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9/29/2017 Police ranks and insignia of India - Wikipedia

Police ranks and insignia of India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gazetted officers include all the Indian Police Service officers which are Class I officers of the cadre and all State Police Services officers of and
above the rank of Inspector of Police (PI) and State Police forces respectively . All are arranged in a hierarchy order.

1 Ranks in law enforcement in India
1.1 Insign of Gazetted & IPS Officers[4][5][6]
2 Organisational structure and roles
2.1 Overview
2.2 Ministry of Home Affairs and IPS
2.3 State police forces and their structure
3 See also
4 References

Ranks in law enforcement in India

The ranks, posts and designations of Police officers vary from state to state as law and order is a state matter. But generally the following pattern
is observed-

Permanent Level

Director General of Police (DGP)

Additional Director General of Police (ADGP)
Inspector General of Police (IGP)
Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIGP)
Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP)
Superintendent of Police (SP)
Additional Superintendent of Police (Addl SP)
Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)

Trainee Level

Assistant Superintendent of Police-2 (ASP-2) (IPS Probationary Rank: 2nd year of service)
Assistant Superintendent of Police-1 (ASP-1) (IPS Probationary Rank: 1st year of service)

Insign of Gazetted & IPS Officers[4][5][6]

The Indian Police Service (IPS) uses insignia on its shoulder flashes which are similar to those used by the Indian Army. Since Police Inspectors
and officers below this rank are recruited by states individually, the insignias vary slightly though the rank structure is the same. For example,
Maharashtra Police constables use Yellow Epaulet on blue background for Constable ranks while Tamil Nadu Police use Black Chevrons on red
background on right sleeve.[7]

Indian Police Service Officer Rank Insignia [8][9][10]


Assistant Assistant
Director of Additional Deputy Superintendent Superintendent Superintendent
Director Inspector Additional
Intelligence Director Inspector of Police Superintendent of Police of Police
Rank General General Superintendent
Bureau General of General (Selection of Police (Probationary (Probationary
of Police of Police of Police
(GOI) Police of Police Grade) Rank: 2 years Rank: 1 year
of service) of service)
Abbreviation DIB DGP ADGP IGP DIG SP SP Addl. SP ASP ASP 1/4
9/29/2017 Police ranks and insignia of India - Wikipedia
Although DIB is a 4 star post and not a rank, it's given to the senior most IPS officer in Intelligence Bureau.
Rank insignia of DGP is similar to Additional DGP.
Note: Commissioner of Police is a post is held by different rank officers in different places. For example, it is held by DG rank officer only
in Delhi and Mumbai; by Additional DG rank officer in Pune, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bangalore, Kolkata, Guwahati etc; by IG rank officer
in Gurgaon, Ludhiana, Mysore etc; by DIG rank officer in Trivandrum, Kochi etc.

Indian State Police Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia[11][12][13]


Rank Additional Superintendent of Police Deputy Superintendent of Police

Abbreviation Addl.SP/ASP DSP/Dy. SP

Note: Gazetted officers belonging to Indian State Police Service(s) lie between ranks DSP and SP.
Officers usually officers undergo training at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy to attain SP rank and are awarded IPS, but this varies from
state to state.

Indian State Police Non-Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia

Insignia No Insignia

Inspector of Assistant Inspector of Sub-Inspector of Assistant Sub-Inspector Police Head Senior Police Police
Police Police2 Police of Police Constable3 Constable3 Constable

Police Constable has no insignia except the khaki uniform.

2This rank only exists in Maharashtra Police Service
3Shoulder insignia for this rank is used by Maharashtra Service
Note: Colour pattern and size of chevron may vary according to the different rules of several distinct Indian State Police Services.

NOTE: The Rank of Police Inspector in the state of Rajasthan, Tripura, West Bengal, Assam and Bihar are divided into two categories,
one for gazetted and another for non-gazetted.

Organisational structure and roles


Law enforcement in India is a State matter. Hence, policing structure varies from State to State. But there is a general structure observed.

Ministry of Home Affairs and IPS

The Ministry of Home Affairs is in overall charge of internal security and policing and is the controlling authority for the Indian Police Service
(IPS). Home Secretary, the administrative head of MHA is an IAS officer in the rank of Secretary to Government of India. The ministry has
jurisdiction over the Seven Central Armed Police Forces.

