
Lignit net mii tone 34950 35218 35677 35953 29051 22680 19819 thou tonnes Net lignite
Crbune brun sortat mii tone 573 530 544 576 489 350 312 thou tonnes Sorted brown coal
iei extras mii tone 6713 6737 6717 6626 6517 6309 6140 thou tonnes Crude oil extracted
Gaze naturale extrase (la 15 oC i 760 mm Hg) mil.m3 21318 19598 19016 18162 15916 14441 14617 mill. m 3 Natural gas extracted (at 15 o C and 760 mm Hg)
Minereuri de fier extrase mii tone 856 951 865 860 756 459 131 thou tonnes Iron ores extracted
Plumb n concentrate tone 16929 23838 23194 21356 19447 15128 17489 tonnes Lead in concentrates
Zinc n concentrate tone 28017 35357 36737 32082 31737 25650 26536 tonnes Zinc in concentrates
Cupru n concentrate tone 25250 26034 24520 24434 22638 19065 16455 tonnes Copper in concentrates
Bauxit brut mii tone 186 184 175 175 127 162 - thou tonnes Raw bauxite
Sare mii tone 2189 2201 2489 2689 2612 2220 2197 thou tonnes Salt

Industrie prelucrtoare Manufacturing

Alimentar, buturi i tutun Food, beverages and tobacco


Carne mii tone 626 601 604 607 496 374 361 thou tonnes Meat
Preparate din carne mii tone 168 175 179 150 125 129 147 thou tonnes Meat products
Conserve din carne mii tone 25 20 20 18 14 10 10 thou tonnes Tinned meat
Semiconserve din pete mii tone 4 2 4 2 2 1 1 thou tonnes Semitinned fish
Conserve din pete mii tone 6 3 2 2 1 1 1 thou tonnes Tinned fish
Conserve din legume mii tone 98 122 131 110 92 75 65 thou tonnes Tinned vegetables
Conserve din fructe mii tone 47 48 48 53 48 40 41 thou tonnes Tinned fruit
Uleiuri comestibile mii tone 213 194 224 236 246 173 245 thou tonnes Edible oils
Margarin tone 20659 16443 17413 21930 25777 36147 36065 tonnes Margarine
Lapte de consum mii hl 3188 3855 3964 3491 3070 1864 1750 thou hl Consumption milk
Produse lactate proaspete (3,5% grsime) mii hl 1443 1505 2250 2051 1457 825 922 thou hl Fresh milk products (3,5 % fat)
Unt mii tone 17 14 16 13 14 7 7 thou tonnes Butter
Brnzeturi mii tone 50 47 51 48 42 37 31 thou tonnes Cheese products
Fin de gru i secar (echiv. gru) mii tone 2625 2725 3030 3372 3668 2945 2763 thou tonnes Wheat and rye flour (equivalent wheat)
Zahr mii tone 185 231 266 396 243 321 246 thou tonnes Sugar
din care: of which:
Din sfecl de zahr mii tone 130 191 207 244 205 185 114 thou tonnes Of sugar beet
Produse zaharoase de cofetrie i patiserie mii tone 85 80 91 105 96 81 83 thou tonnes Confectioneries and pastries
Alcool etilic de fermentaie i de sintez Fermentation and synthesis ethilic alcohol
(echiv. 100% alcool) mii hl. 623 691 792 779 768 376 184 thou hl (equiv. 100% alcohol)
Vin pentru consum mii hl. 6549 8425 7351 6709 7314 5071 5661 thou hl Wine for consumption
Bere mii hl. 9929 9046 8768 8118 7651 9989 11133 thou hl Beer
Produse din tutun mii tone 23 22 23 25 26 29 31 thou tonnes Tobacco products

Textile, confecii i nclminte Textiles, clothing and footwear


Fire din bumbac i tip bumbac mii tone 63 49 47 48 43 36 28 thou tonnes Cotton and cotton type yarns
Fire din ln i tip ln mii tone 43 33 27 29 28 20 17 thou tonnes Woollen and wool type yarns
Fire din in i cnep i tip in i cnep mii tone 9 7 8 7 5 5 4 thou tonnes Flax and hemp yarns and flax and hemp type yarns
esturi mil.m2 426 337 305 302 276 240 200 mill. m 2 Fabrics
Din bumbac mil.m2 265 208 190 187 173 170 143 mill. m 2 Cotton
Din ln mil.m2 63 51 41 39 34 22 18 mill. m 2 Woollen
Din in, cnep i iut mil.m2 24 20 21 20 17 8 7 mill. m 2 Flax, hemp and jute
din care: of which:
esturi subiri mil.m2 12 10 11 9 9 6 5 mill. m 2 Thin fabrics
Din mtase mil.m2 74 58 53 56 52 40 32 mill. m 2 Silk
Textile neesute mil.m2 25 17 17 18 15 17 13 mill. m 2 Unwoven textiles
Tricotaje mil.buc. 61 48 44 44 46 33 36 mill. pieces Knitwear
Din fire de bumbac mil.buc. 27 19 16 16 14 8 7 mill. pieces Cotton
Din fire de ln mil.buc. 24 21 21 20 24 20 24 mill. pieces Woollen
Din fire de mtase mil.buc. 10 8 7 8 8 5 5 mill. pieces Silk
Ciorapi mil.per. 214 201 192 187 181 169 157 mill. pairs Socks and stockings
Confecii textile mild.lei 908 2005 2955 4489 8965 14443 19432 billion lei Textile clothing
nclminte mil.per. 45 40 37 37 36 31 31 mill. pairs Footwear
Cu fee din piele mil.per. 31 29 27 27 28 24 25 mill. pairs Upper leather
Din cauciuc i materiale plastice mil.per. 5 4 4 5 5 5 4 mill. pairs Rubber and plastics

Prelucrarea lemnului, celuloz i hrtie Wood processing, pulp and paper


Cherestea mii m3 1876 1723 1636 1767 1738 1618 1449 thou m 3 Timber
De rinoase mii m3 996 891 817 1054 1030 1051 868 thou m 3 Coniferous
De fag mii m3 564 548 568 500 525 427 440 thou m 3 Beech
De stejar mii m3 97 89 88 72 67 45 36 thou m 3 Oak
Furnire estetice mil. m2 41 38 37 37 33 24 22 mill. m 2 Aesthetic veneer sheets
Placaje din lemn mii m3 88 84 90 93 91 75 67 thou m 3 Plywood
Plci din achii de lemn mii tone 241 193 200 208 182 130 116 thou tonnes Chips of wood plates
Plci fibrolemnoase mii tone 117 102 103 81 74 46 51 thou tonnes Fibreboards
Ui i ferestre din lemn mil. m2 1373 1149 984 904 784 540 450 mill. m 2 Wood doors and windows
Celuloz i semiceluloz (100% uscat) mii tone 159 163 235 203 197 162 178 thou tonnes Pulp and semi-pulp (100% dry)
Celuloz (100% uscat) mii tone 132 128 194 177 154 129 144 thou tonnes Pulp (100% dry)
Hrtie, cartoane i mucavale mii tone 285 288 362 327 330 306 302 thou tonnes Paper, cardboard and pasteboard
Hrtie mii tone 248 262 332 299 306 281 276 thou tonnes Paper
Hrtie pentru ziar mii tone 56 56 47 31 42 44 39 thou tonnes Newsprint

Prelucrarea ieiului i cocsificarea crbunelui Crude oil processing and coal coking
Cocs cu 6% umiditate mii tone 2602 2884 3384 3153 3317 3094 1716 thou tonnes Coke with 6% humidity
Cocs metalurgic mii tone 2403 2664 3164 2948 3109 2929 1593 thou tonnes Blast furnace coke
iei supus la prelucrare mii tone 13191 14744 15259 13426 12429 12520 9894 thou tonnes Crude oil under processing
Benzine mii tone 3078 3779 3922 3671 3642 3627 3017 thou tonnes Gasoline
Petroluri (inclusiv white spirit) mii tone 394 362 248 185 168 181 205 thou tonnes Petroleum (including white spirit)
Motorine mii tone 3731 4688 4695 4197 3952 4035 3137 thou tonnes Diesel oils
Pcur mii tone 3711 3376 2984 2405 2083 1941 1825 thou tonnes Fuel oil
Uleiuri minerale mii tone 230 231 208 217 171 155 115 thou tonnes Mineral oils
Bitum de petrol mii tone 319 340 347 350 305 241 204 thou tonnes Petroleum bitum
Gaze lichefiate (aragaz) mii tone 239 259 280 264 242 304 261 thou tonnes Liquid gas (gas stove)

Chimie i fibre sintetice i artificiale Chemistry and synthetic and man made fibres
Colorani i pigmeni organici tone 1809 1520 1199 1099 750 656 489 tonnes Organic dyes and pigments
Tanani de extracie i sintetici tone 800 225 229 321 123 175 - tonnes Extraction and synthetic tannings
Acid clorhidric (echiv. 32%) mii tone 189 179 172 172 182 177 170 thou tonnes Hydrochloric acid (32% equiv.)
Acid sulfuric (echiv. monohidrat) mii tone 527 491 477 422 329 229 234 thou tonnes Sulphuric acid (equiv. monohidrate)
Sod calcinat (100%) mii tone 371 449 504 536 547 462 415 thou tonnes Soda ash (100%)
Sod caustic (100%) mii tone 324 291 372 321 323 310 297 thou tonnes Caustic soda (100%)
Carbid mii tone 82 67 90 106 91 73 54 thou tonnes Carbide
Amoniac de sintez mii tone 1620 1443 1809 1841 951 468 834 thou tonnes Synthesis ammonia
Metanol mii tone 134 288 224 189 321 136 106 thou tonnes Methanol
Acid acetic (100%) mii tone 5 3 3 4 3 2 - thou tonnes Acetic acid (100%)
Negru de fum mii tone 27 19 22 26 21 18 12 thou tonnes Carbon black
ngrminte chimice (100% S.A.) mii tone 1317 1163 1449 1464 850 451 763 thou tonnes Chemical fertilizers (100% A.S.)
Cu azot (100% S.A.) mii tone 1011 905 1200 1215 669 318 612 thou tonnes Nitrogen (100% A.S.)
Cu fosfor (100% S.A.) mii tone 246 208 197 202 136 99 101 thou tonnes Phosphate (100% A.S.)
14.1.3 PRODUCIA PRINCIPALELOR PRODUSE INDUSTRIALE
PRODUCTION OF THE MAIN INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS
continuare - continued
U.M. 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 M.U.

