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Introduction i

UPCAT 2018 REVIEWER


This reviewer is a property of the University of the Philippines. It aims to provide
bonafide UPCAT applicants with a realistic UPCAT experience. Please note that this
reviewer contains only a fraction of the real UPCAT, and that the items contained herein
will not appear in the UPCAT2018.

TERMS AND CONDITIONS

In taking this reviewer, you will accept the following terms and conditions:

1. The contents of this reviewer, including all items, images, and solutions will
be kept strictly confidential and will not be made available for third party use;
2. The contents of this reviewer, including all items, images and solutions or
parts thereof, may not be sold or used for commercial purposes/financial
gain; and
3. Performance on the reviewer will not necessarily influence actual UPCAT
performance.

Violation of any of these terms will result in disqualification from admission to


the University of the Philippines.

INSTRUCTIONS

This is a mini-version of the University of the Philippines College Admission Test


or UPCAT. The Test consists of 4 parts in multiple choice type questions. The subject
areas are: Language Proficiency, Science, Mathematics and Reading Comprehension.

TIME ALLOTMENT OF TEST PARTS


The parts of the Test are separately timed. Look at the table.

SUBTEST NO. OF ITEMS TIME ALLOTMENT

1. Language Proficiency 24 12 min

2. Science 12 12 min

3. Mathematics 12 15 min

4. Reading Comprehension 24 18 min

If you finish a part before the given time is called, you may review your answers
to the questions in THAT PART ONLY. You cannot use extra time for other subtests

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ii Introduction
You should work as rapidly as you can without sacrificing accuracy. Do not stay
too long on any one item. To make the best use of your time, answer the easier
questions first and go back to the more difficult questions later.

If you are not sure of the correct answer to a question but know enough to
eliminate some of the options as wrong, you may decide to take your chance in
answering the item. Otherwise, you may choose to leave the item blank. Guessing may
not improve your score significantly because one fourth of your wrong answers will be
deducted from your score. On the other hand, there are no deductions for items left
blank.

Make sure you shade only ONE option for each item number. MULTIPLE
ANSWERS will be marked as WRONG ANSWERS and will be included in the fraction
deducted from your score.

When the start signal is given, work rapidly WITHOUT sacrificing accuracy.

NOTICE:
The UP Office of Admissions does not promote, endorse, support, or encourage
any center, group or individual offering UPCAT Review and is not affiliated with
any such entities

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Language [12 min] 1
LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY
Directions: The following paragraphs have some words missing as indicated by the
numbered blanks. Read the paragraphs carefully. Select the best
answer for each number from the options given, then shade the
corresponding oblong on the Answer Sheet.

Sometimes we experience unconscious errors, and ___(1)___ to say words we


do not mean to express. Dr. Sigmund Freud, a known psychologist, ___(2)___ these
parapraxes, and believed that these mistakes are significant and have hidden meanings,
revealing forbidden wishes, hostilities, and fears. He ___(3)___ these parapraxes proved
the unconscious mind could control the conscious mind. For ___(4)___, a person who
repeatedly tries to use his house key to open his office door, inadvertently displays hed
rather be home than at his office.

1 A manage 3 A confirmed
B try B professed
C prefer C claimed
D likely D corroborated

2 A called 4 A one
B studied B example
C defined C sure
D referred D once

Directions: On the basis of current standard formal usage, the sentences below
contain errors in spelling, grammar, usage, punctuation and mechanics
and/or idiom. Shade the oblong corresponding to the letter of the
underlined part which contains the error.

5 In earlier times, criminals were hung in the town plaza.


A B C D

6 The surgeon requested for a scalpel, a piece of sterile glove, and a mask.
A B C D

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2 Language [12 min]

Directions: Each of the sentences below contains an underlined word or phrase.


From the four suggested meanings, select the one that best fits the
context of the underlined word in the sentence. Shade the corresponding
oblong on the Answer Sheet.

7 The company shall furnish the cardholder a monthly statement of account.


A give
B make
C write
D mail

8 It goes against the grain to have to pay him for such poor work.
A It is against good manners
B It is against the law
C It is contrary to custom
D It is irritating

Directions: Determine the best order of the following words, phrases, and sentences
to form a logical, unified, and coherent sentence or paragraph. Shade the
oblong that corresponds to the correct answer.

