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7UT51 V3 Transformer Differential Relay

Acceptance Testing,
Commissioning and Maintenance Manual

Manual No. PRCM-1108A-0199


IMPORTANT

The information contained herein is general in nature and not intended for
specific application purposes. It does not relieve the user of responsibility
to use sound practices in application, installation, operation, and mainte-
nance of the equipment purchased. Siemens reserves the right to make
changes at any time without notice or obligations. Should a conflict arise
between the general information contained in this publication and the con-
tents of drawings or supplementary material, or both, the latter shall take
precedence.

QUALIFIED PERSON

For the purposes of this manual, a qualified person is one who is familiar
with the installation, construction, or operation of the equipment and the
hazards involved. In addition, this person has the following qualifications:

(a) is trained and authorized to de-energize, clear, ground, and tag cir-
cuits and equipment in accordance with established safety practices.

(b) is trained in the proper care and use of protective equipment such as
rubber gloves, hard hat, safety glasses or face shields, flash clothing,
etc., in accordance with established safety procedures.

(c) is trained in rendering first aid.

NOTE

These instructions do not purport to cover all details or variations in equipment, nor to provide for every possi-
ble contingency to be met in connection with installation, operation, or maintenance. Should further information
be desired or should particular problems arise which are not covered sufficiently for the purchasers purposes,
the matter should be referred to the local sales office.

The contents of the instruction manual shall not become part of or modify any prior or existing agreement,
commitment or relationship. The sales contract contains the entire obligation of Siemens. The warranty con-
tained in the contract between parties is the sole warranty of Siemens. Any statements contained herein do not
create new warranties or modify the existing warranty.
7UT51 v3

Contents
Table of Figures ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

Table of Tables ......................................................................................................................................................... 7

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................. 8

Definition of Terms .................................................................................................................................................. 8

Understanding the Siemens 7UT51 Numerical Protective Relay...................................................................... 10

Suggested Test Equipment................................................................................................................................... 13

Siemens 7UT51 Relay Pre-Energization Checklist ............................................................................................. 14

Setting and Programming the Siemens 7UT51 Relay ........................................................................................ 15


Front Panel ........................................................................................................................................................... 15
PC......................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Configuration Menu .......................................................................................................................................... 15
Marshalling Menu ............................................................................................................................................. 15
Settings Menu ................................................................................................................................................... 15
Additional Protective Functions ........................................................................................................................ 15
Important Notes about Transformers ................................................................................................................... 16
Regulated Transformer..................................................................................................................................... 16
FOA Transformers ............................................................................................................................................ 16
Accessing Data ...................................................................................................................................................... 17
Matching or Adaptation Factors ........................................................................................................................... 17
Operational Annunciations (Event Log) Address Block 5100 .............................................................................. 19
Network-Disturbance Annunciations (Fault Logs)................................................................................................ 19
Operational Measured Values.............................................................................................................................. 20
Waveform Data..................................................................................................................................................... 21
Acceptance Testing ............................................................................................................................................... 22
7UT51 Electrical Testing ...................................................................................................................................... 22
Acceptance Testing .......................................................................................................................................... 22
Installation Testing............................................................................................................................................ 22
Testing for In-Service Setting Changes............................................................................................................ 22
Evaluation Testing ............................................................................................................................................ 22
Automated Testing............................................................................................................................................ 22
Acceptance Test Equipment............................................................................................................................. 22
Important Notes about the Procedure .............................................................................................................. 23
Transformer Differential Protection ...................................................................................................................... 25
Test 1. Minimum Pickup of 87: Address 1603............................................................................................... 26
Remaining Tests of the Differential Protection ................................................................................................. 26
Test 2. Time Delay of 87 Tripping: Address 1625......................................................................................... 26
Test 3. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87: Address 1627 .................................................................................. 28
Test 4. Pickup of 87hs: Address 1604 .......................................................................................................... 29
Test 5. Time Delay of 87hs Trip: Address 1626............................................................................................ 30
Test 6. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87hs: Address 1627 .............................................................................. 32
Test 7. Second Harmonic Restraint Per-Phase: Address 1611.................................................................... 33
Test 8. Nth Harmonic Restraint Per-Phase: Addresses 1613 and 1614 ...................................................... 34
Test 9. Differential Current Stopping Nth Harmonic Restraint: Address 1616.............................................. 34
Test 10. Cross-Blocking, Nth Harmonic, Minimum Pickup: Address 1615 ..................................................... 34

PRCM-1108A-0199 3
7UT51 v3

Test 11. Cross-Blocking, Second Harmonic, Minimum Pickup: Address 1612................................................ 35


Test 12. Cross-Blocking, Second Harmonic, Time Delay: Address 1612 ....................................................... 35
Test 13. Cross-Blocking, Nth Harmonic, Time Delay: Address 1615.............................................................. 36
Notes about Simulating Through-Faults and Testing the 87 Slopes ................................................................ 37
Three-Winding Transformers ............................................................................................................................... 46
Test 14. Through-Fault Security, Metering Validation ..................................................................................... 46
Notes about Slope 1, Slope 2, and Through-Fault Restraint Area. .................................................................. 47
Test 15. Slope 1 (Lower Slope): Address 1606............................................................................................... 48
Test 16. Slope 2 (Upper Slope): Addresses 1607 and 1608........................................................................... 48
Test 17. Minimum Current for Through-Fault Restraint Area: Address 1618................................................... 49
Comments about Through-Fault Restraint Area Slope and
Maximum Duration of Through-Fault CT-Saturation
Restraint: Address 1617.................................................................................................................... 50
Test 18. Status Control - Differential Elements: Discrete Inputs,
Address 1601 .................................................................................................................................... 51
Thermal Overload Protection ............................................................................................................................... 53
Notes about Testing 49-1 And 49-2.................................................................................................................. 53
Settings for Trip Relays, Signal Relays, and LEDs All 49 Tests ................................................................... 53
Test 19. Warning, Overload Current:
Address 2405 (49-1) and 2505 (49-2)............................................................................................... 54
Notes about 49 Trip Times and Alarm Times ................................................................................................... 54
Test 20. Warning, Temperature: Addresses 2404, 2403
and 2402 (49-1) ; Addresses 2504, 2503, and 2502 (49-2).............................................................. 55
Test 21. 49 Tripping: Addresses 2402 and 2403 (49-1),
2502 and 2503 (49-2)........................................................................................................................ 56
Test 22. Status Control of 49 Elements: Discrete Inputs or
Addresses 2401 and 2501 ................................................................................................................ 56
External Trip Functions ........................................................................................................................................ 58
Optional Programming for All External Trip Function Tests ............................................................................. 58
7UT51 Test Connections for All External Trip Function Tests ......................................................................... 58
Test 23. External Trips, Function Test and Trip-Time Delay:
Addresses 3002 (Trip 1) and 3102 (Trip 2)....................................................................................... 59
Test 24. Status Control of External Trips: Discrete Inputs,
Address 3001 (Trip 1) and Address 3101 (Trip 2) ............................................................................ 60
Test 25. Trip Dropout Time of External Trips:
Addresses 3003 (Trip 1) and 3103 (Trip 2)....................................................................................... 61
Test 26. Verification of Other Discrete Input Functions ................................................................................... 61
Time Overcurrent Backup Protection 50/51 And 50hs......................................................................................... 62
Notes about Testing Overcurrent Protection .................................................................................................... 62
Test 27. Pickup and Dropout of 50/51: Address 2112 or 2114 ....................................................................... 62
Test 28. Time Delay of 51 Tripping: Address 2115 ......................................................................................... 63
Test 29. Time Delay of 50 Tripping: Address 2113 ......................................................................................... 64
Test 30. Manual Close Controlling 50/51 Tripping Delay: Address 2121........................................................ 65
Test 31. Status Control of 50/51: Discrete Inputs or Address 2101 ................................................................ 66
Test 32. Trip Dropout after Reset of 50/51: Address 2118.............................................................................. 67
Notes about Testing 50hs................................................................................................................................. 68
Test 33. Pickup and Dropout of 50hs: Address 2103...................................................................................... 68
Test 34. Time Delay of 50hs Tripping: Address 2104 ..................................................................................... 69
Test 35. Manual Close Controlling 50hs Tripping Delay: Address 2121 ......................................................... 71
Test 36. Status Control of 50hs: Discrete Inputs or Address 2101 ................................................................. 71
Test 37. Trip Dropout after Reset of 50hs: Address 2118............................................................................... 72
Tank Leakage Protection ..................................................................................................................................... 73
Notes about Testing Tank Leakage Protection ................................................................................................ 73
Test 38. Pickup and Dropout of Tank Leakage Protection:
Address 2703 or 2704, and Address 2709 ....................................................................................... 73
Test 39. Time Delay of Tank Leakage Protection Tripping: Address 2725...................................................... 74

4 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Test 40. Status Control of 64t: Discrete Inputs or Address 2701 .................................................................... 75
Test 41. Trip Dropout after Reset of 64t: Address 2727.................................................................................. 76
Restricted Ground-Fault Protection...................................................................................................................... 77
Notes about Testing 87n................................................................................................................................... 77
Test 42. Pickup and Dropout of 87n: Address 1903......................................................................................... 77
Test 43. Time Delay of 87n Tripping: Address 1925 ........................................................................................ 78
Test 44. Status Control of 87n: Discrete Inputs or Address 1901 ................................................................... 79
Test 45 Trip Dropout After Reset of 87n: Address 1927 ................................................................................. 79
Test 46. Second Harmonic Restraint of 87n: Addresses 1910 and 1911 ....................................................... 80
Test 47. Differential Current Stopping 2nd Harmonic
Restraint of 87n: Addresses 1910 and 1912..................................................................................... 81
Notes about Testing the Extended Tripping
Area of 87n - Critical Angle for Restraint .......................................................................................... 82
Test 48. 87n Security for External Faults and Critical Angle for
Restraint: Address 1904.................................................................................................................... 84
Setting Verification after Electrical Testing........................................................................................................... 86
Control Wire, CT, and Relay Installation ............................................................................................................. 87
Primary Equipment Check.................................................................................................................................... 87
Electrical Drawings Wire Check ........................................................................................................................... 87
CT Installation....................................................................................................................................................... 87
Interposing Transformers ..................................................................................................................................... 87
Relay Installation .................................................................................................................................................. 87
Commissioning Tests............................................................................................................................................ 89
Physical Inspection............................................................................................................................................... 89
Installation Test Procedures................................................................................................................................. 89
Operational Checks.............................................................................................................................................. 89
Energizing the Transformer.................................................................................................................................. 90
In-Service Readings ............................................................................................................................................. 90
Operational Measured Values.............................................................................................................................. 90
Measured Test Currents....................................................................................................................................... 90
Waveform Capture during Test Fault Record Address 4900 ............................................................................ 90
Installation of 7UT51 Relay in Existing Circuit ..................................................................................................... 91
Output Connections.............................................................................................................................................. 91
Putting the Relay into Operation .......................................................................................................................... 92
Routine Testing of System.................................................................................................................................... 93
Relay Integrity....................................................................................................................................................... 93
Operational Measured Values.............................................................................................................................. 93
Input Integrity........................................................................................................................................................ 93
Output Integrity ..................................................................................................................................................... 93
Validate Metering.................................................................................................................................................. 93
Measured Test Currents....................................................................................................................................... 93
Waveform ............................................................................................................................................................. 94
Putting the Relay into Operation .......................................................................................................................... 94
Fault Data and Analysis Tools.............................................................................................................................. 95
Front Panel Alarms............................................................................................................................................... 95
Fault Analysis Data............................................................................................................................................... 95
PC......................................................................................................................................................................... 95
Saving/Archiving Fault Data ................................................................................................................................. 96
Resetting/Clearing Buffers and Targets ............................................................................................................... 96
Address Index ........................................................................................................................................................ 97

PRCM-1108A-0199 5
7UT51 v3

Table of Figures
Figure 1: Control of a Protection Function ............................................................................................................ 10
Figure 2: Discrete Signal Inputs ............................................................................................................................ 11
Figure 3: Signal Contacts ...................................................................................................................................... 12
Figure 4: Trip Contacts.......................................................................................................................................... 12
Figure 5: LED Targets ........................................................................................................................................... 12
Figure 6: Example Configuration Menu................................................................................................................. 16
Figure 7: Matching/Adaptation Factor Relay Front Display................................................................................... 17
Figure 8: Measured Current Tests ........................................................................................................................ 19
Figure 9: Operational Annunciations and Fault Log.............................................................................................. 19
Figure 10: Waveform Capture Example.................................................................................................................. 21
Figure 11: Test 1 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 26
Figure 12: Test 2 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 27
Figure 13: Test 3 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 28
Figure 14: Connection Diagram .............................................................................................................................. 29
Figure 15: Test 5 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 30
Figure 16: Test 6 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 32
Figure 17: Test 7 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................... 33
Figure 18: Test 10 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 34
Figure 19: Test 12 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 35
Figure 20: Dy1 Transformer, ................................................................................................................................... 38
Figure 21: Test Connections for Dy1 Transformer with a-Phase-Ground Through-Fault...................................... 39
Figure 22: Test Connections for Yd11 transformer with a-Phase-Ground Through-Fault, Io-Elimination .............. 42
Figure 23: Yd11 Transformer a-Phase-Ground Fault .............................................................................................. 44
Figure 24: Test Connect for a Yd11 Transformer, with
an a-Phase-Ground Through-Fault, Io-Correction................................................................................. 45
Figure 25: Differential Characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 47
Figure 26: Test Connections for Testing 49-1 and 49-2.......................................................................................... 53
Figure 27: Tests 23-25 Connection Diagram .......................................................................................................... 58
Figure 28: Test 27 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 62
Figure 29: Test 28 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 63
Figure 30: Test 29 Connections Diagram ............................................................................................................... 64
Figure 31: Test 32 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 67
Figure 32: Test 33 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 68
Figure 33: Test 34 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 69
Figure 34: Test 37 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 72
Figure 35: Test 38 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 73
Figure 36: Test 39 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 74
Figure 37: Test 41 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 76
Figure 38: Test 42 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 77
Figure 39: Test 46 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 80
Figure 40: Test 47 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 81
Figure 41: Test 48 Connection Diagram ................................................................................................................. 84
Figure 42: Two-Winding, Delta-Wye Transformer................................................................................................... 88
Figure 43: Three Winding, Delta-Wye-Delta Transformer ....................................................................................... 88
Figure 44: WinDIGSI Metering Data Screen........................................................................................................... 90
Figure 45: Waveform Capture of Normal Line Current ........................................................................................... 91
Figure 46: Example of Fault Data............................................................................................................................ 95

6 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Table of Tables

Table 1: Measured Values..................................................................................................................................... 20


Table 2: Currents Limitations................................................................................................................................. 23
Table 3: Default Settings for Some of the Signal Relays:...................................................................................... 24
Table 4: Default Settings for Some of the LEDs:................................................................................................... 25
Table 5: Default Settings for the LCD after a Fault................................................................................................ 25
Table 6: Correction Factor for 87-Itrip(Wx)............................................................................................................ 25
Table 7: Source 1 Current- Connections, Delta-Grounded
Wye Transformers (Dyz).......................................................................................................................... 39
Table 8: Equations of Winding 2 Currents for IREST and IDIFF,
and Relationship of Restraint Currents for Phase-Ground, Through-Faults. .......................................... 40
Table 9: Source 2 Current- Connections, Delta-Grounded Wye Transformers (Ydz)........................................... 42
Table 10: Equations of Winding 2 Currents for IREST and IDIFF, and
Relationship of Restraint Currents for Phase-Ground, Through-Faults. ................................................. 43
Table 11: Maximum for 87N Tripping with
3I0* = 3I0** = [2 X Address 1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF] and
k-Values for Address 1904 ..................................................................................................................... 84
Table 12: Maximum for 87N Tripping with
3I0* = 3I0** = [3 X Address 1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF] and
k-Values for Address 1904 ..................................................................................................................... 84

PRCM-1108A-0199 7
7UT51 v3

Introduction
This manual is to be used in conjunction with the Relay in a transformer differential scheme. The
Siemens 7UT51 v3 Protective Relay Instruction procedures take into account that the protection
Manual. Prior to working with this relay, it is settings may vary, but assumes that the relays
recommended that the instruction manual be read contact inputs, contact outputs, and LEDs are
and understood. The relay has many powerful configured with their default values (unless stated
features that should be understood before any otherwise). It is recommended that the actual
settings are applied, tests performed, or installation settings be applied to the relay prior to installation
made. testing. Actual test values for a specific application
must be calculated from the applications data. See
This handbook describes manual acceptance the Siemens 7UT51 Instruction Manual for default
testing, installation, commissioning, and settings of each function.
maintenance of a Siemens 7UT513 V3 Protective

Definition of Terms Matching Factors Based on the transformer setting


information entered into Address Block 1100, the
relay will match the currents to be process by the
Adaptation Factor See Matching Factors relay. The relay matches these currents
mathematically for any chosen vector group (see
CT Current Transformer Vector Group Chart in the Siemens 7UT51
Instruction Manual) using the equation:
CTR Current Transformer Turns Ratio
[I*] = k x [K] x [I]
Cross-Block Harmonic blocking across phases where:

Discrete Input Binary Input [I] = matrix of measured currents IA, IB, IC
[I*] = matrix of matched currents IA*, IB*, IC*
Enabled/Disabled (on relay LCD) or k = current matching scalar factor (see note below):
Nonexistent/Existent (in WinDIGSI and the
Siemens 7UT51 Instruction Manual)- kCT1 = current processed by 7UT51
The available protective and additional functions can current through the relay terminals
be programmed Enabled/Existent or Disabled/
Nonexistent. Functions which are configured [K] = current matching coefficient matrix (See Vector
Disabled will not be processed. There will be no Group Chart in the Siemens 7UT51 Instruction
annunciations and the associated setting parameter Manual.)
will not be requested during setting.
Note: The k matching factors are calculated by the
Password relay from the entered rated data and can be
 A password is required to change any settings, read out in the operational annunciation in
or to run any test routines. Address Block 5100.
 A password is not required to view annunciation
logs, measured values, or settings. Megger A high-range ohmmeter having a built-in,
 The password is six zeroes: 000000. hand-driven generator as a direct voltage source,
used for measuring insulation resistance values and
In or IN Nominal rated current of the monitored other high resistances. Also used for continuity,
winding or side of the transformer. ground, and short circuit testing in general electrical
power work.
INsecWx Rated secondary current of winding x.
NV-RAM Non-volatile random access memory.
IObjsec Rated secondary current of the virtual object.
Parameterizing Setting up/programming the
IxLy Winding x, Phase y. parameters of the relay.

Marshalling A special-use term that refers to the RGF Restricted ground fault protection.
programming assignment of a set of logical functions
to various physical I/O devices.

8 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Star-point The common point or the non-polarity requisition with a PC through the relays
connection of a Y connected transformer. communication port. At the computer, the data can
be easily read on the screen, changed, saved to
SWITCH-OFF The switch-off of a function means disk, or printed.
that the protective function has been established as WinDIGRA A full-function digital oscillographic
Enabled; however, the function is turned Off. analysis (Windows-based) software that will allow
the user to view captured waveforms.
VA Rated Apparent Power
Winding In this document it will refer to the side of
Vn/VN Rated phase to phase voltage or if the the transformer or tertiary. Winding 1 is defined as
transformer is a LTC, the reference winding. The reference winding is
Vn = (2 X Vmax X Vmin) / (Vmax + Vmin) normally that of the higher voltage; however, if a CT
is installed in the ground lead of a grounded wye
Vector Group Integer n that represents the phase connected transformer, that winding must be used
shift from the first winding to the second winding of a as the reference winding in order to ensure
power transformer, n x 30. See the Siemens increased ground fault sensitivity by correction of
7UT51 Instruction Manual for list of vector groups. the zero sequence current.

WinDIGSI Windows-based, Siemens software that


will enable the user to perform all settings and data

PRCM-1108A-0199 9
7UT51 v3

Understanding the Siemens 7UT51


Numerical Protective Relay

The following diagrams are intended to further protective functions and how the relay must be
enhance the understanding of the Siemens 7UT51 programmed to properly operate with the connected
by giving a visual representation of the relay system.
functions. It is also important to understand these

ENABLED /
DISABLED
Protection On
Function PC
Off Display
SCAD

B11
t
B13 B12
t
Block
Control of a Protection Function
The protective function must first be set as Enabled.
Once made Enabled, the protective function can be turned Off
or On via the relay front panel, remote interface, PC, or discrete
input.
If the protective function is Enabled and On, the trip function
can be blocked; however the relay will still function normally and
record events accordingly.

Figure 1: Control of a Protection Function

10 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Discrete-Signal
Signal Internal Inputs
Circuit Event(s) Each discrete-signal
input is actuated by
voltage in a signal-
circuit. Each input
Go LO to HI controls up to 20
when rise above events. Each event is
Event 1 configured to occur
19V Event 2 either when the
INPUT : discrete input is
: actuated (HI), or
Go LO to HI when Event 10
rise above 65V when it ceases to be
actuated (LO).

Figure 2: Discrete Signal Inputs

PRCM-1108A-0199 11
7UT51 v3

Signal Contacts
This diagram illustrates
the functions of the
Event 1 signal contacts. Each
Event 2 signal contact is
:
controlled by up to 20
:
events and is used to
Event 20
sound alarms for
operators or to signal
other protection
devices.
Figure 3: Signal Contacts

Trip Contacts
Event 1 Each signal contact is
Event 2 controlled by up to 20
: events and is used to
:
trip circuit breakers.
Event 20

Figure 4: Trip Contacts

LED Targets
This diagram illustrates the
logical process of this
Event 1 function. Each LED can be
Event 2 controlled by up to 20
: events. Each event can
:
either latch (memorized), or
Event 20 not latch (not memorized)
an LED. Latched LEDs can
be reset using a key on the
front panel, a discrete-signal
input, or an attached PC
running WinDIGSI.

Figure 5: LED Targets

12 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Suggested Test Equipment


The following equipment is suggested to perform the One push-button (or other mechanical) switch to
acceptance and commissioning tests for the apply voltage to contact inputs during testing of
transformer differential scheme. Further detail on the related functions.
equipment specifications required for acceptance
testing is given in the Acceptance Testing section of One sensor for detecting closure of output
this document. contacts, for example an ohmmeter, a bulb with a
power supply, or buzzer with a power supply.
One control power source DC and AC. One timer that is started by the test set output and
stopped by the relay output contact.
One phase angle meter. One high impedance low range volt/ohm meter.
Two ammeters.
One megger up to 500V.
Load box.
Two accurate variable single-phase current One 1:2 isolation power transformer may be
sources, one of which can output 300Hz current. required for testing of the control circuitry.
Telephone set for talking circuits with remote
terminations may be required for testing of the
control circuitry.

PRCM-1108A-0199 13
7UT51 v3

Siemens 7UT51 Relay Pre-Energization Fit a DC ammeter in series with the auxiliary
Checklist power circuit using a range of 1.5 to 3 amperes.

Close the DC supply circuit breaker; check


polarity and magnitude of voltage at the
terminals of the unit or at the connector module.

Hazardous voltage or current. Steady-state current consumption should be


Can cause death, serious personal insignificant. Any initial transient current is due
injury, or property damage. to charging of the storage capacitors.
Only qualified personnel should test or
commission a really. Read and Slide the switch on the front panel to the On
understand this manual, the Siemens position. On completion of the startup/ warmup
7UT51 v3 Protective Relay Instruction period, the green LED on the front comes on in
Manual, and the manuals for any test
equipment before proceeding. 0.5 seconds and the red LED goes off after 5
Before performing work on current
seconds.
transformer wiring, always short circuit the
secondary of all the current transformers. Open the DC power supply circuit breaker.
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that
output contacts do not break currents Remove DC ammeter; reconnect the auxiliary
greater than their ratings. voltage leads.
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that
any control power or test value applied to
the relay does not exceed the Check the direction of phase rotation at the relay
corresponding inputs limit. terminals (clockwise).

Ensure that trip circuits are disconnected from


the relay trip contacts and are left open-
Before energizing the relay, it must be installed circuited. Also, disconnect from external
for at least two hours to ensure temperature breaker failure devices any of the relay outputs
equalization and to avoid condensation. that are being tested.
Switch off the DC supply and the potential Ensure that the current circuits are disconnected
transformer circuit. from the relay current inputs and are short-
circuited.
Verify that the miniature slide switch on the front
panel is in the Off position. Ensure that contact inputs to be tested are
disconnected from all circuits.

14 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Setting and Programming the Siemens 7UT51 Relay

Have the Relay Setting Sheets (included in the PC


Siemens 7UT51 Relay Instruction Manual) The programming of the relay with a PC and
completely filled out with the required settings. WinDIGSI software is straight forward since it is
Windows based; however, consult the Siemens
If the meaning of the required parameter is not clear, WinDIGSI Users Manual for detailed instructions if
it is usually best to leave it at the factory setting. necessary.
Front Panel When using the PC to set the parameters, it is best
(See Relay Front Panel View in the Siemens 7UT51 to enter the data as you scroll through the screens
Instruction Manual.) rather than programming for particular functions.
If the parameter address is known, then direct The following parameters must be entered to enable
addressing is possible on the front panel of relay. the relay to respond accurately (with the desired
This is achieved by depressing the Direct Access alarms, measurements, and event information) in an
key, followed by the four-digit address, and then 87-transformer differential scheme:
pressing the Enter key.
Configuration Menu
If the parameter address is not known, paging by (See Figure 6)
means of the arrow keys on the front panel of the 7100 Local User Interface
relay is possible. 7200 Configuration of Comm Port
To change the content of a memory address, the 7400 Waveform Capture
address must be selected and the relay must be 7800 Device Options
placed in Password mode.
Marshalling Menu
The relay will remain in password mode until you 6100 Configuration of Discrete Inputs
save the settings.
6200 Configuration of Signal Relays
Note: You may be required to save a setting 6300 Configuration of LED Indicators
change before the relay will allow you to 6400 Configuration of Trip Contacts
program parameters related to that setting.
This will also required a re-entry of the Settings Menu
password. 1100 Transformer Data (see Important Notes
below)
If you are changing a selection from a list, press No
1400 Data Associated with a User-Defined
until the option you want is displayed, then press
Machine
Yes.
1600 87Transformer Diff Protection Data
If you are changing an entered value, after entering 2900 Measured Value Supervision
the appropriate address, enter the new value, then
press the Enter key. Additional Protective Functions
The following address blocks must be entered to set
The setting procedure can be ended at any time by up other available or optional protective functions:
the key combination of F and Enter.
Restricted Ground-Fault Protection
Address Block 1900 for 87N
The relay must first be Enabled in the Device
Options menu, Address 7819 Restricted Ground-
Fault Protection. Settings can then be made for this
protective function in the Settings menu, Address
Block 1900.

PRCM-1108A-0199 15
7UT51 v3

Transformer Tank Protection


Address Block 2700
The relay must first be Enabled in Device Options
menu, Address 7827 Transformer Tank Protection.
Settings can then be made for this protective
function in the Settings menu, Address Block 2700.

External Trip Functions


Address Block 3000 and 3100
The relay must first be Enabled in Device Options
menu, Address 7830 and 7831 State of External Trip
Functions. Settings can then be made for this
protective function in the Settings menu, Address
Block 3000 and 3100.

Important Notes about Transformers


Regulated Transformer
If a transformer winding is regulated, then the actual
rated voltage of the winding is not used as Vn. The
average current of the regulated range should be
used.
Figure 6: Example Configuration Menu Vn=2 x (Vmax x Vmin)
(Vmax + Vmin)
Backup Overcurrent Time Function
Address Block 2100 For 50/51 FOA Transformers
The relay must first be Enabled in the Device If the transformer is rated as FOA, it is
Options menu, Address 7821 Backup Overcurrent recommended that the minimum MVA rating be used
Protection. Settings can then be made for this for VA (the Rated Apparent Power); however, there
protective function in the Settings menu, Address is a possibility that the relay will be picked up all the
Block 2100. time when the transformer is at or near full-load FOA
rating.
Thermal Overload Protection 1 and 2
Address Blocks 2400 and 2500
The relay must first be Enabled in Device Options
menu, Address 7824 and 7825 Thermal Overload
Protection. Settings can then be made for this
protective function in the Settings menu, Address
Block 2400 and 2500.

16 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Accessing Data Relay Front Display


Address Block 7100 contains addresses that specify
The Siemens 7UT51 relay is microprocessor the appearance and content of the LCD display on
controlled, it can monitor, record, and store input the front panel of the relay and the type of event that
and output data. This data is available through the will update the LCD display and LED states.
LEDs and LCD display on the relay and can also be
accessed via a PC with WinDIGSI software or a Address 7105 and 7106 control lines 1 and 2 of the
SCADA system. Using the WinDIGSI software, the LCD during normal operation. Address 7107 and
currents can be monitored, event logs can be read, 7108 control line 1 and 2 of the LCD after a network
tested performed, and the oscillograms can be disturbance.
viewed for fault analysis.
Address 7110 determines the type of event that will
Matching or Adaptation Factors update the LCD information and LED states.
To check that the matching factors for the rated Measured Current Tests
currents of the protected object are correct: Address Block 4100
The relay measurement of all currents and phase
From the front panel of the relay, these factors
angles can be read through test Address Block
are available in Address 5100 and updated each
4100:
time the parameterizing process has been
terminated.
4101 Line Currents
Using the WinDIGSI software, these values are 4121 Line Phase Angle Relations
found in the Operational Annunciations listed as 4141 Star Point Phase Angles
Adaptation Factors (Figure 7). 4161 Differential and Stabilizing Currents

Use the calculated factor in the following equation: The test can be initiated directly from the relay panel
or via WinDIGSI. To initiate this test with WinDIGSI
k CT Wx = Current processed by 7UT51 go to the Test menu, choose Commissioning Test,
Current through the relay terminals and then choose any of the four measurements
listed above. See Figure 8 for WinDIGSI screen
KsCTWx are the factors for inputs from the CT in example.
the ground of a star-point connection (common point
of a wye transformer). After start, the relay first checks whether the
measurement can be carried out. If a protection
function has picked up before, the measurement is
rejected. When the measured quantities are too
small, a corresponding message **** is given.

Note: If an invalid or Current Too Small message


is given on one side or phase, further
currents can still be read.

It is important to that the current, differential and


stabilizing values are referred to the rated current of
the transformer winding. See Figure 8 for DIGRA a
Figure 7: Matching/Adaptation Factor screen example.

