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# CHAPTER15.

## 1. Galvanometer is used for measuring :

A) large current (B) small current (C) large voltage (D) large resistance
2. Which of the following is used for measuring the resistance ?
A) ohm meter (B) meter bridge (C) Post office box (D) A.O.T
3. Galvanometer work on the same principle ?
A)electric generator and electric transfer (B) electric generator and electric motor
(C)electric motor and transformer (D) electric motor and galvanometer
4. Galvanometer work on the same as ? :
A)electric generator (B) electric motor (C)electric transformer (D) wheat stone bridge
5. Redial magnetic Field means :
(A) plane of coil is parallel to magnetic field (B) plane of coil is perpendicular to magnetic field
(C) plane of coil changes to magnetic field (D) plane of coil is incidence to magnetic field
6. Soft iron cylinder core makes magnetic field ______ and _________.
(A)strong ; perpendicular (B) strong ; redial (C)uniform ; redial (D) strong ; uniform
7. When a current passes through the galvanometer coil it experience ________ which tends to
rotate it from its rest position .
(A) damping torque (B) restoring torque (C)starting torque (D) deflecting torque
8. As the coil galvanometer rotates it produces a twist in the suspended strip which produce
(A) damping torque (B) restoring torque (C)starting torque (D) deflecting torque
9. Initially ___________ is greater than ________ ? :
(a)deflecting torque ; restoring torque (b)Restoring torque; deflecting torque
(c) damping torque; restoring torque (d) Both b & C
10. The coil continues to rotates until the elastic restoring torque due to the strip is _______
deflecting torque :
(a) less than (b) greater than (c) equal to (d) opposite to .
11. Which one of the following modifications would increase the sensitivity of moving coil
galvanometer :
(a)using a smaller coil (b) using fewer turns of wire on the coil
(c) using less heavy coil d) using a weaker magnetic
(e) using weaker hair spring
12. Galvanometer has _________:
(a) linear scale (b) non linear scale (c)shaded scale (d) marked scale
13. Lamp type galvanometer is __________ than pointer type galvanometer ?
(A) less sensitive (B) more sensitive (C) lighter (D)expensive
14. Due to redial field , galvanometer has ________ :
(A) linear scale (B)non linear scale (C) low resistance (D) low weight

## 15. Ohm meter has ________ :

(A) linear scale (B)non linear scale (C) low sensitive galvanometer (D) low weight

## 16. In slide wire bridge , is it absolutely necessary to have ________ :

(A) thin copper strip (B)bridge wire one meter long

(C) high low internal resistance battery (D) low sensitive galvanometer

## 17. Post office Box is ________ than meter bridge :

(A) less accurate (B) more accurate

## ENGR: KAMRAN SOOMRO MCAT/ECAT-2016

CHAPTER15.
18. Post office Box is another instrument based on Wheat stone bridge , it is so named because it
was first introduce :
(A) in post offices (B) to finding the resistance of telegraph wire

## (C) for telegraphing purpose (D) to isolate the messages

19. A galvanometer has a resistance Rg it gives full scale deflection at Ig then shunt resistance to
measure the maximum current I given by :

(A) Rx= V/Ig -Rg (B)Rx= Rg (C) Rx= Rg (D) Rx=
Rg

## 20. Ideal Am-meter has __________

(A) infinite resistance (B) high resistance (C) low resistance (D) zero resistance
21. For measuring current flowing in resistor , Am-meter is always connected in ______
(A) parallel with resistor (B) series with resistor (C) either parallel or Series (D) neither parallel nor series

22. For measuring the potential difference accurately , the volt meter ________ :
(A) series (B) parallel (C) must have less resistance (D) high resistance
23. Ideal volt meter has ________ :
(A) low resistance (B) zero resistance (C) infinite resistance (D) high resistance
24.Which of the following statement is/are correct :
(I) volt meter has high resistance than Am-meter (II) volt meter has low resistance than Galvanometer
(III) Am-meter has low resistance than Galvanometer (IV) Am-meter has high resistance than Galvanometer

(A) I only (B) III only (C) II & IV (D) I & III

25. A galvanometer whose resistance is Rg and it full scale deflection current is Ig, for measuring
the voltage V volt , Rx can be given as ?