9 1 apartment
2 blue
3 the students
4 is
5 painted
A 5-2-4-3-1
B 3-1-4-5-2
C 3-2-1-4-5
D 4-3-2-15

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Language [12 min] 3

10 1 And to my surprise, I was not permitted to pay for any of them.


2 The Filipinos have an interesting custom if you ask for something they will
present it to you, usually right on the spot.
3 When I suggested to my hostess that I plan to have some gowns designed in
Philippine fashion to wear for my concerts, she sent over her dress designer
to make four beautiful beaded gowns for me.
4 When I mentioned that I liked mangosteen that had been served on the
plane, 500 mangosteens were at our hotel door within half an hour.
A 3-4-1-2
B 4-3-1-2
C 2-4-3-1
D 2-4-1-3

Directions: Choose the best from among the statements given below. Shade the
corresponding oblong on the Answer Sheet.

11 A He wanted to know if did you win the first prize.


B He wanted to know if you win the first prize.
C He wanted to know whether you won the first prize.
D He wanted to know if you won the first prize.

12 A The ten-year old girl assured her brother I will defeat last years champion
speller.
B I will defeat last years champion speller was the assurance to her brother
by the ten-year old girl.
C The ten-year old girl assured her brother that she will defeat last years
champion speller.
D The ten-year old girl assured her brother that she would defeat last years
champion speller.

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4 Language [12 min]

Direksiyon: Suriin ang bawat pangungusap. Piliin ang letra ng bahaging may mali.
Itiman ng lapis ang katapat na oblong sa Answer Sheet.

13 Bagamat hindi masasabing katutubo ang pelikulang Filipino,


A B
nakaugat pala ito sa buhay natin.
C D

14 Ang mahalagang kontribusyon sa pag-unlad ng ating kabuhayan at kultura


A B C
ang ibat ibang sektor ng lipunan.
D

15 May paniniwala na pinapaalis ng malas at masasamang espiritu


A B C
ang pag-iingay.
D

Direksiyon: Piliin ang angkop na salita para sa patlang. Itiman ng lapis ang katapat
na oblong sa Answer Sheet.

16 Kailangang itampok ang mga katutubong pamana upang maging __________ sa


pagkakaroon ng pambansang identidad.
A simbolo
B daan
C intrumento
D sanhi

17 Maaring makatulong ang _________ ng mga estudyante sa pagpigil ng


napipintong pagtaas ng tuition fee.
A paggalaw
B paggawa
C panawagan
D pagkilos

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Language [12 min] 5
18 Ang pagkakataon ay isang sitwasyon na nagbibigay laya at karapatan sa isang
tao upang maipamalas niya ang kanyang kaalaman _________ ilang mga
bagay-bagay.
A ukol sa
B para sa
C tungkol sa
D ayon sa

Direksiyon: Suriin ang bawat grupo ng salita at parirala. Piliin ang letra na katapat ng
sunuran na bubuo ng lohikal at maayos na pangungusap.

19 1 na pang-ukit o panlilok ng mga kahoy


2 ang paet o pait
3 upang makalikha ng mga artistikong pigura
4 ang ginagamit ng mga tao
A 4-3-1-2
B 2-4-1-3
C 3-4-2-1
D 4-1-31

20 1 ni Heneral Emilio Aguinaldo


2 sa matagumpay na pakikipaglaban
3 unang ginamit ang watawat ng Filipino
4 noong 28 Mayo 1898
A 3-4-1-2
B 3-2-1-4
C 4-2-3-1
D 2-1-3-4

Direksiyon: Piliin ang katulad na kahulugan ng salitang nakasalungguhit. Itiman ng


lapis ang katapat na oblong sa Answer Sheet.

21 Kailan pa kaya masasawata ang laganap na korupsiyon sa gobyerno?


A mapipigilan
B malulunasan
C mahuhuli
D mahahadlangan

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6 Language [12 min]

22 Matayog ang lipad ng imahinasyon ng taong mapagmasid sa paligid.


A malalim mag-isip
B komplikado mag-isip
C malawak mag-isip
D malikhaing mag-isip

Direksiyon: Piliin ang pinakaangkop sa mga sumusunod na pangungusap. Itiman


ng lapis ang katapat na oblong sa Answer Sheet.

23 A Umuwi na ang trabahador sa kani-kanilang mga bahay.


B Umuwi na ang trabahador at ang empleyado sa kani-kaniyang bahay.
C Umuwi na ang mga trabahador sa kani-kaniyang bahay.
D Umuwi na ang empleyado sa kani-kanilang bahay.

