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Empire State

Building
Presented by
n.kumar(080512)
Fsp 6th semester
Height records and comparisons
The Empire State Building remained the tallest man-made
structure in the world for 23 years before it was surpassed by the
Griffin Television Tower Oklahoma (KWTV Mast) in 1954. It was
also the tallest free-standing structure in the world for 36 years
before it was surpassed by the Ostankino Tower in 1967.

The longest world record held by the Empire State Building was for
the tallest skyscraper (to structural height), which it held for
42 years until it was surpassed by the North Tower of the World
Trade Center in 1973.
About empire state building
The Empire State Building was the highest building in the world for
forty Years. It was constructed in New York (USA) an era when
American cities such as Chicago and New York competed to have
the highest skyscrapers.

With a 102 stories it was the tallest building in the world for forty
years. Only when the first tower of the World Trade Centre was
completed in 1972 was it deposed as the highest building.
Designers
The architects, Shreve, Lamb and Harmon Associates, were given
the brief of creating the tallest building in the world. To achieve this
they decided to use a steel frame as the basic construction
technique.
New york city climate

Generally summers of New York have a humid continental climate .

Weather in New York is heavily influenced by two continental air


masses: a warm, humid one from the southwest and a cold, dry one
from the northwest.

the average high July temperature is 83 F (28 C.

in the majority of winter seasons, a temperature of 13 F (25 C)


or lower can be expected in the northern highlands (Northern
Plateau) and 5 F (15 C) or colder in the southwestern and east-
central highlands .
Overview information
Address Location: The Empire State Building is located in New
York City at 350 Fifth Av. (between 33rd street and 34th Street).

Height: Total height, including the lightning rod, is 1,454 feet and
1,250 feet, not including the lightning rod. The 102nd floor
observatory is 1,224 feet above ground and 86th floor observatory
is 1,050 feet above ground.

Builders: The construction firm Starrett Bros. & Eken were


contracted to build it.
Duration of Construction: The building was completed ahead of
schedule, requiring a mer one year and 45 days to finish.

Building Cost: $24,718,000 to build. Including real estate on which


the building sits, the entire cost of the Empire State Building was
$41 million.

Number of floors in the Empire State Building: 102 floors.

Area of Site: 79,288 square feet ( or 7,240 meters), which is about


two acres. north to south, about 187 feet (56.9 meters.). East to
west, about 424 feet (129 meters).

Foundation: 55 feet (16.7 meters) below ground.

Height of Antenna: 204 feet.


Elevators: 73, including six freight elevators, operating at speeds
from 600 to 1,400 feet per minute. The total enclosed in several
miles of elevator shaft. (It is possible to ride from lobby to 80th floor
in 45 seconds).

Windows: 6,500.

Volume: 37 million cubic feet.

Exterior Building Materials: Indiana limestone and granite, which


has aluminum and chrome-nickel steel trim from the 6th floor to the
structure's top.

Interior lobby Building Materials: Marble, imported from France,


German, Belgium, and Italy.
Observation decks

The Empire State Building has one of the most popular outdoor
observatories in the world, having been visited by over 110 million
people. The 86th-floor observation deck offers impressive 360-
degree views of the city. There is a second observation deck on the
102nd floor that is open to the public
Dirigible (airship) terminal

The building's distinctive Art Deco spire was originally designed to


be a mooring mast and depot for dirigibles. The 102nd floor was
originally a landing platform with a dirigible gangplank. A particular
elevator, traveling between the 86th and 102nd floors, was
supposed to transport passengers after they checked in at the
observation deck on the 86th floor.
Design
The Empire State Building was designed by William Frederick
Lamb of the architectural firm of Shreve, Lamb, and Harmon. Lamb,
influenced by Raymond Hood's Daily News building, came up with
a fairly simple design, defined by requirements such as the budget,
time limit and New York City's 1916 zoning law. The building would
have a classical composition of a 5 story base, a large tower with
setbacks (required by the city zoning law)and a monumental spire

The lime stone facade had little or no arnamentation.


Technical Dates
High: 449m
Floor Counts: 102
Constructed: 1929-1931
Costs:40,948,900 $
Facts
Steel: 55.000t
Windows: 6.500
Stones: 10.000.000
Toilets: 1.100
Lifts: 73
Floors: 102
Steps: 1.860
THE TECHNOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION
In its day, the Empire State Building was constructed using up to
date technology. A substantial concrete base was laid as a
foundation to take the weight of the steel framework of the building.
All the steel sections were prefabricated, that is, manufactured in a
steel mill and transported to the construction site. The sections
were manufactured to exact sizes to within 2mm tolerance and
prepared so that they could either be bolted together or joined with
rivets. It only took three days for the sections to be manufactured in
the steel mill, transported and positioned in the framework as part of
the buildings structure.
Plan layout
Facilities
Class rooms.
Multimedia and it centre
Library and student lounge
Cafeteria and sports facilities and gym
Activities and social programs
Local information
Banks and post offices
Restaurants
Department stores and super markets
Telephone and internet departments
And many of business and commercial departments.
Security
The Empire State Building was the first building to have more than
100 floors.

the base of the Empire State Building is about 2 acres (8,094 m2).
The building houses 1,000 businesses, and has its own zip code,
10118. As of 2007, approximately 21,000 employees work in the
building each day, making the Empire State Building the second-
largest single office complex in America, after the Pentagon. The
building was completed in one year and 45 days. Its original 64
elevators are located in a central core; today, the Empire State
Building has 73 elevators in all, including service elevators. It takes
less than one minute by elevator to get to the 86th floor, where an
observation deck is located.
Special Lighting

In 1964, floodlights were added to illuminate the top of the building


at night, in colors chosen to match seasonal and other events.

The floodlights bathed the building in red, white, and blue for
several months after the destruction of the World Trade Center,
then reverted to the standard schedule.
LOCATION MAP