PRCM-1108A-0199 17
7UT51 v3

Line Phase Angle Relations Zero Sequence Test


(Figure 8) (Figure 8)
Address 4141 checks the angle measurement of the
The phase angle relations are displayed in Address star-point to the line currents. Numerical values are
4121 after the test has been performed. Symbols to be expected only for those current inputs which
W1, W2, W3*, WA*, WB* for the winding of the are included in the test current path, for the
transformer on the relay LCD (such as I1, I2, I3 in remaining currents, **** is displayed.
WinDIGSI). Symbols Ia, Ib, and Ic for the phase on
the relay LCD (PhA, PhB, and PhC in WinDIGSI).
Note: If an additional current input is not assigned
The phase angle differences are displayed in 30 to any side of the protected object
(Addresses 7806 and 7807), the associated
increments; small deviations up to 10 are
tolerated. When the measured angle is outside of measured values will not appear.
this tolerance range, the display shows inval. The
angle differences are defined for clockwise phase Differential and Stabilizing Current Check
rotation. The angle differences of the three currents (Figure 8)
of side 1, 2, and 3 should be as follows: Address 4161 checks the differential and stabilizing
currents. Go to Address 4161 and read the
W1Ib W1Ia = 240, W2Ib W2Ia = 240, W3Ib calculated values by scrolling through the display.
W3Ia = 240
W1Ic W1Ia = 120, W2Ic W2Ia = 120, W3Ic If checking line current or through-faults, the
W3Ia = 120 differential value should be negligible against the
magnitude of the line currents. The stabilizing
The polarities of the through flowing currents are (restraint) value should be approximately twice the
defined to be equal, as when currents of equal line or test current value. Important to note that the
phase flow through the protected object, the angle differential and stabilizing values are referred to as
difference is 0, provided the connections are correct. the rated current of the transformer winding.
But the theoretical angle value depends on the
transformer and the vector connection group. The If considerable differential currents occur, recheck
measured angles must be equal for all three phases. the following parameters:
If not, individual phases will be interchanged.
Check Addresses 1102 to 1104, matching of
The polarity of the current connections and the Transformer Winding 1
parameterized polarity are taken into consideration Check Addresses 1121 to 1124, matching of
when the angles are displayed. Therefore, if all transformer winding.
three angles differ by 180 from the theoretical
value, the polarity of one complete CT set is wrong.
This can be corrected by checking and changing the Restricted Ground-Fault Current Test
corresponding plant parameters: If the relay is equipped with the restricted ground
Address 1105 for the primary winding of the fault protection and this is to be used, a further zero
transformer sequence current test must be carried out.
Address 1125 for the secondary winding of a Address 4181 will test and display the
transformer measurements for the restricted earth fault
protection.
The connection group values of power transformers
are defined from the higher voltage side to the lower Leaving Test Operation
voltage side. When measuring from the lower Address Block 4800
voltage side: 360 minus the stated angle is valid. When the relay is in test mode, the differential
protection and the restricted ground fault protection
are not effective, even when they are switched On.
If no activities are carried out within 60 minutes, the
relay automatically terminates the test operation. All
protection functions that are switched On are then
operational again. It is recommended that the Test

18 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

mode be definitely finished once the tests have been Operational Annunciations (Event Log) Address
completed. Block 5100
Access Address 4800 Commission Test Stop. The operational annunciations can store the last 50
Page to Address 4801 Test Stop? operational events along with the time and date of
Enter Yes key. each annunciation. The data can be accessed via
the front panel or one of the data ports.

Network-Disturbance Annunciations (Fault Logs)


Address Blocks 5200, 5300, 5400
Each Fault Log records the first 80 events after a
pickup, each date and time stamped. The relay
holds 3 fault logs. If necessary, the oldest one is
overwritten when a new one opens; however, they
can be saved to a PC.

Figure 8: Measured Current Tests

Figure 9: Operational Annunciations and


Fault Log

PRCM-1108A-0199 19
7UT51 v3

Operational Measured Values Table 1 : Measured Values


Address Block 5700
LCD Address Description
Measured values are system data collected and
W1 Ia(%) 5701 Current in winding or side 1 for
calculated by the relay. The relay can display W1 Ib(%) 5702 phases A, B, and C as a
measured values on the front panel LCD, or export W1 Ic(%) 5703 percentage of the rated
them to a PC. The display of measured values is current.
updated every 1 to 5 seconds. W2 Ia(%) 5704 Current in winding or side 2 for
W2 Ib(%) 5705 phases A, B, and C as a
Address Block 5700 will display winding current as a W2 Ic(%) 5706 percentage of the rated
percentage of the rated current and winding current current.
in amps. See Figure 10 for a list of all operational W3 Ia(%) 5707 Current in winding or side 2 for
measured values. W3 Ib(%) 5708 phases A, B, and C as a
W3 Ic(%) 5709 percentage of the rated
current.
Address Block 5900 will display Temperature rise of IA(%) 5710 Additional current inputs when
each thermal overload function (49-1 and 49-2) IB(%) 5711 used and assigned as a
separately for each phase, or for all three phases percentage of the rated
combined. current. (7UT513 only)
W1 Ia 5721 Current in winding or side 1 for
W1 Ib 5722 phases A, B, and C in amps
W1 Ic 5723
W2 Ia 5724 Current in winding or side 2 for
W2 Ib 5725 phases A, B, and C in amps
W2 Ic 5726
W3 Ia 5727 Current in winding or side 3 for
W3 Ib 5728 phases A, B, and C in amps
W3 Ic 5729 (7UT513 only)
IA 5730 Additional current inputs when
IB 5731 used and assigned in amp or
milliamps.(7UT513)
1/trp 5911 Temperature rise of 49-1
1/trpA 5912 protection function for all
1/trpB 5913 phases, and separately for
1/trpC 5914 phases A, B, and C.
2/trp 5921 Temperature rise of 49-2
2/trpA 5922 protection function for all
2/trpB 5923 phases, and separately for
2/trpC 5924 phases A, B, and C.

20 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Waveform Data
The relay can simultaneously capture data for all To access the waveform data using WinDIGSI and
current inputs and up to four user-defined functions DIGRA, choose the following menu items:
that report the status of discrete-signal inputs. The
data must be downloaded to a PC for analysis and Fault
storage.
Fault record
The data storage parameters can be programmed in Select fault instance
Address Block 7400. Data storage can also be
initiated via a discrete input or by the operator via the
front panel of the relay or a PC. The configuration Options DIGRA
parameters required for this function to operate are Type of Graph
as follows: (Prim., Sec., or
Normalized)
Address 7402 initiates the waveform capture
with pickup or trip. Display
Analog Curves
Address 7410 determines the maximum length
From this point several choices are
of time for the waveform capture.
given to display and analyze the data.
Address 7411 sets the pre-trigger time.
Address 7412 sets amount of captured
waveform after trigger.
Address 7431 Storage time for triggering via
discrete (binary) input.
Address 7432 Storage time for triggering via the
keyboard.

Manual starting of the record can be carried out in


Address Block 4900. The message will read: Fault
Rec. Start? Confirm with Yes key. The relay will
acknowledge successful completion of the test
recording.
Figure 10: Waveform Capture Example
To initiate manual starting of a fault via WinDIGSI:
Go to the Options menu.
Choose Device.
Choose Initiate Fault Record.

PRCM-1108A-0199 21
7UT51 v3

Acceptance Testing operational-checking of the transformer protection to


simply checking the CT connections, 7UT51 input
connections, and wiring of the output contacts.
7UT51 Electrical Testing
The purpose of this section is to provide a procedure For a 7UT51 with multiple sets of protection settings
for acceptance testing and installation testing a being used, fully test one set, and only the changes
7UT51. The procedure is for manual testing, in the remaining sets.
although the document could be used as a
foundation for automated test plans. Simple Testing for In-Service Setting Changes
adaptations allow the procedure to also be used for Perform only the tests in the procedure that are
testing after an in-service setting change. The applicable to the change.
procedure can be easily adapted for evaluation and
familiarization with a 7UT51. Evaluation Testing
While the procedure is specifically written for
For this document, acceptance testing is testing a
acceptance and installation testing, the procedure
user performs to become satisfied that a 7UT51 is
can easily be adapted to allow the user to perform
functioning properly. Installation testing is done by a
exhaustive evaluation tests. In the process, the user
user to verify that the 7UT51 will perform correctly
will become very familiar with the 7UT51.
within a specific application. For many users,
acceptance testing and installation testing are the
Perform all of the electrical tests, ignoring any
same.
instructions to skip a particular test. Repeat each
test, trying different values for the setting being
It is important to note that routine testing is covered
checked. Test different programming of the inputs
in another section.
and outputs.
The degree of testing needed for acceptance testing
Automated Testing
and installation testing is dependent upon the users
philosophies. There is sufficient detail to guide the The procedure provides the groundwork for
user in adapting the procedure to the users automated test plans of a 7UT51. The user can
satisfaction. create the plans with the test equipment of choice.

Acceptance Testing Acceptance Test Equipment


A 7UT51 has many protective elements and control The procedure requires the following test equipment:
features that can be used in a variety of ways. Power source matching the rating of the 7UT51
Testing all of the elements and control features, in Two variable current sources with the following
the many different ways they can be used, is not capabilities:
recommended. Such testing would be very time-
consuming. Instead, the procedure should be used Accuracy of +/- 2% or better over the entire
with typical settings and control, or settings and output range
control that are likely to be used. Then only the One source that can provide 20 amps (if
applicable tests need to be performed. Using the 7UT51 rated for 5 amps)
default settings and control is a good alternative. One source that can provide 120 Hz, 180
Hz, 240 Hz, and 300 Hz current
Installation Testing Both sources can be individually or
Perform only the tests required to check the settings simultaneously turned On and Off.
and control to be used in the specific field A timer that can be started when either a current
application. Complete testing of the discrete inputs, source is turned On or Off, and stopped by
signal contacts, and trip contacts is recommended either the opening or closing of a dry contact.
using this procedure. This will reduce field The accuracy should be +/- 2% or better. A
timer built-in to a test-set with one (or both) of
the current sources is preferred.
An ohmmeter, or other sensor for detecting a
transition of a dry contact

22 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

An On/Off switch to apply DC voltage to discrete 2. Calculate the rated currents of transformer
inputs of the 7UT51. windings and the virtual object.
Calculator with the capability of performing sine, The rated currents are needed throughout the
cosine, and natural log functions. procedure. The rated currents should be
calculated and recorded before the procedure is
The following is not required, but highly started. With INsecWx being the rated current of
recommended: Winding x (x = 1, 2, or 3) and IObjsec being the
rated current of the virtual object, both in CT
A timer with +/- 2% accuracy or better, that can
secondary terms:
be started by the opening or closing of a dry
contact, and stopped by the opening or closing INsecWx =
of a dry contact. (Winding Rating in kVA)
Computer with WinDIGSI software and cable. (1.732)x (Winding kV-)x(Winding CTR)

The values to use for this equation are found in


Important Notes about the Procedure Address Block 1100. Be aware that CT ratios
1. Do not exceed the current limitations of the are not entered in this Address Block if the
7UT51. CTs have a secondary rating of 5 amps. Instead,
The current limitations (rms) of the CT inputs the primary current ratings of the CTs, for the set
associated with the transformer winding and ratios, are entered in Addresses 1104, 1124, and
neutral CTs are: 1144. For CTs with a rating of 5 amps, these
addresses must be divided by 5 amps to obtain
the ratios to use in the above equation.
Table 2: Current Limitations
IObjsec =
7UT51 Continuous
Address1401 x (CT Sec. Rating in amps)
Rated Current 10-Second
Address 1402
Current Rating Current Rating
5 AMPS I 20 AMPS 20AMPS < I 100 The CT secondary rating is either 5 amps or 1
AMPS
amp.
1 AMP I 4 AMPS 4 AMPS < I 20
AMPS 3. Test equipment accuracy.
The rated current is on the nameplate. Unless otherwise stated, +/- 2% accuracy is
assumed for the test equipment. This accuracy is
Be especially mindful of the current limitations included in the values given in the Expected
when testing the high-set differential element, the Results part of the procedure.
upper slope of the differential characteristic, the
required restraint current to activate the through- 4. Check titles for settings and events.
fault-CT-saturation restraint, the high-set element Event titles and setting options for the addresses
of the overcurrent backup protection, and the mentioned in the procedure are as they appear in
thermal overload elements. the WinDIGSI software, Version 3.22. The titles
can vary between the software and the front
The current limitations for the CT input panel of the 7UT51.
associated with the highly sensitive tank leakage
protection, terminals [1D1-1D2] are: 5. Verify actual programming of trip relays and
signal relays.
Continuous Current Rating: The Expected Results part of most tests in the
I 15 Amps procedure has the operation of the trip relays,
10 Second Current Rating: signal relays, LEDs, and LCD that should occur for
15 Amps < I 100 Amps the test, based on the default settings of these
outputs and targets. For each test, the user
should always verify the operation of the relays
and targets based on the settings for the particular
7UT51 being tested.

PRCM-1108A-0199 23
7UT51 v3

Table 3: Default Settings for Some of the


Verification of the programming of trip relays and Signal Relays:
signals relays is especially important during
installation testing. The user may have to add Signal Default Programming
tests to the procedure to verify each output relay is Address Relay (Events)
operating as intended. 6201 1 0511 General trip of the
relay
The relay and target default settings of interest in 6202 2 5671 87-Diff protection:
this procedure are given below. They apply for a General trip
7UT513. The programming also applies to a 6203 3 2451 BU
7UT512 except this protective system has trip Overcurrent+G/F :
relays 1 and 2, signal relays 1-4, and LEDs 1-6. General Trip
6206 6 1571 49-TRIP by
Default settings for Trip Relay 1 through Trip thermal O/L protection 1
Relay 5 (addresses 6401 through 6405) are: 1621 49-TRIP by
thermal O/L protection 2
5691 87-Diff protection: Trip 6207 7 1566 49-Thermal O/L
5921 Transformer tank prot.: General Trip prot. 1: Thermal warning
5692 87HS-Diff protection: Trip 1616 49-Thermal O/L
1571 49-TRIP by thermal O/L protection 1 prot. 2: Thermal warning
2451 BU Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip 6208 8 5821 Restricted ground
1621 49-TRIP by thermal O/L protection 2 fault: General TRIP
5821 Restricted ground fault: General Trip 6209 9 5921 Transformer tank
prot.: General TRIP
6. Be aware of control of protective elements by 6210 10 0391 Warning stage
discrete inputs. from Buchholz
The operational status of most of the protective protection
elements can be controlled by discrete inputs. 6211 11 0392 Tripping stage
Before testing any element, determine if any such from Buchholz
protection
control is intended, and apply (or remove) the
necessary input to allow testing. Tests are
included to verify the control with the input in the
opposite state as that needed for testing.

24 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Table 4: Default Settings for Some Table 6: Correction Factor for 87-Itrip(Wx)
of the LEDs:
Winding 2 Winding 2
(a,b,c) or (a,b,c) or
Winding 3 Winding 3
Winding 1 (a,b,c) (a,b,c)
Default Programming
(A,B,C) Even Number Odd Number
Address LED (Events) 1
Reference Vector Group Vector Group
6301 1 0511 General trip of the Type of Fault Winding
1

Relay m 3-Phase 1.0 1.0 1.0


6302 2 5691 87-Diff protection: 2-Phase 1.0 1.0 0.866
Trip m
1-Phase
6303 3 5692 87HS-Diff protection: with I0 1.5 1.5 1.732
Trip m Elimination
2

6304 4 2451 BU Overcurrent+G/F 1-Phase


: General Trip m
without I0 1.0 1.0 1.732
6307 7 5821 Restricted ground- Elimination
3
fault: General TRIP m
6308 8 5921 Transformer tank
prot.: General TRIP m
Notes:
6309 9 1571 49-TRIP by thermal
O/L protection 1 m 1. Vector Group settings are Address 1121 for
6310 10 1621 49-TRIP by thermal Winding 2, and Address 1141 for Winding 3.
O/L protection 2 m For this table, 0 is considered even.
6311 11 0391 >Warning stage from 2. Use this row if the I0Process setting for the
Buchholz prot. m tested winding is I0 Elimination. The settings
6312 12 0392 >Tripping stage from are Address 1106 for Winding 1, Address 1126
Buchholz prot. m for Winding 2, and Address 1146 for Winding 3.
3. Use this row if the I0Process setting for the
tested winding is either Without or
Table 5: Default Settings for the LCD I0 CORRECTION. The settings are Address
after a Fault 1106 for Winding 1, Address 1126 for Winding 2,
and Address 1146 for Winding 3.
LCD In tests 1-3 current is injected in one phase at any
Address Line Default Programming time; therefore, use the rows for 1-phase faults. The
7107 Top 0543 Protection other fault types are given if the user wishes to
function(s) pickup expand the tests.
7108 Bottom 0544 Protective Trip

Transformer Differential Protection


Differential protection is existent and operational
when Address 7816 = Existent and Address 1601 =
On.

PRCM-1108A-0199 25
7UT51 v3

Expected Results:
Test 1. Minimum Pickup of 87: Address 1603
Pickup Current and Dropout Current
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay For each phase of each winding, the pickup current
Trip
at contact closure should be within +/- 5% of 87-
IA
I1 Contact 1 Itrip(Wx).
Contact
IB Monitor

IC
W1 The dropout current at contact opening, of any
winding phase, should be between 61.5% and
Ia 78.5% of the pickup current for that phase.
Ib W2
Contacts, LEDs and LCD
Ic
The expected operations of the trip contacts, signal
Ia contacts, LEDs, and LCD depend on the
programming of the 7UT51. The user should check
Ib W3 for correct operations of these outputs.
(7UT513
Ic only)
For the default settings, all trip contacts should
Figure 11: Test 1 Connection Diagram close, signal relays 1 and 2 should operate, and
LEDs 1 and 2 should light when 87 trips. At dropout,
the contacts should reset but the LEDs should
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 11. remain lit because they are set to latch. When the
current is turned off, the LCD should display 87Diff
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5691 87-Diff GenFlt and 87DiffGenTrip.
protection: Trip. (The default setting is
sufficient.) Remaining Tests of the Differential Protection
2. Slowly increase the current from 0 A until Trip The remaining tests for the differential protection
Contact 1 closes. Record the pickup current at only need to be done with current injected in one
contact closure. Check the state of the other trip phase of one winding, unless otherwise stated.
contacts, the signal contacts, and the LEDs.
3. Slowly reduce the current until the contact drops
Test 2. Time Delay of 87 Tripping: Address 1625
out. Record the current at dropout. Check the
states of the other contacts and LEDs. Note the
LCD indications. If Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds, skip to the next
4. Turn Off the current and reset the LEDs and test.
LCD.
Two options for testing Address 1625 are presented.
5. Performing tests on one phase at a time, repeat
With one exception, Option 1 is recommended
steps 1-4 for the remaining phases of Winding 1,
because more accurate results are produced.
and the three phases of Winding 2 and Winding
Option 1 does require a standalone timer that is
3 (if applicable).
started on a contact closure, and stopped on a
closure of a second contact. If Address 1625 is
infinite (+) seconds, Option 2 should be performed.

26 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Option 2:
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5691 87-Diff
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay protection: Trip. (The default setting includes
I
Connect to one
phase of one IA Trip this signal.)
1 winding Contact 1
with lowest
87-Itrip (Wx)
IB W1
2. Set the test current magnitude for a value that
I
C

Ia
will provide a solid pickup of 87, based on the
START I1 ON STOP
Timer STOP I W2 5A1
results from Test 1. A magnitude equal to twice
Option 2 b
I
c Trip
5A2 START
87-Itrip(Wx) is good. Be certain not to pick up
Contact 2 Timer

I
a
Option 1 the high-set unit, Address 1604.
Connection
Option 2
I
b W3
(7UT513 3. Set the timer to start on the application of
I
c only)
current, and stop on the closure of the contact
from Trip Relay 1.
4. If Address 1625 is infinite (+*) seconds,
Figure 12: Test 2 Connection Diagram continue to Step 5. Otherwise, skip to Step 8.
5. Suddenly apply the current.
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 12. Any 6. Verify the timer does not stop, and no other
phase can be selected for current injection. To contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping
minimize current requirements, choose a phase of of 87 operate. (Action from the pickup of 87 is
the winding that has the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx). This is proper.)
typically a phase of Winding 1 (high-voltage side of 7. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
the transformer). LCD if applicable. End of test.
8. Set Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds.
Option 1:
9. Suddenly apply the current.
1. Program Trip Relay 1 for 5691 87-Diff
protection: Trip. (The default setting is 10. Record the pickup time of 87 plus the output
sufficient.) contact, turn off current.
2. Program Trip Relay 2 for 5621 87-Differential 11. Repeat steps 9 and 10 two or more times, to
unit pickup. obtain a pickup timespread for 87 and contact.
3. Set the test current magnitude for a value that 12. Set Address 1625 for the desired value.
will provide a solid pickup of 87, based on the 13. Repeat steps 9-10. The recorded time now
results from Test 1. A magnitude equal to twice includes Address 1625.
87-Itrip(Wx) is good. Be certain not to pick up
14. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
the highset unit, Address 1604.
15. Program Trip Relays 1 for the original setting.
4. Set the timer to start on the closure of the
contact from Trip Relay 2, and stop on the Expected Results:
closure of the contact from Trip Relay 1.
Option 1:
5. Suddenly apply the current.
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested
6. Record the value from the timer. This is the value for Address 1625. The value should be within
tested value of Address 1625. If Address 1625 the larger of +/- 3% or +/-13 ms of Address 1625.
is infinite (+*) seconds, the timer should not
stop. Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should
7. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and be consistent with those in the Test 1, with
LCD. consideration given to the changing of the
programming for Trip Relays 1 and 2.
8. Program trip relays 1 and 2 for the original
settings.

PRCM-1108A-0199 27
7UT51 v3

Option 2: 1. Set Address 1627 = 0.00 seconds.


The pickup times from Step 11 (1625 = 0.00 2. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5691 87-Diff
seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time protection: Trip. (The default setting is
of Step 13 (1625 = desired setting) to obtain the sufficient.)
tested value for Address 1625. The accuracy of 3. Set the test current magnitude for a value that
Address 1625, with the timer accuracy included, is will provide a solid pickup of 87, based on the
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup results from Test 1. A magnitude of twice 87-
timespread of 87 (without delay) plus contact must Itrip(Wx) is good. Be certain not to pickup the
be considered. highset unit, Address 1604.
The pickup timespread of 87 plus contact can add 4. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is Off, and stop when the contact transitions from
not satisfied with the calculated values for Address closed to open.
1625, the Network Disturbances option in the 5. Apply the current to Trip 87.
WinDIGSI software can be useful. 6. Turn Off the current.
Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on 7. Record the trip dropout time given by the timer.
Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select 8. If the desired setting of Address 1627 = 0.00
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an seconds, stop here and end the test.
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time Otherwise, go to the next step.
for Event 5621 from the time for Event 5691 to get 9. Repeat steps 5-7 two or more times to
the delay in tripping caused by Address 1625.
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
87 plus contact.
Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should
be consistent with those in the Test 1, with 10. Set Address 1627 for the desired setting.
consideration given to the changing of the 11. Repeat steps 5-7.
programming for Trip Relay 1.
12. Program trip Relay 1 for the original setting.

Test 3. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87: Expected Results:


Address 1627
With Address 1627 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout
time of 87 plus contact should be 30 ms +/- 13 ms.
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay
Connect to one
phase of one IA Trip
The dropout times from step 9 (1627 = 0.00
I1
winding with
lowest
Contact 1
seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
IB
87-Itrip (Wx) W1 of Step 11 (1625 = desired setting) to obtain the
IC
tested value for Address 1627. The accuracy of
START I1 OFF
Ia
Address 1627, including the accuracy of the timer, is
Timer
STOP Ib W2 the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout
Ic timespread of 87 (without delay) plus contact must
be considered.
Ia

Ib W3
(7UT513
The operations of contacts, LEDs, and LCD should
Ic only) be consistent with those in Test 1, with consideration
given to the changing of the programming for Trip
Relay 1.
Figure 13: Test 3 Connection Diagram

Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 13. Any


phase can be selected for current injection. To
minimize current requirements, choose a phase of
the winding that has the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx). This is
typically a phase of Winding 1 (high-voltage side of
the transformer).

28 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Notes about Testing the Differential High-Set Test 4. Pickup of 87HS: Address 1604
Element: Address 1604 This test is only to be done if 87HS-Itrip(Wx) is 20
Tests pertaining to the high-set element (87HS) are amps or less (4 amps or less if the 7UT51 is rated
likely to require high currents. for 1 amp.)
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay
Note: Do not to exceed the current limitations of the Connect to one
phase of one IA Trip
7UT51 previously mentioned in this I1
winding with Contact 1
lowest Contact
procedure. 87HS - Itrip
IB
W1
Monitor
(Wx) IC

Ia
The pickup current of 87HS depends on the winding
into which current is injected. Ib W2

Ic

1. Select the lowest, calculated 87-Itrip(Wx). Ia

Ib W3
2. Calculate the pickup current of 87HS for that Ic
(7UT513
only)
winding (87HS-Itrip(Wx)) such as:
Figure 14: Connection Diagram
87HS-Itrip(Wx) = Address 1604 x 87-Itrip(Wx)
Address 1603
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 14. Inject
3. If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) is 20 amps or less (4 amps or current into one phase of the winding with the lowest
less for a 7UT51 with a 1 amp rating), perform 87HS-Itrip(Wx).
tests 4, 5, and 6. Otherwise, perform only tests
5 and 6. Recommended Option:
Set Address 1625 = +* (infinite) seconds. This
If the 87HS pickup current is less than 20 amps, a setting will permit verification that 87HS tripping
precise pickup level is determined in Test 4. If the operates contacts that are programmed for both 87
pickup current is greater than 20 amps, the test for a and 87HS tripping. Otherwise, 87 tripping will occur
precise pickup is foregone, and a test current of 1.2 before 87HS tripping in the test below.
X 87HS-Itrip(Wx) is used for verification of pickup in
tests 5 and 6.
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5692 87HS-Diff
Tests for 87HS may cause other elements to protection: Trip. (The default setting includes
operate, such as those of the Overcurrent Backup this.)
Protection or the Thermal Overload Protection. If 2. Turn On the current and slowly increase the
this occurs, the other elements can be temporarily current until 87HS trips, as indicated by the
turned Off (Address 2101 for Overcurrent Protection LEDs or contacts.
and Address 2401 or Address 2501 for Thermal 3. Turn Off the current and reset targets.
Overload Protection). If elements are turned Off, 4. Set Address 1625 for the desired setting if a
they should remain Off until the tests for the change was made.
differential protection are completed. Some later 87
tests could also operate these other elements.
Note: Regardless of the setting of Address 1625,
the contact of Trip Relay 1 will not reset in
Note: Be sure to turn back on any affected the above test until 87 drops out. The
elements, after the 87/87HS tests are dropout of 87 is tested above; therefore, not
completed. repeated here.

PRCM-1108A-0199 29
7UT51 v3

Expected Results: Test 5. Time Delay of 87HS Trip: Address 1626


Pickup Current
The pickup current at contact closure should be
within +/- 5% of the calculated 87HS-Itrip(Wx). If Address 1626 = 0.00 seconds, skip to the next
test.
Contacts, LEDs, and LCD
This test requires 87HS to be solidly picked up for a
For the default settings with Address 1625 = infinite time greater than Address 1626. To simplify the
seconds, all trip contacts should close, signal relays procedure and alleviate concerns about thermal
1 and 2 should operate, and LEDs 1 and 3 should damage to the 7UT51, a setting change of Address
light when 87HS trips. When the current is turned 1604 (87HS pickup) may be required.
Off, the contacts should open, the LCD should
display 87Diff GenFlt and 87DiffGenTrip, and the Two options for testing the Address 1626 are
LEDs remain latched. With Address 1625 equal to presented. With one exception, Option 1 is
another setting, the same target and contact recommended because more accurate results are
operations should occur, except LED 2 should also produced. Option 1 does require a standalone timer
light and latch. that is started on a contact closure, and stopped on
a closure of a second contact. If Address 1626 is
infinite (+*) seconds, Option 2 should be performed.

Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 15. Apply


current to one phase of the winding with the lowest
87HS-Itrip(Wx).

Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay


Connect to one Trip
phase of one IA
I1 winding Contact 1
with lowest IB W1
87-trip (Wx)
IC

Ia Trip
START 1I ON STOP
Contact 2
Timer STOP
Option 2 Ib W2 5A1
5A2 START
Ic
Timer
Option 1
Ia
W3
Ib (7UT513
Connection
Option 2 only)
Ic

Figure 15: Test 5 Connection Diagram

30 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Option 1: 4. Set the current source for 20 amps (4 amps for a


1. If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) > 16.5 amps, 7UT51 with a 1amp rating).
change Address 1604 so that 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 5. Set the timer to start on the application of
16.5 amps. The new setting is determined by: current, and stop on the closure of the contact.
6. If Address 1626 is infinite (+*) seconds,
New Address 1604 continue to Step 7. Otherwise, skip to Step 10.
[16.5 X Existing Address 1604] 7. Suddenly apply the current.
Existing 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 8. Verify that the timer does not stop, and no other
contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of
If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 16.5 amps, 87HS operate. (Action from the pickup of 87HS
no setting changes are needed. is proper.)
9. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
2. Set Address 1625 = +* (infinite) seconds. LCD, if applicable. End the test.
3. Program Trip Relay 1 for 5692 87HS-Diff 10. Set Address 1626 = 0.00 seconds.
protection: Trip. (The default setting is
sufficient.) 11. Suddenly apply the current.
4. Program Trip Relay 2 for 5622 87-HS-Diff prot 12. Record the pickup time of 87HS plus the output
unit picked up. contact, and turn off the current.
5. Set the current source for 20 amps (4 amps for a 13. Repeat steps 11 and 12 two or more times, to
7UT51 with a 1amp rating). obtain a pickup timespread for 87HS and
contact.
6. Set the timer to start on the closure of the
contact from Trip Relay 2, and stop on the 14. Set Address 1626 for the desired value.
closure of the contact from Trip Relay 1. 15. Repeat steps 11-12. The recorded time now
7. Suddenly apply the current. includes Address 1626.
8. Record the value from the timer. This is the 16. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
tested value for Address 1626. If Address 1626 17. Program Trip Relay 1 for the original settings.
is infinite (+*) seconds, the timer should not stop. 18. Reset Address 1625 for the desired setting.
9. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
LCD.
Expected Results:
10. Program Trip Relays 1 and 2 for the original Option 1:
settings.
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested
11. Reset Address 1625 for the desired setting. value for Address 1626. The value should be within
+/- 3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 1626.
Option 2:
1. If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) > 16.5 amps, For the default settings, all trip contacts should
close, signal relays 1 and 2 should operate, and
change Address 1604 so that 87HS-Itrip(Wx)
LEDs 1 and 3 should light when Address 1626
16.5 amps. The new setting is determined by:
expires. When the current is turned off, the contacts
New Address 1604 should reset, the LEDs should remain latched, and
[16.5 X Existing Address 1604] the LCD should display 87Diff GenFlt and
Existing 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 87DiffGenTrip.
If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 16.5 amps,
no setting changes are needed. Option 2:
The pickup times from Step 13 (1626 = 0.00
2. Set Address 1625 = +* (infinite) seconds. seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
3. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5692 87HS-Diff of Step 15 (1626 = desired setting) to obtain the
protection: Trip. (The default setting includes tested value for Address 1626. The accuracy of
this signal.) Address 1626, with the timer accuracy included, is
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup

PRCM-1108A-0199 31
7UT51 v3

timespread of 87HS (without delay) plus contact Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 16. Inject
must be considered. current into one phase of the winding with the lowest
87HS-Itrip(Wx).
The pickup timespread of 87HS plus contact can 1. If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) > 16.5 amps,
add errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user change Address 1604 so that
is not satisfied with the calculated value for Address 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 16.5 amps.
1626, the Network Disturbances option in the
WinDIGSI software can be useful.
The new setting is determined by:
New Address 1604
Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on [16.5 x Existing Address 1604]
Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select Existing 87HS-Itrip(Wx)
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
for signal 5622 coming from the time for signal 5692 If 87HS-Itrip(Wx) 16.5 amps,
coming to get the delay in tripping caused by no setting changes are needed.
Address 1626. 2. Set Address 1627 = 0.00 seconds.
3. Set Address 1625 = +* (infinite) seconds.
For the example settings, all Trip contacts should
close, signal relays 1 and 2 should operate, 4. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5692 87HS-Diff
and LEDs 1 and 3 should light when protection: Trip. (The default setting is
Address 1626 expires. When the current is sufficient.)
turned Off, the contacts should reset, the 5. Set the current source for 20 amps (4 amps for a
LEDs should remain latched, and the LCD 7UT51 rated for 1 amp).
should display 87Diff GenFlt and 6. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
87DiffGenTrip. Off, and stop when the contact transitions from
Closed to Open.
Test 6. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87HS: 7. Apply the current to pickup 87HS.
Address 1627
8. Turn Off the current.
9. Record the trip dropout time given by the timer.
Address 1627 applies to both 87 and 87HS. Test 3
applies for an 87 trip. This test is done with an 10. If the desired setting of Address 1627 = 0.00
87HS trip. seconds, stop here and end the test.
This test requires 87HS to be solidly picked up. To Otherwise, go to the next step.
simplify the procedure and alleviate concerns about 11. Repeat steps 7-9 two or more times to
thermal damage to the 7UT51, a setting change of determine a timespread for the dropout time of
Address 1604 (87HS pickup) may be required. 87HS plus contact.
12. Set Address 1627 for the desired setting.
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay
Connect to one 13. Repeat steps 7-9.
phase of one IA Trip
I1
winding with
lowest
Contact 1 14. Set Address 1604 for the desired setting.
IB
87-Itrip (Wx)
IC
W1
15. Reset Address 1625 for the desired setting.
Ia 16. Program Trip Relay 1 for the original settings.
START I1 OFF
Timer
STOP Ib W2

Ic Expected Results:
Ia With Address 1627 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout
Ib
time of 87HS plus the contact should be 30 ms +/-
W3
(7UT513 13 ms.
Ic only)

The dropout times from step 11 (1627 = 0.00


seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
Figure 16: Test 6 Connection Diagram of Step 13 (1625 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 1627. The accuracy of

32 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Address 1627, including the timer accuracy, is the 7. Observe the response of the 7UT51 and
larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout simultaneously turn off both currents.
timespread of 87HS (without delay) plus contact 8. Repeat steps 6 and 7, slightly adjusting the
must be considered. Source 2 current magnitude while the currents
are Off, until the minimum Source 2 current
For the default settings, all trip contacts should magnitude for restraint is found.
close, signal relays 1 and 2 should operate, and
LEDs 1 and 3 should light when 87HS trips. When 9. Keep Trip Relay 1 programmed as in Step 1
the current is turned Off, the contacts should reset, until the end of Test 13.
the LEDs should remain latched, and the LCD
should display 87Diff GenFlt and 87DiffGenTrip. Expected Results:
The percent of second harmonic current required for
Test 7. Second Harmonic Restraint restraint is:
Per-Phase: Address 1611
%Second Harmonic Restraint
=[120 Hz current from Step 8] x 100%
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay [60 Hz current from Step 8]
Connect to one IA Contact
phase of one Trip

I1 winding Contact 1
Monitor
The result should be within +/- 5% of Address 1611.
with lowest
(60 Hz) IB W1
87-Itrip ( Wx )
If 87 tripping occurs, operations of the contacts,
IC
LEDs, and LCD should be consistent with Test 1.
I2 Ia
(N x
60Hz)
If harmonic restraint occurs, LEDs and contacts
Ib W2 programmed to operate for 87 tripping should not
operate. After current is turned Off, an LCD
Ic
message may appear. For the default settings, the
W3 (7UT513 only) message should be 87Diff GenFlt.
not shown

Figure 17: Test 7 Connection Diagram

Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 17. Any


phase can be selected for current injection. To
minimize current requirements, choose a phase of
the winding that had the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx) from Test
1. This is typically a phase of Winding 1 (high-
voltage side of the transformer).