24 A Ang wastong dami at wastong uri ng pagkain ay nagdudulot ng mabuting


kalusugan.
B Ang masisipag ang mga anak maging masisipag din ang mga magulang.
C Ang mabuting pagpapalaki sa mga anak ay pawang responsibilidad ng
mga magulang.
D Maginhawa ang buhay ng maliit na pamilya maging ang pamumuhay ng
malaking pamilya ay mahirap.

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Science [12 min] 7

SCIENCE
Directions: Choose the best answer for each item. On your answer sheet, shade the
oblong corresponding to your choice of the best answer.

25 Tides occur because of the centrifugal force of the Earth-Moon system as well as
A the gravitational force exerted by the Moon on the Earths oceans.
B the effect of the centrifugal force of the Moon on the Earths oceans.
C the daily revolution of the Moon around the Earth.
D the combined gravitational force of bothe the Earth and the Moon.

26 The typical volcanic eruption is strongly influenced by the viscosity and amount of
dissolved gases in the magma. The more viscous the material, the greater is its
resistance to flow. Which of the following combined characteristics will most likely
result in an explosive volcanic eruption?
A low viscosity, low amount of dissolved gases
B high viscosity, high amount of dissolved gases
C low viscosity, high amount of dissolved gases
D high viscosity, low amount of dissoved gases

For item no. 27, refer to the following:


In the Meycauayan River, the amount of rainfall and the corresponding increase
in the river level are measured.
rainfall/river water level increase (mm )

40

rainfall
30
water level
20

10

0
nn
m

m
am
8a

2p

4p

6p
12
10

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8 Science [12 min]

27 Which statement is true?


A The length of time of the rainfall and the length of time that an increase in
water level is observed are both equal to 8 hours.
B The peak of water level occurs at the same time as that of the rainfall.
C The lag time between the peak rainfall and the peak water level increase
is 2 hours.
D The increase in the water level is observed 3 hours after the rain has
started.

28 Under which of the following weather conditions would transpiration be most


rapid?
A rainy weather
B hot, humid weather
C cold, humid weather
D hot, dry weather

For item no. 29, refer to the following:


The given figure shows a hypothetical evolutionary tree of 5 species (1-5). The
letters (a-f) represent the evolution of structures through the course of time.

1 2 3 4 5

e f
d
c
b

29 Which structure shows that species 1, 2 and 3 are more closely related to each
other than they are to species 4 and 5?
A structure a
B structure b
C structure e
D structure f

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Science [12 min] 9
30 Certain bacteria can be made to produce marketable levels of a protein product
such as insulin. How is this process accomplished?
A The protein product is injected into bacterial cells, as the bacteria
reproduce, they produce more of the protein product.
B The protein product is included in the culture medium of the bacterial
cells, as the bacteria divide, they incorporate the protein product from the
medium and produce more of it.
C The gene for the protein product is inserted into a plasmid of the bacterial
cells, as the bacteria reproduce, they produce more of the protein
product.
D The gene for the protein product is inserted into the nucleus of the
bacterial cells, as the bacteria divide, they produce more of the protein
product.

31 Which of the following samples is a homogenous solution?

A HCl (g)

B KOH (aq )

C NaCl (s )

D H 2O (l )

32 Which of the following molecules has a pi ( ) bond?

A C

B D

33 Mike has three balloons. He filled the balloons separately, each with 1 mole of
10
a gas: the first with hydrogen ( H 2 ), the second with helium ( He ), and the third
with oxygen ( O2 ). The three balloons were kept at 0 oC and 1 atm . Which of the
following statements about the volumes of the balloons is true?

A H2 < He < O2 C He < H 2 = O2


B H2 = He < O2 D H2 = He = O2

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10 Science [12 min]

For item no. 34, refer to the following:


A ball is rolled with constant velocity up an
inclined plane and is dropped at the top
edge of the plane.

34 Which among the following represents the


correct y vs. t graph of the ball?

A C

B D

35 The image formed by a thin convex lens when an upright object is placed
between the focal point and the converging lens is
A real, erect, diminished.
B virtual, erect, diminished.
C real, inverted, magnified.
D virtual, inverted, magnified.

