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CLDIRI INTELIGENTE I SUSTENABILE

CURS NR.1

Prezentare general

- definirea noiunilor de: - cldire inteligent

- cldire sustenabil

http://iq.intel.co.uk/12-brilliant-smart-city-ideas/

http://www.irds.ro/static/ro/ro-despre_sustenabilitate/principiile_sustenabilitatii.html

Principiile Sustenabilitatii
PRINCIPIILE GENERALE

PRIMUL principiu al ordinii cadrului public stabilete natura obligatorie a unui sistem de control
care sa vizeze binele general,atat pentru generaia prezenta cat si pentru cea viitoare: dezvoltarea
sustenabila trebuie sa fie o responsabilitate a statului.
Principiul AL DOILEA al sustenabilitatii presupune armonizarea tuturor politicilor publice si
interzicerea oricarei reduceri ulterioare sau degradari a capitalului natural, cultural si social.
Principiul AL TREILEA impune respectarea sistemelor create pana acum de om cat si a
ecosistemelor, pentru a preveni construirea de sisteme artificiale noi care sa conduca la distrugerea
ecosistemelor actuale.
Principiul AL PATRULEA solicita corectarea erorilor existente, daca acest fapt este nc posibil,
prin restaurarea ecosistemelor pe cale de disparitie, astfel nct reducerea capitalului natural sa fie
evitata.
Principiul AL CINCILEA ndeamn protecia biodiversitii pentru a pstra stabilitatea
ecosistemelor.
Principiul al SASELEA cel a patrimoniului natural comun, se strduiete s asigure pentru toi
nucleul vital ale capitalului natural ( natura virgina atunci cnd exist) i rezervorul final al vietii.
Principiul AL SAPTELEA solicita dezvoltarea controlata a ecosistemelor fragile.
Principiul al OPTULEA, cel al planificrii spatiilor, solicit o urbanistica general echilibrata ntre
sistemele create de om i ecosistemele naturale, pentru a controla i a menine stabilitatea lor i
pentru a mbunti calitatea acestora.
Principiul AL NOUALEA impune un patrimoniu cultural care sa incurajeze stabilitatea creata de
om si caracteristica calitativ spirituala a dezvoltarii.
Principiul AL ZECELEA al mediului urban sustenabil se strduiete s inlature carentele oraselor
moderne si sa restabileasca calitatea vieii acolo.
Principiul AL UNSPREZECELEA face referire la valoarea estetica a naturii, pledand pentru
dezvoltarea calitativ i satisfacerea nevoilor estetice ale omului.
Principiul al DOISPREZECELEA stabilete un sistem de sunet de valori al mediului si a unui grad
de constientizare in oameni,ca o garanie real pentru intregul sistemul de control.

PRINCIPIILE UNUI ORAS SUSTENABIL


1. cetatenii locuiesc la o distanta de 5/7min. de spatiile verzi
2. accesul la hrana proaspata si apa curata
3. imbunatatirea eficientei energetice in cladirile existente(locuinte/locurile de munca)
4. eficienta energetica a noilor constructii (certificate energetice)
5. spatii atractive intre locuinte/cladiri care sa invite cetatenii sa interactioneze
6. deplasare in oras facila si sigura
7. transport public eficient si sigur
8. rauri, porturi, plaje curate
9. oportunitati educationale pentru tineri care sa asigure o atmosfera vibranta si vesela
10. masini electrice si suficiente statii de incarcare, vor reduce poluarea aerului si poluarea
sonora
11. infrastructura pozitiva pentru biciclete
12. implicarea populatiei in sustenabilitate (colaborarea patronilor si atragerea prin educatiei)
13. liderii orasului recunosc sustenabilitatea ca un sofer spre INOVATIE, CREATIVITATE,
PROSPERITATE
14. imbunatatirea calitatii vietii pentru cetateni

PRINCIPIILE UNEI CLADIRI SUSTENABILE

1. constructia este un beneficiu net pentru natura, sanatate si calitatea vietii


2. constructiile sunt realizate si renovate d.p.d.v.al mediului, social si economic
3. constructiile sunt un vehicul pentru INOVATIE, invitandu-ne constant sa exploram, sa
dezvoltam si sa emitem solutii pentru constructii sustenabile
4. locuintele sunt sigure si primitoare
5. cladirile au o arhitectura care invita la utilizarea optima a resurselor naturale din
imprejurimi, incluzand lumina zilei si apa
6. cladirile sunt planificate cu o perpectiva a ciclului de viata complet
7. factori interesati relevanti, incluzand comunitatile locale si autoritatile se implica in
planificarea cladirilor
8. constructiile sunt adaptate la conditiile locale
9. constructiile sunt flexibile, gata spre a se acomoda viitorilor utilizatori sau usor de demolat
sau renovat.
10. constructiile sunt create pentru a fi accesibile, oferind oportunitati egale pentru toti
utilizatorii.