1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 5691 87-Diff


protection: Trip. (The default settings are
sufficient.)
2. Set the 60 Hz current (Source 1) for a solid
pickup of 87. Usually a value of 2 X 87-Itrip(Wx)
is a good choice. Avoid operation of 87HS or
exceeding the continuous current rating of the
7UT51.
3. Set the Source 2 current frequency for 120 Hz
and the magnitude equal to [Source 1 current X
Address 1611 in decimal format].
4. Apply only Source 1 current to verify 87 tripping.
5. Turn Off Source 1. Reset targets.
6. Simultaneously apply both currents.

PRCM-1108A-0199 33
7UT51 v3
th
Test 8. N Harmonic Restraint 4. Slowly increase the magnitude of the 60 Hz
Per-Phase: Addresses 1613 current (Source 1) until 87 tripping occurs.
and 1614

This test only needs to be done if Address 1613 is Expected Results:


not Off. The magnitude of the 60 Hz current at which tripping
of 87 occurs should be within +/- 7% of:
Repeat Test 7 with these exceptions:
Set the Source 2 current frequency to match 87-Itrip(Wx) X [Address 1616]
rd th [Address 1603]
Address 1613: 3 harmonic is 180 Hz, 4
th
harmonic is 240 Hz, and 5 harmonic is 300 Hz.
Set the Source 2 current magnitude in step 2 for Targets and contact operation should be the same
[Source 1 Current Magnitude X Address 1614 in as Test 7.
decimal format].
th
Test 10. Cross-Blocking, N Harmonic,
Expected Results: Minimum Pickup: Address 1615
th
The percent of N harmonic current required for
restraint is: If Address 1613 = Off or Address 1615 = 0 cycle,
skip this test.
th
%N Harmonic Restraint =
Test Equipment
7UT51 Relay
th
[N Harmonic current from Step 8] X 100%
[60 Hz current from Step 8] IA Contact
I1 Trip Contact 1 Monitor
(60 Hz)
IB
The result should be within +/- 5% of Address 1614. W1

IC

Targets and contact operation should be the same


Ia
as Test 7. I2
(N x 60Hz)
Ib
W2

Ic
Test 9. Differential Current Stopping Example connections for
th W1. Use winding with the
N Harmonic Restraint: Address 1616 lowest 87-Itrip (Wx) W3 (7UT513 only)
not shown

Figure 18: Test 10 Connection Diagram


This test only needs to be done if Address 1613 is
not Off. This test only needs to be done for one winding, with
60 Hz current injected into two phases of that
Use the same 7UT51 connections from Test 8 th
winding, and N harmonic current injected into one
(Figure 17). of the phases that has the 60 Hz current.
1. Set the magnitude of the 60 Hz current (Source Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 18. Any
1) for: winding can be selected for current injection. To
minimize current requirements, choose the winding
60 Hz magnitude =
that has the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx). This is typically
0.9 x 87-Itrip (Wx) x [Address 1616] Winding 1 (high-voltage side of the transformer).
[Address 1603] For clarity, Figure 18 is drawn with the current
connections to W1. Adapt if necessary.
th
2. Set the magnitude of the N harmonic current
(source 2) for:

(N X 60 Hz) magnitude = 60 Hz magnitude


0.9

3. Simultaneously apply both currents and verify 87


is restrained.

34 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

1. Set Address 1615 = 0 cycle. Test 11. Cross-Blocking, Second Harmonic,


2. Set the 60 Hz current (source 1) for a solid Minimum Pickup: Address 1612
pickup of 87. Usually a value of 2 X 87-Itrip(Wx)
is a good choice. Avoid operation of 87HS,
exceeding Address 1616 (Test 9), or exceeding If Address 1612 = 0 cycle, skip this test.
the continuous current rating of the 7UT51.
3. Set the source 2 current frequency to match Follow Test 10 with these exceptions:
rd th
Address 1613: 3 harmonic is 180 Hz, 4
th
harmonic is 240 Hz, and 5 harmonic is 300 Hz. Substitute Address 1612 for Address 1615 in
4. Set the source 2 current magnitude equal to steps 1, 7, and 10.
[Source 1 current X Address 1614 in Decimal Set the Source 2 frequency to 120 Hz in Step 3.
Format].
Set the Source 2 current magnitude in Step 4 for
5. Simultaneously apply both currents to verify 87 [Source 1 Current Magnitude X Address 1611 in
trip. decimal format].
6. Turn Off both currents. Reset targets.
7. Set Address 1615 = +* (infinite) cycles. Expected Results:
8. Simultaneously apply both currents. The percent of second harmonic current required for
restraint is:
9. Observe the response of the 7UT51 and
simultaneously turn off both currents. %Second Harmonic Restraint =
10. Repeat steps 8 and 9, slightly adjusting the [120 Hz Current from Step 10] X 100%
magnitude of the source 2 current while the [60 Hz current from Step 10]
currents are off, until the minimum source 2
current magnitude for restraint is found. The result should be within +/- 5% Address 1611.
11. Set Address 1615 for the desired setting. For the default settings, contact and target
operations should be the same as Test 10.
Expected Results:
th
The percent of N harmonic current required for Test 12. Cross-Blocking, Second Harmonic,
restraint is: Time Delay: Address 1612

th
%N Harmonic Restraint =
th
If Address 1612 = 0 cycle or +* (infinite) cycles,
[N Harmonic Current from Step 10]X100% skip this test.
[60 Hz current from Step 10]
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay
The result should be within +/- 5% of Address 1614.
IA
I1 Trip Contact 1
For the default settings, contact and target (60 Hz) IB
operations should be consistent with Test 1 if 87
tripping occurs. IC

I2 Ia
If harmonic restraint occurs, LEDs and contacts (N x 60Hz)
Example
programmed to operate for 87 tripping should not connections for
W1. Use
Ib
Start I1 ON
operate. After current is turned off, an LCD winding with the
Ic
W3 (7UT513)
STOP lowest 87-Itrip
message may appear. For the default settings, the (Wx) not shown

message should be 87Diff GenFlt. Timer

Figure 19: Test 12 Connection Diagram


This test only needs to be done for one winding, with
60 Hz current injected into two phases of that

PRCM-1108A-0199 35
7UT51 v3

winding, and 120 Hz current injected into one of the Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on
phases that has the 60 Hz current. Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 19. Any event associated with the testing. Indications of
winding can be selected for current injection. To events 5641 and 5642 should be seen. Then the
minimize current requirements, choose the winding reduction of Event 5641 (cross-blocking of Ph A
that has the lowest 87-Itrip(Wx). This is typically ceases) should be seen at the same time that the
Winding 1 (high voltage side of the transformer). For events 5621 and 5691 (87 tripping) increase.
clarity, Figure 19 is drawn with the current Subtract the coming time of 5641 from the going
connections to W1. Adapt if necessary. time of 5641 to obtain Address 1612.

1. Set Address 1612 = 0 cycle. The LEDs, LCD, and contact operations should be
2. Set Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds. the same as those for Test 1. The delay between
current application and tripping may be noticeable,
3. Set the 60 Hz current (Source 1) for a solid depending on the desired setting of Address 1612.
pickup of 87. Usually a value of [2 X 87-Itrip(Wx)]
is a good choice. Avoid operation of 87HS or
exceeding the continuous current rating of the th
Test 13. Cross-Blocking, N Harmonic, Time
7UT51. Delay: Address 1615
4. Set the Source 2 current frequency to 120 Hz,
and the magnitude equal to the magnitude of the
Source 1 current. If Address 1615 = 0 cycle or +* (infinite) cycles,
5. Set the timer to start on the application of 60 Hz skip this test.
current (Source 1), and stop on the closure of
the contact. Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 19 (Test 12).
6. Turn On Source 1 only. Any winding can be selected for current injection.
To minimize current requirements, choose the
7. Record the tripping time of 87 and contact, and winding that has the lowest 87-I trip(Wx). This is
turn off Source 1. typically Winding 1 (high voltage side of the
8. Repeat steps 6 and 7 two times to obtain a transformer). For clarity, Figure 19 is drawn with the
timespread of the tripping of 87 and contact. current connections to W1. Adjust if necessary.
9. Set Address 1612 = desired setting.
This test only needs to be done for one winding, with
10. Simultaneously apply both Source 1 and Source 60 Hz current injected into two phases of that
2 currents. winding, and 120 Hz current injected into one of the
11. Record the value from the timer, which now phases that has the 60 Hz current.
includes Address 1612.
1. Set Address 1615 = 0 cycle.
12. Turn Off both currents, and reset the LEDs and
LCD. 2. Set Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds.
13. Reset Address 1625 to the desired value. 3. Set the 60 Hz current (Source 1) for a solid
pickup of 87. Usually a value of [2 X 87-
Itrip(Wx)] is a good choice. Avoid operation of
Expected Results: 87HS or exceeding the continuous current rating
The pickup times from step 8 must be subtracted of the 7UT51.
from the pickup time from Step 11 (1612 = desired 4. Set the Source 2 current frequency to match
rd th
setting) to obtain the tested value for Address 1612. Address 1613: 3 harmonic is 180 Hz, 4
The accuracy of Address 1612 is +/- 1.02 cycles th
harmonic is 240 Hz, and 5 harmonic is 300 Hz.
(timer accuracy included). The pickup timespread of
5. Set the Source 2 current magnitude equal to the
87 plus contact must be considered in the result.
magnitude of the Source 1 current.
The pickup timespread of 87 plus contact can add 6. Set the timer to start on the application of 60 Hz
errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is current (Source 1), and stop on the closure of
not satisfied with the calculated values for Address the contact.
1612, the Network Disturbances option in the 7. Turn On Source 1 only.
WinDIGSI software can be useful.

36 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

8. Record the tripping time of 87 and contact and Notes about Simulating Through-Faults and
turn Off Source 1. Testing the 87 Slopes
9. Repeat steps 7 and 8 two times to obtain a The next test is performed to verify the security of
timespread of the tripping of 87 and contact. the 7UT51 for external faults (through-faults). The
10. Set Address 1615 = desired setting. slopes of the 87 characteristic are tested after the
through-fault. The slope tests are slight variations of
11. Simultaneously apply both Source 1 and Source the through-fault test.
2 currents.
12. Record the value from the timer, which now If the through-fault or slope tests cause tripping of
includes Address 1615. units other than 87, such as the backup overcurrent
13. Turn Off both currents, and reset the LEDs and units, these other units can be temporarily made
LCD. nonexistent with the settings in Address Block 7800.
Be sure to undo any setting changes in Address
14. Reset Address 1625 to the desired value. Block 7800 when the differential element tests are
finished.
Expected Results:
Since the current transactor and current processing
The pickup times from Step 9 must be subtracted
of each phase of each winding are verified in Test 1,
from the pickup time from Step 12 (1615 = desired
only one fault needs to be simulated for the through-
setting) to obtain the tested value for Address 1615.
fault and slope tests.
The accuracy of Address 1615 is +/- 1.02 cycles
(timer accuracy included). The pickup timespread of
87 plus contact must be considered in the result. The current distribution sensed by a 7UT51, for an
external fault, depends on the fault type and
location, the connections of the transformer
The pickup timespread of 87 plus contact can add
windings, and the CT connections.
errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
not satisfied with the calculated values for Address
1615, the Network Disturbances option in the Three cases are detailed below to provide examples
of possible methods for simulating through-faults, in
WinDIGSI software can be useful.
testing the security of a 7UT51. Each case involves
two-winding, delta-grounded wye transformers.
Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on
Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select Users with other applications can consider the cases
Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an and the comments at the end of this notes section,
event associated with the testing. The coming of and adapt the procedure accordingly.
events 5641 and 5642 should be seen. Then the
Case 1: delta-grounded wye transformers with the
going of Event 5641 (cross-blocking of Ph A ceases)
should be seen at the same time of the coming of delta winding being the reference winding (Winding
events 5621 and 5691 (87 tripping). Subtract the 1).
coming time of Event 5641 from the going time of Case 2: delta-grounded wye transformers with the
Event 5641 to obtain Address 1615. wye winding being Winding 1. Zero sequence
The LEDs, LCD, and contact operations should be current processing (Address 1106) set for I0
the same as those for Test 1. The delay between elimination.
current application and tripping may be noticeable, Case 3: delta-grounded wye transformers with the
depending on the desired setting of Address 1615. wye winding being Winding 1. Zero sequence
current processing (Address 1106) set for I0
Note: Reset Trip Relay 1 to the original, desired correction.
setting. Note: The assumptions for the three cases are that
all CTs are wye-connected; all common
points of the CTs are towards the transformer
(Addresses 1105 and 1125); all CTs are
subtractive with the secondary polarities
connected to the polarities of the 7UT51
current inputs; zero sequence current
processing is without for the delta-side of the
transformer; and the rotation is ABC.

PRCM-1108A-0199 37
7UT51 v3

For all three cases, the fault simulated is an Since all of the current inputs are checked in Test 1,
external, phase-ground fault on the wye-side of the only one simulation of one phase-ground fault needs
transformer. This is the simplest fault to simulate to be done to check the security of the 7UT51 for
using two test-current sources. through-faults, and test the slopes of the 87
characteristic. There is sufficient information below
Consider the common, ANSI connected, delta for the user to simulate a fault on any of the phases.
grounded wye transformer shown in Figure 20. Let
currents be defined as flowing into the transformer A source of positive and negative sequence currents
(both sides). For an a-phase-ground fault resulting on the delta side is assumed in Figure 20, as is a
in a current of 1.0 per unit through the transformer radial or open system on the wye side. For testing
winding to the fault, IA = -IC. Also, IA = 0.58 per unit the 7UT51, these assumptions are not important. A
or (1/1.732) per unit for Ia = -1.0 per unit. If the fault recommendation in this procedure is that when the
is on b-phase, with Ib = -1.0 per unit, then IB = -IA = user runs the through-fault and slope tests below,
(1/1.732) per unit. If the fault is on c-phase, with Ic = the user should model the simplest fault, that can be
-1.0 per unit, then IC = -IB = (1/1.732) per unit. simulated with two test currents, with the transformer
These current relationships that result for phase- connected to a power system in the simplest way. If
ground faults on the wye side are used in the tests the simulation is unrealistic for the application, this is
below. not important. The differential characteristic will be
0.58 p.u.
1.0 p.u.

a
adequately checked.
A

0.58 p.u.
The user must know the transformer winding being
0.58 p.u.
C considered by the 7UT51 as the reference winding.
b
This can be determined by viewing the settings in
B c
Address Block 1100.

Note: Addresses 1102-1108 apply to the reference


Figure 20: Dy1 Transformer, a-Phase-Ground Fault winding (Winding 1).
Addresses 1121-1128 apply to Winding 2.
Addresses 1141-1148 apply to Winding 3.
If the delta winding in Figure 20 is considered the
reference winding, this transformer is called a Dy1
transformer. The D is capitalized to indicate the If Winding 1 is a grounded wye winding, the user
delta winding is the reference. The 1 means the must know the processing done, by the 7UT51, on
positive sequence, a-phase-voltage-neutral (V1an) the zero sequence currents of the winding. The
LAGS the positive sequence A-phase-voltage- processing determines the required test connections
neutral (V1AN) by (1 X 30). By connecting the below. See Address 1106.
power system phases to different wye side windings
(maintaining ABC rotation), or by reversing the Case 1: Delta-Grounded Wye Transformers,
polarity of the three wye side windings and Delta is Reference Winding (Dyz)
connecting the power system phases in various
combinations, different phase shifts are obtained. 7UT51 Connections
The possibilities are Dyz, where z is an integer Figure 21 shows the connections for a Dy1
multiplied by 30 to indicate the angle by which V1an transformer, with an a-phase-ground fault simulated.
lags V1An, and z = 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, or 11. The 7UT51 The connections for all Dyz transformers and all
instruction manual has excellent diagrams of the phase-ground faults are below.
Dyz transformers showing the transformer winding
connections and power system phase connections.

For all Dyz transformers, any phase-ground fault on


the wye side with 1.0 per unit
current results in (1/1.732) per unit current in one
phase of the delta side, and (1/1.732) per unit of
current in another phase of the delta side. The
phases involved depend on z, and the faulted
phase.

38 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay Table 7: Source 1 Current- Connections, Delta-


Grounded Wye Transformers (Dyz)
IA Contact
I1 Trip Contact 1 Monitor
Transf. Source 1 Test-Current Connections
IB Type ( ) Indicates Phase faulted to ground
IC
Dy1 (a) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1)] ;
Jumper IA to IC (3A2 to 1A2)
Ia (b) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
I2 Jumper IB to IA (2A2 to 3A2)
Ib (c) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)];
Note polarity of
test sources. Jumper IC to IB (1A2 to 2A2)
Ic Dy3 (a) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IC*(1A1)] ;
Jumper IB to IC (2A2 to 1A2)
Figure 21: Test Connections for Dy1 Transformer (b) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
with a-Phase-ground Through-Fault Jumper IC to IA (1A2 to 3A2)
(c) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)] ;
Jumper IA to IB (3A2 to 2A2)
Notes:
I1* is the terminal with polarity of Test-Source 1. Dy5 (a) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)] ;
Jumper IB to IA (2A2 to 3A2)
I1 is the terminal without polarity of (b) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)] ;
Test-Source 1. Jumper IC to IB (1A2 to 2A2)
I2* and I2 are similar, applying to Test-Source 2. (c) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1] ;
Jumper IA to IC (3A2 to 1A2)
IA*, IB*, and IC* are the Winding 1 phase A, B, Dy7 (a) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
and C current-terminals with polarity. Jumper IC to IA (1A2 to 3A2)
IA, IB, and IC are the Winding 1 current-terminals (b) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)];
without polarity. Jumper IA to IB (3A2 to 2A2)
(c) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1)] ;
Ia*, Ib*, Ic*, Ia, Ib, and Ic are similar except they
Jumper IB to IC (2A2 to 1A2)
apply for Winding 2.
Dy9 (a) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)];
Source 2 Test-Current Connections for Winding 2 Jumper IC to IB (1A2 to 2A2)
ALL Dyz transformer types. The letter in the (b) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1)];
parenthesis denotes the Winding 2 phase faulted Jumper IA to IC (3A2 to 1A2)
to ground. (c) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
Jumper IB to IA (2A2 to 3A2)
(a) [I2* to Ia (terminal 3B2)] and [I2 to Ia* Dy11 (a) [I1* to IA* (3A1)] ; [I1 to IB* (2A1)];
(terminal 3B1)] Jumper IA to IB (3A2 to 2A2)
(b) [I2* to Ib (terminal 2B2)] and [I2 to Ib* (b) [I1* to IB* (2A1)] ; [I1 to IC* (1A1)];
(terminal 2B1)] Jumper IB to IC (2A2 to 1A2)
(c) [I1* to IC* (1A1)] ; [I1 to IA* (3A1)];
(c) [I2* to Ic (terminal 1B2)] and [I2 to Ic* Jumper IC to IA (1A2 to 3A2)
(terminal 1B1)]
The 7UT51 determines restraint and differential
currents as such (two-winding):

IAREST = IA** + Ia**


IBREST = IB** + Ib**
ICREST = IC** + Ic**
IADIFF = IA** + Ia** (phasor sum)
IBDIFF = IB** + Ib** (phasor sum)
ICDIFF = IC** + Ic** (phasor sum)
The I** currents are not actual currents. They are
quantities mathematically derived by the 7UT51
using the actual currents into the 7UT51. The
derivations differ depending on the selection of

PRCM-1108A-0199 39
7UT51 v3

Winding 1, the connection of the transformer Table 8: Equations of Winding 2 Currents for
Winding 2, and the processing of the zero-sequence IREST and IDIFF, and Relationship of Restraint
currents. Currents for Phase-Ground, Through-Faults.

Knowledge of the equations for the I** is not Relationship of


Restraint Currents
essential for the tests below; however, the equations for Phase-Ground,
do allow the user to understand better the operation Through-Faults on
of the 7UT51. The equations also allow the W2 Terminals. ( ) Winding 2 Currents
Denotes Faulted for IREST and IDIFF in
procedure to be adapted easier if the user is testing Transf. per unit of INsecW2
Phase
the 7UT51 for applications other than the three Type
cases mentioned above. Consult the instruction Dy1 (a)IA** + Ia** = Ia**=(0.577)[Ia Ib]
book or Siemens to obtain the equations. IC** + Ic**
(b)IB** + Ib** = Ib**=(0.577)[Ib Ic]
For Dyz transformers, the equations for I** are given IA** + Ia**
immediately below and in Table 8. The table also (c)IC** + Ic** = Ic**= (0.577)[-Ia + Ic]
provides the metering values to expect when IB** + Ib**
simulating a phase-ground, through-fault on the Dy3 (a)IB** + Ib** = Ia**=(0.577)[-Ib + Ic]
Winding 2 side. IC** + Ic**
(b)IC** + Ic** = Ib**=(0.577)[Ia Ic]
The equations for the Winding 1 I** currents are the IA** + Ia**
same for all Dyz transformers. (c)IA** + Ia** = Ic**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
IB** + Ib**
IA**=(1/3)[2IA IB IC] in per unit of INsecW1 Dy5 (a)IB** + Ib** = Ia**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ic]
IA** + Ia**
IB**=(1/3)[-IA + 2IB IC] in per unit of INsecW1
(b)IC** + Ic** = Ib**=(0.577)[Ia Ib]
IC**=(1/3)[-IA IB + 2IC] in per unit of INsecW1
IB** + Ib**
(c)IA** + Ia** = Ic**=(0.577)[Ib Ic]
The winding currents are phasors! The positive IC** + Ic**
direction for a winding current in this case 1 is into Dy7 (a)IC** + Ic** = Ia**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
the polarity terminals IA*, IB*, and IC* (terminals 3A1, IA** + Ia**
2A1, and 1A1). (b)IA** + Ia** = Ib**=(0.577)[-Ib + Ic]
IB** + Ib**
The equations for the Winding 2 I** currents are in (c)IB** + Ib** = Ic**=(0.577)[Ia Ic]
Table 8. The winding currents are phasors with a IC** + Ic**
similar definition of positive direction. Dy9 (a)IC** + Ic** = Ia**=(0.577)[Ib Ic]
IB** + Ib**
(b)IA** + Ia** = Ib**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ic]
IC** + Ic**
(c)IB** + Ib** = Ic**=(0.577)[Ia Ib]
IA** + Ia**
Dy11 (a)IA** + Ia** = Ia**=(0.577)[Ia Ic]
IB** + Ib**
(b)IB** + Ib** = Ib**=(0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
IC** + Ic**
(c)IC** + Ic** = Ic**=(0.577)[-Ib + Ic]
IA** + Ia**

40 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Notice for the common Dy1 transformer, with an a- If the currents in Figure 20 are increased by a factor
phase-ground through-fault (Figure 20), IC = -IA, IB of 1.732, then I** (non-zero currents) becomes
= 0, and Ib = Ic = 0 1.0 per unit. The resulting IAREST and ICREST become
2 per unit. If the currents in Figure 20 are increased
IA** = IA = 0.577 per unit by a factor of (M X 1.732), where M is a constant
IB** = 0 chosen by the user, then IAREST and ICREST become
IC** = -IA = -0.577 per unit (2 X M) per unit. Thus, with test currents set as
such:
Ia** = (-0.577)(Ia) = - 0.577 per unit
Ib** = 0 I1 = (M X 1.732) X (0.577 X INsecW1) =
Ic** = (-0.577)(-Ia) = 0.577 per unit [M X INsecW1 ] at 0

Currents Ia** and Ic** have a negative factor I2 = [M X 1.732 X INsecW2 ]at 0
because Ia flows out terminal Ia*.
The restraint currents become 2 X M. By adjusting
IAREST = ICREST = 0.577 per unit + -0.577 per M, the user can easily control the restraint current.
unit = 1.154 per unit This allows for simple testing of the 87 slopes.

IBREST = 0 per unit + 0 per unit = 0 per unit The same analysis can be done for any Dyz
transformer. Table 7 indicates the phase currents
involved. Table 8 shows the non-zero, restraint
IADIFF = ICDIFF = 0.577 per unit + (-0.577 per unit)
currents. For the test-set connections of Table 7,
= 0 per unit
the same conclusion regarding test currents I1 and
ICDIFF = 0 p.u. + 0 p.u. = 0 p.u.
I2 results.

PRCM-1108A-0199 41
7UT51 v3

Case 2: Delta-Grounded Wye Transformers, Wye Table 9: Source 2 Current- Connections, Delta-
is Reference Winding (Wdz), Zero Grounded Wye Transformers (Ydz)
Sequence Current Elimination
Transf. Source 2 Test-Current Connections
(Address 1106 = I0 elimination) Type ( ) Indicates Phase faulted to ground
Yd1 (A) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)] ;
7UT51 Connections:
Jumper Ia to Ib (3B2 to 2B2)
Figure 22 shows the connections for a Yd11 (B) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)];
transformer, with an A-phase-ground fault simulated. Jumper Ib to Ic (2B2 to 1B2)
Notice the wye winding current applies to Winding 1. (C) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)];
Source 1 is still associated with Winding 1. The Jumper Ic to Ia (1B2 to 3B2)
connections for all Ydz transformers and all phase- Yd3 (A) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ib*(2B1)] ;
Jumper Ic to Ib (1B2 to 2B2)
ground faults are below.
(B) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)];
Jumper Ia to Ic (3B2 to 1B2)
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay
(C) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)] ;
Jumper Ib to Ia (2B2 to 3B2)
IA Contact
I1 Trip Contact 1 Monitor Yd5 (A) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)] ;
Jumper Ic to Ia (1B2 to 3B2)
IB
(B) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)] ;
Jumper Ia to Ib (3B2 to 2B2)
IC
(C) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1] ;
Ia
Jumper Ib to Ic (2B2 to 1B2)
I2 Yd7 (A) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)];
Ib Jumper Ib to Ia (2B2 to 3B2)
Note polarity of
test sources. (B) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)];
Ic Jumper Ic to Ib (1B2 to 2B2)
(C) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)] ;
Jumper Ia to Ic (3B2 to 1B2)
Yd9 (A) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)];
Figure 22: Test Connections for Yd11 transformer
Jumper Ib to Ic (2B2 to 1B2)
with A-Phase-ground Through-Fault, Io-Elimination
(B) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)];
Jumper Ic to Ia (1B2 to 3B2)
Source 1 Test-Current Connections for Winding 1 (C) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)];
Jumper Ia to Ib (3B2 to 2B2)
ALL Ydz transformer types. The letter in the
Yd11 (A) [I2* to Ia* (3B1)] ; [I2 to Ic* (1B1)];
parenthesis denotes the Winding 1 phase faulted to
Jumper Ia to Ic (3B2 to 1B2)
ground.
(B) [I2* to Ib* (2B1)] ; [I2 to Ia* (3B1)];
Jumper Ib to Ia (2B2 to 3B2)
(A) [I1* to IA (terminal 3A2)] and [I1 to IA* (terminal (C) [I2* to Ic* (1B1)] ; [I2 to Ib* (2B1)];
3A1)] Jumper Ic to Ib (1B2 to 2B2)

(B) [I1* to IB (terminal 2A2)] and [I1 to IB* (terminal For Ydz transformers, the equations for I** are given
2A1)] immediately below and in Table 10. The table also
provides the metering values to expect when
(C) [I1* to IC (terminal 1A2)] and [I1 to IC* (terminal simulating a phase-ground, through-fault on the
1A1)] Winding 1 side.

The equations for the Winding 1 I** currents are the


same for all Ydz transformers.

IA**=(1/3)[2IA IB IC] in per unit of INsecW1

IB**=(1/3)[-IA+2IBIC] in per unit of INsecW1

IC**=(1/3)[-IA IB + 2IC] in per unit of INsecW1

42 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

The winding currents are phasors! The


positive direction for a winding current in this case 2 Yd7 (A) IAREST = Ia** =
is into the polarity terminals IA*, IB*, and IC* (2)IBREST = (2) (0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
(terminals 3A1, 2A1, and 1A1). ICREST Ib** =
(B) IBREST = (0.577)[-Ib + Ic]
The equations for the Winding 2 I** currents are in (2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
Ic** =
Table 10. The winding currents are phasors with a (C) ICREST =
similar definition of positive direction. (2)IAREST = (2)IBREST (0.577)[Ia Ic]
Yd9 (A) IAREST = Ia** =
(2)IBREST = (2) (0.577)[Ib Ic]
Table 10: Equations of Winding 2 Currents for ICREST Ib** =
IREST and IDIFF, and Relationship of Restraint (B) IBREST = (0.577)[-Ia + Ic]
Currents for Phase-Ground, Through-Faults. (2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
Ic** =
(C) ICREST =
Relationship of (2)IAREST = (2)IBREST (0.577)[Ia Ib]
Restraint Currents
for Phase-Ground, Yd11 (A) IAREST = Ia** =
Through-Faults on Winding 2 Currents
(2)IBREST = (2) (0.577)[Ia Ic]
Transf. W2 Terminals. ( ) ICREST
for IREST and IDIFF in Ib** =
Type Denotes Faulted per unit of INsecW2 (B) IBREST =
Phase (0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
Yd1 (A) IAREST = Ia** = Ic** =
(C) ICREST =
(2)IBREST = (2) (0.577)[Ia Ib] (2)IAREST = (2)IBREST (0.577)[-Ib + Ic]
ICREST Ib** =
(B) IBREST = (0.577)[Ib Ic]
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
Ic** =
(C) ICREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)IBREST (0.577)[-Ia + Ic]
Yd3 (A) IAREST = Ia** =
(2)IBREST = (2) (0.577)[-Ib + Ic]
ICREST Ib** =
(B) IBREST = (0.577)[Ia Ic]
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
Ic** =
(C) ICREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)IBREST (0.577)[-Ia + Ib]
Yd5 (A) IAREST = Ia** =
(2)IBREST = (2) (0.577)[-Ia + Ic]
ICREST Ib** =
(B) IBREST = (0.577)[Ia Ib]
(2)IAREST = (2)ICREST
Ic** =
(C) ICREST =
(2)IAREST = (2)IBREST (0.577)[Ib Ic]

PRCM-1108A-0199 43
7UT51 v3

1.0 p.u.
0.58 p.u.
A
a
If the currents in Figure 23 are increased by a factor
of (3/2), or 1.5, then IA** and Ia** become 1.0
0.58 p.u.

