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F

ami
lia
riz
ati
on& S
hor
t-t
ermT
rai
nin
g

1988
J
apan
eseSe
cti
on
Sc
hoolofL
angua
geS
tud
ies

FOREIGNSERVICEINSTITUTE
U.S
. DEPARTMENTOFSTATE
TableofContents

並区 Lesson Contents 白旦皇

F
irs
tEncounters Introducti
ontoJapanandtheJapaneselanguage
2
. Findingoutwhereyouare 19
3
. Identi
fyingobje
cts 35
4
. Askingabouttheavai
lab
ili
tyofmerchandiseor 51
serv
ices
5
. Introduc
tions 65
I
I
. GettingD
ire
cti
ons 6
. Placenameso fint
eresti
nTokyo 79
7
. Someb asicp
la c
ee xp
ress
ion
s 89
8. Gett
ingtheansweryouwant( 1) 105
9. Gettingtheansweryouwant(2) 119
1
0. Askingthedistance 137

ReviewL
ess
on: MakingI
tWork(
1) 155

I
I
I. Transpo吋a
tio
n 噌

a 1
. Buyingat ra
int i
cket 157
1
2. Takingther ig
htt r
ain 175
1
3. Gettingoffatther igh
tstop 191
1
4. F
indinbg
uoutther ightexi
tandchangingt
rain
s 205
andbuses
1
5. Takingataxi 219
I
V. Shopping 1
6. Locatin
gmerchandise 235
1
7. Askingforse
rviceandind
ica
tin
gpreference 251
1
8. Makingad ecis
ion 269
1
9. Payingandreceivi
ngchange 285
2
0. Dailygree
tings 299

ReviewL
ess
on: MakingI
tWork(
2) 319

V
. E
ati
ngOut 21
. S
e
at
~
ng andaskingfo
rservi
ce 321
22
. P
lac
inganorder 335
23
. P
lac
inganorderandpaying 351
VI
. Telephoning 2
4. Openingatelephoneconversation 371
2
5. Makingandr ec
eivin
gab usinessca
ll 383
2
6. Moretelephoneca
lls 399
V
II. Emergenciesand 2
7. Emergencies 413
Problems 2
8. Gettingthin
gsf
ixe
d 427
V
II
I. U
sef
ulExpressions 2
9. Goingoutf orentertainment 441
3
0. Expressin
ga pp
reciation,reg
retandother 457
sentiments

ReviewL
ess
on: MakingI
tWork(
3) 469

Japanese-EnglishG
los
sar
y 473
E
ngl
ish
-Ja
pan
eseG
los
sar
y 496
Tableo
fMonths,Days,
WeeksandCounters 516
i
l
i
PREFACE

The JapaneseFamil
iarizatio
nandShortTerm( FAST)Courseisoneofas e
ries
ofsimilarforei
gnlanguagec ou
rsesproduceda ttheF oreig
nS ervi
ceI n
stitut
ethat
areintendedtot r
ainU.S.Governmentpesonnela ssi
gnedt oo v
erseasp o
sts. The
obje
ct i
veoftheFASTCoursesi stohelpstudentsa c
quirethecommunications ki
lls
necessarytodealwiththemostcommons o
cia
landd ail
yl i
fesituat
ionstheyw il
l
encounterduringt he
iroverseasassignments. Languageformsadequatet osat
isfy
personalneeds,"how-to"information,andc ultu
ralh i
ghlight
sa representedi na
formatthatw i
ll encouragestudentstotryoutand usewithconfidencethe
languageski
llstheyhavedeveloped.

Theo rigi
nalv ersionoftheJapaneseFASTCoursewasdrafted i n 1981 by
TetsuoKumatoriyaandMariTakahashiunderthed i
rectio
nofMadelineE .Ehrman.
Thesem ater
ialsweree d
itedi n1985byJohnB .R at
liff,I
I
I,andHedyA .St.Denis.
Basedonobservationofstudentperformanceandcommentso fbothstudentsand
inst
ructor
sa tFSI,thecoursehasbeene xte
nsiv
elyr e
visedoverthepastseve
raly e
ars.
Mrs.TomokoTanakaCampen,S e
niorI ns
tru
ctorintheF S
IJapaneseS ectio
n,has
beendeeplyi nvo
l v
edi nthi
sworkalongwiththeteamofi n
str
ucto
rsthatsheh eads
:
MiyukiFogel,Masal くo Gonzales-Montero,Masalくo Nanto,andSetsukoP feif
fer.
ThomasE .Maddena s
siste
dwiththedesignandl ay-o
u tofthecamera-readycopy
andC orneliusC.Iくublerwasr es
ponsibl
ef orthee d
itingofthef i
nalversionofthe
cours
e .

TheJapaneseFASTCoursewasdesignedasasix-weeki ntrod
uctor
yc oursefo
r
employeesanddependentswithimminentassignmentstoJapanwhoa reunableto
takether eg
ular44-weekJapaneseBas
icCourse.Itshouldbenotedt hattheFAST
Coursedoesnotattempttopresentas yste
matic,comprehensiveintroduct
ionto
Japanesegrammar; i n
stead,bi
tsand pi
eceso fthegrammararep racticedand
explainedastheyappearn at
urall
yinthedial
ogs.I nviewo ftheemphasisonthe
immediatelyprac
tic
alandtheamountoftimea v
ailab
le,al
ll i
ngui
sti
ce xpl
anatio
ns
havebeeng reat
lysimp
lifi
ed.

Usersofthesem a
ter
ialswhohavesuggestionsf orimprovementoft h
isfir
st
publishededitio
nshouldsendthemt otheJapaneseLanguageSect
ion,Department
ofAsianandA fri
canLanguages,SchoolofLanguageS tudie
s,ForeignS er
vice
Inst
itute,DepartmentofSta
te,Washington,D
.C.20520.

Washington,D
.C. J
uly1988
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

Lesson 1

INTRODUCTIONTOJAPAN
AND
THEJAPANESELANG・UAGE
こんにちは O

I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• s
taeyourname,
t Japaneses
tyl
e

• greetpeoplei
nJapanese

• saythefollowinginJapanese:
I
'don'tunderstand'
'
Iunderstand'

• askaJapanesepersont
orepeatsomething

• countnumbersupt
o99

Youw i
llalsobecomefa
mili
arwithafewr
epr
ese
nta
tiv
e
scenesfromandfact
saboutJapan
lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

Presentation

1
. Thei
nst
ruc
torw
ills
ele
ctfromamongthefollowingtoshowt
othec
las
s:

a
. f
ilms,
sli
des,andvideotapes
b
. pi
ctur
es,pos
tc ar
ds,magazines,
dol
ls,books,newspapers,money,tc
e .

Askaboutanddi
scus
swithyouri
nst
ruc
tor
sandfellowstudentsanythingwhichyou
f
indi
nter
est
ingi
nthef
ilmsord
isp
lay
s.

2
. Youwil
lprobablyf
indthatyoua l
readyknowsomeJapanese. Whataresomeo
fthe
Japanesewordsyouhaveheardbefore?T
ellthec
las
s.

Haveyoubeent oJapan?I fso,b


rie
flyd
escri
beyourexperiencetothec
las
s.What
c
iti
esd
idyouvisi
tandwhomd i
dyoumeet? T el
lthenamesofthec it
iesandpersonstothe
c
las
s.Pra
cti
cethepronunciationofthewordsoutloudbyrepeatingafte
rtheins
truct
or.

3
. a
. L
istentothei nst
ruc
torreadthefollowingJapanesewordsandguessthemeaning
ofeachword. Thewordsa r
eo r
igi
nallyfromE ngli
shbuttheyarefrequentlyusedi
n
presentdayJapanese.(Youdon'thavetomemorizethewordsnow, theyw i
llappeari
n
lat
eru n
its.)

YOURTASK: l
ist
enandguessthemeaning
PURPOSE: f
amili
ari
zat
ionwiththesoundsystem

basu 5
. erebeetaa 9. esukareetaa 1
3. koora
2
. bi
iru 6
. chokoreeto 1
0. sandoit
chi 1
4. sarada
3
. menyuu 7
. wain 1
1. shatsu 1
5. seetaa
. b
4 i
ifu 8
. koohii 1
2. hanbaagaa 1
6. sokkusu

b
. Makes
ureyourguesswasζ
orr
ect
. Repeata
fte
rtheteachertop
rac
tic
epr
onu
nci
ati
on.

YOURTASK: con
firma
tionandrepe
titi
on,withmeaningunderstood
PURPOSE: f
amili
ariz
ati
onwiththesoundsystem

c
. Thei
nst
ruc
torw
illshowyouas
eri
esofp
ict
ursandask,
e

Korewanandesuka? Whati
sth
is?

Answerthequestionbys
ayi
ng...
deu,
s whichmeans'
(
It)i
s
...
'

YOURTASK: look,li
ste
n,andanswer
PURPOSE: pra
c t
icepronunciation,i
ntr
odu
cti
ono
f...
des
u
toident
ifyano bject

2
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

4
. a
. ListentotheinstructorreadAmericannamespronouncedi
ntheJapaneseway.
Guesswhatnameswerer ead
.

YOURTASK: li
stenandguessthemeaning
PURPOSE: comprehensionofcommonAmericannames

1
. Sumisu 4
. Joonzu 7
. Jonson 1
0. Buraun
2
. Teeraa 5
. Tonpuson 8
. Toomasu 1
1. Makudonarudo
3
. Hoomuzu 6
. Andaason 9
. Reegan 1
2. Jakuson
b
. Makes ureyourguesswasc
orr
ect
. Repeatthenamesa
fte
rthei
nst
ruc
torto
p
rac
tic
epronunciation.

YOURTASK: confirmationandrepet
ition
PURPOSE: practi
ceJapanesepronunciationofAmericannames

c
. P
rac
tic
ethepronunciationo
fyournamea
swe
lla
sthenamesoftheothers
tud
ent
s.

d
. T
ellyouri
nst
ruc
to nJapanese,saying
ryournamei

Watakushiwa...
deu,whichmeans'
s I'.一
m '

YOURTASK: te
llyourname
PURPOSE: pronunciationofyourname
introductio
no fWatakushiwa...
des
u.

5
. a
. Theinst
ructo
rwi
llca
llther
ol
l.Sayhaimeaning'y
es,
'whenyournamei
sζa
ile
d.(
In
t
hissit
uat
ion,thewordcanmean'he
re'or'
presnt
e .
'
)

I
nst
ruc
tor
: .
..s
an.

YOURTASK: li
stenandanswer
PURPOSE: comprehensionofAmericannames,...
san,and
affi
rmativ
eanswers

b
. Whatdoestheins
tru
cto
rsa
yaf
tereachname? Whatdoyouthinki
sthemeaning
oftheword? D
iscu
ss.

YOURTASK: li
ste
nandi de
nti
fyawordandi
t
smeaning
PURPOSE: addres
sterm...sa
n

c
. Theinstr
uct
orwil
ltel
lyouh i
so rherf
ullname. L
istenc
are
ful
lyandwritei
tdown.
Dids/hesay
...sanattheendo fthename? Whichdoyouthinkisthef
irs
tnameand
thela
stname? S/hew i
llal
sog ivesomecommonJapanesenames. Repeatafte
rthe
ins
truc
tortopra
cti
cepronunCia
tion.

I
nst
ruc
tor
: Watakushiwa...
des
u.

YOURTASK: li
ste
nandw r
ite
PURPOSE: wordorderofJapanesenames
intr
odu
ctionofcommonJapanesenames

3
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

6
. a
. Looka
tthemapo fJapan(Nihon 日 本 )belowandi de
ntif
ythenamesofthe
isl
and
sandthec i
tiswhereAmericanc
e onsulatesandAmericancenter
sar
el o
cat
ed.
P
ra仁ti
cethepro
nunciat
ionofeachplace,repeatingaf
terthei
nstr
uct
or.

American
I
sla
nd Consulate Center
(USIA)
II
II判 1
111
1¥I
¥
Hokkaid。 Sapporo Sapporo • I

Honshu Tokyo Tokyo


Osaka Osaka
Kobe Nagoya
Kyoto
Shikoku
Kyushu Fukuoka Fukuoka
Okinawa Naha

111
1
G
~

χ
Na

4
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

b
. Theinst
ruc
tora
sksyouaquestionbyr
efe
rri
ngt
othemapo
fJapan. Answerthe
que
sti
on.

Example:

I
nstru
ctor: Korewa(p lacename)desuka?
Student: Hai,soodesu. Yes
,iti
s
OR

l
ie,chigaimasu. No ,i
tisno.
t
(
Ii
t.,No ,i
tisd
iff
ernt
e .
)

Whenyoudonotunderstandtheword(s)thei
nst
ruc
tors
aid,a
skhimorherto
repeatthequestionbys
ayi
ng

Suminase
n、
. I
'ms
orr
y. OR Excuseme.
Mooi c
hi-
doit
tekudasa.
i P
lea
sesay(
tha
t)again
.

YOURTASK: answerthequestionandgetu n
clearques
tion
srepeated
PURPOSE: intro
ducepos
itiveandnegativeanswersandreq
uestsfo
r
rep
etiti
on

c
. CommunicationGame

D
ire
cti
ons
:
Onestudentpo
intstoap l
aceonthemapo fJapananda skswhetheri
tisa
pa同i cu
larpl
acebysayin
g:Korewa( placename)desuka? A secondstudentanswers
his/he
rquestionbysayingei
ther:Hai,soodesu,orl i
e,chigaimasu. I
fthesecond
studentdoesnotgetawordi nthequestion,s/h
easksthefirs
tstudenttorepeatthe
questionbysayi
ngSumimaser
可. Mooichi
-doitekudasa.
t i

7
. a
. Thefollowinge
xpr
ess
ion
sareuseda
sgr
eet
ing
s.L
istentotheinstructorandrepeat.

Ohayoogozaimasu. Goodmorning.
Konnichiwa. GoodafternoonOR Goodd
ay.
Konbanwa. Goodevening.
Sayoonara. Good-bye.

YOURTASK: l
ist
enandrepeat
PURPOSE: i
ntrod
uct
ionofgreetinge
xpr
ess
ion
s

5
L
ess
on1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJa
pana
ndt
heJ
apa
nes
ela
ngu
age

b
. P
rac
tic
eth
efo
llo
win
ggr
eet
ing
s:

A: .
..s
ano
hay
oog
oza
ima
su. Goodmorning
,Mr./Ms..
: O
B hayoog
oza
ima
su. Goodmorning.

A:K
onn
ich
iwa
.

2
. Goodafternoon.
: K
B onn
ich
iwa
.

U
Goodafternoon.

dd
GG
oo
o

v
e
nn
ev

n
Konbanwa.
nuJn3
3
. A: e
o
e

: K
B onbanwa. n

4
. A:S
ayo
ona
ra. Good-bye.
: S
B ayo
ona
ra. Good-bye.

•••
,‘、

a
.
‘,

••

E

6
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

8
. Classroomexpressions
Duringthecourse,yourinst
ruc
torwilltrytocommunicatewithyouu sin
gJapanese
wheneverp o
ssi
ble. Youwil
lf in
dthefollowingclassroomex
pressi
onsh e
lpfu
lforsmoother
communication. ( The
seexpre
ssion
swillalsobeu sefulforcommunicationwithJapanese
peopleo utsi
decla
ss.
)

a
. I
nst
ruc
tor
: Wakarimasuka? Doyouunderstand?
St
udent
: Hai,wakarimasu. ,Iu
Yes nderstand.
OR
l
ie,
wakarimasen. ,Idon'tunderstand.
No

b
. S
tud
ent
: Mooichi-doi
ttekudasa.
i Pleasesayi
tag
ain
.

9
. Readingnumbers
Thefollowing i
stheJapanese numericalsystemfromzerot
o99
. P
rac
tic
e the
pronunciationo
fthenumbersbyrepeatingaft
ertheins
tru
cto
r.

。 zero 30 s
an-
Juu
i
chi 3
1 sa作 ω
n.刊ui
小d
h
州、
叫i
2 n
I 32 s
an-
JuunI
3 san
4 s
hi/
yon 40 yon-Juu
5 go 50 ヨO
n -
IUU
6 roku 60 r
oku
-ju
u
7 s
hic
hil
nan
a 70 nana-Juu
8 h
ach
i 80 h
ach
i-j
uu
9 ku/kyuu 90 kyuu-juu
10 JUu
1
1 j
uui
chi 9
1 kyuu-juui
chi
1
2 JUunI 92 kyuu-juun
i
1
3 J
Uusan 93 kyuu-juusan
14 j
uus
hi/
yon 94 kyuujuus
hi/
yon
15 juugo円 95 kyuu-juugo
16 j
uuroku 96 kyuu-juuroku
1
7 j
uus
hic
hi/
nan
a 97 kyuu-juus
hic
hi
18 j
uuh
ach
i 98 kyuu-juuh
ach
i
1
9 juuku/kyuu 99 kyuu-juukyuu
20 nトJ
UU

7
l
ess
on1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandt
heJapaneselanguage

VOCABULARY KOTOBA

P
res
ent
ati
on

kore t
his(
thi
ng) これ

wa (
fol
low
sto
picofc
lau
seo
rse
nte
nce
) i

nan what
? なん

desu sl
i amlare です

ka (
ind
ica
tesaq
ues
tio
n) 治

watakushi わたくし

Nihon Japan にほん

hai y
es は しE

...
san Mr.,M
rs.,
Ms. ..さん

soo thus,s
o,ζ
orr
ect そ つ
、ノ

li
e no いいえ

chiga
i 、
nasu wrong,
dif
fer
ent ちがいます

su円
、1円、asen excuseme,I
'ms
orr
y すみません

moo more,
again,
fur
the
r もう

ich
i-do onetime,
once いちど

it
tekudasai p
lea
ses
ay いってください

Ohayoogozaimasu goodmorning おはようございます

Konnichiwa goodday,goodafternoon こんにちは

Konbanwa goodevening こんばんは

Sayoonara good-bye さようなら

wakarimasu understand わかります

wakarimasen notunderstand(nega
tiv
e わかりません
formofwakarimasu)

8
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandt
heJapaneselanguage

Notes

sensee t
eac
her,i
nst
ruc
tor せんせい

Ogenkidesuka? Howareyou?(
l
i.,
t Areyouw
ell
?) おげんきですか
(po
lit
e)

Personalizedl
is
t

T
hisi
swhereyoucanaddwordsyouwantt
oknowandhaveaskedf
ori
ncl
ass
.
Tr
ytokeepth
isl
is
tfai
rlys
hor
t.

9
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

SupplementaryMaterial

P
rac
tiζ
ereadingthef
oll
owi
ngnumbers:

5 8 9 4

3 7 6 2

1
0 1
3 1
4

25 28 30 36

37 49 2
2 47

36 50 5
1 66

40 5
3 67 20

1
9 70 74 45

80 83 38 90

95 5
9 9
1 99

2
. Readingtelephonenumbers

Onceyouknowthenumbersfromzerotonin
ei nJapanese,
youcans
ay
telephonenumbersq
uitee
asi
ly.lookatthefo
l l
owing
:

1
23-
456
7 Reading: i
chi,n
i,sannoyon,go,roku,s
hic
hi(
orn
ana
).

Note:Thep
art
icl
enoi
sreadi
nthep
lac
ewherethehypheni
spl
ace
dinE
ngl
ish
.

Nowr
eadthefollowingtelephonenumbers:

1
23-
451
2 789・0869 335・4783
234
・5134 867・9607 912-6452
315・4253 608・9706 756-1863
423・5434 478・2106 ・3
404 177
678・7099 316・2800 5
39-
953
0

10
L
ess
on1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandt
heJapaneselanguage

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

1
. DotheJapaneseunderstandEnglish?



d

t
Ah
hパ

e
n

n
o
n

n
αw
ao
ao
aMe

Ue3n
eEJe

nuJ
er

a
ng

a
x
,?E

n
Jm

n
u
rte
は-

AU
Au

﹂H

﹂H

hH
u
,、

r﹄
'trL
EEE

e3

e3

F3
3u

e3
y
VE

VE

VE-
d

E
d
e
m
a
n

lv'

y


a
O
My

2u

'
P3
V

Therefore,almostal
lJapaneseknowsomeE
ngl
is. However,fewcan usei
h tfo
r
c
onv
ersation
alp ur
poses.

AlthoughalargenumberofE n
glis
hwordsa recur
r e
ntl nJapanese,a
yusedi swehave
seen,thepronunciationofthesewordsi sJapanized insuchawayt hattheyareu su
ally
unrecognizabletofore
igners(andthesamewordsu su
allycannotbeunderstoodbyJapanese
whenspokenbyan ativespeakerofEng
lis
h).

Therefore,whenyouneedt ocommunicatewithaJapanesepersoni
nE n
glish,t
ryto
pi
ckastudentorayoungerpersonwhosememoryo fEngl
ishislik
elytobefresh,orwrit
e
downwhatyouwanttos ay,formanyJapanesef
indi
teas
iertounderstandE
ngl
ishwheni tis
wr
itt
enthanwheni ti
sspoken.

Generallyspeaking,mostJapanese working atthe Embassy or consulates do


understandE ngl
ish. However,youw
illf
indtheJapaneseyouwil
ll e
arninthiscoursetobe
veryus e
fulanda l
lJapanesewil
lmuchappreciatetheef
for
tyouhavemadet ol ear
nt h
eir
language.

2
. Japanesenames
AJapanesenamec o
nsi
stsofthef amiynameandthegivenname,i
l nthato
rder.The
familynameisf a
rmorefrequen
tlyusedi nJapanesethani nEng
lish.F i
rstnamesareu s
ually
usedo nlyamongi n
tim
ates.Ordin
arily,theJapanesedonothavemiddlenames. Namesi n
Japanesearealmostalwayswritte
ni nChinesec ha
racte
r sorK an
ji,andc ert
ainKanjiare
frequen
tlyusedincommonJapanesenames.Therefore,i twil
lbee asi
erf oryoutorecognize
JapanesenamesifyouknowtheseKanj.i

F
orexample,whatdothefollowingnameshavei
ncommon?

Yamada Yamanaka Yama町、oto Yamashita


Thecommonpa同 yamai srepresentedbytheKan
ji 山,whosemeaningi
s'mountain.'
MostJapanesenamesarew
rit
tenwithtwoK an
ji,and U
Jisoneo
fthemostcommonones.

Another仁ommonK anj
iusedi nnamesis田 ' n
eef i
eld',whichisusua
llyreada
staord
a.
Tanaka,Varna虫 andNaka盟 areexamplesofnamesthatζontaint h
isKanj.
i

1
1
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

Tryw
rit
ingthenameYamada. Whatdoyout
hin
kitmeans?

Thefollowinga
resomeothercommonK
anj
iusedi
nfa
mil
ynames:

shi
ta (下) below e
.g. Yamashita (山下)
naka (中) middle e
.g. Tanaka (田中)
mura (村) v
ill
age e
.g. Yama円、ura (山村)

Femalegivennamesa
reoftenr
eco
gniz
abl
ebythepresenceofko(子)' c
hil
d'a
ttheend
o
fthename.Manymalenamesendi n0(男,夫)'man
,''husband
,''
male
,'e
tc.

Thefollowinga
resomecommongivennamest
hatc
ont
ainthesesounds:

female: Kazuko Yasuko Kimiko


male: Kazuo Yasuo Kimio

N
eed
les
stos
ay,
the
rea
remanyothergivennamest
hatdonotendi
nkoo
ro.

Although Kanji havetheirown independent meanings,these meaningsare not


ordi
narilyrecognizedconsci
ousl
ywhenusedi nJapanesenames. Thesamei stru
einE n
gli
sh.
Forexample,anE ngl
ishspeakerwouldnotthinkapersonnamedM il
leractua
llyrun
sam il
l.
Likewi
s e,Eng
lishs peak
e rsdonotn e
ces
sar
ilythinko fthecolor'gre
en'whentheymeeta
personnamedGreen.

. Formsofaddress
3
WhenaJapaneseaddressesaperson,s/heus
u a
llyaddssomet i
tleaf
terthep e
rson
's
name. Amongtheti
tls,sani
e sthemostζommonandi susedr e
gar
dlessofthep e
rson'sse
x
andmarit
alst
atu
s. I
tist r
ansla
tedi n
toEnglis
ha s'Mr.,
'' M
rs.,
'or' M
s.,
'dependingonthe
con
tex
t.Sancanbeusedinthefollo
wingthreeways,dependinguponthec i
rcums
tance
s:

1
.F amilyname+san e
.g. Tanaka-san
2
.F i
rstname+san e
.g. Yasuko・san(female)
. Familyname+f
3 i
rstname+san e
.g・ TanakaYasuko・san

Oftheabovethreepat
terns,thefirs
toneisthemostcommonamonga
dul
ts. Youcan
uset
hispat
ternwithyourc
ollea
gu s,
e yourfri
end
s'wives,
etc
.

Thesecondp atternimpl
iesani ntima
ter e
lation
shi
pandi s usedbetweenv e
ryclose
frie
n d
sandf am
ilymembers. F orexample,awifeoftenaddr
essesherhusbandbyh isgiven
namep l
uss a
n.Therefore,i
fanAmericanwomana ddre
ssesaJapanesemanbyh isg
ivenname
(justtryin
gtobef riend
ly,forexample),shemayr i
sksomemisunderstandingbyhimorany
otherJapanesewhohappent obep re
sent.

Asaf orei
gner,i
twouldbeagoodi deaforyout ouseonlythefir
stpatternun
tilyou
haveobservedenought ofin
doutexa
ctlywhenitisal
lr ig
httouseanotherpatter
n.Itisnot
uncommonf o
rtwoJapanesewhohavebeenf r
iend
sf o
rmanyy e
arstoaddresseachotherby
the
irla
stnames, es
peci
allywhenthefri
ends
hipwase sta
blishe
dinadulthood. Sothechances
areyouwillbeu sin
gonlythefir
stpa
ttern(fam
ilyname+s a
n)andseldomhaveo ccas
iont o
useanyotherpatte
rn.

1
2
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

Thet
hir
dpatterni
sthemostformalofthethreeandthel e
astfrequentlyuse
d.I tis
usedwhenafu
llnameisr
equi
red(e
.g.,whenaninst
ruct
orca
llsthero
lli
nh is/h
erfir
stc
las
s).

Sensee,whichlite
ral
lymeans'teacher
'cana
, l
sobeuseda satermo fa dd
ress.I
tisused
notonlywitht e
achersbuta lsowithprofessor
s,doctors,lawyers,p ol
itician
sand other
prof
essional
s.Itisusua
llyattaζhedtothefamil
yname, e.
g.,Tanaka-sensee,butζanal
so0ζωr
alone,asinthef oll
owing
:

Sensee,ohayoogozaimasu. Goodmorning,Doctor(Professoκetc
.)
.

Pleasenotet ht…sancanneverbeusedaloneandmustalwaysfollowap
a er
son a
l
nameoroccupation.Whenr efe
rringtoyour
sef,neveraddat
l it
letoyourname,fo
rthet i
tleis
awayofshowingp o
liten
esso
rr es
pecttotheli
ste
nerorthepersonyouaret
alki
ngabout.

4
. Greetings
Ohayoogozaimasucorrespondsto'Goodmorning'i nEngli
sh. Ohayooi sac as
ualform
ofthee xpressio
nandisoftenusedamongf rien
dsandc ol
league
s.Konnichiwacorrespondsto
'Goodafternoon'o r'Gooddayi nEngl
ish,andisusedbetweenl a
te morningandal i
ttl
e
befored usk
. Konbanwacorrespondst o'Goode veni
ng.' Theabovee x
p res
sionsareusual
ly
usedo nlyonthef i
rsten仁ounteroftheday. Sayoonara(orSayonaraLcorrespondsto'Good-
bye'inE nglis
handi m
pliesthatthetwopeoplew il
lnotmeetagainthesamed a
y.S tr
ictl
y
speaking,Japanesedoesnothaveane xpre
ssionfor'Howareyouえ , although i
thasthe
expressi
o nOgenkidesuka?,whichlit
era
llymeans'Areyouh e
althy?'

Thedifferen
cebetweenthetwoi sthattheJapaneseexp
ressi
onissa
idtoapersonthe
speakerhasnotmetf orsometime,whereasinEngl
ishyoucans ay
'Howareyou?'t
othesame
personeveryd ay
. Anotherdi
ffer
enceisthatinEng
lishitwouldbeal i
tt
leoddtoanswerthe
question'Howareyou?'with 'Ifeelterr
ibl'o
e Ihaveaheadache',whereasi
r' nJapanese
simi
larresponsesdonotsoundstra
nge.

Inotherwords,Ogenkidesuka? fun
ction
sasagree
tingand,atthesametime,a
san
i
nqu
iryaboutone'
sh e
alth,whiletheE
ngl
ishex
press
ionp
rimar
ilyf
unct
ionsasagr
eeti
ng.

TheresponsetoOhayoogozaimasu,Konnichiwa,andSayoonarai
sex
act
lythesamea
s
i
nEn
glis .
h,i.,
e yousimplyrepeatthee
xpr
ess
ion.

1
3
l
ess
on1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandt
heJapaneselanguage

ForFurtherStudy

Notesonpronunciation
Youwil
lfindJapanesepronunciationfair
lysimple,fortherearefewersoundsin
JapanesethaninEng
lishandE ngl
ishhasmanyo ftheJapanesesound
s. However,ce
rta
in
featur
e sa
renotpr
esentinEng
lis
h.Theyi ncl
ude
:

1
. Sounds

Vowels: Therea
reo
nlyf
ivevowelsi
nJapanese.Theyare
al

a
sinfath
erbutmuchs horte
r
・ ueo

a
sinmachinebutmuζhs horte
r
a
sinf
ullbutwithoutroundingthel
ips
a
sinpet
a
sinboatbutmuchs ho
rter

Consonants: MostJapaneseconsonantsar
epronouncedalmostthesamea s
E
ngl
ishcon
sona
nts.Thef ollowin
gsoundsdonote
xis
tinEng
lis
horoccur
i
nadiff
ere
ntposit
ioni
naword:

f
: T
hissoundispronouncedbetweenthel
ipsa
swhenyoutrytoblow
outacandlebutwithalit
tl
eroundingofthel
ip
s.Ito
ccu
rsonlybeforeu
.
I
tmaysoundmorel i
kehtoyouthanf.

r
: Thepronunciationo
fth
issoundi
sbetweentheti
nwaterandthe
di
npudding.

n
: Thissoundcanbeasyll
abicnasa.
l' S
ylla
bic
'meansthatthesound
a
ctsl
ikeasyl
labl
ebyits
el
f.(Wew i
lltalkaboutJapaneses
yll
able
sbel
ow.)
I
tsoundsli
keninbutt
on.Beforeko rgitsoundslik
enginsin
g.

t
s: Thi
ssoundi spronouncedliket
sinh a
tsandnuts.Unli
keE
ngl
ish,
thesoundcan0ζζuratthebeginningofawordi
nJapanese.

14
L
ess
on1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandt
helapaneselanguage

2
. TheS
yll
abl
e

Eng
lishspeakersu suall
yconsiderconsonantsand vowelsa sthe b
asicun
itsof
p
ron
unc
iatio
n. NativespeakersofJapanese,however,p
erc
eiv
esyl
lab
lesastheba
sicu
nit
sof
p
ron
unc
iatio
n.

Japaneses
yll
abl
esreceiv
eapproximatelyequalstr
essandtimenomatterhowmanyo r
howfewconsonantso rvowelstheyconta
in. Thes im
plestsy
lla
bleco
nsi
stsofasin
glevowel
andthemostcommontypei scomposedofaconsonantandavowe. l

Youmayf indthefollowingchartsofJapanesesyl
labl
esconven
ient. Notethatthe
cha
rtsarereada cr
oss,fromIe代 torigh
t. Thefir
stsymbolineacho ftheboxesoutl
inedin
heavyin
kisromanizationorromai,
j skatakana,
thesecondi andthet
hirdish
iraga
na.