Produse macromoleculare de baz (100%) tone 255522 304193 331089 322098 338609 319941 298387 tonnes Basic macromolecular products (100%)
Policlorur de vinil i viniliden (100%) tone 96556 138157 130911 123079 132290 123345 130443 tonnes Polyvinyl chloride and vinylidene (100%)
Polietilen (100%) tone 61938 59534 75729 80815 70106 80930 91013 tonnes Polyetylene (100%)
Polistiren (100%) tone 6726 5061 4694 4210 3455 1992 719 tonnes Polystyrene (100%)
Poliacetat de vinil (100%) tone 5935 3959 4245 1859 1260 564 564 tonnes Vinyl polyacetate (100%)
Rini ureoformaldehidice (100%) tone 40671 40982 48810 43733 65720 53805 28294 tonnes Ureo-formaldehyde resins
Rini alchidice (100%) tone 10736 9564 12307 9050 6574 11120 9256 tonnes Alkide resins (100%)
Rini poliesterice nesaturate (100%) tone 1926 1083 1210 1129 682 475 320 tonnes Nonsaturated polyester resins (100%)
Cauciuc sintetic mii tone 30 27 41 37 29 23 16 thou tonnes Synthetic rubber
Etilen mii tone 126 143 161 159 147 153 167 thou tonnes Ethylene
Propilen (100%) mii tone 85 121 137 130 150 138 124 thou tonnes Prophylene (100%)
Benzen mii tone 39 34 39 19 19 18 17 thou tonnes Benzene
Toluen mii tone 40 34 36 10 12 10 8 thou tonnes Toluene
Xileni mii tone 19 21 38 16 4 2 2 thou tonnes Xylene
Etilbenzen mii tone 5 8 14 5 - *) - thou tonnes Ethyl-benzene
Butanoli mii tone 16 15 21 17 3 - - thou tonnes Butanols
Octanol mii tone 23 23 31 25 5 - 2 thou tonnes Octanol
Fenol mii tone 17 10 23 13 31 23 7 thou tonnes Phenol
Anhidrid ftalic mii tone 9 12 11 7 - - - thou tonnes Phtalic anhydride
Caprolactam mii tone 19 17 22 18 22 20 10 thou tonnes Caprolactum
Dimetiltereftalat mii tone 16 36 39 11 - - - thou tonnes Dimethyl terephtalat
Acrilonitril mii tone 48 59 74 67 79 70 81 thou tonnes Acrilonitrile
Antiduntori (100% S.A.) mii tone 19 13 15 15 8 5 4 thou tonnes Pesticides (100% A.S.)
Lacuri i vopsele mii tone 56 46 49 44 38 35 34 thou tonnes Varnishes and paints
Medicamente mil.lei 110693 274300 368915 465487 1075251 774467 981855 mill. lei Medicines
Antibiotice (S.A.) tone 477 590 755 803 463 283 194 tonnes Antibiotics (A.S.)
Spun mii tone 19 14 12 10 10 7 2 thou tonnes Soap
Detergeni (100% S.A.) mii tone 8 5 7 6 4 6 7 thou tonnes Detergents (100% A.S.)
Produse cosmetice i de parfumerie mil.lei 27045 61795 92253 132437 287170 321985 425628 mill. lei Cosmetics and perfums
Fibre i fire artificiale mii tone 15 11 11 11 8 6 - thou tonnes Man made fibres and yarns
Fibre artificiale mii tone 13 9 9 9 7 6 - thou tonnes Man made fibres
Fibre i fire sintetice mii tone 86 72 81 67 67 42 28 thou tonnes Synthetic fibres and yarns
Fibre sintetice mii tone 53 46 52 37 36 20 11 thou tonnes Synthetic fibres

Prelucrarea cauciucului i a maselor plastice Rubber and plastics processing


Anvelope mii buc. 3821 3240 3473 3739 3110 3002 2834 thou pieces Tyres
Auto-tractor-avion mii buc. 3293 2780 3038 3304 2761 2646 2614 thou pieces For cars, tractors, airplanes
Produse prelucrate din materiale plastice mii tone 96 88 114 116 89 77 75 thou tonnes Plastics processed products

Produse din minerale nemetalice Nonmetallic mineral products


Geamuri (echiv. 2 mm grosime) mil.m2 46 38 42 41 30 31 27 mill. m 2 Window-glasses (equiv. 2 mm thickness)
Geamuri trase (echiv. 2 mm grosime) mil.m2 37 30 36 37 26 24 22 mill. m 2 Drawn-glasses (equiv. 2 mm thickness)
Sticlrie mii tone 165 181 203 216 185 160 95 thou tonnes Glassware
Sticlrie de menaj mil.lei 35758 94769 129560 187913 436707 592941 906868 mill. lei Household glassware
Obiecte sanitare din porelan i semiporelan mii tone 18 19 19 21 22 24 26 thou tonnes Porcelain and semiporcelain sanitary items
Crmizi i blocuri ceramice din argil mil.buc. 613 469 499 626 493 410 447 mill.pieces Clay bricks and ceramic blocks
Crmizi refractare mii tone 257 248 255 246 217 187 122 thou tonnes Refractory bricks
Materiale de finisaj pentru perei i Finishing materials for walls and
pardoseli din ceramic mii m2 7182 7740 8898 9583 9484 10931 11392 thou m 2 ceramic floors
Ceramic fin de menaj mil.lei 32492 75170 113048 184396 348076 532423 567378 mill. lei Household ceramics
igle, coame i olane din argil mil.buc. 61 54 53 53 38 33 36 mill.pieces Clay briquettes, tiles, ridges
Ciment mii tone 6158 5998 6842 6956 6553 7300 6252 thou tonnes Cement
mii tone thou tonnes
echiv. 80% equiv. 80%
clincher 6864 6677 7595 7720 7292 8124 6853 clinker
Var mii tone 1738 1621 1763 1748 1688 1813 1623 thou tonnes Lime
Prefabricate din beton armat mii m3 466 419 424 395 335 154 166 thou m 3 Reinforced concrete prefabricates
Carton bitumat mil.m2 25 20 22 24 21 21 18 mill.m 2 Bituminized cardboard

Metalurgie Metallurgy
Font brut de prim fuziune mii tone 3189 3496 4203 4025 4556 4541 2969 thou tonnes First fusion raw pig iron
Oel brut mii tone 5446 5800 6557 6083 6675 6336 4392 thou tonnes Raw steel
Oel nealiat mii tone 3752 3848 4629 4068 4010 3935 2646 thou tonnes Nonalloyed steel
Oel slab aliat mii tone 1397 1649 1619 1714 2466 2213 1581 thou tonnes Low alloyed steel
Oel aliat i aliat superior mii tone 297 303 309 301 199 188 165 thou tonnes Alloyed and high alloyed steel
Din oel brut Of raw steel
Oel de convertizor mii tone 2938 3276 4086 3847 4551 4690 3226 thou tonnes Converter steel
Oel electric mii tone 1552 1515 1503 1299 1189 974 842 thou tonnes Electric steel
Oel Martin mii tone 956 1009 968 937 935 672 324 thou tonnes Martin steel
Laminate finite pline din oel la cald mii tone 4105 4510 4959 4479 4806 4391 3379 thou tonnes Solid finshed hot-rolled metals of steel
Laminate grele i agle pentru Heavy rolled metals and billets for
evi i forje mii tone 442 469 482 451 408 359 205 thou tonnes tubes and forges
Laminate mijlocii i uoare mii tone 1759 1815 1801 1592 1611 1293 795 thou tonnes Medium and light rolled metals
Table i benzi groase i mijlocii, cu grosime Thick and medium plates and strips
de 3 mm i peste (inclusiv platband) mii tone 1617 1938 2325 2072 2436 2361 1898 thou tonnes (thickness 3 mm and over)
Table subiri i benzi late, cu grosime sub 3 mm mii tone 284 286 349 364 348 374 477 thou tonnes Thin plates and broad strips thickness below 3 mm
Table i benzi din oel laminate la rece mii tone 374 361 506 418 424 407 396 thou tonnes Cold-rolled sheets and strips of steel
Table i benzi zincate mii tone 42 46 61 63 65 67 41 thou tonnes Zinc-coated sheets and strips
evi din oel mii tone 414 472 545 591 634 661 351 thou tonnes Steel tubes
evi din oel fr sudur mii tone 264 282 332 379 420 417 238 thou tonnes Steel weldingless tubes
Srme din oel trase la rece mii tone 191 184 222 224 205 220 190 thou tonnes Cold - rolled steel wires
Oxid de aluminiu (alumin) mii tone 293 302 323 261 280 250 277 thou tonnes Aluminium oxyde
Aluminiu i aliaje din aluminiu mii tone 116 122 144 145 164 175 174 thou tonnes Aluminium and aluminium alloys
Laminate din aluminiu i din aliaje de aluminiu mii tone 25 25 26 24 24 22 22 thou tonnes Aluminium rolled metals and aluminium alloys
Plumb mii tone 12 15 18 14 13 15 13 thou tonnes Lead
Zinc mii tone 14 19 28 28 30 29 29 thou tonnes Zinc
Cupru de convertizor mii tone 26 23 23 33 25 19 24 thou tonnes Converter copper
Cupru rafinat electrolitic mii tone 25 22 22 29 23 21 21 thou tonnes Electrolytically refined copper

Produse din metal Metal products


Corpuri de nczit din font tone 5267 3895 2055 2301 2135 997 523 tonnes Pig iron heating means
Czi de baie i cuve pentru du din font, emailate buc. 14504 17538 12766 8952 - 1553 947 pieces Enameled pig iron bath tubs andshower vats
Obiecte sanitare din font tone 5388 3720 3050 3075 2605 1925 966 tonnes Pig iron sanitary items
Butelii pentru gaze petroliere lichefiate mii buc. 892 893 441 481 649 763 439 thou pieces Cylinders for liquid oil gas
Cazane de abur industriale i pentru buci 133 93 176 234 290 39 55 pieces Industrial steam boilers and boilers
centrale termoelectrice tone abur / ora 384 446 416 410 2985 160 52 tonnes steam / hour for thermoelectric power stations
Cazane de peste 10 tone abur / or buci - 4 - - 3 2 - pieces Boilers over 10 tonnes steam / hour
tone abur / ora - 165 - - 2620 95 - tonnes steam / hour

Maini i echipamente Machinery and equipment


Turbine hidraulice buci 8 3 3 1 3 4 1 pieces Hydraulic turbines
mii kW 151 14 8 1 62 133 33 thou kW
Motoare cu ardere intern mii buc. 143 113 115 120 121 121 93 thou pieces Internal combustion motors
mii CP 10151 7375 7642 8128 7978 8031 6268 thou HP
Rulmeni (exclusiv rulmeni grei) mil.buc. 79 88 91 97 84 78 79 mill. pieces Bearings (excluding heavy bearings)
Rulmeni grei mii buc. 17 17 22 22 19 16 16 thou pieces Heavy bearings
Poduri rulante electrice (inclusiv cele speciale) buci 196 62 87 78 57 42 24 pieces Electric travelling cranes (including special ones)
Tractoare buci 26455 14128 15458 13063 10537 9572 4497 pieces Tractors
Pluguri cu traciune mecanic buci 9337 7304 4422 2570 1825 2042 1926 pieces Ploughs with mechanical drive
Maini i utilaje pentru semnat buci 9832 10823 7290 4631 4536 3445 2172 pieces Machinery and equipment for sowing
Combine pentru recoltat cereale buci 375 566 724 307 220 32 - pieces Combines for grains harvesting
Cultivatoare buci 3123 2233 1694 1335 948 1018 826 pieces Cultivators
14.1.3 PRODUCIA PRINCIPALELOR PRODUSE INDUSTRIALE
PRODUCTION OF THE MAIN INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS
continuare - continued
U.M. 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 M.U.