0.58 p.u.
c per unit. The resulting IAREST becomes 2 per unit. If
B
the currents in Figure 23 are increased by a factor of
b C (M X 1.5), where M is a constant chosen by the user,
then IAREST becomes (2 X M) per unit. Thus, with
test currents set as such:

Figure 23: Yd11 Transformer A Phase-Ground I1 = [M X 1.5 X INsecW1] at 0


Fault
I2 = [(M X 1.5) X (0.577 X INsecW2 )] =
Consider the Yd11 transformer in Figure 23. [M X 0.866 X INsecW2] at 0
Compare the Yd11 transformer to the Dy1
transformer in Figure 20. They are the same The restraint current associated with the faulted
transformers with the same phasing only the phase becomes 2 X M. By adjusting M, the user
reference has changed. For the Yd11 transformer, can easily control this restraint current. This allows
for simple testing of the 87 slopes.
V1an leads V1An by 30 which is the same as
lagging by 330, or (11 X 30). For the A-phase-
ground fault in Figure 23, IA = -1.0 per unit, IB = IC =
The same analysis can be done for any Ydz
0, Ia = -Ic = 0.58 per unit, and Ib = 0. Thus:
transformer. Table 9 indicates the phase currents
involved. Table 10 shows the restraint currents. For
IA** = (2/3)IA = -(2/3) per unit
the test-set connections of Table 9, the same
IB** = -(1/3)IA = (1/3) per unit
conclusion regarding test currents I1 and I2 results.
IC** = -(1/3)IA = (1/3) per unit
Case 3: Delta-Grounded Wye Transformers, Wye
Ia** = (2)(0.577)(Ia) = (2/3) per unit
is Reference Winding (Ydz), Zero
Ib** = (-0.577)(Ia) = -(1/3) per unit
Sequence Current Correction (Address
Ic** = (-0.577)(Ia) = -(1/3) per unit
1106 = I0 correction).
IAREST =-(2/3) per unit+ (2/3) per unit = Consider first Case 2, even if the case does not
(4/3) unit
apply. Cases 2 and 3 are similar.
IBREST = ICREST =
7UT51 Connections:
(1/3) per unit + -(1/3) per unit =
(2/3) per unit = (1/2)IAREST Figure 24 shows the connections for a Yd11
transformer, with an A-phase-ground fault simulated.
IADIFF = -(2/3) per unit + (2/3) per unit) = Notice the wye winding current applies to Winding 1.
0 per unit Source 1 is still associated with Winding 1. The
connections for all Ydz transformers and all phase-
IBDIFF = ICDIFF = ground faults are discussed below.
(1/3) per unit + (-1)(1/3)per unit =
0 per unit

44 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

If the neutral CT common is towards ground


Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay (Address 1108 = Towards ground), interchange INb
Trip
Contact and INb* above.
IA Monitor
I1 Contact 1

IB W1 The Source 2 current connections are the same as


the connections for Case 2. Refer to Table 9 for
IC
Case 2.
I2
Ia
The equations for the Winding 1 I** currents are the
Ib W2
same for all Ydz transformers.
Ic
IA** = [IA + (1/3)IN] in per unit of INsecW1
1D1
IB** = [IB + (1/3)IN] in per unit of INsecW1
1D2 INb IC** = [IC + (1/3)IN] in per unit of INsecW1
2D1
2D2 INa
where IN is the current (phasor) from the neutral CT.
A current entering INa* or INb* is positive.
Figure 24: Test Connect for a Yd11 transformer, The winding currents are phasors! The positive
with an A-phase-ground Through-Fault, Io- direction for a winding current in this Case 3 is into
Correction the polarity terminals IA*, IB*, and IC* (terminals 3A1,
2A1, and 1A1).
Source 1 Test-Current Connections for Winding 1
ALL Ydz transformer types. The letter in the The equations for the Winding 2 I** currents are the
parenthesis denotes the Winding 1 phase faulted to same as those for Case 2. See Table 10 for Case 2.
ground.
Consider again the Yd11 transformer in Figure 23
Current INa Used for Zero Sequence Current (Case 2). For the A-phase-ground fault, IA = -IN = -
Correction 1.0 per unit, IB = IC = 0, Ia = -Ic = 0.58 per unit, and
(Address 7806 =Side 1) Ib = 0. Thus:

(A) [I1* to IA (3A2)], [I1 to INa (2D2)], and [Jumper IA** = (2/3)IA = -(2/3) per unit
IA* to INa* (3A1 to 2D1)] IB** = -(1/3)IA = (1/3) per unit
(B) [I1* to IB (2A2)], [I1 to INa (2D2)], and [Jumper IC** = -(1/3)IA = (1/3) per unit
IB* to INa* (2A1 to 2D1)]
(C) [I1* to IC (1A2)], [I1 to INa (2D2)], and [Jumper Ia** = (2)(0.577)(Ia) = (2/3) per unit
IC* to INa* (1A1 to 2D1)] Ib** = (-0.577)(Ia) = -(1/3) per unit
Ic** = (-0.577)(Ia) = -(1/3) per unit
If the neutral CT common is towards ground
(Address 1108 = Towards ground), interchange INa These are the same results as Case 2. This is to be
and INa* above. expected because zero sequence current
elimination and correction perform the same function
Current INb Used for Zero Sequence Current for external faults, namely filter the zero sequence
Correction currents before the I** are combined. For internal
(Address 7807 = Side 1) faults, the results are quite different between the
elimination method and the correction method.
(A) [I1* to IA (3A2)], [I1 to INb (1D2)], and [Jumper
IA* to INb* (3A1 to 1D1)]
(B) [I1* to IB (2A2)], [I1 to INb (1D2)], and [Jumper
IB* to INb* (2A1 to 1D1)]
(C) [I1* to IC (1A2)], [I1 to INb (1D2)], and [Jumper
IC* to INb* (1A1 to 1D1)]

PRCM-1108A-0199 45
7UT51 v3

The conclusion concerning test currents for case 2


also results for Case 3. Test 14. Through-Fault Security, Metering
Validation
I1 = [M X 1.5 X INsecW1] at 0
I2 = [(M X 1.5) X (0.577 X INsecW2 )] = Connect the 7UT51 using the appropriate Figure 21,
[M X 0.866 X INsecW2] at 0 22, or 24, and the accompanying notes above.
Polarity connections are critical. Maintain the
The restraint current associated with the faulted 7UT51 connections through Test 17.
phase becomes 2 X M. By adjusting M, the user
can easily control this restraint current. This allows 1. If Case 3 applies, Address 1107 must match
for simple testing of the 87 slopes. Address 1104. Change Address 1107 if
necessary. Keep this new setting through Test
17.
Three-Winding Transformers 2. Program Trip Relay 1 for Event 5691 87-Diff
A 7UT513 protecting three winding transformers can protection: Trip. (The default setting is
be adequately tested by considering two windings at sufficient). Keep this setting through Test 17.
a time, and testing them like a two-winding 3. Program LED 2 for m 5691 87-Diff protection:
transformer. Test the reference winding and Trip. (This is the default setting.) Keep this
Winding 2. Then test the reference winding and setting through Test 17.
Winding 3. These two tests will verify the 87
4. For Case 1, set the source 1 current for [M X
algorithm and the constants being used to form IDIFF
and IREST. Testing Winding 2 and Winding 3 is not INsecW1] at 0, where M = 1.5. For cases 2 and 3,
set the Source 1 current for [M X 1.5 X INsecW1] at
necessary.
0, where M = 1.5.
Transformers Other Than Dyz and Ydz with the 5. For Case 1, set the Source 2 current for [M X
above Assumptions 1.732 X INsecW2] at 0, where M = 1.5. For cases
2 and 3, set the Source 2 current for [M X 0.866
If the transformer being protected has different X INsecW2] at 0, where M = 1.5.
winding connections or CT connections, determine 6. Momentarily apply only the Source 1 current and
the current flows to the 7UT51 for the simplest fault, verify 87 tripping.
with the transformer connected to a power system in
7. Momentarily apply only the Source 2 current and
the simplest way. If the equations for I** are
verify 87 tripping.
available, they can be used in an analysis, similar to
those above, to predict the test currents needed to 8. Reset targets.
obtain a desired restraint current. If the equations 9. Simultaneously apply both currents and verify 87
are not available, the metering from the WinDIGSI does not pickup.
software can be used to obtain the desired restraint
10. Maintain the application of currents for
current. Remember always to increase the currents
verification of the metering, and the next test.
on different sides of the transformer by the same
factor.
To check the metering from the LCD, follow steps
11-19. Text in bold are key names on the keypad.

11. Press Direct Addr, enter 4101, and press


Enter. The display will read 4101 Test Diff
Measuring?.
12. Press Yes. The display should report I1
PhA=xxx, where xxx is the PhA current as a
percentage of 5 amps. The value should be the
test current into terminal 3A1 divided by 5 amps.
13. Press No to page through the remainder of the
metering.

46 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

14. Press Direct Addr, enter 4161, and press Enter 31. Click Close to close the Commission Tests
to display differential values. The LCD will read window.
4161 TEST DIF/ST INDICATE RESULT?. 32. Select 4800 End Commission Testing, then
15. Press Yes. The display will report IaDiff = xxx, click Close.
where xxx is the PhA differential current
calculated by the 7UT51. It should measure in Notes about Slope 1, Slope 2, and Through-Fault
the neighborhood of 1.0% to 2.0%. Restraint Area.
16. Press No to scroll through IbDiff and IcDiff. Figure 25 shows the differential characteristic.
These values should be under 2.0%. Notice the differential current (IDIFF) is the absolute
17. Continue pressing No to read the restraint value of the vectorial sum of the currents, while the
values in percentage of the transformer rating. restraint current (IREST) is the sum of the absolute
Based on the case and the notes above, be sure values of the currents. This fact is used in the
the restraint currents are as expected. Allow the strategy to test the slopes and the through-fault
restraint current percentage to vary +/- 7%. For restraint area.
example, if IaRestr and IcRestr, should equal
9
300%, allow (293% to 307%). I1 I2
87HS Pickup
8 (1604)

T
ES
18. Press Direct Addr, enter 4801, and press

IR
=
7UT51

F
IF
Enter. The display should read 4801 Stop Test 7

ID
Differential Current, IDIFF ( in multiples of In )

)
08
IDIFF = |I1+ I2|

16
=
Finish?. IREST = |I1| + |I2|

pe
6

lo
,s
07
19. Press Yes to end the metering tests.

16
5

=
t
in
po
4

e
Operate Area

as
Non-Operate Area

(b
2
e
3

op
To check the metering using WinDIGSI, follow steps

Sl
20-32. 2

06)
1 1 (16
Slope Through-Fault Restraint Area
( slope = 1/2 of 1606, left edge = 1618 )
0
20. Reach dialog with the 7UT51. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Restraining Current, IREST ( in multiples of In )
11

21. Click Test in the Menu bar. Figure 25: Differential Characteristics
22. Display Commission Tests.
23. Execute 4101 Measuring and indication of The previous test is used to simulate a through-fault.
line curr. values, then click Yes. The magnitudes of the test currents are fixed to
24. The Test results will show the phase currents of maintain a constant IREST. The phase angle of one
each winding, in percentages of 5 amps. of the currents is then varied to provide IDIFF. Once
the minimum angle at which 87 trips is found, the
25. Verify the percentages for the test currents slope is calculated.
being applied.
26. Click Close. The Commission Tests dialog box The points of intersection of the 87 minimum pickup
will become active again. (Address 1603) and Slope 1, and Slope 1 and Slope
27. Execute 4161 Indication of diff. and restr. 2, must be known for the tests. Slope 1 goes
current values, then click Yes. through the origin. Slope 2 intersects IREST at
Address 1607.
28. The display will show the differential and
restraint percentages for all phases. The intersection of Address 1603 and Slope 1is the
29. All differential values should be 3% or less. value of IREST at which Slope 1 begins to control 87
Verify the relationship and values of the restraint tripping. The intersection is found using this
currents using the applicable notes above. The equation:
7UT51 must be responding as expected for the
next test. Allow the restraint current Address 1603-Slope 1 Intersection =
percentages to vary +/- 7%. For example, if Ph
A and Ph C should be about 300%, allow them Address 1603 in per unit
Address 1606
to vary between (293% and 307%) before
changing the test currents.
30. Click Close to close the Test Results dialog box.

PRCM-1108A-0199 47
7UT51 v3

The intersection of Slope 1 and Slope 2 is the value 5. Calculate Slope 1 as follows:
of IREST at which Slope 2 begins to control 87 tripping
(Slope 2 > Slope 1). The intersection is found using Let = angle in Step 2.
the equation: A = [M (M) x (cos )]
Slope 1-Slope 2 Intersection =
B = M x sin
2 2 1/2
(Address 1607)X(Address 1608) in per unit Calculate [A + B ] where the 1/2 power means
(Address 1608 Address 1606) the square root of the sum.
2 2 1/2
Slope 1 = [A + B ]
Assumed in the equation is Address 1608 > Address 2xM
1606. The settings ranges of Slope 1, Slope 2, and
the base point of Slope 2 (Address 1607) are such Expected Results:
that the lines may never intersect, or the lines may
be the same. The user should sketch the lines for The calculated Slope 1 should be within +/- 10% of
Slope 1 and Slope 2 if Address 1608 Address Address 1606.
1606, or if Address 1607 = 0.0. For any combination
of settings, at any given IREST, 87 tripping is based Contact and target operations should be the same
on the least sensitive of: Address 1603 (minimum as Test 1, or any test with 87 tripping.
pickup), Slope 1, or Slope 2.
Test 16. Slope 2 (Upper Slope):
With Address 1608 > Address 1606, and Address
Addresses 1607 and 1608
1607 > 0.0, Test Slope 1 using a IREST between the
above two intersection points. Test Slope 2 using a
IREST greater than the intersection of Slope 1 and 1. Select a new value of M such that IREST = 2 X M
Slope 2. is greater than the intersection of Slope 1 and
Slope 2. Be careful not to exceed the current
The slope tests (especially Slope 2) and the limitations of the 7UT51. Avoid (2 x M)
through-fault restraint area test may require high Address 1604 (87HS pickup). A value of 2.5 is
currents. usually good for M in this test.
2. For Case 1, set the Source 1 current for [M x
Note: Do not exceed the current limitations of the INsecW1] at 0. For cases 2 and 3, set the Source
7UT51. 1 current for [M x 1.5 INsecW1] at 0.
3. For Case 1, set the Source 2 current for [M X
Test 15. Slope 1 (Lower Slope): 1.732 X INsecW2] at 0. For cases 2 and 3, set the
Address 1606 Source 2 current for [M X 0.866 X INsecW2] at 0.
4. Simultaneously apply both currents and verify 87
In Test 14, M = 1.5 to give IREST = (2 X M) = 3.0 per does not pickup.
unit. For most applications, IREST = 3.0 per unit falls
5. Slowly increase the angle of one of the test
between the two intersection points discussed
currents (either one, but not both) until 87 trips.
above. If this is true, this test can be done now. If
3.0 per unit does not fall within the intersection 6. Record the angle.
points, then M must first be adjusted accordingly. 7. Note the operations of the contacts and LEDs.
8. Turn Off the current. Set the changed current-
Continuing with the through-fault simulation (Test
14): angle to 0. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
9. Calculate Slope 2 as follows:
1. Slowly increase the angle of one of the test
currents (either one, but not both) until 87 trips. Let = angle in Step 6.
2. Record the angle. A = [M (M) x (cos )]
B = M x sin
3. Note the operations of the contacts and LEDs.
2 2 1/2
4. Turn Off the current. Set the changed current- Calculate [A + B ] where the 1/2 power
angle to 0. Reset the LEDs and LCD. Keep means the square root of the sum.
the test connections for the next test.

48 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

2 2 1/2
Slope 2 = [A + B ] 7. For Case 1, set Source 2 current for [(0.5 X
2xM Address 1618) X 1.732 X INsecW2] at 0. For
cases 2 and 3, set Source 2 current for [(0.5 X
Expected Results: Address 1618) X 0.866 X INsecW2] at 0.
The calculated Slope 2 should be within +/- 10% of 8. Set the timer to start on the application of the
Address 1608. current with the lower magnitude, and stop on
the closure of the contact from Trip Relay 1.
Contact and target operations should be the same
as test 1, or any test with 87 tripping. 9. Turn On only the current with the lower
magnitude.
Test 17. Minimum Current for Through-Fault 10. Turn Off the current and record the tripping time
Restraint Area: Address 1618 of 87 plus contact.
11. Repeat steps 9 and 10 to obtain a pickup
timespread of 87 plus contact.
Even with the minimum Address 1618, this test is 12. Temporarily disconnect the timer.
likely to require high currents that exceed the 13. If either currents of Source 1 or Source 2 exceed
continuous current rating of the 7UT51. 20 amps (4 amps for a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp),
Therefore, this test is optional. the application of the currents in the next step
must be very brief (about 1 second).
If this test is performed, the current must be turned
14. Simultaneously apply both currents.
On and quickly turned Off in about one second.
Do not leave high currents applied, permanent 15. Turn Off both currents.
damage could occur. 16. Note the state of LED 4, and reset if necessary.
If LED 4 is lit, the pickup for the through-fault-
To test Address 1618, a change of the setting may restraint area was met or exceeded.
be necessary to keep the test current within the
17. Based on the state of LED 4 from Step 16,
limitations of the 7UT51.
adjust the currents up or down while they are
Off, and repeat steps 14-16 until the pickup
Note: Use the 7UT51 connections from Test 14, point is found for Address 1618. Both currents
except replace the contact monitor with a must be adjusted by the same factor. This is
timer that starts on the application or removal critical. Try factors such as 102%, 101%, 99%,
of test current, and stops on the closure of 98%.
the contact from Trip Relay 1.
18. Record the currents at pickup from Step 17.
19. Set both Source 1 current and Source 2 current
1. Substitute the value [0.5 X Address 1618] for M
for 110% to 120% of the values in Step 18.
in steps 4 and 5 of Test 14.
20. Re-connect the timer.
2. Determine the higher magnitude of the two test
currents. 21. Set the timer to start when the current with the
higher magnitude is turned Off, and stop when
3. If the calculated current in Step 2 is greater than
the contact from Trip Relay 1 closes.
20 amps (4 amps for a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp),
change Address 1618 to 5.00. 22. The current source providing more than 20
amps (4 amps) should be on only briefly (about
4. Set Address 1625 = 0.00 seconds.
1 second) in the next step.
5. Program LED 4 for m 5651 87-Diff prot.
23. Simultaneously apply both currents.
Blocked by ext fault PhA, m 5652 87-Diff
prot. BLOCKED by ext fault PhB, and m 24. Turn Off the higher magnitude current only.
5653 87-Diff prot. Blocked by ext fault PhC. 25. Turn Off the lower current.
6. For Case 1, set Source 1 current for [(0.5 X 26. Be sure LED 4 is lit. If not, repeat steps 19-25
Address 1618) X INsecW1] at 0. For cases 2 and with slightly higher currents.
3, set Source 1 current for [(0.5 X Address 1618)
27. Record the value from the timer.
X 1.5 X INsecW1] at 0.
28. Record the LEDs and LCD, and reset them.

PRCM-1108A-0199 49
7UT51 v3

29. Set Addresses 1618 and 1625 to the original Through-Fault Restraint Area Slope and
values. Maximum Duration of Through-Fault CT-
30. Program LED 4 for the original settings. Saturation Restraint: Address 1617
Testing the slope associated with the through-fault
restraint area (Figure 25) is not recommended.
Expected Results:
Such a test would likely result in the current
The result of Step 17 is the tested value for Address limitations of the 7UT51 being exceeded because of
1618. To calculate the tested value: the time that would be needed to find the slope line
of the area, by varying current phase angle, while
Case 1: high currents would be applied.
Source 1 Current + Source 2 Current
Manual testing of the maximum duration of through-
INsecW1 1.732 X INsecW2
fault restraint is very complicated; therefore, a test
(in. per unit)
for Address 1617 is not included. The feature can
be tested with automated-test equipment. A
Case 2 or 3: description of one possible automated-test is given
Source 1 Current + Source2 Current in the next paragraph for users wishing to test
1.5 X INsecW1 0.866 X INsecW2 Address 1617.
(in. per unit)
Program an LED, with memory, for events 5651,
5652, and 5653. The LED will indicate pickup of the
The result should be within +/- 5% of Address 1618.
through-fault restraint. Program a trip relay for 5691,
Steps 23-27 are a simulation of a close-in external 87 tripping. Connect the 7UT51 as in test 17. Set
fault followed by an internal fault which maps onto up a fault which maps above either Slope 1 or Slope
the IDIFF = IREST line in Figure 25. Since the internal 2, but not within [85% to 100%] of the IDIFF = IREST
fault maps to this line, Address 1617 (discussed line or above 87HS pickup. The fault currents
below) is bypassed. Extra delay of 87 tripping is should be within the continuous current rating of the
added because the through-fault restraint picked up 7UT51. Set a timer to start on the application of the
before the fault. This extra delay of about 2 cycles fault, and stop on the closure of the trip contact.
should be present in step 27. Subtract the tripping Apply the fault, and record the tripping time of 87.
times of 87 in Step 11 from the time in Step 27. The Repeat the fault a couple of times to obtain a range
result should equal 33.3 ms +/- 17 ms. The tripping of tripping times of 87 for the specific fault. Then,
timespread of 87 and contact in Step 11 must be set-up a two-stage fault event. For Stage 1,
considered, though the spread should be tight simulate a through-fault that maps into the through-
because of the substantial fault current. fault restraint area. Set the currents for about 120%
Contact and target operation for Step 11 should be of the minimum values needed to enter the through-
the same as for any 87 tripping: all trip contacts fault restraint area (120% of the results from Test
should close, Signal Relays 1 and 2 should operate, 17). This ensures the through-fault restraint will pick
and LEDs 1 and 2 should light. The LCD should up. The duration of Stage 1 should be 2 cycles or
display 87 Diff GenFlt and 87DiffGenTrip. more. The only concern for the Stage 1 duration is
the current limits of the 7UT51. Stage 2 is the
For Step 16, no contacts should operate, but the aforementioned fault. Set the timer to start at the
LCD should display 87Diff GenFlt. LED 4 should beginning of stage 2, and stop when the trip contact
latch on when the through-fault restraint is picked- closes. The duration of Stage 2 should be Address
up. 1617 plus 10 cycles. Apply the event. Be sure the
LED lights. Record the tripping time of 87.
The steps leading to Step 27 must be done quickly;
therefore, contact operation should not be checked. Address 1617 is the setting of a timer that is armed
At Step 27, the LEDs and LCD should be consistent when the through-fault restraint picks up. The timer
with Step 11, except LED 4 should be lit in addition. begins to expire when the differential operating point
leaves the through-fault restraint area. Tripping of
Program Trip Relay 1, LED 2, and Address 1107 for 87 is inhibited until the timer expires.
the Original Settings
The tripping time of 87, determined before the two-
stage event, must be subtracted from the tripping
time recorded during the event, to obtain the tested

50 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

value for Address 1617. The accuracy of Address remain operated. Event 5603 should, in a sense, be
1617 is +/- 1.02 cycles (timer accuracy included). ignored.
The pickup timespread of 87 must be considered. The events associated with harmonic restraint are
events 5641-5643. Events 5651-5653 apply to
through-fault restraint. They are described below.
Test 18. Status Control - Differential Elements: Event 5631 (also covered below) is usually active
Discrete Inputs, Address 1601 when any of the restraint events are occurring. If
Event 5603 occurs after the restraint events and
Event 5631 is activated, the latter should be blocked
If the operational status of the differential protection when the former occurs. Tripping should not then
is controlled by a discrete input(s), the tests above result because the restraint should prevent tripping
can be used, with the input in the opposite state, to before Event 5603, and Event 5603 should prevent
verify the control is functioning. Also, if multiple sets tripping thereafter.
of protection settings are used, and Address 1601 is
Off or Block Tripping in any of these sets, the tests If Event 5631 is active during 87 or 87HS tripping,
above can be used to verify proper operation of the and then Event 5603 occurs, Event 5631 should
differential protection. remain active. The event should only go away if the
differential protection is restrained before Event
Most of the events in a 7UT51 pertaining to the 5603 occurs.
differential protection are associated with 87 and
87HS. The check of the control of 87 and 87HS can If Event 5603 is applied first, and then a fault or
be done with one test, in which enough current is transformer inrush is simulated, the differential
injected to pickup both 87 and 87HS. Steps 1-8 of features should be blocked as mentioned. However,
Test 6, with 87 tripping enabled (Address 1625 not if Event 5603 is removed while the fault or inrush is
equal to infinity) and the timer eliminated (times are still present, the differential protection should then
not important in checking the basic control of the operate as normal. In other words, all of the events
inputs), would be sufficient. Alternatively, the user associated with the differential protection should be
could use other tests above, or new tests, to check free to operate trip relays, signal relays, and LEDs.
the control.
If tripping results before Event 5603 occurs, or if
A smaller number of the events pertaining to the Event 5603 is released and then tripping occurs, the
differential protection involve harmonic restraint and LCD should display 87Diff GenFlt and
the through-fault restraint area. Variations of the 87DiffGenTrip.
above tests, or new tests, can be run to check the
control. Address 1601 = Block Tripping and Event 5605 >87
Blk Differential Prot Trip Signal if applied
Expected Results: before a differential operation should have similar
Address 1601 = Off and an input causing the effects. Either should prevent events 5671-5674,
coming of Event 5603 >87 Block Differential 5691, and 5692 (described below) from operating
Protection - before the differential protection has trip relays. Also, Event 0511 General Trip of the
operated should have similar effects. Either Relay should not occur from the differential
should effectively render the differential protection protection. However, events 5621, 5622, and 5631
non-existent. Events associated with the differential (described below) should be capable of operating
protection should be prevented from driving contacts trip contacts. All of the events below should be free
or LEDs. The LCD should not indicate any to operate signal relays or LEDs.
differential operation.
5621 87Differential unit pickup
5622 87HS Diff prot unit picked-up
With the exception of the six events associated with
5631 87Diff prot: General fault detection
harmonic and through-fault restraint, the differential
5641 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by harmonics PhA
events should not be affected by Event 5603 if the
latter occurs after the former is activated. For 5642 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by harmonics PhB
example, if events associated with 87 are driving trip 5643 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by harmonics PhC
contacts, signal contacts, and LEDs, and then Event 5651 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by ext fault PhA
5603 is applied, the contacts and LEDs should 5652 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by ext fault PhB
5653 87Diff prot: BLOCKED by ext fault PhC

PRCM-1108A-0199 51
7UT51 v3

5671 87Diff protection: General trip If any of the above events are active before Event
5672 87Diff protection: Trip PhA 5605 occurs, they should continue to operate trip
5673 87Diff protection: Trip PhB contacts, signal contacts, and LEDs, after Event
5674 87Diff protection: Trip PhC 5605. Event 5605 should essentially be ignored.
5681 87Diff protection: PhA (w/o Time dly) If (1) Event 5605 is first activated, (2) a fault or
5682 87Diff protection: PhB (w/o Time dly) restraint condition is applied, and then (3) Event
5683 87Diff protection: PhC (w/o Time dly) 5605 is de-activated while Stage 2 is still applied,
events 5671-5674, 5691, and 5692 should remain
5684 87HSDiff protect: PhA (w/o Time dly)
blocked from operating trip contacts. The events
5685 87HSDiff protect: PhB (w/o Time dly)
should continue to operate signal relays and LEDs.
5686 87HSDiff protect: PhC (w/o Time dly) All other events above should be unaffected by
5691 87 Diff protection: Trip Event 5605.
5692 87HS Diff protection: Trip
The LCD should display 87Diff GenFlt when Event
5605 is applied before the fault. The same display
should result if Event 5605 is applied before the
fault, and is then de-activated while the fault is still
present. The LCD should be unchanged if Event
5605 occurs after the fault.

52 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Thermal Overload Protection


(49-1 and 49-2) Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay

IA Signal
I1 Contact 1 8B1
The two thermal overload protective elements (49-1 IB W1 7B1 Contact
or Monitor
and 49-2) are independent. I1 IC
49-1
Signal
Contact 2 8B2
Ia 7B2
Address 7824 determines the winding or virtual Start I1 W2
Timer On 49-2 Trip
object that 49-1 protects. If Address 7824 is Ib Contact 1 5B1
Stop
DISABLED, 49-1 is non-existent. Address 2401 Ic
5B2

determines the status of 49-1. The element is


Ia
operational for any Address 2401 except Off. Example
Connections Ib W3
(7UT513
Address 7825 determines the winding or virtual Only
Ic only)
object that 49-2 protects. If Address 7825 is
DISABLED, 49-2 is Non-Existent. Address 2501
determines the status of 49-2. The element is Figure 26: Test Connections for Testing 49-1
operational for any Address 2501 except Off. and 49-2

Notes about Testing 49-1 and 49-2 First identify the applicable winding for current
Testing of 49-1 and 49-2 may cause operations of injection. Then, based on Address 2406 or Address
87, 87HS, 50/51, and 50HS. If this occurs, 2506, connect the winding phases for either single-
Addresses 1601 and 2101 can be set to OFF to phase or three phase current injection.
disable the differential elements and backup
overcurrent elements. After testing 49-1 and 49-2, Settings for Trip Relays, Signal Relays, and
these addresses must be reset to the desired LEDs for All 49 Tests
values. Apply these settings now. If only one 49 is being
tested, the events for the other element are not
Address 2406 is important for testing 49-1. If needed.
Address 2406 = Average \T, this procedure requires
that a single current source be connected to inject LED 2 = nm 1571 49-TRIP by thermal O/L
current in all three phases associated with the protection 1 (nm means no memory)
winding or object. If Address 2406 = [Theta MAX] = nm 1621 49-TRIP by thermal O/L
or [\T @ Imax], then current injection into any one protection 2 (nm means no memory)
phase is sufficient.
LED 3 = nm 1566 49-Thermal O/L prot.1: Thermal
The same comments for Address 2406 apply to warning
Address 2506, which is associated with 49-2. = nm 1616 49-Thermal O/L prot.2: Thermal
warning
The same 7UT51 connections can be used for all of
the 49 tests. Figure 26 shows the connections for LED 4 = nm 1565 49-Thermal O/L prot.1: Current
the following example. Element 49-1 is protecting warning
Winding 1 using either the maximum calculated = nm 1615 49-Thermal O/L prot.2: Current
temperature for each phase current (Address 2406 = warning
Theta MAX) or the calculated temperature based on
the highest phase current (Address 2406 = \T @
Imax). Element 49-2 is protecting Winding 2 using
the average of the calculated temperatures of the
phases.