BASICSYLLABLES


a ア あ イ し、 U ウ つ e コ二 え 。 オ お



.
ka カ カE k
i キ 長寸 ku ク ke ケ ~t ko コ 、

圃,

s
a サ ~司 s
hi
p
ン し su ス す s
e セ せ so 、ノ そ

t
a タ た ι
hi チ ち t
su 、ソ て
コ t
e ア て to ト と

na ナ な n
I 一
一 nu ヌ ぬ ne 不

ね no ノ σ

ha ノ¥ l
ま h ヒ ひ f
u フ ふ、 he f¥ f¥ ho ホ ほ

ma マ 宇品 円1
1 、
、 み mu ム む me メ め 行

。 モ も
ya ヤ や yu 二L ゆ yo ヨ 品

-.
r
a フ ら r
I り r
u yレ る r
e レ れ r
o ロ ろ

wa ワ わ 。 ヲ を

n ン ん

VOICED/VOICELESSCOUNTERPARTSOFBASICSYLLABLES

ga ガ カま g
l ギ ぎ gu グ ge ゲ ~f go コ
司、~、、


、-

z
a ザ 勾己 ン じ zu ス ず z
e ゼ ぜ zo ソ ぞ

da ダ だ de ア で do ド ど
pa ノミ =
f


P
I ビ ひ
。 pu フ
。 4ケ
ョ・3
0
pe 〆
¥ミ J¥ po ポ ぽ

ba ノ1 t~r b
i ビ び bu フ 、
J才〉マ
be i
/ミ L
戸く bo ボ l

1
5
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

PALATALIZEDCOUNTERPARTSOFBASICSYLLABLES

kya キャ きや kyu キュ きゅ kyo キョ きょ

gya ギ、ヤ ぎや gyu ギュ ぎゅ gyo ギ ヨ ぎょ


sha ンヤ しゃ shu ンユ しゅ 。 ン、 ヨ
sh しょ
J
a ンヤ じゃ J
U ンユ じゅ J
O ン
一ヨ じよ
cha チャ ちゃ chu チュ ちゅ cho チ ヨ ちょ
nya ヤ にや nyu ユ こゆ
L nyo r ーヨ によ
hya ヒャ ひや hyu ピュ ひゅ hyo ヒョ ひょ
pya ピャ ぴゃ pyu ピュ ぴゆ pyo ピョ ぴょ
bya ビャ びゃ byu ビュ びゅ byo ピョ びょ
mya ヤ みや myu ミ二
L みゆ myo 、
、、ヨ みよ
r
ya リャ りや r
yu リュ りゅ ryo リョ りょ

Asmentionedabove,asin
glevowelcanbeas y
llabl
ebyits
elf
.Vowelcombinationslik
e
i,i
a e,ueandlongvowelsl i
keaa,i,uu,ee,and00shouldbeconsidereda
stwosyl
labl
es.

Nota
llsyl
labl
esendi navowe .
lThesoundncanbeaf u
lls yl
labl
ebyits
elf
.S im
ila
rly,
whentwoid e
ntiωIconsonantsoccuroneafte
ranother,thef
irs
tconsonanti
sconsideredaful
l
sy
lla
ble
.Thisi
ssomewhats imi
lartothedoubleconsonantkkinbookkeeperi
nEnglish.

Youdon'thearthesoundofthef ir
stkintheword. I tislik
eamomentarypauseor
s
ilencewithatensi
ngo fthethr
oat
.I nJapanese,thi
ss i
lencehasthetimedurationofone
s
yllab
leandistre
atedassuζh.Forexample,thewordi kka'famiyi
l spronouncedasi
-(t
ens
e
pau
se)-ka(th
rees
ylla
ble
s).Otherexamplesofdoubleconsonantsfollo
w:

抗: pronouncedl
ike杭 i
nhott
ea
i
tte
n onepo~t

t
ch: pronouncedl
iket
chi
nhotchocolate
matchi match
s
s: pronouncedl
ike5
5inJ
ack
'sson,
notl
ikeS
5ink
iss
I
sse
i f
irs
tgeneration
s
sh: pronouncedl
ike5
shi
nMissShepherd
i
ssh
oo o
ne'
sli
fe
p
p: pronouncedl
ikeppJntopp
osi
tio
n
i
ppa
l f
ul
l

1
6
Lesson1 IntroductiontoJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

Therei
sad iffer
enc
einmeaningbetweenwordswithvowelcombinations,l
ongvowels,
ordoubleconsonantsontheonehand,
andthosewithsing
levowelsorsingl
econsonantson
theothe
r.

Inanyca
se,nomatterhowmanyvowelsorconsonantst
herearei
nthesy
llabe,bes
l ure
toapplythi
sgener
alr u
leofJapanesepro
nun
ciati
on:'Eachs yl
lab
lere
cei
vesapproximately
equalst
res
sandtime.'Thefol
lowingar
esomeexamples:

kaa c
ar V
S. ka mosquito
l
ie no V
S. I
e house
uuru wool V
S. uru t
ose
ll
eesu a
ce V
S. esu (
thel
ett
er)'
s
'
001 many V
S. 01 nephew
ikka f
ami
ly V
S. ika s
qui
d
matchi match V
S. machi town
I
sse
i f
ir
stgeneration V
S. Isee opposites
ex
isshoo o
ne'
sli
fe V
S. isho w
ill,
testament

Inpra
cti
cigtheabovewords,
n youmayf indi
thelp
fult
obeati
nametronomicf
ash
ion
withyourhandorape
ncl,
i giv
ingonefu
llbeatpers
yll
able
.

3
. Accent

InEng
lish,accenti
sind
icate
dbys tr
essd
iff
ere
nce,whichmeansthes
tre
sse
dsy
lla
blei
s
pronouncedlouderthantheoth
ers y
lla
ble
s.

nJapanese,accenti
I s shownbyp i
tchdiffer
enc
e. Thus,inJapanese,ins
tea
do f
pronouncingonesyll
ableloud
e r,oneormoresy
llab
lesofawordarepronounceda
tah igh
er
pit
chthanther e
st.Japanesehasnumerousp ai
rsofwordswhichd i
fferonlyinpitc
h.
Compare:

~ '
bri
dge v
s. つ s
hi ,
cho
pst
ick
s'

However,suchpitc
hd if
ference
sseldomcauseconf
usi
oni
na c
tuals
itua
tions,f
orthe
c
ont
e x
to ftente
llsyouwhichwordismeantbythes p
eak
er.Youwi
llfin
dthatpit
chp at
ter
ns
d
i行era c
cordin
gtor eg
ionald
ialec
ts.

1
7
Lesson1 I
ntr
odu
cti
ont
oJapanandtheJapaneselanguage

READING KANA

スミス S
umi
su . なは
8 N
aha

. フ守ラウン
2 B
ura
un . なごや
9 N
ago
ya

3
. k
ooh
ii 1
0. きょうと l
くy
oot
o

4
. ビール b
ii
ru 1
1. こっべ l
くoobe

5
. ビル b
iru 1
2. おおさか O
osa
ka

. ソックス
6 s
okk
usu 1
3. とうきょう T
ool
くyo
o

. シャツ
7 s
hat
su 1
4. ふくおか F
uku
oka

Theabovea reonlyafewexamplesofwordswri
tteninkatakanaandhira
gan
a.Your
i
nst
ruc
torw
illprovideyouwithsupplementarym
ate
rialsf
oradditio
nalpra
cti
ce.

18
Lesson2 F
ind
ingoutwhereyoua
re

Lesson 2

FINDINGOUT
W
H E
.R.E.YO'UARE
ここはどこですか。

I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• askwhereyoua
re

• fi
ndouti
fyou arei
nthep
lac
eyou
wantt
obe

• fin
doutifyoua
rea
tther
igh
tst
ati
on
(onatr
ain)

• say'Thankyou'

• askaJapanesepersont
orepeatand
speakmoreslowly
Lesson2 F
ind
ingoutwhereyoua
re

DIALOGS KAlWA

Situation 1

Sgomgshoppmgm theGmza.A舟ergettmgoffthesubwaya
MrsBrownI ttheGmza
andwalkmgalongthest
ree
t,shebecomesworned,f
orsheI
Snownots u
reIfsheI
Srea
llyI
n
theGmza

Buraun: Sumimasen,kokowaGinzadesuka? Excuseme,I


Sth
ist
heGmza'}

J
Nlhon1n: l
ie,Ginzawamukood
esu
. No,theGmzaI
Soverm t
hat
di
rect
ion
.
Buraun: Doomo. Thankyou.

Nihonjin: 000i
tas
him
ash
ite
. You'r
ewelcome.

Situation 2

MrT aylrwantst
o otakeata
xIfromthes t
ati
onatwhichhegotoff Heseesseveral
peoplestandmgmImem fro
ntofthestation HethmkstheplaceI
SataxIstandbutheI Snot
sure

Teeraa: Sumimasen,kokowat
aku
shi
i・ Excuseme
,ISt
hisat
axIs
tan
d'}
noribadesuka?
Nihonjin: Ee,
soodesuy
o. Y
es.I
tIS
Teeraa: Doomoa
rig
ato
o. Thankyouv
e:γmuch.
Nlhonjin: 000i
tas
him
ash
ite
. You'rewelcome.

Situation 3
Ms.WhiteIStakmgthesubwaytoAkasaka,wheretheAmencanEmbassyI Sloc
ated.
J
ustashertramISaboutt
ostopa
tastation,shecheckswithapersonnearbyt
ofmdoutIfthe
st
ati
onISAkasaka

Howaito: Sumimasen.Kokowa Excuseme


,ISt
hisAkasakaア
Akasakadesuka?
Nihonjin: Ha? P
ard
on'
}
Howaito: KokowaAkasakadesuka? Arewea
tAkasaka'}
Nihonjin: l
ie,
Akasakawat
sug
ide
su. Snext
,AkasakaI
No .
Howaito: Doomo. Thankyou

20
Lesson2 F
ind
ingoutwhereyoua
re

Situation 4

Mr
s.Smithisinacabandn
otic
esashoppingareawheremanyshopsandsto
resare
loc
ate
d. Sheask
sthecabdr
ivrwhatthenameo
e ftheareaissothatshemaycomebackto
shoponal a
teroc
cas
ion
.

Sum;su: Kokowadokodesuka? Wherei


sth
is?
Untenshu: Shinjukudesu. t'
/ sS
hin
juk
u.

Sum;su: Sumimasen.Mooi c
hi-
do Excuseme.P
lea
sesayi
tagain
yukkurii
ttekudasa.
i slo
wly.
Untenshu: Shinjukudesu. t
'
IsS
hin
juk
u.
Sum;su: Doomoa
rig
ato
o. Thanky
ou.

2
1
lesson2 F
ind
ingoutwhereyoua
re

VOCABULARY KOTOBA

Dialogs

koko h
ere
mukoo y
onder,ove
rt he
re むこう

doomo t
hanks,tha
nky ou どうも
dooi t
ashi
na、
s
hit
e y
ou'r
ew elcome どういたしまして
ta
kushii t
ax
i タクシー

nori
ba (
bus
)s to
p,(ta
xi
)s tan
d のりぽ

ee y
es(les
sformalthanha
i) え
h ぇ

yo (
showsempha
sis) ト

doomoa r
iga
too t
hanky o
uv e
rym uch どうもありがとう
arigato
o t
hanky o
u ありがとう
ha? p
ardon?(Idon
'tu n
derst
and
) はつ

tsugi n
ext つぎ

doko wh
ere どこ

yukkuri s
lowl
y ゆっくり

P
rac
tic
e

basu b
us パス

P
lac
enames

Tokyo-to T
oky
oCi
ty 東京都

Shinjuku-ku S
hin
juk
uWard 新宿区
Marunouchi 丸の内
Akasaka 赤坂

Nihonbashi 日本橋
Shinbashi 新橋
Roppongi 六本木
Ginza 銀座

Ueno 上野

2
2
Lesson2 F
ind
ingoutwhereyoua
re

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A. Hereisamapo fTokyoinwhichsomeofthemaindis
tri
ctsa
remarked. P
rac
tic
ethe
pronunciationofthenamesofthedi
str
ict
sbyrepe
atinga
fterthetea
che
r.

成田

東京湾

新幹線
横浜
41

Ginza 銀座

,晶

Marunouchi 丸 の 内
、3

Shinjuku 新宿
凋斗

Akasaka 赤 坂 (wheretheAmericanEmbassyi
slo
cat
ed)

2
3
Lesson2 Findingoutwhereyoua
re

B
. SubstitutionD
ril
l
Sumimasen,kokowaGinzadesuka?

Akasaka
Shinbashi
Marunouchi
Roppongi
takus
hiinoriba
Ginza
basunoriba
Ueno
doko
Shinjuku

C
. CommunicationExercise
Example:
Student: KokowaGinzadesuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Hai,500d
esu.
Student: Doomoa rig
atoo
.
I
nstru
ctor: l
ie,dooitas
hima
shi
te.

S
tud
ent
'sl
is
t

takus
hiinoriba
Roppongi
basunoriba
Ueno
Marunouchi
Shinbashi
Shinjuku
Ginza
Akasaka
Nihonbashi

j
主:教師は下記の返事をまぜて使用する

1
. いいえ。
2
. どういたしまして。
3
. いいえ、どういたしまして。

24
Lesson2 F
ind
ingoutwhereyoua
re

D
. CommunicationE
xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentAsel
ectsaphotoandaskswheres/h
ei.StudentBanswers,
s re
fer
rin
gto
theplacenamewritte
nunderthephoto.StudentArespondsa
ppr
opr
iately
.StudentB
acknowledgesA'
sexpress
ionofapp
recia
tion
.

Example:

StudentA: Kokowadokodesuka?
(showingaphotothats
/hehaspickedup)
Student8: Ginzadesu.
StudentA: Ooomoa r
igat
oo.
Student8: 000i ta
shina、
s
hit
e.

E
. CommunicationE
xer
cis
e

D
ire
ζti
ons
:
Studentp
icksupaphotoanda sksi
fitisapart
icularp
lace.I
nstr
ucto
rs a
ys'Pardon
me?'Studentrepe
atsthesameq uest
ion.I nst
ruc
tors ay
s'yes
'or'no
.' Studentthanks
ins
tru
ctorandinstr
uct
o 'st
racknowledgesstudent hank
s.

Example:

Student: Sumimasen,kokowaGinzadesuka?(showingaphoto)
I
nstru
ctor: Ha?
Student: KokowaGinzadesuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Hai,
soodesu.
Student: Ooomoa rig
atoo.
I
nstru
ctor: 000i t
ash
imashi
te.

25
Lesson2 Findingoutwhereyoua
re

F
. CommunicationE
xer
cis
e

D
ire
cti
ons
:
Studenta
skswhereap ia
ιeisbypointingtoaci
rcl
eonthemapbelow. I nstr
uctor
answerswherei tis
. Studentask
sthei nstruc
tortorepeatslo
wly. I
nstr
uctorrepea
ts
slo
wly.Studentw r
itesdownthenameo fthep lac
e.Inst
ructo
rchecksi
fthestudentgot
i
tright
.

Example:

Student: Sumimasen, kokowadokodesuka?(pointingt


oac
irc
le)
Instruc
tor: Ginzadesu.
Student: Sumimaser,
、mooichi-doittekudasa.
i
I
ns tr
uctor: Ginzadesu.
Student: (wri
tesitdown)
I
ns tr
uctor: (check
sthenamethatthestudentwrote)

Shinjuku 2
• 10 0

4

Akasaka
°♂
.03
Marunouchi
Gid
5

教師用 1
. 上野
2
. 浅草
3
. 日本橋
4
. 六本木
5
. 新橋

26
Lesson2 Findingoutwhereyoua
re

. Production&AuralComprehension(教師用スクリプト下記参昭)
G

D
ire
cti
ons
.
StudentasksIf s
/heIS r
nap ar
ticu
larpla
ce. In
str
uct
oranswersbyreadrngthe
s
cnp
t.Studentchecks'yes
'or'no'ontheanswersh
eet
.

Example:

Student: Sumimasen,kokowaNihonbashidesuka?
I
nstruc
tor: le,kokowaToranomond
i e
su.
Nihonbashiwamadamadadesuy o.
Student: (puts'
X'I
nthe'
no'column)

Studentq
ues
tio
ns
1
. Askwhetherornotyouarei
ntheGinza.
2
. Askwhetherornotyouar tMarunouch.
ea i
3
. Askwhetherornotyouarei
nAkasaka.
4
. Askwhetherornotyouarei
nShinjuk
u.
5
. Askwhetherornotthep
lacei
sataxistan
d.
6
. Askwhetherornotthep
lacei
sabusstop 圃

Studentanswers 教師用スクリプト

y
es( )no( いいえ、ここは丸の内てす。
銀座はもっと向こうの方てすよ。

2
. y
es( )no( い い え 、 丸 の 内 は こ の す っ と 先 て すo
ま っ す く 行 け は わ か り ま すO

3
. yes( )no( ええ、そうです。赤坂のとっちへ
いらっしゃるんですか。

4
. yes( )no( はワ新宿ですか。
こ こ は 決 谷 て す か ら 、 コ つ 目 て す よo

5
. y
es( )no( は い 、 そ う で すo

6
. yes( )no( いいえ、あそこに見えるのかそうです。

27
Lesson2 Findingoutwhereyoua
re

H. Lo
okatt
hefol
low
ings
enten
cesw
rit
teninJ
apa
nes
e.C a
nyout
el
lyo
urins
tru
cto
rwhi
ch
a同so
p fthese
nte
ncesar
ewrit
tenineac
ho fth
efoll
owi
ng?(E
achi
sdefi
nedla
terint
hi
s
l
ess
on.
)

1
. Kanj
i
2
. Hiragana
3
. Katakana


F

a
n
a
u
eP3
A


n
n
n

r
?

O

v
+t
.AU

'
'

円 Md
2u
P3

P3

rL

きょう ほんしゅう ちゅうおう とうきょうわん


東京は本州のほぼ中央にあって、東京湾
めん とうさいやく なんはく
に 面しています。 東 西 約90キ ロ メ ー ト ル 、 南 北

ゃく ほそながかたち
約 25キ ロ メ ー ト ル の 細 長 い 形 を し て い ま すO

Thefoll
owin
gisatr
ans
lat
ionoft
heabo
ves e
nten
ce.Comparet
heJ
apa
nes
ese
nte
nce
w
ithi
t
str
ans
lat
ion
.C any
ouguesswhyA
rab
icnum
eralsareu
sed?

T
ran
sla
tio
n
TokyoislocatedinthecenterofHonshuand f a
cestheBayofTokyo. It
hasalong,narrowshape ,extendingapproximately90kilometersfrome
astt
o
westand-about25kilometersfromnortht osouth.

28
Lesson2 Findingoutwhereyoua
re

READING KANJI

Nameso
fpl
ace
sinTokyo

銀座 Ginza

2
. 新橋 Shinbashi

3
. 六本木 Roppongi

4
. 赤坂 Akasaka

5
. 丸の内 Marunouchi

6
. 日本橋 Nihonbashi

7
. 新宿 Shinjuku

29
Lesson2 Findingoutwhereyoua
re

USAGENOTES& HINTSFORCONVERSATION

1
. NotesontheWritingSystem
I
nmodernw
rit
tenJapanese,
thefollowingf
ivek
ind
sofsymbolsa
reu
sed
:

1
. K
anj
i(Chinesec
har
act
ers
)
2
. Hiragana
3
. Katakana
4
. Romaji
5
. Arabicnumerals

About90%ofthec
har
act
ersusedi
nJapanesesentencesa
reK
anj
iandHiragana.

1
. K
anj
i

AlthoughJapaneseandChinesea recompletelyseparatelanguages,Japanese
adoptedw ri
ttensymbolsandmuchvocabularyfromChinesebeginningi nthe4thor
5thcenturyA.D.Thesesymbolso rChineseιhara
ctersareζailedKanj.
i Kanjirepresent
bothmeaningandsound,andi ti softenthec asethatoneK anjihasmorethanone
reading( o
rpronunciation)andmeaning. Therearemorethan45, 000Kanj.i However,
only3, 000to4,0000ζcuri ndai
lyu se,ofwhich1 926havebeenchosena
, sthemost
important. These1,926K an
jiar
etheonesusedi nnewspapers,magazines,ands chool
textbooks(about1 000aretaughti
, nelementaryschoo
l).Int hi
ste t,youw
x illlea
rnt o
readandζomprehendsomeo ftheseKanj.
i Theyareusedi nsomenamesofpersons,
piaζes,sig
ns,etc
.,andknowledgeo ftheseKanj
iw i
llbeu s
efulforyoui nJapan.

2
. Hiragana

Hiraganaand Katakana areusedto represents yll


ables (d. Lesson 1: FOR
FURTHERSTUDY). TheHiraganawered er
ivedfromthec urs
ives t
yleo fKanjianda re
usedfornativeJapanesewords,wordsthatarenotwritte
ni nKanji,etc
. Asyouhave
seeninPract
ice8,Hiraganaa r
ea ls
ousedtoshowthereadingo rpronunciationo fa
Kanj
iwhenputaboveo rt
othes i
deoftheKanj.
iThisuseofHiraganaiscalledFurigan
a.

3
. Katakana

TheKatakanas yll
abaryi
salsoderivedfrom Kanj.
i Itismoreangularthan
Hiragana. Thee s
sen
tialfun
ctio
nofKatakanaise xa
ctlythesamea sHiragana,.
ie.,to
representsyl
labl
es. However,Katakanaaremainlyusedforwordsoff or
eignor i
gin
andi nt e
legram
s. Thus,whenyouw ri
teyournamei nJapanese,youshouldwriteitin
Katakana.

4
. Romaji (Romanl
ett
ers
)

S
inceRomajii
staughtinelementarys
cho
ol, . However,
mostJapaneseknowi
t i
ts
usei
nJapaneseisve
rylim
ited
.

30
Lesson2 Findingoutwhereyoua
re

Youw
illf
indRomaJi In
• someroads i
gns,st
ations i
gns,s
tor
esi
gns,e
tc
• someabbreviatedforeignwords,
eg,PR,CM(commer Cia
!),YMCA

5 ArabicnumeralsandK
anj
i numerals

Numerals InJapanesearewrittenIn K
anjiorArabic fi
gure
s K a
njinumeralsa
re
usedwhensentencesarewrittenv ertic
all
y,whileArabicfig
uresareusedwhentheyare
writtenh O
rizon
tally ( Sc
ien
tif
icformulasarewrittenonlyIn Arabicnumerals) The
followingareexamplesoftheusageofArabicNumerals

, + 2=
'i

3
46セ ノ チ 46centimeter
ι


3

" 月2 7日 November27th
A坤

494-3586 (telephonenumber)

F
orreference,
theK
anj
inumeralsf
orexamples2・ 4abovearegivenbelow

2
. 3
. 4
.
四十六セ ンチ

四九四

月二十七日

││三五八六

. P
2 art
icl
es
InJapanese,therol
esp a
rti
cip
ant
spla
yIn ac
tionsandtherel
ation
shi
psofwordsI n
sentencesareu su
allyIn
dicat
edbymarkerscal
ledpar
tic
les I
nthi
sl es
sontherearethree
part
icles,
wa,kaandyo

Thep a
rtic
lewaI Samarkerthati
ndica
testhattheprecedingword(s)orphraseISthe
t
OPCofthesentence,Ie,
i thet
hln
g(s
)orper
son(s
)beingtalkedabout F orexample,InLesson
"westudiedtheexpression

Watakushiwa(name)desu. I'm(name)

Thepar
ticl
ewahereI nd
icat
esthatthespeakerI
St a
lkingabouthim/
hers
elf(watakushl
γ)andmakesthestatementaboutthet
O P
iC(him/h
erse
lf)thathi
s/hernameISX

3
1
lesson2 Findingoutwhereyoua
re

Anotherp ar
ticl
etakenup In t
hisles
sonI
Sthep a
rtic
leka,whichindic
ate
sthatthe
sentenceprecedingItI
Saques
tio
n.W ew il
lhavemoretosayaboutt
hispa
rtI
Clebelow

Thet h
irdpa同 Ic
leyo,l i
keka,I
Sa memberofthes m
alls e
tofp ar
ticle
sthatoccuratthe
endofasentenζe Theye x
pr e
ssthes pea
ker'sat
titudetowardthecontentsofthepreceding
statement. Thefunctiono fyoI Stoc a
lltheh earer'sattentiontothecontentsofthe
statement Thus, thewordISoftentranslate
das'/te
llyou 'or'/ a
ssureyou ' T hispa
rtic
le
I
Sfrequentlyused However,s inceItcarnesas u
btlenuancewithoutchangingtheb a
sIc
meanrngo fthestatement,Itwil
ltakesometimetor e
allygeta' fee
ling
'f orhowt ouseIt
Therefore,atpresent,Ju
sttryt ounderstandthebasIcfunctionofyowhenyouhearI t,but
don'tfeelyoumustbeablet ouseIt
.

. 色a
3 saquestionmarker
Oneofthea r
easwhereE ng
lishandJapanesearenotalikeI
Sthediff
erentwaysInwhICh
questionsentencesareformed.JapaneseI Smuchslm
p larInt
hisarea,fo
rallyouneedtodoI S
addthewordkaa ttheendo fastatement.F o
rexample,Inlesson1wes tudi
edthee x
press
ion
KorewaTokyodesu.,' Th
isIST okyo',In l
oca
tingaCit
y( ora
rea)onamap. I fwep lacekaat
theendo fthissentence,wegetaquestionsentenceKorewaTokyodesuka?,' I
sth
isTokyo売'
whichwea lsostudiedIn lesson1 T rymakingas i
m i
larquestion,,
/st
hisplacetheGmza7',
fromKokowaGlnzadesu,' Th
isplaceIStheGlnza'(Thewordkokomeans' th
ispla
ce' We
wi
llt a
lkmoreaboutt hi
swordbelow)

(Answer KokowaGlnzadesuk
a?)

. Kokowa(
4 pla
cename)desuka?andKokowadokodesuka?

Whenyouwa川 t omakes u
reyouknowwhereyoua
reo
rwhenyouwantt
oas
kwhere
youare,
youζanusethefollowingtwoquestions

KokowaGinzadesuka? st
/ h
isplacetheGmza7
(Am/IntheGmza乃
Kokowadokodesuka? WhereISt
hisplaceア
(Wheream/乃

AswestudIedInlesson1,responsest
othef ir
stquestionusual
lybeginWIthh ai'y
es'(
ee
hasthesamemeaningbutI Sle
ssformalthanh a
l),orlie' n
o.' Thus,Ifyoul i
ste
nf o
rthese
wordsIntheresponsesgivenbyaJapaneseperson,youcana tleastguessprettyaccur
ate
ly
whetherthepersonansweredyourquestIOnn e
gativelyora ff
Irm
atIvel
y.(Ofcourse,th
Isdoes
notmeanthatJapanesepeoplewil
lalwaysu seoneofthesewordsInt h
eiranswers)

Asf
o othesecondquestIon,
rtheanswert theJapaneseu
sua
llys
ay(
pla
cename)desu,a
s
Inthefollowingexample

Kokowadokodesuka? WhereISt
hisplaceア
Shinjukud
esu
. Shmjuku.

Themainthingt orememberwhenyouaskaquestionwithawordl ik
edoko'where'(o
r
'who'or'when',whichζomeupl a
ter
)ISthattheJapanesesentences
tru
cture(wordo
rder)I
S

32
Lesson2 F
ind
ingoutwhereyoua
re

notthesamea stheEngli
shwordo rder
. Thatis,aques
tio
nli
kedoko'where'w
illu
sua
lly
comeinthemiddleofthesentence,notattheb
eginn
ing
.

5
. Mooi
chi
doyukkurii
ttek
uda
sai
. 判easesayi
tagains
low
ly'

Toanypersonwhoi snotfull
yfamili
arwithalanguage,nat
ivespeakerspeechsounds
veryfast
. Thisise xa
ζtlywhatyouw il
lexperienζeinJapan
. Therefore,itwilloften be
importantfo
ryout obea bletoasktheJapanesetorepe
atandslowdown. Youw i
llfindthe
expre
ss i
onMooi c
hi-doyukkuriitt
ekudasaiveryhelp
fu.
l Thefollowingi
saroughs ketchof
thewaythee xpr
essionisconstru
cted:

Mooi
chi
-do yukkuri i
ttekudasa.
i
onemoretime slowly pleasesay

Whenyouwantt
osa
y'P
lea
sespeaks
low
ly,
'youcanusethefollowinge
xpr
ess
ion
:

Yukkurii
ttekudasa.
i P
lea
sesays
low
ly.

o
w

o
n

e
en
eP3

e2u
e
apB

ee3

o
n
n

w
u
aK0

n
W--

&t

﹂H
O
r
﹂H

My


vy

'?E
vy

vy
+L

2u

2u
nuJ

nuJ

L

p
E﹄


'
v
e
eP3
x
n

'3
v

Mooi
chi
-doi
ttekudasa.
i P
lea
sesayi
tag
ain
.

. Howt
6 osay'thankyou'i
nJapanese
Oneofthemostcommonwayst os
ay' t
h an
ky o
u'inJapanesei
stousetheexp
ressi
on
A
rigat
o o
.I fyouwantt obealit
tl
emorep o
lite,youζansayDoomoa riga
too(doomoisan
i
nte
nsi
fier)
.Inale
ssformals
itu
ation,
doomocanbeusedalonea sanex
pre
ssionofg
ratit
ude
.

7
. Sumimasen 'Excuseme,
''I
'ms
orr
y,'or'Thankyou'

InEngli
sh,whenyouaddressas t
rang
eri nordertoe l
ici
tsomeinformation( ge
ttin
g
di
rec
tions,f
orexample),orwhenyouwanttogetthea tte
ntionofacl
erkatas tore,youfi
rst
say'E
xcuseme.' A 仁omparableJapaneseexpre
ssio
nusedf o
rthesepurposesi
sSumimaser 、-
Th
isexpress
ioncana lsobeusedwhenyouwantt oa po
logize.F o
rexample,youcanu seit
whenyoubumpi nt
oapersononthes t
ree
t.

Anotherusageo fthisexp
ression,whichseemstobecl
osel
yrel
ate
dtothewayJapanese
think,i
stoshowg ratit
u de.InJapanese,onewayt oshowgrati
tudef
orafavo
rdonef o
ryouis
tos a
ysomethingl i
ke'I '
ms or
ryforthetr oub
leyoutookforme'
, Doomosumil、a
T s
en.Wew i
ll
studymoreaboutt hisusagei nlat
erless
o n
s.

3
3
Lesson2 Findingoutwhereyoua
re

ム五

手白

S
itu
ati
on1

フ*ラウン・ すみません。ここは銀座ですか。
日本人: いいえ、銀座は向こうです。
ブ、ラウン: ど う もO
日本人: どういたしまして。

S
itu
ati
on2

テーラー: すみません。ここはタクシー乗り場ですか。
日本人: え えo そ う で すo
テーラー: どうもありカ王とう。
日本人: どういたしまして。

S
itu
ati
on3

ホワイト: すみません。ここは赤坂ですか。
日本人: はワ
ホワイト: ここは赤坂ですか。
日本人: い い え 、 赤 坂 は 次 で すo
ホワイト: どうも。

S
itu
ati
on4

スミス: ここはどこですか。
運転手: 新 宿 で すo
スミス: すみません。もう一度、ゆっくり言ってください。
運転手: 新 宿 で すo
スミス: どうもありカ五とう。

34
--‘
、3
e
o

o
e
n
n

,、
n

••••

AU

hu
EL

-t
ε
c
c

VJ

d

d
d

TE

nHd
Lesson 3

IDENTIFYINGOBJECTS.

」れはなんですか。

I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• f
indoutthenameo
fab
uil
din
g

• f
indoutthenameofafoodd
ish

• respondappropriate~y t
otheinformation
your e
ceiv e

• orderad i
sha tar e
stau
rantbyusingwords
li
ke'thi
s','t
hat',and 't
hatoneoverthere,
pleas
e'

• findoutifthetr
ainyoui
ndiι
ate(onap
lat
-
form)istheoneyouwanttogeton

• sayt
hatyoudon'tspeakJapanesew
ell

• asksomeonetogiv
etheJapaneseequiva-
len
tofanEngl
ishword


e

o
e
n
e

-E‘
n

n
'
v
AU

hu
'
2J
O
'L

EJ

ga
F3
F3

晶L
円Md
DIALOGS KAlWA

S
itu
ati
on1

Ms.Jonese n
tesarestaurantands
r eessomeoneeatingsomethingtha
tlooksappealing
t
ohe
r. Shedoesn'tknowthenameofthed i
shbutwouldl i
ketoorderthesamething.

Joonzu: (pointingt
othed
ish
)
Arewanandesuka? What'st
hatoverthere?
Ueetoresu: Sukiy
akidesu. I
t
'sS
uki
yak
i.
Joonzu: Jaa,a
reonegaish
ima
su. ThenI'
dli
ket
ohavesomeo
fthat
pl
eas
e.
Ueetoresu: H
ai,k
ash
iko
mar
ima
shi
ta. C
ert
ain
ly.

S
itu
ati
on2

Ms.K e
ll sonaplatformwaitingf
yi oraYamanoteL inet ra
ir Afterasho
rtwhile
,she
sesat
e rai
ncomingi. ShecheckswithaJapanesepersonstandingnearbyt
n omakesureit
's
hertr
ain
.

K
eri
i: Sumimasen.ArewaYamanote- Excuseme.IsthattheYamanote-
sendesuka? lin
eoverthere?
N
iho
njin: li
e,Yamanote-senj
aarima
ser.
、 No,i
tsnottheYamanote-linet
' rai
n.
Yamanote-senwasan-bansen TheYamanote-linecomesonTr
ack
desuyo. number3.
Ker
ii: Sun、ima
ser.
、Yokuwakarimasen. I
'msor
ry.Idon'tunderstandνery
w
ell
.
N
iho
nji
n: Soodesuk
a.Komattan
a..
. Oh. Whatshall
lsay...
NoYa町、anot e-
sen. ThatisnottheYamanote-line.
Ker
ii: Aa,wakarimasu.Doomoa
rig
ato
o. ,I
Oh s
ee. Thankyouverymuch
.
N
iho
njin: 000i t
ashin羽 s
hit
e. You'rewelcome.