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Science [12 min] 11

36 Four bar magnets are arranged into a cross. Which configuration of bar magnet
poles will produce the strongest magnetic field at the center?
A C

B D

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12 Math [15 min]

MATHEMATICS
Directions: Choose the best answer for each item. On your Answer Sheet, shade
the oblong corresponding to your choice of the best answer. Do all your
computations on the Scratch Sheet.

4 18
37 The value of x10 4 + x10 3 is?
5 4
A 0.053
B 0.00125
C 0.00458
D 0.00053

38 Archie can eat a meal 30 minutes. Jughead can eat the same meal in 10
minutes. How long (in minutes) will it take them to eat the meal together?

1 30
A C
20 4
4
B D 20
30

1 x +1
39 For x 1 and x , which of the following is equivalent to ?
2 (2 x + 3)x + 1

A
(x + 1)2 C
1
2x + 3 2x + 1
1 1
B D
2x + 3 x+2

40 In Beloys fish ball factory, it costs 25 to make 15 pieces of fishball while it


costs 40 to make 27 pieces. Assuming that the total cost is described by a
linear function, how much does it cost to make 19 pieces of fishball?

A 30
B 31
C 32
D 33

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Math [15 min] 13
41 Given f ( x ) = 4 x 3 + 2 x 6 , where one of the three roots is x = 1 , which of the
following statements is true?
A The other two roots are real and unequal.
B The other two roots are real and equal.
C The other two roots are not real.
D The graph of f ( x ) will not intersect the x -axis at all.

42 Let points A , B , and C lie on a circle B


with center at point O . If BAC is of
measure x , then what is the measure of
CBO ?
A 90 x
O C
B 90 + x x
C 180 x A

D 180 + x

43 In the figure, AB EF and


A B
mABC = 20 .
20
If mCDE = 95 , what is
the value of x ? C
A 15 D
95
B 70
C 75 x

D 95 E F

GE 2
44 In the figure, ABCD is a square, BC GE , = , and CF = 9 .
EF 3
Find the area of ABCD . A B

A 25
B 36 G

C 49
D 81
D C E F

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14 Math [15 min]

45 The graph below shows the profit of Restaurants X and Y from January to May.
Which of the following is a correct comparison of the total profit of Restaurants X
and Y, from April to May?

Profit of Restaurants X and Y from


January to May
Profit (in thousand pesos)

60
50
40
X
30
Y
20
10
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May

A The total profit of X is equal to that of Y.


B The total profit of Y is less than that of X.
C The total profit of Y is 20,000 greater than that of X.
D The total profit of Y is 10,000 greater than that of X.

46 In a barangay, a survey was conducted to determine the number of 18-year old


youths who smoke. From the result of the survey shown below, what is the
probability that a randomly chosen 18-year old male of the barangay is a
smoker?

Smokers Non-Smokers
Male Female Male Female
25 11 75 89

A 1 C 1
8 2
B 1 D 3
4 4

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Math [15 min] 15

47 A store plans to display its 5 new products. However, there are only 3 display
windows and each window can hold only one product at a time. A set of three
products will be displayed for a day and the store has 8 days to showcase all
sets of three products. Which of the following is true?
I The store will not be able to display all sets of three products
within 8 days.
II The store will be able to display all sets of three products in less
than 8 days.
III The store will be able to display all sets of three products in
exactly 8 days.

A I only
B II only
C III only
D II and III only

48 All clowns are funny. Some mascots arent funny. Which of the following is not
consistent with the given statements?
A Some mascots are not clowns.
B Some clowns are not mascots.
C No mascot is a clown.
D Some mascots are clowns too.

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16 Reading [18 min]

READING COMPREHENSION
Directions: Read each selection carefully then answer the questions that follow. On
your Answer Sheet, shade the oblong corresponding to your choice of the
best answer.

[1] You may want to picture life as a bambooflexible and open-ended, yet
enduring. Since life stretches from youth to age, I see you at one end. Your red lips, red
cheeks, and supple knees seek even more assiduously the suns radiant glory. But while
I feel the suns lengthening shadow at my back, could we pause and talk awhile?
[2] If we, the older generation, dream dreams, you have your visions. Forward-
looking, you can always project what you discern for our nation not only for now but for
the years to come. You can engineer plans that will destroy some of our systems or
structures that due to age have proved meaningless. This you can do since your
imagination, sensitive to the signs of the times, is sharp and sparkling.
[3] Now, if we become fixed in our thoughts and practices, strike us and, like the
biblical Moses striking the rock, water shall pour forth. If our rock stands for
unchangeableness and solidity, then the water that shall flow from our rock shall be the
water of progress, of development, of life itself.
[4] Remember the two ends of that piece of bambooage and youth. Together, we
must make Philippine history in its flux towards progress.