For the example, this procedure requires current be


injected in all three phases of Winding 2 to test 49-2.
Current injection for Winding 1 can be either single-
phase or include all three phases (single-phase is
shown for simplicity).

PRCM-1108A-0199 53
7UT51 v3

Signal Relay 1 = 1565 49-Thermal O/L prot.1: open. The LCD should not give an indication of the
Current warning event.
= 1615 49-Thermal O/L prot.2: Current warning
Notes about 49 Trip Times and Alarm Times
Signal Relay 2 = 1566 49-Thermal O/L prot.1: The tests below require that there be no preload
Thermal warning = 1616 49-Thermal O/L prot.2: before 49 temperature warnings and 49 tripping are
Thermal warning tested. aWithout preload, the trip time of 49 is
calculated as such:
Trip Relay 1 = 1571 49-TRIP by thermal O/L
protection 1 = 1621 49-TRIP by thermal O/L Let a1 = Address 2402 X INsecWx OR
protection 2 I1

Address 2402 X IObjsec (for 49-1)


Test 19. Warning, Overload Current: Address I1
2405 (49-1) and 2505 (49-2)
Let a2 = Address 2502 X INsecWx OR
I1
Connect the 7UT51 using the example and the Address 2502 X IObjsec (for 49-2)
accompanying Figure 26. The timer is not needed I1
for this test.
where I1 is the test current (Figure 26)
49-1 Current Warning:
a1 and a2 must be less than 1 (I1 > Address X I
1. The alarm should occur near rated)
[Address 2405 X INsecWx ]
49-1 Ttrip =Address 2403 X ln [1 (a1) ]
2
or
[Address 2405 X IObjsec]. 49-2 Ttrip =Address 2503 X in [1 (a2) ]
2

Slowly increase the current until LED 4 lights


and the contact of Signal Relay 1 closes. where ln is the natural log.
Record the current.
2. Slowly decrease the current until LED 4 goes The natural log will be negative for a < 1. Ignore this
out and the Signal Relay 1 contact opens. by taking the absolute value of the number, then
Record the current. multiplying by Address 2403 or 2503.

3. Turn Off the current, note the LCD display, and


reset the targets. Note: Address 2403 and 2503 are in minutes.

49-2 Current Warning: The time for a 49 warning based on temperature rise
is calculated as such (no preload):
Follow steps 1-3 using Address 2505 in Step 1.
49-1 Twarn =Address 2403 X ln [1 {Address 2404
2
Expected Results: in decimal formatX(a1) }]
The 49-1 current warning should occur within +/-
49-1 Twarn 49-1 Ttrip X Address 2404 in decimal
3% of [Address 2405 X INsecWx] or [Address 2405 X
format
IObjsec]. This applies for 49-2 also, using Address
2505.
49-2 Twarn= Address 2503 X ln [1 {Address 2504
2
The 49 warning should dropout at a current between in decimal formatX(a2) }]
[95% and 99%] of the actual current at pickup.
49-2 Twarn 49-2 Ttrip X Address 2504 in decimal
For the default settings and the changes made, format
LED 4 should light and the contact of Signal Relay 1
should close when the 49 current warning occurs. For any group of 49 settings, the trip time decreases
At dropout, the LED should go out and the contact as the test current increases. The maximum test

54 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

current for the tests below is 20 amps (4 amps for a 5. Apply the current.
7UT51 rated for 1 amp). Using this current, 6. Observe the LEDs and the Signal Relay 1
calculate 49 Ttrip now. Also estimate 49 Twarn. contact during the tests.
Testing the 49 elements with the desired, in-service 7. Turn off the current after the alarm but before
settings is strongly recommended. However, if the trip. If the trip occurs, there is no problem.
those settings would result in unpractical warning Turning Off the current before the trip saves
and trip times, decrease Address 2403 or 2503. The time in reading the LCD.
recommended minimum 49 warning time if setting 8. Record the value from the timer.
changes are made is about two minutes, giving a 9. Record the LEDs and LCD, and reset.
trip time of [two-three] minutes. If the desired
settings result in warning times faster than two 10. Follow Step 1 if any other testing is done.
minutes, do not change the settings.
49-2 Temperature Warning
The 7UT51 continually calculates the temperature
Follow steps 1-10 for 49-1, except use Address
rise of the winding or object. Therefore, prior testing
2501 in steps 1 and 4, Address 2502 in Step 2, and
or loading of the 7UT51 will make the test results
49-2 Twarn in Step 2.
below unpredictable unless the temperature rise is
forced to zero. Changing Address 2401 (2501) to
Off, waiting at least one minute, and then resetting Expected Results
Address 2401 (2501) to the desired setting The warning alarm should occur within the larger of
accomplish this. +/- 12% or +/- 2 seconds of the calculated 49 Twarn.
Note: These steps must be done before, and
between, all tests for 49 warning times and With the default settings and the changes made,
49 trip times. LED 4 should light and the contact of Signal Relay 1
should close several seconds after the application of
current (the actual time is not important). When the
Test 20. Warning, Temperature: Addresses 2404, temperature warning occurs, LED 3 and Signal
2403 and 2402 (49-1) ; Addresses 2504, 2503, and Relay 2 should operate. If 49 does not trip, no other
2502 (49-2) target or contact operations should occur. The LCD
should show 49 O/L1 PU or 49 O/L2 PU . LED
3 and Signal Relay 2 should not reset immediately
Connect the 7UT51 using the example and the after the current is Off. The 7UT51 will calculate the
accompanying Figure 26. The timer is used with the temperature as still being above the alarm point,
Signal Relay 2 contact in this test. until a cool-down period occurs.

49-1 Temperature Warning:


1. Set Address 2401 = Off. Wait at least one
minute with this setting. Set up the test during
the wait.
2. Any Source 1 current magnitude between {[1.2
X Address 2402 X INsecWx] or [1.2 X Address
2402 X IObjsec]} and 20 amps (4 amps) can be
used. The alarm time decreases as the current
increases. The following is recommended. If
49-1Twarn < 2 minutes for a current of 20 amps (4
amps), lower the current to get a warning time of
about 2 minutes. Otherwise, use a current
magnitude of 20 amps (4 amps).
3. Set the timer to start on the application of
current, and stop on the closure of the Signal
Relay 2 contact.
4. Set Address 2401 for the desired setting.

PRCM-1108A-0199 55
7UT51 v3

Test 21. 49 Tripping: Addresses 2402 and Expected Results


2403 (49-1), 2502 and 2503 (49-2) The trip time should occur within the larger of +/-
12% or +/- 2 seconds of the calculated 49-1 Ttrip
Perform this test for 49-1 only if Address 2401 = or 49-2 Ttrip.
On.
Perform this test for 49-2 only if Address 2501 = After several seconds of the current application (the
On. actual time is not important), LED 4 should light and
the contact of Signal Relay 1 should close. The
Connect the 7UT51 using the example and the warning should occur at about the same time as in
accompanying Figure 26. Connect the contact of test 20 if the same test current is used. LED 3 and
Trip Relay 1 to the timer. Signal Relay 2 should operate. At tripping, with the
default settings and the changes made, all of the trip
49-1 Tripping contacts should close, contacts of Signal Relays 1,
2, 6 and 7 should be toggled, and LEDs 1, 2, 3, 4,
1. Set Address 2401 = Off. Wait at least one
and 9 (49-1) or 10 (49-2) should be lit. When the
minute with this setting. Set up the test during
current is turned Off, the contact of Signal Relay 1
the wait.
should open and LED 4 should go out. After some
2. If Test 20 was done, use the same Source 1 time perhaps minutes the trip contacts should
current. Otherwise, any Source 1 current open, Signal Relay 6 should reset, and LED 2
magnitude between {[1.2 X Address 2402 X should go out (the 7UT51 is still calculating
INsecWx ] or [1.2 X Address 2402 X IObjsec]} and 20 temperature with the current off). Later, LED 3
amps (4 amps) can be used. The trip time should go out and Signal Relays 2 and 7 should
decreases as current increases. The following reset. The other LEDs have memory. The LCD
is recommended. If 49-1 Ttrip < two minutes for should display 49 O/L1 PU and 49 O/L1 TRIP, or
a current of 20 amps (4 amps), lower the current 49 O/L2 PU and 49 O/L2 TRIP, after LED 2 goes
to get a trip time of about two minutes. If 49-1 out (49 trip resets).
Ttrip > two minutes for a current of 20 amps (4
amps), use this maximum current.
3. Set the timer to start on the application of Test 22. Status Control of 49 Elements:
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip Discrete Inputs or Addresses 2401
Relay 1 contact. and 2501
4. Set Address 2401 = On.
5. Apply the current. If the operational status of a 49 element is controlled
by a discrete input(s), Test 21 can be done twice,
6. Observe the LEDs and the Signal Relay 1 with the input state changed between the two tests,
contact during the test. to verify the control is functioning. Also, if multiple
7. Turn Off the current, after a trip, as soon as sets of protection settings are used, and in any of
practical. This will save time in reading the LCD. those sets Address 2401 or Address 2501 has a
setting other than one that has already been tested,
8. Record the value from the timer.
Test 21 can done to verify proper operation of the 49
9. Record the LEDs. Wait for the LCD and record. elements.
Reset.
10. Follow Step 1 if any other testing is done. For this Test 22, ignore the conditional statements at
the beginning of test 21 concerning Addresses 2401
and 2501. Test 21 is the most comprehensive test
49-2 Tripping
in this section; therefore, the test is the best one to
Follow steps 1-10 for 49-1 tripping except use perform to check status control.
Address 2501 in steps 1 and 4, Address 2502 in
Step 2, and 49-2 Ttrip in Step 2. Expected Results:
Address 2401 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 1553 >49-BLOCK thermal O/L
Protection 1 should have similar effects. Either
should effectively render 49-1 non-existent.

56 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

If Event 1553 is initially blocking 49-1, and then the The LCD should read 49 O/L1 PU and 49 O/L1
input state is changed while current is still present TRIP.
above [Address 2402 X INsecWx (or IObjsec)], 49-1
should begin to time-out at the instant of the input Address 2501 = Block Tripping and an input causing
transition. The element should trip if the current is the coming of Event 1605 >49-BLOCK trip of
present long enough, but the trip time may not be thermal O/L prot.2, before a 49-2 trip, should have
within the specifications given for Test 21. The trip similar effects. Either should prevent Event 1621
time from input transition may be longer than the from operating trip relays. All of the 49-2 events
specification. (including Event 1621) should be uninhibited in
operating LEDs and signal relays. The LCD should
If Event 1553 occurs while 49-1 is timing out, but not show 49 O/L2 PU after the going of Event 1621
tripped, the element should be immediately blocked (LED 2). The action described in the three
at the event occurrence. Any LEDs or signal relays paragraphs immediately above should apply for
that operate before the event should immediately events 1605 and 49-2.
reset when the event occurs. The coming of Event
1553 after a 49-1 trip should do nothing initially. The Address 2401 = Alarm Only and an input causing
7UT51 should remain in a trip state until 49-1 the coming of Event 1554 >49-Event only from
tripping drops out. Then the event should cause the thermal O/L prot. 1, before a 49-1 trip, should have
immediate going of Event 1566 (thermal warning similar effects. Either should prevent Event 1571
LED 3). Without Event 1553, Event 1566 would stay from operating trip relays, signal relays, or LEDs. All
active for a long time until the calculated other events associated with 49-1 should be free to
temperature fell below 99% of the thermal alarm operate LEDs and signal relays.
pickup value.
If Event 1554 prevents Event 1571 from operating,
Address 2501 = Off and an input causing the and then the input for Event 1554 is changed while
coming of Event 1603 >49-BLOCK thermal O/L the calculated temperature is above the trip
protection 2 should have similar effects. Either threshold (as indicated by Event 1567 49-Therm
should effectively render 49-2 non-existent. The O/L prot.1: Pickup), Event 1571 should still remain
action described in the two paragraphs immediately blocked from operating trip contacts, signal contacts,
above should apply for Event 1603 and 49-2. and LEDs.

Address 2401 = Block Tripping and an input Applying Event 1554 while 49-1 is timing out, but not
causing the coming of Event 1555 >49-BLOCK trip tripped, should have the same effect as applying the
of thermal O/L prot 1, before a 49-1 trip, should event before 49-1 begins to time out.
have similar effects. Either should prevent Event
1571 from operating trip relays. All of the 49-1 Applying Event 1554 after 49-1 has tripped should
events (including Event 1571) should be uninhibited do nothing. The 7UT51 should remain in a tripped
in operating LEDs and Signal Relays. The LCD state.
should show 49 O/L1 PU after the going of Event
1571 (LED 2). Address 2501 = Alarm Only and an input causing
the coming of Event 1604 >49-Event only from
If Event 1555 blocks 49-1 tripping, and then the thermal O/L prot. 2, before a 49-2 trip, should have
input changes to cause the going of Event 1555 similar effects. Either should prevent Event 1621
while the calculated temperature is still above the from operating trip relays, signal relays, or LEDs. All
trip threshold (LED 2 is lit), the trip relays should other events associated with 49-2 should be free to
remain blocked. The LCD should display 49 O/L1 operate LEDs and signal relays. The action
PU after LED 2 goes out. described in the three paragraphs immediately
above should apply for Event 1604 and 49-2. (Event
Applying Event 1555 while 49-1 is timing out, but not 1617 49-Therm O/L prot.2: Pickup indicates the
tripped, should have the same effect as applying the temperature is above the trip threshold.)
event before 49-1 begins to time out.

Applying Event 1555 after 49-1 has tripped should


do nothing. The 7UT51 should remain in a trip state.

PRCM-1108A-0199 57
7UT51 v3

Reset 7UT51 for Desired Settings Signal Relay 2 = LED 3


Program Trip Relay 1, Signal Relays 1 and 2, and = 4536 External Trip 1: General fault
LED 2, 3, and 4 for the desired settings. If 49 detect
warning or trip times were decreased for testing (nm for LED)
purposes, reset Addresses 2403 and 2503 to the = 4556 External Trip 2: General fault
original settings. Be sure Addresses 2401 and 2501 detect
have the proper settings. Reset any other (nm for LED)
addresses changed for testing purposes.
Signal Relay 3 = LED 4
External Trip Functions = 4526 External trip 1
(External trips 1 and 2) and (nm for LED)
Other Discrete Input Functions = 4546 External trip 2
(nm for LED)
These two External Trip functions are independent.
The existence of External Trip Function 1 is
determined by Address 7830. The status of the
function is determined by Address 3001. The 7UT51 Test Connections All External Trip
function is operational when Address 7830 = Function Tests
Existent and Address 3001 is any setting other than 7UT513
Off. A discrete input must be programmed for Event 5B1 Contact
I
3A1 5B2 Monitor
4526 >External Trip 1. A 3A2
T1 5B3
5B4 Stop
I
2A1 Trip 5A1
B 2A2
5A2
I
1A1
Contact T2 5A3
Start
The existence of External Trip Function 2 is C 1A2
3B1
5A4
I Outputs 6D1 Timer
determined by Address 7831. The status of the a 3B2
2B1 T3 6D2
6D3
I
function is determined by Address 3101. The b 2B2
1B1
6D4
5D1
I 5D2
function is operational when Address 7831 = Current c 1B2
3D1
5D3
I 5D4
Existent and Address 3101 is any setting other than Inputs a' 3D2
2C1
6B1
I 8B1 S1
Off. A discrete input must be programmed for Event b' 2C2
1C1
7B1
I 6B2
4546 >External Trip 2. c' 1C2 8B2 S2
7B2
2D1
I 2D2 6B3
Na
1D1 8B3 S3
Optional Programming for all External Trip I
Nb 1D2 7B3
6B4
Function Tests 8B4 S4
7B4 Signal
Switc 4D1
4D2 S6
Contact
The settings needed for each test are given in the h + 8A2 4D3 Outputs
- 8A1
D1 4D4 S7
steps of the test. The settings in this part are not + 8A4
4C1
3C1 S8
required, but they allow for a more complete check - 8A3 D2 4C2
+ 8D2 4C4 S9
of the External Trip functions. Enter these settings - 8D1 D3 Discrete 3C3
+ 8D4 Inputs 3C2 S10
now if operations of LEDs and signal relays, by the - 8D3 D4 3C4
7D3
+ 7D2 7D4 S11
External Trip functions, are desired. - 7D1 D5
+ 4B1 DC Relay
- 4B2 Power 6A2
DC Status S5
Gnd
Supply 6A1
6A3
If only one External Trip function is to be tested, do Outputs

not include the events for the other function. Communications Communications
In Out
RX 4A1 4A3 TX
RS-232 Wire
Signal Relay 1 = LED 2 Gnd 4A2 4A4 Gnd

= 4537 External trip 1: General Or

TRIP F-SMA 4A1 Fiber Optic 4A2 F-SMA


RX TX
(no memory for LED)
= 4557 External trip 2: General Figure 27: Tests 23 25 Connection Diagram
TRIP
(nm for LED)
Figure 27 shows the connections of the 7UT51 for
tests 23-25. Observe polarity for the connections.

The contact monitor is used first to check contacts.


The timer is used later. Instructions are given in the
tests as to when the timer should be turned On.

58 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

External Trip Function 2:


Test 23. External Trips, Function Test
and Trip-Time Delay: Addresses 3002 (Trip 1) Follow steps 1-14 for External Trip Function 1,
and 3102 (Trip 2) except use:
Event 4546 >External trip 2 act.HI in steps 1
and 5.
Perform this test for External Trip Function 1 only if Event 4557 External trip 2: General TRIP in
Address 3001 = On and an input is programmed for Step 2.
Event 4526 >External Trip 1. Event 4556 External trip 2: General Fault
Detect in Step 3.
Perform this test for External Trip Function 2 only if
Address 3102 in steps 3 and 9.
Address 3101 = On and an input is programmed for
Event 4546 >External Trip 2.
Expected Results:
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 27. Start The optional programming is assumed below.
with the sensor monitoring the contact of Trip
Relay 1. The timer is turned on later in the test.
The result of Step 5 should be the operation of Trip
Relay 1 (and 2 if programmed), signal relays 1-3,
External Trip Function 1:
and LEDs 1-4. LED 1 should light because of the
1. Program Discrete Input 1 for Event 4526 default setting, Event 0511 General trip of the
>External Trip 1 act.HI. The event can be set relay. Depending on Address 3002 (3102), the
for act.LO as well. Event 4537 External Trip 1: delay between the input and tripping may be
General TRIP. noticeable. When the input is changed in Step 7,
2. If Address 3002 is not 0.00 seconds, program the contacts and LEDs should reset, except for
Trip Relay 2 for Event 4536 External Trip 1: LED 1, which has memory. The LCD should read
General Fault Detect. Otherwise, disregard Ext1 Gen.Flt and Ext1 Gen.TRIP or Ext2 Gen.Flt
this step. and Ext2 Gen.Trip.
3. Monitor a contact of Trip Relay 1 with an
ohmmeter or sensor. The value from the timer in Step 12 is the direct,
tested value of Address 3002 or Address 3102. The
4. Apply (or remove) DC voltage to Input 1 to
tested value should be within the larger of +/- 3% or
activate Event 4526.
+/- 13 ms of Address 3002 or Address 3102. The
5. Note the response of the trip contacts, signal timer should not stop if the address being tested has
contacts, and LEDs. a value of infinite seconds (+*).
6. Remove (or apply) the DC from Input 1.
7. Note the response of the trip contacts, signal The effects of Address 3002 and Address 3102 can
contacts, LEDs, and LCD. be seen using the Network Disturbances option in
the WinDIGSI software. Obtain dialog with the
8. If Address 3002 = 0.00 seconds, reset the 7UT51. Click on Annunciation, then
targets, and end the test. Otherwise, continue. Annunciations Edit. Select Network
9. Turn on the timer. Set the timer to start on the Disturbances, and Display. Display an event
closure of the contact of Trip Relay 2, and stop associated with the testing. Subtract the time for
on the closure of the contact of Trip Relay 1. Event 4536 (4556) from the time for Event 4537
10. Apply (or remove) DC voltage to Input 1. (4557) to get the delay caused by Address 3002
(3102).
11. Record the value from the timer.
12. Remove (or apply) DC voltage from Input 1. The same contacts and LEDs that operate in step 5
13. Reset LEDs and LCD. should operate in Step 11. The LCD in Step 13
should be the same as well. The only exception is if
Address 3002 or Address 3102 equals infinite
seconds. In this case, Trip Relay 1, Signal Relay 1,
and LEDs 1 and 2 should not operate. The LCD
should read Ext1 Gen.Flt or Ext2 Gen.Flt.

PRCM-1108A-0199 59
7UT51 v3

Address 3001 = Block Tripping and an input


Test 24. Status Control of External Trips: causing the coming of Event 4525 >BLOCK trip
Discrete Inputs, Address 3001 (Trip 1) signal of External Trip 1, applied before an
and Address 3101 (Trip 2) External Trip Function 1 trip occurs, should have
similar effects. Either should block Event 4537 from
operating trip relays. Event 4536 should be free to
operate trip relays, and all events of External Trip
If the operational status of either External Trip
Function 1 (including Event 4537) should be
function can be controlled by a discrete input, Test
uninhibited in operating signal relays and LEDs.
23 can be done twice, with the input state changed
The LCD should read Ext1 Gen.Flt after the input
between tests, to verify the control is functioning.
for External Trip Function 1 is removed.
Also, if multiple sets of protection settings are used,
and Address 3001 or Address 3101 is Off or Block
If Event 4525 is blocking Event 4537, and then
Tripping in any of these sets, Test 23 can be done
Event 4525 is removed while the input for External
with these settings to verify proper operation of the
Trip Function 1 is still applied, Event 4537 should
External Trip functions. (Disregard the conditional
remain blocked from operating trip contacts. The
statements given at the beginning of Test 23.)
LCD should show Ext1 Gen.Flt.
Expected Results:
Applying Event 4525 after External Trip Function 1
Address 3001 = Off and an input causing the has tripped should do nothing. The event should be
coming of Event 4523 >BLOCK External Trip 1 ignored.
should have similar effects. Either should effectively
make External Trip Function 1 non-existent. Event Address 3101 = Block Tripping and an input
4526 (which provides the status of the input causing the coming of Event 4545 >BLOCK trip
programmed to the event) should be free to operate signal of External Trip 2, applied before an
LEDs or signal relays, but the LCD should not show External Trip Function 2 trip occurs, should have
any indication of External Trip Function 1 similar effects. Either should block Event 4557 from
operations (default settings). operating trip relays. Event 4556 should be free to
operate trip relays, and all events of External Trip
If Event 4523 is blocking External Trip Function 1, Function 2 (including Event 4557) should be
and then the event is released while the External uninhibited in operating signal relays and LEDs.
Trip is still applied, all events associated with The LCD should read Ext2 Gen.Flt after the input
External Trip Function 1 should be free to operate for External Trip Function 2 is removed. The two
trip relays, signal relays, and LEDs. The LCD paragraphs immediately above should also apply to
should show Ext1 GenFlt and Ext1 Gen.TRIP. Event 4545 and External Trip Function 2.

Applying Event 4523 after External Trip Function 1


has tripped should do nothing. The event should be
essentially ignored. The 7UT51 should remain in a
tripped state.

Address 3101 = Off and an input causing the


coming of Event 4543 >BLOCK External Trip 2
should have similar effects. Either should effectively
make External Trip Function 2 non-existent. Event
4546 (which provides the status of the input
programmed to the event) should be free to operate
LEDs or signal relays, but the LCD should not show
any indication of External Trip Function 2
operations. The two paragraphs immediately above
should also apply to Event 4543 and External Trip
Function 2.

60 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Test 25. Trip Dropout-Time of External Trips: External Trip Function 2


Addresses 3003 (Trip 1) Follow steps 1-11 for External Trip Function 1,
and 3103 (Trip 2) except use:
Event 4546 >External trip 2 act.HI in Step 1.
Perform this test for External Trip Function 1 only Event 4557 External trip 2: General TRIP in
if Address 3001 = On, an input is programmed for Step 2.
Event 4526, and Address 3003 is not 0.00
seconds. Event 4556 External Trip 2: General Fault Detect
in Step 3.
Perform this test for External Trip Function 2 only if Address 3102 in steps 4 and 10.
Address 3101 = On, an input is programmed for
Event 4546, and Address 3103 is not 0.00 Expected Results
seconds.
The value from the timer in step 9 is the direct,
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 27. Turn On tested value for Address 3003 or Address 3103.
the timer now. The tested value should be within the larger of +/-
3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 3003 or Address 3103.
External Trip Function 1
Operations of the contacts and targets should be
2. Program Discrete Input 1 for Event 4526 consistent with test 23.
>External trip 1 act.HI. The event can be set
for act.LO if desired. Reset 7UT51 for Desired Settings
3. Program Trip Relay 1 for Event 4537 External Program Trip Relay 1 and 2, Signal Relays 1, 2, and
trip 1: General TRIP. 3, LEDs 2, 3, and 4, and Discrete Input 1 for the
4. Program Trip Relay 2 for Event 4536 External desired settings. Reset any other addresses
trip 1: General fault detect. changed during testing to the original settings.
5. Set Address 3002 either much greater than, or
much less than, Address 3003. The reason for
this step is trip delay times may be measured in Test 26. Verification of Other Discrete Input
this test along with the targeted trip dropout Functions
times. This depends on the timer being used.
With the addresses set very differently, If any of the discrete input events 0003 though 0393,
measurements of the dropout time should not be excluding Event 0356, is being used, the function
confused with those of the trip time, should should be verified at this time. Apply (or remove)
several trials be run. DC voltage to the input(s) and observe the results.
6. Set the timer to start when the contact of Trip
Relay 2 opens, and stop when the contact of The other discrete input functions of interest have
Trip Relay 1 opens. been, or will be, checked elsewhere in the
procedure.
7. Apply (or remove) DC voltage to Input 1 until
Trip Relay 1 operates.
8. Reset the timer if necessary, disregarding any
reading.
9. Remove (or apply) the DC from Input 1.
10. Record the value from the timer.
11. Set Address 3002 for the original setting.
12. Reset targets.

PRCM-1108A-0199 61
7UT51 v3

Time Overcurrent Backup Protection


50/51 and 50HS Test 27. Pickup and Dropout of 50/51:
Overcurrent protection is existent and operational Address 2112 or 2114
when settings other than Disabled and Off are
selected for Addresses 7821 and 2101, respectively. 7UT51 Relay
Test Equipment
Connect to IA Signal
Notes about Testing Overcurrent Protection I1
one phase
of winding
Contact 1 7B1
IB Contact
associated W1 Monitor
The overcurrent backup protection consists of two with 8B1
50/51/50HS IC (optional)
elements: 50/51 and 50HS. The 50/51 element can
be either a 50 or a 51. Both 50 and 50HS can have Ia

no intentional delay, a definite time trip delay, or an Ib


W2
infinite delay (trip defeated). The 51 can have Ic

various inverse time characteristics with selectable


Ia
time dials, or an infinite delay.
Ib W3
(7UT513
Both 50/51 and 50HS measure the currents in each Ic only)

phase of the winding or object. Both elements will


respond quickest to the highest phase current; Figure 28: Test 27 Connection Diagram
therefore, the elements can be tested with single-
phase current injection. Connect the current source to one phase of the
winding being monitored by 50/51, as indicated in
The characteristic (either 50 or 51) of 50/51 is Figure 28.
selected in Address 2111. The pickup current and
time delay for each characteristic are selected with The LEDs and contacts may not be programmed to
different addresses. While the pickup and delay operate for only the pickup of 50/51. This is true for
settings for the inactive characteristic appear in the default programming. There are several
WINDIGSI, they should be ignored. Only the programming options to obtain indication of just the
settings for the active characteristic are used by the pickup of 50/51. To minimize reprogramming, the
7UT51. For example, if 51 is selected, pickup and recommendation is to set one LED for Event 2422
time delay settings for 50 to appear. These settings nm only (nm is needed to test dropout), and test by
should be ignored. visual indication of the LED. The procedure is
written for this recommendation. If contact operation
The setting for Address 7821 determines the is desired, a signal contact can be programmed for
winding or object that 50/51 and 50HS monitor. Event 2422. A trip contact can be programmed for
Event 2411, but 50/51 must have a lower pickup
Note: The addresses associated with the pickup current than 50HS.
currents of 50/51 and 50HS are multiples of 1. Program LED 4 for only Event nm 2422 BU
the rated current of the winding or monitored 50/51 Phase O/C fault det.
object: INsecWx or IObjsec.
2. Slowly increase the current from 0 A until LED 4
lights. Record the pickup current.
Without setting modifications, 87 operations are
likely to occur during testing of 50/51 and 50HS, 3. Slowly reduce the current until the LED 4 light
unless the overcurrent elements are protecting a extinguishes. Record the current at dropout.
virtual object. Operations of a 49 element could Also note LCD indications. Turn Off the current.
occur as well. To prevent unwanted operations of 4. Re-program LED 4 for the desired setting.
87 or 49, change addresses 1601, 2401 (49-1) and
2501 (49-2) to Off while testing the overcurrent
elements. Reset the addresses to the original
settings after the testing is complete.

62 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Expected Results:
Pickup Current and Dropout Current 1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 2451 BU
Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
The pickup current at LED 4 illumination should be settings include this).
within +/- 10% of: 2. Set the test current magnitude to provide a solid
pickup of 51, based on the results from Test 27.
[Address 2112] X [INsecWx or IObjsec] if Address A current greater than or equal to twice the
2111 is Definite Time pickup current is highly recommended. (The
[Address 2114] X [INsecWx or IObjsec] if Address current must be greater than 110% of the pickup
2111 is an inverse option. current.) Be careful to set the current so that
only 51 trips. If 50HS will operate, the pickup
The dropout current when LED 4 turns off should be current (Address 2103) can temporarily be set
greater than or equal to 93% of the tested pickup higher, or the 50HS time delay (Address 2104)
current. can be temporarily set to +* (infinite).

Contacts, LEDs, and LCD Note: Always be careful not to exceed the current
rating of the 7UT51.
For the default settings and recommended change,
only LED 4 should light if 51 is being tested. The 3. Set the timer to start on the application of
LCD should show Back Gen. Flt when 51 drops out. current, and stop on the closure of the contact of
Depending on the time delay for 50, LEDs and Trip Relay 1.
contacts programmed for 50 tripping may transition 4. Apply the current.
during the test. If a trip occurs, the second line of 5. Record 51 trip time, LEDs and LCD.
the LCD should indicate BU Gen.Trip.
6. Turn Off current, reset LEDs and LCD, but keep
the connections and test-set settings for tests 30
and 31.
Test 28. Time Delay of 51 Tripping:
Address 2115
Expected Results:
Tripping Time
If Address 2111 is Definite Time, skip this test. Use the equation below, making the appropriate
substitutions based on Address 2111, to calculate
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay the expected trip time. The tested time of 51 should
Connect to
one phase IA Trip
be within +/- 7% of the calculated value.
I1
of winding Contact 1
associated IB
with W1 51 Trip Time (seconds) = {(A/B) + C} X Address 2115
50/51/50HS
IC

Ia
where:
START I1 ON
Timer y
STOP Ib W2 B = [ M 1]
M = test current in multiples of 51 pickup= test current
Ic
51 pickup
Ia
51 Pickup = [Address 2114]x[INsecWx or IObjsec]
Ib W3
(7UT513
Ic only)

Figure 29: Test 28 Connection Diagram

Connect the current source to one phase of the


winding being monitored by 51, as shown in
Figure 29.

