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  © 1987-2005 - 050118
 

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Nodal Analysis

 

Reservoir/WellReservoir/Well

SystemSystem AnalysisAnalysis

 

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  © 1987-2005 - 050118
 

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Nodal Analysis

 

The system is composed of :

The reservoir

The well/reservoir communication

The well completion

The surface flow lines

 

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©

1987-2005 - 050118

  Nodal Analysis
 

Nodal Analysis

 

The study of the system for a production optimization passes through the knowledge and the understanding of each element.

 

The reservoir (permeability, porosity, fluid…)

The communication (perforations, gravel pack)

The well completion (tubing size, restriction…)

The surface flow lines (choke size, separator pressure…)

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©

1987-2005 - 050118

  Nodal Analysis
 

Nodal Analysis

 

Nodal analysis methodology:

 

The principle is to compare in any point of the system

 
 

The necessary potential to overcome the downstream pressure losses

 
 

The available upstream potential

with

 
 

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© 1987-2005 - 050118 Nodal Analysis Nodal analysis methodology, the scheme: Psep Pwh Psf Pres
© 1987-2005 - 050118
Nodal Analysis
Nodal analysis methodology, the scheme:
Psep
Pwh
Psf
Pres
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Pwf
methodology, the scheme: Psep Pwh Psf Pres 5 Pwf © 1987-2005 - 050118 6 Nodal Analysis

© 1987-2005 - 050118

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Nodal Analysis

The comparison can be made in any point of the system:

4 Psep 3 1 2
4
Psep
3
1
2

1 : sandface

2 : bottom hole

3 : Restriction

4 : Wellhead

© 1987-2005 - 050118 Nodal Analysis The comparison is made through a plot of P

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Nodal Analysis

The comparison is made through a plot of P vs Q

Analysis The comparison is made through a plot of P vs Q 7 © 1987-2005 -

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Analysis The comparison is made through a plot of P vs Q 7 © 1987-2005 -

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Nodal Analysis

At any point we compare:

• The upstream potential (pressure)

• The downstream pressure

Working point
Working point

Bottom node

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  © 1987-2005 - 050118
 

© 1987-2005 - 050118

 

Reservoir Modeling

 

The upstream potential (pressure) is calculated from IPR curves.

The IPR curves can be deduced from numerous theories:

 
 
 

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  © 1987-2005 - 050118
 

© 1987-2005 - 050118

 

String Pressure Losses

 

The pressure losses calculation in the vertical string uses the detailed completion description

Casing ID and length

Tubing ID and length

Tubular Eqt rugosity

Possible restrictions

Deviation data

 

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© 1987-2005 - 050118 String Pressure Losses Numerous correlations are available for the vertical string

© 1987-2005 - 050118

String Pressure Losses

Numerous correlations are available for the vertical string pressure losses calculation.

for the vertical string pressure losses calculation. 11 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Flow Line Pressure Losses

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for the vertical string pressure losses calculation. 11 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Flow Line Pressure Losses

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Flow Line Pressure Losses

The flow lines pressure losses calculation takes into account the complete surface equipments description:

Losses The flow lines pressure losses calculation takes into account the complete surface equipments description: 12

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© 1987-2005 - 050118 Nodal Analysis At any point we compare: • The upstream potential

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Nodal Analysis

At any point we compare:

• The upstream potential (pressure)

• The downstream pressure

Working point
Working point

Wellhead node

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• The downstream pressure Working point Wellhead node 13 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Nodal Analysis The

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Nodal Analysis

The more downstream we choose the node

analysis, the more

human influence

is included in the

available potential (inflow curve).

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© 1987-2005 - 050118 Sensitivity Analysis The available upstream potential is calculated according to the
© 1987-2005 - 050118
Sensitivity Analysis
The available upstream potential is calculated according to the
completion and/or reservoir conditions
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© 1987-2005 - 050118 Sensitivity Analysis The differential pressure available is calculated the inflow and
© 1987-2005 - 050118
Sensitivity Analysis
The differential pressure available is calculated the inflow and the
outflow curves:
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© 1987-2005 - 050118 Sensitivity Analysis The differential pressure available pressure is plotted: Differential pressure

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Sensitivity Analysis

The differential pressure available pressure is plotted:

Differential pressure
Differential pressure

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available pressure is plotted: Differential pressure 17 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Sensitivity Analysis The differential

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Sensitivity Analysis

The differential pressure is compared with the calculated pressure loss through the perforations:

The differential pressure is compared with the calculated pressure loss through the perforations: Working points 18

Working points

The differential pressure is compared with the calculated pressure loss through the perforations: Working points 18

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© 1987-2005 - 050118 Perforations Parameters Each parameters determining the pressure loss through the perforations

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Perforations Parameters

Each parameters determining the pressure loss through the perforations is taken into account

pressure loss through the perforations is taken into account Stable perforations 19 © 1987-2005 - 050118

Stable perforations

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perforations is taken into account Stable perforations 19 © 1987-2005 - 050118 Perforations parameters Various

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Perforations parameters

Various perforation description can be considered:

Perforations parameters Various perforation description can be considered: Collapsed perforations Open perforations 20

Collapsed perforations

Perforations parameters Various perforation description can be considered: Collapsed perforations Open perforations 20

Open perforations

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© 1987-2005 - 050118 Gravel Pack Cases All the parameters describing a gravel pack and

© 1987-2005 - 050118

Gravel Pack Cases

All the parameters describing a gravel pack and the perforations are taken into account:

- 050118 Gravel Pack Cases All the parameters describing a gravel pack and the perforations are

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