(A) V/Ig-Rg (B) Rx= Rg (C) Rx= Rg (D) Rx=
Rg
26.In wheat bridge, galvanometer shows zero deflection it means ?
(A) current in not flowing in bridge (B) galvanometer is not part of circuit
(C) there is no potential difference across galvanometer (D) there is no p.d across the circuit
27. Which of following works on wheat stone principle ?
(A) ohm meter (B) potentiometer (C) meter bridge (D) Post office box (E) both C & D
28.The accuracy of potentiometer depends up on ?
(A) sensitivity of galvanometer (B) length of potentiometer
(C) emf of cell (D)A.O.T
29. _________include a sensitive galvanometer, adjustable resistor and a torch cell connected in
series ?
(A) wheat stone bridge (B) meter bridge (C)Potentiometer (D) Ohm meter
30. For short circuit ohm meter shows __________and for open circuit ohm meter shows
____?
(A) Infinite; zero (B) zero; infinite (C) Zero; zero (D) infinite; infinite
31. If Lx and Ls are balancing Length of Es and Ex then which of the following relations is are
correct ?
(A)Ex/Es = Ls/Lx (B) Ex/Lx = Es/Ls (C) Ex/Lx=Es/Lx (D) Ex. Lx = Es, Ls
32. AVO meter stands for ________
A)Am-meter, volt meter and ohm meter (B)Am-meter , volt merter and potention meter
(C)ordinary voLt meter (D) Artificial voter
33. Avo meter is used to measure ?
A) Current (B) potential difference (C)Resistance (D) A.O.T
34. In case of A.C quantity AVO measure the _________:
ENGR: KAMRAN SOOMRO MCAT/ECAT-2016
CHAPTER15.
A) Peak-peak value (B) Average vaLue (C) root-mean square vaLue (D)N.O.T
35. AVO meter has the rectifier , which is used to ?
A) charge the battery (B)convert AC to DC (C)redial field (D) parallel field
36. If P and Q are the arm ratio of used in post office box and if null point is obtained by adjusting
a resistance R, then unknown resistance X is given by :
A) X= P/Q R (B)X= P/Q + R (C)X= Q/P R (D) QPR
37. If P and Q are the arm ratio of used in post office box are 100:1 and if null point is obtained by
adjusting a resistance R=20 , then unknown resistance X is :
A) 20 (B)2000 (C)0.2 (D) 0.02
38.The accuracy of post office box can be increased by using :
A) higher arm ratio (B) lower arm ration (C)equal arm ration (D) low sensitive galvanometer
39. In a potentiometer set-up a cell of e.m.f 1.25volt gives a balance point at 0.35m length of the
wire . if the cell is replaced by another cell, and the balance point shifts to 0.63m what is the
e.m.f of the second cell?
A)1.25V (B)2.25V (C)3.25V (D)4.25V
40. A battery of e.m.f 2 volt and negligible internal resistance is connected to a 10m long
potentiometer wire , find the length of the wire balancing a cell of emf 1.08 volt ___:
(a) 5. (b) 6.4m (c)7.5m (d) 8.5m
41. A galvanometer scale is divided into 100 equaldivision and a current of 2.5 mA required to
produce full scale deflection. The current required to produce a deflection of 40 division is :
(a)4mA b) 3mA (c)2mA (d) 1mA
42.The potentialgradient along the length of uniform wire 5volt/meter. There are two points on
the wire at a distance of 20cm and 40cm from the initial end of the wire. The potential
difference between these points is :
A)0.5V (B)0.1V (C)1V (D)2V
43. A galvanometer of resistance 400 can measure a current of 1mA. To convert it into a
voltmeter of range 8 V,the required resistance is:
(a) 4600 (b) 5600 (c) 6600 (d) 7600
44.To convert a galvanometer into an ammeter, we should connect:
(a) a low resistance in series with it (b) a high resistance in series with it
(c) a low resistance in parallel with it (d) a high resistance in parallel with it
45. To convert a galvanometer into voltmeter, one should connect:
(a) a low resistance in series with it (b) a high resistance in series with it
(c) a low resistance in parallel with it (d) a high resistance in parallel with it
46.DC milli-ammeter has a resistance of 12 and gives a full scale deflection for a current of 0.01
A. To convert it into a voltmeter giving a full scale deflection of 3 V, the resistance required to
be put in series with the instrument is:
(a) 102 (b) 288 (c) 300 (d) 412
47. When battery and galvanometer are interchanged in the case of Wheatstone bridge, then :
(a) if the bridge was in adjustment before interchange, it will not be in adjustment after interchange
(b) if the bridge was in adjustment before interchange, it will be in adjustment after interchange
(c) if the bridge was in adjustment before interchange, itmay or may not be in adjustment after interchange
(d) all the above
48. For accurate measurements, the resistance of a voltmeter should be:
(a) as large as possible (b) equal to the resistance across which the potential difference is to be measured
(c) as small as possible (d) infinity
49.A certain voltmeter has an internal resistance of 10, 000 and a range from 0 to 100 V. To
give it a range from 0 to 1000 V, one should connect:
A. 100, 000 in series B. 100, 000 in parallel C. 1000 in series