PRCM-1108A-0199 63
7UT51 v3

Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay

Connect to one
I Trip
phase of winding A
I Contact 1 5B1
1 Associated with
I
Address Y A C 50/51/50HS B W1 5B2

2111 I
C

I
Moderately 0.02 0.054196 0.09328 START I 1
ON Timer
a START

STOP I 5A1
Option 2
Inverse b W2
5A2 STOP
I Trip
c
Very 2.0 19.138 0.48258 Contact 2
I Timer
Inverse a Option 1

Connection I W3
Extremely 2.0 28.2785 0.12173 Option 2
b
(7UT513
I only)
c
Inverse

Figure 30: Test 29 Connections Diagram


Contacts, LEDs, and LCD
For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light
when 51 trips. Depending on the time dial setting Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 30, with
and applied current, the time delay before a 51 trip current injected into one phase of the winding being
may be noticeable. All trip contacts and contacts monitored by the overcurrent protection.
associated with Signal Relays 1 and 3 should toggle
when 51 trips. When the current is Off, the LCD Option 1:
should read Back Gen. Flt and BU Gen.Trip. 1. Program Trip Relay 1 for 2411 Back-Up
O/C+G/F: General fault detected.
2. Program Trip Relay 2 for 2451 BU
Test 29. Time Delay of 50 Tripping: Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
Address 2113 setting is sufficient.)
3. Set the current source magnitude for a value
that will provide a solid pickup of 50, based on
If Address 2111 is Definite Time, perform this test. the results from Test 27. Twice the pickup of 50
Otherwise, go to the next test. is a good value for the test current.
If Address 2113 = 0.00 seconds, this test can be Note: Be certain not to pick up 50HS. Temporarily
skipped unless Address 2121 = 51 Inverse w/o increase the pickup of 50HS (Address 2103),
Delay. In this case, perform the test because the if necessary.
results are needed for Test 30.
4. Set the timer to start on the closure of the
Two options for testing Address 2113 are presented. contact from Trip Relay 1, and stop on the
With two exceptions, Option 1 is recommended closure of the contact from Trip Relay 2.
because more accurate results are produced. 5. Suddenly apply the current.
Option 1 does require a standalone timer that is 6. Record the value from the timer. This is the
started on a contact closure, and stopped on a tested value for Address 2113. If Address 2113
closure of a second contact. If Address 2113 = 0.00 is infinite (+*), the timer should not stop.
seconds, Option 2 must be performed. If Address
2113 = +* (infinite) seconds, Option 2 should be 7. Turn Off the current, reset the LEDs and LCD,
done. but keep the connections and testset settings for
tests 30 and 31.

64 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Option 2: time lag between application of current and 50


1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 2451 BU tripping can be noticeable. All trip contacts and
Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default contacts associated with signal relays 1 and 3
setting includes this signal.) should toggle when 50 trips. When the current is
Off, the LCD should show Back Gen. Flt and BU
2. Set the current source magnitude for a value Gen.Trip.
that will provide a solid pickup of 50, based on
the results from Test 27. Twice the pickup of 50 Option 2:
is a good value for the test current.
If only Address 2113 = 0.00 seconds is tested, the
Note: Be certain not to pickup 50HS. Temporarily results indicate the inherent operating time of 50.
increase the pickup of 50HS (Address 2103), Expect times in the range of [30 to 40] ms at 2 times
if necessary. pickup.

3. Set the timer to start on the application of The pickup times from Step 11 (2113 = 0.00
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
Relay 1 contact. of Step 14 (2113 = Desired Setting) to obtain the
4. If Address 2113 is infinite (+*), continue to tested values for Address 2113. The accuracy of
Step 5. Otherwise, skip to step 8. Address 2113, with the timer accuracy included, is
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup
5. Suddenly apply the current.
timespread of 50 (without delay) plus contact must
6. Verify the timer does not stop, and no other be considered.
contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of
50 to operate. (Action from the pickup of 50 is The pickup timespread of 50 plus contact can add
proper.) errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
7. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and not satisfied with the tested value for Address 2113,
LCD if applicable. End of test. the Network Disturbances option in the WinDIGSI
software can be useful.
8. Set Address 2113 = 0.00 seconds.
9. Suddenly apply the current. Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on
10. Record the pickup time of 50 plus the output Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
contact. Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
11. Repeat steps 9 and 10 two or more times, to
for Event 2422 coming, BU 50/51 Phase O/C fault
obtain a pickup timespread for 50 and contact.
det., from Event 2442 coming BU 50/51
12. If Address 2113 = 0.00 seconds is the desired Overcurrent timer expired, to obtain the delay
setting, end of test. Reset the LEDs and LCD, caused by Address 2113.
but keep the connections and test-set settings
for Test 30. Otherwise, continue. For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light
13. Set Address 2113 for the desired value. when 50 trips. Depending on Address 2113, the
time lag between application of current and 50
14. Repeat steps 9-10. The recorded time now tripping can be noticeable. All trip contacts and
includes Address 2113. contacts associated with signal relays 1 and 3
15. Turn the current Off, reset the LEDs and LCD, should toggle when 50 trips. When the current is
but keep the connections and testset settings for Off, the LCD should read Back Gen. Flt and BU
tests 30 and 31. Gen.Trip.

Expected Results: Test 30. Manual Close Controlling 50/51


Option 1: Tripping Delay: Address 2121
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested
value for Address 2113. The value should be within
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 2113. Perform this test only if Address 2121 = 51 Inverse
w/o Delay.
For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light
when 50 trips. Depending on Address 2113, the

PRCM-1108A-0199 65
7UT51 v3

1. Energize (or de-energize if appropriate) the and current exceeds the pickup of the element.
discrete input to cause the coming of Event Once tripped, 51 and 50 should reset only after the
0356 > Manual close command. current decreases below the element dropout level.
A change in state of the discrete input causing Event
Address 2111 Set for 51 0356 should not drop out 51 or 50 if current above
2. Repeat Test 28. the element pickup is present. This tripping and
resetting action should be true even if 50/51 time
3. Record the trip time of 51.
delay is infinite.
4. If the timer does not turn Off the current upon
sensing contact closure, switch the state of the The inherent delay of 51 is about 35 ms at 2 times
discrete input to cause the going of Event 0356. pickup.
Note the response of the 7UT51. End the test.
If the timer turns Off the current, continue. For Option 1, the timer may read from 0 ms to about
5. Remove the timer sensing. 3 ms because of the difference in operating times of
the trip contacts, and the accuracy of the timer.
6. Apply the current to Cause 51 tripping.
7. Switch the state of the discrete input to cause For Option 2, the state of the discrete input should
the going of Event 0356. not effect 50 tripping times when Address 2113 =
8. Note the response of the 7UT51. End the test. 0.00 seconds.

LED, LCD, and contact operations should be the


Note: Address 2111 = Definite Time, Option 1 same as in tests 28 or 29, provided the delay of 51
Performed in Test 29. or 50 tripping is not infinite seconds.

9. Repeat Test 29, Option 1, but do not turn Off


current at the end. Test 31. Status Control of 50/51:
Discrete Inputs Or Address 2101
10. Record the value from the timer.
11. With the current still applied, toggle the discrete If the operational status of 50/51 is controlled by a
input associated with Event 0356. discrete input(s), tests 28 or 29 can be repeated with
12. Note the response by the 7UT51. End the test. the input in the opposite state, to verify the control is
functioning. Also, if multiple sets of protection
settings are used, and Address 2101 is Off or Block
Note: Address 2111 = Definite Time, Option 2 Tripping in any of these sets,tests 28 or 29 can be
Performed in Test 29. repeated with these settings to verify proper
operation of 50/51.
13. Repeat Test 29, Option 2, but only with Address
2113 = Desired Setting. If 50 is operational but Test 29 was not performed,
14. Record the trip time of 50. use Test 29 to check Address 2101 settings of Off
or Block Tripping. If 50 is controlled by an input,
15. If the timer does not turn Off the current upon perform Test 29 twice once with the control
sensing contact closure, switch the state of the applied, and once without the control.
discrete input to cause the going of Event 0356.
Note the response of the 7UT51. End the test. Expected Results:
If the timer turns Off the current, continue.
Address 2101 = Off and an input causing the
16. Remove the timer sensing. coming of Event 2303 >Block back-up O/C time
17. Apply the current to Cause 50 tripping. protection should have similar effects. Either
should effectively render 50/51 non-existent. No
18. Switch the state of the discrete input to cause
targets or contacts programmed for any 50/51
the going of Event 0356.
events should operate. If 50/51 is first tripped, and
19. Note the response of the 7UT51. End of test. then Event 2303 is activated, the event should have
no effect. The 7UT51 should remain tripped with all
Expected Results: LEDs and contacts reflecting 50/51 tripping. If the
Both 51 and 50 should trip without any delay, other event is first activated, then current is applied to the
than the inherent delay, when Event 0356 is active 7UT51, the 7UT51 should respond as if 50/51 were

66 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

non-existent. If the event is then de-activated If 50/51 is first tripped, and then Event 2307 is
(going) while current is still present, 50/51 should trip activated, no change should occur. The 7UT51
and provide LEDs and outputs in the normal fashion. should remain in a trip state with contacts and
targets reflecting the 50/51 trip. Event 2307 should
Address 2101 = Block Tripping and an input causing be essentially ignored. If Event 2307 is preventing
the coming of Event 2304 >Block trip signal of the timeout of 50/51, and then the event is
backup O/C, applied before a 50/51 trip, should deactivated, 50/51 should trip. Trip contacts, signal
have similar effects. Either should prevent trip contacts, and LEDs programmed for Event 2442,
contacts from operating for all 50/51 events except 2451, or a general trip of the 7UT51 should operate.
Event 2411, described below. The events below The LCD (default settings) should show Back Gen.
should be free to operate signal relays or LEDs. Flt and BU Gen.Trip.

Event 2411 Backup O/C+G/F: General fault Undo Settings Changes


detected Settings changes made in Test 28 or 29 should be
Event 2412 BU O/C : Fault detection PhA (if undone at this point. Pay particular attention to the
current in phase A exceeds p.u.) trip contacts.
Event 2413 BU O/C : Fault detection PhB (if
Test 32. Trip Dropout after Reset of 50/51:
current in phase B exceeds p.u.)
Address 2118
Event 2414 BU O/C : Fault detection PhC (if
current in phase C exceeds p.u.)
Event 2422 BU 50/51: Phase O/C fault det. Test Equipment 7UT513 Relay
Connect to one
Trip
Event 2442 BU 50/51: Overcurrent timer expired I1
phase of
winding
IA
Contact 1
(with or without time delay) associated with
50/51/50HS
IB W1

IC
Event 2451 BU Overcurrent+G/F: General Trip
START I1 OFF Ia
Timer
For the default LCD settings, Back Gen. Flt should STOP Ib W2

be shown when 50/51 operates with Address 2101 = Ic


Block Tripping or Event 2304 active.
Ia
If 50/51 is first tripped, and then Event 2304 is
activated, contacts and LEDs in the 7UT51 should Ib W3
(7UT513
not change. The 7UT51 should remain in a trip Ic only)

state. Event 2304 should be essentially ignored. If


a trip contact programmed for Event 2442 or 2451 is
blocked because of Event 2304, and then the input
is changed to cause the going of Event 2304 while Figure 31: Test 32 Connection Diagram
current above the pickup value of 50/51 is still
applied, the trip contact should remain blocked.

Event 2307 >Block 50/51 Stage of Backup O/C Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 31.
should prevent 50/51 from timing-out, and hence
tripping, but should not inhibit 50/51 from picking up. 1. Program Trip Relay 1 for Event 2451 BU
This means trip contacts should be blocked for all Overcurrent+G/F : General trip. (The default
50/51 events except Event 2411. LEDs and signal setting is sufficient.)
relays programmed for events 2442 and 2451 2. Set Address 2118 = 0.00 seconds.
should be blocked. LEDs and signal relays
3. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
programmed for events 2411-2414, and 2422,
Off, and stopped when the contact transitions
should be free to operate. For the default LCD
from closed to open.
settings, Back Gen. Flt should appear when 50/51
is picked up while Event 2307 is active. The action
of Event 2307 should occur even if Address 2113 =
0.00 seconds.

PRCM-1108A-0199 67
7UT51 v3

4. Set the current source for a magnitude that will pickup level is determined in Test 33. If the 50HS
provide a trip of 50/51. The value used in tests pickup current is greater than 20 amps (4 amps),
28 or 29 is good. Be sure to trip only 50/51. the test for a precise pickup is foregone. A test
Set the pickup of 50HS (Address 2103) higher, if current of 1.2 X 50HS pickup is used for verification
necessary. of a modified 50HS pickup, in tests 34 and 35.
5. Apply the current until 50/51 trips.
If 50/51 has a lower pickup current than 50HS, then
6. Turn Off the current. the 50/51 pickup must be raised well above the
7. Record the trip dropout value given by the timer. 50HS pickup for Test 34 (timing test of 50HS). This
8. If the desired setting of Address 2118 = 0.00 setting change simplifies the other 50HS tests as
seconds, go to Step 12. Otherwise, go to the well. Therefore, at this point, raise the 50/51 pickup
next step. well above the 50HS pickup. A 50/51 pickup above
20 amps should be selected.
9. Repeat steps 5-7 two or more times to
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
50/51 plus contact. Test 33. Pickup and Dropout of 50HS:
10. Set Address 2118 for the desired setting. Address 2103
11. Repeat steps 5-7.
This test is only to be done if 50HS pickup is 20
12. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
amps or less (4 amps or less if the 7UT51 is rated
13. Program Trip Relay 1 for the original setting. for 1 amp).
7UT51 Relay
Test Equipment

Expected Results: Connect to


one phase
IA Signal
I1 Contact 1 7B1
of winding Contact
With Address 2118 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout associated
IB
W1 Monitor
with 8B1
time of 50 or 51, plus the contact, should be 50 ms 50/51/50HS IC (optional)

+/- 13 ms, with a current of twice the pickup value Ia


dropping suddenly to 0 A after 50/51 trips. Ib
W2

Ic
The dropout times from Step 9 (2118 = 0.00
seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time Ia

of Step 11 (2118 = desired setting) to obtain the Ib W3


tested value for Address 2118. The accuracy of Ic
(7UT513
only)
Address 2118, including the timer accuracy, is the
larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout Figure 32: Test 33 Connection Diagram
timespread of 50/51 (without delay) plus contact
must be considered. The spread is typically wider
when the pickup of 50/51 is less than 0.5 amp. Connect the current source to one phase of the
winding being monitored by 50HS, as shown in
Contact and target operations should be the same Figure 32.
as in tests 28 or 29.
Pickup of 50HS can be determined by monitoring
Notes about Testing 50HS any LED or contact programmed for Event 2451
(LED 4, Signal Relay 3 contact, and any trip contact
Depending on the application, a high current may be
with the default settings) if the 50HS pickup is less
required to pickup 50HS.
than the 50/51 pickup, and the time delay of 50HS
tripping (Address 2104) is accommodated. For the
Note: Do not exceed the current limitations of the general procedure given below, LED 4 is
7UT51, given at the beginning of this programmed to operate only for Event 2421 nm (nm
document. is needed to test dropout). Pickup determination is
by visual indication of LED 4. If desired, a signal
If the 50HS pickup current is less than 20 amps (4 relay can be programmed for Event 2421 also.
amps for a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp), a precise
1. Program LED 4 for only Event nm 2421 BU
50HS -Phase highset OC fault det.

68 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

2. Slowly raise the current until LED 4 lights.


Record the pickup current.
Test Equipment 7UT51 Relay
3. Slowly reduce the current until the LED 4 light Connect to one
Trip
phase of winding I
extinguishes. Record the current at dropout. I
1 Associated with
A Contact 1 5B1
50/51/50HS I 5B2
Also note LCD indications. Turn Off the current. B W1

I
C
4. Reprogram LED 4 for the desired setting. I
START I1 ON a START
Timer
STOP Option 2 I 5A1
b W2
Expected Results: I Trip
5A2 STOP
c
Contact 2
Pickup Current and Dropout Current I
a
Timer
Option 1

The pickup current at LED 4 illumination should be Connection I


b W3
Option 2 (7UT513
within +/- 5% of: I
c only)

[Address 2103] X [INsecWx or IObjsec]

The dropout current when LED 4 turns off should be Figure 33: Test 34 Connection Diagram
greater than or equal to 93% of the tested pickup
current. This test requires 50HS to be solidly picked up for a
time greater than Address 2104. To simplify the
Contacts, LEDs, and LCD procedure and alleviate concerns about thermal
For the default settings and recommended change, damage to the 7UT51, a setting change of Address
only LED 4 should light if 50HS does not trip, and 2103 (50HS pickup) may be required.
the LCD should show Back Gen. Flt when 50HS Two options for testing Address 2104 are presented.
drops out. If 50HS trips, LEDs 1 and 4 should light, With two exceptions, Option 1 is recommended
contacts of Signal Relays 1 and 3 should toggle, all because more accurate results are produced.
trip contacts should operate, and the second line of Option 1 does require a stand-alone timer that is
the LCD should indicate BU Gen.Trip. started on a contact closure, and stopped on a
closure of a second contact. If Address 2104 = 0.00
seconds, Option 2 must be performed. If Address
Test 34. Time Delay of 50HS Tripping: 2104 = +* (infinite) seconds, Option 2 should be
Address 2104 done.

Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 33, with


If Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds, skip to Test 37
current injected into one phase of the winding being
unless Address 2121 = 50HS IOC w/o Delay,
monitored by 50HS.
Address 2101 = Off or Block Tripping in any setting
group, or discrete inputs control the operational
Option 1:
status of 50HS. Otherwise, perform this test, and
continue to the next one. 1. The pickup of 50HS = Address 2103 X
[INsecWx or IObjsec]. If the pickup is greater
than 16.5 amps, change Address 2103 so that
the 50HS picks up at 16.5 amps or less.
2. Program Trip Relay 1 for 2411 Backup
O/C+G/F: General fault detected.
3. Program Trip Relay 2 for 2451 BU
Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
setting is sufficient.)
4. Set the current source magnitude for 20 amps
(4 amps for a 7UT51 with a 1 amp rating).
Note: Be sure 50/51 pickup is greater than 20 amps.
5. Set the timer to start on the closure of the
contact from Trip Relay 1, and stop on the
closure of the contact from Trip Relay 2.

PRCM-1108A-0199 69
7UT51 v3

6. Suddenly apply the current. 15. Repeat steps 10-11. The recorded time now
7. Record the value from the timer. This is the includes Address 2104.
tested value for Address 2104. If Address 2104 16. Turn the current Off and reset the LEDs and
is infinite (+*) seconds, the timer should not LCD. Keep the connections, test-set settings,
stop. and 7UT51 settings if Test 35 is to be done.
8. Turn Off the current, reset the LEDs and LCD. Otherwise, program Trip Relay 1 for the
intended settings.
9. Program Trip Relays 1 and 2 for the original,
intended settings.
Expected Results:
Option 1:
Option 2:
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested
1. The pickup of 50HS = Address 2103 X value for Address 2104. The value should be within
[INsecWx or IObjsec]. If the pickup is greater the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 2104.
than 16.5 amps, change Address 2103 so that
the 50HS picks up at 16.5 amps or less. For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light
2. Program Trip Relay 1 to include 2451 BU when 50HS trips. Depending on Address 2104, the
Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default time lag between application of current and 50HS
setting includes this signal.) tripping can be noticeable. All trip contacts and
contacts associated with Signal Relays 1 and 3
3. Set the current source magnitude for 20 amps should toggle when 50HS trips. When the current is
(4 amps for a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp). Off, the LCD should read Back Gen. Flt and BU
Gen.Trip.
Note: Be sure 50/51 pickup is greater than 20 amps.
4. Set the timer to start on the application of Option 2:
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip With Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds, the results
Relay 1 contact. indicate the inherent operating time of 50HS.
5. If Address 2104 is infinite (+*) seconds, Expect times in the range of [30 to 40] ms at 1.2
continue to Step 6. Otherwise, skip to Step 9. times pickup.
6. Suddenly apply the current.
The pickup times from Step 12 (2104 = 0.00
7. Verify the timer does not stop, and no other seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of of Step 15 (2104 = desired setting) to obtain the
50HS operate. (Action from the pickup of 50HS tested value for Address 2104. The accuracy of
is proper.) Address 2104, with the timer accuracy included, is
8. Turn Off the current and reset the LEDs and the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup
LCD if applicable. Keep the connections, test- timespread of 50HS (without delay) plus contact
set settings, and 7UT51 settings if Test 35 is to must be considered.
be done. Otherwise, program Trip Relay 1 for
the intended settings. End of test. The pickup timespread of 50HS plus contact can
add errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user
9. Set Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds.
is not satisfied with the tested value for Address
10. Suddenly apply the current. 2104, the Network Disturbances option in the
11. Record the pickup time of 50HS plus the output WINDIGSI software can be useful.
contact.
Obtain dialog with the 7UT51. Click on
12. Repeat steps 10 and 11 two or more times, to Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
obtain a pickup timespread for 50HS and Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
contact. event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
13. If Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds is the desired for Event 2421 coming, BU 50HS Phase highset
setting, end of test. Turn Off the current and OC fault det., from Event 2441 coming BU 50HS
reset the LEDs and LCD. Keep the connections, Highset O/C time expired, to obtain the delay
test-set settings, and 7UT51 settings for Test 35. associated with Address 2104.
Otherwise, continue.
14. Set Address 2104 for the desired value.

70 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light drop out 50HS if current above the element pickup is
when 50HS trips. Depending on Address 2104, the present. This tripping and resetting action should be
time lag between application of current and 50HS true even if 50HS time delay is infinite seconds.
tripping can be noticeable. All trip contacts and
contacts associated with Signal Relays 1 and 3 The inherent delay of 50HS is about 35 ms at 1.2
should toggle when 50HS trips. When the current is times pickup.
Off, the LCD should show Back Gen. Flt and BU
Gen.Trip. For Option 1, the timer may read from 0 ms to about
3 ms because of the difference in operating times of
Test 35. Manual Close Controlling the trip contacts, and the accuracy of the timer.
50HS Tripping Delay: Address 2121
For Option 2, the state of the discrete input should
not effect 50HS tripping times when Address 2113 =
Perform this test only if Address 2121 = 50 HS IOC 0.00 seconds.
w/o Delay.
LED, LCD, and contact operations should be the
1. Energize (or de-energize if appropriate) the same as in Test 34, unless the tripping delay of
discrete input to cause the coming of Event 50HS is infinite seconds.
0356 >Manual close command.
Test 36. Status Control of 50HS:
Option 1 Performed in Test 34: Discrete Inputs or Address 2101
2. Repeat Test 34, Option 1, but do not turn Off
current at the end. If the operational status of 50HS is controlled by a
3. Record the value from the timer. discrete input(s), test 34 can be repeated with the
input in the opposite state, to verify the control is
4. With the current still applied, toggle the discrete functioning. Also, if multiple sets of protection
input associated with Event 0356. settings are used, and Address 2101 is Off or Block
5. Note the response by the 7UT51. End of test. Tripping in any of these sets, Test 34 can be
repeated with these settings to verify proper
Option 2 Performed in Test 34: operation of 50HS.

6. Repeat Test 34, Option 2, but only with Address Expected Results:
2104 = desired setting.
Address 2101 = Off and an input causing the
7. Record the trip time of 50HS. coming of Event 2303 >Block Backup O/C Time
8. If the timer does not turn Off the current upon Protection should have similar effects. Either
sensing contact closure, switch the state of the should effectively render 50HS nonexistent. No
discrete input to cause the going of Event 0356. targets or contacts programmed for any 50HS event
Note the response of the 7UT51. End of test. If should operate. If 50HS is first tripped, and then
the timer turns off the current, continue. Event 2303 is activated, the event should have no
effect. The 7UT51 should remain tripped with all
9. Remove the timer sensing.
LEDs and contacts reflecting 50HS tripping. If the
10. Apply the current to cause 50HS tripping. event is first activated, then current is applied to the
11. Switch the state of the discrete input to cause 7UT51, the 7UT51 should respond as if 50HS is
the going of Event 0356. nonexistent. If the event is then deactivated (going)
while current is still present, 50HS should trip and
12. Note the response of the 7UT51. End of test.
provide LEDs and outputs in the normal fashion.

Expected Results: Address 2101 = Block Tripping and an input


When Event 0356 is active and current exceeds the causing the coming of Event 2304 >Block Trip
pickup of 50HS, the element should trip without Signal Of Backup O/C, applied before a 50HS trip,
delay, other than inherent delay. Once tripped, should have similar effects. Either should prevent
50HS should reset only after the current decreases trip contacts from operating for all 50HS events
below the element dropout level. A change in state except Event 2411, described below. The events
of the discrete input causing Event 0356 should not

PRCM-1108A-0199 71
7UT51 v3

below should be free to operate signal relays or Note: Program Trip Relays 1 and 2 for the original,
LEDs. intended settings

Event 2411 Back-up O/C+G/F: General fault


detected Test 37. Trip Dropout after Reset of 50HS:
Address 2118
Event 2421 BU 50HS Phase highset OC fault det.
Event 2441 BU 50HS Highset O/C time expired Address 2118 applies to both 50/51 and 50HS. Test
(with or without time delay) 32 is done with 50/51 tripping. This test applies for
Event 2451 BU Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip 50HS tripping.

Test Equipment 7UT513 Relay


Connect to one
Note: Events 2412, 2413, 2414, 2422, and 2442 I1
phase of IA Trip
winding Contact 1
pertain to 50/51 only. associated with IB W1
50/51/50HS
IC

For the default LCD settings, Back Gen. Flt should Ia


START I1 OFF
be shown when 50HS operates with Address 2101 = Timer
STOP Ib
Block Tripping or Event 2304 active. W2

Ic

If 50HS is first tripped, and then Event 2304 is Ia


activated, contacts and targets in the 7UT51 should Ib W3
not change. The 7UT51 should remain in a trip (7UT513
Ic only)
state. Event 2304 should be essentially ignored. If
a trip contact programmed for Event 2441, 2442, or
2451 is blocked because of Event 2304, and then
the input is changed to cause the going of Event
2304 while current above the pickup value of 50HS Figure 34: Test 37 Connection Diagram
is still applied, the trip contact should remain
blocked.
This test requires 50HS to be solidly picked up. To
simplify the procedure and alleviate concerns about
Event 2306 >Block 50HS stage of backup O/C
thermal damage to the 7UT51, a setting change of
should prevent 50HS from timing-out, therefore
Address 2103 (50HS pickup) may be required.
tripping, but should not inhibit 50HS from picking up.
The 50HS tripping should be prevented even if
Connect the 7UT51 as shown in Figure 34.
Address 2104 = 0.00 seconds. This means that
events 2441 and 2451 should be blocked from 1. The pickup of 50HS = Address 2103 X
operating trip relays, signal relays, and LEDs. [INsecWx or IObjsec]. If the pickup is greater
Events 2411 and 2421 should still be free to occur, than 16.5 amps, change Address 2103 so that
and they should be capable of operating trip relays the pickup is 16.5 amps or less.
(2411), signal relays, and LEDs. For the default 2. Be sure Trip Relay 1 includes Event 2451 BU
LCD settings, Back Gen. Flt should appear when Overcurrent+G/F : General Trip. (The default
50HS is picked up while Event 2306 is active. setting includes this).
3. Set Address 2118 = 0.00 seconds.
If 50HS is first tripped, and then Event 2306 is
activated, no change should occur. The 7UT51 4. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
should remain in the trip state with contacts and Off, and stop when the contact transitions from
LEDs reflecting the 50HS trip. Event 2306 should closed to open.
be essentially ignored. If Event 2306 is preventing 5. Set the current source for 20 amps (4 amps for
the timeout of 50HS, and then the event is a 7UT51 rated for 1 amp).
deactivated, 50HS should trip. Trip relays, signal
relays, and LEDs programmed for events 2441, Note: Be sure 50/51 pickup is greater than 20
2451, or a general trip of the 7UT51 should operate. amps.
The LCD (default settings) should show Back Gen.
Flt and BU Gen.Trip. 6. Apply the current until 50HS trips.
7. Turn Off the current.

72 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

8. Record the trip dropout value given by the timer. Address 7827 = Sensitive CT B
9. If the desired setting of Address 2118 = 0.00 Load current to test 64T in terminals [1D1-1D2].
seconds, go to Step 13. Otherwise, go to the Terminal 1D1 has polarity.
next step. Pickup current for 64T is given in Address 2704.
10. Repeat steps 6-8 two or more times to The unit is milliamps.
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
50HS plus contact. Address 7827 = Insensitive CT A
14. Set Address 2118 for the desired setting. Load current to test 64T in terminals [2D1-2D2].
Terminal 2D1 has polarity.
15. Repeat steps 6-8.
Pickup current for 64T is given in Address 2703.
16. Set Address 2103 for the original, desired
The setting is a multiple of the rated current of
setting.
the 7UT513: 5 amps or 1 amp.
17. Program the Trip Relays for the original, desired
settings.
Test 38. Pickup and Dropout of Tank Leakage
Protection: Address 2703 or 2704, and
Expected Results:
Address 2709
With Address 2118 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout
time of 50HS, plus the contact, should be 50 ms +/-
Test Equipment
13 ms, with a current of [1.2 X pickup value] 7UT513 Relay

dropping suddenly to 0 A after 50HS trips. IA Trip


I1 Contact 1
IB Contact
W1
The dropout times from step 10 (2118 = 0.00 or
Monitor
IC
seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
I1
of step 12 (2118 = desired setting) to obtain the Ia

tested value for Address 2118. The accuracy of Ib


W2
Address 2118, including the timer accuracy, is the
Address 7827 Ic
larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout = Sensitive
timespread of 50HS (without delay) plus contact CTB, connect
I1 to INb W3 not
must be considered. Address 7827
1D1
1D2 INb
shown

= Insensitive 2D1
CTA, connect INa
For the default settings, LEDs 1 and 4 should light I1 to INa
2D2

when 50HS trips. All trip contacts and contacts


Figure 35: Test 38 Connection Diagram
associated with signal relays 1 and 3 should toggle
when 50HS trips. The contacts should remain
tripped until the dropout timer expires. When 50HS Connect the 7UT513 as shown in Figure 35, using
drops out, the LCD should display Back Gen. Flt the proper connections according to Address 7827.
and BU Gen.Trip.
A trip contact is monitored in the steps below while
Note: Set all Settings Pertaining to 50/51 to the 64T pickup and dropout are tested. Monitoring a trip
Desired Values contact is recommended because 64T is then
verified from input to important outputs. The time
Tank Leakage Protection delay of 64T tripping Address 2725 must be
The tests for tank leakage protection (64T) apply accommodated as the current is ramped up to test
only to a 7UT513 fitted with the 64T option. pickup. Likewise, the dropout delay Address 2727
must be considered as the current is decreased to
The protection is existent and operational when check dropout. If either of these delays is
settings other than Nonexistent and Off are excessive, the test can be easily adapted. Pickup
selected for Addresses 7827 and 2701, respectively. and dropout of 64T can be tested with visual
inspection of an LED programmed for Event nm
Notes about Testing Tank Leakage Protection 5916 Transformer tank prot.: Pickup. Addresses
2725 and 2727 would not effect the LED. The LED
To make 64T existent, one of two settings are would have to be reprogrammed to the original
selected for Address 7827. There are important setting after the test was completed.
differences between the two settings.

PRCM-1108A-0199 73
7UT51 v3
Test Equipment 7UT513 Relay

Trip
1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5921 I1
IA
Contact 1

or IB
Transformer tank prot.: General TRIP. (The I1 IC
W1

default setting is sufficient.) START I 1 ON


Ia
STOP

2. Slowly increase the current from 0 A until the STOP Ib


W2 5A1
5A2 START
Timer
contact of Trip Relay 1 closes. Record the Option 2 Ic Trip
Contact 2
Timer
pickup current at contact closure. Record other 1D1
W3 not shown
Address 7827 =
Option 1
INb
contact and LED operations. Connection
Option 2
1D2
2D1
INa
Sensitive CTB,
connect I1 to INb
2D2
Address 7827 =
3. Slowly reduce the current until the contact drops Insensitive CTA,
connect I1 to INa

out. Record the current at dropout. Record


changes of contacts, LEDs, and the LCD.
Figure 36: Test 39 Connection Diagram
4. Turn Off the current. Reset the LEDs and LCD.