49 What does the writer pose on the youth in the final sentence of the text?
A a challenge
B a question
C a problem
D a protest

50 What does the text say about the relationship between the older and the younger
generations?
A The two must take turns leading.
B The two must work together.
C The younger generation must follow.
D The older generation must lead.

51 The speaker expresses a willingness to


A open up to the youth.
B dream with the youth.
C give way to the youth.
D listen to the youth.
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Reading [18 min] 17
52 The last sentence of the text says that the Philippines is
A yet on its way to development.
B almost where progress is.
C a subject of concern.
D a country where history is unfolding.

The proudest now is but my Today let pomp and vain


peer, pretense
The highest not more high; My stubborn right abide;
Today, of all the weary year, I set a plain mans common
A king of men am I. sense
Today, alike are great and small, Against the pedants pride.
The nameless and the known; Today shall simple manhood try
My palace is the peoples hall, The strength of gold and land;
The ballot box my throne! The wide world has not wealth to
buy
Who serves today upon the list The power in my right hand!
Beside the served shall stand;
Alike the brown and wrinkled fist, While theres grief to seek
redress,
The gloved and dainty hand!
Or balance to adjust,
The rich is level with the poor,
Where weighs our living
The weak is strong today;
manhood less
And sleekest broadcloth counts
Than Mammons vilest dust
no more
While theres a right to need my
Than homespun frock of gray.
vote,
A wrong to sweep away,
Up! Clouted knee and ragged
coat
A mans a man today!

53 What is the theme of the poem?


A the right to vote
B the power of the ballot box
C election of government officials
D equality among men

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18 Reading [18 min]

54 The wide world has not wealth to buy


The power in my right hand!
These lines suggest that the speaker
A is going to exercise his right to vote.
B is intending to sell his vote.
C believes he has all the power in the world.
D believes the world also suffers from poverty.

55 To whom are the last two lines of the last stanza addressed?
A to anyone C to the reader
B to Mammon D to the voter

56 What does the poet accomplish through his poem?


A honor the poor
B reproach the rich
C keep the poor mans pride high
D contrast the rich and the poor

[1] The Filipino comfort women were plucked from the unprotected peripheries of an
occupied Filipino society which did not expect to be treated well by the Japanese and
was, indeed, content to simply sit out the occupation, waiting for the Caucasian master
to come back and make things right again. The case of these brave women has,
ironically, given Philippine society, including its unheroic segments, a second chance at
heroism, decades after the war.
[2] Many of us still agonize over whether the Filipino women were abused as
repositories of trash semen with the sanction of the occupation forces high command
or not. Although the point is debatable, it is really beside the point. Whether a woman is
gang-raped by soldiers or used as a comfort woman (meaning, recruited at the behest of
the highest-ranking Japanese Army officers), her ordeal is neither more nor less real;
and her rapists are, by any name, war criminals. Indeed the most disciplined war
criminals are the most loathesome; in their case, discipline comes to mean inhumane,
even subhuman control.
[3] All victorious armies, we presume, take it to be their right to despoil the beaten
enemy. Whether their despoilation of Filipino women was isolated and opportunistic
rather than routine and systematic makes some difference, of course. But the difference
is really very small in its historical contextthe entire Filipino civilian population was
routinely and systematically subjugated, whatever it took.
[4] By forcing us to come to terms with the past, the comfort women who have
braved public ridicule have forced us to look straight at the beast which rears its hideous
face at the breast of every man or woman drunk with power. And we are forced to
concede, however grudgingly, that the powerless victim, as the Christians would put it,
has a better chance of keeping his/her humanity than the (wo)man who has power and
abuses it.
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Reading [18 min] 19
[5] Let us then look backto get angry, yes, but also to cleanse ourselves of anger.
[6] And vow to prevent the unspeakable events from ever happening again
anywhere.

57 The passage clearly tells the reader that Filipino comfort women
A came from places where people expected no pleasant experiences with
the Japanese.
B hoped to be treated well by the Japanese before the tragedy happened.
C were just waiting for Americans to avenge what happened to them.
D have always been left unprotected by Filipino men.