36
Lesson3 I
den
tif
yin
gob
jec
ts

S
itu
ati
on3

Swalkingbackt
Mr.DavIsI otheAmencanEmbassy HelooksfortheHotelOkuf孔 at al
l
bUildi
n gneartheEmbassy,a
salandmark Heseesat a
llbUildingandassapasserbyI
k fItI
Sthe
hotel Hef in
dsoutI Snot ThepasserbyPOintsoutad
tI if
ferentbUild
ingwhichI
StheOkura.



Debs
u: Sumimasen.ArewaOkura Excuseme Ist
hatHotelOkura
Hoterudesuka? overthere7
N
lho
njl
n: le,OkuraHoteruwaaredesu.
i No,HotelOkuraI
Sth
atoneover
(pointingt
othebudding) there
D
eib
is: Aa,
u soodesuka. Oh
Doomoa rig
ato
o. Thankyouverymuch
.

N
iho
nji
n: 000i
tas
hina
shi
te. 、 You'rewelcome.

S
itu
ati
on4

Ms.RobinsonI
Swalkingalongthes
tre
etIntheAmencanCentera
rea
. Shecomesa
cro
ss
anold,traditionalJapanesebUildingwhichlooksl
ikeashnneanda
sksapasserbywhatI
tIS
.
Shewantst obesureshecanrememberthewordforshnne.

Robinson: Sumimasen.Korewanandesuka? Excuseme. WhatI


Sth
is?
N
iho
nji
n: J
inj
adesuy
o. Isashnne.
t'
Robinson: Sumimasen.Nihongogayoku I'msorr
y. Idon'tunderstand
waKanmasen. Japaneseverywell
Mooi chトdoi
ttekudasa.
i PleasesayItagai
n.
N
iho
njl
n: J
inj
adesu. t
I'sashnne.
Robinson: Soodesuk
a.Doomoa
rig
ato
o. I
see
. Thankyouverymuch

N
iho
nji
n: 000i
tas
hina
shi
te. 、 .
t
tmentionI
Don'

37
o
e
e
o

e
,,VEJ
n
n

n
AU


hu
2J

-t
'
-E
EL


r
c
nwd
晶E

d
ζd
ζd


VOCABULARY KOTOBA

Dialogs

are t
hat(
thi
ngovert
her
e) あれ

sukiyaki s
ukib
y
aki
(
abeefandvegetabled
ish
) すきやき
Jaa w
ell(
the
n) じゃあ

onegaishimasu (mayIhavei
t
)pl
eas
e おねがいします

kashikomarimashita c
ertai
nly,ofco
urse かしこまりました
(r
esponsetoare
ques
t)
Yamanote-sen Yamanote-linet
rai
n やまのでせん

J
aanmasen aml
isl
arenot じゃありません

.
..bansen (
tra
ck)number ..ばんせん

yoku w
ell よく

Komattana I
t'
saproblem;Ido
n'tknow こまったな
whatt
odoI sa
y
aa Oh! ああ
J
lnJ
a s
hri
ne じんじゃ

Nihongo Japaneselanguage にぽんご

ga (
sub
jec
tmarker) カ

P
rac
tic
e

tenpura tempura(deepf
rie
dfood) てんぷら

teriyaki t
eri
ytak
i(meatbro
iled てりやき
withter
iya
kis
auce)
katsudon katsudon(
abowlofri
ce かつどん
toppedwithaf
rie
dporkc
utl
et)
tendon tendon(abowlofric
etopped てんどん
withfr
iedpra
wns)
(o)sashimi s
ash
imi(
sli
cedrawf
ish
) (お)きしみ
raan
司en ramen(
Chi
nes
eno
odl
es) ラーメン

38
e
o

o
e
n

,、
n
'
n
'
AU
3J

hu

-t
EL

-t
c

E
VJ
d
包d

ζd
nMd
soba soba(buckwheatnoodles) そば

{
o)s
ush
i (
asmalloblongp iec
eo f (お)すし
vinegaredric
etoppedwith
rawf i
sh,sh
ellf
ish,et
c.
Commonlyc a
llednigiri
.
)

Notes

s
ore that(
thi
ng) それ

de bymeansof で

Japaneseobj
ect
s

kimono Japanesen
ati
vec
lot
hin
g きもの

ob
i Japaneses
ashusedf
orkimono おぴ

{
o)ha
shi c
hop
sti
cks (お)はし

origami f
old
ingpaper おりがみ

{o)kane 10ney
円 (お)かね

soroban abacus そろば、ん

uchiwa Japanesefan うちわ

geta woodenc
log
s (
ft:

nlngyoo d
oll にんぎょう

f
uro
shi
ki squarec
lot
hfo
rwrappingt
hin
gs ふろしき

Loanwords

fuirumu f
ilm フィルム

kamera camera カメラ

ter
ebi t
ele
vis
ion テレピ
miruku m
ilk ミルク

rekoodo r
eco
rd レコード
a
isu
kur
iim
u I
cec
rea什1 アイスクリーム

ra
Jlo r
adi
o -い
フ ンオ

tabako tobacco,c
iga
ret
tes たばこ

uis
ukii whisky ウイスキー

seetaa sweater セーター

b
iru b
uil
din
g ピル

39
、3
e
o

e
e

o
'
n

n
'


AU

hu

4t
c
EL

VJ

r
t

F3
nuJ

d
ζd

Personalizedl
is
t--f
avo
rit
efoodnames

4
0
--、
e
o

o
n
n

n
AU
EL

2d

hu
-t

e
ET-
VJ
g-
0﹄
C4

d
FE司
円Md
PRACTICE RENSHUU

A
. TransformationD
ril
l
Korewas
uki
yak
idesuka? → Sorewas
uki
yak
idesuka?

(o)sa
shimi
raanen、
tenpura
nan
ter
iyaki
katsudon
Yamanote-sen

B
. CommunicationE
xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
G
oal
: F
indoutthenameso
ftheo
bje
ctsonthet
abl
eori
nthephotos.

S
tep
s: (
1) P
ickano
bje
ctandchoosethenamef
ori
tfromthel
is
tbelow.

(
2) Pointi
ngtotheo bject,askthei n
struc
toriftheobjecti
sthatitemby
say
ing: Kore/sore/arewa (item) desuka? You mustchoosethe
corr
ectwordamongkore,soreanda re,dependingonthep o
siti
onof
.
theobject,i.,
e whetheritisnearyouornearthei n
stru
ctr,
o etc
.

Student
'sl
is
t

kimono uchiwa soroban


origami furo
shi
ki okane
(o)has
hi geta obi

41
Lesson3 I
den
tif
yin
gob
jec
ts

c
. DialogE
xer
cis
e

D
ire
cti
ons
:
Thestudentask
swhatthenameo fab u
ildin s,u
gi singthe expression Arewa
nandesuka? Thei nstr
ucto
ranswers. Thestudentsa
ysthats/
hedoesn'tunderstand
Japaneseverywellandaskstheinst
ruct
ortorepeat.

Example:

Student: Arewanandesuka?
I
nstru
ctor: OkuraHoterudesu.
Student: Sumimasen. Nihongogayokuwakarimasen.
Mooi chi
-doi
tt i
ekudasa.
I
nst
ruc
tor
: OkuraHoterudesu.

注:教師は答を与えた後、出来ればその場所、建物の写真を見せること。

教師用リスト 1
. オークラホテル 2
. 日本支(ひえ)神社 3
. 皇居
4
. 国会議事堂 5
. 霞 が 関 ピjレ 6
. 国立劇場

42
Lesson3 I
den
tif
yin
gob
jec
ts

D
. CommunicationExercise
任教師はこの練習問題を始める前、日本の食へ物について一応ロ見明しておく。

D
Ire
cti
ons
.
Thestudenta s
kswhatapa同 I cu
lardis S, pomtlngt
hI oan Itemonthemenu
below. The Instru
ctoranswers. Thestudentorde r
sthefoodaboutwhichs/hehas
asked.Ifthestudentdoesn'tthinks
/he
'dlik
eIt,s/hetri
esanotherI
tem.

Example:
Student: Korewanandesuka?
(pointingt
otheItemonthemenu)
I
nst
ruc
tor
: Sukiyakidesu.
Student: Aa,500desuka.
Korewanandesuka?
(pointingt
oanothernameItemonthemenu)
I
nst
ruc
tor
: 、
Katsudor desu.
Student: Jaa,koreonegaishimasu

メ ニ ュ一

すきやき 2,
500

おすし 1
,500

おさしみ 1
,200

てんぷら 1
.00
0

てりやき 900

かつどん 850

てんどん 700

フ 一メ ン 550

43

e
e

o
n

n
n


'
v

hu
s

'


O

AU

-
EL

ε
J
E


ε


t

-E
F3


d

F
d

nHd
E
. CommunicationGame 主:教師は下記参照
j

O
ire
cti
ons
:
Thestudentchoosesthenameo fabuil
dingfromthemapo ftheEmbasya
rea
anda
skswhatitiscall
edinJapanese.Thei
nst
ruc
torgiv
esthea
nsw
ers.

Example:

Student: '
HieSh
ri n
e'waNihongodenandesuka?
I
nstru
ctor: ・
Hiej
inja・desu.

S
tud
ent
'sl
is
t
1
. AmericanEmbassy
2
. HibiyaPark
3
. ImperialPal
ace
4
. NationalTheater
5
. NationalDiet

1
.アメリカ大使館 2
. 日比谷公[jj 3
.皇 居 4
. 国立劇場 5
. 国会議事堂

44

o

e
o
n

,、
n


n

-
du

hu
-
-t
EL
a

-t
c
c

c
-
VJ
3

-

d
d

d
nud

a

F
. Production&Comprehension
Thinkoftwothi
ngsyouwouldl
iket
oknowtheJapanesef
or. Use (thina)waNihonQo
denandesuka?tof
indout
.

45
Lesson3 I
den
tif
yin
gob
jec
ts

READING KANJI

Thenamesofb
uil
din
gsandp
lac
es:

1 日 比 谷 公 園 州yaK ω n H
ibi
yaPark

2 国立劇場 K
oku
rit
s巾 NationalTheater

3 大使館 embassy
LL
4小l
山 岡l
与 小l
n

n
u

a
M

s
hri
ne

5 浅草 A (
pla
cenamei
nTokyo)

4
6
、3
e
o

o
e,
n

n
••••

hu
AU


'

-t
EL
c
c


VJ
T

F﹄
d
d

nuJ

C

a

E-
USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

1
. '
thi
s'and'
tha
t'
Whenyour eferorpOinttoano bj
ect(orperson),youoftenuse'
thi
s'and'
tha
t' In
E
ngl
ish Japanesehasthefollowingthreewords

kore usedf
oranobjectnearthespeaker(comparablet
o't
his
')
sore usedf
oranobjectnearthel
ist
enr(comparablet
e o't
hat
'
)
are usedforanobjectawayfromthespeakerandl
ist
enr(comparablet
e o
'th
at(one)overthe
re'
)

Whenyouwanttoknowwhattheo
bje
ctyouhaveIn mindI
S 仁a
ile
d,youcanaskthe
followingquestion

Kore/sore/arewanandesuka? WhatISt
his
/th
at/t
hatoverthere]

. Howt
2 osay'
1
'/takei
1 t'or'
1
'/havei
1 t'

Whenyouwantt
oorderad
ishorbuysomemerζhandlse,youcanusethefollowing
expression

Jaa,soreonegaishimasu. Well
,then,thatoneplease

ThewordJaameans' w
ell(th
en)'andonegalshlmasu l
ite
ral
lymeans'
1makearequest
(
for
) ,andIScomparableto'p
lease
' InE
nglis
h

Inplac
eofsoreIntheaboveexpreSSion,youcanusenamesofv
ari
ouso
bje
ctso
rdi
she
s
F
orexample,whenyouwanttoorders ukIyaki,youcansay

Sukiyakionegais
hina
s、
u.

. Howt
3 oindicateacknowledgement
InEng
lish,youcansometimessa
y' I
sthatnghtフ
,o rthelik
et oacknowledget
hatyou
haveheardwhatanothers
aidwithoutne
cessa
ril
yagreeing Lookatthefollowing

Aa,500desuka? Oh
,ISthats
o]/
1see/Good

Theex
press
ionl ook
sl i
keaquestionbutISre
all
yanacknowledgement I
tISusedwhen
youwanttoind
icatethatyou'veunderstoodwhatwassa
id

47
、3

晶・‘
-・‘

-
F
e
e

o
n

n
'
'

hu
O

AU

a
c
EL
ε

EVJ

nuJ

d
d
F3


4
. '
Idon'tunderstandJapanesew
ell
. I

I
tmayhappenthatyouneedt otel
laJapanesepersonthatyoudon't speakJapanese
verywel.
lYoucanusethefollowingexpressionfort
hispurpose.

(Yoku)Nihongogawakarimasen. /don'tunderstandJapanese(
wel
l).
OR
Nihongoga(yoku)wakarima;en.

In lesson 1you learned thatwakarimasu means ' to understand.' The word


wakarimaseni ntheabovesentencei
sthenegativeformo
fwakarimasu.

. Howt
5 ofindoutthenameofanobjecti
nJapanese

Whenyouwantt
ofi
ndoutthenameofanobjecti
nJapanese,youcan usethe
followinge
xpr
ess
ion
:

.
.wa Nihongodenandesuka? Whati
s...i
nJapanese?

F
orexample,
whenyouwanttoknowtheJapanesewordf
or'
rad
io',
youcans
ay:

'
Rad
io'waNihongodenandesuka?Whati
s'r
adi
o'i
nJapanese?

Youcanusetheabovequestionpatternwheneveryouwanttoaskthe i
nst
ruc
tor
Japanesewordsf
oro
bjec
tsyoumayneedtoknow.

6
. P
art
icl
es但 and虫
Thep a
rti
clegao rdin
arilyind
icatesthattheprecedingwordorphrasei sthesubjecto
f
thesentence.Thusitissometimescalle
dthe' s
ubjec
tmarker.'Youw i
llsometimesseegaused
withwordst ha
tarenott ransl
atedintoE ng
lisha ssub
jects,e.
g.,Nihongogawakarimaser可

whichi snormallytranslatedas'/don'tunderstandJ apa
ne s
e.' Whatt hi
sr ea
lly meansis
'Japaneseisnotunderstandabletome',s ogar ea
llydoesmarkthes ubje
ctinthissentencea
s
wel.
l

Thepa門 i
cledehasse
veralmeanings.Themeaninginth
isles
soni
s'i'a
n, si
nNihor
!;)
ode
'nJapanese.'l
i ater(les
son1),
0 wewillseei
tal
sohasthemeaningof'b
ymeansof,
'asi
nbasu
de'bybυs.'

4
8
Lesson3 I
den
tif
yin
gob
jec
ts

会話

S
itu
ati
on1

ジョーンス: あれはイ可ですか。
ウエイトレス: す き や き で すo
ジョーンス: じゃあ、あれお願いします。
ウエイトレス: は い 、 か し こ ま り ま し たo

S
itu
ati
on2

ケリー: す み ま せ んo あ れ は 山 の 手 線 て す か 。
日本人: いいえ、山の手線じゃありません。
山の手線は三番線てすよ。
リ本リ本
ケ日ケ日

一人一人

すみません。よくわかりません。
そうですか。圏ったな……ノー・山の手線。
あ あ 、 わ か り ま す9 と う も あ り が と うo
と う い た し ま し てD

S
itu
ati
on3

テイヒス: す み ま せ んo あ れ は オ ー ク ラ ホ テ ル で す かD
日本人: い い え 、 オ ー ク ラ ホ テ ル は あ れ て すo
テイヒス: あ あ 、 そ う で す か 。 と う も あ り か と うo
日本人: と う い た し ま し てO

S
itu
ati
on4

ロヒンソン: す み ま せ ん 。 こ れ は 何 で す かo
日本人: 神社ですよ。
ロヒンソン: す み ま せ んO 日 本 語 が よ く わ か り ま せ ん 。
もう一度言って下さし」
日本人: 神 社 で すo
ロヒンソン: そうですか。とうもありがとう。
日本人: とういたしまして。

4
9
50
--‘ed
F﹄
白﹄
hu
o
n
nud
VJ
'
'
E
-・‘
n
e
AU

s
n
oc
J
c
d
e
'L
Lesson4 Askingaboutt
hea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseo
rse
rvi
ces

Lesson 4

ASKINGABOUTTHEAVAILABILITY
OFMERCHANDISE
O RSE"RVI.CES

アスビルンありますか。

I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• fi
ndouti
fas
tor
eorshopc
arr
iest
hemerchandiseyou
want

• f
indouti
far
est
aur
ants
erv
est
hed
ishyouwant

• f
indouti
fap
lac
eyouwantt
ogot
oisnearby

• f
indouti
fah
ote
lhasanyv
aca
ntrooms

• f
indouti
fth
erei
sapersona
vai
lab
lewhoc
anspeak
En
gli
sh
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseo
rse
rvi
ces

DIALOGS KAlWA

S
itu
ati
on1

Whilewalkingi
nthestree
t,Mr.Brownsuddenlygetsaheadache
s ,soshegoesintoa
pharmacynearbyandassi
k ftheyhaveas
pir
in.

Buraun: Sumimasen. Excuseme.


Asup
irinarimasuka? Doyouhaveas
pir
in?

Nihonjin: H
ai,
gozaimasu. ,wedo.
Yes

S
itu
ati
on2

Mr.Browngoest
oasnackbart
oeatlunch
. Whenhei
swaitedon
,hea
skswhetherthey
s
erv
espaghettI
.

Ueetoresu: I
ras
sha
ima
se. Welcome.
Buraun: Supagettiarimasuka? Doyouhavespaghetti?
Ueetoresu: H
ai,gozaimasu. ,wedo.
Yes

Buraun: J
aa,onegaishimasu. Then
,Idl
' i
ket
ohavesome.

S
itu
ati
on3

Mrs.Taylo
risa tashoppingareaherfriendrecommended. Shewants t ogotoa
departmentst
ore
. Althoughshei squit
es ur
et her sa
ei tl e
astonedepartments
tor
enearby

shecan'
tfin t
,s
di osheasksaJapanesepersonwalkinginthestr
ee.
t

Teeraa: Sumimasen.Konochikakun
i Excuseme.I
sthere
depaatogaarimasuka? adepartmentstorenearhere?
N
iho
nji
n: Ee,ts
uginokadonomigin
i Yes,i
t
'sonyourr
igta
h tthe
anmasu. nextcor
ner
.

Teeraa: Sumimaser.
、Nihongogayoku I'msorry.1don'tunderstand
wakarimasen. Japanesev erywell
.
Kokon ikai
tekudasa.
i Couldyoupleasedraw( amap)here?

N
iho
nji
n: Ee,idesuy
o. C
ert
ain
ly.

5
2
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyofmerchandiseors
erv
ice
s

S
itu
ati
on4

Mr.Evansi sinanearbyc
ity
.Sinc
ehed id
n'thavetimetoarrangeforaccommodations
beforehand,hehast ofindaplacet
osta. Hegoest
y oahoteltoseei ftheyhaveavacant
room. Afterhef in
dsoutt h
ataroomisavai
lable
,thecle
rkbeginstoaskhimaquestionhe
can'
tunderstand.

Ebansu: 、
Sumimaser- Excuseme.
Heyagaarimasuka? Doyouhavearooma
vai
lab
le?

Nihonjin: Hai,gozaimasu. Yes,wedo.


Ohitori-samadesuka? Areyoualone?

Ebansu: .
、Eegogawakaru
Sumimaser
hit 、
owaimaser ka?
'm s
I orr
y.lsthereanyonewho
understandsEnglis
h?

Nihonjin: Chottoomachikudasa.
i Waitamoment ,please.
A,puri
izuueetoamoomento. Oh,pleasewaitamomen. t

5
3
lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseors
erv
ice
s

VOCABULARY KOlOBA

Dialogs

an町、asu therels/are,have あります


(usedwitho bjec
tsbutnotpeople)
gozalmasu thereISf
are,have(
def
ere
nti
al) こさいます

konochikaku nearhere,c
los
eby このちかく

n
l a
t,I
n,t
o ~-

depaato departments
tor
e テパート

no o
f( in
dicat
est
hatwordbeforeno の
de
scrib
eswordaft
erno)
kado corner かと

t
suginokado nextcorner っきのかと

mlg
l r
igh
t(s
ide
) みき

k
ait
ekudasai p
lea
sew
rit
e かいてくたさい

k
ait
e W
rit
e,draw(
TEformofkaklmasu) かいて

kudasai p
le a
se(us
ual
lyuseda
fte
rTEform くたさい
ofave
rb)
I
I good,O
.K. し3し、

heya room へや

h
ito
ri oneperson,s
ing
le
(
o)h
ito
ri-
sam
a oneperson,s
lng
le(
pol
lte
) (お)ひとりさま

..
sa円、a p
oli
teformo
f...
san ~ 中
do-

FeH
E g
円Hog
円 awakaru apersonwhounderstands えいこかわかるひと
h
ito E
nglish
Eego E
ngl
ish(language) えいこ

wakaru understand わかる


(dic
tionar
yformo
fwakarimasu)
h
ito person ひと

Imasen thereISnot/arenot いません


(peopleora ni
mals
)

chotto al
it
tl
e ちょっと

omachikudasai p
lea
sewalt(
pol
ite
) おまちくたさい

54
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseo
rse
rvi
ces

P
rac
tic
e

kiss
aten t
eap
arl
or,c
off
eesh
op きっさてん

irasshai
mase w
elco
me(po
lit
e) いらっしわいませ

michi s
tre
et みち

massugu s
tra
igh
t まっすぐ

it
te o(TEf
g ormo
fik
ima
su) いって

hid
ari l
ef
t ひだり

hid
arinimagaru t
urnle
ft ひだりにまがる

magaruto a
fte
rhav
ingt
urn
ed まがると

resutora
n r
est
aur
ant レストラン

supage
tti s
pag
het
ti スパゲッテイ

bif
uteki b
eef s
teak ビフテキ

kare
e-raisu ωrriedri
ιe カレーライス

(o)sa
ke s
ake (お)さげ

sugu s
o on,ri
ghtt
her
e すぐ

mo a
ls 。
o,to も

500desuk
a s
Iee. そうですか

Notes
a
mA
s
uu


まず
い#り

th
erei
s/
ar
e(f
orp
eop
leo
ran
ima
ls)
・ほ

map

Personalizedl
is
t

5
5
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseo
rse
rvi
ces

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A. S
ubs
tit
uti
onD
ril
/
Asupirin(ga)arimasuka?

karee
-rais
u
fuirumu
sandoi
tchi
bii
ru
heya
koohii

B
. S
ubs
tit
uti
onD
ril
/
Konochikakun
idepaatogaarimasuka?

taku
shiinoriba
resutoran
kissat
en
basun or
iba
depaato
hoteru

c
. L
ist
eni
ngA
cti
vit
y j
主:教師用スクリプト次ページ参照

D
ire
cti
ons
:
Thestudenta s
kswhethera pa同ic
ularitemi sa vail
abl
e,refe
rringtothel is
t
below.Thein
stru
ctorgiv
esananswer
.Thestudentindicatesontheanswersheetbelow
whethertheitemisav
ailab
leorn
ot.

Example:

Student: A
su piri
ngaarimasuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Hai,gozaimasu.
Student: nparenthesesnextt
(CheckXi o盟主)

56
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseors
erv
ice
s

S
tud
ent
'sl
is
t Answersheet




41

.
.
asupl
rln )y
es )no





,・

.‘
bii
ru )y
es )no

E 、
、3 n
ι



,‘

,‘
bifu
teki )y
es )no

a
E 、




.

.


heya )y
es )no



,‘

,‘
EJPO マ

fuirumu )y
es )no

E 、

E 、



.

.


tabako )y
es )no



,‘

,、

•.
)y
es


koohii )no

a
教師用スクリプト

はい、こさいます。 5 はい、 「 桜 」 で す か 、 「 富 士 」 で す か 。
2 はい、 「 き り ん 」 て 6 申 し 訳 こ さ い ま せ んo た は こ は 置 い て
よ ろ し い で す かo こさいません。
3 申し沢こさいませんか、 7 いいえ、お察しかこさいません。
ヒフテキはこさいません。
4 あいにくですか、今臼は満員て
一 つ も 部 屋 は こ さ し 、 ま せ んo

D
. Q

ues
tio
nandAnswerA
cti
vit
y 教師は下記スクリプト参日召

D
ire
ctI
Ons
Thestudentas
kswhetherornotap laceI
SlocatedInthevIc
ini
ty. TheInst
ruct
or
answers.ThestudentchecksI
ftheanswerfromtheIns
truct
orIS盟
主,.
!J.
旦,ordon'tknow.

Example:

Student: Sumimaser.
、Konochikakunidepaatogaarimasuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Ee,sugusokoniarimasuy
o.
Student: (Checkyesontheanswersheet
.
)

S
tud
ent
'sl
is
t Answersheet

,・

41

.
.

)y
es )no

resuto
ran )don'tknow





,‘


.
4

.

)y
es )no
a

kiss
aten )don'tknow





,‘


.


﹃ 3nu

tak
ushiinor
iba )y
es )no )don'tknow

E 、



,‘

.


depaato )y
es )no )don'tknow

E 、





,‘

,‘、
.‘
F

basunoriba )y
es )no )don'tknow
E 、

教師用スクリプト

はし、、 あ れ か そ う で すo 4
. え え 、 あ の 角 の 左 に あ り ま すo
. さあ、 私 も わ か り ま せ んD
2 5 ハ ス 乗 り 場 て す かo こ の 近 く に は
3
. ええ、 す く そ こ に あ り ま すo あ り ま せ ん よo

5
7
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseo
rse
rvi
ces

ι OrderingP
rac
tic
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
Theinst
ructorgreet
sthestudent
.Thestudentask
sabouttheava
ila
bili
tyoffood
orabeverage,refe
r r
ingtothelis
tbelow. Thein
stru
ctors
aysy.
笠・ Thestudentorders
thefoodorbeverages /
heaskedabout.

Example:

I
nstruc
tor: Irassh
aimase.
Student: B
iiruarimasuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Hai,gozaimasu.
Student: J
aa,onegaishimasu.

S
tud
ent
'sl
is
t

{o
)sushi
bi
iru
aisukur
iimu
{o)sa
ke
kare
e-rais
u
bif
uteki
kokakoora

F
. P
rac
tic
einGettingD
ire
cti
ons j
主:教師用スクリプト次ページ参照

D
ire
cti
ons
:
Thestudentas
kswhetherornottheplac
eonthel i
stisl o
catedi
nthevic
ini
ty.
Thei ns
tru
ζto
rg iv
esananswerbyr efe
rri
ngtoh is/
hersζri
pt.The studenta
sksthe
ins
truct
ortodrawamapi ftheanswerisyes(example 1
),otherwises/
hesa
ys:Soo
desuka?Doomo.(example2
)

Example1
:

Student: Sumimaser,
、konochikakunidepaatogaarimasuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Ee,konomichiomassugui t
te,t
suginokado0 hid
arin
i
magarutosugudesu.
Student: Sumimasen.Nihongogayokuwakarimasen.
Kokonichizu0 k
aiekudasa.
t i
I
nst
ruc
tor
: Ee,idesuyo.

Example2
:
Student: Sumimasen,konochikakunidepaatogaarimasuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Saa,watashimowakarimasenga...
Student: Soodesuk a.Doomo.

58
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyofmerchandiseors
erv
ice
s

Student
'sl
is
t

basunoriba
resutora
n
hoteru
taku
shiinoriba
kissat
en
depaato

教師用スクリプト

1
. あ り ま す よo こ の 道 を 真 っ 直 ぐ 行 っ て 、 次 の 信 号 で 左 に 曲 が っ て 、
そ れ か ら100メ ー ト ルf
立 の と こ ろ で す よo

2
. は? レ ス ト ラ ン で す かo あ あ 、 こ の 先 の 四 つ 角 の 左 に あ り ま す 。
3
. さあ、私もわかりません O

4
. タクシー乗り場? ええと……ああ、あのホテルの前にありますよ。
5
. 喫茶庖ねえ……さあ、 この近くにはありませんねえ。
6
. は い 、 こ の 道 を ま っ す ぐ 行 っ て 、 二 つ 目 の 角 を 左 に 曲 が る と す ぐ で すo
大 き い 建 物 で す か ら 、 す ぐ わ か り ま す よo •

5
9
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseo
rse
rvi
ces

READING KANJI

のりば noriba a(
bus
)stop,(
tax
i)stand

2
. 右 mlgl r
igh
t

3
. h
ida
ri l
eft

4
. 思尺 e
ki a(
tra
in)s
tat
ion

60
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyofmerchandiseors
erv
ice
s

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

.
, Howt
oaskabouttheexistenceofanobject
Thewordarimasumeans'ex
is'
t,andth
iswordcanbeusedwhenyouwantt
oaskabout
thee
Xisten
ceorav
ailab
ili
tyofob
jectsormerchandise.Looka
tthef
oll
owi
ng.

-
・gaarimasuka? I
sthere ア

Theaboveexpressionζanmean'Doyoucarry')'or'Doyouhave ' )
'
Thus,Inapharmacy,Ifyouwantt oas
kwhethertheyhavea
spi
rin,youcans
ay:

A
sup
iri
ngaarimasuka? Doyouhavea
spl
fln)
'

l
ike
wie,
s whenyouwantt
oaskI
fah
ote
lhasarooma
vai
lab
le,
youζans
ay:

Heyagaarimasuka? Doyouhavearoom(
ava
tla
ble
)ア

P
lea
senotet
hatwhenyoua
ret
alk
ingaboutpeople,youshoulduseimasu,notarimasu.

Example'
Konoheyan
iAmerikajingaimasuka? I
sthereanAmencanInt
hisroom)
'

. Howt
2 oaskaboutthelocationo
fanobject
,store
,et
c.
Theexp
res
sionkanachikakun
imeans'Inthi
sV I
Cln
tt 〆
. or'nearh ere
.' You ζanus
eIt
whenyoua
skaboutthelo
cat
ionofanob
ject,st
ore,etc
.,as In thefollOWingexample

Konochikakun
idepaatogaarimasuka?
sthereadepartments
I tor
enearhere)
'

. Howt
3 ofindapersonwhounderstandsEnglish
Av erygoodwaytogethelpI
Stofin
dapersonwhounderstandsE
ngl
ish
. Youζanuse
thefollowinge
xpr
ess
ionfo
rthi
spurpose

Eegogawakaruh
itowai
mas
er ka? 、 I
s
E
n
n
tthereapersonwhounderstands
'
glt
sh)
'

ThewordwakaruI Saformo ftheverbwakanmasu,'understand'


WhilewakanmasuI Suseda ttheendo fasentence(Inp
oli
tespee仁川, wakaruISusedInthe
middleo fasentence,asIn theaboveexample. Thewordh l
to means'person,
'andthe
phraseEegogawakaruh it
omeans' ape円 onwhounderstandsEng
lis
h.' ThewordimasenIS
thenegativeformofimasu.

6
1
lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseo
rse
rvi
ces

. Howt
4 osay'Pleasewritei
there'
Inge
ttingdir
ectio
nst oaplac
e,youmaywanttoaskaJapanesepersontodrawyoua
map.Youcanusethefollowinge
xpres
sio
nfo
rthi
spurpose:

Chizu0 k
ait
ekudasa.
i Drawmeamap
,pl
eas
e.

Thewordkudasaiattheendoftheabovesentenceiscomparableto' pl
eas'i
e nE
ngl
ish,
andi
susedwhenyouaskapersont odosomethingf o
ry o
u .Thephrasek ait
ekudasaimeans
'p
lea
sew r
itedown'o r'p
lea
sedraw.' Thus,
whenyouwanttos aysomethinglike'Pl
eas
edraw
amaphere', youcansa
y:

Kokon
ich
izu0 k
ait
ekudasa.
i P
lea
sedrawamaph
ere
.

Youmaywonderwhatthed iffere
n ζ
eisbetween...onegaishimasu,whichyou
learnedinLesson3,and...kudasai,becausebothcanmean ' p
leas
e'inE n
glis
h. Onegai
shimasuisusedwhenyoup lac
eanordera tarestau
rat,ordersomemerchandisea
n tastore,
etc
.while ...kudasaii
susedwhenyoua sksomebodytodosomethingfo
ry o
u.

Comparethee
xpr
ess
ion
sin1and2below.

1
. Areonegaishimasu. Thatone,p
lea
se.
Suk
iyakionegais h
inas
u.、 S
uki
yak
i,p
lea
se.

2
. Chizu0 k
aitekudasa.
i Draw(me)amap
,pl
eas
e.
Kokonik a
itekudasa.
i Write(
it
)here
,pl
eas
e.