Maini-unelte pentru prelucrat metale mil.lei 18493 33816 65505 104286 223302 231864 331081 mill. lei Metal working machine-tools
Strunguri buci 489 312 471 587 681 573 330 pieces Lathes
Maini de frezat buci 436 162 341 458 403 321 333 pieces Milling machines
Maini orizontale de alezat i frezat buci 29 17 55 82 49 36 48 pieces Horizontal milling machines
Maini de rectificat buci 88 53 52 50 50 59 32 pieces Rectification machines
Maini de danturat buci 32 3 8 20 1 1 1 pieces Gear cutting machines
Utilaje pentru explorare geologic, Equipment for geological exploring,
foraj i exploatare sonde mii tone 19 17 14 21 20 20 9 thou tonnes drilling and oil well exploitation
Instalaii complete de foraj structural buci 11 2 4 2 - - - pieces Structural drilling rigs
Instalaii pentru forat sonde de iei i gaze buci 4 - 4 - 3 1 4 pieces Crude oil and gas drilling rigs
Utilaje tehnologice pentru: Technological equipment for:
- lucrri miniere mii tone 22 22 22 16 11 4 4 thou tonnes - mining
- construcii i lucrri de drumuri mil.lei 8532 22829 43068 61374 82514 77502 83536 mill. lei - construction and road works
- excavatoare buci 142 150 146 109 61 12 14 pieces - excavators
- rulouri compactoare buci 21 27 45 30 16 50 66 pieces - compressor cylinders
- metalurgie mii tone 50 74 89 79 73 61 44 thou tonnes - metallurgy
- chimie mii tone 29 20 26 31 35 19 18 thou tonnes - chemistry
- prelucrarea ieiului mii tone 4 4 4 1 - 1 2 thou tonnes - crude oil processing
- materiale de construcii i refractare mii tone 9 6 5 8 4 4 4 thou tonnes - building and refractory materials
- exploatarea i prelucrarea lemnului mii tone 10 7 8 8 5 5 5 thou tonnes - forestry and wood processing
- industria uoar mii tone 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 thou tonnes - light industry
- industria alimentar (inclusiv frigorifice) mii tone 18 11 9 10 7 3 2 thou tonnes - food industry (including refrigerators)
Maini i aparate electrice de uz casnic mil.lei 72779 130125 224888 373907 631650 675759 831379 mill. lei Household electric machines and appliances
Frigidere mii buc. 435 383 435 446 429 366 323 thou pieces Refrigerators
Maini electrice de uz casnic pentru splat rufe mii buc. 161 109 125 138 82 36 28 thou pieces Household electric washing machines
Aspiratoare de praf de uz casnic mii buc. 171 115 145 231 202 206 165 thou pieces Household vacuum cleaners
Maini de cusut de uz casnic (inclusiv electrice) mii buc. 32 14 6 7 3 1 1 thou pieces Household sewing machines (including electric)
Maini de gtit i sobe de nclzit mii buc. 452 418 385 427 339 310 285 thou pieces Cooking and heating stoves

Echipamente electrice i optice Electric and optical equipment


Mijloace ale tehnicii de calcul electrotehnice i Electrotechnical and electronic
electronice mil.lei 3606 7393 13068 19601 15893 48212 79184 mill. lei means of computing technique
Motoare electrice de 0,25 kW i peste mii kW 1201 1302 1787 1987 1716 1767 1484 thou kW Electric motors of 0.25 kW and over
De curent alternativ de 0,25 kW For alternative current
pn la 100 kW mii kW 811 847 1346 1527 1353 1413 1248 thou kW 0.25 - 100 kW
De curent alternativ de peste 100 kW mii kW 390 455 441 461 363 227 150 thou kW For alternative current over 100 kW
Generatoare electrice mii kVA 564 539 78 2 1 2 2 thou kVA Electric generators
din care: of which:
Pentru turbine cu abur mii kW 390 60 60 - - - - thou kW For steam turbines
Pentru turbine hidraulice mii kW 75 47 - - 5 208 27 thou kW For hydraulic turbines
Transformatoare de 0,25 kVA i peste mii kVA 3086 4302 1973 1664 1491 1839 2881 thou kVA Transformers 0.25 kVA and over
Conductori i cabluri electrice mii tone 61 53 23 25 20 86 32 thou tonnes Electric conductors and cables
din care: of which:
Cabluri electrice izolate mii km 26 27 30 27 22 43 25 thou km Electric insulated cables
Conductori electrici izolai mii km 112 104 78 150 100 105 126 thou km Electric insulated conductors
Elemente i baterii de acumulatoare cu plumb mii kWh 690 739 797 828 865 839 753 thou kWh Lead elements and batteries of accumulators
*)
Radioreceptoare i radiocasetofoane mii buc. 79 28 29 76 28 10 thou pieces Radioreceivers and radio-cassette players
Televizoare mii buc. 464 452 369 275 89 134 56 thou pieces TV sets
Aparate de msur i control electrotehnice Electrotechnical and electronic measuring
i electronice mil.lei 5044 16585 24263 36807 84489 164632 362661 mill. lei and control apparatus
Mijloace de automatizare electrotehnice Electrotechnical and electronic automation
i electronice mil.lei 27843 63684 98793 141049 276215 425230 433800 mill. lei facilities
Produse de mecanic fin, optic, echipamente Fine mechanics and optical products,hydraulic
hidraulice i pneumatice mil.lei 94791 185535 323761 533784 913803 714041 851488 mill. lei and pneumatic equipment

Mijloace de transport Means of transport


Autoturisme de ora i teren mii buc. 61 56 70 97 109 104 89 thou pieces Town cars and land rovers
Autoturisme de ora mii buc. 55 51 65 93 106 103 88 thou pieces Town cars
Autoutilitare buci 34586 31233 19619 21880 19266 21403 17245 pieces Autoutilitarians
Autobuze buci 368 378 452 420 188 258 68 pieces Buses
Troleibuze buci 52 84 80 72 72 63 14 pieces Trolleybuses
Autocamioane, autotractoare, Motor lorries, motor tractors,
autobasculante i autoasiuri buci 4433 3044 3098 3142 1956 1263 900 pieces weighting machines and chassis
Nave maritime cu propulsie buci 11 4 18 25 8 11 12 pieces Self-propelled
proprie pentru mrfuri mii tdw 234 177 404 375 43 58 231 thou tdw freight ships
Nave i ambarcaiuni fluviale Ships and river boats for
pentru transporturi buci 46 39 25 119 74 23 27 pieces transport
Locomotive electrice i Diesel buci 1 - 1 - - - - pieces Electric and Diesel engines
pentru linii magistrale mii CP 2 - 2 - - - - thou HP for main lines
Vagoane de cltori pentru linii magistrale buci 199 4 14 23 17 10 - pieces Passenger cars for main lines
Vagoane de mrfuri pentru linii magistrale buc.echiv. pieces 4
4 osii 566 446 51 38 10 383 543 axles equiv Waggons for main lines
buci 566 444 51 38 10 383 543 pieces
Biciclete mii buc. 42 28 22 19 6 6 3 thou pieces Bicycles

Mobilier mil.lei 336754 680177 1045122 1669994 3408089 4273583 5848088 mill. lei Furniture

Energie electric i termic Electric and thermal energy


Energie electric mil.kwh 55476 55136 59267 61350 57148 53496 50713 mill. kWh Electric energy
Produs n termocentrale mil.kwh 42708 42090 42573 44209 34239 29310 27225 mill. kWh Generated in thermo-power stations
Produs n hidrocentrale mil.kwh 12768 13046 16694 15755 17509 18879 18290 mill. kWh Generated in hydro-power stations
Energie termic mii Gcal 110806 91833 101508 103986 100994 88121 74833 thou Gcal Thermal energy
14.1.4 INDICII PRODUCIEI INDUSTRIALE, PE ACTIVITI
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION INDICES, BY ACTIVITY

1995 = 100
1996 1997 1998 1999

Total 106,3 98,6 85,0 83,1 Total

Industrie extractiv 101,3 94,9 80,7 75,3 Mining and quarrying


Extracia i prepararea crbunelui 105,7 85,7 65,0 56,8 Coal mining and preparation
Extracia petrolului i gazelor naturale 100,1 98,1 91,2 87,4 Petroleum and natural gas extraction
Extracia i prepararea minereurilor Metalliferous ores quarrying
metalifere 97,4 87,5 77,3 59,4 and preparation
Alte activiti extractive 91,5 122,0 87,0 86,3 Other extractive activities

Industrie prelucrtoare 107,9 100,6 86,6 85,6 Manufacturing


din care: of which:
Alimentar i buturi 101,8 85,5 84,2 98,5 Food and beverages
Industria tutunului 107,9 111,8 124,5 127,4 Tobacco industry
Textil i produse textile 95,6 83,9 73,5 55,2 Textiles and textile products
Confecii din textile, blnuri i piele 125,6 137,7 103,4 109,1 Textile, fur and leather wearing apparel
Pielrie i nclminte 103,4 100,9 94,3 95,9 Leather goods and footwear
Prelucrarea lemnului (exclusiv mobila) 109,5 99,3 88,3 86,9 Wood processing (excluding furniture)
Celuloz, hrtie i carton 104,8 89,6 77,0 80,0 Pulp, paper and cardboard
Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui Crude oil processing, coal coking
i tratarea combustibililor nucleari 92,1 89,5 87,5 65,1 and nuclear fuel treatment
Chimie i fibre sintetice i Chemistry and synthetic and
artificiale 87,8 67,3 51,8 52,9 man made fibres
Prelucrarea cauciucului i a maselor plastice 100,3 79,8 66,5 52,0 Rubber and plastics processing
Alte produse din minerale nemetalice 110,2 104,8 91,5 80,9 Other nonmetallic mineral products
Metalurgie 92,2 93,1 92,6 58,6 Metallurgy
Construcii metalice i produse Metallic construction and
din metal 62,0 87,2 51,0 59,4 metal products
Maini i echipamente 124,4 109,2 72,5 60,1 Machinery and equipment
Maini i aparate electrice 116,8 128,0 110,2 97,5 Electric machinery and appliances
Echipamente, aparate de radio, televiziune Radio, TV and communications
i comunicaii 134,1 138,6 116,8 107,7 equipment and apparatus
Aparatur i instrumente medicale, de Medical,precision,optical,
de precizie, optice i watchmaking instruments
ceasornicrie 127,1 123,1 85,8 118,0 and apparatus
Mijloace de transport rutier 169,2 161,7 181,1 185,4 Means of road transport
Alte mijloace de transport 105,6 115,8 130,4 118,4 Other means of transport
Mobilier i alte activiti Furniture and other nonclassified
neclasificate 143,4 137,7 102,9 108,8 activities

Energie electric i termic Electric and thermal energy


gaze i ap 100,8 88,6 78,3 74,6 and water
din care: of which:
Producia, transportul i distribuia Electric and thermal energy, gas
de energie electric i termic, gaze and hot water production,
i ap cald 103,0 89,3 78,3 75,1 transport and distribution
14.1.5 INDICII PRODUCTIVITII MUNCII, PE UN SALARIAT, N INDUSTRIE, PE ACTIVITI
LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY INDICES, PER EMPLOYEE, IN INDUSTRY, BY ACTIVITY

