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 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Nodal Analysis Reservoir/WellReservoir/Well SystemSystem AnalysisAnalysis 1 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Nodal Analysis The system is composed of : • The reservoir • The well/reservoir communication • The well completion • The surface flow lines 2
 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Nodal Analysis The study of the system for a production optimization passes through the knowledge and the understanding of each element. • The reservoir (permeability, porosity, fluid…) • The communication (perforations, gravel pack) • The well completion (tubing size, restriction…) • The surface flow lines (choke size, separator pressure…) 3 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Nodal Analysis Nodal analysis methodology: The principle is to compare in any point of the system The necessary potential to overcome the downstream pressure losses The available upstream potential with 4
Nodal Analysis
Nodal analysis methodology, the scheme:
Psep
Pwh
Psf
Pres
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Pwf

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Nodal Analysis

The comparison can be made in any point of the system:

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Psep
3
1
2

1 : sandface

2 : bottom hole

3 : Restriction

Nodal Analysis

The comparison is made through a plot of P vs Q

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Nodal Analysis

At any point we compare:

• The upstream potential (pressure)

• The downstream pressure

Working point

Bottom node

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 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Reservoir Modeling The upstream potential (pressure) is calculated from IPR curves. The IPR curves can be deduced from numerous theories: 9 © 1987-2005 - 050118 String Pressure Losses The pressure losses calculation in the vertical string uses the detailed completion description Casing ID and length Tubing ID and length Tubular Eqt rugosity Possible restrictions Deviation data 10

String Pressure Losses

Numerous correlations are available for the vertical string pressure losses calculation.

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Flow Line Pressure Losses

The flow lines pressure losses calculation takes into account the complete surface equipments description:

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Nodal Analysis

At any point we compare:

• The upstream potential (pressure)

• The downstream pressure

Working point

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Nodal Analysis

The more downstream we choose the node

analysis, the more

human influence

is included in the

available potential (inflow curve).

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Sensitivity Analysis
The available upstream potential is calculated according to the
completion and/or reservoir conditions
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Sensitivity Analysis
The differential pressure available is calculated the inflow and the
outflow curves:
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Sensitivity Analysis

The differential pressure available pressure is plotted:

Differential pressure

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Sensitivity Analysis

The differential pressure is compared with the calculated pressure loss through the perforations:

Working points

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Perforations Parameters

Each parameters determining the pressure loss through the perforations is taken into account

Stable perforations

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Perforations parameters

Various perforation description can be considered:

Collapsed perforations

Open perforations

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