Astheaboveexamplesind
icate,onegaishimasui
suseda
fte
rsomeobj
ects(e
.g.,a
reand
s
ukiya
kiintheabovesentenc
es),whilekudasaiisuseda
fte
rawordthati
ndica
tessomea c
tio
n
(
e..,k
g ai
te'writ
e/dr
aw'intheaboves ente
nζes)
.

62
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyo
fmerchandiseors
erv
ice
s

会話

S
itu
ati
on1

フラウ/ す み ま せ んO ア ス ピ リ ン あ り ま す かo
日本人 は い 、 こ さ い ま すo

S
itu
ati
on2

フラウン ス パ ケ ノ テ イ あ り ま す かG
日本人 は い 、 こ さ い ま すo
ブラウン しゃ、お願いします。

S
itu
ati
on3

アーフー す み ま せ んo こ の 近 く に テ パ ー ト か あ り ま す か 。
日本人 え え 、 次 の 角 の 右 に あ り ま すo
アーフー す み ま せ んO 日 本 語 か よ く わ か り ま せ ん 。
こ こ に 書 い て え た さ いO
日本人 ええ、いいですよ。

S
itu
ati
on4

エハンス す み ま せ んO 部置かありますか。
日本人 はい、こさいます。お一人禄ですか。
エハンス す み ま せ んO 英 語 か わ か 心 人 は い ま せ ん か 。
日本人 ち ょ っ と お 待 ち く た さ し3 0
あ 、 プ リ ー ス ウ エ イ ト ア モ ー メ 〆 トo

6
3
Lesson4 Askingaboutthea
vai
lab
ili
tyofmerchandiseo
rse
rvi
ces

64
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

Lesson 5

INTRODUCTIONS

どうぞよろしく O

I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• f
indouti
fapersoni
stheoneyouhavei
nmind

• s
tat
eyournameandwhereyouwork

• introduceyourselfand yourspouse a
fte
rbeing
introducedt
oaJapaneseperson

• confirmthenameo
fapersont
owhomyou are
introduced

• copewithacomplimentofthesor
tJapanesepeople
oftenmake,l
ike・YouspeakJapanesewe
ill(evenif
youonlyknowafews ent
ences
)
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

DIALOGS KAlWA

Situation 1

MrBrownI Sm h
iso
ffi
ceattheEmbassyexpectmgMs SUZUki
,whomhehasnevermet
HeseesaJapanesewomanlookmgforsomeone

8uraun: Shi
tsu
reidesuga,Suzuki-san ,areyouMs Suzukiア
Excuseme
desuka?
Suzuki: H
ai,500desu. Yes
,Iam
8uraun: Hajimemashite.Buraundesu. Howdoyoud07 Mynamels
Brown
Suzuki: Hajimemashite. Dooloyoroshiku. Howdoyoudo]
Pleasedt
omeetyou

Situation 2

Ms O'NeilI
SMr B
lac
k'ss
ecr
eta
ryattheAmencanEmbassy MrBlackI
Smeetmgwith
MrKobayashi

8urakku: Kobayashi-san,korewahishono MrKobayashi,thisI


Smy
Oniir
ud esu. se
cre
tar
y,Ms O 'Neil
Onllru: Kobayashi-sandesun
e. MrKobayashi,howdoyoudoア
Hajimemashite. MynameI SO'Neil
Oniirudesu.Doozoyoroshiku. Pleasedt
omeetyou
Kobayashi: Kobayashidesu. MynameI SKobayashi
Dooloy oroshiku. Pleasedt
omeetyou

Situation 3
Mr WilliamsISanAmencanbusmessmanwhohasbeenm Japanf orfiveyearsand
speaksflue
ntJapanese HeISatapartywithMrSatooftheMmlstryofI ntern
atIOnalTrade
andI ndu
stry Hes e
esMrPorter
,whoworksa ttheAmencanConsulateandhasbeenmJapan
Jus
tacoupleofweeks

Ulnamusu: Pootaa-san,k
och
irawa MrPorter,thi
sISMrSatoofthe
TsuusanshoonoSatoo-sandesu. MmlstryofInter
nat
IOn
alTrade
andI nd
ustr
y
Pootaa: Hajimemashite.AmerikaTaishikan Howdoyoudoア Mynamels
noPootaadesu. Porter
,fromtheAmencan
Korewameeshidesu. Embassy Thi
sISmycallmgcard
Satoo: Hajimemashite.Satoodesu. Howdoyoudo](handingh I
s
Dooloy oroshiku. callmgcardtoMrPorter)My
nameI SSato Pleasedt
omeet
you

6
6
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

S
itu
ati
on4

Mr.andMrs K
elyarea
l tareceptIOn. TheyareIntroducedt
oMr.OgawabyMr.Taylor

whoworksa
ttheAmencanEmbassy.

T
ayl
or: Mr.Ogawa,thi
sisMr.K
ell
y. (InE
ngl
tsh
)MrOgawa,t
hisI
S
Mr.Ke
lly,
thi
sisMr.Ogawa. Mr.Kel
lyMrK
ell
y,t
hisI
SMr.
Ogawa.
Ogawa: Howdoyoudo? (I
nE ngl
tsh)Howdoyoud
o"}
Pleasedt
omeetyou. Pleasedtomeetyou.
K
eri
i: Ke
riidesu.Hajimemashite. MynameI
SKe
lly
. Howdoyou
Korewakanaidesu. d
o"}T
hi Smyw
sI ife
.
K
eri
i(o
kus
an)
: Hajimemashite. Dooloyoroshiku. Howdoyoudo"}
Pleasedt
omeetyou.
Ogawa: NihongogaOjOOludesun
ee YouspeakJapaneseveryw
ell
.
K
eri
i(o
kus
an)
: l
ie,madamadadesu. ,n
Oh o
. We'res
ti
lib
egi
nne
rs.

6
7
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

VOCABULARY KOTOBA

Dialogs

s
hit
sur
eedesug
ao.
. excuseme,but..
. しつれいですが

hajimemashite Howdoyoudo?Gladt omeety


ou. はじめまして
li
(t.,I
t'
sthef
ir
stt
ime
.)
hisho s
ecr
eta
ry ひしょ

ne i
sn'
ti?(
t a
sksf
orc
onf
irm
ati
on) ね
doozoyoroshiku P
leas
edtomeetyou.(li
t.,Iask どうぞ?よろしく
yourfa
vor/goodtreatment)
k
och
ira t
his(
thi
ng,
per
son
)(p
oli
te) こちら

Tsuusanshoo M..
IT..
1(M
ini
stryofI
nte
rna
tio
nal つうさんしょう
TradeandInd
ust
ry)
meeshi nameca
rd,c
all
ingc
ard, めいし
b
usi
nessc
ard
kanai (
one
'sown)wife かない

{
o)j
ooz
u s
kiI
If
uI,
good (お)じようず

madamada noty
et,
st
il
l まだまだ

P
rac
tic
e
M.句 ω 創
bkmK
UW ぬん

E
nn
・日 O J H

embassy たいしかん
au

o
n
仁su
lat
e りょうじかん
om
到 n
ゆ釦

S
tat
eDepartment こくむしょう
a

a
a
4t
M
明U

AmericanCenter アメリカンセンター

Notes

s
huj
in (
one
'sown)husband しゅじん

goshujin (someonee
lse
's)husband ごしゅじん

okusan (someonee
lse
's)wife おくさん

6
8
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

Supplement

getsu-yoobi Monday げつようび

ka-yoobi Tuesday かようぴ

s
ui-
yoo
bi Wednesday すいようぴ

moku-yoobi Thursday もくようぴ

k
in-
yoo
bi F
rid
ay きんようぴ

do・yoobi Saturday どょうび

n
ich
i-y
oob
i Sunday にちょうび

nan-yoobi whatday(
oftheweek) なんようぴ

6
9
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A. SubstitutionD
ril
l
KochirawaAmerikaTaishikannoHowaito・sandesu.

AmerikaRyoojikan
Buraun
Kokumushoo
Ker
ii
Sumisu
AmerikanSentaa

8
. IntroductionP
rac
tic
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentAintroduc
esthein
str
ucto
rtostudentBbymentioninghis
/herr
ealname
andworkp lace
. StudentBi n
tro
duceshim
sel
f/hers
elfbyrepeatingh
is/he
rnameand
gre
etsthei n
str
uct
or.

Example:

StudentA: Kochirawa[workplace]noEnamel-sandesu.
StudentB: Enamel-sandesun e
.Hajimemashite.
[name]desu. Dooloy oroshiku.
I
nst
ruc
tor
: Hajimemashite. Dooloyoroshiku.

c
. I
den
tif
ica
tio
nPr
act
ice ;主教師次ページ参照

D
ire
cti
ons
:
I
nstruc
torask
sthei dentif
icati
onofastudent,e itherusi
ngthes tu
dent
'sreal
id
ent
ific
a t
ionorchoosingonefromthei nst
ruc
tor'
sl i
st
. Studentanswersyesifthe
nameandtheworkp i
aιeareιorreιtandnoiftheyaren
't.Whentheansweri sno,the
in
str
uctorapo
logi
zes.Thestudentrespondstohis
/herapology.

Examples:
(
1) I
nst
ruc
tor
: Sumina
no[stu
d

s
e
e
n
n
t
/
'
shit
sureedesuga,[s
t
sname]-sandesuka?
ud
ent
'sworkp
lac
e]

Student: Hai,
500desu.

7
0
Lesson5 Introductions

(
2) I
nst
ruc
tor
: Sumimasen, [notstudent'sworkplace]no[not
student'sname]-sandesuka?
Student: le,
i 、
chigainas u
.
I
nstruc
tor: Ooomosumimaser 、
-
Student: li
e.

教師用リスト

アメリカ大便館のホワイト アメリカンセンターのテーラ一
アメリカ領事館のンャクソン 国務省のンヨンソン
アメリカ領事館のホームス アメリカ大使館のフラウン

D
. IntroductionP
rac
tic
e
D
Ire
ctI
ons
:
StudentA IntroducesStudentBtothe Ins
truc
torbysaYing' T
hisIS s
o-and
-so'
s
husband/wife'StudentBIntroduceshim
self
/he
r sel
fandgreetstheIns
tru
ctor.
Note:Ifyouarethewifeofanemployee,I tI
Scustomarytosaythatyouares o-a
nd-so
's
kana.
iI fyouarethehusbandofanemployee,youshouldsimplygiveyourname(not
so-an
d-so'shusband).

Examples:
(
1) StudentA: KochirawaBuraun-sannookusandesu.
StudentB: Buraunnokanaidesu.Ooozoyoroshiku.

(
2) StudentA: KochirawaHoomuzu-sannogoshujindesu.
StudentB: Hoomuzudesu.Ooozoyoroshiku.

ι IntroductionP
rac
tic
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentA Introducesamarriedcoupletotheins
truct
or. Thehusband,a
fte
r
introducinghimself,Introducesh
iswifetothe inst
ructo
r. Thewifegreetsthe
Inst
ructor.

Example:

StudentA: Kochirawa[name]-sandesu.
StudentB(husband): [Name]d esu.Hajimemashite.Korewakanaidesu.
StudentC(wife
): Hajimemashite.Ooozoyoroshiku.

F
. IntroductionP
rac
tic
e

D
ire
cti
ons
:
WiththehelpofyourIns
tru
ctr,makeyourownmeeshiandp
o rac
tic
eexchanging
meeshiwithyourpa門 n
ero

7
1
Lesson5 Introductions

READINGREVIEW KANJI

1 東京 8 新橋 15 赤坂

2 銀座 9 新宿 16 浅草

3 上野 10 六本木 17 丸の内

4
. 駅 11 日比谷 18 天阪

5
. 神社 1
2. 大使館 19 右

6 左 13 福岡 20 京都

7
. 名古屋 14 国立劇場 21 日本橋

72
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

Supplementarym
ate
ria
l

Daysoftheweek
Thefol
lowingi
satableoftheday
softheweekinJ
apane
se.Youri
nst
ruc
torw
illread
eachword.Repeataf
terthein
struc
tortop
rac
tic
epron
uncia
tion.

注:教師はカレンダーを使って、曜日を練習させる

Sunday n
ich
i-y
oob
i 日曜日
Monday getsu-yoobi 月曜日
Tuesday ka-yoobi 火曜日
Wednesday s
ui-
yoo
bi 水曜日
Thursday moku-yoobi 木曜日
F
rid
ay k
in-
yoo
bi 金曜日
Saturday do・yoobi 土曜日
whatdayo
ftheweek nan-yoobi 何曜日

Matchthef
oll
owi
ng:

ka-yoobi Wednesday
n
ich
i-y
oob
i F
rid
ay
getsu-yoobi Sunday
s
ui-
yoo
bi Thursday
moku-yoobi Saturday
do・yoobi Monday
k
in・yoobi Tuesday

73
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

1
. Greetingexpressionsusedi
nintroductions
Hajimemashite.
。Howdoyoudoア
t,
I It
'sthef
Irs
ttIme[
formet
omeetyou})
Doozoyoroshlku. Pleasedtomeetyou
(
lIt,askyourfa
νor[goodtreatment))
Thesetwoe
xpr
ess
IOn
scanbeusedJ
ustl
ikethecomparableE
ngl
ishe
xpr
ess
ion
s

2
. P
art
iceno
l
AsmentionedIntheprevIOusles
son,noocωrnngbetweentwonounsi
ndi
cat
est
hat
whatζomesbeforethenode
scribeswhatcomesaf
terI
t Studythesep
att
ern
s

(workp
lac
e)no(name)
AmerikaTaishikannoSumisu SmIthoftheAmencanEmbassy
(po
sse
ss )no(belo勾 I吻)
or
watakushinohon mybook

3
. Confirmationp
art
icl
e旦宣
Thepart
icleneattheendo fasentenceex
pre
sse
ssomethingl
ike'
are
n'tyou]'o
r'I
sn'
t
If
}'InE ng
lish Thus,t
hispa内 deζanbeusedtoζonflrmthenameo fapersontowhomyou
areIntroduced Lookatthefollowingexample

Yamada-sandesune? You'reMrYamada,a
ren
'tyouア
Dependingonthepronounanda uxI
lia
ry,theconfirmationquestionv
ari
esI
nE ngli
sh,
eg,'
Isn
'the,
''do
n' ,
'e
tthey t
cI nJapanese,neISusednomatterwhattheprecedingsentence
I
S

4
. Korev
s.kochira

Koreandk ochlraareJapaneseeqUivale
ntsofEngli
sh't,
hs' Theyoftenr ef
ertoaperson
(orthing In thec a
seo fkore,cf Lesson3 )thatISnearthespeaker Thetwowordsare,
however,usedd iffere
ntlyInintroducin
gpeople KoreISusedwhenintroducingapersonwho
I
SanIn-groupmember( eg,h isfamily,hscompany),whilek
i ochlraI
SusedwhenIntroduζIng
apersonwhoI S notamemberofthes pe
aker'sgroup Manytimes,thed i
stincti
onbetween
In-groupnessandout-groupnessbeζomesadeterminingf act
orIntheuseofwordswhIChhave
bas
I C
allythesamemeaning,a sIn koreandk ochl
ra Asar ul
e,Japanesepeopleusep oli
ter
expressionswhentheyd ealwithout-groupmembersthanwhentheyd ealwith In-group
members I naddressingout-groupmembers,theymayr efertoIn-groupmembersa sthey
wouldt othemselves Inthisregard,wecans aykoch
lraISap ol
iterexpressionthankoreI n

74
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

introducingpeople,andkoreisusedonlytointroduceani
r
トg roupmember. Thus,whenyou
introduζeanout-groupmember,f orexampleaMr.Tanal くa,youshouldsayKochirawa
Tanaka-sandesu'T hi
sisMr. T
a n
aka.
'

Thein-group/out-groupd
ist
inc
tioni
salsoref
lecte
di ntheuseo fthetermsofaddress
youstudiedinLesson1.Whenyour ef
ertoyo
urse
lfo rin-groupmembers,don'tu
setheterm
・sana
fteryourname.

5
. Kinshipterms

Anotherinstan
ceo fthein-group/out-groupd
ist
incti
onshowsupi
ntheuseo fkins
hip
term
s.(Inth
iscas
e,in-groupmembersa reo ne'sownfamil
ymembersandout-groupmembers

、h u
areanotherpe
rson'
sf amilymembers.) ,.
Lい9


F3

(my)


OK

n
山凶


shuji
n
ESVE

husband

a
0

kanai wife

Thefollowingi
sasummaryo
ftheuseofkoreandk
och
irawithk
ins
hipt
erm
s.

kore+in-groupkinshipterms

k
och
ira+out-groupkinshipterms

6
. Nihongogaojoozudesun
e. 'YouspeakJapaneseverywell.'

YoumayhearJapaneses a
yt oyouNihongogaojoozudesune,r egardl
essofyourr ea
l
proficie
nζyinJapanese.I t
'sacomplimentJapaneseoftenmaket ofor e
igners,evenb eginn
ers.
Theunderlyingassumptiono fthee xpr
e ssio
nist hatfo
reignersc an'tspeakJapanese. Many
foreignerstoooftentakethee xpr
e s
sionl ite
ral
ly(andsometimesemotionally)s ot hatthey
feeloffendedori nsul
ted,fortheyt hinktheJapaneseusethee xpressiontor idi
culethem
sincetheyknowt heirJapanesec an'
tbet hatgood. However, thefactist h
attheJapanesef ee
l
thatonewayt oshowp o
litenes
sist opraiseap erso
n'sab
ilit
y.
TheJapanesefrequentlyuset hisexpressiona sa ' s
tarte
r'i nζonversationswith
foreig
ners. Suζhbeingthec ase,oneshouldtakethee xpress
i onasas o
rtofg reet
ing.L ikein
anyothergreeting,whatcountsi s thef a
ctthatyouusethee xpr
ession,r at
herthani t
sl it
era
l
meaning.Agoodwayt orespondt othis'greeti
ng'expres
sionwouldbet os aysomethingl ik
e
'Oh,no ,I
'ms t
ilab
l eginner.' AcomparableJapanesee xpressionislie,madamadad es
u. 'No ,
(I
'm notgooda ti)yet
t .'

7
. meeshi(
名刺)'
cal
lin
gca
rd'

Atthebeginningofab us
inessencounter,Japanesepeoplealmostalwaysexchange
meeshi('cal
lin
gcard),u
' nl
essthepeoplehavemeteachotherb e
fore. Youmaywonderwhy
themeeshiissoimpo同 anttotheJapanese. TheJapaneseviewal
lr ela
tion
sash i
era
rchia.
c lIt
i
sr arethatanytwopeoplew i
llbeperceiveda st ru
ee qu
als
. Japaneseu su
allyadju
stt h
eir
verba
landnonverbalbehaviort oeachotheraζcordingt othes o
cia
lp os
itionofapersoni n
thi
sh iera
rchy,whichcharac
terizesalmostal
lr ela
tionsamongtheJapanese. The mees~ 、 i

75
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

prov
idestheki
ndofinformationt
hath
elp
speoplee
val
uat
eon
e'ss
oci
alp
osi
tio
n.I
tin
clu
des
thefol
lowin
ginfo
rma
tion:

a
. nameofthecompany/agency
b
. pe
rso
n'sposi
tion
c
. pe
rso
n'sname
d
. ad
dressandtelephonenumbero
fthecompany/agency

Insomec ass,
e themeeshii
swritteni
nJapaneseonones
ideandi
nEn
gli
shontheo
the
r.
Youw
illprobablygetth
istypeofmeeshiatyourpos
t.

I
tshouldbenotedth
ati
nst
itu
tio
nala
ffi
lia
tio
nus
ual
lyc
arr
iesmoreweightthan
p
osi
tio
ninthein
sti
tut
ion
.

nexchangingmeeshi,
I Japaneseu
sua
lly


• bowand
makeafewremarksconcerningtheotherp
th
atthespeakeri
sin
ter
est
edinthepers
on.
ers
onsjob,i
' nst
itu
tin,etι,t
o oshow

AlthoughmostJapanesedo
n'tu s
eanyformulawhenp re
sentingmeeshi,i
tmaybea
goodi d
eaf o
ryout os
ayKorewameeshidesu,' Thi
sis(my)c
allin
gt '
,i
.ard
: nordertol
etthe
personknowt h
atyouaregivighim/heryourmeesh.
n i

7
6
Lesson5 Introductions

会話

S
itu
ati
on1

フラウン 失礼ですか、鈴木さんですか。
鈴 木 はい、そうです。
フラウン は し め ま し てo フ ラ ウ ン て すO
鈴 木 は し め ま し てo と う そ よ ろ し くo

S
itu
ati
on2

フラノク 小林さん、これは秘書のオニールてす。
オニール 小 林 さ ん で す ね 。 は し め ま し てo オ ニ ー ル て すo
とうそよろしく。
小 林 小 林 て すO と う そ よ ろ し く 。

S
itu
ati
on3

ウィリアムス ずーターさん、こちらは通産省の佐藤さんです。
ポーター は し め ま し てo ア メ リ カ 大 イ 吏 館 の ポ ー タ ー て すo
これは名刺てす。
佐 藤 は し め ま し てo 佐 藤 て す 。
(名刺をィ度しなから)とうそよろしく。

S
itu
ati
on4

アーフー MrOgawa,t
hisISMr.K
ell
y.
Mr.K
ell
y,t
hisISMr
.Ogawa.
小)I
I Howdoyoudo?P
lea
sedt
omeety
ou.
ケリー ケ リ ー て す 。 は し め ま し てO こ れ は 家 内 て すO
ケリ一夫人 は し め ま し てo と う そ よ ろ し く 。
J、 )
I 1
/ 日 本 口 奇 か お よ 手 で す ねo
ケリ一夫人 いいえ、またまたです。

7
7
Lesson5 I
ntr
odu
cti
ons

7
8
Lesson6 P
lac
enamesofi
nte
res
tinTokyo

Lesson 6

PLACENAMESOFINTEREST
, ,

INTOKYO

.
.
...は 銀 座 で す か 。
.

I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
ill
lea
rnthenamesandl
oca
tio
nsofthef
oll
owi
ng:

• majori
sla
nds

• majorc
iti
es

• twod
ist
ric
tsi
nTokyo

• majora
rea
sinTokyo

• p
lacenamesofi
ntere
st,
e
.g.,I
mpe
ria
lPalac
e,museums,e
tc.
Lesson6 P
lac
enameso
fin
ter
esti
nTokyo

Presentation
I
nt hi
sl es
son,youwil
llearnsomemorenamesofp la
cesandareasinTokyoinadditionto
thoseyoustudiedinLesson2.(Youwilllearnsomelandmarksandst
reetnamesoftheEmbassyarea
inlat
erl e
ssons
.)

LookatthemapofTokyobelow.Theo ffi
cia
lnameoftheTokyoj uri
sdic
tio
nisTokyo-to( 東 京
都;tolite
ral
lymeans' c
apital
')
.I tζo
nsi
stsoftheUrbanD istr
ict,theTamaD i
str
ictandtheOgasawara
Is
lan
ds(notincludedonthemap). Asof1 985,thepopulationofTokyo-towasapproximatelytwelve
mi
llin,representingapproximately10%ofthee
o ntirepopulationofJapan.

Whenpeoplet alkaboutTokyotheyoftenr e
fertotheUrbanDis
tri
ct,whichiscomposed
of23wardsorKu(区). I tisinth
isdis
trictwhereyouf i
ndgovernmentoffi
ces,headquartersofmajor
companies,museums,andtheAmericanEmbassyandAmericanCenter . TheUrbanD is
tri
ctisthe
centerofp ol
iti
cal,economic,cul
tural,andeducationalactiv
iti
esinJapan. TheTama D i
str
ict,
espec
i a
llytheareasneartheUrbanD ist
rict,c
ons
istofsat
ell
itetownsorwhattheJapanesecall'bed
town s,
'fromwhichmanypeoplecommutetodowntownTokyo.

TheOgasawaraIs
landscameunderU.S
.co
ntr
ola
fte
rWorldWar"andwerereturnedtoJapan
n1968.Themaini
i nd
ustrytherei
sfi
shi
ng.

Theareasmarked(
1),(
2)and(
3)onthemapoftheUrbanD
ist
ric
tbeloww
illbecoveredi
n
P
rac
tie1
c .
dkhM
hh.l

2u
0・ 古
rLF3R山
4l ι

7
川n
μ
、,、

n

8
0
Lesson6 P
lac
enameso
fin
ter
esti
nTokyo

P
lac
enamesi
nTokvo

Kasumigaseki Kasumigaseki 霞ヶ関


UenoKooen UenoPark 上野公園
TokyoE ki TokyoS
tat
ion 東京駅
TokyoTawaa TokyoTower 東京タワー
ShinjukuGyoen S
hin
juk
uNa
tio
nalGarden 新宿御苑
Kookyo I
mpe
ria
lPa
lac
e 皇居
KokuritsuGekijoo N
ati
ona
lTheater 国立劇場
Kabukiza KabukiTheater 歌舞伎座
Meij
iJinguu M
eij
iSh
rin
e 明治神宮
Shinjuku-ku S
hin
juk
uWard 新宿区
Chiyoda-ku ChiyodaWard 千代田区
Shinagawa・ku ShinagawaWard 品川区
Akasaka Akasaka 赤坂
KokkaiG
iji
doo theD
ietB
uil
din
g 国会議事堂

8
1
Lesson6 P
lac
enamesofi
nte
res
tinTokyo

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A. MapreadingP
rac
tic
e
Looka
tthemapofShinjuku-ku(新宿区),Chiyoda-ku(千代田区),andMinato-ku
(港区)onthenextpage.

(YoumaywanttorefertothemapofTokyo-toonthepagebeforel
astt
ofi
ndoutthe
l
oca
tio
nsofthesea
rea
swithintheUrbanD
ist
ric
t.)

I
den
tifytheareanamesandp la
cenamesofi nt
erestbelowonthemaponthenext
pageandpra
ctic
ethepronunciationofthenamesbyrepeatingthema
fte
rthei
nst
ruc
tor
.

AreaNames

Akasaka 赤坂 3・D
Ginza 銀座 6・E
Shinbashi 新橋 4・E
Marunouchi 丸ノ内 5・D
Kanda 神田 5B

Roppongi 六本木 3・E

P
lac
enamesofI
nte
res
t

KokkaiG iji
doo 直会議事堂 4・0
KokuritsuGekijoo 国立劇場 4・D
MeijiJinguu 明治神宮 ・D
1
TokyoTawaa 東京タワー 4-F
TokyoE ki 東京駅 6・D
UenoKooen 上野公圃 6・A
Kabukiza 歌舞伎座 6
-E

82
-
. ー
J

F
Lesson6 P
lac
enameso
fin
ter
esti
nTokyo

B
. ResponseD
ril
l
D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentAasksStudentB…wadokon
iarimasuka?,r
efe
rri
ngt
othel
is
tbelow.
StudentBanswers,usi
ngthec
ue.

Example:

StudentA: AmerikaT
ais
hikanwadokon
iarimasuka?
StudentB: Akasakan
iarim
asu.

L
is
tfo
rstudentA Cuef
orstudentB

ShinjukuGyoen Shinjuku
HieJinja Akasaka
KasumigasekiBi
ru Kasumigaseki
UenoKooen Ueno
AmerikaT ai
shi
kan Akasaka

c
. MapReadingP
rac
tic
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentAask
sthenameo fanare nTokyo,r
ai efe
rri
ngt
othel
is
tinP
rac
tic
eA.
StudentBanswers,re
fer
rin
gtothemap_

Example:

StudentA: 3D.Kokowadokodesuka?
StudentB: (re
fer
rigt
n o3Donthemap)Akasakad
esu
.

L
is
tfo
rstudentA

E RMELE n
41

3 E J n斗 FOEJ



斗晶
、3 n

EJPO

unu
、3

8
4
Lesson6 P
lac
enamesofi
nte
res
tinTokyo

D
. MapReadingP
rac
tic
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
UsethemapinPra
cti
ceA
.StudentAa
sksthel
oca
tio
nofp
lac
esonthel
it,u
s sin
g
thefollowinge
xpr
essi
on:

(
pla
cename)wadokon
iarimasuka?

StudentBanswersbyg
ivi
ngtheareanameorthenameoftheward.

Example:

StudentA: AmerikaTaishikanwadokoniarimasuka?
Student8: (re
ferri
ngtothemap)Akasakadesu.

L
is
tfo
rstudentA
Kabukiza
TokyoE ki
ShinjukuGyoen
Kookyo

ι MapReadingP
rac
tic
e j
主:教師は下記のリスト参照

D
ire
cti
ons
:
Theinstru
ctora
skswhetherornotthepia
ζes /h
ei ndi
catesistheri
ghtone,
re
fer
ringtotheindexandthemapinPr
act
iceA.Thestudentanswers,u
sin
goneofthe
e
xpressi
onsbelow:

a
.Hai,soodesu.
b
.li
e,••• j
aarimasen.

I
nthel
att
erc
ase,
giv
ethec
orr
ectnameo
fthep
iaι
e.

Example:
I
nstru
ctor: 3D.KokowaShinjukudesuka?
Student: le,
i Shinjukuj .
、Akasakadesu.
aarimaser

教師用リスト
治京本会立
神駅木議劇
宮事場
明東六国国

1
. 6A
2
. 60
3
. 1C

4
. 50
5
. 40

8
5
L
esS
on6 P fi
¥ac
ena円、e
sot
n
t

er
esti
nTokyo

f
. f
ind
ingplaces

md::J
St
ude
n
Mωtud
tBan
sw
官出誌が t
h
;;Ow
es
tbelowa
re1
n
0ζa
ted
. ¥
1 r €l

e
rs,・ー
E
xam
ple
:
え ~nooro wad -_
.
S
t ."ョ?

S
u
t
d
u
d
e
e
n
tA
n
:
tB
誌 雨 。niaokon
仰 a
ianmd'U
s
1''''''

: u
.

H; a
idodesu
L
istfo
rstud
entA
Osaka
Tokyo
Fukuoka
Nagoya
Kyoto
Matsuyama
Naha

泊。
46
n
v

l
a
γ
ト:
kl 川

8
6
Lesson6 P
lac
enameso
fin
ter
esti
nTokyo

READING KANJI

P
lac
enamesofI
nte
res
t

1 上野公園 UenoKooen UenoP


ark

2 新宿御苑 ShinjukuGyoen S
hin
juk
uNa
tio
nalGarden

3 明治神宮 M
eij
iJinguu M
eij
iSh
rin
e

4 日比谷公園 H
ibi
yaKooen H
ibi
yaP
ark

8
7
Lesson6 P
lac
enameso
fin
ter
esti
nTokyo

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

1
. Expressionsf
oraskingthel
oca
tinofaplace
o

Thefollowingaree
xpr
ess
ion
sth
atcanbeusedwhenyouaskthel
oca
tio
nofap
lac
e:

Kokowadokodesuka1 Wherei
sth
isplace?(
Les
son2
)

Konochikakun
idepaatoga sthereadepartments
I t
ore
arimasuka1 inthisv
ici
nit
y?(Less
on4)

Inpla
ceo
fkoko'
thi
spl
ac'i
e nthef
irtsentence,youcanu
s sep
laenames,a
c sinthe
f
oll
owi
n g
:

Tokyo-ekiwadokodesuka1 Wherei
sTokyoStation?

Thefollowingquestionsaboutl
oca
tio
nmeanapproximatelythesamet
hin
g:

a
. Depaatowadokodesuka1
b
. Depaatowadokoniarimasuka1

. Answerst
2 oquestionsaboutthelocationofaplace
WhenyouaskDepaatowadokodesuka? OR Depaatowadokon
iarimasuka?
someJapanesemayansweri
nthefollowingway:

Depaatowa(
pla
ce)d
esu
/niarimasu.

I
nordinaryconversation,however,
theansweri
sus
ual
lys
imp
lif
iedt
o:

(
pla
ce)d
esu
/niarimasu.

Thefollowinga
resomeexamples:

Q
ues
tio
n: AmerikaTaishikanwadokodesuka1
/niarimasuka1
Wherei
stheAmericanEmbassy(
located)?

Answer: Akasakad
esu
/niarimasu.
(
It
's
)inAkasaka.

88
L
ess
on7 Someb
asi
cpl
acee
xpr
ess
ion
s

Lesson 7i

SOMEBASICPLACEEXPRESION・S



園、-
'
.' 、
ーー, 右 左 I,
円J 後ろ

I
nth
isl
ess
on,youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• a
skwheret
her
estroomi
s

• a
skd
ire
cti
onst
oth
ene
are
sts
tat
ion,pharmacy,e
tc
.

• understandd
ire
cti
onst
hatcontainwords l
ikethe
fol
lowing
:

a
. ont h
er iht/l
g ef
t
b
. infront/backof
C
. nextto
d
. thi
s/thatway
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

DIALOGS KAlWA

S
itu
ati
on1

Atarestaurant
,Mr.Mooreasksawaitresswherether
estroomI
S
.

Muaa: Sumimasen. Excuseme.