1995 = 100
1996 1997 1998 1999

Total 107,5 105,6 97,8 109,1 Total

Industrie extractiv 102,1 106,6 113,0 123,6 Mining and quarrying


Extracia i prepararea crbunelui 107,3 102,1 116,7 120,3 Coal mining and preparation
Extracia petrolului i gazelor naturale 99,2 96,8 91,6 103,7 Petroleum and natural gas extraction
Extracia i prepararea minereurilor 99,3 104,2 137,5 116,7 Metalliferous ores quarrying
metalifere 92,5 153,8 111,8 134,8 and preparation
Alte activiti extractive Other extractive activities

Industrie prelucrtoare 110,1 108,5 99,5 113,1 Manufacturing


din care: of which:
Alimentar i buturi 107,6 92,6 90,9 122,1 Food and beverages
Industria tutunului 149,2 152,3 151,6 203,2 Tobacco industry
Textil i produse textile 93,7 97,6 106,2 100,7 Textiles and textile products
Confecii din textile, blnuri i piele 116,8 144,0 79,5 86,0 Textile, fur and leather wearing apparel
Pielrie i nclminte 103,2 101,3 94,6 104,4 Leather goods and footwear
Prelucrarea lemnului (exclusiv mobila) 128,1 110,0 83,9 87,8 Wood processing (excluding furniture)
Celuloz, hrtie i carton 100,9 90,1 94,4 120,5 Pulp, paper and cardboard
Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui Crude oil processing, coal coking
i tratarea combustibililor nucleari 93,0 82,6 116,2 97,9 and nuclear fuel treatment
Chimie i fibre sintetice i Chemistry and synthetic and
artificiale 87,6 63,8 70,5 80,5 man made fibres
Prelucrarea cauciucului i a maselor plastice 101,8 87,1 79,9 72,3 Rubber and plastics processing
Alte produse din minerale nemetalice 114,3 109,3 108,4 108,6 Other nonmetallic mineral products
Metalurgie 91,0 94,0 105,1 80,1 Metallurgy
Construcii metalice i produse Metallic construction and
din metal 69,4 97,3 58,1 83,9 metal products
Maini i echipamente 137,5 139,3 112,9 106,6 Machinery and equipment
Maini i aparate electrice 119,3 144,0 150,5 146,6 Electric machinery and appliances
Echipamente, aparate de radio, televiziune Radio, TV and communications
i comunicaii 160,4 146,4 132,3 195,1 equipment and apparatus
Aparatur i instrumente medicale, de Medical,precision,optical,
de precizie, optice i watchmaking instruments
ceasornicrie 136,4 125,5 94,3 196,7 and apparatus
Mijloace de transport rutier 169,9 172,0 213,6 245,6 Means of road transport
Alte mijloace de transport 93,5 107,2 134,9 133,5 Other means of transport
Mobilier i alte activiti Furniture and other nonclassified
neclasificate 136,2 150,7 116,7 150,5 activities

Energie electric i termic Electric and thermal energy


gaze i ap 91,6 81,0 72,6 71,7 and water
din care: of which:
Producia, transportul i distribuia Electric and thermal energy, gas
de energie electric i termic, gaze and hot water production,
i ap cald 101,3 87,2 78,5 78,8 transport and distribution
14.1.6 NTREPRINDERILE DIN INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE CU ACTIVITATE DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE,
STRUCTURATE DUP CIFRA DE AFACERI I EXPORTURI, PE ACTIVITI
MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES WITH RESEARCH-DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY, STRUCTURED BY
TURNOVER AND EXPORTS, BY ACTIVITY

n procente fa de total ntreprinderi / as percentage of total enterprises


ntreprinderile care ntreprinderi la care valoarea produselor noi
au avut activitate i mbuntite deine peste 10% din:
de cercetare-dezvoltare Enterprises in which new and improved
Enterprises which products value is over 10% of:
had research- Cifra de afaceri Exporturi realizate
development activity Turnover Carried out exports
1998 1999 1998 1999 1998 1999

Total 10,2 10,1 2,7 2,8 2,5 2,0


din care: / of which:
Alimentar i buturi 3,2 2,4 0,6 0,5 0,1 0,2
Food and beverages
Textil i produse textile 10,7 10,0 4,6 3,6 5,4 2,0
Textiles and textile products
Confecii de mbrcminte 3,0 4,7 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3
Clothes
Pielrie i nclminte 3,5 4,8 1,2 1,8 1,7 1,8
Leather goods and footwear
Celuloz, hrtie i carton 16,2 8,1 - 2,7 - -
Pulp, paper and cardboard
Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui
i tratarea combustibililor nucleari 33,3 38,5 - - - -
Crude oil processing, coal coking and
nuclear fuel treatment
Chimie i fibre sintetice i artificiale 29,1 30,9 0,9 2,7 - -
Chemistry and synthetic and man made fibres
Prelucrarea cauciucului i a maselor plastice 25,3 23,0 5,3 8,1 5,3 4,1
Rubber and plastics processing
Alte produse din minerale nemetalice 8,8 10,8 2,0 2,2 1,5 1,6
Other nonmetallic mineral products
Metalurgie 22,7 17,2 2,3 2,3 2,3 2,3
Metallurgy
Construcii metalice i produse din metal 6,9 6,7 2,2 1,8 1,3 1,8
Metallic construction and metal products
Maini i echipamente 25,9 27,1 9,6 11,7 10,8 8,5
Machinery and equipment
Maini i aparate electrice 38,6 30,0 19,3 15,0 17,5 8,3
Electric machinery and appliances
Echipamente, aparate de radio, televiziune
i comunicaii 40,0 29,2 13,3 12,5 10,0 8,3
Radio, TV and communication equipment
and apparatus
Aparatur i instrumente medicale, de
precizie, optice i ceasornicrie 24,2 25,8 3,0 3,2 - 3,2
Medical, precision, optical, watchmaking
instruments and apparatus
Mijloace de transport rutier 31,3 32,3 10,5 7,7 10,5 7,7
Means of road transport
Alte mijloace de transport 16,7 20,8 3,7 5,7 - 5,7
Other means of transport
Mobilier i alte activiti neclasificate 7,4 7,3 2,1 2,8 2,1 2,4
Furniture and other nonclassified activities
14.1.7 NTREPRINDERILE DIN INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE CARE AU LANSAT N FABRICAIE PRODUSE NOI I
MODERNIZATE I CARE AU APLICAT N PRODUCIE TEHNOLOGII NOI I MODERNIZATE, PE ACTIVITI
MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES WHICH LAUNCHED IN PRODUCTION NEW AND MODERNIZED
PRODUCTS AND WHICH APPLIED IN PRODUCTION NEW AND MODERNIZED TECHNOLOGIES,
BY ACTIVITY

numr / number
ntreprinderile din care:
cu produse i of which:
tehnologii noi
i modernizate Numai cu
Enterprises Numai cu procedee
produse tehnologice Mixte
with new and
Only with Only with Mixed
modernized products technological
products and procedures
technologies
1998 1999 1998 1999 1998 1999 1998 1999

Total 271 239 107 108 10 10 154 121


din care: / of which:
Alimentar i buturi 13 9 2 4 1 - 10 5
Food and beverages
Textil i produse textile 23 21 9 9 - - 14 12
Textiles and textile products
Confecii de mbrcminte 2 7 1 3 - - 1 4
Clothes
Pielrie i nclminte 6 6 2 2 - - 4 4
Leather goods and footwear
Celuloz, hrtie i carton 2 1 - - 1 1 1 -
Pulp, paper and cardboard
Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui i
tratarea combustibililor nucleari 4 2 - - - - 4 2
Crude oil processing, coal coking and nuclear
fuel treatment
Chimie i fibre sintetice i artificiale 28 27 14 11 1 2 13 14
Chemistry and synthetic and man made fibres
Prelucrarea cauciucului i a maselor plastice 16 15 9 10 2 3 5 2
Rubber and plastics processing
Alte produse din minerale nemetalice 10 12 4 6 - 1 6 5
Other nonmetallic mineral products
Metalurgie 10 6 1 3 - - 9 3
Metallurgy
Construcii metalice i produse din metal 13 12 1 5 1 - 11 7
Metallic construction and metal products
Maini i echipamente 58 56 24 24 1 1 33 31
Machinery and equipment
Maini i aparate electrice 20 15 9 6 1 - 10 9
Electric machinery and appliances
Echipamente, aparate de radio, televiziune i
comunicaii 10 6 6 5 1 - 3 1
Radio, TV and communication equipment
and apparatus
Aparatur i instrumente medicale de
precizie, optice i ceasornicrie 7 6 5 2 - 1 2 3
Medical, precision, optical, watchmaking
instruments and apparatus
Mijloace de transport rutier 20 17 5 8 1 1 14 8
Means of road transport
Alte mijloace de transport 8 8 2 3 - - 6 5
Other means of transport
Mobilier i alte activiti neclasificate 14 12 10 7 - - 4 5
Furniture and other nonclassified activities
14.1.8 CHELTUIELILE DE CERCETARE - DEZVOLTARE, EFECTUATE DE NTREPRINDERILE DIN INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE, PE ACTIVITI
RESEARCH - DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURES, SPENT BY MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES, BY ACTIVITY

1996 1997 1998 1999

Cheltuieli de Cheltuieli de Cheltuieli de Cheltuieli de


Numr cercetare-dezvoltare Numr cercetare-dezvoltare Numr cercetare-dezvoltare Numr cercetare-dezvoltare
ntreprinderi (milioane lei) ntreprinderi (milioane lei) ntreprinderi (milioane lei) ntreprinderi (milioane lei)
Number of Research-development Number of Research-development Number of Research-development Number of Research-development
enterprises expenditures enterprises expenditures enterprises expenditures enterprises expenditures
(million lei) (million lei) (million lei) (million lei)

Total 258 115266,5 314 417816,5 350 535942,4 326 546818,4 Total

din care: of which:


Alimentar i buturi 11 106,8 19 5908,3 23 77621,5 16 9780,1 Food and beverages
Textil i produse textile 28 2577,9 30 6481,5 28 15283,2 25 5739,7 Textiles and textile products
Confecii de mbrcminte 6 2532,2 3 1002,6 12 670,6 19 5152,6 Clothes
Pielrie i nclminte 2 547,6 4 7481,1 6 8937,2 8 8937,4 Leather goods and footwear
Celuloz, hrtie i carton 3 92,9 7 4420,1 6 21386,6 3 4162,9 Pulp, paper and cardboard
Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui Crude oil processing, coal coking and
i tratarea combustibililor nucleari - - 5 10348,1 5 10653,4 5 2816,2 nuclear fuel treatment
Chimie i fibre sintetice i artificiale 28 15163,6 32 36060,2 34 28777,9 34 49262,7 Chemistry and synthetic and man made fibres
Prelucrarea cauciucului i a maselor plastice 13 2011,6 16 6125,1 19 11173,2 17 24720,8 Rubber and plastics processing
Alte produse din minerale nemetalice 10 430,3 14 8956,7 18 4963,3 19 9082,3 Other nonmetallic mineral products
Metalurgie 12 4735,7 21 27023,3 20 19868,4 15 17587,7 Metallurgy
Construcii metalice i produse din metal 7 713,3 15 79377,7 16 14737,7 15 9146,3 Metallic construction and metal products
Maini i echipamente 64 27503,0 69 84954,0 65 91281,5 67 96914,5 Machinery and equipment
Maini i aparate electrice 24 16357,6 25 47433,3 22 55456,3 18 70275,9 Electric machinery and appliances
Echipamente, aparate de radio, televiziune Radio, TV and communication equipment
i comunicaii 9 3186,0 7 4247,1 12 18372,0 7 18682,3 and apparatus
Aparatur i instrumente medicale, de Medical, precision, optical, watchmaking
precizie, optice i ceasornicrie 10 9903,1 10 4496,6 8 11884,4 8 14316,8 instruments and apparatus
Mijloace de transport rutier 13 24563,1 15 71024,0 21 105345,0 19 141408,7 Means of road transport
Alte mijloace de transport 3 3543,3 9 4750,2 9 30030,3 11 47248,3 Other means of transport
Mobilier i alte activiti neclasificate 8 592,7 7 3696,7 18 6738,0 17 11548,2 Furniture and other nonclassified activities
14.1.9 REEAUA I VOLUMUL GAZELOR NATURALE DISTRIBUITE
NATURAL GAS DISTRIBUTION NETWORK AND VOLUME

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Numrul localitilor 1) n care se Number of localities 1)


distribuie gaze naturale provided with natural gas
( la sfritul anului ) 522 528 542 554 621 731 804 863 915 993 ( end of year )
Lungimea simpl a conductelor de Simple length of gas distribution
distribuie a gazelor (km) - la sfritul anului 10778 11182 11668 12278 13652 15232 16745 18017 19444 20331 pipes - end of year ( km )
Gaze naturale distribuite Natural gas distributed
( milioane m3 ) 30921 26948 21822 21003 17278 17450 17806 14258 11983 11871 ( million m 3 )
din care: of which:
Pentru uz casnic 2713 3088 3230 3421 4545 5772 6118 6100 6215 3921 For household use

1)
Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.
14.1.10 REEAUA I VOLUMUL APEI POTABILE DISTRIBUITE
DRINKING WATER SUPPLY NETWORK AND VOLUME

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Numrul localitilor 1) cu instalaii Number of localities 1)


de alimentare cu ap potabil supplied with drinking water
( la sfritul anului ) 2331 2320 2366 2459 2556 2653 2739 2803 2911 2997 installations ( end of year )
din care: of which:
Municipii i orae 260 260 260 260 262 262 262 262 263 263 Municipalities and towns
Lungimea total simpl a reelei de Simple total length of drinking
alimentare a apei potabile (km) water network (km)
- la sfritul anului 28169 29333 30621 31727 32719 33520 34497 35287 36608 37417 - end of year
din care: of which:
Municipii i orae 18362 19650 20400 20790 21076 21336 21510 21737 22155 22443 Municipalities and towns
Ap potabil distribuit Drinking water supplied to the
consumatorilor ( milioane m3 ) 2659 2549 2191 2056 1997 2029 2085 2026 2000 1849 users ( million m 3 )
din care: of which:
Pentru uz casnic 1203 1163 1131 1132 1168 1230 1316 1291 1297 1208 For household use

1)
Municipii, orae, comune. / Municipalities, towns, communes.
14.1.11 ALIMENTAREA CU AP, PE CATEGORII DE UTILIZATORI
WATER SUPPLY, BY USER CATEGORIES

milioane m3 million m3
Categorii de utilizatori 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 User categories

Total 10834 10884 10183 9847 10299 10454 9264 9051 8576 Total

Servicii de utilitate public ( inclusiv Municipal services ( including


apa potabil pentru activiti drinking water for connected
economice racordate ) 2851 2867 2730 2894 3082 2919 2946 2887 2776 economic activities )

Industrie ( sisteme proprii de Industry ( own systems for


alimentare ) 5675 5224 4465 4448 5305 5234 5247 4823 4728 supplying )

Agricultur - total 2308 2793 2988 2505 1912 2234 1026 1299 1027 Agriculture - total
Irigaii 1261 1996 1974 1722 1213 1504 287 560 266 Irrigations
Creterea animalelor 233 161 147 125 102 96 92 79 69 Animal breeding
Piscicultur 814 636 867 658 597 634 647 660 692 Pisciculture

Alte activiti ( necuprinse Other activities ( not included


n CAEN ) - - - - - 67 45 42 45 in CANE )
14.2 RESURSELE I CONSUMURILE ENERGY RESOURCES AND
ENERGETICE CONSUMPTION

CUPRINS CONTENTS
Pagina
Page
Tabele: Tables:
14.2.1 Resursele de energie primar ............. 423 Primary energy resources
14.2.2 Producia de energie primar .............. 424 Primary energy production
14.2.3 Gradul de independen energetic .... 424 Energy independence degree
14.2.4 Consumul de energie .......................... 425 Energy consumption
14.2.5 Puterea instalat i producia de Installed capacity and production
energie electric ................................. 426 of electric energy
14.2.6 Structura produciei de energie Structure of thermoelectric
termoelectric, dup felul energy production, by type
combustibilului consumat ................... 426 of fuel consumed
14.2.7 Consumul specific de combustibil Fuel specific consumption
pentru producerea energiei for producing thermoelectric
termoelectrice ..................................... 426 energy

Sursa datelor Data source

- Rapoarte statistice privind producerea i utilizarea - Statistical reports on producing and using electric,
energiei electrice, termice, a combustibililor i structura thermal energy, fuels and on the structure of energy
utilajului energetic, completate att de uniti equipment, filled in both by producer, distributor and
productoare, distribuitoare ct i consumatoare din consumer units from the economy;
economie; - Papers carried out by specialized divisions of the
- Lucrri elaborate de compartimentele de specialitate National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies,
ale Institutului Naional de Statistic i Studii for statistical data on: production, imports and exports
Economice, pentru datele statistice privind: producia, of primary and transformed energy.
importul i exportul de energie primar i transformat.

Precizri metodologice Methodological notes

Indicatorii balanelor energetice sunt elaborai i Energy balance indicators are compiled and
prezentai n sistemul energiei finale, sistem utilizat presented in the final energy system, this system being
de rile Uniunii Europene i de majoritatea rilor used by European Union countries and most of
lumii. n aceste condiii, datele coninute n aceast countries in the world. Under these circumstances, data
seciune permit comparaia direct, fr calcule de from this section allow direct comparison, without
echivalen, cu datele privind energia din statistica equivalence calculations, with data on energy from
internaional. international statistics.
Caracteristica acestui sistem este aceea c exprim This system is characterized by the fact that it
toate fluxurile pe baza potenialului energetic al fiecrei expresses all the flows based on energy potential of
resurse, fiind prezentate cantitile de energie efectiv each resource, being presented all energy quantities
puse la dispoziia utilizatorilor. effectively put at the users disposal.
Unitatea de msur utilizat este tona echivalent Measurement unit used is tonne of oil equivalent.
petrol. Aceasta reprezint un combustibil It represents a conventional fuel with the calorific
convenional cu puterea calorific de 41868 kJ / kg power of 41868 kJ / kg (10000 kcal / kg).
(10000 kcal / kg). Primary energy resources include:
n resursele de energie primar se cuprind: - production of primary energy bearers (net coal,
- producia purttorilor de energie primar crude oil, usable natural gas, fire wood, hydroelectric,
(crbune net, iei, gaze naturale utilizabile, lemne de nuclear-electric energy and energy from
foc, energie hidroelectric, nuclearo-electric i nonconventional sources);
energie din surse neconvenionale); - imports of primary and transformed energy;
- importul de energie primar i transformat; - the stocks of primary energy bearers at
- stocurile la 1 ianuarie ale purttorilor de producer, consumer and distributor units on January,1.
energie primar la unitile productoare, Gross domestic consumption of energy
consumatoare, ct i la cele de distribuire. represents the energy quantity resulted by adding to
Consumul intern brut de energie reprezint primary energy production the recovered products,
cantitatea de energie rezultat prin nsumarea la imports and stock at the beginning of reference period,
producia de energie primar, a produselor recuperate, of which exports, bunkers and stock at the end of
a importului i a stocului la nceputul perioadei de reference period are subtracted.
referin din care se scad exportul, buncrajul i stocul
la sfritul perioadei de referin.
Energia electric primar reprezint suma Primary electric energy represents the sum of
produciilor de energie hidroelectric i nuclearo- hydroelectric and nuclear-electric energy production,
electric, precum i a importului de energie electric. as well as imports of electric energy . For
Pentru energia hidroelectric i energia electric hydroelectric energy and imported electric energy,
din import, transformarea n combustibil convenional the transformation into conventional fuel was
s-a efectuat pe baza potenialului energetic real al carried out based on real energy potential of
energiei electrice (0,086 kg echivalent petrol / kWh sau electric energy (0.086 kg oil equivalent / kWh or
3600 kJ / kWh). 3600 kJ / kWh).
Pentru energia nuclearo-electric, energia primar For nuclear-electric energy, primary energy is the
este energia materialului fisionabil corespunztoare energy of fission material corresponding to achieved
produciei realizate (considerndu-se un randament al production (considering a power station yield of 33%,
centralei de 33%, n conformitate cu recomandarea according to the recommendation of International
Ageniei Internaionale pentru Energie). Pentru anul Energy Agency). For year 1999, the considered yield is
1999 randamentul luat n calcul este 35,11%. 35,11%.
Stocurile cuprind cantitile de purttori de energie Stocks include quantities of primary and transformed
primar i transformat existente la unitile energy bearers existing at producer, consumer and
productoare, consumatoare i la cele de distribuire. distributor units.
Buncrajul cuprinde cantitile de combustibili livrate Bunkerage, comprise the delivered combustible to
navelor maritime, indiferent de pavilionul sub care maritime vessel, irrespective of navigation flap. There
navigheaz. Nu se cuprind cantitile consumate de are not included the quantities consumed by the vessel
navele care navigheaz n apele interioare. De that is navigating on the inner waters. Also,
asemenea, nu se cuprind cantitile de combustibili combustible quantities consumed by the fishing vessel
consumate de navele de pescuit care sunt incluse la registered at agriculture, are not included.
agricultur. Imports represent the quantities of energy entering
Importul reprezint cantitile de energie intrate pe the national territory, irrespective of being or not being
teritoriul naional, indiferent dac au fost sau nu duty-paid.
vmuite. Exports represent the quantities of energy leaving
Exportul reprezint cantitile de energie ieite n the national territory, irrespective of being or not being
afara teritoriului naional, indiferent dac au fost sau nu duty-paid.
vmuite. Final energy consumption represents all energy
Consumul final energetic reprezint suma quantities used in various sectors of activity in order to
cantitilor de energie utilizate n diferite sectoare de produce material goods and services. There are
activitate n scopul realizrii de bunuri materiale i excluded quantities used for non-energy purpose and
servicii. Nu sunt cuprinse cantitile utilizate n scop quantities used to produce other fuels. There are also
neenergetic i cantitile utilizate pentru producerea excluded the consumption in energy sector and losses
altor combustibili. De asemenea, nu se cuprind in transport and distribution.
consumurile n sectorul energetic i pierderile n Energy sector includes the following activities: coal
transport i distribuie. mining and preparation; oil and natural gas
Sectorul energetic cuprinde urmtoarele activiti: extraction (excluding prospections); radioactive ores
extracia i prepararea crbunelui; extracia petrolului extraction and preparation; crude oil processing,
i gazelor naturale (exclusiv prospeciunile); extracia i coal coking and nuclear fuels treatment; production,
prepararea minereurilor radioactive; industria de transport and distribution of electric and thermal
prelucrare a ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui i energy, gas and hot water.
tratarea combustibililor nucleari; producia, transportul Industry (including construction) includes the
i distribuia de energie electric i termic, gaze i following activities: extractive, excluding energetic
ap cald. products extraction; manufacturing, excluding oil
n industrie (inclusiv construcii) sunt cuprinse processing, coal coking and nuclear combustible
activitile: extractiv, exclusiv extracia produselor treatment; water resources administration, water
energetice; prelucrtoare, exclusiv prelucrarea ieiului, collection, treatment and distribution; construction.
cocsificarea crbunelui i tratarea combustibililor Population consumption represents the quantities
nucleari; gospodrirea resurselor de ap, captarea, of primary and transformed energy, effectively delivered
tratarea i distribuia apei; activitatea de construcii. to the population and exclusively used for household
Consumul populaiei reprezint cantitile de consumption.
energie primar i transformat, livrate efectiv Losses in transport and distribution represent the
populaiei i utilizate exclusiv pentru consumul menajer. quantities of electric, thermal energy, fuels and power
Pierderile n transport i distribuie reprezint fuels, lost during transport and distribution to
cantitile de energie electric, energie termic, consumers.
combustibili i carburani, pierdute n activitatea de Energy independence degree is expressed in
transport i distribuia ctre consumatori. percentage and represents the ratio between the
Gradul de independen energetic se exprim n production of primary energy and the quantity of
procente i reprezint raportul dintre producia de primary energy available in the reference period.
energie primar i cantitatea de energie primar This quantity is calculated by subtracting from
disponibil n perioada de referin. Aceast cantitate energy resources, the exports and stocks at end of
se calculeaz prin scderea din resursele de energie a reference period.
exportului i a stocurilor la sfritul perioadei de Installed power of a power unit represents the nominal
referin. power of primary mover shaft (hydraulic turbine, eolian
Puterea instalat a unui grup electrogen reprezint motor a.s.o.) multiplied with the generator yield and
puterea nominal la arborele motorului primar (turbin yield of mechanical transmission, if exist.
hidraulic, motor eolian etc.) multiplicat cu Installed power of an electric station is the sum of
randamentul generatorului i al transmisiei mecanice, installed powers of station power units.
dac acestea exist. Fuel specific consumption used to produce electric
Puterea instalat a unei centrale electrice este energy represents the quantity of fuel consumed to
suma puterilor instalate ale grupurilor electrogene ale produce a thermoelectric energy unit (1000 kWh).
centralei.
Consumul specific de combustibil pentru
producerea energiei electrice reprezint cantitatea de
combustibil consumat pentru producerea unei uniti
de energie termoelectric (1000 kWh).
RESURSELE DE ENERGIE PRIMAR
PRIMARY ENERGY RESOURCES

