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About Moldova

The Republic of Moldova (formerly known as Bessarabia and Moldavia) is a landlocked

country in Eastern Europe bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the east and south.
Historically part of the Principality of Moldavia, it was annexed by the Russian Empire in 1812
but was ceded to Romania in 1918. After changing hands during World War II and ultimately
being annexed by the Soviet Union, it was known as the Moldavian SSR between 1945 and 1991
and finally declared its independence on 27 August 1991.

Despre Republica Moldova

Republica Moldova (mai înainte cunoscută ca Basarabia şi Moldova) este o ţară fără ieşire
la mare, în Estul Europei, care se mărgineşte la Vest cu România şi Ucraina la Nord, Est şi
Sud. Din punct de vedere istoric a fost parte a Principatului Moldovei, anexată în 1812 la
Imperiul Rus şi cedată mai apoi României în 1918. După schimbarea conducerii în timpul
celui de-al doilea război mondial şi, ulterior, fiind anexată la Uniunea Sovietică, este
cunoscută între anii 1945-1991 ca Republica Sovietică Socialistă Moldovenească (RSSM) şi,
în final, şi-a declarat independenţa la 27 august 1991.

Moldova is the second smallest of the former Soviet states at 33,700 square kilometres. About
78% of the people are Moldovans. Minority groups include Ukrainians, Russians, Turks
(Gagauzs) and Bulgarians.

Moldova is in the Eastern European time zone (GMT+2 hours). Summertime (GMT+3 hours) is
in effect from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October.

Moldova is situated on a hilly plain. The country's average elevation is 147 meters (about 482.3
feet) above sea level, with a maximum height of 429.5 meters (about 1410 feet). The climate is
continental. Winters are mild due to the proximity of the Black Sea, with average daily
temperatures in January between -4 to -7 C (about 23 to 27 F). Summers are quite warm with
average daily temperatures in July generally exceeding 25 C (68 F) and daily highs reaching 40
C (104 F) on occasion.

Moldova este al doilea cel mai mic stat din fosta Uniune Sovietică cu un teritoriu de 33,700
kmp. Aproximativ 78% din populaţie sunt moldoveni. Minorităţile etnice includ ucraineni,
ruşi, turci (găgăuzi) şi bulgari. Moldova e situată în zona de timp Europa de Est (GMT+2
ore). Timpul de vară e în vigoare din ultima duminică a lunii martie-până la ultima
duminică a lunii octombrie.
Moldova este situată pe o câmpie deluroasă. Altitudinea medie a ţării este de 147 m
(aproximativ 482,3 picioare) de-asupra nivelului mării, cu o înălţime maximă de 429,5 m
(aproximativ 1410 picioare). Clima este continentală. Iernile sunt blânde datorită
apropierii de Marea Neagră, cu temperaturi medii zilnice în ianuarie între -4 -7C
(aproximativ 23-27 F). Verile sunt destul de calde, cu o temperatură medie generală
depăşind 25 C (68 F), maximele zilnice atingând şi 40 C (104 F) câte-odată.


The official language is Moldovan which is virtually the same as Romanian. Russian and Gagauz
(a Turkish dialect) are also spoken.

Religions: Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5%.

National holiday: Independence Day, 27 August (1991)


Chisinau, formerly known as Kishinev, is the capital and industrial and commercial centre of
Moldova and is also the largest city. It is located in the centre of the country, on the river Bоc.
Economically, the city is by far the most prosperous and is one of the main industrial centres and
transportation hubs of the region.

Chisinau has a broad range of educational facilities and one of the highest proportions of green
space of any major city in Europe.

Culture of Moldova

The culture of Moldova has been influenced primarily by its Romanian origins, the roots of
which reach back to the second century CE, the period of Roman colonization in Dacia. During
the centuries following the Roman withdrawal in 271 CE, the population of the region was
influenced by contact with the Byzantine Empire, neighbouring Slavic and Magyar populations
and later the Ottoman Turks. Beginning in the nineteenth century, a strong West European
(particularly French) influence was evident in Romanian literature and the arts. The resulting
melange has produced a rich cultural tradition. Although foreign contacts were an inevitable
consequence of the region's geography, their influence only served to enhance a vital and
resilient popular culture.
Moldova's folk culture is extremely rich. Traditional crafts including ceramics and weaving are
still practiced in rural areas. During the Soviet era, Moldovan folk culture flourished and was
strongly promoted by the government; however, many elements were altered to obscure the
shared history with Romania to discourage secessionism. Folk culture is currently promoted at
the national level. Ethnic minorities have a number of folklore groups and amateur theatres
throughout the country.


Moldovan music is closely related to that of its neighbour and cultural kin, Romania. Moldovan
folk music is known for swift, complex rhythms (a characteristic of many Eastern European
countries), musical improvisation, syncopation and melodic ornamentation. Pop, hip hop, rock
and other modern genres have fans in Moldova as well.