Ueetoresu: HaL Y
es.
ルluaa: (
O)t
ear
aiwadokodesuka? WhereI
Sther
estroomア
Ueetoresu: Achiradesu. (
poi
nti
ng t'
)/soverthere
Muaa: Doomoa
rig
ato
o. Thankyou.

S
itu
ati
on2

Mr.RobertswasInvolvedInacaraCCidentwhilednvlngInTokyo. HedeCidest
oca
llthe
embassyt oheasksapasser-byI
ogetsomeassistance,s fthereI
Saphonelocatednearby.

Robaatsu: Sumimasen,konohenn
i Excuseme,ISthereapublicphone
kooshuudenwagaarimasuka? nearhere]
N
iho
nji
n: Eet
o... A,asokodesu. lookingaroundt
( ofindone)
Tabako・yan
iarimasuyo. Letmesee Oh,I t
'Soverthere
atthetobaccoshop
Robaatsu: Doomoa
rig
ato
o. Thankyou.
N
iho
nji
n: Dooi
tas
hin
可as
hit
e. You'rewelcome.

S
itu
ati
on3

AftershoppingIntheGlnza,Ms Taylorwantst
ogohomebysubway Shethinksthat
onceshefindsthesta
tIO,shecanmanage.
n

Teeraa: Sumimaser.
、Konohenni ExcusemeI sthereasubway
chi
katets
unoekigaarimasuka? statIOnInthIsVICInity]
N
iho
nji
n: Chikatetsunoekidesuka? Asubways ta
tinア ThereI
o Soneover
Sokon iarimasuyo
. there (
point
ing t
'
)Isnexttothe
Koobannot ona
ridesu. polic
ebox.
T
eer
aa: Soodesuk
a.Doomoa
rig
ato
o. ,I
Oh s
ee. Thankyou.
N
iho
nji
n: l
ie,
dooi
tas
him
ash
ite
. .
t
Don'tmentionI

90
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cplaceexpressions

S
itu
ati
on4

Mr
s sgoingt
.Douglasi otheAmericanPharmacy,whichherfriendhadrecommended.
t
'
Sheknowsisverycl
osetothestationwhereshegotoff
.

Dagurasu: Sumimasen,Amerikan Excuseme,wherei


stheAmerican
Faamashiiwadokodesuka? Pharmacyア
EωEωE
九 九d K 3 k
n
-
-
, ur、n

NikkatsuB
irun
iarimasuy
o. t'
/ si
ntheNikkatsuB
uil
din
g.
DD
a
QJQJ

NikkatsuB
iruwadokodesuka? Wherei
stheNikkatsuBuilding?
d
a


リ,uF3n

E
kinomaen
iarimasu. t
'
Isi
nfr
ontofthes
tat
ion
.

Doono
. T
han
ks.


000i
tas
him
ash
ite
. You'rewelcome.

9
1
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

VOCABULARY KOTOBA

Dialogs

konohen t
hisv
ici
niy,
t t
hisarea このへん

(
o)t
ear
ai bathroom,
toi
let,
res
troom (お)てあらい

a
chi
ra t
hatway,overthere あちら

kooshuudenwa p
ubl
ictelephone こうしゅうでんわ

denwa telephone でんわ

E
eto
... L
etmes
ee...
(he
sit
ati
onword) ええと……
asoko overthere あそこ

tabako・ya tobaccoshop たばこや

c
hik
ate
tsu subway ちかてつ

soko there そ

kooban p
oli
cebox こうはん

to
nar
i n
extt
o なり


ζ

nae f
r t,
on i
nfr
onto
f まえ

P
rac
tic
e

hon-ya bookstore ほんや

kusu
ri-ya drugstore くすりや

erebeetaa e
lev
ato
r エレベーター

h
ijo
ogu
chi emergencyexlt ひじようぐち

t
att
ekudasai p
lea
sestand たってください

shingoo t
raf
ficl
igh
t しんごう

gakkoo s
cho
ol がっこう

92
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

Notes

u
shi
ro b
ack うしろ

s
och
ira t
hatway そちら

k
och
ira t
hisway こちら

s
otc
hi t
hatway そっち

a
tch
i t
hatway,o
vert
her
e あっち

k
otc
hi t
hisway こっち

Personalizedl
is
t

93
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A. SubstitutionD
ril
l
Sumimasen,
(o)
tea
raiwadokodesuka?

kooshuudenwa TokyoE k
i
chik
atetsunoe
ki tak
ushiinoriba
kooban JR-se
nnoe ki
tabako・ya (o
)teara
i

B
. TransformationD
ril
l
Koobanwadokodesuka? → Koobanwadokon
iarimasuka?

kooshuudenwa basunoriba
(o)
tearai JR-sennoeki
tabako・ya tak
ushiinoriba
hon-ya chika
t e
tsunoeki
kusur
i-ya kooban

c
. ResponseD
ril
l

Student: (O
) t
eara
iwadokoniarimasuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Kooshuudenwanomaed esu.
Student: Kooshuudenwanomaedesuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Hai,500de
su.

S
tud
ent
'sl
is
t 教師用リスト

depaato 釈の前
kooban テパートの右
chikatets
unoe
ki 交番の左
hon-ya 薬屋の│礎
resutoran テパートの近く

94
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

D
. S
ubs
tit
uti
onD
ril
l
Konochikakun
ikooshuudenwagaarimasuka?

{o)
tearai resutoran
kooban chikatets
unoeki
kusuri
-ya JR-sennoe k
i
kissa
ten depaato
basunoriba takus
hiinoriba

E
. S
ubs
tit
uti
onD
ril
l
Kooshuudenwawadepaatonomaenia
rim
asu
.
knb
ooa
a
o
se
-

depaatonotona
ri
eo
k

nn
LK
-o

唱n

kusu
ri-yanomae
e2M
m
o

koobannoh i
dar
i

F
. CommunicationE
xer
cis
e
O
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentAa sk
sthe10ζ
a t
iono
ftheplac
esontheL
istforstudentAbelow.Student
Bsel
ectsanappropriatep
lacewordfromtheLis
tfo
rstudentBbelowandp oin
tsinthat
di
rect
ion.

Example:

S
tud
entA: Hijooguchiwadokodesuka?
(hijooguch
i=emerge町 '
Yex
it)
S
tud
ent8
: Sokod
esu
.

L
is
tfo
rstudentA L
is
tfo
rstudentB

erebeetaa'elevator' koko
oneofyourt eac her'srooms sot
chi
(use...san/sen seenoheya) mukoo
supe
rvisor
'sroom asoko
(use...san/sen seenoheya) kotch
i
{o)
tearai soko
hijooguch
i atc
hi

95
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

. ProductionE
G xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
Astudentstandsinfrontoftheclass
room. Theinstru
ctorstandsi
nfron
to f,in
backof,ontherightof,orontheleftofthestude
n t
. Theotherstudentsde
scrib
ethe
posi
tionoftheinstruc
torrel
ativ
et othestude
nt. Studentsshouldusethefollowing
expr
essio
n:

(Ins
tructo
r'sname)-san/senseewa(student
'sname)-sanno
mae/ushiro/hidari/migidesu.

H
. CommunicationE
xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
Thei nstru
ctorstands,fac
ingthestude
nts.StudentAg ivesStudentBdi
rect
ions,
ref
erringtothelis
tbelow.StudentBfollowsthedir
ection
sbystandingonther i
ght
/le
ft
orinfront/backoftheinstruc
tor
.StudentAusesthefollowingexpression:

(
Ins
tru
ctor
'sname)-san/senseeno( p
osi
tio
n)n
ita
ttekudasa.
i
(
tat
tekudasaimeans'pleasestand'.)

Example:

StudentA: ...sa
n/se
nseenomigin
itat
tekudasa.
i
StudentB: (st
andsontheri
ghtofthei
nst
ruc
tor)

L
is
tfo
rstudentA
hhow

htFi
t t介h
een 吋
nnte
00

ゆ,打
&E
rEElut


o
H
・ b


E﹄

96
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

.
I ReadingComprehension
D
ire
cti
ons
:
Readthefoll
owingandthens
ele
ctthenumbero
fthel
oca
tio
nonthemapt
hat
matchesit
sdes
cri
ptionbelow.

1
. Watakushinomaenidepaatogaari
mas
u.
Hid
arinikooshuudenwagaa r
ima
su. (

2
. Watakushinoush
ironi*shingoogaa
rim
asu
.
Miginikoobangaari
m a
su. (

3
. Watakushinomaeni*gakkoogaar
imasu
.
Watakushinohi
dar
inishingoogaari
masu. (

4
. Watakushinom i
giwaek
idesu.
Maen iresutorangaa
rim
asu. (

5
. Mukoon ikoobangaa
rimas
u.
Watakushinomaenikis
satengaa
rim
asu
. (

r
esu
tor
an
gakko 。
kooban5

2 @ 6 @ 8

•••••••••••••••
•••••••••••••••
•••••••••••••••
•••••••••••••••
•••••••••••••••
..••.••••.•••••
•••••••••••••••
•••••••••••••••
•••••••••••••••
•••••••••••••••
4
7

k
iss
ate
n
3
e
ki
depaato

kooshuu-
denwa

= =
*shingoo E
9 trafficlight
=
*gakkoo school

97
L
ess
on7 Someb
asi
cpl
acee
xpr
ess
ion
s

J
. AuralComprehensionExercise 注教師用スクリプト次ページ参照

D
ire
cti
ons
:
Thefollowingconversationstakep
lac
eonthes
tre
et. L
istentothetapeand
answerthequestionsbelow.

Conversation1

Thefi
rs
tJapanesea s
ksthel
oca
tio
nof…
ThesecondJapanesesa
idthel
oca
tio
nis.

Conversation2

Thefi
rs
tJapanesea s
ksthel
oca
tio
nof..
.・-
・ H

ThesecondJapanesesa
idth
eloca
tio
nis……・

Conversation3

Thefi
rs
tJapanesea s
kstheloca
tionof….
..
・・. H

(ch
oosethecorrec
ta ns
wer)
ThesecondJapanese( )knowsthelo
cat
ion
.
)doe
sn'tknowtheloc
ati
on.

Conversation4

Thefi
rs
tJapanesea
skst
hel
oca
tio
nof.
Theansweri
s.

Conversation5

Thefi
rs
tJapaneseask
stheloca
tionof.
(ch
oosethecorr
ectansw
er)
ThesecondJ
apan e
se( )knowsthelo
cat
ion
.
)doe
sn'tknowtheloc
ati
on.

9
8
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

教師用スクリプト

会 話1 日 本 人1 す み ま せ んO こ の 近 く に 交 番 か あ り ま す かO
日 本 人2 え 、 交 番 て す か つ あ そ こ に あ り ま す よO
日 本 人1 あ あ 、 と う もo
日 本 人2 とういたしまして。

会 話2 日 本 人1 ちょっと伺いますか、 J
J王 ヒ ル は こ の 近 く で す か 。
日 本 人2 はつ
日 本 人1 山王ヒルてす。
日 本 人2 ああ、向こうにあります。
日 本 人1 と う もo
日 本 人2 い い えo

会 話3 日 本 人1 ちょっと、すみません。この近くの釈はとこですか。
日 本 人2 さあ 私 も 知 り ま せ んo
日 本 人1 そ う で す かO と つ もO

会 話4 日 本 人1 す み ま せ ん 。 こ の 近 く ι本 屋 か あ り ま す か っ
日 本 人2 本屋ねえ ああ、駅の前にあったと思いますか
日 本 人1 とうもすみません。
日 本 人2 いいえ、とういたしまして。

会 話5 日 本 人1 ちょっと、すみません。東京駅はとこにありますか。
日 本 人2 さあ、私も分かりません。

9
9
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

READING KANJI

1 化粧室 keshooshitsu powderroom

2 御手洗 o
tea
rai t
oil
et,r
estroom

3 婦人用 fujinyoo f
orl
adi
es

4 殿方用 tonogatayoo f
orgentlemen

5 男 otoko 円l
an, 円l
en

6 女 onna woman,women

7 地下鉄 c
hik
ate
tsu subway

100
Lesson7 Somebasicplaceexpressions

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

. Summaryofbasiclocationwords
1
a
. '
here'
,'there'
,and 'overthere'
nLesson3,wes
I tu
di edthefollowings
eri
esofwords:

kore this(ref
erstoth
ings/personsnearthes peaker)
sore that(ref
erstothings/personsnearthel iste
ner)
are that(one)overthere(referstothings/personsrel
ati
vel
yfa
rfrom
thespeakerandl is
tener
)

Thefir
stsyl
lab
lesk
o-,so・
,anda-i ntheabovewordsoccurinseve
ralothers
eri
esof
wordshavingtodowithl
ocat
ionwheretheyca
rryrel
ate
dmeanings.Compare:

koko here( ref


erstoap lacenearthespeaker)(Less
on2)
soko there( re
ferstoap l
acenearthel is
tener
)
asoko overthere(ref
erstoap lac
er e
lat
ivelyfarfromthespeakerandl
ist
ene
r)

Wehavea ls
os t
udiedthequestionworddoko'where,
'whichcanbeusedtoaskthe
l
oca
tio
nofsomething(Le
sson2)
.

b
. Otherlocationwords

migi/hidari righ
t/left
mae/ushiro front/back
tonari next
mukoo beyond

2
. Somed
ire
cti
onwords
Ko
・ ,anda
,SO幽 -cana
lsobeusedtoi
ndi
cat
edi
reζ
tio
n,a
sin
:
-

k
hh-N

hhi
a
o

ωMK
-HWB

oロo

ICin
EE-n
K

sa

sway( r
efer
stothed i
reιtio
nofthespeaker)
a

thi
o

円ロ
sa

thatway( ref
erstothedirec
tionofthelis
tene
r)
c

nnn
o

thatwayoverthere( r
eferstoadi
r e
ctio
nawayfrom
thespeakerandlist
ener
)

1
01
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

3
. P
art
icenoandplaceexpressions
l
a
. P
lac
eex
pre
ssi
onst
hato
ccu
rwiththep
art
iceno,
l 'of
'

Example:
(Depaatowa)ek
inom
igi
/hi
dar
i (Thedepartmentsto
re)isonthe
desu/
niarima
su. rig /l
ht e
ftofthest
ation

b
. P
lac
eex
pre
ssi
onst
hatdonotr
equ
ireno

Example:
(Depaatowa)koko/soko/asokod
esu
/niarimasu.
(Thedepartments
tor
e)i
she
re/
the
re/
tha
tway.

102
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

会話

S
itu
ati
on1

ムアー すみません。
ウエイトレス はし1 O
ムアー (お)手洗いはとこですかo
ウエイトレス あ ち ら で すO
ムアー とうもありかとう。

S
itu
ati
on2

ロノ¥ーノ すみません。この辺に公衆電話かありますか。
日本人 ええと あ 、 あ そ こ で すO た は こ 屋 に あ り ま す よo
ロハーノ と う も あ り か と うO
日本人 と う い た し ま し てo

S
itu
ati
on3

アーフー す み ま せ んo こ の1互 に 地 下 扶 の 駅 か あ り ま す か 。
日本人 地下鉄の駅てすか。そこにありますよ。
交番のとなりです。
アーフー そ う で す かo と う も あ り か と うO
日本人 いいえ、とういたしまして。

S
itu
ati
on4
まヒヒ前もい
み局局のうう
す日目駅とと

せルルに。た

カよか


んにはあし

リすす。。
アりこまし
メまてすで


+品

?}

AM


。あとりま

ダクラス
o

駅 員
00

タクラス
駅 員
タクラス
駅 員

1
03
Lesson7 Someb
asi
cpl
aceexpressions

104
Lesson8 G
ett
ingtheansweryouwant(
1)

Lesson 8

GETTINGTHEANSWER
, ,

YOUWANT( 1
)

すみません。
もう一ど言ってください。

I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• comprehendandproducekeywordsli
ke・
the
fi
rst
/se
cond
/thi
rd,
・冒i
nters
ecti
on'
,'t
ra仔i
cli
gh'
t,e
tc.

• confirmyourunderstandingo
raskaquestiont
oget
theinformationyouwantbyusingkeywords
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

DIALOGS KAlWA

S
itu
ati
on1

Mr JonesISgomgt oseeaKabukiplaya
tKabuklza,whichISlocatedneartheGmza
subways
tatIO
n. Mr.Joneshasbeen t
oldbyh
isf
rie
ndthatKabuklzaI
SonHarumlS tr
eet

Joonzu: Sumimasen.KokowaHarumi Excuseme,I


Sth
isHaruml
Dooridesuka? Avenueア
N
iho
nji
n: Ee,500desuy
o. Y
es.I
tIS
.
Joonzu: Kabukizawadokodesuka? WhereI
SKabuklzalocatedア
N
iho
nji
n: Kokokaramittsu-menoh
ida
ri t
Isa
' tthethtrdcornerfromhere,
nokadodesu. onthele
ft
Joonzu: Mittsu-menoh
ida
rinokado Attheth
trdcorneronthel
ef,
t
desune? nghtア
w
ho
oo
Mj

n.
nz

Ee,500desuy
o. Y
es.
u
n

000円、o
. Thankyou.

S
itu
ati
on2

Mrs
.AndersonISgomgt otheMltsukoshldepartmentstorem theGmza. Shehasbeen
toldbyherfnendthatI
tISnearalargemtersect
lOna
tGmza4-chome.

Andaason: .
、KokowaGinza
Sumimaser Excuseme
,ISthistheGmza4
-
yon-choomenokoosatendesuka? chomemtersectlon'}
Nihonjin: l
ie,
Ginzayon-choomewat
sug
i No,I
tIs
n'.
t
noshingoodesu. TheGmza4-chomemtersectlon
Sa
I tthenextt
raf
fIcl
Igh.
t
Andaason: Aa,500desuka. Oh.
Tsuginoshingoodesune? t
I'
sthenextt r
affI
cligh,
tnght
'J
Mitsukoshiwasonosobadesuka? I
sMltsukoshlnearthereア
Nihonjin: Ee,Mitsukoshiwakoosatenno Yes
,MltsukoshlI
Sonthenght-
miginokadodesu. handcornerofthemtersect
lOn
.
Andaason: Miginokadodesuka? Ontheright-handc
orn
er'
}
Doomoa r
igat
oo. Thankyou.
Nihonjin: l
ie
. S
ure
.

1
06
lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

Situation 3

I
t'
sspflngandMrs SmithI SgOingt oShlnjukuGyoen,whIChI
Sfamousf
orI
tScherry
blossoms Shegetsoffa
ttheclosestsubwaystatIOn

Sumlsu: .
、ShinjukuGyoen
Sumimaser I
sShlnjukuGyoennearh
ere
")
wakonochikakudesuka?
Nlhon
Jln
: Ee,sugusobadesu. Yes,I
t'
Sverynear
Sonokoosatennomukoodesu. /t'
sbeyondthati
nte
rse
ctI
On
Sumlsu: Achiradesuka? I
sItInthatd
lfe
ctlOn
")(
poi
nti
ng)
NlhonJln: Hai,anodepaatonomukoo Yes,I
t'
Sbeyondthat
desu. departmentst
ore
Sumlsu: Aa,500desuka. Oh It'
sbeyondthat
Depaatonomukoodesune? departments
tor
e,flght
7
Doomoa rig
ato
o. Thankyou

Situation 4

Ms PattersonI
Sonherwayhomea fterdOingsomeshopping Shewantst
otakethe
subwaya
tTokyostatIOnSheknowsthestatIOnI
Swithinafewblocks

Pataason: Sumimasen.Tokyo-ekiwa Excuseme


,whereI
STokyos
tat
ion
")
dokodesuka?
Nlhon
Jln
: Chikatetsudesuka, Thesubways t
atIOnorthe
JR-sendesuka? MetropolitanRailway(
sttlOfリア
a
Pataason: Chikatetsudesu. Thesubways
tat
ion
Nlhon
Jln
: Tsuginokoosatennomukoon i BeyondthenextintersectionI
Sthe
DaimaruDepaatogaarimasu. Dalmarudepartments tore
Ekiwasonomaedesu. Thestat
io SInf
nI r
ontofI t
Pataason: DaimaruDepaatonomae Infron
toftheDalmarudepartment
desune?Wakarimashita. sto
re,fig
htア Iunderstand
Doomoa ri
gatoo. Thankyouverymuch

107
Lesson8 G
ett
ingtheansweryouwant(
1)

VOCABULARY KOTOBA

Dialoqs

.
.do
ori ..
str
eet, .
..avenue .どおり
Kabukiza KabukiTheater かぶきざ
ka
ra from から

m
itts
u-ne 、 thet
hir
d みつつめ

choome chome(
cou
nte
rofb
loc
ks/
str
eet
s) ちょうめ

koosaten i
nte
rse
cti
on こうさてん

sono i
ts
;th
at その
sugusoba v
erynear すぐそば

ano t
hat(
ove
rth
ere
) あの
J
R-s
en MetropolitanRailway(
ofJ
.R.
) J
R-せ ん

P
rac
tic
e

hajimen
o..
. thef
ir
st
... はじめの一

Notes
u


h Aは e
au
SSEta


げ叶

thef
ir
st
... さいしょの……
us

eeoo
oa
m 川白河
noz
F3

thes
eco
nd..
.
.2M

ふたつめの…・・
wa
et 旧1α

I
'
lltakeyout
her
e. つれていって
少・吻
目 a

あげましょう
-

m
-t

U
F3

Thanky
ou.(
pol
ite
) ありがとうございます

108
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A
. S
ubs
tit
uti
onD
ril
l
Sumimasen,kokowaHarun
叫Dooridesuka?

Ginza4・choome
JR-sennoeki
chikate
tsunoek
i
GinzaDoori
doko

8
. S
ubs
tit
uti
onD
ril
l
Tsuqinokoosatendesuka?

Tsuginokado
Mukoo
Koosatennomukoo
Futatsu-menokado
Mittsu-menoshingoo

仁 ResponseD
ril
l
Example:

Student: Sumimaser,
、kokowaHarumiDooridesuka?
I
nstru
ctor: le,HarumiDooriwat
i s
uginokoosatendesu.
Student: Tsuqinokoosatendesune?
I
nstru
ctor: Hai,500desu.
Student: Doomo.

S
tud
ent
'sl
is
t 教師用リスト

GinzaDoori 次の信号
JR-sennoeki 交差点のむこう
ιhikate
tsunoek
i 二つ自の角
Mitsukoshi 三つ自の信号の右

109
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

D
. SubstitutionD
ril
l
ShiniukuGvoenwakonochikakudesuka?

Kabukiza JR-
sennoe ki
Mitsukoshi chi
kate
tsunoe k
i
DaimaruDepaato 、
HaruniDoori

E
. Production&ComprehensionE
xer
cis
e 主:教師用スクリプト下記参照
j

D
ire
cti
ons
:
Thestudenta
sksdir
ect
ion
st oap laceonthel i
stbelow. Thein
struc
torgi
ves
d
irect
ion
s.Thestudentp
utsanXi ntheparenthesesbesidetheco
rreζ
tloca
tiononthe
L
istofcho
ice
s.

Example:

Stud
ent: Sumimasen,HarumiDooriwakonochikakudesuka?
I
nst
ructo
r: Tsuginoshingoodesu.

可i
Harun Doori(X)thenexttra
fficlight 次 の 信 号 で すo
( )thesecondtraff
iclight
( )thethi
rdtraff
icl i
ght

Student
'sl
is
t L
is
tofc
hoi
ces 教師用スクリプト

GinzaDoori( )thenextint
ersect
ion 二つ自の交差点です。
( )thesecondinte
rsect
ion
( )thethi
rdinter
sectio
n

c
hik
ate
tsunoe
ki( )atthesecondcornerfromhere 二 つ 目 の 角 で すo
( )atthethi
rdtra
fficlig
htfromhere
( )beyondthesecondcorner

Mitsukoshi( )thenex
tt r
affi
cl i
ght 三つ自の信号です。
( )thet
hirdtraf
ficligh
t
( )thet
raff
iclightoverthere

Daimarudepaato( )beyondthatinters
ectio
n
overthe
re あの交差点のむこう
( )onthefir
stinter
secti
on で すO
fromhere
( )ont h
atcorneroverthere

110
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

F
. ComprehensionandResponseE
xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
Thei n
str
uctorgiv
esthed ir
ectio
nstooneofthepiaζe
sonthemapbelowand
a
skswhattheplac
eis.Thestudenttr
acesthed
ire
cti
onsonthemapandanswers.

Example:

I
nst
ruc
tor
: Tsuginoh id
arinokadoniarimasu.
Hon~-ya desuka,basunoribadesuka?
Student: Hon-yadesu.

k
iss
ate
n 関

depaato

resutoran

ι
hik
ate
tsunoe
ki

basunoriba

••••••
•••... •••••• e
•••..•
••••••
••••••
••••••••••••
...•••
•••••.
﹄﹁

-hE.E
"

hon-ya
X
cm
w'=
am

e
ut

陀'
﹄H

併L
rL
@


るE

教師用スクリプト

1
. 二 つ 自 の 信 号 の 右 に あ り ま す 。 喫 茶 菅 で す か 、 テJ¥ー ト で す か 。
2
. 三 つ 目 の 左 の 角 に あ り ま すo 喫 茶j
苫ですか、しストランですか。
3
. 次 の 交 差 貞 の 向 こ う で す コ 本室 で す か 、 ハ ス 乗 り 場 で す かo
J

4 二 つ め の 右 の 角 て す 地 下 鉄 の 駅 て す か 、 テ パ ー ト て す かo
O

1
11
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

G
. ComprehensionandResponseExercise
Correctthefollowingstatementsbyr
efe
rri
ngt
othemapbelow.

1
. Koobanwae kinomaen iarimasu.
2
. Kissatenwaek
inosobadesu.
3
. Hoteruwaresutorannotonariniarimasu.
4
. Kusuriyawakiss
atennomaen iarimasu.
5
. Kooenwae kinosugusobadesu.
6
. Resutoranwadepaatonomaen iarimasu.
7
. Hon-yawaresutorannotonariniarimasu.

II II
k
iss
ate
n
kooen

hoteru

に陀附叩…M
…ω
ω

仰…
t
拘$
ω

。悶判
r
u
町a

hon-va

e
ki

国 depaato
kooban

x
youa
rehere

112
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

H
. ComprehensionandProductionE
xer
cis
e 注:教師用スクリプト下記参照
D
ire
cti
ons
:
L
istentotheinstructorreadthedirectionstothefollowingp
lac
es:

1
. Mitsukoshi
2
. ShinjukuGyoen
3
. Kabukiza
4
. Subways t
ati
on

Writedown belowthekeywordsthatyou picked up. When you don't


understandthed irec
tio
ns,s
toptheins
tru
ctorandaskhim/hertorepeatandconfirm
yourunderstanding.Youcanusethef
ollowi
ngexpr
essi
onsforthesep
urpos
es:

Sumimasen,mooi
chi
-do(
yuk
kur
i)i
ttekudasa.
i
Excuseme
,wouldyousayi
tagain(
slo
wly
)?

..d
esuka? I
sit
...?
.
..d
esune? I
tis
.."isn
'ti
t?

Whenyout hi
nkyouunderstand,repeatthed
ire
cti
onsi
nEn
gli
shs
oast
ocheck
yourcomprehension.

1
. D
ire
cti
onstotheM
its
uko
shidepartments
tor
e

KEYWORDS:

2
. D
ire
cti
onst
oShinjukuGyoen

KEYWORDS:

3
. D
ire
cti
onst
oKabukiza

KEYWORDS:

4
. D
ire
cti
onstothesubways
tat
ion

KEYWORDS:

教師用スクリプト

こ こ か ら 二 つ 自 の 交 差 点 の 右 で すo
こ こ か ら 三 つ 自 の 交 差 点 の 左 の 角 で すo
こ こ か ら 二 つ 自 の 信 号 の む こ う で すO 左 側 に あ り ま す 。
こ こ か ら 二 つ 自 の 角 に デ パ ー ト が あ り ま す 。 駅 は そ の デ パ ー ト のl
溌りです。

113
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

READING KANJI

1 晴海通り HarumiDoori HarumiAvenue

2 四丁目 yon-choome 4-chome

3 喫茶庖 k
iss
ate
n coffeeshop

4 薬局 yakkyoku drugstore

5 交番 kooban p
oli
cebox

114
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

.
, Someimportantwordsi
ngettingd
ire
cti
ons
Japanesedonothaveawordf
or'
blo
ck,
'sotheyfrequently usethefollOWingwordsIn
g
iVi
ngdirec
tions

kado corner
shingoo t
raf
fIcl
Igh
t
koosaten I
nte
rse
ctI
On

Forexample,whenanAmericans a
ys'Gotwoblocks,'aJapanesewouldsaysomething
li
ke'Goasf a
rasthesecondmtersectlon' Thefollowingwordsarefrequentlyusedwiththe
abovethreewords

tsugi
/saishono(shingoo) then
ext
lfl
rst(
tra
ffI
clI
ght
)
futatsu-meno(shingoo) thesecond(
tra
ffI
clI
ght
)
mittsu-meno(shingoo) thet
htr
d(t
raf
fIcl
Igh
t)

Thefollowinga
resomemorep
lac
eex
pre
ssi
onsIntroducedI
nth
isl
ess
on

(
eki
)nosoba near(
thes
tat
Ion
)
(
eki
)kara from(
thes
tat
Ion
)

2
. I
sitA o
r8?
Whenthed irecti
onsyougeta r
erath
ercomplicatedandyouwanttomakes urethat
yougotthemc orr
e c
tly,youmaywantt oaskaquestionl i
ke'
IsI
tonther igh
torlef
tフ, In
Japanese,qしl
est
lonso fthi
skind a r
e formedbysimplyaddingthephrasedesukatoeach
alte
rnativ
e Looka tthefollowing
hc e
na
zιnド

lHe
QJn

sI
I tA or87

JCJ
a

Adesuka,Bdesuka?
J

InEngl
ish,whentherea r
ethreeormoreItemstoaskabout,youpiaω'or'o
nlyInfront
ofthel a
stItem I nJapanese,however,thesentenζec
o n
struc
tionISthesamea s In the
questionthathastwoItems Comparethefollowing
hr e
na
'he
Eιnド
Qdn

sI
I .orC7
tA.8

aJ

JCJ

A desuka,Bdesuka,Cdesuka?

115
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

Thus,whenyouwanttoaski
fthep
lac
eyoua
rel
ook
ingf
ori
sinf
ron
tofthes
tat
ionor
behindthesta
tio
n,youcans
ay:

E
kinomaedesuka,
ush
irodesuka1
I
siti
nfr
ontoforbehindthes
tat
ion
?

3
. Helpfult
hin
gst
oknowi
nge
tti
ngd
ire
cti
ons
a
. Whend i
rection
syouhaveaskedforarecomplicatedandthep laceyoua relookingfo
ris
notfar,Japanesewi
llof
tentakeyoutherei nsteadofg i
vingyouthed ire
ctions.Insuch
ac a
se,s/hewoulds ayTsure
teitt
eagemashoo' I'
lltakeyout here
.' Youshouldshow
yourgratitudewithanexp
ressi
onlik
eDoomoa rigatooorArigatoogozain可asu,e
tc.(d.
Lesson11)

b
. I
fyoure仔o rtstolocateaplacea r
einv a
in,trytofi
ndthen ea
restkooban'po
licebox'or
tabako・ya'tabac
cos hop
.' Therea r
eq uit
eafewkoobani nanydowntowna rea. The
policementheremaynotspeakE ngl
ishbuttheywillcert
ainlyhe
lpyouf in
dthep lace
youa relookin
gf or
. Ofc ourse,i
twillhelpal otifyouhavetheaddresso ftheplace
withy ou.Thec lerkatatabako・yaa lsoknowsa l o
taboutthep lac
esi nh is
/her
neighborhood.Inf a
ct,the
sea rethetwop la
c e
swhereJapaneseoftengofordire
ctio
ns.