ENERGIA D.P.D.V SUSTENABIL

1. acces la energie pentru toti


2. nici o energie nu este gratuita energia eoliana si solara necesita resurse pentru producere
3. eficienta energetica este cel mai ieftin mod pentru a intalni cererea cu compromisurile
stilului de viata
4. sistemul energetic este constuit pentru a pune in legatura toate sursele de energie
5. investitiile in energie sunt pe termen lung. Solutiile performante pot deveni rapid depasite.
6. nu exista un singur model valabil in energie. Fiecare societate trebuie sa-si identifice
propriul sistem optim de energie in cooperare cu vecinii.
7. stocarea energiei este la fel de importanta ca si generarea capacitatii. Stocarea electricitatii si
a caldurii permite utilizarea maxima a surselor de energie sustenabila cum sunt Vantul si
soarele.

PRINCIPIILE TRANSPORTULUI SUSTENABIL

1. preferinta pentru autobuze, trenuri, biciclete si mersul pe jos in locul autoturismelor.


2. utilizarea motoarelor functionale pe baza de combustibil bio sau baterii reincarcabile ca
surse de energie curata (nepoluanta).
3. mesajele mobile inlesnesc usurinta in comunicare clientii platesc pentru rezervarea locului
de parcare, comanda tichete de transport, inchiriaza biciclete si autoturisme prin
smartphones.
4. utilizarea eficienta a combustibililor.
5. deplasari cu trenuri de mare viteza pe distante scurte si medii in afara oraselor.
6. sistem de tranzit rapid cu autobuzul pentru indepartarea efectelor aglomeratiei in trafic.
7. sistem de utilizarea a bicicletelor care reduce tendinta de folosire a autoturismelor, reducand
astfel aglomeratia si poluarea.
8. servicii de inchiriere masini ce ofera flexibilitate celor care au nevoie si nu au masina
personala.
9. videoconferinte care reduc nevoia de transport, reducand emisia de carbon

PRINCIPIILE SANATATII SUSTENABILE

1. oportunitatea tuturor de a trai o viata sanatoasa.


2. intretinerea sanatatii este realizata de oameni care au toata decizia.
3. accesul la aria verde sigura incurajeaza viata activa pentru oameni de toate varstele.
4. sanatatea este integrata in toate activitatile scolare
5. asigura tuturor cetatenilor un nivel ridicat al literaturii de specialitate
6. mediul de lucru influenteaza stilul de viata sanatos
7. producerea energiei regenerabile asigura aer curat si sanatos
8. transportul activ este o prioritate de top in planificarea infrastructurii urbane
9. accesul larg la hrana proaspata si nivel redus de sare in procesarea alimentelor
10. cladiri ventilate potrivit, construite din materaiel non-toxice, ofera un climat intern sanatos.

PRINCIPIILE FASHION-ULUI SUSTENABIL

1. transparenta absoluta si trasabilitatea sunt asteptari nu exceptii


2. redesenarea procesului pentru a reduce impactul social negativ si cel asupra mediului
3. extinderea ciclului de viata al hainelor permite stilurilor si colectiilor de imbracaminte spre a
fi inchiriate, schimbate, imprumutate, revandute altora.
4. munca in colaborare reduce temperatura ciclului de spalare si a celui de uscare.
5. Designerul este regesit responsabil pentru impactul activitatii sale asupra mediului
6. Noi afaceri! Fashion-ul sustenabil paveaza drumul spre noi afaceri.

12 brilliant ideas for the smart city of the


future that work today
That Media Thing

Theres a little-known competition that promises to change the way our cities function.

The Intel-sponsored Cognicity Challenge was set up by the Canary Wharf Group to identify and
accelerate the development of smart city technologies. Its six categories cover everything from
sustainable buildings and integrated transportation to connected homes and virtual design. The first
finalists have just been announced.