1998
46205 mii tone echivalent petrol
thou tonnes of oil equivalent

iei Crbune + cocs


Crude oil 5,5% Coal + coke
15,0%
13,0% 14,9%

5,9%
Alte resurse
6,6% Other resources

24,2% Energie hidroelectric


8,2%
i nuclearo-electric
6,5%
Hydroelectric and
Gaze naturale nuclear-electric energy
Natural gas 0,2%
Energie electric din import
Imported electric energy

Producie + stoc la 1 ianuarie Import


Production + stock an January 1 Imports

1999
39791 mii tone echivalent petrol
thou tonnes of oil equivalent
iei Crbune + cocs
Crude oil 17,1% 4,3% Coal + coke
10,8% 14,9%

3,9%
Alte resurse
7,1% Other resources

28,1% Energie hidroelectric


6,4%
7,2% i nuclearo-electric
Hydroelectric and
Gaze naturale nuclear-electric energy
Natural gas 0,2%

Energie electric din import


Imported electric energy
14.2.1 RESURSELE DE ENERGIE PRIMAR
PRIMARY ENERGY RESOURCES

mii tone echivalent petrol 1) / thou tonnes of oil equivalent 1)

Energie primar - total din care: / of which: din care: / of which:


Primary energy - total Producie / Production Import / Imports
1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Resurse 50943 50683 50164 55941 55936 51275 46205 39791 33216 33133 31719 34422 35135 31401 28797 27765 16181 15259 16434 19420 18806 17928 15148 10186
Resources

Crbuni 12171 10793 11523 12172 12109 11397 9381 7511 7349 7548 7775 7887 8065 6600 5149 4644 3880 1866 2705 3022 2773 3429 2495 1584
Coal

din care: / of which:


Lignit 6428 6521 6459 6651 6741 5899 5083 4542 5588 5742 5786 5942 5944 4881 3841 3524 109 50 - - 1 - - -
Lignite

Cocs din import 130 287 92 47 52 119 67 146 - - - - - - - - 130 287 92 47 52 119 67 146
Imported coke

Gaze naturale 2) 20918 20141 18558 19239 19418 15938 14969 13730 17336 16525 14823 14445 13764 11908 11196 11192 3582 3616 3735 4794 5654 4030 3773 2538
Natural gas 2)

iei 3) 13859 15251 15894 16274 14557 13414 12926 11086 6696 6772 6819 6798 6700 6604 6415 6244 6572 7581 8122 8654 7153 6243 6000 4293
3)
Crude oil

Produse petroliere din import 1635 1650 1626 2838 2981 4018 2711 1530 - - - - - - - - 1635 1650 1626 2838 2981 4018 2711 1530
Imported petroleum products

Lemne de foc (inclusiv biomas) 798 1173 1167 3837 4900 3371 3029 2828 785 1159 1152 3823 4881 3360 3017 2820 - - - - - - - -
Fuelwood (including biomass)

Ali combustibili 4 8 4 1 2 - 1 - 3 7 4 1 1 - 1 - 1 1 - - - - - -
Other fuels

Energie hidroelectric i nuclearo-electric 1007 1099 1123 1437 1718 2916 3009 2848 1007 1099 1123 1437 1718 2916 3009 2848 - - - - - - - -
Hydroelectric and nuclear-electric energy

Energie electric din import 381 258 154 65 193 89 102 95 - - - - - - - - 381 258 154 65 193 89 102 95
Imported electric energy

Energie din surse neconvenionale 40 23 23 31 6 13 10 17 40 23 23 31 6 13 10 17 - - - - - - - -


Energy from non-conventional sources

1)
Echivalent petrol (10000 kcal/kg). / Oil equivalent (10000 kcal/kg).
2)
Exclusiv gazolina i etanul din schelele de extracie. / Excluding gasoline and ethane from extraction oil-wells.
3)
Inclusiv gazolina i etanul din schelele de extracie. / Including gasoline and ethane from extraction oil-wells.
14.2.2 PRODUCIA DE ENERGIE PRIMAR
PRIMARY ENERGY PRODUCTION

mii tone echivalent petrol 1) / thou tonnes of oil equivalent 1)

1992 1993 1994 1995 2) 19962) 19972) 19982) 19992)

Producie - total 33216 33133 31719 34423 35135 31401 28797 27765
Production - total

din care: / of which:


Crbune 7349 7548 7775 7887 8065 6600 5149 4644
Coal

iei 6696 6772 6819 6798 6700 6604 6415 6244


Crude oil

Gaze naturale 3) 17336 16525 14823 14445 13764 11908 11196 11192
Natural gas 3)

Energie electric 1007 1099 1123 1437 1718 2916 3009 2848
Electric energy

1)
Echivalent petrol (10000 kcal/kg). / Oil equivalent (10000 kcal/kg).
2)
Inclusiv produsele energetice obinute i consumate n gospodriile populaiei. / Including energy products obtained and consumed in households.
3)
Exclusiv gazolina i etanul din schelele de extracie care sunt cuprinse la iei. / Excluding gasoline and ethane from extraction oil-wells which
are included in crude oil.
14.2.3 GRADUL DE INDEPENDEN ENERGETIC
ENERGY INDEPENDENCE DEGREE

procente / percentage
1992 1993 1994 19951) 19961) 19971) 19981) 19991)

Total 72,0 71,8 73,0 70,0 69,8 69,0 70,3 76,0

Crbune
Coal 68,7 74,8 75,7 72,7 75,1 67,8 64,4 69,0

iei
Crude oil 51,3 47,3 45,2 43,7 48,6 51,4 51,8 59,4

Gaze naturale 2)
2)
Natural gas 82,9 82,0 79,9 75,1 70,9 74,7 74,8 81,5

1)
Inclusiv produsele energetice obinute i consumate n gospodriile populaiei. / Including energy products obtained and consumed in households.
2)
Exclusiv gazolina i etanul din schelele de extracie care sunt cuprinse la iei. / Excluding gasoline and ethane from extraction oil-wells which
are included in crude oil.
14.2.4 CONSUMUL DE ENERGIE
ENERGY CONSUMPTION

1994 19951) 19961) 19971) 19981) 19991)

Consumul intern brut de energie ( mii tone echivalent petrol 2) )


2)
Gross domestic energy consumption ( thou tonnes of oil equivalent )

Total 43438 49213 50365 45505 40983 36556

din care: / of which:

Energie electric 1185 1463 1425 1526 1665 1503


Electric energy

Crbune (inclusiv cocs) 10273 10843 10739 9741 7964 6853


Coal (including coke)

iei i produse petroliere 11948 13475 13247 13143 11845 10235


Crude oil and petroleum products

Gaz natural 3) 18558 19239 19418 15938 14969 13730


Natural gas 3)
Consumul final energetic ( mii tone echivalent petrol 2) )
Final energy consumption ( thou tonnes of oil equivalent 2) )

Industrie (inclusiv construcii) 13712 14369 14653 12577 9904 8638


Industry (including construction)

Agricultur, silvicultur, pescuit 820 1008 872 912 766 464


Agriculture, sylviculture, fishery

Transporturi i comunicaii 3294 3087 4226 4284 39854) 31394)


Transport and communications

Alte activiti 1094 1456 1159 992 1066 794


Other activities

Populaie 6408 8818 10618 9673 9412 8757


Population
Consumul de energie, pe locuitor ( tone echivalent petrol 2) / locuitor )
Energy consumption, per inhabitant ( tonnes of oil equivalent 2) / inhabitant )

Consum intern brut de energie 1,911 2,170 2,228 2,018 1,821 1,628
Gross domestic energy consumption

Consum final energetic:


Final energy consumption:

industrie (inclusiv construcii) 0,603 0,634 0,648 0,558 0,440 0,385


industry (including construction)

agricultur, silvicultur, pescuit 0,036 0,044 0,039 0,040 0,034 0,021


agriculture, sylviculture, fishery

transporturi i comunicaii 0,145 0,136 0,187 0,190 0,1774) 0,1404)


transport and communications

rezidenial i al altor activiti 0,330 0,453 0,521 0,473 0,466 0,425


residential and of other activities
1)
Inclusiv produsele energetice obinute i consumate n gospodriile populaiei. / Including energy products obtained and consumed in households.
2)
Echivalent petrol (10000 kcal/kg). / Oil equivalent (10000 kcal/kg).
3)
Exclusiv gazolina i etanul din schelele de extracie care sunt cuprinse la iei. / Excluding gasoline and ethane from extraction oil-wells which are
included in crude oil.
4)
Conform metodologiei internaionale, comunicaiile sunt cuprinse la "alte activiti".
4)
According to international methodology, the communications are included in "other activities".
14.2.5 PUTEREA INSTALAT I PRODUCIA DE ENERGIE ELECTRIC
INSTALLED CAPACITY AND PRODUCTION OF ELECTRIC ENERGY

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Puterea instalat a grupurilor electrogene (la sfritul anului)


Installed capacity of electric generating sets (end of year)

Total (mii kW) / (thou kW) 22177 22262 22060 22276 22856 22843 22557 22236
din care: / of which:
Termoelectric 16442 16390 16122 16265 16818 16769 16476 16154
Thermoelectric
Hidroelectric 5735 5872 5938 6011 6038 6074 6081 6082
Hydroelectric
Pe locuitor (W) 973 978 970 982 1011 1013 1002 990
Per inhabitant (W)

Producia de energie electric / Electric energy production

Total (milioane kWh) / (million kWh) 54195 55476 55136 59267 61350 57148 53496 50713
din care: / of which:
Termoelectric 42495 42708 42090 42573 45595 39639 34617 32423
Thermoelectric
Hidroelectric 11700 12768 13046 16694 15755 17509 18879 18290
Hydroelectric
Pe locuitor (kWh) 2378 2438 2426 2613 2714 2535 2377 2258
Per inhabitant (kWh)
14.2.6 STRUCTURA PRODUCIEI DE ENERGIE TERMOELECTRIC, DUP FELUL COMBUSTIBILULUI CONSUMAT
STRUCTURE OF THERMOELECTRIC ENERGY PRODUCTION, BY TYPE OF FUEL CONSUMED

procente / percentage
1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Energie termoelectric - total 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0
Thermoelectric energy - total

din care: / of which:


produs cu: / generated by:
Crbune 43,2 44,7 46,6 48,4 44,9 42,5 41,8 45,3
Coal
din acesta: lignit 32,2 34,3 36,3 36,0 33,2 31,1 32,3 34,1
of which: lignite
Produse petroliere lichide 9,6 12,1 13,1 13,1 14,2 16,7 11,6 11,4
Liquid petroleum products
Gaze naturale 45,8 42,1 39,4 37,5 36,7 25,4 29,4 26,0
Natural gas
14.2.7 CONSUMUL SPECIFIC DE COMBUSTIBIL PENTRU PRODUCEREA ENERGIEI TERMOELECTRICE
FUEL SPECIFIC CONSUMPTION FOR PRODUCING THERMOELECTRIC ENERGY

kg echivalent petrol 1) pentru 1000 kWh / kg of oil equivalent 1)


for 1000 kWh
1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Energie termoelectric - total 255 258 257 252 255 246 237 240
Thermoelectric energy - total

din care: / of which:


produs cu: / generated by:
Crbune 296 300 294 283 287 270 260 261
Coal
din acesta: lignit 314 310 299 295 300 284 266 268
of which: lignite
Produse petroliere lichide 215 220 220 207 214 204 175 183
Liquid petroleum products
Gaze naturale 226 227 226 227 232 225 217 222
Natural gas

1)
Echivalent petrol (10000 kcal/kg). / Oil equivalent (10000 kcal/kg).
14.3 CONSTRUCII CONSTRUCTION

CUPRINS CONTENTS

Pagina
Tabele: Page Tables:
14.3.1 Lucrrile de construcii, dup modul de Construction works, by manner of
execuie i pe forme de proprietate .... 430 performing and by type of ownership
14.3.2 Lucrrile de construcii n antrepriz, Construction works on contract, by
pe categorii de obiecte i tipuri de categories of objects and type of
lucrri, n 1999 .................................... 431 works, in 1999
14.3.3 Indicii lucrrilor i productivitii muncii Indices of construction works and of
n construcii ....................................... 432 labour productivity

Sursa datelor Data source

- Rapoarte statistice ntocmite de ageni economici care - Statistical reports filled in by economic units
au executat lucrri de construcii, n antrepriz i n performing construction works, both under contract and
regie proprie; under own management.
- Ancheta structural n ntreprinderi. - Structural business survey

Precizri metodologice Methodological notes

Dup profilul de baz al activitii unitii executante, According to the basic profile of activity of the unit
lucrrile de construcii pot fi executate: performing the works, construction works could be
- n antrepriz, de ctre ageni economici cu performed:
activitate principal de construcii. Dac agenii - under contract, by economic units with
economici au alt activitate principal dect cea de construction as main activity. If the economic units have
construcii, dar au n subordine uniti specializate n another main activity than construction, but have
construcii, ntreaga valoare a lucrrilor de construcii subordinated units specialised in construction, the
se consider executat n antrepriz; whole value of construction works should be recorded
- n regie, prin forele proprii ale agenilor as being carried out under contract;
economici i sociali cu alt activitate principal dect - under own management, performed by
construciile. Se consider lucrri de construcii n economic and social units with another main activity
regie i cele executate de populaie prin fore proprii, than construction. Construction works under own
pentru locuine i construcii gospodreti. management are also considered those carried out by
Lucrrile de construcii reprezint ansamblul de population with their own means, for dwellings and
activiti desfurate n scopul producerii de bunuri household related buildings.
imobiliare concretizate n cldiri i construcii civile noi, Construction works account for all the activities
precum i restaurarea, repararea i ntreinerea celor carried out in view to produce real estate assets,
existente. materialised in new buildings and civil engineering, as
- Lucrrile de construcii noi sunt definite well as those meant to restoration, repair and
drept activitiile de construcii ce determin direct maintenance of the existing ones.
crearea de noi spaii de locuit sau alte spaii utilizabile - new construction works are defined as
precum i crearea de noi structuri la construciile civile construction works which directly determine the
existente; creation of new housing spaces or other useful spaces,
- Lucrrile de reparaii capitale reprezint as well as the creation of new structures for the existing
complexul de lucrri care se execut dup expirarea civil engineering;
fiecrui ciclu de funcionare prevzut n normativele - capital repair works are all works performed
tehnice i care au ca scop asigurarea meninerii after the end of each functioning cycle provided for in the
caracteristicilor tehnico-economice ale construciilor pe technical normative and which are aiming at ensuring
ntreaga durat de serviciu normat; the maintenance of technical and economic features of
- Lucrrile de ntreinere i reparaii curente buildings during the whole normed service life;
reprezint ansamblul de operaii care se realizeaz la - current maintenance and repair works
o construcie existent pentru a se asigura represent the whole operations performed on an
continuitatea folosirii ei, mpiedicarea unei uzuri rapide existing building in view to ensure the continuity in
i prelungirea duratei de funcionare (lucrri curente de using it, to prevent its quick wear and tear and to the
zidrie, lucrri de vopsitorie, lucrri de nclzire i prolongation of its functioning duration (current works of
climatizare, lucrri de instalaii de distribuie a gazului masonry, painting, heating and air conditioning,
etc.). plumbing for gas distribution, etc.).
Valoarea lucrrilor de construcii reprezint The value of construction works represent the
ansamblul de lucrri cuprinse n proiectele de execuie whole works included in the execution projects, entirely
realizate integral sau parial, acceptate la plat de or partly performed, accepted for payment by the
beneficiar i valorificate la preuri de deviz curente. beneficiary and turned into account at expense
Indicii lucrrilor de construcii au fost calculai n estimated prices.
condiii metodologice i de preuri comparabile. Pentru The indices of construction works were compiled
deflatarea valorilor curente s-au utilizat indicii costurilor under comparable methodological and price conditions.
n construcii. In order to deflate current values, the indices of
Indicii productivitii muncii s-au calculat prin construction costs were used.
raportarea indicilor lucrrilor de construcii la indicii The indices of labour productivity were compiled
numrului mediu de salariai. as ratio between the indices of construction works and
Gruparea indicatorilor s-a efectuat dup forma de the indices of average number of employees.
proprietate asupra capitalului social al unitii i anume: The grouping indicators had been done after the
- proprietate majoritar de stat, care cuprinde ownership type on the social capital of the unit, as
capitalul integral de stat, public de interes naional i follows:
local, mixt (unde statul deine peste 50% din capital); - state majority ownership, comprising state integral
- proprietate majoritar privat, care cuprinde capital, national and local interest capital, mixt (over
capitalul integral privat, mixt (peste 50% capital social 50% state social capital);
privat), integral strin, cooperatist i obtesc. - private majority ownership, comprising private
integral capital, mixt (over 50% private social capital),
foreign integral capital, co-operative and community
capital.

LUCRRILE DE CONSTRUCII, DUP MODUL DE EXECUIE


CONSTRUCTION WORKS, BY MANNER OF PERFORMING

1998 1999

15,3%
18,0%

84,7%
82,0%

Construcii noi i reparaii capitale


New construction and capital repairs

ntreinere i reparaii curente


Maintenance and current repairs
LUCRRILE DE CONSTRUCII, DUP MODUL DE EXECUIE
CONSTRUCTION WORKS, BY MANNER OF PERFORMING

1998 1999

15,3%
18,0%

82,0% 84,7%

Construcii noi i reparaii capitale


New construction and capital repairs

ntreinere i reparaii curente


Maintenance and current repairs

LUCRRILE DE CONSTRUCII N ANTREPRIZ PE CATEGORII DE OBIECTE


I TIPURI DE LUCRRI, N 1999
CONSTRUCTION WORKS ON CONTRACT BY CATEGORIES OF OBJECT
AND TYPE OF WORKS, IN 1999

%
80

Cldiri rezideniale
70
Residential buildings

60
Cldiri nerezideniale
Non residential buildings
50
Construcii inginereti
40 Engineering construction

30

20

10

0
1 2 3 4 5

1. Lucrri pregtitoare pentru nceperea construciei / Preparing works to start construction

2. Construcii noi (structuri) i reparaii capitale / New construction (structure) and capital repairs

3. Instalaii, izolaii i montaj / Installations, isolations and mounting

4. Finisri interioare i exterioare / Indoors and outdoors finishings

5. nchirieri de utilaje de construcii / Rents of construction outfits


14.3.1 LUCRRILE DE CONSTRUCII, DUP MODUL DE EXECUIE I PE FORME DE PROPRIETATE
CONSTRUCTION WORKS, BY MANNER OF PERFORMING AND BY TYPE OF OWNERSHIP

milioane lei preuri curente / million lei current prices


Forme de proprietate:
Type of ownership:
Total Majoritar Majoritar
Public Mixt Privat Cooperatist
de stat privat
Public Mixed Private Co-operative
State majority Private majority