116
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

会話

S
itu
ati
on1

ンヨーンス す み ま せ んo こ こ は 晴 海 通 り で す か 。
日本人 え え 、 そ う で す よO
ショーンス 歌舞伎座はとこですか。
日本人 こ こ か ら 三 つ 自 の 左 の 角 て すo
ショーンス 三 つ 自 の 左 の 角 て す ねo
日本人 ええ、そうですよ。
ショーンス と う もo

S
itu
ati
on2

アンターソン す み ま せ んo こ こ は 銀 座 四 丁 目 の 交 差 占 て す か 。
日本人 いいえ、銀座四丁目は次の信号てす。
アンターソ/ あ あ 、 そ う で す かO 次 の 信 号 て す ねo
三越はそのそはですか。
日本人 ええ、三越は交差占の右の角てす。
アンターソン 右 の 角 て す か 。 と う も あ り か と うo
日本人 いいえ。

S
itu
ati
on3
ス日ス日ス

ス人ス人ス
ミ本ミ本ミ

すみません。新宿御苑はこの丘くですか。
え え 、 す く そ は て すo そ の 交 差 占 の む こ う で す 。
あ ち ら で す かo
はしE。 あ の テ パ ー ト の む こ う で す 。
あ あ 、 そ う で す かo テ パ ー ト の む こ う で す ねO
と う も あ り か と うo

S
itu
ati
on4

ノfタ ーソン す み ま せ んO 東 京 駅 は と こ で す か 。
日本人 地 下 鉄 て す か 、 JR様 で す か 。
ノfタ ーソン 地下鉄てす。
日本人 てたの交差占のむこうに大丸テパートかあります。
釈はその前てす。
ノfタ ーソン 大 丸 テ パ ー ト の 前 で す ねo わ か り ま し た 。
と う も あ り か と うO

117
Lesson8 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
1)

118
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

Lesson 9

GETTINGTHEANSWER
YOUWANT( 2
)

」の道をまっすぐ行って…一

I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• understandsuchkeywordsas'
str
aigh
t,
''s
tree・
t,

toward・,'beyond,
'and'
attheend(o
fthestr
eet)'

• understandwhereto make a turn and i


n which
dir
ectio
nyoushouldt
urn
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

DIALOGS KAlWA

N
ote:Ineacho ,
fthefollowingsituatIOns,theAmeflcandoesnotunderstandthedtrectons
f
igtaways
h os/heaskstheJapanesepersont orepeat ,
,makingsureofthedtrectonsphraseby
phraseorsentencebys
ent
enc
e.

Situation 1
MrsT
ayl
orI
Slookingf
orasubways
tat
IOn
. Shea
sksapasser-bywhereI
tISl
oca
ted
.

Teeraa: Sumimaser.
、Konochikakuni sthereasubway
Excuseme. I
ιhi
katets
unoekigaarimasuka? stat
IOnnearhere}
'
Nihonjin: Ee,konomic
hi0 massuguitte, Ye
s. Gostra
igh
tdownt h
is
fut
atsu-
n、eno.
.. s
tree.
t Atthesecond
Teeraa: Sumimaser司 mooi
I chi
-doyukkuri I
'ms or
ry. Couldyousayt
hat
it
tekudasa.
i againslowly]
Nihonjin: Konomic
hi0 massugu (speakings
low
ly)Gos
tra
igh
t
i
tte
... downt h
iss
tre.
e t
Teeraa: Massugu... S
tra
igh.
t..
Nihonjin: Futatsu-menokado0 migin
i ,turn
Atthesecondcorner
maganmasu. fi
gh.
t
Teeraa: Futatsu-menokado,mig.
i.. ,figh.
Secondcorner t..
Nlhonjin: E
kiwah
ida
rin
iarimasuy
o. Thes
tat
IOnI
Sonthel
ef.
t
Teeraa: H
ida
ridesune? Onthel
eftア
Nihonjin: Ee,soodesu. Y
es.T
hat
'sf
igh.
t
Teeraa: Ooomoa
rig
ato
o. Thankyou.
Nihonjln: 000i
tas
him
ash
ite
. You'rewelcome.

120
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

S
itu
ati
on2

Ms BakerISgOingtoseeherfflend,whohasJ ustar
flvedIn TokyoandI Sstayingatthe
FalfmontHotel Shehascheckedthelo
cat
iono fthehotelandISInthegeneralneighborhoodbutI
S
notsureofIt
Sexactloc
ation SheassaJapanesepersononthes
k t
reet

Beekaa: Sumimasenga. ..FeamontoHoteru Excuseme WhereISthe


wadokon ia~rimasu ka? FalfmontHotelア
Nthon]tn: FeamontoHoterudesuka?Eeto... FairmontHoteP Letme
Konom ic
hi0 massuguit
te,hajime see Godownthisstreet
n~ kado~ 0 h
ida
rinimagatta Atthef
irs
tcorner
,tu
rnl e
ft
tokorodesuy o.
Beekaa: Sumimasen,mooi
chi・doi
tte I
'msor
ry,butcouldyousay
kudasa.
i tha
tagainア
Nthon
Jln
: Konom i
chi0 massugui t
te, (speakingslowly
) Go
hajimenokado0 hidar
in i strai
ghtdownt hi
sstre
et
magattatokorodesu
. Atthef ir
stcorner,t
urnIe舟.
Beekaa: Anokadodesune?Anokadono Youmeant hatco
rner'
}
hi
daidesuka,m
r i
gidesuka? I
sIttotheleftorfig
hta t
thecorner}
Nthon
Jln
: H
ida
ridesu. t
'
Ist
othel
eft
Beekaa: Soodesuk
a.Doomoa
rig
ato
o. Isee Thankyou
verymuch

Situation 3

MsJacksonI
SgOingtoAoyamat oseesomeantiques HerfflendhastoldherthatthereI
Sa
n
iceshopnearMelJ
IShflneca
lled'Ofl
ent
alBazaar' Shetakesabusandgetsoffa tastopneara
s
hfln
e Sheasksdlfec ,
tonsatakiosk

Jakuson: Sumimasen.KokowaM
eij
iJinguu Excuseme I sth
isherethe
desuka? Mel}1Shflne}
'
'nJ附 h
NiN
ouo
n
nnn
μ-

Ee,500d es
u.
a E ' ' F﹄

,I
Yes tI
S
O5H

OrientaruBazaawadokodesuka? WhereI
StheOnentalB
aza
ar'
}
n-'

Orienta
ruBazaawakonom ic
hi0
aa'

Sal
TheOnentalBazaarI it
tle
massugui t
te,anoshingoono beyondthetra
ffi
clig
ht,
chottosak
idesuy o
. downthisst
reet

Jakuson: Chottosa
ki? Al i
ttl
ebeyond'}
Shingoonochikakudesuka? I
sItnearthetraf
ficI
Ight
7
Nthon
Jln
: Ee,
500d
esu
. Yes
,ItI
S
Jakuson: Doomoa
rig
ato
o. Thankyou

1
21
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

S
itu
ati
on4
Mr C
larkI
Sgomgt oseeaspeCialex
hibit
IOnattheNationalArtMuseumm UenoPark After
consultmgamap,hetakestheJR-Imeandgetsoffa tUgUlsudamstatIOn,whichI
Sthes
tat
ionc
los
est
tothemuseum HeasksastatIOnemployeeford1fectlOns

K
ura
aku
: Chottosumimasenga,Bijutsukan Excuseme I
stheNatIOnal
waa
tch
idesuka? MureumofArto~rMere]
(pomtmg)
E
kll
n: Ee,sonomichinomukoonohoo Yes It
's0νerthatway
,up
desu. thest
reet
K
ura
aku: Mukoonohoo? Overm t
hatd1fe
cton] ,
E
kll
n: Ee,soko0 migin
imagatte, Yes Turnf
igh t
'
tthereandIS
massugui
ttatokorodesu. str
aig
htahead
K
ura
aku: Massugui t
tatokorodesuka? S
tra
igh
taheadア
E
kll
n: Ee,500desu.Soko0 migin
i Yes Turnfightthereand
magatte,massuguikimasun e
. thengos t
r a
ight
Massuguittatokorowa ThemuseumI Sat
tsu
kiat
aridesuyo. theendofthestreet
Sonotsuki
atar
in iarimasu. You'
llfmdIteasily
Suguwakarimasuy o.
K
ura
aku
: Aa,tsukiataridesuka. Oh,attheendofthestreet]
Doomoa
rig
ato
o. Thankyou

122
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

VOCABULARY KOTOBA
D一
o
c
-
・同一
SES--

kono t
his この

o (markstheo
bje
cto
fav
erb
) を

magattatokorodesu i
'sa
t tthep
lac
e(you)t
urn まかったところです

s
aki ahead,
beyond さき

..
nochikaku thevici
nit
yof ..のちかく
(seekonochikaku,Lesson4
)
hoo d
ire
cti
on,
way,
toward ほう

magatte (TEformo
fmagarimasu'
tur
n') まかつて

massuguit
tatokoro gos
門 tra
igh
t、(
(th
en,
you
'lls
e ,
ei
t、

J まっすくいったところです
desu
t
suk
iat
ari endofastr
eet,deadend, つきあたり
'
T'in
ter
secti
on
bijutsukan a
rtmuseum びじゅつかん

P
rac
tic
e

Gaimushoo ForeignM
ini
str
y がし、むしょう

Notes
km

u--
mmq
2M3M
ζdv

go いきます
m

U
3M
F3

t
urn まかります

123
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

S
tre
etNames

SakuradaD
ori SakuradaAvenue 桜田通り
U
chi
bor
iDo
ri U
ζhi
bor
iAvenue 内堀通り
SotoboriD
ori S
oto
bor
iAvenue 外堀通り
AoyamaD
ori AoyamaAvenue 青山通り

spronouncedwithalongQ,thewordi
Note: AlthoughDoori i softens
pel
ledD
ori
instr
eetsigs,
n asabove.

Personalizedl
is
t

124
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A. SubstitutionD
ril
l
Koobanwakonom
ich
inomiqinohoon
iar
ima
su.

futatsu-menokado
anoshingoonomukoo
anokoosatennokado
anokadonomigi
anoe kinosoba
konom ichinohi
dar
i

B
. SubstitutionD
ril
l

i
出昼笠desuka,盟国
Ldesuka?

atci,k
h otchi
futatsu-me,mittsu-me
miginokado,h i
d a
rinokado
basu,ιhikat
e tsu
koosatennom igi,koosatennoh
ida
ri
miginohoo,h i
da r
inohoo

c
. T
ran
sla
tio
n-S
ubs
tit
uti
onD
ril
l
c
ue: onthethi
rdcorner
r
esp
onse: Depaatowamittsu-menokadon
iar
ima
su.

ontheIe代 atthethir
dc or
ner
ontherightatthenextinters
ect
ion
beyondthesecondt r
aff
icligh
t
totheri
ghta tthenextcorner
totheI
e代 atthesecondt ra
ffi
clig
ht

125
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

D
. ComprehensionExercise 注: 教 師 用 ス ク リ プ ト 次 ペ ー ジ 参 照

D
ire
cti
ons
:
Thestudentchoosesapiaζefromthel i
stofpiaζe
sbelowanda skswhetherornot
thep lacei
sl ocate
dnearby. Thei n
struc
torg ive
sd ire
ction
s.Thestudentt ra
cesthe
dire
ctionsonthemaponthenextpageandmarksanXa tthedest
inat
ion. S/hea
lso
writesthenameo fthep ia
ζeneartheX . Thei ns
tructo
rchecksthestude
nt'smapt o
determinewhethero rnots/hehasarriv
eda ttherightplac
e.

Examples:
Student: Sumimasen,konochikakun
iMakudonarudogaarimasu
ka?
I
nst
ruc
tor
: Hai,konomichi0 massuguitte,t
sug
inokado0 migin
i
magarimasu.Makudonarudowamigin iarimasu.
Student: (Tr
ace
stheinst
ruc
tor
'sd
irec
tionsonthemap,marksanx
andwrit
esthenameofthepla
cenearthex
.)
I
nst
ruc
tor
: (Checksthestudent's maptoseewhethers/he has
markedtheri
ghtp la
ce.
)

L
is
tofp
lac
es

kooban
tabako・ya
resutoran
SumitomoGinkoo
Makudonarudo
depaato

126
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

Student
'sMap
教師用スクリプト

1
. 交番
E
Bin
dic
ate
sat
raf
ficl
igh
t ここから二つ自の信号を右に曲がり
ま す 。 交 番 は 左 に あ り ま すo

はの差ば

置をを差
たこ交た

こ道点こ
吋ζ

ま左は

す曲の
くか方

初す
め。

てすり
つまあ
つに右

一寸
J れリ

o 宇品
4
-
3
. レストラン
次 の 信 号 を 右 に 曲 が っ て 右 の 方 で すo


4
. 住友銀行
この道をまっすぐ行って、二つ自の
信号のちょっと先の道を右に曲がり
ま すo 銀 行 は 左 の 方 に あ り ま すo

5
. マクドナルド
この道をまっすぐ行って、二つ自の
信 号 を 右 に 曲 が り ま すo
⑦ マクトナルトは右です。

6
. テパート
この道をまっすぐ行って、二つ自の
信号を左に曲がります。
テ パ ー ト は 右 に あ り ま すo

x
youarehere

127
lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

ι ComprehensionE
xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
TheInst
ructo
rwI
llgIveyoudir
ectIo
nstogettose
veralplace
sfromtheAmencan
Embassy(se
ethemaponthenextp age.)L i
ste
ntothedirec
tion
sandcheckthenames
ofthepla
cetowhlζhtheygetyoubelow. Makesur
ethatyou( 1
)p ra
cticepronouncing
thenameso fpla
cesandstr
eetsonthemapbeforeyous t
arttheexerci
se;and( 2)sta
rt
fromtheAmen仁anEmbassy.

教師用スクリプト

)KasumigasekiB
iru この道をまっすく行って、外堀通りを
)TokyuHoteru 左に曲かると、三つ自の信号の右の
)OkuraHoteru 角 て すo

2
. ( )HieJin
ja この遭をまっすく行って、外堀通りを
)KasumigasekiB
iru 左に曲かります。そこからまっすく
)OkuraHoteru 行 く と 右 の 方 に あ り ま すo
東竺ホテルの手前てム。

3
. ( )HieJi
nja この遭をまっすく行って、三つ自の
)OkuraHoteru 信 号 の む こ う の 右 に あ り ま すo
)Gaimushoo

4
. ( )Hib
iyaIくooen この遣をまっすく行って、二つ目の交差
)Gaimushoo 占;を左に曲かりますo
)Kokur
itsuGekijoo 国会長事堂の前をまっすく行くと右の方
て すO

)TokyuHoteru 大使館を出て外堀通りまて行って、左に
)TBS 曲かります 二つ目の角を、又左に曲っ
q

)AkasakaP
rinc
eHoteru て、すっとまっすく行くと、右に大きな
タ ワ ー か 見 え ま すo

128
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

1
. AmerikaTaishikan 6
. KokuritsuGekijo。
2
. OkuraHotel 7
. TokyuHotel
3
. I
くasumigasekiB
iru 8
. HieJin
ja
. Gaimushoo
4 9
. TBS
5
. I
くokkaiGi
jido。 1
0. AkasakaPrinc
eHotel

x=

= koosaten
s
tar
tingpoint

3
ぐゆ

129
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)


F
. ComprehensionE
xer
cis
e 教師用スクリプト次ペー/参日召

D
ire
cti
ons
TheInstr
uctorg iv
esdir
ectionstothefollowingp i
aζesfromthep l
acemarked
'Youarehere'Thestudentt r
acesthed irec
tio
nsonthemapandw r
itesthenumberof
theplaceatwhichs /
hehasa rr
ived In theparenthesesaft
ertheplacename The
Ins
tru
ctorthenchecksthest
udent'sanswers.

Note Use Sumlmasen,YukkunI


ttekudasal,and…desuka/ne?I
fne
ces
sar
y

P
lac
ename Answersheet


‘.
sens
einou c
hi

,、
‘,

kiss
aten


、‘
.,
suupaa

,‘E

tabakoya

,、
.,

hon-ya

E
Btrafficlight
1

8
一-ア一
一十一



' レ1-

3
ノ園

6 4

130
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

教師用スクリプト

1
. この道をまっすぐ行って、二つ自の角を右へ曲がります。
先 生 の 家 は 次 の 左 の 角 に あ り ま すo

2
. 喫 茶 庖 で す か ? 次 の 交 差 点 を 左 へ 曲 が っ て 、 つ き あ た り を 右 へ ま っ す ぐ 行 き ま すo
右 の 方 に ホ テ ル が あ り ま す 。 ホ テ ル の 前 の 角 が 喫 茶j
苫です。

3
. ス ー パ ー で す ねO こ の 道 を ま っ す ぐ 行 っ て 、 三 つ 自 の 信 号 を 右 に 曲 が り ま す 。
それから初めの角を左に曲がると、すぐわかりますよ。

4
. た ば こ 屋 は こ こ か ら 二 つ 自 の 信 号 を 左 へ 曲 が っ て 、 ま っ す ぐ 行 き ま すo
次の右の角にあります。

5
. 本屋は次の角を右に曲がって、まっすぐ行ったところの右にあります。

131
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

READING KANJI

1
. たばこ屋 tabakoya tobaccoshop

タバコ屋

2
. 銀行 ginkoo bank

3 右折禁止 UsetsuK
ins
hi NoR
igh
tTurn

左折禁止 SasetsuK
ins
hi NoL
eftTurn

5 一方通行 IppooTsuukoo One-wayS


tre
et

132
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

1
. Morekeywordsi
ncomprehendingd
ire
cti
ons
Thefollowingwordsareu
sef
ulf
orcomprehendingd
ire
cti
ons
:

massugu s
tra
Igh
t e
.g.,massugui tt
e gOings t
raIgh
t
michi s
tre
et e
.g.,konom ic
hi thi
ss t
reet
.
.. nohoo toward... e
.g.,miginohoo to(ward)thertg
ht
..nosaki beyond.. e
.g.,koosatennos a
ki beyondtheintersectIOn
tsuki
ata
ri end( ofas
tre
et) e
.g.,Konom ichinotsu
kiatarid e s
u.
t
I'sattheendoft
hIss
tre.
e t

2
. Verbsfrequentlyusedi
ndi
rec
tio
ns
'G
o'and' t
ur'a
n reprobablythetwomostfrequentlyusedv
erbsi
ngivi
ngdir
ectio
ns.
TheJapanesewordsforthesetwov erb
shavediff
ere
ntformsdependingont
heirp
ositi
oni n
asentenceorhowtheyoccurwithotherwords.

Thefollowingi
sab
rie
fsummaryo
fsomeo
ftheseforms:

ikimasu/magarimasu useda
ttheendofasentence
itte/m
agatte usedwhenyoumentIonotherac
tIons
(e
.g.,i
ttemagarimasugoandt
urn
)

i
ttatokoro/magattatokoro (tokoromeans' pla
ce. Thewholep
' hrasesmean
'theplaceyouaret ogo'and'
theplacet omakea
turn,
'respectIvely.)

Atthi
spointitisnotn ece
ssaryforyout obea blet oproducetheseforms,butyou
shouldbeabletoguessthemeaningofasentencet h
a tcon
tainse it
herwordi fyoucanpickup
suchkeywordsa s'str
aIgh
t,
'' r
igh
t,
'e tc
.Itshouldbenoted,however,t hatu n
lik
eE n
gli
sh,in
Japanesethesekeywordsoccurbeforethev
erbs,asinthefollowingexamples:

Konom
ich
i0 massugui
kim
asu
.
Gos
tra
Igh
t(down)t
hIss
tre.
e t

Tsuginoshingoo0 migin
imagarimasu.
Turnt
other
tgta
h tthenextt
raf
fIcl
Igh.
t

133
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

. Helpfulthingst
3 oknowi
ngettingd
ire
cti
ons
Str
eetsinmostJapanesecit
iesdonotrunstrai
g h
tfromnortht osouthorfrome a
stto
wes. Furthermore,nota
t llst
ree
tshavenames. In
stead,Japanesenormallyusetheareaname
and/ornumberl ik
eyon-choomewhenr e
fer
ringtothe1 0ι
ationofab ui
ldingoraplac
e.

Si
nceJapanesedoesnothaveawordequivalentt oE ngli
sh' bl
ock,
'ingivingdire
ctio
nsa
Japanesewi
llusewordsl ik
ekado'corner'
,shingoo't
raf
ficlight'
,koosaten'inters
ect
ion'
,etc
.
Forexample,for'Gooneblockandturnl et
f.
..
'aJapanesepersonwouldsayTsuginokado0
hid
arinimagatte… 'Turnl etatthenextc
f o
rner
..'I
. tis,therefore,veryimportantforyouto
beιomef ami
liarwiththesewordsandt olearnhowtousethem.

134
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

会話

S
itu
ati
on

アーフ一 す み ま せ んo こ の 近 く に 地 下 鉄 の 吹 か あ り ま す かo
日本人 ええ、 こ の 遭 を ま っ す く 行 っ て 二 つ 自 の
アーフー す み ま せ んo も う 一 度 ゆ っ く り 言 っ て く た さ い 。
日本人 この遭をまっすく行って
アーフ一 まっすく
日本人 二 つ 目 の 角 を 右 に 由 か り ま すO
アーフー 二つ目の角、右
日本人 号尺は左にありますよ。
アーフ一 左 て す ねo
日本人 え え 、 そ う で すo
アーフー と う も あ り か と うo
日本人 と う い た し ま し てo

S
itu
ati
on2

ヘーカー すみませんか フェアモ/トボテルはとこに


ありますか。
日本人 ブ ェ ア モ 〆 ト 十 テ ル で す かO え え と この遭を
まっすく行って、 は し め の 角 を 左 に 曲 か っ た
ところですム。
ヘーカー す み ま せ んO も う 一 度 言 っ て く だ さ し 」
日本人 この道をまっすく行って、はしめの角を左に
曲かったところです。
ヘーカー あの角てすね。あの角の左てすか、右てすか。
日本人 左 て すo
ヘーカー そ う で す か 。 と う も あ り か と うO

135
Lesson9 Gettingtheansweryouwant(
2)

S
itu
ati
on3

/ヤクノン すみません。ここは明冶神宮ですか。
日本人 え え 、 そ う で すo
ンヤクソン オ リ エ ン タ ル ハ サ ー は と こ で す かo
日本人 オリエンタルハサーはこの道をまっすく行って、あの
信 号 の ち ょ っ と 先 て す よo
シャクソン ちょっと先ワ信号の近くですか。
日本人 ええ、そうです。
ンャクソン と う も あ り か と うo

S
itu
ati
on4
一一
ク EJ ク Ed

ク員ク員
-フ一フ

ちょっと、すみませんか、美術館はあっちですか。
沼山内司山パ

ええ、その遭のむこうの方てす。
むこうの方ワ
ええ、そこを右に曲かつて、まっすく行ったところ
です。
クラーク まっすく行ったところですか。
駅 員 ええ、そうです。そこを右に曲かっ・て、まっちく行き
ますね。
まっすく行ったところは、つきあたりですよ。
そ の つ き あ た り に あ り ま す 。 す く わ か り ま す よo
クラーク ああ、つきあたりですか。とうもありかとう。

1
36
L
ess
on10 Askingt
hed
ist
anc
e

Lesson 10

ASKINGTHEDISTANCE

遠 い で す か 、 近 い で す かO

I
nth
isl
ess
on,youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• a
ski
fap
lac
eisnearbyo
rfa
raway

• t
alkaboutd
ista
nceandhowl
ongi
tta
kest
oge
ttoa
p
arti
cula
rpla
ce

• t
el
ltime
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

DIALOGS KAlWA

S
itu
ati
on1

SIn theGlnza,intendingt
Ms.DavIsI ogoshoppingatTakashlmayadepartmentstore
Shethoughtthedepartmentsto
rewasc l
os t
.
ebybutshecannotfindI

Deebisu: Sumimasen. Excuseme. I


sTakashlmaya
Takashimayawakonochikaku departmentsto
renearh er
e"}
desuka?
N
lho
nji
n: Takashimayadesuka? Takashlmaya"
}
Konom ich
i0 massugui t
te, Gos tr
aIghtandthenmakea
tsu
ginokoosaten0 migin i figta
h tthenextintersectIon.
magaruto,hid
ariniarimasu. t'
/ sonyourleft
.
Deebisu: Soodesuka
.Kokokarat
ooi Oh
.IsI
tfa
rfromh
ere
"}
desuka?
N
iho
nji
n: l
ie,
Hachijuumeetorugu

tookuarimaser y
o
r
.
aid
esu
.
No
t
I
,I
tIs
n'tf
ar
sabout80m
'
.
ete
rs.
Deeblsu: Wakarimashita.Doomo. I
see
.Thanks.

S
itu
ati
on2

MrCollinSI
SonhIswayhomefromaV IS
Ittoacolleague,wholIve
sInShlbuya.Hegot
offabusnearShlbuyas t
atIOntowindow-shopa tadepartmentstore.AfterawhIle,he
rea
lIz
esthathehaswalkedqUItef
arfromthestat
io Snotsurehowt
nandI ogetback.

Korinzu: Sumimasen. Excuseme.


Shibuya-ekiwadokodesuka? WhereISShlbuyaS
tat
IOnア
Nihonjin: Ekiwachottotooidesuyo. Thes t
atIO Sab
nI Itfa
r.I fyout ur
n
Futats
u・menokado0 migie figta
h tthesecondcornerand
massugui k
uto,t
sukiat
arin
i thengos tra
Ight
,you' Iseea
I
depaatogamiemasu. departments to
reattheendof
Ekiwasonomaedesu. thestree.
t
Soodesun e
e..
.Kokokarae ki Thes t
atIonI
SInf ro
nto fIt
madea ru
itejuugo・fun Letmes ee.It'
sabouta15-mlnute
gura
idesu. walkfromheret othestatIOn.
Korinzu: A
rui
tejuugo・fun? A 15-mlnutew
alk
')
Nihonjin: E
e. Y
es.
Korinzu: Soodesuk
a.Doomo. I
see
. Thanks.

138
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

S
itu
ati
on3

Mr
s.Howardv is
itedaf ri
endinYokohamaand,ont hewayhome ,attendedanoutdoor
concertatHibiyaPar
k.Herf r
iendgaveMr
s.Howarddirectionst
otheparkandalsosuggested
thatshetakeasubwayhome. Aftertheconcert ,M
r s
.Howarda sk
ssomeoneonthes tr
eet
whetherHibiyas t
ationisfa
r.

Hawaado: Sumimasen. Excuseme.


Chikatetsunoe
kiwakokokara I
sthesubways
tat
ionf
ar
tooidesuka? fromhere?
Nihonjin: li
e,sugudesuy o. No ,i
t'srig
h tther
e.
~sokC? n
idepaato~a.a~imasu ne? Youseeadepartments t
ore
Anodepaatonomigidesu. overthere ,don'tyou?
Koko0 massuguikeba,sugu I
t'stother i
ghto fthat
wakarimasuy o. departments to
re.Ifyougo
strai
g htfromhere ,
youWfinditrightawa~

Hawaado: 500desuk
a.Doomoa
rig
ato
o. I
see
. Thanky
ou.

1
39
Lesson1a Askingthedistance

VOCABULARY KOTOBA

Diala笠

tooi i
sfa
r とおい

tookuarimasen i
snotf
ar とおくありません
円、eetoru m
ete
r(s
) メートル

wakarimashita Iunderstand(
l
it
.Iunderstood) わかりました
e o,
t towards f¥

iku go(
dic
tio
nar
yformo
fik
ima
su) し】く

mlemasu i
svi
sib
le,c
anbeseen みえます
made u
ntl,
i a
sfa
ras まで
aruite onfo
ot,walking あるし、て
(
TEformofarukimasu)
..fun m
inu
te(
s) ふん

gural approximately,
about ぐらい

ikeba i
f(y
ou)go し3け ば

P
rac
tic
e

chikai Sn
I ear ちかい

de bymeanso
f で
kuruma ι
ar,
automobile くるま
densha e
lec
tri
ctr
ain でんしゃ
hikooki a
irplane ひこうき

140
Lesson10 Askingthedistance

Notes

..pun 円,i
nut
e ぷん

h
ito
tsu one ひとつ

yottsu four ょっつ

i
tsu
tsu f
ive し、つつ

町、u
tts
u SIX むつつ
nanatsu seven ななつ
aVJo
un
3O
HULK

e
igh
t ゃっつ
o
u
LK

-t
ε
d

nine ここのつ

too ten とう

g
aiJ
in f
ore
ign
er がいじん

Supplement
-
一引i 一引一H
巾・卜剖
.川

one0
'ζl
oci し=ちじ
1
K n soyo


-
-E
S

twoo
'cl
ocl
く にじ

E

threeo
'cl
ock さんじ
'一
..

fouro
'cl
ock よじ
H
gd
' ル巾州

f
ive0
'ζl
ock ごじ
it-H
r恥
l

--ES
v凡

s
ixo
'cl
ock ろくじ
sa


t
UH

r ・

seveno
'cl
ock しちじ
h
,t

e
igh
to'
clo
ck はちじ
i,一H
-

••••
-

ト u u u u
E

nineo
'cl
ock くじ
-
--
u-
-

.
-

teno
'cl
ock じゅうじ
P・
E
a

h'
u
-

k
. n .寸
-

-
-
...

E
・H ,i

eleveno
'cl
ock じゅうしE ち じ
,uu

•••••
twelveo
'cl
ock じゅうにじ

EE

•••
whattime? なんじ

han h
alf はん

円、ae before まえ

s
ugl a
fte
r,p
ast すぎ

1
41
Lesson10 Askingthedistance

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A
. PronunciationD
ril
l
I
ng ivi
ngd i
rectio
ns,Japanesepeopleoftenmentionthed ista
nceand/orhowlongi t
takestogetfromonepointtoanother .I nt
hisles
son,
wew i
llstudythewordsfor'minute'and
'mete
r.' Studythefollowingbyrepeatingaf
terthein
str
ucto
r.

Notehowthepronunciationofthenumeralsandthewordsf
or'minute'changesi
n
d
iff
ere
ntenvironments.

昨日 nutes pronunciation meters pronun


cia
tio
n

1-pun Ip-pun 1meetoru i


chimeetoru
2イun n
i-f
un 2meetoru n
imeetoru
3-pun san-pun 3meetoru 、
sanneetoru
4-pun yon-pun 4meetoru yonmeetoru
5
-fu
n go・fun 5meetoru gomeetoru
6-pun rop-pun 6meetoru rokumeetoru
7
-fu
n nana-fun 7meetoru nana円、eetoru
8-pun hap-pun 8meetoru hachimeetoru
9-fun kyuu-fun 9meetoru kyuumeetoru
10-pun Jup-pun 10meetoru jUumeetoru

Readthef
oll
owi
ng:

昨日 nutes 町l
ete
rs

2
1minutes 58meters
36minutes 23meters
54minutes 60meters
60minutes 36meters
43minutes 90meters
1
3minutes 85meters
45minutes 44meters
37minutes 30meters
48minutes 1
5meters
32minutes 80meters

142
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

B
. ComprehensionD
ril
l注 : 教 師 は 次 の 練 習 の た め に 何 分 と 何 メ ー ト ル を 用 意 す る

Thein
str
uctorw
illsays
eve
rald
iffe
ren
tpe
rio
dsoftimeord
ist
anc
es.Writedownbelow
theE
nglis
hequiva
lentsofwhatyouhe
ar.

t
6.

,晶

7.
、3

8.
凋斗

9.
EJ

1
0.

C
. SubstitutionD
ril
l

E
kikaradepaatomadea
rui
te~ゴ旦旦 gurai d
esu
.

40・pun 25-fun
15-fun 7・fun
20・pun 10・pun
35fun圃 5・fun
30・pun 3・pun

D
. SubstitutionD
ril
l
Kokokarasokomadearuite30・pung
ura
ide
su.

basude
takush
iide
chikatet
sude
kurumade
denshade
hikookide

E
. SubstitutionD
ril
l

E
kiwakokokarat
ooidesuka?

konochikakudesu
dokodesu
dokoniarimasu
konochikakuniarimasu
kokokarachik
aidesu
kokokaratooidesu

143
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

F
. ProductionE
xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
Lookattheillu
strati
onbelowandg ivethed
ist
anc
ebetweenp
oin
ts1and2,2
and3,etc
.,usingthefollowingexpression:

..
.ka
ra..
.made..
.meetorug
ura
idesu.

Example:
Kokok
arae
kimade50meetorug
ura
ide
su.
(frompoint1t
opoint2
)

r
est
aur
ant

80m

s
tat
ion

2} 70m

3
busstop
SOm

here

. QuestionandAnswerE
G xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentA as
kswhetheriti
sfa
rfrompoint1topoi
nt2,frompoint2topoint3,
e
tc.,i
nthei l
lus
tra
tio
nforE x
erci
seFabove. StudentBanswers'n
o'andg i
vesthe
d
istan
ce.

Example:

A: Kokokaraekimadet o
oidesuka?(frompoint1topoint2)
B
: l
ie,tookuarimasen.50meetorug
uraidesu.

144
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

H
. ProductionD
ril
/
Ref
erri
ngtothelitbelow,s
s a
yhowlongi
ttakest
ogofromapa代 i
cul
arp
lac
etoa
d
est
ina
tiononfo
ot.Usethefollowingpa
tte
rn:

Example:
H
ibi
yaKooenkaraKokkaiG
iii
doomadearuite25-funguraidesu.

Student
'sl
is
t

departurepoint d
est
ina
tio
n 昨日 nutes

EJAUEJnUEJ
chik
atetsunoe ki Kabukiza


44141
AmerikaTaishikan SannooHoteru
Shinjuk
u-ek
i ShinjukuGyoen



Ueno・eki UenoKooen
HibiyaKooen KokkaiGijid
oo

ι
ConversationManagementE
xer
cis
e 注:教師用スクリプト次ページ参照

D
ire
cti
ons
:
.
, Choosetheplacet
owhichyoua regoingfromtheli
stbelow.
2
. Asktheinstr
uct
orthelocat
ionoftheplac
eo fyourc
hoice.
Youιanu s
ethefollowingexp
res
sions
:

..
.wadokodesuka?
..wadokoniarimasuka?
.
..wakonochikakudesuka?