The Indian Police Service is not a law enforcement organization, but a professional body of police officers. Police officers may enter the IPS by
two different routes:

Regular recruits: IPS candidates may apply at the federal level by taking the national exam administered by the Union Public Service
Commission; if successful, they are given the probationary rank of assistant superintendent and receive further training at the Sardar 2/4
9/29/2017 Police ranks and insignia of India - Wikipedia
Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy. After completion of their trainings, officers
are promoted to deputy superintendent and assigned to one of the state police forces.
State-level selection: Candidates may take a state-level examination for State Police
Service (SPS) gazetted officers; examinations are administered by the individual State
Public Service Commissions. Successful candidates are gazetted with the rank of Deputy
Superintendent of Police and become members of their state police cadre. After a period
of satisfactory service, state police service officers may be nominated to join the IPS at
this rank or, if they receive further promotions, at the ranks of additional deputy or
deputy commissioner of police. Once state police service officers join the IPS, they
exchange their previous rank for the equivalent IPS rank. All chief police officers at or
above the rank of Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIGP) or its equivalent are IPS
officers. SPS officers are generally paid less than their IPS counterparts.

State police forces and their structure

Each State Government's Home Department is responsible for its State Police force.Generally
the administrative head of the Home Department of a state is an IAS officer in the rank of This car has a triangular flag as well as one star (on
Additional Chief Secretary or Principal Secretary to State government. However in the states of the blue box). Both these features indicate that the
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana this is not the case. car belongs to a DIG rank IPS officer.

Each state police force is headed by an IPS officer in the rank of Director General of Police.
The head of a state police force has the designation of Director General of Police, and is assisted by one to
several Additional or Special DGPs. Each Additional/Special DGP is responsible for a bureau within the state
police (Law & Order, Crime, etc).[14][15][16] Some large state police forces, such as the Maharashtra Police
and Tamil Nadu Police are generally divided into zones, ranges and commissionerates. However even some
large police forces such as Uttar Pradesh Police and Bihar Police don't have Police Commissionerates.
Smaller state police forces, such as the Andaman and Nicobar Police or the Arunachal Pradesh Police, are
typically only divided into ranges; however, this system of divisions can vary from force to
force.[17][18][19][20] Each range or zone is headed by an officer in the rank of Additional DGP or Inspector
General of Police.

Commissionerates generally encompass major cities that are so designated, such as Mumbai, Delhi or
Chennai. Each commissionerate has its own individual police force headed by an IPS officer with the
designation of Commissioner of Police (CP). The Commissioner of Police may be of the rank of Additional
DGP, or IGP but can also be in the rank of DIGP. The Commissioner of Police is empowered with the powers
of an executive magistrate, and functions as such. The Commissioner of Police is assisted by one to several
Joint Commissioners of Police, who usually hold the rank of IGP (or Deputy IGP).[21][22] Each is in charge of
a bureau (Law and Order, Crime, etc.), mirroring the organisation of the state police as a whole. Below the
JCPs, the organisation is typically as follows:

Region: Headed by an IPS Additional Commissioner of Police (Addl. CP) in the rank of DIGP.
Gazetted officers below the rank of DIGP may either be IPS or SPS officers.
Zone: Each region is divided into a number of zones, each headed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police
in the rank of Superintendent of Police.
Division: A zone usually contains one to two divisions, each headed by an Assistant Commissioner of
Police (ACP) in the rank of Deputy Superintendent,[23][24]

The general organisation outside commissionerates is as follows:

Range (or Zone): Headed by an IPS officer in the rank of ADGP or IGP
Range: Headed by an IPS officer in the rank of IGP or DIGP Flags (top photo) & Stars (bottom
District: Headed by a Senior Superintendent or Superintendent of Police. photo) on official cars of senior
Area: Headed by an additional superintendent of police. IPS officers, as per their rank.
Sub-division - Headed by a Deputy Superintendent of police.
Circle: Not in every locality, but headed by a senior police inspector or Circle Officer, if exists and
comprising several police stations.
Police station: Commanded by a non-gazetted police Inspector sometimes designated as a senior police inspector (Sr. PI). In a city, the Sr.
PI may be in charge of one police station, but may be in charge of a "circle" of several police stations in rural districts. The Sr. PI
commands several inspectors (PI) of equal rank.

However, District Superintendents of Police are not empowered with the powers of an executive magistrate, in Districts these powers, like
promulgating Section 144, granting arms licenses, are exercised by the District Magistrate, who is an IAS officer.

Sub-inspectors (PSIs), the first police officers who may file a charge sheet, often command police stations in rural districts or police outposts or
substations; in cities, they operate out of a police station and administer beats (chowkies). Sub-inspectors are assisted by assistant sub-inspectors
(ASIs), who may also be in charge of chowkies, under them are head constables (senior constables), who lead teams of constables. 3/4