1990
Total 112435 107004 - 3474 1957 - -
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 95882 92008 - 3474 400 - -
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 83761 83727 - - 34 - -
Regie / Own management 12121 8281 - 3474 366 - -
ntreinere i reparaii curente 16553 14996 - - 1557 - -
Maintenance and current repairs
1991
Total 208199 195758 - 9333 3108 - -
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 190888 181178 - 9333 377 - -
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 168724 167981 - 594 149 - -
Regie / Own management 22164 13197 - 8739 228 - -
ntreinere i reparaii curente 17311 14580 - - 2731 - -
Maintenance and current repairs
1992
Total 642414 554287 - 83275 4852 - -
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 557914 473956 - 83133 825 - -
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 482800 439086 - 43714 - - -
Regie / Own management 75114 34870 - 39419 825 - -
ntreinere i reparaii curente 84500 80331 - 142 4027 - -
Maintenance and current repairs
1993
Total 1900083 1222711 92896 574591 9885 - -
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 1462402 992016 78139 389621 2626 - -
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 1288566 907577 69823 310049 1117 - -
Regie / Own management 173836 84439 8316 79572 1509 - -
ntreinere i reparaii curente 437681 230695 14757 184970 7259 - -
Maintenance and current repairs
1994
Total 5341721 2260342 89286 2966534 25559 - -
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 4222510 1765010 71410 2374789 11301 - -
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 3930312 1701840 70315 2151437 6720 - -
Regie / Own management 292198 63170 1095 223352 4581 - -
ntreinere i reparaii curente 1119211 495332 17876 591745 14258 - -
Maintenance and current repairs
1995
Total 8691183 2279592 230407 6152718 28466 - -
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 6885899 1809829 220769 4836982 18319 - -
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 6445012 1727327 216943 4489843 10899 - -
Regie / Own management 440887 82502 3826 347139 7420 - -
ntreinere i reparaii curente 1805284 469763 9638 1315736 10147 - -
Maintenance and current repairs
1996
Total 13791415 2402692 926553 10406735 55435 - -
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 10567260 1709190 846768 7985277 26025 - -
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 10084580 1662698 836603 7560284 24995 - -
Regie / Own management 482680 46492 10165 424993 1030 - -
ntreinere i reparaii curente 3224155 693502 79785 2421458 29410 - -
Maintenance and current repairs
1997
Total 22860536 2781408 3913342 16118135 47651 - -
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 19107750 1279242 3554188 14259946 14374 - -
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 18960555 1246830 3537990 14161539 14196 - -
Regie / Own management 147195 32412 16198 98407 178 - -
ntreinere i reparaii curente 3752786 1502166 359154 1858189 33277 - -
Maintenance and current repairs
1998
Total 34462693 3618963 4908598 25734414 200718 - -
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 28274043 1701541 4241350 22269053 62099 - -
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 26927694 1319537 4200751 21346057 61349 - -
Regie / Own management 1346349 382004 40599 922996 750 - -
ntreinere i reparaii curente 6188650 1917422 667248 3465361 138619 - -
Maintenance and current repairs
1999
Total 49812843 - - - - 7161905 42650938
Construcii noi i reparaii capitale 42184152 - - - - 5570408 36613744
New construction and capital repairs
Antrepriz / Contract 37709717 - - - - 5034757 32674960
Regie / Own management 4474435 - - - - 535651 3938784
ntreinere i reparaii curente 7628691 - - - - 1591497 6037194
Maintenance and current repairs
14.3.2 LUCRRILE DE CONSTRUCII N ANTREPRIZ, PE CATEGORII DE OBIECTE I TIPURI DE LUCRRI, N 1999
CONSTRUCTION WORKS ON CONTRACT, BY CATEGORIES OF OBJECTS AND TYPE OF WORKS, IN 1999

miliarde lei preuri curente / billion lei current prices


Tipuri de lucrri de construcii: / Type of construction works:
Construcii Instalaii,
Lucrri noi izolaii
pregtitoare (structuri) i montare Finisri
nchirieri de
pentru i reparaii echipamente interioare i
Categorii de obiecte utilaje de
Total nceperea exterioare
Categories of objects capitale i utilaje construcii
construciei Indoors
New Installations, Rents of
Preparing and
construction isolations and construction
works to outdoors
(structure) equipment outfits
start finishings
construction and capital and outfits
repairs mounting

Total 44889,3 1462,3 30484,0 8469,0 3726,2 747,8

Cldiri rezideniale - total 3317,8 55,8 1920,3 777,7 505,5 58,5


Residential buildings - total
Cldiri individuale 1712,9 11,0 999,1 506,0 167,3 29,5
Individual buildings
Cldiri colective 1604,9 44,8 921,2 271,7 338,2 29,0
Collective buildings

Cldiri nerezideniale - total 18903,3 236,4 12484,6 3110,2 2832,0 240,1


Non residential buildings - total
Hoteluri, restaurante i cldiri similare 685,4 31,8 346,0 129,9 165,8 11,9
Hotels, restaurants and similar buildings
Cldiri administrative 4504,3 83,4 2730,8 647,5 998,4 44,2
Administrative buildings
Cldiri comerciale 1639,5 34,2 1148,1 186,4 261,3 9,5
Commercial buildings
Staii i aerogri 116,2 8,9 65,1 34,2 8,0 -
Stations and air-stations
Cldiri industriale 3349,6 33,1 2094,8 893,0 253,6 75,1
Industrial buildings
Depozite, silozuri i rezervoare 458,0 10,1 335,6 53,0 19,2 40,1
Storehouses, silos and tanks
Cldiri pentru spectacole,
recreere i nvmnt 723,7 9,8 382,3 114,7 206,3 10,6
Performance, recreation and
education buildings
Spitale i clinici 409,0 2,2 214,1 107,0 84,7 1,0
Hospitals and clinics
Cldiri pentru organizaii religioase
(de cult) i scopuri funerare 283,7 3,8 265,5 6,4 7,6 0,4
Buildings for religious organisations
(of cults) and funeral purposes
Alte cldiri nerezideniale 6733,9 19,1 4902,3 938,1 827,1 47,3
Other non residential buildings

Construcii inginereti - total 22668,2 1170,1 16079,1 4581,1 388,7 449,2


Engineering construction - total
Construcia drumurilor 7215,1 596,4 6329,4 69,0 151,1 69,2
Construction of roads
Construcia de ci ferate,
inclusiv cele subterane 486,3 31,2 423,3 12,8 17,6 1,4
Construction of railways,
including underground
Construcia de aeroporturi 52,1 **) 46,8 3,3 2,0 **)
Construction of airports
Poduri, tunele, ci subterane 816,3 16,1 768,0 17,8 13,1 1,3
Bridges, tunnels, underground ways
Canale navigabile, construcii portuare
i alte construcii hidrotehnice 1576,6 107,8 1365,1 85,8 3,3 14,6
Shipping channels, harbour construction
and other hydrotechnical construction
Montarea conductelor 2363,5 39,0 1580,0 715,5 15,4 13,6
Assembling of pipelines
Construcii pentru sport i recreere 207,9 1,2 169,1 34,1 2,0 1,5
Sport and recreation construction
Alte lucrri pentru construcii inginereti 9950,4 378,4 5397,4 3642,8 184,2 347,6
Other engineering works
14.3.2 LUCRRILE DE CONSTRUCII N ANTREPRIZ, PE CATEGORII DE OBIECTE I TIPURI DE LUCRRI,
N 1999
CONSTRUCTION WORKS ON CONTRACT, BY CATEGORIES OF OBJECTS AND TYPE OF WORKS, IN 1999

miliarde lei preuri curente - continuare / billion lei current prices - continued
Tipuri de lucrri de construcii: / Type of construction works:
Construcii Instalaii,
Lucrri noi izolaii
pregtitoare (structuri) i montare Finisri
nchirieri de
pentru i reparaii echipamente interioare i
Categorii de obiecte utilaje de
Total nceperea exterioare
Categories of objects capitale i utilaje construcii
construciei Indoors
New Installations, Rents of
Preparing and
construction isolations and construction
works to outdoors
outfits
start (structure) equipment finishings
construction and capital and outfits
repairs mounting

Poduri, tunele, ci subterane 816,3 16,1 768,0 17,8 13,1 1,3


Bridges, tunnels, underground ways
Canale navigabile, construcii portuare
i alte construcii hidrotehnice 1576,6 107,8 1365,1 85,8 3,3 14,6
Shipping channels, harbour construction
and other hydrotechnical construction
Montarea conductelor 2363,5 39,0 1580,0 715,5 15,4 13,6
Assembling of pipelines
Construcii pentru sport i recreere 207,9 1,2 169,1 34,1 2,0 1,5
Sport and recreation construction
Alte lucrri pentru construcii inginereti 9950,4 378,4 5397,4 3642,8 184,2 347,6
Other engineering works

14.3.3 INDICII LUCRRILOR I PRODUCTIVITII MUNCII N CONSTRUCII


INDICES OF CONSTRUCTION WORKS AND OF LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY

Lucrri de construcii / Construction works


Forme de proprietate: Productivitatea muncii
Din unitile de
pe un salariat din
Type of ownership: construcii n
unitile de construcii
Majoritar Majoritar antrepriz
Total Labour productivity
de stat privat On contract
Public Privat Cooperatist per employee
building units
Public Private Co-operative State Private on construction units
majority majority

1990 = 100
1994 110,6 50,1 16,4 ori 41,2 - - 108,5 117,3
1995 125,2 35,1 23,6 ori 34,2 - - 121,5 137,8
1996 129,8 24,2 26,1 ori 43,5 - - 127,2 148,4
1997 98,1 12,8 18,4 ori 17,0 - - 112,0 132,3
1998 97,6 11,0 19,4 ori 47,2 - - 108,0 126,7

1998 = 100
1999 99,8 - - - 80,4 104,0 94,0 109,2
14.3.3 INDICII LUCRRILOR I PRODUCTIVITII MUNCII N CONSTRUCII
INDICES OF CONSTRUCTION WORKS AND OF LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY

Lucrri de construcii / Construction works Productivitatea muncii


Forme de proprietate Din unitile de pe un salariat din
Type of ownership construcii n
unitile de construcii
antrepriz
Total Majoritar Majoritar Labour productivity
Public Privat Cooperatist On contract
de stat privat building units per employee
Public Private Co-operative
State majority Private majority on construction units

1990 = 100
1992 76,9 71,2 266,6 46,9 - - 77,7 83,9
1993 85,7 59,1 693,4 36,0 - - 78,1 88,1
1994 110,6 50,1 16,4 ori 41,2 - - 108,5 117,3
1995 125,2 35,1 23,6 ori 34,2 - - 121,5 137,8
1996 129,8 24,2 26,1 ori 43,5 - - 127,2 148,4
1997 98,1 12,8 18,4 ori 17,0 - - 112,0 132,3
1998 97,6 11,0 19,4 ori 47,2 - - 108,0 126,7
1998=100
1999 99,8 - - - 80,4 104,0 94,0 109,2