3
. Getdire
c t
ionsfromthei ns
truζt
or. Whenyoudon'tunderstandthe
dir
ect
ions,askher/himtorepeatorslowdown,
confirm,
etc
.

4
. Findtheco
rrec
tl o
catio
no fthepla
c eonthemaponthenextpageandt e
ll
theinst
ruc
torthelet
terofthepiaζeonthemap.I fyouransweriscorre
ct,
theinst
ruc
torwi
llsay,Hai,500d
esu.Ifitis
n't,
s/h
ew i
llsay,
lie,
chigaimasu.
I
fyouranswerisnotcorret,
c gobackt o(
3)above.

S
tud
ent
'sl
is
t
supermarket
coffeeshop
poli
cebox
subways ta
tion
park

1
45
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

G
H

F
tobaζcoshop

10

C
h
ote
l
departments
tor
e
1
11
11
11
11
11

@
A

x
youarehere
9=
E t
raf
fiζ
lig
ht

教師用スクリプト

1
. (スーパー)この道をまっ直く行くと、 つ き あ 七 り で す 。 そ こ を 右 に 曲 か る と 、
す く て すo 歩 い て 二 十 分 く ら い で す っ

2
. (喫茶庖)初めの信号を右に曲かつて、まっ直く行くと、二つ自の左の角に
ホ テ ル か 見 え ま すo ホ テ ル の 暁 り に あ り ま す 。

3
. (交番)この遭をまっ直く行って、次の交差占を左に曲かります。そこから五十
メ ー ト ル く ら い 行 く と 、 右 に テ パ ー ト か 見 え ま す 。 そ の テ パ - j...の前てすo

4
. (地下鉄駅)ここをまっ直く行って、二つ目の信号を右に曲かると、角に
たはこ置かあります。そこを左に曲かつて、次の左の角にあけます。

5
. ( 公 圃 ) こ の 道 を ま っ 直 く 行 っ て 、 二 つ 目 の 信 号 を 左 に 曲 か り ま すO 次 の 角 を 右
に曲かつて五十メートルくらい行くと、右にあります。

146
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

READING KANJI

i
chi one

2
. n
l two

3
. san three

4
. 四 s
hi/
yon four

5
. 五 go f
ive

-
L..
..
6
. ノ、 roku SIX

7
. 七 s
hic
hi/
nan
a seven

8
. ノ
¥ h
ach
i e
igh
t

9
. 九 ku/kyuu nine

1
0. 十 JUu ten

1
47
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

SupplementaryMaterials

A. Age 注:教師は「才」を用いる(例:五十二才)

1
. Theinst
ruc
torwi
llreadtheageso
fse
ver
alp
eop
le.
Checkthecor
rec
tage.

Tanaka 25
52

Yamada 46
64

Ueda 37
73

2
. Writethefollowingagesi
nJapanese:

1yearo
ld

2y
ear
sol
d

3y
ear
sol
d

4y
ear
sol
d

5y
ear
sol
d

6y
ear
sol
d

7y
ear
sol
d

8y
ear
sol
d

9y
ear
sol
d

1
0ye
arso
ld

3
. Thei nst
ructorw
illnowreadtheaboveage
s.Checkyouranswersandf
indouthowthe
pronunciationchangesi
ntheca
sesofsomeofthenumbers.

4
. Writethefollowingagesi
nJapanese:

1
1ye
arso
ld 28y
ear
sol
d

38y
ear
sol
d 45y
ear
sol
d

148
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

8
. T
ell
ingtime
Repeata
fte
rthei
nst
ruc
torf
orpronunciationp
rac
tic
e:

i
chトj
i
nトJ
I
s
an-
JI
yo・J
I
go・J
I
r
oku
-ji
s
hic
hトj
i
hachトj
i
huuum
i
;ES----
卜 u u u H
HHV-kn.寸
N けi

2
. Readthefollowingoutl
oud
:

(Examples: 1
:52 i
c=
hトj
igojuun
i-f
un,2:30=n
i-
jihan)

1
:15 2:47 3
:13 4:25 5:38 6:29
7
:51 8:46 9:34 1
0:18 1
1:2
6 12:35
9:30 3:40 4:10 12:25 10:34 1
1:19

3
. Youri
nst
ruc
torw
illreads
eve
ralt
ime
s.Writeeachonedowni
nArabicnumerals.

j
主:教師は適宜に時間をいう

6
.
2
. 7
.
3
. 8
.
4
. 9
.
5
. 1
0.

149
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

4
. ProductionE
xer
cis
e

D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentAas
ksStudentBwhattimei
tis
.StudentBanswersbyr
efe
rri
ngt
othe
diagramsbelow.

Example:
StudentA
: Iman
an-
jidesuka?
Student8
: (
ref
err
ingto[
aJbelow)J
uui
chトj
igojup-pund
esu
.

[
a] [
b] [
c
] [
d]

℃〉 ン~(,マ
6 / ¥¥ 6 ./ ¥↓

hH
[
e] [
f
] [
9]
12 12

6 6

150
Lesson10 Askingthedistance

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

1
. t
ooi '
far
'

Youcanusethewordto
oi' f
ar',whenyouwantt
ofi
ndouti
fthep
lac
etowhichyoua
re
goingi
sfa
rornear,asi
nthefollowingexample:

Tooidesuka? I
sitf
ar?

Tounderstandtheanswertot hisquestion,youwi
llneedt
obeablet
opi
ckupthe
followingexpressioni
nadditiontowordslik
eh a
i,ee,andi
ie.


Tookuarimaser- (
It
's)notf
ar.

2
. gurai 'about'
ThewordguraiiscomparabletoEnglish'about
'or 'approximately.' Notethatin
Japanesegur
aifollowsthequantitye
xpr
essionwhileinEnglish' about'o r'appr
oxi
mate
ly'
preωdes.

Examples:

a
. 10・pungur
aidesu. (
It
')aboυ
s t10minutes.
b
. 50meetoruguraidesu. (
It
's)about50meters

3
. .
..made '
asf
ara
s.
..'

YoumaysometimeshearaJapan -useusethewordmade'
asf
ara
s'whens
/hementions
ad
est
inat
ion,a
sinthefollowingexample:

Sokomade10・pung
ura
idesu. I
t
'sabout1
0minutest
oth
ere
.

Again,notethed
iff
ere
ncei
nEn
gli
shandJapanesewordorder,a
sinthef
oll
owi
ng:

e
kimade t
o/a
sfra
a sthes
tat
ion
t
sug
inoshingoomade t
o/a
sfra
a sthenextt
raf
ficl
igh
t

fweusethewords…kara'
I from'and…made' a
sfra
a s
..,
.'wecanindicatethedistance
betweentwop
lacs,
e asinthefollowingexamples:

TokyokaraOsakamade fromTokyot
oOsaka
kokokarasokomade fromheret
othere

1
51
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

4
. Otherexpressionsoftenencounteredi
ngettingd
ire
cti
ons
(
a) Japanesepeoplewi
lloftensa
ysomethingli
ke'
I
fyougo50meters,youw
lll
.
..
'
TheJapanesee x
press
ionfor'tf
youg
o'ISik
utoorIk
eba
.

(
b) Sim
ilarly,theyw
illoftensaysomethingli
ke'Youwi
llseeadepartments
tor
eon
yourright.
' TheJapaneseexpressionf
or'Youwi
l S…gamlemasu,whlζh
lsee 'I
li
tera
llymeans' ISvIsib
le'

Example.

50meetorug
ura
iik
uto,migin
idepaatogamiena
su. 、
I
fyougoabout50meters,youw
illseeadepartments
tor
eonthef
igh
t

(
ι) WhenI nd
lζatl
nghowlongI ttakest ogettoap lae,theJapanesew
c illoften
sp
eci
fythemeanso ftranspo門 a
tlon,e.
g.,'onfoot'
Theexp
ressi
onf o
r'onfoot'InJapaneseISa
rui
te.

Example.

Sokomadea
rui
te10・pung
ura
idesu.
I
tIs
/ta
kesabout1
0mmutest
ogetthereonfoot

5
. Twos
etsofnumerals
InLesson8,welearnedsuche xpr
e s
sionsa sfutatsu-me(noshingoo),'th
esecond(tr
affi
c
lig
ht 'andmittsu-me(nokado)'
), t
het htr
d( corne
r)' Thewordsfutatsu-me andmlttsu-me
mean' tesecond'and'
h thetht
rd,
'respect
ively,and f uta
-andmト i ndicatethenumbers'two'
and' three' Thesetwowordsa renativeJapanesenumerals.When引 mplycountingnumbers,
however,theJapaneseu seanotherseto fnumeralswhicha reofChineseo rigin
.Then ati
ve
Japanesenumeralsa reusedonlyforthenumbersonet oten.Anynumbersl arge
rthantenare
expressedInChinesenumerals. BelowISat a b
let hatshowsthed ifferencebetweenthetwo
systems(Japanese=nativeJapanesenumerals,Chlnese=numeralsofChineseo rigi
n).

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
o u,
ou
&E--EE

Japanese hト f
u- m
l- yo
・ i
tsu
- mu- nana- ya・ kokono

Chinese i
chi n
I san s
hi go roku s
hic
hi h
ach
i ku/kyuu

AsIndicate
d bythehyphenfollowingtheJapanese numeralsabove,the native
Japanesenumeralsarealwaysusedwithsomeotherelement.TheexιeptlonI
Sthenumber10,
too,whichoccurswithouttsuattheend. AskyourIns
tructo
rhowthesetwos et
sofnumerals
areusedIncountingobJeζt
sInJapanese.

1
52
Lesson10 Askingthed
ist
anc
e

. Helpfulthingst
6 oknowi
ngettingd
ire
cti
ons
(a
) Youmayexperienζeas itu
ati
oninwhichaJapanesepersonsaystoyou"c an
'tspeak
English,
'evenifyouaretal
kingtothepersoni
nJapanese! Thisremarki
scerta
inlyavery
discouragingone,e
spe
cia
lly toapersonwhohasp ainsta
kinglystudi
edJapanesebefore
comingt oJapan.

However,don'tbetoodiscouragedbecauseevenf ore
ignerswhoseJapanesei squite
fluentwil
lhavet hi
sexperienceocc
asion
ally.Thisisbecauseo r
dinaryJapaneseassumet hat
gai
jin( 外 人 )' fore
igner
s'don'tspeakJapanese. Furthermore,mostJapanesehavel i
tt
le
confidenceintheirabil
itytospeakandunderstandE ngli
sh. Therefore,thef i
rstthinga
Japanesepersonmightdowouldbeto' p
roclai't
m h
ats /hecan'tspeakE n
glis
h(sometimes
evenbeforeyous ta
rttotalk)
.

I
nordernottoembarrasssuchaperson( ornottogetembarrassed),besur
etousean
att
enti
onget
楢terl
ikeSumimasenandt owaitfortheanswer. I
fyougetar epl
yinJapanese,
youcansimplygoaheadanda skf o
rd ire
cti
ons. Ifthepersonsti
lldoesnotanswer,t ry
someonee
lse.

Youmaya lsoexperienceas it
uationinwhichaJapanesepersonr e
pli
esonlyinE ngli
sh,
evenifyouaret al
kingt othepersoni nJapanese. Inonesense,suchasitua
t i
onisconvenient
foryou,foryouζanthen beginιommunicating i nE n
glish. However,you mayf eel
discouragedoreveni ns
u l
ted,becauseyoumayf ee
lthepersonb elie
vesyourJapaneseisnot
goodenough. Again,don'ttaketheset h
ingstoos er
iousl
y, be仁auseitmaybethatthe
Japaneseissi
mplytryingtobecourteouso rfrien
dlybyspeakinginEngli
sho rtha
ts /hewants
topractic
ehis/h
erEngli
sh.

(b
) Them etr
icsystemi
susedi nJapanandi
tmaytakesometimet ogetthe
'fe
eli
ng'ofthe
amountexpressedinmeters,unles
syouarealreadyfam
ili
arwiththes
yste
m. Thef o
llo
wing
conversiont
ablesa
reprovidedtogiveyouaroughide
a:

Meterst
ofe
et(approximate)

meters 5 1
0 1
5 20

f
eet 3
.3 1
6.4 3
2.8 4
9.2 6
5.6

F
eett
ometers(approximate)

f
eet 5 1
0 1
5 20

円1
ete
rs 0
.3 1
.5 3
.1 4
.6 6
.1

1
53
Lesson10 Askingthedistance

会話

S
itu
ati
on1

テイヒス すみません。高島置はこの近くですか。
日本人 高島屋ですか。この直をまっすく行って、
次の交差占を右に曲かると、左にあります。
テイヒス そうですか。ここからュ童いですか。
日本人 い い え 、 遠 く あ り ま せ ん よo 8
0メ ー ト ル く ら い で す 。
テイヒス わ か り ま し たO と う も 。

S
itu
ati
on2

コリ〆ス す み ま せ んO 戸 谷 駅 は と こ で す か 。
日本人 釈 は ち ょ っ と きν、てすよq 二 つ 自 の 角 を 右 へ ま っ す く
イ丁くと、つきあたり Mニ テ パ ー ト か 見 え ま す 。
駅はその前てすっ
そうですねえ こ こ か ら 駅 ま て 歩 い て1
5分 く ら い で すo
コリンス 歩 い て1
5分 ?
日本人 ええ。

コリンス そ う で す かO こ う も Q

S
itu
ati
on3

ノ¥ワート す み ま せ んO 地下鉄の駅はここから遠いですか。
日本人 いいえ、すくてすよ。あそこにテパートかありますね。
あのテパートの右てす。
こ こ を ま っ す く 行 け は 、 す く わ か り ま す よo
ノ1 ワ ー ト そうですか。とうもありかとう。

154
ReviewLesson: MakingI
tWork(
1)

REVIEWLESSON: MAKINGI
TWORK(1)

ThisISareviewles
son Youw
Ill beaskedtoactoutormakeupaconversationwiththe
Ins
tru
cto
rbasedonthes
itu
ati
onsl
ist
edbelow Tr
ytousethee
xpr
ess
ion
syouhavelearnedsofaras
appropriatelya
spos
sibl
e

Whatdoyoudoorsayi
nthefollowings
itu
ati
ons
?
Youwanttof
indoutI
fthatb
uil
din
goverthereI
STokyoS
tat
ion
2 Youwanttof
indoutI
fGlnza4・chomeI
Sfa
rfromwhereyouare
3 Someoneg
ive
syoud
ire
cti
ons
4 YouareshoppingInadepartments
tor
eandhavetogotothebathroom Whenyou
ca
n'tfi
ndIt,howwouldyouaskyourway"
5 Youwanttof
indoutfromaJapaneseI
fth
IsI
Stheo
ffI
ceofMrJohnson
6 Youareonyourwaytowork In themorningand youwanttogreetaJapanese
acquaintanceyouseeontheway
7 Youhavebeenaskedonthes
tre
etbyaJapanesewhoseE
ngl
ishI
SpoorwheretheUS
EmbassyI
S
8 Youhaver
ece
ive
dsomethingfromaJapanese
9 YouhaveJ
ustgotteno
ffthet
rai
nandyouthinkthatt
hiss
tre
etgoestoGlnza4・chome
Howwouldyoucheckthi
s"
10 'sa
I
t fte
rworkandbeforeyougohome
1
1 Youwanttogetas
tra
nge
r'sa
tte
nti
ononthes
tre
ets
oyoucanasksomething
1
2 Youwanttof
indoutI
fthereI
Sat
axIstandIntheImmediatev
ICI
nit
y
1
3 Youaskedthewaytothes
tat
ionbutthepersonyouaskedspeaksJapanesesof
astyou
ca
n'tunderstand
14 Youwanttof
indoutwhatthatb
uil
din
gattheendofthes
tre
etI
S
15 Youwantafavordone
16 Youwanttof indoutI
ftheMltsukoshlDepartmentStoreI
Sonthesecondo
rth
ird
corner(fromh
ere)
17 Youhavemadeatelephonec
alltoac
ert
alno
ffi
ceandgottenthewrong
number
18 Youareatar es
taura
ntandhaveseensomethingamongthep las
ticsamplesthatyou
wouldl
iketot
ry,butyoudon'tknowwhatI
t'Sca
lle
dInJapanese
19 Youwanttof
indoutI
fagivenJapaneseknowsE
ngl
ish
20 YouwanttogototheKabukiTheaterandyouaskedaJapanesethewaybutyoud
idn
't
understandtheanswerw
ell
2
1 Youa
reaskedbyaJapanese'
Areyou(
you
rname)]'
22 Youa
reaskedbyaJapanese'
Areyou(someonee
lse
'sname)γ

155
ReviewL
ess
on: MakingI
tWork(
1)

2
3. Youhavebeenl
ook
ingf
orMr.Johnson'so
ffi
cebutyouc
an'
tfi
ndi
t
.
2
4. Youwantt
ofi
ndoutwhereMr.S
ato
'sroomi
s
.
2
5. Youa
ref
ir
stintroducedt
osomeone.
2
6. Yout
hin
ki'sM
t r.Tanakao
ftheTradeM
ini
str
ybutyouwantt
omakes
ure
.
2
7. YoumeetaJapanesef
rie
nd.Askhowh
iswife(
orhusband)i
s
.
2
8. Youarelooki
ngfo
rtheSonyB
uil
din
g. Youwantt
ofi
ndouti
fi'sn
t earo
rfa
rfrom
whereyoua
renow.
2
9. You'renots
urewherethes
tat
iony
ou'
relookingf
ori
s
. AskaJapaneset
odrawyoua
map.
3
0. You'reonthet
rai
nandyouwanttof
indouthowmanymores
tat
ion
stherea
rebefore
Roppongi.
31
. You'reonthet
rai
nandyouwantt
omakes
uret
hatShinjukui
sthes
tat
iona
fte
rne
xt.
3
2. You'reonthet
rai
nandyouwanttof
indoutwhatthenexts
tat
ioni
s
.
3
3. Youwantt
ofi
ndouthowlongi
twi
lltaketogofromwhereyoua
retothesubway
st
ati
on.
3
4. YourJapanesehasbeenp
rai
sedbyaJ
apa
nes
e. Howdoyourespond?
3
5. T
her
e'saphonec
al
lfo
rMs.TanakafromaJapanesebutshei
sou
t.Whatdoyoudo?
3
6. Youwantt
oorders
uki
yak
i.
3
7. Youwantt
oas
kaboutthel
oca
tio
nofTakashimayadepartments
tJr
e.
3
8. Youwantt
oas
kfo
ranE
ngl
ishmenu.
3
9. Youwanttoproposeat
ime
.
4
0. Youwanttoconfirmthenameo
fapersont
owhomyoua
rei
ntr
odu
ced
.
41
. Youwanttoa
skapersonwhens
lhewantstomeet.
4
2. Youwanttoa
skf
orapersonwhounderstandsE
ngl
ish
.
4
3. Youproposet
omeetonS
atu
rda
y.
4
4. Yous
ayyoua
rethewife/husbando
fanemployee.
4
5. Youwanttoa
skapersonaboutaconvenienttimetomeet.
4
6. Youwanttoi
ntr
odu
ceyourwife/husbandtoaJ
apa
nes
e.
4
7. Youwanttoexchangeb
usi
nes
sca
rdswithsomeone.
4
8. Youwantt
oin
tro
duc
eaf
rie
ndt
oyouri
nst
ruc
tor
.
4
9. Youwanttoa
skthel
oca
tio
nofthen
ear
estbuss
top
.
5
0. Youwanttoa
skthet
ime
.

156
Lesson1
1 Buyingat
rai
nti
cke
t

Lesson 1
1

BUYINGATRAINTICKET

横浜ヘ行きたいんですが一

I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• askaJapaneset
ote
llyouthef
aret
oyourd
est
ina
tio
n

・ askaJapaneset
obuyat
ick
etf
oryou

• f
indoutwhereyoucanbuyat
ick
eta
tas
tat
ion

・ buyat
ick
eta
tat
ick
etwindow

• countnumbersupt
o999
Lesson1
1 Buyingat
rai
nti
cke
t

DIALOGS KAlWA

Situation 1

MsSpencerwantst ogot oShlbuyatoseeaspeCIalexhIbIta


tadepartmentstore SheIS
nowa tTokyoStatIon Togot oShlbuya,shecanuseeItherthesubwayortheJR-sen Smce
thereISasubwaye Xtthatleadst
I oanundergroundentrancet othedepartmentstore,she
deCIdestotakethesubway.

Supensaa: Sumimasen. Excuseme


Shibuyaei k
ita
indesuga, IwanttogotoShlbuya,(but)
kippuuribawadokodesuka? whereISthet
Ick
etwmdowア
Nihonjin: Chikate
tsudesuk a,J
R-se
n ThesubwayortheJR-sen?
desuka?
Supensaa: Chikatet
sudesu. Thesubway.
Nihonjin: Aa,jaa,koko0 massuguit
te, Oh,w ,gos
ell t
raI
gh ,g
tfromhere o
kaidan0 agatte,cho
ttoitt
a... upthesta
lfsandgoalIt
tle
fu
rth
er...
Supensaa: Sumimasen.Wakarimasen. ,I
Sorry don'tunderstand
Nihon
j1n
: Soodesuk a
.Jaa,tsu
reteit
te Oh
. Well,thenI
lltake
'
agemashoo. youthe
re.

Supensaa: Doomoa
rig
ato
o. Thankyouverymuch
.

Situation 2

Ms.NornsISa
tTokyostatIOnenroutetoKamakuraforslghtseemg. Althoughher
fnendhast ol
dherhowmuchthef a
reISt
oKamakura,shedoesn'tremember Tofmdoutthe
fareshet n
estoreadthefarechart
,butal
lthest
atIOnnamesarewrittenm KaηI
IwhIChshe
doesn'trec
ogniz
e.

N
ori
su: Sumimasen.Kamakurae Excuseme Iwanttogot o
ik
itai
ndesuga,i k
uradesuka? Kamakura,(but)howmuchI SIt7
Nlhonjln: Eet
o...KokokaraKamakura Letmes e
e.. It
's900yenfromhere
made900・endesu
. toKamakura.
N
ori
su: Soodesuk a
.Doomo. Isee
. Thankvou.

158
-・‘

e
o

e
av
a
n

n
u
・-


u

-t
EL

-L
c

VJ
c

aEE

LER
2u
d

F
a

nHd
S
itu
ati
on3
AfteraweekendInHakone ,MrandM r
s.MurphyaregOinghomet oShln]ukubytrain
Mr.Murphyseesse
verltICket-windowsa
a tthestation. Hegoest
ooneo
fthewindows.

M
aaf
ii: Sumimasen.Shinjukuei
kit
ain Excuseme.Iwantt ogot oShl旬 以u,
desuga,kippuwakokodesuka? (but)ISthiswheretICketsaresold]
Madoguchino

hto
: Ee,500desuy
o. Yes
,th
at'
srt
gh.
t

Maaf
ii: J
aa,Shinjuku,2・maL Well
,then
,twot
ICk
etst
oShln]uku.
Madoguchino
hit
o: 1,
280・end
esu
. T
hat
's1
,280yen

159
e

e
-

a
n

n

n
-


-
Ru
O

+
U
a
c
EL

VJ


LER
v
2M
F3

.
d

晶E-
nud



.
VOCABULARY KOTOBA

O
ial
o立さ

i
kit
aindesuga (
I
)wanttogo いきたいんですか
(TA
lformofIkimasu)
ga but( fun
ζtlonst
IkeE
ngl
ish か
semicolon)
kippu t
ick
et きっぷ

kippuu
rib
a t
ick
etwrndow きっぷうりは

kaidan stairway かいたん

agatte goup(
TEformofagarimasu) あかつて

i
kur
a howmuch? いくら

en yen えん

hyaku hundred ひゃく

P
rac
tic
e

・.byaku .hundred(san-byaku) ひゃく

・.pyaku ..hundred びゃく


(rop-pyakuandhap-pyaku)
jidoohanbaiki vendrngmachrne しとうはんはいき

Notes


、a
l c
oun
terf
orf
la
tob
jec
ts ましE

madoguchi (
sal
es)wrndow まとくち

・.ban number
... はん

shirimasen doesn't/don'tknow しりません

kaisuu-ken ζoupont
Ick
ets かいすうけん

teeki-ken seasonp
ass,
ζommutert
lζk
et ていきけん

u
鈍nc
e
、sn
h v
釦 ,ooobR n
)‘
u
Hux
'
f
areadjustmentwrndow りょうきん
せいさんしょ

k
atts
e
ekn
ukd
aa
sai
. won'tyoubuy(
It
)fo
rme? かつてくたさい
町、as ませんか

1
60


e

e
-E

n

n
Ru
O
aL
ε

U

a
a

VJ

LEn


d
F3

BM
E
E

2M

晶E-
VE
L
nHd
k
ais
ats
ugu
chi g
ate(
ats
tat
ion
) かいさつぐち

PersonalizedL
ist

1
61
Lesson1
1 Buyingat
rai
nti
cke
t

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A. ComprehensionE
xer
cis
e {
王:教師は適宜に枚数を言う

Thei
nstr
uct
orwi
llreadnumberso ft
ick
ets(
e.g
.,i
chi
-ma
i,n
i-m
ai,e
tc.
). Writedownthe
numberofti
cke
tsyouhearmentioned.

3
. 5
. 7
. 9
.

2
. 4
. 6
. 8
. 1
0.

B
. T
ran
sla
tio
nEx
erc
ise
Example:

(cue) oneti
ckettoUeno
(response) Ueno,ic
hi-m
ai

twot i
cketst oYokohama
fourtick
etst oShinjuku
threetick
e t
stoShibuya
fiv
eticketstoAsakusa
onet i
ckett otheGinza

c
. S
ubs
tit
uti
onD
ril
l
Kippuu
rib
awadokodesuka?

JR-sennoe k
i
Chikatetsunoeki
Chikatetsunokippuuri
ba
Koko
JR-sennokippuu ri
ba
Jidoohanbaiki

. S
D ubs
tit
uti
onD
ril
l
巳豆旦豆ei
kit
aindesuga,i
kur
adesuka?

Tokyo Kyoto
Nagoya Osaka
Fukuoka Yokohama

162
--・
e

a
n
n
aL


O

Ru

-t
L
-t
U
c

ρ
VJ

-L
nu

E
F3
d

FE
nud

n
-


ι Readingnumbers
InLesson1,welearnedhowt ocountfrom1to9 9.I nthisl e
ssn,wew
o i
lllear
nthe
numbersupt o99
9.Studythefollowingandpr
acti
cethepronunciationbyrepeatinga
fterthe
in
stru
ctor
.

uuuuuuuuu
hHhHhuhHhHnvhHnvhH

LKLKLKLKLKLKLKLKLk
VJVJVJVJVJVJVJVJvz
aM2unuaunMaunM2M2M
10
0

.unnopapu
﹃a090nau
2
00

syrahy
3
00
400
5
00
600
7
00 nk
800
900
123i
sreada
shvakun
i-i
uus
an. Nowreadthefollowingnumbers:

1
. 1
32 3
. 2
43 5
. 3
56 . 404
7 . 580
9
. 6
2 71 4
. 7
65 . 818
6 . 9
8 27 1
0. 999
Thei
nst
ruc
torw
illreadsomenumbers.Writethemdown.

注:教師は百から九百九十九までの数字を用意する

2
. 3
. 4
. 5
.

6
. 7
. 8
. 9
. 1
0.

F
. InformationExchangeE
xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentA se
lec
tstwosubways ta
tionsfromthemaponthenextpageanda s
ks
howmuchthef arei
s. (Usetheunderlinedstat
ion
sonl
y.)Student8 answersby
re
fer
ringt othef
arechar
t.

Example:
StudentA: TokyokaraGinzamadeikuradesuka?
StudentB: Hyakuni-j
uuendesu.

1
63
--‘mM
'﹄a

,、
e
n

n
v


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O

-t
U

a
a
a

J


LER
ga
FS

u
E
E


VE
nHd


,,..h、


ーーー-'-
〆 、
, , ' 、
〆 、

rfJ¥
I
keb
uku
ro


S
hin
juu了
k

Note:Toranomoni
sthesubways
tat
ionn
ear
esttheAmericanEmbassy.

F
areC
har
tfo
rSt
ude
ntB
f
rom t
o f
are

T
oky
o Ginz
a 12
0
Toranomon 18
0
Shin
juku 3
60

G
inz
a Tokyo 12
0
Toranomon 18
0
Shin
juku 3
20

Toranomon T
okyo 18
0
G
inz
a 18
0
S
hin
juku 3
00

S
hin
juk
u Tokyo 3
60
Ginz
a 3
20
Toranomon 30
0

1
64
Lesson1
1 Buyingat
rai
nti
cke
t

G
. InformationExchangeExercise
D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentAa sksforaticke
t/tic
ketstoad estinati
onbychoosingap lacefromthe
li
stbelowandaskinghowmuchthef areis
.Thei n
structorconfirmsthedestinationand
give
sthef ar
e,refer
ringtothef ar
ec ha
r t
. StudentA confirmsthef are. Thei n
struct
or
respondst ostudentA'sconfir
mation.(IfstudentAdoesn't getthef arecorrect
ly,the
inst
ructorgivesthefar
ea g
ain.)StudentAthens aysHai 'Hereyouare,'pretendings/he
i
sg i
vingthemoneytothei n
str
uctor
.

Example:

StudentA: Kamakura,i chi-ma.


iI k
uradesuka?
Inst
ruct
or: Kamakuradesuka?800・endesu.
StudentA: 800・endesun e.
Inst
ruct
or: Hai,500desu. OR l i
e,(co
r r
ectfare
)...endesu.
StudentA: Hai(pretendingthats/heisgivingthemoney).

L
is
tfo
rstudentA

d
est
ina
tio
n numberoft
ick
ets
、3、

Tokyo
,晶

Ueno
、4 4 1 4 1

Shinagawa
Yokohama
Kamalωra

教師用運賃表

行き先 運賃
京野川浜倉
東上品横鎌

三百円
四百円
三百円
五百円
九百円

165

E
-
E
-

e
n
o
n

a
v

+
a
Ru
U
aL
ε
a


4..

u
t

LER
d


v
nud



ζd


H
. I
nte
rpr
eti
ngE
xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
StudentA a sksfo
rinformation i nEnglih,followingthed
s irec
tion
sbelow.
StudentBt rans
latesthed irect
ionsi ntoJapanese. The instruc
torresponds(with
poss
iblea ddit
ionalinfor
mation).StudentBt a
kesnotes,eith
eri nEngli
sho rJapanese,
andconfirmsh is/h
erunderstanding. StudentBexpres
seshis/he
rt han
ks.Thei nst
ructor
responds.StudentBthent ranslat
estheinformationintoEn
glishforstudentA.

Example:
StudentA: I ogotoOtemach.
wantt iPleaseaskwherethet
ick
et
windowis
.
Student8
: Otemachiei
kit
aindesuga,kippuu
rib
awadokodesu
ka?
I
nst
ruc
tor
: Koko0 massuguitt
e,migin
iarimasuy
o.
Esukareetaanomukoodesu.
Student8
: (a
skst
oslowdownorrepeat
,confirms
,ec
t.
)
Doomo(ar
iga
too
).
I
nst
ruc
tor
: 000i
tas
him
ash
it tc
e,e .
Student8
: (
tostudentA)Gos
tra
igh
t.I
'sonther
t igh
t,beyondthe
e
sca
lator
.

D
ire
cti
onsf
orstudentA:
1
. Youwantt ogotoAsakusa. Askwherethet ick
etwindowis
.
2
. Youwantt ogotoToranomon. Askhowmuchthef a
reis
.
3
. Youwantt ogot oH ib
iya. Youarea tat ick
etwindow. Ask
whetheryoucanbuyat icketthereornot
.
4
. Youwantt ogot oMitsukoshiMaes t
ati
on(i
nf ro
ntofMits
ukos
hi).
Asktheinst
ruc
tortobuyat ic
ketforyouandaskhowmuchthef are
i
s.Givehimorherthemoney.
5
. Youwantt ogotoNihonbash. iYouarei nf
rontofatic
ketvending
machine.Askhowmuchthef arei
s.
6
. Youwantt ogotoAkasakamitsuke. Askwhereyoucanbuya
ti
cket
.
教師用スクリプト

1
. 切符売場ですか。その自動販売機てすょっ
2
. j
烹 ノ 門 で す か 。 二 百 円 て すo
3
. そ こ の 自 動 販 売 機 て 買 っ て く た さL、 。 百 八 十 円 て すO
4
. え え 、 い い で す よo ( 学 生 か い く ら か 聞 い た あ と て ) 二 百 三 十 円 で す よo
( 切 符 を 買 っ て か ら ) は い 、 こ れ か 切 符 て すO
5
. さ あ 、 私 も 知 り ま せ ん か 、 あ あ 、 上 に 表 か あ り ま す ねo
え え と 、 二 百 八 十 円 て すO
6
. 赤 坂 見 附 て す ねq あ っ ち の 方 て す 連 れ て 行 っ て あ げ ま し ょ うo
O

166
--・
o

a
-
a

n


n


v

-
・・





Ru
c
EL
ρ

し ER
ρ
J

4
4
F3

v
d

nHd


READING KANJI

.大人
1 otona a
dul
t

2
. 小人 kodomo c
hil
d(r
en)

3
. 運賃表 unchinhyoo f
arel
is
t

4
. 発売中 hatsubaichuu ons
ale

5
. 発売中止 hatsubai-chuushi notons
ale

6 両替機 ryoogaeki moneychangingmachine

167
--・

-・‘

晶・‘
e
e
o

,、
n

n
n


v

LK
Ru

-t
a
U
EL

r
J
c

u
4..

