Sunteți pe pagina 1din 12

Nama : Vira Marselia Datu Doki

NIM : FAA 115 043

TUMOR GANAS YANG BERPREDILEKSI PADA BAGIAN TULANG (EPIFISIS,


DIAFISIS,METAFISIS)

Epiphysis

chondroblastoma
giant cell tumour (GCT)

geode/intraosseous ganglion

osteomyelitis

clear cell chondrosarcoma

Tumor lain yang kemungkinantetapijarang, yaitu:

osteosarcoma and osteoblastoma


aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC): biasanya metaphysis,
tetapijikaterjadisetelahpertumbuhanlempengmenghilang, makadapatmeluassampaike
epiphysis.
brown tumour
haemophilicpseudotumour
enchondroma

Diaphysis

simple bone cyst

fibrous dysplasia

enchondroma

metastases

myeloma / plasmacytoma

lymphoma

osteomyelitis

osteoid osteoma

round cell tumour, e.g. Ewing sarcoma (children)


bone infarct

Langerhans cell histiocytosis

Tumor lain yang kemungkinantetapijarang, yaitu:

adamantinoma

osteofibrous dysplasia

Brown tumour secondary to hyperparathyroidism

hydatidcys

Metaphysis

osteomyelitis

metastases

non-ossifying fibroma

enchondroma

aneurysmal bone cyst

simple bone cyst

chondromyxoid fibroma

chondrosarcoma

cortical desmoid

giant cell tumor

desmoplastic fibroma

intraosseouslipoma
osteosarcoma

osteoblastoma

Sumber:

Greenspan A, Remagen W. Differential diagnosis of tumors and tumor-like lesions of bones and
joints. Lippincott-Raven. (1998)

Gereige, Rani & Kumar, Mudra. Bone lesions: Benign & malignant Pediatrics in Review. Vol.31
No.9. (2010)
Perbedaan Gambaran Makroskopis Dan Mikroskopis pada Leiomyoma Dan
Leiomyosarcoma

LEIOMYOMA
Makroskopis
Sharply circumscribed, round, firm, grayish white, "raw silk" and whorled cut surface
Often shells out
Bulging and trabeculated cut surface
Usually within myometrium (intramural), may be submucosal or subserosal
May be multiple
Sampling: sample myxoid areas extensively to rule out myxoid leiomyosarcoma; sample all
leiomyomas that lack the classic gross appearance of leiomyomas and 3 largest tumors
Mikroskopis
Whorled (fascicular) pattern of smooth muscle bundles separated by well vascularized connective
tissue
Smooth muscle cells are elongated with eosinophilic or occasional fibrillar cytoplasm and distinct cell
membranes
May develop areas of degeneration if large including hyaline or mucoid change, calcification, cystic
change or fatty metamorphosis
Usually noninfiltrative, thick walled arteries throughout and cleft-like spaces
May have extensive hyaline necrosis if protrudes into endometrial cavity
Variable lymphocytes and mast cells
Usually less than 5 mitotic figures per 10 high power fields in most mitotically active area, no
significant atypia
Rarely has focal skeletal muscle differentiation (Hum Pathol 1999;30:356) or tubules / glands
Post lupron treatment: initially edema and necrosis, then hyalinization and mild lymphocytic
infiltrate

Smooth muscle proliferations with unusual growth patterns: disseminated peritoneal


leiomyomatosis; benign metastasizing leiomyoma; intravenous leiomyomatosis;
lymphangioleiomyomatosis
LEIOMYOSARKOMA

Bulky fleshy tumor invading into myometrial wall or polypoid tumor projecting into lumen
Often hemorrhagic or necrotic
Grossly appears invasive / infiltrative
Usually 5 cm or more, but NOT multiple
Mikroskopis
Hypercellular with spindle cells resembling smooth muscle with moderate to severe pleomorphism
Infiltrative border is most helpful feature for diagnosis
10+ mitotic figures per 10 high power fields (HPF) in most mitotically active area with abundant
abnormal mitotic figures
Don't interpret small pyknotic nuclei from smooth muscle cells as mitoses; use only definitive mitotic
figures
Coagulative tumor cell necrosis is common
Rarely contains osteoclast-like giant cells
Epithelioid and myxoid leiomyosarcomas are rare variants with mild nuclear atypia and often < 3
mitotic figures/10 HPF
Smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP): tumor cell necrosis in a typical
leiomyoma; necrosis of uncertain type with 10 MF/10 HPFs or marked diffuse atypia; marked diffuse
or focal atypia with borderline mitotic counts and necrosis difficult to classify