## ENGR: KAMRAN SOOMRO MCAT/ECAT-2016

CHAPTER15.
D. 1000 in parallel E. 90, 000 in series
50. In meter bridge the balancing length from left and when standard resistance of 1 is in
right gas is found to be 20 cm. The value of unknown resistance is:
(a) 0.25 (b) 0.4 (c) 0.5 (d) 4
51. A galvanometer has internal resistance of 12 and requires 0.01 A for full scale deflection.
To convert it to voltmeter reading 3 V full scale, one must use a series resistance of:
A. 102 B. 288 C. 300 D. 360
52. A certain voltmeter has an internal resistance of 10, 000 and a range from 0 to 12 V. To
extend its range to 120 V, use a series resistance of:
A. 1, 111 B. 90, 000 C. 100, 000 D. 108, 000
53. A galvanometer has a resistance of 20 and gives full scale deflection when a current of 0.001A
flows in it, the value of series resistance must be connected to convert into volt meter of range
10 volts ?
A) 0.02 (B) 20 (C)0.002 (D) 20000
55. A galvanometer has a resistance of 20 and gives full scale deflection when a current of
0.001A flows in it, the value of shunt resistance must be connected to convert into Am-meter of
range 10 A?
A) 0.02 (B) 20 (C)0.002 (D) 20000
56. A galvanometer has a resistance of 40 and gives full scale deflection for a potential difference
of 100 milli- volt across its terminals it can be converted into volts convert into Am-meter of
range 5 A by connecting a shunt of ?
A) 0.02 (B) 20 (C)0.002 (D) 20000
57.a constant potential source of 25 volt is applied across a uniform resistance wire AB , 100 cm
long . terminals are soldered to three points C,D, F on wire respectively 16, 32, 64 cm from A then
the potential difference between points CD is ?
A) 4V (B) 8V (C)16V (D) 12V

1 B 20 D 39
2 D 21 40
3 D 22 D 41
4 B 23 C 42
5 A 24 D 43
6 B 25 A 44 C
7 D 26 C 45 B
8 B 27 E 46
9 A 28 47 B
10 C 29 D 48 D
11 E 30 49 E
12 A 31 B 50 A
13 B 32 51 B
14 A 33 D 52 B
15 B 34 C 53 C
16 B 35 B 54
17 B 36 C 55 C
18 B 37 c 56 A
19 C 38 C 57 A