58 The ultimate solution to the problem of comfort women is


A to stop ridiculing publicly these women who have already suffered much.
B to punish the surviving Japanese soldiers.
C to encourage people to be more Christian in their ways.
D for people to be vigilant and keep such problems from occuring once
more.

59 One way of interpreting the beast mentioned in the first sentence of paragraph
4 is seeing it as
A the evil that lies latent in the human heart.
B the evil spirit opposing the goodness of God.
C the desire for unlimited power over peoples lives.
D the negative things like pride, envy and malice.

60 In summary, the passage tells us that


A comfort women are perfect examples of what it means to be brave in the
face of difficulties.
B the case of comfort women has given Filipinos the chance to right a
wrong and prevent a hideous event like it from ever happening again.
C Filipinos owe it to comfort women to fight for these womens right to
obtain justice from the war criminals.
D heroism is about having the courage to endure suffering.

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20 Reading [18 min]

Direksiyon: Basahing mabuti ang sumusunod na mga seleksiyon. Pagkatapos,


sagutan ang mga tanong kaugnay nito. Itiman ng lapis ang katapat na
oblong sa Answer Sheet.

Ingles
Komparatibong graph ng
paggamit ng Ingles at Filipino sa siyensiya Filipino

35
32.2 32.5 32.8
30.6
30
27.1
26.2
25.4 25.3
24.6
25 23.7
Average na Iskor (%)

20.3
20 19.3

15

10

0
Life Science Nature of Physics Chemistry Earth Science Environmental
Science Resources

61 Ipinakikita sa graph ang mga


A pinakamataas na iskor.
B pinakamababang iskor.
C karaniwang iskor.
D pinaghahambing na iskor.

62 Sa aling asignatura may pinakamalaking pagkakaiba ang iskor ng pagsusulit sa


Ingles at Filipino?

A Life Science
B Physics
C Earth Science
D Nature of Science

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Reading [18 min] 21
63 Alin sa sumusunod ang angkop na paglalarawan sa graph?

A Higit na tumataas ang iskor sa Ingles kaysa sa Filipino.


B Higit na tumataas ang iskor sa Filipino kaysa sa Ingles.
C Walang pagkakaiba ang resulta ng mga iskor sa Ingles at Filipino.
D Walang paghahambing na magagawa sa mga iskor.

64 Ang graph na ito ay maaaring magsilbing datos para sa pagbuo ng patakaran sa


larangan ng

A programang pang-agham.
B patakarang pangwika sa edukasyon.
C pangangalaga sa kapaligiran.
D reporma sa pampublikong edukasyon.

Ang banog ang itinuturing na pinakamalaking agila sa mundo at matatagpuan sa


mga isla ng Luzon, Samar, Leyte, at Mindanao. Tinatawag din itong haribon (haring
ibon), manaol (ang matandang tawag sa agila ng mga Tagalog at Bisaya), garuda, at
malabagook. Mayroon itong mangasul-ngasul na abuhing mata at taas na 1.021 metro
mula sa dulo ng tuka hanggang sa dulo ng buntot. Pumapangalawa naman ang bigat
nito sa Harpy Eagle na matatagpuan sa Timog Amerika.
Natagpuan ni John Whitehead ang banog noong 1896 sa Samar. Nakilala rin
itong monkey-eating-eagle dahil sa pagkain ng unggoy, bagaman kumakain din ito ng
butiki, musang, manok, paniki, usa, lawin, daga, at ahas.
Sa kasalukuyan, isa ito sa mga nanganganib na uri ng ibon dahil sa pagbabago
ng sistemang ekolohiko sa mga kagubatan. Nawawala ang nakamihasnan nitong
kaligiran at pagkain bunga ng malawakang pagtotroso at kaingin. Kaya naman, ipinasa
ang Republic Act No. 6147 upang protektahan ang banog laban sa mga nangangaso.
Noong 1990, sinasabing 30 hanggang 50 banog na lamang ang natitira sa mga
kabundukan sa Pilipinas. Marami pang hayop na matatagpuan sa Pilipinas ang
nanganganib ding mawala gaya ng malmag, ang uri ng tarsier na bantog ngayon sa
Bohol, at tamaraw na matatagpuan lamang sa Mindoro.
Sa pagtatangkang lunasan ang pagkaubos ng mga banog, ilang organisasyon,
tulad ng Philippine Eagle Foundation, ang nagsasagawa ng pagtatambal sa mga banog
upang magkaroon ng supling ang mga ito. Ilan sa mga banog na napisa sa ilalim ng
matagumpay na pag-aalaga ang bininyagang Pag-asa (1992), Pagkakaisa (1992), at
Pangarap (1999).