Connect the 7UT513 according to Address 7827 and


Expected Results: the option selected, as shown in Figure 36.
Pickup Current and Dropout Current
The pickup current at contact closure should be Option 1:
within +/- 5% of Address 2704, or [Address 2703 X 1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5921
Rated Current of 7UT513]. Transformer tank prot.: General Trip. (The
default setting is sufficient.)
The dropout current at contact opening should be 2. Program Trip Relay 2 for Event 5916
within +/- 5% of [Address 2709 X Tested Pickup Transformer tank prot.: Pickup.
Current].
3. Set the timer to start on the closure of the Trip
Contacts, LEDs, and LCD Relay 2 contact, and stop on the closure of the
Trip Relay 1 contact.
For the default programming, all trip contacts and
the Signal Relay 9 contact should close, and LEDs 1 4. Set the current source for a value that will
and 8 should light, when 64T trips. When 64T drops provide a solid pickup of 64T, based on the
out, the contacts should reset and the LCD should results from Test 38. Current equal to twice the
display TankGen FAULT and Tank Gen.TRIP. The pickup value is good.
LEDs have memory. 5. Suddenly apply the current.
6. Record the value from the timer. This is the
Test 39. Time Delay of Tank Leakage tested value for Address 2725. If Address 2725
Protection Tripping: Address 2725 is infinite (+*) seconds, the timer should not
stop.
7. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
If Address 2725 = 0.00 seconds, skip to the next LCD.
test unless Address 2701 = Off or Block Tripping
8. Maintain the 7UT513 test connections and
in any setting group, or discrete inputs control the
settings if Test 40 is to be performed.
operational status of 64T. Otherwise, perform this
Otherwise, program Trip Relays 1 and 2 for the
test.
original, intended settings.
Two options for testing Address 2725 are presented.
With two exceptions, Option 1 is recommended Option 2:
because more accurate results are produced. 1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5921
Option 1 does require a stand-alone timer that is Transformer tank prot.: General Trip. (The
started on a contact closure, and stopped on a default setting includes this signal.)
closure of a second contact. If Address 2725 = 0.00
2. Set the timer to start on the application of
seconds, Option 2 must be performed. If Address
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip
2725 = +* (infinite seconds), Option 2 should be
Relay 1 contact.
performed.
3. Set the current source for a value that will
provide a solid pickup of 64T, based on the

74 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

results from Test 38. Current equal to twice the Option 2:


pickup value is good. With Address 2725 = 0.00 seconds, the results
4. If Address 2725 is infinite (+*) seconds, indicate the inherent tripping time of 64T. Expect
continue to Step 5. Otherwise, skip to Step 8. times in the range of 20 to 30 ms at 2 times pickup.
5. Suddenly apply the current.
The pickup times from Step 11 (2725 = 0.00
6. Verify the timer does not stop, and no other seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of of Step 14 (2725 = desired setting) to obtain the
64T operate. (Action from the pickup of 64T is tested value for Address 2725. The accuracy of
proper.) Address 2725, with the timer accuracy included, is
7. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup
LCD, if applicable. Keep the testset connections timespread of 64T (without delay) plus contact must
and 7UT513 settings if Test 40 is to be done. be considered.
End of test.
8. Set Address 2725 = 0.00 seconds. The pickup timespread of 64T plus contact can add
errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
9. Suddenly apply the current. not satisfied with the calculated value for Address
10. Record the pickup time of 64T plus the output 2725, the Network Disturbances option in the
contact. WinDIGSI software can be useful.
11. Repeat steps 9 and 10 two or more times, to
Obtain dialog with the 7UT513. Click on
obtain a pickup timespread for 64T plus contact.
Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
12. If Address 2725 = 0.00 seconds is the desired Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
setting, end of test. Keep the connections, event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
testset settings, and 7UT513 settings if Test 40 for Event 5916 (64T pickup) from the time for Event
is to be done. Otherwise, continue. 5921 (64T General Trip) to get the delay in tripping
13. Set Address 2725 for the desired value. caused by Address 2725.
14. Repeat steps 9-10. The recorded time now
Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should
includes Address 2725.
be consistent with those in Test 38, with
15. Reset the LEDs and LCD. consideration given to the programming for Trip
16. Keep the connections, test-set settings, and Relay 1. Depending on Address 2725, the delay
7UT513 settings if Test 40 is to be done. between the application of current and 64T tripping
Otherwise, program Trip Relay 1 for the original, may be noticeable.
intended setting.

Test 40. Status Control of 64T:


Expected Results:
Discrete Inputs or Address 2701
Option 1:
The value read from the timer is the direct, tested If the operational status of 64T is controlled by a
value for Address 2725. The value should be within discrete input(s), Test 39 can be repeated with the
the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 13 ms of Address 2725. input in the opposite state, to verify the control is
functioning. Also, if multiple sets of protection
Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should settings are used, and Address 2701 = Off or Block
be consistent with those in test 38, with Tripping in any of these sets, Test 39 can be
consideration given to the programming for Trip repeated with these settings to verify proper
Relays 1 and 2. Depending on Address 2725, the operation of 64T.
delay between the application of current and 64T
tripping may be noticeable. Expected Results:
Address 2701 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 5903 >BLOCK Transformer Tank
Protection, applied before a 64T trip, should have
similar effects. Either should effectively make 64T
nonexistent. If 64T is first tripped, and then Event

PRCM-1108A-0199 75
7UT51 v3

5903 is activated, the event should have no effect. 3. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
The 7UT513 should remain in a tripped state with all Off, and stop when the Trip Relay 1 contact
contacts, LEDs, and the LCD reflecting the 64T trip. transitions from closed to open.
If (1) the event is first activated, (2) current above 4. Set the current source for a value that will
the pickup of 64T is applied, and then (3) the event provide a solid pickup of 64T, based on the
is deactivated with the current still present, 64T results from Test 38. Current equal to twice the
should trip and provide outputs, LEDs, and an LCD pickup value is good.
display in the normal fashion.
Address 2701 = Block Tripping and an input causing 5. Apply the current to pickup 64T.
the coming of Event 5905 >BLOCK transformer 6. Turn Off the current.
tank prot trip signal, applied before a 64T trip, 7. Record the trip dropout value given by the timer.
should have similar effects. Either should prevent
Event 5921 Transformer tank prot.: General TRIP 8. If the desired setting of Address 2727 = 0.00
from operating trip relays. Events 5916, 5917, and seconds, go to Step 12. Otherwise, go to the
5921 should be uninhibited in operating LEDs and next step.
signal relays. For the default settings, the LCD 9. Repeat steps 5-7 two or more times to
should read TankGen FAULT. determine a timespread for the dropout time of
64T plus contact.
If Event 5921 is blocked from operating a trip relay
10. Set Address 2727 for the desired setting.
because of Event 5905, and then Event 5905 is
released, Event 5921 should remain blocked. 11. Repeat steps 5-7.
12. Program Trip Relay 1 and Trip Relay 2 for the
Applying Event 5905 after 64T has tripped should do original settings.
nothing. The event should be ignored.
Expected Results:
Test 41. Trip Dropout after Reset of 64T: With Address 2727 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout
Address 2727 time of 64T plus the contact should be 35 ms +/- 13
ms.
Test Equipment 7UT513 Relay
The dropout times from Step 9 (2727 = 0.00
I1
IA Trip
Contact 1 5B1
seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
IB 5B2 of Step 11 (2727 = desired setting) to obtain the
W1
or tested value for Address 2727. The accuracy of
IC
Address 2727, including the timer accuracy, is the
I1
Ia larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout
START I1
OFF Ib W2
timespread of 64T (without delay) plus contact must
Timer
STOP be considered.
Ic
Address 7827 =
Sensitive CTB,
W3 not
Note: Contact, LED, and LCD operations should be
connect I1 to INb 1D1 shown the same as in Test 38.
1D2 INb
Address 7827 = 2D1
Insensitive CTA, 2D2 INa
connect I1 to INa

Figure 37: Test 41 Connection Diagram

Connect the 7UT51 according to Address 7827, as


shown in Figure 37.

1. Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5921


Transformer tank prot.: General Trip. (The
default setting is sufficient.)
2. Set Address 2727 = 0.00 seconds.

76 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Restricted Ground Fault Protection


The tests for restricted ground fault protection (87N)
apply only to a 7UT513 fitted with the 87N option. Test 42. Pickup and Dropout of 87N:
Address 1903
The protection is existent and operational when
settings other than Nonexistent and Off are Test Equipment 7UT513 Relay
Trip
selected for Addresses 7819 and 1901, respectively. I1
IA Contact 1 5B1
Contact
5B2
Monitor
IB
W1
Notes about Testing 87N or
IC
5B3

5B4

The ground CT associated with 87N must be I1


Ia
Connect I1 to
determined before testing can start. Refer to Timer
START *
Ib
INb if Address
STOP W2 7807 (CTB) is
Address 7819 to ascertain the winding or object associated
Ic with 87N.
being protected by 87N. Match this address to * I1 ON for
Connect I1 to
testing
either Address 7806 (CT A) or Address 7807 (CT B). Address W3 not INa if Address
shown 7806 (CTA) is
The currents in the tests below must be loaded into 1925 1D1
1D2 INb
associated
*I1 OFF for with 87N.
the 7UT513 terminals that correspond to the testing
2D1
2D2 INa
Address
applicable CT for 87N. 1927

The pickup of 87N is specified as a multiple of the


rated current of the protected winding or object. Do Figure 38: Test 42 Connection Diagram
not use INsecWx and IObjsec for the rated current.
Instead, use INRGFWx or IOBJRGF , which apply to
restricted ground fault protection only. Connect the 7UT513 as shown in Figure 38, using
the proper connections according to Addresses
INRGFWx = 7819, 7806, and 7807. Turn Off the timer for this
test. Use the contact monitor. The timer is needed
[87N Phase CT Primary Rating] X INsecWx in the next test.
87N Ground CT Primary Rating
A trip contact is monitored in the steps below while
87N Phase CT Primary Rating is: 87N pickup and dropout are tested. Monitoring a trip
Address 1104 for Winding 1 contact is recommended because 87N is then
Address 1124 for Winding 2 verified from input to important outputs. The time
Address 1144 for Winding 3 delay of 87N tripping Address1925 must be
accommodated as the current is ramped up to test
87N Ground CT Primary Rating is: pickup. Likewise, the dropout delay Address 1927
Address 1107 for Winding 1 must be considered as the current is decreased to
Address 1127 for Winding 2 check dropout. If either of these delays is
Address 1147 for Winding 3 excessive, the test can be easily adapted. Pickup
and dropout of 87N could be tested with visual
IOBJRGF = Address 1402 X IObjsec inspection of an LED programmed for Event nm
Address 1401 5816 Restricted gnd fault: Pickup. Addresses
1925 and 1927 would not effect the LED. The LED
Testing 87N may cause operations of 87, 49-1, or would have to be reprogrammed to the original
49-2. If this occurs, Addresses 1601 (87), 2401 (49- setting after the test was completed.
1), and 2501 (49-2) can be set to Off to disable the
elements. After testing 87N, these addresses must 1. The pickup current of 87N should be [Address
be reset to the desired values. 1903 X INRGFWx] or [Address 1903 X IOBJRGF].
Slowly increase the current until the contact of
Programming for Trip Relay 1 All 87N Tests Trip Relay 1 closes. Record the pickup current
Program Trip Relay 1 to include Event 5821 at contact closure. Record other contact and
Restricted ground fault: General Trip. (The LED operations.
default setting is sufficient.) Use this setting for all 2. Dropout/Pickup of 87N should be less than 80%.
87N tests. Program Trip Relay 1 for the original Slowly reduce the current until the contact drops
setting after 87N testing is finished.

PRCM-1108A-0199 77
7UT51 v3

out. Record the current at dropout. Record 5. Verify the timer does not stop, and no other
changes of contacts, LEDs, and the LCD. contacts or LEDs programmed for the tripping of
3. Turn Off the current. Reset the LEDs and LCD. 87N operate. (Action from the pickup of 87N is
proper.)
6. Turn Off the current, and reset the LEDs and
Note: Keep the 7UT513 connections for tests 43-45. LCD if applicable. Keep the connections, test-
set settings, and 7UT513 settings if test 44 is to
be done. End of test.
Expected Results: 7. Set Address 1925 = 0.00 seconds.
Pickup Current and Dropout Current 8. Suddenly apply the current until 87N trips, then
The pickup current at contact closure should be turn Off the current.
within +/- 5% of [Address 1903 X INRGFWx] or 9. Record the pickup time of 87N plus the output
[Address 1903 X IOBJRGF]. contact.
The dropout current at contact opening should be 10. Repeat steps 8 and 9 two or more times, to
within [68% and 80%] of the tested pickup current. obtain a pickup timespread for 87N plus contact.
11. If Address 1925 = 0.00 seconds is the desired
Contacts, LEDs, and LCD setting, end of test. Keep the connections, test-
For the default programming, all trip contacts should set settings, and 7UT513 settings if Test 44 is to
close, contacts of Signal Relays 1 and 8 should be done. Otherwise, continue.
toggle, and LEDs 1 and 7 should light, when 87N 12. Set Address 1925 for the desired value.
trips. When 87N drops out, the contacts should 13. Repeat steps 8-9. The recorded time now
reset and the LCD should display RGF Gen. Flt includes Address 1925.
and RGF Gen. Trip. The LEDs should have
memory. 14. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
15. Keep the connections, test-set settings, and
7UT513 settings if Test 44 is to be done.
Test 43. Time Delay of 87N Tripping:
Address 1925 Expected Results:
With Address 1925 = 0.00 seconds, the results
indicate the inherent tripping time of 87N. Expect
If Address 1925 = 0.00 seconds, skip to the next times in the range of [35 to 45] ms at 2 times pickup.
test unless Address 1901 = Off or Block Tripping in
any setting group, or discrete inputs control the The pickup times from Step 10 (1925 = 0.00
operational status of 87N. Otherwise, perform this seconds) must be subtracted from the pickup time
test. of Step 13 (1925 = desired setting) to obtain the
tested value for Address 1925. The accuracy of
Use the same connections for the 7UT513 as in test Address 1925, with the timer accuracy included, is
42 (Figure 38). Connect the current source the larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The pickup
according to Addresses 7819, 7806, and 7807. Turn timespread of 87N (without delay) plus contact must
On the timer. The settings for the timer are given in be considered, though the spread should be tight at
the steps below. two times pickup.
1. Set the timer to start on the application of The pickup timespread of 87N plus contact can add
current, and stop on the closure of the Trip errors and uncertainty to the results. If the user is
Relay 1 contact. not satisfied with the calculated value for Address
2. Set the current source for a value that will 1925, the =Network Disturbances option in the
provide a solid pickup of 87N, based on the WinDIGSI software can be useful.
results from Test 42. Current equal to twice the
pickup value is good. Obtain dialog with the 7UT513. Click on
3. If Address 1925 is infinite (+*) seconds, Annunciation, then Annunciations Edit. Select
continue to Step 4. Otherwise, skip to Step 7. Network Disturbances, and Display. Display an
event associated with the testing. Subtract the time
4. Suddenly apply the current. for Event 5816 Restricted gnd fault: Pickup from

78 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

the time for Event 5821 Restricted ground fault: If Event 5821 is blocked from operating a trip relay
General Trip to get the delay in tripping caused by because of Event 5805, and then Event 5805 is
Address 1925. released, Event 5821 should remain blocked.

Operations of the contacts, LEDs, and LCD should Applying Event 5805 after 87N has tripped should
be consistent with those in Test 42, with do nothing. The event should be ignored.
consideration given to the programming for Trip
Relay 1. Depending on Address 1925, the delay
between the application of current and 87N tripping Test 45. Trip Dropout after Reset of 87N:
may be noticeable. Address 1927

Test 44. Status Control of 87N: Discrete Inputs Use the same connections for the 7UT513 as in test
or Address 1901 42 (Figure 38). Connect the current source
according to Addresses 7819, 7806, and 7807. Turn
On the timer. The settings for the timer are given in
If the operational status of 87N is controlled by a
the steps below.
discrete input(s), Test 43 can be repeated with the
input in the opposite state, to verify the control is 1. Set Address 1927 = 0.00 seconds.
functioning. Also, if multiple sets of protection 2. Set the timer to start when the current is turned
settings are used, and Address 1901 = Off or Block Off, and stop when the Trip Relay 1 contact
Tripping in any of these sets, Test 43 can be transitions from Closed to Open.
repeated with these settings to verify proper
3. Set the current source for a value that will
operation of 87N. Use only the desired setting for
provide a solid pickup of 87N, based on the
Address 1925 if Test 43 is repeated.
results from Test 42. Current equal to twice the
pickup value is good.
Expected Results:
4. Apply the current to pickup 87N.
Address 1901 = Off and an input causing the
coming of Event 5803 >Block restricted ground 5. Turn Off the current.
fault protect, applied before an 87N trip, should 6. Record the trip dropout value given by the timer.
have similar effects. Either should effectively make
7. Repeat steps 4-6 two or more times to
87N nonexistent. If 87N is first tripped, and then
determine a timespread for the dropout time of
Event 5803 is activated, the event should have no
87N plus contact.
effect.
8. If the desired setting of Address 1927 = 0.00
The 7UT513 should remain in a tripped state with all seconds, end of test. Otherwise, go to the next
contacts, LEDs, and the LCD reflecting the 87N trip. step.
If (1) the event is first activated, (2) current above 9. Set Address 1927 for the desired setting.
the pickup of 87N is applied, and then (3) the event
is de-activated with the current still present, 87N 10. Repeat steps 4-6.
should trip and provide outputs, LEDs, and an LCD
display in the normal fashion. Expected Results:
With Address 1927 = 0.00 seconds, the dropout
Address 1901 = Block Tripping and an input time of 87N plus the contact should be 35 ms +/- 10
causing the coming of Event 5805 >Block trip of ms, for a current of [2 X pickup] suddenly dropped to
restricted ground fault, applied before an 87N trip, 0 amp. For most 87N pickup values, the dropout
should have similar effects. Either should prevent timespread with Address 1927 = 0.00 seconds
Event 5821 Restricted Ground Fault: General should be tight (within a few milliseconds).
Trip from operating trip relays. Events 5816
Restricted gnd fault: Pickup and 5817 Restricted The dropout times from Step 7 (1927 = 0.00
gnd fault:Gen Fault Detection should still be seconds) must be subtracted from the dropout time
capable of operating trip relays. Events 5816, 5817, of Step 10 (1927 = desired setting) to obtain the
and 5821 should be uninhibited in operating LEDs tested value for Address 1927. The accuracy of
and signal relays. For the default settings, the LCD Address 1927, including the timer accuracy, is the
should read RGF Gen. Flt. larger of +/- 3% or +/- 10 ms. The dropout

PRCM-1108A-0199 79
7UT51 v3

timespread of 87N (without delay) plus contact must


be considered. Condition c is actually given to make the
magnitude of the 120 Hz current such a
Contact, LED, and LCD operations should be the value that the errors, if any, associated with
same as in Test 42. the harmonic restraint are the dominant
errors in this test.

Test 46. Second Harmonic Restraint of 87N: If the calculation for c is greater than 20 amps
Addresses 1910 and 1911 (4 amps), I1 = 20 amps (4 amps) is
recommended.
Perform this test only if Address 1910 = On.
2. Set the Source 2 current frequency for 120 Hz
Test Equipment 7UT513 Relay and the magnitude equal to:
IA
Trip
Contact 1
I1 X
I1 5B1
(60Hz)
IB
5B2
Contact
Monitor
[Address 1911 in Decimal Format] X [87N
Ground CT Primary Rating]
W1
or 5B3
IC 5B4
I1 [87N Phase CT Primary Rating ]
(60Hz) Ia
Connect I1 to Inb
(120Hz) I2 Ib W2 if Address 7807 3. Apply only Source 1 current to verify 87N
(CTB) is
Connect I2 to one
Ic
associated with tripping.
phase of winding 87N.
associated with 87N. W3 not Connect I1 to INa 4. Turn Off Source 1. Reset LEDs.
Connect I2 polarity to 1D1 shown if Address 7806
phase input polarity. 1D2 INb (CTA) is 5. Simultaneously apply both currents.
2D1 associated with
2D2 INa 87N. 6. Observe the response of the 7UT51 and
simultaneously turn Off both currents.
Figure 39: Test 46 Connection Diagram 7. Repeat steps 5 and 6, slightly adjusting the
Source 2 current magnitude while the currents
Use Figure 39 to connect the 7UT513. Connect I1 are Off, until the minimum Source 2 current
(60 Hz) according to Addresses 7819, 7806, and magnitude for restraint is found.
7807. Connect I2 (120 Hz) to any one phase of the
winding associated with 87N. Connect the polarity Expected Results:
of I2 to the polarity of the phase input. If 87N is The percent of second harmonic current required for
protecting a virtual object, I2 must be connected to a restraint is:
phase of W3. Refer to earlier figures for the 7UT513
nd
terminals corresponding to W3. % 2 Restr. =
([120 Hz current from Step 7] X [87N Phase CT
1. Set the magnitude of the Source 1, 60 Hz Primary Rating] X 100%)
current (I1) to meet all three conditions below,
if practical. Conditions a and b are required, ([60 Hz current from Step 7] X [87N Ground CT
although the multiple in a does not have to Primary Rating])
be 2.
The result should be within +/- 10% of Address 1911
(a) A solid pickup of 87N is required. (calculations done in decimal format). For example,
if Address 1911 = 15%, the test results should be
I1 = [2 X 87N pickup] from test 42 is good.
within [0.135 and 0.165]. If condition c in Step 1 is
(b) I1 20 amps (4 amps for a 7UT513 with a met, the result should be within +/- 5% of
rating of 1 amp). Address 1911.
(c) I1
75 If 87N tripping occurs, operations of the contacts,
[(Address 1911 in decimal format) X(87N LEDs, and LCD should be consistent with Test 42.
Ground CT Ratio)]
If harmonic restraint occurs, LEDs and contacts
programmed to operate for 87N tripping should not
The 87N Ground CT Ratio is the primary operate. After current is turned Off, an LCD
rating of the CT divided by the CT message may appear. For the default settings, the
secondary rating: either 5 amps or 1 amp. message is RGF Gen. Flt.

80 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Test 47. Differential Current Stopping 2


ND Note: Do not exceed the current limitations of the
Harmonic Restraint of 87N: Addresses 1910 7UT513.
and 1912
4. Simultaneously apply both currents.
Perform this test only if Address 1910 = On. 5. Verify that 87N did not trip.
6. Slowly increase the 60 Hz Source 1 current until
1. Calculate [INRGFWx X Address 1912] or [IOBJRGF X 87N trips.
Address 1912]. 7. Record the 60 Hz current.
2. If the value from Step 1 is less than or equal to 8. Turn Off both currents and reset the LEDs
18 amps, go to Option 1. Otherwise, continue. and LCD.
3. If the value from Step 1 is less than or equal to
36 amps and the 87N Phase CT Primary Rating Option 2:
= 87N Ground CT Primary Rating, go to
Test Equipment 7UT513 Relay
Option 2. Otherwise, continue.
Trip
IA
4. If the value from Step 1 is greater than 36 amps I2 Contact 1 5B1
Contact
5B2
and the 87N Phase CT Primary Rating = 87N (120Hz) IB
W1
Monitor
5B3
Ground CT Primary Rating, change Address or
IC 5B4
1912 so: I1
Ia
[INRGFWx X Address 1912] (60Hz)
or Ib
W2
[IOBJRGF X Address 1912] 36 amps Example Ic
Connections
only. Assumes
Then go to Option 2. Otherwise, continue. CTA and W3 not
winding 2 are 1D1 shown
1Nb
associated with 1D2

5. Change Address 1912 as indicated below, and 87N. 2D1


1Na
2D2
go to option 1.

[INRGFWx X Address 1912]


Figure 40: Test 47 Connection Diagram
or
[IOBJRGF X Address 1912] 18 amps Use Figure 40 to connect the 7UT51. For clarity, the
figure is drawn as if 87N is protecting Winding 2, and
Option 1: CT A is associated with 87N. Adapt the connections
Use the same 7UT513 connections as in Test 46 as necessary. The important points in Figure 40 are
(Figure 39). the polarity of I1 connects to the polarity of the
7UT513 current input for the 87N Ground CT
1. Set the 60 Hz Source 1 current for about [0.8 X (terminal 2D1 in the figure). The non-polarity
INRGFWx X Address 1912] or [0.8 X IOBJRGF X terminal of the 87N Ground CT current input
Address 1912]. connects to the polarity of the 7UT513 current input
2. Set the Source 2 current frequency for 120 Hz. for 87N Phase CT (Terminal 2D2 to 2B1 in the
figure). Finally, the non-polarity terminal of the 87N
3. Set the Source 2 current magnitude so that the Phase CT current input (Terminal 2B2 in the figure)
nd
percentage of 2 harmonic current, when the connects to the non-polarity terminal of the source 1
Source 1 current reaches [INRGFWx X Address current. These connections simulate an internal
1912] or [IOBJRGF X Address 1912], is much fault. The Source 2 current (120 Hz) connects to a
greater than the minimum restraint level different phase of the winding associated with 87N
(Address 1911). If I2 is the magnitude of the because of 7UT513 current limitations.
Source 2 current and I1 the magnitude of the
Source 1 current, then: 1. Set Address 1911 = 10%.
I2 >>
2. Set the 60 Hz Source 1 current for about [0.4 X
I1
X [87N Ground CT Primary Rating]
INRGFWx X Address 1912] or [0.4 X IOBJRGF X
X [Address 1911, Decimal Format] Address 1912]. (Since the current is injected in
87N Phase CT Primary Rating the ground input and the phase input both in a

PRCM-1108A-0199 81
7UT51 v3

positive direction the test current is doubled in 87N trips. For [90 -90], 87N restrains
forming the differential current.) because the cosine term is negative or zero. For an
3. Be sure current Source 2 is connected to a internal fault, both 3I0* and 3I0** flow into the
different phase than current Source 1. transformer; therefore, is 0 or nearly so. The
torque is a maximum positive. For an external fault,
4. Set the Source 2 current frequency for 120 Hz.
3I0** is in a reverse direction, and is in the
5. Set the Source 2 current magnitude equal to 18 neighborhood of 180. The torque is a maximum
amps. negative (or restraint).
6. Simultaneously apply both currents.
For testing purposes (and most purposes because
7. Verify that 87N does not trip.
of phase-angle symmetry), the region of [0
8. Slowly increase the 60 Hz Source 1 current until 180] is of interest.
87N trips.
9. Turn Off both currents and reset the LEDs and The 7UT513 employs a different algorithm that
LCD. extends the trip area beyond 90 when Address
10. Reset Address 1911 to the original value. 1904 > 90. When Address 1904 = 90, 87N has the
same operating characteristic as the classical 87N.
Expected Results: The 7UT513 recognizes a fault condition internal
Option 1: or external when the restraint current or differential
The 60 Hz Source 1 current at which 87N trips in current exceed certain thresholds.
Step 7 should be within +/- 5% of [INRGFWx X
Address 1912] or [IOBJRGF X Address 1912]. IRESTRGF = Ia + Ib + Ic + 3I0*
(Ia, Ib, and Ic are the phase currents for 87N)
Contact, LED, and LCD operations should be the IDIFFRGF = 3I0* + 3I0** (vector sum)
same as in Test 42 when 87N trips.
Once a fault is detected, further analysis is done to
Option 2: determine if a trip should be issued.
The 60 Hz Source 1 current at which 87N trips in
step 8 should be within +/- 5% of [0.5 X INRGFWx X The 87N algorithm calculates a stabilization
Address 1912] or [0.5 X IOBJRGF X Address 1912]. current,

Contact, LED, and LCD operations should be the ISTAB = 3I0* 3I0** 3I0* + 3I0**
same as in Test 42 when 87N trips.
If ISTAB is negative or zero, a trip is issued if
Notes about Testing the Extended Tripping Area inequality (1) is satisfied:
of 87N - Critical Angle for Restraint
In classical, overcurrent, restricted ground fault 3I0* [Address 1903 X INRGFWx] or
[Address 1903 X IOBJRGF] (1)
protection schemes, 87N trips if the torque in the
equation below is positive. The 87N restrains when
The stabilizing current is negative or zero when 3I0*
the torque is negative.
= 0 amp, 3I0** = 0 amp, or [0 90]. The last
Torque = 3I0* X 3I0** X cos condition is a clear indication of an internal fault, and
a trip is issued if the minimum pickup of 87N
In this equation, 3I0* is the current from the (Address 1903) is exceeded by 3I0*. The condition
transformer ground CT, 3I0** is three times the zero of 3I0** = 0 amp is simulated in Test 42. The
sequence current from the transformer phase CTs condition of = 0 is checked in Test 47. Notice
(the vector sum of the three phase currents), and 87N of the 7UT513 responds like the classical 87N
is the angle between the two currents. By when [0 90].
convention, the reference for the currents is a
direction towards (or into) the transformer. If ISTAB is positive, another inequality is used in the
trip decision. If inequality (2) is satisfied, a trip is
The cosine term defines the trip and restraint areas. given:
For [-90 < < 90], the cosine term is positive, and

82 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

3I0* [k X ISTAB] [Address 1903 X INRGFWx] or For more information, please refer to A New
[Address 1903 X IOBJRGF] (2) Approach for Transformer Ground Differential
Protection, by Dr. Tevfik Sezi, Siemens Power
Where k is a stabilization factor corresponding to Transmission and Distribution, Raleigh, North
Address 1904. The factor is discussed later. Carolina. For Test 48, the ratio [3I0* / 3I0**] = 1 is of
interest. The value of k depends on Address 1904.
The stabilizing current is positive when [90 <
180]. Angles close to 180 when 3I0* 3I0** With 3I0* = 3I0**:
clearly indicate an external fault. However, angles
near 90 could result from an internal fault with CT ISTAB = 2 X 3I0* X {sin ( /2) cos (/2)}
saturation distorting the current angle. This is
especially true if 3I0* is significantly greater than Inequality (2) becomes
3I0**. The effect of the operating quantity {3I0*
[k X ISTAB]} is to extend the trip area beyond 90. 3I0* X {1 [2 X k X (sin /2 cos /2)]} [Address
The amount of the extension depends on k (which 1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF]
depends on Address 1904) and the ratio [3I0* /
If 3I0* = 2 X [Address 1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF], the
3I0**]. The extended trip area increases as the ratio inequality can be expressed:
increases.
sin (/2)cos (/2) (0.25 / k) (3)

If 3I0* = 3 X [Address 1903 X INRGFWx or IOBJRGF], the


inequality can be expressed:

sin (/2)cos (/2) (0.333 / k) (4)

Tables 11 and 12 give the maximum , accurate to


within +/- 0.1, at which inequalities (3) and (4) are
satisfied, for different settings of Address 1904. The
values of k are those used by the 7UT513 for the
Address1904 selected.

PRCM-1108A-0199 83
7UT51 v3

In Test 48, two current sources are set up to


Table 11: Maximum for 87N tripping simulate an external fault. The current source for
with 3I0* = 3I0** = [2 X Address 1903 X 3I0** is set 180 out of phase with the current source
INRGFWx or IOBJRGF] and for 3I0* to simulate the external fault. To allow
k-Values for Address 1904 inequality (3) to be used, 3I0* = 3I0** = [2 X
Address 1903 X INRGFWx] or [2 X Address 1903 X
Value of k Maximum IOBJRGF]. If preferred, the multiple of 3 can be used
Address associated with for 87N Trip instead, or in addition, to allow inequality (4) to be
1904 Address 1904 used. After the security of 87N for an external fault
130 1.03372 109.7 is checked, the magnitudes of 3I0* and 3I0** are
120 1.36603 104.9 held constant as the angle of 3I0** is decreased until
2.03603 a trip occurs. The angular difference between 3I0*
110 100.0
and 3I0** is compared to the expected values in
100 4.05657 95.0 Table 11 or Table 12. This step checks the
90 90.0 extended trip area of the 7UT513 (Address 1904).