2M
d

円ud
J

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

. Howt
1 oexpressyourdesiret
odosomething
Whenyouwantt
oex
pre
ssyourd
esi
ret
odosomething, youcanusethefollowing
p
att
ern
:

V
-ta
indesu. Iwantt
oV

(Note Vm dcatesaverbstem)

I
nordertousethi
sexp
r eS
Sion,youhavet oknowtheζ o
rre
ctverb form I
nth
isl
ess
on,
youw
lllle
arntheverbformI
kl・'g'a
o sInthefollowingexample

I
kit
aindesu. Iwantt
ogo

TospeC
Ifythepla
ceyouwanttogoto,p
lac
ethed
est
ina
tIO
nandthep
art
icl
ee Inf
ron
t
oftheaboveexpr
eSSi
on,asl
Ilu
str
ate
dbelow

Ginzaei
kit
aindesu. Iwantt
ogot
otheGmza

T
hise
xpr
ess
ionwi
llbeesp
ecia
llyus
efulwhenyouwanttof
indOutwhereyoucanbuya
t
ick
et,howmuchthef
areI
S,e
tcI nsuchcas
es,useane
xpr
ess
Ionl
ikethefollowing

Iwantt
ogot
otheGmza,whereI
Sthet
ick
etwmdow]

TheJapanesee
xpr
ess
IOnf
ortheaboveI
S

Ginzaei
kit
aindesuga,kippuu
rib
awadokodesuka?

Notethatthep
art
iclegaIntheabovesentencel i
ter
all
ymeans'but
.' However,Int
his
sentenceItI
Sonlyawayofsmoothingthetransi
tionbetweenthestatementofdes
ire'
Iwant
to 'andwhatfollows, andshouldnotbetakenli
ter
all
y.

a
. Whenyouwantt
ofindoutthef
are

Whenyouwanttof
indoutap
rIC
e,youcanusethefollowingexpression

I
kur
adesuka? HowmuchI
SItア

Thus,whenyouwantt os
ay'
Iwanttogot
oToranomon,(
but
)howmuζhI
SItフ'
.e
(
I .,
'howmuchI Sthef
are
'),
youcansa
y

Toranomonei
kit
aindesuga,
iku
radesuka?

168
--・
og-
e

,、
n

-E・
n

n
lk
Ru

a
EL
c

U
VJ

M
4..

t
2u

0﹄
d


VE
円 Md


b
. Whenyouwantt
ofi
ndoutwhereyoucanbuyat
ick
et

Thefollowinga
resomeu
sef
ulwordst
oknowi
fyouwantt
ofi
ndoutwhereyoucan
buyat
ick
et:

kippu t
ick
et
kippuur
iba t
ick
etwindow(
li
t.,t
ick
ets
ell
ingp
lac
e)

(
I
) Whenyouwantt oask'(anIbuyat
ick
eth
ere
?'or'
Aret
ick
etss
oldhere?'

youcanus
ethefollowingexpres
sion
:

Kippuwakokodesuka? (t
li.
,Areticketshere?)

Thus,
theexp
res
sionToranomonei k
ita
indesuga,kippuwakokodesuka?
means'
IwanttogotoToranomon'
,canIbuyatick
ethereγ

I
fyouareatthewrongwindow,thec l
erkatthewindowwi
llt
el
lyouthe
r
igh
twindownumber.S/hew
ills
aysomethingli
kethefo
llo
wing
:

..
bannomadogudi
(
SeeL
e
d
s
e
s
o
s
u.
n1
2f

o
(
It
'
f・b
rusageo
s
a
)window#
n
.)
...

(
I
I) Whenyouwantt
ofi
ndoutwhereat
ick
e s,youcanusethe
twindowi
f
oll
owinge
xpr
ess
ion
:

Kippuu
rib
awadokodesuka?

Asin(a)above,i
fyouwanttosay'
Iwantt
ogot
otheGinza;canyout
el
l
mewherethetic
ketwindowi?,
s'youcans
ay:

Ginzaei
kit
aindesuga,kippuu
rib
awadokodesuka?

2
. Someu
sef
ulexpressionsf
orbuyingat
ick
et
TheJapaneseexp
ressi
onsusedi
nbuyingat iζ
ketatati仁ketwindowa
rev
erys
imp
le.
Whenyouwantt obuyati
cke otheGinza,f
tt orexample,yousimplys
ay:

G
inz
a.

However,althoughnotv e
rylike
ly,youmaybeaskedbythec le
rka tthewindowhow
manyticke
tsyouwant. I nordertoavoidbeingaskedthi
skindofquestion,whichyoumay
fin
ddif
ficu
lttounderstand,i
tisagoodi de
atospe
cifythenumberf
ir
st
.Thenumbero ftiζ
ket
s
canbeexpressedi
nthefollowingpat
tern:

numeral+mai

Thewordmair efer
stothi
nf la
to bj
ect
s.Wordsofth
iskind aresometimescal
led
counters,f
ortheyareusedwhencountingobj
ect
sandper
son
s. Theyi n
dic
atewhatkindof
objectsyouareco
unt
ing.

Whenyouwantt
osa
y'Onet
ick
ett
otheGinza,
'fo
rexample,
youcans
ay:

169
Lesson1
1 Buyingat
rai
nti
cke
t

Ginza,i
chi
-ma.
i
L
ikewise,
whenyouwantt
osa
y'Twot
ick
et oToranomon,
st ,youcans
ay:


Toranon nト
on, 円
、al.
Notethati
nsp
ecif
yingthenumberoftiζ
ket
s,yousimplyusetheappropriatenumberi
n
Japaneseandaddmai,whichsta
ysthesame,r
egardl
essofthenumber.

3
. T
sur
etei
tt
eagemashoo It
γ/ a
keyout
her
e'
Whend ir
ectio
nsyouaskedwouldbecomplicatedandthepiaζ
eyouarelookingfori
s
notfa
r,aJapanesepersonw
illoftentakeyoutherei
nst
eadofgi
vin
gyoudir
ect
ion
s.I nsucha
cae,
s s/h
ewoulds a
y:

T
sur
etei
tteagemashoo. I
'ltakeyout
her
e.

WhenaJapanesepersondoesn'tknowthep
lac
eyoua
relookingf
or,h
is/
hert
ypi
cal
r
eac
tio
nwi
llbet
os ay,

Saa,
• •• or500desune... Well

Heo
rshemaythenadd:

Watakushimas
hir
ima
sen
. I
don'tknow
,ei
the
r.

4
. K
ind
soft
ick
ets
a
. Regulart
ick
ets

Formostsh
ortdist
ancetris,t
p iζk
etscanbeboughtfrom atick
etvending
machine.Insomecas
es,
youcanbuythemonlyfromamachine,nota
tawindow.What
youneedt odotobuyatic
ketfromavendingmachinei
s
:

(
I
) Fi
ndoutthef
arefromthef arecha
rt,whichu s
ual
lytakestheformo
famap
oft
rainr
oute
sandisplacedabovethemachines.

(
I
I) Puts
uff
ici
entcoin
si nt
othes lo
tandpushthebuttonthathasthec orre
ct
p
ric
eoni
t.Thetic
ket(andchange)wi
llcomeouta
tthebottomofthemachine.

b
. kaisuu-ken(回数券) ,
coupont
ick
ets
'

Thekaisuu-ken(回数券)i sakindofdiscountti
cke
t.Itisasheeto feleventi
cket
s
whichcanbeboughta tthet i
c k
etwindowofas t
ationforthep riζeoftenr egul
ar
ti
ckets
.I ti
svali
donlyforthedesignatedst
ationsandat i
cketshouldbeseparatedfrom
ther e
stonlyafteri
tispunζhedorstampeda tthegateork a
isatsuguc
hi(改札口)when
enteringtheplatformare
a.

1
70
lesson1
1 BUyingat
rai
nti
cke
t

c
. teeki-ken(定期券) 'seasonp
as'o
s r'commutert
icet
k '

Theteekl-ken(定明券)I Saseasonpasswhichent
itiesyoutounlimitedtr
ainri
des
betweenthedesignated s t
atio
nsforthedesignatedperiod Youcan buyateekl-ken
that ISvalidf oronemonth,threemonthsorS I
Xmonthsa tthet i
cketwindowo fa
stat
ion Withateekl-ken,youcansaven e
arly50%o fther eg
ularpr
ice,dependingon
howoftenyouuseI tandhowlongI tI
Svalid Thelongerthedesignatedperiod,the
large
rthediscountr at
eIS

5
. Howt
obuythecorrectticket
Sincethes
tati
onnamesonthefareζhartareu sual
lywrittenonlyInK a
nji,youneedto
beabletoreadtheK an
ji In orderto buythecorrectt i
cke
t unlessyou knowthef ar
e
beforehand YoumaywonderwhatyoushoulddoI fyoucannotreadthes tatio
nnamesand
don'tknowthefare Thefollowingar
esomesuggestionsfo
rsuζhoccasions

a
. Buythelowestf areticketfromthe machine,takethet ra
in andgotothe
unchln/ryookln-seesanjo( 運 賃 / 料 金 構 算 前)'fa
rea仰ustmentwindow'beforeyougo
throughthegatea tyourd es
t i
natio
n Thec lerktherewi
lltellyou howmuch the
dlfferenζeIS Paythed iffe
renceandgetar eζel
ptfromthe仁lerk Whenyougothrough
thegateg i
vether eceipttotheattendant (Youc a
n'tgothroughtheautomatedgate
withther eceipt)

b AskaJapanesepersonnearthevendingmaζhlnet
obuythet
ick
etf
oryou The
e
xpr
essi
onsthatcanbeusedforth
ispurposeare

(yourd
estin
atio
n)ei ki
taindesu. Iwantgoto(yourdestination)
Kippu0 k
att 、
ekudasaimaser ka? Wouldyoupleasebuyaticketforme"}

c I
fyouonlywanttoknowthef
are,youcanasksomebodynearyoubysaYing

(yourd
est
ina
tio
n)eI
kit
aindesuga,I
kur
adesuka?
Iwantt
ogot
o(yourdestinatIOn)
,buthowmuchIS1t
7

d AskaJapanesefriendtowritethenameofthestationtowhichyouaregOingIn
Kanjibeforehand (
Ifyourfrien
d knowsthef a
re,youdon'tneedtodot h
iS,o
fcourse)
Whenyoubuyat ic
ket,matchtheK a
njist
ati
onnameyouhavewiththeoneInthef are
chartandfindoutthef ar
e

6
. Kaisatsuguchi(
改札口) '
gat
e'

WhenenteringoreXi
tingtheplatformarea, youmustgothroughakalsatsuguchl(改札
口) I nsomestat
ionsInmajorCitis,
e therearetwotypesofkalsatsuguchl theautomatedgate
andtheonewithanattendant Atsuchs ta
tIons,I
fyouhavear egularticke
tboughtfromthe
vendingmachine,youcangothroughtheautomatedgatebysimplyi ns
ertingthetic
ketInt
o
themachineandremovingI ta syougothrough Yourt i
cke
tw i
llnotbereturnedwhen you
gothroughthegatea tyourdes t
ination I
fyouhaveakalsuu-ken(回数券)youmustusethe
gatewithanattendant,foryourt ick
etmustbepunζhedorstampedbytheattendant (You
givethetIC
kettotheattendanta tyourdestination) Withthet ee
kl・ken(定卸券)youshould
checkwhetheryoucanusetheautomatedgateo rnot,becausesomet eekl・kenallowyout o
gothroughtheautomatedgateandothersdon't I fyouarenots urewhetherornotyoucan

1
71
Lesson1
1 Buyingat
rai
nti
cke
t

gothroughtheautomatedgatewiththet
ick
etyouhave,i
tisb
ett
ertousetheonewithan
attendant.

7
. P
ubl
icTransport

a
. J
R-s
en(
for
mer
lyKokuden)

JapanRailway(J
R)operatesmanyele
ctr
ict
rainser
vic
esi
nandthroughTokyo. They
areknowna sJ R-se
ntrai
ns,whosel i
nescanbeide
nti
fie
dbythedistinctiveιolorofthe
ζ
oaιhe
s .

TheYamate-senloopl in
ec i
r仁l
esthehearto fTokyo,oneservicegoingc lockwiseand
theothercountercl
ockwise.Its to
psatalls ub
-cen
terssuchasShinjuku,Shinbashi,Shibuya,
Ueno,Ikebukuro,Shinagawa,e t
ζ.Tokyos t
ationi
salsooneofthes top
s. TheYamate-sen
coachesaregreeni nc o
lor
.I tt a
kes62minutest omakeonecompleteround,whichg ives
vi
sitor
sanexcelle
ntc r
oss-s
ect
ionviewo fTokyo.

b
. Subway

TheJapanese cal
lthesubwayc hi
kat
etsu. Thetensubwayli
neswhich c
ris
sιr
ossunder
Tokyoarethequick
e s
tandcheapestwayo fgoingfromp ia
ζetopi
aζe.Thecoachesareclen,
a
ver
ywellillum
inated,andrunatfrequentin
ter
vals.

A
lll
ine
ss t
artoperatinga
t5a .m.andmoststoprunningj
ustbeforemidnight.Thel
ine
s
connectatvari
ouspointswithJR-
se nt
rai
ns.

Someo ftheentranζestothesubwayareonthesidewalkwhileothersa
reonthes ides
ofbu
ildi
ngs.B igstat
ion
shaves ev
eralentrances(
exi
ts)whichcouldbemorethan100meters
apa凡 Therefore,a
skwhiche xi
tyoushouldtaketoreachyourdesti
nat
ion
.Ateveryplatform,
thenameofthes tati
onisspe
lledoutinEnglis
h.

Mosts t
ati
onshaveautomatict
ick
etvendors.I
tis recommendedthat,whateverthe
desti
na t
ion,youbuytheminimum...entiζ
ket
oYoucanpaythed iffe
ren
cewhenyougeto f
f.
Tic
ketsarepunchedasyougothroughthegateandmustbeturnedi nattheendofther ide,
sohangontothem.

C
. Bus

Thebusi stheb estwayf o


rgetti
ngt opoi
ntsbetweenthesubwayandaJR-sens t
ati
on.
I
tg e
tsyouc los
esttowhereyouwantt ogobecausethed is
tancesbetweens t
opsaresho凡
However, busesareverydif
fic
ulttou
seu nl
essyouknowthelanguageora refamil
iarwiththe
ro
utes.Thetremendousnumbero froute
sandtheobscurei de
ntific
ati
onofthes top
scanbe
mostc on
fu sing
. Ridebusesonlyi fyoua r
eabletoobtainc l
ear,spec
ifi
c,and accurate
di
recti
onsbeforehand.

172

--‘

e
o
a
n

n
-

n
-

RM


EL

U
c

+t


VJ
4Ea

LER
d

2u

v
2u


ミd

nMd

白﹄
a
会話

S
itu
ati
on1

スペンサー す み ま せ んo
d谷 へ 行 き た い ん で す か 、 切符売場はとこですか。
日本人 地 τ鉄 で す か 、 JR僚 で す か 。
スペンサー 地下鉄てす。
日本人 皆段を上かつて
ああ、しわ、ここをまっすく行って、 t
ちょっと行った
スペンサ一 す み ま せ ん 。 わ か り ま せ んo
日本人 そ う で す か 。 し ゃ 、 連 れ て 行 っ て あ け ま し ょ うo
スペンサー と う も あ り か と うo

S
itu
ati
on2

ノリス す み ま せ んO 鎌 倉 へ 行 き た い ん で す か 、 い く ら で す か 。
日本人 ええと ここから鎌倉まて九百円てす。
ノリス そ う で す かO と う もO

S
itu
ati
on3

マーフイー すみません。
新宿へ行きたいんですか、切符はここですか。
口一ロ

人一人
のィの
タ﹂マ?﹂

え え 、 そ う で す よO

しわ、新守、二枚。
千 二 百 八 十 円 て すo

1
73
174
k

a ﹄
LK
-t


n
--‘nu
v
a
n
u
n
nHd
VJ
U
Ru
--・
4EE
n
O
F3
F3
ρ ﹄
EL


e
o

e
n
n

n
hH

hH

n
a

-t

-t
.L

T'
しE
c

M
u
4..

v
d

晶E
ミd

FE
4

nHd

nHd


n
Lesson 12

TAK"INGTHERJGHTTRAIN

大阪行きは何番線ですか。

I
nth
isl
ess
on,youw
ill
lea
rnhowt
o

• f
indoutthet
rac
kfromwhichyourt
rai
nle
ave
s

・ f
indouti
fat
rai
nistheoneyouwantt
otake

• checkonthed
est
ina
tio
nofagivent
rai
n

• o9,
countnumbersupt 999
Lesson12 Takingther
igh
ttr
ain

DIALOGS KAlWA

S
itu
ati
on1

Mrs.WilliamswantstogotoYokohamat odosomegroceryshoppinga tthePX.At


Shinagawastation,shea
sksaJapanesepersont
owhichtracksheshouldgo・

Uiriamusu: Sumimasen.Yokohamaeik
ita
in Excuseme. Iwantt
ogoto
desuga,konohoomudesuka? Yokohama,butisth
isthe
righ
tplatform?
N
iho
nji
n: Yokohamadesuka?Yokohamawa Yokohama?Sincethe
Yokosuka-sendesuk
ara
...e
eto
... YokosukalinegoestoYoko-
(poi
nting
)mukoonohoodesuy o
. hama...l
et'
ss e
e..
.It
's0νer
there(
poi
nti
ng)
.
Uiriamusu: Mukoo? Overthere?

N
iho
nji
n: Ee,i
chi
-ba
nse
ntoni-bansendesu. Yes
,platformsnumber1and
2
.
Uiriamusu: I
chi
-ba
nse
nto? Number1and?
N
iho
nji
n: Ee,
ich
i-b
ans
ent
oni-bansendesu. ,number1andnumber2
Yes .

Uiriamusu: 500desuk
a.Doomoa
rig
ato
o. I
see
. Thankyou.

S
itu
ati
on2

Ms.Watsoni
sgoingt oYokosukat
oseeadoctora
tthebase.Shei
swaitingf
orat
rai
n
onaplatforma
tTokyostation.

Watoson: Sumimasen.Konodenshawa Excuseme. Doest


hist
rango
i
Yokosukaeikimasuka? toYokosuka?
N
iho
nji
n: li
e,ikimasenyo. No,i
tdoesn'.
t
Yokosuka-ikiwaat
chid
esu
. Thetrai
nboundf or
Yokosukai
sthatway.
Watoson: Nan-bansendesuka? Whatplatformnumberi
sit
?
N
iho
nji
n: San-bansendesuy
o. t
'
Isnumber3
.

Watoson: Doomoa
rig
ato
o. Thankyou.

1
76
Lesson12 Takingther
igh
ttr
ain

Situation 3

Mr.Russe
llhasanappointmenttoseeaprofessora
tGakugeiDaigaku. Hewastold
t
hatheshouldtakeaToyokoli
net r
ainboundforSakuragichofromSh
ibuya.

Rasseru: Sumimasen. Excuseme. Isth


istrain
KorewaS ak
ura
gic
ho-
ikidesuka? boundf orSakuragicho?
Nihonjin: Ee,500desu. Yes
,iti
s
.
Rasseru: GakugeiDaigakun
itomarimasu Doesitstopa
tGakugei
ka? Daigaku?
Nihonjin: le,korewakyuukoodesuk
i a
ra No,sin
ceitsa
' nexpress
tomarimasenyo.Tsugino tra
in,i
tdoesn'tstop
. The
kakuekigatomarimasuyo
. nextlo
caltrainstopsth
ere
.
Rasseru: 500desuk
a.Doomo. I
see
. Thankyou.

177


e
o

e
n
n

n
hH

hH
-t

n
-t
&
TE
EL

M

LER
aEE

2u

vE

VE
nud

nMd
ミd
ミd


ι
VOCABULARY KOTOBA

Dialogs

hoomu p
lat
for
m ホーム
.
..sen .
.Ii
ne,t
rac
k せん

kara b
eιa
use から
.
..bansen l
ine
/pl
atf
orm
/tr
acknumber..
. いばんせん
to and と

ikimaser d
oes
n't
/do
n'tgo いきません
..i
.k
i (
tra
in)boundf
or
. ・ 圃
…し、き
nan-bansen whichl
ine
/pl
atf
orm
/tr
ack なんばんせん
tomari円
、asu s
top
/st
ops とまります
kyuukoo e
xpr
esst
ra
in きゅうこう
ton
可an町
、asen d
oes
n't
/do
n'ts
top とまりません
kakueki l
oca
ltr
ain かくえき

P
rac
tic
e

.
..sen thousand せん
..zen thousand(
san
-ze
n) ぜん
Chuo-sen ・l
Chuo i
ne ちゅうおうせん

Notes

JR JapanR
ail
way
Shinkansen b
ull
ett
rai
n しんかんせん
tokkyuu s
upe
rex
pre
sst
ra
in とっきゅう
futsuu l
oca
ltr
ai li
n(t.,u
sua
l) ふつう

kaisoku e
xpr
esst
rai
n かいそく
futsuu-sha c
oac
hca
r ふつうしゃ

guriin-sha f
irs
t-c
las
s(l
i
t.,greenc
ar) グリーンしゃ

jiyuu-seki u
nre
ser
veds
eat じゅうせき

178
Lesson12 Takingther
igh
ttr
ain

s
hit
ee-
sek
i reserveds
eat していせき
nobori u
p-t
rai
n のぼり

k
uda
ri down-train くだり

doolo please,goahead,f
eelf
ree どうぞ

shirubaas
hii
to p
rio
rit
y(l
i.,
t s
ilv
er)s
eat シルハーシート

oshiya (subway,t
rai
n)pusher 主しゃ

Personalizedl
is
t

1
79
Lesson12 Takingther
igh
ttr
ain

PRACTICE RENSHUU

A. ReadingNumbers
Inthisles
son,wew illstudynumbersupto9,9
99. TheJapanesewordf or' tho
usand
'is
sen(千). Studythefollowingnumbersandpra
ctic
ethei
rpronunciationbyrepeatingaft
erthe
ins
tru
ctor
:

1,000 sen
2,000 nl
-sen
3,000 san-zen
4,000 yon-sen
5,000 go-sen
6,000 roku-sen
7,000 nana-sen
8.000 has-sen
9,000 kyuu-sen

Notehowthepronunciationchangesi
n3,
000and8,
000
.
Nowreadthefollowingnumbers:

1,
329 6. 6,
892
2
. 2,
751 7. 7,
064
3
. 3,
648 8. 8,
276
4
. 4,
510 9. 9,
405
5
. 5,
137 1
0. 5,
893

Thei
nst
ruc
torw
illreads
eve
ralnumbersa
lou
d. Writethemdowni
nArabicnumerals
below.
注 : 教 師 は9,
999ま で の 数 を 用 意 す る
4E

6
.
吋,晶、

7
.
s n斗

8
.
9
.
EJ

1
0.

180
Lesson12 Takingther
igh
ttr
ain

. S
8 ubstitutionD
ril
l
Yokohama-ikiwanan-bansendesuka?

Tokyo-iki
san-bansen
Qsaka-iki
Chuo・sen
hachトbansen
go・bansen
Yokosuka-iki
nan-bansen

c
. SubstitutionD
ril
l
Yokohama-ikiwakonohoomudesuka?

nobori
Tokyo-
iki
yon-bansen
kudari
Qsaka-
iki
Yokosuka-sen

D
. SubstitutionD
ril
l
KonodenshawaYokohaman
itomarimasuka?

Qchanomizu
ikimasu
Shinagawa
Torano町、on

tonanmasu
Ikebukuro
Yotsuya

1
81
Lesson12 Takingther
igh
ttr
ain

E SubstitutionD
ril
l
KonodenshawaShiniukun
itomarimasu.

Konobasu
Ginzayon-choome
Konodensha
Ochanomizu
Kyuukoo
Ikebukuro
Yotsuya

F
. CombinationE
xer
cis
e
D
ire
cti
ons
:
Thestudenta
sksthei
nst
ruc
tortheplatformo
fat
rai
nfromthel
is
tbelowand
w
rit
esi
tdown.

Example:
Student: Osaka・i
kiwanan-bansendesuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Nana-bansent
ohachi-bansendesu.

L
is
tfo
rstudent 1
王: 教師は適当に答える
#####、
o
mmmmm
aaaaa
nrnrnrnrnr

,o

,,E


‘.

TE TE

rEF'rEFEFE

at
rai
nfo
rNagoya





,o


,E


.
at
rai
nfo
rTokyo




,E1


+



z

.
at
rai
nfo
rYokohama ,

o


,o

,,E


ゐ、

.

TEFTE

at
rai
nfo
rSapporo


E+


,,t


.,

at
rai
nfo
rOsaka

182

-
••

o
e

e
n

n
、,

hH

hH



a

n
TE
c

LEn



M

M
F3
L

vE



VE
nHd

nHd
G
. ReadingandQuestionExercise
Thefollowingi
spa同 o
fthetrainrouteoftheChuo・l
ine
.P r
act
iζethepronunciationof
thenamesofthev ari
ouss
topsbyrepeatingaft
erthein
stru
ctor.

D
ire
ιti
ons
:
Thestudentchoosesas
tat
ionfromthec
har
tanda
sksi
fthekaisoku'
exp
res
s'
s
top
satthestati
on.
Example:
Student: Kandaei kita
indesuga,kaisokuwatomarimasuka?
I
nstru
ctor: Hai,tomarimasu.
or
l
ie,tomarimasen.

主:
j 快速停車駅は東京、お茶の水、四ッ谷

Tokyo くanda
│ Ochanomizu Suidobashi l
ida
bas
hi I
chi
gay
a Yotsuya

I
f お 水
東 小与f
f
J申 飯 市 四
ノl、
本 道 田 ケ ツ

の 橋 /
ノ口
I、' 〆
ノ口
山、
-
一-ー~
尽 田 十詩

183
Lesson12 Takingther
igh
ttr
ain

READING KANJI

一番線 --bansen t
rac
k--
-

2
. ---hoomen thed
ire
cti
onof-
-
-

3
. 時間表 jikanhyoo at
ime
tab
le

4
. 渋滞 J
uut
ai backup,congestion

5
. 横浜方面 Yokohama・hoomen Yokohama-dir
ect
ion

184
Lesson12 Takingther
igh
ttr
ain

USAGENOTES&HINTSFORCONVERSATION

.
, Howt
ofindouttherighttrack/platform
Sinc
etherea reusua
llyseve
ralt
rac
ksI nasta
tion(atla
rgerstati
ons,therearemorethan
10t
rac
ks),youneedtoknowfromwhichplatformo rtr
ackyourtrainleave
s Eacht rac
khasIt
S
ownnumber( aplatformusu
all
yhastwot r
ack),
s andthisI
SexpressedInthefollowingway

numeral+bansen

Thu
s,tra
cknumber1,f
orexample, 日nbeexpressedasIchl-bansen Onewayt
ofi
nd
outI
fyourtr
ainle
ave
sfromtr
ack#1IStoaskaquestionli
kethefollowing

(
you
rde
sti
nat
ion
)ei
kit
aindesuga,i
chi
-ba
nse
ndesuka?
Iwanttogot
o(yourdestinatIon),I
SItt
rak#1)
c '
(
Ie,Doesmytr
ainleavefromt rak#1フ
c )

Anotherwayt ofin
douttherigh
tt ra
ckIStoasksomethingl
ike'
Iwantt
ogoto(
you
r
d
est
ina
tion),fromwhichtra
ζkdoesmytra
inl e
aveフ'

TheJapaneseexpressionf
or'whatt
rac
k'I
Snan・bansen Thus,youcanusethefollowing
e
xpr
essi
on

(
des
tIn
atI
on)ei
kit
aindesuga,nan-bansendesuka?
Iwantt
ogot
o(destinatIOn) WhattrackI
SItア

TheJapanesewordf or' pl
atf
orm'I
Shoomu,whichwasori
ginal
lyborrowedfromthe
se仁onds y
llab
leo ftheEnglishword I fyouwanttomakes u
ret h
atyoua reonther i
ght
platform,youcanusethefollowingexp
ress
ion

Yokohamaei
kit
aindesuga,konohoomudesuka?
Iwantt
ogot
oYokohama I
sItt
hIsplatformア

Note KonoIn konohoomumeans' th


Is'butthewordmustalwayso ccurwithother
word(s)a
fte t,a
rI sIn konochlkaku' ,
t
hsVICl
nty
t'(Lesson3) Ontheotherhand,
thewordkore,whICha ls
omeans' t
hI 'o
S, c
cursIndependently,a
sIn Korewanan
desuka? 'WhatI
Sth
Is'
)'(Les
son1)

2
. (Yokohama)・i
ki '(train)boundfor(Yokohama)'
Whenyour efert oatrai
nboundf
orac
ert
ains
tatlOn--Yokohama,f
orexample,youcan
usethefollowingexpression

Yokohama-iki (
tra
ins
)boundf
orYokohama

185
Lesson12 Takingther
igh
ttr
ain

Youcanuseth
isexpressionwhenyouwantt of
indoutifatr
aini
sboundfo
rthep
lace
youhaveinmindorwhenyouwanttof indoutthetr
a仁kfromwhichthet
rai
nboundfora
cer
tai
nplacel
eave
s,asInthefollowingexamples.

a
. KonodenshawaYokohama-ikidesuka?
I
sth
istramboundf
orYokohama7

b
. Yokohama-ikiwanan-bansendesuka?
Whatt
rac
kIStheYokohamatram?

3
. Ikimasu'goes'andtomarimasu'stops'
Whenyouwanttof indoutifat rai
ngoestoac er
tainpl
aceo rifitstop
sa tac e
rta
in
s
tation,youmightaski
nEngl
ish(a)'Doesthi
stra
ingot ...7'and(
o b)'Doesthistramstop
at...7,
'res
pect
ive
ly.TheJapaneseexpre
ssionsf
ortheseEngli
shquestionsfo
llow:

a
. Konodenshawa..
.eikimasuka?
Doest
histramgot
o...7

b
. Konodenshawa...n
itomarimasuka?
Doest
histramstopa
t...7

I
tshouldbenotedthatthep
art
icl
eni'
at'i
suseda
fte
rthenameo
fthes
tat
iona
twhich
thet
rai
nstops.

Thefollowinga
ret
ypi
calanswerst
otheabovetwoq
ues
tio
ns:

1
. Yes-answers H
ai/
Ee,ikimasu/tomarimasu.
2
. No-answers l
ie,ikimasen/tomarimasen.

4
. Thep
art
icet
l o '
and'

Thewordtoi scomparabletoE n
gli
sh'
and
' buttheusagei
sal
it
tl
edi
ffe
ren
tfromthe
E
ngl
ishequivalent,
asillu
stra
tedbelow:

AtoB AandB
At
oBt
oC A,8,andC

Notethati nEnglis
hyouneed' a
nd'onlybeforethel
astitemyouenumeratewhilein
Japanese,toISnecessaryaft
ereachitemexceptthela
st
.Thefollowingexamplew
lll
lll
ustr
ate
thi
sdifferen
ce:

KonodenshawaNagoyat
oKyotot
oOsakan
itomarimasu.
T
histramstopsa
tNagoya,Kyoto,andOsaka.
Also,notethatE
ngl
ish'
and
'canconnectv
erb
sasw
ella
snouns,butJapanesetocan
connectnounso nl
y.

186
Lesson12 Takingtherighttrain

5
. Densha(
電 車) '
tra
ins
'
I
nthenation-widet
ran
sport
ations
ervi
ces,JR(JapaneseRailw
ays
)playsthecen
tralrol
e,
andtheShinkansen(新幹線),oftenre
ferre
dt oasthe'bullttram',I
e Sanimportantpa同 ofJ
R's
ope
rati
on.

TheShinkansencoverstheapproximately730mil
esbetweenTokyo(東京)andHakata
(↑専多)inKyushyu(九)II
)andconnectsthemajorc i
tie
sofJapa
n.TheShinkansentra
insrunat
5to10・ minuteInt
erv
als,thenormaltravell
ingspeedofthefas
tes
ttr
ain,the'
Hik
ari,
'being
about200kmperh
our
.

1
. Typesoftrains

TheShinkansenhasthefollowingc
las
sif
ica
tio
noft
rai
ns:

Hikari (ひかり): s
top
satmajors
tat
ion