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Is there a law that regulates the manufacturing and distribution of fireworks and

firecrackers?

Yes, Republic Act No. 7183

What are Five Alternative ways in celebrating the New Year's Eve?

1. Itaguyod at makilahok sa Community Fireworks Display.

2. Magdiwang ng ligtas kasama ang pamilya.

3. Lumikha ng ingay gamit ang ibang bagay tulad ng torotot, busina, musika, lata,
atbp.

4. Maki saya sa ibang paraan tulad ng street party, concert, piano, palaro, atbp.

5. Matuto sa mga aral ng nakaraan at magsimula nang maayos na buhay sa Bagong Taon.

What are the direct health effects of misuse of fireworks/firecrackers?

Blast or burns with amputation


Blast or burns without amputation
Eye injury that might lead to blindness
Tetanus
Poisoning (Ingestion)
Death

What are the firecrackers allowed under the law?

Baby Rocket, Bawang, Small Triangulo, Pulling of strings, Paper Caps, El Diablo,
Watusi, Judah's Belt, Sky Rocket, etc.

What are the five reminders on how to be safe from fireworks injuries?
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1. Mapanganib ang paggamit ng paputok.

2. Lahat ng paputok ay bawal sa bata.

3. Lumayo sa mga taong nagpapaputok.

4. Huwag mamulot ng di sumabog na paputok.

5. Magpagamot agad kapag naputukan.

What are the harmful effects of chemicals and substances contained in firecrackers
and fireworks?

Cadmium may produce irritation of the lungs and influenza like symptoms. If
cadmium is inhaled, ingested or enters the body, it can accumulate and eventually
damage the liver and kidneys. Accumulation of cadmium in the bones may cause a
disease called "Itai-Itai" that can make bones brittle leading to fractures. It is
also a potential human carcinogen.

Lead may affect the hematological profile of a person including the central
nervous system and inhibits brain function. Exposure may also lead to developmental
delays, growth retardation, behavioral effects and learning delays.

Chromium may cause skin damage and hypersensitivity, nasal mucosa ulceration and
nasal septum perforation. Long term exposures may lead to lung cancer.

Aluminum has been noted to cause impaired memory, dementia and convulsions.

Magnesium dust and fumes when inhaled may irritate mucous membranes or upper
respiratory tract and cause mental fume fever and deterioration of the central
nervous system.

Nitrates, Nitrite, Phosphates and Sulfates may cause dizziness, abdominal


cramps, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, weakness and convulsion. Small repeated doses
may lead to weakness, general depression, headache and mental impairment.
Phosphates may produce an acute effect on the liver and can cause severe eye damage
and may eventually affect the central nervous system. Sulfates are skin and mucous
membrane irritant and corrosive; it may cause edema of the lungs and can produce
respiratory paralysis.

Carbon Monoxide (colorless, odorless gass) may cause euphoria, headache, eye
irritation, narcosis, coma, may be rapidly fatal after formulation leads to anoxia
of brain, nervous system and heart.

Copper dust fumes when inhaled may cause irritation in the respiratory tract.

Manganese dioxide fumes cause lung irritation, pneumonia, with possible


Parkinsonian symptoms, rigidity, muscular pains and tremor.

Potassium irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. It


may cause severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with cough, burns and
breathing difficulty.

Sodium may cause irritation of the mucous membranes of the nose, throat and
respiratory tract.

Zinc oxide fumes on lungs may cause mental fume fever symptoms like influenza,
chills, fever, sweating and muscular weakness.

Oxides of nitrogen and sulfur may reduce pulmonary function and mucosal
irritation. Powerful irritants may cause respiratory damage.

What are the health effects of using fireworks/firecrackers?

Results of studies have shown that the levels of suspended particulate matters
(SPM), CO, NOx, hydrocarbons, SO2, increase to an unprecedented levels in air
during fireworks displays. Pregnant women, children and those having a chronic
asthma are most vulnerable to these exposures.

The SPM levels can cause throat, nose, eye related problems. It can lead to
headaches and reduced mental acuity. It has much more severe effects in people with
heart, respiratory or nervous system disorders. It can aggravate problem for people
suffering from cold allergies or coughs and can also cause congestion of throat and
chest.

Unwanted second noise has harmful effects as well. Standard noise level set by the
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) for the ambient environment
is 60 dB during daytime and 50 decibels during night time. Fireworks can be loud
and can exceed 140 decibels. Noise at 85 decibels above can damage hearing.
Increase in the sound levels can lead to restlessness, temporary or permanent
hearing loss, high blood pressure, and sleep disturbance.

Fireworks can also cause respiratory problems such as: chronic or allergic
bronchitis, bronchial asthma, sinusitis, rhinitis, pneumonia and laryngitis.

What are the pyrotechnic devices allowed under this law?

Sparklers, Luces, Fountain, Jumbo (regular and special), Mabuhay, Roman Candle,
Trompillo, Airwolf, Whistle, Butterfly, all pailaw.

What does APIR stand for?

APIR stands for Aksyon: Paputok Injury Reduction campaign.