In the Integrated Transport category, six startups competed for two spots and a chance to develop
their technology and ultimately see it deployed in Canary Wharf.
Alchera Technologies pitched its satnav-trouncing tracking technology, which uses cameras and
machine learning algorithms to provide real-time travel information. By analysing road traffic or
passenger flow, a smart city linked to an Alchera brain would be able to tackle jams, queues and
overcrowding, the curse of most modern metropolises.

These fully electric MellowCabs can be hailed using a smartphone app and refuelled by sunshine.
They have solar panels on their roofs.

Voyage Control, meanwhile, has developed a system that you might not ever notice. Its an
invisible platform that matches customers with empty trucks to utilise spare capacity. Reducing
the number of unused trucks on a citys roads not only helps to reduce congestion and ease air
pollution, but could save freight operators precious time and money.

Smart cities are connected, digital cities and BuzzStreets is an app designed to embrace that. It
exists to identify travel problems in real-time, showing you images of those problems (so you can
assess the severity), and offering you smart routing options around them. The app is already
available for Android and iOS, albeit rough around the edges.
There are 51 Pavegen tiles installed at Heathrow Airport, which harvest kinetic energy to power the
LED lights above them.

This trio of clever ideas were battling against three more KnowNow (a smart city information
service recommending urban places to eat, sleep, play and go); PIE Mapping (cyclist-friendly
smart routing for heavy vehicles); and MellowCabs (three-wheeled, solar-powered, electric taxis for
commuters who want to save the planet).

In the Sustainable Buildings category, another six startups competed against each other. They
included 8point3 LEDs energy-saving, cloud-connected lighting (delivering 85% more energy
savings than comparable fluorescent and halogen systems), and Jooxter, which uses motion sensors
to track the movement of people inside buildings, enabling managers to analyse footfall, give
people directions and optimise room usage.
Jooxters in-building motion tracking tech can guide people to free workspaces or empty meeting
rooms.

They faced Pavegen and its kinetic energy-harvesting floor tiles. The technology has already been
installed in Heathrow Airport, West Ham underground station and several schools. Its most recent
project is a people-powered football pitch in Rio de Janeiro. A combination of 200 Pavegen tiles
and solar panels can reportedly power the floodlights for up to 10 hours.

Imagine the energy that could potentially be generated by thousands of commuters walking across
Pavegen tiles in the heart of Canary Wharf.

If that doesnt fire your imagination, then perhaps Polysolar will. The company has developed
Photovoltaic Solar Glass, which can installed into new construction projects or retrofitted into
existing buildings to generate solar power. Think vast solar facades and huge solar canopies, smart
solar greenhouses and, in the future, transparent solar windows.
Polysolars PV glass can be used in a variety of ways, including building facades and greenhouses.

If Elon Musk wants to convert the world to run on sunshine, this will be the way to deploy PV
technology en masse.

The Solar Cloth Company takes a different approach to renewable energy. Its lightweight, low-cost,
flexible solar panels are designed for non-load bearing roofs, opening up solar power generation to
buildings that cant support the weight of traditional PV systems.

Finally, Quantum Waste has a plan to change recycling forever, offering customers access to a
one-stop, non-stop, zero carbon waste processing operations that minimise transportation time and
costs, enable more flexible and efficient refuse collections, drive down the carbon footprint and up
recyclability rates.
The Solar Cloth Companys thin-film PV panels are perfect for smaller roof structures, like this
parking bay.

These 12 brilliant ideas will surely form part of future smart city developments, but Sir George
Iacobescu, Chairman and CEO of Canary Wharf Group, could only choose one winner from each
category.

He chose Voyage Control and Polysolar as the overall winners, while Pavegen, 8point3 LED and
PIE Mapping received honourable mentions. They will all be given the opportunity to integrate
their products into the ongoing development of Canary Wharf, which will act as a showcase for
future smart city technologies.

It doesnt end there. The Cognicity Challenge features four more categories Integrated Resource
Management, Automated Building Management, Virtual Design & Construction and Connected
Home. That means another 24 brilliant ideas hoping to transform our cities into smart cities. Stay
tuned to IQ and well tell you all about them. Dean Evans (@evansdp)

Read: Cognicity Challenge (part 2): Solar trees and augmented reality fire fighting
Read: Cognicity Challenge (part 3): virtual design and app-controlled heating

Featured image: Copyright QQ7/Shutterstock.

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