Table 12: Maximum for 87N tripping


with 3I0* = 3I0** = [3 X Address 1903 X Test 48. 87N Security for External Faults
INRGFWx or IOBJRGF] and and Critical Angle for Restraint:
k-Values for Address 1904 Address 1904

Address Value of k Maximum


Test Equipment
1904 Associated with for 87N Trip 7UT513 Relay
Trip
Address 1904 IA Contact 1
I1 5B1
Contact
130 1.03372 116.4 or IB
5B2
Monitor
W1
5B3
120 1.36603 109.9 IC 5B4
I1
110 2.03603 103.3 Ia
100 4.05657 96.7 I2 Connect I1 to INb
Ib W2
90 90.0 if Address 7807
(CTB) is
Ic
Connect I2 to associated with
one phase of 87N.
winding W3 not Connect I1 to INa
associated with 1D1 shown if Address 7806
87N. Connect 1D2 INb (CTA) is
I2 polarity to 2D1 associated with
phase input 2D2 INa 87N.
polarity.

Figure 41: Test 48 Connection Diagram

Use Figure 41 as a guide to connect the 7UT513.


The polarity connections are critical. Connect the
polarity of Current-Source 1 to 7UT513 terminal 1D1
(Address 7807 associated with 87N) or terminal 2D1
(Address 7806 associated with 87N). Connect
Current-Source 2 to any one phase of the winding
corresponding to 87N. The polarity of Current-
Source 2 must be connected to the polarity of the
7UT513 current input.

84 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Security for External Faults: 19. Click on Test.


1. Set Current-Source 1 for [m X Address 1903 X 20. Click on 4100 Commission Tests and Display.
INRGFWx] or [m X Address 1903 X IOBJRGF] at 0 21. Click on 4181 Meas./ind. of current -/angl val
and 60 Hz, where m = 2. of RestrGnd Flt and Execute.
2. Set Current-Source 2 at 180, 60 Hz, and: 22. Click on Yes.
Magnitude = 23. All of the RGF metering values should be in the
([Current-Source 1 Magnitude] X [87N Ground CT Test Results box. The values should be nearly
Primary Rating]) the same as those from the LCD.
(87N Phase CT Primary Rating) 24. When finished viewing the metering in
3. Apply both currents Simultaneously. WinDIGSI, continue to click on Close to exit.
4. Verify that 87N does not trip.
Critical Angle for Restraint (Extended Trip Area):
Metering Validation: 25. Depending on the value of m in Step 1 and
Address 1904, refer to Tables 11 and 12 to
5. View the RGF metering from the LCD by
following steps 6-16. Items in bold are keys on determine the expected maximum .
the front of the 7UT513. 26. Slowly decrease the angle of Current-Source 2
6. Press Direct Addr, 4181, then Enter. The (from 180 towards 0) until 87N trips. (The
display should read 4181 Test RGF angle of Current-Source 1 can be increased
Measuring? instead, but changing Source 2 is easier
because is then the angle of Current-Source
7. Press Yes. 2.)
8. The display should read 4181 Test RGF IPhA = 27. Record the angle difference between the two
xxx%. The value should equal the current current-sources. This is the tested value for the
applied to Phase A of the winding associated
maximum .
with 87N. The value should be in percentage of
5 amps (or 1 amp). 28. Record contact and LED operations.
9. Continue to press No to view IPhB, IPhC, (IPhB 29. Turn Off the current and record the LCD.
IPhA), and (IPhC IPhA). 30. Reset the LEDs and LCD.
10. 3I0* is the current in the 87N ground CT input, in 31. If desired, the value of m can be changed to 3,
percentage of 5 amps (1 amp). and steps [1-4] and [25-30] can be repeated,
11. 3I0** is three times the zero sequence current in although not required.
the phases of the winding being protected,
which is equal to the vector sum of all of the Expected Results:
phase currents. Since only one phase is loaded,
The tested value of maximum in Step 27 should
3I0** should equal the phase current.
be within +/- 1.5 of the Maximum for 87N Trip,
12. 3I0* I0** = x is the phase angle between 3I0* corresponding to Address 1904 used in the test, in
and 3I0**. For the external fault, the angle the applicable Tables 11 and 12 above.
should be 0.
13. Diff = xxx% is the RGF differential current. The With the default settings, there should be no
value should be less than 2%. operations of contacts or LEDs when the external
fault is simulated. As the angle is decreased, Event
14. Restr = xxx% is the RGF restraint current. 5817 Restricted gnd fault:Gen fault detection
15. When finished reading the LCD metering, press should operate well before 87N trips. This results
Direct Addr, 4801, and Enter. The display from the differential current exceeding the threshold
should read 4801 Stop Test Finish? for fault detection. Event 5817 will only be
16. Press Yes. The display should read 4801 Stop noticeable if the event is programmed to contacts or
Test Test Finished. LEDs. (The event is not included in the default
settings.) When 87N trips at maximum , contact,
17. View the RGF metering from WinDIGSI following LED, and LCD operations should be consistent with
steps 18 - 24. Test 42.
18. Obtain dialog with the 7UT513.

PRCM-1108A-0199 85
7UT51 v3

Program Trip Relay 1 for the desired, in-service


settings.

Setting Verification after Electrical Testing


Although instructions are given throughout the
procedure to reset addresses or programming back
to the original, desired values after the tests, a
complete down-loading of all of the intended 7UT51
settings is recommended when the electrical tests
have finished. This will prevent unintended settings
when the 7UT51 is placed in-service. Alternatively,
a thorough check of the settings should be made
after the electrical tests have been completed and
before the 7UT51 is placed in-service.

86 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Control Wire, CT, and Relay Installation With the Siemens numerical differential relay, all CT
secondary circuits can be connected in wye;
however, the Siemens relay can be applied in
existing protection schemes having delta and wye
connected CTs. Ratio matching and phase shift to
the various power transformer and CT ratios and of
Hazardous voltage or current. the phase displacement, according to the vector
Can cause death, serious personal group of the protected transformer displacement, are
injury, or property damage. compensated for numerically (see Matching Factor
Before performing work on current in the Definition of Terms section).
transformer wiring, always short circuit the
secondary of all the current transformers. The input currents are converted in relation to the
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that power transformer rated current. This is achieved by
output contacts do not break currents entering the rated transformer data, such as rated
greater than their ratings.
power, rated voltage, and rated primary current of
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that the CTs, into the protection unit.
any control power or test value applied to
the relay does not exceed the
corresponding inputs limit. Interposing Transformers
When the power rating of the windings differ strongly
from each other (more than the factor four),
interposing transformers are recommended. If an
Primary Equipment Check
interposing transformer set is used for one winding,
Prior to starting any of the control installation work, the transformation ratio of the interposing
all primary equipment should be installed, all transformer must be considered when entering the
mounting of boxes, cabinets, etc. and all conduits in setting for this winding. This is done by dividing the
place. All external control cable should be pulled. actual primary CT rated current by the winding ratio
Check nameplate of the transformer, terminal block of the interposing transformer. The result is entered
markings, phasing, etc., to ensure that the drawings in Address 1104 or using WinDIGSI, in the Setting
are in agreement. menu, Transformer Data section.

Electrical Drawings Wire Check Once the vector group has been entered, the
Each piece of primary equipment should be wire protection unit is capable of performing the current
checked and compared against the electrical comparison according to fixed formulas.
drawings.
Relay Installation
Review and check the elementary wiring, functional, Refer to the 7UT51 v3 Protective Relay Instruction
and one line diagrams. Verify that currents for all Manual for installation instructions. See Figures 42
power paths (both load and short circuit) and tripping and 43 for connection examples of the relay
for each source are included. installation with the following configurations:
Two Winding, Delta-Wye Transformer
CT Installation
Three Winding, Delta-Wye-Delta Transformer
As in any control installation, the wiring and control
diagrams and all applicable instruction manuals
must be thoroughly reviewed and understood before
any work begins. This is especially true for the
installation of a CT in a differential transformer
protection scheme. Power transformers may have
both a current magnitude and phase shift associated
with the operation.

Check ratio selection. Generally, the high side of the


CT is selected to match the full load rating of the
winding.

PRCM-1108A-0199 87
7UT51 v3
Primary Primary
A B C A B C
I A 3A1 3A2
I A
3A1 3A2

I B
2A1 2A2
I B 2A1 2A2
I C 1A1 1A2
I C
1A1 1A2

I a 3B1 3B2
I a 3B1 3B2
I b
2B1 2B2

I b 2B1 2B2
a b c I c 1B1 1B2

I 1B1 1B2
c
Secondary

a b c 7U T 51 R ela y
I 3D1 3D2
Secondary a '

I b '
2C1 2C2

I
Figure 42: Two-Winding, Delta-Wye Transformer a' b' c'
c '
1C1 1C2

Tertiary 7U T513

Figure 43: Three Winding, Delta-Wye-Delta


Transformer

88 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Commissioning Tests Operational Checks


Operational checks are performed after wire
checking is complete.

If trip test switches are installed in the circuit, these


initial checks are performed with the trip test
Hazardous voltage or current.
switches in the Open position. If no trip test
Can cause death, serious personal switches are installed, disable/block the relay trip
injury, or property damage. output.
Before performing work on current
transformer wiring, always short circuit the 1. Energize the main DC power supply to the relay.
secondary of all the current transformers.
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that
2. Check for proper DC polarity and magnitude for
output contacts do not break currents
greater than their ratings. each control circuit.
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that
any control power or test value applied to 3. Reset all alarms and annunciators.
the relay does not exceed the
corresponding inputs limit. 4. Verify that all relay and lockouts are reset.

5. Check that the matching k factor is correct.

Physical Inspection Operate each relay contact to verify correct target,


Inspect all cables, junction boxes, circuit breakers, lockout relay (86), and alarm. Reset after each trip.
etc., for proper wiring, shorting type terminal blocks Operate the differential function by passing current
at proper locations, tight connections (screw heads through the circuit from each set of CTs. Check and
must be tight against wire). Check that shorting verify the other protective function targets.
screws are removed from CT blocks that will be in
service. Inspect boxes, switches, and relays for any Once the relay operations are verified, the major
material such as wires, screws, lugs, or tags that equipment such as circuit breakers and air break
could short or ground the circuit. Visually wire-check switches can be checked for proper operation. With
all current circuits. the 86 relay in the Trip position, close each test
blade separately. When the test blade is closed, its
Check auxiliary switches for connections, wipe, and corresponding piece of equipment will trip.
adjustment per manufacturer's instructions,
particularly the operating relation with respect to Once tripped, check and verify all interlocks for
main blade make and break. correct operation.

After the acceptance tests have been completed and After verifying all tripping from the lockout (86)
the relay is installed with the permanent settings through the test blades, all external tripping of the 86
applied and tested, the commissioning tests and relay is performed.
checks can be performed.
An overall operational test should be performed to
Installation Test Procedures give a final system check. No part of the control
For test procedures, refer to the Acceptance Testing scheme should be assumed correct. Test every
input, output and function to verify that it operates
section and perform only the tests required to check
independently and also in conjunction with the total
the settings and control to be used in the specific
scheme.
field application. Prior to installation, complete
testing of the discrete inputs, signal contacts, and
Once all checks are complete, check for zero (0)
trip contacts is recommended. This will reduce the
voltage across the relay trip test switches with a DC
operational checking of the transformer protection to
voltmeter.
simply checking the CT connections, 7UT51 input
connections, and wiring of the output contacts.

PRCM-1108A-0199 89
7UT51 v3

Energizing the Transformer Measured Test Currents


When all control and current circuits have been Read the relay measurement of currents and phase
checked, verified, the transformer is ready to be angles through test Address 4101.
energized.
Compare the known current values with the
Prior to energizing the transformer, all relay displayed test currents. If deviations occur that
protection is placed in service. All secondary test cannot be explained by tolerances, recheck
sets and equipment must be removed. All CTs connections and test arrangement and repeat.
connected.
If the values are not correct, wrong polarity or phase
In-Service Readings interchange at Side 1 is usually the cause:
In-service readings are taken to ensure system Check connections. Repeat test by renewed
reliability and security after the transformer is measurement request
energized and loaded. See the Accessing Data section for more detailed
instructions.
Read and record magnitude and phase angle
readings in all leads and windings. Waveform Capture during Test Fault Record
Check balance with meter. Trace any Address 4900
abnormalities.
Recording a test fault record is especially important
Verify all measurable quantities (inputs) through
for use on transformers where large inrush currents
the relay.
can be produced by transient saturation of the
transformer iron. Since a large inrush current may
Operational Measured Values have the same effect as a single ended infeed fault,
Check the steady state rms operating values to energizing the power transformer several times
verify that the relay is functioning properly. This checks the effectiveness of the inrush stabilization.
information is accessed directly in Address Blocks
5700 and 5900 and compared with actual known Since the pick up signal of the relay is not stabilized,
values. See the Accessing Data section. Compare the inrush current will start fault recording
the known current values with the displayed test automatically, provided that Address 7402 Wave
currents. Trig is set to Trig with Pickup. Otherwise a fault
record is only stored if the relay has tripped. A fault
record can always be triggered via a discrete input
provided this is allocated.

The effectiveness of the inrush stabilization can be


determined from the recording of the differential
currents and the harmonic contents. If necessary,
the inrush current stabilization effect can be
increased in Address 1611, when trip occurs, or
when the recorded data show that the second
harmonic content does not safely exceed the set
stabilizing threshold set in Address 1611. A further
method to increase inrush stability is to set the cross
Figure 44: WinDIGSI Metering Data Screen
block function (Address 1612) effective or to
increase the duration of the cross block function.

90 PRCM-1108A-0199
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Note: Be sure that trip circuits are disconnected


from the relay trip contacts and are left
open-circuited. Do not connect any of the
relay outputs to any external breaker failure
devices.

If test switches are available, place all


related switches in the Test position.

Read and record magnitude and phase angle


readings in all leads and windings.

Perform a manual Waveform capture through


Address Block 4900 and verify the primary and
secondary waveforms using WinDIGSI and DIGRA.

Check balance with meter. Trace any abnormalities.

Verify all measurable quantities (inputs) through the


relay. Read the relay measurement of currents and
phase angles through Test Address 4101.

Compare the known current values with the


displayed test currents. If deviations occur that
cannot be explained by tolerances, recheck
Figure 45: Waveform Capture of Normal connections and test arrangement and repeat.
Line Current
When assessing the currents, note that the
Perform a manual start of the waveform capture differential and stabilizing values are referred to the
record (for analysis of the steady state rms current rated current of the transformer winding.
or test current) in Address Block 4900.
The value of differential value should be negligible
The data can then be downloaded to a PC for against the magnitude of the line currents. The
analysis, and verification that the relay is processing stabilizing (restraint) value should be approximately
all inputs as required by the application. twice the line current value.

See the Data Available section for instructions and Take relay out of Test mode through Address 4800.
examples.
Output Connections
Installation of 7UT51 Relay in Existing Circuit With test switches in the test position, proceed with
The installation of the Siemens 7UT51 relay in an making all trip and signal output connections.
energized circuit can be perform without disturbing
the existing system. Since the relay is installed in an energized circuit,
operational checks of each output cannot be
The following must be completed before the relay performed; however, all outputs from the relay are
can be fully functional in the circuit: checked prior to installation and all control circuitry is
checked upon installation or subsequent outages.
1. Settings applied
2. Acceptance/Installation tested (out of circuit) Note: A complete functional check for all trip and
Once all of the necessary and applicable testing has signal outputs should be performed during the
been performed on the relay, the relay can be next available outage.
prepared for installation and testing.

PRCM-1108A-0199 91
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Putting the Relay into Operation Using WinDIGSI, deleting the operational buffer
All setting values should be checked again, in case is founder under:
they were altered during the tests. Particularly Control/ Resetting Stored Data / 8202 - Reset
check that all desired protection functions have been Event Log / or / 8203 Reset Trip Log.
Enabled in the Address Block 7800 and that all Press the Target Reset on front panel.
desired protection functions have been switched On
in the corresponding Settings menu.
Push the Event key on the front of relay. The
display shows the beginning of the annunciation
Stored indications on the front plate should be reset
blocks. Thus, it is possible that the measured
by pressing the Target Reset on the front so that
values for the quiescent state of the relay can be
from then on, only real faults are indicated. From
displayed. These values had been chosen during
that moment, the measured values of the quiescent
configuration under the Addresses 7105 and 7106.
state are displayed. While pressing the Reset
button, the LEDs on the front will light up (except the
All terminal screws, even those not in use, should be
Blocked LED); thus, an LED test is performed at the
tightened.
same time.
Check that all modules are properly inserted. The
Delete stored annunciations and counters go to
green LED should be illuminated and the red LED
Address Block 8200:
should not be illuminated.
Enter the password (000000).
Close housing cover.
8201 resets LED memory.
Using WinDIGSI the LED reset is found under: Note: Housing cover must be on relay for proper
Options\Device\Reset LEDS. operation.
8202 deletes the operational buffer storage.
Using WinDIGSI, deleting the operational buffer Place test switch in the Operating position.
is founder under:
Control/ Resetting Stored Data / 8202 - Reset After all readings are taken and found to be correct,
Event Log/ or /8203 Reset Trip Log. the relays can be are placed in service.
8203 deletes the fault annunciation buffer Check that all protection is in service and that all
storage. indicating lights, targets, and equipment are reset
and normal before leaving.

92 PRCM-1108A-0199
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Routine Testing of System Input Integrity


The inputs can be periodically checked by
performing the following:
Block tripping.
Place test switches in Test position.
Hazardous voltage or current.
Apply a DC voltage to each input (one at a time),
Can cause death, serious personal
preferably at a point that tests the largest section
injury, or property damage.
of control wiring, check that the relay functions
Before performing work on current appropriately through LEDs, outputs, or other
transformer wiring, always short-circuit the
secondary of all the current transformers. alarms and event messages.
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that
output contacts do not break currents
greater than their ratings.
To avoid damage to the relay, ensure that
any control power or test value applied to
the relay does not exceed the This test will trip controlled
corresponding inputs limit.
devices.

Relay Integrity
Routine checks of the relay characteristics or pickup Output Integrity
values are not necessary, as they form part of the
continuously supervised firmware programs. During an outage, one method available to check
the outputs is to program one input for external trip
The relay is self-monitored and problems within the and program all outputs (signal and trip) for external
relay are automatically annunciated. If a problem trips up to ten (10) at a time. Then trip the
within the relay is detected, the relay will block itself perspective devices. This test would check the
and the red LED Blocked light will be lit and LCD outputs and operational wiring out to the controlled
will read Equipment Fault. device.

Operational Measured Values Validate Metering


During periodic checks, the steady state rms Testing the metering of the relay is the quickest
operating values can be read out at any time to method of determining if the relay in no longer
verify that the relay is functioning properly. This functioning or that it is incorrectly connected. If the
information can be accessed directly in Address relay cannot correctly determine what is being
Blocks 5700 and 5900 and compared with actual applied to its inputs, it can no longer protect.
known values.
Measured Test Currents
It is not necessary to perform testing during an Perform inservice (or test current) relay
outage since most of the relays functions can be measurements of all currents and phase angles
checked by putting test switches in the Test position through Test Address 4101.
and blocking all outputs from the relay; however,
most operational wire checking and functional Compare the known current values with the
testing of the controlled devices will require an displayed test currents. If deviations occur that
outage. cannot be explained by tolerances, recheck
connections and test arrangement and repeat.

When assessing the currents, note that the


differential and stabilizing values are referred to the
rated current of the transformer winding.

PRCM-1108A-0199 93
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During normal operation or through-fault testing, the that moment, the measured values of the quiescent
value of differential current should be negligible state are displayed. While pressing Reset.
against the magnitude of the line currents. The If testing is performed during an outage or the test
stabilizing (restraint) value should be approximately switches are in the test position, all terminal screws,
twice the test or line current value. even those not in use, should be tightened.

When the relay is in test mode, the differential Close housing cover.
protection and the restricted ground fault protection
are not effective, even when they are switched On. Note: Housing cover must be on relay for proper
Take the relay out of test mode after the tests have operation.
been completed.

Waveform If test switches are in the Test position, place in the


Operating position.
Note: If the routine checks are performed during
Energized conditions or with test switches in After all readings are taken and found to be correct,
the Test position, initiate manual starting of the relays can be are placed in service.
the record in Address Block 4900 to read line
or test current.
Check that all protection is in service and that all
Note: If the routine checks are performed during an indicating lights, targets, and equipment are reset
outage or with test switches in the Test and normal before leaving.
position, a switching test or fault test can be
performed. See the Commissioning section of Information to a SCADA System during Test
this manual. Operation Address Block 8300
When the relay is connected to a central storage
Download the captured waveform to a PC for device or localized substation automation system
analysis, and verification that the relay is processing and VDEW/ZVEI is used, the information transmitted
all inputs as required by the application. to the central computing system can be identified as
Test Operation for all annunciations, messages,
Once the waveform has been captured, view it using and measured values occur while the relay is tested.
WinDIGSI and DIGRA software. Thus, these messages can be distinguished from
those that occur during real operation.
Putting the Relay into Operation
All setting values should be checked again, in case In order to accomplish this switch over, Address
they were altered during the tests. Particularly Block 8300 is available, provided the VDEW/ZVEI
check that all desired protection functions have been protocol has been chosen during configuration of the
programmed in the Address Block 7800 and that all serial system interface; Address 7221 and/or 7222
desired protection functions have been switched On. VDEW Compatible or VDEW Extended.

Stored indications on the front plate should be reset Note: Switch Address 8301 back to Sys. Test Off
by pressing the Target Reset on the front so that after completion of testing.
from then on, only real faults are indicated. From

94 PRCM-1108A-0199
7UT51 v3

Fault Data and Analysis Tools


Front Panel Alarms
Addresses 7107 and 7108 can be set to Display
Information on the latest fault event. Once the
message is acknowledged with the Reset key or via
remote reset, the selected display for Addresses
7105 and 7106 will appear.

The LEDs will be lit depending on how they were


marshalled in Address block 6300 (assuming the
corresponding function is Enabled and On).

Remote warnings will also be initiated if utilized.

Fault Analysis Data


The sources available to analyze a fault event are as
follows.
Address 5100 - the Event Log which contains the
50 most recent event messages, both operational
and fault messages, with older messages
overwritten by newer messages.
Address 5200 The Last Fault information (see
Note)
nd
Address 5300 The 2 to Last Fault information
(see Note) Figure 46: Example of Fault Data
rd
Address 5400 The 3 to Last Fault information
(see Note)
PC
Note: Each fault log contains up to 80 fault related The PC can communicate directly with the relay by
event messages beginning with the pickup of entering the Dialog menu and choosing the Dialog
any active protection function and ending with mode with the protection device Direct. Data may
the dropout of that function. If necessary to also be accessed via a modem or SCADA system.
make room, the oldest fault log and/or oldest Consult the WinDIGSI Instruction Manual or the
event messages within a log may be WinDIGSI Users Manual for detailed instructions.
overwritten.
The recorded waveform fault data can be viewed
Each event message has three parts: and analyzed by exporting (download) to a PC.
1. The date and time of the event Data for up to three faults is stored in the relay;
however, the PC memory can store many. This data
2. A description of the event
can give valuable information on the simultaneously
3. An indication of whether the condition that captured data for all current inputs and up to four
triggered the event is starting or ending. user-defined functions that report the status of
discrete-signal inputs.

PRCM-1108A-0199 95
7UT51 v3

The fault data is accessed by entering the Fault Resetting/Clearing Buffers and Targets
menu. From the Fault menu: To reset the Event or Fault logs:
1. Choose Fault Record.
2. A list of the fault instance recorded within the 1. Enter the password (000000).
actual device or the device file will appear 2. 8201 resets LED memory.
3. Select the fault instance. Using WinDIGSI, the LED Reset is found under:
Options\Device\Reset LEDS.
4. Choose Options.
3. 8202 deletes the operational buffer storage
5. Choose the type of graph desired: primary
values, secondary values, or normalized values 4. Using WinDIGSI, deleting the operational buffer
is founder under:
6. Click DIGRA. Control/Resetting Stored Data/8202 Reset
7. From this point on there are several options for Event Log/ or /8203 Reset Trip Log.
viewing the data and printing the data. Consult 5. 8203 deletes the fault annunciation buffer
the WinDIGSI Instruction Manual or the storage.
WinDIGSI Users Manual for detailed
instructions. 6. Using WinDIGSI, deleting the operational buffer
is founder under:
Control/Resetting Stored Data/8202- Reset
Saving/Archiving Fault Data Event Log / or / 8203 Reset Trip Log.
Using the WinDIGSI software, all faults present in 7. Press the Target Reset on the front panel.
the relay can be completely transmitted to the
computer. Each fault is saved in a separate file.
Select the option PD->File in the Fault menu. You
will be asked to confirm your intention. You can
store as many event messages as necessary.

96 PRCM-1108A-0199
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Address Index
1000
1100 ................................................ 8, 22, 37 2113 .................................. 62, 63, 64, 65, 70
1102 .......................................................... 17 2114 .................................................... 60, 61
1104 .................................. 17, 22, 43, 76, 87 2115 .......................................................... 61
1105 .................................................... 17, 36 2118 .................................................... 66, 71
1106 .................................. 24, 36, 37, 39, 41 2121 ........................................ 62, 64, 67, 69
1107 .............................................. 43, 47, 76 2400 .......................................................... 15
1108 .......................................................... 42 2401 ................27, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55, 60, 76
1121 .................................................... 17, 24 2402 ........................................ 51, 52, 53, 54
1124 .............................................. 17, 22, 76 2403 ........................................ 51, 52, 53, 55
1125 .................................................... 17, 36 2404 .................................................... 51, 52
1126 .......................................................... 24 2405 .......................................................... 51
1127 .......................................................... 76 2406 .......................................................... 50
1141 .......................................................... 24 2500 .......................................................... 15
1144 .................................................... 22, 76 2501 ................27, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55, 60, 76
1146 .......................................................... 24 2502 .............................................. 51, 52, 53
1147 .......................................................... 76 2503 ........................................ 51, 52, 53, 55
1401 .......................................................... 76 2504 .................................................... 51, 52
1402 .................................................... 22, 76 2505 .......................................................... 51
1601 ...................... 20, 24, 48, 49, 50, 60, 76 2506 .......................................................... 50
1603 ............................ 24, 27, 32, 44, 45, 54 2700 .......................................................... 15
1604 .......... 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 45, 55 2701 .............................................. 72, 73, 74
1606 .......................................................... 45 2703 .......................................................... 72
1607 .................................................... 44, 45 2704 .......................................................... 72
1608 .................................................... 45, 46 2709 .......................................................... 72
1611 .............................................. 31, 33, 90 2725 .............................................. 72, 73, 74
1612 .............................................. 33, 34, 90 2727 .................................................... 72, 75
1613 .............................................. 32, 33, 35
3000
1614 .................................................... 32, 33
1615 ............................ 32, 33, 34, 35, 50, 51 3000 .......................................................... 15
1616 .................................. 23, 32, 33, 50, 51 3001 ........................................ 56, 57, 58, 59
1617 .............................................. 47, 48, 55 3002 .............................................. 57, 58, 59
1618 .................................................... 46, 47 3003 .......................................................... 59
162525, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 34, 35, 46, 47, 48
4000
1626 .............................................. 28, 29, 30
1627 ........................................ 26, 27, 30, 31 4100 .................................................... 16, 84
1900 .......................................................... 14 4101 ............................ 16, 43, 44, 89, 90, 92
1901 .............................................. 76, 77, 78 4121 .................................................... 16, 17
1903 ........................................ 76, 77, 82, 83 4141 .................................................... 16, 17
1904 .............................................. 82, 83, 84 4161 .................................................... 17, 44
1910 .................................................... 79, 80 4181 .................................................... 17, 84
1911 .............................................. 79, 80, 81 4800 ........................................ 17, 18, 44, 91
1912 .................................................... 80, 81 4801 .............................................. 18, 44, 84
1925 .............................................. 76, 77, 78 4900 ........................................ 20, 89, 90, 93
1927 .............................................. 76, 78, 79 4901 .............................................. 20, 90, 93
2000 5000
2100 .......................................................... 15 5700 .............................................. 19, 89, 92
2101 ...................... 27, 50, 60, 64, 65, 67, 70 5701 .......................................................... 19
2103 ...................... 61, 62, 63, 66, 67, 68, 71 5702 .......................................................... 19
2104 .................................. 61, 67, 68, 69, 70 5703 .......................................................... 19
2111 ........................................ 60, 61, 62, 64 5704 .......................................................... 19
2112 .................................................... 60, 61 5705 .......................................................... 19

PRCM-1108A-0199 97
7UT51 v3

Address Index (Continued)


5706 .......................................................... 19 5707 .......................................................... 19
5708 .......................................................... 19 6307 .......................................................... 23
5709 .......................................................... 19 6308 .......................................................... 23
5710 .......................................................... 19 6309 .......................................................... 23
5711 .......................................................... 19 6310 .......................................................... 23
5721 .......................................................... 19 6311 .......................................................... 23
5722 .......................................................... 19 6312 .......................................................... 23
5723 .......................................................... 19 6401 .......................................................... 23
5724 .......................................................... 19 6405 .......................................................... 23
5725 .......................................................... 19
7000
5726 .......................................................... 19
5727 .......................................................... 19 7100 .................................................... 14, 16
5728 .......................................................... 19 7105 .............................................. 16, 91, 94
5729 .......................................................... 19 7106 .............................................. 16, 91, 94
5730 .......................................................... 19 7107 .............................................. 16, 23, 94
5731 .......................................................... 19 7108 .............................................. 16, 23, 94
5900 .............................................. 19, 89, 92 7110 .......................................................... 16
5911 .......................................................... 19 7200 .......................................................... 14
5912 .......................................................... 19 7221 .......................................................... 93
5913 .......................................................... 19 7222 .......................................................... 93
5914 .......................................................... 19 7400 .......................................................... 20
5921 ............................ 19, 23, 72, 73, 74, 75 7402 .................................................... 20, 89
5922 .......................................................... 19 7411 .......................................................... 20
5923 .......................................................... 19 7431 .......................................................... 20
5924 .......................................................... 19 7432 .......................................................... 20
7800 .............................................. 35, 91, 93
6000
7806 ......................17, 42, 76, 77, 78, 79, 83
6201 .......................................................... 23 7807 ......................17, 42, 76, 77, 78, 79, 83
6202 .......................................................... 23 7816 .......................................................... 24
6203 .......................................................... 23 7819 .................................. 14, 76, 77, 78, 79
6206 .......................................................... 23 7821 .................................................... 15, 60
6207 .......................................................... 23 7824 .................................................... 15, 50
6208 .......................................................... 23 7825 .................................................... 15, 50
6209 .......................................................... 23 7827 ........................................ 15, 72, 73, 75
6210 .......................................................... 23 7830 .................................................... 15, 56
6211 .......................................................... 23 7831 .................................................... 15, 56
6300 .................................................... 14, 94
8000
6301 .......................................................... 23
6302 .......................................................... 23 8300 .......................................................... 93
6303 .......................................................... 23 8301 .......................................................... 93
6304 .......................................................... 23

98 PRCM-1108A-0199
Siemens Power Transmission & Distribution, LLC
Distribution Automation Division
P.O. Box 29503
Raleigh, NC 27626-0503

Manual No. PRCM-1108A-0199 1999 Siemens Power Transmission & Distribution, LLC
Printed in U.S.A. Subject to change without notice. Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.