65 Ano ang ipinahihiwatig ng pagkakaroon ng iba't ibang katawagan sa banog sa


Pilipinas?

A Maraming uri ng banog.


B Maraming wika sa Pilipinas.
C Maraming lugar sa Pilipinas na katatagpuan ng banog.
D Maraming pulo sa Pilipinas.
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UP Office of Admissions
UP Campus, Diliman, Quezon City 1101
22 Reading [18 min]

66 Ano ang puno't dulo ng pagkaubos ng mga banog?

A pagkasira ng kagubatan
B malawakang pagtotroso
C pagpapabaya ng gobyerno
D maagang pagkamatay ng mga ito

67 Ano ang layunin ng may-akda sa pagsulat ng sanaysay na ito?

A Maipabatid sa mambabasa kung ano ang banog.


B Maipaunawa sa mambabasa ang kahalagahan ng banog.
C Maiangat ang kamalayan ng mambabasa tungkol sa kalagayan ng banog.
D Mapakilos ang mambabasa upang sagipin ang banog.

68 Ang teksto ay nagtatapos sa tonong

A mapanisi.
B may pag-asa.
C masaya.
D malungkot.

Lumaki ako sa bahay na piyanista ang nanay ko at manunulat ang tatay ko. Kahit
napapaligiran ako ng mga libro, wala sa aking hinuha noon kung gaano kahalaga ang
mga libro sa buhay ko. Akala ko noon, lahat ng bahay, may libro.
Mas oral ako, mas audio. Nakikinig lang ako, gusto kong kukuwentuhan ako
kaysa magbabasa ako. Lumaki ako na tamad magbasa, tamad mag-aral. Natural lang
na dumarating ang panahon kung kailan ang kahinugan, halimbawa, ang magbasa,
magsulat. Ang kauna-unahang librong mayroon ako na nasa akin pa, dilaw na ang
mga pahina, may mga larawan na full pageay Cinderella, isang Golden Book.
Pagkatapos, sa pagkakatanda ko, ang pangalawang libro ko ay koleksiyon ng mga
tulaMother Goose Rhymes. Mga bigay sa akin ni Papa. Nang nagkaroon ako ng
sariling anak, may Aklat Adarna, kinukuwentuhan ko siya ng mga istorya ni Nick Joaquin
bago matulog, na hindi naman talaga para sa maliit na bata, gustong-gusto niya.
Hindi ko alam noon na nagsulat pala ang tatay ko ng tula. Para bang ang lahat
ng bagay na nalaman ko ay noong nasa high school o college ako, kasi iyon ang
panahong namulat na ako, nagkaroon ako ng sariling malay, dahil siyempre noong bata
ako, puro laro lang.

69 Ano ang sinasabi ng kabuuang talata ukol sa may-akda?


A mahilig magbasa
B magaling sa Ingles
C masigasig sa pag-aaral
D mahilig sa fairy tales

Copyright 2017
UP Office of Admissions
UP Campus, Diliman, Quezon City 1101
Reading [18 min] 23

70 Batay sa hinalaw, ano ang ipinapahiwatig nito ukol sa sistema ng edukasyon?


A Hindi lahat ay kayang mag-aral.
B Kailangan ng pera upang makapag-aral.
C Nakabatay ang interes ng bata sa pag-aaral dahil sa kaniyang magulang.
D May pangangailangan na makapag-aral ang bawat bata.

71 Ano ang nais bigyang-diin ng may-akda ukol sa pagbabasa?


A Nagbibigay ito ng aliw.
B Makabuluhan ito sa atin.
C Natututo tayo mula rito.
D Nakapagmumulat ito.

72 Ano ang makukuha natin mula sa karanasan ng may-akda sa panahon ngayon?


A Malaki ang impluwensiya ng magulang sa pananaw ng bata.
B Lubhang mahalaga ang pagbabasa.
C May malalim na ambag ang mga Kanluraning babasahin sa bata.
D Hindi mo makakalimutan ang mga nabasa mong libro.

NOTE:
Parts of this exam were constructed from existing published material. References
available upon request at the UP Office of Admissions.

Copyright 2017
UP Office of Admissions
UP Campus, Diliman, Quezon City 1101